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UBC Publications

UBC Reports Apr 11, 1984

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Array Volume 30, Number 8
April 11, 1984
1984 winners of prestigious Killam awards are, from left to right, Christopher
Brion, Alexander Woodside, Ernest Peters, Allan Freeze and Walter Hardy.
UBC gets 5 'Killams'
The largest number of Killam Research
Fellowships in the University's history have
been awarded to UBC scholars this year.
Five UBC faculty members have received
the prestigious award from the Canada
Only 24 are awarded each year.
The most UBC has ever been awarded in
the past is two.
In addition, two of the seven Canadian
winners of Guggenheim Fellowships this
year are UBC scholars.
Killam Awards:
Dr. C.E. Brion of the chemistry
department is studying molecular
electronic structure by electron impact
spectroscopy. Four unique types of
electron-scattering spectrometers have been
developed recently in his laboratory. The
spectrometers and the new information
they provide are extending fundamental
knowledge which is finding application in
areas such as thermonuclear fusion, the
nuclear power industry, laser development,
ultraviolet and x-ray dosimetry, radiation
damage and space sciences.
Dr. R.A. Freeze of the geological
sciences department is working on
engineering design in hydrology and waste
management. His research attempts to
bridge the gap between physical
hydrologists — who are primarily interested
in the mechanisms controlling the
hydrologic cycle — and water and waste
management specialists, who are more
influenced by economic, social and
political considerations.
Dr. Walter N. Hardy of the physics
department has an international reputation
for the study of hydrogen at extremely low
temperatures. Hydrogen is the only
element that can remain gaseous at
absolute zero temperature. His work
involves searching for superfluidity in spin-
polarized atomic hydrogen. At high
densities stabilized by magnetic fields,
gaseous atomic hydrogen is predicted to
undergo an abrupt transition into a new
kind of super-fluid state. His work also has
an applied aspect       development of an
extremely accurate atomic clock.
Dr. Ernest Peters' award is a renewal.
Dr. Peters, of the metallurgical engineering
department, received his award to study
the structure of minerals to determine what
chemical and physical changes take place
during leaching. In leaching, minerals are
subjected to aqueous solutions of acids or
alkalines or agents such as cyanide to
separate metals from their ores. Some of
Please turn to Page 2
$8.75 million less;
President drafting
plan for shortfall
UBC's president, Dr. K. George
Pedersen, is in the process of drafting
recommendations aimed at meeting an
estimated shortfall of $8.75 million in
University operating revenues in the
1984-85 fiscal year, which began on April
The president's recommendations will be
made in the light of a five-percent
reduction in UBC's general purpose
operating grant announced on Friday
(April 6) by the Universities Council of
B.C. (UCBC) and reports from a
presidential advisory committee and from
academic vice-president Dr. Robert Smith.
The Friday announcement from UCBC
said UBC's 1984-85 operating grant would
total $171,676,891, a five-percent cut
from the 1983-84 allocation of $180,712,
913, which included $8.3 million for
expansion of the UBC medical school.
The UCBC allocation was made in the
light of a five-percent reduction in the
global grant for the B.C. university system,
announced in the budget speech in the
Legislature in February. The 1984-85
global grant totals $285,943,000, compared
to $300,993,292 in 1983-84.
The advisory committee to President
Pedersen, which is expected to report this
week, came into existence last month
under the terms of a proposed agreement
between the University and its Faculty
Association on the termination or nonrenewal of faculty appointments for
financial exigency, which last week the
faculty failed to ratify in a mail ballot.
The committee provided for under the
rejected agreement is made up of the
Senate budget committee and two
representatives appointed by the executive
of the Faculty Association.
The president, under the circumstances,
asked the committee to continue its work
as a President's advisory committee and to
prepare a report for his consideration.
President Pedersen is also awaiting a
report from Vice-President Smith, who has
been coordinating the 1984-85 budget-
planning process since early December
following a meeting of the Joint Faculties
at which the president outlined the
financial difficulties faced by the University
in the light of an expected reduction in the
operating grant.
Assisting Dr. Smith in the budget-
start soon
Negotiations on 1984-85 contracts are
expected to begin soon between the
University and four labor unions.
Contracts with the unions — Canadian
Union of Public Employees, International
Union of Operating Engineers, Office and
Technical Employees Union and the
Association of University and College
Employees — expired March 31.
CUPE and IUOE both agreed that pay
rates would not be increased for 1983-84.
Members of the other two unions received
increases of 5.25 per cent for the year that
ended March 31, in accordance with terms
of two-year contracts that ran from April
1, 1982.
Teaching assistants also received no
increase for 1983-84. Their contract expires
Aug. 31.
coordination process are four faculty
members      James Hogg of Pathology, A.J.
