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UBC Reports Mar 7, 1996

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 THE  UNIVERSITY OF  BRITISH COLUMBIA
UBCREPORTS
Western Winners
D. Thomson photo
Dave Buchanan, third-year Human Kinetics, helped the UBC men's
basketball team win the Canada West championship on Saturday, defeating
the University of Alberta 84-66 to sweep the series in two straight games.
The team now moves on to the CIAU final-eight national tournament in
Halifax March 15-17. UBC is seeded first in the tournament.
Crompton steps down
from Board of Governors
Barbara Crompton, chair of UBC's
Board of Governors, has stepped down
from the board, due to business and
family commitments.
Crompton, founder and | -----
president of The Fitness
Group, which specializes
in exercise, personal training, physiotherapy and
active rehabilitation programs in the commercial
and corporate sectors, was
appointed by the provincial government to the
board in 1990 and became
chair in December 1993.
Crompton's term as
chair was set to end next
September. Vice-chair
Shirley Chan is scheduled
to take over the position
at that time.
"Barbara Crompton has been an energetic board member and a dynamic board
chair," said UBC President David
Strangway.
'Through her many contributions she
has demonstrated how much she cares
for UBC. It is with regret that I see her
leave and we wish her all the best in her
Crompton
many other pursuits."
A graduate of UBC (BEd '72), Crompton
received the Maxwell A. Cameron Award in
her graduatingyear for aca-
— -i    demic excellence and most
outstanding teaching performance in the Faculty of
Education. She also has
been honoured with a UBC
Alumni 75th Anniversary
Award of Merit.
UBC's 15-member
Board of Governors comprises the chancellor, the
president, eight persons
appointed by the lieutenant-governor, two faculty
members elected by faculty, two full-time students
elected by students and one
person elected by and from
the full-time employees of the university
who are not faculty members.
By legislation, the board is responsible
for the management, administration and
control of the property, revenue, business and affairs ofthe university, including the appointment of senior officials
and faculty on the recommendation of
the president.
Harcourt to join UBC
research institute
FormerB.C. Premier Michael Harcourt
will join his alma mater, the University of
British Columbia, as an adjunct professor on July 1, 1996 or after the calling of
a provincial election.
The two-year appointment will be with
the Sustainable Development Research
Institute (SDRI), one ofthe interdisciplinary units of the Faculty of Graduate
Studies. The institute was established in
1991 to foster multidisciplinary research
linkages among ecological, economic and
social issues.
"Michael Harcourt's background and
experience in sustainable development
will enhance UBC's efforts in these fields."
said UBC President David Strangway.
"His energy will significantly enhance the
development of university initiatives leading to social, biophysical and economic
benefits to our region."
John Grace, dean of the Faculty of
Graduate Studies, said Harcourt's interests in the areas of sustainability. community and livability in the Asia-Pacific
region are closely linked to a number of
initiatives within SDRI and other Graduate Studies units such as the Institute of
Asian Research.
See HARCOURT Page 2
Faculty honored with
prestigious prizes
A pioneering economic theorist and a
leading evolutionary ecologist are the
winners of UBC's top research prizes for
1995.
Economics Prof. Erwin Diewert is the
recipient of the Jacob Biely Research
Prize and Zoology Assoc. Prof. Dolph
Schluter has won the Charles A.
McDowell
Award for
Excellence
in Re
search.
Diewert's
work over
the last
quarter
century
has been
credited
with turning micro-
economic
theory
from a textbook exercise into a practical
tool for applied economic research.
Internationally, he is among the best
known and most highly cited Canadian
economists. His first major professional
accomplishment was the development
of flexible functional forms, an approach
which has come to dominate applied
work in modeling producer and consumer behaviour. Diewert's second
major contribution is to the theoretical
and practical use of index numbers, a
tool used to measure general trends in
the economy. His work with index numbers has influenced the construction of
Kroller
systems of national accounts in Canada
and the U.S.
The $1,500 Biely prize is awarded
annually for outstanding research in
any field of study.
Schluter's research mixes evolutionary theory, quantitative genetics and
ecology. Most recently, he was able to
verify that competition for food and habitat is what propels the evolution of differences between species.
Schluter and colleagues raised thousands of
stickleback fish
in ponds
at UBC to
show that
the process of
natural
selection
on body
form and
behaviour
changes
when a
competing species is introduced into its habitat.
The McDowell award is given each
year to a faculty member who has demonstrated excellence in the pure or applied sciences.
The university has also announced the
10 recipients ofthe UBC Killam Research
Prizes and another 13 faculty members
who have won Killam fellowships.
See PRIZES Page 2
Schluter
Inside
Brew Ha-ha
Offbeat: Whatever happened to a beer called UBC?
Test Tubes 5
Campus works: Chemistry students practise labs on screen
Nerve Endings 13
Optic observations of nerve endings may hold clues to Alzheimer's
House Calls 16
Profile: Dr. JimThorsteinson makes forgotten people's lives a little less hard 2 UBC Reports ■ March 7, 1996
Prizes
Continued from Page 1
The $10,000 UBC Killam Research Prizes are awarded annually to top researchers on campus. Established by UBC President David Strangway in 1986.
the prizes are equally divided
between the arts and sciences.
The recipients for 1995 are:
Michael Ward, Mathematics, who
studies modem physical applications, such as nonlinear diffusion-
problems, semiconductor device
modeling and chemical reactors:
Steven Vincent, Psychiatry,
who has played a key role in
explaining an entirely new mode
of chemical transmission in the
central nervous system—that
some neurons communicate by
means of the gas nitric oxide:
Michael Isaacson, Civil Engineering, who has pioneered and
developed new approaches and
methodologies for a variety of problems in the sub-discipline of coastal
and offshore hydrodynamics:
Paul Harrison, Oceanography,
a leading algal physiologist whose
research interests include marine plant physiology as it applies
to the natural environment:
Caroline Astell, Biochemistry,
an authority on how certain small
viruses multiply in infected cells.
Her work has led directly to the
formulation and testing of models to explain this process:
Ilan Vertinsky. Commerce and
Business Administration, a
multidisciplinary scholar who has
successfully applied a variety of
modeling techniques to practical
areas such as operations research, forest economics, health
care and bio-physical systems;
Ken Takashima, Asian Studies,
who has been studying the.earliest
Chinese language written during
the third millennium BC and is the
pre-eminent authority in the field;
Harjot Oberoi, Asian Studies,
who authored a ground-breaking book on the construction of
the Sikh religious identity and is
a leading participant in the Fundamentalist Project sponsored
by the American Academy of Arts
and Sciences;
Eva-Marie Kroller, English,
who has contributed significant
theoretical work on Canadian
literature and culture and was
one of the first to raise post-
colonialist issues in the context
of Canadian and American writing. She is editor of Canadian
r-i-i FREDERIC WOOD -|—»
1 HEATRX^
SOPHICLES1
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A Tale of The Bosnian Wars ""'"'
Directed by John Wright
Special 2 for I Preview Wed. March 13
AI.NO IM.AVIVJ
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Literature, the major journal of
literary criticism in the country;
David Donaldson. Economics,
who has made fundamental contributions to the debate on normative population issues and the measurement of inequality and poverty.
Winners of the Isaak Walton
Killam Memorial Faculty Research Fellowships, which top up
faculty salaries while they are on
sabbatical leave by up to $ 15,000
and also allow a $3,000 grant for
research and travel expenses, are:
Joel Bakan, Law; Martin Barlow.
Mathematics; Susanna Egan.
English; Isabel Grant, Law; Marlee
Kline, Law; Timothy McDaniels,
Community and Regional Planning; Harjot Oberoi, Asian Studies; Douglas Pulleybank, Linguistics; Leslie Roman, Educational
Studies; Septimiu Salcudean,
Electrical Engineering; Dolph
Schluter. Zoology; William
Strange, Commerce and Business Administration; and Scott
Taylor, Economics.
Harcourt
Continued from Page 1
"His wide experience and
knowledge of government and
business leaders in Canada, in
Asia and elsewhere, will be a
major asset to students and the
university at large," Grace said.
He noted that Harcourt will perform teaching duties assigned
by the directors of the School of
Community and Regional Planning and the Resource Management and Environmental Studies graduate program in courses
in which he has an interest and
expertise.
Harcourt received a BA from
UBC in 1965 and an LLB in
1968. He was an alderman with
the City of Vancouver from
1972-80 and mayor from 1980-
86. Harcourt became MLA for
Vancouver Centre in 1986 and
leader of the provincial New
Democratic Party the following
year.
He served as premier of B.C.
from 1991 to 1996.
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
United VNfay
otihe Lowe' Mainland
To members of the UBC community.
Every year United Way of the Lower Mainland counts on
the employees and students of the University of British
Columbia for their support and 1995 was no different.
This year the University's Employee and Student Campaign
raised over $270,000 in support of United Way agencies and
services. As well, an additional 900 agencies will receive
designated dollars through our Donor Choice program.
Employees and students at the University of British
Columbia have made a significant difference in the lives of
thousands of individuals throughout the Lower Mainland. For
that. United Way and its agencies extend a heartfelt thank
you.
Sincerely
^
Bob Philip, Director
Dept. of Athletics
and Sport Services
Campaign Chair
David W. Strangway.   V
President
BONECRUSHER
SMITH vS
TROY ROBERTS
Plus 5 other boxing matches, including
SHANE SUTCLIFFE vs A.J. MOORE
Thurs. Apr. 11, Doors open 7pm UBC War Memorial Gym
TICKETMASTER: 280-4444
Berkowitz & Associates
Statistics and Mathematics Consulting
• research design • data analysis
• sampling • forecasting
Jonathan Berkowitz, Ph.D
4160 Staulo Crescent, Vancouver, B.C., V6N 3S2
Office: (604) 263-1508
Home: (604) 263-5394
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Daytime             (604) 856-7370
Evening             (604) 856-7370
The
E OF FREE
Essay Contest
$1000 for the best original essay
Eligibility:   Open to 3rd and 4th year undergraduate and
graduate UBC students
Deadline for submission: May 31,1996
Essays are to be approximately 3000 words, typewritten,
double-spaced on numbered pages. Please provide 3 copies.
Judges: Father T. James Hanrahan, St. Mark's
Prof. Emeritus Robert M. Clark,  Economics
Prof. Kurt Preinsperg, Philosophy
Prof. Emerita Margaret Prang, History
Prof. Paul G. Stanwood, English
Details and application forms: MC. Harrison,
1509-1450 Chestnut St., Vancouver, B.C. V6J 3K3
The committee reserves the right lo withhold the prize if no appropriate
essay is received, or to divide it if it proves impossible lo judge between
excellent essays.
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UBCREPORTS
UBC Reports is published twice monthly (monthly in
December, June, July and August) for the entire university
community by the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251
Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. It is
distributed on campus to most campus buildings and to
Vancouver's West Side in the Sunday Courier newspaper.
Associate Director, University Relations: Steve Crombie
(Stephen.crombie@ubc.ca)
Managing Editor: Paula Martin (paula.martin@ubc.ca)
Editor/Production: Janet Ansell (janet.ansell@ubc.ca)
Contributors: Connie Bagshaw (connie.filletti@ubc.ca),
Stephen Forgacs (Stephen.forgacs@ubc.ca)
Charles Ker (charles.ker@ubc.ca),
Gavin Wilson (gavin.wilson@ubc.ca).
Editorial and advertising enquiries: (604) 822-3131 (phone),
(604) 822-2684 (fax).
UBC Reports welcomes the submission of letters and
opinion pieces. Opinions and advertising published in UBC
Reports do not necessarily reflect official university policy.
Material may be reprinted in whole or in part with
appropriate credit to UBC Reports. UBC Reports • March 7, 1996 3
Orca's diet holds clues
to sea lions' decrease
In the summer of 1992, a dead killer
whale was discovered on the shores of
Montague Island in Prince William Sound.
Its stomach contained flipper tags from
14 Steller sea lions.
The discovery underscored the need
for a closer look at killer whale predation
on Steller sea lions, which remain threatened on the U.S. endangered species list.
In 1980, there were 300,000 Stellers
stretching from California north through
the Gulf of Alaska to northern Japan.
Today, there are less than 100.000.
Kathy Heise and Lance Barrett - Lenriard,
UBC graduate students in the Dept. of
Zoology, recently completed a year-long
study looking at the effects of killer whales
on Steller sea lion populations in British
Columbia and Alaska.
Working with colleagues from Fisheries and Oceans Canada in Nanaimo and
the North Gulf Oceanic Society in Homer,
Alaska, the research team surveyed mariners for accounts of whale attacks on
Stellers, analysed stomach contents from
dead killer whales and developed mathematical computer models to examine
whether killer whale attacks could significantly affect Steller sea lion numbers.
The team's 66-page report suggests
that as many as 18 per cent of the sea
lions which die each year in Alaska are
taken by killer whales.
"Killer whales didn't cause the sea lion
decline but they may now be a significant
contributing factor," said Heise.
Compiled under the auspices of the
North Pacific Universities Marine Mammal Research Consortium, Heise and
Barrett-Lennard's report provides an intriguing look into the diet and behaviour
of killer whales on the west coast.
A total of 22 killer whale carcasses
with stomach contents have washed
ashore in the eastern north Pacific since
1973. This data—combined with what
scientists already know about diet, social
structure, fin shape and acoustic behaviour—point to the existence of two distinct populations of killer whales in B.C.,
southeast Alaska and Prince William
Sound: fish-eating residents and mam
mal-eating transients.
Transients, typically seen alone or in
small groups of two to 10, often travel and
hunt silently near shore. Residents, on
the other hand, are found in large groups,
spend more time in open water, use echo-
location frequently and stick with the
same group.
The diet of an additional group of
whales, called offshores, remains a mystery. Offshores are generally found in
large, vocal pods of 30-60 individuals and
have not been seen associating with either resident or transient killer whales.
Using identification photographs of
killer whales, the research team identified 170 transient whales between northern Washington and southeast Alaska. A
further 88 were identified in western
Alaska, for a total of 258. This compares
to an estimated 200 offshore and 364
resident killer whales identified In B.C.
and southeast Alaska.
To find out if the transient orca with 14
sea lion flipper tags in its stomach was
the norm or an exception, the research
team distributed questionnaires to mariners along the coast asking for witnesses
to interactions between sea lions and
orcas. Those returned by 126 mariners
reported 492 sightings, of which 32 (6.5
per cent) resulted in definite kills. Attacks on sea lion pups were rarely witnessed, although killer whales were often
reported near sea lion rookeries.
Results from the questionnaire, stomach analysis and whale census were used
to develop a model of the effects of killer
whale predation on sea lion populations.
The model indicates that when sea lion
populations exceed 100.000, the effects
of killer whale predation appear minimal.
However, at levels of 50,000 sea lions or
fewer, the effects are more significant and
may even be sufficient to drive a population decline.
The North Pacific Universities Marine
Mammal Research Consortium, centred
at UBC's Fisheries Centre, was formed in
1993 with four participating institutions:
The universities of Alaska, British Columbia, Washington and Oregon State
Offbeat
as simple as M EM if
by staff writers
Was it a trademark infringement, or an early example of corporate
sponsorship?
"Relaxing's as simple as U-B-C," says the ad that shows a grinning
man holding a bottle of beer.
"When the occasion's right for relaxing then that's the time for a cool,
refreshing U.B.C. beer. Next time the question comes up, 'How about a
beer', say 'Make mine U.B.C.'"
The ad appeared in the Nov.
1963 issue of British Columbia
Digest magazine, and by a bizarre
coincidence, two  UBC Reports
staffers saw it in the same week and
brought it into the office.
The ad, which appeared alongside articles like "Kamloops: Hub of
Southcentral B.C." and "Adventure
in Rocks," didn't explain what the
connection, if any, was to the
university.
We asked Chris Hives, UBC
archivist and occasional beer
drinker, to help solve the mystery.
This had come up before, he
said, and produced an ad from the
Ladysmith Chronicle dated Jan. 12,
1915 — before the university had
admitted its first students.
'The Purest. Cleanest, Most
Wholesome Thing that goes into
your house is 'U.B.C brewed by
Union Brewing Company. Nanaimo. B.C.
Now we know that U.B.C. beer didn't stand for University of British
Columbia, but we're still left with a mystery.
How did that brand stay on the market so long with such lame ad
campaigns?
Lance Barrett-Lennard photo
Kathy Heise cuts into a killer whale carcass in Prince William Sound.
Stranded killer whale carcasses have provided valuable information about
their diet. Studies in the eastern North Pacific have led to the discovery of
fish-eating resident and mammal-eating transient whales.
University. The consortium's mission is
to undertake a long-term program of research on the relation between fisheries
and marine mammals in the north Pacific
Ocean and eastern Bering Sea.
The biology of the Steller sea lion continues to be a primary research focus for
the consortium.
