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UBC Reports Sep 4, 2003

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VOLUME  49      NUMBER  9      SEPTEMBER  4,2003
2 UBC in the News
The future of robots is
positively buggy.
For all those who've ever wanted
to be a fly on the wall, scientists
John Madden and Joseph Yan are
working to build low-cost,
insect-like robots capable of
flying on their own to do the
eavesdropping for you.
The electrical and computer
engineering professors paired up
earlier this year for a pilot
project to study the feasibility of
using electroactive polymers -
high-tech plastics that can mimic
human muscle - in designing
The robosect they envision
would resemble a dragonfly in
size and shape, sport two sets of
wings, weigh less than a dime
and cost about $1 in materials to
make. Equipped with its own
onboard power source and a
microconductor for a brain, it
could dart into areas devastated
by earthquake to search for
survivors, glide behind enemy
lines to do surveillance work, or
conduct power line and other
urban inspections. Or it could
simply buzz around the backyard
entertaining the kids.
If it all sounds too sci-fi,
Madden and Yan say many ofthe
technological tools and materials
needed to build robosects already
exist. Advanced battery and
microtransmitter technologies,
for example, can provide the
means to power up and communicate with such a machine.
Researchers in California have
gotten a larger-scale, bird-like
robot aloft and, in his previous
work at the University of
California, Berkeley, Yan proved
continued on page 11
4 Community Bus Pass
6 A Garden for Surrey
3 Promoting Teachers
Seriously Sick?
University Teaching, University Research:
Conflict and Co-operation
Two senior UBC academics look for balance, by cristina calboreanu
The relationship between teaching and research in modern
Canadian universities is a complicated one.
While some analysts claim that the two successfully
reinforce each other for the benefit of students, others argue
that, in fact, research and teaching compete for prestige and
Over the last decades, Canadian universities have invested
ever-larger amounts of financial and human resources in the
development of a strong research base. Currently, university
research in Canada represents direct investments estimated at
$6.8 billion annually and involves more than 100,000
faculty, technicians, and students. Through its various
funding bodies, the federal government invests over $1.3
billion annually in university research.
Meanwhile, funding for teaching and basic infrastructure
has been cut back by provincial governments. Issues such as
class sizes and the tenured faculty/student ratio are constantly plaguing universities, and full-time enrolment is expected
to increase 20 to 30 per cent by 2011.
UBC Reports invited two senior UBC academics to discuss
the relationship between research and teaching.
Promoting Teaching, Promoting Teachers page 8
Donald Brooks (top left) is a professor of pathology and
laboratory medicine and chemistry. An alumnus who joined
UBC in 1974, he was appointed Associate Vice-President,
Research in July 2001. He plays a leading role in
building UBC's research capacity and competitiveness by
assisting faculty to take full advantage of new funding
initiatives and by promoting and co-ordinating
interdisciplinary research.
Allan Tupper (top right) a is a professor of political science. He was appointed Associate Vice-President,
Government Relations in February 2002. His research
interests are in the areas of Canadian politics, public management and public policy, as well as North American
higher education, the Supreme Court of Canada and
Canadian provincial politics. He is the author, with Tom
Pocklington, of No Place to Learn: Why Universities Aren't
Working (published by UBC Press), a poignant critique of the
structure and functioning of modern Canadian universities.
Teaching vs. research: what do you think is a university's
primary function?
Don Brooks^ I think it depends on what kind of university you're talking about: are you talking about UBC, or are
you talking about a university? Universities are of various
sorts, there are some universities that are clearly focused on
undergraduate teaching, that don't have a significant
graduate program; then you come to a place like UBC,
research-intensive in all of the faculties, across all the
disciplines. We choose to do research, we attract good
faculty but we want people who have a good research
background as well as the potential for strong teaching, so I
don't think UBC has one primary function. I think we have
the functions of teaching and doing research, and I don't
think they are very different.
Allan Tupper I think universities are unique because
they are society's principal institutions for the analysis of
ideas. No other institution in modern society is exclusively
continued on page 7 2  |  UBC  REPORTS  |  SEPTEMBER  4,  2OO3
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Highlights of UBC Media Coverage in August 2003. compiled by brian lin
Tuition Keeps Rising
A recently released Statistics
Canada report shows undergraduate students will pay on average
7.4 per cent more in tuition fees,
the biggest increase in four years.
This year, the cost of tuition in B.C.
will rise 30 per cent on the heels of
a similar increase last year.
UBC Vice-President Brian
Sullivan told The Globe and Mail
that schools in the province have
just been playing a game of catchup to the rest of the country in
order to provide increased capacity
and quality education to its students.
While acknowledging that paying these extra fees has been challenging for students, Sullivan said
the university has made available
more financial assistance and tried
to expand employment opportunities on campus.
UBC law and sociology professor
Richard Ericson told the San
Francisco Chronicle that many of
the new security guards are being
hired to do "what public police
used to do, public-order policing
on the street itself.
"Although they're only making
citizen's arrests, they are indeed
making the arrests. They may give
people their rights in turning them
over to police, and because they
made the observation, they
actually write out reports for prosecutors. The public police only
come in after the fact to detain or
release the people officially and
then process them further from
Last year, California licensed
15,450 new security officers, for a
total of 185,000. Of that number,
an estimated 14,000 are licensed to
carry guns.
Caution on New Drug
Commenting on Seasonale, a new
drug designed to reduce the number of menstrual cycles a woman
undergoes from 13 a year to four,
UBC endocrinology researcher
Christine Hitchcock told The
Economist that there isn't enough
research to show the long-term
effects of the extended use of oral
contraceptives on the breast.
Hitchcock is alarmed that some
people talk about Seasonale in the
same way they might talk about
taking a daily vitamin pill.
Animal Welfare Leap
UBC animal behaviour and welfare
professor David Fraser told   USA
UBC VP Students, Brian Sullivan, says more financial assistance is available
to help students cope with increased tuition.
Today that the period from 1999 to
2002 was a "watershed" in animal
welfare worldwide.
Over the past five years, the push
for more humane care is coming
from companies with the economic
clout to make producers sit up and
take notice - supermarkets and fast
food restaurants, including the
world's most famous purveyor of
beef, McDonald's.
"It was as if a crucial mass had
been reached and animal welfare
and assurance programs became
the thing to do," Fraser said.
Women Run Business
Like Men
UBC organizational behaviour
professor Nancy Langton told the
National Post that there is no
evidence women run businesses
any differently than men do.