McClean of Law, Edward Piers of
Chemistry and Joan Reynertson of Theatre.
Dr. Smith expects to report to President
Pedersen shortly.
B.C. gov't
by Joyal
Secretary of State Serge Joyal was
received warmly by UBC faculty on March
29 when he outlined the federal
government's role in post-secondary
education and spoke of plans for the
He quickly gained the support of his
audience of more than 200 faculty
members in Mathematics 100 when he
opened a noon-hour speech by saying that
the government of British Columbia was
making a serious error with its post-
secondary education policy.
Mr. Joyal said he found the actions of
the B.C. government in eliminating
student aid grants and in cutting operating
funds "distressing and. .   unacceptable."
Three times during the course of the
16-minute prepared speech and subsequent
question period he was interrupted by
sustained applause, the longest such burst
coming when he declared that "Universities
are national institutions."
Mr. Joyal said, however, that it would be
virtually impossible to place universities
under federal, rather than provincial,
jurisdiction, because the necessary
unanimous consent of all provinces could
never be obtained.
After noting that federal transfers of
funds to the provinces for post-secondary
education had increased to almost $4
billion in 1983-84 from $3.7 billion in
1982-83 and would hit $4.2 billion in
1984-85, Mr. Joyal said it was "cLarly
intolerable" that this increased support was
not passed on to the universities and
"It is apparent that we must develop
ways to ensure that money which
Parliament votes for post-secondary
education actually reaches and benefits
that sector," he said to strong applause.
Mr. Joyal chose his address to the UBC
faculty to announce that he had appointed
Al Johnson, former president of the CBC,
to head up a task force to examine current
post-secondary financing arrangements and
to propose alternate methods.
"In the coming weeks, Mr. Johnson will
be holding informal consultations and will,
as soon as possible, offer me advice on
future directions."
Mr. Joyal said suggestions that the
federal government was restricting
accessibility to universities by applying the
6 and 5 restraint measures to its transfers
Please turn to Page 2
See JOYAL UBC Reports April 11, 1984
continued from Page 1
in support of post-secondary education
were naive.
"This suggestion assumes that provincial
funding of post-secondary institutions
directly reflects the level of the federal
transfers. However, the provinces imposed
restraint on the post-secondary institutions
long before 6 and 5 was ever announced,"
he said. "My honorable critics cannot
guarantee that, if another $100 million or
$300 million were transferred, the
provinces would not simply pocket the
increases rather than extend educational
access and opportunities. We all claim to
be concerned about accessibility. The
actions of the government of Canada prove
our commitment.
"I challenge all the provinces,
particularly B.C., to be as concerned as we
are by passing the entire post-secondary
education transfer on to their post-
secondary institutions. And I challenge the
Province of British Columbia in particular
to honor its previous commitments to
student aid and to its entire post-secondary
"The provincial budget indicates as I
have already mentioned that student aid
money will be reduced next year, and
grants will be eliminated in favor of loans.
Moreover, the provincial government wants
to close the David Thompson University
Centre in Nelson; this would curtail access
to a unique range of educational
opportunities in the arts and other
disciplines, as well as reducing accessibility
in terms of geographical location.
"One cannot honestly look upon these
actions as indicating belief in higher
Mr. Joyal also said at UBC that an
announcement would be made early in
April on "centres of excellence" at
universities across Canada. Such centres
would be funded directly from Ottawa, but
he did not say how much money would be
made available.
He said universities would be asked to
submit proposals for "centre of excellence"
designation at their institutions, which
would be reviewed by a non-government
advisory committee established through the
Association of Universities and Colleges of
The official announcement from Ottawa
on the centres of excellence has not yet
been made.
continued from Page 1
the metal is never leached out. His work
aims to find out why.
Dr. Alexander B. Woodside of the
history department is a double winner       a
Killam and a Guggenheim Fellowship. He
will complete his research for a book on
the debate over the purpose and practice
of education in the 18th and 19th centuries
in China. The work is part of an ongoing
attempt to compare the evolution of
Western and Chinese educational theory
and thought, something that has not
previously been done by historians.
Also a winner of a Guggenheim
Fellowship is Dr. Charles McDowell,
University Professor. The former head of
the chemistry department will study
magnetic resonance spectroscopy,
photoelectron spectroscopy and will
complete a monograph on the Landy-
Guillain Barre syndrome, a rare
neurological disorder.
Prof. Dennis Milburn of the
Department of Social and Educational
Studies in the Faculty of Educaton is one
of four overseas scholars who have been
awarded 1984-85 visiting fellowships under
a Commonwealth Scholarship and
Fellowship Plan supported by the
Australian government.
