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UBC Reports Oct 19, 1983

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 McGeer says wage
rollback would solve
B.C. financial crisis
Universities Minister Pat McGeer said
last week that there would be no financial
crisis in British Columbia if all public
sector employees were to take the same
rollback in salary that Members of the
John Robinette
Honorary
degree for
Robinette
Toronto lawyer John J. Robinette,
_ acknowledged as Canada's foremost legal
authority on constitutional law, will be
awarded an honorary degree of Doctor of
Laws by the University of B.C. Oct. 22 at
a special congregation in the Vancouver
Court House.
Mr. Robinette speaks that day to the
B.C. legal community, on "The Future of
Our Constitution."
Born in Toronto, Mr. Robinette
graduated as gold medalist in political
science from the University of Toronto in
1926, and three years later was gold
medalist and winner of the Chancellor Van
Koughnet Scholarship in law at Osgoode
Hall. He began his law practice after three
years of teaching, and was appointed
King's Counsel in 1944.
J.V. Clyne, former Justice of the
Supreme Court of B.C. and now
Chancellor of UBC, said he was pleased
that the University Senate had approved
the award of an honorary degree to Mr.
Robinette.
"His influence on the Canadian legal
profession has been profound," Chancellor
Clyne said. "He is a barrister of
unchallenged national standing and of
immense personal reputation."
The Oct. 22 ceremony in the Great Hall
of the Court House begins at 10 a.m.. and
is open to the public.
Legislative Assembly (MLAs) took last
year.
(According to the government
information office in Victoria, the
premier's salary is $76,527, of which
$13,349 is a tax-free allowance. Dr.
McGeer, and all other cabinet ministers,
receive $71,330 of which $13,349 is tax-
free. Ordinary MLAs get $26,698 basic,
plus the same $13,349 non-taxable
allowance. All of these reflect a 10-percent
cut taken in August, 1982. Deputy
ministers' salaries range from about
$62,000 to $75,000 with no tax-free
allowances.)
Dr. McGeer, who is on leave of absence
from his tenured position as head of the
division of neurological sciences in the
Faculty of Medicine at UBC, spoke on the
Doug Collins radio show (CJOR) on Oct.
13.
Dr. McGeer suggested that a number of
faculty members at UBC, including the top
administrators, are paid too much and
kept returning to his 'rollback' theme.
Here are the key points of the minister's
remarks, as they affect the University:
"If everybody who worked in the public
sector were to take the same rollback that
the MLAs took, there would be no deficit
in British Columbia. There would be no
financial crisis and there would not have
been tax hikes had they done what the
MLAs did. But you don't have that — you
have people going out and demanding
more.
"At the same time the MLAs are taking
a cutback, you have arbitrators giving
increased salaries to people in hospitals, to
people teaching in schools, to university
professors, to the doctors, to everybody
who is working in the public sector.
"If we had a commitment today that
everybody would stay at exactly the same
wage they now have all of this government
restraint program, and downsizing, would
be unnecessary.
"I don't know how we get across to
people that when you demand more as
individuals, if the money isn't coming in in
taxes, then it means people have to be let
g°;
"In effect, those who are asking more
are pushing their fellows over the side of
the boat because of demands of union,
awards of arbitrators — that's not going to
bring more taxes in.
"Do you realize that if people had
Please turn to Page 2
See McGEER
Dr. Hector Williams is the leader of UBC classical archeology team which used
geological exploration equipment like this resistivity meter to plot the ruins of
buried cities in Greece last summer. See story on Page 2.
New students flock to Arts
Daytime enrolment stands at a record
25,857 students at UBC this year, an
increase of 5.9 per cent over the end-of-
September total a year ago.
The most dramatic increase is in first-
year Arts, up 256 students or 17 per cent.
Coupled with a first-year increase in
Science of 107 students, this has led to
heavy pressure on the Department of
English for the mandatory English 100
course.
Based on the standard 25-per-class
formula for English 100, there should be
14 more sections this year than last — but
PEDERSEN CHALLENGES GOV'T
OVER SHORTSIGHTED POLICIES
UBC's new president, George Pedersen, spoke out strongly against the
provincial government's so-called 'restraint' budget in a speech to the Vancouver
Institute Oct. 8.
"History shows that educational institutions are subject to a certain amount of
criticism at any time," the president said, "but what is taking place in this
province today appears to be something more."
The full text of Dr. Pedersen's "Education Under Siege" address is carried in
today's UBC Reports, beginning on Page 4.
in fact there are only 137 sections — one
fewer than a year ago.
Arts Dean Robert Will said control over
numbers is essential if quality education is
to be maintained.
Dean Will said there are fourth-year
classes in Arts that are supposed to be
small discussion seminars that have as
many as 40 students.
"They are no longer seminars," he said.
"They are lectures.
"We have less money and uncontrollable
numbers," Dean Will said. "This year we
absorbed the increase by shoehorning the
students into existing sections and
increasing the size of the classes.
"We can't go on like this," he said.
In all, there are 1,438 more students at
UBC this year, 763 of them in the Faculty
of Arts, an increase of 12.5 per cent.
Here is how the other faculties are
faring:
Agricultural Sciences, up two students;
Applied Science, down 23; Commerce and
Business Administration, down 21;
Dentistry, down 1; Education, down 123;
Forestry, up 31; Graduate Studies, up 248;
Law, up 3; Medicine, up 129;
Pharmaceutical Sciences, up 22; Science,
up 258. —„      UBC Reports October 19, 1983
Computer helps the classical 'diggers'
Classical archeologists at the University
of B.C. are using sophisticated electronic
equipment originally developed for mineral
prospecting to help them find the buried
ruins of ancient Greek cities.
Readings obtained with the equipment,
when fed into a desktop, battery-operated
computer, can provide archeologists with
an almost instant black-and-white outline
of buildings which have been covered over
for centuries in remote areas of Greece.
The equipment was used for the first
time in Greece this past summer by a
Canadian archeological team headed by
Dr. Hector Williams of the UBC classics
department, who has just returned to the
campus after a two-year stint as the first
director of the Canadian Archeological
Institute in Athens.
Dr. Williams and UBC graduate Dr.
Tom Boyd, who now teaches at the
University of Texas, first used the
equipment to partially plot the layout of a
unique Greek city called Stymphalos high
in the Arcadian mountains of the
Peloporinese peninsula some three hours
drive southwest of Athens.
"What makes Stymphalos unique," Dr.
Williams said, "is that it is one of a
handful of known cities in Greece that was
planned. It was laid out on a grid plan in
long blocks 30 metres wide behind fortified
walls."
To plot the layout of the town, the ruins
of which are some 50 to 75 centimetres
below the surface, the classicists brought
with them equipment which is based on
the principle of electrical resistivity and a
proton magnetometer that measured the
intensity of the magnetic field at any point
on the site.
The electrical resistivity equipment
involves passing an electrical current
between two electrodes. If there happens to
be a buried wall between the electrodes the
current passes more slowly between them
and gives a higher resistance readout on
the surface equipment. Similarly, the
proton magnetometer will give a higher
readout if a wall happens to be under the
area where the magnetic field is measured.
The data obtained from these readings
are then fed into a Japanese-made Epson
computer programmed to print out a plan
on a scale of 1 to 500.
The archeological survey team divided
the Greek town site into scores of 20 X
20-metre squares and took measurements
every metre within each grid. The 400
measurements from each grid were then
entered into the computer and within a
few minutes a 40 X 40 millimetre, black-
and-white outline of what lay beneath the
surface of any grid appeared. By piecing
the outlines together, the archeologists are
building up a plan of the ancient city.
"The method is very cheap," Dr.
Williams said, "and a team of three of four
persons can cover an area of at least a
hectare a week. When we actually get
permission to dig on the site, having the
town plan will enable us to avoid
haphazard digging and to zero in on
important sites."
Since presenting the results of the survey
at an archeological meeting in Athens early
in September, Dr. Williams has been
deluged with requests from colleagues
working in the Mediterannean area for
more information on the method.
"One of the major questions we want to
try and answer about Stymphalos," said
Dr. Williams, "is why a planned town was
built high in the mountains of this
backwater area of Greece. We suspect that
it may be a town specially built by
returning mercenary soldiers, who sold
their services to the highest bidder.
"And one of the reasons we want to get
exact measurements of the size of the
blocks at Stymphalos is to compare them
with those in other planned Greek cities to
see if there are common characteristics."
The archeological team also carried out
a surface survey of the countryside
surrounding the buried city and discovered
a giant Roman aqueduct thrA kilometres
long and identified three cemeteries with .a
dozen inscribed tombstones.
The archeologists are involved in a race
against time. "The local farmers are
planning to extend the area under
cultivation around the city," Dr. Williams
said, "and they're now equipped with
tractor-drawn plows that can cause serious
disturbance of an archeological site."
The geophysical equipment was also
used by the Canadian archeologists in the
summer of 1983 at the city of Mytilene on
the island of Lesbos, the third largest of
the Greek islands, which is just off the
coast of Turkey in the northeast Aegean
Sea.
"The Canadian institute," Dr. Williams
said, "has been invited by the town council
of Mytilene, a modern town of some
25,000 people, to excavate the ancient
ruins on the acropolis of the city. So far as
I know, this is the first time that any
archeological group has been invited to
undertake such a project in Greece.
Normally a team will identify a site and
then seek permission from the local and
national governments to undertake
excavations."
Part of the reason for the invitation, Dr.
Williams said, is that the Greeks of the
area, descendents of the Aeolic-speaking
group which settled the area thousands of
years ago, are upset that so little work has
been done on their ancient culture.
"The mayor of the town learned from
mutual friends that the Canadian institute
was looking for a major project extending
over a long period of time. The town
McGeer
Continued from Page 1
followed the example of the MLAs there
would be no deficit in British Columbia
today? Do you recognize that?
"I'm sorry to get angry, but people when
they begin to look at the larger picture of
British Columbia and not only for
themselves, all of these so-called difficulties
and horrible things would be resolved. It
comes down to people who work in the
public sector living with what the taxpayers
can afford and no more. We have not been
able to get that message across.
"My heart will go out to George
Pedersen and the people at the universities
when they begin to do the same things that
the MLAs have done. You've got a
president, three vice-presidents, several
deans and heaven knows how many faculty
members, particularly in the Faculty of
Medicine, that get far more than any
cabinet minister,, any deputy minister or
any public servant gets.
