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UBC Reports Feb 20, 1986

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Volume 32   Numbers
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February 20, 1986
Government announces funds for education
The announcement last week by the
provincial government of a three-year, $110-
million Fund for Excellence in Education
incorporates principles that have been
enunciated over the years by successive UBC
presidents, including the current chief
executive officer, Dr. David Strangway.
The fact that funds will be available on a
multi-year basis will allow universities to plan
programs without the uncertainty of knowing
whether funds will be forthcoming in future
years, President Strangway said.
"I'm also pleased," the president said, "that
provision has been made in the fund for
adjustments to regular operating budgets of
Robot used
in surgery
The first set of 75 clinical trials involving
what is believed to be the irst use of a robot in
a autf^pwaM^mpMhen In the world,
hai Jwtlww wiwpMod in Vancouver.,
The robot was developed by researchers at
UBC, the Vancouver General Hospital, the
Health Sciences Centre Hospital on the UBC
campus and Andronic Devices Ltd. The team
that created the robot was led by Or. James
McEwen, director of the Biomedical
Engineering Department at both the Vancouver
General Hospital and the Health Sciences
Centre Hospital, and adjunct professor in
UBC's Electrical Engineering Department
The clinical trials of the procedure began
last March 12, about a month before the well-
publicized debut of another surgical robot in
California.
The robot is used in a new type of
procedure for the diagnosis and treatment of
injured knees. Dr. Brian Day, assistant
professor In UBCs Department of
Orthopaedics has carried out the majority of
the surgical trials using the robot at the Health
Sciences Centre Hospital at UBC.
Dr. Day helped pioneer and perfect in
Canada a new surgical procedure called
arthroscopy, which removes or repairs knee
cartiage us^ one-centimeter indstorw. A
surgical Instrument is inserted into one incision
and is guided in its work by an optical scope
which is inserted into a second incision.
Before the new operation was introduced, the
entire knee joint had to be opened.
"Because I am cofTtpletely occupied with
the scope ind surgtoat ins&ument, I heed an
assistant to hold and move the patent's teg
Wo different positions during the operation,"
Dr. Day said. "The solution is a robot that
manipulates, the leg into precise positions for
me,"
Dr. McEwen's group designed and built the
pneumaticaJly-powered robot, which is linked
to an IBM personal computer. The robot holds
the paflentf8 leg and moves tt on command.
•The prototype we developed can be
operated by tiw surgeon either through a
control panel or by voice command," Dr.
McEwen said. "Dr. Day can simpry say
'attention', 'move the leg to the right*, lower the
leg', or any other of a variety of commands we
can program the robot to understand.
"trie robottete Dr. ftp through a voice
synetrwsis'^ystem that tt has uriderstood the
command before tt carries ft dot.
Communication between surgeon and robot is
verbal."
to said the success of the prototype has
shown that robots can beiuaed in many other
operations where mechanical assistance is
needed by the surgeon.
universities. This recognizes that we continue
to be faced with rising costs associated with
inflation and the declining value of the
Canadian dollar."
He added that the fund also reflects the
need for special funding to initiate or expand
Centres of Excellence that reflect government
priorities.
Since arriving at UBC last November, Dr.
Strangway has met regularly with the premier
and other ministers and their deputies to
discuss the needs addressed in last week's
announcement.
Dr. Strangway said that on a prorated basis
the three public universities could receive as
much as $24 million from the fund to share
between them.
Last week's announcement listed the
following government priorities in relation to
university centres of excellence: biotechnology, Pacific Rim studies, computer
systems, forestry research, international
business and links with B.C. cultural industries
such as film and the arts.
UBC Reports spoke to faculty members
involved in each of the centres of excellence
areas and asked them about the possibilities in
their areas. Here's what they had to say.
PACIFIC RIM STUDIES: Prof. Terry
McGee, the head of UBC's Institute of Asian
Research, says UBC's position as a major
centre for study of Asia and the Pacific has
been somewhat eroded recently because
funds haven't been available to replace faculty
members who have retired or resigned.
"We have on paper the most
comprehensive set of teaching programs on
Asia and the Pacific in Canada," he said, "as
well as outstanding library facilities and
research expertise.
"Our greatest need is for funds to close the
gaps in faculty expertise and fund researchers
who can carry out projects that focus on
contemporary developments in the Asia-
Pacific region."
Prof. McGee also sees the Asian research
institute taking a leading role in providing
services to the business community in matters
related to the Pacific Rim and in providing
short-term courses to social studies teachers
in secondary schools.
"Our own Asian Centre provides an
excellent physical setting for all these
activities," he adds.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS: The head of
UBC's Department of Computer Science, Prof.
Jim Varah, sees UBC developing a Centre for
Excellence through the recently established
Centre for Integrated Computer Systems
Research, a joint initiative of the computer
science department and the Department of
Electrical Engineering.
The centre would serve as a focus for
interdisciplinary research in computer science
and engineering and facilitate research
ventures of a cooperative nature with industry
and government.
There is a particular interest in developing
cooperative research projects with industrial
firms at the local and national levels, Prof.
Varah said, and several firms have already
expressed interest in joint work to expand
research initiatives and aid the transfer of
computer technology to the marketplace.
He said academic personnel with University
appointments would also hold executive
appointments at the centre, which would also
needs funds for support staff and the purchase
of computing equipment.
BIO-TECHNOLOGY: UBC is as strong if
not stronger in biotechnology research than
any university in Canada For example, UBC
holds 30 per cent of grants awarded to 30 or
more Canadian universities for biotechnology
research under the National Research
Council's program for Industry-Laboratory
Projects.
The University has a long history of genetic
engineering research, beginning with the
presence on campus in the 1950s of Dr. Har
Gobind Khorana, who subsequently won a
Nobel Prize for solving the genetic code
controlling the way genes makes products. He
later created a man-made gene, the basic
hereditary unit.
UBC's strengths in genetic engineering
could have a major impact on:
1. Diagnosis and treatment of a variety of
human and animal diseases;
2. Industrial fermentation and bio-product
engineering research; and
3. Plant research, including such areas as
increasing the resistance of commercial crops
to frost or disease.
UBC's strength in the area of biotechnology
has already attracted a $35-million Biomedical
Research Centre for the commercial
production and clinical assessment of
interferon. The project is in collaboration with
the Terry Fox Medical Research Foundation
and the Wellcome Foundation of the U.K.