Prof. Milburn, a geographer and
coordinator of early childhood programs in
the UBC faculty, will take up the three-
month award in July to study the
Australian system of education.
Over the years, Prof. Milburn has been
closely associated with the work of
UNESCO in Paris and the UN
Development Association in New York. In
1973. he led a three-man commission that
evaluated educational aid in the South
Pacific region. His UNESCO work has
been done in South America, with
particular reference to Chile, Peru, Bolivia
and Ecuador.
Prof. Larry Weiler, the head of UBC's
Department of Chemistry, has been named
the winner of the 1984 Merck Sharp and
Dohme Award of the Chemical Institute of
The award recognizes a distinguished
contribution in the fields of organic
chemistry or biochemistry by a scientist
under the age of 40 and carries with it a
cash award of $1,500. Prof. Weiler will
receive the award and deliver an award
lecture at a chemical congress in Montreal
June 3-6.
Dr. Michael Shaw, University Professor
in the Departments of Botany and Plant
Science, has been elected a member of the
New York Academy of Sciences for his
contributions to the Field of biological
An expert on the interactions between
fungal parasites, such as wheat rust, and
their host plants, Prof. Shaw has been the
recipient of a number of leading scientific
awards, including the first gold medal of
the Biological Council of Canada, the gold
medal of the Canadian Society of Plant
Physiologists and the Flavelle Medal of the
Royal Society of Canada.
Dr. Peter Oberlander, director of
UBC's Centre for Human Settlements, will
be a member of the Canadian delegation
at the seventh session of the United Nations
Commission on Human Settlements to be
held in Libreville, Gabon, from April 30 to
May 11.
The UBC centre was commissioned to
prepare a background paper on "Training
and Education for Development of Human
Settlements" for discussion in Gabon. The
United Nations Commission on Human
Settlements, which is comprised of 58
nations, provides continuity and
coordination of all United Nations activities
on settlements issues.
The University is willing to discuss this matter with any faculty member,
professional librarian, or program director. The compensation arrangements
are based upon consideration of past service and years remaining until
normal retirement date. The maximum sum in any one case is 24 months'
salary (in The Vancouver Sun for March 20, 1984 the President was quoted
incorrectly as saying that the average compensation was 24 months' salary),
and the University will make every effort to be flexible in accommodating an
individual's preference for payment arrangements. Enquiries should be
directed to the Vice President Academic, preferably through the Dean
(Librarian or Director), although Dr. Smith is willing to have preliminary
discussions with individuals.
Funeral services were held on April 4 for
Louis Edward MacDonald, an electrician
in the Department of Physical Plant for 29
years, who died on March 31 al the age of
62. Mr. MacDonald joined the UBC staff
in 1952 and took early retirement in April,
Prof. Lois Bewley of UBC's School of
Librarianship presented a brief on April 6
to the federal government's Special
Committee on Pornography and
Prostitution in her capacity as the current
president of the Canadian Library
The brief urged the committee to
propose no further regulations that might
lead to restriction on certain publications
in the belief that  "there is sufficient
legislation in place which, if judicially
applied, could prohibit the distribution
and sale of obscene (or pornographic)
material, as defined in the Criminal Code
of Canada."
The brief concluded: "The Association,
through its Statement on Intellectual
Freedom, maintains that  freedom of
thought, belief, opinion, and expression,
including freedom of the press and other
media of communication' is not only a
fundamental freedom, but essential to a
strong and informed Canadian society.'
Joan Pavelich, a senior instructor in the
Department of English at UBC, has been
appointed to the Committee on Technical
and Scientific Communication of the
National Council of Teachers of English
(NCTE). Aim of the NCTE is to increase
the effectiveness of teaching the English
language and its literature in the schools,
colleges and universities of Canada and the
United States.
3 new heads
Three new department heads will take
office on July 1.
Dr. William Oldham succeeds Dr. R.G.
Campanella as head of the Department of
Civil Engineering. Dr. Campanella will
remain as a professor.
Dr. William Benjamin succeeds Dr.
Wallace Berry in music, with Dr. Berry
remaining as a professor.
Dr. Richard Tees takes over from Dr.
Peter Suedfeld as psychology head, with
Dr. Suedfeld becoming Dean of Graduate
Dr. Oldham, a UBC graduate who
obtained his doctorate from the University
of Texas, has been a member of the
faculty since 1968. He is an environmental
engineer, specializing in biological methods
of sewage treatment.
Dr. Benjamin came to UBC in 1978
from the University of Michigan. He
graduated from McGill in 1965, later
obtaining an MFA and Ph.D. from
Princeton. Both degrees were in
Dr. Tees came to UBC in 1965, after
earning his doctorate at the University of
Chicago. He is a native of Montreal, and
graduated from McGill in 1961 with honors
in psychology.