"Now, they're being paid out of the
public purse. They're the ones that are
coming to government and asking for more
of the public's money. If they're being paid
out of the public purse and asking for
public money, shouldn't they then be
prepared to live by public service salaries?
"We would be in tremendous shape in
all of these public service areas if only
those who were managing the public's
money but setting their own salaries would
work by the government's standards.
"Here we've got, for example, a school
superintendent in South Peace River being
paid more money than the premier, paid
more money than any cabinet minister,
paid more than any deputy minister. The
same thing with many people who work as
civil servants in the city of Vancouver, in
Burnaby, even in Squamish.
"We've got people working in school
boards, we've got them working in hospital
boards or as hospital administrators. These
people are using their tax money. They're
not living by the standards of the premier,
the cabinet ministers and the senior civil
servants. No, they set their own salaries
and they are doing that because we don't
set them.
"It's the Board of Governors at UBC who
accept the recommendations of the
president as to what all these salaries
should be. And I say, well fine, we'll give
you lots of money but we'll be really
sympathetic about the fact that it isn't
enough when you say that maybe we
shouldn't pay a dean more than the
premier of British Columbia."
President George Pedersen told UBC
Reports that the University has no desire to
pay unduly high salaries to faculty
members and administrators.
"But if we are to attract and retain topflight people in the interests of providing
quality education, we must pay salaries
that are competitive," he said.
"In my view, the salaries paid at the
University of B.C., including those in the
Faculty of Medicine, are not out of line
with those paid in institutions of higher
education elsewhere."
Meanwhile, negotiations between the
UBC Faculty Association and the
University administration on 1983-84
salaries are continuing.
Crane Library
loses grant
The Crane Library recording centre has
been forced to reduce its hours of
operation because of the loss of two grant-
funded staff positions.
The recording centre is now open from
noon to 8 p.m. Monday through Thursday
and from 9 a.m. to
5 p.m. on Fridays. It will be closed on
weekends.
Since its opening in 1978, the centre had
been open from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m.
Paul Thiele, Crane Library head, said
the expanded service had been made
possible by a two-year, $50,000 grant in
1978 that was stretched to five years
through some "fee-for-service" work.
The grant money now has been used up,
however, causing the layoff of one
technician and one clerk.
"We've had no success to date in
locating financial support," said Mr.
Thiele.
He said the recording centre now must
concentrate on the transcription of
materials for blind and visually-impaired
UBC students — more than 50 this year.
"Consequently, all services to other
campus departments and faculties will be
discontinued for the time being," he said.
council voted unanimously to ask us to
undertake the project. The work on
Lesbos, which could extend over a period
of up to 100 years, could open up a whole
new chapter in the history of ancient
Greece."
Permission to undertake the project
came in record time. The mayor of
Mytilene flew to Athens to meet with Dr.
Williams and Melina Mercouri, the former
movie star who is now minister of culture
in the Greek government, and a permit to
undertake preliminary work on Lesbos
followed shortly after.
"The problem at Mytilene," Prof.
Williams said, "is that the modern city lies
over the top of the ancient one. However,
the town's acropolis — the highest part of
the town — has been kept free of modern
buildings.
"But even here there are problems. On
top of the ancient buildings are castles
successively built by the Byzantines, the
Franks (who conquered Greece in the
middle ages) and by Turkish invaders.
"So there has probably been a great deal
of disturbance of the ancient remains.
Next spring we plan to open up some areas
on the acropolis and do selective
excavations on targets that we've
identified."
In general, Dr. Williams believes the
Canadian Insitute of Archeology at Athens
has been well launched. In addition to
initiating archeological projects, Prof.
Williams has been promoting Canadian
culture in Greece in recognition of the
contribution the federal government makes
to the institute's operations.
Recent activities in Greece include a film
festival of outstanding National Film Board
shorts and a concert by a Victoria pianist
who now lives in London. In December, an
exhibit of works by Nootka artist Joe David
will open in the National Gallery of Greece
under the auspices of the Institute.
Engineering students Anne McConnell (4th-year bio-resource engineering),
Stanley Coleman (2nd-year engineering physics) and Michael Manness (3rd-year
engineering physics) were the recipients of awards earlier this month from the
UBC Co-op Employer's Advisory Council. They received awards for outstanding
technical papers prepared during their co-operative education work placements
this summer.
Retirement seminar planned
Retirement has often been cynically
viewed as that "golden handshake" or the
first step "out to pasture".
Recently, however, many organizations
have developed seminars for employees and
spouses, alerting them to the joys (and
complications) of retired life.
UBC faculty members have for four
years had access to such seminars,
sponsored by the Faculty Association and
the Centre for Continuing Education.
Invited to attend are those within 10
years of retirement, and participants are
strongly encouraged to bring spouses.
Seminar leader has been Dr. James H.
Lynch, who is a leader in the field of
retirement education, both in Canada and
in the U.S.
As a supplement to the one-day session,
three noon-hour lectures are provided each
spring on campus, covering issues of
financial and estate planning, pensions and
insurance. These lectures are open to all
faculty members.
The UBC Retirement Preparation
Seminar for 1983 will be held Nov. 19 on
campus. For information, call 222-5270. UBC Reports October 19, 1983
'Take PR
seriously'
—Pedersen
Canadian universities don't take public
relations seriously enough, UBC President
George Pedersen told a Toronto audience
last week.
Speaking on 'Public Relations and Ethics
in Higher Education' at a meeting of the
Association of Universities and Colleges of
Canada (AUCC) and the American
Council on Education (ACE), Dr. Pedersen
said Canadian universities have tended to
assume that truths about higher education
are self-evident, contenting themselves until
recently with the odd open house and the
occasional trek to the legislature.
In addition, he said, "what little we do
has not always satisfied the most stringent
of ethical standards."
The UBC president said he "can't help
but be amazed at the number of our
colleges and universities that are  world
class' or 'great' or outstanding' or some
other equally glorifying and over-used
superlative.
"Can you imagine how refreshing it
might be to have a university president
stand up at the annual convocation
exercises and suggest that his or her
institution suffered from some important
inadequacies and that serious attention
must be directed to them.
"Very likely," he said, "such an event
would be followed very shortly by a notice
of a shortened contract for the individual
president involved.
"I think greater straight-forwardness is
called for in this regard ..."
Dr. Pedersen said universities have a
special responsibility to act in a  high-
minded' manner. Universities, he said,
serve as a conscience of a society.
"More than any other institutions —
including business, government, and
perhaps, even churches :-y«e are expected
to exhibit a certain aristocracy of
character.
"Indeed, it could be argued that, like
the churches, our universities are expected
to be somewhat of a moral anchor for
human behavior. If we in the universities
do not tell the truth, as best we know it
though our various inquiries, who will?"
Government, industry and university officials were at the announcement of the first tenant of UBC's Discovery Park. The
80,000-square-foot Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada (PAPRICAN) staff research facility, immediately south of
B.C. Research on Wesbrook Mall, will increase the amount of research and development in the forest industry. It will be
built under a $15-million grant from the federal government's Special Recovery Capital Projects Program. Left to right are
Gerald Hobbs, member of UBC Board of Governors and chairman of the board of trustees of the Discovery Foundation;
Universities, Science and Communications Minister Patrick McGeer; Senator fack Austin; Tom Rust, president of Crown
Forest Industries (formerly Crown Zellerbach Canada) and chairman of PAPRICAN; Ed Lumley, Minister of Industry,
Trade and Commerce and of Regional Economic Expansion; UBC President George Pedersen; and Senator Ray Perrault.
'Carefully drafted act of conjuration'
Does the amended Bill 3 (the Public
Sector Restraint Act) still threaten tenure?
Nobody seems to know for sure,
although Faculty Association President
Dennis Pavlich thinks it might.
In the words of law professor Pavlich,
who noted that the dismissal without cause
"approach with the bludgeon was
seemingly reluctantly abandoned":
"In its place we may have a carefully
drafted act of conjuration — a lubricious
legerdemain, in which the same end may
be achieved but without necessarily the
direct participation of the government."
Prof. Pavlich, addressing a rainy rally of
the Campus Community Alliance last
week, said that decisions to fire professors
may be forced upon university
administrators because of inadequate
funding, which is controlled by the
provincial government even though more
than 80 per cent comes from federal
coffers.
"This will inevitably place strains on
academic freedom as choices are made as
to who would go," Prof. Pavlich said.
"In short, the government has not only
provided the gun and ammunition to
administrations but it can, through its
control over funding, compel the
administration to pull the trigger.
"It is a classic case of duress."
Prof. Pavlich berated the Social Credit
government for taking an eight-percent
increase in university funding from the
federal government and passing on none of
it to the universities.
Other speakers at the rally, which drew
a crowd of about 400, included Horatio de
la Cueva, president of the Teaching
Assistants Union, Fairleigh Wetting and
Katy Young of the Association of
University and College Employees, B.C.
Teachers Federation president Larry
Keuhn, Lisa Hebert of the AMS, and
campus chaplain George Hermanson.
All spoke against the provincial budget
and  restraint' legislation.
ADDITION TO WALTER SAGE RESIDENCES UNTVERSTTY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
New low-rise
for Gage gets
Board backing
Construction of a low-rise addition to the
Walter Gage Residences has been approved
by the UBC Board of Governors.
Tenders are expected to be called early
in 1984 for the four-storey building, which
will accommodate up to 234 students in
165 rental units. There will be five two-
bedroom suites, 64 one-bedroom suites and
96 studio suites. Eight of the units will be
designed for disabled persons.
Estimated cost of the structure is $6.5
million, about $5 million of which will be
financed through a mortgage, with
repayment coming from rental revenue
over a period of 25 years.
The remainder will come from a
development fund established by the
Department of Student Housing and
Conferences. A portion of Conference
Centre profits goes into this fund each
year.
The three towers and one low-rise block
in the Walter Gage Residences now
accommodate 1,288 students. Total on-
campus accommodation is 3,775 or about
15 per cent of winter session enrolment.
The Board of Governors' goal, established
in 1966 and re-affirmed this year, is on-
campus housing for 25 per cent of winter
enrolment.
Scheduled completion date for the new
building, to be constructed on the northeastern corner of the Gage site, is spring of
1985. UBC Reports October 19, 1983
Pedersen challenges government on restrair
UBC President George Pedersen's address to the Vancouver Institute, Oct. 8, 1983.