A virtually untouched area is the application
of genetic engineering to the forest industry,
another major biotechnology objective of the
University.
FORESTRY RESEABCULQean Robert
Kennedy of UBC's Faculty of Forestry said the
funding could assist UBC in expanding areas
of research that would have direct and
UBC sculptor Richard Prince holds
model of his work entitled "Alchemy
of Invention," which will be one of
several pieces by Canadian artists
on display at Canada Place, the
Canadian Pavilion at Expo 86.
Elements of the sculpture include
plastic waveforms, a wooden boat, a
ladder and Halley's comet Two
graduates of UBC's fine arts degree
program, John Watts and Use
Lemieux, are also creating works for
the pavilion.
significant cost benefits to B.C.'s forest
industry. "Four areas of research that I would
particularly like to see accellerated are studies
in harvesting methods, wood science,
vegetation management and studies on
seedling quality," he said. 'Transportation and
harvesting costs account for 50 per cent of the
total operating costs of most saw mills. Better
harvesting methods could dramatically reduce
the overall costs of producing lumber. Another
means of decreasing costs and conserving
forest resources is through better utilization of
lumber and wood products. At the moment
builders use more lumber than necessary in
their structures because they do not have
enough information on the physical and
engineering properties of wood (strength,
Please turn to Page 3
See EXCELLENCE
Trudeau accepts
honorary degree
A seventh honorary degree recipient has
been added to those being honored at UBC's
spring Congregation ceremonies on May 28,
29 and 30. Former Prime Minister The Right
Honourable Pierre Elliott Trudeau will receive
the degree of Doctor of Laws in recognition of
his many contributions to Canadian society.
Also receiving honorary degrees will be
Maestro Kazuyoshi Akiyama, Vancouver
businessman Joseph H. Cohen, The
Honourable R.G. Brian Dickson, Chief Justice
of Canada, anthropologist Audrey Hawthorn,
chemist Jack Halpern and the Bishop of Prince
George, J. Fergus O'Grady.
Tuition fees set
Tuition fee increases ranging from 3.5 to 4
per cent have been approved by UBC's Board
of Governors for the 1986-87 fiscal year.
As a result, normal-load fees for
undergraduates will range from a low of $1,320
in Arts to a high of $2,288 in Medicine and
Dentistry.
Increases for degree programs in Arts,
Commerce, Education and Science reflect an
increase in the per-credit-unit fee basis from
$85 to $88.
Tuition fees for students in the Faculty of
Graduate Studies have been adjusted to
reflect an objective to have the same fees
apply at the first-, second- and third-year
doctoral and the first- and second-year
master's level.
UBC Board opposes
apartheid policies
The Board of Governors unanimously
approved a resolution stating its "unqualified
opposition to the racial policies of apartheid in
South Africa" at its meeting on Feb. 6.
UBC President David Strangway said the
Board had directed its finance committee to
review the federal government's report on
corporate responses to the questionnaire Code
of Conduct Concerning the Employment
Practices of Canadian Companies Operating in
South Africa with the objective of preparing a
list of companies in which the UBC's operating,
endowment and staff pension funds would not
invest. IMC Reports, February 20,1986
UBC active in fight against heart disease
February is heart month In our
province and UBC would like to
thank the B.C. Heart Foundation
for Its continued suppport of
research Into heart disease. The
Heart Foundation has contributed
more than $11.5 million towards
heart research In the province
since 1980. Most of that money —
about 90 per cent — has gone to
UBC researchers. Outlined on this
page are a few of the 81 research
projects currently being funded at
UBC by the Heart Foundation.
Researchers at UBC are involved in a wide
range of studies which could have a profound
impact on the way heart disease is treated in
our society.
Researchers in UBC's Faculty of
Pharmaceutical Sciences, for example, are
carrying out innovative research on a
compound called vanadate, which may one
day be responsible for lowering the rate of
heart disease among diabetics.
Dean of Pharmaceutical Sciences Dr. John
McNeill, who along with a group of colleagues
from his faculty is carrying out research on the
compound, says vanadate could either replace
insulin or augment insulin in the treatment of
diabetes.
Heart problems are much more common
for diabetics than non-diabetics, Dr. McNeill
said. "Seventy per cent of diabetics die of
heart disease compared with 50 per cent of
the rest of us."
Dr. McNeill said researchers at UBC
entered this important field of study about six
years ago when they developed an animal
model of a diabetic's heart condition using
rats.
"We found a means of producing with a
great deal of consistency a heart condition
close to that of a human in these diabetic rats,"
he said.
WWte working with the diabetic rats
researchers came across some scientific
papers which indicated that in isolated tissue
cultures of fat cells and skeletal muscle cells
the application of vanadate — formed from
> vanadium and oxygen — could increase the
transfer of sugar into the cells.
"That*s one of the things that insulin does,"
said Dr. McNeill.
The researchers then found that adding
vanadate to the drinking water of diabetic rats
allowed control of the animals' conditions,
apparently without the side effects associated
with insulin.
"We found we were able to control the
blood sugar of the animals and, the heart
function was totally normal," said Dr. McNeill.
"The test animals also did not experience
problems with their vision normally associated
with diabetes."
Since vanadate would be administered
orally it would be easy to control the dosage
and, used in conjunction with insulin, could
smooth over the peaks and valleys in which
the blood of a diabetic patient has either too
much or too little insulin.
Dr. McNeill said veterinarians may also
benefit from this research, since diabetes in
pets such as cats and dogs is more difficult to
control than diabetes in humans.
Another researcher concerned with
evaluating new heart drugs is Dr. Charles Kerr,
an assistant professor in UBC's Department of
Medicine.
Dr. Kerr estimates that four or five potential
drugs aimed at controlling arrythmias (irregular
heart beats) are brought out each year. Not all
make it past the rigorous testing procedure
and onto the medical market. Dr. Kerr and his
colleagues are currently examining three new
heart drugs — Propafenone, Amiodarone and
Ftecanide.
"Since there are patients who don't
respond to or dont tolerate some drugs it's a
good idea to have as many different drugs as
possible to treat arrythmias," said Dr. Kerr.
Flecanide, which he describes as "very potent
and different from other anti-arrythmia drugs
that exist", wtH likely be available on the market
within a year along with the other two drugs he
is testing.
Dr. Kerr and his colleagues are also
attempting to get funding for a program under
which they would implant 'defibrillators' in
patients who had suffered a 'lata)" heart failure
and been resuscitated.