Editor, UBC Reports
I was pleased to note the article in the
Feb. 1, 1984 issue of UBC Reports
referring to the Medical College Admission
Test scores of students in the Faculty of
Medicine. I think it is important to
emphasize that while we are very pleased to
have such academically able students, the
credit for this performance belongs in the
first instance to the students themselves,
and secondly, to the quality of preparation
they have received in their undergraduate
studies largely in the Faculties of Science
and of Arts in the three B.C. provincial
William A. Webber,
Dean, Faculty of Medicine
Hannah Polowy
Children of
two cultures
A UBC specialist in early childhood
education and researchers from two
Japanese universities have undertaken a
comparative study of child-rearing
practices in Canada and Japan.
Dr. Hannah Polowy of the educational
psychology and special education
department in UBC's Faculty of Education,
and colleagues from Tokyo's Women's
University and Gumma University have
conducted surveys throughout Japan and
across Canada to determine the similarities
and differences in the socialization of
young children in the two cultures.
"We're looking at the expectations that
parents have of their children for very
basic human requirements -  eating
habits, sleeping patterns, learning behavior
and how the parents help their children
attain goals in these areas," says Dr.
Polowy. "We're focusing on children in the
three-to-five-year age range because we
know these are very important years in
terms of a child's development of attitudes
and values.
"We want to know more about how
children are influenced in the home
because parents are a child's first teacher.
The type of child-rearing practices
employed by parents has a significant
effect on a child's values, behavior and
learning potential."
Dr. Polowy and her colleagues will also
survey people who work in nursery schools
and daycare centres to see if their responses
are similar to those of parents.
"Many children spend between 4 to 10
hours a day in the care of someone other
than their parents," she says. "Since these
early years are so important in terms of
development, we'd like to see if the ideas
and expectations of preschool teachers and
the child-rearing techniques they use are
compatible with those the child experiences
at home."
A third phase will focus on language
acquisition by children in the two
"In Japan they are very interested in
language acquisition and activities in
Japanese daycare and pre-school centres
reflect this interest," says Dr. Polowy. "It is
not uncommon for nursery school children
to be learning three languages in addition
to Japanese and they have been very
successful at it.
"I will be exploring whether the methods
of language acquisition used in Japan can
be adapted for Canadian children."
Dr. Polowy says that children are
capable of learning a great deal more at an
early age than most people realize. "Often
it is adults who put limits on a child's
"In Japan there is a greater emphasis
placed on early education and this is
paying off for them. I believe that if
children have a broad range of exprience
in their early years, that experience is
Please turn to Page 4
See POLOWY UBC Reports April 11, 1984
More original Lowry papers come to UBC
A federal Cultural Property Grant of
$22,000 has enabled the University of
British Columbia to purchase the last
significant collection of original
manuscripts in private hands written by
British-born Malcolm Lowry, the
internationally acclaimed author of the
1947 novel Under the Volcano.
The manuscripts, purchased through a
dealer in the United States, have been
added to UBC's already substantial
collection of Lowry papers acquired in
1959, two years after Lowry's death. The
collection is housed in the special
collections division of the UBC Library.
The latest Lowry acquisition includes
drafts of two unpublished novels (one of
them handwritten), typed materials for a
third projected novel, two unpublished
short stories and two notebooks, one
written during a 1947 journey to Haiti in
the West Indies and a second, his last,
written during a walking tour of the British
Lake District shortly before his death in
Anne Yandle, head of the UBC Library's
special collections division, described the
latest acquisition as "outstanding, because
it adds to an already substantial collection
of material that has attracted scholars who
are interested in Lowry from all parts of
the world."
Lowry, who was born in 1909, came to
western Canada in 1939 and lived in a
squatter's shack in Dollarton on the
outskirts of Vancouver, where he rewrote
Under the Volcano for the third or fourth
time prior to its publication in 1947.
Since purchasing most of his original
papers from his second wife, Margerie, in
1959, the UBC Library has acquired other
material on Lowry held in private hands.
Late last year, the family of Canadian
author Charles Templeton, of Toronto,
donated a substantial collection of original
Lowry manuscripts to UBC.
One of the problems the UBC librarians
have had to face over the years is the poor
condition of many of the Lowry
manuscripts. "Lowry wasn't a wealthy man
when he lived in this part of the world,"
Mrs. Yandle said, "and he wrote on
whatever cheap paper was to hand. Many
of his original manuscripts are very fragile
and have had to be encapsulated in plastic
so they can be handled."
Dr.  William New of UBC's English department and Anne Yandle of the special
collections division of the Library look over some original manuscripts by author
Malcolm Lowry, recently acquired by UBC.