Andrew Trites, the consortium's research director, said the decline of the
Steller is an indicator of the health of an
ecosystem as a whole.
"We depend on fish from marine ecosystems." said Trites, director of UBC's
Marine Mammal Research Unit. "The
Steller sea lion is a top predator and the
current plight of the species is a red flag
to us ail."
In 1993, three male and two female sea
lion pups were taken from a Canadian
rookery and transferred to the Vancouver
Aquarium. In 1994, an orphaned female
pup joined the research group. Studies
on the six captive animals look at metabolic rates, nutritional requirements, digestive efficiency of different diets and the
relation of diet to growth, blubber thick
ness and reproductive maturation.
Funding from BC Packers enabled the
consortium to install a sophisticated swim
mill in the aquarium last month. The machine enables researchers to estimate how
much energy sea lions use to swim at different speeds in water of different temperatures.
The consortium is also awaiting the
arrival of a "critter-cam" which is being
donated to the project by the National
Geographic Society. The small remote-
controlled camera, harnessed to a sea
lion's back for two hours at a time, will
film how the animals capture, handle
and swallow fish. The filming of this
process will be a research first. The critter-
cam, together with the swim mill, will
help consortium members make predictions about the total energy and food
needs of Stellers in the wild.
Correction
Mario Bemardi is principal conductor
of the CBC Vancouver Orchestra. Incorrect information was reported in the Feb.
22 issue of UBC Reports.
Risky drug use among
teens sees dramcrtic rise
Marijuana use appears to be on the rise
among B.C. high school students, particularly Grade 12 males, according to a survey
released by UBC's Institute of Health Promotion Research (IHPR).
The survey of 8,179 students, drawn
from 20 select schools across the province,
reports on rates of use for alcohol, cannabis, tobacco and LSD.
Rates of lifetime cannabis use show a
larger increase between grades 8 and 12
than for either alcohol or cigarette smoking.
The rate for Grade 12 males is a whopping 71
per cent.
"What we're talking about here is marijuana use as essentially normative behaviour in adolescence," said Marjorie
MacDonald, who supervised the survey
along with IHPR Director Lawrence Green.
The survey results show that a substantial portion of secondary school students
have tried each of the four substances at
some time in their lives. Alcohol has been
tried by the most students, followed by smoking, cannabis and LSD.
In 1993. the average rate for having tried
marijuana was 38 per cent, a figure which
jumped to 51 per cent in the latest survey. Of
those choosing to use cannabis, most begin
using it at high-risk levels (more than six
times a year) in Grade 9.
In terms of academic achievement, 20
per cent of students not having difficulty
in any courses used cannabis six or more
times in the last year. Of those having
trouble in four or more courses, 48 per
cent reported high-risk use. Green said
these findings highlight the need for prevention programs directed specifically at
home influences.
The survey also indicates that a growing number of B.C. high school students
are at high risk of becoming chronic drug
users.
Students were classified as high-risk if
they met any one of the following criteria:
used heroin, crack, LSD or other hallucinogens one or more times in the previous year:
used glue, solvents, non-prescribed barbiturates, speed, cocaine or other stimulants,
non-prescribed tranquilizers, orsteroids three
or more times in the previous year: used
cannabis six or more times in the previous
year: consumed alcohol two or more times
per week; or smoked cigarettes six or more
times per day.
According to these criteria. 38.6 per
cent of the students surveyed are at high
risk for substance abuse. This compares
with 31 per cent in a similar study conducted in 1993 and 24 per cent in a 1990
student survey. A breakdown shows the
number of students in the high-risk category increases from 23 per cent among
Grade 8 students to 47 per cent among
those in Grade 12.
The report also states that males are more
likely to fall into the high-risk category than
females. This difference is particularly pronounced in Grade 12 where 56 per cent of
males are at high-risk of substance misuse
compared with 38 per cent of females.
Green points out that despite attempts to
ensure the latest survey results would be as
representative as possible, participating
schools were self-selected into the project
and no Lower Mainland schools were included. Still, Green says IHPR findings are
consistent with results from the 1992
McCreary Survey. 4 UBC Reports • March 7, 1996
Industry-initiated wood
processing centre to open
by Stephen Forgacs
Staff writer
Wood processing specialists
from Germany and Switzerland will
join UBC faculty members, and
industry and government representatives to celebrate the opening
ofUBC's Centre for Advanced Wood
Processing March 11 at the Waterfront Centre Hotel.
The centre is an entity that will
undertake continuing education
and applied research and development in secondary wood manufacturing," said centre Director Thomas Maness. "Creation ofthe centre is an important step toward
expanding knowledge in a highly
specialized area with strong economic significance for Canada and
Canadian industry."
As part of the celebration, a
day-long conference will focus
on the design of educational programs that will equip graduates
with the knowledge and skills
required to help meet the needs
of the North American value-
added wood products industry.
UBC plans to sign a formal
agreement of co-operation with
FachHochshule Rosenheim (FH
Rosenheim), one of Germany's
premier wood products processing programs, and enter discussions on collaboration with the
Swiss Engineering and Technical
School for the Wood Industry
(SISH - Biel). The agreements will
include opportunities for student
and faculty exchanges, international1 job" placements for stu-
deriti?;'and'c9Habofativetese'afcll
and development projects.
David Barrett, head of UBC's
Wood Science Dept., said the
Wood Products Processing Program, a joint initiative of the
faculties of Forestry and Applied
Science, is unique at the univer-
Fund gees
forSlm
The Alumni Annual Fund Appeal reached its goal for 1995/
96 last week with 15 days left in
the annual campaign and within
reach of raising a campaign
record of $1 million.
"UBC alumni have made an
overwhelming show of support for
the university through the campaign this year," Leanne Bemaerdt,
appeal co-ordinator. said.
Driven by hard-working phone
crews and by alumni mailouts,
the campaign surpassed its goal
of $988,000 and is now aiming
for the $1-million mark.
By responding to mail and phone
appeals, alumni are helping to buy
new books for the library, set up
new scholarships and bursaries
for students, purchase new equipment and send students on programs such as the Faculty of Medicine's Rural Summer Placement
Program—a 22-year-old program
that places between 100 and 120
second-year medical students into
rural communities to work with
doctors for four to eight weeks.
More than 220 volunteers
helped make the campaign a success this year and more than
15,650 alumni have made donations, compared to 13,939 in
1994/95. The Faculty of Medicine supplied the greatest number
of student volunteers wilh 72
participating.
sity-level in North America in
terms of focus and the level of
industry involvement.
'The industry will be continually involved with us in designing, delivering and funding of
the new programs in education,
extension and research through
the centre's industry advisory
board," Barrett said.
The centre will focus on multi-
disciplinary projects with associates from the faculties of Forestry, Applied Science and possibly Commerce and Business
Administration and the Computer Science Dept., Maness said.
Graduate students from several
faculties will also do work
through the centre and it will
have a continuing education and
extension staff.
Areas of research undertaken
by the centre's associates will include advanced tooling and cutting
technology for the secondary wood
products industry, process and
quality control, computer-integrated manufacturing technologies,
product design and development
and market research.
The centre will manage the
industry co-operative education
portion of the Wood Products
Program and the Advanced Wood
Processing Laboratory where
students will gain practical skills
and knowledge from industry
experts associated with the centre. Maness said.
In 1994, UBC was selected by
an industry-led National Education Initiative board because of
the university's willingness to
work closely with industry on
program design, continuing education and applied research and
development.
Art DeFehr. chair of the industry advisory group, said the
centre is unique in that it came
about as a result of what was
primarily an industry initiative.
"What (the industry needs) is
the technical management capabilities that will allow us to be
at the leading edge in the way we
manage our businesses and in
our ability to use technology," he
said. The program will allow us
to benefit fully from the kind of
technology that is available
around the world."
The Centre for Advanced Wood
Processing, to be housed in a
3,730-square-metre facility at the
corner of Main Mall and Agronomy
Rd., is one ofthe components of
the new Forest Sciences Centre
which is scheduled for completion in the spring of 1998. The
centre will open in its temporary
space at 6629 N.W. Marine Dr.
in the spring of 1996.
MUSCLE STUDY
We need urgently, for a clinical trial, volunteers who
Have well-defined muscle disorders (e.g. myopathy,
dystrophy, myositis) confirmed independently by
clinical history, physical findings, EMG and/or muscle
biopsy.
We have developed a unique surface electrode
(UBC Ethics Approval #B91-311) which results in the
determination of motor unit muscle conduction
speeds. An abnormal slowing in muscle conduction
velocity indicates a disorder in muscle function.
The test takes a few minutes, is completely noninvasive, and has no side effects.
For more information, please contact:
Gan He (253-7681) or Dr. Cecil Hershler (732-7060)
c/o Suite 104 - 27S6 West 16th Avenue
Vancouver. BC, V6K 3C4
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
Landscape Architecture
Director
Applications or nominations are invited from within the
University of British Columbia for the position of Director
of the Landscape Architecture Program. The successful
candidate will possess a reputation for excellence in scholarly work or creative professional practice, a commitment to
high standards of teaching quality, and administrative
abilities appropriate to managing a small dynamic group,
interactive with several other academic and professional
groups both on and off campus.
More information is available from J.F. Richards, Dean,
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Suite 248, MacMillan
Building, 2357 Main Mall, Zone 4, to whom also applications
or nominations should be sent no later than March 15,1996.
The University of British Columbia welcomes all qualified
applicants, especially women, aboriginal people, visible
minorities and persons with disabilities.
Writing Centre
Continuing Studies
Part-time Sessional Lecturer
and Coordinator of AGSC 323
The Faculty of Agricultural Sciences at the University of British Columbia
in cooperation with the UBC Writing Centre invites applications for a part-time
Sessional Lecturer position effective September 1, 1996. The successful candidate will be responsible for teaching up to four sections of Agricultural Sciences
323 - Professional Communication, two sections in each of the Winter I and II
terms. In addition to teaching, the successful candidate will be responsible for
a limited amount of administrative work such as supervising course registration
and answering inquiries from prospective students, for which a small stipend
will be added to his or her regular salary as a Sessional Lecturer. This teaching
load may be supplemented by one additional section each term of either WRIT
098 or APSC 201 to make a full-time eight month appointment.
The objective of AGSC 323, which will follow a prerequisite one-term course in
first-year English, is to introduce students to effective written and oral communication and to the skills necessary to make scientific and technical information
accessible to a multiple audience, from professionals in the field to laypersons
and members of the media. The course will follow a seminar format that will
require active participation by all students and include both written assignments
and oral presentations.
The successful applicant will have at least an M.A. degree in English (or equivalent) and successful experience teaching technical writing and oral communication. Experience in the field of agricultural sciences or a related discipline will
also be an asset.
The University of British Columbia welcomes all qualified applicants, especially
women, aboriginal people, visible minorities, and persons with disabilities. In
accordance with Canadian immigration requirements, this advertisement is
directed to Canadian citizens and permanent residents of Canada. Applications,
together with the names of three referees, should be sent to Ms Andrea Drysdale,
Program Assistant, UBC Writing Centre, Continuing Studies, 2329 West Mall,
Vancouver, B.C., V6T 1Z4. Application deadline: April 30,1996.
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
Agricultural Economics
Head
Applications or nominations are invited from within the
University of British Columbia for the position of Head of-
the Department of Agricultural Economics . The successful
candidate will have a reputation for excellence in research
and in teaching, and administrative abilities appropriate to
providing leadership for a small but very active group with
links to several other units with applied economics interests
both on and off campus.
More information is available from J.F. Richards, Dean,
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Suite 248, MacMillan
Building, 2357 Main Mall, Zone 4, to whom also applications
or nominations should be sent no later than March 15,1996.
The University of British Columbia welcomes all qualified
applicants, especially women, aboriginal people, visible
minorities and persons with disabilities. UBC Reports ■ March 7, 1996 5
Set captures brutality
of war, sense of hope
by Cheryl McNamara
Communications Director
Frederic Wood Theatre
When Marti Wright began designing
the set and costumes for the Frederic
Wood Theatre production of Sophocles'
Antigone, she envisioned the remnants
of a savage war including structural debris and human remains.
"I decided to eliminate the use of masking, preferring to expose the guts of the
stage," Wright said. 'This immediately
gave a new context—a theatre somewhere in Bosnia.
"Design elements emerged from this
context. A collage of salvaged and found
objects in set and costume guided my
choices in materials."
Using combat photographs for inspiration, Wright began designing a set that
depicted the horror of war.
"My first design sketch was an enormous
pile of rubble containing some human skulls."
she said. The situation in the Balkans
horrifies me. The set had to reflect how
disturbing this war, which represents the
basest part of humanity, truly is."
A graduate of the National Theatre
School and the Emily Carr Institute of
Art and Design, Wright enrolled in UBC's
MFA design program two years ago. Designing Antigone is her thesis project.
Wright added a crashed helicopter in
her second sketch, which John Wright,
the play's director and the designer's
brother, transformed into a Sea King,
the helicopter used by United Nations
peacekeepers.
"It became a symbol for both war and
the white dove of peace," she said.
In addition to its symbolic role, the
burnt-out hull ofthe helicopter provides a
stage for the chorus—a dramatic technique used in Greek tragedies. In this
production, seven homeless Bosnian widows convert the crashed Sea King into
shelter.
"It is a disturbing, yet hopeful, reminder
of human failure and the capacity for
human beings to survive," Wright said.
Attempting to evoke this sense of hope,
and concerned that her original design
was too cold and inhuman, she began
introducing colour and light to the set.
"Into this brutal mix of decay, rusted
iron and rubble, it became necessary to
find elements of compassion and beauty
to support the lyricism ofthe text, and to
keep alive the compassion for mankind
that inspires tragedy," Wright said.
"Rusted tin evolves through a wealth of
beautiful colours and textures. The lit set
would echo the beauty of a garden, rich in
the colours of decay and transformation."
Antigone, starring Camille Sullivan in
the title role and Chris Hawkey as Creon,
runs at the Frederic Wood Theatre from
March 13 to 23. Curtain time is 8 p.m. For
Ucket information, call 822-2678.
Campus works
Chemistry
Students save resources
honing lab skills on computer
by Stephen Forgacs	
Staff writer
" We are chugging along on 19th-century chemistry and techniques when
amazing, inexpensive means of acquiring data, teaching crucial practical
lessons, and exciting interest are available."
- A Lexicon for Reform: Theories about the Problem and the Fix of General
Chemistry - National Science Foundation.
Two faculty members in the Dept. of Chemistry, Prof. Geoff Herring and Instructor Sophia Nussbaum, are using computer simulations and a data acquisition
interface to improve the quality of education, save time and reduce costs.
Nussbaum, the sole Canadian involved in the Computers in Chemistry
Laboratory Instruction Initiative in the U.S., is using sensors connected to
computers to achieve fast and accurate results during first-year chemistry
experiments such as acid-based titration. Titration, a general technique used to
quantify the amount of material in a solution, can involve a temperature change
and change in acidity that is detected by the computer, but would be hard or
more time-consuming to measure without computer assistance.
The LabWorks interface system used by Nussbaum consists of sensors that
probe the chemical system of interest and an interface board that receives and
relays sensor signals to a computer for storage, data treatment and display of
results. By changing sensors students are able to perform a range of experiments using the same computer.
'The system does not detract from the laboratory learning experience, it
enhances it. Using computers in the lab makes experiments easier, faster,
cleaner, more accurate or even possible as opposed to non-computer-interfaced experiments." Nussbaum said.
In another first-year course, Herring is using computerized, multimedia
training modules to familiarize first-year students with the experiments they
will be doing in the lab.
"If the students sit down and go through what they're going to do the next
week, they'll get more out of what they're doing in the lab and they can concentrate more on their skills development and techniques," Herring said.
Computer training prior to entering the lab allows students to be more
efficient in the lab, freeing lab space for other students, while available online
help through the training modules will take some pressure off teaching staff.
Also, while some students are using the training modules, others can be
performing experiments in the lab.
This will allow faculty to increase enrolment without straining their resources, or reduce costs without reducing the quality of education or instruction students receive, Herring said.
Through the use of computer training modules and computer data acquisition, students are still able to gain experience in performing experiments while
using laboratory time more efficiently. The advantages lie in the capacity to
enhance learning while better using existing resources in terms of space and
instructors' time.
Stephen Forgoes photo
The wrecked hull of a Sea King helicopter, designed by set designer Marti Wright
(left) and built by stage technician Rob Mosher (right), sets the stage for Frederic
Wood Theatre's production of Antigone. Wright chose mainly scrap materials for
the 180-kilogram plywood model to symbolize the destruction of war.
Community achievers
sought for recognition
The Alumni Association is seeking
nominations for a series of awards presented annually in recognition of outstanding achievement by members ofthe
UBC community, including honorary
alumni and the public.
