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UBC Publications

UBC Reports Feb 6, 1986

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 WLTW   *»*»
Volume 32 Number 3
February 6, 1986
UBC faculty members have voted 655-336
in favor of a new agreement which outlines
criteria and procedures for termination or nonrenewal of faculty appointments in the event of
a financial exigency.
Prof. Sidney Mindess, president of UBC's
Faculty Association, said he is pleased with the
faculty's decision to accept the agreement. "I
think it's a good document which represents a
fair compromise between the administration
and the faculty," he said.
President David Strangway was also happy
with the outcome of the vote. 'The new
agreement is the product of negotiations and
revisions that have been carried out since
1977, and I'm delighted that the document has
been approved," he said.
The agreement outlines the criteria and
procedures that would be followed by the
University if it was determined that a financial
deficit could riot reasonably be met without the
termination of some faculty appointments. The
document includes procedures for the
declaration of a state of financial exigency, the
steps that would be followed in the termination
of contracts, the order of terminations, and
procedures for appeal.
Prof. Mindess said faculty have "very
strong" appeal procedures under the new
The January vote was the second time
faculty had been asked to approve conditions
for termination of appointment. A 1984 draft
agreement was rejected by a vote of 698-577.
Prof. Mindess said that many of the features
that had been criticized by faculty in the 1984
document had been revised or excluded from
the new agreement.
Two students
elected to
UBC Board
Incumbent Don Holubitsky and third-year
Commerce student Claudia Gilmartin have
been elected to one-year terms as student
representatives on UBC's Board of Governors,
effective Feb. 1.
Mr. Holubitsky, who begins his third term
on the Board of Governors, is currently
enrolled in the Faculty of Law after having
obtained his Bachelor of Science degree with
combined honors in biology and chemistry, his
Master of Science degree in anatomy and the
degree of Doctor of Medicine.
He has been actively involved in student
affairs over the years as an executive member
of the Graduate Student Association, the
Students Council and a large number of other
campus organizations associated with student
government. He recently was awarded the
Jean Craig Smith Scholarship, one of UBC's
top student prizes.
Ms. Gilmartin has been active on the
students council and in the Commerce
Undergraduate Society, serving on the AMS
budget and management committees, the CUS
appointment, promotion and tenure committee
and CUS external affairs. She replaces Nancy
Bradshaw on the Board.
CIAR sponsors cosmology program
Vancouver will be the centre of an
international research project on the origin and
destiny of the physical universe.
The cosmology program will also attempt to
produce the "Grand Unified Theory" that
would describe in one mathematical formula all
of the physical events in the universe.
The Grand Unified Theory, sometimes
referred to as the 'Theory of Everything," has
evaded scientists for decades. It was the
subject of much of Albert Einstein's later work.
Scientists around the world now feel that a
solution is imminent.
The theory would unify the four known
forces at work in the universe — gravity,
electromagnetism and the strong and weak
forces active within atoms. There have been
recent suggestions, but no proof, that a fifth
force may exist.
Sponsored by the Canadian Institute for
Advanced Research, the five-year, $2-million
project will link six Canadian scientists,
internationally recognized as leaders in their
fields. Two of the scientists now at American
institutions are expected to return to Canada.
Director of the project is Dr. William Unruh
of UBC's physics department who has won
every major physics award Canada has to
The institute, a private, non-profit
organization, was created five years ago to
focus money and brain power on subjects that
are important to Canada's future.
Because no single university in Canada has
first-rate scientists working in all areas of
national importance, the institute links
researchers at various universities into a
sophisticated communications network that
allows them to interact on a continuous basis.
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research
Dr. Fraser Mustard, president of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, left,
with Dr. William Unruh of UBC's physics department. Dr. Unruh has been named director
of the institute's new research project on cosmology.
What makes seniors buy?
The medium is the message.
That aphorism of the late Canadian
communications guru Marshall McLuhan
seems to sum up an unique UBC marketing
research project involving senior citizens.
Television commercials with facts and
nothing but facts are most effective in telling
seniors about a product.
But when it comes to getting seniors to use
the product, straight information commercials
fare no better than commercials with minimal
information but with an emotional component
such as background music, or with
commericals that are high in information and
have a musical sound-track too.
"It doesnt seem to make any difference
which approach you take," said marketing
expert Dr. Gerry Gorn of UBC's Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration.
"Musical and informational commercials
work equally well. Perhaps the medium of
television itself is as important as the content of
the commercials in motivating seniors."
In the first market research of its kind done
anywhere, Dr. Gorn and two colleagues, Dr.
Marv Goldberg of McGill University and Dr.
David Litvack of the University of Ottawa,
tested two types of commercials on Canadian
They did the research because it was
unexplored territory and because the
population of North America is aging.
"There have been no experimental studies
to my knowledge on the effect of TV
advertising on seniors in Canada or the U.S.,"
he said. "All research of this type has been on
children and adults. Those two groups have
been intensively studied but seniors have been
Advertisers traditionally use emotion —
music, vivid colors or humor — to motivate
buyers. That approach also works with seniors.
But advertisers or agencies who want to get a
particular message across to seniors should
use straight information without emotion, Dr.
Gorn said.
"It's as if the emotional content interferes
with learning," he said.
Dr. Gorn said seniors are becoming a larger
and more influencial group in society.
"People are living longer. And the buldge in
Please turn to Page 2
President Dr. Fraser Mustard said the calibre of
the participating scientists ensures that the
program "will become a major contributor to
scientific advances in cosmology in the coming
"Its strength will be further reinforced by its
links to other research groups in the United
States and Great Britain. The result will be a
world-class program, directed from
Vancouver, in a field of major scientific
Dr. Unruh views the program as an
incredible opportunity for Canada.
