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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Reports Oct 17, 1991

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Program promotes
teaching skills
UBC's Faculty Development Program has launched a new project designed to provide individualized assistance to faculty members and leaching assistants who wish to develop or
improve their instructional skills.
"A goal of the Faculty Development Program is lo provide access to
non-threatening and useful feedback,
and the Peer Consultation Project does
so on a one-to-one basis," said Gail
Riddell. co-ordinator of the Faculty
Development Program.
Available forthe first time this fall,
the project will provide assistance on
several aspects of teaching, including
course design, testing and grading
practices, classroom behavior and the
use of instructional media.
"This is an important project in
which UBC recognizes that we must
be as open and as i ntentional about our
mission to share knowledge as we are
about our mission to create knowledge," said Murray Elliot, associate
dean for Teacher Education in the
Faculty of Education.
"Over the years, many teachers at
UBC. as in the public schools, have
improved their teaching as a result of
the support and ad\ ice of sympathetic
and respected colleagues. The Peer
Consultation Project provides a means
whereby all of us — whether a beginning teaching assistant or a senior professor— can find support from a men
Riddell said that support will be
provided to faculty and teaching assistants at all skill and experience levels.
"Assistance is given by other academics who see themselves, not as experts,
but as enthusiastic teachers who have
learned through experience and wish to
help their peers so that teaching becomes
more enjoyable for them and more rewarding to students.." she said.
Riddell explained that the program
will focus on the strengths ofthe faculty member being advised, and on the
process of teaching, rather than the
content of teaching.
Six peer consultants — each one a
recipient of last year's University
Teaching Prizes which recognize outstanding teachers on campus —have
been trained for the program.
VIoura Quayle. an associate professor of Plant Science and a peer
consultant, also stressed the supportive nature of peer consultation as a
major strength of the program.
"During training, we often talked
about the lack of support for teachers." Quayle said "Peer consultants
offer an unbiased and non-judgemental party to talk to and seek support
from. That support could come in the
form of new ideas, suggestions or good
Recent funding for the Peer Consultation Proaram was received from
In the pumpkin patch
Phuto bv Media Services
They may not be the Great Pumpkin, but even the smaller variety evokes the season as Hallowe'en
approaches. Education assistant Judy Newton displays the produce ofthe Botanical Garden.
the $675,000 Teaching and Learning
Enhancement fund, a new initiative
introduced earlier this year.
The services offered by the program are free to all UBC faculty and
teaching assistants. Call 822-9164 for
more information.
Third UBC prof wins
Science Council medal
Psychopathy checklist sets standard
When asked what defines a psychopath, Robert Hare doesn't hesitate.
"Glib, manipulative, impulsive,
egocentric, deceitful, sensation-
seeking, selfish, irresponsible, lacking empathy, guilt and remorse," he
"That's generally the type of person we're talking about."
One of the world's leading experts in psychopathic behavior, the
UBC psychologist is author of The
Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised
What started out in 1978 as a simple mimeographed handout for research purposes at UBC. is heralded
today as the best available method for
assessing the mental disorder.
A decade of research by investigators in North America and Europe,
involving thousands of prison inmates
and criminal psychiatric patients, has
shown the PCL-R to be a highly reliable and valid measure of psychopathy.
Prisoners diagnosed as psychopaths by the checklist have shown
to be between two and four times
more likely to commit an offence
after release than those diagnosed
as non-psychopaths.
Since decisions about sentencing, treatment and parole are influenced by a prisoner's clinical diagnosis, the PCL-R is increasingly
being used to make predictions
about which prisoners are most
See TEST on Page 8
A third UBC faculty member has
won a gold medal from the Science
Council of British Columbia.
Biochemistry professor Pieter
Cullis is the winner of the 1991 B.C.
Science and Engineering Award for
Health Sciences. He receives a gold
medal at this year's awards dinner on
Oct. 22. where Martha Salcudean,
head of Mechanical Engineering, and
Douglas Hayward, Chemistry, will
also receive their awards.
Cullis is internationally recognized for his breakthrough research
into the development of fatty micro-
bubbles, called liposomes, which
have the structural potential to de
liver drugs to specific sites in the
His work has been hailed as an
important advance in the use of anticancer drugs, because it offers the
possibility of delivering the drugs
more precisely to where they are
needed in the body, and with reduced
side effects.
This research has resulted in the
creation of two companies; the Canadian Liposome Company, to carry
out the work on the drug delivery
systems, and Lipex Biomembranes
Inc.. to manufacture the equipment
used in preparing liposomes. The
former is now based in the U.S. with its
New Jersey parent company.
Coaching a university team
requires more than just good
technical knowledge. Around
& About, page 3
film program students are in
the spotlight with award-winning films. Page 6
varieties featured in the upcoming apple festival could
keep the doctor away for a
longtime. Page 8
UBC Commerce tops country in SSHRC grants
For the third straight year, the Faculty of Commerce at UBC is ranked
number one among Canadian business schools in Social Science and
Humanities Research Council
(SSHRC) grants for Administrative
Studies and Industrial Relations.
Figures released following the
March 1991 competition show the
faculty on top with nine projects
funded for a total of just over
$325,000. Concordia and Laval universities had four funded projects each,
while Laval received the second-highest dol Iar value at j ust under 5200,000.
Concordia recei ved j ust over $ 110.000.
They were followed by Toronto and
Queen's with three projects each.
The grants cover a three-year period, from 1991-92 to 1993-94.
The SSHRC grants in Administrative Studies cover most areas of business studies, said Professor lz.ak
Benbasat, director of research for the
Faculty of Commerce and Business
Members of the Commerce Faculty also receive funding from [he
Natural Sciences and Engineering
Research Council of Canada
(NSERC). The Industrial Engineer-
. ing Committee of NSERC funds,
among olher areas, projects in man
agement science/operations research
and transportation studies. In the 1991
competition, UBC led Canadian business schools in the number of NSERC
projects awarded.
"Taken together, with the strong
publication record ofthe faculty, this
evidence indicates that UBC leads
Canadian business schools in academic research." said Benbasat.
Research funding is especially crucial in today's competitive market,
he added. "These grants enable us to
continue to attract and retain first-
class faculty and outstanding doctoral students."
SSHRC operating grants are gen
erally awarded on an individual
level. Benbasat said the faculty now
hopes to target strategic grants as
well, which can involve an entire
division, or faculty members across
divisional specialties. The funding
for strategic grants tends to be more
"The dean's office will provide
encouragement by offering seed
money to groups of faculty members
working co-operatively on research
projects so that they might apply for
these larger grants." said Benbasat.
"It's our way of helping researchers focus their efforts on
strategic grants." 2    UBC REPORTS October 17,1991
Not too late for Fraser River say researchers
Pollution of the Fraser River may not be
as serious as many people believe, but
there is an urgent need for a new approach to the management of the river's resources.
That is the opinion of a team of UBC researchers who have recently concluded a two-
year research project on the river basin.
One of Canada's largest rivers, the 1,370-
kiiometre-long Fraser and its tributaries drain
one quarter of B.C.'s total land area. It is also the
greatest salmon stream in the world and is
visited by major populations of migratory waterfowl.
Spearheaded by the Westwater Research
Centre, 34 scientists and professionals from
different disciplines took part in the project,
preparing two books and an educational documentary video on the river that will be shown on
cable television and distributed to schools.
Westwater Research, which celebrates its
20th anniversary this year, conducts interdisci
plinary research on problems concerning water
resources and their associated lands.
Project director Anthony Dorcey said the
waters of the Fraser and the natural resources of
the surrounding basin face increasing demands,
and this has led to growing controversy and
But compared with other major rivers in the
world, pollution of" the
Fraser is not yet at crisis      ..^_^»_^__^_
levels, thanks to the enormous flow of water that
dilutes pollutants and,
except  in  the  Lower
Mainland, the relative     ———————
lack of population and
industry on the river's banks.
The major sources of pollution on the upper
reaches ofthe river are pulp and paper mills and
in the heavily populated Lower Mainland, industrial effluent and sewage.
However, the researchers caution there are
unknown factors in the river's pollution that
should be looked at more closely. These include
chlorinated organics, such as dioxins, from pulp
mills, and runoff from urban lands that contains
lead, chromium and mercury.
Herbicides, pesticides and fertilizers from
farmland in the Fraser Valley have contaminated groundwater and could also have a significant impact on the river's health, Dorcey said.
