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UBC Publications

UBC Reports Feb 8, 1996

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Int'l students to pay
full fees, rise to 15%
of total enrolment
UBC's International student enrolment
will be targetted to rise over time to 15 per
cent of total enrolment under a proposal
adopted Jan. 25 by the university's Board
of Governors.
International students attending UBC
in undergraduate and professional programs will be charged the full cost of their
tuition under the proposal, which has
been widely discussed on campus since
its introduction two years ago.
"This furthers our goal of internationalizing the university and strengthening
links which benefit UBC, its students.
and Canadians without any additional
expense to the university.'' said UBC President David Strangway.
"No B.C. or Canadian student will be
displaced as a result of increasing international enrolment." he said, explaining
that the added number of international
students will be over and above the
number of domestic student places currently funded under provincial government policy.
Admission standards for international
students will be at least as high as those
for Canadian students.
There are 974 international students
in undergraduate programs at UBC—
who pay 2.5 times the domestic tuition
rate—representing about four per cent
of total undergraduate enrolment. There
are   1,229   international   students   in
graduate programs—who pay the domestic tuition rate—representing about
22 per cent of total graduate enrolment. For example, a first-year domestic undergraduate student in Arts currently pays about $2,300 in tuition,
while an international student pays
about $5,700.
International student tuition in undergraduate programs and some professional programs will rise to about $14,000.
In graduate, non-research programs the
fees will range from $19,500 to $25,000.
In professional programs such as dentistry and medicine, the tuition will be
about $30,500.
Fees for international students enrolled in graduate research programs
will remain at the domestic rate, reinforcing UBC's mission to attract the
best research students from around
the world and encourage reciprocal
opportunities for B.C. students.
Strangway said.
A portion ofthe fees will be allocated
for scholarships and financial awards
for international students. Another
portion will be allocated for a special
fund for minor capital projects related
to teaching and learning. Seventy per
cent of the balance of the fees will be
allocated to the faculty enrolling the
students, and 30 per cent will be allo-
Diverse challenges
require Library action
by Connie Bagshaw
Staff writer
Neglect of UBC's library collection and
special collections is among the concerns
cited in an internal report examining the
operation of the Library and its role in
support ofthe university's mission.
The committee heard many, often
urgent expressions of concern that the
collection was now at grave risk, its ability to respond to the needs of future users
already endangered if not actually compromised," the report says.
The committee found that, not unlike
its counterparts worldwide, the UBC Library faced budgetary, technological and
academic challenges to building its collections.
The Committee to Review the University of British Columbia Library, chaired
by Law Dean Lynn Smith, was established in 1994 by the office of the vice-
president. Student and Academic Services.
Committee members included representatives from the Alma Mater Society.
the Graduate Student Society and several faculties including arts, science and
"Possibly the greatest challenge facing
the library is achieving recognition as a
provincial resource." Smith said in an
"It is a major resource library, heavily
used by people outside of the UBC community and by people outside of the
academic community. Official recognition of its broader role by relevant provincial agencies, and special funding by the
government acknowledging the services
the library provides to the wider community, are highly desirable."
While commending the Library and
UBC administration for moving decisively
to meet these challenges and for finding
creative solutions to many ofthe existing
problems, the report indicated that the
Library should increase its commitment
to raising an endowment for collections.
See report summary, page 7
It also called for the Library to review
its present arrangements for the management and development of special collections, expressing concern at "the relative lack of importance accorded in recent
years to the development ofthe Library's
special collections."
Noting the historical significance,
uniqueness and value of the holdings,
the report urged the university to coordinate the resources more closely with
local academic programs.
Provision of proper environmental conditions for the long-term preservation of
See UBRARY Page 2
D Thomson photo
Three Wheelin'
The annual tricycle race on the SUB plaza was one of several attractions
held last month by the Science Undergraduate Society to celebrate Science
Week. Another yearly favourite, the popular Beyond First Year event, drew
well over 1,000 students to the SUB ballroom to explore program options
available after first year in science and eight other faculties. For more
information about the Beyond First Year program call 822-4541.
Celebrate the Arts
The fourth annual Arts Fest begins
today, Feb. 8, with a full line-up of
theatre, film, music, visual art and
literary events that continue through
to Saturday, Feb. 10.
"The creative and performing arts
are a vital part of campus life and this
is one way of drawing peoples' attention to that," said Herbert Rosengarten,
head of the English Dept.
During Arts Fest, five departments—
Creative Writing, English, Fine Arts,
Music, and Theatre and Film—join
forces to showcase the talents of their
Among the musical offerings is a
celebration of choral music and jazz by
distinguished UBC alumni performed
by the Vocal Collegium Musicum and
See ARTS FEST Page 2
Austen Abundance
She wasn't that popular when she was alive. So why now?
Great Glider 3^
Offbeat: A student-built glider flew so well, it never touched down
Plasma Pay-off 5
Doug Ross's invention may look like a beer can, but it's worth millions
Heartbreaking Honeymoon
Profile: Bliss-seeking newlyweds may be disappointed, say the Liulciolis 2 UBC Reports ■ February 8, 1996
Continued from Page 1
cated to the enhancement of
support services.
International students on
approved exchange programs
will be exempted from new fee
rates and will pay either tuition fees in their home university or the same tuition as Canadian students.
The program will be phased
in on a faculty-by-faculty basis beginning in the 1996/97
school year. However, international students currently enrolled will not be affected by
the changed fee structure until 1997/98.
To date, faculties have been
encouraged to include about
five per cent international students in their enrolments. Now,
they may add up to an additional 10 per cent, for a maximum of 15 per cent international students in their enrolment quotas.
Domestic tuition rates for
1996/97 have not yet been set.
Arts Fest
Continued from Page 1
UBC Jazz Ensemble with guest
Ian McDougall on trombone.
From Theatre come performances of Thirstby Eugene O'Neill,
Washington Square by Henry
James, Medea by Larry Fineberg
and Never Swim Alone by Daniel
Maclvor. "Brave New Play Rites—
Undressed" features readings of
plays written by Creative Writing students.
As well, there are video screenings of films by UBC film students, a performance of Javanese Gamelan music and dance
and student art works that explore the ideas of mass production and consumption.
Arts Fest is interactive, too.
Students from any faculty are
welcome to take part in a series
of contests with cash prizes sponsored by the English Dept.
Students are invited to read
500-word short stories that must
end with the line, "You can't
make an omelette without breaking eggs. "A public speaking competition has as its topic, "Love,
like youth, is wasted on the
The poetry contest is especially popular, drawing enthusiastic participants and large audiences, Rosengarten said.
Most Arts Fest events are free
of charge, although some charge
an admission fee. All proceeds,
including those from the English Dept. book sale, help fund
student scholarships.
For more events listings pick
up a copy of the Arts Fest brochure available at various locations on campus.
Continued from Page 1
the collections was also recommended.
A new library system to replace various local systems and
access to and control of the virtual library of the future are the
two major technology concerns
confronting the Library as identified by the committee.
"Ongoing technological
changes and consequential demands on the library are formidable and will continue to escalate at an ever-increasing rate
for the foreseeable future," the
report said.
Applauding the Library's proposed restructuring plan to meet
the demands and costs of new
technological advances, the committee suggested that the university provide one-time funding
representing about 50 per cent
of the cost of a new library computer system.
Inadequate, inefficient space
is another major challenge facing the UBC Library, especially
in Main Library, one of 10 on-
campus branches, which has undergone five additions since its
completion 70 years ago.
"The result is a structure
which is considered to be one of
the worst library buildings in
North America," the report said.
"Space in the Main Library is
cramped, with about 20 per cent
of its bookshelves being overloaded. There is concern that
poor environmental conditions
in the building imperil the preservation of its holdings, valued
at hundreds of millions of dollars, particularly the sometimes
delicate and irreplaceable material in special collections."
The Library currently has over
3.2 million books, 25,800 serial
subscriptions and 5.5 million
non-book items, including CD-
ROMs, computer files, maps,
sound recordings and
In addition to the campus
branches, the Library has
three off-campus sites at St.
Paul's Hospital, B.C.'s Children's Hospital and at the
Vancouver Hospital and
Health Sciences Centre.
Other space-related problems
raised by the committee in its
report included a lack of study
space, poor seismic durability
and physical access barriers for
people with disabilities.
The committee stated that
although phase one of the
Koerner Library, which is currently under construction, is a
welcome addition to the library
system, it will not address what
the report described as serious
shortcomings of library space.
Commenting on the accountability and overall effectiveness
of the Library staff, also within
the committee's mandate, the
report said that "UBC reaps enormous benefits from the high
quality of its staff. They are largely
responsible for the fact that the
Library, in face of recurring crises, continues to serve its clientele in an exemplary fashion."
However, the committee noted
that Library personnel felt unappreciated and under-recognized by the university as a
Upon examination of the Library's organizational structure,
the committee recommended
that decision-making responsibilities and internal reporting
arrangements be clarified, perhaps with the assistance of a
management consultant.
The committee was assisted
by an external review panel of five
librarians from other institutions
including Yale University and the
University of Toronto.
"The contribution of these
eminent librarians from excellent institutions was invaluable,"
Smith said. "Our report built on
their expertise and extensive
knowledge base."
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UBC Reports is published twice monthly (monthly in
December, June, July and August) for the entire university
community by the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251
Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. It is
distributed on campus to most campus buildings and to
Vancouver's West Side in the Sunday Courier newspaper.
Associate Director, University Relations: Steve Crombie
(Stephen. crombie@ubc.ca)
Managing Editor: Paula Martin (paula.martin@ubc.ca)
Editor/Production: Janet Ansell (janet.ansell@ubc,ca)
Contributors: Connie Bagshaw (connie.fiiletti@ubc.ca),
Stephen Forgacs (Stephen.forgacs@ubc.ca)
Charles Ker (charles.ker@ubc.ca),
Gavin Wilson (gavin.wilson@ubc.ca).
Editorial and advertising enquiries: (604) 822-3131 (phone),
(604) 822-2684 (fax).
UBC Reports welcomes the submission of letters and
opinion pieces. Opinions and advertising published in UBC
Reports do not necessarily reflect official university policy.
Material may be reprinted in whole or in part with
appropriate credit to UBC Reports. UBC Reports ■ February 8, 1996 3
Ironic wit, characters,
root of Austen revival
by Gavin Wilson
Gavin Wilson photo
English Prof. Ronald Hatch may not have seen many of the recent film
versions of Jane Austen's novels, but he has re-read them all many times
and recently taught a graduate seminar on the early 19th-century British
novelist, whose work is currently undergoing a tremendous revival.
Staff writer
Was Jane Austen the "gentle Jane"
worshipped by legions of admirers, or a
revolutionary firebrand intent on upsetting the status quo of 19th-century Britain?
That's the major debate that has occupied Austen scholars for the past 50
years, but English Prof. Ronald Hatch
believes in a more balanced approach
toward this author of complex, richly
layered novels.
Austen, of course, is undergoing an
extraordinary revival right now, particularly on screen. "Sense and Sensibility" is
expected to claim many Academy Award
nominations, "Persuasion" and "Pride and
Prejudice" were recently on view and more
than one film version of Emma is in
production. Even the movie "Clueless,"
set in a Beverly Hills high school, was a
parody of Emma.
Device to monitor infant distress
by Stephen Forgacs
Staff writer
Two UBC engineering professors are
working toward the development of a device that will alert hard of hearing and deaf
parents to the distress cries of their infant.
Electrical engineering professors
Rabab Ward and Charles Laszlo have
completed the first stage of their project
by developing software that can determine distress levels in an infant's cry.
"It is a concern for hard of hearing and
deaf people to know that when a child cries,
they can respond in the appropriate manner," said Laszlo, director ofthe Institute for
Hearing Accessibility Research (IHEAR).
At present, deaf and hard of hearing
parents must take turns watching their
sleeping infant or rely on monitoring devices
that will wake them whenever a noise is
detected. These devices do not discriminate
between an infant's normal sleeping noises,
environmental noises and cries of distress.
Laszlo and Ward, a specialist in signal
processing and pattern recognition, used a
special computer system to chart frequen
cies and patterns in hundreds of infant cry
recordings made by UBC Psychology Prof.
Ken Craig and B.C.'s Children's Hospital
psychologist Dr. Ruth Grunau.
"We put cries into the computer and then
tried to break them into basic common units.
We identified 10 such units, something like
specific utterances, in the cries," Ward said,
adding that five-level scale of distress was
developed using the frequency of occurrence
of specific "cry units."
To help differentiate cries of distress from
other baby noises and rank them, graduate
students with young children spent hours
listening to recorded cries.
"We found the level of distress judged by
parents is very well correlated with the levels
of distress measured by our system using
the cry units," Laszlo said.
Laszlo and Ward are now looking for
funding that will lead to the development of
a practical device that will notify parents if
cries of distress are detected.
"With more work we can build a system
where the computer will look at these cries,
analyse them and say 'it's distress level one'
or 'it's distress level five—time to wake the
by staff writers
A team of UBC engineering students made
the discovery last summer that, contrary
to popular belief, what goes up does not
always come down.
After a first-place finish in the first annual
Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute's
national free flight model glider competition in
1994, the UBC team entered the 1995 competition in Hawkesbury, Ont., with high expectations.
The team arrived in Ontario with a highly
sophisticated but largely untested glider. They
claimed top marks in the oral presentation but
ran into problems early in the flight part of the
competition. The glider, with its 2.8-metre wing
span, showed a distinct preference for performing loops on a vertical plane, each time charting a course that led without fail
to an abrupt meeting with Mother Earth.
Finally, on the third day of the competition, the team thought it had the
bugs out. The launch procedure was refined, the glider's stability was
improved, and the bird was ready to fly.
After a successful launch the glider began a series of slow climbing loops
on, for the first time, a horizontal plane. But the team's celebratory mood
turned quickly to one of consternation as the glider climbed steadily higher,
spiraling in a thermal, until the distant glint of sunlight on its fibreglass
panels was the only trace.
Team members searched for hours but, in the words of the team members, "the glider had sacrificed itself and was gone to where it belonged."
In spite of the glider's disappearance, the team still came in second.
parents up,'" Ward said. "The method we
have now works but it requires rather substantial computing resources."
Laszlo said researchers in psychology,
linguistics and pediatrics are doing complementary research and there are opportunities for co-operation in further work.
"With a new, faster, cheaper and more
practical device, we want to look at large
numbers of infants with known medical
conditions to actually explore the domain of
cries and see whether the method we have
developed can contribute to the diagnosis of
these conditions," Laszlo said.
Craig and Grunau, who have been
doing related research for a decade, have
been making video and audio recordings
of babies' reactions during invasive medical procedures such as blood collection
and injections. The recordings have been
analyzed to break down facial activity
and cries to see whether there are stereotypical displays associated with the experience of pain.
"These measures have considerable
potential for examining the effectiveness
of analgesics (pain killers) on young children who cannot report their pain," Craig
All this for a writer who never published
under her own name, whose books were
not that popular during her lifetime and
who died at the age of 42.