"Scientists are on the verge of
understanding the fundamental physical
properties of the world around us. Many
philosophers have maintained there is a basic
unity between the macroscopic and
microscopic events in the universe. Modern
science supports this view.
"Cosmic events such as the formation of
galaxies and the properties of elementary
particles in the interior of atoms are related.
The properties of one are determined by the
"In this program we have a chance to make
Canada a focal point for this type of research
in the world."
Other members of the research team
* Dr. Werner Israel of the University of
Alberta, ah internationally respected researcher
in one of the most prestigious areas of physics
— black holes;
* Dr. Richard Bond, formerly of Stanford
University, who is now at the Canadian
Institute for Theoretical Astrophyics at the
University of Toronto;
* Dr. Ian Affleck of Princeton University,
who is also expected to return to Canada;
* Dr. James Peebles of Princeton
University, one of the top three cosmologists in
the world. He is mentioned in virtually every
textbook on the origin of the universe; and
* Dr. Mark Wise of the California Institute of
The Canadian Institute for Advanced
Research will pay the salaries of Drs. Unruh,
Israel, Bond and Affleck for five years, relieving
them of teaching and administrative duties and
allowing them to concentrate all of their
energies on research.
Drs. Peebles and Wise will participate in the
program but remain in the U.S. Their salaries
will not be paid by the institute but as
associate members of the cosmology team, the
institute will pay their expenses for attending
scientific meetings of the group.
The first such meeting was a week-long
conference in December in Banff.
The cost for the first year of the program
will be about $350,000. Over five years, the
cost will be approximately $2 million.
The program has the support of other
interested institutions such as the Canadian
Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics and the
Universite de Montreal.
This is the second major national research
program undertaken by the institute. The first
focuses on artificial intelligence — research
into the design and construction of robots that
can "read" a situation, make decisions based
on what the machines sense, and then carry
out actions, somewhat similar to the
technology involved in the Canadarm building
a space platform unassisted.
The artificial intelligence project, how in its
second year, links 23 scientists at eight
Canadian universities, including UBC.
The institute's programs are developed by
its research council, composed of scientists
and scholars from across Canada, as well as
distinguished individuals from the private
The progress of each program is monitored
by an advisory panel and is evaluated by a
panel of international experts at the end of five
years. February 6,1N6
Drs. Bill Powrie, Ruth Wu and Brent Skura enjoy the fruits of their labor.
Food scientists develop
new storage techniques
B.C.'s fresh fruits are in demand. But with
the exception of apples, the short harvest
period and high level of perishability mean that
only about 10 per cent of the total crops in the
province are sold fresh.
If these fruits could be preserved fresh for a
period of one to six months, the high-priced
fresh products could be marketed throughout
it japiinds like a fruit grower's dream. But '
Dr,Wfia#Powrie, head of UBC's food
sciences department, and his co-investigators
Drs. Brent Skura and Ruth Wu are on their way
to making it a reality.
The three researchers have just received
$142,500 from the Natural Sciences and
Engineering Research Council of Canada for a
three-year, in-depth research study entitled
"Development of a Modified Atmosphere
Packaging System for a Long-Term Storage of
Fresh Fruits." The researchers have developed
a system using gases to preserve the fresh
"It was Dr. Powrie who did the initial
research, in this area," says Dr. Skura. "On the
basis of what we can scan in the literature, we
are the only research group at this point who
Telephone system
to be updated
UBC's new telephone system could be
installed as early as this summer.
Mr. Al Fowler, director of the Computing
Centre and chairman of UBC's telephone
systems task force, says a committee has been
meeting to consider a number of different
systems to replace the aging central telephone
switch on campus.
"We've requested proposals from six
companies and we expect to hear back from
them early this month," he said.
Although a final decision hasn't been made,
the systems under consideration all have the
following features:
* The standard telephone will be pushbutton rather than rotary dial. This will allow
the user access to a number of features of an
electric switch. These include Cad Forwarding
and Camp On, a feature which informs users
when a number they have been trying to reach
is'no longer busy.
* Least Cost Routing. Currently the WATS
system is not heavily used, possibly because it
is not always immediately available to the user.
With the new system, a long distance call will
automatically be routed to the WATS line. If the
WATS line is busy the call will be re-rerouted
to the Direct Distance Dialing lines.
* Some data transmission will be possible
with the new system, limited by cost
have discovered a viable system. The research
can now be taken further with the government
support we have received."
The process involves no sugar and no food
additives. "Our preservation method could be
compared to NASA's research on suspended
animation," says Dr. Powrie. "We're slowing
down the metabolic processes."
Their proposed model for the preservation
of fruit by gases is now being evaluated. Fruit
is placed in a semi-rigid bag which is then
sealed and placed in a cold room. Fruits that
have been preserved using the test gas
include highbush blueberries, sweet cherries,
raspberries, strawberries and slice freestone
peaches. Sweet cherries and raspberries were
preserved successfully for at least two months.
Strawberries, the most delicate fruit, were firm
and tasty to a maximum of four weeks in
Seldom do faculty members meet in a
basement "pilot plant" for "sensory evaluation
sessions", but such meetings are de riquer for
these food scientists. On my recent visit to the
pilot plant — a room crowded with pipes and
large hissing cylindrical food product testers —
Dr. Powrie brought out raspberries stored in
the cooler more than two months ago. Their
color was perfect. Their texture was good. The
only flaw appeared to be the storage taste
which he said would disappear in a couple of
hours. The untreated control samples were
covered in mold.