The Lifetime Achievement Award
honours an extraordinary individual who
has set a high standard for volunteerism
or philanthropy. The recipient must have
a UBC degree or be an honorary alumnus;
the Honorary Alumnus Award is for a
non-UBC graduate who has made significant contributions to the Alumni Association and or to the university; the Outstanding Young Alumnus Award is presented to a graduate under age 40 whose
endeavours in business, the arts, athletics or community service are worthy of
recognition and have brought honour to
UBC; the Alumni Award of Distinction
recognizes a UBC alumnus who has distinguished themself at an international
level. This category is also open to honor
ary alumni; the Blythe Eagles Volunteer Service Award is awarded to a UBC
grad or honorary alumnus who has contributed extraordinary time and energy
to the Alumni Association. Nominations
must be made by a member of the Alumni
Association; the Faculty Citation Award
is open to any faculty member who is
recognized for giving outstanding service
to the community in capacities other
than teaching and research.
Two awards have been added this year:
the Outstanding Student Award will be
presented to a UBC student possessing leadership qualities who has a distinguished
record in academics, community service,
university involvement and athletics; and
the Branch Representative Award will go to
a candidate who has shown outstanding
dedication, initiative and leadership as a
UBC alumni branch representative.
Deadline for nominations is March 15,
1996. For more information, call (604)
822-0616.
Animal welfare chair
to serve as resource
by Connie Bagshaw
Staff writer
UBC's Faculty of Agricultural Sciences
has launched a $2-million fund-raising
campaign to help create a unique chair
promoting education and original research in animal welfare.
Based in the Dept. of Animal Science,
the Chair in Animal Welfare will focus on
the health and care of domestic animals
and wildlife species in captive and natural settings. It will be the only one of its
kind in western Canada.
"Major activities ofthe chair will include
assessing the degree of stress experienced
by all animals, and working on means to
minimize the amounts of that stress," said
Jim Thompson, head of Animal Science.
This will involve looking at ways of
improving the handling, housing, transportation and nutrition of animals."
The incumbent, assisted by a team of
graduate students and associates working on different aspects of the field, will
also collaborate with UBC's Centre for
Applied Ethics, exploring ethical issues
ranging from the use of animals for food
production to the role of animals as companions, Thompson said.
In addition, the chair will work with
UBC's Animal Care Centre to promote
alternative uses to animals in experimental testing and research.
Providing public education and a cen
tral information service to individuals
and groups concerned about animal welfare are other major responsibilities of
the chair, Thompson said.
"Very often people and organizations simply need information to resolve their concerns about areas related to animal production or care which they are not sufficiently
knowledgeable about." he explained.
The chair will serve as a community
resource for knowledge and expertise, and
be actively involved in technology transfer at
provincial, national and international levels."
Once installed, the incumbent will
collaborate with an animal welfare advisory committee, including representatives from government, industry, the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to
Animals (SPCA) and the British Columbia Veterinary Medicine Association
(BCVMA), identifying and developing areas of research and education.
To date, the chair has received financial
support from the B.C., Vancouver and
Victoria branches ofthe SPCA, the BCVMA
and several agriculture/animal and related industries including the Dairy Farmers of Canada, the B.C. Egg Producers'
Association and the Beef Cattle Industry
Development Council, among others.
Thompson expects the chair to be
filled this fall. For more information, or
to make a pledge, call 822-2794 or fax
822-4400. 6 UBC Reports • March 7, 1996
Calendar
March 10 through March 23
Sunday Mar. 10
Talk
Reclaiming History: Ledger Drawings By Assiniboine Artist
Hongeyesa. Valerie Robertson, curator. MOA, 2pm. Call 822-5087.
Green College Performing
Arts Group
Convwium Early Music Ensemble. Green College, Graham
House 8pm. Call 822-6067.
Monday, Mar. 11
Centre for India and South
Asia Research Seminar
The Politics Of India's Economic
Reforms: How Far Will They Go?
Prem Shankar Jha, columnist.
Asian Centre 604, 12:30pm. Call
822-2629.
Seminar
Reflex Control Of Vasopress In Hypertension. Carol-Ann Coumeya,
Physiology. BioSciences 2449,
4:30pm. Call 822-3375.
Mechanical Engineering
Seminar
New Horizons In Naval Architecture. Sander Calisal, Mechanical
Engineering. CEME 1202, 3:30-
4:30pm. Light refreshments. Call
822-3904.
Applied Mathematics
Colloquium
On The Propagation Of Atmospheric Planetary Waves In Fluctuating'Winds: (Anderson) Wave
Localization In A Disordered (Atmospheric) Medium. Lionel
Pandolfo, Oceanography. Old
Computer Science 301, 3:30pm.
Call 822-4584.
Tuesday, Mar. 12
Oceanography Seminar
Ocean-Atmosphere Exchange Of
Oxygen, Nitrogen, And Argon:
Tracers For Upper-Ocean Mixing
And Biological Production. Steve
Emerson, U of Washington.
BioSciences 1465, 3:30pm. Call
822-2821.
Botany and Biotechnology
Seminar
The Ectomycorrhizal Community
Associated With Bishop Pine.Tom
Bruns, Dept. of Environmental
Science, Policy & Management,
Berkeley. BioSciences 2000,
12:30-l:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Seminar
High Performance Liquid Chromatographic And Capillary Elec-
trophoretic Analysis OfThe Platinum Antineoplastic Agents,
Enloplatin And Dwaziiur. Robin
Burns, grad student. IRC#3,
12:30-l:30pm. Call 822-4645.
Animal Science Seminar
Flavours In Fish Feed - Can Fish
Tell The Difference? An Approach
To Measuring The Effectiveness
Of Feeding Stimulants For Rainbow Trout. C. Oikawa, grad student. MacMillan 160, 12:30pm.
Refreshments. Call 822-4593.
Continuing Studies
Seminar Series
Precedents And Setbacks:
Women, The Charter And The
Courts. Christine Dealing, VP
Legal Education and Action Fund;
Isabel Grant, Law. Continues to
April 2 (4 Tuesdays). Curtis 157,
7:30-9pm. $35 for series. Call
822-1450.
Lectures in Modern
Chemistry
Design And Development Of Polymeric Materials With Very Large
Second-Order Optical
Nonlinearities. Tobin J. Marks.
Chemistry, Northwestern U.
Chemistry 250 south wing. lpm.
Refreshments from 12:40pm. Call
822-3266.
Green College Speaker Series
(The Whiteness Within) The Many
Likenesses Of Sojourner Truth.
Leslie Roman, Educational Studies. Green College coach house.
5:30-6:30pm. Reception in
Graham House 4:45-5:30pm. Call
822-6067.
Talk
Through Our Eyes: Stories And
Objects From The Collection.
Dempsey Bob, Tahltan -Tlingit Artist. MOA, 7:30pm. Call 822-5087.
Wednesday, Mar. 13
Microbiology & Immunology
Seminar Series
The Surface-Layer Of Caulobacter
Crescentus As A Vehicle For The
Secretion And Presentation Of
Polypeptides. John Nomellini,
Microbiology and Immunology.
Wesbrook 201, 12:30-1:30pm.
Call 822-3308.
Japanese Research Seminar
Museums As Furusato. Joshua
Mostow, Asian Studies. CK Choi
conference room. 12:30-2pm. Call
822 2629.
Ecology Seminar
Elementary, My Dear Watson! I low
Species Accumulate In Space And
Time. Michael Rosenzweig, Biology, U of Arizona. Family/Nutritional Sciences 60, 4:30pm. Refreshments in Hut B8, 4:10pm.
Call 822-3957.
Pharmaceutaical Sciences
Seminar
Calcium Channel Blocks Post
Myocardial Infarction: Harmful Or
Helpful? Wendy Gordon, Pharm.D
Student. Vancouver Hospital/
HSC, Koerner Pavilion G279,4:30-
5:30pm. Call 822-4645.
Women's Studies Seminar
Marilyn Bell, Visiting Scholar,
Family Practice, Dalhousie. Centre for Research in Women's Studies & Gender Relations, 3:30pm-
5pm. Call 822-9171.
TAG Faculty Development
Seminar
Are There Any Questions? Asking
Stimulating Questions In The
Classroom. Clarissa Green, Nursing. David Lam basement, Faculty Development seminar room
(use outside door behind
Trekkers), 3-5pm. To register call
822-9149.
Geography Colloquium
Things Absent And Things Unnoticed InThe Landscapes Of China.
Dick Copley, Geography. Geography 201, 3:30pm. Refreshments.
Call 822-4929.
Continuing Studies/
Faculty Financial Planning
Lecture Series
Integrating Your UBC Pension With
Other Assets. Stan Hamilton.
Chair, UBC Faculty Pension Plan.
Hennings 201, 12:30-1:20pm. Call
822-1433.
Cultural and Media Studies
Interdisciplinary Group
When Knowledge, Law And Ethics
Clash: The Need For Privileged
Communication In Research. Richard Ericson, Green College.
Green College coach house, 5:30-
6:30pm. Call 822-6067.
Noon Hour Concert
Miranda Wong, piano. Music recital hall, 12:30pm. $2.50. Call
822-5574.
Theatre Performance
Antigone by Sophocles. Directed
by John Wright. Continues to
March 23. Frederic Wood Theatre,
8pm. Weekdays: adults $12. students/seniors $8. Weekends:
adults$14, students/seniors$10.
Call 822-2678/822-3880.
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
Gunshot Wounds: A New Epidemic. Dr. R.N. Meek and Dr. L.
Mrkonjic. Vancouver Hospital/
HSC. Eye Care Centre auditorium,
7am. Call 875-41 11 local 66276.
Traffic and Transit Forum
Getting Around With Increased
Density: A Look At UBC And Surrounding Communities. Magee
Secondary. 49th Ave. and Maple
St.. 7-9:30pm. Call 263-5590.
Thursday, Mar. 14
Research Seminar
The Experience Of Being Interviewed In A Research Context:
Findings And Issues. JoAnn Perry,
RN PhD, School of Nursing. Vancouver Hospital/HSC, UBC Pavil-
ionT 185/86, 12:30-1:30pm. Free.
Call 822-7453.
Genetics Graduate Program
Seminar
Neurospora Mating Type Genes.
Adlane Ferreira, PhD candidate.
Wesbrook 201, 4:30pm. Refreshments 4:15pm. Call 822-8764.
Physiology Seminar
Non-Synaptic Interactions In
Epileptogenesis: Epiphenomena Or
Critical Mechanisms? Tom
Richardson, Kinesiology, SFU. Copp
Bldg. 2002, lpm. Call 822-2083.
Law and Society Seminar
Exploring The Legal Culture Of
Work In Early British America.
Chris Tomlins, American Bar
Foundation, Chicago. Green College coach house, 5-6:30pm. Call
822-6067.
Geography Lecture
The New Public In The Public
Sphere: Citizenship, Democracy,
And The "Monster House." Asst.
Prof. Katharyne Mitchell, Geography, U ofWashington. Buchanan
penthouse 2:30pm. Call 822-4500.
CICSR Distinguished
Lecture Series
Autonomous Calibration In
Telerobotics And Virtual Reality.
John Hollerbach. CICSR/CS 208,
4-5pm. Call 822-6894.
George J. Spencer
Memorial Lecture
Lepidopteran Reproductive Strategies And Changing Habitat Quality. Jeremy N. McNeil, Biology,
Laval U. Family/Nutritional Sciences 60, 4:30pm. Call 822-6973.
Students for Forestry
Awareness Speaker Series
Discussion Of Their Report
"Analysis Of Recent BC Government Forest Policy And Land Use
Initiatives. Bill Stanbury. Commerce, and Mike MacCallum,
Price Waterhouse. MacMillan
12:30pm. Refreshments. Call
274-4730.
Green College Speaker Series
Floating Voice. Poetics? Stan
Dragland, English, U of Western
Ontario. Green College coach
house, 8pm. Call 822-6067.
Intercultural Language
Studies Lecture Series and
i Symposia
Transculturality:  The  Puzzling
Form Of CulturesToday. Wolfgang
Welsch, Institut fur Philosophic U
of Magdeburg. Green College coach
house, 12:30pm. Call 822-5546/
I  822-3753.
Concert
UBC Asian Ensemble. Alan
Thrasher, director. UBC Asian
Centre, 12:30pm. Call 822-3113
Economics Seminar
Does (Parent's) Money Matter?
John Shea. Wisconsin U.
Buchanan D 225, 4pm. Call 822-
2876.
Friday, Mar. 15
Theoretical Chemistry
Seminar
Further Simulation Results For A
Model Electrorheological Fluid. M.
Blair, Chemistry. Chemistry D-402.
centre block, 4pm. Call 822-3266.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Seminar
Control Of Vascular Function By
Post-Junctional a i -Adrenoceptors
Asst. Prof. Raza Tabrizchi, Pharmacology and Therapeutics. IRC#3,
12:30-l:30pm. Call 822-4645.
Occupational Hygiene
Program Seminar
Community Exposures From Oriented Strand Board Facilities. Kelly
Barnard, Medical Health Officer,
Peace River Health Unit. Vancouver Hospital/HSC, Koerner Pavilion G-279. 12:30-1:30pm. Call
822-9595.
Genetics Graduate Program
Seminar
The Genetic Repertoire of
Haemophilus Influenzae. Dr. Hamilton Smith, Johns Hopkins U.
Wesbrook 100, 12:30-1:30pm.
Refreshments at 12:20pm. Call
822-8764.
Korean Research Seminar
US-Korea Relations In The 1960s.
Steven Lee, History. CK Choi conference room, 3:30-5pm. Call 822-
2629.
Applied Ethics Colloquium
Abortion Issue Among Buddhists
In Thailand. Pinit Ratanakul,
Mahidol University. Angus 413,
12:30-2pm. Call 822-5139.
Reading
Al Purdy Live. Buchanan A-202,
12:30pm. Call 822-5743.
Health Care & Epidemiology
Rounds
Improving The Odds: Impact Of
Enhanced Prenatal Care For Disadvantaged Women. Cheryl Martin, BC Ministry of Health. Mather
253, 9- 10am. Call 822-2772.
Pediatrics Grand Rounds
Placing Clinical Care Under Microscope: The Neonatal SNAP Initiative. Dr. Shoo Lee, BC Children's Hospital. GF Strong auditorium, 9am. Call 875-2307.
Economics Seminar
Incentive Auctions And Informa
tion Revelation. Gary Biglaiser,
UNC and UCLA. Buchanan D-
225. 4pm. Call 822-2876.
Saturday, Mar. 16
Vancouver Institute
Lecture
The Rhythm OfThe Saints. Professor Stewart Clegg, Management and Marketing, U of West-
em Sydney. IRC#2, 8:15pm. Call
822-3131 during normal business hours.
Sunday, Mar. 17
Concert
UBC At The Orpheum Featuring
Performance Of Faure Requiem.
University Singers/UBC Choral
Union. UBC Symphony Orches-
tra/UBC Symphonic Wind Ensemble. The Orpheum. 7:30pm.
Adult SI2. senior/student $5.
Ticketmaster 280-3311. Information 822-5574.
Monday, Mar. 18
Astronomy Seminar
Nuclear Burning In Hot Stellar
Objects. Christian Tliadis, U of Toronto and TRIUMF. Hennings 318,
4pm. Refreshments from 3:30pm.
Call 822-2696/822-2267.
Seminar
Structural-Functional Correlations In The Design Of Gas Exchanges. J.N. Maina, Veterinary
Anatomy, U of Nairobi.
BioSciences 2449, 4:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-5709
Mechanical Engineering
Seminar
A Research Manager's View Of
The Forest Industry. O. Forgacs,
former V.P. MacMillan Bloedel.
CEME 1202. 3:30-4:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-3904.
IHEAR Seminar
Assistive Listening Technology:
Why Does It Cost So Much?
Steve Unger, ALDS Inc. BC Cancer Research lecture theatre, 601
West 10th Ave., 4:30pm. Hearing accessible. Call 822-3956 if
special accessibility requirements.
Science and Society
Technological Creativity Or Creative Technology. Robert Evans,
Mechanical Engineering, and
Rhodri Windsor-Liscombe, Fine
Arts. Green College coach house,
8pm. Call 822-6067.
Cecil and Ida Green
Visiting Professors
Power In Organizations. Stewart
Clegg, Management and Marketing, U of Western Sydney. Angus
226. 12:30pm. Call 822-5675.
UBCREPORTS
r AT FNT1AB POfJCY AND DEADLINES
The UBC Reports Calendar lists university-related of
university-sponsored events on campus and off campus within the Lower Mainland.
Calendar items must be submitted on forms available from the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil
Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. Phone:
822-3131. Fax: 822-2684. Please limit to 35 words.