Tonight I propose to talk to you about
the broad field of public education in
general, with some special attention to our
university system in B.C. I hope that the
issues that I raise are of significance, not
just to those of us associated with public
education in this province, but to British
Columbians in all walks of life. Since the
time it took form almost a century ago,
public education has become a part of
public policy and of course its successes
and failures greatly influence our
opportunities for development, both as
individuals and as a society. For this reason
it concerns us all.
I have selected this evening's topic for
two reasons. First, like many of you, I am
concerned about the nature of the debate
that has come to surround public
education in the last decade or so.
Discontent with public education has
intensified in many quarters in recent years
and ignoring such criticism will not make it
go away.
A second reason for choosing to
comment on public education pertains
more directly to recent developments in the
province and, particularly, to the effects
that pending legislation may have for the
future of higher education in B.C.
There can be little doubt that we live in
a period of considerable change and
transition. Nevertheless, I also believe that
some things do not change much.
Seventy years ago, UBC's first president,
Frank Wesbrook, walked through the
forests of Point Grey with a dream of
bringing higher learning and
understanding to the wilderness. Today, I
approach ministerial officers in Victoria
with that same dream!
In the comments which follow, I hope to
do three things. First, I wish to comment
Criticism of public
education is not a
recent phenomenon
briefly about public education from its
historical perspective and suggest to you
that public education in North America
involves a history of an institution
frequently under attack. In the second part
of my remarks I want to focus more
specifically on the current state of higher
education in B.C., concentrating
particularly on the issues of academic
freedom and institutional autonomy.
Finally, it is my intent to suggest some
strategies that may yield a more balanced
and rational approach to public policy
making in education.
A Brief Historical Perspective
Criticism of public education is not a
recent phenomenon, nor is it something
that has been restricted to British
Columbia. Since its establishment in
Canada and the United States in the last
century, public education has been
repeatedly attacked by some segments of
the general population. While it was
relatively easy to convince the public of the
personal and social benefits to be gained
from a system of free public education,
serious public dissent has existed about the
question of educational purpose, the
control and governance of our schools, how
they should function, and inevitably how
much they should cost to operate. Stated
quite bluntly, the public has never agreed
on what it wants or expects from its public
school system and consequently educational
goals have normally been diffuse and often
deliberately ambiguous.
Indeed, because of the history of public
involvement in education, the public school
has emerged as society's most accessible
and its most permeable social institution.
Shaped very directly by the forces around
it, the public school has been forced to
provide a never-ending galaxy of services
throughout its history in order to satisfy
different, and often opposing, public tastes
and pressures. In fact, the nineteenth-
century educational crusaders who so
successfully merchandized the dream of
public schooling were only able to do so
because they devised for it a mandate
broad enough to appeal to an extensive
range of disparate public constituencies.
Small wonder that today, as in the past,
public education remains a battleground
where competing interest groups and
ideologies struggle for supremacy, and
where there is rarely any clear-cut victory
or enduring sense of satisfaction for those
on either side of the school walls.
Historically, of course, economics have
always dictated what happens in public
education in this province and elsewhere.
Fears about costs, for example, led to the
defeat of an 1862 proposal by Victoria
newspaperman Amor de Cosmos to create
the first public school system in B.C.
Financial considerations similarly
forestalled the development of the newly-
established University of British Columbia
during World War I. Indeed, it was only
through student marches and
demonstrations, and through effective
lobbying by student leaders that
government was eventually persuaded to
provide the funds necessary to complete the
construction of the university buildings
originally planned for the Point Grey
campus. It was in this period when the
leadership qualities of our current
Chancellor, Jack Clyne, first came to
public attention.
Downturns in the economic cycle have
had particularly difficult effects on public
schooling and educators. For instance, in
1932 and 1933, the Vancouver School
Board attempted to reduce educational
costs by slashing the salaries of school
personnel by as much as 20 per cent. In
higher education, no appropriation was
made for building construction at UBC in
1930 and the university's operating budget
was cut by 20 per cent in 1931 and by 50
per cent the following year. A committee
appointed by government in 1931 and
headed by George Kidd, then president of
B.C. Electric, eventually recommended
that public school education be restricted
to those aged 6 to 13 and that UBC be
supported solely through student tuition.
While these extreme measures were never
adopted, they do serve as important
reminders that support for public
education has never been universal
throughout the province and that,
historically at least, constituencies who
question the value and cost of public
education have always existed.
As support for public education has been
shaped by economic factors, the character
of the public school's program has been
similarly molded by the large social and
intellectual concerns that tend to dominate
each age. Put simply, much of what
education has tried to do at any given time
reflects the nature of society's broader
social agenda. For example, public
education abandoned much of its classical
foundations in the late 19th century in
favour of more practical kinds of
vocational and industrial training, a direct
response to rapid industrialization.
Likewise, as the cold war intensified in the
1950s and the social influence of
progressive child rearing waned, public
education once again responded to the
challenges of the day by attempting this
time to become an agency of national
defense. Schools and universities spurred by
national fears about a technological gap,
offered a new and stronger emphasis on
science and mathematics. Today, our
system of public education has been forced
to reflect the public and governmental
demands for accountability and restraint.
Probably dating back as far as 1945,
public school teachers have increasingly
Individuals who work
under a generally
hostile environment
seen themselves as individuals who work
within a generally hostile environment.
Public disenchantment with everything
from rising educational costs to sex
education has caused educators to see
themselves and their institutions as targets
of social disapproval. Both the harshness of
public criticism and the general absence of
parental and community encouragement
for their efforts have led to a perception
within the profession that teachers are
alone, struggling on the front lines to
overcome educational and social problems
with little in the way of dependable sources
of support. It is in this light that it is not
difficult to understand why public school
educators have come to see themselves
under siege.
In higher education, the situation has
been somewhat different. Generally
speaking, universities and colleges have
been less a part of everyday life, less
accessible, and therefore less subject to
direct public criticism than our public
schools. However, this is not to say that the
relationship between the world of higher
learning and the public has not been
somewhat tenuous or that the universities
have typically enjoyed a greater level of
public confidence. For this is clearly not
so.
Historically, at least, the universities
have had their own particular problems
with the public. Their geographical and
social isolation, their preference for
medieval forms of governance and work
behaviour, and their sense of mission as it
related to the universal development of
mankind, are but some of the factors
'Suspicion of the
mind and of those
who represent it'
which lead the public to question our
institutions of higher learning. The strong
historical tendencies toward utilitarianism
and anti-intellectualism which exist in
Canada and the U.S. have led Richard
Hofstadter to suggest that there has always
been "a resentment and suspicion of the
mind and of those who represent it ... "
Robert Hutchins put it a bit differently
when he suggested that in North America
it was rare indeed to find people who
believe in "the cultivation of the intellect
for its own sake."
Now, what have I tried to say so far? I
have been suggesting that the criticism of
our schools and universities that we have
witnessed recently here in B.C. and
elsewhere is not new or universal. Rather,
it represents a long tradition of antagonism
directed toward public education at all
levels, a tradition born within a lack of
clarity surrounding the purposes of
schooling and within a failure to
understand the many tasks that public
education tries to perform. It is within that
context, then, that we must try to
understand the governmental and
legislative developments that have occurred
recently in this province.
Autonomy, Academic Freedom, and
Efficiency
With respect to the current state of
public education in British Columbia, let
me suggest to you that the schools and
universities are being as seriously
challenged by forces outside them as at any
time in their history. For the past eighteen
months or so, a number of elected officials
have expressed their general displeasure
with educators and with the way schools
and universities operate. Now, as the
historical record shows, educational
institutions are subject to a certain amount
of criticism at any time. However, what is
taking place in this province appears to be
something more than that. There seems to
be a serious effort under way to centralize
educational operations at the provincial
level, thereby wrestling away control of
educational decision-making from local
communities, educational institutions and
their boards of management, and from
professional educators.
The genesis of this movement, at least as
the government sees it, lies in the need for
restraint. Indeed, the government's
approach to social spending in education
and in other areas, appears to be based on
a "desperate times require desperate
measures" philosophy. Educational
spending is greatly out of line, the
government believes, with the services
educational institutions provide and with
what the public can currently afford. For
better or worse, they regard public school
teachers, along with college instructors and
university professors, as part of a larger
problem associated with productivity in
the public service.
Unfortunately, it is diffficult to follow
the premises upon which the government's
restraint program is based; indeed, it bas
been asserted that "deep down, the reasons
behind the legislation are shallow."
Professor Rod Dobell, director of the
School of Public Administration at the
University of Victoria, points out in a
recent analysis of the budget and the
proposed legislation accompanying it that
the government's restraint package is based
on two notions — the government's ability
to pay for services, and the concept of
improved productivity — neither of which,
he says, make sense when examined closely.
It is not that government cannot
continue to pay for existing levels of public
service, Dobell insists; it is more a case of
government being unwilling to support
certain kinds of services, (e.g., social
services and public service payrolls in
general). What we have witnessed, thus, is
not an inability to pay but simply a change
in choosing where to spend. Or, as Dobell
puts it:
"A government which continues to spend
millions of dollars on roads to high-income
condos in ski resorts while cutting
expenditures on salmonid enhancement or
reforestation is exercising a discretionary
choice, not responding to limits on ability
to pay. A government which elects to
continue work on a domed stadium or
Expo '86 or subsidized coal exports and to
save a few thousand dollars by cutting
income support to the handicapped is
making a statement about priorities, not
accepting the dictates of some mythical
resource constraint. "
Similarly, the notion of productivity,
what Dobell describes as "the keystone
concept of the budget speech," appears to
him to be no more than window dressing
for another an unstated agenda. Dobell
astutely notes that the government's
concept of productivity does not serve in
any respect as a guideline or target for
action. He writes: "No indication is given
anywhere in the restraint program as to
how productivity may be recogrtiied. '■■-•.-   ;■
measured, or increased iii th'e public     '"*
service."
All in all, Dobell contends that the
government's attempt to "downsize" the
public service has been "tragically flawed"
by an "impatience for results" and by
generally ill-conceived strategies for
restraint. Government has, it seems, lost
faith in the process of management by
consensus and has retreated into the
authoritarian governance practices of a
bygone age.
Rather than restraint, Dobell concludes,
the government seeks "to centralize power
^«te«.