Next we tasted blueberries from Richmond.
They weren't as firm as Dr. Powrie would like
them, but they looked fine. "We're very close
on raspberries and blueberries," he said.
Not suprisingly, this investigation has
sparked the interest of all B.C. fruit grower
groups. They will be financially supporting the
technology transfer from the laboratory to the
Under another research project, the group
has invented a process to preserve fresh
salmon for periods up to two months.
Canadian consumers prefer fresh seafood .
products over frozen and canned products.
And it's much the same for fresh salmon.
Salmon can only be held for four or five
days under normal tiolding conditions — on
ice or refrigerated.  Using the technique of
modified atmosphere packaging, a gas is
introduced into the packaged fish to prevent
bacterial growth and the development of a
rancid flavor.
"This technique would be very valuable not
only for commercial salmon fishing companies
but for fish farms," said Dr. Powrie. "Then we
would have high quality fish to export."
The preservation technique could be used
year-round with the four-month harvest of the
wild salmon and the fish farms. The three food
scientists are now in the process of patenting
their unique preservation method. It should be
available in 1987.
Public grateful for
help from UBC experts
Vancouverites are seeing ghosts. And
some of them, in an attempt to shed light on
their visions, are dialing the University for an
answer. "My friend saw a vague apparition
floating around in the next room," one caller to
UBC's Community Relations office recently
noted. "What should she do?"
Community Relations receptionist Barbara
Nicholls, UBC's front-line answer person, fields
a vast number of enquiries each day, ranging
from requests for general information about the
University, telephone referrals, information on
UBC's public attractions for tourists, upcoming
events and public relations information. The
office also receives numerous calls from media
seeking contact with UBC experts for comment
on situations of critical local and international
importance, such as the possible cause of last
week's NASA tragedy, current economic and
political issues or crucial matters related to
B.C.'s resource industries. In the summer,
Community Relations also handles telephone
bookings for the more than 1,200 visitors who
sign up for free guided walking tours of the
In the past year alone, Barbara has listened
to queries from thousands of Lower Mainland
residents. In addition to the more than 3,000 to
4,000 calls a month the Community Relations
office receives requesting information about
the University, about 200 calls a month come
in from members of the general public looking
for experts on everything from politics and
religion to the mating habits of slugs.
Callers often launch into elaborate
explanations before Barbara can get a word in
edgewise. While this can be entertaining, says
the receptionist, it can also be time-
consuming, particularly when others are
waiting on the line. "Most people assume fm
the expert," she says ruefully.
In fact, Barbara can claim expert status in
certain fields. "There are a lot of questions
about fleas," she says. As a veteran of endless
battles with the vermin on her poodle's behalf,
she advises the blighted to "put down flea
powder three times a day, then vacuum."
But most of Barbara's calls fall outside her
expertise. Putting the questioner on ho|d, she
dials around to suitable departments,
determines who might be best able to help the
caller, and returns with appropriate information
or numbers to dial. She always comes up with
a referral, even for some surprising questions.
"Why are earthworms crawling out of the
undergrowth by the hundreds and falling into
my swimming pool?" a thoroughly alarmed
home-owner enquired recently. "What are the
chances of a major earthquake occurring in
Vancouver?" many callers wanted to know,
following the devastation in Mexico last year.
"How do I get my slugs to mate?" discreetly
enquired another, his intentions unclear.
Zoology, Geophysics and Astronomy, and
Zoology again answered those ones, Barbara
While finding many enquiries amusing, she
remains aware that her callers are in earnest.
"I enjoy helping people," says the receptionist
of ten years. Before coming to Canada from
her native New Zealand, she taught school to
five- to eight-year-olds. There she developed
her skills of answering a barrage of random
"UBC faculty and staff provide a unique
public service by offering information and
advice in their areas of expertise and the
people who call in are extremely appreciative,"
adds Barbara. "This accessibility and     '
willingness to help people in the community
has a tremendous public relations value lor the
University. People seem genuinely surprised
and pleased that in an institution as large and
busy as UBC there are people who will take
the time to discuss their questions. This
interaction also makes the public more aware
of UBC's importance as a national resource."
Contacts made through this community service
often lead to valuable support for the
University in the private sector.
For callers who contact the University after
5 p.m. the Community Relations office
provides a taped message listing public
attractions, upcoming events and other
information of interest and importance to the
But it's during the day that the Community
Relations telephone lines really light up. Last
week, an agitated house-sitter called in a
panic to report that all his friend's chickens
were dying. If UBC's experts couldn't help him,
he presumably reasoned to himself, who
Having problems with your chickens?
Thousands of Lower Mainland residents
call Community Relations receptionist
Barbara Nicholls each year with queries
on everything from how to keep chickens
healthy to how to get rid of skunks.
continued from Page 1
the population caused by the post-Second
World War baby boom is growing older. This
will increase the number of seniors in the
He said seniors now make up 10 per cent
of Canada's population but will increase to 25
per cent in less than 50 years. In the U.S.,
seniors now spend $60 billion per year
compared with the $20 billion purchasing
power of the youth market. "Seniors are
cautious shoppers, loyal to brands and large
department store chains."
Dr. Gorn wrote and produced his own
commercials. Viewers were tested after they
were shown the TV messages.
He divided his audience into two groups by
age — a control group of adults 50 to 64 and a
group of seniors 65 and older. He tested
seniors who live alone in their own dwelling
and those living with one or more people.
He also wanted his research to be of
immediate benefit to seniors. So he
concentrated his research on encouraging
improved nutrition, since national surveys have
shown that nutritional problems are prevalent
among seniors.