Since 1995, Langton and her colleagues have tracked the owners of
229 small businesses in Vancouver,
141 of which were owned by men
and 88 owned by women.
"Women are saying they're
using a more collaborative style,"
said Langton. "They make it seem
like it's run in a more female way,
but men and women are doing it
the same way."
Langton said the results should
reassure banks that might be
hesitant to lend money to women,
or companies that might waver in
choosing a woman for a top
managerial role.
Forest Fire Dissected
UBC forest sciences professor
Michael Feller told the Vancouver
Sun that a forest fire, at its
ferocious worst, can reach temperatures as high as 800 degrees
Celsius and feed voraciously on
fuel, oxygen and heat.
A forest fire needs heat, wind
and an unstable atmosphere to get
going, exactly the conditions
currently present in much of
southern B.C., said Feller.
Despite the terror they cause in
people, fires are not only natural to
B.C.'s forest, they're essential for
the survival of many of its species.
"Whenever there's a fire close to
houses and cities, there's a lot of
hype and media coverage. But
when you look at the figures and
compare them to historical figures,
we haven't had a particularly heavy
fire season." □
Victoria Bell
Your University
Area Specialist
Top Volume Producer Dunbar Office
Member MLS Medallion Club
Cell 604-209-1382
My real estate goal is to build integrity based relationships
backed with an extremely high commitment to professionalism
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Please call me for any university real estate market information,
current evaluation of your property or any real estate assistance
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Director, Public Affairs
Scott Macrae  scott.macrae@ubc.ca
Paul Patterson  paul.patterson@ubc.ca
Design Director
Chris Dahl  chris.dahl@ubc.ca
Sharmini Thiagarajah  sharmini@exchange.ubc.ca
Cristina Calboreanu  mccalbor@exchange.ubc.ca
Michelle Cook michelle.cook@ubc.ca
Brian Lin  brian.lin@ubc.ca
Erica Smishek erica.smishek@ubc.ca
Hilary Thomson  hilary.thomson@ubc.ca
Cristina Calboreanu  mccalbor@exchange.ubc.ca
UBC Reports is published monthly by the UBC Public Affairs Office
310 - 6251 Cecil Green Park Road
Vancouver BC Canada V6T IZI
UBC Reports welcomes submissions. For upcoming UBC Reports
submission guidelines, please see www.publicaffairs.ubc.ca/ubcre-
ports/about. Opinions and advertising published in UBC Reports do
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Letters (300 words or less) must be signed and include
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Publications Mail Agreement Number 40775044 UBC  REPORTS  |  SEPTEMBER  4,  2OO3  |  3
Bike Hub Re-born in SUB
Bike Kitchen cooking with consolidated programs, by Michelle cook
The university has approved
$137,500 in funding for the
Bike Co-op to set up a
full-service facility in the
Student Union Building (SUB)
for        UBC's two-wheeled
The funds, matched by the
Alma Mater Society, will be
used to renovate an undeveloped space in the SUB basement adjacent to the Co-op's
retail outlet, the Bike Kitchen.
The new Bike Hub will allow
the Co-op to consolidate its
programs and activities in one
location for the first time since
the club was formed in 1998.
"There are 3,000 bike trips
made daily to campus," says
Geoff        Atkins, associate
vice-president of Land and
Building Services. "We wanted
to ensure that since we're
leading North American campuses in sustainability, and in
initiatives like U-Pass and the
TREK Program, that we keep
the momentum going for all
the great things the Bike Co-op
has been doing."
He adds that the Bike Co-op
is an integral part of the
university's strategy to move
people out of single occupant
The university will fund the
Hub renovations through the
UBC TREK Program, which
promotes sustainable transportation alternatives on campus, and the new Sustainability
Coordinator Disbursement
Fund (see sidebar).
Bike Co-op        president
Melissa Niemeyer says the
amount of money the
university is providing is
unprecedented for a bike
project, and has helped the
club realize its long-term goal
of finding a prominent location on campus.
"The SUB is really the best
place we could be in the long
run," Niemeyer said. "We've
been featured three times
in the Maclean's [magazine]
university rankings issue and
we get calls from around the
world asking for advice on
setting up a bike co-op, but the
feeling is that we're still not
well known on campus.
"I'm excited that now more
people will see us and become
interested in getting involved."
In addition to repairing and
selling   bikes   and   selling   new
and used parts at the Bike
Kitchen, the Co-op operates a
build-a-bike program and the
campus fleet of purple and
yellow loaner bikes. It has
been looking for new space
for the Bike Hub since learning, last January, that Land
and  Building  Services  needed
for bike commuters. Until
renovations are complete, the
Co-op will operate out of the
Bike Kitchen, a temporary
office in the SUB and a fenced-
off area near Gage Towers.
Some existing programs will be
put on hold until the new space
is ready. □
West Coast Suites
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Here is the perfect alternative for a stay in Vancouver. Surrounded by the
spectacular beauty ofthe UBC campus, our fully-equipped, quality suites
offer convenience and comfort for visiting lecturers, professors, family,
friends or anyone who wants to stay on Vancouver's west side. Close to
restaurants and recreation both on and off campus, and only 20 minutes
from downtown Vancouver, the West Coast Suites is a wonderful retreat from
which to visit friends or make your stay on business a pleasure.
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Bike Co-op past president Jesse
Jackson (left) and current president
Melissa Niemeyer say the SUB is
the best place for the new Bike Hub.
to demolish the shed it had
been using behind the
MacMillan Building to make
room for additional campus
When it opens in January
2004, the 234-square-metre
facility is expected to offer a
range   of  end-of-trip   services
Hydro Savings Power Programs
They turned off lights and encouraged their colleagues to
use less paper in the photocopier and the efforts of UBC's
125 Sustainability Coordinators (SCs) saved the
university $75,000 worth of electricity reductions in 2001.
This year, the Sustainability Office recycled those
savings into the Sustainability Coordinator Disbursement
Fund to increase sustainability in departments with SCs
and invited coordinators and their colleagues to submit
proposals for new projects. The SCs were then asked to
vote on which projects to fund.
In addition to putting $25,000 toward the Bike Co-op's
new Hub in the SUB, other projects funded this year
include: a program to encourage labs to exchange their
highly toxic mercury thermometers for non-mercury ones;
a hazardous waste minimization project and
initiatives to install a wood-fired heat/hot water system at
the Malcolm Knapp Research Forest, and introducing
"floating" SCs to serve several departments. □
Annual General Meeting
Tuesday, October 28 12:15-1 p.m.