'To make the social
climate attractive
to foreign investment'
in an overwhelmingly dominant executive
. . . and to make the social climate . . .
attractive to foreign investment by limiting
any source of countervailing power outside
ownership of property." In short, the
government's unwritten objective is "to put
fear into the hearts of unions, interest
groups and administrators, and strength
into the will of private sector employers,
and thus pave the way for more significant
social change."
In any event, whether the government is
driven by economic concerns or by darker
motives, educators are now forced to
contend with a floodtide of important bills
that have been put before the legislature
this summer and that continue to occupy
the attention of the legislative assembly to
the present time.
Two of these bills, the proposed
EDUCATION (INTERIM) FINANCE
ADMENDMENT ACT, 1983 - BILL 6,
and the PUBLIC SECTOR RESTRAINT
ACT — BILL 3, have particular and
serious meaning for the future of public
education in this province, as do
supporting activities undertaken by the
government relating to the development of
new financial reporting systems for the
public schools, and the program of
economic retrenchment that the
government seeks to implement in general.
Bill 6 is a landmark piece of legislation
for the public schools. It allows the UBC Reports October 19, 1983
it, says autonomy of universities undermined
minister to regulate the size of budgets for
local school districts throughout the
province and ensures that local authorities
do not overspend, at least in the eyes of the
ministry. Although the government
announced only two days ago that it is
prepared to make concessions on local
autonomy, Victoria maintains tight control
over school board budgets at least until
1987. I have not yet seen the proposed
revisions to Bill 6 (if indeed they have even
been written yet) but as it was originally
proposed, it certainly represented the
termination of educational autonomy at
the local level. It implied that the public
and their elected representatives at the
municipal level could not be trusted to do
the job that is needed to be done.
"Children," the government's new axiom
might appear to read, "cannot be trusted
with the keys to the candy store."
From an historical perspective, this
centralization of power is not surprising:
governments typically consolidate authority
in times of crisis, whether real or imagined.
Nor, is this surprising in terms of the
province's own educational history, a
history marked by a strong inclination
toward government centralization. As
educational historian F. Henry Johnson has
pointed out, British Columbia entered
Confederation with the most centralized
and paternalistically-administered school
sytem of all the provinces at that time.
Efforts to change this style of
administration over time have met with
little success. Shortly after the turn of the
century, for example, civic attempts to
describe Vancouver's chief educational
officer as "city superintendent" were
squashed by provincial authorities and the
superintendent was renamed "municipal
inspector of schools," thus neutralizing any
Government thinkers
infatuated with the
idea of efficiency
semblance of affiliation with a local
community while preserving the overall
sense of provincial power.
It is within this broad fascination with
centralization that the seeds of the
government's great romance with
productivity and efficiency lie. Looking at
"Indicators of Management Performance,"
a document prepared by the Ministry of
Education last year (also known as "A
Report Card on the Schools"), it is evident
that government thinkers have become
infatuated with the idea of efficiency and
with the kinds of systems engineering that
today promise such results. In a manner
reminiscent of the pseudo-scientific school
surveys conducted across North America at
the turn of the century, this report
compares expenditures of the 75 provincial
school districts in a thinly-disguised
attempt to highlight local inefficiencies.
This desire to introduce tightly
monitored cost-effective management
systems into education is certainly not new.
In 1962, historian Raymond Callahan
published Education and the Cult of
Efficiency, a now-classic study that
chronicled the incorporation of such
management practices into American
schools in the early 1900s. In his analysis,
Callahan concluded that the effects of
trying to administer the schools according
to a corporate or industrial model of
management brought about dire
educational consequences and eventually
came to represent what he called "an
American tragedy in education." In this
respect, it might be noted that political
philosopher Santayana was no doubt
correct when he said, "those who forget the
past are condemned to repeat it."
Quite apart from the limited likelihood
that this kind of centralization could work
effectively in today's social and educational
climate — a point made recently by Joy
Leach, president of the B.C. School
Trustees Association — there is a deeper
question to consider concerning
centralization and citizens' rights to the
local control of schools. Stated simply, is it
ultimately in the public interest for a
provincial ministry to determine how
locally-raised taxes should be spent, or
whether programs developed in response to
specific local needs and priorities should be
funded? Put another way, how rjan the
public express their educational needs if
the decision-making powers of local school
boards are emasculated?
Similarly, the governance of the
provincial colleges and universities has also
been threatened. Colleges are no longer
allowed to have locally-appointed
individuals on their boards of governors
from now on, all members will be
ministerial appointments.
For the universities, the challenge is
somewhat different. Government
legislation, most notably in the form of Bill
3, and other elements of the government's
restraint package, seriously undermine the
academic freedom and institutional
autonomy of the provincial universities.
Although the contentious dismissal
"without cause" provision of Bill 3 has
been deleted, there is still reason to believe
that government is intent upon ending
"life-long job tenure" in the public sector.
How and when they hope to achieve this is
not exactly clear.
What is clear, however, is that
challenges to the academic freedom and
institutional autonomy of the universities
have enormous consequences not just for
the academic community but for the
province as a whole. The government's
behaviour toward the universities appears
to be like astronomers looking at black
holes   - they know they exist but they
don't quite understand them. It is
apparently of little importance to framers
of this legislation that academic freedom is
a safeguard as vital to democratic society as
the right to freedom of speech and the
right to freedom of the press. It is
imperative that scholars be free to do
research that may be controversial, or to
speak out publicly on issues of gravity
without fear of reprisal from anyone inside
or outside the university.
The tenure system as it has evolved over
centuries affords such protection. If
scholars happen to strike a social nerve in
their writing or debate, as in the case of
University of Toronto historian Frank
Underhill in the 1940s, they can survive the
social fallout that ensues. The history of
science and social affairs has illustrated
many times that what is considered radical
today frequently becomes orthodoxy
Tenure not a personal
privilege.. .it is
a professional right
tomorrow. Moreover, tenure is not now,
nor has it ever been, a personal privilege.
Rather, it is a professional right that is
part of an occupational role an individual
performs, much in the way that members
c f the legislature or of parliament enjoy
particular protections inside the House.
Nor does it ordinarily offer any more job
security than is morally and legally
awarded to any employee in the private
sector. It is something earned by academics
only after a lengthy period of training and
probation, and a rigorous review process.
Many academics do not stand for tenure
until they are at a mid-career age. And,
then, it becomes a case of receiving it or
being let go. Few careers impose any
harsher selection criteria on their members,
particularly in mid-life, than the academic
profession. Even if granted, it does not
protect faculty members from dismissal for
incompetence, dereliction of duty,
financial wrongdoing, or economic
exigencies that may warrant termination. I
ask you, are these generally not the same
reasons that bring about the dismissal of
employees in the world-at-large?
It is obvious to everyone that the
procedures that determine academic tenure
are not infallible. Nor can such procedures
inform us about the level of a scholar's
productivity in years to come. Some
tenured faculty members may be unworthy
of tenure, no doubt. But, I would remind
you that no system involving people is
completely foolproof, and that until we can
devise a more appropriate system that
guarantees the same important freedoms, it
is my view that we have little choice but to
retain tenure. I, for one, would welcome a
means whereby the academic freedom of
the individual faculty member is
guaranteed but at the same time ensures
that the negative implications of job
security are avoided.
For the universities and, indeed, for the
communities they serve, the challenge to
tenure and academic freedom is a high-
stakes issue. If the freedom to speak out on
consequential matters is imperilled, or if
other impediments to academic freedom
exist, provincial universities will be unable
to attract or retain leading scholars in any
area of study. Such individuals will simply
not work in a hostile climate without the
security they would normally be awarded
at other institutions throughout the western
world. If this challenge is not turned back,'
British Columbia could well become an
academic backwater. Unquestionably, this
would greatly depreciate the quality of
higher education in the province (and
education at all levels for that matter),
young people would be forced to leave
British Columbia in search of academic
and professional excellence elsewhere, and
the long-term economic and social benefits
that vigorous programs of scholarship and
They must support
a creative climate
for scholars
basic research yield to the province and the
nation would eventually diminish. These
are high stakes indeed!
But what about those who would
remain? Could they still be as productive as
they should be labouring in a climate that
appears to be somewhat hostile to public
service workers and, perhaps, to educators
more than to some other groups? Higher
education expert Clark Kerr contends that
for universities to be effective they must
create a supportive climate for scholars;
indeed, an environment that provides them
with:
(1) A sense of stability — they should
not fear constant change that distracts
them from their work;
(2) A sense of security — they should
not need to worry about the attacks against
them from outside the gate; (and)
(3) A sense of continuity — they should
not be concerned that their work and the
structure of their lives will be greatly
disrupted.
Obviously, government's current mood
prohibits the creation or maintenance of
such an environment.
The challenges posed by pending
legislation and by a social climate that
appears to be hostile to education,
however, are not the only challenges that
higher education in British Columbia is
presently facing, nor are they the only ways
that government can bring universities in
line. As in the case of the public sector
generally, severe budget reductions and
generally inadequate levels of support have
their own chilling effect on the institutional
autonomy of academic organizations. Put
simply, inadequate funding means that
universities cannot offer programs that they
feel are necessary to meet emerging student
demands nor the demands of industry,
commerce and the professions. In short,
they cannot do the things they need to do
in order to achieve excellence.
I brought along a few charts this evening
that illustrate quite graphically some of my
overriding concerns about (A) what is
happening to our funding in the B.C.
universities and (B) about the extent to
which we are providing educational
opportunities to our people. Let me
comment briefly:
(1) The first of these charts illustrates
that universities have been under financial
restraint for better than a decade. Our
support per student in real dollar terms,
since 1972, and exclusive of this year, is
down some 24 per cent in that period.
(2) My second illustration shows quite
strikingly how university funding has fared
over the past decade, relative to other
organizations in the public sector. It is not
my intent in presenting this to suggest that
these other organizations are over-funded
but rather that our universities would
expect to be treated equitably.
(3) The third chart is provided to give
you some comparative measure of how well
we in British Columbia support our
universities financially, when compared to
the other nine provinces. As you can see,
when measured by university operating
grants per $1000 of personal income in
1980-81, B.C. ranks 9 out of 10.
The charts which follow give you some
idea of how well we are doing in terms of
providing educational opportunities to our
own people in British Columbia. The data
refer to the 18-24 year old age group,
partially because that is the way Stats
Canada collect them but also because this
is the dominant age group that
participates. Of course, I must
acknowledge that our university population
is changing rapidly these days, with many
more middle-aged and even senior citizens
now participating.
