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UBC Reports Aug 12, 1993

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 THE  UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH  COLUMBIA
UBCREPORTS
Volume 39, Number 13
August 12, 1993
Budget
trimmed
by 2.7 %
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
The elimination of nearly 100 staff and
faculty positions and a freeze on salaries
of senior administrators are some of the
steps that have been taken to balance
UBC's 1993/94 operating budget.
The $327,840,000 budget, approved
by the Board of Governors at their July
meeting, trims $6.9 million from the
university's expenditures. This represents
an overall cut of 2.7 per cent.
Also eliminated is an accumulated
deficit that in the past two years ranged
from $1.3 to $2.1 million.
Bruce Gellatly, vice-president of
Finance and Administration, said
unavoidable cost increases, particularly
in salaries and benefits, forced the
university to cut positions. As well, the
provincial operating grant, UBC's major
source of funding, was not increased
from last year and remains at $265 million.
Almost all units on campus were asked
to cut their budgets, with administrative
units taking proportionally larger cuts.
Gellatly added that UBC has managed
to keep administrative costs among the
lowest in Canada, with central
administration remaining at less than
five per cent of the general purpose
operating budget.
Much of the cost-cutting was done by
eliminating 86 staff positions, mainly by
attrition rather than layoffs.
Rising salaries, wages and benefits
have a dramatic impact on UBC's budget
because they account for 83 per cent of
expenditures. The total cost of salary and
benefit increases for 1993-94, including
pay equity, is more than $9 million. Many
ofthe benefit increases are mandated.
The current agreement with the two
CUPE locals, negotiated in 1992, calls for
a three per cent wage hike this year
exclusive of pay equity commitments.
Non-union technicians, research
assistants and excluded staff will also
receive a three per cent increase.
Gellatly said the university has also
made provision for three per cent salary
increases for members of the Faculty
Association and management and
professional staff.
If outstanding salary settlements prove
to be higher than this, he said, further
budget cuts will be required.
Meanwhile, salaries for the president
and vice-presidents will be frozen, as will
those for all non-academic administrators
earning more than $100,000. Stipends
for all academic administrators will also
be frozen.
See BUDGET Page 2
NRC talks continue
As of presstime, talks were continuing
between the university and the provincial
government on the future of the National
Research Council's Institute for
Machinery Research, the $12 million
building proposed for the south campus.
The provincial cabinet refused to
approve siting of the project after
environmentalists complained that it
would require removal of a stand of trees.
Recording History
Anthropology student Priya Helweg examines Sto:lo baskets at the Museum of Anthropology. This summer, the
Dept. of Anthropology and Sociology and the museum established an ethnographic field school near Sardis at the
request of the Sto:lo Tribal Council. Asst. Prof. Bruce Miller and Assoc. Prof. Julia Cruickshank worked with the
council to develop projects which were carried out by graduate students Helweg, Brian Thom, Deborah Tuyttens,
Pauline Joly de Lotbiniere and Beth Hise. Helweg recorded oral histories with women artists.
Network head
feels funding
still secure
by Charles Ker
Staff writer
The scientific director of one of three
national Networks of Centres of
Excellence on campus is confident
Canada's premiere scientific program
will not lose half its funding.
Earlier this month the federal
government announced financial
support for the Networks of Centres of
Excellence Program would be reduced
to $125 million over the next four
years. The program received $240
million in the first four years.
Bob Hancock, a UBC professor of
microbiology and director ofthe Canadian
Bacterial Diseases Network, said the
cutback does not make sense given that
an all-party committee this year
recommended the program be funded at
or higher than the previous level.
However, Hancock is optimistic the
government announcement will be
overturned following a peer-review of
the program scheduled in November
and December.
"When it comes down to the nitty-
gritty and they look at the quality ofthe
networks, there will be compelling
reasons to fund a lot more than $125
million worth," Hancock said.
The program links researchers from
industry, government and universities
who are working on related topics. The
two other national centres at UBC
focus on genetic diseases and protein
engineering.
Arthur Hara elected chair
of UBC Board of Governors
Arthur Hara, chair of Mitsubishi
Canada Ltd., has been elected chair of
UBC's Board of Governors.
A distinguished Canadian, Hara is past
chair ofthe Vancouver Board of Trade, a
former  director  on  the   Council   on
Canadian Unity    	
and current
chair of the Asia
Pacific
Foundation of
Canada.
In 1985, he
was awarded the
Order of Canada.
He received an
Honorary Doctor
of Laws degree
from UBC in
1990.
Hara takes over from UBC Chancellor
Robert Lee who assumed the chair's
Hara
position following the resignation of Ken
Bagshaw in May.
"Arthur Hara has been a valued
member of the board for many years,"
said UBC President David Strangway.
"His experience, thoughtfulness and
genuine concern for this university make
him perfectly suited for the post."
Hara said he will continue to work
toward fulfilling the university's mission
statement, particularly with regard to
making UBC an internationally renowned
institution of higher education and
research.
Hara's term ends on Dec. 16, his sixth
anniversary as a board member, at which
time he becomes ineligible for reappointment. The University Act
stipulates that board members can serve
a maximum of six consecutive years.
Hara's election was ratified by the board
on July 22.
Inside
In the Swim
Turlough O'Hare sets a World University Games record
Safety Net 8_
Forum:  Countering some myths about our social welfare system
Earth-Shaking 11^
A Commerce prof, puts a price tag on the Big One
Art Speak 12^
Profile:  Ken Lum's language paintings helped launch his career 2 UBC Reports • August 12,1993
Letters
Library report
is worthy of a
second look
Editor:
Certain information in the
article "Questions and Answers
on the UBC Library
Acquisitions Crisis" (UBC
Reports, June 17 1993)
requires a second look. I refer
specifically to the answer to
Question 2 and to (erroneously
captioned) Graph 2 which
purport to show that in the
period fiscal 1976-77 to 1990-
91 acquisitions expenditures,
when measured in constant
(1992) dollars, were
approximately 23 per cent
higher in 1992 than they were
in 1973, and exceeded their
1973 level in all years except
1974 and 1975.  If this is an
accurate picture of reality,
then there is scarcely a basis
for talk about an acquisitions
"crisis" at the Library; and we
must conclude the Library has
fared well in relation to
faculties and other parts of the
University that have been
unable to maintain functions
and their level of spending in
real terms.
Unfortunately, this
surprising and happy
statistical finding is not
independent of the choice of
price index or deflator used to
convert acquisitions -
expenditures to constant-
dollars figures.
Although the reader is not
told, I am informed that the
Canadian Consumer Price
Index was used as the deflator.
A recent Mellon Foundation
study ("University Libraries
and Scholarly
Communication," November
1992) reminds us ofthe
"irrelevance" of the CPI as a
measure of price changes
affecting library expenditures.
While a composite index of
book and periodical prices is
difficult to construct, and will
never reflect sensitively the
price increases faced by a
particular library purchasing a
particular mix of books and
periodicals, the Mellon
publication as well as the
supplement to "Questions and
Answers" (available at the
Library on request) contain
sufficient data on book and
periodical prices over the
relevant period to give a good
idea of the magnitude of the
price increases experienced by
major research libraries.
For example, the average
price of hardbound books
purchased by US research
libraries increased by 255 per
cent between 1973 and 1990,
while sample periodical prices,
for various fields, increased as
follows: Business/Economics
416 per cent; Chemistry/
Physics 629 per cent;
Remembering
the Armoury
Editor:
Your feature in the July
issue of UBC Reports
respecting the imminent
demise of the Armoury recalled
a somewhat touching and
historical event that occurred
during the 1948 graduation
ceremonies.
The 1948 graduation
ceremonies took place, I
believe, on or about May 16th,
just three years, give or take a
few days, from the end of the
European War and was the
first large graduating class of
veterans.
The Armoury was packed
with grads and their families
which included a large
contingent of wives and
children, a somewhat out-of-
the-ordinary audience.
About halfway through the
afternoon's proceedings as one
grad stepped forward to be
admitted by the chancellor, a
clear small voice called out
from the balcony, 'That's my
Daddy." A hush fell over the
hall and Norman MacKenzie,
the president, took the
opportunity to make a few
impromptu remarks about the
large number of veterans who
had tested the capacity of the
university but had achieved an
enviable record in their studies.
I was one of the grads in the
crowd and this event has left a
lasting impression on me since
it did pay tribute to the hard
Engineering 494 per cent;
History 297 per cent; Law 282
per cent; Literature/Language
276 per cent; Medicine 549 per
cent; and Psychology 441 per
cent.
The unweighted average
price increase for all
periodicals for the period 1973
to 1990 was 494 per cent.
Assuming a hardbound book/
periodical split of 35/65,
which approximates the
division of the acquisitions
budget at the UBC Library, it
is not difficult to see roughly
the extent to which libraries'
purchasing power has been
eroded. And these data, it
should be noted, reflect US
prices; they do not take into
account variations in the
Canadian dollar, which fell
approximately 14 per cent over
the period covered.
The Council of Ontario
Universities has constructed a
composite price index for
books and periodicals
applicable to library
acquisitions at Ontario
universities for the years 1977-
78 to 1990-91. This index,
which was known to the
compilers of "Questions and
Answers," attempts to pick up
the kind of price increases
referred to above — unlike the
CPI which has no scholarly
books or periodicals in its
composition. The COU index
increased nearly 320 per cent
over this 13 year period,
work and diligence shown by
veterans, many of whom
experienced great anguish
returning to or beginning
studies after the heady and
harrowing experiences of battle
and world wide travel. (I know.)
I was retelling this story to a
Rotary friend one day and he
said "I was that father, and the
little child was my daughter."
I realize this is just one of
the thousands of stories about
the Armoury but is one story
that highlights the
opportunities UBC provided to
veterans and the part these
mature students would later
play in the development of
Canada.
E.D. (Ted) McRae
BA, BSW ('48), MBA ('71)
Budget
Continued from Page 1
Apart from salaries, other cost
increases include rises in utility
rates, expenses involved in
operating new space and
regulatory and legislated cost
increases such as pensions for
part-time employees and higher
unemployment insurance,
medical and dental premiums.
There is some bright news in
the budget, however. The hiring
freeze introduced in February
has been lifted and some units
have received budget increases.
The library acquisition budget
for the purchases of new
materials is up by $367,000, an
increase of 5.69 per cent. The
library is also receiving onetime funding of $150,000 for an
automation project.
Student aid is getting a
$600,000 boost, the university
graduate fellowship fund is up
by $177,000, with a similar
amount added to the teaching
assistant base, and tuition
surcharges are providing hikes
for the teaching and learning
enhancement fund and the
student aid fund. As well, $ 1.22
million in academic commitments
and priorities made in 1992-93 are
being funded.
Tuition fees are set to rise 9.7
per cent next term, as approved
by the board earlier this year.
President David Strangway
said the province's universities have
experienced the greatest decline In
funding of any area of the public
sector over the last decade.
Funding for hospitals has
increased by 40 per cent in per
unit grants over the last 10 years
and public schools are up by 20
percent, while college funding
decreased by 15 per cent and
university funding declined by
30 per cent.
Strangway pointed out that
the recent health care sector
settlement reduces service levels,
but not funding, resulting in a
further decrease in productivity.
Meanwhile, universities have greatly
increased their productivity over
the past decade,  serving more
students with less provincial
funding per student.
To help the university respond
to the budget situation, the Dept.
of Human Resources is
developing a re-positioning
strategy to provide options for
university staff who wish to
consider alternative employment
possibilities, including job
sharing, reduced work load or
early retirement.