Following the advice of nutritional experts,
he produced commercials for apple and
orange juice.
One set of commercials emphasized the
nutritional importance of each product — for
example, that it contained vitamin C and was
recommended by doctors. The ■second set had
less nutritional information but presented the
products with music dubbed over the images.
The third combined all of the information of the
first with the music of the second.
The 30-second commercials were inserted
twice into a 15-minute, neutral program and
viewers were told that the program was being
tested for the broadcasting industry to see if it
should be aired the following year.
After seeing the program and a
commercial, viewers filled out a questionnaire
with filler questions about the program but with
critical questions about their response to the
Dr. Gorn said he plans to carry out more
research on the purchasing JiaMs of seniors
and how much television they watch.
Update: Feb. 6,1986. Rick Hansen has
travelled 12,250 miles on his round-the-world
wheelchair tour to raise funds for spinal cord
research and rehabilitation, and is currently in
Camperdown, Australia. Contributions hi
Canada so far total $640,000. If you'd like to
make a donation, please call 687-5200. UBC Reports, February 6,1986
Larry MacKenzie—"He was enormously human"
It takes a man of some stature to build a
university, rope a steer, amass over 29
honorary awards and degrees, and, as a 19-
year-old college freshman, croon seven verses
of a Scottish ballad before a host of jeering
sophomores. Dr. Norman Archibald MacRae
MacKenzie, who died on Jan. 26 at age 92,
was such a man. "He was a bit of a giant, you
know," noted MacKenzie's close friend and
colleague Prof. George F. Curtis.
'Larry' MacKenzie's calendar of
accomplishments is impressive. His honors
and degree? aside, he was full professor of
International and Canadian Constitutional Law,
president of two universities, and active on
countless local, national, and international
boards and commissions, from the
Consultative Committee on Doukhobor
problems to the Canada Council and Vincent
Massey's Royal Commission on National
Development in the Arts, Letters and Sciences.
But UBC's third, and perhaps best known
president was also recognized for his personal
warmth and humor.
"Larry MacKenzie is the absolute opposite
of a stuffed shirt," said one associate several
years ago. "There just isn't a phoney or flashy
streak in his nature ... His main trait is
sincerity. Yet he never really takes himself
Larry MacKenzie first arrived at the Point
Grey campus in 1944, and immediately made
clear his professional philosophy. "Higher
education," he declared, "once the privilege of
the few, must and will be extended to every
young citizen who has the desire for self-
creation, and the capability to achieve it."
This principle at once took shape in an
open-door admissions policy for all veterans of
the Second World War, then in its final months.
"By hook or by crook, " he vowed to a
colleague, "I'll make room for every one who
wants to come."
In September 1944, there were 2,500
students attending classes on Point Grey. By
December, the number had swelled to 3,000,
by the following fall to 5,800, and by
September 1947 more than 9,000
undergraduates could be seen toting their text
books around campus paths.
The next problem was where to put them
all. "At that time," recalled MacKenzie in a
letter to a colleague, "there were no, nails, there
was no lumber, there was no concrete, there
was no money, there was nothing." But there
were army huts, no longer in use, scattered
throughout the Lower Mainland. MacKenzie
set about comandeering these by the
hundreds from the west side, downtown, North
Vancouver, and as far afield as Tofino and
Before doing so he was supposed to wait
for official permission from the Ministry of
Defense in Ottawa, but MacKenzie, according
to Prof. George Curtis who was in on the
scheme, suggested they go ahead anyway,
"and let the.paper work catch up later."
One morning, six weeks after 25 huts from
North Vancouver had been safely installed on
their new Point Grey foundations, MacKenzie
stood up in an auditorium filled with students,
many of whom had hijacked the huts
themselves, and calmly announced that
"official permission" from Ottawa had arrived
to move a certain group of huts . . ." The hall
erupted in gails of laughter. "Perhaps we did
take a few shortcuts," MacKenzie later noted,
with no apologies.
Larry MacKenzie was a dedicated
evangelist for the University of British
Columbia. "Our basic problem," he wrote
while president, "is to persuade the people of
the province that the university is important
and should have priority."
MacKenzie was eminently persuasive.
During his first two years at UBC, he raised
more than had been managed in the previous
29 combined. In an often quoted story, the
new president was awarded $5 million while
putting around a nine-hole Point Grey golf
course. MacKenzie lost the game to then
Premier John Mart-, but won the building grant
his university had coveted for 20 years.
MacKenzie's easy manner was a true asset
to the university. "He did a great deal,"
asserted one colleague, "towards erasing the
impression shared by some people that UBC is
a rich man's university for Vancouver
In 1958, MacKenzie launched a massive
building program and accompanying fund-
raising drive. Their initial objective was $5
million. In a month they lifted their sights to
$7.5 million, and a year later once again to $10
million.  Construction began almost
During his eighteen years as president,
MacKenzie watched a 2,500-student, 3-
faculty, 27-department institution, with an
annual budget of $9,000, blossom into the
second largest university in Canada,
embracing 10 faculties, 46 departments, 7
schools, 5 institutes, 13,000 students and with
an annual budget of over $15 million.
President MacKenzie valued keeping in
touch with his students. Prof. Curtis recalls
one morning in 1948 when he and MacKenzie
took a stroll out to the Acadia camp, the cluster
of huts where married veteran students were
lodged. "How are things going?" he inquired
of a young veteran wife. In response, she
invited them in for coffee. This was long
before Pampers, recounts Curtis, and the baby
boom was on. "Well, the place was festooned
with diapers, absolutely wall to wall." On their
way back, MacKenzie remarked on the clutter
and said, "Well, we'll get (Gordon) Shrum on
this." The result was UBC's first laundromat.