(4) The fourth chart provides us with a
comparison of B.C.'s performance for all
post-secondary education (including
universities, colleges and institutes),
compared to the rest of Canada. Here, in
1982-83, we ranked sixth.
(5) Chart five provides the same sort of
comparative information but is restricted to
university enrolments. In the same year,
1982 83, we were 9 out of 10, bettering
only the province of PEL
(6) My final chart provides you again
with comparative data but this time at the
national level (universities only: Canada
12.68%, Japan 40% (approx.), U.S. 20%
(approx.) )
Let me conclude this section of my
comments by suggesting to you that
inadequate funding and budgetary
restrictions have profound implications for
the administration of the university's
operations — and, indeed, ultimately for
the quality of education and the
opportunities available to students of all
ages. When budgets are appreciably
reduced, as they have been in higher
education in British Columbia this year, it
means that the institution's costs must be
trimmed somewhere, either in the form of
cutbacks that apply across the board, or to
special areas that are singled out for drastic
reduction or, possibly, total termination of
programs. In either case, we are faced with
an array of difficult choices.
In making these choices, academic
administrators are, in fact, forced to
Government policies
are precipitating
this decline
preside over an industry in a state of
decline. Unfortunately, it is government
policies that are precipitating this decline,
not events in the world-at-large. Elsewhere,
other governments recognize the
tremendous economic growth that has
come to be associated with higher
education and the knowledge industry it
promotes. This government does not
appear to accord us this same level of
priority. Thus, instead of moving forward
educationally and economically, we are
losing ground. And, in both knowledge
and economics, the ground that is lost
today is not easily regained tomorrow.
Those of us in universities acknowledge
that the government of the day is faced
with a very difficult economic situation.
The choices that must be made daily are
undoubtedly difficult. We also understand
and expect that our universities will have
to assume their share in these difficult
times. What appears to be missing, from
my perspective, is an understanding that
the investment in the education of our
people, including their university
education, is an important ingredient in
the eventual resolution of our economic
difficulties. We are not in the habit of
allowing our people to starve; far better to
support their education with its potential
pay-off than to provide unemployment
insurance and welfare payments.
Some Observations and Conclusions
In the time remaining I would like to
offer a few additional observations on the
general state of public education in British
Columbia today and note, more
specifically, some of the challenges that
appear to be facing all of us in the months
and years ahead.
First of all, with respect to the issue of
Continued on Page 6 UBC Reports October 19, 1983
'System can't perform effectively'
Continued from Page 5
restraint, there is obviously a need for all
of us in public education to work as
productively as possible in our efforts to
improve the productivity of our schools and
universities. In this way, we can contribute
to the economy as a whole. We must also
ensure, however, that in our quest for
efficiency we do not reduce the
effectiveness of our educational institutions.
To be sure, there is little point in
destroying the public education enterprise
to achieve some short-term and, perhaps,
questionable measure of productivity. Put
another way, whatever our educational
costs — high o*r low   -  they may be too
much if the educational organizations we
support arc prevented from attaining the
goals we intend for them because of
insufficient resources.
Second, it is important to recognize that
sound educational governance is something
that depends on broad participation. It is
something that must involve the public-at-
large, their elected trustees on school
boards, boards of governors at colleges and
universities, elected members of
government, provincial ministries in charge
of education, and representatives from an
array of public, professional, and business
groups with vested interests in the quality
and direction of public education at all
levels. In terms of our educational
governance and administration, we need to
acknowledge that we cannot march
For the schools,
local control is an
essential instrument
backward in time, no matter how
appealing that idea may be to us on
occasion.
Third, we must recognize that principles
of local and institutional autonomy must
be preserved if the governance and
administration of public education is to
remain effective. For the schools, local
control is an essential instrument in
maintaining public participation and
influence in educational policy making.
For the universities and colleges,
institutional autonomy is equally
important. It allows such institutions,
acting on the advice of their boards of
governors, to make decisions about matters
pertaining directly to them, decisions
which other agencies are less well equipped
to make.
Fourth, public education at all levels
and of all kinds must be given higher
priority in terms of our social agenda. This
is essential not only for the social and
cultural benefits that learning promotes,
but also because of its tremendous
influence on our economic welfare. And,
nowhere is the link between economic
prosperity and knowledge made any more
evident than in the universities. As the
Carnegie Commission's Clark Kerr points
out:
The basic reality, for the university, is the
widespread recognition that new knowledge
is the most important factor in economic
and social growth.  We are just now
perceiving that the university's invisible
product, knowledge, may be the most
powerful single element in our culture,
affecting the rise and fall of professions
and even of social classes, of regions and
even of nations.
This same point was also recently
underscored by federal finance minister
Marc Lalonde when he observed that "to
take full advantage of technological
advances, Canada will increasingly need
well-educated and well-trained workers."
There is already some indication that
Canadian business and industry is suffering
from a knowledge gap. The Economic
Council of Canada has advised us lately
that the application of proven technology is
often slow and neglected in this country. In
commenting on the council's findings, one
writer noted:
A study of innovation in five industries
found delays of five to 31 years in picking
up on new ideas, from roof trusses to
uranium mining techniques.
(In this respect, we may do well to keep in
mind Alfred North Whitehead's warning:
Tomorrow science will have moved forward
yet one more step, and there will be no
appeal from the judgement which will be
pronounced on the uneducated.)
Fifth, if our efforts to develop
knowledge, new technologies, and human
resources are to match the rest of the
industrial world we must encourage
excellence in our public schools, colleges,
and universities, as well as in our other
educational institutions. Unfortunately   as
We have not yet
awakened to the
need for excellence
a nation, we have not yet awakened to the
need for excellence in education,
particularly as it relates to our public
schools.
Over the past year or so, five major
educational studies in the United States
have affirmed the vital role that public
education plays in determining the nation's
economic welfare and, more specifically,
how important public schooling is to
national defense and prosperity.
Such studies clearly suggest to us in
Canada that our educational needs for the
remainder of this century, and for the next
century, require equally careful appraisal.
Rather than wind down our commitment
to the schools and universities, I suggest we
might be better advised to evaluate our
present and future educational needs now
and begin planning how to achieve them.
If the American experience can be used
as a guideline, we will undoubtedly need to
invest more heavily in public education at
all levels if we are to remain competitive
in a competitive world.
Unfortunately, the idea of investing in
human capital may be more difficult for us
as British Columbians to accept than for
those in other places. Our thinking, even
in the twentieth century, has been shaped
by our sense of the frontier.   The image of
the rugged entrepreneur still dominates our
outlook in some respects, even though it
more properly belongs to the late-
nineteenth rather than to the late-twentieth
century. Moreover, our economic history
has been largely tied to a resource-based
economy, a tradition that does not make us
inclined to invest in invisible kinds of assets
such as knowledge, education, and expert
training. If we are to succeed in the new
economic climate that surrounds us, we
must escape from our past!
Furthermore, if we are to improve the
quality of public education in British
Columbia, we must not only pay attention
to the kinds of reforms judged necessary by
the various educational commissions in the
United States, we must also assess the
educational needs that are specific to us as
British Columbians and Canadians.
For example, Canada is unique in that
we do not have a federal agency to
coordinate national planning or to develop
national policies in education (the BNA
Act assured provincial autonomy in
educational matters). However, given the
accelerating rate of change in economic
and social affairs, it seems increasingly
important to establish, as a nation, some
longer-term educational objectives and
coordination processes to guide our
educational efforts. In education, the need
for more harmonious federal-provincial
relations is at least as acute as in other
areas of social policy.
More specifically, for education in
British Columbia, we must undertake a
comprehensive assessment of the kinds of
services and training necessary for
provincial growth in the years ahead.
British Columbians have many educational
needs, not all of which may be met by the
universities, colleges, and public schools.
We need to enquire into what these needs
are, plan how we can deliver such
educational services throughout this large
province, and decide how we can best
integrate and coordinate educational
facilities and programs at all levels. We
must also ensure that we maintain the
principle of educational opportunity for
all. British Columbians, no matter where
they live, must enjoy equal opportunity to
participate in high quality educational and
technical training.
Special attention must also be paid to
our planning and budgeting procedures.
For the most part, schools, colleges, and
universities currently operate on a year-to-
year basis. In many cases, educators are
unaware of the resources they can deploy
or the commitments they can make until
several months have passed in the fiscal
year. Time-frames such as this do not lend
themselves to rational decision making nor
to sound planning.
Institutions of higher education, of
course, have a particularly important role
to play in revitalizing the general state of
public education in this province in several
ways:
First of all, the universities can ensure
that all of their students take advantage of
a sound, basic education in the liberal arts
and in the sciences. The value of broad
educational experiences seems especially
important today in light of the fact that
individuals may change careers two or
three times within their lifetimes.
Second, the universities must assume
institution-wide responsibility for the
preparation of teachers. Indeed, the
universities must ensure that the quality of
people graduating from teacher education
programs is exceptionally high, that these
people are well trained in their subject
areas and that they have been exposed to
the best minds and research in their
respective disciplines. There is also clearly
an urgency to treat education as an
important area of applied study and not as
some second rate area of professional
preparation unworthy of serious research.
Although public education is the second
largest user of public funds in the country,
We know surprisingly
little about its
impact on our lives
we know surprisingly little about its impact
on our lives. In short, we must encourage
the study of education, most notably in
behavioral science areas such as economics,
political science, sociology, and history.
Finally, the universities must become
more effective in communicating
information about the importance of the
research activities that are taking place
within them. Information about new
discoveries in all fields of investigation must
be disseminated more quickly to the world-
at-large and, particularly, to the
commercial and industrial sectors of the
economy. As well, governments must learn
to make more effective use of the research
competence of our universities. Such
initiatives will help reduce the knowledge
gap and, perhaps, spur growth in parts of
the economy that depend most heavily on
innovation.
Let me close by saying that the
challenges facing public education in
British Columbia are very considerable. If
we are to overcome these challenges, I
believe we must persuade government of
the instrumental role that public education
at all levels plays in the social and
economic development of the province.