The 2003 AGM will be held at UBC at Robson Square,
celebrating UBC's accomplishments of the past year.
Alexandre (Sacha) Trudeau, documentary filmmaker and
member of the board of directors for the
Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation, will be the guest speaker.
The entire proceedings will be Webcast - all students, faculty
and staff are invited to view and participate in the event.
There will be an opportunity to submit questions to the speakers
and university administration via the Webcast.
Link to the Webcast from 12 noon onward on
October 28 at www.ubc.ca 4     I
University Boulevard Draft Neighbourhood Plan & UBC Campus Transit Plan
Following the June 2003 Open Houses and a Campus and Community Public Meeting, consultation will continue
September 2-15, 2003 regarding the University Boulevard Draft Neighbourhood Plan and the preferred transit
service concept.
Attend the following Open Houses (Sep 2-10) and Campus and Community Public Meeting (Sep 15) and give
us your feedback.
Come see us in our TENT in the SUB PLAZA beside the Goddess of Democracy
(located south of the Student Union Building at 6138 Student Union Boulevard).
Tuesday September   2
Thursday September   4
Monday September   8
Wednesday September 10:
10 am to 3 pm
2 pm to 7 pm
2 pm to 7 pm
10 am to 3 pm
SPECIAL MEETINGS (September 2-15, 2003)
Your group can request a special meeting from September 2-15 by contacting the University Town inquiry
line at 604.822.6400 or by emailing info.universitytown@ubc.ca
Monday, September 15 @ 7:00 pm in the Asian Centre Auditorium, 1871 West Mall.  Parking is available
in the adjacent Fraser Parkade.
For a map showing the location of the SUB Plaza or the Asian Centre go to:
www.planning.ubc.ca/wayfinding/Finding/dbase.html and enter "Student Union Building" or "Asian Centre"
or call 604.822.6400 for further information.
Background and information: www.universitytown.ubc.ca
Feedback gathered through this consultation will be reported to the UBC Board of Governors in October 2003.
Linda Moore
Associate Director, External Affairs (University Town)
Tel:    604.822.6400
Fax:   604.822.8102
or info.universitytown@ubc.ca
UBC Public Affairs has opened both a radio and TV studio on campus
where you can do live interviews with local, national and international
media outlets.
To learn more about being a UBC expert, call us at 604.822.2064 and
visit our web site at www.publicaffairs.ubc.ca/experts/signup
First Com PASS Study Begins
For the first time in Canada,
researchers will study if a community transportation pass will
reduce traffic congestion and
greenhouse gas emissions.
Led by UBC's TREK Program
Centre and funded in part by a
$100,000 research grant from
the Federation of Canadian
Municipalities, the current phase
of the pilot project will give 14
families in the UBC neighbourhood a free community
transportation pass for two
months this fall.
The ComPASS will be modelled after the student U-Pass,
approved by a student referendum with the largest voter
turn-out in UBC's history.
Starting this month, U-Pass gives
students access to transit across
three zones and costs $20 per
month, less than one-third of a
one-zone bus pass.
The families' experiences will
be documented by video and an
in-depth study will determine
whether access to low transit
fares, car-sharing, bicycle
programs and a guaranteed
emergency ride home will
increase transit use, says TREK
Director Gord Lovegrove.
A preliminary study last fall
surveyed 250 families in the
Vancouver West Side. Half the
families then received a free bus
pass and researchers recorded
changes in their transportation
"We chose this neighbourhood
because we know it is already
well-served by public transit,"
explains Lovegrove. "A main
component of any community
transportation   pass   program  is
reliable transit service."
Later this year, a random survey of 1,000 families in the
GVRD will help determine the
overall response to such a program.
"TransLink and the City of
Vancouver are both partners in
this project," says Lovegrove.
"The results of all three phases
of this project will be used in
future discussions with
TransLink and other community
partners, such as Co-operative
Auto Network, about the possibility of providing community
transportation passes to the
entire GVRD area." □
Guest Accommodation
near UBC
A Harbourview Retreat
Bed & Breakfast
Ask about our UBC Discount!
Vancouver, B.C.
OUR DISCOVERY CENTRE is now open for you to learn all you
want to know about Chancellor House -a limited collection of terraced,
west-coast style apartment homes, townhouses and duplexes.
Open to learning more?
Stop by our Discovery Centre at 1715 Theology Mall facing
Chancellor Boulevard on the UBC grounds.
Open noon til 5pm daily
(except Fridays)
www.chancel lorhouse.ca
or call 604.228.8100
H ti
Concert for September 11
A time to Reflect
There will be a free concert:
Thursday, September 11, 2003
Noon to 12:45 p.m.
Royal Bank Cinema, Chan Centre for the Performing Arts
Music provided by the Infinitis String Quartet, with readings
by students from the UBC Faculty of Arts.
Seating is limited, so please arrive early
Further info: UBC Ceremonies Office 604-822-2484
University Village
TVEedical 3c Dental Clinic
604 - 83 - TOOTH
.   604-222-CARE
Chris J. Hodgson MD
and Associates
General Practice
Minor Emergencies
Travel Vaccines
Esthetic Procedures
.   604-838-6684
Charles R. Borton DMD
and Associates
Family Practice
Check-ups & Cleanings
Specialist Referral
Mon - Fri 8:00 am - 8:30 pm       General Dentistry
Sat mornings
Esthetic Dentistry
conveniently located in the Village across from the park
#228 - 2155 Allison Road Vancouver, BC V6T1T5
Re-shaping history. With some help from Botany Dept. workshop technician John Gourlay (left), retired forester
Les Jozsa uses his chain saw to give 775-year-old "Stumpy" a new look.
Saving Stumpy
Chainsaw trim preserves ancient cedar.
Nobody remembers exactly how
"Stumpy" got to UBC, but the
massive slice of western red
cedar has been a mainstay of the
Biological Sciences building for
more than half a century.
Stumpy, so nicknamed by
admiring graduate students, is
thought to be one of the last
remaining cross-sections of its
kind. It was probably felled in
the 1950s in the old-growth
rainforests of coastal British
Columbia when it was 775 years
old, and brought to
campus to serve as a giant teaching aid. What is certain is that
the magnificent specimen languished somewhat in recent
years in a dusty display case outside the building's main
lecture hall. It was only when
planned renovations to the space
threatened to turn the tree slice
into a pile of firewood that the
good   folks   in   the   Biological
Sciences building rallied to give
Stumpy a new lease on life.