Three new huts were obtained, carted out to
the camp, and strung togheter: one for
washing, another for drying and the third for
toddlers to play in.
The November afternoon after MacKenzie
announced his retirement in 1961, more than
1,000 undergrads gathered outside the
administration building in a drenching
downpour to chant 'For he's a jolly good
fellow.' A photograph shows a sea of faces,
each one radiant with a mixture of fondness
and respect.
"He was a natural born leader," noted Prof.
Curtis. "That's a human quality. You just can't
spell it out."
Born in Pugwash, Nova Scotia in 1894,
Norman Archibald MacRae MacKenzie was
raised in the middle of seven children, three
boys and three girls. At age 12, following his
mother's death, he left home on a 'harvest
train' bound for the Prairies where his two
older brothers were homesteading a 640-acre
ranch near Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan. As a
youngest brother and low man on the totem
pole, he was appointed chief cook and bottle
washer.  But his four-year sojourn in the west
was not entirely consumed in domestic chores.
There he learned to rope and tie a steer, a feat
which he never tired of demonstrating while
touring as university president in the B.C.
In 1913, MacKenzie returned to the
Maritimes to enroll at Dalhousie University.
His first stint at university was brief.  In
1914, he joined the Canadian Mounted Rifles,
and later the Nova Scotia Highlanders. By
1918, he was platoon's sole survivor, and just
before the armistice was awarded a Medal and
Bar for bravery in the field outside Avignon.
Over 50 months in the trenches having
convinced MacKenzie that there must be a
better way to solve world problems, he
resolved to study international law.
Back in Canada, MacKenzie finished his
studies with a vengeance, stacking up 39
credits to the average student's 20. And he
did more than study, presiding over the
student council for two years running, the first
to do so in Dalhousie history. From Halifax, he
went to study law at Harvard, St. John's
College, Cambridge, and Gray's Inn, London.
After a brief break from the university
community, as an advisor at the International
Labour Office in Geneva, he returned for good
in 1927, first as instructor and later professor of
International and Canadian Constitutional Law
at the University of Toronto, where he
remained for 14 years, and then as law
professor and president at the University of
New Brunswick. He left UNB for UBC in 1943.
While an instructor in Toronto, MacKenzie
met his future wife Margaret Thomas. They
married in 1928, and raised a boy, Patrick,
now a professor in Saskatchewan, and two
girls, Susan, who lives in Vancouver, and
Sheila ('Bridgie'), who has settled in London.
Said Mrs. MacKenzie, of raising these children
in their rustic army hut on Point Grey, "It was
ideal. There were linoleum floors and plywood
walls; absolutely indestructible."
After retiring from UBC in 1962, MacKenzie
remained characteristically active. He was
involved in a host of organizations, from the
Canada Council to the Tibetan Refugee Aid
Society, from the East African Commission on
University Education to the Canadian Senate.
In 1969, the year he retired from the Senate
at age 75, MacKenzie had amassed a
prodigious array of awards and degrees, the
most recent being the Order of Canada,
considered, with the possible exception of the
Victoria Cross, the highest accolade a
Canadian can receive.
But MacKenzie was not a man for elaborate
tributes. In 1976, at a sumptuous banquet
thrown in his, Walter Gage's and Gordon
Shrum's honor, he listened to several hours of
laudatory speeches. But enough was enough.
"Now we've all been here quite a while,"
intoned the Honourable Norman Archibald
MacRae MacKenzie C.C., C.M.G., M.M., CD.,
Q.C., B.A., LL.B., LL.M., LL.D., D.C.L, D.Litt.,
F.R.S.C, "I know some of us, like me, would
like to go to the bathroom,"
"Larry MacKenzie," concluded Prof. Curtis,
in a single phrase embracing the man and his
towering accomplishments, "was enormously
"Urtv" MticKeti/ie po», with d potion bust o
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Calendar Deadlines
Events for the period Feb. 23 to March 8 should be
submitted on proper Calendar forms no later than 4 p.m.
on Thursday, Feb. 13 to the Community Relations
Office, 632S Memorial Road, Room 207, Old
Administration Building. For more information, call
The Vancouver Institute.
Saturday, Feb. 8
Why Economists Disagree.
Prof. Herbert A. Simon,
Computer Science and
Psychology, Carnegie-
Mellon University.
Saturday, Feb. 15
Geneve Engineering- 1986.
Prof. Michael Smith,
Biochemistry, Faculty of
Medicine, UBC.
Lecture Hall 2, Woodward Instructional Resources
Centre, 8:15 p.m. Freeadmission.
Natural Resource Management
Canadian Water: A Commodity for Export? Richard
Booking, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.  Room D-
239, Buchanan Building, 10:30 a.m.
Plant Science Seminar.
Detection and Evaluation of Saline Seeps. Timothy J.
Ross, Plant Science, UBC. Room 342, MacMillan
Building, 12:30 p.m.
Mechanical Engineering Seminar.
CAD-CAM at the University of Victoria. Dr. G. W.
Vickers, University of Victoria. Room 1202, CEME
Building. 3:30 p.m.
Lipid and Lipoprotein Discussion
Mechanism and Specificity of Protein Kinase C
Activation by Diacylglycerols, Second Messengers.
Robert Bell, Biochemistry, Duke
University. IRC 4. 4 p.m.
Preventive Medicine & Health
Promotion Lecture.
Aerobic Exercise Training: Its Role in the Primary,
Secondary and Tertiary Prevention of Coronary Artery
Disease. Len Goodman, Ph.D. candidate,
Interdisciplinary Studies, Physical Education &
Medicine (B.C. Sports Medicine Clinic). Freeadmission.