This may not be easy but we must try and
try hard. Likewise, we must try to persuade
government to look ahead in an effort to
understand what this province's
educational and social needs will be in the
future. Perhaps in doing so, we can
convince government leaders that current
attempts to centralize power and to wring
small efficiencies out of the educational
system are matters of a minor order
compared to some of the more
fundamental economic and social problems
we are soon going to face as a society.
One thing is clear. An educational
system under siege cannot perform
effectively. And, while government
criticism or indifference to education may
pose immemdiate difficulties for those of us
who work as educators, over time it
presents even graver problems and risks to
the communities we serve.
Choir plans
special night
at Hy croft
The University Singers, a 40-voice choir
led by Dr. James Fankhauser, are holding
a benefit dinner and musical evening at
Hycroft House on Nov. 9 to raise funds for
an Ontario tour in January.
The choir, which won first prize in
CBC's National Choral Competition in
1979 and second prize in the BBC's
International Choral Competition the
following year, has been invited to tour
Ontario next year, the first time such an
honor has come to a B.C. university choral
group.
Members of the choir will serve dinner
on Nov. 9 and entertain guests following
the meal. Cost for the evening is $50.
If you'd like more information, contact
Joni Alden at 228-3113 or Peter Jones at
228-3313.
Surf n' Turf
won by SFU
Simon Fraser University emerged the
winner in the Surf n' Turf Challenge, the
first intramural sporting event involving
athletes from UBC, Simon Fraser and the
University of Victoria.
The event was held Oct. 7 and 8 as part
of National Universities Week.
The Surf n' Turf Challenge was
structured as a three-part event over a two-
day period and included a 50-kilometre
marathon run from SFU to UBC, finishing
at the Royal Vancouver Yacht Club, a sail
from Jericho Beach to Nanaimo and a
cycle stretch from Nanaimo to the
University of Victoria.
Each university entered a team of 11
athletes composed of their best male and
female runners, sailors and cyclists. The
winner was determined by an overall point
total.
SFU finished with 287.5 points, UVic
with 279 and LVBC with 26?^.
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New speakers
span globe
UBC's International House is sponsoring
a new service, the International Speakers
Program, for members of the University
community and schools and community
groups in the Greater Vancouver area.
A group of volunteers — UBC faculty
members, students and members of the
community       are available on an on-call
basis to speak on a wide range of topics
relating to foreign countries, travel and
international affairs.
More than 70 countries are listed in the
program's topic index and speakers are
available on specialized topics, such as
resource management, health services,
economics, urban planning, art and
conservation.
If you'd like more information about the
program, call International House at
228-5021.
Bag lunches help
alumni campaign
Pat Pinder, acting fund director of
UBCs Alumni Association, says response
has been excellent to a "brown bag lunch"
campaign launched Oct. 3 to raise funds
for alumni scholarships and bursaries.
"We mailed brown lunch bags to alumni
with a request that they brown-bag it for a
week and donate the money they would
have otherwise spent on lunch to the
alumni fund," says Mrs. Pinder. "In the
first three days of returns we received 113
donations totalling $8,785."
The appeal is part of a three-year plan
to establish a $1.4 million alumni
endowment for bursaries and scholarships. UBC Reports October 19, 1983
UDC
CalcndaR
Calendar Deadlines
For events in the weeks of Nov. 6 and Nov. 13,
material must be submitted not later than
4 p.m. on Thursday, Oct. 27. Send notices to
Information Services, 6328 Memorial Road (Old
Administration Building). For further
information, call 228-3131.
The Vancouver Institute.
Saturday, Oct. 22
The I.O_. Controversy:
The Case of Cyril Burt.
Prof. Brian Simon,
University of Leicester.
Saturday, Oct. 29
Hearing and Knowing
Music, with piano
illustration. Prof.
Edward Cone,
Princeton University.
Both lectures take place in Lecture Hall 2 of the
Woodward Instructional Resources Centre at
8:15 p.m.
MONDAY, OCT. 24
Cancer Research Seminar.
Dietary Carcinogens and Anticarcinogens. Dr.
Bruce N. Ames, Biochemistry, University of
California. Lecture Theatre, B.C. Cancer
Research Centre, 601 W. 10th Ave. 11 a.m.
B.C. Cancer Research Seminar.
Time Lapse Movies of Cell Colony Formation
and their Relevance to Radiobiology. Dr.
Robert Kallman, director, Radiobiology
Research, Stanford University. Lecture Theatre,
B.C. Cancer Research Centre, 601 W. 10th Ave.
12 noon.
B.C. Legislation Lecture.
First in a series of lectures which explore the
recent B.C. Legislation. Today's topic is An
Examination of the B.C. Legislation from an
Historical Perspective. Dr. Paul Tennant,
Political Science, UBC. For more information,
call 222-5273. Robson Square Media Centre,
800 Robson St. 12 noon.
Practical Writing Lecture.
Nancy Morrison, lawyer, will speak on the need
for common sense in the use of English. Room
A106, Buchanan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Mahlzeit!
German conversation. Bring your lunch.
Everyone welcome. International House.
12:30 p.m.
History Lecture.
The True Role of Astrology in Early Modern
England: A Critique of Keith Thomas. Prof.
Michael Hunter, Lecturer in History, University
of London. Sponsored by Committee on
Lectures. Room A102, Buchanan Building.
12:30 p.m.
Poetry Reading in German.
Austria's best-known contemporary poet Ernst
Jandl recites and discusses his work
Sprechgedichte. Penthouse, Buchanan Building.
12:30 p.m.
History Seminar.
The Problem of Atheism in Early Modern
England. Prof. Michael Hunter, Lecturer in
History, University of London. Sponsored by
Committee on Lecturers. Penthouse, Buchanan
Building. 3:30 p.m.
Mechanical Engineering Seminar.
Bluff Body Modelling in Slotted-Wall Wind
Tunnels. M.M. Hameury. Room 1202, Civil and
Mechanical Engineering Building. 3:30 p.m.
Management Science Seminar.
A Portfolio Approach to Measuring Risk
Propensity. Prof. Don Wehrung, Commerce,
UBC. Room 413, Angus Building. 3:30 p.m.
The Pedersen Exchange.
An opportunity for any member of the on-
campus University community to meet with
President George Pedersen, to discuss matters of
concern. Persons wishing to meet with the
president should identify themselves to the
receptionist in the Librarian's office, which is
immediately to the left of the main entrance to
the Main Library Building. On this date only,
the Pedersen Exchange will take place from 4
to 5:30 p.m. (usual time is 3:30 to 5 p.m.).
Community and Regional Planning
Lecture/Discussion.
Economic Futures for Canada. George McRobie,
chairman, Intermediate Technology
Development Group, London, and Vanier
Institute of the Family Molson Fellow. Co-
sponsored by the Centre for Continuing
Education. For further information, call
222-5260. Room A102, Buchanan Building.
4 p.m.
Biochemical Discussion Group/
Gairdner Foundation Seminar.
Carcinogens and Anticarcinogens. Dr. Bruce
Ames, Biochemistry, University of California,
Berkeley. Lecture Hall 6, Woodward
Instructional Resources Centre. 4 p.m.
Zoology Physiology Group Seminar.
Transport in Reconstituted Systems. Dr. Peter
C. Hinkle, Biochemistry, Molecular and Cell
Biology, Cornell University. Room 2449.
Biological Sciences Building. 4:30 p.m.
TUESDAY, OCT. 25
Dal Grauer Memorial Lecture.
Schubert's Unfinished Business. Prof. Edward
Cone, Music, Princeton University. Room 113,
Music Building. 12:30 p.m.
Forestry Seminar.
Future Trends in Forest Engineering and
Logging Technology. Vern Welburn, FERIC.
Room 166, MacMillan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Botany Seminar.
China — First Impressions. With comments on
the XI International Seaweed Symposium and
Kelp Farming. R. Foreman, Bamfield Marine
Station. Room 3219, Biological Sciences
Building. 12:30 p.m.
Oceanography Seminar.
Development of Biological Oceanography in
China. Prof. Li Guango, Shandong College of
Oceanology, Qingdao, People's Republic of
China. Room 1465, Biological Sciences
Building. 3 p.m.
Chemistry Lecture.
The Forbidden' World of Chemistry. Prof.
Nicolaos Epiotis, Chemistry, University of
Washington, Seattle. Room 250, Chemistry
Building. 4 p.m.
Pacific Rim Lecture.
Canadian Investments in the Asian Pacific
Region: Opportunities and Problems. Prof.
J.W.C. Tomlinson, Commerce, UBC, and Dr.
C.L. Hung, Institute of Asian Research, UBC.
Room 604, Asian Centre. 4:30 p.m.
WEDNESDAY, OCT. 26
Obstetrics and Gynecology Seminar.
Techniques for Studying Fetal Metabolism:
Pitfalls and Prospects. Prof. C.R. Krishnamurti,
head, Animal Science, UBC. Room 2N9, Grace
Hospital. 12 noon.
Pharmacology Seminar.
Film: Physiology of Diving Birds. Dr. David
Jones, Zoology, UBC. Room 317, Block C,
Medical Sciences Building. 12 noon.
Noon-Hour Concert.
Paul Maillet, piano, winner of first prize,
Steinway Piano Competition. Recital Hall,
Music Building. 12:30 p.m.
Biomembrane Discussion Group
Seminar.
Phosphorylation of Small Molecular Weight
ApoB: Implications for VLDL Assembly and
Secretion. Dr. Roger Davis, Physiology,
Louisiana State University. Room 4210, Block
A, Medical Sciences Building. 12:30 p.m.
Chemical Engineering Seminar.
Electro-Organic Synthesis of Propylene Oxide.
A. Manji, Chemical Engineering, UBC. Room
206, Chemical Engineering Building. 2:30 p.m.
Asian Studies Lecture.
The Ramayana Illustrated. Dr. Geeti Sen. editor
of The Quarterly, India International Centre,
New Delhi. Room 604, Asian Centre. 3:30 p.m.
Geography Colloquium.
Canadian Resource Communities. P. Marchak,
Sociology, UBC. Room 201, Geography
Building. 3:30 p.m.
Economic Theory Workshop.
Factor Efficiency and Comparative Advantage in
a Large Dimension Ricardo-Taussig Model. Don
Ferguson, Economics, University of Victoria.
Room 351, Brock Hall. 4 p.m.
Animal Resource Ecology Seminar.
Stock Assessment in Highly Aggregated
Fisheries. Dr. Marc Mangel, Mathematics,
University of California, Davis. Room 2449,
Biological Sciences Building. 4:30 p.m.