The $18,000 device, developed in the U.S.,
It probably wont make the Guinness Book of World Records (Most people
kissing, same time, one place) but UBC's St Valentine's Day Kissoff on
Mclnnes Field last week raised more than $700 for the Heart Fund.
"senses" when a patient has gone into cardiac
arrest and, through an electrical patch sewn
onto the heart itself, administers an automatic
shock to restore the heartbeat.
Dr. Kerr said that for a patient the
experience would be like awakening from a
faint.
"You would just Wack out from the heart
failure and while you were unconscious the
device would shock the heart back into
action."
The obvious benefit of the device, Dr. Kerr
said, is that it performs automatically and
without human intervention.
Dr. Kerr said doctors don't know how many
people in the Lower Mainland might be
candidates for the device, but says he
estimates the number to be about five or six a
year. "There may be a lot more down the line
once the program becomes better known."
Dr. Kerr is also studying a technique called
trans-esophageal pacing, in which a tube is
passed through a patient's nose and down his
esophagus to rest behind the atrium of the
heart. A wire passed down the tube carries an
electrical current to the heart, pulsed to restore
normal rhythm. "We have been working on this
technique for the past five years and have
done a lot to refine it," said Dr. Kerr.
In another leading edge area of research
Dr. John Ledsome, head of UBC's Department
of Physiology, is carrying out studies on a
potent hormone discovered about three years
ago in Eastern Canada.
Dr. Ledsome said the volume of blood and
the amount of fluid in the body appears to be
controlled by a hormone called atrial natriuretic
peptide, a substance that is found in quanities
of about 50 picagrams (a picagram is a million
millionth of a gram) per millilitre of'blood.
Despite its minute quantity, the short-lived
hormone, which is secreted by the heart itself,
appears to have a profound biological effect
"We are trying to discover what causes it to
be released and what it controls," Dr. Ledsome
said. "Finding a way to induce a heart to
secrete the hormone on a continual basis
might suggest a better therapy for high blood
pressure."
However, he said, the only biological signal
that appears to cause an animal's heart to
produce the hormone is the stretching of the
organ, either by increasing the volume of
blood or increasing the heart rate to produce
an increase in size.
Dr. Ledsome said the hormone is
apparently critically important to animals
because the gene producing it has been
"conserved" or retained since the early days of
evolution.
"Our hormone is almost identical to that
found in sharks, which are very primitive
organisms," Dr. Ledsome said. 'The hormone
in sharks alters chlorine excretion through a
gland the shark has."
In the higher animals, Dr. Ledsome noted,
the hormone is highly similar from one species
to the next — the human version differs from
the rat version in only one of its 28 amino
acids.
'This is unusual. There's usually two or
three amino acids difference between human
and rat hormones," he said.
Since the discovery of the hormone about
three years ago it has been the focus of many
researchers and drug companies who are
spending millions of dollars trying to produce a
form that will remain in the blood for long
periods of time. 'The natural substance
remains in the blood for about 1.5 minutes,"
Dr. Ledsome said.
The hormone also appears to play a role in
the prevention of heart failure, being found at
between six and 10 times the normal level in
the blood of patients suffering heart failures.
Dr. Charles Tomlinson, an assistant
professor in the Department of Medicine, is
conducting research aimed at identifying heart
damage in patients treated with anti-cancer
drugs before the damage become irreversible.
Working with a computer program and
ultra-sound scans, Dr. Tomlinson is hoping to
show changes in the actual shape of the left
ventricle of the heart — indicating the
beginnings of damage — in time to save the
organ from serious damage.
"In the past by the time we were able to
identify the damage it was already serious and
irreversible," he said. Dr. Tomlinson's theory is
that early indications of damage to the heart
should be presented by minute changes in the
actual shape of the organ.
The computer program allows him to
assign a numerical value to a heart and show
over a series of scans whether the value is
changing.
'The beauty of ultra-sound is that it is
totally non-invasive, you can do it all day,
. every day, and not harm the patient," he said.
At present Dr. Tomlinson said, he is doing
work with patients who have suffered heart
failure in an attempt to ascertain the effects of
heart drug therapy.
'The idea is to establish a base line with
the first scan, then conduct further scans to
show whether there is any change over the
base line." Dr. Tomlinson said animal studies
indicate that heart damage is observable at an
early stage with this new approach.
Meanwhile, a group of UBC reseachers at
St. Paul's Hospital is launching a study aimed
at determining whether obese people really do
have a higher incidence of hypertension than
people of normal weight.
Dr. Robert Rangno, an associate professor
in the Department of Medicine who runs a
hypertension clinic at the hospital as well as
doing research into the disease, said
conventional wisdom suggests that obese
people have a hypertension rate about three
times the normal rate.
This, he said, would produce a
hypertension rate of about 15 per cent in the
obese population.
However, preliminary research has
suggested this percentage is wrong and that
the actual rate of hypertension in obese people
under the age 45 may be closer to the normal
five per cent.
"If the rate is actually 15 per cent we would
like to determine what the factor is that is
producing the higher rate and find a way of
controlling it," Dr. Rangno said.
"This might indicate that the cause of
hypertension in obese people may differ from
the cause of the disease in lean people."
If it turns out that conventional wisdom is in
error, Dr. Rangno said, the study may set new
guidelines for blood pressure testing for obese
people, freeing many from the inconvenience
of medication aimed at controlling a condition
they do not have.
Dr. Rangno said a preliminary finding of the
study, funded by the Heart Foundation, is that
the blood pressure readings on many obese
patients may be inaccurate because of the size
of the blood pressure testing equipment used
on them.
In the study, which so far has found a lower
incidence of hypertension in obese people
than conventional data would predict, patients
are measured with a conventional blood
pressure cuff and another reading is taken
using a catheter inserted into the patient's
brachial artery.
"We hope to see whether hypertension is
as prevalent as conventional data suggests. If
it isn't, much greater care should be taken In
diagnosing it so we can avoid expensive and
unnecessary treatment in some individuals."
When some obese people lose weight, Dr.
Rangno added, blood pressure drops, leaving
researchers with the question of whether losing
weight is a treatment for hypertension or
whether the original diagnosis of hypertension
was Incorrect
Dr. Jim Axelson, a professor of
pharmaceutical sciences, is working with
colleagues to provide new and critical
information on problems associated with multidrug therapies.