As well, popula-
____^^^^_____    tion growth in the region will put increasing pressure on the
river. In the next 25
years, the number of
^—^——^^——    people in the basin is
expected to increase
by an average of 50 per cent, up to 200 per cent
in parts of the Lower Fraser Valley.
The Westwater study concluded that serious
water resource problems caused by development can be remedied and avoided in the future
if action is taken now and management strategies are changed, Dorcey said.
"The crucial question is whether
we act in time before too many
options are gone."
'The crucial question is whether we act in
time before too many options are gone," he said.
The study also concludes that a major transformation in the water resources governance
system — now a web of overlapping and fragmented jurisdictions — is essential both to
capitalize on opportunities and to escape the
threats to sustainable development of the basin.
The study also recommends substantial increases in prices for the use of water and other
resources to create incentives for conservation
and to generate revenues to finance more intensive resource management.
Some of the questions the project team addressed were how the basin should be developed
in the future, how conflicts over resource use
and the environment can be resolved and how
polluted the river is.
The researchers looked at water quality and
quantity, fisheries, land and water use, the
economy, management policies, citizen involvement, institutional arrangements for governance and First Nations land claims.
Scholarship enables Hungarian
students to study at UBC
Next September, a new generation of students from the Forest Engineering University of Sopron, Hungary, is scheduled to begin arriving at
These PhD and Master's students
will be able to complete their studies
at UBC through a scholarship established by the President's Fund in the
World of Opportunity fundraising
The money raised for the scholarship has come from Sopron University students who continued their studies at UBC after fleeing the Russian
tanks that invaded Hungary 35 years
The 141 students who graduated
from what became known as the
Sopron division of the UBC Faculty
of Forestry include Antal Kozak,
now associate dean of the faculty,
and Laszlo Paszner, a professor in
Forest Harvesting and Wood Sciences.
"The establishment of this scholarship is our way of giving something
back to Sopron University and UBC,"
said Kozak.
"The students who complete their
studies here will return to Hungary
with a clearer picture of the global
issues that affect forestry and sustainable development and the free
enterprise establishment."
Paszner said it's crucial that the
knowledge that these students gain at
UBC be taken back with them to
"This is at the heart of the scholarship," said Paszner. 'These students
must be committed to returning to
Sopron so that the knowledge they've
gained may be shared with the rest of
the university."
The scholarship has been in the
works for about a year. It was formally put in place when University of
Sopron President Andras Winkler
visited UBC last month.
"This is truly an historical occasion," said Winkler during his visit.
"It's the first time a Sopron University official has visited Canada. I
am tremendously impressed by the
work being done by the Faculty of
Forestry at UBC and the knowledge
Photo by Media Services
Forestry Professor Laszlo Paszner, University of Sopron President
Andras Winkler and Forestry Associate Dean Antal Kozak (left to
right) in front of Sopron House.
that will be acquired by my colleagues
through this scholarship."
The establishment of the scholarship is the latest link that ties
these two institutions. One of the
housing units built by UBC to help
attract newly recruited faculty, librarians and management and professional staff has been named
Sopron House. And at International
House, there hangs a plaque that
was presented to UBC by the exiled
students in 1961.
It reads: "UBC Adopted Sopron,
The Sopron Scholarship is one
example of faculty and staff initiatives that are part of the current Faculty and Staff Development Campaign at UBC. As part of this campaign, President David Strangway has
provided the opportunity for donors
to support a particular campus unit.
Donations can be channelled into
a discretionary endowment fund for
unit projects such as library acquisitions, scholarships, research projects
and other initiatives. Unit heads and
deans will determine the priorities
with final approval from Dan Birch,
vice president, academic.
Proposed projects should be sent
to Dennis Pavlich, chair of the Faculty and Staff Development Campaign, as soon as possible.
"By providing flexibility at the faculty and department level, the President's Fund Faculty and Staff Endowment will strengthen UBC's ability to
respond to change and pursue innovation," said Pavlich.
Sustainable development
topic of seminar series
Sustainable development is threatening to become a catch-all phrase that is
in danger of losing its true meaning and global importance, according to
visiting UBC Law ftofessor Ivan Head.
"The term sustainable development is becoming commercialized to a
certain extent," said Head. "We must be on guard to avoid this reckless use
of language."
Head, president of the International Development Research Institute in
Ottawa for 13 years before joining UBC this fall, will deliver the first in a
continuing series of seminars at the Woodward Instructional Resource Centre
The series is being sponsored by the Sustainable Development Research
Institute, recemly established by UBC to address the problems associated with
environmental degradation and other issues.
Part of the problem, according to Head, is that of semantics.
"There has been a tendency by some people to try to interchange the words
sustainable development with sustained development," said Head. "These two
phrases may sound similar, but they are at opposite ends of the spectrum."
"Sustained development seeks the continuation of present growth, which is
simply not possible if the industrial needs of developing countries are to be
addressed in an environmentally responsible manner," he said.
"Sustainable development, on the other hand, ensures that the earth's life
support systems will not be disturbed to the point where they will not be capable
of supporting human activity."
"It's that basic an issue," Head added.
He said seminars like these can help change people's attitudes and behavior
towards sustainable development.
"Changing people's attitudes is perhaps the most pressing issue that faces
the world today.  It's part of the education process."
For more information on the Sustainable Development Research Institute
seminar series, please phone 822-8198.
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Photo by Chnld Ker
Fall has been slow in coming to the UBC campus, as the city has been basking in unseasonably warm
weather. Enjoying the balmy weather are a couple of cycling acrobats, step-climbing in front of SUB. IBC REPORTS October 17, 1991
'Roe popping' strain on hands, wrists
Workers develop muscle condition in fish plants
Fish processing workers engaged in manually removing roe
from herring, commonly known
as roe popping, are more susceptible to developing the muscle
condition, carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), concludes a study
by UBC researchers.
More than one hundred female
workers employed at three B.C.
fish processing plants were examined in the pre-roe popping
season under normal conditions,
and then during the industry's
peak season between February
and May last year.
Most of the control group were
housewives, students or employees, wilh minimal exposure to
forceful and repetitive hand-wrist
The study indicates that the
prevelance of CTS among roe
poppers during for the peak season was 39 per cent — more
than quadruple pre-season levels
of eight per cent.
Carpal tunnel syndrome is
soreness, tenderness and weakness ofthe thumb muscles caused
by pressure on the median nerve
at the point at which it goes
through the wrist joint.
Symptoms range from mild tingling,   numbing  and  burning  to
gradual loss of muscle power in the
thumb. This decreases the person's
ability to use their hand, disabling
them in work, self-maintenance and
leisure activities.
"Manually removing roe is a
high stress technique," said
Robert Brubaker, principal investigator of the study.
"We found some evidence to suggest that high manual stress techniques of roe popping were more
hazardous than lower stress."
In addition to hand and wrist
symptoms, workers reported an
increased incidence of pain in
the elbow and shoulder, as well
as neck pain or stiffness, during
the peak roe popping season, the
study reports.
Brubaker added that inexperienced workers may be at greater
risk to develop CTS, compared
to employees with previous roe
popping experience.
"With the possible exception
of current use of birth control
pills, no other competing explanations such as leisure time activities or a history of other medical conditions explained the reports of hand and wrist pain at
the peak periods," Brubaker said.
"Due to the small number of
subjects using birth control pills
in   comparison   to   the   large
number of subjects with the onset of new symptoms, roe popping was the likely cause of increased  symptoms."
Brubaker explained thai nerve
abnormality among many roe
poppers may reverse after a rest
period of three to four months,
corresponding to the pre-season
period in the fish industry when
most workers are unemployed.
He cautions, however, that this
should not lessen the need for
primary prevention since a progression of symptoms among
those already afflicted is possible, as well as reoecurcnce among
those previously affected.
Classroom in the Woods
A view from Loon Lake ofthe new Monsanto Classroom, which was officially opened
October 4 atthe Malcolm Knapp Research Forest. Managed by the Faculty of Forestry,
the new classroom will be used by many faculties and departments on campus.
Appeal off to a lively start
Unibed Vtey
Pledges totalling more than SI 15,000 have
been received from almost 700 UBC faculty and
staff — less than midway through the annual
campus United Way appeal.
"That's 41 per cent of this year's $280,000
target," said Dr. William Webber, chair of the
1991 campaign. "I'm delighted that the campaign is going so well at this early stage. It
reflects great credit on both the volunteers and
donors. It is important that everyone keep up the
good work."
An Oktoberfest held by the Plant Operations
Department on Oct. 4 raised $1,200 for the
A Fun Fundraiser — karaoke performances
featuring faculty members offering renditions
of their all-time favorite tunes — is scheduled
for 12:30 p.m. to 2:30 p.m. today in IRC lecture
Hall 2.