Several works with Lowry's name
attached to them have been published
since UBC acquired the original collection
of manuscripts in 1959. These have
included a selection of Lowry's letters,
versions of two novels entitled Dark as the
Grave in which my Friend is Laid and
October Ferry to Gabriola, several short
stories and a volume of poetry.
Since his death, interest in Lowry has
steadily increased and shows no sign of
diminishing. Scholars from Britain, France.
Belgium, Japan and the U.S. including
Hawaii, have visited the UBC Library to
make use of the Lowry papers. One British
researcher is planning to come to UBC and
spend two years working on the collection.
Critical opinion on Lowry and his,
literary output blossomed in the 1970s,
according to Prof. William New of UBC's
English department, who has compiled a
135-page reference guide to critical
material about Lowry up to 1976 (a
published bibliography listing works by
Lowry runs to 183 pages).
The Lowry manuscripts have also served
as the basis for a number of theses written
by advanced students working on graduate
degrees, and a regularly published
"Malcolm Lowry Newsletter," designed to
keep scholars abreast of research in
progress, is published at Wilfrid Laurier
University in Ontario.
"There are basically two schools of
thought about Lowry," Prof. New said.
"One group of critics sees him as the last of
the great modern writers in the tradition of
James Joyce and the other sees him as an
innovator — the first of the contemporary
experimental stylists. So he's an important
transitional figure."
Prof. New, who also edits the UBC
journal "Canadian Literature," which is
about to celebrate its 25th anniversary by
publishing a special 100th issue, said
Lowry has had a significant impact on
many contemporary writers.
"Several authors —  Latin American
writer Gabriel Garcia Marquez, American
novelist William Gass and London author
Wilson Harris — say that Lowry is a major
influence on their work."
The latest UBC manuscript acquisition
will be valuable for the light it will shed on
Lowry's own thinking about his work, Prof.
New said.
One UBC writer who will have a special
interest in the new Lowry manuscripts is
Dr. Sherrill Grace of UBCs English
department and the author of a 1982 book
published by the UBC Press entitled The
Voyage that Never Ends: Malcolm Lowry's
Dr. Grace, who is just back from a
conference on Lowry held in England, says
she doubts the latest UBC acquisition will
substantially alter the facts and views she
expressed in her book, "but it will help fill
in a number of gaps in what we know
about Lowry's work and the final years of
his life."
The Department of Political Science at
UBC is establishing an annual prize to
commemorate Walter Young's contribution
to the University and to the study of
politics in Canada.
Prof. Young, a UBC graduate, taught at
the University from 1962 to 1973 and was
head of the political science department
for five years. He died March 10 in
Victoria after a long illness.
Dr. K.J. Holsti, current head, described
Walter Young as "a gifted teacher and
scholar who made significant contributions
to the development of this department as
one of the best in Canada."
Dr. Holsti said the prize would go to the
best student, or students, in Canadian
"At a time when tuition fees are
increasing dramatically, government
student grants are being terminated, and
book supply costs are rising, it is especially
important to have independent sources of
funds to assist our best students.
"We are inviting friends and colleagues
to contribute to the prize fund."
Cheques should be made out to the
University of B.C. and sent to Dr. Holsti.
Receipts will be provided for tax purposes.
Sigma Xi marks Club Day
Sigma Xi, the prestigious scientific
research society, will celebrate 'Annual
Club Day' on Friday, April 27 at the
Faculty Club, and the UBC club is
encouraging all members, active or inactive
to take part.
There will be an informal reception from
4 to 6 p.m., followed by the annual
meeting and dinner. Dr. Robert H. Wright
will give a brief talk at the reception on
'Scent and Sensibility: A Brief Introduction
to Sense of Smell as a Channel of
Communication'; and this will be followed
by a demonstration by members of the
Vancouver Police dog squad.
The annual meeting and dinner begins
at 6 p.m. Victor Doray, director of
biomedical communications, will present a
slide talk: 'Art for Science: A Brief Look at
Artists and Their Work for Scientists from
Leonardo da Vinci to the Present.'
The UBC Sigma Xi club was established
in 1974 and now has more than 170
members. The club attains Chapter status
this year, and is attempting to locate
individual scientists in B.C. who were
elected to Sigma Xi, whether or not they
have been active members.
UBC faculty members who have been
elected to membership and who are
currently not active may contact the
secretary of the UBC club, Dr. Leon
Kraintz, at 228-2803, for additional
Active researchers and faculty members
are eligible for membership in the society,
and require nomination by two full
members. Members receive the American
Scientist, a quarterly founded in 1886 that
has the second largest circulation of
scientific periodicals among North
American scientists, as well as newsletters
from Sigma Xi headquarters in
Connecticut and from the local chapter.