Associate Prof. Gary Bradfield
of the botany department spearheaded the drive to save the
cedar - no easy task when the
cause in question weighed 585
kilograms and measured an
unwieldy two metres in
After some discussion, the
decision was made to thin
Stumpy down. Enter Les Jozsa,
one of UBC's celebrated Sopron
foresters and chief carver of the
Forestry faculty's anniversary
gate. Now retired, Jozsa arrived
on campus one radiant day in
early August with a chain saw
1.4 metres long and sized up the
job at hand. With a small crowd
of loyal supporters looking on,
volunteers used a sturdy trolley
to wheel Stumpy from the
lecture hall into the summer sun.
Steadily   wielding   the   giant
chain saw, Jozsa carved the
cross-section into smaller pieces.
As the first slice slid free in a
gentle flurry of sawdust, those
watching raised a cheer to celebrate this rare gift from nature.
You see, Stumpy, despite having
spent the first 200 years of its life
overshadowed by larger trees
nearby, is as close to perfect as a
cedar can be. No rot. No decay.
Not even any evidence of pest or
fire damage.
A newly svelte Stumpy will
make its debut this fall
in a place of honour outside the
revamped Biological Sciences
lecture hall where future generations of students and researchers
can benefit from it.     □
University Marshal
Ceremonies Office
The Office of the Vice-President External and Legal Affairs invites applications
for the position of University Marshal, within the Ceremonies Office.
This newly structured position will continue to be a prestigious position within
the university community. The University Marshal will take the lead role at the
graduation ceremonies: selecting and directing marshals and mace-bearers,
directing the Chancellors procession, and other related graduation
responsibilities. The appointee will also act as MC at university events such as
building openings, recognition events and the UBC AGM, and interact often
with the President, Chancellor and the senior administration of the University.
Reporting to the Director of Ceremonies, the appointee will be a full-time
member of the UBC faculty, preferably with broad interests across campus and
good public-speaking skills. The term of appointment is five years
(commencing January 1, 2004) and the faculty member's department would be
reimbursed an agreed percentage of the faculty member's salary per year to
compensate the department for the secondment (approx. 20% time).
Deadline for applications: September 30, 2003.  Interested applicants should
submit a resume and covering letter c/o UBC Ceremonies Office, 2nd floor,
2029 West Mall, Campus Zone 2. A committee, chaired by Dennis Pavlich,
Vice-President, External and Legal Affairs, will review applications.
For more information on this unique opportunity, please contact Eilis Courtney,
Associate Director, Ceremonies Office:
phone 604-822-6192 or e-mail: eilis.courtney@ubc.ca.
UBC United Way Campaign
Fires up the Barbie
This year's goal: $500,000
The   2003   UBC   United   Way
Campaign kicks off with a BBQ
Sept. 24 from 11:30 a.m. to 1
p.m. at the Student Union Plaza.
BBQ fare is a burger and pop
for $5, with proceeds going to
the United Way of the Lower
Mainland, an umbrella body
that funds many social services
Even before the kickoff, UBC
students Monty Raisinghani and
Sunny Aujla organized Kickstart
2003, a 10 km run around the
campus on Aug. 17. Close to
150 people registered and the
event raised $2,500 for United
Last year's campaign raised
more than $460,000 on campus.
"We hope to reach $500,000
this year and with the generosity
of the campus community, we
are confident we can do it," says
Eilis Courtney, who co-chairs
the campaign this year with
Deborah Austin, last year's campaign chair.
"We are always looking for
volunteers," says Austin. "This
is a great opportunity for staff,
faculty and students to build
their leadership, public
speaking and event planning
For more information on the
campaign, the kick-off event or
how to get involved, contact Liz
King, UBC United Way
Campaign Coordinator, at
604-822-8929 (UBC-UWAY),
e-mail united.way@ubc.ca or
check out our web site at
www.unitedway.ubc.ca.    □
cast Campus
East Campus Draft Neighbourhood Plan
Consultation on the East Campus Draft Neighbourhood Plan begins September 2, 2003.
The East Campus area is located between Agronomy Road to the north, the Public Safety Building (RCMP and
Fire Stations) to the south, Osoyoos Crescent and Fairview Avenue to the east and Wesbrook Mall to the west.
Attend the following Open Houses (Sep 2-10) and the Campus and Community Public Meeting (Sep 17) and
give us your feedback.
Come see us in our TENT in the SUB PLAZA beside the Goddess of Democracy
(located south of the Student Union Building at 6138 Student Union Boulevard).
Tuesday September   2
Thursday September   4
Monday September   8
Wednesday September 10
10 am to 3 pm
2 pm to 7 pm
2 pm to 7 pm
10 am to 3 pm
SPECIAL MEETINGS (September 2-17, 2003)
Your group can request a special meeting from September 2-17 by contacting the University Town inquiry
line at 604.822.6400 or by emailing info.universitytown@ubc.ca
Wednesday, September 17 @ 7:00 pm in the Asian Centre Auditorium, 1871 West Mall. Parking is available
in the adjacent Fraser Parkade.
For a map showing the location of the SUB Plaza or the Asian Centre go to:
www.planning.ubc.ca/wayfinding/Finding/dbase.html and enter "Student Union Building" or "Asian Centre"
or call 604.822.6400 for further information.
Background and information: www.universitytown.ubc.ca
Feedback gathered through this consultation will be reported to the UBC Board of Governors in October 2003.
Linda Moore
Associate Director, External Affairs (University Town)
Tel:    604.822.6400
Fax:   604.822.8102
or info.universitytown@ubc.ca
A Garden Grows in Surrey
Arts Co-op student helps transition house harvest hope, by erica smishek
Give a woman and her child
potatoes and you feed them for
a day. Teach them how to grow
potatoes and they can feed
themselves for a lifetime.
It's an old lesson gaining new
momentum at a Surrey transition house program for women
and children who have left
abusive relationships, thanks in
part to UBC Arts Co-op student
Allison Hawkey.
During her Co-op work term
this summer, the fourth-year
geography   major   has   worked
with external agencies,
community partners, program
staff and residents to develop a
community garden that will one
day supply fresh fruit and
vegetables for the program's
community kitchen. Hawkey
started with no existing land,
supplies or substantial budget -
but countered with a solid
knowledge of gardening and
ecology, loads of creativity and
the determination to make a
"Gardening is a very reliable
and affordable source of food,"
says Hawkey, 25. "Fruits and
vegetables are more expensive
in Surrey. We don't have a lot
of produce markets here like
you see in places like Vancouver.