In their discipline, known as
"pharmacokinetics", they are concerned with
tracing the course of drugs through the phases
of absorption, distribution in the bdby,
metabolism and excretion. An area of prime
concern to the researchers is the possible
diminishing of drug effectiveness because of
the actions of a second or third drug.
For example, said Dr. Axelson, one drug
that speeds up elimination of substances from
the body might reduce the effectiveness of a
heart drug by causing it to be expelled too
quickly from the body. Another concern is the
possibility of a combined effect such as that
produced by alcohol and barbituates. "In the
case of alcohol and barbituates, the
combination is deadly. Since most heart
patients are treated with more than one drug at
a time, we are on the lookout for increases in
toxicity or decreases in effectiveness."
Dr. Axelson said he and his colleagues Drs.
Charles Kerr, John Price, Keith McEriane and
Frank Abbott administer sub-clinical doses of
the test drug combined with other substances
and chart the course of the drug by analysing
a series of blood and urine samples.
The goal, Dr. Axelson said, is to design
more efficient drug therapies using the least
amount of drug to achieve the maximum
benefit.
In 1985-86 alone, the B.C. Heart
Foundation provided support for 81 UBC
researchers in the Faculties of Medicine,
Science and Pharmaceutical Sciences for
studies related to heart disease.
Vice-President, Student and Academic Services
Applications and nominations are invited for the position of Vice-President, Student
and Academic Services, at The University of British Columbia.
The new vice-presidential position will report to the president and is responsible for,
but not limited to, the library, computing—both central and distributed, and student
services. At the present time, these activities involve a budgetary expenditure of
approximately $40 million.
Qualities should include strong academic background and university administrative
experience. Please address application or nominations before April 30,1986 to:
President David W. Strangway
The University of British Columbia
6328 Memorial Road
Vancouver, B.C. V6T 2B3
In accordance with Canadian immigration requirements, this advertisement is directed
to Canadian citizens and permanent residents. UBC Reports, February 20,1986
Two vice-presidential positions created
The approval by UBC's Board of Governors
on Feb. 6 of recommendations for the creation
of two new vice-presidential positions is part
of a plan to reorganize administrative
responsibilities in the President's Office.
'   President David Strangway, who made the
recommendations to the Board, said the new
vice-presidential positions reflect the
increasing importance of research activity at
UBC and the need for strategic planning in the
student and academic service areas.
The recommendations approved by the
Board provide for:
* A new position of Vice-President,
Research, which amounts to an upgrading
from associate vice-president, research, a
position which has been discontinued; and
* A new position of Vice-President, Student
and Academic Services, who will be
responsible for the UBC Library system,
computing, the Centre for Continuing
Education, high school and college liaison,
registration functions, awards and financial aid,
housing and liaison with student groups.
In a letter last week to UBC faculty deans,
department heads and directors of institutes
and schools, President Strangway said the
University would launch a nationwide search
for a suitable appointee to the latter position.
As part of the same package of
recommendations, the Board approved the
appointment of Prof. Peter Larkin to the new
post of vice-president, research, and
confirmed the appointment of Prof. Daniel
Birch as UBC's vice-president, academic.
Prof. Larkin, who has held the post of
associate vice-president, research, in the
President's Office since 1980, is one of
Canada's best-known scientists and is a
former head of the Department of Zoology and
dean of the Faculty of Graduate Studies.
Prof. Birch has been acting vice-president,
academic, since March, 1985. Until a search
committee has completed its work, Prof. Birch
will also serve as acting vice-president,
student and academic services.
In his role as vice-president, academic,
Prof. Birch will be responsible for the academic
aspects of UBC's research and teaching
program and for liaison with the deans of
UBC's 12 faculties on matters of policy and
budget.
Prof. Birch is a former dean of UBC's
Faculty of Education (1981-85), a post he also
held at Simon Fraser University before he was
named that university's associate vice-
president, academic, in 1975.
UBC's fourth vice-president, Bruce Gellatly,
will continue in the position of vice-president,
administration and finance.
Dr. Strangway said his recommendations to
the Board were the result of a review of the
organization of the President's Office carried
out since he officially became UBC's chief
executive officer on Nov. 1,1985.
He said his decision to recommend vice-
presidential status for the individual in charge
of research stemmed from the fact that
externally funded research activity at UBC has
now reached a level of $60 million annually.
Excellence
Continued from Page 1
durability, etc.). Wood science research could
provide this Information, resulting in more
efficient use of forest resources."
Another important area of research, said
Dean Kennedy, is vegetation management ~
controlling vegetation that may kill or impede
the growth of newly-planted seedlings.
"Research into developing better and stronger
tree seedlings is also critical to the forest
industry," he said. "UBC is already involved in
research to develop seedlings that have a
good chance of surviving replantation and will
grow quickly to their full potential." A nursery
with one million tree seedlings was established
recently at UBC.
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS: Dean Peter
Lusztig of UBC's Faculty of Commerce and
Business Administration said additional
financing could allow him to build on the
established strengths of his faculty in the areas
of trade policy and international finance. "It
could help us to assist the province, and
ultimately, Canada," he said. For example, we
could put on workshops and seminars and
share additional expertise with government,
business and labor to create a better
understanding of international business and
finance.
"It could definitely give the province a
competitive edge in international trade and
help establish Vancouver as a major centre for
financial services for international trade.
"We could also provide better training for
more graduate students. After leaving us, they
would take up positions across Canada and
Cai^aR
have an impact on the competitive abilities of
the organizations they represent."
LINKS WITH CULTURAL INDUSTRIES:
The one cultural industry mentioned in last
week's government announcement was
filmmaking, which is more active in B.C. than
anywhere else in Canada because of the
depressed value of the Canadian dollar and
the fact that "Hollywood likes our scenery and
the high-quality production crews that are
available in Vancouver," according to Prof.
Joan Reynertson, who heads the film program
in UBC's theatre department.
She says the biggest need the UBC film
program has is a modern production facility
with state-of-the-art equipment for training
students. UBC has close connections with the
B.C. film industry now, she adds, and there are
lots of opportunities for expanding those links
via such routes as training internships.
Dean Robert Will, who heads the arts
faculty, said there are other possibilities for
UBC linkages with the culture industry which
he would explore when Victoria clarifies
questions of duration and continuity of funding.