"We expect that this year's
grim financial situation will
improve in 1994-95," Strangway
said. "We are looking for a grant
increase so that we can cover the
cost of inflation without having
to reduce our services to students
and the people of B.C. We are
also looking for an enrolment
growth fund to meet the needs of
the province.
"We also expect that the
remaining incremental pay
equity commitment of $1.5
million will be honoured and we
expect that any new policies
imposed on us by legislation will
receive offsetting grants," he said.
compared to an increase of
233 per cent in the CPI. The
accompanying graph shows
Vice-president Srivastava's
data on actual acquisitions
expenditures for this shorter
time period, adjusted to
constant dollars by using both
the COU index and the CPI
(here referred to as the KDS
deflator). The convention is
followed of using the first year
as the base period for
converting to constant dollars.
on library acquisitions when
calculated by the KDS method
used in "Questions and
Answers." As shown, these
constant-dollar figures suggest
that over the period 1977-78 to
1990-91 the purchasing power
of the Library's acquisitions
budget did not decline, and in
fact was slightly higher at the
end of the period than at the
beginning. This is a
conclusion, I submit, that does
not square with reality; nor is
Library Acquisitions Expenditures
1977-78 to 1990-91
(0
c
J    5
C
•2   3
(0
'5
<
Actual Dollars
Constant (1977) dollars
(C.O.U. deflator)
77/78
79/80
81/82
83/84
85/86
87/88
89/90
What this graph shows is
that acquisitions expenditures
when deflated by the more
appropriate COU index
remained consistently below
their 1977-78 level throughout
the period covered by the
graph. They reached their
lowest point in 1984-85, when
their purchasing power fell to
only 62 per cent of what it had
been at the beginning of the
period, but began to increase
gradually after 1984-85 to the
point where, in 1990-91, they
represented 74 per cent of
their 1977-78 level.  These
data are in fairly sharp
contrast to the behaviour of
constant-dollar expenditures
its furtherance conducive to
continued efforts to improve
our Library.
Recognition that price
increases for books and
periodicals have outstripped
price increases in general, and
other items in the University's
budget, also has important
implications for the meaning of
Graphs 4b, 4c and 4d,
showing the relation between
Library acquisitions
expenditures and general
purpose operating funds over
time.
Robert M. Will
Professor
Dept. of Economics
Berkowitz & Associates
Statistics and Mathematics Consulting
■ research design ■ data analysis
• sampling • forecasting
Jonathan Berkowitz, Ph.D
4160 Staulo Crescent, Vancouver, B.C., V6N 3S2
Office: (604) 263-1508
Home: (604) 263-5394
-4
UBCREPORTS
UBC Reports is published twice monthly (monthly in
December, June, July and August) for the entire
university community by the UBC Community
Relations Office, 207-6328 Memorial Rd., Vancouver
B.CV6T1Z2.
Managing Editor: Steve Crombie
Editor: Paula Martin
Production: Stephen Forgoes
Contributors: Connie Filletti, Abe Hefter, Charles Ker,
Gavin Wilson
Editorial and advertising enquiries: 822-3131 (phone)
822-2684 (fax).
UBC Reports welcomes the submission of letters and
opinion pieces, Opinions and advertising published in
UBC Reports do not necessarily reflect official
university policy.
Material may be reprinted in whole or in part with
appropriate credit to UBC Reports. UBC Reports • August 12,1993 3
Deal paves way in
job category dispute
by Connie Filletti
Staff writer
UBC and CUPE local 2950 have
established a process for arbitrating
conflicts arising from the university's job
posting and classification systems.
The agreement follows an ongoing
dispute initiated by the union local in
1990 which challenges UBC's
classification of up to 230 administrative
positions between Jan. 1, 1990 and July
14, 1993.
The agreement allows for the
examination of the positions retroactive
to 1990, which the union feels were
inappropriately classified, and for the
resolution of future disputes.
"Under the terms of the letter of
agreement signed on July 6, 1993,
classification disputes will now be dealt
with in a prompt and economical manner,"
said Frank Eastham, associate vice-
president, Human Resources.
"This is a welcome result that allows
for both reconciliation of past differences
between the parties, and an expeditious
and reasonable process that will aid us in
dealing with current and future
classification issues."
CUPE 2950 now must provide UBC
with written notice of any position the
union local feels has been improperly
posted or classified within 10 days ofthe
university's actions.
If the parties, who are responsible for
meeting within five days of the written
notice, are unable to reach an agreement,
the dispute will be immediately referred
to a job assignment umpire.
The umpire is required to hear the
case, render a binding decision and
determine details for implementing the
settlement within five days.
If the specified time limits are not met
at any point in the process by CUPE 2950
or the job assignment umpire, UBC retains
the right to proceed with its original action,
subject to the umpire's decision at a later
date.
The agreement also recognizes the
Association of Administrative and
Professional Staff (AAPS) as a participant
in the process, which may make
submissions on behalf of an employee at
that employee's request.
Offbeat
by staff writers
Since 1988, UBC's ubiquitous mascot
— the blue, white and gold T-Bird —
has been entertaining varsity sports
fans and campus visitors alike with fun-
loving hi] inks.
But five years of constant cartwheels,
poses, hoists, falls and folly have taken
their toll on the giant woolly costume.
Frayed eyes, a too-tweaked beak, stains,
rips and wrinkles necessitated the
commissioning of a new comical cloak.
However, staff at the School and College
Liaison Office had a nasty surprise when
the 1993 T-Bird arrived on their doorstep.
"It looked too much like a duck," said
liaison officer Blair Grabinsky, who
planned to use the T-Bird during campus
orientation sessions for new students Aug.
5 to Sept. 3.
Grabinsky said the remodelled T-Bird
will undergo a nose job to make its new
beak look less like a bill. T-Bird
Don Wells, the university's sports
information officer, had his own concerns about the new design: "UBC
Thunderducks just doesn't carry the right message."
• • • •
And the award goes to... UBC grads! Yes, graduates ofthe university's
Dept. of Theatre and Film hit the jackpot this year earning top honours
in the movie-making industry.
At the Academy Awards, David Valdes took the podium to receive the
Oscar for Best Picture. He produced Clint Eastwood's winning entry, The
Unforgiven, a blockbuster which swept the annual awards.
Meanwhile, on Broadway, Brent Carver won the Tony for best actor in a
musical for his lead performance in Kiss of the Spider Woman.
Not a bad haul!
Meanwhile, the story which became the Oscar-nominated film Raise the
Red Lantern has been translated into English along with two other novellas
by Chinese author Su Tong. This is Su's first book published in English, with
translation by Michael Duke, head ofthe Dept. of Asian Studies.
We all saw the photos of U.S. President Bill
Clinton running on the Stanley Park
seawall wearing a UBC sweatshirt. But
did you know that his Russian counterpart was
also fitted with a souvenir garment?
President Boris Yeltsin was presented with a
bright red UBC Engineers jacket, complete with
Lady Godiva crest, during the historic summit
held at Norman MacKenzie House in April.
Many visiting dignitaries have received
engineering jackets over the years, including
royalty. Prince Charles has one.
Yeltsin tried the jacket on, but didn't take it
home with him. For some reason, the Russians
were very uneasy about accepting gifts. But there
might be another reason. Red isn't a very popular •        Yeltsin
colour in Russia these days.
.iz-zMit'Mz-zKi j
Spell-Binding
MOA photo
Actors with the Chinese Cultural Centre Theatre Company rehearse a scene
from PAN, a dark drama which will be presented at the Museum of
Anthropology Aug. 27, 28 and 29. The company, Vancouver's only Chinese-
Canadian theatre troupe, was created by UBC Fine Arts graduate Kevin Ma
in 1991.  For tickets call 822-5087.
"Open, fair" workplace
promised in agreement
by Connie Filletti
Staff writer
The UBC Faculty Association has voted
to approve amendments to the agreements
that outline the legal relationship between
the university and faculty.
"The openess and fairness inherent in
the new agreements should mean that
relatively few disputes will go to
arbitration, making for a happier and
more democratic workplace," said William
Bruneau, president of the Faculty
Association.
Highlights ofthe amendments include:
• extension of scope of bargaining
for sessional lecturers and bargaining
rights for part-time faculty who are at
least 50 per cent time
• possibility of negotiating rules for
early termination agreements
• removal of unanimity requirement
in salary arbitration
• access to arbitration to resolve
grievances, especially concerning reappointments, tenure and promotion
• flexible pre-tenure period up to
seven years
• fairer definition of procedures
leading to the promotion and or tenure
decision
• suspension, dismissal and
disciplinary measures subject to
arbitration
Salary and grievance procedures
limiting bargaining rights for sessional
lecturers, as well as decisions regarding
re-appointment, tenure and promotion,
were the association's main concerns with
the existing agreements, Bruneau said.
He cited the greater efficiency,
streamlining and logical progression of
the methods established to deal with
these issues as the major strengths ofthe
amended agreements, particularly in the
area of salary arbitration.
Dr. William Webber, associate vice-
president. Academic, said university
negotiators were delighted to have the
agreement completed and ratified.
"We were particularly pleased at the
increased flexibility ofthe pre-tenure period
which will clearly benefit both faculty
members and the university," said Webber.
Bruneau declined to state what
percentage of the association's
membership voted in favour of the
amendments, but said that "a
considerable majority" of the 2.050
members approved the proposed changes
in a vote taken on June 30.
The framework agreement for collective
bargaining and the agreement on
conditions of appointment had been under
formal negotiation since 1990.
Talks between the negotiators for the
association and the university were
deferred for several months while a report
commissioned by the Canadian
Association of University Teachers to
study the terms and conditions of
employment. including appeal
procedures, was prepared at the request
of the association.
The agreements were ratified by UBC's
Board ofGovernors at its July 22 meeting.
Spencer returns as registrar
for second five-year term
by Connie Filletti
Stcgfwriter
Richard Spencer has been appointed
by UBC's Board ofGovernors to a second
five-year term as registrar.
As registrar, Spencer acts as the
secretary to Senate and the faculties, and
is an ex-officio member of all Senate
committees.
Spencer, 53, received his
undergraduate and graduate training at
the University of Auckland, New Zealand.
He joined UBC in 1968 as an assistant
professor in the Dept. of Civil Engineering
and was first appointed registrar in 1988.
His memberships include the Canadian
Society of Civil Engineers, the Association
of Registrars of the Universities and
Colleges of Canada and the American
Association of
Collegiate Registrars
and Admissions
Officers.
He currently
serves as chair of
UBC's Student
Exchange Program
Advisory Committee
and the Student
Information
Systems Advisory
Committee.
Spencer is also actively involved in the
President's Advisory Committee on
Teaching Space, the President's Advisory
Committee on Space Allocation, and the
Enrolment Management Steering
Committee of the Ministry of Advanced
Education, Training and Technology.
Spencer 4 UBC Reports • August 12, 1993
Abe Hefter-photo
Sisters Megan (left) and Paige Gordon brought home a total of three medals
from the World University Games in Buffalo, New York.
UBC swimmer sets World
University Games record
by Abe Hefter
Staff writer
A World University Games record by
swimmer Turlough O'Hare highlighted
performances posted by UBC athletes
at last month's games in Buffalo, New
York.
O'Hare combined a record-setting
performance in the 800-metre freestyle
with a first-place finish in the 400-metre
freestyle to come away with two gold
medals.
He also won a bronze medal in the 200-
metre freestyle.