When Austen enjoyed an immense
popularity earlier this century, she was
seen as "gentle Jane" who wrote quiet
comedies of manners. This is the Austen
who is today worshipped by the
Janeites, her reverential fans.
But there are literary critics who
would put Austen in the same camp as
Mary Wollstonecraft, author of A Vindication ofthe Rights of Woman, and other
writers inspired by the radical ideas of
the French Revolution, Hatch said.
They cite Austen's underlying anger
against the constraints of society, often
expressed in her portrayal of her minor
characters. Virginia Woolf said of these
characters that Austen cuts off their
heads, but they don't even know they are
Another aspect of the revolutionary
tradition often cited in Austen's books is
her portrayal ofthe patriarchy's decline,
Hatch said.
Fathers are incredibly weak in her six
novels. They can no longer lead and
women must make their own way in the
Hatch, however, believes that we
should see Austen in perspective and not
get caught up in revolutionary versus
gentlewoman debate.
"She is ruthless with many of her
minor characters, but it is with a
humourous acidity. There is a great
deal of warmth and optimism there,"
he said.
Austen's novels have a complex view of
society that is not easy to peg, he added.
"She does not have an ideological bent,
but rather encourages us to be attentive
to things as they are, and then act on
that knowledge—which admittedly is not
always easy to do."
One thing that is not in dispute is her
popularity and the reasons for it. Her
novels are rich with characterization,
ironic wit and style.
While Hatch does not feel an urgent
need to see the current crop of Austen
films, he avidly re-reads her novels.
"I don't know how many times I've read
her. My wife complains that I'm always in
bed with Jane Austen."
Spectrum of student
politicians elected
by Connie Bagshaw
Staff writer
Fourth-year arts student David
Borins has moved to top spot on student council after serving one term as
Alma Mater Society (AMS) co-ordinator
of external affairs.
Borins will serve a one-year term as
AMS president beginning Feb. 14. Lica
Chui. a first-year medicine student,
will fill the vice-president's job.
Also elected to AMS executive positions are: Ryan Davies, third-year applied science, as director of finance;
Jennie Chen, second-year arts, as director of administration; and Allison
Dunnett, third-year arts, as coordinator of external affairs.
Tara Ivanochko. third-year science,
has been elected to serve a one-year
term as student representative to the
Board of Governors. Ivanochko was
AMS director of finance last year. Joining her on the board is Cheng-Han Lee.
a third-year science student.
In Senate elections, five student candidates for senator-at-large have been
confirmed, as well as six student representatives from individual faculties.
There were no Senate nominations
for the faculties of Agricultural Sciences, Applied Science, Commerce and
Business Administration, Education,
Forestry and Science.
In referenda held in conjunction with
the AMS executive elections, UBC students voted overwhelmingly in favour of
increasing their fees an additional three
dollars per year for the next three years
to establish a child-care bursary fund.
Students also supported a move to
reallocate the current seven dollar
AMS athletic fee toward external and
university lobbying, the World University Services Canada Refugee
Fund. AMS resource groups and to
Intramurals. Fifty per cent of that
amount, or $105,000, will go to external lobbying.
In a third referendum, the Student
Radio Society, which operates CiTR. was
denied its bid for financial autonomy
from the AMS by students who did not
approve a five dollar per year fee inert ase
to support the station. 4 UBC Reports - February 8, 1996
Academics campaign
for informed drug use
by Charles Ker
Staff writer
James McCormack began his crusade
for better prescription drug use in B.C.
long before the provincial government
introduced its controversial reference-
based pricing policy.
Still, his involvement in a government-
sponsored program aimed at evaluating
the effectiveness of new and existing drugs
has led some in the pharmaceutical industry to brand him a biased, political flack.
McCormack's response to the charge
is unequivocal.
"Nobody tells us what to say and if they
did, we'd quit the program," said the
associate professor in UBC's Faculty of
Pharmaceutical Sciences.
The program, called the Therapeutics
Initiative, maintains an arms-length relationship from government and its pricing policy. Apart from McCormack. the
initiative's working group includes a
number of doctors and pharmacists from
areas such as psychiatry, health care
and epidemiology, geriatrics, pharmacology and therapeutics.
Together, they share three main objectives: to scientifically evaluate new and
existing drugs for therapeutic effectiveness; to use evaluations to establish recommendations for optimal use of drugs
in clinical practice; and. to design and
implement an effective education program and information delivery system for
pharmacists and physicians. McCormack
helps in education and delivery.
Before the Therapeutics Initiative was
established two years ago in UBC's Dept.
of Pharmacology and Therapeutics.
McCormack and colleague Dr. Bob
Rangno spent four years and their own
money touring B.C. providing drug information to the health care sector. Today, a
portion of the initiative's $500,000 annual grant helps offset their costs.
The incentive for their travelling road
show is to rectify what they see as a
growing problem: too many prescription
drugs in circulation, too few of which are
being used properly.
McCormack believes that at least one
in three prescriptions are unnecessary.
He also adds that doctors and pharmacists can't help but be influenced by the
constant bombardment of marketing campaigns launched by drug companies eager to sell their products.
The professors argue that their drug
education message, drawn from scien
tific evaluations based on complete reviews of available literature, is anything
but biased or politically motivated.
"Companies, by necessity, have to aggressively market their products because
the vast majority of new products entering
the market provide little, if any, advantages over what is already out there," said
McCormack. 'The marketing messages of
drug companies may help raise public
awareness of potential health problems
but their bottom line is to make money."
McCormack uses a group of drugs
marketed for upset stomach to prove his
point. Despite having identical characteristics in terms of effect, the four or five
drug products within the group range in
price from 28 cents to $1.88 per day.
"A drug may be marketed as 'new and
improved,' which is usually untrue, but
some doctors and pharmacists get sold
on it nonetheless," he said. "We attempt
to present them with unbiased information which they don't often get and they
seem to appreciate that."
So. too. does the provincial government which takes the initiative's drug
evaluations into consideration when deciding which drugs will be covered under
its drug benefit program, Pharmacare.
The government used to pay for all
senior citizens' drugs. With reference-
based pricing, the government will pay
up to the price of one of the least expensive, equally effective, products from
within a particular class. If there are good
medical reasons, the government will pay
for a more expensive alternative; if not.
the patient makes up the difference.
Mike Corbeii. executive director of
Pharmacare, estimates that annual savings from the policy amount to about $30
million a year.
So far. the strategy, implemented in
Oct. 1995 has been applied to jusL three
drug categories: H2 blockers for heartburn and ulcers; non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; and nitrates used for
chest pain (angina).
In the case of H2 blockers, the government decided it would cover up to the
price of one of four available drugs,
In the first of its 10 monthly newletters
published to date, the initiative concluded
that there is little difference between H2
blockers other than cost. It also suggested
that because Cimetidine is much less expensive in B.C. than other similar drugs, it
provides better value for the money.
McCormack and Rangno agree that it's
Graduate Studies
student Alastair McEwin
was the first person to
use a public telephone
for the deaf and hard of
hearing which was
installed recently in the
Student Union Building.
The Disability Resource
Centre, AMS, UBC
and BC Tel collaborated
in the project. The phone
booth, located next to
the SUB theatre, has a
hidden keyboard which
slides out when a call is
Staff photo
Assoc. Prof. James McCormack is one of many UBC academics involved
with the Therapeutics Initiative, a provincial program which evaluates the
effectiveness of new and existing drugs and educates physicians and
pharmacists as to their optimal use.
an uphill battle trying to change long-held
beliefs which some pharmacists and physicians hold towards prescribing drugs,
especially when drug companies annually
spend upwards of $ 10.000 to $ 15.000 per
physician for marketing in Canada.
The Therapeutics Initiative claims that
the average physician has little time or
training to read and critique peer review
journals concerning changing therapy.
Likewise, most community pharmacists
do not have easy access to a regular
source of unbiased information and find
it difficult to keep up with rapid changes
in available drugs—which is why
McCormack and Rango are eager to
preach what they practise.
Last year, the duo presented 30 seminars to physicians, pharmacists and patients throughout the province. Given
their extensive network of contacts built
up over the years and the positive feedback received to date, they are looking
forward to another busy schedule in 1996.
The goal is to get people to think differently about prescription drags.
Their motto for the coming campaign:
"Just say 'Know' to drugs."
On display at MOA are drawings by Assiniboine artist Hongeeyesa, including
this picture which shows a domestic scene. Such drawings are an invaluable
record of 19th-century prairie life as seen through the eyes of First Nations
Plains ledger drawings
subject of MOA show
A series of drawings that depict 19th-
century prairie life through the eyes of a First
Nations artist recently went on display at
UBC's Museum of Anthropology.
The exhibi t feat tires 44 drawings in graph -
ite. pencil, crayon and ink by Hongeeyesa, an
Assiniboine artist who lived in what is now
southern Saskatchewan between 1860 and
Drawings on paper by plains artists ofthe
19th century have come to be known as
ledger art because many of them were done
on Indian agent ledger or lined accountant's
The drawings provide invaluable information about native life in the mid to late
1800s. They depict buffalo hunting, battles,
dances, ceremonies and domestic life.
Organized byCalgary'sGlenlxjw Museum,
the exhibition toured nationally before arriving at MOA, its final destination. On March
10 at 2 p.m., Glenbow guest curator Valerie
Robertson will talk about her work on the
Robertson worked closely with the artist's
grandson. John t laywahe. Chtirlot te Nahbixie
and other members of the Carry The Kettle
First Nation to identify the artist and determine the meaning of his drawings.
Reclaiming History: Ledger Drawings by
Assiniboine Artist Hongeeyesa. is on view
until March 31. UBC Reports ■ February 8, 1996 5
Conference examines
First Nations education
by Connie Bagshaw
Staff writer
Strategies and methods aimed at improving education for aboriginal peoples
in the classroom and in the community is
the focus ofthe country's premier conference on First Nations education. Feb. 14
-17 at Vancouver's Hyatt Regency Hotel.
Teachers, administrators, school
board members, students and parents
involved in First Nations education
across Canada and the United States
will gather for the Canadian Indian
Teachers Education Program Conference '96, "Trading Teachings: Seeking
Knowledge and Wisdom Together,"
hosted by UBC's Native Indian Teacher
Education Program (NITEP).
"First Nations education is critical to
the cultural survival of Canada's native
population," said Rod McCormick, NITEP
director. "We are fortunate to be hosting
this conference and benefiting from such
a wide body of expertise."
More than 70 delegates will present 45
sessions scheduled for the three-day
event, which is expected to draw about
400 participants. Among the topics being
explored are enhancing native languages
through the creative use of computers
and incorporating First Nations' relationship to the land in teaching.
Marie Battiste from the University of
Saskatchewan will make a special presentation on decolonizing aboriginal education, including an exploration of how
aboriginal identity, languages and cultures have been denied and how they are
maintained in the current education system.
Special conference guests include
Elijah Harper, member of Parliament for
Churchill, Manitoba and former chief of
the Red Sucker Lake First Nation, and
Verna Kirkness, founder of UBC's First
Nations House of Learning and an educator who has devoted more than four decades to making education available and
relevant to the philosophy and needs of
First Nations people.
Opening activities on Feb. 14 will include a traditional medicine wheel ceremony under the guidance of Vince and
Edna Stogan of the Musqueam Nation
and other elders.
Campus works
Human Resources
Training options geared
to quality improvement
by Stephen Forgacs
Staff writer
UBC's Dept. of Human Resources is training managers and employees from
across campus to give them the skills they need to improve work processes,
customer service and efficiency.
'The process- or quality-improvement training programs available to UBC
staff are quite wide-ranging." said Peter Godman, organizational training and
development practitioner in the Dept. of Human Resources. "We offer courses
that focus on specific aspects, such as customer service, or we'll work with
departments to provide training that addresses specific needs and situations."
Staff in several campus departments, including Housing and Conferences,
Biomedical Communications, the Registrar's Office and Purchasing have
undergone comprehensive training programs while many other university
employees have participated in process improvement training through MOST
(Management and Other Skills Training) courses.
One of the training programs offered through MOST is QUEST (Quality
Enhancement Through Skills Training). The QUEST program consists of 13
units within several skills groups including management leadership, customer
partnership, process improvement, and teamwork.
For example, one section within the process improvement skills area shows
participants how to analyse their work so they can identify areas for improvement and also emphasizes the importance of collecting hard data about both
their work and the expectations of their customers. Another section provides
participants with a variety of tools and techniques to enhance creativity, collect
and measure data and organize information.
Mary Risebrough, director of Housing and Conferences, has put about 200 of
her 450 employees through a training program called Connections. The video
series used in the Connections workshop is based in a university setting.
"It shows in many different ways how you can provide good customer service
to students. And we felt the process, as much as the video itself, was important," Risebrough said.
In an effort to enhance teamwork and gain perspective, employees from
different divisions within the department were brought together for training
sessions, Risebrough said.
'The management team thought this was the perfect tool to bring staff from
all levels together in mixed groups to focus on students as customers and how
support staff in differing roles can help students be successful," she said.
Departments that are unsure about the training options available to them
can contact Human Resources for assistance in establishing departmental
training programs.
"We encourage people to come to us for assistance," said Godman. "If a
department is trying to improve a work process they might call us for training
on tools and techniques for analysing a work process. Or if the goal is to
improve communication and awareness about customer service, or to get
creative about new products or services, we can certainly help them."
Human Resources is also looking for opportunities to form partnerships with
other departments to increase the number of trained facilitators on campus,
Godman said.
For information on training programs call Human Resources at 822-8115 or
822-9644, or e-mail Peter Godman at peter.godman@ubc.ca.
Staff photo
Doug Ross with the end of his Axial Injection Plasma Torch. Projected sales
this year from his "oversized beer can" are $2 million.
Student project fuels
high-tech success
by Charles Ker
Staff writer
Doug Ross describes his revolutionary
plasma torch as an oversized beer can
with cables coming out one end. Based on
its commercial success to date, the young
scientist is obviously underselling his
What started out five years ago as a
student project in UBC's Dept. of Metals and Materials Engineering, is becoming a multi-million-dollar spinoff
"Doug walked into my office in 1990
with some drawings under his arm and
said he had something he thought would
fly," said David Jones, manager of prototype development at the University-Industry Liaison Office (UILO).
The idea did fly, literally.
Ross's invention, which sprays wear-
resistant, protective coatings on jet engines and other manufactured metal
items, has become a hit with some big
names in the aerospace industry. Apart
from jets, Ross says plasma-spraying
technology is used in oil and gas, pulp
and paper, and printing industries to
combat mechanical problems caused by
excessive heat, wear and corrosion.
Last year, Ross. 35, and partner Alan
Burgess sold more than 10 torch systems
in Japan. Europe and the U.S. Projected
sales for 1996 are $2 million and double
that next year.
Ross is quick to point out that plans
for his Axial Injection Plasma Torch
wouldn't have taken flight had it not been
for the support of the UILO.