Other points that emerged from the
government's announcement last week were:
* Educational institutions will be invited to
submit proposals for special initiative funding
for 1986-87;
* All decisions on allocations from the fund
will be made by the provincial cabinet on a
merit basis; and
* Students will be involved in consultations
the government plans to have with educational
institutions for their suggestions on what those
institutions should be doing.
'The level of research activity can be
expected to continue to increase in the next
few years," he said, "bringing with it increased
volume and complexity in administration and in
the need for policy development."
Universities, the president added, must
become more entrepreneurial because of
federal and provincial government policies of
allocating funds on evidence that universities
have been successful in obtaining
commitments from industry.
President Strangway said he had decided
to recommend the creation of a new post of
vice-president, student and academic
services, because "several of the Issues central
to our strategic planning arise in the student
and academic service areas."
He said vice-presidential attention was
required for issues such as the next phase of
development in central and distributed
computing on campus, the provision of library
services both on and off the campus and the
need to develop student aid practices that will
attract top students to UBC.
"At the present time," the president added,
"these activities involve annual expenditures of
about $40 million and represent a very
important part of University activities."
New rates set for
Botanical Garden
New hours and admission rates will be in
effect at UBC's Main Botanical Garden and
Japanese Nitobe Garden, beginning March 1.
Admission rates for the Main Garden will be
$2 for adults; $1 for students, seniors and
children aged 6 to 12; free for children under
6. Rates for the Nitobe Garden will be $1 for
adults; 50 cents for seniors, students and
children 6 to 12; and free for children under 6.
Both gardens are free on Thursdays.
These rates apply to all visitors except for
members of the Davidson Club, the Friends of
the Garden, the Botanical Garden endowment
membership program and the Wesbrook
Society.
The new Shop in the Garden, found at the
entrance to the Main Garden, will open March
1 with unique gifts, gardening books, toys,
plants, bulbs and seeds and many other items
(228-4208).
Calendar Deadlines
For events in the period March 9 to 22, notices must be
submitted on proper Calendar forms no later than 4 p.m.
on Thursday, Feb. 27 to the Community Relations
Office, 6328 Memorial Road, Room 207, Old
Administration Building. For more information, call
228-3131.
The Vancouver Institute.
Saturday, Feb. 22
Brain, Mind and Language.
Dean Victoria A. From kin,
Linguistics, UCLA.
Saturday, March 1
The United Nations: What
Does the Future Hold?
Stephen Lewis, Canadian
Ambassador to the United
Nations.
Lecture Hall 2, Woodward Instructional Resources
Centre,8:15p.m. Freeadmission.
MONDAY, FEB. 24
Remote Sensing Seminar.
Feature Extraction Techniques for Automated
Interpretations of Remote Sensing Imagery. Mr. Ben
Yee, Macdonald Detwiller and Assoc. Ltd. Room 266,
MacMillan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Botany Seminar.
The Marine Algal Epiphyte Microcladia coulteri: Its
Population Structure and its Hosts. Gary Kendrick,
Botany, UBC. Room 3219, Biological Science Building.
12:30 p.m.
Mechanical Engineering Seminar.
Academe in China Today. Dr. J.P. Duncan, professor
emeritus, Mechanical Engineering, UBC. Room 1202,
CEME Building. 3:30 p.m.
Centre for Metallurgical Process
Engineering Distinguished
Lecturer Series.
Injection of Reacting and Non-Reacting Gases into High
Temperature Melts, Modelling and Mass Transfer
Studies. Dr. R.J. Batterham, Chief, CSIRO Division of
Mineral Engineering. Room 303, Frank Forward
Building. 3:30 p.m.
Applied Mathematics Seminar.
A Mathemtical Model of Moist Convection. Dr.  '
Christopher Bretherton, Applied Mathematics,
University of Washington, Seattle, WA. Room 229,
Mathematics Building. 3:45 p.m.
Biochemical Discussion Group.
Regulation of the Enzymes and Genes of Bacterial
Bioluminescence Operons. Edward Meighen,
Biochemistry, McGill University. IRC 4. 4p.m.
Neuroscience Discussion Group
Seminar.
Stress, Adrenal Steroids and Hippocampal Aging. Dr.
Bruce McEwen, Neurobiology, Rockefeller University,
NewYork. IRC3. 4:30p.m.
Archaelogical Institute Lecture.
Excavations at Neolithic 'Ain Ghazal (Jordan): A New
Jericho? Dr. Alan Simmons, University of Nevada.
Museum of Anthropology. 8 p.m.
TUESDAY, FEB. 25
School of Library, Archival and
information Studies Colloquium.
The Library of Congress'Centre for the Book. John H.
Cole, director, Centre for the Book, Library of
Congress, Room 835, North Wing, Main Library. 11:30
p.m.
Botany Seminar.
Leghemoglobin: Engineering a Better Legume. Brian
Holl, Plant Science, UBC. Room 3219, Biological
Science Building. 12:30 p.m.
Chemistry Seminar.
Interactions and Reactions of Carbohydrates and
Proteins. Prof. Stephen G. Withers, Chemistry, UBC.
Room 250, Chemistry Building. 1 p.m.
Electrical Engineering Seminar.
Multidimensional Splines for Modeling FET
Nonlinearities. Dr. J. Barry, Electrical Engineering,
University of Waterloo. Room 402, Electrical
Engineering Building. 1:30 p.m.
Chemical Engineering Seminar.
Washing of Pulp in a Kamyr Pressure Diffuser by David
Lloyd, M. Eng. student, Pulp and Paper; and Oil Well
Sand Fracturing: A Case Study by Steven Haywood, M.
Eng. student, Pulp and Paper. Seminar Room, Pulp and
Paper Centre. 1:30 p.m.
Oceanography Seminar.
Tidal Mixing and Plankton Dynamics. Prof. Malcom
Bowman, Marine Sciences Research Center, State
University of New York, Stony Brook, NewYork. Room
1465, Biological Science Building. 3:30 p.m.
Metallurgical Engineering Seminar.
Determination of Calcium and Magnesium Activities in
Some Liquid Alloys. E. Samuelsson, Metallurgical
Engineering, UBC. Room 317, Frank Forward
(Metallurgical) Building. 3:30 p.m.
CUSO Development Education
Series.
Why Work Overseas? Representatives from several
development organizations in Vancouver. For further
information phone the CUSO office at 228-4886.
International House, UBC. 7:30 p.m.