Submissions for the Calendar's Notices section maybe
limited due to space.
Deadline for the March 21 issue of UBC Reports —
which covers the period March 24 to April 6 — is noon,
March 12. Calendar
UBC Reports • March 7, 1996 7
March 10 through March 23
Tuesday, Mar. 19
Botany Seminar
Do Secondary Defense Levels Of
White Spruce (Picea Glauca)
Change In Response To Herbivory
And Soil Nutrient Concentration?
Greg Sharam, grad student.
BioSciences 2000. 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Seminar
Stereoselective Pharmacokinetics Of Fluoxetine In Pregnant
Sheep. John Kim. grad student.
IRC#3, 12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-
4645.
Animal Science Seminar
Series
Effects Of Gonadotropins And
Insulin-Like Growth Factors On
Bovine Granulosa Cell Steroidogenesis In-Vitro. Ming Yang, grad
student. MacMillan 160,
12:30pm. Refreshments. Call
822-4593.
Oceanography Seminar
Climate Change And Marine Ecosystems. Dan Ware, Pacific Biological Station, Nanaimo.
BioSciences 1465, 3:30pm. Call
822-2821.
Lectures in Modern
Chemistry
Chemical Characterization In
Microenvironments: From Single Cells To Single Molecules.
Edward Yeung, Chemistry, Iowa
State U of Science and Technology. Chemistry 250 south wing,
lpm. Refreshments from
12:40pm. Call 822-3266.
Green College Speaker
Series
Imaginary Trees: Studies In Creativity. Kenneth MacCrimmon,
Commerce and Business Administration. Green College coach
house, 5:30-6:30pm. Reception
in Graham House from 4:45-
5:30pm. Call 822-6067.
Cecil and Ida Green
Visiting Professors
Concepts of Power And Dissolution Of Boundaries. Stewart
Clegg, Management and Marketing, U of Western Sydney. Angus
308, 12:30pm. Call 822-5675.
Wednesday, Mar. 20
Microbiology &
Immunology Seminar
Series
Salmonella: Tricks OfThe Intra-
cellularTrade. Murray Stein, Biotechnology Laboratory.
Wesbrook 201, 12:30- 1:30pm.
Call 822-3308.
Japanese Research Seminar
Cultural Influence and Creativity: The China Of The Mind In
Classical and Medieval Japan.
Prof. Sonja Arntzen, East Asian
Studies, U of Alberta. CK Choi
conference room, 12:30-2pm.
Call 822-2629.
Respiratory Research
Seminar Series
Neutrophil Kinetics In Acute Pulmonary Embolism. Dr. J. Tsang,
Critical Care Medicine. Vancouver Hospital/HSC, doctors residence, 3rd floor conference room,
2775 Heather St.. 5-6pm. Call
875-5653.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Seminar
Hormone Replacement Therapy
In Breast Cancer. Maryanne
Lindsay. Pharm D student. Vancouver Hospital/HSC. Koerner
Pavilion G279.4:30-5:30pm. Call
822-4645.
Ecology Seminar
Inter-Annual Variability Of Population Densities In Lakes - From
Algae To Fish. Helene Cyr, Zoology, U of Toronto. Family/Nutritional Sciences 60, 4:30pm. Refreshments in Hut B8, 4:10pm.
Call 822-3957.
Women's Studies Seminar
No Title Yet. Ellen Judd, Visiting
Scholar, Anthropology, U of Manitoba. Centre for Women's Studies
& Gender Relations, 3:30-5pm.
Call 822-9171.
Continuing Studies/
Faculty Financial Planning
Lecture Series
Tony's Tax Tips: Fiscal Finesse For
Frugal Faculty. Tony Sheppard,
Law. Hennings 201, 12:30-
1:20pm. Call 822-1433.
Department of Geography
Colloquium
Thirdspace. Prof. E. Soja, Planning,
UCLA. Geography 201, 3:30pm.
Refreshments. Call 822-4929.
Scholarly Colloquia
Nursing In China: Education, Practice And Research. Anna Marie
Hughes and Sonia Acorn, RN PhD.
Vancouver Hospital/HSC, UBC
Pavilion T185/186, 4:30-
5:30pm.Call 822-7453.
Green College Speaker Series
Regional Parks: The Opportunities/Achievements Cycle. Rick
Hankin, Manager, Regional Parks,
GVRD. Green College coach house,
5:30pm. Call 822-6067.
Green College Speaker Series
Fireside Chat With Cecil And Ida
Green Visiting Professor, Stewart
Clegg, Management and Marketing, U of Western Sydney. Green
College coach house, 7:30pm. Call
822-6067.
Forum
Antigone In Bosnia: A False War, A
Fragile Peace. Frederic Wood Theatre, 12:30-1:30pm. Call822-2678.
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
MRI Imaging Of Soft Tissue Masses.
Dr. Peter Munk. Radiology. Vancouver Hospital/HSC Eye Care
Centre auditorium. 7am. Call 875-
4111. local 66276.
Senate
The Seventh Regular Meeting OfThe
Senate, UBC's Academic Parliament.
Curtis 102, 8pm. Call 822-2951.
Noon Hour Concert
Brad Turner Quartet, Jazz. Music
recital hall, 12:30pm. $2.50. Call
822-5574.
Thursday, Mar. 21
Genetics Graduate Program
Seminar
Over-Expression Of HOXB4 And
HOXA10 In Murine Hematopoietic
Cells Reveals A Differential Role For
HOX Genes In Hematopoiesis. Unnar
Thorsteindottir, PhD candidate.
Wesbrook 201, 4:30pm. Refreshments at 4:15pm. Call 822-8764.
Botany Seminar
4 Coumarate: CoA Ligase: Centre
OfThe Phenylpropanoid Universe.
Diana Lee, PhD candidate.
BioSciences 2000, 12:30-1:30pm.
Call 822-2133.
TAG Faculty Development
Seminar
'Cheapo' Multimedia. GaryArbuckle,
Asian Studies. Continuing Studies
Computer lab (use outside entrance
behind Trekkers). 12:30-3:30pm.To
register call 822-9149.
Critical Issues In Global
Development Seminar
Racism In The Canadian Education System. John Willinsky, Cen
tre for Curriculum and Instruction. Green College coach house,
8-10pm. Call 822-6067.
Special Vancouver Institute
Lecture
The Peace Process In Ireland. Albert
Reynolds, former Prime Minister of
Ireland. IRC#2, 8:15pm. Call 822-
3131 during normal business
hours.
CICSR Faculty Forum
Transferring Automation Technology To BC's Fishing Industry: A
Progress Report. Prof. Elizabeth
Croft, Mechanical Engineering.
CICSR/CS 208, 4-5pm. Refreshments. Call 822-6894.
International Forum
From Vancouver '76 To Istanbul
'96: UN Habitat And All That! H.
Peter Oberlander, special advisor.
Habitat II, UN Centre for Human
Settlements, Nairobi. Asian Centre auditorium, 12:30-2pm. Call
822-6002.
Students for Forestry
Awareness Speaker Series
The Effects Of Forest Management
i On The Biodiversity And Ecology
In The Interior Dry Belt. Carmen
Purdy, Crestbrook Forest Industries Ltd. MacMillan 166,12:30pm.
Refreshments. Call 274-4730.
Comparative Literature
Colloquium
You Are What You Eat: Ritual Murder And Ritual Slaughter At The
: Turn Of The Century! Sander L.
Gilman. U of Chicago. Green College coach house, 5:30pm. Reception from 4-5:30pm. Call 822-6067.
Law and Society Brown-Bag
Socio-Legal Discussion
Green College coach house, 12-
lpm. Call 822-6067.
UBC Board Of Governors
Meeting
OpenSession, 9am. Old Adminlstra-
i tion Building, 6328 Memorial Road,
[   Board and Senate room.
Faculty/Graduate Student
Pub Night
A Faculty Mentoring Program
Event. Graduate Student Centre.
Thea's lounge, 4:30-8pm. No host
bar. Call 822-0831.
Physics Colloquium
Is The Universe Open Or Closed?
A Review of Opinions And The
Evidence. Jim Peebles, Princeton.
Hennings 201, 4pm. Call 822-
3853.
Friday, Mar. 22
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Seminar
Metal Replacement In Zinc Fingers: A Potential Mechanism Of
Cellular Toxicity. Jacqueline
Walisser, grad student. IRC#3,
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-4645.
Theoretical Chemistry
Seminar
Dynamics Of Ion Solvation In Binary Solvents. T. Day, Chemistry.
Chemistry D-402, centre block.
4pm. Call 822-3266.
Occupational Hygiene
Program Seminar Series
Indoor Air Quality Standards For
Workplaces. Elia Sterling,
Theodore D. Sterling and Associates. Vancouver Hospital/HSC,
Koerner Pavilion. G-279. 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-9595.
Mathematics Colloquium
Examples In Industrial Mathematics. A. Friedman. U of Minnesota.
Mathematics 104, 3:35pm. Refreshments at 3:15pm. in Math
Annex room 1 115. Call 822-2666.
Health Care & Epidemiology
Rounds
ICBC Recovery Program ForTreat-
ment Of Soft Tissue Injuries. Marie
Dayton, ICBC. Mather 253, 9-
10am. Call 822-2772.
Paediatrics Grand Rounds
Advances In Paediatric Renal
Transplantation. David Lirenman,
Pediatrics/Nephrology. GF Strong
auditorium, 9am. Call 875-2307.
Saturday, Mar. 23
Vancouver Institute
Lecture
Myrrh, Medicine And Masai In
The Land Of Milk And Honey.
Prof. Timothy Johns. Dietetics
and Human Nutrition, McGill U.
IRC#2, 8:15pm. Call 822-3131
during normal business hours.
Notices
Library Workshops
UBC Library offers more than 100
workshops each term on how to
search UBCLIB, the Library's
online catalogue/information system and how to search electronic
periodical indexes and abstracts.
Call or visit individual branches
and divisions for course descriptions and schedules.
Badminton Drop-In
Faculty/Staff/Grad Students are
welcome at the Student Recreation Centre. Mondays, 6:30-8pm.
and Wednesdays, 6:45-8:15pm.
Bring your library card. Check for
cancellations:
ratkay@unix.infoserve.net or call
822-6000.
Volleyball
Faculty, Staff and Grad Student
Volleyball Group. Every Monday
and Wednesday, Osborne Centre,
Gym A, 12:30- 1:30pm. No fees'.
Drop-ins and regular attendees
welcome for friendly competitive
games. Call 822-4479 or e-mail:
kdcs@unixg.ubc.ca.
Morris and Helen Belkin Art
Gallery
Tuesday - Friday. 10am-5pm: Saturday. 12-5pm. 1825 Main Mall.
Call 822-2759.
Faculty Development
Would you like to talk with an
experienced faculty member, one
on one. about your teaching concerns? Call the Centre for Faculty
Development and Instructional
Services at 822-0828 and ask for
the Teaching Support Group.
Fitness Appraisal
The John M. Buchanan Exercise
Science Laboratory is administer
ing a comprehensive physiological assessment program available to students, staff, and the
general public. A complete fitness assessment with an interpretation of the results takes
approximately one hour and encompasses detailed training prescription. A fee of $50 for students and $60 for all others is
charged. For additional information or an appointment, please
call 822-4356.
Parents in Long-Term Care
Study
Daughters with a parent in a
care facility are invited to participate. Study focuses on the
challenges of visiting/providing
care and its effect on well-being.
Involves interviews/responses to
questionnaires. Call Allison,
Counselling Psychology at 946-
7803.
Surplus Equipment
Recycling Facility
Weekly sales of furniture, computers, scientific etc. held every
Wednesday. noon-5pm. SERF.
Task Force Building. 2352 Health
Sciences Mall. Call 822-2582 for
information.
Theatre Production
Born Guilty. By Art Roth. March
5-16. Dorothy Somerset Studio.
8pm. $7. Call 822-2678.
Graduate Student
Referendum
Referendum on membership
within the Canadian Federation
of Students continues until April
4. Students are asked to pick up
their ballots in their campus
mailboxes and return them by
campus mail. Call 822-3203.
You are invited to attend the
UBC Scientific
Equipment Trade Show
March 13 & 14th, 1996
10am-4pm
Student Union Building, UBC
• View the latest in scientific & laboratory equipment
& supplies
• Meet representatives from the leading companies in
the industry
• WIN DOOR PRIZES
• Attend innovative & informative seminars 8 UBC Reports • March 7, 1996
S&
gures
!*«»f*J*tMW»«*«#"
The University of British Columbia is one ofthe largest universities in Canada and oldest in the province. Incorporated by the
provincial government in 1908, UBC admitted its first students
in 1915 and moved to its present Point Grey location in
Vancouver, B.C. in 1925. UBC is a global centre of research and
learning with state-of-the-art facilities, offering a wide range of
professional programs.
Mission
"To be a world renowned institution of higher education
and research."
The University of British Columbia shares the responsibility of all
universities to preserve and advance knowledge and dedicates itself
to serving the people of British Columbia.
UBC provides instruction, research and public service that
contribute to the economic, social and cultural progress ofthe
people of British Columbia and Canada, is broadly representative of
the fields of knowledge and professional specialties, is known and
respected internationally and is sensitive to the issues of our
common global society.
Teaching and Research
■ teaching and research are conducted in 12 faculties and all
disciplines at UBC
■ faculty members receive more than $120 million in research
grants and contracts annually, mainly in open competition from
outside BC
■ approximately 80 per cent of all university research in BC is
done at UBC
■ sources of grants and contracts: government agencies, industry,
foundations and individuals
■ Credit classes are held year-round, days and evenings
Centres of Excellence
UBC researchers are members of all 10 networks funded to date in
Phase II ofthe federal government's $ 197-million, four-year
Networks of Centres of Excellence (NCE) program.Two of the 10
networks are headquartered at UBC and one UBC department,
Electrical Engineering, is directly involved in four ofthe five
networks that deal with engineering. NCE programs at UBC include
research on protein engineering, bacterial diseases, the genetic basis
of human disease, robotics and advanced techniques for application
in the BC paper-making industry.
Areas of Study
■ Agricultural Sciences.Applied Science,Arts, Commerce and
Business Administration, Dentistry, Education, Forestry, Graduate
Studies, Law, Medicine, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Science
■ More than 100 academic departments, schools, research
institutes and centres are administered by the faculties
■ Non-credit, non-degree study is offered by Continuing Studies
and UBC's professional faculties
Full-time Faculty  1,954
Total Non-faculty Employees.. 5,500
Alumni 150,000
Enrolments
Number of students registered in degree programs
(Winter Session 1995-96 Day & Evening):
Undergraduate 25,000
Graduate 6,500
Summer Session 15,000
Guided Independent Study
(correspondence registrations) 2,900
International Liaison Office
■ plans and guides the development of international exchange
agreements; UBC has linkage agreements with I 15 universities in
40 countries around the world
■ facilitates arrangements for international visitors
■ consults with faculty on international training projects
International students at UBC, 1995-96
Undergraduate 1,028
Graduate 1,330
Total 2,358 students from 102 countries
Satellite Research Organizations
UBC has attracted a number of satellite research organizations to
the campus that operate independently of the university.
■ BC Research Inc.
■ Biomedical Research Centre
■ Forintek Canada Corp. (forest products research)
■ Pulp and Paper Centre—UBC PAPRICAN
■ Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada (PAPRICAN
Vancouver laboratory)
Joint Research Facilities
Bamfield Research Centre, Vancouver Island
■ major centre for teaching and research in marine biology
operated by UBC and four other universities
TRIUMF
■ the largest cyclotron in the world, used in subatomic physics
research,TRIUMF is owned and operated by UBC and three
other universities
University-Industry Liaison Office
■ commercializes discoveries and inventions stemming from the
university's research budget
■ assists faculty in developing research projects with industry
■ provides BC industries with access to the university's extensive
faculty expertise
■ protects intellectual property created through basic and applied
research at the university
X
Research 1994-95:
Total UBC research funding $125.3 million
Value of industry grants $ I 1.7 million
Number of grants 472
Value of industry contracts $ 10.8 million
Number of contracts  139
Invention disclosures received   108
New patents filed 70
Patents issued 29
Licensing agreements 21
Cumulative UBC licensing agreements  105
Technologies licensed 28
Cumulative UBC technologies licensed  169
Spin-off companies formed 7
Cumulative number of UBC spin-offs 65
Gross royalties $1.2 million
Budget 1995-96
Budgeted General Purpose
Operating Income $338.4 million
Source of General Purpose Operating Income:
Provincial Government 80.6%
Student Tuition Fees  15.9%
Investment Income  1.3%
Infrastructure Charges  1.8%
Miscellaneous 0.4%
Tuition
Tuition fees are charged on a per-credit basis for most programs.