"When I came here, I knew
there were great socio-economic
differences between Vancouver
and Surrey, but didn't really
understand how the politics,
income assistance and legal
system affected real lives," she
continues. "We've been taught
in geography that the wealthier
Arts Co-op student Allison Hawkey in one of the backyard gardens planted by a resident of the transition house.
Now Open
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areas like Vancouver get more
programs and that the poorer
ones miss out.
"But I lived in a Vancouver
bubble. It's been a real
Located in central Surrey, the
Koomseh Second Stage
Transition House Program
supports women and children
who have left abusive
relationships and have
significant barriers to affordable
housing. They include women of
colour and aboriginal ancestry,
immigrant women who speak
little or no English, young mothers with little or no education or
job skills, women needing to flee
a geographical area or needing
extensive advocacy for court
proceedings, and women coping
with alcohol and drug abuse
Koomseh, a First Nations
word, means wholeness and
well-being. Its umbrella organization, Atira Women's Resource
Society, takes its name from
Atira, a First Nations female
deity symbolizing a bountiful
harvest, strength and power
without being warlike.
The 12 women and 23
children currently in the
Koomseh program live in a
unique complex of 11 town-
houses and can access various
on-site support programs,
including the community
Program coordinator Linda
Djadidi  explains   that   most   of
soil, rakes, shovels, hoes,
children's gardening tools and
seeding trays for next year.
Local nurseries and farms generously donated plants.
"I write good letters,"
Hawkey explains. "My strategy
was to ask lots of businesses for
smaller donations. Everyone has
been very generous. Everywhere
I stopped they said, 'Here, take
a flat of plants.'"
Hawkey contacted the City of
Surrey Parks and Recreation
department, which is exploring
developing a municipal community garden managed by local
participants, and was quickly
recruited to its community
garden committee. The City and
Atira are now looking to
combine their needs into a
community garden that serves
Hawkey has attended City
meetings and been actively
involved in site selection,
assessing locations for proximity to high-density housing,
visibility, accessibility to water,
public transportation and
parking, and soil suitability, and
she is now recruiting volunteers
to help organize an open house
to unearth potential gardeners.
As a small scale back-up plan
in case this municipal garden
does not see fruition, Hawkey
also applied for and received
permission from the housing
society where Koomseh is
located to develop a small
garden  at  a site  selected using
"The sad reality is that what's given to families by the
Food Bank is through donation and much ofthe food is
not very nutritious and rarely includes fresh produce."
coastal Health
Pmmoting weUness. Ensuring care.
the residents have a lower socioeconomic status and struggle
financially, with little money for
food by month's end.
"When I started here it was
during the bus strike (2001),"
says Djadidi. "I saw that the
women had no way to get to the
Food Bank. We started to
provide rides and child care. We
finally arranged a bi-weekly
food pick-up at the Food Bank.
"The sad reality is that what's
given to families by the Food
Bank is through donation and
much of the food is not very
nutritious and rarely includes
fresh produce."
Women meet weekly to
prepare meals together. They
exchange favourite recipes from
their cultures, cooking tips,
lessons and stories as they chop
vegetables and stir the steaming
"The issue was poverty,"
Djadidi says. "It was also a way
to bring people together with a
group activity. Cooking is a
really good way to build
community while providing
nutritious and economic meals.
They cook together and share
the food and have some to
freeze for future meals."
Djadidi imagined a community garden as a way to supply the
kitchen and "try to become as
self-sufficient as we can." A
position was posted for a
Community Garden Coordinator with UBC Arts Co-op,
which had supplied students
previously to Atira.
The energetic, articulate
Hawkey, whose family lives on a
farm and who has spent many
an hour building her own patio
garden, got the job and was
soon contacting area businesses
for donations of plants and
gardening supplies and encouraging residents to tackle
planting in their backyard
garden areas.
Hardware/home improvement
retailer RONA has been a big
supporter,   donating   fertilizer,
aerial photos obtained through
the City of Surrey.
"Gardening is very rewarding.
Especially for people who will
be here at the end ofthe harvest,
it's a great feeling when you can
pick your own tomato to eat,"
says Hawkey. "But even people
who are not here from the planting to the harvest can still participate. It gives people the
opportunity to get together. It's
therapeutic and fun and social."
Residents concur.
One woman, whose identity
cannot be revealed, kept a
garden in her former home and
worried she would miss it after
leaving her abusive partner.
When she arrived at Koomseh,
she was thrilled to pull up the
huge weeds in her backyard and
plant some vegetables and
"It has made it very cozy,
made it my own space," she
says. "I find gardening very
peaceful. It makes me relax, it's
tranquil - and it's a great hobby,
something I can share with my
Another resident, who has
volunteered to serve on Surrey's
community garden committee,
says gardening "is a healthy
thing to do. It's a good social
thing and it helps us communicate with the community and
with each other."
Hawkey has developed a
formal plan for next year's
growing season, mapping out
when vegetables need to be
seeded and when and where
they can be planted outdoors.
She says the itinerary should
make next year's garden bountiful and allow the community
kitchen to plan meals around
the harvest seasons.
Though she returns to UBC
this month, she will remain part
time at Koomseh as the community kitchen coordinator.
"I'm glad I'm staying on. I
started something and I feel like
I want to see it through."
Spoken like a true gardener. □ REPORTS      |       SEPTEMBER     4,     2OO3      |      J
University Teaching,
University Research
continued from page 1
dedicated to the analysis of ideas,
and that, to me, is the essence ofthe
university - less so its functions.
Many other institutions can undertake functions, but none has that
more general obligation and duty
and characteristic of being a community of people dedicated to the
larger ideas that shape their society,
generating them, in the sense of certain forms of research, analyzing
them, in the sense of reflective
inquiry, criticizing them. Everyone
essentially argues there are three
principal roles of a university:
teaching, research, and public service, in all their dimensions. Of
these, teaching is the pre-eminent
duty of the university - it is not
possible or desirable to try to generate a strong research base either
nationally or within a university
without basing that upon the
strongest possible undergraduate
teaching, which is foundational to
all forms of research.
How do you see the relationship
between research and teaching?
Don Brooks^ I find them inextricably linked in many ways. I
went through Honours Physics
myself here at UBC, and I can
remember physicists that taught us
enlivening the lecture by talking
about the person they did their
PhDs with, or famous people they
worked with, or famous stories in
the physics world. I wouldn't necessarily describe them all as great
teachers, some of them were really
quite boring and we would have
liked to send them to a little teaching school. But they got me excited
about physics, and at the end ofthe
day, I don't remember particularly
what the lectures were about, but I
certainly took away that kind of
excitement, and that wouldn't have
been there if those folks hadn't
done research themselves. I know
that some of our biggest courses are
taught by some of our best research
people, and they get fantastic
reviews, because they can bring
that background to the classroom.