Paige Gordon captured two silver
medals: one in the three-metre diving
competition, the other as a result of a
second-place finish in the team diving
competition. Her sister, Megan, was also
part of the silver medal-winning team.
Rower Michelle Brindamour came
home with a silver medal as a result of a
second-place finish in the lightweight
twos.
Shawn Walsh and Jack Walkey were
part ofthe bronze medal-winning eights
in rowing, while Jeff Hilton won a bronze
medal for his performance in the double
sculls.
A total of 17 athletes, three coaches
and one staff member from UBC joined
Bob Philip, director of Athletics and Sport
Services and president of the Canadian
Interuniversity Athletic Union, in Buffalo
for the games.
More than 5,000 athletes from 106
countries participated.
Canadian athletes came away with 40
medals, including 12 gold, 14 silver and
14 bronze.
Meanwhile, Graeme Fell's gold-medal
performance in the 3,000-metre
steeplechase led the contingent of UBC
athletes at the Canadian Track and Field
Championships July 31 -Aug. 1 at Town
Centre Stadium in Coquitlam.
Zeba Crook won the bronze in the
same event.
Allan Klassen took the silver in the
1,500 metres while Jeff Schiebler won the
bronze in the 5,000 metres.
Prof, teaches skills in Costa Rica
by Abe Hefter
Staff writer
What does a remote community in
southwest Costa Rica have in common
with a typical logging town in the British
Columbia interior?
Thanks to the efforts of Forestry
Associate Prof. Andrew Howard, the World
Wildlife Fund (WWF) and a Costa Rican
conservation group, quite a bit.
Howard has returned to UBC from the
tropical rain forests of Corcovado National
Park, where the conservation group is
helping a small community of about 250
people move from cattle raising to a
forestry-based economy.
The community is located in a buffer
zone that was established to protect the
park. However, Howard explained, the
residents were simply cutting down most
ofthe trees in the area without any regard
to the park, and using the land to raise
cattle for food and cash.
"These people didn't know where the
park boundary was and they didn't care,"
said Howard. "They were doing what they
knew best to survive."
The WWF, which had established the
national park, set up a portable sawmill
in the community and set out to organize
local residents to help them manage the
land co-operatively. That's where Howard
came in. In August of 1991, while on a
one-year sabbatical leave, he was brought
in to help the residents understand that
managing the land co-operatively meant
more than just chopping down trees.
"The establishment of the sawmill
created an immediate impact. What we
had was a microcosm of a typical town in
the B.C. Interior. People were hired to
staff the sawmill, other people were
needed to turn the lumber into furniture,
and the people in the area purchased the
finished product.
"Myjob was to determine if the forested
lands in the community, which cover
1,200 hectares, could sustain the
sawmill's production."
Howard said the residents appreciated
his efforts and were anxious to learn
more about managing the land on a
sustained basis. He quickly learned to
appreciate the human aspect of life in this
tiny community and became one of the focal
points in the area for several reasons:
• he worked hard at communicating
with residents in Spanish, even though
he knew very little going into the job;
• he helped in the education process
that the residents had to go through to
grasp the fundamentals of land
management, and;
• he had a car.
"My car quickly turned into a bus and
I ended up transporting both people and
equipment throughout the area. It
certainly helped get the job done."
Through his research, Howard
determined that annual cuttings are
sufficient to supply the sawmill for the
next 20 years. However, more aggressive
reforestation activities are needed to keep
the project going on a long-term basis.
"These are the recommendations I've
made to the WWF," said Howard.
"Implementation is still probably a few
years away, but until then, the residents
can continue to learn more about logging
practices and the operation of the
sawmill."
People
by staff writers
Jo-ann Archibald has been named the new director of the First Nations
House of Learning effective July 1. Appointed for a
five-year term, she takes over from founding director
Verna Kirkness.
Since 1981, Archibald has been a lecturer, instructor
and supervisor in the Native Indian Teacher Education
Program (NITEP), as well as an advisor in the Ts"kel
Graduate Program. She holds a BEd from UBC. a Master
of Education and is presently completing her dissertation
for a PhD.
Archibald's experience with First Nations communities
and issues also extends beyond the university to the
provincial and national levels.
UBC hopes to achieve an enrolment of 1,000 First
Nations students within the decade, four times the
current population.
Archibald
T
he UBC Alumni Association recently announced its board of directors for
1993-94.
The association's new president is James Stich (BSc '71, DMD '75).
This post is automatically filled by the senior vice-
president Elected by acclamation to that post this year
was Debra Browning, LLB '80. The past-president is
Martin Glynn BA, MBA '76.
Dickson Wong BCom '88, was elected treasurer by
acclamation.
Members-at-large elected for a two-year term are:
Beryl March BA '42, MSA '62 DSc (Hon) '88; Tricia
Smith BA '80, LLB '85; and Grace Wong, BEd '74, MBA
'83.
They will join sitting members-at-large Pamela
Friedrich BA '67; Gary Moore, BCom '76, MBA '82; and
Stich Louanne Twaites, BSc (Pharm) '53.
Landscape Architecture Assistant Prof. Patrick
Mooney has won a 1993 Canadian Society of
Landscape Architects Research Citation for
Research for his work demonstrating the therapeutic
effects of gardens for Alzheimer's patients.
Mooney was co-author of a study which showed care
home residents with Alzheimer's and other dementias
were less frustrated and violent if given regular access to
gardens designed with their needs in mind.
Barr
Mooney
Associate Prof. Susan Barr of the School of Family and Nutritional
Sciences has been honoured with an award of achievement at the
Canadian Dietetic Association's annual conference.
The award, sponsored by Nestle Foodservice,
recognizes outstanding contribution to the advancement
of dietetics.
Barr was director of continuing education in nutrition
and dietetics at UBC from 1986 to 1992, at which time
she administered a semi-annual audio conference series
which provided a sound nutrition base for members of
the British Columbia Dietitians and Nutritionists
Association.
During her academic career, she has championed the
value and need for life-long learning in nutrition.
Barr is a fellow of the Canadian Dietetic Association,
which represents more than 5,100 registered dietitians
across Canada. This year, she was awarded a university
teaching prize by the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences for excellence in
teaching.
Veronica Strong-Boag. director of the Centre for
Research in Women's Studies and Gender
Relations, has been installed as president of the
Canadian Historical Association (CHA).
Strong-Boag. a professor of social and educational
studies in the Faculty of Education, joined UBC in 1990.
In 1988. she received the CHA's John A. Macdonald
Prize for the best book in Canadian history, for her study
of the lives of girls and women in English Canada
between 1919 and 1939.
Kenneth Baimbridge has been appointed to a five- ong"  <>ag
year term as head of the Dept. of Physiology effective May 1.
Baimbridge received his BSc and PhD degrees from the University of
Southampton, England before joining UBC in 1977 to pursue postdoctoral
studies.
He is active in UBC's interdisciplinary neuroscience graduate program and
currently serves as treasurer for the Canadian Physiological Society and as a
member of the B.C. Health Research Foundation basic sciences committee.
The major focus of his research has been the physiological and
pathophysiological action of calcium in neurons. Calendar
UBC Reports ■ August 12,1993 5
August 15 through September 4
Notices
Infant Language Research
Have you ever wondered how
infants learn language? Help us
find out! If your child is between
one and 14 months of age and
you would like him/her to
participate in our infant language
acquisition studies, please call
Dr. Janet Werker's lab at 822-
6408 (ask for Carmen or Diane).
Centre for Faculty
Development
August 30-September 1
inclusive. Instructional skills
workshop for graduate teaching
assistants. Adult Education
Research Centre from 8:30am to
4:30pm.  Call 822-9149/9164.
School and College Liaison
Office
Get a head start at UBC.
Participate in Orientation '93 and
prepare yourself for the
challenges and excitement of
UBC. All first year students,
their parents and transfer
students are invited to attend.
Registration required. Call 822-
2790.
Campus Tours
School and College Liaison
tours provide prospective UBC
students with an overview of
campus activities/ faculties/
services. Every Friday at 9:30am.
Reservations required one week
in advance.  Call 822-4319.
UBC Bookstore
Winter hours in effect August
16 are as follows:
Mon., Wed., Fri., 8:30am-
5pm; Wed., 8:30am-8:30pm;
Sat., 9:30am-5pm. Call 822-
2665.
Rhodes Scholarship
Applicants 1994
Application forms available
from the UBC Awards Office.
Candidates must be Canadian
citizens and born between Oct. 2/
69-Oct. 1/75; be unmarried; and
except for medical students, be
recipients of an undergrad degree.
Deadline, Oct. 22/93. Call Awards
Office at 822-5111.
Professional Development
For Language Teachers
Continuing Studies' English
Language Institute offers practical
workshops for teachers in:
Intercultural Learning,
Pronunciation, Field Trips,
Reading Comprehension, Writing/
Classroom Management. Courses
in progress.   Call 222-5208.
International Reachout
Program
Student volunteers write letters
to students intending to attend
UBC, explaining life at UBC and in
Canada, to ease the apprehension
of international students. For
information go to International
House or call 822-5021.
Continuing Studies
Reading Writing/Study Skills
Centre
Courses beginning in July
include Basic Skills, Impromptu
Speaking, Study Skills, Reading
for Speed/Comprehension,
Grammar, Composition and
Writing Improvement. Call 222-
5245.
Language Programs /Services
Spanish, Japanese, Mandarin
and Cantonese - Aug. 3-20. Call
222-5227.
Women Students' Office
Advocacy/personal counselling
services available. Call 822-2415.
Fine Arts Gallery
Tues.-Fri.   from   10am-5pm.
Saturdays     12-5pm. Free
admission.    Main Library.    Call
822-2759.
IJBC REPORTSl
fo
Ol
12
3£
wl
CALENDAR DI
Material for the Calendar
rms available from the UBC
Sfice, 207-6328 Memorial Roe
22. Phone: 822-3131. Fax: 822
j words may be edited.
Deadline for the September 2
hieh covers the period Septa
is noon, August 24.
SADLINES
must be submitted on
) Community Relations
td, Vancouver, B.C. V6T
-2684. Notices exceeding
. issue of UBC Reports —
nber 5 to September 18
Psychology Research Study
Seeking participants for a one-
hour study involving the detection
of deception in pain manifestation
in illness behaviour. Honorarium
$10. Approx. one-hour appt. Call
822-5280.
Behavioural Study
Parents of children between 5-
12 years of age are needed for
project studying parent-child
relationships. Involved are mailed
questionnaires about family
interactions. Contact Wendy at
822-9037.
Study on Sexual Functioning
in Women
If you are a heterosexual female,
over 21 years of age, currently
requiring insulin treatment for
diabetes mellitus, call 822-2998.
Honorarium.
G.F. Strong Rehab Centre
Research
Volunteers wanted for study:
Reaction Time To Visual Cues.
Male and female ages 18-80
required. A one-time only visit of
30 minutes. Corrective lenses are
OK. Call Desiree for appt. times
and location at 734-1313.
Sexual Harassment Office
Advisors are available to discuss
questions or concerns and are
prepared to help any member of
the UBC community who is being
sexually harassed find a
satisfactory resolution. Call
Margaretha Hoek at 822-6353.
Clinical Research Support
Group
Faculty   of  Medicine   data
analysts   supporting   clinical
research. To arrange aconsultation,
call Laura Slaney 822-4530.
Bone Building Study
10-11 year old females required
for study on changes in bone during
growth. Participation includes
monitoring ofbone density, nutrition
and growth. Call 822-6766.