The office receives more than 100
invention disclosures annually and is
charged with evaluating, marketing and
licensing those deemed commercially viable.
Ross realized the potential of his invention while using a conventional plasma
torch in a UBC lab. Up to half of the
ceramic and metal powder which was fed
through the torch, melted by electrically
charged plasma and shot out the nozzle
at high speeds, was being wasted. The so-
called "deposit efficiency"—the amount
of melted powder that actually ends up
on target—of Ross's torch is close to 95
per cent.
Given the high cost of ceramic and
metal powders and the expense of disposing ofthe hazardous powder waste, Ross
figured he was on to something. So did
Jones who quickly provided Ross with
seed money to build a prototype. Working
with UBC physicist Boye Ahlborn, Ross
had a prototype within eight months and
teamed up with Burgess to commercialize the system through Northwest Mettech
Ross never did finish his master's degree in ceramics engineering. He and
Burgess, also a UBC grad. kick-started
1996 with a 10-day business trip to Japan for the installation of a second torch
system in that country. So far his international travels have taken him to Germany, England and throughout the U.S.
The torch, powered by its own 150
kilowatt system, comes complete with
a touch-screen computer console which
automatically controls the flow of water, gas and powder through the cables
and out the end ofthe "beer can." The
torch is usually manipulated by a robot
programmed to move on a certain path
depending on an object's configuration.
Today, Northwest Mettech Corp. employs 14 people out of its office in Richmond. It is one of 65 spin-off companies
which the UILO has helped create during
the last decade from UBC-based technologies.
Since 1984. UBC has benefited to the
tune of $1.2 million in royalties from 169
licensed technologies. 6 UBC Reports • February 8, 1996
February 11 through February 24
Sunday Feb. 11
Green College Performing
Piano Recital. Andrea Stoneman,
Music. Green College Great Hall,
8pm. Call 822-6067.
Monday, Feb. 12
Crocodile Dundee III: Scaling Of
Anaerobic Metabolism. John
Baldwin, Dept. of Zoology and
Comparative Physiology,
Monash U, Australia.
BioSciences 2449, 4:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-2449.
Transcription Regulation: The
Business End Of Bacterial Signal Transduction. George
Spiegelman, Dept. of Microbiology. IRC#4, 3:45pm. Refreshments at 3:30pm. Call 822-9871.
Astronomy Seminar
Simulating Quasar Absorption
Lines To Test Cosmological Models. Neal Katz, U ofWashington.
Hennings 318, 4pm. Refreshments 3:30pm. Call 822-2696/
Continuing Studies
Seminar Series
A History Of Vancouver Architecture. David Monteyne. Until
March 18, (6Mondays). Lasserre
107,7:30-9pm. $65, seniors $45.
Call 822-1450.
Continuing Studies
Seminar Series
Beckoning Darkness, Understanding Unusual Experiences.
Leonard George, PhD, author.
Until March 25 (7 Mondays). Carr
Hall conference room, 7:30-
9:30pm. $135, seniors $115. Call
Tuesday, Feb. 13
Statistics Seminar
Some Extensions Of GEE Methodology. RinaldoArtes, UofSao Paulo,
Brazil. CSCI 301, 4-5:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-0570.
Seminar - Classical, Near
Eastern & Religious Studies
Studying Islam (Or Other Religions), Retrospect and Prospects.
Kenneth Cragg, Oxford.
Buchanan penthouse, 2:30-
4:30pm. Call 822-6523
SignalTransduction Cascade Leading To The Plant Defense Response
Against Fungal Attack. Eduardo
Blumwald, Dept. of Botany, U of
Toronto. BioSciences 2000, 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Animal Science Seminar
The Use Of Analysis Of
Covariance In Farm Animal Research. F. Shahroudi, Ferdowsi
University, Iran. MacMillan 160,
12:30pm. Refreshments. Call
Design Of Magnetic Resonance
Contrast Agents Part 2: Practice.
Colin Tilcock, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Dept.
of Radiology. IRC#3, 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-4645.
The Marine Corridor Project:
Transportation And Environment
In Osaka Bay, Japan. Ryusuke
Hosoda, U of Osaka Prefecture,
Osaka, Japan. BioSciences 1465,
3:30pm. Call 822-2821.
Centre for Chinese
Research Seminar
China Without Illusions. Alex
Battler, IAR Honorary Research
Assoc. Asian Centre 604, 12:30-
2pm. Call 822-2629.
Continuing Studies
Seminar Series
Violence In Our Society, A Closer
Look At Causes And Constructive
Approaches For Dealing With Violence. Speakers include: Shari
Graydon, Vancouver Sun; Robert
Ratner, Anthropology and Sociology. Until March 19, (6Tuesdays).
Lasserre 102, 7:30-9pm. $65, seniors $45. Call 822-1450.
Green College Speaker Series
Rambling Over The Milky Way.
Rodrigo Ibata, post doctoral fellow,
Geophysics and Astronomy. Green
College recreation lounge, 5:30-
6:30pm. Reception in Graham House
4:45-5:30pm. Call 822-6067.
Master Class
Distinguished Artists. John
O'Conor, piano. Music recital hall,
7pm. Adult $5, student/senior $3.
Call 822-5574.
Creative Writing Seminar
How We Got Here, Where We're
Going. Fiction with authors
Jennifer Mitton and Eden
Robinson. Creative Writing, 4th
floor, 12:30pm. Call Linda
Svendsen, 822-3058.
Wednesday, Feb. 14
Centre for Japanese
Resesarch Seminar
The Institutionalization Of
Japonisme In Britain: From Aes-
theticism To Modernism. John de
Gruchy, Kagoshima Immaculate
Heart College, Japan. C.K Choi
seminar room, 12:30-2pm. Call
Ecology Seminar
Molecular Insights Into The Origins Of Biodiversity: Speciation In
Sticklebacks. Rick Taylor, Zoology. Host Dr. Judy Myers. Family/
Nutritional Sciences 60, 4:30pm.
Refreshments in Hut B8, 4:10pm.
Call 822-3957.
Respiratory Research
An Update On The Use Of Anti-
Virals In The Treatment Of HIV
Disease. Dr. J. Montaner, Dept. of
Medicine. Vancouver Hosp/HSC,
Doctors Residence, 2775 Heather
Street, 3rd floor conference room,
5-6pm. Call 875-5653.
Erythropoietin In Anaemia Of Prematurity. Bruce Carleton, Div. of
Clinical Pharmacy, Pharmaceutical Sciences. Vancouver Hosp/
HSC, Koerner Pavilion G279,4:30-
5:30pm. Call 822-4645.
Microbiology & Immunology
Seminar Series
Characterization Of A Family Of
Porins From Helicobacter pylori.
Maurice Exner, Dept. of Microbiology and Immunology.
Wesbrook 201, 12:30-1:30pm.
Call 822-3308.
TAG Faculty Development
Bringing The Universe Down To
Earth. Jaymie Matthews. David
Lam, faculty development seminar room, 3:30-5pm. Free. To register call 822-9149.
President's Lecture On Islam
Islam Today: Prejudice And Hope.
Kenneth Cragg, Oxford.
Buchanan A205, 12:30pm. Call
Continuing Studies Lecture
The Religious Dimension To Conflict
In the Middle East. Kenneth Cragg,
Oxford. IRC# 1, 7:30-9pm. S10, nonrefundable. Call 822-1450.
Your UBC Forum
Library And Study Space. SUB
Conversation Pit, 12:30-2pm. Call
Namiko Kunimoto, AMS vice president, 822-3092.
The Sixth Regular Meeting Of The
Senate, UBC's Academic Parliament.
Curtis 102, 8pm. Call 822-2951.
Noon Hour Concert
Elektra Women's Choir. Diane
Loomer/Moma Edmundson, co-
conductors. Music recital hall,
12:30pm. $2.50 at the door. Call
Master Class
Distinguished Artists. John
O'Conor, piano. Music recital hall,
7pm. Adult $5, student/senior $3.
Call 822-5574.
Thursday, Feb. 15
Seminar - Classical, Near
Eastern & Religious Studies
Israeli Extremism And The Rabin
Assassination. Ehud Sprinzak,
Political Science, Hebrew U of Jerusalem. Lasserre 107, 2:30-4pm.
Call 822-2515.
Genetics Graduate Program
The Ubiquitin Conjugation System in C. Elegans. Peter Candido,
Dept. of Biochemistry. Wesbrook
201, 4:30pm. Refreshments. Call
An Ethnopharmacological Study Of
Western North American Plants.
Allison McCutcheon, PhD candidate,
Dept. of Botany. BioSciences 2000,
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Continuing Studies
Seminar Series
Women In Canadian History. Begins
with First Nations, consequences of
European arrival and progresses to
1970s. Frances Wasserlein, SFU instructor Women's Studies. Hotel
Georgia, 10-11.30am. Until March
21 (6 Thursdays). $65, seniors $45.
Call 822-1450.
Critical Issues in Global
Development Seminar
Ecotourism InThe Amazon. Blanca
Moratorio, Anthropology. Green
College recreation lounge, 8- 10pm.
Call 822-6067.
Seminar in French Dept.
The Mnemonics Of Dispossession:
Paris As Culture, Paris As Loss.
Richard Terdiman, Prof, of Literature and History of Consciousness, UCAL, Santa Cruz.
Buchanan Tower 826, 12:30-2pm.
Call 822-4004.
CICSR Faculty Forum
Computing Between The Lines.
Jack Snoeyink, Computer Science.
CICSR/CS 208, 4-5pm. Refreshments. Call 822-6894.
Comparative Literature
The Meeting Of Literary Minds:
Arabic And English Writing This
Century. Kenneth Cragg, Religious
Studies, Oxford. Green College
recreation lounge, 5:30pm. Call
Students for Forestry
Awareness Speaker Series
Urban Ecology. Val Schaefer, ecology instructor, Douglas College and
Founder of Institute of Urban Ecology. MacMillan 166. 12:30pm.
Refreshments. Call 274-4730.
First Nations Gathering for
UBC Health Sciences
Students and Faculty
Current Topics In First Nations
Health. Marlyn Cook, MD. First
Nations Longhouse, Sty-Wet, Tan.
5:30-9pm. Free feast but must
sign up by Feb. 9. Call 822-2115.
Distinguished Artists. John
O'Conor, piano recital. Music recital hall, 8pm. Adult $17, student/senior $9. Call 822-5574.
Friday, Feb. 16
Centre for Korean Research
Russia And North Korea. Peggy
Meyer, Dept. of Political Science,
SFU. CK Choi seminar room,
12:30-2pm. Call 822-2629.
Centre for Japanese
Research Seminar
Changes In Japan's Economic Policies. Keizo Nagatani, Centre for
Japanese Research and Dept. of
Economics. CK Choi conference
room. 12:30-2pm. Call 822-2629.
Role Of Cyclic GMP-Dependent
Protein Kinase In Smooth Muscle
Relaxation. Ashwin Patel, grad.
student, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences. IRC#3, 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-4645.
Theoretical Chemistry
The Mechanism For The Thermal
Decomposition Of Azoalkanes.
C.H. Hu, Dept. of Chemistry.
Chemistry D402, centre block,
4pm. Call 822-3266.
The Distribution Of Energy Dissipation Rates In High Intensity
Mixers And Its Effects On Fast
Multiple Chemical Reactions.
Joseph Mmbaga, grad student.
ChemEng 206, 3:30pm. Refreshments at 3:15pm in room 204.
Call 822-3238.
Occupational Hygiene
Program Seminar
Occupational Asthma In British
Columbia. Moira Chan-Yeung,
professor, Respiratory Division,
Dept. of Medicine. Vancouver
Hosp/HSC, Koerner Pavilion,
G279, 12:30-l:30pm. Call 822-
A Career In Planning. Ray
Spaxman. Buchanan D333,
12:30pm. Call 822-3914.
Canadian Studies Lecture
Colonial As Modern: Designers,
Homemakers, And Maple Furniture InThe 1950s. Joy Parr. Dept.
of History, SFU. Buchanan B212,
12:30pm. Call 822-5193.
President's Lecture
Taking Time: The Representation
Of Modernity And The Temporalities Of Culture. Richard Terdiman,
Prof, of Literature and History of
Consciousness, UC, Santa Cruz.
Green College coach house,
12:30pm. Call 822-5506.
DOW Distinguished
Modelling In Paper Science. C.T.J.
Dodson, Pulp and Paper Centre,
U of Toronto. Pulp and Paper
Centre, #101, 2:30-3:30pm. Call
Health Care and
Epidemiology Rounds
Indoor Air Quality - A Public
Health Perspective. Brian Beech,
Environmental Health Assessment officer, BC Ministry of
Health. Mather253.9-10am. Call
Global Outreach Student's
Assoc. Dance
Springbreak Bash At The Big
Bamboo. Big Bamboo, 7pm. Free
drink if you come before 9pm.
Tickets on sale at SUB
Ticketmaster. Call 221-9980.
Saturday, Feb. 17
Vancouver Institute Lecture
The Sounds Of Silence: Endangered Languages. Patricia Shaw,
Dept. of Linguistics. IRC#2,
8:15pm. Call 822-3131 during
regular business hours.
ITA Workshop
A 3-hour workshop designed for
Canadian and international
teaching assistants who work
with students, faculty and colleagues of diverse cultural background. Christine Pikios and
Katherine Beaumont,
Intercultural Training and Resource Centre, Continuing Studies. International House lower
lounge, 9:30am- 12:30pm. Call
T-Birds vs UVic. War Memorial
Gym, 6pm (women's), 7:45pm
(men's). Adults $6; Youths $4;
UBC students free. Call 822-
Monday, Feb. 19
Science and Society
Across The Great Divide: How
Commerce-Types Work With Real
Scientists. P. Devereaux
Jennings. Faculty of Commerce
and Business Administration.
Green College recreation lounge,
8pm. Call 822-6067.
Tuesday, Feb. 20
Interannual Variations In
Zooplankton Biomass In The
Gulf Of Alaska And Covariation
With California Current
Zooplankton. Richard Brodeur,
NMFS/NOAA, Seattle. Washington. BioSciences 1465, 3:30pm.
Call 822-2821.
The UBC Reports Calendar lists university-related or
university-sponsored events on campus and off campus within the Lower Mainland.
Calendar items must be submitted on forms available from the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil
Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. Phone:
822-3131. Fax: 822-2684. Please limit to 35 words.
Submissions for the Calendar's Notices section may be
limited due to space.
Deadline for the February 22 issue of UBC Reports —
which covers the period February 25 to March 9 — is
noon, February 13. UBC Reports ■ February 8,1996 7
November 1995
February 8, 1996
I am pleased to provide members ofthe University community with a summary
of the recommendations of the Committee to Review the University of British
Columbia Library. The Committee, chaired by Lynn Smith, was assisted by a
distinguished team of external Librarians representing five Canadian and
American institutions, and consulted widely both within the University community and with the Library's external users.
