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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Reports Nov 3, 1994

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Leaving Summer Behind
Gavin Wilson photo
Students walk across a blanket of leaves covering the ground in front of
Frederic Wood Theatre. Wind and heavy rain may have pulled the leaves
from the trees a little faster than usual, but the weather hasn't diminished
the beauty of autumn on campus.
Researcher named
to new physics chair
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
Lome Whitehead, a successful academic and industrial researcher best
known as the inventor of Light
Pipe, has been named to the
newly created NSERC/3M
Structured Surface Physics
Chair in the Dept. of Physics
at UBC.
The chair will have a
budget of $ 1.1 million during
its initial five years, with funding provided by the Natural
Sciences and Engineering
Research Council of Canada
(NSERC) and 3M Canada Inc.
Whitehead will  conduct
fundamental and applied research into micro-structured surfaces,
which have unusual properties such as
the ability to reduce wind resistance or
conduct light.
Light Pipe is a technology that allows
light wave transmission over long distances with little loss of intensity. Applications include sign illumination, highlighting building features such as the
spires of the Wall Centre in downtown
Lome Whitehead
Vancouver and lighting areas that are
difficult to reach or where explosives are
Whitehead's research in the Physics
Dept. is expected to generate discoveries
of mutual interest to 3M and
UBC and may result in new
3M products. These could
range from high-performance abrasives to novel transducers that could be laminated onto aircraft wings and
then energized to produce
acoustic vibrations that
would improve the efficiency
of air flow over the wings.
Both UBC and 3M have
previously made advances in
micro-replicated   surface
technology and the two already have an active patent licence agreement in the area of light guiding materials, a technology used in Light Pipe.
Whitehead has a solid track record in
structured surface physics and has built
strong ties with 3M. He is the inventor of
several structured surface optics patents
licensed to the company.
Whitehead  also brings  a firsthand
See PHYSICS, Page 4
Wood products engineering
UBC wins bid for
unique program
by Abe Hefter
Staff writer
UBC has been selected to implement
an innovative undergraduate program in
wood products engineering, the first of its
kind in North America.
The program, to be housed in the
Centre for Advanced Wood Products
Processing in the new Pacific Forest Sciences Centre, will help the wood processing industry meet its current need for
more than 2,000 wood processing engineers.
"With this new program, UBC will lead
the way in university-based education in
wood products," said Forestry Dean Clark
"It is representative of the revision
currently under way in the Dept. of Wood
Science undergraduate program and a
radical departure from not only our own
past programs, but from others currently
available in North America," he said.
Wood Science Dept. Head David Barrett
hopes to accept the first wood products
engineering students
in September of 1995.    ^^^^^^^^^™
"The program,
which will be developed by the faculties
of Forestry and Applied Science, will
graduate approximately 50 wood products engineering
graduates per year,"
said Barrett.
In  selecting  UBC
over five  other bids
from     universities
across the country, the
industry-led National
Education Initiative Board cited UBC's
close ties with Canada's wood manufacturers and processors as a key factor in
the selection process.
"We collaborated with representatives
of the wood processing industry to ensure that the program met their knowledge and skills needs," said Barrett. "We
were also involved with high schools,
colleges and technical institutes to help
them link their academic programs in
support of this initiative."
Barrett said university engineering
graduates often lack wood science and
business skills .Those with a background
in wood science may come up short in the
engineering area.
David Barrett
"This combination of
academic education and
practical experience will
enable students to make
a smooth and effective
transition from
university to work
David Barrett
This program will combine the best of
both academic worlds," he said.
In the past, Canadian wood processing manufacturers travelled the globe to
find the people who could bring the right
mix of skills to
the job. Their
number one
Germany, and
the Rosenheim Institute,
home to one of
Europe's top
wood processing engineering programs.
During the
past five years,
150 Rosenheim students have done their
internships in Canada. Some have remained here. Barrett would like to see
these internships and subsequent jobs
filled, at least in part, by UBC students in
the near future.
"The UBC program
^^^^^^^^^™ will include 16 months
of industry-related
work experience. This
combination of academic education and
practical experience
will enable students to
make a smooth and
effective transition
from university to work
The students' initial
hands-on experience
will take place at the
centre's Advanced
Wood Products
Processing Laboratory, a 2,700-square-
metre pilot wood processing plant. The
laboratory will also be used for continuing education programs and industry-led
training initiatives.
"New funding and facilities are required to start this program," said Barrett.
"UBC is now working with industry,
the federal and provincial governments,
and other agencies to develop a funding
partnership for the education programs
and the new Advanced Wood Products
Processing Laboratory."
Faculty offers Diploma in
Silviculture. See Page 3
Reassuring Results
A common prenatal procedure, amniocentisis, poses no threat to fetus
Security Scrutiny 4
Social security reform proposals face expert scrutiny during UBC forum
Knowledge Network 13
Information technology is revolutionizing the way we work and study
Funding Framework ' 16
UBC's president speaks out on proposed changes to federal funding 2 UBC Reports • November 3, 1994
Traffic change
isn't out of blue
Professor Anthony Dawson
deserves thanks for his input
on our efforts to improve the
environment for both pedestrians and traffic across campus.
However his letter [UBC
Reports, Oct. 20) judges one
issue in isolation of the bigger
picture and a number of points
require clarification.
The approved 1992 Main
Campus Plan establishes
principles and strategies for
growth, development and
management of the main
academic campus. Prior to the
approval of this plan, a three-
year process provided a forum
for the university community
to comment and provide input.
The Main Campus Plan was
ratified by the Board of Gover
nors on Sept. 17, 1992.
Both Strategy 18: Pedestrians, and Strategy 21: Vehicular Movement in the approved
Main Campus Plan address
the recent traffic improvements. The strategies set out
revisions to the road system to
enhance vehicle access while
also enhancing pedestrian
movement and safety.  In the
past the road system included
unpoliced and uncontrolled
dead-end roadways, complicated intersections and some
pedestrian paths separate from
roadways. This created
confusion for all pedestrians
and vehicles, long circuitous
routes around campus,
compromised safety, and a
pedestrian zone largely abused
by unauthorized vehicle traffic.
The improved road system
now in effect provides a ring
road around the campus that
clearly defines the campus
centre, and designates the area
between East and West malls
as a pedestrian zone. This zone
is accessed only by emergency
and safety vehicles, providing
an efficient and functioning
system for both pedestrians
and vehicles. Traffic control
measures on East and West
malls, such as speed button
strips, work in conjunction with
posted 30 kmh speed signage,
stop signs and pedestrian
crosswalks. Installation of
speed bumps was avoided so as
not to reduce emergency vehicle
response time, and to eliminate
the potential for vehicle damage
and loss of control. A study
undertaken prior to the installation of speed controlling
measures revealed average
speeds of 44 kmh; recent
results showed speeds considerably lower at 32 kmh.
Kathleen Laird-Burns
Information Officer
Campus Planning
& Development
Policy sets fair
I would like to offer my
compliments on the inclusion
of the "reasonable person"
standard in the Draft Policy on
Discrimination and Harassment (UBC Reports, Oct. 6).
This policy will go a long way
toward countering frivolous or
vindictive charges that might be
leveled against a member of the
university community.
To see how this might work,
suppose that a female student
brings charges that statements
made in class were sexually
harassing or discriminatory in
her view. Since the other
females in the same class
could be defined as reasonable
Aquatic Centre
houses hazard
The Aquatic Centre suffers
from two surprising design
flaws.  One is silly, non-
threatening, and impossibly
expensive to fix. The other is
significant, poses dangers to
centre users, and could be set
right with minimal cost.
The first design flaw:
1) the fitness facility, in the
basement of the Aquatic
Centre, is a "dry" area; signs
forbid one to use the exercise
machines if one is wet
2) to get from the change
rooms to the fitness area, one
must first pass through the
shower room
3) the showers are usually
4) the problem is obvious and
not easily fixed, but not all
that significant either.
The second design flaw:
1) the staircase leading down
to the fitness area is often wet
and dangerously slippery
2) the staircase leading down
to the fitness area is only
partially furnished with a hand
rail, even though common
sense and all the texts on
staircase design mandate full
hand rails
3) providing the missing hand
rail sections would cost very
Michael Feld
Dept. of Philosophy
Technical Support
for Social Science Projects
* Course & Instructor Evaluations
^Scannable Forms (multiple-choice)
& Data Collection i
^ Statistical Analysis J
& Custom Reports/Graphics  " ■
& Questionnaire/Survey/Test Design
Educational Measurement Research Group
University of British Columbia
Room 1311 Scarfe Building
  2125 Main Mall
Dr. Michael Marshall
\_'      7 Executive Director
Tel: 822-4145  Fax:822-9144
persons of similar background
to the complainant, the
appropriate test for harassment would then involve a poll
or survey of the remaining
female students in the class as
to whether they felt similarly.
If. for argument's sake. 80
per cent of the remaining
women felt that the comments
were not harassing or discriminatory, the charges should
then be dropped since the
majority of reasonable people
exposed to the situation which
incited the complaint did not
find harassment or discrimination in the cited act.
Obviously, if the results go
in the other direction this
would be credible evidence
that the remarks were offensive and should be dealt with
under the regulations.   I
assume that this was the
intent of this part of the policy
and I compliment those who
devised it since it will allow a
more objective measure of
harassment and discrimination in the classroom.
Stanley Coren, Professor
Dept. of Psychology
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William R. Storey
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UBC Reports is published twice monthly (monthly in
December, June, July and August) for the entire
university community by the UBC Community
Relations Office, 207-6328 Memorial Rd., Vancouver
Managing Editor: Steve Crombie
Editor: Paula Martin
Production: Stephen Forgacs
Contributors: Connie Filletti, Abe Hefter, Charles Ker,
Gavin Wilson
Editorial and advertising enquiries: (604) 822-3131
(phone), (604) 822-2684 (fax).
UBC Reports welcomes the submission of letters and
opinion pieces. Opinions and advertising published in
UBC Reports do not necessarily reflect official
university policy.
Material may be reprinted in whole or in part with
appropriate credit to UBC Reports. UBC Reports ■ November 3, 1994 3
John Chong photo
Staff writer
Ties between the Faculty of Forestry
and registered professional foresters
across B.C. have been strengthened with
the establishment of a Diploma in Forestry (Advanced Silviculture) at UBC.
Since 1985, the Silviculture Institute of British Columbia (SIBC) has been offering professional foresters
an opportunity to upgrade
their knowledge and skills
following completion of their
formal education. By granting the program diploma status, UBC and SIBC formally
recognize the program's academic value, the achievement of the students who
successfully complete it, and
the contributions made by
UBC Forestry faculty.
"SIBC has been built on a
foundation of volunteer efforts, and UBC
Forestry faculty have been instrumental
in the success of both the institute and
the silviculture diploma program," said
SIBC Executive Director Candace Laird.
Their efforts as instructors, curriculum committee members and on the board
of directors have enabled foresters to
learn about the latest research results,
products, techniques and technology."
A Ground-Breaking Library
Architect Arthur Erickson (left) and Michael Koerner look over the scale
model ofthe Walter C. Koerner Library following a ground-breaking ceremony
on Oct. 15. The ceremony was held at the library's proposed site, on the
west side of the Main Mall facing the Main Library. Other dignitaries on
hand for the event included Mayor Philip Owen; Darlene Marzari, minister
of municipal affairs; Ted McWhinney, member of parliament for Vancouver
Quadra; University Librarian Ruth Patrick; K.D. Srivastava, vice-president,
Student and Academic Services; President David Strangway and Chancellor
Bob Lee, who presided over the ceremony.
Diploma program allows
foresters to improve skills
by Abe Hefter The three-year program is open to
registered professional foresters with the
Association of B.C. Professional Foresters who have a minimum of five years of
work experience in forest management.
The course work focuses on developing
and refining the students' capabilities in
making sound silviculture decisions.
Students take part in
two, two-week modules a
year, over a three-year period. The 1994-95 program
includes modules in basic
silviculture principles, regeneration, forest and stand
development, silvicultural
planning and practices, forest analysis and silviculture prescription. Modules
are held in Prince George,
Surrey and Mesachie Lake
on Vancouver Island.
Kelly Powell, woods manager at Weldwood of Canada
Ltd.'s 100 Mile House operations, says the vigorous program has
helped him immensely.
"Absolutely. The program has helped
me update my skills and has been a great
learning experience," said Powell, who
has completed four ofthe six modules.
"The up-to-date information provided
by faculty members could be of help to a
wide range of forestry professionals. It's
an awfully good program."
Candace Laird
Speakers recall Holocaust
by Abe Hefter
Staff writer
Leading Holocaust Historian Yehuda
Bauer will be the keynote speaker during
Holocaust Awareness Week, Nov. 7-10,
at UBC.
Bauer, head of the Division of Holocaust Studies at the Institute of Contemporary Jewry in Jerusalem, will speak on
The Holocaust - Reality in the Age of
Denial, 12:30 p.m., Nov. 7 at Woodward
IRC lecture hall 1.
The rest of the week will feature a
series of discussion groups at Hillel House,
beginning at 12:30 p.m.
Hot lunch at Hillel House on Nov. 8 will
be followed by a discussion by UBC Asian
Studies Prof. Rene Goldman, who will
relate his experience as a hidden child
during the Holocaust.
On Nov. 9, students from the UBC
Jewish Students Association who participated in the March of the Living to
Poland will lead a discussion group.
On Nov. 10, Holocaust survivor Bronia
Sonnenschein will discuss issues of faith,
during and after the Holocaust.
Holocaust Awareness Week will commemorate Kristallnacht, when Nazi
groups rampaged through German cities
destroying Jewish property.
It will also feature a display at the
Student Union Building, focusing on the
experiences of the children of the Holocaust.
The display, which will include a historical overview of the Holocaust and
specific stories of children, as well as
artwork, poetry, and a continuous video,
will, be exhibited Nov. 9-10.
For further details on Holocaust Awareness Week at UBC, call Hillel House at
Amniocentesis shows
no ill effects: study
by Connie Filletti
Staff writer
The children of women who undergo
amniocentesis during pregnancy do not
experience long-term, adverse effects as
a result of the procedure, a team of UBC
researchers has found.
'The results of this study should be
reassuring to women having
amniocentesis and be useful to women
making decisions about having this procedure," said Dr. Patricia
Baird, a professor of Medical Genetics and principal
investigator of the study.
Amniocentesis involves
the use of a needle and
syringe to remove amniotic fluid from the amniotic sac which surrounds
the fetus. The material is
then studied for genetic
and biochemical disorders.
Immediate trauma to
the fetus or loss of the
fetus may occur in a very
small percentage of cases,
Baird said.