Entertainers include Dr. David Hardwick,
associate dean ofthe Faculty of Medicine, John
McNeill, dean of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dr.
Charles Slonecker, head of Anatomy and director of Ceremonies, and Norm Watt, director of
Extra Sessional Studies.
"We hope to increase awareness ofthe United
Way campaign throughout the campus community," said Joan Cosar, who organized the event.
"We would also like everyone to have fun,
enjoy the entertainment and think about becoming a contributor to UBC's United Way campaign."
A $1 donation gets you into the festivities.
The United Way is a volunteer-led. regis-
. tered charitable organization committed to caring for people through funding for its agencies
and other non-member organizations.
UBC's fundraising drive continues through
lo the end of October.
Around & About
The Art and Science of
"I've found different ways to
deal with winning, but losing
doesn't get any easier."
Have you been to a UBC athletic
event lately'.' You might be surprised at the speed, power and
technical skills of the athletes the
university produces. Just as impressive,
though perhaps less noticeable, are the
coaches UBC produces.
Talk to coaches around campus about
their training methods and these are some of
the words you'll hear: goal-setting, motivation, growth, biomechanics, ethics, decision-making  and   	
drug education.
"Today's players are bigger,
faster, stronger,
tougher and
meaner,"      says   	
Misty     Thomas,
coach of the women's basketball team.
"Coaches have had to catch up to utilize the
increased potential these athletes have."
Coaching has evolved in various ways.
"Ten years ago, I was concerned about
what I knew technically," says women's
volleyball coach Donna Baydock. "Having
played on the national team, it turned out
that I had the technical knowledge. What 1
came to realize was that I wan't specifically
coaching my players about the psychological aspects ofthe game. I've had to learn to
cover that."
Baydock supplemented her on-court
learning with a master's of physical education degree in motor learning and psychology at UBC. Like many of today's coaches,
she has taken advantage of an ever-growing
range of programs on campus.
Casey Smith, assistant head coach of the
football team, will complete a master's of
physical education degree in exercise physiology and coaching sciences at UBC this
fall. He is also a certified strength and
conditioning specialist and a certified drug
education co-ordinator. And he is the son of
Frank Smith, the head coach.
"I'm lucky," he says. "I've been able to
learn from my dad. as well as take a lot of
courses that weren't around 20 or 30 years
ago, courses wilh a scientific approach. In the
old days, if a learn had a strength coach at all.
it was probably somebody who had lifted a lot
of weights.    He likely didn't knov.  much
about nutrition or physiology or training methods."
One might guess that, with all of this
training. Casey Smith's favorite part of coaching would be some highly technical, science-
based performance evaluation of his players.
"Ifs winning." Smith grins. But ifs not
just winning.
"It's great to devise something, explain it
to the team in practice and then have them
successfully execute it during the game," he
    says.    He  also
talks about the
satisfaction of
"seeing some
skinny, insecure
kid you recruited
come in.develop
into a good athlete, complete his education and then go out
into the world and get a job."
Like Smith, Thomas thrives on the challenge of analysing the game, of preparing her
players and devising strategies that will produce winning efforts.
"Sometimes we lose because the strategy
was right but the players didn't execute." she
says. "Other times we may win, but I know
I didn't coach well — the players won in spite
of me. The greatest satisfaction is when the
coaching strategy combines with the players'
execution to produce a win."
Thomas' counterpart on the men's basketball team, Bruce Enns, has been honored by
ihe CIAU as coach ofthe year forthe last two
years. He coaches his players to keep winning in perspective.
"The team and I understand that winning
games is only one measure of success," he
says.   "Growth is very important."
This is not to suggest that Enns is a happy
loser. "After 34 years of coaching," he says,
"I've found different ways to deal with winning, but losing doesn't get any easier."
Enns offers this analysis of why he loves
to coach.
"Basketball, along with many other sports,
is as much a creative and performing art as
theatre or music, and I want the players to
approach it in that fashion" he says.
"It's a game for the mind. The players
who are the most creative and spontaneous,
yet disciplined, will be the most successful." 4    UBC REPORTS October 17.1991
October 20 -
November 2
Sustainable Development Research Seminar Series
Is Sustainable Development An Appropriate Paradigm For Society? Dr. Ivan
Head, visiting professor. Law. Introduction to series: President D. W. Strangway.
IRC #6, 12:30 to 1:30 p.m. Discussion
follows. Call 822-8198.
School of Music
Voice Masterclass: Diction
And Style. Nico Castel.
Recital Hall at 10am. Call
MONDAY, OCT. 21   |
Applied Mathematics Colloquium
Individual Based Models In Ecology. Dr.
Carl Walters, Fisheries Centre. Math 104
at 3:45pm. Call 822-4584.
Mechanical Engineering Seminar
Recent Developments In Computer
Graphics At UBC. Alain Fournier, assoc.
professor, Computer Science. Civil/Mech.
Eng. 1202 from 3:30-4:30pm. Call 822-
Biochemistry/Molecular Biology Seminar
Discussion Group. Mapping And
Sequencing The Genome Of C. elegans.
J. Sulston, MRC Lab/Molecular Biology,
Cambridge,England. IRC#1 at3:45pm.
Call Dr. Michael Smith at 822-4838.
Paediatric Research Seminar
Anti-Viral Therapy: Where Are We In
1991? Professor Charles G. Prober,
Peds/Medicine and Chief of Staff, Lucille
Packard Children's Hospital, both of
Stanford U. BC Children's Hosp. 3D16-
ABC at 12pm. Refreshments 11:45am.
Call 875-2492.
Astronomy Seminar
Observational Signatures
Of Active And Passive
Magnetic Fields In
ExtraGalactic Radio
Sources. Dr. D. Clarke, U.
of Illinois.    Geophysics/
Astronomy 260 at 4pm.  Refreshments
3:45pm. Call 822-6706/2267.
UBC Reports is the faculty and
staff newspaper of the University
of British Cohimbia. It is published every second Thursday by
ihe UBC Community Relations
Office, 6328 Memorial Rd., Vancouver, B.C., V6T 1Z2.
Telephone 822*3131.
Advertising inclines: 822-6163.
Managing Editor; Steve Crombie
Asst Editor: Paula Martin
Contributors: Ron Burke, Connie
FHfetti, Abe Better, Charles Ker,
and Gavin Wilson.
JF%     Please
%*&    recycle
For events in the period November 3 to November 16, notices must be submitted by UBC faculty or staff on proper Calendar
forms no later than noon on Tuesday October 22 to the Community Relations Office, Room 207, 6328 Memorial Rd., Old
Administration Building. For more information call 822-3131. The next edition of UBC Reports wil be published October 31.
Notices exceeding 35 words may be edited.
Museum of Anthropology Seminar
Tresses, Locks, And Plaited Strands.
Rabbi Itzhak Marmorstein, Kuldip Gill,
Martine Reid. Free admission. MOA
Theatre Gallery from 7:30-9:30pm. Call
Modern Chemistry Lectures
TBA. Dr. Paul Hopkins, U. of Texas,
Austin. Chem 250 South Block at 1pm.
Call 822-3266.
Medical Genetics Seminar
Reader In Developmental Genetics. Dr.
Mary Sellers, Guys Hospital, London, Eng.
IRC#1 from4:30-5:30pm. Refreshments
4:15pm. Call 822-5312.
Botany Seminar
The Isotopic Composition
Of Global Free Oxygen And
Interface Between
Biogeochem/Plant Physiology.    Dr. Robert Guy.
BioSciences 2000 from
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Oceanography Seminar
Some Aspects Of Global Climate Modelling
In Australia. Chris Reason. BioSciences
1465 at 3:30pm. Call 822-2828.
Statistics Seminar
Designing Long Term Environmental Monitoring Networks. Professor J. Zidek, Statistics.
Angus 223 at 4pm. Call 822-2234/4997.
Psychiatry Seminar
The Present Crisis In The Canadian Health
Care System: What Has Gone Wrong And
What Can Be Done? Drs. Lois Fuller, asst.
professor, Psychiatry; John Anderson,
B.C. Royal Commission on Health Care;
Terry Anderson, prof. Social Ethics; Jon
Willms, prof. Social Work. Moderator: Dr.
Shaila Misri. Comox Building, St. Paul's
Hospital at 7:30pm. Call 875-2025.