At UBC, Sigma Xi sponsors lectures,
field trips and social events, and also
sponsors an annual lectureship by a
prominent international scientist.
Further information may be obtained
from Dr. Kraintz or from local president
Dr. Indrajit Desai, 228-2468.
New senators elected
Elections have now been completed for
membership of the UBC Senate, the
University's 87-person academic
Under the University Act, the academic
governance of the University is vested in
Senate, which meets nine times during the
period September through May.
Students elected to Senate began one-
year terms on April 1. Those elected by
members of Convocation, the faculty and
the professional librarians on campus
began three-year terms in September.
Here are the results of the elections
(names marked with an asterisk denote
individuals who served on the previous
Senate, although not necessarily as a
representative in the same category):
Representatives of the Joint Faculties.
Edward Auld (Science); John Dennison
(Education)*; Jean Elder (Arts)*; Jane
Gaskell (Education); Geoff Scudder
(Science)*; Luis de Sobrino (Science); John
Stager (Arts); Paul Tennant (Arts)*;
Robert Thompson (Science); and Jonathan
Wisenthal (Arts)*.
Elected by the Faculties.
March, John Vanderstoep; APPLIED
SCIENCE - Carol Jillings, Richard
Spencer*; ARTS — Allan Evans, Kal
ADMINISTRATION - Donald Fields*,
Robert Kelly*; DENTISTRY - David
Donaldson*, Barry McBride;
EDUCATION - Thelma Cook*, David
Robitaille; FORESTRY - Timothy
Ballard, James Kimmins; GRADUATE
STUDIES - Ross Stewart*, David
Williams*; LAW — Joost Blom, Anthony
Hickling*; MEDICINE - John Gilbert,
SCIENCES - Terry Brown*, John
McNeill; SCIENCE - Janet Stein,
Lawrence Weiler.
Representatives of the Student Body.
Ronald Finnigan; ARTS — Eva Busza;
ADMINISTRATION - Andrew Pearson;
DENTISTRY -  Jim Armstrong;
Ronald Yaworsky; LAW — Peter
Kendall*; MEDICINE -  Andrew Clarke;
Laurel Williams; SCIENCE - John
Kelsall. Elected by the students at large:
Donna Chow (Arts); Marvin Friesen
(Agricultural Sciences); Barry Mah (Arts);
Bill Pegler (Science); Phil Penner (Law).
Elected by Convocation. Helen Belkin*,
Grant Burnyeat*, Patricia Fulton*, Gilbert
Gray, Anne MacDonald*, Joyce Matheson,
Jack McConville, Murray McMillan, Mary
Plant, Minoru Sugimoto, and Nancy Woo.
Representing £e professional librarians
on campus on the UBC Senate will be
Lynn Copeland.
In addition to these members, Senate is
composed of the president of UBC who
serves as chairman of Senate, the
chancellor, the deans of the 12 faculties,
the vice-president academic, the University
librarian, the director of continuing
educaton, four appointees of the
Lieutenant-Governor in Council, a
representative from each of the three
affiliated colleges, and UBC's registrar,
who serves as secretary to Senate but has
no vote.
In our last issue of UBC Reports we
incorrectly stated that the April 18
Botanical Garden lecture on "The
Extraordinary Flora of Australia" would
take place in the Asian Centre. The correct
location for the 8 p.m. lecture is the UBC
Faculty Club. For ticket information, call
228-3928. UBC Reports April 11, 1984
Calendar Deadlines
For events in the weeks of April 29 and
May 6, material must be submitted not
later "han 4 p.m. on Thursday, April 19.
Send notices to Information Services, 6328
Memorial Road (Old Administration
Building). For further information, call
Musical Performance.
The Museum of Anthropology and UBC's
music department are co-sponsoring a
series of musical programs throughout the
month of April. Today's program:
Collegium Musicum performs Renaissance
Music. Free with museum admission.
Museum of Anthropology. 2:30 p.m.
Cancer Research Seminar.
Studies on Clonality in Pre-Leukemia Usinj
G6PD Isoenzymes. Dr. Joe Prchal,
Medicine, University of Alabama. Lecture
Theatre, B.C. Cancer Research Centre,
601 W. 10th Ave. 12 noon.
Transportation Seminar.
Some More Thoughts on Tariff Bureaus.
Prof. James McRae, School of Public
Administration, University of Victoria.
Penthouse, Angus Building. 1:30 p.m.
The Pedersen Exchange.
The Pedersen Exchange is cancelled this
week. President Pedersen meets every
Monday he is on campus with any member
of the University community who wishes to
discuss matters of concern. Main Library.
3:30 to 5 p.m.
Zoology Physiology Group Seminar.