In Canada each year,
more than  15,000 pregnant women, or one in every 26, have
amniocentesis which is usually performed
at 14 to 15 weeks gestation.
The focus of the study was to determine if there are more subtle, long-term
consequences of performing the test for
the child's functioning or health.
Baird and co-investigators Irene Yee, a
statistical analysis researcher in the Dept.
of Medical Genetics and Dr. Dessa
Sadovnick, an assistant professor of Medical Genetics,  studied   1,296  children
Patricia Baird
whose mothers had amniocentesis. They
were compared to a matched control group
of 3,704 children whose mothers did not
have the procedure.
Subjects were identified through B.C.'s
Health Surveillance Registry and their
medical histories followed for at least
seven years and up to 18 years.
The study indicates that the offspring
of women who had amniocentesis were
no more likely than the control group to
have a registrable disability, for example,
learning   difficulties,
visual problems or limb
anomalies during childhood and adolescence.
The disorder which did
occur at a significantly
higher rate was ABO ISO
immunization — an
anemia caused by a
mother's immune reaction against a baby's
blood group — in babies
of mothers with incompatible blood groups,
Baird said.
She added that it is
usually mild and is potentially preventable by
giving immunoglobulin at
the time ofthe procedure.
"Since so many thousands of women
now have amniocentesis during pregnancy, it is important to know if children
born after this procedure experience any
disabilities, especially ones that may
emerge later during childhood or adolescence," Baird said.
'The information is needed by women
assessing the risks and benefits when
deciding whether to have the test."
The study was published recently in
the British medical journal Lancet.
Funding Fellowship
Martin Dee photo
Forest Sciences Dept. Head Gene Namkoong (centre) presents a cheque for
$110,000 to UBC President David Strangway to help establish a graduate
fellowship in the area of forest conservation biology. Namkoong's contribution
came from the $180,000 he was awarded as the recipient of the Marcus
Wallenberg Prize for scientific research in forestry. Funding for the
fellowship also included $95,000 from the provincial Forest Service.
Forests Minister Andrew Petter (second from right) was on hand to present
the cheque to UBC on behalf of the province. Also on hand for the ceremony
were Carol Namkoong and Dean of Forestry Clark Binkley.
Vogtfest celebrates retirement
Vogtfest 1994, a scientific symposium to mark the 65th birthday and
retirement of former Triumf Director
Erich Vogt, will be held on Sunday. Dec.
4 at Hebb Theatre in the Dept. of Physics.
The symposium includes a free public lecture by Sir Denys Wilkinson, retired head of Physics at Oxford University and a world-renowned nuclear
physicist. The lecture takes place at 3
Vogt was associated with Triumf from
its beginning and was its director for
more than 10 years. He was also a
faculty member in UBC's Physics Dept.
for almost 30 years and served as a
vice-president of the university.
The full program, which includes
registration and dinner, is $50. For
more information, call Elly Driessen at
222-1047, fax at 222-1074 or e-mail to
vogtfest@triumf.ca. 4 UBC Reports ■ November 3, 1994
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Proposed social security
reform examined at forum
The federal government's contentious proposals to reform the
Canadian social security system
are the topics of a Nov. 12 forum
sponsored by UBC Continuing
Studies and the Centre for Research on Economic and Social
Panels of UBC faculty members and invited experts will discuss Minister for Human Resources Lloyd Axworthy's policy
paper, which has implications
for every person in Canada.
Among the issues addressed
by the policy paper are child
poverty, the working poor, welfare, unemployment insurance,
job training, the financing of
post-secondary education and
the possible reform ofthe Canada
Assistance Plan.
The keynote speaker will be
Continued from Page 1
knowledge of technology transfer in the local and international
business community as the
founder of TIR Systems Ltd., a
UBC spin-off company specializing in Light Pipe manufacturing.
A PhD graduate of UBC's Dept.
of Physics, Whitehead has maintained a productive relationship
with his colleagues in the department as an adjunct professor.
Created with the help of UBC's
University-Industry Liaison Office, the chair is part of NSERC's
Industrial Research Chair program. Under the program,
NSERC and an industrial partner, in this case 3M, jointly fund
a research chair in a field that
presents a unique industrial
opportunity and responds to industrial needs.
With more than 2,000 employees and sales of $648 million, 3M Canada is the sixth
largest subsidiary ofthe 3M corporation, headquartered in St.
Paul, Minnesota.
3M operates in 57 countries,
has sales of more than $14 billion and manufactures and markets more than 60,000 products
— from Scotch Tape to the friction reducing film used on the
hull of racing yacht America I.
NSERC is Canada's largest
research granting agency, investing about $500 million each year
in advanced research, the training of new scientists and engineers, and collaboration between
the academic and industrial sectors.
Hedy Fry, MP for Vancouver Centre and a member of the task
force that drafted the proposals.
The panel on Income Assistance, Child Benefits, Family
Policy will include Alice
Nakamura, Faculty of Business,
University of Alberta; Jon
Kesselman, Centre for Research
in Economic and Social Policy,
Dept. of Economics, UBC; and
Michael Goldberg, Social Planning and Research Council.
The panel on Unemployment
Insurance, Labour Market Policy
will include David Green, Dept.
of Economics, UBC; John
Richards, Faculty of Business
Administration, SFU; and Craig
Riddell, Dept. of Economics,
On the panel on Post-Secondary Education, Adult Training
will be Kjell Rubenson, UBC
Centre for Policy Studies in Edu-
cation, Nakamura and
Speaking on Federal/Provincial Relations and their Impact
on the Process will be Alex
Netherton, Political Science
Dept., UBC.
The forum, called Social Security Reform: Where is it Going?, will be held on Saturday,
Nov. 12, from 9:30 a.m. to 1 p.m.
in room 101, Curtis Law Building.
The Cecil H. and Ida Green
Visiting Prof essorships of Green College
Lynn Margulis
Distinguished University Professor
Biology Department, University of Massachusetts
Kinetosome DNA and Spirochetes
Monday, November 7 at 3:30 PM Discussion Group
Woodward IRC, Hall 6
Symbiogenesis and Species Origins
Tuesday, November 8 at 4:30 PM Seminar
Woodward IRC, Hall 6
Power to the Protoctists, Our Ancestors
Thursday, November 10 at 12:30 PM
Woodward IRC, Hall 2
GAIA: The Living Earth from Space
Saturday, November 12 at 8:15 PM   The Vancouver Institute
Woodward IRC, Hall 2
Sir Martin Rees
Royal Society Research Professor of Astronomy
Cambridge University
Galactic Nuclei and Supermassive Black Holes
Monday, November 14 at 4:00 PM Seminar
Geophysics and Astronomy Building, Room 260
How Much Cosmology
Should You Really Believe?
Wednesday, November 16 at 12:30 PM
Hennings Building, Room 200
Dark Matter: How Much, Where and What?
Thursday, November 17 at 4:00 PM Seminar
Hennings Building, Room 200
Our Universe and Others
Saturday, November 19 at 8:15 PM The Vancouver Institute
Woodward IRC, Hall 2
The University of British Columbia
Advertisement for
Institute for Hearing Accessibility Research
Applications and nominations are invited for the position of Director of the
newly approved Institute for Hearing Accessibility Research (IHEAR). The
Institute has been formed to foster research into hearing accessibility, i.e. to
optimize the effectiveness of the hearing functioning of people in every day
life. The Institute will serve as a focus for seminars, graduate level activities,
workshops and conferences of interest to the University and the wider
The successful candidate will be a scholar of high standing with demonstrated
commitment to research and teaching in hearing accessibility or a closely
related area. He/she must also have administrative ability, a proven record
in obtaining research grants and/or other funds and a capacity to work with
scholars from a wide variety of disciplines to encourage interdisciplinary
research involving such areas as audiology, acoustics, social issues of
hearing, and health promotion. The Director must be able to promote linkages
to those with hearing loss and those concerned with community-related
issues of hearing. It is expected that the Director will devote considerable
attention to finding resources to ensure the financial viability of, and broad
participation in, the Institute. Only candidates internal to UBC who are tenured
faculty members will be considered. The appointment as Director will be for
a period of five years. An administrative stipend will be available.
Applicants should send a letter describing their interest in the position. A
curriculum vitae and names and addresses of at least three references should
be sent to Dr. John Grace, Dean, Faculty of Graduate Studies, GSAB, Zone
1. Nominations should be sent to the same address. The deadline for
applications and nominations is Nov. 30, 1994. It is expected that the
appointment will begin between January 1, 1995 and July 1, 1995.
Applications are welcomed from all qualified candidates, especially women,
aboriginal people, visible minorities and persons with disabilities.
Vetta Chamber Music and Recital Series
Victor Costanzi & Eugene Osadchy
Artistic Directors
Friday, November 18th, 1994
8:00 p.m.
CAHN In Ancient Temple Gardens
FAURE Sonata in A Major Opus 13
LOEB Eight Preludes for Percussion (1978)
DOPPLER Valse de Bravura Opus 33
GREEN The Ragtime Robin
DAVIES Yukon Scenes
West Point Grey United Church
4598 West 8th (at Tolmie)
Tickets available at the door:
Adults $16, Students and Seniors $13
We gratefully acknowledge the support of the City of Vancouver
18-19 November 1994
All sessions, except Keynote Lecture, in Green College
For information and registration contact
H.E. Kassis, UBC Department of Religious Studies
Phone 822-6523
Free Keynote Lecture
The Prosecution of Heretics
and the Emerging Criminal Law
of Twelfth and Thirteenth-Century Europe
Edward M. Peters
Henry Charles Lea Professor of History
University of Pennsylvania
Friday, November 18, 1994
at 12:30 PM in Buchanan A-202
The University of British Columbia Supplement to UBC Reports
UBC Reports • November 3, 1994 5
1993/94 Annual Report - Department of Plant Operations
The U.B.C. Waste Reduction Program was created in 1991 within the Department of
Plant Operations. The role ofthe Program is to instigate, coordinate, advocate and
promote waste reduction, reuse and recycling activities at the University of British
Columbia. The Waste Reduction Program currently runs a campus-wide paper and
cardboard recycling operation, coordinates multi-material recycling activities in
student residences and most importantly provides education, information and advice
on waste reduction to the campus community.
The people behind the Waste Reduction Program are:
• John Metras - Waste Reduction Coordinator
• Mary Jean O'Donnell - Operations Coordinator
• Bernard Dick, Kenneth Durrer, Albert Segar - Recycling Crew
50 per cent Waste Reduction by the Year 2000
The waste reduction goal set out by the Government of British Columbia states that
the per capita landfill disposal rate in the year 2000 should be reduced to 50 per cent
of the 1990 per capita waste generation rate (landfilled, recycled and composted).
This target has been adopted by regional and municipal governments across the
province and is the minimum standard by which waste reduction progress at U.B.C.
will be measured.
The total waste generated at U.B.C. in 1990/91 equaled 151 kg/person. The target
level of landfilled waste at U.B.C. for the year 2000/01 is therefore set at 75.5 kg/
person. Three years out from the baseline the landfill disposal rate at U.B.C. stands
at 99 kg/person, as shown in Chart 2. This means we have so far achieved a 34 per
cent reduction.
This document is the second annual report on the
activities ofthe U.B.C. Waste Reduction Program. It
is intended to provide a summary of waste reduction
progress at U.B.C. for the benefit of interested
students, faculty, staff and residents, as well as for
interested members ofthe public community which
the University of British Columbia serves. Information contained in this report covers the fiscal year
from April 1, 1993 to March 31, 1994.
Mission Statement
The U.B.C. Waste Reduction Program is committed
to effecting the maximum possible reduction in solid
waste at the University of British Columbia and in
doing so to contributing to the creation of an ecologically sustainable campus community. To realize
this objective the Program will strive to encourage
positive attitudes towards waste reduction and resource conservation and to provide the means,
through waste reduction, reuse and recycling (3 Rs)
programs, by which these attitudes can be turned into action.
• To initiate, coordinate and expand waste reduction, reuse and recycling programs
in the University community.
• To raise awareness in the University community about the principles, practices and
benefits of waste reduction and resource conservation.
• To bring together diverse groups and departments on campus in order that waste
reduction and conservation principles may become an integral part of campus life.
• To monitor, record and communicate waste reduction progress at U.B.C. so that the
campus community can see first hand, and be encouraged by, the results of its
waste reduction efforts.
• To act as a stakeholder in the development of University policy regarding conservation and ecological sustainability.
• To maintain associations with business, government, environmental organizations
and other educational institutions in order to benefit from an exchange of ideas on
waste reduction.
The U.B.C. community made positive waste reduction progress in 1993/94. The
quantity of solid waste sent to landfill continued to decline and diversion of material
to recycling and composting increased.   Data for 1993/94 shows that:
• 3,672 tonnes of waste was sent to landfill,
• 705 tonnes of material was collected for recycling,
• 1000 tonnes (approx.) of grounds waste was composted and
• 6 tonnes of food waste was collected in a pilot composting project.
Landfilled waste decreased 4 per cent from the previous fiscal year, a significant
accomplishment given that the campus population grew by approximately 2 per cent
over the same time period. This decline in landfilled waste can be directly attributed
to increased 3R activity on campus. Chart 1 illustrates the positive waste reduction
and recycling trend at U.B.C. since 1990/91.
It should be noted that a number of changes have been made in our waste accounting
system over the past year. Estimates are now included for the quantity of grounds
waste and food waste diverted to composting as well as for the quantity of demolition,
landclearing and construction (DLC) waste sent to the Ecowaste landfill in Richmond.
Our interpretation ofthe 50% waste reduction goal has also been altered to give credit
for waste reduction progress made at U.B.C. prior to the 1990 baseline year. These
changes were made for the sake of accuracy and consistency with government
Raising community awareness of waste reduction and resource conservation is the
most important function ofthe Waste Reduction Program. If ecological sustainability
is to be achieved at U.B.C, a fundamental change in attitude and behavior toward
resource use and waste must take place. This change will occur only if people
understand the wider ecological importance of waste reduction and how action can
be taken to reduce waste on an individual level.
Programs and Initiatives in 1993/94
A variety of new media and programs were used over the past year to convey this
challenging waste reduction message to the campus community. Some of the larger
initiatives included publication of a Waste Reduction Action Kit, organization of Waste
Reduction Forums, development of a Recycling Training Program for Building Service
Workers and the introduction of waste reduction and recycling information on the
U.B.C. computer network through ViewUBC. Our volunteer network of Recycling
Area Monitors and Residence Recycling Representatives continued to act as an
invaluable means for delivering these programs to the University community. A
complete list of waste reduction education and promotion initiatives is provided in
Table 1 (next page).
Community Involvement
In an effort to promote waste reduction objectives
within the University community and to stay current with developments in the external community,
the Waste Reduction Program is actively involved in
a number of working groups, committees and associations.  These include:
U.B.C. Community Recycling Group - a collaboration of
campus departments and student groups formed to
address waste management issues at the university.