Centre for Research in Women's Studies/Gender Relations
Social Construction Of
Race And Gender. Family/
Nutritional Sciences 320
from 12:30-1:30pm. Call
International Resource Management Seminar
Int'l. Development At The Turning Point:
Swiss/Canadian Approaches To Development In Nepal. Ben Dolf, former director, Helvetas, Swiss Tech. Assistance,
Nepal, and H. Schreier, Soil Science.
Library Processing Seminar room from
12:30-2pm. Call 822-4401/4898.
Asian Research Institute Seminar
Co-sponsors: Community/Regional Planning and the Centre for Human Settlements. Urbanization in Vietnam: The
Planning Challenge. Four visiting academics from Vietnam. Asian Centre 604
from 12:30-2pm. Call 822-4688/5254.
Classics/Architecture Illustrated Lecture
Computer-Assisted Drafting And Design
For Archaeologists/Architectural Historians. Dr. Harrison Eiteljorg II, Bryn Mawr.
Lasserre 202 from 3:30-5pm. Call 822-
Classics Illustrated Lecture
Gateway: The Entrance
To The Athenian Acropolis
From 490-437 BC. Dr. H.
Eiteljorg II, Bryn Mawr.
Hellenic Community Centre, 4500 Arbutus at 8pm.
Call 822-2889.
Pulp/Paper Centre Seminar
Some Actual Environmental Issues In
Scandinavia. Professor Rolf Brannland,
Royal Inst, of Technology, Cellulose Tech.,
Stockholm. Pulp/Paper Centre 101 at
11:30am. Call 822-8560.
Studies Public Lecture
Co-sponsor: Alcuin Society forthe Book.
The Hand Printed Books Of Shirley Jones,
Welsh poet/printer with Shirley Jones,
Red Hen Press. Main Libr. 835N from
7:30-8:30pm. Call Dr. Richard Hopkins at
Health Promotion Research
Sponsored by the Institute. The Healthy
Cities Network In The Netherlands: Open-
Ended Megamarketing. Dr. Evelyn de
Leeuw, School of Health Sciences, U. of
Limburg. IRC#4from4-5:30pm. Call822-
President's Committee on Lectures
Motesquieu, Voyageur. Prof. Francois H.
Moureau, U. de Bourgogne en Dijon.
Buchanan Tower 826 at ll:30am.
Faculty Development Seminar        Church/Native Issues Lecture
Kolb's Learning Styles. Linda Coyle, instructional skills facilitator. Angus 104
from 3:30-5pm. Registration required.
Call 822-9149.
President's Committee on Lectures
La Diffiusion Manuscrite De La Pensee
Au SVIIIe Siecle: Les Textes
Clandestins. Professor Francois H.
Moureau, U. de Bourgogne en Dijon.
Buchanan D244 at 12:30pm. Call 822-
Sa—m———111111111 iiwimiiiiiiiiiiii I
Geography Colloquium
Landscapes Remembered: Landscapes
Today: The Changing Southeast Asian
Urban World. Professor Terence G.
McGee, Geography/director, Asian Research Institute. Geography 201 at
3:30pm. Refreshments at 3:25pm. Call
Forestry Seminar
Not Sleeping Beauties: Physiological Changes Associated With Extended Cold Storage Of Coniferous
Seedlings For Reforestation. Dr.
Edith Camm, Botany/Forest Sciences. MacMillan 166 from 12:30-
1:30pm.  Call 822-3553.
Orthopaedic Grand Rounds
TBA. Eye Care Centre
Auditorium, 10th/Willow at
7:30am. Call 875-4646.
Microbiology Seminar Series
Cancelled. Call 822-6648.
Mechanical Engineering Lunch-
time Discussion
Fire Protection Engineering. Dr. Jack
Odgers, National Research Council. Civil/
Mech. Eng. 1212from 12:30-1:30pm. Call
Arch Deacon Ian Mackenzie. Buchanan B224 from
4:30-6:30pm. Call 224-
Spotlight On Safety Show
Safety related services/equipment suppliers. Sponsor: the University Health
and Safety Committee as part of Health/
Safety Awareness Week. IRC Concourse, main level from 9am-5pm. Call
Constitutional Lecture
Renewed Federalism Or Two
Nations? Robin Elliot, LLM, Law.
Curtis 101/102 from 12:30-1:30pm.
Question period follows. Call 222-
Pharmacology Seminar
Biotransformation Of Aromatic Compounds By Fungi. Dr. Margo Moore,
BioSciences, SFU. IRC#2from 11:30am-
12pm. Call 822-2575.
Psychiatry Academic Lecture
Treatment Resistant Depression. Dr.
Craig Risch, Emory School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA. Detwiller Pavilion
Lecture Theatre, University Hospital,
UBC Site from 12-1pm. Call 822-
Physics Colloquium
Laser Guide Star Adaptive Optics. Robert
Fugate, Star Fire Optical
Range, US Airforce.
Hennings 201 at 4pm.
Call 822-3853.
Philosophy Colloquium
Scepticism, Interpretation And The
Omniscient Red-Herring: How Critics Mislocate Davidson's Problem Of
Error. Victoria McGeer, Dalhousie U.
Buchanan D344 at 4pm. Call 822-
Plant Science Hort Club Lecture
Seeds Of Survival: Ethiopia And Malki.
Marie De Lude, program officer, U. of
Southern California. Plant Sci. Greenhouse from 1:30-2:20pm. Call 822-3283.
Policy Studies in Education
Sponsored by the Centre. White Supremacy, The Chinese/State Formation in
BC: Historical Perspectives/Implications
For Contemporary Educational Policy.
Ponderosa Annex H-123 from 12-1pm.
Call 822-5295/2593.
FRIDAY, OCT. 25    |
Obstetrics/Gynaecology Grand
Hysteroscopic Surgery:
Evolving Indications/Local
Experience. Dr. Barry
Sanders. University Hospital, Shaughnessy Site
D308 at 8am. Call 875-
Paediatrics Grand Rounds
Management Of The Creative Environment
For Rehabilitation Research. Dr.MattLiang,
director, Arthritis Research Day. GF Strong
Auditorium at 9am. Call 875-2118.
Biotechnology Seminar
Combustion Of Lignogel In Pilot Lime Kitn.
Nualpan Thammachote, graduate student.
ChemEngineering 206 at 3:30pm. Call
Social Work Day Conference
Beyond Stereotypes: Escaping The Effects Of Definition. Dr. Carole Christensen,
director, Social Work. Vancouver School
of Theology Chapel from 8:30am-4:30pm.
Students $15, others $25. Call 822-5035.
Museum of Anthropology
Children's Story Hour for age 6 and older.
The Transformer Legend. Ted Seward,
Elderofthe Raven Clan, Coast Salish. MOA
Rotunda from 11:15am to 12:15pm. Free
with museum admission. Call 822-5087.
Vancouver Institute Saturday
Night Lecture
Vancouver: North America's First Pacific Rim City.
Dean Michael A.Goldberg,
Commerce/Business Administration. IRC #2 at
8:15pm. Call 822-3131.
SUNDAY, OCT. 27    j
Museum of Anthropology Performance
Beth Tikvah Mixed Adult Choir. Jewish music
including works of Canadian Jewish composers. MOA Great Hall at 2:30pm. Free wfth
museum admission.  Call 822-5087.
MONDAY, OCT. 28   |
Astronomy Seminar
Are Luminous Blue Variables, And WR
Stars Related? Dr. A.B. Underhill, Geophysics/Astronomy. Geophysics/Astronomy 260 at 4pm. Refreshments at
3:45pm. Call 822-6706/2267. UBC REPORTS 17,1991
October 20 -
November 2
Mechanical Engineering Seminar
Environmental Challenges For Engineers
In The Pulp/Paper Industry. Jim Wearing,
assoc. director, PAPRICAN, Vancouver
Laboratory. Civil/Mech. Eng. f 202 from
3:30-4:30pm. Call 822-6200/4350.
Medical Genetics Seminar
Isolation/Mapping Of DNA
Fragments From Human
Chromosome 5. Lynn
Bernard, BSc, graduate
student. IRC #1 from 4:30-
5:30pm. Call 822-5312.
Statistics Seminar
Transect Design For Estimating The Functional Of A Surface. Professor Nancy
Heckman, Statistics. Angus 223 at 4pm.
Call 822-4997/2234.
Biological Sciences Seminar
TBA. Varina Tunnicliff, U. of Victoria.
BioSciences 1465 at 2:30pm. Call 822-
Economics Seminar
TBA. Ben Bernanke, Princeton U.