For information, call 228-2258. Room 253, James
Mather Building. 4 - 5:30 p.m.
Zoology "Physiology Group"
Teleocalcin: A New Calcium lon Regulating Hormone in
Sockeye Salmon. Dr. G. Wagner, Physiology, UBC.
Room 2449, Biological Sciences Building. 4:30 p.m.
Library, Archival & Information
Studies Colloquium.
Newspapers as Centennial Resource Documents.
Shirley Mooney, Library Manager, Pacific Press. Room
835, North Wing, Main Library. 11:30a.m.
Lipid and Lipoprotein Discussion
Group/Biochemical Discussion
Group Seminar.
Structure, Function and Regulation of E. Coli Giycerol-P
Acyltransf erase and Diacylglycerol Kinase. Robert Bell,
Biochemistry, Duke University. Room 4210, Medical
Sciences Building, Block A.  12:30 p.m.
Religious Studies llustrated
Mathematics and Astronomy in Medieval Islam. Prof.
John L. Berggren, Simon Fraser University.  Room 105,
Lasserre Building.  12:30 p.m.
Botany Seminar.
Towards Rapid Virus Detection in Small Fruits. Bob
Martin, Agriculture Canada. Room 3219, Biological
Science Building. 12:30 p.m.
UBC Symphony Orchestra.
Timothy Vernon, conductor. Freeadmission. Old
Auditorium.  12:30 p.m.
Chemistry Seminar.
Selective Organic Photoelectro-Chemistry. Prof. Marye
A. Fox, Chemistry, University of Texas, Austin. Room
250, Chemistry Building. 1p.m.
International Relations Lecture.
Development Assistance: Linkage for Canada's 21st.
Century. Margaret Catley-Carlson, president, Canadian
International Development Agency (CIDA). Room A100,
Buchanan Building. 3:30 p.m.
Applied Mathematics Statistics
New Methods for Solving the Collective Ruin Problem.
Prof. Marc Mangel, Mathematics, University of
California at Davis. Room 225, Mathematics Building.
3:30 p.m.
CUSO Development Education
Headlines Theatre. Employment in Canada and the
Third World. For further information, phone the Cuso
office at 228-4886. International House, UBC. 7:30
Continued on Page 4 UBC Reports,
Continued from Page 3
UBC Sailing Club Meeting.
1986 Spring Gulf Islands Cruise. All interested students
welcome. Contact John Kinahan at 228-4231 for more
information. Room 205, Student Union Building. 7:30
Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Studies on Carbame2apine and INH Interactions. Dr.
R.A. Wall, Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of
Medicine, UBC. Room 317, Medical Sciences Building,
Block C 12 noon.
Research Seminar.
Adrenoceptors in Brown Fat of Infant Rats. Iq bal M.
Shaikh, Pathology, UBC. Room 202, The Research
Centre, 950 W. 28th Avenue. 12 noon.
Wednesday Noon-Hour Concert.
The York Winds. Free admission. Recital Hall. 12:30
Biochemistry and Ophthalmology
The Extracellular Transport of Vitamin A-
Characteriation, Biosynthesis and Molecular Cloning at
a New Binding Protein. Or. CO. Bridges, Baylor
College of Medicine, Houston, Texas. IRC 3. 4 p.m.
Animal Resource Ecology
Wolves and Cariboo in Central Columbia. Dr. Dale Seip,
Forestry, UBC. Room 2449, Biological Science
Building, 4:30 p.m.
Germanic Studies Film.
German Movie on video cassette American Friend (with
subtitles"). For further information, call 228-2169. Room
A20S Buchanan Building. 12:30-2:30 p.m.
Rehabilitation Medicine Lecture.
Retraining of the Damaged Brain: A Challenge for
Rehabilitation Medicine. Dr. Christina Chan,
 m&SM&Wm*¥cm Wversity.
IRC 1. 12:30 p.m.
Moffatt Lecture in Chemistry.
Biochemistry of Vision: A Beginning. Prof. Gobind
Khorana, Biology and Chemistry, M.I.T., Cambridge,
Mass. Room 2S0, Chemistry Building. 1 p.m.
Political Science Lecture.
Survival in an Age of Crisis: Canada's Cultural Options.
Or. John Meisel, a distinguished Canadian political
scientist, Queen's University, Kingston, and former
Chairman of the CRTC. Room A204, Buchanan
Building. 1:30 p.m.
(0 H
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Metallurgical Process Engineering
Enhanced Uses of Aluminium and Its Alloys. J.P.
McGeer, Alcan International Limited. Room 303, Frank
Forward (Metallurgy) Building. 1:30 p.m.
Environmetrics Seminar.
Hourly Fluctuations of Acid Deposition. Dr. Paul
Switzer, Statistics, Stanford University. Room 225,
Mathematics Building. 3:30 p.m.
Physics Colloquium.
Psychokinetic Effects: Relevance for Quantum
Mechanics? Dr. Helmuth Schmidt, Mind Science
Foundation, San Antonio, Texas. Room 201, Hennings
Building. 4 p.m.
Zoology Seminar.
Genetic and Experimental Approaches to Pattern
Formation in Drosophila. Dr. Geral Schubiger, Zoology,
University of Washington. Room 2000, Biological
Science Building. 4:30 p.m.
Conference on Law and
Contemporary Social Issues.