Stress Study
Seeking volunteers from the
UBC management/professional
staff who feel they cope with stress
quite well or not well at all for
participation in a two-hour group
interview. Call Bonita Long at
822-4756/Sharon Kahn at 822-
5454.
UBC Hearing Access Project
Free hearing assessments/help
in dealing with effects of hearing
loss on communication. Open to
all UBC students, staff and faculty.
Audiology/Speech Sciences. Call
822-5798.
High Blood Pressure Clinic
Adult volunteers needed to
participate in drug treatment
studies. Call Dr. J. Wright in
Medicine at 822-7134/RN Marion
Barker at 822-7192.
Volunteer Opportunity
University Hospital, UBC Site,
invites friendly help to join the
Volunteer Services group to staff
the gift shop, visit patients and
participants in other programs.
Call Dianne at 822-7384.
Statistical Consulting/
Research Laboratory
SCARL is operated by the
Department of Statistics to
provide statistical advice to
faculty/graduate students
working on research problems.
Call 822-4037.
Surplus Equipment
Recycling Facility (SERF)
Disposal of all surplus items.
Every Wednesday. 12-5pm. Task
Force Bldg., 2352 Health Sciences
Mall. Call Vince at 822-2582/
Rich at 822-2813.
Introductory Main Garden
Tours
Every Wednesday/Saturday
now through to September 25 at
1 pm at the entrance to Botanical
Garden. Admission cost includes
tour.   Call 822-4208.
Nitobe Garden
More beautiful than ever after
recent renovations. Summer
hours 10am-6pm daily. Call 822-
4208.
Miscellany
Thursday, August 19
MOST Workshop
Presenting A Professional
Image. Joan Harvey, Executive
Programs, Commerce. Grad
Centre Patio Room from 9am-
12pm. UBC employees only; fee
$25.  Call 822-9644.
Wednesday, August 25
MOST Workshop
Disability Awareness. Henry
Angus 109 from 9am-12pm. UBC
employees only.   Call 822-9644.
Friday, August 27
Museum Of Anthropology
Cultural Event
Pan: Judgement. The Chinese
Cultural Centre Theatre Company.
MOA Great Hall at 8pm through to
Aug. 29. Adults $8; members/
students/seniors $6. Call 822-
5087.
Tuesday, August 31
Computer-Aided Design
Workshop
Continuing Education one-day
workshop consists of lectures,
software demonstrations and
hands-on project. Faculty and
staff, School of Architecture.
Repeats on Sept. 2. Apple Design/
Modelling Centre, West Mall
Annex 110A from 8:30am-5pm.
Call 822-3347.
Sunday, September 12
Shrum Bowl XVII - Football
Game
UBC vs SFU. Swangard
Stadium, Burnaby at 1:30pm.
Tickets are available at the AMS
SUB Ticket Office or call 822-
2531/24 hour Thunderbird
Varsity Sports Line at 222-BIRD.
Lectures
Friday, August 20
Pulp And Paper Centre
DOW Distinguished Lecturer:
Hydrodynamic Forces On A
Slender Particle Translating
Through A Fluid At Intermediate
Reynolds Number. Prof. Raymond
G. Cox, Civil Engineering/Applied
Mechanics, McGill U. Pulp/Paper
Centre 101 at 11am.   Call 822-
8563.
Applied Mathematics
Colloquium
Numerical Methods For Bloch-
Poisson Type Equations. Dr.
Norbert Mauser, Technical U. of
Berlin. Mathematics 229 at
10am.  Call 822-4584.
UBC heads national MS study
by Connie Filletti
Staff writer
UBC will be the co-ordinating
centre for a landmark Canadian
research initiative investigating
the genetic cause of multiple
sclerosis (MS).
Fourteen MS clinics from
across Canada will participate
in the three-year, $2.2-million
study involving more than
20,000 MS patients who are
registered with the centres.
MS is a chronic disease of the
central nervous system which
affects about one in every 1,000
Canadians.   Usually  striking
between the ages of 20 and 40, it
is the most common disease of
the central nervous system of
young adults in Canada.
Symptoms may include
weakness and fatigue, speech
and vision problems, numbness,
loss of balance and co-ordination
and paralysis.
Dr. Dessa Sadovnick,
principal investigator ofthe study
and an assistant professor in
UBC's Dept. of Medical Genetics,
will supervise the research.
"It is our hope that the study
will enable us to clarify the exact
role of genes in the susceptibility
to MS and therefore, help us to
treat and perhaps even prevent
this debilitating, common,
complex disorder. The
implications of this work to
families could be enormous."
Sadovnick, who joined UBC
in 1981, established the
prototype for the collection of
genetic information about MS
cases at the university's MS
clinic. The database now has
information on more than 3,000
MS patients and their relatives.
Funding for the study is being
provided by the Multiple Sclerosis
Scientific Research Foundation,
an affiliate of the Multiple
Sclerosis Society of Canada.
Correction
We reported in the July 15 issue of UBC Reports that
University Prof. Charles McDowell has been appointed a member
of the Order of Canada.
He has in fact been appointed to the higher rank of officer of
the Order of Canada.
tt
k
\ < <
X
psrmcipacTion. 6 UBC Reports • August 12, 1993
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH  COLUMBIA
UBC GAZETTE
BOARD OF GOVERNORS' MEETING
JULY 22, 1993
FINANCE
Appropriations at March 31, 1993
The University maintains a general
purpose operating budget program which,
subject to annual approval of the Board
of Governors, allows faculties and
operating areas aggregated at the
appropriate vice-presidential level, to
carry forward unexpended funds into the
subsequent fiscal year up to a maximum
of 5% of the budget allocation for the
current year.
The Board approved appropriations
totaling $3,870,667 for the year ended
March 31, 1993.
Financial Statements at March 31, 1993
The Board approved the Financial
Statements forthe fiscal year ended March
31, 1993.
The statements have been issued in
compliance with C.I.C.A. (Canadian
Institute of Chartered Accountants)
standards relative to accruals that allows
the Auditor General to give an unqualified
opinion on the statements.
POLICIES
The Board approved the following policies,
and the President's procedures for
implementation and administration of
the policies were noted.
(1) Entertainment
(2) Research
(3) Patents & Licensing
(4) Travel and Related Expenses
Child Care Services Rate Changes and
Budget 1993-94
That, subject to the proviso that the new
rates will take effect on August 1, 1993,
and not June 1, 1993,
1.        The rates conditionally approved
at the March 1993 meeting of the Board
are re-confirmed, and the budget for 1993-
94 is approved.
2. The University, through the general
purpose operating fund and support of
the Department of Housing continue to
support the office of Coordinator Child
Care Services at an appropriate level.
3. Over the three years 1993-96, the
Child Care Services will receive an
additional operational subsidy of
$140,000 in the first year, $70,000 in the
second year and $35,000 in the third
year. The Child Care Services, over the
next three years, should set its rates at a
level such that it recovers all its operating
costs. The shortfalls would be the
responsibility of the Department of
Housing and Conference Services.
4. The Coordinator of Child Care
Services will continue to work with the
parent groups to seek ways of reducing
the operational costs.
5. That the progress of the
approximately 57% of students with
children in day care who require financial
assistance through the Awards and
Financial Aid office be monitored; and
that a report be made to the Board of
Governors at its meeting scheduled for
September 16, 1993.
PROPERTY
Minor Capital Budget
The Minor Capital Budget recurs yearly
and is apportioned on the basis of requests
from departments or interest areas as
endorsed by Deans and confirmed by
Vice-Presidents.
The Board of Governors approved the
1993/94 Minor Capital Budget totaling
S $15,060,900.
Deferred Maintenance Budget
The Deferred Maintenance Budget totaling
$6,252,800 was approved.
Naming of Buildings
As recommended by the Committee on
the Naming of Buildings,  the  Board
concurred that the Faculty Apartments II
on Osoyoos Crescent be called:
Point Grey Apartments
Spirit Park Apartments
The Board noted that the following
campus facilities had been named as
indicated in accordance with the policy
approved by the Board of Governors on
March 2, 1989, giving the President the
authority to name campus facilities in
honour of donors for the duration of the
fund-raising campaign.
New Library Centre—"Walter C. Koerner
Library"
School of Social Work—"Jack Bell Building
for the School of Social Work"
Naming    within    the    David    Lam
Management Research Centre—
Level 1
Peter Lusztig Tower
Edgar F. Kaiser Forum
Royal Trust Seminar Room
Lily and Robert H. Lee Seminar Room
Canaccord Capital and Peter M. Brown
Conference Room
Level 2
David Lam Management Research Library
Chevron Canada Study Room
MacMillan Bloedel Research and Seminar
Rooms
Level 3
Geoffrey and Sandra Lau Study Area
Level 4
Sydney Leong Conference Centre
OTHER MATTERS
The Board has reappointed Dr. Richard
A. Spencer as University Registrar for a
second, and final, five-year term ending
June 30, 1998. Dr. Spencer's
reappointment was unanimously
recommended by the Advisory Committee
for the Reappointment of the University
Registrar which was established by
President David W. Strangway in March,
1993. The Advisory Committee was
broadly based, and solicited input and
comments from the campus community
in a variety of ways.
Aquatic Centre Management
Committee Appointments
The following were appointed as university
representatives for the Aquatic Centre
Management Committee for the periods
indicated:
Dr. James F.  Richards—For the third
year of a three-year term to March 31,
1994
Dr. Charles E. Slonecker—Forthe second
year of a three-year term to March 31,
1995
Ms. Leanne Jacobs—For the first year of
a three-year term to March 31, 1996
Board Standing Committee on
Occupational Health, Safety and the
Environment
The Board approved the establishment of
a Board Standing Committee on
Occupational Health, Safety and the
Environment.
Staff Pension Plan
The Board approved amendments to the
Staff Pension Plan primarily to comply
with Income Tax regulations that have
been released by Revenue Canada.
In addition, a number of "housekeeping"
amendments were made. The most
notable are:
1. Name of Plan—changed to "The
University of British Columbia Staff
Pension Plan" from The University of
British Columbia Pension Plan for
members of the employed staff.
2. Related Employers—to legitimize
the current participation of employees of
other employers such as TRIUMF and
union employees.
3. Reciprocal Agreements—
authorizes the University to enter into
reciprocal agreements with other plans.
Children's Services Employees Union
The Board approved the agreement
reached between the University and The
Children's Services Employees' Union.
The Board ofGovernors at its meeting
ofJulg 22, 1993 approved the following
recommendations and received notice
about about the following items.
Peter  Frost,  Associate  Dean,  Faculty of
Commerce & Business Administration, July 1,
1993 to June 30, 1994.
Catherine Vertesi, Assistant Dean, Faculty of
Commerce & Business Administration, July 1,
1993 to June 30, 1994.
Donald Wehrung, Associate Dean, Faculty of
Commerce & Business Administration, July 1,
1993 to June 30, 1994.
Grace Wong,  Assistant Dean,  Faculty of
Commerce & Business Administration, July 1.
1993 to June 30, 1994.
John McLean, Associate Dean,  Faculty of
Forestry, July 1, 1993 to June 30, 1994.
Phil Bryden, Associate Dean, Faculty of Law,
July 1, 1993 to June 30, 1994.
William   E.   Rees,   Director,   School   of
Community & Regional Planning, January 1.
1994 to June 30, 1999.
Bruce McManus, Head, Department of
Pathology, July 1, 1993 to June 30, 1998, and
Professor, July 1, 1993 without term.