Certainly we would like to have the
best research people be the best
teachers: that would be an ideal situation. I do think there are issues -
and they are recognized around the
community - around delivering
quality undergraduate education to
non-Honours students. You're
going to ask me how to solve this -
I don't have the answer; however I
don't think the answer is don't do
research, that's not acceptable
socially or to the government, or to
most of the faculty.
Allan Tupper It all depends on
what you mean by research: if you
define research in the classical sense
of what we call reflective inquiry -
deep, disciplined thinking about
your subject and about how your
subject relates to other subjects and
about the major questions in those
fields, what we know and don't
know - that form of research fundamentally strengthens the teaching activities of the university,
because the earlier years of university must establish the foundations
and the major dimensions. If you
mean teaching the particular specialized research activities of modern university professors as part of
your curriculum, that's where we
part company with a lot of people,
because it might be interesting in
the short term, but it doesn't establish the broader foundations of
learning. So in other words, the
teaching and research relationship
is very multifaceted: it can be very
powerfully reinforcing, if you have
a very expansive view of research.
It can be quite narrow and stale if
you have  a narrow definition  of
Assoc. VP, Research Donald Brooks (1) and Assoc. VP, Government Relations Allan Tupper discuss the multi-faceted relationship between teaching
and research in modern Canadian universities.
research. Under certain circumstances it just becomes an assertion
in a big university that teaching and
research reinforce each other beneficially, when, in fact, there's substantial evidence by the very practices of the university that they
don't reinforce each other, that they
actually conflict.
While Ottawa's investment in university research has grown by 54
per cent since 1998, funding for
teaching and basic infrastructure
has been cut back by provincial
governments. Canadian universities
face a projected 20 to 30 per cent
increase in enrolment over the next
10 years. How will these growing
pressures affect the overall quality
of teaching in Canadian universities?
Don Brooks Provincial gov
ernments want us to train more students, and they're not telling us
how to do that; they are willing to
let us be creative. But they're not
giving us a lot more resources, so
we're not increasing the numbers
very much. I think there's a fairly
well understood balance there. But
I think there's room for us, as we
get more resources, to increase the
number of students and increase
the quality of the education they're
given. We just have to pay more
attention to it, and get more people
to pay more attention to it. If we
are to increase enrolment, we're
going to have to have more teachers
and more facilities: in that sense, it
shouldn't make a difference. But if
we have to increase enrolment
without receiving the necessary
resources, then that's going to pose
a bigger challenge.
Allan Tupper My sense is that
the federal government is increasingly cognisant of the fact that universities are very unique institutions with a highly developed set of
interdependent functions, and that
the tremendous strengthening of
the research capacity, which now
exceeds that of most other countries, will be followed, over the next
decade, by a much larger federal
presence in most of the other activities ofthe universities. The provincial governments have pursued
quite vigorous cost-containment
strategies in their educational,
health, and social assistance systems  for  more  than  a  decade.   I
think that will begin to change -
the question is only how far have
different institutions, jurisdictions,
fallen behind. Higher education is
central to an advanced society, and
the provincial governments have
great roles in that - I think in the
next 10 to 15 years either they will
aspire to a much larger role in
rebuilding the institutions in partnership with the federal government, or else the federal government will, as I said earlier, do it
themselves. And there will be some
very substantial pressures on
provincial governments that will
lead them to act. So I'm not particularly pessimistic on that front,
actually. That said, we will have to
do things on our own - it's not
exclusively a public policy question, there are certain things that
universities will have to do to deal
with greater numbers of students in
more creative ways. You want to
use these pressures to be creative,
not to simply rely on what you've
done before and say, we'll just keep
doing what we've done before with
more people. We'll have to make
some structural adjustments.
Universities are very creative,
they're very adaptable, and I think
the next decade and beyond will
really put that adaptability and creativity to the test.
[for    Don    Brooks]     Canadian
universities perform a third of the
country's research and development. What makes a university,
as opposed to a specialized
institute, an appropriate environment for research activities?
One reason that we do research
in universities is to train
researchers: almost all the places
where research is done that aren't
universities train no graduate students. Besides, in a corporate environment, and even in government
institutes, it's quite different, they
just don't have the same mix and
the kind of excitement: 5 o'clock,
most people go home. You come to
continued on page 8
The Cecil H. and Ida Green Visiting Professorships
of Green College
Nominations are invited for the position of Cecil H. and Ida Green Visiting Professor. The
main criteria for selection are the proposed visitor's distinction, public speaking ability and
appeal to a broad spectrum of student, faculty and off-campus audiences. Performing artists
may also be nominated. The visits are usually for one concentrated week during February,
March, October or November and require a substantial commitment of time from a faculty
Green Visiting Professor in Residence
Nominations are invited for the position of Cecil H. and Ida Green Visiting Professor in
Residence. Nominees must be exceptional researchers from outside UBC whose work has
the potential for significant impact in more than one discipline. The appointee will live at
Green College for three months, conduct a term-long seminar under the auspices of the
Individual Interdisciplinary Studies Graduate Program, give a general lecture, and make a
research-in-progress presentation.
Permanent deadlines: February 15 and October 31
Nominations are accepted at any time for the next competition. For detailed terms and procedures,
contact Dene Matilda at Green College, 6201 Cecil Green Park Road, V6T IZI;
dmatilda@interchange .ubc. ca I  UBC  REPORTS  |  SEPTEMBER  4,  2OO3
Promoting Teaching,
Promoting Teachers
A common theme in most Canadian universities is that teaching and research rank
equally and reinforce each other. But, as
Assoc. VP, Research Don Brooks explains,
"it's a lot easier to assess somebody, when
they're being promoted or given tenure, on
their research side than their teaching side.
Most universities haven't really evolved a
way to encourage the faculty to expend
more effort on their teaching."
"As you're moving through the system as
a professor," says Brooks, "there's a whole
bunch of pressures, and we need to find
some way to not make teaching seem like
the least important one to respond to, as it
seems to be in some cases."
According to Brooks, who is a professor
of pathology and chemistry, "we [in the
Faculty of Medicine] have promoted or
given tenure to people predominantly on the
basis of their teaching performance. They
were innovative, and brought together some
new elements or started new courses.