U.B.C. Hazardous Waste Management Team - a
working group organized by the Department of
Health, Safety and Environment to address reduction and recycling of chemical waste at U.B.C.
U.B.C. Sustainable Development Policy Committee -
an administrative committee formed to develop
University policy on ecological sustainability.
U.B. C. Sustainable Development Research Institute -
the Waste Reduction Program worked closely with
S.D.R.I, in 1993/94 to develop a proposal for a
"Greening the Campus" program. 6 UBC Reports ■ November 3, 1994
Supplement to UBC Reports
U.B.C. Waste Reduction Program - 1993/94 Annual Report
Target Group
Waste Reduction Action Kit
A comprehensive package which provides
information and useful tips for reducing waste in
the campus workplace.
Office Staff
Waste Reduction Forums
Regular information sessions for Recycling Area
Monitors and interested members ofthe campus
Building Service Worker
Training and information sessions to familiarize
Building Service Workers with recycling
procedures at U.B.C.
Building Service
Information on waste reduction and recycling
provided on the U.B.C. computer network through
Information Sessions
Presentations on waste reduction at Human
Resources Orientation Sessions, Residence
Recycling Meetings.
New employees
Student residents
Junk Mail Reduction Campaign
Initiative to reduce junk mail on campus through
mail-in campaign to Canadian Direct Marketing
Faculty and staff.
Recycled Paper Promotion
A campaign to promote the use of recycled papers
at U.B.C. included an information sheet "Recycled
Paper - It Makes Sense".
G.V.R.D. Local Solid Waste Advisory Committee - a committee of local stakeholders
created to provide input on the Greater Vancouver Regional District's new solid waste
management plan.
Recycling Council of British Columbia - a non-profit society dedicated to the promotion
of waste reduction, recycling and ecological sustainability in British Columbia.
Paper and Cardboard Recycling
The Waste Reduction Program operates a campus-wide paper and cardboard
recycling program at U.B.C. This program continued to expand in 1993/94. The
Plant Operations recycling crew now stops regularly at 112 separate collection sites
across campus covering all academic, administrative and research buildings. The
total quantity of paper and cardboard recycled through this system in 1993/94 was
537 tonnes - an increase of 20% over the previous year. The Plant Operations
recycling crew was responsible for the collection of 440 tonnes of this total with the
balance handled by outside contractors such as BFI and CPL Paperboard. Paper and
cardboard recycling totals at U.B.C. since 1990/91 are provided in Chart 3.
Multi-material recycling programs at U.B.C. are serviced by outside recycling
contractors such as Browning Ferris Industries, Canadian Fibre and Urban
Impact. The total quantity of recyclable material collected through these
programs in 1993/94 was 94 tonnes - up 22% from the previous year. Multi-
material recycling program totals at U.B.C. since 1990/91 are shown in Chart 3.
Special recognition must go to U.B.C. Food Services and the Alma Mater Society,
who independently recycle metal and glass beverage containers at all of their
campus food outlets. The quantity of material captured through these programs
is very difficult to estimate and is therefore not included in the recycling totals
described above.
The Department of Plant Operations has been composting grounds waste at U.B.C.
for over 15 years. It is estimated that 1000 tonnes of organic material is now being
sent to the South Campus compost pile each year. This represents almost 20% ofthe
campus wastestream. Finished compost is used as a soil amendment on the campus
Late in 1993/94 the Waste Reduction Program began a 6 month food waste
composting project. This demonstration project was initiated by Dr. Alan Carter, a
visiting NSERC fellow in Bio Resource Engineering, and involved the use of a
proprietary bioreactor technology to convert food waste into saleable, nutrient rich
compost. Over the first half of the project (January to March 1994) approximately 6
tonnes of food waste was diverted to composting from the Food Services and AMS
kitchens at the Student Union Building.
The Waste Reduction Program is now researching different alternatives for food and
yard waste composting on campus. As part of a report on the Bioreactor project. Dr.
Carter submitted a proposal for an integrated composting facility for the campus.
This facility would handle all food and yard waste generated on campus as well as
manure from the Animal Science research farm.
Other Recycling Initiatives
There are a wide variety of materials collected for recycling at U.B.C. which have so
far escaped classification in this report.  These materials include:
gypsum wallboard collected by Plant Operations during building renovations
tonnes of gypsum was collected for recycling at U.B.C. in 1993/94.
scrap metal collected by SERF and Plant Operations - 58 tonnes of scrap metal,
mainly tin. was collected for recycling at U.B.C. in 1993/94.   This was down
significantly from 1992/93. mainly due to the
intermittent nature of scrap metal supply and
independent recycling initiatives by different departments which go unaccounted.
•     motor oil. oil filters, antifreeze, vehicle batteries,
and tires collected from the Plant Operations
photocopier and laser printer toner cartridges
collected by individual departments across campus in manufacturer sponsored recycling programs.
Materials collected in the paper recycling program include: fine paper, mixed paper,
newsprint, magazines, hard cover books, telephone books, and cardboard. Paper
collected for recycling at U.B.C. is sorted into various grades at an on-campus depot
and is then sold to a local recycling company (Weyerhaeuser Canada). Revenue from
the sale of recycled paper is modest - $ 1,885 in all of the fiscal year 1993/94. Paper
prices have been improving, however, and it is anticipated that revenue will be much
more significant in the coming year. In an effort to generate more income the Waste
Reduction Program also offers confidential document pickup and shredding services
to campus departments on a fee for service basis.
Given that paper comprises almost 60% of the U.B.C. wastestream by weight it is vital
to waste reduction success that paper recycling be maximized. It is estimated
however that only about a quarter of the paper waste at U.B.C. is currently being
recycled. There is still plenty of room for improvement. Since virtually every building
now has some level of paper recycling service this will mean increasing coverage of
recycling containers within the buildings and increasing recycling participation
through education and promotion programs.
Multi-Material Recycling
Multi-material recycling refers to "Blue Box" type programs in which a wide range of
different recyclable materials are collected. These materials typically include:
newsprint, mixed paper products, plastic containers, metal cans and glass bottles.
The Waste Reduction Program, in cooperation with the Department of Housing,
residence councils and the Alma Mater Society, coordinates a variety of multi-
material recycling programs on campus. The following sites currently have some form
of multi-material recycling:
• SUB • Gage Towers •  Place Vanier        • Totem Park
• Acadia/Fairview      • Ritsumeikan •  Green College
A summary of recycling and composting activities at U.B.C. is provided in Table 2.
Departments/Groups   Involved
Paper & Cardboard
Major campus-wide program for
collection and recycling of paper products
and cardboard. Over 200 buildings are
serviced by this program.
Waste Reduction Program/Plant
Various programs were available in on-
campus residences and food outlets for the
collection and recycling of metal cans,
glass bottles, newsprint, and mixed paper
Housing, Food Services, AMS, Waste
Reduction Program/Plant Operations
On-going composting of all U.B.C.
landscaping waste.
Pilot project for food waste composting
using [he "Bioreactor".
Plant Operations
Dr. Alan Carter, Food Services, AMS,
Waste Reduction Program
Other Recycling
Collection and resale of used office
furniture, lab equipment, computers, scrap
metal, etc.
Re-rendering of kitchen grease.
Recycling of used motor oil, oil filters,
antifreeze, vehicle batteries and tires.
Recycling of toner cartridges.
Surplus Equipment Recycling Facility
Food Services, AMS
Plant Operations garage
Various departments Supplement to UBC Reports
UBC Reports   November 3, 1994 7
U.B.C. Waste Reduction Program -1993/94 Annual Report
End Markets for Recycled Materials from U.B.C.
A question commonly asked about recycling programs is: "Does the stuff really get
recycled?" The answer is a resounding "Yes!!!" Waste materials collected at U.B.C. are
recycled into a variety of useful products. Examples of these products are provided
in Table 3 along with the companies involved in hauling, brokering and processing
recycled materials from U.B.C. The demand for finished products with recycled
content continues to grow and as it does so too grows the demand for high quality
waste materials from places like U.B.C.  Our waste is a resource!
End Market
Finished Products
Fine paper
B.C. - CPL Paperboard, Island
U.S. - James River Paper, Ore.
Offshore - paper mills in Korea,
Taiwan, China
recycled content writing and
photocopy paper, tissue paper
Mixed paper
Weyerhaeuser, International
Paper, Urban Impact, Canadian
B.C. - CPL Paperboard, Island
U.S. - James River Paper, Ore.
Offshore - paper mills in Korea,
Taiwan, China
linerboard, egg cartons, roofing
paper, low grade writing paper
Weyerhaeuser, Urban Impact,
International Paper, Canadian
B.C. - Newstech, Island Paper
newsprint, telephone books,
Weyerhaeuser, International
Paper, BFI
B.C. - CPL Paperboard
boxboard, linerboard
International Paper, Urban
Impact, Canadian Fibre
B.C. - Consumers Glass, New
West Glass
bottles, jars, architectural blocks
and tiles, drain rock
International Paper, Urban
Impart, Canadian Fibre, ABC
B.C. - Alcan
U.S. - MRI Corp, Seattle
Offshore - China
cans, auto parts, steel beams,
industrial products
International Paper, Urban
Impact, Canadian Fibre
B.C. - Merlin Plastics, Eco
non-food containers, auto parts,
carpets, fleece jackets, plastic
wood products
New West Gypsum
B.C. - New West Gypsum
gypsum wallboard
Action Tire
B.C. - Innovative Waste
Technologies, Northwest Rubber
rubber mats, paving bricks,
running tracks, mud guards
Used Oil
Used Oil Collection Service
B.C. - Mohawk Oil
re-refined motor oil
Used Oil
Laidlaw Environmental Services
U.S. - Filter Recycling Services,
re-refined motor oil, metal,
Batteries R Us
B.C. - Metalex Products
lead, plastic
Recycle West
Alta. - Canadian Oil Reclaimers
recycled anti-freeze
The Waste Reduction Program cost a total of $258,310 to operate in the fiscal year
1993/94. This included the cost of recycling operations, program administration and
capital purchases. The cost avoidance created by Waste Reduction Program activities
in 1993/94 was conservatively estimated at $86,000. This is comprised of landfill fees
and garbage handling costs which were saved through the diversion of campus waste
to recycling.
Even with this significant cost avoidance, recycling is still at an economic disadvantage. The unit cost for paper and cardboard recycling at U.B.C. is currently $245/
tonne. The unit cost for landfill disposal stands at $122/tonne, which includes the
$69/tonne landfill fee. This disparity results largely from the labour intensive
manner in which high-volume recyclables such as paper and cardboard are currently
collected. Developing a more cost effective paper collection system is a high priority
for the coming year.
The Waste Reduction Program has begun to recover some costs by charging ancillary
and independent units on campus for recycling services. The recycling collection
charges are kept below those levied for garbage disposal in order to provide a financial
incentive for waste reduction. Garbage is the most expensive option: recycling is
cheaper than garbage: reducing total waste output is least expensive in that both
recycling and garbage collection charges are reduced.
G.V.R.D. Solid Waste Management Plan
The Greater Vancouver Regional District is close to implementation of a new solid
waste management plan for the Region designed to achieve a 50% per capita reduction
in garbage disposal by the year 2000. The plan, which will call for expanded 3R
(Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) programs, is the result of an extensive planning process with
input from advisory committees, technical consultants and the general public. The
planning process will soon be completed with the adaptation of the waste management plan into by-law format. This process is expected to be finished by the end of
1994 or early in 1995.
Implications for U.B.C.
Several components of the new waste management plan will directly effect the way
U.B.C. manages its waste. These components include:
• mandatory waste audits and waste reduction plans for large Industrial / Commercial / Institutional (IC&I) waste generators.
• mandatory waste audits and waste reduction plans for all construction projects/
developments greater than 2000 square metres.
• mandatory source separation of designated recyclable materials by all IC&I and
construction site waste generators (with the option of off-site processing of mixed
• landfill disposal bans on designated recyclable and compostable materials (ie.
cardboard and yard waste) with surcharges for non-compliance.
8.0  NEW PROGRAMS FOR 1994/95
Waste Free U.B.C.
Waste Free U.B.C. is an action-oriented education program that makes individuals
responsible for the waste they generate and challenges them to reduce that waste.
The key component of this program is the elimination of deskside garbage collection.
Garbage and recyclables must now be taken to central waste stations located in
lunchrooms or photocopier rooms. Individuals receive special containers for this
purpose. This system forces people to become aware ofthe quantity and type of waste
that they personally create and typically results in increased levels of waste reduction
and recycling participation. At present, Waste Free pilot programs are under way in
the Old Administration building, in the Department of Plant Operations, in the Centre
for Human Settlements and in Clinical Dental Science. Plant Operations paper
recycling totals have increased by 30-40% since the Waste Free program was
introduced. A similar program has been successfully introduced in Government of
Ontario office buildings. Campus-wide implementation of the Waste Free U.B.C.
program is expected to require eighteen months to two years.
Eco-Depot Recycling Program
The Waste Reduction Program, on behalf of the Department of Housing, recently
designed an expanded multi-material recycling program for U.B.C. residences. This
program is meant to increase recycling participation through the use of conveniently
located Eco-Depots. A total of 27 depots will serve approximately 7,000 campus
residents. Each depot will have separate Eco-Bins for mixed paper products,
newsprint and commingled containers (plastic, metal, glass). International Paper
Industries, a local recycling company, has been contracted to provide collection
service for the program. The Waste Reduction Program will administer the contract
and provide all education and information support. The Eco-Depot Program is
expected to be in full operation by September 1994.
Cardboard Recycling Program
The Waste Reduction Program is constantly looking for innovative ways to make
recycling at U.B.C. more efficient. One such innovation planned and approved for the
coming year is a new cardboard collection system. This system will employ the Plant
Operations compactor truck to collect cardboard from specially marked green bins
located across campus. It is expected that this approach will increase the capacity,
efficiency and cost effectiveness of cardboard recycling at U.B.C. A trial ofthe new
system is currently underway with full program operation slated for September 1994.
9.0  OBJECTIVES FOR 1994/95
• Expand recycling activities through implementation ofthe new cardboard and Eco-
Depot recycling programs.
• Begin implementation of the Waste Free U.B.C. program in administrative departments.
• Use the introduction of Waste Free U.B.C. as an opportunity to promote waste
reduction issues and increase paper recycling coverage within the departments.
• Increase awareness of the Waste Reduction Program in the campus community
through newspaper articles, public forums, presentations for campus departments
and participation at community events such as Clubs Week and Environment
• Work closely with the Department of Purchasing to promote recycled content
products, waste conscious procurement ("pre-cycling") and vendor responsibility
for packaging waste.