Ronald Foreman, Acting Head. Department
of Botany, May 1, 1993 to June 30. 1994.
Susan Kleffer, Head, Department of Geological
Sciences, August 1, 1993 to June 30, 1998.
and Professor, August 1, 1993 without term.
George Wagner, Assistant Professor, School
of Architectrue, July 1, 1993 to June 30, 1994.
Jim Mehaffey, Associate Professor,
Department of Chemical Engineering, May 1.
1993 to June 30, 1996.
Donald William Gillies, Assistant Professor,
Electrical Engineering, July 1, 1993 to June
30, 1994.
Joy Louise Johnson. Assistant Professor,
School of Nursing, July 1, 1993 to June 30,
1995.
Coenraad   Pinkse.  Assistant  Professor.
Department of Economics, July  1.  1993 to
June 30, 1995.
Craig Somerville, Assistant Professor, Faculty
of Commerce  &  Business Administration.
January 1, 1994 to June 30, 1996.
Robert Walker,  Professor,  Department of
Visual & Performing Arts in Education, July 1.
1993 without term.
Judith Mosoff. Assistant Professor, Faculty of
Law, July 1, 1993 to June 30, 1995.
Bruce Carleton, Assistant Professor, Faculty
of Pharmaceutical Sciences. January 1. 1994
to June 30, 1996.
Donna Shultz, Instructor I, Writing Centre,
July 1, 1993 to June 30, 1994.
RESIGNATIONS
The Board accepted the following resignations.
Peter Jones, Associate Professor, School of
Family & Nutritional Sciences, March31, 1993.
Sheldon Cherry,  Professor,  Department of
Civil Engineering. June 29, 1993.
John Lund. Professor, Department of Metals
& Materials Engineering, June 29. 1993.
John   Stager.   Professor,   Department  of
Geography, June 29, 1993.
Nancy E. Ryan, Assistant Professor, Faculty
of Commerce & Business Administration, June
30, 1993.
Penelope   Leggott,  Associate   Professor,
Department of Clinical Dental Sciences, June
30, 1993.
Hannah   Polowy,   Assistant   Professor,
Department  of Educational  Psychology &
Special Education, June 29, 1993.
Tom   Schroeder.   Associate   Professor,
Department   of  Mathematics   &   Science
Education. August 31, 1993.
PROMOTIONS
To Professor
Applied Science
Bruce Bowen. Chemical Engineering
C.J. Lim, Chemical Engineering
Alan Russell. Civil Engineering
Rabab Ward, Electrical Engineering
Arts
Lynn Alden, Psychology
Brian Elliott, Anthrology & Sociology
Neil Guppy, Anthropology & Sociology
Richard Hodgson. French
Ashok Kotwal. Economics
Jesse Read. Music
Angela Redish, Economics
Jerry Wasserman. English
Earl Winkler. Philosophy
Commerce
Derk Atkins
Anthony Boardman
Espen Eckbo
Maurice Queyranne
Dentistry
V. Veli-Jukka Uitto, Oral Biology
Education
Hillel Goelman. Language Education
Sharon Kahn, Counselling Psychology
Marvin Westwood, Counselling Psychology
Doug Willms. Social & Educational Studies
Richard Young, Counselling Psychology
Graduate Studies
Michael  Seelig.   Community  &  Regional
Planning
Medicine
Gary Brayer, Biochemistry
Alison Buchan. Physiology
James Carter, Paediatrics
Joanne Emerman, Anatomy
Alexander Ferguson. Paediatrics
Sheila Innis, Paediatrics
Gillian Lockitch. Pathology
Rick Mathias. Health Care & Epidemiology
David Stringer. Radiology (with grant tenure)
Steven Vincent, Psychiatry
Joanne Weinberg, Anatomy
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Kathleen MacLeod
Science
Harry Joe, Statistics
John MacDonald, Mathematics
Paul Smith, Geological Sciences
George Spiegelman. Microbiology
Nathan Weiss. Physics
To Associate Professor
Agricultural Sciences
David Kitts. Food Science (with tenure)
Patrick Mooney. Plant Science
Applied Science
Sonia Acorn. Nursing (with tenure)
David   Dreisinger,   Metals   &   Materials
Engineering (with tenure) UBC Reports ■ August 12,1993 7
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH  COLUMBIA
UBC GAZETTE
W.G. Dunford, Electrical Engineering
Gloria Joachim. Nursing
Samir Kallel.  Electrical Engineering (with
tenure)
Judith Lynam, Nursing
Arts
Dawn Currie, Anthropology & Sociology (with
tenure)
Anita Delongis. Psychology (with tenure)
Christopher Gallagher. Theatre & Film (with
tenure)
Harjot Oberoi. Asian Studies (with tenure)
David Pokotylo, Anthropology & Sociology
Katherine Rankin. Psychology (with tenure)
Paul Yachnin, English (with tenure)
Commerce
Hong Chen (with tenure)
Thomas McCormack (with tenure)
Education
Moira Luke. Human Kinetics
David Sanderson. Human Kinetics
Forestry
Stavros  Avramidis.   Harvesting  &  Wood
Science
Robert Guy, Forest Sciences (with tenure)
Peter Marshall. Forest Resources Management
John Nelson,  Harvesting & Wood Science
(with tenure)
Medicine
Roger Brownsey, Biochemistry
Ian Clark-Lewis. Medicine (with grant tenure)
Duncan    Farquharson,    Obstetrics    &
Gynaecology
Frank Jirik, Biomedical Research Centre (with
grant tenure)
Susan Kennedy. Medicine (with grant tenure)
Raymond Lam. Psychiatry (with grant tenure)
Mark Meloche, Surgery (with tenure)
Graydon  Meneilly,   Medicine  (with  grant
tenure)
Julio Montaner. Medicine (with grant tenure)
Steven Pelech, Medicine (with grant tenure)
Peter Reiner. Psychiatry (with grant tenure)
Elke Roland. Paediatrics (with grant tenure)
Nicholas Swindale, Ophthalmology (with grant
tenure)
Glenn Taylor, Pathology
Keith Walley, Medicine (with grant tenure)
Pearce Wilcox, Medicine (with grant tenure)
Douglas Wilson, Medical Genetics
Hermann Ziltener.  Pathology  (with  grant
tenure)
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Wendy Duncan-Hewitt
Science
Richard Froese. Mathematics (with tenure)
William Hsieh. Oceanography/Physics
Rosemary Knight. Geological Sciences (with
tenure)
James Little. Computer Science (with tenure)
Jian Liu, Statistics (with tenure)
Gerald  Neufeld,   Computer Science  (with
tenure)
David Poole, Computer Science (with tenure)
Christopher Waltham. Physics (with tenure)
Ruben Zamar. Statistics
TO ASSISTANT PROFESSOR
Arts
Lilita Rodman, English
TENURE
The following faculty members were granted
appointments without term.
Agricultural Sciences
David  Kitts,  Food  Science  (as Associate
Professor)
Applied Science
Sonia Acorn, Nursing (as Associate Professor)
David   Dreisinger.   Metals   &   Materials
Engineering (as Associate Professor)
Samir  Kallel.   Electrical  Engineering  (as
Associate Professor)
Arts
Jo-Shui Chen, Asian Studies)
Dawn Currie, Anthropology & Sociology (as
Associate Professor)
Julia Cruikshank. Anthropology & Sociology
Anita Delongis.   Psychology  (as Associate
Professor)
David Edgington. Geography
Christopher Gallagher. Theatre & Film (as
Associate Professor)
William McKellin, Anthropology & Sociology
Harjot Oberoi, Asian Studies (as Associate
Professor)
John O'Brien, Fine Arts
Christine   Parkin.   English   (as   Senior
Instructor)
Katherine Rankin. Psychology (as Associate
Professor)
Maureen Ryan, Fine Arts
Sharon Singer, Social Work
Mary Sue Stephenson, Library, Archival and
Information Studies (as Senior Instructor)
John Wright, Theatre & Film
Paul Yachnin, English (as \ssociate Professor)
Commerce
Thomas McCormack (as Associate Professor)
Hong Chen (as Associate Professor)
Carson Woo
Education
Jo-ann  Archibald,  Social  &  Educational
Studies (as Senior Instructor)
Mary Bryson,  Educational  Psychology &
Special Education
Kit  Grauer,  Visual  &  Performing Arts in
Education (as Senior Instructor)
Forest Sciences
Christopher Chanway, Forest Sciences
Robert Guy, Forest Sciences (as Associate
Professor)
John Nelson, Harvesting & Wood Science (as
Associate Professor)
Medicine
Christine Carpenter, Rehabilitation Medicine
(as Senior instructor)
Ian Clark-Lewis, Medicine (grant, as Associate
Professor)
Isobel Dyck, Rehabilitation Medicine
Gary Grams, Family Practice
Frank Jirik,  Biomedical  Research  Centre
(grant, as Associate Professor)
Arminee Kazanjian (grant)
Steven Kehl. Physiology (grant)
Susan Kennedy, Medicine (grant, as Associate
Professor)
Raymond Lam, Psychiatry (grant, as Associate
Professor)
Mark Meloche. Surgery (as Associate Professor)
Graydon  Meneilly,   Medicine   (grant,   as
Associate Professor)
Julio Montaner, Medicine (grant, as Associate
Professor)
Steven Pelech, Medicine (grant, as Associate
Professor)
Terence Phang, Surgery (grant)
Darlene Reid, Rehabilitation Medicine
Peter Reiner, Psychiatry (grant, as Associate
Professor
Elke Roland, Paediatrics (grant, as Associate
Professor)
Christopher Shaw. Ophthalmology (grant)
Chris Shackleton. Surgery (grant)
David Stringer, Radiology (grant, as Professor)
Valerie White,  Pathology (grant, joint with
Ophthalmology)
Nicholas Swindale. Ophthalmology (grant, as
Associate Professor)
Bruce Tiberiis,  Biochemistry & Molecular
Biology (as Senior Instructor)
Keith Walley. Medicine (grant, as Associate
Professor)
Pearce Wilcox, Medicine (grant, as Associate
Professor)
Hermann  Ziltener,   Pathology  (grant,  as
Associate Professor)
Pharmaceutical Sciences
David Hill
Science
Carol Borden, Botany (as Senior Instructor)
Terry Crawford, Botany/Zoology (as Senior
Instructor)
Loida  Escote-Carolson.   Biotechnology
Laboratory (as Senior Instructor)
Richard Froese. Mathematics (as Associate
Professor)
Michael Hawkes, Botany (as Senior Instructor)
Robert Kiefl, Physics
Rosemary Knight, Geological Sciences (as
Associate Professor)
James Little, Computer Science (as Associate
Professor)
Jian Liu, Statistics (as Associate Professor)
Sandra Millen. Botany (as Senior Instructor)
Gerald   Neufeld,   Computer  Science   (as
Associate Professor)
Sophia  Nussbaum,  Chemistry  (as  Senior
Instructor)
Carol Pollock, Zoology (as Senior Instructor)
David Poole, Computer Science (as Associate
Professor)
Ellen Rosenberg, Botany & Zoology (as Senior
Instructor)
Elizabeth  Vizsolyi,   Zoology   (as  Senior
Instructor)
Alan Wagner, Computer Science
Christopher Waltham, Physics (as Associate
Professor)
LEAVES OF ABSENCE
Study Leaves
Agricultural Sciences
Judith Myers, July 1, 1993 to June 30, 1994
(Joint with Zoology)
Applied Science
Gregory Lawrence. Civil Engineering. January
1, 1994 to December 31, 1994
Yoginder Vaid. Civil Engineering, September
1, 1993 to August 31, 1994.