The conference will include four sessions over two
days, covering the practical aspects of deregulating the
telecommunications industry, the broad ramifications of
government intervention in the economy, the
implications of regulating Canada's culture, and the
effects of pornograp hy and hate literature on personal
freedoms. Speakers include lawyers, economists,
academics, authors, playwrights, and government and
labor representatives. The speakers will present their
views and the floor will then be opened for questions
from the audience. Continues on Feb. 15. Rooms 101,
102,201, Curtis (Law) Building. 9 a.m. and 2 p.m.
Asian Studies Lecture.
The Buddhist Approach to Language. Dr. R.C.
Pandeya, Philosophy, Delhi University. Room 20,
Family & Nutritional Sciences Building. 9:30 a.m.
Management Science Seminar.
integration of Priority Dispatching and Due-Date
Assignment in a Job Shop. T.C.E. Cheng, MBA
Division, Business Administration, The Chinese
University of Hong Kong, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong. Angus
Penthouse. 10:30 a.m.
Asian Studies Lecture.
Is Indian Philosophy Other-Worldly? Dr. R.C. Pandeya,
Philosophy, Delhi University. Room 604, Asian Centre.
12:30 p.m.
Pharmaceutical Sciences Seminar.
Hyperphosphorylation of Plasma Membrane
Components in a Hepatocarcinoma Cell Line. "Dr. John
Church, Pharmaceutical Sciences, UBC. IRC 3, 12:30
Faculty Recital.
David Branter, saxophone, with the Vancouver Wind
Quintet. Free admission. Recital Hall. 12:30p.m.
Political Science Lecture.
Canadian-Soviet Relations.  Derek Fraser, Department
of External Affairs. Room A205, Buchanan Building.
12:30 p.m.
Medical Genetics Seminar.
Clinical Day-lntersex Problems and the Y Chromosome.
Clinical Genetics Unit Staff, Grace Hospital. Parentcraft
Room, Grace Hospital. 1 p.m.
UBC Symphony Orchestra.
Timothy Vernon, conductor. Free admission. Old
Auditorium. 8 p.m.
Thunderbird Wrestling.
The Canada West University Championships. UBC
students admitted free. For further information, cali
228-3917. Osborne Centre. All day.
Botany Seminar.
Unified Theory of Evolution. Dan Brooks, Zoology,
UBC. Room 3219, Biological Science Building. 12:30
Faculty Recital.
Eileen Broadie-Feay, mezzo-soprano and Philip
Tillotson, piano. Free admission. Recital Hall. 12:30
Germanic Studies Lecture.
Paradox, Metaphor, Ambiguity in Kafka. Dr. Hans
Helmut Hiebel, University of Graz, Austria. Room B314,
Buchanan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Plant Science Seminar.
The Effect of Elevated C02 Concentrations on Plant
Competition in Monocultures and Mixtures. Grace
Mchaina, Plant Science, UBC. Room 342, MacMillan
Building. 12:30 p.m.
Mechanical Engineering Seminar.
Dynamics of Satellites with Thermally Flexing
Appendages. Mr. A. Ng; Strategies with Robotic
Control. Mr. H.Voss. Room 1202, CEME Building.
3:30 p.m.
Germanic Studies Seminar.
Kafka's Novel The Judgement. Dr. Hans Helmut Hiebel,
University of Graz, Austria. Room B314, Buchanan
Building. 3:30 p.m.
Applied Mathematics Seminar.
Uniform Asymptotic Expansion for the Green's Function
of the Two-Dimensional Acoustic Equation. Prof.
Matthew Yedlin, Geophysics and Astronomy, UBC.
Room 229, Mathematics Building. 3:45 p.m.
Biomedical Discussion Group.
Analysis of Electrostatic Interactions in Proteins and
Nucleic Acids. James B. Matthew, E.I. du Pont de
Nemours, Wilmington, Delaware. IRC4. 4p.m.
Zoology "Physiology Group"
Cardiac Physiology in Teleost Fish. Dr. A.P. Farrell,
Biological Sciences, SFU. Room 2449, Biological
Science Building. 4:30 p.m.
Botany Seminar.
Hydroclathrus: An Alga with a Specialized Mechanism
for Making Holes in the Thallus. Brian Oates, Botany,
UBC. Room 3219, Biological Science Building. 12:30
Chemistry Seminar.
The Unified Theory of Evolution. Prof. Daniel R.
Brooks, Zoology, UBC. Room 250, Chemistry Building.
1 p.m.
Metallurgical Engineering Seminar.
Theory of Plastic and Viscous Deformation. T.H. Alden,
Metallurgical Engineering, UBC. Room 317, Frank
Forward (Metallurgy) Building. 3:30 p.m.
CUSO Development Education
Urban Poverty. A panel on urbanization in South East
Asia. For further information, phone the CUSO office at
228-4886. International House, UBC. 7:30p.m.
Wednesday Noon-Hour Concert.
Gerald Stanick, viola and Robert Silverman, piano. Free
admission. Recital Hall. 12:30 p.m.
Forestry Seminar.
Forestry-Range Conflicts and Accommodations in B.C.
Dr. M. Pitt, Plant Science, UBC. For further information,
call 228-2507. Room 166, MacMillan Building. 12:30
Sciences/Pharmacology and
Therapeutics Seminar.
Influence of Dietary Calcium on the Development of
Hypertension in SHR. Dr. Tom Tenner, Pharmacology,
Texas Tech. University. IRC 3. 12:30 p.m.
Comparative Literature
Colloquium-What is a Text?
What is a Judicial and Legal Text (ancient and modern)?
Prof. DeLloyd Guth, Law, UBC. Buchanan Penthouse.
3:30 p.m.
Geography Colloquium.