Tuesday Mini-Series - Concert #1.
An Evening of Late 18th & 19th Century Chamber
Music, featuring Department of Music members John
Loban and Eric Wilson with guest pianist Randolph
Hokansonfrom Seattle, WA. Tickets are $5 or $10 for
the series of 3 concerts (next dates March 4 & March
11). UBC music students free. Proceeds benefit the
Department of Music Scholarship Fund. Recital Hall. 8
WEDNESDAY, FEB. 26
Pharmacology & Theurapeutics
Seminar.
Long-lasting Synaptic Potentiation in Hippocampus.
Ms. J. W. Goh, Pharmacology & Theurapeutics, Faculty
of Medicine, UBC. Room 317, Basic Medical Sciences
Building, Block C. 12 noon.
Cecil and Ida Green Lecture.
The Nature of the Mental Dictionary. Prof. Victoria
Fromkin, Linguistics, University of California, Los
Angeles. Room 106, Buchanan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Anthropology and
Sociology/Political Science
Seminar.
Current Issues in Marxist Theory of Classes. Gugliemo
Carchedi, Economist, Institutuut voor Economische
Sociologie at the University of Amsterdam. Room 207-
209, Anthropology and Sociology Building. 12:30 p.m.
Wednesday Noon-Hour Concert.
Music of Beethoven performed by Toby Saks on cello
and Neal O'Doan on piano. Free. Recital Hall, Music
Building. 12:30 p.m.
Geography Colloquium.
Some Highlights of Cordilleran Geomorphology 1865-
1985. Dr. MichaelJ. Bovis, Geography, UBC. Room
301, Geography Building. 3:30 p.m.
Geophysics and Astronomy
Seminar.
Insitu Testing of Soils with Particular Emphasis on P and
S Wave Velocities. Dr. R. Campanella, Civil Engineering,
UBC. Room 260, Geophysics and Astronomy Building.
4 p.m.
Animal Resource Ecology
Seminar.
Niche Shifts During Ontogeny: Responses to Ecological
Opportunity. Dr. Earl Werner, Kellogg Biological
Station, Michigan State University. Room 2449,
Biological Science Building. 4:30 p.m.
Canadian Association for
Information Science.
Computer Assisted Retrieval of Images Stored on Video
Disk. Mr, Merv Richter, Eloquent Systems, Vancouver.
B.C. Research Conference Room, 3650 Wesbrook Mall,
UBC. 7:30 p.m.
THURSDAY, FEB. 27
Grand Medical Rounds.
Pathogenesis of Diarrhea. Lessons from the
Laboratory. Prof. J.R. Hamilton, Chief, Pediatric
Gastroenterology, Toronto Sick Children's Hospital.
Ground Floor Lecture Hall, Acute Care Unit, Health
Sciences Centre Hospital. 12 noon.
Occupational Health and Safety
Seminar.
Ocular Injuries. Dr. John Richards, Ophthalmology,
UBC. IRC 3. 12:30 p.m.
Essay Skills Workshops.
Nancy Horsman of the Office for Women Students will
give three one-hour workshops to assist students
increase their skills in preparation of essays. They will
be held three Thursdays, Feb.27, Mar.6 & 13. Room
B212, Buchanan Building. 12:30p.m.
H. R. MacMillan Lecture in
Forestry.
Protected Areas, Conservation and Development.
Harold K. Eidsvik, Senior Policy Advisor, Parks Canada.
Foyer display by Parks Canada. Frederic Wood
Theatre. 12:30 p.m.
Continued on Page 4 February 20,1966
Cal£%»aR
Continued from Page 3
Comparative Literature/French
Lecture.
P»ul Bouissac, French, Victoria College of the
University of Toronto. Room A203, Buchanan Building.
12:30 p.m.
Anlrnal Science Seminar.
Microbial Fermentation in the Large Intestine. Or. R.
Mosenthin, Institute of Animal Nutrition and Feed
Science, Christian-Albrechts-Universitat Kiel, Federal
Republic of Germany. Room 160, MacMillan Building.
1:30 p.m.
Arts Faculty Ethnic Studies
Committee.
Darkness and Wild Dreams - The Relationship Between
the Canadian-Icelandic Poet and the Community. Prof.
W. D. Valgardson, University of Victoria and Christiane
Gunnars, University of Manitoba. Room B222,
Buchanan Building. 3:30 p.m.
Lipid and Lipoproteins Discussion
Group/Biochemistry Seminar.
Purification and Regulatory Properties of CTP:
Phosphocholine Cybdylytransferase. Dr. Paul
Weinhold, University of Michigan. IRC1. 4p.m.
Physics Colloquium.
Limits to Visual Perception. Dr. Arthur E. Burgess.
Radiology, UBC. Room 201, Hennings Building. 4 p.m.
FRIDAY, FEB. 28
Sigma XI Scientific Society of UBC
Lecture.
Foxglove Follies; Science and the Law, Toronto Sick
Children's Hospital Oigoxin Incident and the Role of the
Media. Dr. A. Burton, Biochemistry, UBC. Salon E,
Faculty Club. 12:30 p.m. Faculty and students
welcome.
Reading.
Sponsored by the English Department and the Canada
Council. W.O. Valgardson, Canadian-Icelandic poet,
noveistand short-story writer. Buchanan Penthouse.
12:30 p.m.
Leon and Thea Koerner Lecture.
WiWajn Styron in France. Prof. Melvin Friedman,
Comparative Literature, University of Wisconsin-
Milwaukee. Room A100, Buchanan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Comparative Literature and
Slavonic Studies Seminar.
BakhtineandthePost-Oostoievskian Novel. Prof.
Wladimir Krysinski, Litterature Comparee, Montreal.
Room A20S, Buchanan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Medical Genetics Seminar.
Genetics In Kuwait. Dr. A. S. Teebi, (Visiting Clinical
Fellow-from Kuwait Medical Genetics Centre) Clinical
Genetics Unit, Grace Hospital. 1 p.m.
Economic Policy Seminar.
Budget-Making, 1986. Prof. Douglas Purvis,
Economics, Queen's University and Department of
Finance, Ottawa. Room D352, Buchanan Building. 3:30
p.m.
Leon and Thea Koerner Seminar.
Beckett and George Moore. Prof. Melvin Friedman,
Comparative Literature, University of Wisconsin-
Milwaukee. RoomA202, Buchanan Building. 3:30 p.m.