Joan Anderson. Nursing, September 1, 1993
to August 31, 1994.
Elizabeth Davies, Nursing, July 1, 1993 to
June 30, 1994.
Louise Tenn, Nursing, September 1, 1993 to
August 31. 1994.
Arts
Braxton Alfred. Anthropology & Sociology,
September 1, 1993 toAugust 31, 1994.
Linda Svendsen. CreativeWriting, July 1, 1993
to June 30, 1994.
Bryan Wade, Creative Writing, January  1,
1994 to June 30. 1994.
John Helliwell, Economics, July 1, 1993 to
June 30, 1994.
Roger Seamon. English, September 1. 1993
toAugust 31. 1994 (change from July 1, 1993
to June 30, 1994)
Serge Guilbaut, Fine Arts. January 1, 1994 to
June 30, 1994
Judy Williams. Fine Arts, July 1,  1993 to
June 30, 1994
Geraldine Pratt. Geography, July 1, 1993 to
June 30, 1994
Stefania Ciccone. Hispanic & Italian Studies,
July 1. 1993 to December 31. 1993
Arsenio Pacheco-Ransanz. Hispanic & Italian
Studies, January 1, 1994 to June 30, 1994
John  Conway,   History,  July   1,   1993  to
December 31, 1993
Paul Krause. History, July 1, 1993 to June30,
1994
Robert McDonald. History, July 1, 1993 to
June 30, 1994
James Dybikowski, Philosophy, January 1,
1994 to June 30. 1994
Robert Jackson. Political Science, September
1, 1993 to June 30, 1994
Lynn Alden, Psychology, January 1, 1994 to
June 30, 1994
John Sawyer, Music. January 1, 1994 to June
30, 1994
Commerce & Business Administration
James Forbes, January 1, 1994 to December
31. 1994
Robert Goldstein, July 1, 1993 to June 30.
1994
Vasanttilak Naik, July 1, 1993 to December
31, 1993
S. Thomas McCormick, July 1, 1993 to June
30, 1994
Raman Uppal, July 1, 1993 to December 31,
1993
Education
Marshall Arlin, Educational Psychology and
Special Education. January 1, 1994 to June
30, 1994
Lee Gunderson, Language Education, January
1, 1994 to June 30, 1994 (change from July 1,
1994 to December 31, 1994)
Edward Rhodes, Human Kinetics, January 1,
1994 to June 30. 1994
David Sanderson. Human Kinetics. July 1,
1993 to December 31, 1993
Leroi Daniels, Social & Educational Studies,
January 1, 1993 to June 30, 1993
Forestry
David Haley. Forest Resources Management,
January 1, 1994 to December 31, 1994
Graduate Studies
Charles Laszlo. Clinical Engineering,
September 1, 1993 to August 31, 1994 (joint
with Electrical Engineering)
I^aw
Jerome Atrens. July 1. 1993toJune30, 1994
John Hogarth, July 1, 1993 to June 30, 1994
Joseph Weiler, July 1. 1993 to December 31,
1993
Medicine
Ann Rose, Medical Genetics. July 1. 1993 to
December 31, 1993
Jean Shapiro, Medicine, July 1, 1993 to June
30, 1994
Josef Skala, Paediatrics, September 1. 1993
toAugust 31, 1994
David Godin, Pharmacology & Therapeutics,
September 1, 1993 to August 31, 1994
Science
A.D.M. Glass. Botany. September 1, 1993 to
August 31, 1994
Raymond Andersen. Chemistry. January 1,
1994 to June 30, 1994 (joint with Oceanography
Gregory Fahlman, Geophysics & Astronomy,
July 1, 1993 to June 30, 1994
Tadeusz Ulrych, Geophysics & Astronomy,
January 1, 1994 to June 30. 1994
Robert Anderson. Mathematics, September
1, 1993 to August 31, 1994
Lon Rosen. Mathematics. July  1,   1993 to
June 30. 1994
Harry Joe, Statistics, January  1,   1994 to
June 30, 1994
Other Leaves
Arts
Kenneth Hendricks. Economics, July 1, 1993
to December 31, 1993
James Nason, Economics, July 1.  1993 to
June 30, 1994
Jeff Wall. Fine Arts, January 1, 1994 to June
30, 1994
Paule McNicoll, Social Work, July 1, 1993 to
December 31, 1993
Commerce & Business Administration
Iain Cockburn July 1. 1993 to December 31,
1993
Vojislav Maksimovic. July 1. 1993 to June
30, 1994
David Tse, July 1, 1993 to June 30. 1994
Forestry
Peter Dooling, May 1.  1993 to August 31,
1993
Law
Robert Grant. July 1, 1993 to June 30. 1994
James Maclntyre. July 1, 1993 to June 30,
1994
Science
Kanti Patel, Botany, January 1, 1994 to April
30, 1994
Yoshikata Koga. Chemistry. September  1,
1993 to June 30, 1994
Priscilla Greenwood. Mathematics. July 1,
1993 to December 31. 1993
Jian Liu. Statistics, July 1, 1993 to June 30.
1994
Vice President. Student & Academic Services
Joseph Jones. Library, July 1, 1993 to June
30, 1994
Administrative Leaves
Applied Science
A.L. Mular, Metals & Materials Engineering,
July 1. 1993 to June 30, 1994
Education
Ron MacGregor, Visual & Performing Arts in
Education, July 1, 1993 to June 30, 1994
Forestry
Antal Kozak, Forest Resources Management,
July 1, 1993 to December 31, 1993
Graduate Studies
Brian   Seymour,   Institute   of  Applied
Mathematics, July 1. 1993 to June 30, 1994
Medicine
David Lirenman. Paediatrics. September 1,
1993 to August 31. 1994
Science
Paul LeBlond. Oceanography. January 1. 1994
to June 30. 1994
^
I'BC HOMECOMING 8 UBC Reports • August 12, 1993
Forum
Seven myths about
Canada's social
programs
by John A. Crane
John Crane is a Professor Emeritus
in the School of Social Work. His studg
is funded bg Health and Welfare
Canada.
Will Rogers once said: "It's not the
things we don't know that hurt us,
but the things we know that aren't
so."
Findings from my current project
on the public's views of directions for
social provision in Canada cast doubt
on much of the conventional wisdom
on this topic with which we are
barraged by media.
My project is the first in a
proposed series of regional studies in
Canada, to be followed by a national
study, on the public's views of
directions for social welfare provision.
It is a consultation, primarily by
means of in-depth interviews, with
samples of household heads
randomly selected in Vancouver and
Abbotsford and members of
organizations involved with social
programs, both for and against.
Two hundred and ten respondents
took part in the study. Findings deal
with the meaning of social services to
the respondents, their support for the
'welfare state', and directions in
which they want to take social
welfare in Canada.
Based on my data, the following
appear to be examples of things we
know that aren't so:
1. There are large savings to be
had bg "targeting" social programs for
the poor, for whom the programs are
intended.
Data: 98 per cent of my
sample, presented with a standard
list of 32 social programs, reported
using at least one of them during the
previous 12 months. Half the sample
reported using between two and six
of the programs. Seventy-seven per
cent of the sample rated the impact
on their lives of one or more of these
encounters as major. It is clear that
the social programs play a major role
in the lives of the whole population,
not just the 'needy'. Targeting
services to 'those who really need
them' is an illusion.
2. Canadians are angrg at the
government and want to cut back on
its social poUcg commitments.
Data:        Strong majorities favour
government continuing its
commitment to such goals as
redistributing wealth, ensuring that
the population is housed, and
providing social services.
3. There is a widespread anti-
welfare backlash in the population.
Data:        Only six per cent of
respondents said they are opposed
to welfare, but there is evidence of
serious concern about weak
administration, from both friends
and opponents of welfare.
4. The baby boomer generation
had better provide for its own
retirement, as Canada Pension Plan
will have gone broke before this
generation reaches retirement age.
Data:        A small minority of
baby boomers have ample
retirement portfolios. However, the
large majority have slim retirement
packages and aren't in a financial
position to upgrade. To advise these
people to provide for their own
retirements is unrealistic.
5. Public support for the
comprehensive social programs put
into place after the Second World
War has seriously declined.
Data:        Strong majorities
favour a comprehensive list of
social   programs. Only tax shelters
for business investment are
opposed.
6. The public is unwilling to pay
more taxes to support social
programs.
Data:        A majority said they
would be willing to pay more taxes
to enable a number of programs to
continue. (It has often been found
that the public favours tax cuts in
general, but is willing to pay more
taxes for specific purposes they see
as worthwhile.)
7. On welfare issues people vote
with their pocketbooks, supporting
mainlg those social programs from
which they themselves directly
benefit. Thus social programs are
examples ofthe vulnerability of
governments to special interest groups.
Data:        As found in this and
many other studies, there is very
little correlation of income, age,
gender and other demographic
variables with support for social
programs. Support cuts across all
such categories as other studies
have indicated. The comments of
most of the respondents implicitly
defined 'self interest' in very broad
terms;  e.g. many respondents cited
universal health care as a benefit of
being Canadian.
UBC schools pursue ties
with U.S. universities
UBC's schools of Architecture and
Community and Regional Planning are
exploring the possibility of joint research
and educational programs with
counterparts at two U.S. universities.
Called the Cascadia Alliance, the tri-
university consortium will link UBC with
architecture, building, planning and
landscape architecture schools at the
universities of Oregon and Washington.
Among the proposed initiatives are:
starting a regional journal for
professionals; opening the schools'
international studies programs to faculty
and students in all three schools; a
student and teacher exchange; joint
research efforts, particularly in the area
of sustainability for the region; and the
establishment of computer linkages for
more efficient information-sharing and
for teaching purposes.
Representatives from the three
universities plan to meet twice a year
with the next meeting scheduled for
December.
The alliance's first meeting was held
last month at the new headquarters for
the Port of Seattle.
Abe Hefter photo
Soccer Stars
The mini World Cup tournament held at the UBC soccer camp is a weekly
event throughout the summer months on Lett and Todd fields. The
tournament is preceded by a parade featuring participants and their homemade flags ofthe World Cup nations. More than 1,000 children between the
ages of five and 13 take part in the popular summer soccer program.
Clinic finds epidemic
of marital troubles
by Connie Filletti
Staff writer
The term love sick' has taken on new
meaning for Dr. Michael Myers.
The clinical professor of Psychiatry
heads a Marital Discord Clinic to deal
with what he describes as an "epidemic"
of troubled relationships, an epidemic
evident in Statistics Canada reports that
show 40 per cent of marriages in 1991
ended in divorce.
"The problem is only partly reflected in
the divorce statistics. Family doctors see
signs of marital stress all day long," Myers
added.
Myers cautioned that unrecognized
and untreated mental illness such as
clinical depression, panic disorder or
obsessive-compulsive disorder can cause
marital conflict.
Located at Shaughnessy Hospital, but
soon moving to St. Paul's, the Marital
Discord Clinic serves gay and lesbian
couples, blended families, and people
who are living together and dating, in
addition to traditional spouses.
Based on his case load, Myers estimates
that women account for 90 per cent ofthe
complaints about unhappy relationships.
He feels that they are more willing to
come forward because they have a history
of embracing health care.
Myers said that many men don't, owing
to their sense of privacy and because they
are embarrassed to discuss their problems
in front of strangers.