The Glucose Paradox: Is Glucose a
Substrate for Liver Metabolism? Dr. Joseph
Katz, Cedars Sinai Medical Center. Room
2449, Biological Sciences Building.
4:30 p.m.
Musical Performance.
A Rich Variety of English Solo Songs
Composed for London Audiences,
1750-1800. Audrey Borschel, soprano,
graduate student. Recital Hall, Music
Building. 8 p.m.
°-= I ••;
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Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Pulmonary Toxicity of Oxygen-Free
Radicals. Dr. Anne Autor, Pathology,
UBC. Room 317, Block C, Medical
Sciences Building. 12 noon.
Canadian Foundation for Ileitis and
Colitis Meeting.
Learn about Calgary's Intestinal Disease
Research Unit. Dr. E.A. Shaffer. Room
G279, Acute Care Unit, Health Sciences
Centre Hospital. 7:30 p.m.
Mathematics and Science Education
How Might we Move Curriculum? Prof.
Hugh Burkhardt and Prof. Rosemary
Fraser, Shell Centre for Mathematical
Education, University of Nottingham,
England. Room 1004, Scarfe Building.
10:30 a.m.
Biochemistry Seminar.
Mechanistic Analysis of Electron Transfer
in Cytochrome bv Lome Reid,
Biochemistry, UBC. Lecture Hall 4,
Woodward Instructional Resources Centre.
2 p.m.
UBC Exercise Group Seminar.
Respiratory Cardiovascular and Metabolic
Adjustments during Steady-State
Swimming in the Green Sea Turtle. Dr.
W. Milsom, Zoology, UBC. Seminar
Room, John Owen Pavilion, B.C. Sports
Medicine Clinic. 4:30 p.m.
Musical Performance.
The Museum of Anthropology and UBC's
music department are co-sponsoring a
series of musical programs throughout the
month of April. Today's program: UBC
Trombone Quartet performs a concert of
transcriptions and original works from the
19th and 20th centuries. Free with museum
admission. Museum of Anthropology.
2:30 p.m.
l   The Pedersen Exchange.
The Pedersen Exchange is cancelled this
week. President Pedersen meets every
Monday he is on campus with any member
of the University community who wishes to
discuss matters of concern. Main Library.
3:30 to a p.m.
Applied Mathematics Seminar.
TBA. Prof. Douglas Jones, Mathematics,
University of Dundee, Scotland. Room 229,
Mathematics Building. 3:45 p.m.
Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Regulation of Gonadtropin Secretion by
Brain Catecholamines. Dr. P.C.K. Leung,
Obstetrics and Gynaecology, UBC. Room
317, Block C, Medical Sciences Building.
12 noon.
Immunology Group Seminar.
Antibody Idiotypes. Dr. Robert Schwartz,
Tufts New England Medical Centre,
Boston. Lecture Hall 1, Woodward
Instructional Resources Centre. 4 p.m.
Biochemical Discussion Group
An Analysis of Protein Translocation using
Gene Fusion. Dr. T. Silhavy, National
Cancer Institute, Frederick Cancer
Research Facility, Maryland. Lecture Hall
5, Woodward Instructional Resources
Centre. 4 p.m.
Canadians for Health Research
Understanding Herpes Virus. Dr. Stephen
Sacks, Infectious Diseases, Faculty of
Medicine, UBC. Part of a lecture series
entitled Frontiers in Medicine. Arts,
Science & Technology Centre, 600
Granville St. 7:30 p.m.
Obstetrics and Gynecology Research
Effect of Hypolipidaemic Drug Treatment
on Cholesterol Metabolism during
Pregnancy or with Steroid Administration.
Dr. Sheila Innis, Paediatrics, UBC. Room
2N35, Grace Hospital. 12 noon.
Biomembranes Discussion Group
The Functional Arrangement of Band 3,
the Anion Transport Protein in the
Membranes of the Red Blood Cell. Dr.
Aser Rothstein, Hospital for Sick Children,
Toronto. Lecture Hall 1, Woodward
Instructional Resources Centre. 12:30 p.m.
Medical Genetics Seminar.
PET Studies in Inherited Neurological
Disorders. Drs. W. Martin and O.
Sucherowsky. Parentcraft Room, Grace
Hospital. 1 p.m.
Sigma Xi Annual Club Day.
Beer garden and "Scent and Sensibility
Science Show" by Dr. Robert Wright and
the Vancouver Police dog squad in Salon A
and pool-side patio of the Faculty Club
from 4 to 6 p.m. Annual meeting, dinner
and slide-talk in the music room of the
Faculty Club from 6 to 9 p.m. Victor
Doray will give a talk on "Art for Science:
A Brief Look at the Artists and their Work
for Scientists from Leonardo da Vinci to
the Present." For more information, call
Prof. ID. Desai at 228 2468. Faculty Club.