Philanthropy
Donations to UBC from alumni, individuals, organizations and
government through annual giving, awards and financial aid, planned
giving (deferred gifts) and other fund-raising activities total more
than $30 million per year.
UBC's A World of Opportunity fund-raising campaign (1989-93), the
most successful university campaign in Canadian history, raised over
$262 million for scholarships, endowed chairs, state-of-the-art
facilities and other university priorities.
Land
Campus 402 hectares
Campus land maintained  172 hectares
UBC/Malcolm Knapp Research Forest, Maple Ridge .. 5,000 hectares
Oyster River Research Farm, Campbell River 608 hectares
UBC-Alex Fraser Research Farm,Williams Lake 6,400 hectares
Between the university and the City of Vancouver is the
800-hectare Pacific Spirit Regional Park which is under the
jurisdiction ofthe Greater Vancouver Regional District.
Campus Space
Buildings  1,182,148 square metres
Residences 260,505 square metres
Hospital 68,469 square metres
Buildings
UBC-Owned
Concrete 164
Wood Frame 163
Temporary 85
Total 412
Leased/Shared
Concrete 31
Wood Frame 7
Temporary 49
Total 87
Replacement value of UBC-owned buildings
(including contents and collections)	
.$2.39 billion
Residences
Single Student Winter Session (September-April) Housing
■ 4,477 beds in Place Vanier,Totem Park, Fairview Crescent,
Ritsumeikan-UBC House and Walter H. Gage Residences; prices
range from $2,440 to $2,949 for room-only accommodation, and
$3,959 to $4,587 for room and board
Single Students and Couples Year-round Housing
(Thunderbird Residence)
■ 531 unfurnished one-, two-, three-and four-bedroom rental units
■ 100 high-rise one-bedroom apartments: $495 per month
■ 196 row-houses: $625 to $705 per month
■ 235 townhouses: $590 to $900 per month
Faculty and StaffYear-round Housing
■ 268 one-, two- and three-bedroom apartments renting from
$665 to $ 1, 105 per month
University Administration
President, Dr. David W. Strangway
UBC's chief executive officer responsible for day-to-day operations
Chancellor, Robert H. Lee (term ends June 25)
Chancellor-Elect, Dr. William L. Sauder (term begins June 25)
■ elected by UBC Senate members, faculty and graduates
■ confers all degrees and represents the university on official
occasions
Board of Governors
Vice-chair, Ms. Shirley Chan
■ responsible for the management, administration and control of
UBC's property and revenue
"   appoints, on the recommendation of the president, senior officials
and faculty
■ 15 members, eight appointed by the provincial government and
five elected from the university community (two faculty, two
student and one non-faculty).The president and chancellor are
ex-officio members
Senate
Chair, Dr. David W. Strangway
■ responsible for academic governance
■ determines admission standards
■ must approve all changes to academic programs
■ 87 members appointed or elected by faculty, students, graduates,
the provincial government and others
UBC Library
■ second largest research library in Canada with extensive print
and electronic collections
■ operates 20 branches and service divisions including three
serving off-campus teaching and research hospitals
■ Library web site at http://unixg.ubc.ca:7001
Public Facilities
Many facilities are available for public enjoyment including the
Museum of Anthropology, Morris and Helen Belkin Art Gallery,
Frederic Wood Theatre, Botanical Garden, UBC Bookstore, Aquatic
Centre and the new Student Recreation Centre.
Conferences
Number of conference groups hosted in 1995 126
Number of visitors who stayed in residences 35,000
Sports and Recreation
UBC's Dept. of Athletics and Sport Services offers a wide range of
recreational sport and fitness opportunities to over 15,000
students annually and also administers one of Canada's most
successful inter-university athletic programs. UBC Thunderbird
teams and athletes have won a total of 37 Canadian Inter-university
Athletic Union (CIAU) championships.
Prominent Graduates
Among many eminent alumni of UBC are retired BC chief justice
Nathan Nemetz; author and historian Pierre Berton; humourist Eric
Nicol; opera singer Judith Forst; educator Rick Hansen; athlete Tricia
Smith; senator Pat Carney; and former Canadian prime ministers
Kim Campbell and John Turner.
Frequently Called Telephone Numbers
(Area code 604)
Alma Mater Society 822-2901
Alumni Association 822-3313
Campus Directory Assistance & Information 822-221 I
Ceremonies & Events 822-2484
Campus Tours 822-3 I 31
Speakers Bureau 822-6167
Development Office 822-8900
Government Relations 822-9370
University-Industry Liaison Office 822-8580
International Liaison Office 822-31 14
Parking & Security Services 822-2222
Public Affairs Office 822-3131
Registrar's Office 822-5544
Records & Registration 822-2844
Admissions - Undergraduate 822-3014
TELEREG Helpline
Student Enquiries 822-6866
Faculty & Staff Enquiries 822-2871
O
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Visit UBC on the World Wide Web at http://www.ubc.ca UBC Reports ■ March 7,1996 9
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
REVIEW OF THE PURCHASING DEPARTMENT
REVIEW COMMITTEE REPORT — January 1996
I. INTRODUCTION
In the fall of 1995, the Vice-President
Administration and Finance appointed
a Committee to review the Purchasing
Department, Campus Mailing Services,
the Surplus Equipment Recycling
Facility Program, and the Travel
Management Program. Committee
members were
• Mr. Gary Barnes, Comptroller, Dept.
of Financial Services, UBC
• Mr. Victor Barwin, Chief Financial
Officer, Faculty of Medicine, UBC
• Dr. Michael Goldberg, Dean, Faculty
of Commerce Business Admin. UBC
• Mr. Ronald MacDonald, Chief
Executive Officer, Inter-University
Services Inc., Halifax, NS
• Dr. Barry McBride, Dean, Faculty of
Science, UBC (Chair)
• Dr. John McNeill, Dean, Faculty of
Pharmaceutical Sciences, UBC
• Mr. Ronald Santi, Director of Business Affairs, Iowa State University
The Review Committee was to:
1. Review the mandate, structure,
operations, staffing and budget,
including cost recovery programs of
Purchasing Services.
2. Evaluate the overall level of effectiveness and accountability of the
Department, and in particular,
assess the value added benefits in
terms of dollars saved, vendor
knowledge, and post-purchase
processes such as warranties and
liabilities.
3. Identify opportunities for improved
service, cost-effectiveness and
relationships with vendors. Plant
Operations, Financial Services and
other units.
4. Determine if there are services which
should be discontinued or which
may be better performed by other
units.
The Committee had available a self
study document prepared by the
Purchasing Department and its associated units, budget information, previous internal and external reviews and a
variety of related information. Prior to
the review, all Deans, Heads, and
Directors were asked to submit their
views on the operations of the units
under review. An advertisement was
placed in UBC Reports seeking input
from the campus community.
Local members of the Committee met to
draw up a list of user groups who could
provide input, and interviewed John
Chase and Derek Atkins, members of
the Procurement Re-engineering
Committee. The Review Committee as a
whole met over the period December 4
to 7. The list of people interviewed can
be found in Appendix I and the Review
Schedule in Appendix II. The Committee was given a tour of Purchasing's
facilities and met with staff at a reception after the first day's deliberations.
We wish to acknowledge the efforts of
Keith Bowler and his staff in providing
us with useful documentation and
Carroll Parras for a superb job of
arranging our meetings.
II. PURCHASING
DEPARTMENT
a. Overview
The Purchasing Department is organized into five major functions reporting
to the Director of Purchasing. They are:
Administrative Services and Systems;
Campus Mailing Services; Purchasing,
Transportation and Tax Services; Travel
Programs; and the Surplus Equipment
Recycling Facility (S.E.R.F.).
Since receiving the Ritchie Report
(1985), and the Internal Audit Report
(1986) the Purchasing Department has
made great strides in dealing with both
the deficiencies noted in these reports
and with the ever increasing volumes of
goods and services purchased by
U.B.C. Faculties and Departments. In
1994 UBC participated in a joint US-
Canada Benchmark Data Survey of
procurement activity.
The Department has responded creatively to the calls for change contained
in these reports. Successful innovations include the Campus Travel
Program, the Customs Brokerage
activity, SERF and Campus Mailing
Services, especially the University
Courier Agreement. In all these cases,
there appear to be cost savings and
increased levels of service.
In addition to these past achievements,
there is a clear commitment to continue to innovate and improve in the
future. Morale appears high and
enthusiasm for continuous change is
widespread at all levels of the Department. Growing dedication to enhancing
the value added by the Purchasing
Department and to becoming more
client focused are also broadly in
evidence.
During our review, two members of the
team spent time in Purchasing sampling requisitions, bids, and the
resulting purchase orders. These
transactions were randomly selected by
the team members, and their findings
support that both professionally and
technically, the staff in Purchasing are
proficient in their duties. This provides
assurance that the University is
acquiring goods and services in a
competitive manner, and that potential
litigation and other costly errors are
being minimized.
b. Recommendations: Overview
A general theme manifest in all of the
recommendations below is the need to
develop a more strategic approach to
moving ahead in all of the Department's present and future functions.
The Committee felt that there was a
strong need to develop sound business
cases and plans for all of the activities
in which the Department is engaged.
The benefits, the costs, and the strategies developed to realize the benefits
(and minimize the costs) must be
enunciated, at the outset, as the basis
for providing the service (e.g., for
engaging in the current or proposed
line of "business").
Below, we outline specific recommendations for the Department in four
broad areas. These begin with a set
of recommendations to create the
requisite management environment
for dealing with future changes in the
University and the purchasing
milieu. We then proceed to suggest a
number of vitally needed improvements in the information and management systems used in the purchasing process across the University. Next we consider a number of
strategies to improve both internal
and external communication within
the Department, within the University and within the supplier community. The final set of recommendations deals with the Department's
relationships with other purchasing
functions on the UBC Campus.
Recommendations:
By Functional Area
1. Managerial Environment
Recommendation #1:
Develop a Strategic Vision and Plan
for the Purchasing Department
At present Purchasing does not have a
3 or 5 year written plan. Accordingly,
we recommend the development of at
least a 3 year plan with following
benefits:
1. The Plan will help to identify where
Purchasing is headed, i.e., where the
resources will be focused or re-
focused, and who will accomplish
the focusing/re focusing.
2. All staff in Purchasing will be able to
understand the priorities of their
Department and to understand how
they can help realize them.
3. The strategic plan and planning
process will demonstrate commitment to customers and show that
Purchasing is making efforts to meet
their needs and expectations.
4 Potential Roadblock: For Purchasing
to have a meaningful strategic plan,
they need to know the University's
plan for the same time period.
Purchasing will need to support the
University's goals and objectives,
and in turn be supported by it.
Recommendation #2:
Develop Business Plans for Specific
Business Units/Activities that Have
Been or Will Be Undertaken
1. Campus Mailing Services
a. Mail and parcel postage processing
b. Envelope stuffing and postage
processing
c. Mail and parcel distribution
i.  Mail sorters
ii. Truck delivery
iii. Bicycle couriers
2. Customs Brokerage
3. SERF and Tent Rental
4. Travel Program
Whenever the Purchasing Department
provides a service (e.g., engages in an
on-campus business), it is essential
that a sound and defensible business
plan be in place that demonstrates that
the business is needed, that it Is the
most cost effective supplier, and that it
meets campus needs in the most
effective manner. Such an approach
can ensure that each service currently
provided by the Department is fully
supported by a business plan, which
will help build broad based support on
campus for the Department's activities.
There is also a need to ensure that
services currently provided by the
supplier community have been
analyzed and compared to in-house
capabilities (make or buy) and that the
lowest cost and highest quality option
has been chosen.
Similarly, there is a need to ensure that
services currently provided internally
are supported by a solid and widely
accepted business plan which supports
the need to provide the function
internally instead of using the external
suppliers (out-sourcing). The plan
should take into account, but not be
limited to. such things as cost of office
space and utilities, ability to downsize
quickly in the event of budgetary
constraints, and labour relations.
Recommendation #3:
Assess core competencies and
changing competency needs over the
next 5 years
in the future will become more paramount as University funding decreases
and demands for efficiency and added
value increase. Consequently the
general management and technical
purchasing skills required by the staff
may be quite different from those
needed in the past and at present, i.e.,
negotiations skills, computer literacy,
just-in-time concepts (reduces inventory, carrying costs/obsolescence),
problem solving/process improvement
tools, etc.
Accordingly, we see the need for a
review of the core competencies currently in place and then a further
review to identify the skills required in
the future, as evidenced by the most
successful and advanced North American purchasing staffs.
Recommendation #4:
Develop training strategies and
programs to build needed core
competencies of the future
To realize this recommendation, it will
be necessary to develop a detailed 3-5
year training and staffing plan. An
achievable budget for training will be
needed to ensure that training programs
are sufficient to respond to the gaps
identified in all departmental functional
areas. Interfacing with the University,
institutional, and private sector communities on state of the art training methods and skills is imperative.
2. Systems Development
and Design
Recommendation #5:
Design systems that are distributed
and client server based
Any new systems that are developed to
improve the efficiency and quality of
service of the Purchasing Department
need to be based on a distributed client
server design. These systems should be
developed in close consultation with
both campus (including units at Point
Grey and other sites) and off-campus
stakeholders and must be sufficiently
flexible to handle the enormous diversity of demands created by the huge
variety of campus units and off-campus
suppliers.
Two examples reinforce the need for
this kind of distributed and client
based approach to systems design and
development.
a. As delegation of purchasing authority has occurred, duties have been
added to the departments, i.e.
calling vendors for 3 quotes, keeping
files on preferred vendors, key
stroking of information within the
department, which is then
re-keystroked in Purchasing. A new
automated purchasing system and a
change in policy should have a
positive impact on this; and still
maintain checks and balances for
UBC.
b. The adoption, by Accounts Payable,
of a negative approval policy where
cheques are issued within 7-8
working days unless the user
advises otherwise will save significant follow-up contact time. The
Purchasing Department should use
this approach for all invoices under
a certain amount (e.g. $5,000).
Recommendation #6:
Systems designs must span four
stakeholder groups: internal client
departments; external vendors;
Purchasing Department; financial
information system and Financial
Services
The challenges facing the Department To carry out this recommendation we 10 UBC Reports ■ March 7, 1996
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
REVIEW OF THE PURCHASING DEPARTMENT: REVIEW COMMITTEE REPORT
see that a number of specific actions
will be needed. Foremost among these
in our view are the following:
a. Develop an on-line requisition form
for purchase requisitions and
purchase orders, and issue purchase orders electronically.
Use an electronic form, structured
E-MAIL or world wide web form to
capture user purchasing requirements at source. Create a database
of requisitions and a means to
electronically transfer relevant data
to the purchase order. The system
should validate all codes, accounts
and dollar limits to ensure compliance with departmental and university policies.
Use EDI, E-MAIL, Internet tools or
propriety systems to communicate
purchase orders to vendors in
machine readable form (i.e. not
graphical form such as fax) to
simplify vendor processing. A major
vendor indicated that an this could
lead to an additional 2-3% discount.
b. Integrate or interface purchase order
data with accounts payable and
other financial systems.
Purchase order data should be
available to accounts payable to
prevent rekeying of data, thereby
reducing delays, effort and errors.
Users should be able to track a
requisition through the system and
determine P.O., receiving, accounting and payment data. Real time
interaction with accounting would
also assure the fund/account
number(s) being used are valid, and
that funds are sufficient to cover the
commitment being made.
c. Develop a common system or
interface to allow purchasing
information from all departments to
be analyzed.
Many departments have their own
purchasing systems (Food Services,
Bookstore, Library, Chemistry
Stores, Campus Planning, etc.). It
may be possible to purchase or
develop a common system for all at a
reduced cost. At a minimum, these
systems should feed a central
repository of university purchases to
allow analysis and assist in negotiating with vendors.
d. Include the Purchasing Department
as a member of the consortium
investigating the replacement of the
University's central systems.
The Financial Records System may
be replaced as part of a greater effort
to remove central systems from the
MVS mainframe. This is a rare
jj~   opportunity to integrate the pur-
jf   chasing system(s) with other finan-
*   cial systems. Purchasing should be
represented on the consortium of
users to determine the viability and
cost of adding a purchasing module
to the central financial system.
e. Develop a Purchasing Department
systems strategy and development
plan.
There should be a stated computing/systems strategy for the Purchasing Department's systems
efforts. It should include recommendations for programming languages,
a common user interface, a preferred
database management system, a
telecommunications strategy, a
common data dictionary and a
preferred or recommended computing configuration.
A rolling 3-5 year plan of new
systems and major enhancements
should be developed, maintained
and circulated to users.
Plans must be developed in conjunc
tion with users and representatives
of other administrative units.
f. Investigate systems partnerships to
reduce costs and improve backup.