• Expand recycling programs for demolition, landclearing and construction (DLC)
wastes such as wood, concrete, asphalt, gypsum and scrap metal.
• Expand recycling programs for metal cans, glass bottles and plastic containers.
• Investigate alternatives for increasing the capacity, efficiency and cost effectiveness
ofthe U.B.C. paper recycling system.
• Examine the feasibility of developing an integrated composting facility at U.B.C. to
handle both grounds waste and food waste.
• Continue development of the formal waste management plan for the University.
This plan will be centred around expanded, cost effective 3R (Reduce, Reuse,
Recycle) programs.
• Work with the Recycling Council of B.C. and the G.V.R.D. Local Solid Waste
Advisory Committee to promote province-wide programs, such as manufacturers
responsibility and an expanded deposit/refund system, which will help U.B.C.
reduce its waste.
If you have any questions, comments or suggestions with regard to waste
reduction and recycling at U.B.C. please contact John Metras of the U.B.C.
Waste Reduction Program at 822-3827 (e-mail: recycle@unixg.ubc.ca). 8 UBC Reports • November 3, 1994
November 6 through November 19
Sunday, Nov. 6
Music And Dance
Bhangra Concert With The
Punjabi Artists Association Of
Richmond. Museum of Anthro-
pologyGreatHallat2:30pm. Free
with museum admission. Call
Monday, Nov. 7
B.C. Cancer Research
Centre Seminar
Understanding Hormonal Progression In Breast Cancer: The
Need For A Tumour Bank In No-
Man's Land. Dr. Peter Watson,
Pathology, U. of Manitoba. Research Centre lecture theatre at
12pm.  Call 877-6010.
Plant Science Seminar
The Big Cover-up — Cover Crops,
That Is. Art Bomke, Soil Science.
MacMillan 318-D at 12:30pm.
Call 822-9646.
Faculty Development
Compiling ATeaching Dossier For
Tenure And Promotion. Judith
Johnston; William Webber. Seminar room, bsmt. of David Lam
(outside entrance behind
Trekkers) from 3-5pm. Call 822-
Mechanical Engineering
From Model Airplanes To Propel
lers To Computer Vision. Sheldon
Green, Mechanical Engineering.
Civil/MechEngineering 1202
from 3:30-4:30pm. Refreshments.  Call 822-6671.
Applied Mathematics
Science Seminar
Optimization Since 1984: The
New, The Old, The Unexpected.
Dr. Margaret H. Wright, Computing Mathematics, AT&T Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ. Math
100 at 3:30pm.   Call 822-4584.
Biology Seminar
Kinetosome DNA And
Spirochetes. Dr. Lynn Margulis.
Biology, U. of Massachusetts. IRC
#4 at 3:45pm. Refreshments at
3:30.  Call 822-9871.
Astronomy Seminar
Vega: A Pole-on Rotator. Graham
Hill, Dominion Astrophysical
Observatory. Geophysics & Astronomy 260 at 4pm. Refreshments at 3:30pm. Call 822-2267/
Zoology Comparative
Physiology Seminar
Chemical Interactions Between
Predatory Cone Snails And Their
Prey. Dr. Baldemero Olivera, Salt
Lake City. BioSciences 2449 at
4:30pm.  Call 822-5344.
Tuesday, Nov. 8
Poetry Reading
John O'Neill will read from his
latest book "Love in Alaska".
Buch. E-458 at 12:30pm. Call
Health, Safety/
Environment Seminar
Clayoquot Sound: A Debate Of
The Issues. Tzeporah Berman.
Greenpeace; Hamish Kimmins,
UBC Forestry/MacMillan
Bloedel. IRC #5 at 12:30pm. Call
Centre for the Study of
Teacher Education Seminar
Collaborative Professional Development: A Case Study. Dr. Neal
Sellars, James Cook U. of North
Queensland. Scarfe 1211 from
12:30-l:30pm.   Call 822-2733.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
DPIC, What's Up Down There:
Review Of DPIC Program. Derek
Daws, managing director, Drug/
Poison Info Centre, St. Paul's Hospital. IRC #3 from 12:30-l:30pm.
Call 822-4645.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Post Traumatic Seizures: Is There
A Role For Anti-convulsant Prophylaxis? John Forster-Coull. PhD
student, Clinical Pharmacy. Vancouver Hosp-UBC Site G-279 from
4-5pm.   Call 822-4645.
Medical Genetics Seminar
Molecular Genetics Of Neurologic
Disease: From PhenotypeTo Genotype And Beyond. Dr. Pragna Patel.
Inst, for Molecular Genetics. Baylor
College of Medicine, Houston.
Texas. Wesbrook 201 from 4:30-
5:30pm. Refreshments at 4:15pm.
Call 822-5312.
Botany Seminar
Autumnal Leaf Senescence In
Western Larch (Larix Occidentalis
Nutt.) Selma Rosenthal, PhD candidate, Botany. BioSciences 2000
from 12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-
Animal Science Seminar
Control Of Silage In Rumen Fermentation. George Kamande, PhD
student, Animal Science.
MacMillan 260 at 12:30pm. Refreshments.  Call 822-4593.
Intercultural Language
Distance Learning Opportunities
And Canada's Leading Role In Distance Learning Technology. Tony
Bates, Open Learning Agency,
Burnaby. Buchanan Penthouse
from 12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-
Modern Chemistry Lectures
Theory, Reaction Dynamics And
Transition-State Spectroscopy.
Prof. George C. Schatz. Chemistry, Northwestern U., Evanston,
111. Chemistry 250, south wing at
lpm. Refreshments at 12:40pm.
Call 822-3266.
Cecil/Ida Green Visiting
Symbiogenesis And Species Origins. Prof. Lynn Margulis, Biology, Morrill Science Centre, U. of
Massachusetts. IRC #6at4:30pm.
Call 822-5675.
Green College Seminar
Germany, The Land In The Middle: The Legacy Oflts History. Dr.
John Conway, History. Green
College recreation lounge at
5:30pm.  Call 822-8660.
Wednesday, Nov. 9
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
MRI OfThe Post Op Joint. Chair.
Dr. R.W. McGraw; Dr. Peter Munk,
speaker. Eye Care Centre auditorium Vancouver Hosp./Health
Sciences Centre at 7am. Call 875-
Enteropathogenic E. coli Secretion And Signal Transduction. Dr.
Brendan Kenny, UBC
Biotechnology Lab. Wesbrook 201
from 12-1:30pm.   Call 822-3308.
B.C. Transplant Rounds
Kidney Transplant Stability With
Long-term Use Of The Drug,
Cyclosporine. Dr. Richard Lewis,
U. ofTexas Medical School. Taylor-
Fidler Theatre. Vancouver Hosp.
from 12-lpm. Lunch is provided.
Call 877-2100.
Wednesday Noon Hour
Alexandra Browning-Moore, soprano; Robert Holliston, piano.
Recital Hall at 12:30pm. Admission $2.50.   Call 822-5574.
Opera Panel Discussion
Bizet's Pearl Fishers In Context.
Susan Bennett, John Mitchell,
both from The Vancouver Opera;
Floyd St. Clair, French, Andrew
Buza. English. Buchanan Penthouse at 12:30pm. Call 822-4060.
Author Reading
Doug Fetherling reading from his
latest book, "Selected Poems."
Buchanan E-458 at 12:30. Call
Geography Colloquium
Producer Services In Urban And
Rural Areas: Contrasts In Competitiveness, Trade And Development. Dr. William Beyers, U. of
Washington. Geography 201 at
3:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-
Centre for Research in
Women's Studies and Gender
Gay Lesbians, Feminist Lesbians,
No Lesbians: The Christian Right
Constructs Lesbian Sexuality. Didi
Herman, Law, KeeleU., Great Britain. CRIAW, 1896 E. Mall from
3:30-5pm.  Call 822-9171.
Disparity Between Post-receptor
Events Linking a 1-adrenoceptor
Activation To Contraction In Blood
Vessels. Dr. R. Tabrizchi. assistant professor, Pharmacology/
Therapeutics. IRC #3 from4-5pm.
Call 822-5565.
Green College Law And
Society Seminar
Mythologizing Immigrants: Some
Recent Issues In The Public Discourse On Immigration. Phil
Rankin, Rankin and Bond; Audrey
Kabayashi, director of the Institute of Women's Studies, Queen's
U. Green College recreation lounge
at 5pm.   Call 822-8660.
Centre for Biodiversity
Research Seminar
When Interests Conflict: Figs.
Yuccas, And The Mutualism - Antagonism Continuum. Dr. Judy
Bronstein, Ecology/Evolutionary
Biology, U. of Arizona. Family/
Nutritional Sciences 60 at 4:30pm.
Call 822-4239.
Theatre Performance
Continues to Nov. 26. Into The
Woods by Stephen Sondheim, a
co-production with the School of
Music. Frederic Wood Theatre at
8pm. Adults $12: weekends $14.
Student/Senior $8 weekday; $10
wknd. Preview Nov. 9, two for one
adult ($12). 3 play season tickets
are still available. Call 822-2678.
Thursday, Nov. 10
MOST Course
Eliminating Discrimination: Making A Difference. Estelle Paget.
Brock Hall 0017 from 9am-4pm.
Refreshments.  Call 822-9644.
Staff Orientation
Campus Orientation. Participating: President's Office, Campus
Planning/Development and Campus Recreation. Cecil Green Park,
Yorkeen room from 9am- 12pm.
Refreshments/Prizes. Call 822-
Cecil/Ida Green Visiting
Professor Lecture
Power To The Protoctists, Our
Ancestors. Prof. Lynn Margulis,
Biology, Morrill Science Centre. U.
of Mass., Amherst. IRC #2 at
12:30pm.   Call 822-5675.
Botany/Centre for
Biodiversity Research
Toward The Chemical Ecology Of
Medicinal Plant Use InThe African
Great Apes. Dr. Michael Huffman,
Zoology, Kyoto U., Japan.
BioSciences 2000 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Students for Forestry
Awareness Lecture Series
B.C.'s Protected Area Strategy: Its
Evolution And Future. Warren
Mitchell, B.C. Ministry of Forests.
MacMillan 166 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-
CICSR Distinguished Lecture
Collaborative Multimedia And
Multimedia For Collaboration. Dr.
Ronald Baecker. U. of Toronto.
CICSR/CS 208 at 4pm. Call 822-
Physics Colloquium
Quantum Measurement. William
G. Unruh, Physics. Hennings 201
at 4pm.  Call 822- 3853.
Economics Seminar
Monetary Policy And The Business Cycle: Empirical Evidence
From Flow Of Funds Data. Charles
Evans, Chicago Federal Reserve
Board. Buch. D-225 from 4-
5:30pm.  Call 822-8216.
Institute of Asian Research
Seminar on Two Koreas
Two Koreas Face The World. Dr.
Robert Scalapino, U. of Calif.,
Berkeley. Asian Centre auditorium from 5-6:30pm. Call 822-
Distinguished Artists
Gothic Voices. Music Recital Hall
at 8pm. Adult $16; student/senior $9.   Call 822-5574.
Friday, Nov. 11
Remembrance Day
The annual UBC Remembrance
Day service will be held in the War
Memorial Gym beginning at
10:45am. VP Daniel R. Birch will
conduct an inspection ofthe troops
beginning at 10:15am. Refreshments follow the service and all
are welcome to attend. Call 822-
Saturday, Nov. 12
Vancouver Institute Lecture
GAIA: The Living Earth From
Space. Prof. Lynn Margulis, Biology, Morrill Science Centre, U.
of Mass., Amherst. IRC #2 at
8:15pm.   Call 822-3131.
Sunday, Nov. 13
Nehru Day Celebration
A Cultural Performance. Asian
Studies auditorium from 7- 10pm.
Refreshments.  Call 822-3846.
Monday, Nov. 14
B.C. Cancer Research
Centre Seminar
Higher Order Chromatin Structure And DNA Repair In XRS-5,
An X-Ray Sensitive Hamster Cell
Line. Dr. Peter Johnston, School
of Biology/Pre-Clinical Medicine.
St. Andrew's U., Scotland. Research Centre lecture theatre at
12pm.   Call 877-6010.
Plant Science Seminar
Assembly/General Applications
Of        The High-diversity
Recombinant Antibody Phage
Display Libraries. Bill Crosby,
Plant Biotech Institute.
MacMillan 318-D al 12:30pm.
Call 822-9646.
Mechanical Engineering
On Line Monitoring And Fault
Diagnosis Of Hydraulically-Ac-
tuated Machinery. Masoud
Khoshzaban, PhD student. Civil/
MechEngineering 1202 from
3:30-4:30pm. Refreshments.
Call 822-6671.
Biology Seminar
Non-Ribosormal Synthesis: Exploring A Universe Of Novel Proteins. Dr. Steve Kent, Scripps
Research Institute. IRC #4 at
3:45pm. Refreshments. Call
Astronomy Seminar
Galactic Nuclei And
Supermassive Black Holes. 1994
Cecil Green Lecturer, Sir Martin
Rees, Cambridge. Geophysics &
Astronomy 260 at 4pm. Refreshments at 3:30pm. Call 822-
Tuesday, Nov. 15
MOST Course
An Introduction To Health, Safety
And Environmental Issues At
UBC. Staff from UBC Health,
Safety/Environment. Brock Hall
0017 from 9am-12pm. Refreshments.   Call 822-9644.
Calendar items must be submitted on forms available from the UBC Community Relations Office, 207-
6328 Memorial Road, Vancouver, B.C. V6T1Z2. Phone:
822-3131. Fax: 822-2684. Please limit to 35 words.
Submissions for the Calendar's Notices section may be
limited due to space. Deadline for the November 17
issue of UBC Reports -—which covers the period November 20 to December 3 — is noon, November 8. Calendar
UBC Reports • November 3, 1994 9
November 6 through November 19
Animal Science Seminar
Stress /Glycogen Metabolism In
Fish. Dr. Matt Vijayan, Animal
Science. MacMillan 260 at
12:30pm. Refreshments. Call
Author Reading
Sheri-D Wilson, performance
poet/artist, will be reading at the
Creative Writing Dept. Buch. E-
458 at 12:30pm. Call 822-0699.
Botany Seminar
Evolutionary Origin Of The
Asteraceae. Dr. Todd Stuessy,
Botany/Centre for Biodiversity
Research, Ohio State U.
BioSciences 2000 from 12:30-
1:30pm.   Call 822- 2133.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Diphenhydramine Disposition In
Pregnant Sheep: Application Of
Stable Isotope Labeled Drug.
George Tonn. graduate student.