Benefit Concert for Hillel House.
Diaspora Yeshiva Band performs a benefit
concert for Hillel House. Admission is $8. For
information, call 224-4748. Jewish Community
Centre, 950 W. 41st Ave. 8 p.m.
THURSDAY, OCT. 27
Architecture Lecture.
The Wonder of Fatepur Siki. Dr. Geeti Sen,
Delhi School of Planning and Architecture,
India. Room 102, Lasserre Building. 12:30 p.m.
Educators for Nuclear Disarmament
Lecture.
The Anti-Cruise Missile Canvassing Project of
End the Arms Race. Helen Spiegelman,
Executive Committee of End the Arms Race.
Hebb Theatre. 12:30 p.m.
Film.
If You Love This Planet, award-winning film
which records a strong message concerning
disarmament. Included is archival film footage
of the bombing of Hiroshima and interviews
with survivors. Sponsored by the Office for
Women Students with the support of the Leon
and Thea Koerner Foundation. Pre-register in
Room 203 of Brock Hall. 12:30 p.m.
Plant Science Seminar.
Native Plants of Western Australia. Dr. G.
Straley, Botanical Garden, UBC. Room 342,
MacMillan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Faculty Recital.
Music of Hindemith and Martinu. Hans-Karl
Piltz, viola, and Philip Tillotson, piano. Recital
Hall, Music Building. 12:30 p.m.
Jewish Students' Network.
For information, call 224-4748. Hillel House.
12:30 p.m.
Geological Colloquium.
Mantile Geochemistry and Convection. Dr. K.
O'Nions, Geology, Cambridge University,
England. Room 330A, Geological Science
Centre. 12:30 p.m.
Condensed Matter Seminar.
Structure of Graphite Intercalated with
Halogens. Deborah Chung, Carnegie-Mellon
University. Room 318, Hennings Building.
2:30 p.m.
UBC President George Pedersen signs Amnesty International petition calling for
release of all 'prisoners of conscience' who are held throughout the world solely
because of their political or religious beliefs, or because of their color or ethnic
origin. With the president is Ross Wartnow, 4th-year student in religious studies
and a member of the Amnesty group on campus.
China Seminar.
Traditional Chinese Music: A Re-Examination
of Social Issues. Prof. Allan Thrasher, Music.
UBC. Room 604, Asian Centre. 3:30 p.m.
Applied Mathematics Seminar/
Mathematics Colloquium.
Theory of Stochastic Difference Equations. Dr.
Marc Mangel, Mathematics. University of
California, Davis. Room 1100, Mathematics
Building Annex. 3:45 p.m.
Physics Colloquium.
The Physics of Intercalated Graphite. Dr. M.
Dresselhaus, Massachusetts Institute of
Technology, Cambridge. Room 201, Hennings
Building. 4 p.m.
Biochemical Discussion Group
Seminar.
Mechanism of Spontaneous and Carcinogen-
Induced Mutagenesis. Dr. Jeffrey Miller,
Molecular Biology, UCLA. Lecture Hall 3,
Woodward Instructional Resources Centre.
4 p.m.
Exercise Group Seminar.
Fatigue and Overtraining: Monitoring of Elite
Athletes. Dr. D.C. McKenzie, Physical
Education and Recreation and Sports Medicine,
UBC. Sports Medicine Seminar Room, John
Owen Pavilion Annex. 4:30 p.m.
SUB Films.
Tron. Continues until Sunday, Oct. 30. Shows
at 7 p.m. on Thursday and Sunday, 7 and 9:30
p.m. Friday and Saturday. Auditorium, Student
Union Building. 7 p.m.
Leisure and Cultural Studies
Seminar.
Sport and the Deformation and Reformation of
Community. Dr. Alan Ingham, University of
Washington. Sponsored by the Leisure and
Cultural Studies Workgroup, School of Physical
Education and Recreation, UBC. Faculty
Lounge, War Memorial Gymnasium. 7:30 p.m.
CUSO Meeting.
CUSO Overview — A Challenge and a Change
(slide show). Returned volunteers will talk about
their CUSO postings overseas. Upper Lounge,
International House. 7:30 p.m.
FRIDAY, OCT. 28
Poetry Reading.
Swedish poet Eva Runefelt will talk about her
work and read from recent poetry collections.
The reading will be in English. Room D233,
Buchanan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Medical Genetics Seminar.
Transcription of Drosphila tRNA Genes. Dr.
G.D. Spiegelman. Parentcraft Room, Grace
Hospital. 1 p.m.
Dal Grauer Memorial Lecture.
Congruent Harmony in Brahms. Prof. Edward
Cone, Music, Princeton University. Library
Seminar Room, Music Building. 3:30 p.m.
Philosophy Seminar.
The Difference Between Human Expertise and
Expert Systems. Prof. Hubert Dreyfuss,
Philosophy, University of California, Berkeley.
Room 157, Law Building. 3:30 p.m.
Linguistics Colloquium.
Anaphor and Non-Anaphor Reflexives. Susanne
Carroll, Linguistics, UBC. Room D224,
Buchanan Building. 3:30 p.m.
Finance Workshop.
Factor Pricing: Issues and Extensions. Prof. Jay
Shanken, University of California, Berkeley.
Penthouse, Angus Building. 3:30 p.m.
Faculty Club.
Hallowe'en family buffet dinner. Cost is $9 for
adults, free for children under four years old.
Reservations required. Faculty Club. 5:30 p.m.
Women's Basketball.
Blue-Gold Game. War Memorial Gymnasium.
6:30 p.m.
Thunderbird Hockey.
Annual Alumni/Varsity Game. Thunderbird
Winter Sports Centre. 8 p.m.
Men's Basketball.
Sev's Slammers (Senior B). War Memorial
Gymnasium. 8:30 p.m.
SATURDAY, OCT. 29
One-Day Spanish Course.
Classes, cultural activities, lunch and Spanish
dinner. Cost $50. Registration at door or call
222-5227. Room 106. East Mall Annex. 10 a.m.
to 10 p.m.
Women's Basketball.
Grad game. War Memorial Gymnasium.
2 p.m.
Men's Basketball.
Meraloma Seniors. War Memorial Gymnasium.
8:30 p.m.
Continued on Page 8 UBC Reports October 19,   1983
UDC
CalcndaR
Continued from Page 7
SUNDAY, OCT. 30
One-Day French Course.
Classes, cultural activities, lunch, entertainment
and soiree at the Centre Culturel Colombien.
Cost $50. Registration at door or call 222-5227.
Room 107, East Mall Annex. 10 a.m. to
10 p.m.
MONDAY, OCT. 31
B.C. Legislation Lecture.
Second in a series of lectures which explore the
recent B.C. Legislation. Today's topic is
Changes in the Human Rights Legislation.
William Black, Faculty of Law, UBC. For more
information, call 222-5273. Robson Square
Media Centre, 800 Robson St. 12 noon.
Cancer Research Seminar.
Skin Pigmentation, Sun Reaction, and the Risk
of Malignant Melonoma. Richard Gallagher.
Epidemiology, Biometry, and Occupational
Oncology, Cancer Control Agency of B.C.
Lecture Theatre, B.C. Cancer Research Centre.
601 W. 10th Ave. 12 noon.
Recital.
Performance by students from the Banff School
of Fine Arts. Recital Hall, Music Building.
12:30 p.m.
Mahlzeit!
German conversation. Bring your lunch.
International House. 12:30 p.m.
The Pedersen Exchange.
The Pedersen Exchange is cancelled today. The
president meets each Monday he is on campus
to discuss matters of concern with any member
of the campus community.
Mechanical Engineering Seminar.
The Pressure Distribution on a Fourdrinier
Paper Machine Drainage Foil. G. Lepp. Room
1202, Civil and Mechanical Engineering
Building. 3:30 p.m.
Management Science Seminar.
Action Elimination Algorithms for Markovian
Decision Processes. Prof. K. Ohno, Applied
Mathematics and Physics, Kyoto University,
Japan. Room 413, Angus Building. 3:30 p.m.
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Applied Mathematics Seminar.
Rossby Waves in the North Pacific: Observation,
Theory and Conjecture. Prof. Lawrence A.
Mysak, Mathematics, UBC. Room 229,
Mathematics Building. 3:45 p.m.
Biochemical Discussion Group
Seminar.
Ionic Interactions of DNA. Dr. Victor A.
Bloomfield, Biochemistry, University of
Minnesota. Lecture Hall 4, Woodward
Instructional Resources Centre. 4 p.m.
TUESDAY, NOV. 1
Cecil H. and Ida Green Lecture.
The Efficient Use of the Wood Resource. Prof.
W.E. Hillis, Commonwealth Scientific Industrial
Research Organization, Australia. Room 166,
MacMillan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Hillel House.
Free lunch sponsored by the Hillel and B'nai
B'rith women. Hillel House.  12:30 p.m.
Botany Seminar.
Vascular Plants in B.C. as Indicators of What?
V. Krajina, Botany, UBC, and K. Klinka,
Forestry, UBC. Room 3219, Biological Sciences
Building.  12:30 p.m.
Chemistry Lecture.
The TRIBBLE System: An Interactive
Computing System for Chemistry. Dr. David
Pensak, Central Research and Development.
E.I. Dupont de Nemours & Co., Wilmington,
Delaware. Room 250, Chemistry Building.
4 p.m.
Pacific Rim Lecture.
The Mobility of Capital Among Pacific Rim
Countries. Real Estate Investment and the
Overseas Chinese. Dr. Michael Goldberg,
Commerce, UBC. Room 604, Asian Centre.
4:30 p.m.
Gerontology Lecture.
The Elderly as a Minority Group? Dr. Phillip M.
Smith, Psychology, UBC. Lecture Hall 3,
Woodward Instructional Resources Centre.
7 p.m.
New Music Society Recital.
Music of the Early 20th Century by Debussy,
Bussoni, Reger and Zemlinsky, performed by the
Schoenberg Ensemble from Holland. For ticket
information, 669-0909. Recital Hall, Music
Building. 8 p.m.
Faculty Women's Club.
j    An Evening with Gilbert and Sullivan. General
*    meeting and musical evening. Cecil Green Park.
8 p.m.
WEDNESDAY, NOV. 2
Obstetrics and Gynecology Seminar.