The full text of the Library Review is available on the Library's Gopher and
World Wide Web site under "What's New." You can access the Library's Gopher
via UBCLIB, the Library's online catalogue information system. Select Gopher at
the UBCLIB main menu. The Library's home page on the World Wide Web is
available at: http://unixg.ubc.ca: 7001
I would welcome any comments.
Maria M. Klawe
Student and Academic Services
(The following is a summary ofthe Report
of the Committee to Review the University
of British Columbia Library. The full text
of the Library Review is available on the
Library's Gopher and World Wide Web
site under "What's New". You can access
the Library's Gopher via UBCLIB, the
Library's online catalogue information
system. Select Gopher at the UBCLIB
main menu. The Library's home page on
the World Wide Web is available at: http: /
/unixg.ubc.ca: 7001)
The task of the Committee to Review the
University of British Columbia Library
was to examine the Library, evaluating
what has been done in the past and
making recommendations for the future.
The Committee was established by K.D.
Srivastava, Vice President, Student and
Academic Services in December. 1994.
Its members included:
■ C. Lynn Smith. Faculty of Law (Chair)
■ Bill Dobie, Alma Mater Society
(resigned May 1995)
■ David Dolphin. Faculty of Science
■ Gail Edwards. Graduate Student
■ Gerald Gorn, Faculty of Commerce
and Business Administration
■ Peter Jolliffe, Faculty of Agricultural
■ Jo-Ann McEachern, Faculty of Arts
■ Khalil Shariff, Alma Mater Society
(from June. 1995)
■ Veronica Strong-Boag, Faculty of
Graduate Studies and Faculty of Education
■ Mark Vessey, Faculty of Arts
■ Byron Hender, Student and Academic
Services (Secretary)
Bill Dobie resigned from the committee to
take up full time employment and was
replaced by Khalil Shariff.
In addition to the UBC committee, five
librarians from other institutions conducted an external review. The External
Reviewers were:
■ Betty Bengtson, Director of University
Libraries, University ofWashington
■ Scott Bennett, University Librarian,
Yale University
■ Nancy Eaton, Dean of Library Services, Iowa State University of Science
& Technology
■ Carole Moore, Chief Librarian, University of Toronto
■ Paul Wiens, Chief Librarian, Queens
The Committee's terms of reference were:
to examine the operation of the University Library and its role in support ofthe
University's mission; to comment on the
accountability and the overall effectiveness of the Library's staff and its organizational structure; to identify the Library's
strengths, and also any opportunities
which the Committee perceives for improving its programs, its relationships
with both internal and external organizations, and for better utilization of the
financial and other resources assigned to
the Library; and to examine the Library's
strategic plans for dealing with technology, space, collections, access, services,
and staff.
The Committee had the benefit of recent
research and analysis in the Library's
Self Study Report (Towards 2000 and
Beyond: A Progress Report and Self Study.
December 1994) with its extensive background documentation, and in the work
of the Senate Library Committee's Sub-
Committee on Serials and Technology
(Scholarly Communication. Serials and
Technology: Problems and Possibilities.
February 1995). The Committee also
followed the development ofthe Library's
Restructuring Plan (the latest draft available was dated September 8, 1995).
The Committee received written submissions from 21 individuals and groups
representing both the campus and the
wider community. The Committee also
conducted 26 interviews, in order to
identify areas of concern and gain a
variety of perspectives on important issues facing the library. The interviewees
included the Vice President Student and
Academic Services and other members
of the University Administration, the
University Librarian, members of the
Library Administration, the Deans, representatives of several faculties, the Senate Library Committee, and professional
librarians and individual users from both
on and off campus.
The five External Reviewers visited the
campus from June 5 to June 8, and met
with the President and Vice Presidents
Academic and Student and Academic
Services, the Deans, members ofthe Senate Library Committee,, the Library Administration, the professional librarians
and staff, and members of the University
and user community. The External Reviewers met with the UBC Committee on
two occasions prior to submitting their
final report. The Committee agreed with
the External Reviewers in their selection
of areas of salient strength and concern,
and concurs with their recommendations,
except for some small matters of detail.
The Committee identified major areas of
concern, which were addressed in the
report: collections; technology; space;
staff; services; organizational leadership;
internal relations; and external relations.
While the Committee's recommendations
fall into nine sections, recurring themes
became apparent throughout the report:
■ The role of the Library within and
beyond the University of British Columbia, the need to foster recognition
and support for that role and to show
leadership along with other institutions in finding solutions to problems
facing the Library in fulfilling that role;
■ Change in the vehicles for delivery of
information to researchers, i.e., the
advent of computer-based systems,
and the need to:
(a) re-direct resources in order to meet
needs for new kinds of publications
and services, and to
(b) recognize that new technologies
have disparate impact across disciplines and are not a panacea in any
■ Severe physical plant problems, particularly in the Main Library, and the
need to de-commission as much ofthe
Main Library as possible, as soon as
possible, in the interests of Library
users and staff and the preservation of
the collection;
■ Collections as a priority, and the need
to take decisive steps towards a university-wide collections policy with
participation of the faculties, and an
academic planning policy with participation of the Library;
■ Professional and support staff in the
Library as a major resource of the
Library, and the need to ensure renewal and effective use of this re-
■ Relationships between the Library and
other units in the University, and the
need to ensure effective advocacy for
the Library and effective collaboration
of the professional librarians in the
academic work of the institution;
■ Service to users, recognizing their diversity of needs with emphasis on the
primary service needs of UBC users;
■ Cost-recovery as an issue that affects
members of the UBC community and
UBC's relationships with other institutions and the community, and the
need for a business plan with respect
to user fees.
This report is submitted to Vice President Klawe with thanks for all of the
assistance the Committee received from
her office throughout the process. The
Chair wishes to acknowledge the full
participation of all members of the Committee, each of whom undertook responsibility for drafting one section of the
report and all of whom reviewed all areas
in our deliberations. The task was a pleasant and stimulating one because of the
commitment and energy which every
Committee member brought to it.
The Committee hopes that this Report
will prove to be useful to the Library and
to the University which it serves.
Summary of Conclusions
The Committee agrees with the External
Reviewers that the UBC Library faces a
set of challenges common to most North
American research libraries, including
rapidly escalating collection costs, fast-
paced technological change, the need for
substantial capital investment in computing and telecommunications capabilities and in physical space for library
users and collections, turmoil in public
policy for the support of higher education, and severely constrained financial
conditions. The Library also faces extraordinary challenges specific to the institution, particularly the "inadequate and
totally dysfunctional main library space"
(in the words of the External Reviewers)
and the current organizational stress
caused by the need to change Library
computing and telecommunications systems and simultaneously to move into
the new Koerner Library.
The committee repeatedly was reminded
that the Library serves not only the research and information needs ofthe campus community, but functions as a provincial resource. Other universities, colleges, schools, private researchers, public bodies and individual members of the
public rely on the continued existence of
a major research library at the University
of British Columbia. The University and
its members have a responsibility to preserve and enhance this major asset with
which we are entrusted. It is not "ours"
alone. At the same time, the provincial
role of the UBC Library should be acknowledged and supported-the challenges and financial exigencies are also
not "ours" alone. Thus, the recommendations contained within individual sections ofthe report should be read within
the threefold context of issues faced by
all research libraries, issues specific to
UBC, and issues arising from the role of
the library within the province.
The Library at UBC faces a threefold
challenge to its established practices of
collection building: the budgetary challenge of an ever-increasing volume of new
publications at prices that continue to
rise at rates higher than general inflation
and well in excess of increases in the
University's General Purpose Operating
Fund; the technological challenge of a
proliferation of materials in new formats
and media, not all of which supersede or
replace more traditional products, and
many of which are still at an experimental stage; and the academic challenge of
university programs that are developing
in a variety of new directions, in many
cases across or between conventional
disciplinary boundaries.
It is clear to the Committee that the
Library and University Administration
have moved decisively to meet these challenges and that the Library has already
found creative solutions to many of the
problems posed by the present environment. However, despite these initiatives,
the Committee heard many expressions
of concern that the collection was now at
grave risk, its ability to respond to the
needs of future users already endangered
if not actually compromised. Such concern focused variously on the issues of
funding, balance between different for- 8 UBC Reports ■ February 8, 1996
mats and media, and processes of collections management and policy-making.
It will be noted that some of the recommendations call for action by other agencies and units at UBC besides the Library
and the Administration. We are convinced
that issues of collections development, in
particular, should be tackled cooperatively and that the Library will need more
committed support from its on-campus
user groups in the coming years if the
challenges outlined above are to be surmounted.
Technology within the Library context
includes the access, storage and delivery
of information electronically. It encompasses purchasing, cataloguing and circulation systems and involves computer-
based management. Ongoing technological changes and consequential demands
on the Library are formidable and will
continue to escalate at an ever increasing
rate. In order to remain a first class
research library and to serve the ever-
expanding needs of our own campus and
of the local and provincial community,
the UBC Library must stay abreast of
technological advances. The Library must
adopt and control changes in technology
or be bypassed and become irrelevant to
large sections of our community. We affirm that the Library must be a leader,
champion and educator in electronic communications within the University.
There Eire two principal areas of major
concern. The first is the need for a new
Library system to replace the various
home developed systems supporting acquisitions/accounting, cataloguing, circulation, public access, and serials management. Secondly, the Library and the
rest of the academic community must
ask how it will access and control the
virtual library of the (now) future where
many traditional and new forms of information will be collected, stored and transmitted in digital form.
Technology will not solve all of the problems of the Library nor of its users. Certainly the development of electronic materials is not a panacea for the serials crisis.
Digital information will not immediately
nor in the near future replace the printed
word. Indeed, rather than replace print,
digital information will have to be made
available in parallel with its printed counterpart until the technology is more advanced and widespread and the community is willing to allow the virtual library to
replace much of the present system.
The pressures on the Library result not
only from the inevitable pressure of technology but from the rapidly increasing
rate of accumulation of knowledge and
its escalating costs from commercial publishing houses. It is clear that electronic
publishing may address some of these
problems. The University at large, not
only those sections with direct responsibility for the Library, needs to address
these problems nationally and internationally.
The Library has extensive holdings, including over 3.2 million books, 25,800
serial subscriptions and 5.5 million non-
book items (CD-ROMs, computer files,
maps, sound recordings, and microforms).
Accordingly, Library space is extensive.
The Library presently occupies ten locations on campus, plus three off-campus
sites. The Committee agrees with the
External Review committee that the
present branch libraries provide valuable
focus and service to users. Branch libraries are an effective means of meeting
the needs of different sectors of the University community, and they extend the
array of service points.
Phase I ofthe Walter C. Koerner Library,
now under construction, will merge the
Sedgewick Library, the Humanities and
Social Sciences Division. Government
Publications and Microforms Division,
and the Data Library. The Koerner Library will also contain instructional facilities and a microcomputer laboratory
for student use, and will help to moderate
current problems with study space. However, while Phase I is a welcome addition
to the system, it will not address serious
shortcomings of Library space, which are
largely connected to the pervasive, serious, and fundamental problems presented by the Main Library building and
the shortage of storage space. The Main
Library building will continue to have
heavy use, since for the present, it will
house holdings in Special Collections,
Maps, Fine Arts, Science and Engineering, plus some residual holdings in Humanities and Social Sciences.
The next stage of development of the
Koerner Library, Phase II, is proposed to
be developed in the central campus, near
Phase I. Phase II will provide space into
which to move some of the holdings retained in the Main Library after completion of Phase I. Given the value of those
holdings, and the structural shortcomings of the Main Library, we believe that
it is appropriate that Phase II of the
Koerner Library retain its priority on the
list ofthe University's academic building
Even with the completion of Phase I ofthe
Koerner Library, space limitations within
the Library system are becoming severe.
It is expected that about 1 million volumes (roughly one-third ofthe collection)
will eventually need to be stored. Increased storage is inevitable, but it has
drawbacks in reduced access for users,
and added expenses in selecting and
depositing materials in storage and in
circulating materials from storage.
The Committee learned that a Master
Plan for the Library was initiated in 1989
but was put on hold shortly thereafter
and attention was focused on the existing
Main Library building. Given the needs
for storage and the potential impact of
new technology the Committee concluded
that the completion of a Master Plan for
the Library should be a priority for the
The Committee has been repeatedly impressed by evidence of the dedication,
industry, and creativity of professional
librarians and support staff. We believe
that UBC reaps enormous benefits from
the high quality of its staff. They are
largely responsible for the fact that the
Library, in face of recurring crises, continues to serve its clientele in an exemplary fashion.
Like many other parts of the University,
the Library is faced with the need to do
more with less. The Library also faces the
phenomenon of an aging workforce. Shifting demands for information and assistance to clientele, together with changing
technologies, in the context of declining
human resources, have been met in large
measure by reallocations of staff time
and retraining and staff development initiatives. A Library-wide commitment to
cooperation, collaboration, and flexibility
in job definition has been essential to
making the transformations necessary
for a library at the end ofthe 20,h century.
In this environment, optimism seems in
increasingly short supply. Staff have been
working hard in a variety of ways to
respond to challenges and to keep the
Library of service. While we appreciate
the need in the current fiscal climate to
maximize outputs from everyone, we also
need to understand the importance of
down-time, in other words occasions when
productivity and effort do not have be
strained to the utmost. Regular provision
for additional training and professional
development will also be helpful in improving general morale.
Problems with physical safety have been
constantly drawn to the attention of the
Committee. Most obviously there is the
major threat posed to the Main Library
and its occupants in event of an earthquake. There are also concerns about the
possibility for violence and harassment
in areas that are not at present regularly
supervised. Planned reduction of service
points may present still greater problems
for individual security. These problems
are especially serious for people with
disabilities and we are very much aware
that our existing physical plant is extremely inadequate in respect to meeting
their needs.
We need immediately to find meaningful
ways to operationalize the University's
commitments to Library staff. Praise without concrete recognition of problems and
exhausting sessions of consultation,
which do not bring obvious results in
improved working conditions, are not
sufficient to meet the situation.
The presence of committed, service-oriented staff throughout the organization
is a salient strength of the Library.
Through its strategic plan and self-study
process and restructuring plan, the Library has concentrated on ways in which
service can be improved. However, in the
context of a strained financial situation
as well as the new demands of users, the
Library faces central challenges in the
way it conceives and delivers service to
Access is a major area of concern for
library users. The Committee supports
the Library's distinction between hours
of access and hours of service. However,
while full service may not be required
during all hours that the Library is open,
there is a need for full service support by
some users during off-peak hours. The
Committee also heard concerns regarding the potential implications of the
planned reduction of service points, particularly the loss of staff specialization
and the impact on the quality of service,
as well as the previously mentioned security concerns. Other concerns regarding
service focused on the importance of safe,
comfortable, and quiet study space, space
for student group work, improved access
to UBCLIB workstations and CD-ROM
terminals, the need for well-maintained
photocopiers, and faster reshelving of
Services to persons with disabilities pose
huge challenges for the Library. Parts of
the Main Library are not accessible to
persons with limited mobility. Physical
access barriers exist in other parts of the
Library system as well. For the Library as
well as for all units in the University, it is
important to include the needs of persons
with disabilities in any future planning
The provision of information and orientation for Library users is important particularly in light of the increasing complexity of access to needed information.