Pharmaceutical Sciences. IRC
#3from 12:30-1:30pm. Call822-
Centre for Chinese
Research Seminar
Migration Controls/Urban Society In Post-Mao China. Dr. Kam
Wing Chan, Geography, U. of
Washington. Asian Centre 604
from 12:30-2pm. Call822-2629.
Lectures in Modern
Snapshots Of Chemistry: Product Imaging Of Molecular Reactions. Dr. Paul Houston, Chemistry. Cornell U., Ithaca, NY.
Chemistry 250. south wing at
lpm. Refreshments. Call 822-
Seminar Series
Life As A Chief Executive Officer.
Bob Wyman, former CEO of B.C.
Hydro and Pemberton Securities. All welcome. Angus 110 at
lpm.   Call 822-8518.
Pharmaceutical (Sciences
Gastric Acid Suppression: Does
It Change Outcome Ir Upper GI
Bleeds? John MacReady. PhD
student. Clinical Pharmacy.
Vancouver Hosp-UBC Site G-279
from 4- 5pm.   Call 822-4645.
Green College Seminar
Moral Fitness And Liberal Governance. Prof. Mariana Valverde,
U. of Toronto. Green College
recreation lounge at 5:30pm. Call
Centre for Applied Ethics
Research On Human Zygotes.
Dr. Patricia Baird. Medical Genetics. Angus 413 from 4-6pm.
Call 822-5139.
Archaeological Institute
The Great Temple Of Artemis At
Sardis (Turkey). An illustrated
lecture. Prof. Fikret Yegul, U. of
Calif., Santa Barbara. Museum
of Anthropology theatre at 8pm.
Call 822-2889.
Wednesday, Nov. 16
Commerce Alumni Division
Business Breakfast
The NBA And G.M. Place: The
Impact Of The New Franchise
And Arena On The Vancouver
Business Community. Arthur
Griffiths, Chair, CEO/Governor,
Northwest Entertainment Group.
Harbourside Ballroom, Renaissance Hotel, 1133 W. Hastings St.
at 7:15am for registration. $25.
Call 822-8923.
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
Basic Science Research In Orthopaedics. Chair, Dr. Robert
McGraw: speaker. Dr. Cyril Frank,
U. of Calgary. Vancouver Hosp./
HSC Eye Care Centre auditorium
from 7- 7:45am.   Call 875-4272.
MOST Course
Working With Cultural Diversity.
Rhonda Margolis. Brock Hall 0017
from 9am-4pm. Refreshments.
Call 822-9644.
UBC Bookstore Customer
Appreciation Day
This is our annual special one day
sale - save 10% on almost everything in the store. There will be
holiday treats, free gift wrapping
services and door prizes. Call 822-
Involvement Of Toxic Shock Syndrome Toxin-1, Staphylococcal
Enterotoxin A/Staphylococcal
Enterotoxin B InThe Pathogenesis
Of Toxic Shock Syndrome. Monica
deBoer, Microbiology/Immunology. Wesbrook 201 from 12
1:30pm.   Call 822-3308.
Canadian Studies Lecture
Writing And Women In Quebec.
Valerie Raoul. French. Buchanan
B-212at 12:30pm. Call822-2561/
Cecil/Ida Green Visiting
Professor Lecture
How Much Cosmology Should You
Really Believe? Sir Martin John
Rees. director. Institute of Astronomy. Cambridge. Hennings
200 at 12:30pm.   Call 822-5675.
Wednesday Noon Hour
Paula Kiffner. cello; Gaye Alcock,
piano. Music Recital Hall at
12:30pm. $2.50 admission. Call
Centre for Japanese
Research Seminar
Peace/Stability In Northeast Asia:
Japan's Role. Prof. Frank Langdon,
Institute of International Relations.
Asian Centre 604 from 12:30-2pm.
Call 822-2629.
Centre for Southeast Asian
Research Seminar
The Changing Socio-economic
Situation And Development Strategy In Vietnam. Drs. Do Due
Dinh, Vu Tuan Ann, NCSSH, Vietnam. Asian Centre music room
105 from 12:30-l:30pm. Call 822-
Applied Mathematics
Slow Internal Layer Motion For
Some Reaction-Diffusion Equations. Dr. Michael Ward, Mathematics. Math 203 at 3:30pm.
Call 822-4584.
Geography Colloquium
The Nature/Importance Of Traditional Ecological Knowledge In B.C.
Dr. Nancy Turner, Environmental
Studies, U.Vic. Geography 201 at
3:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-
Centre for Biodiversity
Research Seminar
Natural History And Spatial Cognition Of Seed-caching Corvids.
Dr. Peter Bednekoff, Zoology. Family/Nutritional Science 60 at
4:30pm.   Call 822-4239.
Pharmacology /Therapeutics
Signal Transduction In Vascular
Myogenic Tone. Dr. I. Laher, Pharmacology, U. of Vermont. IRC #3
from 4-5pm.  Call 822-5565.
B.C. Transplant Society
Public Forum
Living Donation: The Facts And
The Feelings. A look at kidney
transplantation through living
donation. Six speaker panel.
Robson Square Conference Centre, Judge White Theatre at
7:30pm. Refreshments. Call 877-
Thursday, Nov. 17
Hort Club Demonstration
Novel Flower Arrangements Using
Wood Shrubs. Judy Newton, Botanical Garden Greenhouse 102
from 1:30-2:30pm. Call822-0894.
Philosophy Colloquium
Proofs And Pictures. Jim Brown,
Philosophy, U. of Toronto. Buch.
D-348 from 1 - 2:30pm. Call 822-
Students for Forestry
Awareness Lecture Series
New Forestry. Jerry Franklin,
Washington State U., Seattle.
MacMillan 166 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-
Faculty Development
Success, Women And The Academy: The Teacher, The Scholar,
The Administrator. Lynn Alden;
Sherrill Grace; Martha Salcudean.
Seminar room, bsmt. of David Lam
(use outside entrance behind
Trekkers) from 3-4:30pm. Call
CICSR Faculty Forum
Automation Intelligence. Prof.
Clarence de Silva, Mechanical
Engineering. CICSR/CS 208 at
4pm.   Call 822-6894.
Cecil/Ida Green Visiting
Professor Seminar
Dark Matter: How Much, Where
And What? Sir Martin John Rees,
director. Institute of Astronomy,
Cambridge. Hennings 200 at 4pm.
Call 822-5675.
Green College Lectures
Medieval/Renaissance Studies
Seminar. Cangrande And The
Ortho-Dantists: Cursus On The
Big Dog. Prof. H. Ansgar Kelly,
English, UCLA. Green College recreation lounge at 4:30pm. Call
Canadian Studies Workshop
Metanarratlves OfWest And North.
Sherrill Grace, English; Cole
Harris, Geography. Green College
small dining room at 8pm. Call
822-5193. Please book in advance
if you wish to join us dinner, at
Friday, Nov. 18
24th Annual Medieval
Continues Nov. 19. Heresies And
Heretics InThe Middle Ages. Green
College Great Hall. Call 822-6523.
Ophthalmology Clinical Day
Vitreo-Retinal/Macular Disorders.
Chair, Dr. A.L. Maberley; speaker,
Dr. Travis Meredith, Ophthalmology, U. of St. Louis, MI. Refreshments at 7:30am, 2nd fir. lounge,
Vancouver Hosp./Health Sciences
Centre Eye Care Centre. Call 875-
Pediatrics Grand Rounds
Myoclonic Epilepsies In Childhood.
Dr. Keven Farrell, Neurology; director, Seizure Clinic, BCCH. GF
Strong auditorium at 9am. Call
Leon & Thea Koerner
The Prosecution Of Heretics And
The Emerging Criminal Law Of
12th/ 13th Century Europe.
Edward M. Peters. Buch. A-202 at
12:30pm.   Call 822-6523.
Fisheries Centre Seminar
Setting Biological Reference Points
For Recruitment Overfishing:
Thresholds And Control Laws. Dr.
Andrew Rosenberg, Northeast
Fisheries Centre, MASS. Ralf
Yorque Room, Fisheries Centre,
Hut B-8 from l:30-2:30pm. Call
Chemical Engineering
Weekly Seminar
Fouling Model For Heavy Oil Separation UsingACeramicMembrane.
Anna Duong, graduate student.
Chemical Engineering.
ChemEngineering 206 at 3:30pm.
Occupational Hygiene
Programme Seminar
Genetic Damage In Female B.C.
Berry Pickers: Micronuclei Frequency In Peripheral Lymphocytes.
Hugh Davies, MSc candidate.
Civil/MechEngineering 1202 from
12:30- 1:30pm. Call822-9595.Re-
freshments at 3:15 in room 204.
Call 822-3238.
Mathematics Colloquium
Variational Methods And Viscosity Solutions Of Differential Equations. Prof. Nassif Ghoussoub,
Mathematics. Math 104 at
3:30pm. Refreshments at 3:15 in
math annex 1115. Call 822-2666.
Student Housing
A new service offered by the AMS
has been established to provide a
housing listing service for both
students and landlords.Students
call 822-9844, landlords call 1-
900-451 -5585 (touch-tone calling)
or  822-0888, info only.
Grad Centre Activities
Dance To A Latin Beat. Every
Wed. at the Graduate Centre at
8:30pm. To find out more about
Mon. movies, Tues. pool tourney,
Thurs. coffee house and Fri. folk,
call the hot-line at 822-0999.
Disability Resource Centre
The centre provides consultation
and information for faculty members with students with disabilities. Guidebooks/services for students and faculty available. Call
822- 5844.
Women Students' Office
Advocacy/personal counseling
services available. Call 822-2415.
Sexual Harassment Office
Advisors are available to discuss
questions or concerns and are prepared to help any member of the
UBC community who is being sexually harassed find a satisfactory
resolution.   Call 822-6353.
Research Study Volunteers
Role Stress In Dual-earner Parents Of Pre-school Children.
Wendy Hall, UBC School of Nursing. Participants will complete 2
short questionnaires only. Hono-
Economics Seminar
The Effects Of Minimum Wages
In The Canadian Labour Market:
1975-1993. Michael Baker, U. of
Toronto. Buch. D-225 from 4-
5:30pm.   Call 822-8216.
UBC Zen Society Lecture
Zen Buddhism, Zoketsu Norman
Fischer, Abbott-elect, San Francisco Zen Centre. Buch. D121 at
3:30. Call 822-4086.
Saturday, Nov. 19
Museum of Anthropology
The Tsilhgofln War Of 1864 And
The 1993 Report On The Carlboo-
Chllcotln Justice Inquiry. Avar-
led panel with artist Judith
Williams as host. MOA Theatre
Gallery from 9:30am-5:30pm.
Pre-registration: $ 15 adults, $ 12
students/seniors, members $8.
Fee Includes information package.   Call  822-4604.
Vancouver Institute Lecture
Our Universe And Others. Sir
Martin John Rees, director, Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge.
IRC #2 at 8:15pm. Call 822-
Take Your SoulTo Work: Increasing Your Personal And Professional Effectiveness. Tannis
Helliwell, MEd, therapist and organizational consultant. International House upper lounge,
9:30am-4:30pm Sat. and Sun.
Coffee and Tea. Certain student
quota will be admitted free. $150.
Call 222-2158.
rarium offered.   Call 686-0877.
Acne Treatment Study
A new acne lotion vs. a proven
acne medication. Volunteers not
under doctor's care for acne, 25
yrs. or younger. 5 visits over 12-
week period. Honorarium upon
completion.   Call 875-5296.
Psychology Study
Music/Mood Study. Comprises
2 one-hour sessions, booked 2
days apart. Participants will be
paid $20 upon completion of both
sessions. Kenny 1708. Call 822-
Audiology/Speech Sciences
Volunteers needed with normal
hearing, who are native-English
speakers; 18-35 years old, with
no previous instruction in linguistics to participate in a study
of speech perception in noise.
Honorarium paid. Call Anita at
Faculty and Staff Volleyball
Mondays/Wednesdays Gym B,
Osborne Centre at 12:30pm.
Drop-in or attend regularly for
recreation.  Call 822-4479.
Nitobe Garden
Open Mon.-Fri. 10am-2:30pm.
Call 822-6038.
Botanical Garden
Open daily from llam-5pm.
Shop In The Garden, call 822-
4529; garden information, 822-
9666. 10 UBC Reports • November 3, 1994
Supplement to UBC Reports
November 3, 1994
Dear Colleagues:
Three draft policies on interesting subjects are published here for your review.
Please forward comments and suggestions to Libby Nason, Vice Provost.
Consultation with Students on Tuition Fees
Two quite different different circumstances are contemplated in the policy:
• where a multi-year policy has been approved subject to ratification by the
Board ofGovernors (e.g. for 1995/96 and 1996/97)
• where a new tuition level is being established either for one year or for multiple years.
The draft was developed by a small working group composed ofthe President of the
Alma Mater Society, the President ofthe Graduate Student Society, the Registrar, the
Director of Budget and Planning, the Executive Coordinator of the Student and
Academic Services Office and the Vice Provost.
Extraordinary Expenses — Grant- and Contract- Funded Employees
Large, unanticipated charges to grant and contract accounts can have devastating
consequences for the progress ofthe work planned (for which many have performance
commitements) under grants or contracts.
For many years, funding agencies have accepted that they are responsible for
direct salary and benefit costs of staff they fund. These direct obligations are built
into the grant or contract. However, when situations of mid-term sick pay or
maternity leave have arisen, which grant-holders could not have anticipated, grants
and contracts have declined to provide the additional funding necessary that would
permit principal investigators to honour terms and conditions of employment to
individuals and to hire replacements for the duration ofthe absence. The difficulty
is compounded when a grant-holder has hired a employee from another area of the
University, and thereby "inherited" sick leave credits accumulated elsewhere. Ultimately, since the staff so funded are UBC employees, the operating grant has had to
meet obligations properly belonging to funding agencies. A similar liability could
potentially exist for grants or contracts unexpectedly not renewed or terminated
without notice, where principal investigators need to provide termination pay to staff
on the project.
This draft policy would have the University establish an insurance benefit to cover
such salary obligations for employees funded through grants or contracts. For 1995/
96, the cost would be 0.5% of salaries charged to the grant or contract. This amount
would be reviewed annually based on the experience of the previous year.
The draft policy was developed by a small working group composed of the Director
of Research Services, the Acting Director of University-Industry Liaison, the Executive Assistant to the Dean of Medicine, the Associate Dean of Science, the Director,
Compensation, Development and H.R. Information Systems, Manager Grants/
Contract and the Vice Provost.
Scholarly Integrity
This draft is at an early stage of development. There has been significant effort
researching the policies and procedures at other Canadian and US universities.
The draft policy was developed by a small working group composed of the Vice
President Academic & Provost, the Deans of Law and Science, the Associate Vice
President Academic, the Associate Deans of Medicine and Arts, the Director of
Research Services and the Vice Provost.