Interactions of Catecholamines and Opiates on
LH Secretion. Dr. D.K. Clifton, Obstetrics and
Gynaecology, University of Washington. Room
2N9, Grace Hospital. 12 noon.
Pharmacology Seminar.
Activity of the Nervous System in the Aestivating
Indian Apple Snail, Pila globosa. Dr.
Muralimohan Pandanoboina, Medicine, UBC.
Room 317, Block C, Medical Sciences Building.
12 noon.
Noon-Hour Concert.
French music for flute and piano by Debussy,
Ibert, Jolivet and Genin. Camille Churchfield,
Hute, and Arlie Thompson, piano. Recital Hall,
Music Building. 12:30 p.m.
Classics Lecture.
Roman Gaul: Approaches to the Study of a
Provincial Society. Prof. Edith Wightman,
History, McMaster University. Sponsored by
Committee on Lectures. Room 102, Lasserre
Building. 12:30 p.m.
Fine Arts/Medicine Films.
The Miracle of Life: Human Sexual
Reproduction — latest hi-tech medical imagery
merges science and art. Also two NFB films:
Angel and Pas de Deux. Donations at door.
There will be three showings of the films. Room
104, Lasserre Building.  12:30 p.m., 2:30 p.m.,
3:30 p.m.
Anatomy Seminar.
Tomographic Imaging: An Overview of CT,
NMR, and PET. Dr. J. Mayo, Radiology, Acute
Care Unit, Health Sciences Centre Hospital.
Room 37, Block B, Medical Sciences Building.
12:30 p.m.
Chemical Engineering Seminar.
Spherical Agglomeration and its Application to
Bitumen Recovery from Oil Sands. Sam Levine,
University of Manchester, England. Room 206,
Chemical Engineering Building. 2:30 p.m.
Classics Seminar.
Resistance and Revolt in the Northern
Provinces: Some Modern Approaches. Prof.
Edith Wightman, History, McMaster University.
Sponsored by Committee on Lectures. Room
C154, Buchanan Building. 3:30 p.m.
Geography Colloquium.
Fish-Forestry Interaction, Queen Charlotte
Islands. V. Poulin, Fish-Forestry Interaction
Program. Room 201. Geography Building.
3:30 p.m.
Economic Theory Workshop.
Incentive Compatible Planning Algorithms.
Erwin Diewert and Diana Price, Economics,
UBC. Room 351, Brock Hall. 4 p.m.
Animal Resource Ecology Seminar.
Responses of Fish and Limnologiss to Water
Pollution in Lake Titicaca, Peru. Dr. Tom
Northcote and Dave Levy, Animal Resource
Ecology and Westwater Research, UBC. Room
2449, Biological Sciences Building. 4:30 p.m.
Comparative Literature Colloquium.
Surrealist Imagery in the Work of Virginia
Woolf. Dr. Jack Stewart, English, UBC.
Penthouse, Buchanan Building. 4:30 p.m.
Cinemawest Film.
King Lear. Also shown at 12:30 p.m. on
Thursday, Nov. 3. Auditorium, Student Union
Building. 7 p.m.
THURSDAY, NOV.3
Educators for Nuclear Disarmament
Lecture.
What is Wrong with Deterrence? George
Hermanson, University Campus Ministry. Hebb
Theatre. 12:30 p.m.
Cecil H. and Ida Green Lecture.
Forest Products and People: Some Thoughts on
USSR, China and Japan. Prof. W.E. Hillis,
Commonwealth Scientific Industrial Research
Organization. Australia. Room 166, MacMillan
Building. 12:30 p.m.
Plant Science Seminar.
Air Pollution and Plant Growth. Dr. V.C.
Runeckles, Plant Science, UBC. Room 342,
MacMillan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Pharmaceutical Sciences Seminar.
Calcium Transportation in the Non-Failing
Hypertophied Rabbit Heart. Dr. Clayton
Heyliger. Pharmaceutical Sciences, UBC.
Lecture Hall 3, Woodward Instructional
Resources Centre.  12:30 p.m.
Faculty Association Meeting.
General Meeting. Room 100, Mathematics
Building. 1 p.m.
Condensed Matter Seminar.
Solitons in Biological Systems. Alwyn C. Scott,
Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory. Room 318,
Hennings Building. 2:30 p.m.
Physics Colloquium.
High Frequency Parametric Instabilities in
Under-Dense Plasmas. Dr. N.A. Ebrahim.
Room 201. Hennings Building. 4 p.m.
Social Work Colloquium.
Counselling Women. Dr. Mary Russell, UBC.
Lecture Hall A, School of Social Work.
4 p.m.
SUB Films.
Victor /Victoria. Continues until Sunday, Oct. 6.
Shows at 7 p.m. on Thursday and Sunday, 7
and 9:30 p.m. Friday and Saturday.
Auditorium, Student Union Building. 7 p.m.
FRIDAY, NOV. 4
UBC Chamber Singers.
Cortland Hultberg, director. Recital Hall, Music
Building. 12:30 p.m.
Reading.
Reading by Canadian novelist Clarke Blaise
from his new novel Lusts. Sponsored by the
Canada Council. Room B312, Buchanan
Building. 12:30 p.m.
Medical Genetics Seminar.
Cytomegalovirus in Pregnancy. Drs. D.
Kalousek, S. Effer, A. Junker and G.D. Kettyls.
Parentcraft Room, Grace Hospital. 1 p.m.
Linguistics Colloquium.
Jakobson Revisited: An Examination of the
Acquisition of Polish. David Ingram. Room
D224, Buchanan Building. 3:30 p.m.
Finance Workshop.
Tournaments and Incentives: Heterogeneity and
Essentiality. Prof. Sudipto Bhattacharya,
University of California, Berkeley, and Stanford
University. Penthouse, Angus Building.
3:30 p.m.
Public Speaking Workshop.
Workshop by Dr. Ralph Yorsh of UBC's Faculty
of Dentistry who has attained the highest
Toastmaster level of Distinguished Toastmaster,
and Eli Mina, President of Toastmasters Club
59. Continues on Saturday, Nov. 5 from 9 a.m.
to 6 p.m. Cost is $95. To register, call 222-5261.
Salon A, Faculty Club. 7 to 10 p.m.
Lecture/Discussion.
Knowledge and the Sacred. Seyyed Hossein
Nasr. Cost is $4; $3 for students and free for
those attending a Saturday, Nov. 5 symposium
with Dr. Nasr. To register for the lecture or
symposium, call 222-5261. Lecture Hall 6,
Woodward Instructional Resources Centre.
8 p.m.
UBC Chamber Singers.
Cortland Hultberg, director. Recital Hall, Music
Building. 8 p.m.
Men's Basketball.
St. Martin's College. War Memorial
Gymnasium. 8:30 p.m.
SATURDAY, NOV. 5
Emotions Workshop.
The art of emotional first aid will be taught in
this workshop by therapist Dr. Sean Haldane.
Cost is $30. To register, call 222-5261. Blue
Room, Arts One Building. 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Football.
UBC vs. the University of Saskatchewan.
Thunderbird Stadium. 1 p.m.
Early Music Recital.
A Baroque lute recital by Toyohiko Satoh,
renowned Japanese lutenist. Tickets $8.50;
students and seniors $6. For information, call
732 1610. Recital Hall, Music Building.
8 p.m.
Men's Basketball.
Grad game. War Memorial Gymnasium.
8:30 p.m.
Notices
Mexican Fiesta
The SUBWay cafeteria in the Student Union
Building is featuring Mexican cuisine Oct. 19,
20 and 21.
SFU Alumni
Alumni of Simon Fraser University are invited to
make nominations for SFU Awards for
Excellence in Teaching. Nominations should be
postmarked not later than Oct. 24, and should
be sent to: Mr. Ashley Cooper, University
Committee for the Excellence in Teaching
Award, Vice-President Academic Office, SFU,
Burnaby, V5Z 1S6.
Museum of Anthropology
The Snake in the Grass Moving Theatre has
begun its new season at the UBC Museum of
Anthropology. Watch for the following Sunday
performances: Oct. 23 — Takanaluk Arnaluk
(Inuit legend); Oct. 30 — The Ghosts and the
Great Shaman (Nishga legend); Nov. 6 —
Ramayana (East Indian legend); Nov. 13 —
Scab (Kwagiutl legend). All performances at
2:30 p.m.
Frederic Wood Theatre
The Frederic Wood Theatre presents Love's
Labor's L«st by WiUiam StakespeaK'tto*. 9   -
through 19. Adrhistion is $6.50; $4.50 for
students and seniors. For more information, call
228-2678.
Da nee works
Danceworks-UBC is a new student dance
ensemble being formed on campus under the
auspices of the student club Ballet-UBC-Jazz.
Members are now being recruited and anyone,
irrespective of dance background, is welcome.
Danceworks-UBC will perform four original
dance pieces in March of 1984. Those interested
should contact Ballet UBC Jazz at 228-6668.
Blood Donor Clinics
The following blood donor clinics will take place
this fall on the UBC campus: Oct. 26 — Rooms
207 and 209, Student Union Building, 10 a.m.
to 4 p.m.; Nov. 7 — Place Vanier Residence, 3
to 9 p.m.; Nov. 28 - Totem Park Residence, 3
to 9 p.m.
Faculty/Staff Badminton Club
The club meets in Gym B of the Osborne Centre
on Tuesday evenings from 8:30 to 11:30 p.m.
and Friday evenings from 7:30 to 10 p.m.
(except Friday, Nov. 4 and 11). New members
welcome.
Architecture Exhibit.
A travelling exhibit, entitled Architectural
Heritage of Norway is being presented by the
School of Architecture in the lobby of the
Lasserre Building until Oct. 30.
French and Spanish Classes
Six-week, non-credit conversational French and
Spanish classes start Nov. 1. Special French class
for UBC staff and students on Tuesdays and
Thursdays from 5-7 p.m. For more information,
contact Languages Programs and Services,
Centre for Continuing Education, at 222-5227.
Nitobe Garden Hours
Nitobe Memorial Garden will be open weekdays
only between 10 a.m. until 3 p.m. until April
19.
Calendar Event Forms
New calendar forms have been printed and are
available by calling 228-3131 or dropping by
Information Services, Room 207, Old
Administration Building.
Pipe Band
Pipers and drummers wanted for campus pipe
band. For more information, call Dr. Mornin at
228-5140.

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