"Often men are nervous about coming
to a psychological milieu where they are
talking about feelings. Historically, that's
a woman's domain."
He added that with a tendency to be
action-oriented, many men are reticent
about seeking professional counsel when
they feel they can handle the problem
themselves.
For others, it may be a case of denial or
a mistrust of counsellors and
psychiatrists, especially if previous
treatment was unsuccessful.
Poor communication with their mate
is the most common complaint women
have, Myers said, as well as a general
feeling of unhappiness.
Although most separations and
divorces are initiated by women, Myers
finds the trend prevalent among younger
women.
"Women in their 30s and 40s are more
concerned about the quality of their
relationship," he said. "Older women
rarely seek divorce. Often, they have never
lived on their own so they would rather
maintain the status quo out of a fear of
loneliness, or an irrational fear of not
being able to cope."
Men who stay in unhappy relationships
are largely motivated by an intense sense
of responsibility and feel that divorce still
carries a stigma, Myers said.
"It's a lonely and empty life, but not a
high stress one and they can live with
that."
As a result, some individuals referred
to the clinic may require specific treatment
for these disorders in addition to marital
therapy.
One thing Myers is convinced of is that
in certain cases separation is the best
thing for the relationship.
"I define success as each of the
individuals feeling clearer about what's
going on and coming to a decision."
He has also considered what may
contribute to the longevity of a
relationship.
"Marriages do not take care of
themselves. Be prepared to work at
communication. Put a premium on it."
Myers also recommends striking a
balance between independence and
interdependence, maintaining a sense of
humour and putting yourself in the other
person's shoes.
Myers is assisted in the operation of
the teaching clinic by fourth-year medical
students and residents in Psychiatry or
Family Practice.
Myers, who has been married for 24
years, believes that there is tremendous
mystery in marriage, and isn't certain
why some survive and others don't.
Despite the uncertainty, he has
scrutinized doctors' marriages and how
men deal with divorce in two books to his
credit. A new book entitled, How's Your
Marriage? A Guide for Men and Women is
due for publication next year. UBC Reports ■ August 12,1993 9
Researchers seek ways to recycle lab solvents
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
Each year, more than 30,000
litres of solvent are used in labs
across campus, then collected,
stored in a south campus facility
and trucked to the United States
to be incinerated in cement kilns.
But a more environmentally-
friendly system is in the offing,
says the head of a pilot project
which is currently investigating
alternative methods of recovering
solvent for re-use.
Research scientist Mark Aston
estimates that as many as 15,000
litres of solvents, about half of
what the university now sends
for incineration each year, could
be recovered.
In the process, UBC could
save as much as $50,000 a year,
since it costs twice as much to
dispose of the common solvents
used at the university as it does
to purchase them.
Aston is conducting the
project for the Sustainable
Development Research Institute,
with funding from the B.C.
Ministry of Environment. The
work is a natural extension of a
campus-wide hazardous waste
audit Aston completed last year.
The current project, which
began in June, employs two
students and involves collecting
used methanol, a common
solvent, from four labs in the
Botany Dept.
Methanol is used in Botany
labs to clean equipment, remove
stain from gels and extract
substances from specimens.
"In labs across campus there
are a whole host of different uses
for solvents and they become
contaminated with many
different substances," Aston
said. 'That's one ofthe problems
we have in recovering them."
In each of the participating
labs there are four collection cans
in which methanol is deposited
according to the way it was used,
much as paper is separated in
recycling bins.
The methanol is then taken to
a lab in the Chemical Engineering
Building where recent Science
graduate Bang Dang runs it
through some preliminary tests
to see what impurities it contains
- most often water, coloured dyes
and other solvents. Sometimes
the methanol stream is too
contaminated  or diluted   to
^...the best organized
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John R. Ledsome. MD- International Congress of Physiological Sciences
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in a friendly and efficient manner."
Dr. Gordon A. McBean - International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics
* ..You performed beyond the call of duty and were able
to foresee potential problems before they happened."
Dr. Daniel F. Gardiner- UBC Program for Executive Development
**...a mark of excellence to supply the needs of a
conference and receive no complaints!"
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communications available
• Catering for events from barbecues Lo dinner dances
• Comprehensive conference organization and
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Write, phone
or fax for
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UBC
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CANADA'S LARGEST UNIVERSITY CONFERENCE CENTRE
recover.
Once this is done, the student
uses a few pieces of simple
equipment to re-distill the
methanol.
"It's' working out quite well.
Even with this very simple system,
we're getting up to 98 per cent pure
methanol," Aston said.
Third-year Chemical
Engineering student Sergio
Berretta, is looking at other
methods of extracting
contaminants from solvents.
The pilot project has yielded
very promising results, and
recently received a $200,000
grant from the the B.C. Ministry
of Advanced Education for new
equipment and substantial
funding from the university for
staffing over the next two years.
Aston hopes this will lead to a
permanent program, which he
said would require only the cost
of wages for a part-time employee
or student.
Copps on
Campus . . .
Abe Hefter photo
Sheila Copps, above at right, Liberal member of Parliament for Hamilton East, is greeted
by Joan Anderson, director ofthe Multicultural Liaison Office, left, and Veronica Strong-
Boag, director of the Centre for Research in Women's Studies and Gender Relations.
Copps, the Liberal deputy leader, took part in a round table discussion July 8 at UBC
along with Anderson; Strong-Boag; Dan Birch, vice-president Academic and Provost;
Forestry Dean Clark Binkley; Hamish Kimmins, the associate director ofthe Sustainable
Development Research Institute; Bob Miller, vice-president, Research; Graduate Studies
Dean John Grace; and Bill Webber, associate vice-president, Academic.
...and
Talking
Transit
John Chong photo
Art Charbonneau, B.C.'s Minister of Transportation and Highways, right, discussed
policy and planning initiatives designed to help UBC meet its transportation needs with
Setty Pendakur, left, professor of Community and Regional Planning, and Trevor Heaver,
director of the Centre for Transportation Studies in the Faculty of Commerce and
Business Administration. Charbonneau's tour of campus last month included the
earthquake and structures laboratories in the Dept. of Civil Engineering.
Project profiles wife abusers
by Charles Ker
Staff writer
Wife abusers are prone to
violent mood swings, chronic
anxiety, depression and sleep
disturbances. They also lack a
sense of personal identity which
stems, in part, from cold,
rejecting fathers.
These observations are drawn
from a personality profile,
developed at the University of
British Columbia's Dept. of
Psychology, of men who are
physically abusive to their female
partners.
Prof. Don Dutton says his
"Propensity for Abusiveness"
profile can detect, with 82 per
cent accuracy, those men who
are "repeatedly, cyclically and in
a predatory fashion" abusive in
intimate relationships.
"This tool pegs the
quintessential 40 per cent of
chronic physical abusers who
are the way they are because it is
part of a specific personality
makeup," said Dutton. "The
other 60 per cent are those who.
for whatever reasons, are
responding to short-term stress
or are themselves generally
violent."
Funded by Health and Welfare
Canada and the federal solicitor
general, the two-year project
involved 160 men, 60 of whom
were self-referred forwife assault,
60 referred by the courts and 40
picked from similar
socioeconomic backgrounds as
those receiving treatment.
The men filled out a 29-item
questionnaire which asked about
personal recollections of child
abuse, their levels of anger, how
they viewed themselves and their
parents and how they thought
others viewed them.
These "self reports" were then
compared with reports
submitted by female partners
which outlined the amount and
types of abuse they themselves
were subjected to over the course
of one year.
"The women provided us with
a means of validation to a degree
that we could predict which of
these men would be  highly
abusive based on the
personalities gleaned from the
questionnaire," said Dutton.
Dutton added that the
questionnaire is the firsteffective
tool for identifying highly abusive
men.
He describes previous efforts
at explaining wife assault as
"driftnet approaches" which
brand all men as potentially
assaultive when, in fact, 90 per
cent are not.
The study, which began in
1990, has spawned a total of 11
reports dealing with various
aspects of assaultive behaviour
and its origin.
Four of the reports will be
published this year in scholarly
journals including the
InternationalJoumal of Law and
Psychiatry and the Journal of
Personality Disorders.
A forensic psychologist,
Dutton has been studying wife
assault for 18 years. His
program for assaultive
husbands treats 80 Vancouver
men each year with 16 weeks
of group therapy. 10 UBC Reports • August 12, 1993
Rapid Eye
Movement
With researcher
Jennifer Lajoie
monitoring the results,
graduate student Ken
More's point of gaze is
being graphed by an
eye-movement recorder.
The experiment is being
done by the School of
Human Kinetics to
determine reaction time
and its relationship to
the complexity of eye
movement.
Abe Hefter photo
Classified
The classified advertising rate is $ 15 for 35 words or
less. Each additional word is 50 cents. Rate includes
GST. Ads must be submitted in writing 10 days before
publication date to the UBC Community Relations
Office, 207-6328 Memorial Road, Vancouver, B.C.,
V6T 1Z2, accompanied by payment in cash, cheque
(made out to UBC Reports) or internal requisition.
Advertising enquiries: 822-3131.
The deadline for the September 2, 1993
issue of UBC Reports is noon, August 24.
Miscellaneous
Forestry unit favours
long-term analysis
over a quick fix
by Abe Hefter
Staff writer
The Forest Economics and
Policy Analysis (FEPA) unit isn't
interested in quick fixes when it
comes to the dally controversies
that face the forest industry in
Canada.
It is FEPA's ability to provide
solid, long-term scientific
research that has given the unit
its competitive edge, according
to FEPA Director Ilan Vertinsky,
and he is promising more of same
unique, long-term approach as
the unit embarks on a new five-
year phase.
"Our mandate demands a
strategic national research
agenda," he explained. "We are
not looking for short-term
solutions to complex issues."
During the last nine years,
FEPA has provided timely,
factual and objective information
and analytical support for forest
sector policy in Canada.
FEPA's initial three-year
thrust, under the direction of
Forestry Prof. Peter Pearse,
included an assessment of the
B.C. forest sector, in addition to
an analysis of economic factors
associated with wood supply in
Canada.
Vertinsky said these two
pioneering projects received much
attention and helped put FEPA on
the Canadian research map.
Over the next five years, with
Vertinsky at the helm, FEPA
broadened the scope of its
projects and expanded its
network of researchers to include
academics from across the
country. The strategic mission
of the unit, however, remained
constant.
"We were responding to a
variety of policy debates but
refused to get involved in the
daily controversies, as a group,"
said Vertinsky. This impartial,
long-term approach remains a
key to the unit's success."
The unit, which is based in
the Faculty of Graduate Studies,
draws heavily on
interdisciplinary expertise. The
university's management
committee includes Dean Clark
Binkley from the Faculty of
Forestry, Dean Michael Goldberg
of the Faculty of Commerce and
Business Administration, Dean
John Grace of the Faculty of
Graduate Studies, and Dean
Patricia Marchak of the Faculty
of Arts.
It is chaired by Les Lavkulich,
chair of Resource Management
Science at UBC.
The unit's associate director
is University of Alberta
Economics Professor Michael
Percy.
In addition, an advisory panel
composed of provincial and
federal government and industry
representatives offers input as
FEPA deals with forestry-related
issues of concern to the entire
country.
Vertinsky said over the next
five years, FEPA researchers will
focus their attention on a limited
number of longer-term projects
covering three key areas:
international trade and
competition, integrated forest
resource management planning,
and tenure arrangements for
timber and non-timber uses of
the forest.