There may be opportunities to
partner with other departments to
use common network support staff,
programming resources and hardware. Expertise in data management, data servers, network support,
WWW, EDI and electronic forms all
exist within GSAB, the building that
houses Purchasing.
As an aside, we note that there is
need for increased oversight on how
data processing requirements should
be addressed within the support
service units. Developing stand
alone systems, with data processing
staff dedicated to single departments
rather than a model of pooling data
processing resources and developing
interactive systems between business units, is wasteful.
g. Develop a Purchasing Department
World Wide Web site.
Purchasing policies, preferred
vendor lists, commodity lists,
requisition tracking data, equipment
inventory data and SERF inventory
can all be made available to campus
via the WWW. Hotlinks to vendor
sites and WWW based order entry
systems can be included as commerce through the WWW increases.
3. Communications and Client
Satisfaction Survey Strategies
Recommendation #7:
Develop effective on-going communications strategies and surveys for:
a. External Vendor Community
b. Internal Stakeholders
1. Purchasing Department Staff
2. UBC Client Departments/Units
3. Financial Services
From listening to comments made by
Purchasing customers, reviewing
comments contained in the Rahim
report (1993) and a small sampling of
vendor comments, a common theme of
needing more information emerges. To
implement this recommendation we
foresee the Purchasing Department
doing the following:
i.   Develop an outreach program in
Purchasing where each person with
buying duties visits at least two
campus customers each month.
Meetings could be as short as 15
minutes or as long as an hour
depending on user issues. There is a
need to design a common list of
questions, to probe users for useful
feedback.
ii. Survey campus customers every 2-3
years to determine customer satisfaction with Purchasing.
iii. Seek input from vendors.
iv. Use contacts with customers as an
opportunity to share successes. This
will help reinforce that Purchasing
does add value to the process, i.e.,
savings from customs brokerage
activities, travel program, savings
from annual contracts, better
response time to inquiries, etc. The
Purchasing Department would then
be able to demonstrate there are
measurements in place to track
efficiencies and savings so it can
document the value added by its
activities.
v. The Purchasing Department is to be
commended for developing a Newsletter, the Travel Management
brochure and the recently released
Purchasing Manual. The Committee
feels that these are useful tools that
benefit the University users. These
documents and others are part of a
Communications Plan. In Recommendation # 6 it was recommended
that a Purchasing Web site should
be developed. Consideration should
be given to using this Web site as a
major platform for the Communications strategy. The ability to maintain this site on-line and in real time
is seen as an opportunity to communicate with users effectively and
efficiently.
vi. The Communications and Client
Satisfaction Survey Strategies should
continue to focus on the mandate of
the Purchasing Department to meet
the needs of its customers and to
continue to work with vendors to
provide value added services to the
University community.
4. Relationships and
Responsibilities Among
Purchasing and Other Campus
Units Performing Significant
Purchasing Functions
Recommendation #8:
Review relationships and opportunities for coordination and cooperation
with other campus units involved in
major purchasing activities
a. Chemistry Stores
b. Plant Operations Stores
c. Ancillaries
1. Bookstore
2. Food Services
3. Housing
4. Continuing Studies
i.  Centre for Continuing Studies
ii. Faculty based Continuing
Education Activities
There is a broad array of units listed
above which either conduct their own
purchasing activities now (e.g.. Plant
Operations and Chemistry Stores) or
which will increasingly need to be able
to contract and purchase needed
services and supplies to carry out
efficiently, profitably and quickly their
ancillary business functions (Continuing Education and Housing and Food
Services). Accordingly, there will be a
growing requirement to coordinate
these activities and to develop a strong
spirit of cooperation among them.
Specifically, our review indicates there
are multiple stores operations on
campus, most notably Plant Operations
and Chemistry. In addition, the Committee finds evidence of duplication of
tasks, which can add costs to UBC. To
promote better cooperation and coordination among the stores activities and
to implement this recommendation we
pose the following questions:
i.   How many stores operations are
really needed?
ii. What are their missions?
iii. Are they cost effective?
iv. Could the private sector provide the
services with equal quality and at
lower cost?
v. Is consolidation of stores feasible
and is it desirable?
Whatever the final configuration of
shared and distributed purchasing
responsibilities there will be a strong
need to develop solid business plans for
each activity. The unit with the most
effective and efficient plan should be in
a position to provide these services for
itself and potentially for other campus
units that seek to use its services and/
or to discontinue their own operation
because superior service, prices, and
cost savings are available.
Recommendation #9:
Raise the maximum dollar limits on
Blanket Purchase Orders and Requisitions to $2,500.
At this time we suggest that the
maximum should be raised from $500
to $2,500. This figure should be
reviewed periodically to ensure that it
is consistent with purchasing policy
and that it reflects the value-added
services that Purchasing provides. This
needs to be done in concert with
bringing ordering departments and
Purchasing into an interactive mode,
through data processing, which would
also include accounting/accounts
payable. Currently, there is no mechanism to allow for encumbering funds,
which means each user department
has to maintain their own separate
accounting system to track these
commitments. The Department should
give consideration to using procurement cards for purchases at this dollar
level.
Recommendation #10:
Users should only supply one quote
when requesting a P.O. Buyers in
Purchasing should get additional
quotes if they think a better combination of price and quality can be
achieved.
The effect would be to improve efficiency by limiting the requirement for
input to those cases where the Purchasing Department can provide added
value.
III. SURPLUS EQUIPMENT
RECYCLING FACILITY
a. Overview
The Surplus Equipment Recycling
Facility (SERF) was established in
1987, it has responsibility for the
recycling and disposal of all surplus
equipment and materials on a fully cost
recoverable basis. In 1990 SERF
established a special events tent rental
service and, in 1991, undertook an
equipment inventory pilot project which
is to be the basis of an equipment
inventory system.
Those interviewed felt that forming
SERF was an innovative plan that met
a campus need. There is customer
satisfaction with both buying and
selling goods through SERF. Establishing the tent rental business was
innovative and has proven to meet a
need in a cost effective way.
While SERF was viewed positively by
many of its customers, a number of
concerns were identified.
1. The cost of pick-up and delivery is
exorbitant; in some cases it represents more than the value of the
material sent to SERF; the result is
that Departments find less expensive
alternatives to dispose of unwanted
material.
2. Finding out what is available at
SERF is inefficient.
3. Customers are not informed in a
timely way about the status of the
material they have sent to SERF.
SERF staff expressed concern about
the amount of storage space and the
need for more computing power.
b. Recommendations
Recommendation #11:
SERF should develop plans to solve
the problem created by the cost of
pick up and delivery.
For example should pickup be restricted to one day per week, and have
Plant Operations dedicate staff and
trucks for this purpose thus reducing
costs of an individual pickup? Should
the costs be absorbed by SERF and
passed back in the return to Departments? UBC Reports • March 7, 1996 11
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
REVIEW OF THE PURCHASING DEPARTMENT: REVIEW COMMITTEE REPORT
Recommendation #12:
Develop an on-line electronic catalogue available to both the internal
and external communities
This would provide a useful service to
potential customers and to those who
have material at SERF on consignment.
Recommendation #13: Reduce the
residency time of unsold items to 4-
6 weeks.
This should help the storage problem.
Recommendation #14:
Provide Departments with an annual
or semi-annual print-out showing the
dollars transferred to them from the
sale of items they consigned to
SERF.
This would be good for public relations
and would help those who have trouble
finding the transfers in their monthly
ledgers.
Recommendation #15:
Develop a business plan that takes
into consideration the cost of pickup and delivery, the need for more
computing power, tent replacement,
and better utilization of space.
Recommendation #16:
Raise the minimum cost returnable
from $25.00 to $75.00.
Recommendation #17:
Review the equipment inventory
pilot project.
Since 1991 when the Purchasing
Department undertook an equipment
inventory pilot project, there has been
no major review of the project. The
Committee felt that a detailed review
was beyond the scope of its mandate. A
detailed review should now be undertaken to ensure that the implementation and on-going operation of the
system is meeting its original objectives
and is providing on-going useful
information.
IV. TRAVEL
a. Overview
A travel management program was
established in 1990 to contract travel
agency services, airlines, car rental,
and hotel agreements on a two-thirds
cost recovery basis with the objective
that it become a fully cost recovered
service.
The innovative changes in purchasing
travel are excellent and have saved the
University considerable money. The
operation is well conceived, well run
and is appreciated and respected by
both the vendors and by the campus
customers. The proposed use of TOPAZ
to monitor the system and the proposed improvements in the payment
system in order to obtain rebates are
supported by the Committee. There
was some concern expressed that the
tendering process was unnecessarily
complicated and that the amount of
information required was too extensive.
It is also important to continually
monitor the vendors and terminate
arrangements when service is not
satisfactory.
The Purchasing Department needs
assistance from University management in supporting and "selling" the
need to use university-wide contracts.
For example, additional savings opportunities were lost last year, because not
enough airline tickets were purchased
from the preferred vendor.
b. Recommendations
Recommendation #17:
Review the tendering process with a
view to simplifying procedures.
We noted that the documentation
required was voluminous and question
the need for so much information.
Recommendation #18:
Continue to work on improving
communications with the campus
community with the objective of
increasing the number of people
using the preferred vendors.
Restate the benefits and savings that
result from using preferred vendors. A
special effort should be made to bring
in university employees at the hospitals
so that they can enjoy the benefits of
the Travel Management Program.
V. CAMPUS MAILING
SERVICES
a. Overview
Campus Mailing Services includes the
daily delivery and pick-up of all Canada
Post and University mail. Services such
as optional addressing, inserting,
mailing, and bicycle courier services
are offered on a cost recoverable basis.
We note that the customers are generally satisfied with the level of service. A
number of people commented favorably
on the mail processing service noting
that it saved them money and was
efficient and timely. There was some
concern about the timeliness of mail
delivery but recognition that the
situation has improved over the past
three years. Mailing Service reported
data showing that the percentage of
mail meeting the target of a 24 hour
turnaround time has increased from
59% in 1989 to 92% in 1995.
The unit has been progressive in
developing and implementing effective
electronic technologies for tracking
incoming mail, billing and mail
processing functions. The University
Courier Agreement has resulted in
considerable savings to the university.
A number of people Indicated satisfaction with the arrangements that are
now in place. The local bicycle courier
system was also seen as a useful
service. The unit has enjoyed effective
and innovative leadership.
A 20% decline in mail volume during
the past year suggests that e-mail, fax,
and Internet are reducing the demand
for traditional mail service. This trend
is likely to continue as more people
gain access to electronic communications systems.
Staff pointed out a number of problems
that affect their efficiency.
1. Delivery vehicles are old, and not
adaptable to innovations that would
create efficiencies, such as loading
mail sorting racks directly onto mail
trucks.
2. Much of the sorting equipment is old
and needs replacing.
3. A significant amount of mail arrives
without proper addresses
4. The number of units requiring
separate mail delivery continues to
grow but there is no offsetting
increase in budget.
We note that even though turnaround
efficiency has increased, there are still,
on average, 1700 pieces of mail per day
that do not meet the 24-hour goal.
b. Recommendations
Recommendation #19:
The University should develop a
strategic plan which takes into
account the changes in methods of
communication and the future role
and activity level of Campus Mail
Services.
E-mail, fax, and internet are rapidly
becoming the preferred mode of communication for much of the corre
spondence that traditionally occurred
via mailing. This is bound to have a
significant impact on the amount of
mail that the unit will handle in the
future. Indeed we were told that mail
volume was down by 20% this year.
This trend will continue as more faculty
and staff are connected to the Internet.
Recommendation #20:
The University should review all
pick-up and distribution activities to
determine if the present system is
the best way to meet our needs.
In the course of our investigations we
learned that there are a number of
related pick-up and delivery activities
that occur in other units. For example,
parcels weighing more than 50 lbs are
designated freight and handled by
Plant Operations. Mail is delivered to
the hospitals by Plant Operations; they
also pick up material for delivery to
SERF.  Implicit in this analysis is the
question of where is the best place to
situate the mail function. A proper
business plan should be developed to
replace the trucks and the aging
sorting equipment.
Recommendation #21:
Mail processing should develop a
business plan which sets out clearly
stated objectives and cost benefits,
including: space rental, staffing, and
the ability to equip the facility with
the most efficient processing equipment.
The mail processing activity appears to
meet a need and is appreciated.
However we have no data to give us
confidence that the present system is
the most cost-effective way to meet the
University's needs. A business plan
would enable the University to determine if there are more cost-effective
alternatives.
Recommendation #22:
Addresses in the Faculty and Administrative phone directory should
include postal zones and faculty and
staff should be encouraged to use
them in addressing on-campus mail.
Mail sorters waste a considerable
amount of time sorting mail that is not
properly addressed.
SUMMARY OF
RECOMMENDATIONS
PURCHASING
1. Managerial Environment
Recommendation # 1: Develop a strategic vision and plan for the Purchasing
Department
Recommendation #2: Develop business
plans for specific business units/
activities that have been or will be
undertaken
Recommendation #3: Assess core
competencies and changing competency needs over the next 5 to 10 years
Recommendation #4: Develop training
strategies and programs to build
needed core competencies of the future
2. Systems Development and
Design
Recommendation #5: Design systems
that are distributed and client server
based
Recommendation #6: Systems designs
must span four stakeholder groups:
internal client departments: external
vendors; Purchasing Department;
financial information system and
Financial Services
3. Communications and Client
Satisfaction Survey Strategies
Recommendation #7: Develop effective
on-going communications strategies
and surveys for:
a. External Vendor Community
b. Internal Stakeholders
1. Purchasing Department Staff
2. UBC Client Departments/Units
3. Financial Services
4. Relationships and
Responsibilities Among
Purchasing and Other Campus
Units Performing Significant
Purchasing Functions
Recommendation #8: Review relationships and opportunities for coordination and cooperation with other campus units involved in major purchasing
activities.
Recommendation #9: Raise the maximum dollar limits on Blanket Purchase
Orders and Requisitions to $2,500.
Recommendation # 10: Users should
only supply one quote when requesting
a P.O. Buyers in Purchasing should get
additional quotes if they think a better
combination of price and quality can be
achieved.
SURPLUS EQUIPMENT
RECYCLING FACILITY
Recommendation #11: SERF should
develop plans to solve the problem
created by the cost of pick up and
delivery.
Recommendation #12: Develop an online electronic catalogue.
Recommendation #13: Reduce the
residency time of unsold items to 4-6
weeks.
Recommendation # 14: Provide Departments with an annual or semi-annual
print-out showing the dollars transferred to them from the sale of items
they consigned to SERF.
Recommendation #15: Develop a
business plan that takes into consideration the cost of pick-up and delivery,
the need for more computing power,
and tent replacement.
Recommendation #16: Raise the
minimum cost returnable from $25.00
to $75.00.
TRAVEL
Recommendation #17: Review the
tendering process with a view to
simplifying procedures.
Recommendation #18: Continue to work
on improving communications with the
campus community with the objective
of increasing the number of people
using the preferred vendors.
CAMPUS MAILING SERVICES
Recommendation #19: The University
should develop a strategic plan which
takes into account the changes in the
preferred methods of communication
and the future role and activity level of
Campus Mail Services.
Recommendation #20: The University
should review all pick-up and distribution activities to determine if the
present system is the best way to meet
our needs.
Recommendation #21: Mail processing
should develop a business plan which
sets out clearly stated objectives and
cost benefits, including: space rental,
staffing, and the ability to equip the
facility with the most efficient processing equipment.
Recommendation #22: Addresses in the
Faculty and Administrative phone
directory should include postal zones
and faculty and staff should be encouraged to use them in addressing on-
campus mail. 12 UBC Reports • March 7, 1996
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
REVIEW OF THE POLICY ON DISCRIMINATION
AND HARASSMENT
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
March 7, 1996
To: Members of the UBC Community
Re: Review of the Policy on Discrimination and Harassment
In January 1995, the Board of Governors and Senate approved the new
Policy on Discrimination and Harassment, and requested a review of the
policy in one year. Accordingly, Sharon E. Kahn, Associate Vice-president,
Equity, has prepared the accompanying report in which she provides a brief
overview of case processing and resolution during the inaugural year of the
Policy on Discrimination and Harassment, and makes several recommendations for revisions based on one-year's experience implementing the Policy.
Dr. Kahn and Vice Provost Libby Nason are using this report as the basis
for reviewing the Policy with administrative heads of unit, employee group
representatives, student societies, the Senate, the Board of Governors, and
various committees whose functions relate to equity issues. They would
appreciate any comments you may have on these recommendations or on
other suggestions for Policy changes.  Please send your comments to Libby
Nason, Vice Provost, c/o President's Office or nason@unixg.ubc.ca. (The
Policy on Discrimination and Harassment is policy #3 in the UBC Policy
Handbook; it is available on-line through View UBC.)