This complexity requires that the Library
provide sufficient support to patrons to
enable them to use effectively the myriad
of sources available to them. In a time of
budgetary restraint, information services
and Library support must be closely focused on the needs of UBC users. Given
the increasing pressure on staff time as
well as the pending drastic consolidation
of service points, the Committee believes
that users must become increasingly independent and self-sufficient in most of
their library activities. The Committee
also recognizes the important role of the
Library in the educational mission ofthe
University. Increased training opportunities, particularly for undergraduate students, are critical. Educated and well-
trained users are less reliant on library
staff and will enable personnel to concentrate on more in-depth reference needs.
Organizational Leadership
The proposed restructuring ofthe present
Library system reflects the rapid development of new technologies and their transformation of the way in which libraries
provide information and services. Diminishing funding and increased user expectations make this new environment particularly challenging for libraries, including the UBC Library. This new environment requires exceptional skills in the
UBC Library leaders, and the Committee
endorses the need for strong leadership
in a future that is likely to be very difficult
and challenging.
The Committee considered the place of
the Library in the organizational structure of the University. The University
Librarian reports to the Vice President of
Student and Academic Services. While
universities vary in their reporting structures, the Committee feels that the reporting structure at UBC is functional in
view ofthe service and user orientation of
Student and Academic Services. The
University Librarian sits on the Leadership Group, which facilitates appropriate
and important interaction with the Deans
and Vice Presidents. The Committee also
notes that interaction between the University Librarian and the Vice President
Student and Academic Services with respect to computing services will be essential as the Library incorporates new technologies.
The Senate Library Committee advises
and assists the University Librarian in
policy formulation. Its mandate also includes the making of rules for the management and conduct of the Library. Its
dual role to "advise/assist" and to "make
rules" may result in a lack of clarity
between its policy-advising and policymaking functions. The Committee noted
that having the University Librarian report to two separate authorities could be
a potential source of conflict or confusion
and to a degree, could infringe on or
hamper the effectiveness ofthe role ofthe
University Librarian. A clearly defined
reporting structure is needed.
Members of the Senate Library Committee possess a wide range of experience on
Library matters and can be seen as representative of the whole academic community. This Committee can play a significant advisory role in the establishment of policies and management practices in the Library, act as an advocate for
the Library in Senate and in the University at large, and serve as a vehicle for
bringing issues of Faculty concern to the
Library. Inter-university communication
is also facilitated by the Faculty and
Departmental Advisory Committees,
which were set up on the recommendation ofthe 1988 Review Committee. The
Faculty/Departmental Committees are
viewed as important in providing the Library with advice, and serve as a vehicle
for the Library to communicate its news.
The organizational structure of the Library has become flatter in recent years.
The Library is presently developing proposals for further restructuring. Other
basic issues need to be addressed in this
restructuring. It was reported to the Committee that the Library has numerous
committees and that the overlap on these
committees was extensive. Concerns were
expressed to the Committee that decision-making in the Library is complex,
and that reporting structures are not
always clear. UBC Reports ■ February 8, 1996 9
Internal Relations
Traditionally the links between the Library and School of Library, Archival and
Information Studies (SLAIS) have been
very close. The Committee recognizes that
close collaboration between the two units
is important for the mutual benefit of
both, and commends the efforts made on
both sides to ensure that such collaboration continues to be productive. In the
past, the Library has supported SLAIS's
instructional mission by making its staff
available as guest lecturers and course
instructors, normally without charge. In
times of budgetary restraint, this form of
support has become increasingly difficult. If librarians are to continue teaching
courses for SLAIS, means should be found
for the SLAIS budget to pay for the time
that they are released from their Library
work to do so. The Library further supports SLAIS's instructional mission by
employing student librarians. These students should be employed appropriately,
so that their work experience reflects and
supports their educational achievement.
Branch libraries foster a sense of community between the librarians and the
units they serve, sustain communication, and provide specialised service. Such
close cooperation encourages a more effective integration ofthe Library with the
University's teaching mission. The Committee recognizes, however, that the system of branch libraries may not be the
most cost-effective use of resources and
that it may, as cutbacks continue, need
to be partially dismantled. If it should
prove necessary to close more branch
libraries, the Committee urges that great
efforts be made to maintain the close ties
between the currently existing branches
and the units that they serve.
The Committee heard some concerns
expressed about the fact that Reading
Room collections are inaccessible to Library users because they are
uncatalogued, that is, that their holdings
do not appear in UBCLIB, and because
these holdings often duplicate other holdings in the Library. The Committee also
recognizes that Reading Rooms serve a
different function from that of the Library. Access to them is normally restricted to faculty and students of the
unit: their holdings tend to be small, so
that their absence from UBCLIB is unlikely to be statistically significant. The
Committee concluded that an attempt at
total integration of the Reading Rooms
into the UBC Library system is not necessarily desirable and would entail needless expense. It appears, however, that
some Reading Rooms hold special, unique
collections, not otherwise available at
UBC. The Committee recommends that
those responsible for Reading Rooms
maintain close contact with Library Advisory Committees and with librarians, and
that they keep the library informed about
their holdings and acquisitions. Such
sharing of information may, in some cases,
obviate the need for Interlibrary Loans.
External Relations
The Library serves not only the faculty
and students of UBC, but is used heavily
by the faculty, teachers, and students of
the other provincial universities, community colleges, schools and institutes,
by the professional and business community, by government, by visiting scholars and researchers, and by private citizens. In turn, UBC faculty and graduate
students have complimentary extra mural borrowing privileges at other post-
secondary institutions in B.C. The Library also has an important role within
the wider network of research libraries,
cooperating extensively with other libraries in the province, and throughout
Canada and the United States.
As the largest library resource in British
Columbia, with many unique holdings,
the Library can anticipate that demand
for service from external users will increase. The role of the Library as a
provincial resource places extraordinary
demands on the collections, staff and
services. In some divisions and branches,
30% or more of weekend users are from
off campus, placing particular strain on
reference services. The Library has responded to these demands by developing
a service policy that articulates the research, teaching, and learning of UBC
faculty, students, staff, and affiliated researchers as its first priority, with basic
services available to all members of the
public. The Restructuring Plan undertaken by the Library proposes that services to non-UBC clients may only be
provided on a full fee-for-service basis.
While fees-for-service may be inevitable
in times of extreme economic restraint, the
Committee is concerned that an extensive system of charging external users
may prove overwhelmingly detrimental
to partnerships with other institutions,
and to the goodwill ofthe general public.
Any decision to recover costs from external users on a fee-for-service basis would
have a serious impact on the wider provincial academic community. The Committee, therefore reiterates the recommendation of the 1988 Library Review
committee that "renewed efforts toward
provincial recognition and funding" of
the Library as a provincial resource be
pursued as an alternative to the implementation of extensive fees- for-service to
external users. It also endorses the recommendation of the External Reviewers
that the Library create a business plan to
clearly identify the costs of service to
external users.
New technologies further the need for inter
institutional cooperation. Decisions internal to the Library can have a serious
impact on other users, particularly as the
Library faces the ongoing process of
canceling serials subscriptions, some of
which may be unique to the province. The
Committee also heard concerns that the
Library would experience increased demands on its collections and services as
long as provincial funding of community
college libraries was inadequate for those
institutions to meet the research, teaching
and learning needs of their primary users.
The Committee believes that the establishment of cooperative collection development agreements and collaborative purchasing agreements between UBC and
other post-secondary institutions will become essential to cost-effective management of library collections and services.
Interlibrary loans are the means by which
the Library provides access to research
materials not available within the collection to UBC faculty and students, and
makes the collection accessible to non-
UBC users. As the provincial "library of
last resort" the Library is a net lender
within the province. Eighty percent ofthe
lending is to other British Columbia libraries, through the system of network
agreements. In contrast, more than 80%
of the borrowing is from libraries outside
British Columbia. The demand for
interlibrary loan services is distributed
between faculty, students, and staff, with
graduate students forming the majority
of student requesters. Concern has been
expressed that fees-for-service levied
against UBC users for interlibrary loan
would have a disproportionate impact on
graduate students, and on faculty research in highly specialized areas that
the Library can no longer continue to
support through its collections.
The Library has implemented a variety of
measures to eliminate the General Purpose Operating Fund subsidy of interlibrary
loans. It is clear, however, that the ability
to continuously increase revenues through
lending fees will be severely limited by the
anticipated reduction in funding to post
secondary institutions in British Columbia. The argument that interlibrary loan
activities should be self-supporting is in
contrast to the philosophy of how library
services should be funded, that is as a
common good that benefits the University
community as a whole.
Summary of Committee
Collections funding
■ That the annual adjustment of the
Library acquisitions budget for inflation be based henceforth on a price
index specific to library materials rather
than, as at present, on the general
Consumer Price Index.
■ That the Library and the Development
Office step up their plans to raise an
endowment for collections.
■ That the position of fund-raiser for the
Library be made full-time.
■ That consideration be given to the
targeting of fund-raising activity at
particular areas of the collections, including some of those most dependent
on traditional publishing formats and
therefore likely to appeal to a different
group of donors from that attracted to
the Technology fund (e.g. Special Collections, Fine Arts).
Acquisitions, Accounting and
■ That, in the interests of clearer public
accounting, the allocation for Netinfo
no longer appear as part of the Library's acquisitions budget.
■ That clear distinctions be made in the
Library's expenditure statements between moneys spent respectively on
serial subscriptions, other types of
standing order, and one-time purchases.
■ That these expenditures be further
distinguished according to whether
the product acquired was in a "conventional" or electronic format/medium.
■ That the figures be broken down by
Library division and, where appropriate, by major disciplinary area within
each division.
■ That the Senate Library Committee
review its guidelines on the ratio of
serials vs. monographs spending in
the light of the information thus presented.
Collections Management and
■ That the Library reinstate forthwith
the position of full-time Assistant University Librarian for Collections, the
holder of this office to serve as a member of the Library's senior executive
group and to coordinate the work of all
librarians with collection responsibilities; and that the search committee for
this appointment include Faculty representatives.
■ That the Assistant University Librarian for Collections chair a Collections
Management Council composed of librarians and representatives of the
Faculties, its membership to be decided initially by the University Librarian and the AUL for Collections in
consultation with the Senate Library
■ That the Assistant University Librarian for Collections, on appointment,
immediately proceed to develop a comprehensive Collections Policy for the
UBC Library.
■ That (in pursuit of the goal stated
immediately above) the Collections
Policy documents drafted since the
1988 Library Review be taken as the
basis for a comprehensive collections
assessment, to be conducted jointly by
librarians and representatives of the
Faculties: that this process be designed to culminate in a clear set of
priorities and principles for collections
development over the next 5— 10 years;
that the priorities and principles thus
established be formally approved by
the Faculties, Senate and the Administration: and that they be made public in an official document on UBC
Library Collections Policy (to be updated at intervals thereafter).
■ That (in the event of the appointment
of an AUL for Collections being delayed
beyond September 1996) the Senate
Library Committee, after consultation
with the University Librarian and Library Advisory Committees, strike a
sub-committee to review the arrangements for collection coordination in
the Library, with particular reference
to the Humanities and any other areas
where the Senate Library Committee
may feel there are grounds for concern; the recommendations of this subcommittee to be presented to Senate
early in 1997.
■ That current procedures for assessing
the impact on the Library of changes in
academic programs be strengthened
by requiring Faculties to consult with
the Library before creating new professorial chairs or advertising faculty
positions in new areas of curriculum
and research; and that where new
funding is not available for necessary
additional Library materials, the Faculty be asked to specify other areas of
the collection for downgrading.
■ That serials cancellations programs
henceforth be undertaken every two
years, rather than annually as has
recently been the case, in order to
allow librarians and others to give
fuller attention to other aspects of
collections management.
Resource Sharing and Interlibrary
■ That the Library continue to pursue
opportunities for shared collection-
building with other libraries and professional institutions in Western
Canada and the North-Western United
States, ensuring so far as possible that
material from collections maintained
by partner institutions is available to
UBC researchers at no extra cost to
the end-user; and that the responsibility for coordinating these arrangements with local collections management rest with the Assistant University Librarian for Collections.
■ That the Library establish clear
rationales for no-charge and (partly or
wholly) cost-recovered services in the
provision to UBC users of access to
library and other information resources; and that these rationales take
account (a) of the academic priorities
set out in future statements of Library
Collections Policy and (b) ofthe needs
and financial means of each group
within the user community.
■ That, for a limited period, the University make available grants (e.g. for
travel to other libraries, document delivery, etc.) for UBC researchers (faculty and graduate students) who can
show that they have been disadvantaged by recent cutbacks in local collections development in their areas of
proven specialization.
Special Collections
■ That the Library review its present
arrangements for the management and 10 UBC Reports ■ February 8, 1996
development of Special Collections, giving particular attention to its procedures for inviting and obtaining donations of materials; that planning for
Special Collections be fully integrated
in the Library's general Collections
Policy (see above); and that the Library
and the Development Office give Special Collections a clear profile in their
fund-raising efforts for Collections
Collections Preservation
■ That the Library and University planners make the provision of proper environmental conditions for the long-
term preservation of the collections a
central feature of library space planning.
■ That the Library institute a collections
conservation program, to keep the ordinary circulating collection in sound
■ That the University Administration
provide a one-time sum representing
approximately one half of the cost of
the new Library computer system.
While we realize that all segments of
the University are under great fiscal
strains we note that there is ample
precedent for such a one time sum of
money. We are pleased to note that the
Administration has recently provided
some of this one-time money.
■ That providing these moneys should
not deflect the Library from its restructuring plan and that the restructuring plan should allocate approximately 5% of the present budget towards technology.
■ That appropriate wiring of the campus, especially the north end, be made
a priority of the University Administration, in order that access to digital
information be campus wide.
■ That the Library, the School of Library,
Archival and Information Studies and
the Faculties jointly develop digital
self-help tutorials to aid in training
those who will use the Library's new
computer system and other areas of
the electronic library.
■ That the two committees recommended
by the Sub-Committee of the Senate
Library Committee consider the questions of scholarly publication and copyright within the context of electronic
publishing on a priority basis.
■ That the Main Library building be
decommissioned as soon as possible.
In the meantime, the population using
the building should be minimized. A
very high priority should be placed on
the removal to appropriate space of
the Special Collections and collections
in Fine Arts presently housed in the
Main Library.
■ That low-cost storage space be provided for approximately one-third of
the collection. This should be economical, contiguous space for storage
of low-use materials, with adequate
environmental control, rapid access,
and requiring a minimum staff involvement. Provision of storage space
should ease problems of overcrowding
and allow flexibility for the Library
system to adjust during a time of rapid
and comprehensive change.
■ That the University proceed with Phase
II of the Walter C. Koerner Library,
which will allow further withdrawal of
personnel and material from the Main
Library building, including the Map
Library, Special Collections, Fine Arts,
and remaining holdings in the Humanities.