They've been promoted and are moving
through the ranks quite happily without
doing very much research at all."
Assoc. VP, Academic Programs Neil
Guppy agrees that the Faculty of Medicine
has led the way in this area, but adds that
"at UBC you can receive tenure or promotion based on teaching in any faculty. " He
points to the new Guide to Promotion and
Tenure Procedures at UBC (http://www.fac-
ulty re la t io ns. ubc.c a/forms/guide wo rd.rtf),
which states that "creative or professional
work of distinction" (which includes the
scholarship of teaching) ranks equally with
scholarly research. Among the criteria for
evaluating the scholarship of teaching are
originality or innovation, demonstrable
impact in a particular field or discipline,
and substantial and sustained use by others.
Gary Poole, the director of the UBC
Centre for Teaching and Academic Growth
(TAG), agrees that "the challenge never
ends in a place this size where research is
important - and so it should be." But, he
adds,  "it would be really wrong to give the
impression that there was complacency on
the part of the university."
A wide range of resources are available to
teachers through TAG - including support
for new faculty, peer coaching for faculty
and teaching assistants, seminars and institutes, and an annual two-day learning conference on the scholarship of teaching. With
a budget of $600,000 a year and the equivalent of eight full-time positions, TAG is
"one of the largest and most active instructional development centres in the country,"
says Poole, who is also the President of the
Society for Teaching and Learning in Higher
Education (Canada's national organization
dedicated to the enhancement of post-secondary teaching). According to Poole, the
Faculty Certificate Program on Teaching
and Learning in Higher Education is the
most comprehensive program of its kind in
TAG is also actively promoting problem-
based learning (PBL), through the PBL
Network, and inquiry-driven learning,
which allow the students to take responsibility for their own learning and help bridge
the gap between teaching and research. "We
must rise to the challenge to make it clear to
our students that attending a research-intensive university like UBC is a great advantage, " says Poole.
As part of these efforts, TAG is organizing
the second Undergraduate Multidisciplinary
Research Conference in March 2004. At the
inaugural conference in September 2002,
nearly 70 undergraduate students from all
disciplines presented their research work.
"In a research university, where the students are surrounded by faculty who learned
by curiosity-based inquiry," says Poole,
"wouldn't it be nice if that became contagious and if what they learned from faculty
members wasn't just the knowledge of the
subject area, but knowledge about research
processes - how you go about learning
about something, without having to rely on
sitting in a classroom and waiting for someone to tell you?" □
Free Saturday Evening Lectures
at the University of B.C.
Fall Program 2003
September 27
Professor William McKibben
Department of Environmental Studies
Middlebury College
October 4
Professor Errol Durbach
Theatre and English, UBC
October 18
Professor John Eakin
Department of English
Indiana University
October 25
Dr. Gavin Stuart
New Dean of Medicine, UBC
November 1
Dr. Marco Marra
Director, Genome Sciences Centre
BC Cancer Research Centre
November 8
Dr. Maria Tippett
Faculty of History
Cambridge University
November 15
Dr. Carl Wieman
Nobel Laureate in Physics
Boulder, Colorado
November 22 - TBA
November 29
Dal Grauer Lecture
Mr. Joe Schlesinger
Journalist and Author, Toronto
December 6
Professor Jim Phillips
Law, History & Criminology
and Professor Rosemary Gartner
Criminology and Sociology
University of Toronto
December 13
Hampton Place Community Fund Lecture
Professor John F. Helliwell, O.C.
Department of Economics, UBC
Unless otherwise indicated, all Vancouver Institute lectures are held on Saturdays at 8:15
p.m. in Lecture Hall No. 2 of the Woodward Instructional Resources Centre at the University
of British Columbia. Admission to lectures is free and the public is invited to attend. Call 822
1444 for a program. For full information, visit our website at http//psg.com/~ted/vaninst/
University Teaching,
University Research
continued from page 7
UBC on the weekends, and you find
all kinds of labs full of faculty and students, so I think there's a very strong
argument on the research training side
for universities doing research, as well
as other centres.
[for Allan Tupper] In your recent
book /No Place to Learn/, you argue
that "Teaching and research are generally in conflict with each other. The
mutual enrichment thesis is an impediment to necessary university reform."
How and why do university teaching
and research come into conflict?
I make no presumptions that university professors wilfully place research in
front of teaching. But research is very
time consuming and leads to an orientation towards one's professional colleagues, and not directly towards
one's students - not in every instance,
but in a general sense. One other issue
is the transformation of the professor
from a thinker to an expert, and it's a
big difference. An expert knows a lot
about something small, a thinker
knows or tries to know a lot about a
lot of things, and how they interconnect. We have to re-establish that
everybody's duty around a university
is to be a thinker, not simply an
expert, and that's really where the
teaching and research come into conflict again, the question ofthe breadth
and depth of all of us in a modern university. Are we increasingly experts at
the expense of what people generally
used to aspire to be, a thinker? That
balance needs to be re-struck.
[for Don Brooks] In the October
2002 issue of the University Report
Card, UBC was rated 19 (among 29
universities) in quality of education.
One UBC student was quoted as saying "Many of the faculty fail to put
any effort into teaching, which I feel is
what university is all about. Learning
ahead of research, teach the students
well and we will come." How does
the strong focus on research affect the
amount of time and effort university
professors put into teaching?
I think it's terrible to hear a quote like
that, I really don't like to hear it at all.
What do we do about it? I don't have
the answer, but I think we do have to
undergo a process to look at the problem in a balanced manner, particularly with respect to undergraduate students. I think the graduate training is
much different, people like to do it
because graduate students are close to
them, being in the labs and that kind
of thing. Ifyou ask most graduate students to comment on the quality of
their graduate education, they're really positive. And I think they are
because we do have a good research
community, we do have good facilities
and it's an exciting place in the
research world. I think we do a good
job there and I think there are lots of
examples where that excitement gets
rubbed off on the undergraduates, but
it's got to be the undergraduate himself who is excited, or excitable.
[for Allan Tupper] A 1998 report
commissioned by the Association of
Universities and Colleges of Canada
concluded that "university research is
society's most fertile environment for
training people and generating new
ideas": universities produce knowledge and also equip individuals with
the skills necessary to put this knowledge to work. Why do you consider
this model flawed?
We fully understand that research is
essential to a health society, and not
only to a healthy society, to a very
strong and vigorous economy. Again,
the question is what we mean by
research, where it should be done and
in what capacity. Universities are distinguished from other research institu
tions by the fact that they also must
teach. Eighty to 90 per cent of our students are undergraduate students: we
do not doubt for a second the fundamental importance of research, but
we should not forget the fundamental
importance of our instructional roles
in the deepest sense as institutions.