Creating a Sense of Place in New Canadian Resource
Towns. Dr. Alison Gill, Geography, SFU. Room 201,
Geography Building. 3:30 p.m.
Animal Resource Ecology.
Mortality in Larval Pacific Herring: Starvation or
Predation? Mr. Michael McGurk, I.A.R.E., Zoology,
UBC. Room 2449, Biological Science Building. 4:30
Physics Mini-Symposium.
Forces Stabilizing Lamellar Assemblies: Direct
Measurements of Free Energies and Determination of
Microscopic Structures.
Dr. V. Adrian Parsegian. Room 201, Henning Building. 2
Physics Mini-Symposium.
Direct Measurement of Forces and Other Interactions
(Adhesion and Fusion) Between Surfaces Absorbed
with Lipid Monolayers or Bilayers. Dr. Jacob
Israelachvili, Australian National University, Canberra,
Australia. Room 201, Hennings Building. 3 p.m.
Physics Mini-Symposium. -
Direct Measurement of Free Energy Potential for
Assembly of Lipid Bilayers to Adhesive Contact:
Insights Gained from Studies on Lipid Mixtures. Dr.
Evan Evans, Pathology, UBC. Room 201, Hennings
Building. 4 p.m.
Discussion Group Seminar.
Regulation of ACTH Secretion. Dr. Seymour Heisler,
Unite de Bioregulation Cellulaire, Laval University, IRC
1. 4 p.m.
Zoology "Physiology Group"
Phosphoinositidesand Calcium Signalling in Cells. Dr.
C.W.Taylor, Pharmacology, Medical College of Virginia,
Richmond, Virginia. Room 2449, Biological Sciences
Building. 4:30 p.m. *" *~"'"
Pharmaceutical Sciences Seminar.
Regulation of Hepatic Cytochrome P4S0 by Steroid and
Peptide Hormones. Dr. Bruce Virgo, Biology, University
of Windsor. IRC 3. 12:30 p.m.
Medical Genetics Seminar.
Congenital Rubella and Its Implications. Dr. A. Tingle,
Paediatrics, Children's Hospital. Parentcraft Room,
Grace Hospital. 1 p.m.
Thunderbird Volleyball.
UBC Men's and Women's teams vs. The University of
Saskatchewan. For further information, call 226*3917.
War Memorial Gym. 6 p.m. (women's) and 8 p.m. (men's).
Thunderbird Volleyball.
UBC Men's and Women's teams vs. The University of
Alberta. For further information, call 228-3917. War
Memorial Gym. 6 p.m. (women's) and 8 p.m. (men's).
Thunderbird Hockey.
UBC vs. The University of Leth bridge. UBC students
admitted free. For further information, call 228-3917.
Thunderbird Arena. 2:30 p.m.
Thunderbird Hockey.
UBCvs. The University of Lethbridge. UBC students
admitted free. For further information, call 228-3917.
Thunderbird Arena. 7:30 p.m.
Fine Arts Exhibit
A Measure of Consensus: Canadian Architecture in
Transition will be on display Feb. 1 - March 1 at the
UBC Fine Arts Gallery. The exhibition is guest-curated
by Andrew Gruff. Hours are Tuesday to Friday, 10 a.m.-
5 p.m. and Saturday, noon-5 p.m.
Application for Graduation
Application for graduation cards have now been mailed
to stu dents registered in the graduating year of the
following degree programs: B.A., B.F.A., B.Mus., 8.
Com., Lic.Acct., B.Ed.-Elem., B.Ed.-Sec, B.P.E.,
B.R.E. and B.Sc. All students who expect to graduate
this Mayor November are requested to complete and
return both cards to the Registrar's Office (Mrs. Donna
Anderson) as soon as possible, but no later than Feb. 15,
1986 for graduation in May, and Aug. 15,1986 for
graduation in Nov. Any student in the graduating year of
these programs who has not received cards in the mail
should confirm with the Registrar's Office (by phone at
228-4455) that his/her local mailing address is correct.
Students in the graduating year of all remaining degree
programs, except Applied Science and Graduate
Studies, should obtain their "Application for
Graduation" cards from the Dean's or Director's Office
of their Faculty or School. Students of Applied Science,
Graduate Studies or diploma programs should obtain
their appications from their departments. "Applications
for Graduation" cards are also available in the Office of
the Registrar, 2nd Floor, General Services
Administration Building. Please note: Every student
who expects to graduate must make application for
graduation. Anystudent who does not apply is ineligible
to graduate.
Faculty Club Exhibition
Recent Watercolor paintings by Victor Doray, are on
display at The Faculty Club until Feb. 22.
Badminton Club
Faculty and Staff Badminton Club meets Tuesdays
8:30-10:30 p.m. and Fridays 6:30-9:30 p.m. (except Feb.
14) in Gym B of the Robert Osborne Sport*Centre.
New members welcome. Fees 110 per term. For more
information call 228-402S.
Issues in Iconicity
An Interdisciplinary Conference-entitled Issues in
Iconicity will be held Feb. 28 to March ■). Sponsored by
the Vancouver Semiotic Circle and UBCs program in
Comparative Literature. For details,call Lorrain Weir at
228-2365 or Shelagh Lindsey at 228-4492.
Dorothy Somerset Studio
The Dorothy Somerset Studio is presenting Crimes of
the Heart by Beth Henley, directed by Julie Akers.
Tuesday, Feb. 25 through Saturday, March 1. Student
admission is $4 with a valid student card. Regular
admission is $5. Curtain time is each evening at* p.m.
For further information and reservations, phone 228-
2678 or drop by Room 207 of the Frederic Wood
Theatre Building.


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