■ That the University develop a library to
house materials for Science and Engineering. The existing Library Processing Centre could be considered as a
possible focus for this development,
with the possibility of a physical connection between it and the Woodward
Biomedical Library.
■ That where possible the functions now
performed in the Library Processing
Centre be moved to the branches in
order to be located closer to the users.
■ That a Master Plan for the Library be
completed on a priority basis.
■ That the Library develop a long-term
plan to overcome its limited ability to
replace key staff, occasioned by ongoing budget constraints.
■ That the Library Administration take
steps to foster a sense of shared community and purpose among diverse
groups of Library staff, and between
Library staff and persons in other parts
of the University.
■ That the Library Administration take
steps to improve staff morale and provide appropriate opportunities to recognize and reward service.
■ That issues of physical safety for staff
(as well as Library users) be directly
and substantially addressed in any
planning which is undertaken.
■ That the Library should review the
need for full service during all hours
that it is open and set aside designated
days when service will be available
during off-peak hours to accommodate the variety of student and faculty
users. These days should be widely
advertised on a timely basis.
■ That access hours should be reviewed
with a view to accommodating the
needs of all students and faculty on
campus throughout the year, including the summer sessions. This will
require greater coordination between
the faculty and the Library with regards to matching course offerings at
various times of the year with the
expected need for Library services.
■ That, as per the External Review recommendations, the Library quickly
implement growth strategies for Netinfo
and engage in discussions with other
parts of the University community to
investigate how funding for this might
be shared.
■ That existing programs aimed at training users to harness effectively the
various resources available at the Library be extended and that new ones
be established. Further, that the Library explore avenues for involving
students from the School of Library,
Archival, and Information Studies in
ways that both enrich their educational program and benefit the Library
and its users.
■ That the Library seek to formally orient all new students to the Library and
its services as well as establish programs in cooperation with faculty that
would train and orient students entering a majors program to subject-specific resources.
■ That the University ensure prompt
response to maintenance needs at Main
■ That efforts be made to increase access to the Library on-line catalogue.
■ That data on CD-ROM machines be
made more accessible through networking, longer hours of access, and/
or increasing the number available.
■ That photocopiers be made widely available at all Library sites and that staff
place a high priority on ensuring that
they remain in good working order.
■ That UBC users be given priority in the
delivery of Library services, while respecting the needs of external patrons.
■ That any proposals to implement user
fees for services, especially to UBC
users, be carefully thought through
and discussed widely before implementation, with consideration of the
often differentiated impact that general decisions such as the imposition
of user fees have on particular groups
of users.
■ That the Library recognize the role
that Sedgewick Library has played in
drawing undergraduate students from
all disciplines to the Library and seek
ways to make Koerner Library welcoming and accessible for these students.
■ That greater attention be paid to
reshelving books and other items as
promptly as possible.
Organizational Leadership
■ That the University Librarian report
only to the Vice President, Student
and Academic Services with the Senate Library Committee serving in an
advisory capacity.
■ That the Vice President, Student and
Academic Services take a more active
role in the meetings of the Senate
Library Committee. This will enable a
greater sharing of perspectives between
the Vice President. Student and Academic Services, the Senate Library
Committee and the University Librarian during this period of transformation in the Library.
■ That as part of its current effort at
organizational restructuring, the Library clarify decision-making responsibilities of individuals/units/committees and also its internal reporting
structure. The Committee suggests
that while the Library has improved its
organizational structure in recent years
and has plans for further improvement, it look into the possibility of
hiring a management consultant to
assist in the process.
Internal Relations
■ That Library staff continue to be employed to teach courses for SLAIS. and
that their release time be appropriately acknowledged in the budgets of
the two units.
■ That the Library continue to offer employment to student librarians which
will advance their education as fully as
■ That lo strengthen the relationship
between the Senate Library Committee and the various Faculty/Departmental Library Advisory Committees
and facilitate more interaction between
them, a meeting be held between all of
the Chairs and the Chair ofthe Senate
Library Committee, at least once a
term. The Committee recommends that
all Faculty/Departmental Advisory
Committees have both a representative of undergraduate students and a
representative of graduate students.
One-on-one meetings between each
chair and the Senate Library Committee Chair are also encouraged.
■ That those responsible for Reading
Rooms maintain close contact with
Library Advisory Committees and with
librarians, and that they keep the Library informed about their holdings
and acquisitions.
■ That the Library make funds available
to catalogue University-owned materials in reading rooms.
External Relations
■ That the University Administration and
the Library jointly place a high priority
on the development of a formal definition of the provincial role of the Library.
■ That the University Administration and
the Library jointly seek support from
other institutions and organizations
for recognition ofthe role ofthe Library
as the "library of last resort."
■ That the University Administration and
the Library jointly seek the official
recognition ofthe provincial role ofthe
Library by the relevant provincial bodies, and actively pursue special funding by the provincial government in
recognition ofthe services provided by
the Library to the wider community as
a "library of last resort."
■ That the Library place a high priority
on developing a sound business plan
that identifies and clarifies the appropriate roles for both subsidized and
cost-recovered services to external
users, and provides a cost-benefit
analysis of fees-for-service to those
■ That the Library Administration work
with the University Administration and
the Ministry of Skills, Labour and Training to facilitate and encourage provincial cooperative planning of research
programs and appropriate library research collections within post-secondary institutions.
■ That the Library Administration take a
leadership role in the development of
inter-institutional collection development agreements and collaborative
purchasing agreements between post-
secondary institutions within the province
■ That the Library network with other
post-secondary institution libraries
when instituting further serials cancellations to ensure that unique subscriptions are identified and the impact of cancellation on the wider academic community is considered.
■ That the Library work with other post-
secondary institute libraries, particularly the community college libraries,
to ensure that information on the appropriate use of the Library by non-
UBC students is disseminated to faculty and instructors.
■ That the Library develop simple self-
instruction guides and maps for the
use of non-UBC visitors to the Library,
and that directional signage be improved in libraries to minimize the
need for staff intervention.
■ That the University Administration
reexamine the requirement that
interlibrary loans be singled out as a
full cost-recovery library service.
■ That the Library Administration continue to pursue the equitable sharing
of costs between net borrowers and
net lenders within existing network
■ That the Library continue to pursue
opportunities to reduce the cost of
borrowing materials through increased
end-user searching and self-service
■ That if fees-for-service become essential to the continued provision of
interlibrary loan services to UBC faculty and students that every attempt
be made to ensure continued equitable access to information through
scaled fees or a yearly user fee incorporated into tuition. UBC Reports ■ February 8, 1996 11
February 8, 1996
Dear Colleagues:
Published here for your review are draft policies on:
• Records Retention and Disposition
• University Archives
• Killam University Professors
Please send your comments and suggestions to Vice Provost Libby Nason
by the end of February.
Sincerely yours.
David W. Strangway
RESPONSIBLE: All Vice-Presidents
• To ensure that the University's corporate records are managed in an effective and
efficient manner;
• To provide practical guidelines for the application of the general principles
enunciated in the Records Management Policy (UBC Policy #118);
• To ensure that no corporate records are destroyed or disposed of unless authorized
by an approved retention schedule or with the approval of the University Records
Disposition Committee;
• To ensure that any physical destruction carried out in accordance with the records
retention schedule is appropriate for the type of record involved.
SCOPE: This policy applies to all departments and administrative offices of the
University, to all records ofthe University, and to all University officers and employees
who create, receive or maintain records as part of their work on behalf of the
POLICY: All records created by University officers or employees in the course of their
duties on behalf of the University are retained for as long as they are required to meet
the legal, administrative and operational requirements of the University, after which
time they are either destroyed or transferred to the University Archives. The final
disposition (either destruction or transfer to the Archives) of records is carried out
according to approved records schedules or with the approval of the University
Records Disposition Committee.
While the records schedules prescribe the minimum period that University records
must be retained, offices may, at their discretion, keep the records for a longer period
of time if it is deemed necessary.
It is the responsibility ofthe individual offices to ensure that the appropriate security
measures are observed for maintaining records containing personal or other confidential information. When scheduled for destruction this material must be shredded,
pulped, burned or otherwise disposed of to ensure that such information is not
While operational responsibility rests with the Vice-Presidents and administrative
heads of unit, the University Archives assists departments, provides advice to the
University community and reports on compliance.
The University Archives drafts records retention schedules for corporate records that
define the length of time that specified types of records are to be retained in their active
and semi-active phases, as well as their final disposition once they become inactive.
These guidelines are based on a determination of the following: legal retention
requirements as defined in relevant federal and provincial statutes and regulations;
administrative and operational requirements as defined by the creating office (in
consultation with the University Archives): and, the historical value of records as
defined by the University Archives.
After the draft schedules have been reviewed and approved by the University Archives
and Records Management Advisory Committee, they are forwarded for final approval
to the University Records Disposition Committee.
Following final approval by the Disposition Committee, the schedules are sent to
representatives of academic and administrative units across campus who are
responsible for applying the schedules to their records.
Questions about the disposition of records not included in the schedules are
forwarded to the Disposition Committee that makes a final determination based on
the recommendation of the University Archivist.
After the records have been retained in the creating offices for the requisite time as
stipulated in the records schedules, they are either destroyed or sent to the University
Archives for permanent retention.
Offices transferring permanently valuable records contact the University Archives to
arrange for transfer, pack records in boxes available through the Archives, and send
a file list with each box.
Disposition is the action taken in regard to the disposal of inactive records, which can
involve physical destruction by means of burning, pulping, shredding or recycling;
transfer to archival storage for selective or full retention; or special disposal through
sale, grant or other formal act of alienation from the custody of the University.
Corporate records are records created, received and accumulated by University
officers or employees on behalf of the University. These records can take a variety of
forms. In accordance with the definition in the Freedom of Information and F'rotection
of Privacy Act, records include "books, documents, maps, drawings, photographs,
letters, vouchers, papers, and any other thing on which information is recorded or
stored by graphic, electronic or mechanical means", but excludes an individual
faculty member's research records and computer programs or other mechanisms
that produce records.
A records retention schedule is a control document that describes the University's
corporate records at a series level and indicates the length of time each series shall
be retained as active before transfer to semi-active storage; the length of time each
series should be retained as semi-active prior to final disposition; and the final
disposition of each series. This document serves as the legal authorization for the
disposal of public documents.
RESPONSIBLE: Vice-President Student & Academic Services
• To serve as the University's corporate memory by preserving and protecting its
permanently valuable records
• To provide the information necessary to establish continuity for future decisionmaking and to permit the University to meet its institutional accountability
• To facilitate the efficient management of the University's corporate records by
coordinating the institutional records management program
• To augment the corporate memory through the acquisition of non-corporate
records of the University, including the personal papers of faculty, staff and
alumni, and the records of organizations associated with the University having
permanent value
• To disseminate information about the development ofthe institution to interested
parties at the University and beyond
• To encourage and facilitate academic research through the preparation of finding
aids and specialized research tools and the provision of reference services
The University Archives, operating under the auspices ofthe University Library, is the
official repository for the institution's corporate records of permanent value created
or received by University officers or employees in the course of their duties on behalf
of the institution. The University Archivist is responsible for identifying, acquiring,
preserving and providing access to the University's permanently valuable corporate
records (regardless of physical form or characteristics). Permanently valuable records
which are no longer required in the office of origin are transferred to the custody of
the Archives. The Archives is responsible for managing and preserving those records
on behalf of the University.
To complement and place into context the full range of activities and functions ofthe
institution, the University Archives also acquires the private papers of selected
faculty members, administrators and former students; research collections assembled by faculty members in the course of their academic work; and the records of
independent student, alumni and employee organizations.
The University Archives retains the right to charge for any reproduction or other
research service. A schedule of fees is made available to the research public regularly.
The Archives retains the right to reproduce materials by mechanical, electronic, or
photographic means for conservation, security or research purposes.
Any restrictions placed on records held by the University Archives are applied in a
uniform manner to all users. Access to corporate records ofthe University is provided
in accordance with the provisions of the Freedom of Information and Protection of
Privacy Act. Access to non-corporate records is governed by agreements negotiated
between the Archives and the donors, as per Section 3 (l)(f) of the Freedom of
Information and Protection of Privacy Act.
The University Archivist coordinates the institution's records management program,
monitors the application of the records schedules approved by the institution, and 12 UBC Reports ■ February 8, 1996
participates in other records-related activities as appropriate.
The Archivist has direct access
to the entire University community and has the authority to
accept and arrange for the transfer of non-current corporate
records to the University Archives. S/he also has the authority to accept unofficial
records and/or private papers.
The University Archivist is accountable to the University Librarian, who receives advice
from the University Archives and
Records Management Advisory
Committee on the implementation of the University Archives
The University Archives serves
the institution by:
• identifyingpermanentlyvalu-
able corporate records and
providing for their transfer to
the Archives when they become inactive;
• identifying older University
records (i.e. not scheduled)
that have permanent value
and ensuring that they are
transferred to the Archives.
and identifying those that
may have been alienated from
the custody ofthe University
and negotiating for their return;
accepting donations of inactive records of archival value
of bodies affiliated with the
University (i.e. Alumni Association. Faculty Association.
Alma Mater Society, Vancouver Institute) that wish to enter into a negotiated transfer
accepting donations of any
ot her records of archival value
that document or relate to
aspects of the history of the
accepting donations of private papers or research materials from distinguished faculty members, administrative
staff or former students taking into full consideration
such factors as authority to
transfer, donate or sell; financial arrangements, implications and benefits: plans
for processing; copyright, and
conditions of access;
arranging and describing archival material according to
archival principles and making them accessible to researchers, including University personnel, students, faculty, and the general public
on a regular basis, unless
access is restricted by legal
requirements or written agreements with agency/person,
transferring/ donating the
providing adequate and appropriate conditions for the
storage, protection and preservation of University's archival material;
providing regular reference
service to permit both University staff and members of
the general public to conduct
research using archival
providing advice and assistance to those responsible lor
creating and maintaining the
University's corporate
providing educational and
outreach programming whenever possible to increase public awareness and understanding of the history and
development  of the  Univer
sity  of British   Columbia:
• providing advice and assistance to, and cooperating
with, other archival repositories in the province individually and as part of the
development of a regional
archival system.
Corporate records are records
created, received and accumulated by University officers or employees on behalf of
the University. These records
can take a variety of forms. In
accordance with the definition in the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act records include
"books, documents, maps,
drawings, photographs, letters, vouchers, papers, and
any other thing on which information is recorded or
stored by graphic, electronic
or mechanical means", but
excludes individual faculty
member's research records
and computer programs or
other mechanisms that produce records.
Non-corporate records refer to
those records which, although
related to the operation or history of the institution, are not
created by the institution itself.
Examples of such material include: private papers of selected
faculty members, administrators and former students; research collections assembled by
faculty members: and the
records of independent student,
alumni and employee organizations. Such materials collected
by the Archives are exempt from
the provisions oi the Freedomof
Information and Protection of Privacy Act.