David W. Strangway
President
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
January 15, 1996
To: David W. Strangway, President
Re: 1.  Overview of Complaints
2.  Revisions to the Policy on Discrimination and Harassment
In January 1995, when the Board ofGovernors and Senate approved the new
Policy on Discrimination and Harassment, I was asked to report at six months,
and again at one year, on activities under this Policy. Accordingly, in this report,
I provide a brief overview of .case processing and resolution during the inaugural
year of the Policy on Discrimination and Harassment. In addition, I make
recommendations for revisions based on one-year's experience implementing the
Policy on Discrimination and Harassment.
1 look forward to discussing these recommendations with you.
Sharon E. Kahn
Associate Vice-President, Equity
1. Overview of Complaints
Who complained about whom? During 1995, the Equity Office received 205 new cases
alleging discrimination or harassment. Women brought forward 68% of all complaints, and men were respondents in 70% of all complaints. In 21% of all complaints,
women complained about women, and men complained about men.
Students brought forward half of the complaints, and they complained about other
students nearly as frequently as they complained about faculty. Staff and faculty also
complained about their peers as often or more often than they complained about others.
Faculty were respondents in 39% of all new cases, but complainants in only 12% of
cases, and this difference between respondents and complainants was seen as well
in Management and Professional staff. Administrators, seeking advice on equity
concerns, made 15% of all initial contacts with the Equity Office during the year.
What did people complain about? Half of all complaints were about sexual harassment
or gender discrimination, and the majority of the complaints related to conduct that
created a hostile work or study environment. Sixteen percent of the complaints
concerned discrimination or harassment related to race, colour, ancestry, or place of
origin; that is, treatment that compromised the access, opportunity or evaluation of an
individual or group on the basis of ethnicity. Another 15% of complaints related to
discrimination on the grounds of disability, age, sexual orientation, or political or
religious beliefs. Finally, one-quarter of the complaints brought to the Equity Office
involved allegations of discrimination on grounds not protected by the B. C. Human
Rights Act.
How did cases get resolved? Only three ofthe cases covered by the Policy resulted in
formal investigations: a student complaint about the conduct of a faculty member
was transferred to a disciplinary investigation; an Administrative Head's request for
an investigation into a graduate student's behaviour ended when the student decided
not to continue studies at UBC; a group of graduate students' request for an
investigation into the behaviour of another graduate student continues into 1996.
2. Revision to the Policy
1. Personal Harassment (Policy Paragraph # 1). A number of complaints brought to
the Equity Office concern personal harassment, an area the Policy does not cover.
The Policy states that the University "is committed to providing its employees and
students with the best possible environment for working and learning," but the
Policy limits the definition of discrimination and harassment to acts that adversely
affect specific individuals or groups as defined by the B. C. Human Rights Act.
This definition covers protected grounds, such as sex, sexual orientation, colour,
and disability, but does not cover "personal harassment." Thus, I propose that the
Policy be amended to legitimate the Equity Office's referring of allegations of
inappropriate managerial, supervisory, and instructional practices not covered by
the Policy to appropriate Administrative Heads of Unit for resolution.
2. Definition of Sexual Harassment (Paragraph #61. Some individuals have requested
that UBC's Policy definition of sexual harassment be made clearer and more concise.
Thus, I recommend that the Policy use the Supreme Court of Canada definition of
sexual harassment and adapt it to the learning environment. Accordingly, the
definition of sexual harassment would be "unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature
that detrimentally affects the work or study environment or leads to adverse job- or
study-related consequences for the victims ofthe harassment."
3. Systemic Discrimination (Paragraphs #19 & 83). Two paragraphs in the Policy
refer to systemic discrimination, but the Policy does not define the term. Thus,
I recommend the following definition of systemic discrimination be added to the
Policy: "Systemic discrimination refers to policies and practices that may appear
fair and impartial, but contain barriers that detrimentally affect the work or study
environment or lead to adverse job- or study-related consequences for members
of groups protected by the B. C. Human Rights Act."
4. Decision-Making (Paragraphs #32-41). Several individuals raised concerns about
the decision-making process, particularly in cases where the facts ofthe case are
in dispute. Thus, I recommend that the Policy be revised to include a two-track
process for decision-making depending upon the circumstance ofthe case: (a) an
expedited decision from the Panel for cases where facts are not in dispute and (b)
a hearing that allows for cross-examination for cases where complainants and
respondents do not agree on the facts of the case.
We also need to consider ways to ensure that complainants and respondents
participate in the process and do so in a timely manner. Thus, I recommend that
the following statement be added to the Policy: "Where the evidence requires
refutation and there is no refutation, the Panel may draw an adverse inference in
the absence of compelling evidence to the contrary."
5. Confidentiality (Paragraphs #73-78). Under the Policy, those faculty and administrative staff who supervise others bear major responsibility for ensuring that
their instructional and managerial practices comply with human rights legislation. Discussions among the Equity Office, faculty, and administrative staff are
essential to assist those charged with maintaining a study and work environment
free from discrimination. Thus, because of a recent arbitration decision concerning confidentiality in a collective agreement, I recommend that the Policy be
revised to clarify that the Equity Office may disclose confidential information to
Administrative Heads of Unit on a need-to-know basis.
6. Stay of Internal Complaint Proceedings (Paragraphs #81-82). Complainants who
request a formal investigation under the Policy and at the same time pursue extra-
University avenues for complaint resolution may place the University in the
awkward position of having to represent both complainant and respondent in
multiple proceedings prior to completion of UBC's internal decision-making
process. Thus, I recommend that the Policy be amended to allow UBC to stay its
internal complaint proceedings.
7. Termination of Formal Proceedings. There may be occasions when information
received after the initiation of a complaint suggests that the Equity Office should
cease its proceedings. For example, an investigator may find evidence that a
complaint has been made in bad faith, an investigator may determine that the
Policy does not apply to the complaint, or a respondent may cease to be a member
of the UBC community. Thus, I recommend that the Policy be amended to allow
UBC to terminate its formal proceedings.
Hot Wheels
Stephen Forgacs photo
With an eye to building an even faster machine, third-year engineering
student Trevor Robinson and engineering alumnus Greg Joughin (in
car) take careful measurements of the Formula SAE race car that last
year took a UBC driver to an eighth-place North American finish. UBC
was the top Canadian finisher. The competition required students to
build a new car from scratch for this year's race at an estimated cost
of about $20,000. The Formula SAE team welcomes donations and
sponsors and can be reached at 822-2970. UBC Reports - March 7, 1996 13
Gavin Wilson photo
Bike lockers at War Memorial Gym provide secure, dry
storage on a rental basis for some ofthe campus's many bike
commuters, including Corey Kirkham, fourth-year genetics.
More lockers will be added if demand warrants.
Bike commuters get
safer parking place
There's good news for the five per
cent of the university community who
cycle to campus—secure, weather-proof
lockers are now available for storing
their bicycles.
A joint project of Campus Planning
and Development, the Alma Mater Society and Plant Operations, 50 lockers are
now available for rent on the north side
of War Memorial Gym.
"With the increasing number of people who cycle to campus, and problems
with theft and vandalism, there was a
real need for proper bike storage facilities," said War Memorial Gym manager
Kim McElroy.
"If the program proves to be successful, more lockers could be added here at
War Memorial and possibly at other
sites in the future."
Each of the storage units is divided
diagonally in half, with enough room for a
bike, helmet, cycling shoes and wet clothes.
There is a cable to secure bikes to, and a key
to lock the storage locker door.
"An added security feature is the fact
that no one can tell from the outside
what kind of bike is in a given locker, or
even if the locker has a bike in it,"
McElroy said.
The facilities at War Memorial Gym,
such as showers and changing rooms,
are open seven days a week year-round
and can be used at no extra cost, she
said.
Rental rates are $20 per month for
students and $30 for faculty and staff.
Discounted rates are available for rentals
of four, eight or 12 months.
For more information, call 822-3515.
I/**»*_,
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UBC United Way campaign Chair Bob Philip presents draw winner
Assoc. Prof. David Cohen from the Faculty of Forestry with two Air
Canada tickets to any North American destination. The UBC
campaign raised $274,000.
Gavin Wilson photo
Imaging techniques developed by Asst. Prof. Tim Murphy and his team allow
them to study the behaviour of individual nerve synapses. Misfiring
synapses are believed to lie at the root of neural disorders from Alzheimer's
to schizophrenia.
Pioneering researcher
unravels nerve mysteries
by Gavin Wilson
Stq£f writer
Diseases from Alzheimer's to epilepsy
are believed to start with malfunctions of
the synapses—the switches that allow
transmission of messages in the central
nervous system.
A team of UBC researchers led by
Asst. Prof. Tim Murphy is conducting
groundbreaking studies into the inner
workings of synapses with imaging technology similar to that used in the Gulf
War. Their research recently received a
big boost with a $300,000 grant from a
private foundation.
Murphy is one of only three Canadian
researchers to receive the Scholar Research Programme grant from the Montreal-based EJLB Foundation. The program, in its first year, funds neuroscience studies by researchers just beginning their careers.
Murphy arrived at UBC less than two
years ago after holding a post doctoral
position at Johns Hopkins in Baltimore,
where he also did his graduate work.
His research focuses on the functions
and structure of individual synapses. Each
nerve cell has tens of thousands of
synapses, which form the junctions between nerve cells and operate like switches,
allowing signals to be transmitted.
Aberrant synapse behaviour is linked
to most psychiatric and neurological diseases, such as Alzheimer's, Huntington's,
Parkinson's, epilepsy and schizophrenia.
"Changes in synaptic transmissions
have been implicated in all these diseases," Murphy said. "We hope to gain a
better understanding of how normal
synapses function and then take that
knowledge and apply it to pathological
situations."
Murphy and his team have pioneered
imaging techniques that allow them to
optically observe and evaluate the behaviour of individual synapses.
He said the key to their success was to
focus on the role of calcium, which is
used by both the sending and receiving
cells in the process of transmission. The
calcium action is slower than other
synapse processes and is also localized,
so its movement through a synapse can
be more easily followed.
The researchers inject fluorescent calcium-sensitive dyes into a single nerve
cell, or neuron, to mark the sites of
calcium influx into synapses.
Then it is viewed with a CCD camera,
a highly sensitive instrument that
videotapes synapse activity in real time.
The technology is similar to the night-
vision viewers used by troops in Operation Desert Storm.
The next step in Murphy's research is
to relate synapse activity to structure.
Some synapses are much more active
than others and they differ in size and
other ways.
Even though a synapse is just one
micron (one-millionth of a metre) across,
researchers can slice it into 50 small
sections using a diamond knife for observation under an electron microscope.
Murphy said the grant from the EJLB
Foundation will be used to purchase
equipment and supplies and hire post
doctoral fellows.
UBC U-Way campaign
total tops previous year
The UBC United Way campaign surpassed last year's total by $14,000 but
still fell short of the campaign goal of
$300,000.
The campaign, which wrapped up in
December, brought in $274,000 for the
United Way of the Lower Mainland.
Campaign Chair Bob Philip, director of
Athletics and Sport Services, said that
although the campaign succeeded in bringing in more than the previous year, events
such as Open House in October may have
slowed the campaign from the outset.
"Given that Open House required a lot
of time and energy from many people in
the campus community, the fact that we
managed to beat the previous year's total
was quite an accomplishment." he said.
Claudia Steeves. United Way's educa
tional division campaign co-ordinator, said
the United Way campaign for the Lower
Mainland region achieved an eight-per cent
increase over last year, surpassing its goal
with a campaign total of $20.8 million.
UBC ranks among the top five Lower
Mainland contributors to the United Way's
campaign.
United Way ofthe Lower Mainland is a
volunteer-led. registered charitable organization that focuses on needs in the
Lower Mainland. Last year, 500,000 people received assistance from community
services.
Forestry Assoc. Prof. David Cohen won
the United Way draw for two Air Canada
tickets to any North American destination. The tickets were provided by UBC
Athletics and Sport Services. 14 UBC Reports ■ March 7, 1996
News Digest
The annual William G. Black Memorial Prize has been awarded
to second-year law student Peter Laframboise.
The $1,600 prize is given to the student who writes the best essay
in a two-hour competition. About 50 students took part this year.
The topic relates to some aspect of Canadian citizenship. This
year it was "In Canada, is social welfare a moral obligation, a civil
right or a requirement of social order?"
William Black (BA '22), after whom the prize is named, retired as
a UBC faculty member in 1963 after many years of service.
The School of Music presents the seventh annual UBC at the
Orpheum concert Mar. 17 featuring Faure's Requiem, Stravinsky's
Symphony of Psalms and Sparke's Year of the Dragon.
The University Singers, the UBC Choral Union, UBC Symphony
Orchestra and the UBC Wind Ensemble will perform. Guest soloists
are soprano Nancy Hermiston and baritone Gary Relyea.
Diane Loomer and Martin Berinbaum will conduct. The concert
begins at 7:30 p.m. Tickets are $12 for adults and $5 for students
and seniors. Call Ticketmaster at 280-3311.
• • • • •
Construction has begun on the Forest Sciences Centre, a $47-
million facility that will provide classrooms, laboratories and office
space for the Faculty of Forestry.
The centre is located at the southeast corner of Main Mall and
Agronomy Road, between the CICSR/Computer Science building
and Thunderbird Residence. General contractor for the project is
Swagger Construction Ltd. of Abbotsford.
Construction is expected to be completed in the spring of 1997.
A development application has been received for the second
phase ofthe Journalism/Creative Arts complex on West Mall.
This phase consists of a 5,000-square-metre building constructed immediately south of and connected to the previously
approved first phase, a 1,200-square-metre School of Journalism at
the corner of West Mall and Crescent Road.
The new building will front on West Mall and will house studios
and teaching space. It will be three storeys high along West Mall,
rising to four storeys along the service lane to the east.
For more information, call Campus Planning and Development at
822-8228.
WRECK BEACH ORIGINALS AT FINE ART AUCTION
Two Piece Reclining Figure, 1991,
Bronze on marble, 12 examples, dated, numbered and
handsigned
J.G. Dallaire. Estimate $725.-
will be sold by
F. DORLING, Fine Art International Auctioneers, Since 1795
MARCH 30,1996 - HAMBURG
Catalog: Never Wall 40 D-20354 Hamburg, Germany
Tel. (040)-37 49 61 0 Fax (040)-37 49 61 66
Classified
Alan Donald, Ph.D.
Biostatistical Consultant
Medicine, dentistry, biosciences, aquaculture
101-5805 Balsam Street, Vancouver, V6M 4B9
264 -9918 donald@portal.ca
Serving MC
*Dr. Chris Hodgson
Is pleased to announce the opening of the
UNIVERSITY PLAZA
MEDICAL CLINIC
SUITE #207 - 5728 UNIVERSITY BOULEVARD, VANCOUVER
• EXTENDED HOURS
MON • FRI 7:30 a.m. to 8:30 p.m. SAT - a.m.
# CONVENIENTLY LOCATED AT THE VILLAGE
% 12 YEARS GENERAL PRACTICE EXPERIENCE
Drop in or call
222-CARE
(222-2273)
The classified advertising rate is $15.75 for 35 words or less. Each additional word
is 50 cents. Rate includes GST. Ads must be submitted in writing 10 days before
publication date to the UBC Public Affairs Office. 310 - 6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1, accompanied by payment in cash, cheque (made out to UBC
Reports) or internal requisition. Advertising enquiries: 822-3131.
The deadline for the March 21, 1996 issue of UBC Reports is noon, March 12.
Services
FACULTY PENSION and RRSP Asset
Allocation Service. Let me
remove the worry and hassle of
making your pension and RRSP
investment decisions! I use
sophisticated computersoftware
to analyse your investment
personality and retirement goals
to optimize your entire retirement
portfolio. Call Don Proteau,
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Kit. References available. RETIRE
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TIAA-CREF     MEMBERS.     Arm
yourself with the information you
need to make the best
investment decision. Call Don
Proteau at 687-7526 and ask for
the Asset Allocation Kit.
CORRIGALL AND COLLEAGUES
provide a full-range of high
quality, affordable
communication services:
research, organizing information,
writing, editing, and publishing,
We make difficult material
understandable and present
information in a lively, accessible
style. Melodie Corrigall 733-5990.
For Sale
KYOWAMEDILUX-l 1 TRINOCULAR
MICROSCOPE. Koehler halogen
illumination, Camera port,
optional Phase Contrast unit
included. Very good condition.
Replacement cost $5,500., sell
$3,200. Tel. 737-0399.
Shared
Accommodation
i   . . __...   ._..  ..	
SHARE OUR BRIGHT APARTMENT,
half block from UBC gate. Master
bedroom, bath ensuite, new
bed, large desk, recliner. Quiet
building has pool,sauna, laundry
facilities. Use kitchen or arrange
board. Available now. Shortterm
possible. $550 per month all
inclusive. More details, call Mrs.