Buchanan D225 from 4-5:30pm. Call 822-
Botany Seminar
Molecular Insights On The Origin And
Adaptive Radiation Of The Hawaiian
Silversword Alliance. Dr. Bruce Baldwin,
Ecology/Evolutionary Biology, U. of Arizona. BioSciences 2000 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Lecture in Modern Chemistry
TBA.    Dr. Barry M. Trost, Stanford U.
Chem250-S. at 1pm. Call 822-3266.
Forestry Seminar
Twenty Years Of Experimental Fish Research In The Malcolm Knapp Experimental Forest. Professor Thomas Northcote,
Zoology/Forest Sciences. MacMillan 166
from 12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-3553.
Microbiology Seminar Series
Signal Transduction Between Invasive
Bacteria And Their Host
Cells. Dr. Man Rosenshein,
Biotechnology Laboratory.
Wesbrook 201 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-6648
Economics Seminar
Welfare Worsening Information Revelation InCredit Markets. James Vercammen,
Agricultural Economics. Buchanan D225
from 4-5:30pm. Call 822-2876.
Classics Illustrated Lecture
The Mysteries Of Easter Island. Dr.
Georgia Lee, UCLA. Museum of Anthropology Theatre Gallery at 8pm. Call
Constitution Lecture
Deconstruction Of The Nation: Christianity And The Constitution. Dr. R.C.G.
Johnson, Anglican Community. Buchanan
Penthouse from 4:30-6:30pm. Call 224-
THURSDAY, OCT. 31 |      UBC Speakers Bureau
Would your group like to know more about
topics ranging from Northwest Coast Native
Architecture to Hypertension in Pregnancy?
More than 500 topics to choose from. Call
822-6167 (24-hr. ans. machine).
Pharmacology Seminar
The Role Of Protein Kinase C In The
Contraction Of Respiratory Smooth Muscles. Dr. John M. Langlands, Pharmaceutical Sciences. IRC #2 from 11:30am-
12:30pm. Call 822-2575.
Obstetrics/Gynaecology Research Seminar
Transgenic Models Of Gene Function And
Human Disease. Dr. Jamey Marth, asst.
professor, Biomedical Research Centre;
Medical Genetics/Biochemistry. Grace
Hospital 2N35 from 1-2pm. Call 875-
Physics Colloquium
Weak Baryon Number Violation. Larry McClerran,
U. of Minnesota. Hennings
201 at 4pm. Call 822-
Philosophy Colloquium
A Reconsideration Of The Harsanyi-Sen
Debate On Utilitarianism. John Weymark,
Economics. Buchanan D344 at 4pm. Call
Political Science Lecture
The Process of Constitutional Change.
Dr. Avigail Eisenberg, Political Science.
Chair: Dean Lynn Smith. Curtis 101/102
from 12:30-1:30pm. Question period 1:30-
2pm. Call 222-5238.
Mechanical Engineering Lunch-
time Discussion
Informal discussion. Subhasis Chowdhury,
graduate student. Civil/Mech. Eng. 1212
from 12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-5562.
Paediatrics Grand Rounds
What Happens To The Smallest Babies
And Their Families. Dr. M. Whitfield,
assoc. professor, Neonatology. GF Strong
Auditorium at 9am. Call 875-2118.
Chemical Engineering Seminar
Design Of Electrochemical Reactors.
Isaac Hodgson, graduate student.
ChemEngineering 206 at 3:30pm. Call
Economics Seminar
TBA. MickDevereux.Queen'sU. Buchanan
D225 from 4-5:30pm. Call 822-2876.
[   SATURDAY,NOV, 2   |
Vancouver Institute Saturday
Night Lecture
The Mega Cities Of Eastern Asia: A New Phase In
Global Urbanization. Pro-
fessorTerenceG. McGee,
Geography/director, Institute of Asian Research. IRC
#2 at 8:15pm. Call 822-3131.
Health And Safety
Health And Safety Awareness Week.
October 21-25. IRC Concourse, main
level from 9am-5pm. Call 822-5779.
Museum of Anthropology Ceramics Symposium
The Turning Point. Twenty
speakers from Canada and
Europe. Wed-Sat, evenings Oct. 30-Nov2. Adults
$150, members/students
$125. Call 822-5087.
Graduate Student Centre
Live entertainment every Friday in the
Fireside Lounge from 8-11 pm. No cover.
Call 822-3203.
Carpool Matching
Aserviceforfacutty.staffandstudents. Call
Karen Pope, Dean'sOffice, Applied Science
at 822-3701 and find your area match.
Call For Former UBC Athletes
Athletics is updating its mailing list of
former athletic team players: originators/
contributors to programs in place today. If
you qualify or are knowledgeable in the
location of any other past player, call 822-
8921 after 4:30pm.
Fine Arts Gallery
Open Tues.-Fri. from 10am-5pm. Saturdays 12pm-5pm on. Free admission.
Main Library. Call 822-2759.
Health Sciences  Bookshop
Open Saturday
The Bookshop is open Mon-
Sat. from 9:30am-5pm in the
Medical Student/Alumni
Centre at Heather and 12th
Ave. Call 879-8547.
Executive Programmes
One/two day business seminars. Oct. 20-
Nov. 2 series includes: Networking PC's,
$895. Project Management Process,
$950. Custodial Staffing/Standards, $825.
Dealing With Troubled Employees, $495.
Training Managers To Train, $675. E.D.
MacPhee Executive Conference Centre.
Call 822-8400.
Centre for Continuing Education Programmes
Professional Development Series: Oct/Nov
Workshopsfor Practising LanguageTeacbets:
Teaching for English in Japan, Videotaping in
theLanguageClass. Stimulating Student Talk/
Public Speaking/Debating. Tues. evenings
from7-9pm. Call 222-5208.
Reading, Writing/Study Skills Centre: Non-
credit courses in grammar, composition, study
skills, reading for speed/comprehension/busi-
nesswrtting/reports/proposals. Call222-5245.
Language Programs/Services: Continuing: Non-credit courses in beginner, intermediate or advanced levels of conversational French, Spanish, Japanese, Mandarin and Cantonese. Tuesday/Thursday
evenings and Saturday mornings for 10
weeks. Call 222-5227.
Statistical Consulting/Research
SCARL is operated by the Department of
Statistics to provide statistical advice to
faculty and graduate students working on
research problems. Forms for appointments available in Ponderosa Annex C-
210. Call 822-4037.
Muscle Soreness Study
Volunteers, ages 20-45 yrs. required for
research study. If you primarily walk as a
form of exercise, call Donna at Rehab
Medicine. Call 822-7571.
High Blood Pressure Clinic
Volunteers (over 18 years) needed, treated
or not, to participate in clinical drug trials.
Call Dr. J. Wright or Mrs. Nancy Ruedy in
Medicine at 822-7134.
Seniors Hypertension Study
Volunteers aged 60-80 years with mild to
moderate hypertension, treated or not,
needed to participate in a high blood pressure study. Call Dr. Wright or Nancy
Ruedy in Medicine at 822-7134.
Herpes Research Study
Participants needed for
treatment studies of shingles (herpes zoster) and
first herpes simplex infections, with new antiviral
agents. Also ongoing study
for males 18-45 years with recurrent herpes simplex. Dr. Stephen Sacks, Medicine, sponsoring physician. Call 822-
7565 or leave your name/number at 687-
7711, pager 2887.
Heart/Lung Response Study
At rest and during exercise. Volunteers
age 45-75 years, all fitness levels, required. No maximal testing. Scheduled at
your convenience. Call Fiona Manning,
School of Rehab. Medicine, 822-7708.
Lung Disease Study
Subjects with emphysema or fibrosis
needed to investigate means of improving
lung function without drugs. Call Fiona
Manning, School of Rehab Medicine, 822-
Bereavement Study
Participants needed for a study investigating the long-term effects of adolescent
bereavement. Must have lost either parent at least five years ago, and have been
between 13and 17years at thetime ofthe
loss. Two one-hour interviews required.
Please call Ann McKintuck in Nursing at
Retirement Study
Women concerned about
retirement planning needed
for an 8-week Retirement
Preparation seminar. Call
Sara Cornish Counselling
Psychology at 931-5052.
Personality Study
Volunteers aged 30 or more needed to
complete a personality questionnaire.
Required, 2 visits, about 3 hours total.
Participants receive a free personality
assessment and a $20 stipend. Call
Janice in Dr. Livesley's office, Psychiatry,
Detwiller 2N2, 822-7895.