A Canada-wide meeting has been called for late November by the Tri-Council
(Medical Research Council, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council and
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council) on integrity in research and
scholarship. UBC will be sending representatives to that meeting, and more
developments in the policy may result.
Sincerely yours.
David W. Strangway
Policy on Consultation with Students about Tuition Fees - Draft
Vice President Student and Academic Services
PURPOSE: For the University to have full information in making its decision about
tuition fees for the corning year and to meet deadlines for decisions in an orderly
In order to have full information in making its decision about tuition fees for the
coming year and to meet deadlines for decisions in an orderly fashion, the University
consults elected representatives of students in accordance with the procedures
The process for this consultation was developed with the following principles in mind:
• There should be provision of information to the student leadership to allow
informed advice.
• There should be an opportunity for the student leadership to give thoughtful
consideration to pertinent issues, consult their members and tender their
opinions and advice to the University.
• In making his/her decision on a recommendation to the Board ofGovernors.
the President should take into consideration the opinions and advice of the
student leadership.
• The student leadership should be given the decision and the reasons for it.
Nothing in the procedures precludes direct consultation by the President's Office with
the student body, through meetings or publications. Likewise, at anytime, but
especially in the second or third year of an approved multi-year tuition program, the
University and the Alma Mater Society and Graduate Student Society may discuss
simpler arrangements for consultation.
At any regular
monthly meetings
between student
societies and the
President's Office
By Christmas
Early February
Informal consultation:  Discussions are held between the
student leadership and the President's Office staff about the
upcoming tuition fee issues (this could include a broad range
of topics, such as student aid, teaching and learning
enhancement fund, comparison with other Canadian universities) and the financial needs (in particular the rationale for any
contemplated increase) of the University.
Informal feedback:  Student leaders raise any issues of concern
and propose any solutions they feel appropriate with the
President's Office staff so that their ideas can be considered in
drafting an informational report to the January meeting of the
Board of Governors.
Formal consultation: The informational report that was prepared
for the Board ofGovernors is forwarded to the student leadership
and published in UBC Reports for university community
Late February Formal consultation: A meeting of President's Office staff and
councils ofthe Alma Mater Society and Graduate Student Society
(either separately or jointly) is held to discuss the informational
report sent to the March meeting of the Board of Governors and
to respond to any general questions about tuition issues.
Early March Formal response: The student leadership conveys its formal
feedback to the University.
Mid March Decision: The President takes the formal response from the
student leadership into account in deciding on the recommendation for approval of the Board of Governors. That decision with
its rationale is forwarded to student leadership.
Late March Approval: The Board ofGovernors approves a tuition fee schedule.
At any regular
monthly meetings
between student
societies and the
President's Office
Late February
Late March
Late April
Early May
Mid May
Late May
Informal consultation:  Discussions are held between the
Student leadership and the President's Office staff about the
upcoming tuition fee issues (this could include a broad range
of topics, such as student aid, teaching and learning
enhancement fund, comparison with other Canadian universities) and the financial needs (in particular the rationale for any
contemplated increase) of the University.
Informal feedback:  Student leaders raise any issues of concern
and propose any solutions they feel appropriate with the President's Office staff so that their ideas can be considered in drafting
an informational report to the March meeting of the Board of
Formal consultation: The informational report that was prepared
for the Board ofGovernors is forwarded to the student leadership
and published in UBC Reports for university community comment.
Formal consultation: A meeting of President's Office staff and
councils ofthe Alma Mater Society and Graduate Student Society
(either separately or jointly) is held to discuss the informational
report sent to the May meeting of the Board of Governors and to
respond to any general questions about tuition issues.
Formal response: The student leadership conveys its formal
feedback to the University.
Decision: The President takes the formal response from the
student leadership into account in deciding on the recommendation for approval of the Board of Governors. That decision with
its rationale is forwarded to student leadership.
Approval: The Board of Governors ratifies the approved tuition
fee schedule. Supplement to UBC Reports
UBC Reports ■ November 3, 1994 11
Extraordinary Expenses — Grant- and Contract-Funded Employees
Vice President Research
1. Grant and contract accounts must
fund all salary and benefits costs
(whether in whole or in part), for
personnel employed on the project
being funded by the grant or contract.
2. While UBC is the employer in these
circumstances, the financial liability
for the salary and benefits rests with
the grant or contract account, not the
general purpose operating fund of the
3. Grant and contract accounts have
historically been assessed for all
salary and benefit expenditures,
whether for routine monthly
deductions relating to specific health
and welfare benefits or special
deductions for large, one-time pay
ments for expenses such as sick leave,
maternity leave or payment in lieu of
notice upon termination.
4. In order to prevent individual grant or
contract accounts from experiencing
extreme financial hardship and to
enable an orderly method of funding
short-term sick leave, maternity leave,
and payment in lieu of notice upon
termination, the University has
established an insurance benefit for
such employees to provide the same
level of coverage as is provided for
employees funded from the general
purpose operating fund.
5. In 1995/96, the cost of this benefit to
the account from which the salary is
paid is 0.5% of salaries, excluding
those for graduate students and post
doctoral fellows. This percentage is
adjusted annually based on the
experience of the previous year.
6. The insurance fund pays only the
following extraordinary salary ex
(a) forthe salary paid during maternity
leave, if the employee receives Unemployment Insurance in accordance with
the UBC sub-plan for maternity benefits;
(b) for earned short-term sick leave
salary following one month continuous sick leave (paid for by the grant or
contract, or failing that, from other
sources), up to the end of the six-
month waiting period for long-term
(c) for pay in lieu of notice provided all
the following conditions are met:
• the termination is not for cause;
• the termination is the result of
the grant or contract funding
either not renewed or cancelled
prior to the original termination
date and without reasonable
• the grant- or contract-holder gives
the employee notice within five
days of receipt of notice from the
granting agency or contract source;
• no alternative employment can
be secured at UBC for the
Payments from the insurance benefit
fund will be made neither when
employees have been improperly
terminated nor for related law suits.
8. The Department of Human Resources
decides the disposition of cases where
an individual employee has worked
from a combination of accounts over
his or her work history at UBC or
special cases not covered by these
guidelines. Any disputes are referred
to the Vice President Research for a
final ruling.
Policy on Scholarly Integrity - Initial Draft
Vice President Academic & Provost
Vice President Research
The University recognizes that teaching,
research, scholarship and creative activity are most likely to flourish in a climate
of academic freedom. Since the conditions for proper teaching, research, scholarship and creative activity are quite different depending upon the discipline,
individual investigators are expected to
assume direct responsibility for the intellectual and ethical quality of their work.
The university community has always
recognized the necessity for maintaining
the highest ethical standards in the conduct of scholarly activities. The University of British Columbia has developed
this policy to communicate expectations,
increase awareness of integrity issues,
and encourage scholars (be they students or members of faculty and staff) to
assume personal responsibility.
• to promote scholarly integrity among
scholars, in order to maintain and
enhance the value of impartiality that
universities offer society;
• to proscribe activities which breach
accepted standards of scholarly
• to provide a process for dealing with
allegations of scholarly misconduct
UBC is responsible for developing awareness among all students and members of
faculty and staff involved in teaching and
scholarly activities of the need for the
highest standards of integrity, accountability and responsibility.
UBC holds scholars responsible for scholarly and scientific rigour and integrity in
teaching and research, in obtaining, recording and analyzing data and in presenting, reporting and publishing results,
through such means as:
• evaluating the work of students in a
fair manner;
• giving appropriate recognition, including authorship, to those who have
made an intellectual contribution to
the contents of the publication, and
only those people; using unpublished
work of other researchers and scholars only with permission and with due
acknowledgement; and using archival
material in accordance with the rules
of the archives;
• obtaining the permission of the author before using new information,
concepts or data originally obtained
through access to confidential manuscripts or applications for funds for
research or training that may have
been seen as a result of processes
such as peer review;
• maintaining confidentiality guarantees to research subjects;
• using research funds in accordance
with the terms and conditions under
which those funds were received;
• revealing to the University, journals,
sponsors, funding agencies or those
requesting opinions, any conflict of
interest, financial or other, that might
influence their decisions on whether
the individual should be asked to re
view manuscripts or applications, test
products or be permitted to undertake
work sponsored from outside sources.
(See Policy #97, Conflict of Interest.)
UBC investigates allegations of scholarly
misconduct in a timely, impartial and
accountable manner and takes appropriate action, including any necessary steps
to preserve evidence, when it finds that
scholarly misconduct has occurred.
In order to maintain integrity in teaching,
research, scholarship and creative activity and to avoid misconduct, members
involved in teaching, research, scholarship and professional/creative activity
shall in particular:
• evaluate the work of students fairly;
• recognize and acknowledge the substantive contribution of others;
• not use new information obtained
through access to confidential manuscripts or applications seen as a result
of peer review;
• use scholarly and scientific rigour in
obtaining, recording and analyzing
data and in reporting results;
• ensure that authors of published work
include all and only those who have
materially contributed;
• maintain integrity in using research
Acts of scholarly misconduct may be
committed with varying degrees of delib-
erateness. It is recognized that the borderline between carelessness and negligence, on the one hand, and intentional
dishonesty, on the other, may be very
narrow. The result is objectionable in
any case, even if different degrees of
discipline are appropriate.
Careful supervision of new members of
faculty and staff by their supervisors and
department heads is in the best interest
of the institution, the supervisor, the
trainee and the scholarly/scientific community. The complexity of scholarly and
scientific methods, the necessity for cau
tion in interpreting possibly ambiguous
data, the need for advanced analysis, and
the variety of protocols for reporting research data all require an active role for
the supervisor in the guidance of new
Principal and co-investigators who have
failed to exercise reasonable care in directing and supervising researchers who
have committed academic misconduct
share in the blame and should be disciplined accordingly.
A factor in many cases of alleged scholarly/scientific misconduct has been the
absence of a complete set of verifiable
data. The retention of accurately recorded and retrievable results is of utmost importance. For instance, in many
scientific departments, a record of the
primary data must be maintained in the
laboratory and cannot be removed.
A gradual diffusion of responsibility for
multi-authored or coEaborative studies
could lead to the publication of papers for
which no single author is prepared to
take full responsibility. Two critical safeguards in the publication of accurate
reports are the active participation of
each co-author in verifying that part of a
manuscript that falls within his/her
specialty area and the designation of one
author who takes responsibility through
reasonable care for the validity of the
entire manuscript.
Formal procedures for the investigation
of allegations of scholarly misconduct are
essential to assure the protection of the
rights of all those involved in the case
until the basis of the allegations can be
examined and a resolution ofthe problem
can be determined.
Source of Allegations)
The initial report of suspected misconduct may come from various sources
within or without the University. For
example, the allegation may come from
an individual member of faculty or staff,
a student, a member of the general public, a media report, a group of individuals,
a granting source or from a University
Initial Disposition of Allegations
Allegations of scholarly misconduct received by a Department Head may be
handled in one of three ways:
• the Head may look into the matter and
deal directly with it, reporting the disposition of the case to the Dean;
• the Head may look into the matter and
make a recommendation for its dispo
sition to the Dean:
•    the Head may make a recommendation to the Dean that it be referred to
the Vice President Academic & Provost for investigation.
Authority of the Dean and Vice President Academic &, Provost
The Dean and the Vice President Academic & Provost have the authority: to
close down and declare "off limits" facilities used for research; to obtain and
retain documentation (eg lab notes, computer disks, hard drives) related to an
investigation; to request that members of
the university community appear before
an investigative committee and answer
its questions or supply materials to it.
Allegations Referred to the Vice President Academic 81 Provost
The Vice President may choose to refer
the matter back to the department or to
dismiss the allegation. If in the judgement of the Vice President or designate
the allegations have sufficient substance
to warrant investigation, he/she informs
the student(s) and/or employee(s) named
in the allegation, in writing. The written
notice summarizes the allegation in sufficient detail to allow the individual(s)
concerned an opportunity to respond.
Responses received are forwarded to the
investigative committee if established.
Appointment of Investigating Committee
The Vice President Academic & Provost or
designate appoints an Investigative Committee consisting of three experienced
members, one external to UBC, and all at
arms length from both the person(s) alleging misconduct and the person(s) alleged to have misconducted themselves.
The terms of reference ofthe Investigative
Committee are to determine if scholarly
misconduct has occurred, and if so, its
extent and seriousness. The Committee
elects one of its members as Chair.
In cases of collaborative research involving other institutions, it may be desirable
to conduct either parallel investigations,
or a joint investigation, with appropriate
changes to the procedures outlined below. Whichever method is chosen, UBC
will cooperate fully with other institutions.
Investigation within Sixty Days
Due to the sensitive nature of allegations
of scholarly misconduct, the inquiry by
the Investigative Committee should be
completed and a draft report prepared
within sixty days of the initial written
notification to the respondent(s). In complex cases a full report may not be possi-
Continued next page 12 UBC Reports ■ November 3, 1994
Supplement to UBC Reports
Policy on Scholarly Integrity - Initial Draft
Continued from previous page
ble in this time frame, but some assessment must be prepared within three
Considerations for the Investigative
The Committee aims to review all scholarly activity with which the individual
has been involved during the period of
time considered pertinent in relation to
the allegation, including any abstracts,
papers or other methods of scholarly
communication. A special audit of accounts may also be performed on the
sponsored research accounts of the involved individual(s).
The Committee ensures that it is cognizant of all real or apparent conflicts of
interest on the part of those involved in
the inquiry, including both those accused and those making the allegations.
It may seek impartial expert opinions, as
necessary and appropriate, to ensure the
investigation is thorough and authoritative.
In the investigation process, the persons
alleged to have engaged in misconduct
have the right to know all allegations
against them and the right to respond
Review of Draft Report
The involved individual, any collaborators or supervisor related to the investigation are given reasonable opportunity
to review and comment on the draft report.
Findings and Recommendations ofthe
Investigative Committee
The Investigative Committee, upon reviewing all the elements in the case, will
report on its finding of-whether or not
scholarly misconduct occurred, and, if
so, its extent and seriousness, If the
allegations are substantiated, the Investigative Committee shall also make recommendations in its report on the need to:
• withdraw all pending relevant publications;
• notify editors of publications in
which the involved research was
• redefine the status of the involved
• ensure that the units involved are
informed about appropriate practices for promoting the proper conduct of research;
• inform any outside funding agency
of the results of the inquiry and
of actions to be taken;
• recommend any disciplinary action
to be taken.
Materials from the Investigation
The Chair of the Committee will keep
copies of all materials that have been
collected and hand them over to the Vice
President Academic & Provost or designate with the Committee's report.