Permanently valuable records are
those records that because of
their administrative, financial,
legal, operational, cultural, social or scientific value should be
retained permanently.
Finding aids are descriptive
tools, published or unpublished, manual or electronic,
produced by the Archives to
establish physical and/or intellectual control over records
and/or archival materials. Basic finding aids include descriptive databases: guides, inventories: shelf and container lists;
and indices.
To give recognition to the most
exceptional members of faculty
who have distinguished themselves in teaching, scholarly activity and service to the benefit
both of their disciplines and UBC.
The designation "Killam University Professor" is conferred by
the Board of Governors on the
recommendation ofthe President
to recognize exceptional members of faculty who have distinguished themselves in teaching,
scholarly activity and service.
Any member of faculty can be
nominated for the designation
"Killam University Professor".
The nomination is made by at
least six members ofthe University community (students, staff,
and faculty), and is directed to
the President.
The President seeks the advice
of a committee composed of:
the Chair of the Senate Tributes Committee, the Chancellor of the University, the Vice
President Academic & Provost,
and the Dean of the faculty
concerned. The President's recommendation is forwarded to
Senate for information and to
the Board ofGovernors for approval.
Killam University Professors are
administratively responsible to
the President, and meet as a
group with the President at least
once annually to discuss plans
for advancing the goals of the
University. Killam University
Professors are expected to contribute to the overall intellectual life of the University and to
serve as academic ambassadors
to the UBC's external community. Plans for discharging these
responsibilities are discussed
with the President. A report on
the activities of Killam University Professors is published annually by the President's Office.
Killam University Professors continue to teach in their disciplines,
with reduced duties to accommodate expectations of this designation. They receive an annual stipend associated with the designation. The University may provide additional resources to Killam
University Professors consistent
with commitments added.
Making The Point
Martin Dee photo
MLAs Gary Farrell-Collins (second from right), opposition critic for Social Services, and
Wilf Hurd (right), opposition critic for education, visited campus Jan. 29 for a round-
table discussion with senior UBC administrators including Dan Birch (left), vice-
president Academic and Provost, and President David Strangway. Presentations
included an overview of upcoming UBC initiatives and the university's role in the
provincial economy.
Be The First At yUM yUM'S
To Celebrate yj /
February 15 & 16
Black Bean &. Garlic Chicken
Choice of 2:
Chow Mein,
Chop Suey
Fried Rice
February 26 & 27
Szechuan Chicken
Choice of 2:
Chow Mein,
Chop Suey
Fried Rice
Spring Break
Feb. 19 -23
Fortune Cookie
Chinese Tea
New year Pudding
with all Chinese Food Purchases t
open to serve vou
* Feb. 19 - 23 Calendar
UBC Reports ■ February 8, 1996 13
February 11 through February 24
Larkin Lecture
Fisheries Management Alter 2000:
Will New Paradigms Applv? John
Caddv. FAO, Italv. IRC# 1. 7:30pm.
Call 822-0618. "
Wednesday, Feb. 21
Osteoporosis And Inhaled
Corticosteroids: ShouldWe Be Concerned. Ema Ferreira, Pharm.D.
student. Vancouver Hosp/HSC,
Koerner Pavilion G279. 4:30-
5:30pm. Call 822-4645.
Respiratory Research
Mechanisms Of Hyper-
responsiveness In The Rat. Dr.
J. Martin. Meakins-Christie Institute, Montreal. Vancouver
Hosp/HSC. Doctors Residence.
2775 Heather Street. 3rd floor
conference room. 5-6pm. Call
Building Construction Field
Review Seminar Series
For Professionals In The Building Construction Industry.
Various Speakers. Continues
April 3. CEME 1202. 6-9pm.
$700. $50 less without reference handbooks. Call 822-
2347. Fax 822-3449.
Microbiology and
Immunology Seminar
Protein Crystallography And
Tropical Diseases: Cholera Toxin
And Chaperonin GroES From
Mycobacterium U-prae. William
Hoi, Dept. of Biological Structure and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, U of Washington.
Wesbrook 201, 12:30-1:30pm.
Call 822-3308.
Continuing Studies
Seminar Series
Issues In Contemporary Islam.
Emile Nucho. Until March 27 (6
Wednesdays). Family/Nutritional
Sciences 50, 7:30-9:30pm. $85.
Call 822-1450.
Continuing Studies
Seminar Series
The West And Islam. Perceptions
and Reality. Emile Nucho. Until
March 13 (4 Wednesdays). Hotel
Georgia. 10-11:30am. $45, seniors $25. Call 822-1450.
Paul Jones Memorial
Reasonable Accommodations For
Post-Secondary Students With
learning Disabilities: Considering
Policy, Practice And Parameters.
Sally Scott. Virginia Dept. of Rehabilitative Services. Richmond. Virginia. Waterfront Hotel. Malispina
room, 10:30am-5pm. Registration
$65, pre-registration required. Call
Reinventing Fisheries Management. Kevern Cochrane. James
Kitchell, David Policansky,
Hannesson Rognvaldur, Keith
Sainsbury, Meryl Williams. Continues to Feb. 24. BioSciences
2000. 9am-5pm. $250. Registration at the symposium is possible.
Call 822-0618.
Thursday, Feb. 22
Genetics Graduate Program
Some Ethical And Social Aspects
Of Identifying Or Altering Human Genes. Patricia Baird, Dept.
of Medical Genetics. Wesbrook
201. 4:30pm. Refreshments. Call
Continuing Studies
Seminar Series
Introduction To Art Song: An
Around The Piano Musical Tour.
Until March 14 (4Thursdays). Rena
Sharon, MMus. Music, 113, 7:30-
9pm. $45, seniors $25. Call 822-
Green College Speaker Series
A Story OfThe Unimaginably Small
And The Incredibly Large. David
Schram, U of Chicago and NASA/
FERMILAB, Astrophysics Centre.
Green College recreation lounge,
8pm. There will be a reception at
9:30pm in Graham House. Call
Friday, Feb. 23
Reverse Cholesterol Transport: A
Target For Pharmacological Intervention. Haydn Pritchard. IRC#3.
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-4645.
Seminar, Slide Show
Thelon: A River Sanctuary. David
F. Pelly. northern journalist and
author. Grad. Student Ctr, Thea's,
2pm. Call 733-0203.
Saturday, Feb. 24
Vancouver Institute Lecture
One Culture: What Art And Science Have In Common (And How
They Differ). Roald Hoffmann, John
A. Newman Professor of Physical
Science, Cornell U. IRC#2.8:15pm.
Call 822-3131 during regular business hours.
Next calendar
Noon, Feb. 13
President David
Strangway is
pleased to
announce the
appointment of
the following
Wesbrook Society
Council members.
Founded in 1981, the Wesbrook Society helps the
University of British Columbia continue with the
proud tradition and commitment to excellence in
research and higher education.
The Wesbrook Society Council formalizes and
develops the demonstrated interest and involvement
ofthe community and business leaders with the
Dr. John Diggens, Chair
William Sander,
Chairman and CEiO
Saucier Industries Ltd.
Brenda McLean,
The Mclean Group
David Crombie,
Chairman and CLO
Ua\ rock Yellowknife
Resources Inc.
Martin Glynn,
Executive Vice-President
Hongkong Bank of Canada
Martin Zlotnik.
Zlotnik. Lamb ii Company
Library Workshops
UBC Library offers more than 100
workshops each term on how to
search UBCLIB, the Library's
online catalogue/information system and how to search electronic
periodical indexes and abstracts.
Call or visit individual branches
and divisions for course descriptions and schedules.
Badminton Drop-In
Faculty/Staff/Grad Students are
welcome at the Student Recreation Centre, Mondays, 6:30-8pm.
and Wednesdays. 6:45-8:15pm.
Bring vour library card. For cancellations call 822-6000. e-mail
Faculty, Staff and Grad Student
Volleyball Group. Every Monday
and Wednesday. Osborne Centre,
Gym A. 12:30-1:30pm. No fees.
Drop-ins and regular attendees
welcome for friendly competitive
games. Call 822-4479 or e-mail:
kdcs@unixg. ubc.ca.
Morris and Helen Belkin Art
Rodney Graham: also showing is
Robert Filliou: From Political to
Poetical Economy. To March 2.
Gallery hours are: Tuesday - Friday. 10am-5pm: and Saturday,
12-5pm. 1825 Main Mall. Call
Faculty Development
Would you like to talk with an
experienced faculty member, one
on one, about your teaching concerns? Call the Centre lor Faculty
Development and Instructional
Services at 822-0828 and ask for
the Teaching Support Group.
Fitness Appraisal
The John M. Buchanan Exercise
Science Laboratory is administering a comprehensive physiological assessment program to
students, staff, and the general
public. A complete fitness assessment with an interpretation
ofthe results takes approximately
one hour and encompasses detailed training prescription. $50
for students . $60 for all others.
Call 822-4356.
Camera Needed
Do you have an automatic camera that wants a new home? The
Women Students' Office needs
one (preferably with built-in Hash)
for recording on-campus events
and projects. If vou can help,
please call Dorothy at 822-2415.
Counselling Psychology
Are you a female Clerical Worker
experiencing work related stress?
Help us learn more about how
individuals cope with stress. Volunteer and participate in a 2
hour group discussion concerning stressful events related to
your job. Call Dr. Bonita Long.
UBC Department ol Counselling
Psychology at 822-9199.
. _ jcnonM* *
The President's Lectures
& Committee on Religion and Literature
Anglican Bishop, retired
Studying Islam (or other religions):
Retrospect and Prospects
Tuesday, February 13 at 2:30-4:30 PM
Free Seminar in Buchanan Penthouse
Islam Today: Prejudice and Hope
Wednesday, February 14 at 12:30 PM
Free Public Lecture in Buchanan A-205
The Religious Dimension to Conflict in the Middle
Wednesday, February 14 at 7:30-9:00 PM
Continuing Studies Lecture in Woodward IRC, Hall 1
$10 Non-refundable. Call 822-1450
The Meeting of Literary Minds:
Arabic and English Writing this Century
Thursday, February 15 at 5:30 PM
Green College Recreation Room 14 UBC Reports ■ February 8, 1996
News Digest
Faculty and graduate students from Canada's four western
provinces and the northwest United States will gather at UBC Feb.
22-24 to participate in the 18th annual winter workshop of the
Canada West Society for Reproductive Biology.
This year's workshop will focus on the latest research in embryo
production, implantation and early embryonic mortality.
"Learning how science can improve the reproduction potential of
farm animals may create an understanding of what applications are
possible in the human species, especially in overcoming infertility
problems," said Rajadurai Rajamahendran, a professor of Animal
Science and chair of the winter workshop program.
Western Washington University Prof. Raymond Wright, Jr. will
deliver the keynote address on in vivo and in vitro embryo production in cattle.
The two-day workshop is sponsored by the Dept. of Animal
Science in the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and will take place
in the Asian Centre on campus.
For more information, call 822-4784, fax 822-4400 or send e-
mail to raja@unlxg.ubc.ca.
Organizers of this year's campus Sexual Health Fair will focus on
healthy sex and sexy health to help students recognize that robust
sexuality goes beyond the act of sex, says Pearl Wierenga, UBC's
health education co-ordinator.
"We also want to provide students with information and raise
awareness of issues and aspects of sexual health such as HIV,
pregnancy, sexual assault, gender, decision-making and the connection between substance use and sexual behaviour."
On- and off-campus agencies will set up booths for the two-day
event which runs Feb. 15 and 16 in the south concourse of the
Student Union Building (SUB) from 10:30 a.m. to 2:30 p.m.
Sexpert Rhona Raskin, host ofthe radio program "Sex, Lies, Love
and Relationships," will be on hand Feb. 15 at 12:30 p.m. in the
SUB Conversation Pit to make a special presentation on sex in the
'90s and answer questions from the audience.
For more information, call 822-4858.
UBC's Greek fraternities and sororities will make a splash to
raise money for the Canadian National Institute for the Blind during
a swim meet Friday, Feb. 9 in the UBC Aquatic Centre.
Christie Dearbyshire. president of the UBC chapter of the Delta
Gamma sorority, said 120 participants will take part in a fun swim
meet from 9 p.m. to 11 p.m. Spectators are welcome.
Competitors will do battle during inner tube relay races, swim
fully clad and face a variety of other aquatic challenges. The
fraternities will wrap up the evening with a skit.
Delta Gamma has 138 chapters in North America and has been
organizing the swim meet to raise money for the blind for 15 years.
For further information call 263-4581.
The classified advertising rate is $15.75 for 35 words or less. Each additional word
is 50 cents. Rate includes GST. Ads must be submitted in writing 10 days before
publication date to the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil Green Park Road.
Vancouver B.C.. V6T 1Z1, accompanied by payment in cash, cheque (made out to UBC
Reports) or internal requisition. Advertising enquiries: 822-3131.
The deadline for the February 22, 1996 issue of UBC Reports is noon, February 13.
Allocation Service. Let me
remove the worry and hassle of
making your pension and RRSP
investment decisions! I use
sophisticated computersoftware
to analyse your investment
personality and retirement goals
to optimize your entire retirement
portfolio. Call Don Proteau,
B.Comm., R.F.P. at 687-7526 to
receive a free Asset Allocation
Kit. References available. RETIRE
TIAA-CREF    Members.    Arm
yourself with the information you
need to make the best
investment decision. Call Don
Proteau at 687-7526 and ask for
the Asset Allocation Kit.
Housing Wanted
(no children, no pets) desire
furnished 2-bedroom apartment
mid-August/96 to 30 May/97
(exact dates negotiable). Prefer
West End near Park or Kits. Please
call Howard Kushner at (619)594-
6258 or (619)286-3699; fax
(619)594-7976; e-mail
launch date Feb. 1/96. No
investment required. Phone 454-
Honda engineering makes
1996 the "Year ofthe Civic.'
Honda thinks safety—first and always. Which is why the new
Civic Sedan features sophisticated design techniques and safetv
features you'd only expect on more expensive cars,
such as;        • driver^ and front passenger's airbag (SRS)
• heavily reinforced body for extra protection from
full-frontal, offset-frontal & rollover impacts
• impact-absorbing front &r rear crumple zones
• easy-to-monitor dashboard design
• controls positioned within driver's line of sight
• improved head lamp efficiency
• large safely-glass windshield
• pre-wired for security system
To this improved level ot safety, the new Civic Sedan adds uncommon comfort anil drivabiluy—underlined by a ride
that's the quietest and smoothest ever,
thanks to:    • new fluid-filled engine mounts
• the latest sound-insulating materials
• unique new hollow steering column
• reduced noise, vibration and harshness
• unit-body construction for a rigid, rattle free body
• body design that minimizes wind noise
Automobile Magazine
of the Year"
January 1996
1996 Civic Sedans
from only
+ 750
(PDI & freight)
plus applicable taxes
Take the Civic Sedan test drive.
It costs nothing. It proves everything.