PMS Research Study
Volunteers needed for a study of an
investigational medication to treat
PMS. Call Doug Keller, Psychiatry,
University Hospital, Shaughnessy
site at 822-7318.
Hair Loss Research
Women aged 19-49 years experiencing
moderate hair loss, crown area only, are
needed for study. Must be able to attend
1-2 times weekly for 9 months. Honorarium paid. Call Sherry in Dermatology at
Dermatology Acne
■MDhH Volunteers between 14-35
years with moderate facial
acne needed for 4 visits during a three
month period.   Honorarium paid.   Call
Sherry at 874-8138.
Stress/Blood Pressure Study
Learn how your body responds to stress.
Call Dr. Wolfgang Linden in Psychology at
Surplus Equipment Recycling
All surplus items. Every Wednesday, 12-
3pm. Task Force Bldg., 2352 Health
Sciences Mall. Call 822-2813.
Student Volunteers
Find an interesting and challenging volunteer job with Volunteer Connections, UBC
Placement Services, Brock 307. Call 822-
Narcotics  Anonymous Meetings
||^Hr      Every Tuesday (including
wB1 holidays) from 12:30-2pm,
******** University Hospital, UBC
Site, Room M311 (through Lab Medicine
from Main Entrance). Call 873-1018 (24-
hour Help Line).
Fitness Appraisal
Administered by Physical Education and
Recreation through the John M. Buchanan
Fitness and Research Centre. Students
$25, others $30. Call 822-4356.
Faculty/Staff Badminton Club
Fridays from 6:30-10pm in Gym A of the
Robert Osborne Centre. Cost is $15 plus
library card. Call Bernard at 822-6809 or
Botanical Garden
Open from 10am-5pm daily. Free admission Call 822-4208.
Nitobe Garden
Beginning Oct. 15 open from 10am-3pm
Mon-Fri. Call 822-6038.
Due to the popularity of the Calendar, the number of
submissions is constantly increasing. Because of
space limitations, It is not always possible to include
every item. In order to be as fair as possible, for future
issues, the number of items for each faculty or
department will be limited to four per issue.
'-I 6    UBCREPORTS October 17,1991
Film department students heading for the big time
They couldn't have asked for a
better debut.
UBC film students Fred Thorsen,
Joshua Gross and Cathy Garneau recently launched their careers by winning first prizes in national and provincial film festivals.
Thorsen's film Wake Linda
and Gross's Learning to Dance
tied for first place in the fiction
division of the Montreal Student
Film Festival. Garneau (alias
Katalina Von Garnowski) won a
first in last year's B.C. Student
Film Festival for her 10-minute
theatrical short, Amelia Earhart
Found Alive.
Gross, who wrote, produced, directed, edited and acted in Learning
to Dance, attributes much of their
success to the film division's five
full-time faculty.
"Our profs have all worked in the
business themselves, know the industry and know how to get things
done," said Gross.
When it began in the late '60s, the
film program was an offshoot of the
Theatre Department. Since then, its
course offering has
expanded from an
undergraduate degree and a diploma
in film studies, to
include an MA in
film theory and an
MFA in film production.
In 1986, a Centres of Excellence
grant of $300,000
led to the purchase
of state-of-the-art
cameras and editing
equipment which
permitted more ambitious graduate
thesis projects. Enrolment in film has
since doubled, from
36 to about 70 students, with the
discipline now getting equal billing
in the renamed Department of Theatre and Film.
Associate Professor Ray Hall, who
has worked in film and television
production for more than thirty years,
said UBC graduated close to 400 film
students during the  1980s. Most of
Photo by Media Services
Film student Shaun Cathcart edits the film Command Performance, a collaboration between the Departments of Creative Writing, Music and Theatre and Film.
these graduates arc now employed in
the industry as producers, directors,
writers, cinematographers or technicians.
Among the notable developments
at UBC has been the creation of the
university's student film festival.
Persistence of Vision. The winning
Montreal entries by Garneau. Gross
and Thorsen were all
screened at the third
annual POV'91 Festival held at Robson
This year, a collaborative effort
among the Theatre
and Film, Creative
Writing and Music
departments has resulted in the short
feature, Command
The  25-minute,
made-for-TV movie
was written by Creative Writing student
Jaan Kolk, directed
by Film's Assistant
Professor John Newton and scored by UBC Music Department graduate Ari Wise, using a
UBC orchestra.
George McWhirter, head of Creative Writing, said Command Performance will be the first of many such
collaborative works.
"This is the model we envisaged
from day one." he said. "Our scripts
would be picked up by a director in
film, cast in theatre and scored in
music much like any professional
Creative Writing also has its ties
to the film industry with Hart Hanson
and Assistant Professor Linda
Hanson, formerly in charge of
script development for CBC in western Canada, now writes popular TV
series for CBC, CTV and CBS as
well as scripts for local production
companies. Svendsen is currently
adapting Margaret Laurence's The
Diviners for television with Atlantis
Still rooted in the basement of
Brock Hall Annex, the film division
will need more space if it is to attract
more students.
In the meantime, Hall says students and faculty will continue making movies together.
"The goal is to give the students an
idea of what a professional film shoot
is like and also to give them something they can use as a credit when
they go out looking for work for
-"•Si v!j»-'*
Photo by Media Services
Learning the not-so-gentle art of self defence, women are taught to protect themselves by Wenlido
instructor Jennifer Kirkey during a recent class sponsored by UBC's Sexual Harassment Office.
Hair-loss patients respond
to drug treatment in study
Most things are not worth
losing your hair over. But
for one per cent of Canadians, extreme stress may
cause alopecia areata, a type of hair loss
commonly affecting the scalp.
But help may be on the way for an
estimated 40 per cent of the men and
women who suffer from alopecia
areata across Canada and the U.S.
Results of a recent study by Dr. Jerry
Shapiro, a UBC clinical assistant professor of Dermatology, showed a 40 per cent
success rate in regrowing hair on patients
with chronic, severe alopecia areata.
In the first study of its kind in
North America, Shapiro treated ten
patients with a new drug,
diphencyprone (DPCP).
Each patient had greater than 50 per
cent hair loss of the scalp for more than
one year's duration. The average amount
of time that had elapsed with no hair
growth among the study group was 12
years. Only half the scalp was treated.
once a week over a six month period.
"With DPCP. there was cosmetically acceptable hair growth, with a
noticeable improvement in the coarseness, color and thickness of hair, in 40
per cent of the men and women who
completed the study," Shapiro said.
Shapiro explainedthatalopecia areata
usually starts with one or more small,
round, smooth patches. Normally, the
hair follicles on the scalp are producing
35 metres of hair each day.
In alopecia areata, the affected hair
follicles slow down production drastically, become very small and grow
no hair that is visible above the surface for months or years.
Shapiro added that while they are
in this hibernation-like state, the hair
follicles remain alive below the surface, ready to resume normal hair
production whenever they receive the
appropriate signal.
Mild side effects observed in patients participating in the study included cervical swelling, eczema and
increased pigmentation of the skin.
Although DPCP has been used successfully in treating alopecia areata in
Europe since 1983, and is allowed for
use in Canada, the drug is not available in the United States.
The American Food and Drug Administration has questioned the purity and safety of DPCP, citing the
possibility of toxic substances being
contained in the drug.
Shapiro said that DPCP has been
endorsed as being safe by the European scientific community, and by
the department of pharmaceutical
chemistry at UBC.
He hopes that his study will widen
the availability of DPCP for general
use throughout North America.
Treatments with DPCP, which is
rubbed directly onto the scalp, cost
S100 for six months of therapy.
Shapiro is currently continuing to
Heal the study group with DPCP to
determine the length of treatment required for a full head of hair.
Ceramics experts gather
at UBC for symposium
It's not the oldest university in
Canada, but UBC does have the oldest, registered university coat-of-arms
in the country.
"Il beat a lot of older institutions
to the punch, I guess," said Robert
Watt, Chief Herald of Canada.
But it's ceramics, not crests, which
brings Canada's chief overseer of
badges, flags and banners to the Museum of Anthropology later this
Watt, along with many of the
world's leading pottery experts, will
turn his critical eye on the Koerner
Ceramics Gallery during a four-day
ceramics symposium.
From Oct. 30 to Nov. 2. speakers
from Czechoslovakia, Switzerland,
the U.K. and the U.S. examine ce
ramics from a variety of disciplines
including medicine, archeology, fine
arts and anthropology.
Walt, who is responsible for regis
tering and recording all new and old
heraldic symbols in Canada, will focus on a few of the Koerner collection
pieces that feature heraldry.