Report to the Appropriate Administrative Head of Unit within 75 days
For students, the Administrative Head of
Unit with authority to receive and act on
the Committee's report is the President;
for members of staff, it is the Director or
Head of Department; for members of faculty, the authority may be either the
President or the Dean/Head, depending
on the nature of the discipline contemplated. (The Agreement on Conditions of
Appointment states that only the President may discipline a faculty member by
dismissal or suspension without pay.)
The individual receiving the Committee's
report consults with the President, the
Vice President Academic & Provost, the
Vice President Research, the Dean, and if
appropriate the Head of Department,
about its report. In cases where scholarly
misconduct is judged to have occurred,
the Vice President Academic & Provost,
the Vice President Research, the Dean,
the Head and the President will discuss
appropriate action based on the nature
and seriousness of the misconduct.
Appeal of Discipline
Discipline imposed for scholarly misconduct may be appealed:
•    By Faculty members in the Bargaining Unit:  through the grievance
procedure outlined in Section 21 of
the Agreement on the Framework for
Collective Bargaining with the Faculty
• By Staff Members in Unions: through
the grievance procedure established
in the relevant collective agreements.
• By Management and Professional Staff:
through the grievance procedure
established in the Framework Agreement (yet to be negotiated).
• By Employees not covered above: directly to the President in writing.
• By Students: through the Senate
Committee on Student Appeals on
Student Discipline.
Protection of Reputation
When no scholarly misconduct is found,
every effort will be made by the Vice
President Academic & Provost to protect
the reputation of the individual named
from undue harm, as well as the reputation of the University. Where there has
been incompetence, but not misconduct,
the Provost, Dean and Head will consult
about an appropriate remedy.
Good Faith
In all proceedings and subsequent to a
final decision, the University will undertake to assure that those making an
allegation in good faith and without
demonstrably malicious intent are protected from reprisals or harassment.
False allegations made purposefully will
give lead to discipline for the individual
making the allegation by the University.
See also, Policy # 87 - Research, Policy
#88 - Patents and Licensing, Policy # 97
- Conflict of Interest, Statement on Academic Freedom in UBC Calendar.
Scholarly misconduct includes:
• plagiarism;
• fabrication or falsification of research
• conflict of scholarly interest, such as
suppressing the publication of the
work of another scholar;
• the unfair evaluation of a student's
• failure to obtain approvals for research
involving animal and human subjects
or to conduct such research in ac
cordance with the protocols prescibed;
• other practices that deviate significantly from those which are commonly
accepted as appropriate within scholarly communities;
• specific definitions or clarifications
adopted by a Faculty of any matter in
the points above and any other matter
specifically defined by a Faculty as
misconduct in scholarly activity, in
order to ensure proper recognition of
the standards appropriate to the scholarly communities within that Faculty,
taking into account Codes of Professional Conduct where applicable; but
• "misconduct" does not include any
matter involving only an honest
difference of opinion or an honest
error of judgment.
Scholarly Activity includes all activity
that were it to be undertaken by a faculty
member would be appropriate for inclusion on a curriculum vitae or in an Annual Report to the Head as teaching,
scholarship, research or other creative/
professional activity.
Falsification means alteration, selective
omission or misrepresentation of research
data or citations.
Fabrication means inventing or forging of
research data or citations.
Plagiarism means representing the
thoughts, writings or inventions of another as one's own.
Principal Investigator means the person
who has ultimate responsibility for a
research project. In the case of a project
funded by an external or internal grant,
the holder of the grant. In the case of a
project that is not funded, the initiator of
the project. The principal investigator is
usually the supervisor of the research
team (which may include other faculty
members) and is usually a faculty member.
Policy and Procedure Handbook addition
This policy was approved by the Board ofGovernors on October 6,
1994. Please clip and save with your Policy Handbook.
Policy on Gifts
UBC-funded gifts to these individuals
reflect the level of service to UBC within the
financial constraints that UBC operates.
Vice President Academic & Provost
Vice President Administration
& Finance
Vice President External Affairs
Vice President Research
Vice President Student & Academic
PURPOSE: To provide guidelines to
the University community on gifts
funded from University accounts of
any source (operating, endowment,
grant, contract, etc.).
As a publicly-funded institution, UBC
values the service provided by the
large number of people who are volunteers for many campus units and unpaid members of Senate and the Board
of Governors, on an ex gratia  basis.
Donor recognition programs are established to pay tribute to donors, and insofar as a gift may be a part ofthe program,
it is a keepsake of moderate value.
Considerations about gifts for visiting
dignitaries to UBC and from travelling
UBC officials include the cultural context
of the meeting, and the expectations and
traditions of the visitor/host relationship. Gifts are of a moderate value meant
as a symbolic gesture of respect.
There is a long-standing tradition at UBC
of members of faculty and staff voluntarily and spontaneously contributing for
gifts in honour of fellow members of faculty and staff.   Nothing in this policy is
intended to discourage this tradition.
Approval for the giving of gifts from one
administrative level higher than the person proposing to purchase a gift may be
done on an ad hoc basis or through
general approval of a program involving
the purchase of gifts (e.g. volunteer/donor recognition).
See also Policies on Entertainment(#84)
and Conflict of Interest (#97).
Gift means an item of value which is
offered to a visiting dignitary, donor, volunteer, member of Senate, member ofthe
the Board of Governors, or member of
faculty or staff, and does not mean an
honorarium, a performance-related prize
or an event.
J UBC Reports ■ November 3, 1994 13
Going all-out on the
Information Highway
If you still think a
mouse is what your cat
chases or that a
platform is something
to stand on, or that a
server is someone who
brings you nachos in a
restaurant, stand aside
or get on board — the
revolution is in full
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
hen a student in Educational
Studies 314 raises her hand to
ask a question. Prof. Leroi
Daniels has no trouble seeing or
hearing her, even though they are 400
kilometres apart.
The credit course is the first ever
given by interactive video-conferencing
in B.C. While Daniels watches and
listens to the students on a Media
Services studio monitor, his image
appears on a screen in their classroom
at Selkirk College in Castlegar, B.C.
"We cried 'Eureka' when we saw this
technology," said Ron Neufeld, director
of the Faculty of Education's Distance
Education Office.
Hot like the good old Library of Congress. It's not well
organized. The Internet has developed like topsy,
some say like anarchy. It's a very
Sf&ttiL.      dynamic environment."
-Margaret Ellis
enrolled in the West Kootenay Teacher
Education Program.
Now, professor and class can
interact using compressed video
technology that transmits signals along
regular telephone lines. Once the
equipment is in place, operating costs
include the price of a long distance call
and having technicians at each end.
The digitized computer images could
just as easily be transmitted to Tokyo
without any loss of quality, said Media
Services Technician Ross Nelson.
Students have two television monitors at their end. One shows Daniels,
and on the other he can share with the
class computer graphics, documents,
even a video-taped interview with an
author they are reading.
Although he admits that he can't get
to know his students as individuals as
much as he would like,
Daniels finds that they
have taken the new
technology in stride.
"The students seem to
like it. They certainly
show good spirit on the
screen, waving hello and
shouting out good-byes,"
he said. A full evaluation
of the new teaching
method will be done later,
he added.
While videoconferencing is in its
infancy, universities have
been at the forefront of
computer networking
since the first networks
were established 15 years
Gavin Wilson photos
Prof. Leroi Daniels (above) teaches
Educational Studies 314 to
students at Selkirk College in
Castlegar from a studio on the UBC
"This is the wave of the future in
distance education. The potential is
quite remarkable."
Information highway, superhighway,
infobahn — there's no agreement on
what to call it, let
alone how to
define it, but new
technologies such
as this are
radically altering
the way teaching
and research are
conducted at
If you still
think a mouse is
what your cat
chases or that a
platform is
something to
stand on, or that
a server is
someone who
brings you
nachos in a restaurant, stand aside or
get on board — the revolution is in full
Daniels' class joined the new information age this September. Many
professors in the Faculty of Education
have travelled to Castlegar five times
each term to teach UBC students
hat has changed
recently is that
access to compu-
ter networks is now easier
than ever and the amount
of available information is exploding at
an exponential rate.
With a computer and modem, UBC
students can search the library's
catalogue system for a book, check to
see when the next bus to campus
arrives, scan the weather forecast to
see if they need to take an umbrella
and message a friend to meet them
there — all from their home.
Students, staff and faculty also have
access to the Internet, the much-
vaunted, sometimes controversial
global computer network that links an
estimated 20 million people.
he Internet can be used for longdistance collaboration, as an
electronic forum or meeting place,
to communicate with colleagues across
campus or around the world and as a
tool for conducting research and
information searches. Getting information at the university was vastly
improved when View UBC, a menu-
driven root gopher server, was set up in
May, 1993.
View UBC made it possible for "the
ordinary person" to get information
because complex commands were built
into the background, said Margaret
Ellis, network analyst with University
Computing Services.
"Before the gopher, the network was
not very accessible. It was developed by
computer scientists and used by
computer professionals, so it was very
difficult for most of us to use," she said.
As well as access to the Internet,
View UBC offers weather, bus schedules, the campus phone directory, the
policy handbook, the course calendar
and information on different university
One of the most popular and
useful features of computer
networking for students, faculty
and staff is electronic mail — e-mail.
In an age where it is harder and
harder to reach someone by phone, you
can transmit anything from a brief note
to a lengthy document with a few
keystrokes, whether the message is
going to the next room or New Delhi.
"E-mail is one of the most powerful
tools we have," Ellis said.
But, of course, being easier to reach
has its downside, as well.
Ellis gets 50 e-mail messages a day,
"Not that many," she says, almost
apologetically. "Some people get a
E-mail, and a number of other
computer services, have been available
to all UBC students since December,
1993 through Netinfo.
Ron Hall, who oversees the student
computer network for University
Computing Services, says about
9,000 students are currently registered
Netinfo users.
"Netinfo has enabled e-mail communication between professors and
students, electronic submission of
some assignments and students to do
more work at home because of the dial-
in facilities provided as part of the
package," Hall said in an e-mail
interview with UBC Reports.
One of the most exciting new technologies is multimedia, which combines
text with sound, video, graphics and
photos. With the right equipment and
software, you can download multimedia
files from the Internet.
Students could use this technology
to assemble their own multimedia
presentations from different Internet
sources, show it to their instructor and
classmates, and then put it on the
network for view by anyone in the world.
Ellis admits that getting information
on the Internet takes some figuring out.
"It's not like the good old Library of
Congress. It's not well organized. The
Internet has developed like topsy, some
say like anarchy. It's a very dynamic
environment," she said.
How dynamic? Well. UBC's gopher
system, in existence just 18 months,
has already been superseded by the
World Wide Web, a system which
allows much more sophisticated
information transfers, including access
to multimedia files.
The rapid growth in computer
technology has sent many people
scurrying back into the classroom.
Charles Tremewen, who heads
computer programs for UBC's Continuing Studies, says there is tremendous
interest in their courses.
See INFOBAHN Page 14 14 UBC Reports ■ November 3, 1994
Down To f
Thunderbird Steve
Hansen (left) steps
around a downed Alberta
Golden Bear during the
Homecoming football
game Oct. 15.
Thousands of visitors
attended UBC's
Homecoming '94
weekend. The 'Birds lost
D. Thomson photo
Continued from Page 13
"Our computer classes have
almost tripled over the past three
years," he said in an e-mail interview.
Continuing Studies offers
more than 120 courses on a
wide range of topics, from the
most basic (Acquiring Keyboards
Skills and Computer Confidence)
to programming and technical
workshops whose titles would
even leave computer buffs
scratching their heads (Object-
Oriented Programming in
Multimedia and the Internet
are the two hottest topics,
Tremewen said, adding that both
will have new certificate programs in 1995.
"In the Internet courses we
presently offer we have seen a
400-per-cent increase in enrolment since this time last year,"
he said.
Two-thirds of these students
are from off-campus, and
Tremewen says that post-secondary institutions, with their
vast experience, are the ideal
places for the public to get informed and unbiased education.
Leading UBC's march into the
information technologies of the
21st century is Bernie Sheehan,
associate vice- president, Computing Systems and Communications.
"Being a major intellectual
centre, we have to be on the
network. The Internet is becoming a significant means for
communications among universities, governments, business and the public," Sheehan
With increasing demands for
information flow, the future lies
in fibre optic cables, which have
the capacity to transmit vast
amounts of information much
faster than existing telephone
UBC has developed a fibre-
based network on campus in the
past three years, and was the
first university in Canada to have
an operational ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) pilot network.
Using the ATM network, images produced on the Dept. of
Radiology's CT scanner have
been transferred to visualization
computers in the CICSR building for 3-D reconstruction ofthe
skull and face.
Oral Biology has used it to
transfer raw magnetic resonance
images to the Media and Graphics Interdisciplinary Centre
(MAGIC) for 3-D reconstruction
and creation of animated sequences showing jaw motion and
air flow.
Both these applications involve the transfer of enormous
amounts of information between
workstations. With the ATM network it takes seconds rather than
Sheehan said UBC works
with organizations that are promoting the development of
high-speed networking, such
as RNet, representing government, industry and education
in B.C., and CANARIE, the
Canadian Network for the Advancement of Research, Industry and Education.
CANARIE represents 120
companies, institutions and
government departments and
agencies who are trying to plan
and finance a high-speed information network infrastructure for Canada.
So far, Sheehan said,
CANARIE funding has upgraded
the existing national Internet
backbone, CA*net, and set up
an experimental high-speed test
network linking B.C. and Ottawa.
UBC also manages BCNet,
this province's portion of the
Internet, in partnership with
Simon Fraser University and the
University of Victoria.
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John R. Ledsome. MD- International Congress of Physiological Sciences
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in a friendly and efficient manner.*
Dr. Gordon A. McBean - International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics
**...You performed beyond the call of duty and were able
to foresee potential problems before they happened."
Dr. Daniel F. Gardiner- UBC Program for Executive Development
**...a mark of excellence to supply the needs of a
conference and receive no complaints!"
Mary Lou Bishofl- Anglican Renewal Ministries Conference
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Fax (604) 822-1069
The classified advertising rate is $ 15 for 35 words or
less. Each additional word is 50 cents. Rate includes
GST. Ads must be submitted in writing 10 days before
publication date to the UBC Community Relations
Office, 207-6328 Memorial Road, Vancouver, B.C.,
V6T 1Z2, accompanied by payment in cash, cheque
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Advertising enquiries: 822-3131.
The deadline for the Nov.
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Please be advised that
in order to improve water pressure across
campus a new water
booster pump station
will be tested during
Commissioning of this
system may result is
some water discolora-
tion but poses no
health risk. Forfurther
information contact
Campus Planning and
Development at 822-
8228. UBC Reports • November 3, 1994 15
Students win awards
for low-tech solutions
by Connie Filletti
Staff writer
UBC's School of Rehabilitation
ences is full of designing women.