Fund-Raising Dinner.
Fund-Raiser for The Pacific Immigrant Resources
Society. Speaker is Stephen Lewis, Canadian
Ambassador to the United Nations. Tickets $50 (tax
deductible). Inquiries: 253-4391, local68. Dinner in
Ballroom of Faculty Club. 6 p.m.
Issues in Iconicity Colloquium.
Registration, followed by welcoming remarks by Dean
Robert M.Will. First speaker: Prof. Paul Bouissac,
French, Victoria University, Toronto, on the Anatomy of
Signs: The Contribution of Neuroethology to the
Understanding of Iconicity. The colloquium is
sponsored by the Programme in Comparative Literature,
UBC and the Vancouver Semiotic Circle with support
from the Faculty of Arts and the Departments of French
and Slavonic Studies, UBC. Salon A, Faculty Club. 6:30
p.m.
UBC Women's Centre Lecture.
Man Made Language. Dale Spender, editor of Women's
Studies Internation Forum, London, England, and author
of several books. Childcare provided. Phone
228-2163 for further information. Tickets are $5 and
$7 at the AMS ticket centre. IRC 2. 8 p.m.
Fantastic Literature in Latin
America.
Alberto Manguel, translator, anthologist, critic and
author of Blackwater: The Anthology of Fantastic
Literature (1983) and co-author of The Dictionary of
Imaginary Places (1980). Sponsored by the Centre for
Continuing Education. Fee is $7, students $5 (free to
those attending Saturday Seminar. Inquiries: 222-5261.
IRC 3. 8 p.m.
SATURDAY, MARCH 1
Issues in Iconicity Colloquium.
Speakers Include: Ms. Laurel Brinton, English, UBC;
Ms. Debra Pincus, Fine Arts, UBC; Martin Silverman,
Anthropology, UBC; Wladimir Krysinski, Litterature
Comparee, Montreal. Faculty Club. 9:30 a.m. to 5:30
p.m.
Ghosts. Dreams and
impossibilities.
Alberto Manguel, translator, anthologist, critic and
author of Blackwater: The Anthology of Fantastic
Literature (1983), Dark Arrows: (Chronicles of Revenge
(1965) and co-author of The Dictionary of Imaginary
Places (1980) Sponsored by the Centre for Continuing
Education. $45 includes lunch and Friday lecture.
Inquiries: 222-5261. Main Dining Room, Graduate
Student Centre, UBC. 10a.m.-4p.m.
MONDAY, MARCH 3
Remote Sensing Seminar.
Wetland Mapping with Thematic Mapper Data. Dr. J.
Tomlins, B.C. Research. Room 266, MacMillan Building.
12:30 p.m.
Plant Science Seminar.
Determination of the Gall-Inducing Mechanism of a
Bacterial Pathogen on Douglas Fir. Robin DeYoung,
Plant Science, UBC. Room 342, MacMillan Building.
12:30 p.m.
Mechanical Engineering Seminar.
On Libration Stability of Satellites. Said R. Marandi,
Ph.D. Student, Mechanical Engineering, UBC. Room
1202, CEME Building. 3:30 p.m.
Applied Mathematics Seminar.
Diffusion with Varying Drag: The Runaway Problem.
Dr. David Rollins, Applied Mathematics, California
Institute of Technology. Room 229, Mathematics
Building. 3:45 p.m.
Biochemical Discussion Group
Seminar.
von Willebrand's Factor. Dr. Kjell Sakariassen,
Pathology, University of Washington. IRC 4. 4 p.m.
Zoology "Physiology Group"
Seminar.
Investigation and Application of Endocrine and Genetic
Techniques in Salmon Culture. Dr. E. Donaldsen,
Fisheries Research, West Vancouver Laboratory. Room
2449. Biological Science Building. 4:30 p.m.
TUESDAY, MARCH 4
School of Library, Archival and
Information Studies Colloquium.
Disaster Preparedness and Recovery. Rod Slemmons,
Associate Curator of Photography, Seattle Art Gallery.
Room 835, North Wing, Main Library. 11:30 a.m.
Botany Seminar.
Recombinant DNA Technology in Commercial
Filamentous Fungi. Jeanette Leach, Panlab Genetics,
Seattle. Room 3219, Biological Science Building. 12:30
p.m.
Chemistry Seminar.
The Preparation and Structures of the Mercury Cations
Hg + and Hg + and the Related Chain and Sheet
Compounds Hg    MF  and Hg MF . Prof. R.J.
Gillespie, Chemistry, McMaster University, Hamilton.
Room 250, Chemistry Building. 1p.m.
Metallurgical Engineering Seminar.
A Model for the Formation of Dipole Dislocations in
Mn-Ni Aluminium Bronzes. I. Dickson, Metallurgical
Engineering, Ecole Polytechnic, Montreal. Room 317,
Frank Forward Building. 3:30 p.m.
Oceanography Seminar.
Observational Array Design for Tides. Dr. Peter
Mcintosh, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Sidney, B.C.
Room 1465, Biological Science Building. 3:30 p.m.
Tuesday Mini-Series - Concert #2.
Robert Silverman, solo piano recital. Music of Bach,
Beethoven, Ravel, Hetu and Chopin. Tickets are $S-or
$10 for all 3 concerts in the series. Proceeds benefit the
Department of Music Scholarship Fund. Recital Hall,
Music Building. 8 p.m.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 5
Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Seminar.
Electrical and Chemical Responsiveness of Trigeminal
Route Ganglion Neurons Invitro. Igor Spigelman,
Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Facultyof Medicine,
UBC. Room 317, Basic Medical Sciences Building,
Block C. 12 noon.
Wednesday Noon-Hour Concert.
Alexandra Browning, soprano and Robert Rogers, piano,
perform works by women composers: Reichart, Lang,
Mahler, Boulanger, Archer and Telfer. Free. Recital
Hall, Music Building. 12:30 p.m.
Slavonic Studies/Political Science
Lecture.
Strategy for Peace and Freedom: The Significance of
Eastern Europe. Eugen Loebel, Professor Emeritus of
economics and political science, Vassar College. Room
A20S, Buchanan Building. 12:30p.m.
Fine Arts Lecture.
Canadian artist, Jane Buyers, a sculptor from Toronto
who has shown in Hamilton, Ontario and extensively
across Canada, will speak on her work. This talk is
presented in conjunction with Simon Fraser University,
Emily Carr College of Art and Design and sponsored by
the Canada Council. Room 104, Lasserre Building.