Warren 222-2112 evenings.
Accommodation
POINT GREY GUEST  HOUSE  A
perfect spot to reserve
accommodation for guest
lecturers or other university
members who visit throughout
the year, Close to UBC and other
Vancouver attractions, a tasteful
representation of our city and of
UBC. 4103 W. 10th Ave.,
Vancouver. BC. V6R 2H2. Phone
or fax (604)222-4104.
TINA'S GUEST HOUSE Elegant
accom. in Pt. Grey area. Minutesto
UBC. On main bus routes. Close to
shops and restaurants. Inc. TV, tea
and coffee making, private phone/
fridge. Weekly rates available. Tel:
222-3461. Fax:222-9279.
GREEN COLLEGE GUEST HOUSE
Five suites available for
academic visitors to UBC only.
Guests dine with residents and
enjoy college life. Daily rate $50.
plus $13/day for meals Sun.-Thurs.
Call 822-8660 for more
information and availability.
ENGLISH COUNTRY GARDEN bed
and breakfast. Warm hospitality
and full breakfast welcome you
to this central view home. Close
to UBC. downtown and bus
service. Large ensuite rooms with
TV and phone. 3466 West 15th
Avenue. 737-2526.
VANCOUVER/CENTRAL
RICHMOND 3 bedroom, 2 baths,
furn. condo, 20 min. to UBC, 7
appliances, insuite laundry, mtn
view, close to shopping, park,
theatres, pools, etc. Available
Apr-Aug/96, non-smokers, $ 1200/
mo. (604)231-0631.
FURNISHED HOUSE, AMBLESIDE,
West Vancouver. One-year
lease, starting June 1. Two
bedroom/one den, two baths;
fully equipped. Walk to beach,
shops, library, bus. Non-smoking.
$1550. Phone/fax: (604)922-4338.
I
Next ad deadline:
Noon, March 12
GERARD EMANUEL - HAUTE COIFFURE
Grand Opening Special
20% off cuts
Gerard does not cut your hair right away. First he looks at the shape of your face.
He wants to know what you want, the time you want to spend on your hair, your
lifestyle. Once your desires are communicated, Gerard's design creativity
flourishes into action to leave you feeling great by looking your very best.
Gerard uses natural products to leave your hair soft and free of chemicals. He
also specializes in men and women's hair loss using Thymu-Skin, and is the
only one in North America using this technique. Gerard was trained in Paris and
worked for Nexxus as a platform artist. Gerard invites you to his recently opened
salon in Kitsilano.
3432 W. Broadway 732-4240
Accommodation
SABBATICAL SUBLET available
from July 1,1996 to June 30,1997.
Fully furnished and equipped two
bedroom main floor of house.
West Point Grey location,
approximately 5 minutes from
campus. Rent: $1340/month +
half utilities. Pets welcome. Phone
(604) 224-4088.	
QUIET, NEW FURNISHED
CONDOMINIUM, twenty minutes
drive from UBC, available mid-
April, May 1 to August 30 for nonsmoking couple. No pets. Rent
negotiable. References. 430-
3893 evenings.
2 BEDROOM, FULLY FURNISHED.
Beautiful west end location. 10th
floor, unbroken, sweeping views
of mountains.ocean. Near shops,
beach, Stanley park. Available
all of July, first week of August.
$300 per week. Deposit and
references required. 682-1022,
822-8246.
SUBLET. NEW YORK STYLE, artist
studio loft apartment 1200 sq.ft.
17ft high ceilings, 2 lofts, view,
skylights, piano, central
Vancouver location. Available
for July and August $1300. per
month. Non-smokers please.
Unique summer lodging. Phone
Bruce, 879-7023.
|    Housing Wanted   --j
VISITING PROFESSOR AND SPOUSE
(no children, no pets) desire
furnished 2-bedroom apartment
mid-August/96 to 30 May/97
(exact dates negotiable). Prefer
West End near Park or Kits. Please
call Howard Kushner at (619)594-
6258 or (619)286-3699; fax
(619)594-7976; e-mail
hkushner@ucsd.edu.
ACCOMMODATION  SOUGHT.
Furnished. Parking. Shared or not.
1 May-31 August. In Kitsilano. Dr.
David Heinimann, North West
College (604) 624-6054 ext. 5729.
campus
planning &
development
Campus Planning and
Development is pleased to
announce the appointment of
Kathleen Beaumont to the
position of Associate Director,
Capital Programs.
Ms. Beaumont joined the
University in 1986 as an
analyst in Budget and Planning
and has been extensively
involved in facilities planning
with Campus Planning and
Development since 1989. Her
responsibilities will include
strategic planning of the major
and minor capital programs for
the university along with long
range facilities master planning
(faculty master plans). UBC Reports ■ March 7, 1996 15
T-bird notes
by Don Wells
Thunderbird Athletics
Swimmers
go for gold
UBC assistant swim coach
Randy Bennett rests his
elbows on the railing overlooking the competition pool at the
University of Guelph and
stares intently at the eight
swimmers on the start platforms at the opposite end. It is
the very last event of the CIAU
Championship meet, the men's
400 metre medley relay, and
for the first time over the
course of the three-day
competition, Bennett's normal
affable expression is replaced
by signs of genuine tension.
The UBC women's team
has already breezed to its   '
third consecutive national
championship, but the men
need a win in this event,
coupled by a result of no
better than fifth place by the
Calgary team, in order to
claim their title.
It sounds like a long shot
to most observers, but
Bennett and head coach Tom
Johnson both know that
Calgary's team is tired. Their
four relay swimmers have all
competed in several individual
races and will have to dig
deep to hang on to first place
against a UBC team that is
ever so close to snatching the
CIAU Championship which
has eluded it for 31 years.
Calgary, the team which has
produced an abundance of
Olympians, including gold
medalist Mark Tewksbuiy, is
the defending CIAU champion
and has captured that same
title in 10 ofthe last 14 years.
UBC has never had a better
chance. Not only does it have
the opportunity to finally claim
national supremacy, but a good
result in this final event means
that it will have accomplished
something that has only been
done twice in the history of
Canadian university sport—
national championship wins for
both men and women in the
same sport, in the same year.
The competition started
friendly enough. Swimmers have
a certain camaraderie with not
only their teammates, but with
members of other teams. Nobody
complained when the UBC kids,
all 24 of them, took up positions
in the start area before the meet
began and entertained the crowd
with a series of choreographed T-
Bird style cheers and chants.
Their competitors laughed when
they were told that the water
which fifth year member John
McArthur sprayed from a
squeeze botUe into the pool had
been brought from English Bay
and was intended to aid UBC in
their effort to claim dual championships.
But as the men's 400 metre
medley relay was set to begin,
nobody was laughing. Instead,
they shouted, banged paddle
boards on the pool deck, clanged
drum sticks on cow bells and
generally filled the air with ear-
splitting cacophony. To be sure,
this was one of those rare,
wonderful and dramatic moments in sport.
The crowd fell silent in
deference to the start referee's
signal. "On your marks...,"
came the signal for the last
time, then the start buzzer and
the deafening peals of encouragement began again as the
pool instantly turned to froth
by the pounding of eight sets
of highly tuned limbs.
Just under four minutes
later, the race, and the CIAU
Championships were over. As
required, the exhausted
Calgary team finished fifth.
UBC? A heart-breaking
fourth, a scant second behind
the winner McMaster. 1.02
seconds to be exact. 1.03 shy
of a national championship.
Calgary rejoiced for the
eleventh time. Johnson and
Bennett appeared only slightly
disappointed. In seconds, they
are laughing and shaking hands
with fellow coaches. After all, it
had been a classic meet and
they came knowing that Calgary
is always the team to beat. They
are proud their athletes came
that close. They also know that
soon, maybe even next year,
they will win.
Even the announcement
minutes later that Tom
Johnson had been awarded
Women's Coach of the Year
does not bring any more joy to
his visage. It's the performance
of his athletes, men and
women, which bring him
fulfilment, and with it, the
energy to continue the feverish
pace leading up to the Olympic
trials in just four weeks.
And when the Olympic Pool
in Atlanta is filled with the
same exuberance that is
traditional in the world of elite
swim competition, Johnson
and two or three of his top T-
Bird swimmers will be there
too—gunning for gold for
Canada. And for UBC.
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People
by staff writers
Two graduate students in UBC's Dept. of Curriculum
Studies have been awarded the Prime Minister's Award
for Teaching Excellence in Science. Technology and
Mathematics.
Aubry Farenholtz and Gordon Spann each received a
Bachelor of Science degree and completed the teacher education program at UBC.
They are currently teaching physics at Langley's D.W. Poppy
and H.D. Stafford secondary schools respectively, and are
enrolled in part-time studies in the Faculty of Education.
Farenholtz is working toward a Master of Arts degree and
Spann is enrolled in the Master of Education program.
The $7,000 cash award recognizes their unique and progressive work in the use of computers and multimedia in
physics instruction.
Since 1992. Farenholtz and Spann have been collaborating
with UBC's Technology Enhanced Secondary Science Institution (TESSI) Project, led by Prof. Janice Woodrow.
They have been applying the materials and approach
developed in TESSI. transforming their physics classrooms
into what many educational scholars are considering the most
innovative and comprehensive technology-enhanced science
instruction program ever applied in a Canadian classroom.
Farenholtz and Spann were presented with the award in
Ottawa last month.
Stephen Forgacs photo
Forestry students and marathon runners John Davies and
Ellen Simmons will run the Boston Marathon in between
writing their exams in April.
Students set sights
on Boston marathon
by Stephen Forgacs
Staff' writer
As the final exam period approaches, two UBC forestry stu
dents are taking the idea of pacing themselves to an extreme.
John Davies, who is completing second year, and Ellen
Simmons, who'll graduate in
May, will take a brief break between exams to compete in the
Boston Marathon, April 15.
They recently met each other
through a mutual acquaintance in
the faculty and have since teamed
up to seek support for their efforts
from the campus community.
UBC Athletics and Sport Services is contributing funds to cover
two-thirds of the cost of their
flights to Boston, and the pair—
who will run in outfits identifying UBC—are still hoping to return from Boston debt free.
Davies started running competitively recently after being fitted with orthotics (corrective insoles) topreventarecurringknee
problem. He qualified for Boston
by comple ting the Victoria Marathon, Oct. 18, In 3:03.
Simmons, a long-time runner, has run six marathons and
also qualified for Boston in Victoria with a time of 3:34.
Although both students are excited at the prospect of racing in
such a prestigious event, neither is
after anything more than simply
the experience of participating.
"From what I've read about
the race, the best idea seems to
be to just go and have fun. because there are too many people
to try to have a personal best."
Davies said.
This year marks the 100th
anniversary of the Boston Marathon and organizers expect about
20,000 entrants.
"It'll probably take about half
an hour to get to the start line,"
said Simmons.
Simmons and Davies are not
surprised that, as forestry students
they are competing in Boston. Forestry students, they said, tend to be
involved in outdoor activities and
often have summer jobs that require physical exertion.
"There's a certain level of fitness
you need to pursue a career in
forestry," said Simmons, a veteran
of four seasons planting trees.
Davies, who spends his summers fighting B.C. forest fires
with the elite Rapattackfire-fighting crews—they rappel from helicopters into fire zones—said the
summer of fitness training and
hard work prepared him for last
fall's Victoria Marathon.
"I'm probably training less
now because I know it's going to
be such a harsh race due to the
number of runners. I'd be surprised if I do it in under four
hours," he said.
Anyone interested in supporting the runners' efforts can contact Davies at 222-9084. 16 UBC Reports ■ March 7, 1996
Profile
Doctor to the down and out
Reducing the harm counts as success, says Dr. Jim Thorsteinson
Making house calls in the city's downtown eastside, Dr. Jim Thorsteinson focuses on helping hotel and rooming house
residents live the best they can in their circumstances. Thorsteinson also helped create the Downtown South
Community Health Centre which serves the health needs of residents of Granville Street.
oy Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
"I gotta go to court. Is now a good
time?"
The ragged figure stands in the
doorway of the makeshift health clinic
on Vancouver's downtown eastside. He
looks dazed. Dilated pupils stare out
from a face framed by a wet tangle of
hair.
"Is he ever wired," one of the nurses
says to no one in particular.
The patient, Wes. is typical of those
that Dr. Jim Thorsteinson will see
today.
Thorsteinson, an assistant professor of Family Practice based at St.
Paul's Hospital, has made a career
out of providing medical care for
society's marginalized and forgotten
people.
Here in one of Canada's poorest
and most notorious neighbourhoods, he makes house calls,
treating people whose only other
contact with the health care system
would likely be in the back of an
ambulance.
When his administrative duties as
chair of Family and Community
Medicine allow, Thorsteinson acts as a
roving doctor for the Downtown Community Health Centre on Cordova
Street.
Alerted by home care nurses or
others to someone in need of medical
attention, Thorsteinson knocks on
doors of rooming houses and rundown
hotels asking to see patients.
Not all of his house calls go smoothly.
Sometimes patients don't want to see
him and even when they do. they most
often suffer from chronic ailments such
as lung cancer, heart disease, chest
infections and mental illness.
"It's tough, sometimes."
Thorsteinson admits, "but you have to
see where you can take the reward out
of these situations.
"If your task is to rescue people or
do something that is impossible and
you won't be satisfied with anything
less, then, yeah, you'll burn out.
"But if your task is to get them
living the best you can in this context,
and if you can do that, then you've
achieved some level of success."
Thorsteinson also treats patients at
the Portland and Jubilee hotels, both
social housing facilities.
Most of the residents of the
Portland, where he is today,
are what he calls the "hard-
to-house"—transient injection drug
users and alcoholics who often run
afoul of the law. Many have mental
health problems and HIV or AIDS-
related illnesses.
Run by the Downtown Eastside
Residents Association, the hotel provides a stable home, nutritious meals
and twice-weekly visits from community
health nurses. Thorsteinson and the
nurses will see half a dozen Portland
residents this morning.
Wes rolls up his sleeves, revealing
thin, emaciated arms covered in scars
and scabs.
He's been shooting pyribenzamine,
an over-the-counter antihistamine that
is a cheap high, but results in nastv
skin infections. That's especially true
for those with immune systems
compromised by HIV or AIDS.
The nurses pull swabs, dressings
and antibiotic creams out ol'their
portable dispensary—a shopping bag
and cardboard box—and start cleaning
him up.
When they finish, they give him two
tetra packs of a high-nutrition drink
and send him off to court.
He'll be back. Many of
Thorsteinson's patients forget to take
their medication, have substance
abuse problems and generally neglect
their health. Wes. for example, was in
the hospital with pneumonia just a few
days ago.
"The majority of the people we see are
not thinking too clearly. How can you
blame them for that?" Thorsteinson asks.
"After all, we don't know what their
background is or what they've gone
through in their lives. Most of them
have lost touch with their families in a
very significant way."
Thorsteinson believes in taking an
approach of harm reduction—
providing clean needles, even
advising patients where to inject drugs
without creating further complications.
"We can't stop them from injecting,
but we can help minimize the consequences," he says.
A Manitoba native, Thorsteinson
went to McGill for his undergraduate
degree and then did his MD at the
University of Manitoba. After graduating from the Family Practice Residency
program, he joined the U of M faculty
and became residency director for the
Dept. of Family Medicine.
There he helped set up a program
that provided medical service to First
Nations people living in remote, poverty-stricken villages on the east shore
of Lake Winnipeg.
The villages had poor medical service
partly because doctors would not Slav
long in such isolated villages.
Thorsteinson saw an opportunity to
improve villagers' health care while
providing hospital residents with good
experience.
Every three weeks he accompanied
the residents as they visited the villages
by whatever means they could: float
plane, boat, even skis.
"We treated all kinds of pathologies,
a lot of obstetrics, heart disease,
rheumatic fever, grand mal seizures.
We got the kind of clinical experience
we never would in a city practice.
"And there's a more immediate
reward to your work if the problems are
more acute—they need your help."
As Thorsteinson wheels his van
through traffic on East Hastings,
he points out the site of the new
Portland Hotel, which, as a member of
the board of directors, he helped
instigate.
The $5.4-million building will be a huge
improvement on the current hotel, where
the heating and plumbing are constantly
breaking down, there is no kitchen and
only two showers for 75 people.
Thorsteinson was also involved in
the creation of the Downtown South
Community Health Centre on Seymour
Street, which opened last autumn.
It offers a full range of medical and
mental health services to the Granville
Street population of transient youth,
street people and elderly single men
living in low-cost hotels.
He estimates that a full third ofthe
area's 8,500 people could potentially
benefit from its services.
Thorsteinson would be the first to
admit that initiatives like this are not
going to change the world, but it will
make a difference. And that, he will tell
vou. counts as a success.

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