"I'll be talking about the backgrounds of the owners and their history, pure and simple," he said.
According lo UBC curator Carol
Mayer, the symposium is the first of
its kind.
"Usually people dealing with ceramics arc discipline-bound and look
at it either one way or another," said
Mayer. "This will be of interest to all
people because it deals with art, history, archeology, anthropology... you
name it."
Also included among the
speakers is the man who assembled Koerner's 16th-century tiled
stove, the centerpiece of the 600-
piece collection donated to the
museum. The stove, which arrived in 100 pieces, was put together by Ottawa conservator
Carl  Schlichting.
For more information about the
symposium, call 822-5087.
Oktoberfest Raffle
Winning Tickets
Stuffed Teddy Bear
Ticket no. 670239
Pair of Canucks
Hockey Tickets
Ticket no. 670418
Talking Alarm Clock
Ticket no. 670158
Case Garbage Bags
Ticket no. 670127
Phone Paul Cooke at 822-3013
Thanks for your supporl
Plant Operations United Way
Volunteers UBC REPORTS October 17, 1991
Two profs win high tech institute fellowships
Two UBC professors have been awarded
distinguished fellowships from the Advanced
Systems Institute of British Columbia.
Clarence de Silva, of the Department of
Mechanical Engineering, holds the NSERC
ResearchChairof Industrial Automation. With
the fellowship, he will receive S210,000 to
establish a research program in Intelligent
Control of Industrial Processes, research that
will complement the ongoing activities ofthe
Industrial Automation Laboratory, which he
Tim Salcudean. of the Department of
Electrical Engineering, will receive
$250,000 to continue his research. He
came to UBC in 1990 after three years at
IBM, where he contributed to the development ofthe world's first magnetically-
levitated robotic wrist. At UBC he is
continuing his research in robotics.
telerobotics and systems control areas.
The institute also announced that the
original six fellows, first appointed in
1988, will now be known as fellows
emeriti. They include Dale Cherchas and
Ian Yellowley, both of Mechanical Engineering, David Kirkpatrick, Computer
Science, and Peter Lawrence, Electrical
The Advanced Systems Institute is a
non-profit foundation that works in partnership with industry, universities and
government to help develop B.C.'s high
technology industry.
Dr. Ravindra Shah.
an associate professor of
Oral Biology, has been
appointed chair of UBC's
Committee on Animal
The committee ensures that all animals used
in teaching and research
at UBC are treated with
dignity and optimal care.
Shah has served as a
member of the Committee on Animal Care for
the past decade. In 1988, he was appointed to
the Canadian Council of Animal Care and was
recently named to Agriculture Canada's Committee on Animal Biotechnology.
The committee is also charged with inspecting and approving facilities for the housing,
care and maintenance of animals, as well as
implementing and reviewing procedures for
securing the health and comfort of all animals
and personnel working with them.
He currently chairs a committee concerned
with the ethics of dental research in animals
and humans for the International Association
for Dental Research.
Dr. Marlene Hunter, clinical assistant professor of family practice, has been appointed
president of the American Society of Clinical
Hypnosis (ASCH).
Hunter, who joined UBC's Family Practice
Department in 1981, also specializes in psychosomatic and behavioral medicine.
The ASCH is an international organization
of over 3,500 members of the health professions, who share scientific and clinical interests in hypnosis. The society aims to provide
and encourage education programs to further
the knowledge and understanding of hypnosis,
and to stimulate research and scientific publication in the field.
Hunter is past president of the Canadian Society of Clinical Hypnosis (B.C.
division). She is also a member of the
International Society of Clinical Hypnosis and the Swedish Society of Clinical
and Experimental Hypnosis.
~ Peter Ufford, UBC's vice-president of External Affairs, has been appointed to the 14-
member board of Rick Hansen's Man in Motion World Tour Society.
The society was created to administer the
$23-million legacy fund created by Hansen's
around-the-world wheelchair odyssey.
Apart from the Man in Motion Legacy
Fund, more than $80 million has been
raised for research and rehabilitation
projects since Hansen returned to Vancouver in 1987.
Fifty per cent of the interest accumulating
on the legacy fund is disbursed to support
spinal cord injury research. The remaining 50 per cent goes toward rehabilitation, wheelchair sports and broad-based
awareness programs.
Ufford. appointed vice-president
on January 1. 1991, is a founding
director of the Financial Development Association of British Columbia and the Canadian Centre for Philanthropy. He is also a member of the
National Advisory Committee of Imagine, an initiative of the centre
aimed at increasing the amount of
time and money Canadians give to
programs and causes they care about.
UBC graduate Katherine Thompson
is the first recipient of the newly created
Nordic Research Inc. Postdoctoral Fellowship Award.
The $25,000 award was established to
encourage and promote research in the
health sciences.
Thompson, who recently completed
her PhD in Human Nutrition, will pursue
studies in endocrinology, with an emphasis on diabetes, under the supervision
of John McNeill, dean of Pharmaceutical
Nordic Research Inc. is a major Canadian pharmaceutical company headquartered in Montreal.
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Classified advertising can be purchased from Community Relations.
Phone 822-6163. Ads placed by faculty, staff and students cost $12.84
for 7 lines/issue ($.81 for each additional word). Off-campus advertisers
are charged $14.98 for 7 lines/issue ($.86 for each additional word). (All
prices include G.S.T.) Tuesday, October 22 a t noon is the deadline for the
next issue of UBC Reports which appears on Thursday, October 31.
Deadline for the following edition on November 14 is noon Monday,
November 4. All ads must be paid in advance in cash, by cheque or
internal requisition.
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Project shows that survival of deer
possible in second-growth forests
Forestry Professor Fred Bunnell's
success in finding a suitable winter
home for black-tailed deer could help
save more than 600 other wildlife species that live in British Columbia.
Throughout much of B.C., old-
growth forests have been reserved to
protect deer populations. Bunnell
has completed a three-year research
project    designed    to    develop
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silvicultural practices that create winter ranges for black-tailed deer in
second-growth forests.
Bunnell said the structural attributes associated with age and old-
growth forests have been created
without the age. "With the proper
spacing, second-growth forests can
produce both black-tail deer winter
ranges and wood fibre for harvest."
Bunnell said the creation of second-
growth winter ranges protects deer
populations in watersheds which have
little or no old growth remaining. Where
significant amounts of old growth still
exist, the ability to create second-growth
winter ranges allows forest and wildlife
managers the flexibility to best meet the
resource management needs of wildlife
and forestry, he added.
The project was funded by the
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, MacMillan Bloedel
Ltd.. Canadian Forest Products Ltd.
and the provincial ministries of Environment and Forests.
Bunnell's challenge now is to move
ahead following the success of this
project and develop a master plan
that meets the needs of more than 630
other terrestrial vertebrates in B.C.
"British Columbia is incredibly diverse," said Bunnell. "You've got all
these large prey species running around,
like stone sheep, bison, caribou, and
white-tailed deer. If complex predator-
prey systems are going to survive anywhere, it's in B.C., where the ecological
systems are still intact."
Bunnell said if these systems are
to remain in place while resources
continue to be extracted, then efforts
will have to be made to work with
nature, as was the case with the deer.
However, he added, the solutions to
these problems must be foundquickly.
"Overall, it took more than 20
years at a cost of about $6 million to
demonstrate that second-growth forests could be suitable for black-tailed
deer. We don't have time to look at
each species."
Bunnell feels the key is to design
an approach to research that moves
along quickly, while maintaining
credibility with the people who must
ultimately buy into these proposed
solutions. He admits this may be
easier said than done.
"People thought we were crazy
when we told them that black-tailed
deer didn't need old-growth forests
to survive. Although we've been
able to understand how the pieces fit
together, there is still a lot of work to
be done if these principles are to be
applied on a larger scale."
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1-1—1--,    EWHOUrBRDCEHAr, REHM0H 8    UBCREPORTS October 17,1991
Test probes personality of criminals
Continued from Page 1
likely to return to crime after being
"It's not good enough for clinicians to say it's their gut feeling that
so-and-so is a psychopath," said Hare,
whose research in the field spans 25
years. "The criteria for diagnosis and
procedures followed in making it
should be explicit and available for
others to evaluate."
The diagnostic "bibles" currently
used by many clinicians are the third
edition ofthe Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disor-     —
ders (DSM-III), published in
1980, and its recent revision
(DSM-III-R), published in 1987.
The American Psychiatric Association is presently considering
incorporating Hare's checklist     —
into the DSM-IV, which is due
out in 1993.