12:30 p.m.
Forestry Seminar.
Impact of Feeding Damage by Mammals on Growth and
Survival of Juvenile Lodgepole Pine in Central, B.C. Dr.
Tom P. Sullivan, Director, Applied Mammal Research
Institute. Room 166, MacMillan Building. 12:30p.m.
Reading.
Reading by the internationally acclaimed Canadian
short-story writer, Alistair MacLeod, author of The
Lost Salt Gift of Blood and of "In the Fall," which has
been made into an award-winning film.  Sponsored by
the English Department and the Canada Council.
Buchanan Penthouse. 12:30 p.m.
Geography Colloquium.
The Rise and Fall of Public
Land-Development Companies in Western Canada:
1976-1982. James Whitehead, Geography, UBC.
Room 201, Geography Building. 3:30 p.m.
Science, Technology and Society
Studies Roundtable.
Judgement Under Uncertainty: Policy Implications.
Prof. Daniel Kahneman, Psychology, UBC. Buchanan
Penthouse. 3:30 p.m.
Animal Resource Ecology
Seminar.
Science and Society: Anatomy of Ecological Issues. Dr.
Bryan Fraser, Agriculture Canada Research Station,
UBC. Room 2449, Biological Sciences Building. 4:30
p.m.
Thunderbird Rugby.
UBC vs. the Trojans. For further information, call
228-3917. Thunderbird Sadium. 7:30 p.m.
Frederic Wood Theatre.
Opening night of William Shakespeare's play As You
Like It. Continues until March 15. Admission is $6.50,
$4.50 for students and seniors. For information or
reservations, call 228-2678. Frederic Wood Theatre. 8
p.m.
THURSDAY, MARCH 6
Medical Grand Rounds
The Biochemical Basis of Clinical Hypercoagulable
States. Dr. C.J. Carter, head, Hematology and
Immunohematology, UBC. Lecture Theatre G279, Acute
Care Unit, Health Sciences Centre Hospital. 12 noon.
UBC Chamber Strings
John Loban, conductor. Featuring works of Telemann,
Mozartand Mendelssohn. Free. Recital Hall, Music
Building. 12:30 p.m.
Underwater Science Seminar;
The New Generation of Miniaturized ROVs (Remotely
Operated Vehicles) and Their Applications in
Underwater Research. Mark Atherton, Can Dive
Services. Room 1465, Biological Science Building. 3:30
p.m.
Microbiology Seminar.
Direct Microbial Fermentation of Cellulose to Ethanol.
Dr. Charles Cooney, Chemical Engineering, MIT. IRC 1.
4 p.m.
Spencer Memorial Lecture in
Zoology.
Embryonic Development of the Insect Nervous System:
the Generation of Neural Specificity. Prof. C. S.
Goodman, Biological Sciences, Stanford University.
Room 2000, Biological Science Building. 8 p.m.
FRIDAY, MARCH 7, 1986
UBC Chamber Singers.
Cortland Hultberg, director. Full program features
choral works by Brahms and BorneyChilds, English
madrigals byWeelkesand Farnabyandanumberof
vocal jazz works. Free. Recital Hall, Music Building.
12:30 p.m. and 8 p.m.
English Lecture.
Critical Theory and the Study of Literature. Prof.
Richard Ohmann, Landsdowne lecturer, Wesleyan
University, Middletown, Conn. Sponsored by
Committee on Lectures. Room B214, Buchanan
Building. 12:30 p.m.
Medical Genetics Seminar.
Clinical Day—Ectrodactyly. Clinical Genetics Unit
Staff, Grace Hospital. Parentcraft Room, Grace
Hospital. 1 p.m.
Thunderbird Rugby.
UBC vs. Semiahmoo. For further information, call
228-3917. Thunderbird Stadium. 2:30 p.m.
Economic Policy Seminar.
V.A.T.: Should Canada Have a Value-Added Tax? Prof.
Jonathan Kesselman, Economics, UBC. Room D352,
Buchanan Building. 3:30 p.m.
Lecture.
The Hippocratic Tradition in the Age of Technology. Dr.
Tom McCormick, Medical Ethics, Biomedical History,
University of Washington. Regular admission $7,
students $5 (free to those attending Saturday
workshop). IRC 3. 8 p.m.
SATURDAY, MARCH 8
Career Development Seminar.
Import/Export: The International Dealer. $75 (includes
lunch and materials). For details, call 222-5272. Room
177, Law Building. 9 a.m.-4 p.m.
Workshop.
Ethical Issues in Caring for the Critically III. Dr. Tom
McCormic, Medical Ethics, Biomedical History,
University of Washington. $50 includes lunch and
Friday lecture. Inquiries: 222-5261. Theatre,
Psychiatric Unit, Health Sciences Centre Hospital. 9
a.m.-4 p.m.
Notices...
Native Studies Questionnaire
A Calendar of Native Studies at UBC is presently being
prepared for the 1986/87 University year. A
questionnaire has been distributed to UBC faculties,
departments, schools and institutes to obtain
information about courses and programs with Native
content. Anyone who has information related to the
above and did not receive a questionnaire, please
request one from Ethel Gardner, Ts'kel Administration
Program, Dept. AAHE, SSOB, Room 3, 228-4501.
Daycare Available
UBC Co-Op Daycare Unit 1 has positions available for
full-or part-time daycare. Fully licensed, creative care
for children 18 months to three years old. For
information, phone 228-3019 or 222-1408.
Pacific Ecology Conference
The 7th Pacific Ecology Conference, hosted this year
by UBC, will betaking place Feb. 28 and March 1.
There will be presentations and posters from
approximately 60 contributors. A major symposium on
ecosystem disturbance will be the final event of the
conference on Saturday, March 1. Dr. Earl E. Werner,
Michigan State, will give the keynote address.
Registration ($10) forms, banquet tickets ($10) and
further information can be obtained through Ken
Lertzman and Beth Parker, Institute of Animal Resource
Ecology. All are welcome to attend.
Toastmasters Meetings
Walter Gage Toastmasters meetings are held Thursday
at 7:30 p.m. in Room 260, MacMillan Building (Forestry).
All students and faculty are welcome. Formore
information, contact Bruce Kozak at 681-3759 or Bill
Brendan at 325-1414.

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