"The current tenure system,
for example, was developed to
ensure the orderly and efficient
harvesting of old-growth timber,"
explained Forestry Prof. David
Haley, the leader of one of FEPA's
major projects.
'This system of transferring
property rights from the
government to the private sector
dates back to the early 1900s
and does not deal with
environmental, wildlife and
recreational issues. There is a
need for a new tenure and forest
management system which
effectively accommodates the
demand of different stakeholders
for different forestry resources."
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fttttiM UBC Reports • August 12,1993 11
Gavin Wilson photo
On The Ball
Summertime and the living is easy on campus, as students
take time out between classes for impromptu volleyball
games on the grassy central median of Main Mall.
Insulin-like drug could offer
diabetics a new alternative
by Connie Filletti
Staff writer
UBC scientists have
synthesized an insulin-like
substance which may offer an
alternative approach to treating
diabetics.
The researchers found that in
a new synthetic form, vanadium
— a simple trace element — is
effective in reducing elevated
blood glucose and fat levels in
diabetic rats. It also prevents
secondary complications
associated with the illness, such
as heart disease.
Although earlier studies by
the UBC researchers indicated
that vanadium could mimic the
effects of insulin in its inorganic,
or naturally occurring state, they
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also found it to be poorly
absorbed from the gut and
responsible for gastrointestinal
toxicity, primarily diarrhea.
"We developed an organic
vanadium complex in an effort
to make the vanadium more
available through better
absorption," explained Violet
Yuen, an investigator of the
study.
Yuen, a research assistant in
the Faculty of Pharmaceutical
Sciences, and colleagues John
McNeill, dean of Pharmaceutical
Sciences and Chris Orvig, an
associate professor of Chemistry,
studied the effects of synthetic
vanadium administered to
diabetic rats orally in drinking
water.
The treatment was effective
in reducing blood sugar to near
normal," Yuen said. "The drug
also prevented the decrease in
heart function normally seen in
diabetics and restored
cholesterol and other fat levels
to normal."
She added that the dose
necessary to achieve these effects
was less than half of that needed
when inorganic vanadium was
used.
Yuen presented the group's
research at a conference
sponsored by the American
Society for Pharmacology and
Experimental Therapeutics in
San Franciso last month.
Funding for the study was
provided by the Canadian
Diabetes Association and the
Natural Sciences and
Engineering Research Council
of Canada.
Quake price tag
could top $90 billion
by Abe Hefter
Staff writer
UBC Commerce Prof. Peter
Nemetz has put a multi-billion
dollar price tag on the devastation
the Lower Mainland could face
in the event of a catastrophic
earthquake.
The damage estimate:
anywhere between $51 and $97
billion for an offshore subduction
earthquake with a magnitude of
between 8.2 and 9.3 on the
Richter scale.
"Such an earthquake could
result in the destruction of up to
93 per cent ofthe capital stock in
the Lower Mainland, such as
buildings, roads, bridges, and
other forms of infrastructure,"
said Nemetz.
This study comes on the heels
of a similar report he completed
last year for the Munich
Reinsurance Company of
Canada.   Munich Reinsurance.
which provides financial backing
for insurance companies, had
determined that it needed to do
more research when it came to
assessing the risks associated
with earthquakes.
The insurance industry has
been selling earthquake
insurance for many years and
thought it had a good handle on
what to expect in terms of
damage, Nemetz explained.
"However, the 1985
earthquake that hit Mexico City
proved them wrong. The quake,
which registered 8.1, killed
10,000 people and resulted in
$4 billion in damages.
"The insurance industry was
surprised at this pattern of
damage and realized it was
relying on geophysical and
building models that were
inadequate," Nemetz said.
In early 1989, Munich
Reinsurance approached Nemetz
with the following scenario: If an
earthquake registering 6.5 on
the Richter scale hit the Strait of
Georgia, how much damage
could it cause?
Nemetz said the company
focused on Vancouver because
the southwest coast of British
Columbia, including the Lower
Mainland, is located in one ofthe
most seismically active regions
of the country.  It was Nemetz's
job to do an analysis of residential
and commercial development
throughout the entire Lower
Mainland. This he did,
generating his data through an
intensive study of 3,000 structures
in Vancouver's West End.
Working with architects,
Nemetz studied several factors,
including age, height, square
footage, structure, use, and
assessed value of these buildings.
He also set out to determine
the replacement cost for these
structures, while factoring in the
costs associated with fire,
landslides, floods, the collapse
ofthe city's Infrastructure, onsite
injury and loss of life.
The price tag for buildings
and contents was between $8
and $16 billion for the Lower
Mainland.
"When you add indirect costs,
which are harder to get a handle
on, such as profit losses for
business,   the   figure   rises   to
between $14 billion and $32
billion," said Nemetz.
After completing the study,
Nemetz went back to the drawing
board in an effort to look at the
entire probability spectrum by
doing a much more detailed
assessment. His first move was
to look at the economic effects of
an earthquake ranging from 8.2
to 9.3 on the Richter scale.
Nemetz returned to his
original investigation and applied
different risk factors based on a
stronger magnitude. However,
because there is very little data
to draw from when it comes to
this kind of worst-case scenario,
these calculations are much
harder to predict, he said.
"This is, after all, highly
speculative. An earthquake of
this magnitude hitting the Lower
Mainland is an extremely low
probability event," Nemetz said.
"Although these figures are
much more uncertain, the
information does give respective
governments a sense of the
potential loss involved in an
earthquake like this. It allows
them to start thinking about
upgrading key installations like
schools, hospitals, bridges and
dams — a course of action that is
already being undertaken by the
Greater Vancouver Regional
District." 12 UBC Reports • August 12, 1993
Profile
I'm interested in capturing moments of ennui, mild distress or anxiety.
Here comes Ken Lum
//
by Charles Ker
Staff writer
Stumped. That's how Ken Lum's
entry left judges in the Art Gallery
of Ontario's functional sculpture
competition.
Among the more than 300
submissions they received, his three by
three-and-a-half-metre steel rectangle,
with its inviting yet inaccessible
conversation pit, was a piece of
intrigue. But surely there had been
some mistake.
It wasn't a chair or table. It cast no
light or shade. Inquiring judges wanted
to know ... just what would its function
be to patrons relaxing on the gallery's
new outside terrace?
Desperate, they phoned the
Vancouver artist in Munich where he
was teaching for the summer and
posed the question.
"It functions as art," came the reply.
Touche.
Lum's sculpture will be one of three
"functional" designs to grace the
grounds of the downtown Toronto
gallery at the corner of Dundas and
McCaul streets. It also represents his
first outdoor creation.
"All my work ends up either in
gallery or museum spaces so this is an
opportunity for me to stretch myself
and create something in the context of
a public space," said the UBC Fine Arts
graduate and assistant professor.
Not that he's complaining. During
the last decade, this lifelong
Vancouverite has had more than 40
solo exhibitions and been invited to
twice as many group shows in galleries
around the world.
Next to the giant, backlit
photographs by UBC colleague Jeff
Wall, Lum's
portrait logos,
furniture
sculptures and
language
paintings are
considered among
Canada's best
known conceptual
art works abroad.
He's been profiled
in all the major
international art
journals and, at
36, can now pick
and choose where to hang, or place, his
ideas; all this, from a former, promising
pestologlst.
It was the summer of 1978, while
working as a pesticide researcher for
the provincial government, that Lum's
part-time fascination with art became a
full-blown obsession. He recalls the
strange metamorphosis soon after
enrolling in a philosophical art class
taught by Wall.
"There I was in Cloverdale, wearing a
lab coat, peering through a microscope
and thinking about art," he said. "After
Jeffs course, I just couldn't
concentrate on science anymore."
Wall exposed Lum, the sometime
illustrator, to a range of artistic media
and concepts which Lum the scientist
initially dismissed as "utter nonsense."
Later that summer, his lab coat in
mothballs, Lum would be spotted
standing motionless off a freeway ramp
for three consecutive days during
i   * ,   ft*      *■ 1   * *w J,    »     * * vt"tl ja»t*        r-,   TA
John Chong photos
There I was in Cloverdale, wearing a lab coat, peering
through a microscope and thinking about art.
morning rush-hour. The solitary
spectacle was presented to commuters
as a performance art work
Entertainment for Surrey.
Before the end of the year, Lum
exhibited the first of his many furniture
sculptures. Sculpture for Living Room
saw four sections of a department store
sofa arranged to form an impenetrable
rectangle. Then came Partially Buried
Sofa featuring a run-of-the-mill couch
piled high with
200 multicoloured throw
cushions. Line, in
1986, showcased
six, upended
couches stretched
in a row across
the length of a
gallery.
The point, says
Lum, is that
people have
different
personalities for
their public and private lives. By
juxtaposing familiar home furnishings
with the perceived sanctity of a gallery
space, he's exploring that "quasi-
public, quasi-private zone" in between.
"This relationship affects me and if it
affects others, great," he said. "In an
age when everything can be bought and
sold, is there such a thing as a truly
autonomous sphere?"
Like any other artist, Lum says he's
simply articulating his feelings toward
a modern environment which he sees
as chaotic, banal, harsh, and dynamic.
But its contradictions are not
altogether negative.
For his witty portrait logos, Lum
takes stock studio portraits, normally
reserved for the office desk or living
room side table, blows them up into
mini-billboards, and affixes bits of bold,
colourful text, often with hilarious
results: a sneering, raunchy rock band
in a veneer-panelled basement poses
beside the proclamation (in gothic,
heavy-metal type), We Are Sacred
Blade; a little girl gazing adoringly into
the mask of Pepe Pizza's giant pink
mascot carries the commentary, Tracy
Bond Meets Pepe Pig; a sidewalk-
strutting macho man - jewelry, leather,
hairy-chest and all - bears the attached
warning, Here Comes Barry Russo.
Again, the presentation of enlarged,
seemingly personal snapshots (all of
which use models and are carefully
staged), mounted in two-inch-thick
aluminum casings
with glossy car-
enamel finish,
turns the public
and private worlds
inside out.
"The outside
modern world is
pretty banal with
cities sharing the
same franchises,
billboards and
street signs," Lum
explains. "I'm
interested in
capturing those highly individual
moments, moments of ennui, mild
distress or anxiety."
With his so-called language
paintings, Lum pokes fun at the
standardized conventions of
advertising. Resembling bus billboards
or storefront signage, these eyecatching works blend modern graphic
design and typography with Lum's own
imaginary gibberish. But because the
public is so conditioned, and language
so suggestive, Lum says people feel a
need to interpret nonsensical creations
like IGNTH, ZEWSKDR and SYBRI.
"This displacement of the familiar
makes us question how language is
constructed," he said. "It's not natural."
Besides, he adds, walking around a
studio making noises and putting them
to words on plywood is fun, not to
mention convenient. Specifications for
his language paintings are often faxed
to far-away exhibits where a
professional signpainter is
commissioned to produce, in effect, a
paint-by-numbers reproduction.
Lum acknowledges that it is harder
today for young artists to get their
work shown in galleries. He was
fortunate to have lived in New York
City for a year in the early 1980s, a
time of gallery openings and big-time
spending.
"Obviously you have to make work
that interests someone but there is no
logic between who gets a show and who
doesn't," he said. "Once that foot is in
the door though, and your work gets
visible, then you're on your own."
Living on the west coast, cut off from
the Toronto-Ottawa-Montreal art axis,
Lum knows all about that. And he has
no plans to move.
"I'm from here, I like it here, my
work is about here and that's
important to me."
Touche.

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