4 to 9 p.m.
Continuing Ed workshops
The Centre for Continuing Education is
offering a weekend workshop on the
practical applications of self-hypnosis
entitled Adventures in Consciousness. The
workshop takes place April 27 to 29, fee is
$120. The centre is also offering a massage
and movement workshop on Saturday,
April 28 from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Fee is
$30. For registration information on these
workshops, please call 222-5261.
Secretaries' Week
April 24 to 28 is Secretaries' Week, and
Faculty Club manager Ed Puis says a
special luncheon menu will be featured in
the main dining room of the club. In
addition, the club can provide a bud vase
with a single rose for $2.50 each, with 24
hours notice.
Faculty and staff golf tournament
All active and retired faculty and staff are
invited to participate in the 28th annual
faculty and staff golf tournament and
dinner on Thursday, May 3. Tournament
played at the University Golf Course.
Green fees are $14, dinner is $14.
Applications and tournament details can
be obtained at the reception desk of the
Faculty Club. Entry deadline is April 23.
Continued from Page 2
bound to enhance their later intellectual
and developmental achievements.
Dr. Polowy says the value placed on
education by the Japanese is reflected in
the financial backing received from the
business sector to support nurseries and
daycare centres.
"Daycare and preschool facilities are
very prominent in Japan," she says. "They
believe it is very important for children to
have group experiences for socialization
and for the development of learning skills.
"In Japan they predict that by the year
1990, 100 per cent of their preschool age
children will have preschool experience."
She adds that daycare facilities in Japan
are quite different from those in Canada.
"Because the centres have the support of
large corporations like Sony and Toyota
they are very modern and are built
specifically for that purpose       daycare
isn't being conducted in a church
"The staff in the centres are very well-
paid and are highly trained in language
and intellectual development of young
"The Japanese have stated they will be
the greatest economic power in the world
by the year 2000, and they are preparing
their young people to take up this
Dr. Polowy says that in Canada, daycare
centres are encouraged to do nothing more
than provide a baby-sitting service.
"Canadian legislation on daycare doesn't
talk about growth and development, it
talks about custodial care," she says. "I'm
not saying that learning doesn't take place
within Canadian daycare units, but staff
are not usually paid very well and a worker
is seen more as someone who is there to
make sure a child doesn't run onto the
Dr. Polowy says she has been surprised
by one aspect of the survey responses in
"The literature that has been written on
multiculturalism in Canada would have us
believe that ideas about child-rearing
techniques are quite different among the
diverse cultural groups in the country.
"The data that has come back in the
surveys indicates quite clearly that thinking
is almost identical among the different
The whole area of cultural similarities
and differences in child-rearing within
Canada is an area that Dr. Polowy would
like to examine more closely when her
present project is completed.
She says that some marked differences
have emerged in the responses of Canadian
and Japanese parents.
"We asked questions about eating habits,
for example," she says.   "Canadian mothers
stated quite clearly that their children
refused to eat certain foods whereas
Japanese mothers said their children ate
what they were given without complaint.
"This may seem like a minor point, but
I think it indicates something about the
way Canadian children are being raised. If
a three year old is being allowed to make
decisions about what he will or will not
eat, what other areas of his upbringing
does he have control over?
"We also asked a question in the survey
about a universal form of behavior of
three-year-olds       temper tantrums. We
presented the situation of a child throwing
a tantrum in a store because he or she
wants something bought for them.
"Most Canadian parents said,they would
purchase the item for the child while the
Japanese parents were emphatic that they
would not."
Another interesting difference emerged
in the area of limit-setting or discipline.
"In Japan, mothers are in charge of
limit-setting in 90 per cent of the families
we surveyed. In Canada this seems to be a
task shared by both parents.
"Japanese fathers said they argued about
child-rearing techniques with their wives
but would not take action or overrule her
Dr. Polowy says that Japanese parents
seem to offer more guidance to their
children about what kinds of behavior are
expected of them by a certain age.
Dr. Polowy will meet with her colleagues
in August to analyze the data that has
been collected. "A report will be published
on our Findings which will be printed in
seven languages.
"I think comparing our child-rearing
techniques with those of another culture is
a valuable way to gain insight into our own
She adds that the Japanese are
particularly interested in comparative
"Because they are such a homogenous
society they are very interested in finding
out what goes on in multicultural societies,
and incorporating any techniques they feel
would improve their present practices.
Dr. Polowy says that as the data comes
in, many questions are arising that merit
further attention.
"At the moment our purpose is to clarify
some of the differences we think exist
between other cultures and our own, and
to identify some of the universal human
concerns about young children."


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