Prior to the DSM-III. Hare said
psychopathy was diagnosed in terms
of a specific cluster of personality
traits and behaviors. However, the
DSM-III radically changed the diagnostic criteria; personality traits were
all but eliminated and psychopathy
was labelled antisocial personality disorder (APD).
But according to Hare. APD and
psychopathy are not the same.
"A person who kills as the result of
intense emotional upheaval orextreme
provocation is quite different from a
cold-blooded killer," he said. "Psychopaths don't have emotional hangups. They're basically predators who
view other people as objects to be used
and manipulated."
Hare said APD has limited relevance to psychopathy because by
focusing on a person's history of so
cial deviance and criminality, il ignores the underlying interpersonal features central to the illness.
A survey done last year by the
Correctional Service of Canada found
that as many as 80 per cent of criminals in Canadian jails meet the criteria
for APD. However, most of these individuals are not psychopaths in the
traditional sense.
A PCL-R assessment, taking between two and four hours, consists of
a semi-structured interview and pains-
"Psychopaths don't have emotional
hang-ups. They're basically predators who view other people as objects to be used and manipulated."
taking cross-check of personal and
criminal histories. The clinician or
researcher then rates the individual on
20 items describing personality traits
and behaviors relevant to psychopathy.
The result is a score representing
the extent to which a subject matches
the "prototypical" psychopath. A categorical diagnosis can also be given
using a cutoff score provided in the
PCL-R manual.
Hare said about 20 percent of prison
inmates would rate a psychopathic
diagnosis using PCL-R criteria, less
than one-third ofthe percentage who
would receive a diagnosis of APD.
The success of the PCL-R, and
problems with the APD. have led the
American Psychiatric Association to
set up one-year field trials comparing
four sets of diagnostic criteria. One set
consists of 10 items derived from the
PCL-R. Hare directs one of the trials
in B.C. and hopes these items, which
measure both personality and deviant
behaviors, will be incorporated into
the DSM-IV.
Psychiatric hospitals for criminals
in California haven't waited for the
APA's official endorsement. Following the murder of a hospital employee
by a psychopathic patient last year, the
PCL-R is now routinely used in making decisions regarding a patient's
security clearance. A PCL-R diagnosis of psychopathy, plus evidence of
past violent behavior, triggers
an administrative review before a patient can be moved to
a lower security level.
Some jurisdictions use the
checklist to decide whether an
inmate should be in prison or a
~~     forensic psychiatric hospital.
"The rationale is that psychopaths are legally and psychiatri-
cally sane," said Hare. "They see nothing wrong with themselves, ihey manipulate everyone and will eventually
take over and run a hospital if given
the chance."
Hare's checklist may also have
implications for death sentencing.
California courts have determined
that a diagnosis of psychopathy is an
aggravating, as opposed to mitigating,
factor in determining whether a convicted murderer gets the death penalty.
Therefore, those diagnosed with a
psychopathy/antisocial personality disorder are more likely to be sentenced to
dealh for first-degree murder than are
those without the diagnosis.
There is now debate on whether
some ofthe more lhan 300 prisoners
on death row in California, previously
assessed as APD, should be re-assessed using the PCL, a more valid
measure of psychopathy.
Hare himself is not in favor of life
and death decisions being based on
clinical diagnoses. "If they are to be
used, then at the very least we must
ensure these diagnoses are scientifically sound." he said.
Cli nicians and researchers routinely
call Hare's office to discuss potential
new uses for the PCL-R.
One caller asked if the professor
would complete an assessment of a
defendant in a recent Wall Street insider-trading scandal. The caller
thought that if the individual wasdiag-
nosed as a psychopath, it might help to
discredit his testimony about another
defendant in the case.
Another case involved five people
who faced the death penalty in a mid-
western state for killing a man. Hare
was asked to do a posthumous PCL-R
assessment on the victim. The inquiring lawyer believed the defendants
miglil be spared (he death penalty if it
could be determined the victim had
been a violent psychopath.
Despite its reliability and predictive value. Hare has mixed feelings
about what might happen if the PCL-
R is incorporated into the DSM-IV.
His biggest concern is not knowing
whether clinicians stick to the criteria
outlined in the PCL-R manual, or cut
corners to save time.
As yet, there is no known treatment
for psychopathy. Part of the problem
is that psychopaths don't suffer from
the sort of personal or subjective distress that prompts others to seek treatment.
Recent evidence has actually shown
thai many psychopaths who have undergone group therapy programs in
prison have si mply become better psychopaths. Rather than learning more
about themselves, they learn more
about how to exploit the weakness of
Nonetheless. Hare has been commissioned by the federal government to examine the possibility of setting up an
experimental program for high-risk violent offenders, including psychopaths.
Hare's report, drafted with the help
of five prominent Canadian researchers and 15 international experts, should
be completed by the end of the year.
The PCL-R is being released this
week by Multi-Health Systems in
Toronto. Hare's book, A Deadly
Charm, is due out next summer.
The October 3 issue of UBC Reports contained an erroneous headline. The headline which read
"I'ndergrad enrolment up 1 1 per
eeni" should have read "Undergrad
applications up 11 per cent."
Faculty, students grow
together during study
program in France
Mike Tretheway looks at his students in a different way these days.
Tretheway returned from a six-
week study abroad program on the
French Riviera this summer with a
new perspective on teaching.
"It was an experience quite unlike
any available in the traditional class-
roomsetting," saidTretheway, an associate professor in the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration.
Tretheway and French Professor
Nancy Frelick joined 28 Commerce
students for a unique study abroad
program that, for the first time, combined UBC faculty and students.
Tretheway said the experience was
an eye-opener that has had an impact
on the way he approaches teaching.
"During those six weeks, I had an
opportunity to get to know these
students as individuals — not simply as commerce students," said
Tretheway. "I found living and working with our students to be fascinating and rewarding."
During that time, Tretheway and
his students ate together, studied together and just hung around together.
"While in France, we were all equals.
The breakdown of traditional teacher-
student barriers has resulted in a more
enriching classroom dialogue."
There have been tangible academic benefits lo the program as
well, saidTretheway. Students were
given a numerical grade that counted
toward their grade point average because UBC students were being
taught by UBC faculty.
"Traditional study abroad programs can only offer pass or fail
grades," said Tretheway.
A total of 40 students took part in
the program, which also featured faculty and students from the University
of Toronto. Tretheway hopes to see
the program repeated next year, with
a beefed-up course offering and space
for perhaps another 30 UBC students.
Tretheway admits he's had a difficult time returning to the usual classroom setting. He finds himself thinking
a lot about his experience in France.
"The other day, I rented the movie
To Catch a Thief, on video, just because it was filmed in Nice," he said.
"The French Riviera is an awesome spectacle, but it's the relationships that I developed which made
this such a rewarding experience.
I'll remember these individuals for
the rest of my life."
Apples celebrated at festival
Cox's Orange Pippin. Belle de
Boskoop and Howgate Wonder.
What are they?
Apples, but
not the kind
you'd find at
your local supermarket. To
sample these
and about 50
other varieties,
you'll have to
go to the UBC
Botanical Garden's Apple
Festival, Saturday and Sunday, Oct. 19 and
today's consumers, who
see perhaps a
half dozen different types of
apples on the
shelves, might
find it hard to
believe, once there were hundreds of
But as apple-growing became big
business, farmers stuck to varieties
that produced the most fruit andcould
be easily transported. Taste sometimes took a back seat to economics.
"Their flavor is so much better."
Margaret Charleton. a volunteer
member of the Friends of the Garden
and one of the festival organizers,
savs ofthe exotic varieties.
A carving from a magistrate's stick, 1797, showing Adam and Eve and the
apple tree.
"They're like wine, They each
have a distinctive flavor and such
beautiful colors."
Some apples have distinguished
histories, such as the Gravenstein,
which was known to growers in Denmark as early as 1669. Others are as
new as the Shamrock, the bright green
cross between a Golden Delicious
and a Mcintosh, recently developed
at the Agriculture Canada research
station at Summeriand.
The rare
breeds are making a comeback,
however. Speciality growers,
especially those
who farm organically, are
them, and consumers can buy
the apples at
places such as
Granville Island
At the festival, apples
grown at the
Botanical Garden and by several specialty
growers will be
on display,
along with their
histories and
samples for tasting. Some will be for
sale, as will apple products such as
juice, bread and cake. Orders will be
taken for those who want to grow
dwarf varieties at home.
The Apple Festival will held in the
Botanical Garden Reception Centre
both days from 11 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.


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