Occupational Therapy students Wanda
Bent, Eva Cham, Caitlin Davies and Susan
Woods swept the '94 Solutions Student
Design Competition which challenged
post-secondary students across B.C. to
design and develop innovative, low-tech
solutions for people with disabilities.
Woods, a second-year occupational
therapy student, won first prize in the
Aids to Daily Living category for her egg
cracker design, which also netted her the
overall best in competition award.
She developed the device for an individual with multiple physical impairments
including blindness, poor balance and
co-ordination, and impaired fine motor
Using modelling plastic, Woods constructed a shallow egg-shaped dish with
a protruding, non-corrosive metal strip
embedded across its length. A cylindrical
base at the bottom of the cup was made
to provide weight and stability.
'The user picks up the dish with the
egg in it and taps the base on a hard
surface such as a counter top or table,"
Woods explained. 'The egg is cracked and
if it opens, the cup contains the contents."
Bent and Cham won second and third
prizes respectively, also in the Aids to
Daily Living category.
Bent received the award for designing
a portable personal hygiene device which
holds toilet paper and assists a person
with limited reach.
Cham also designed an egg cracker,
developed specifically for use by a person
with a rare form of spina bifida who
Mits Naga photo
Occupational Therapy student Susan
Woods won top prize in the '94
Solutions Student Design
Competition for her egg cracker.
experienced difficulty cracking eggs without breaking the yolks.
Davies won third prize in the Physical
Support category for a hand and wrist
cuff she designed to enable people with
decreased or absent grip strength to hold
objects in a functional manner.
Gregory Leupin and Stephen Ptucha,
two fourth-year applied science students,
shared second prize in the Mobility category for their wheelchair seat lift device.
The '94 Solutions Student Design Competition was sponsored by the Ministry of
Skills, Training and Labour, educational
organizations, consumers and industry.
News Digest
UBC's First Nations Longhouse has won a prestigious national design award
for the Vancouver architectural firm Larry McFarland Architects Ltd.
The Governor General's Awards for Architecture program recognizes outstanding achievement in recently built projects by Canadian architects.
McFarland, his associate David Wilkinson, and Suzanne Poohkay, a UBC
Campus Planning and Development project manager, received the award at a
ceremony in Toronto on Oct. 27.
The longhouse has been a popular and critical success since its opening in
May, 1993. It serves as a centre for First Nations students on campus and as the
headquarters of the First Nations House of Learning, which promotes native
opportunities for higher education at UBC and throughout the province.
The longhouse also earned an award this year from the Canadian Wood
Council and is featured in the recently published History of Canadian Architecture by Harold Kalman (Oxford University Press Canada).
The Greater Vancouver Regional District Parks Dept. and the Heart and
Stroke Foundation of B.C. and Yukon want everyone to take a walk.
That's why they are sponsoring Hearts in Parks, an organized, safe and
scenic one-hour walk three mornings a week in Pacific Spirit Regional Park.
Up to 70 per cent of heart disease and stroke is believed to be preventable
through healthy lifestyle choices, including regular physical activity such as
Registration for the program is required. Membership benefits include newsletters, activity cards and selected store discounts. For more information, call
UBC's Division of Dermatology is helping to establish the first hair clinic in the
Middle East.
Dermatologist Dr. Zahava Laver of Jerusalem's Hadassah Hospital has spent
the past four months at UBC's Hair Clinic: Research, Treatment and Transplant
Centre training in all aspects of hair medicine, including hair transplant surgery.
"Israeli patients with serious hair loss conditions will now be able to attend a
specialized clinic with up-to-date treatment because of the techniques Dr. Laver
has learned at UBC," said Dr. Jerry Shapiro, a clinical assistant professor of
Dermatology and director of UBC's hair clinic.
He added that funds generated at Hadassah Hospital from hair transplants will
help support Israeli research in dermatology.
Shapiro, in association with the Division of Dermatology, sponsored the
initiation of a program to enable physicians to train in hair disorders at the UBC
Hair Clinic.
Laver returned to Israel last month where she will set up the Hadassah Hospital hair clinic.
by staff writers
UBC President David Strangway has appointed John
Diggens (BSc'68, DMD'72) as chair of the
Wesbrook Society for a three-year term.
Diggens served as chair of the Alumni Advisory
Committee during the World of Opportunity fund-raising
campaign and was president of the UBC Alumni Association from 1988-89.
As chair of the Wesbrook Society, Diggens will serve as
spokesperson and will advise on donor recognition and
fund-raising issues while taking a leadership role in the
recruitment of volunteers.
Geography Prof. Cole Harris has been awarded the Royal Society of
Canada Centenary Medal for his contribution to the production and
publication of the Historical Atlas of Canada.
The Centenary Medal, created in 1982, is awarded by the council ofthe
society to honour individuals and organizations who make outstanding
contributions through exceptional achievements in scholarship and research.
The UBC Conference Centre has appointed Karen
Read to the newly created position of director of
Sales and Marketing.
A UBC graduate, her previous experience includes
positions with Whistler Mountain and BC Rail Passenger Services.
Read's responsibilities include acting as liaison with
other UBC units responsible for attractions and amenities to create an overall tourism program for visitors to
the campus.
The UBC Conference Centre promotes the use of
student residences and academic facilities for educational and research conferences from May to August.
The International Council for Canadian Studies has awarded Political
Science Prof. Alan Cairns the Governor General's Award for Canadian
Studies. Cairns is the first winner of the award which recognizes outstanding contribution to scholarship and development in the field internationally.
He will receive the award in May at a ceremony to be held at the National
Arts Centre in Ottawa.
One of the foremost political science scholars on Canadian politics and the
Constitution, Cairns is the first holder of the Brenda and David McLean Chair
in Canadian Studies at UBC.
Prof. Dan Simunic has been appointed to the Certified General Accountants (CGA) Association of B.C. chair in accounting in the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration.
Simunic replaces Prof. Gerald Felt ham. who has held the chair since
1981.  Feltham has since been appointed the faculty's
Arthur Andersen & Co. chair in accounting.
Simunic has received grants from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council, the Canadian
Certified General Accountants' Research Foundation,
and the Canadian Academic 	
Accounting Association to fund his
research in the economics of
He is currently an associate
editor of the Accounting Review
and a member of a number of
academic editorial board publications, including Advances in
Accounting; Accounting and Business Research, Contemporary Accounting Research, and Auditing: A Journal of
Practice and Theory.
Feltham, whose teaching and research centres on the
economic analysis of accounting, recently received three
major accounting research awards.  He was presented with the American
Accounting Association Seminal Contribution to Accounting Literature
Award; the 1994 Distinguished Contribution to Accounting Thought Award,
given by the Canadian Academic Accounting Association; and the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration's 1994 Academic Research Award.
Michael Noon has been appointed manager of UBC's Chan Centre for the
Performing Arts, a 1,400-seat concert hall currently under construction.
Noon received a Bachelor of Arts honours degree in Architecture from
the University of Manchester in 1966 and emigrated to Canada the same year.
He supervised the construction of the Ontario Science Centre and the
Ryerson Polytechnic Institute and directed the planning and plant operation of
the Ontario College of Arts from 1971 to 1973.
Noon served for three years as the executive director of the culture division
of Ontario's Ministry of Citizenship and Culture. He has been the general
manager of Toronto's St. Lawrence Centre for the Arts since 1985.
The Chan Centre for the Performing Arts, opening in the fall of 1996, will
also include a 200-seat studio theatre and a 150-seat cinema.
Noon will be responsible for the staffing, administration, programming and
promotion of the centre and begins his duties on a full-time basis on Feb. 1,
Simunic 16 UBC Reports • November 3, 1994
An interview with UBC President David Strangway
Changes to education funding
may hurt students, research
On Oct. 5, Human Resources Minister
Lloyd Axworthy announced proposed
changes to the wag the federal government funds post-secondary education as
part of his broader reform of social
Under the proposals, Ottawa would
by 1996-97 end its program of cash
transfers to the provinces for post-
secondary education — currently worth
about $2.6 billion — in favour of increasing financial aid to students.
UBC President David Strangway
gave his thoughts on the Axworthy
proposals in a recent interview with
UBC Reports.
UBC Reports: What impact would
these proposed changes have on UBC?
Strangway: Our basic concern is
that If funding available in the long run
to universities decreases through this
process, it will decrease not only for
students, but also for research and
Universities and colleges in this
country have two major roles, the first
is student education and the second,
and equally important, is research and
development. One of the weaknesses of
the Axworthy report is that they have
not recognized that the two are linked.
That's not a very smart move from our
The bulk of our research funding
comes not from granting agencies, but
from the general purpose operating
grant we receive from the provincial
government It pays for faculty salaries,
lab space, equipment — all the infrastructure that Is needed for research.
We are already very low spenders on
research and development among
industrialized countries. A further
reduction in spending would be a great
loss to the future economic capacity of
our country and to our ability to deliver
the new jobs and activities needed to
compete in a knowledge-intensive
If we are going to have new manufacturing plants that use new approaches and new technologies and
that are competitive on a global level,
we must have research and development taking place in universities.
And if we are going to do business in
Asia, we must have people who understand Asian languages and cultures.
It's not just science and technology,
but also many other areas I think are
absolutely crucial to our competitiveness.
There is also a very strong perception that Canadian governments spend
a lot of money on universities. This is
factually wrong. If you look at what
share of our gross national product we
spend on a per student basis, we are
number 13 among industrialized
We always think of universities in
terms of social spending, but in fact we
are one of the principal economic
drivers of this nation. From our perspective, we believe we are part of the
solution, not part of the problem.
UBC Reports: One of the most
frequently mentioned concerns with the
Axworthy proposals is their effect on
tuition fees. How would UBC be
Strangway: This will be an issue.
Tuition will have to rise enough to
offset the difference in whatever
funding levels we receive from the
province. If the provincial government
were to pass on all of the cut to the
universities, it would amount to an
extra $4,000 per student. Tuition is
now between $2,000 and $2,500, so
Miller calls funding changes
disastrous for students
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
Ottawa's proposed changes to the
way post-secondary education is funded
wfll undermine B.C.'s ability to develop
Its college.and university system and
will result in higher tuition fees, says
Dan Miller, minister of
Skills, Training and Labour.
Speaking to students
at UBC on Oct. 31, Miller
saM the provincial government opposes the federal proposal to end its
program of cash transfers to the provinces and
give more financial aid to
"These changes will be
disastrous not only for
students, who will face
increased debt and
higher costs for acquiring an education, but
they are also wrong from
a public policy point of view," he said.
B.C. currently receives about $300
million for post-secondary education
from federal sources, a significant portion ofthe province's total post-secondary education budget of $1 billion.
"Losing that will leave a huge hole in
the amount of funds we in turn transfer
to universities and colleges. There will
be only one way in which to make it up.
Dan Miller
and that is a dramatic increase in
tuition fees," Miller said.
With Increased loan money in hand,
students will naturally act out of "sheer
self-interest" and go to whatever institution can deliver what they need at the
lowest cost, he said.
This will give private sector institutions an upper hand, because public sector
schools are burdened
with higher infrastructure and labour costs. The
result, like cross-border
shopping, will be beneficial for certain individuals but not for the general
good, Miller said.
The proposal to make
loan repayment contingent on ability to pay may
sound fair and equitable,
he added, but will result
in huge debts for students
and hides another federal agenda.
"I think it is nothing
more than the transference of debt
from the federal government to individuals, and I think it will only have
negative consequences for students."
Miller also announced that the provincial government will make $15,000
available through the Canadian Federation of Students to help students
develop a position paper on the
Axworthy proposals.
this would make
for a tuition of
about $6,000 to
$6,500. Basically,
we are talking
about the tripling
of tuition over time.
This would of
course affect less
advantaged groups
more than others
and will increase
the debt loads
graduates will
carry as they try to
establish their
But the provincial government
has never linked
the Established
Program Financing
payments it
receives from the
federal government
to the transfer to
the universities.
Hence the question
is strictly hypothetical, since
university funding
remains a matter of
provincial priorities.
UBC Reports:
The federal government says its goal
is the creation of
more post-secondary places. Do you
think these proposals will have that
Strangway: I don't believe that it will
create more places at UBC. How would
we accept more students when they
would be funded at a much lower level
on a per-student basis than they are
now? Besides, we could not take any
more students at UBC without compromising the education that we offer. The
net effect is that we would be running a
second-rate institution, and that would
not be in the interests of the people of
UBC Reports: How do you feel about
the proposed loan scheme that would
see graduates repay the government
according to their income level?
Strangway: I would not oppose the
concept of the student loan system
operating through an income-contingent repayment scheme. I think that it
really does have an inherent fairness
about it.
Everybody could borrow — it would
not be subject to a means test — and
everybody could pay back against their
income tax based on their ability to
If you make good money after you
graduate and are able to pay it back
quickly, then you do so. If you are
making less money you pay it back
more slowly. Or, if after many years
you have never had taxable income, at
some point the loan will have to be
forgiven. A similar system is operating
in Australia. I think that program is a
very interesting experiment for us to
What Lloyd Axworthy has done is
really open up the question: What is
the individual's share and what is the
public's share of the cost of a university
Obviously, there are societal benefits
to providing higher education, but a
university degree is also seen as an
entree to the good life. To what extent
should the average taxpayer pay for
someone else to have this privilege?
We recently completed a study
David Strangway
analysing the difference in income
levels between people who have attended university and those who have
not. ("Report reveals UBC's impact on
economy," UBC Reports, Aug. 11,
One of the statistics that came out
of this analysis is that university
graduates have incomes that are on
average $11,000 to $12,000 higher
than those who have not graduated
from university. Typically, these
grads are paying a fairly high marginal tax rate, so as much as half of
that additional income goes right
back to the tax base.
What is intriguing is that for every
dollar in provincial grants given to
universities in B.C., the government
gets $1.05 back in tax from university
graduates. So the investment that the
province has been making in university
education is returning to them compound interest at the rate of 5.6 per
That isn't a bad investment — and
that's not even including spin-off
companies and other economic benefits
UBC brings to the province. The total
return is $2.3 billion each year.
UBC Reports: How do you think the
provincial government should respond
to the federal spending cuts?
Strangway: The provincial finance
ministers have never accepted that the
money that was transferred from
Ottawa to the provinces was in any way
tied to a particular activity. They were
simply dollars that were due as the
provincial share of the income tax base
and were transferred as general
This has meant that the funding of
post-secondary education is a provincial matter and reflects provincial
When the federal transfers were on
the way up, the provincial governments
never accepted that these funds were
earmarked for post-secondary education. Now that transfer payments are
on their way down, we shouldn't be


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