Built Without Compromise. * *-*U
RICHMOND 3 bedroom, 2 baths,
furn. condo, 20 min. to UBC, 7
appliances, insuite laundry, mtn
view, close to shopping, park,
theatres, pools, etc. Available
Apr-Aug/96, non-smokers, $ 1200/
mo. (604)231-0631.
accom. in Pt. Grey area. Minutes to
UBC. On main bus routes. Close to
shops and restaurants. Inc. TV, tea
and coffee making, private phone/
fridge. Weekly rates available. Tel:
222-3461. Fax:222-9279.
Five suites available for
academic visitors to UBC only.
Guests dine with residents and
enjoy college life. Daily rate $50,
plus $ 13/day for meals Sun.-Thurs.
Call 822-8660 for more
information and availability.
beautiful. Newly renovated.
Close to shopping and bus. Fully
furnished house. Lease till Aug.
extendable, immediate
available. No pets, no smoking.
Ideal for prof, family. Please
phone 224-3423.
Comfortable one bedroom
apartmentwithpatio.fully furnished
and closetoUBC. Available forthree
months or longerfrom mid-February.
Reasonable rent in return for taking
care of two affectionate cats.
Please call Thomson, 228-8825
Fully furnished, near UBC.
Delightful, bright and cosy, 2-
bedroom home with den, 2
bathrooms, garage and
pleasant garden. Renting from
May 1996. Short/longterm lease
to 2-3 people. Non-smoking, no
pets. $2500/month. References
required. Call (604) 733-7986.
perfect spot to reserve
accommodation for guest
lecturers or other university
members who visit throughout
the year. Close to UBC and other
Vancouver attractions, a tasteful
representation of our city and of
UBC. 4103 W. 10th Ave.,
Vancouver. BC. V6R2H2. Phone
or fax (604)222-4104.
Next ad deadline:
Noon, Feb. 13
/* Surplus Equipment
Recycling Facility
Wednesday Sales: noon - 5:00
Furniture/Computers/Scientific equipment etc.
Task Force Building
2352 Health Sciences Mall
Phone 822-2813 UBC Reports ■ February 8, 1996 15
T-bird notes
by Don Wells
Thunderbird Athletics
Ball team on
winner's streak
With the exception of the
University of Toronto, UBC
teams have won more national
championships than any other
Canadian university. Up until
Oct. 13 of last year, that
meant that there was almost
always at least one sports
reporter or TV camera on
campus chasing down a T-
Bird athlete or coach at any
given time. After all, with the
possible exception of tragedy
or scandal, nothing breeds
curiosity among sport scribes
more than success.
For some people, it appeared to be a dark and
stormy mid-autumn night
when the NBA roared into
town. The debut of the Vancouver Grizzlies on that eve
had many coaches, administrators and promoters of
amateur sport suddenly
knowing how neighborhood
retailers felt when Wal-mart
came to town. Others argued
that Arthur Griffiths and
company had successfully
orchestrated sport's answer to
the Berlin Philharmonic and
that the new franchise would
inspire greater enthusiasm for
basketball and that teams like
SFU and UBC would be
among the beneficiaries.
While the debate ensued.
Grizzlies administrators
worked feverishly behind the
scenes to not only get their
new expansion team off the
ground but also build the
world's largest and most
sophisticated bear's den, all
the while being careful not to
trample the delicate foliage
that was amateur sports.
There was no question within
the Orca Bay Sports and
Entertainment management
team that a mandate had to be
established that would call for
forging active partnerships in
the community they now
called home. The questions
were how and with whom?
In its capacity as the third
largest university in Canada,
the oldest in the province and
one with the aforementioned
record of athletic success, UBC
looked like an attractive partner.
Grizzlies Futures was officially
announced at a media conference in War Memorial Gym on
June 5. 1995. The plan resulted
in the establishment of a $2-
million endowment fund for
sport and education at this
Now back to the part about
how success breeds curiosity in
the news room. Although the
Grizzlies temporarily stole the
media spotlight away from the
sport venues of Point Grey, the
impressive winning streak and
current first-place status of the
Thunderbird men's basketball
team has brought it back. UBC
is again in the hunt for a
national title, one that has so
narrowly eluded it since 1972.
The T-Birds came close
three times in the decade
since head coach Bruce Enns
took over after 12 seasons at
the University of Winnipeg. In
1987, they ended the seven-
year national championship
D. Thomson photo
Brady Ibbetson (left) will be among the Thunderbirds
playing hard ball against arch-rivals the Victoria Vikes in
the last game of the regular season Feb. 17.
streak set by Victoria in an
electrifying best-of-three
conference championship series
before 3500 War Memorial Gym
fans and went all the way to the
national final only to lose by six
to the always-gritty Brandon
Bobcats. In 1991, they lost to
Acadia Axemen in the opener of
the CIAU Championships in
Halifax and then bowed out to
Brock Badgers in the national
semi-final the following year.
But the recent return of
television cameras, photographers and reporters to War
Memorial Gym has brought
back the same heady feeling
when J.D. Jackson, John
Mills and Ron Thorsen were
crashing the backboards for
UBC. The T-Birds can already
feel that cool late-winter breeze
coming in off the harbour in
Halifax, site of the CIAU Final
Eight March 15-17.
But there are yet able-bodied
and spirited competitors
standing in the way and, as
usual, among them are the
Victoria Vikes. But with the
Grizzlies promotional staff
working to assist UBC Athletics in marketing the final
regular season home game
against Victoria February 17,
Enns and his team can
hopefully look forward to the
help of a packed house when
the final die of the regular
season is cast.
If the T-Birds can keep the
pace they have set all season
long, the road to Halifax will
begin on Point Grey in the form
of home-court advantage
throughout the Canada West
play-offs. From there it will
hopefully travel from sea to
shining sea.
And somewhere in the
entourage will be UBC's partners
from the Vancouver Grizzlies,
banging the drum loudly.
Watch the Vancouver Grizzlies take on the Atlanta
Hawks, Friday, Feb. 16, then see the T-Birds battle their
B.C. rivals, the UVIC Vikings, on Saturday, Feb. 17!!!
Tickets to both games for less than the price of one!
Offer ends Feb. 15th so act fast.
Packages for $27.50 or $34.25,
GST included!!!
For tickets and info, call 899-HOOP,and ask for Karla
Orca Bay and UBC, Community Partners in Sport and Education
by staff writers
Brenda Eng, a UBC nursing alumna and founder of
Canuck Place, is B.C. Woman Magazine's B.C. Woman
of the Year.
Eng, who graduated with a BSN
from UBC in 1984, founded the
HUGS (Human Understanding,
Growth, and Sharing) Children's
Hospice Society in 1989 with UBC
School of Nursing Assoc. Prof. Betty
Davies and Lois Youngson, a longtime Canadian Cancer Society
A paediatric nurse, Eng also
works on the cancer ward at B.C.'s
Children's Hospital. She has a
master's degree and has received
numerous awards, including the
1995 Award of Excellence from the Association of Pediatric
Oncology Nurses.
Associate Dean of Law Robert Diebolt is among this
year's recipients ofthe title Queen's Counsel (QC).
Diebolt, a native of Vancouver and graduate of UBC's
Faculty of Law, earned his LLM from the London School of
Economics and Political Science.
He was first appointed to UBC as an assistant professor
in 1971, and worked in private practice from 1975 to 1977
before re-joining the university. His areas of research include
commercial law and secured transactions.
Consensus is reach by the attorney general, all levels of
the judiciary and the Law Society of B.C. (on behalf of the
legal profession), in recommending QC designations. The
appointments are made by the lieutenant-governor in
The honour, which began in Norman times when King
Stephen appointed the first K.C. in 1139 to represent him
before an ecclesiastical court, recognizes distinguished and
respected members of the bar who have contributed significantly to the legal profession.
Also appointed was Debra Browning, a past president of
the UBC Alumni Association.
Rabbi Kenneth Kaufman has been appointed to the
position of executive director of Vancouver Hillel
House, headquartered at UBC.
Kaufman, who attended Yeshiva University of Los Angeles,
the Hebrew Theological College of Illinois and seminaries in
Israel, received his rabbinical ordination in Jerusalem.
He has a secular education from California State University at Long Beach where he took a graduate program in
social work. Prior to joining Vancouver Hillel House,
Kaufman was a program director at Jewish Family Service in
Santa Monica, Calif.
Hillel House offers educational, cultural, recreational and
social programs to students, faculty and staff who are interested in Jewish tradition and serves UBC, Simon Fraser
University, Langara College, BCIT, Kwantlen College, Capilano
College and the Emily Carr College of Art and Design.
Jack Leigh has been appointed executive director.
Computing and Communications pro tern, for the
period Dec. 15, 1995 until Aug. 31, 1996.
Leigh will continue to hold his
position of director, University Computing Services, a position he has held
since 1986.
He is also chair of the board of
directors of the BCnet Networking
Society and a member of the board of
directors of CA*net Networking Inc.
Bernard Sheehan stepped down
last month as associate vice-president.
Computing and Communications to
become president of the new Technical
University of B.C., to be located in
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Heartbreak Hotel
Attaining the 'apex of joy' isn't always possible, say the Bulcrofts
by Connie Bagshaw
Staff writer
Fans ofthe 1950s television
series "The Honeymooners"
know that when volatile bus
driver Ralph Kramden repeatedly
promised his long-suffering wife Alice a
trip to the moon, he wasn't proposing
the celestial adventure suggested by
the title of the show.
But if he were, chances are the
Kramdens, like real couples today,
might have a hard time finding the
bliss and perfection that now defines
the modern-day honeymoon.
Since 1993, sociologist Kris Bulcroft,
a visiting Fulbright Scholar from
Western Washington University, and
her husband Richard Bulcroft. an
assistant professor of Family and
Nutritional Sciences at UBC. have been
studying how the North American
honeymoon is represented in culture
and the changes it has gone through
from the late 1800s to the present day.
Their research indicates that industrialization and modernization were
major influences in the evolution of the
Existing studies tell us that a
dominant force resulting from industrialization was the nuclear family, with
emphasis on the emotional content of
marital bonds, the Bulcrofts say.
With the progression to modernization came an increasing need to seek
fulfillment on a personal level within
the context of the marital relationship.
These factors, combined with several
others, have led to what the Bulcrofts
describe as a growing orchestration and
more complex scripting of honeymooning, putting couples' expectations of the
experience—and their potential for
disappointment and anxiety—over the
There is an increased perception of
higher risk in our relationships because
of modernization and the emphasis on
the individual," Kris Bulcroft explains.
"In response to that risk, we try to
plan out our relationships more and
the recent ability to mass produce
romantic fantasies helps people feel
that they can control the honeymoon.
But what we're finding is a new risk—
that we can't meet the expectations
created by notions that the honeymoon
can be perfect.
"Because of the high levels of
cultural scripting, couples today can
gloss over what the honeymoon was
really like and claim the ultimate
emotional experience, what the Ladies'
Home Journal called the apex of joy'
back in 1961. It's the first time we see
Martin Dee photo imaging
Kris and Richard Bulcrofts research indicates that couples may push their
relationship to the background in hopes of experiencing the perfect honeymoon.
documented evidence that the honeymoon was to be a pinnacle experience,
which coincides with the movement
toward the bride-centred honeymoon in
the 1950s."
A survey of articles in popular press
magazines dating from 1880 to 1995
has provided most of the data used by
the research team which includes art
history professor and UBC alumna
Linda Smeins from Western Washington University and UBC graduate
student Helen Cranage.
Although the origin of the
honeymoon isn't known, their
study suggests that the elite
bridal tour of the 1800s, where couples
spent one or two months on the
continent, is the grandmother of the
modern honeymoon.
Newlywed couples of more modest
means also began taking honeymoons
around this time, albeit more individualized, spontaneous experiences than
"Couples often went camping or
duck hunting which reflects the fact
that, at the turn of the century, men
were more involved in planning the
honeymoon than women, often linking
honeymoon trips to business, perhaps
looking for work. Women's roles were to
adjust to men and domesticity," Kris
But a new image of women and their
role began to emerge as they entered
the labour force in large volume during
the '40s and '50s.
'There was increased pressure to marry
at earlier ages after WWII and women
were expected to modify their wartime
employment levels and care for their husbands' emotional needs. Increased
feminization of the honeymoon, making
it the bride's event, soon followed," Richard says.
Honeymoon-related data in
the popular press at this
time reinforced the image of
women as emotional gatekeepers in
relationships, a role they still relegate
to women with no trend toward equality emerging, he adds.
"Even today, articles in brides'
magazines feature tips on how to
prepare your groom for the wedding
and honeymoon. He's something you
bring along. It seems that this is a
cultural standard that has evolved and
shaped our expectations."
The Bulcrofts also found that the
1950s ushered in experts whose
marketing pitches were made to
women, now the recognized consumers
of family products.
It helps explain why, in the '50s.
there was a shift from spending honeymoons in rural settings to more exotic
locales, a change which brought more
planning and scripting eagerly provided
by the wedding experts.
In the course of their research, the
Bulcrofts have discovered several
ironies involved in the exotic honey
moon, still hailed as the ultimate
experience by the wedding industry.
"Rich, diverse pre-marital relationships sometimes leave people struggling with how to make marriage
significant." Kris says. "Honeymooning
in an exotic locale is one way to give it
authenticity. But in an attempt to
make their marriage distinct and
unique from the live-in relationship
through the honeymoon, and to get
away from it all, they take trips that
are all carefully planned and less
The Bulcrofts also find satire in
advertisements for exotic honeymoon
destinations that promise to Hood the
senses with the primitive and provide
escape, a theme which their study
indicates became very prevalent in the
'80s and continues to dominate the '90s.
One of their favourite ads
depicts a couple in a canoe
winding down a jungle river
drinking chilled champagne served by
a waiter wearing white gloves.
"Our notion of the exotic is a
social fabrication, culturally scripted
and conveyed," Richard says. "But,
it's appealing because it's promoted
as a return to a more primitive,
authentic setting and an escape from
industrialization and modernization,
even though certain elements of
civilization and luxury are still part
of the picture. The unbridled emotional experience people crave occurs
all within the boundaries of what is
The researchers find that what
couples are escaping from becomes
questionable in the late 1980s with the
introduction of the all-inclusive honeymoon package touting a multitude of
activities as its key selling point.
"In the beginning, at least the
emphasis was on couple-oriented
activities, but the '90s have given us
all-inclusive packages featuring group
activities, including stress management
seminars." Kris said. "Itineraries are so
highly detailed that newlyweds don't
even have to talk to each other."
As for the Bulcrofts. who married 15
years ago, they never had a wedding
trip. But two years ago, while in
Zanzibar where Richard worked on a
Fulbright scholarship and Kris prepared a prospectus for their yet-to-be-
published book. The Heart Shaped Tub.
it struck them both that they were on
the perfect honeymoon.
There were no phones or fax machines. They were the onlv ones to put
their footprints on the beach. There
was total privacy and isolation.
And no waiters wearing white gloves
serving chilled champagne.


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