Universities are evolutionary, and
developmental in a classic sense: they
change all the time, they move into
new areas, and so on: we have to be
constantly looking at the balance and
the way they're adjusting. I think it's
time to re-examine where the institutions are going.
UBC's Strategic Research Plan states
that "UBC's goal is to excel internationally in research and teaching, and
to be a leader in discovery and scholarship that is the wellspring of scientific, technological, social, cultural,
and organizational innovation in the
nation and the world. " What measures should the university take to
achieve excellence in both research
and teaching?
Don Brooks ^- I have only been
associated with executive activities
here for three years, but even over
that period, I now hear a lot more
about the quality of teaching and the
concerns about the diluted classes and
senior people not teaching enough.
There are some creative activities
ongoing and we could do more to
enhance that side without it costing us
more. We are making a tremendous
push to enhance our research success,
to hire strong research people. It's getting a lot of attention and we're having a lot of success - we're ranked
number two nationally in NSERC
and SSHRC funding, number three in
CIHR in the last competition, and
we're number one in CFI in terms of
dollars raised, it really is working. We
are hiring people from all over the
world. We don't yet have the international reputation we deserve, but we'll
get it, slowly. The research side is
actually going pretty well. I don't
think we have yet brought the same
energy to bear on the teaching side -1
think that's something we need to discuss more as a community. We can go
out competitively and hire more people if we are more successful at
research because research activities
can fund your salary for five years or
more if you get a personal award. By
this means we can build up our total
faculty numbers somewhat, and those
people are still supposed to teach, so
that would help.
Allan Tupper There's two or
three that I think really are required to
move this forward. First of all, the
very great pressures for physical space
in universities that allows people to
interact. We've all witnessed, in all of
our institutions over time, a steady
whittling away of common space
where people actually interact together and can do so in a reasonable way.
You really know you've got a good
course if students are doing a lot of
work on it outside of the classroom.
To do that, though, you have to have
some capacity - and I'm not talking
about luxurious surroundings, but
you have to have good physical space.
It's a very important thing, and one
that has come back onto the agenda,
if you just look at a number of things
we're doing here. The Barber
Learning Centre for example, is a
tremendous kind of thing. And I think
another thing we have to do is to talk
a lot more openly and freely about
these sorts of questions - there's been
a tendency to regard some of the
questions about how we conduct our
activity as non-debatable, contentious, or wrong, and so on. And I
think we need to have throughout our
institutions a very wide range of
debate about our internal priorities -
it's not just what governments do, and
what society expects, it's our capacity
to respond. We are autonomous, we
have our own capacity to shape our
destinies, and we can't forget that. □ UBC  REPORTS  |  SEPTEMBER  4,  2OO3  |  9
The UBC Alumni Association will honour accomplished members ofthe UBC community at its Ninth
Annual Alumni Achievement Awards Dinner on Nov. 20, 2003, at the Fairmont Waterfront Hotel. For
more information and to purchase tickets, please call the Association at 604-822-3313 or visit the website at www.alumni.ubc.ca.
AIDS Researcher Wins Alumni
Award >     Martin T. Schechter
MA'75, PhD.MD, MSc
A well-recognized figure in the international
research community, Martin Schechter is a
pioneer in the field of HIV and AIDS research
and attracts a high level of grant funding for
UBC and its teaching hospitals.
Schechter began research into AIDS before
the first cases came to light in Canada, and
before its viral nature was established. He is
now a Canada Research Chair in HIV/AIDS and
Urban Population Health, studying the
mechanisms of disease susceptibility among
marginalized Canadians living in inner cities.
His research has increased understanding of
HIV transmission, leading to improved
strategies for prevention.
Schechter began teaching at UBC in 1983 and
now heads the department of Health Care and
Epidemiology. Since 1993 he has been national
director of the Canada HIV Trials Network. It
links researchers, people living with HIV/AIDS,
primary caregivers, pharmaceutical manufacturers and regulatory agencies, facilitating
partnerships for clinical trials of promising new
therapies. He is also director of the Centre for
Health   Evaluation   and   Outcome   Sciences,
which pools the expertise of research scientists
from various fields to examine current therapies
and practices.
Co-chair of the international Conference on
AIDS, held in Vancouver in 1996, Schechter is
frequently interviewed by news media about the
disease and his ongoing research.
Schechter was co-founder of the B.C. Centre
for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, established in
1991, and was elected founding president ofthe
Canadian Association for HIV Research in
1990. He has served on many panels and
committees including the National Advisory
Committee on AIDS, and the Management
Committee ofthe Krever Commission of Inquiry
on the Blood System in Canada. He held a
Canadian Institutes of Health Research Senior
Scientist Award until 2001 and was elected
into the Canadian Institute of Academic
Medicine in 1998.
He is the 2002 recipient of the Science
Council of B.C. Award for Excellence in
Research and in the same year received the
Queen's Jubilee Gold Medal. He was named to
the Order of British Columbia in 1994.
Board of Governors approves
UBC Visual Identity Policy
In May 2003, UBC's Board of Governors approved a Visual
Identity policy meant to guide UBC units in their use of the
university's name, typeface, initials, specified colours and
logo (at left), as well as their relationship to other visual
features in printed and electronic materials.
The appropriate use of these elements enhances the
University's reputation, leverages quick recognition, reduces
design costs and inefficiencies, and demonstrates organizational purpose
and accountability to diverse University stakeholders.
The policy applies to:
(a) campus signage;
(b) University print advertising;
(c) University Web sites and other forms of electronic promotion/
(d) livery for University vehicles;
(e) University business cards, letterhead, and other stationery; and
(f) University brochures and other publications.
An electronic version of the full Policy and Guidelines is available at:
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1C      REPORTS      |      SEPTEMBER     4,      2OO3
Peter Wall Institute for
Advanced Studies
Exploratory Workshop
The PWIAS Hxploratory Workshop Program
provides aivards or' 315^000 to $25,000 to interim sciplinqry team? of UBC researchers ro hring
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Non-credit day, evening or Saturday
morning conversational classes start
September 22
• Courses on the cultures of China,
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• Destination travel programs to immerse
you in a new language or culture
Languages, Cultures and Travel
UBC Continuing Studies
Transported through Time
UBC alumnus Rodney Graham
converted a 19th century horse-drawn
landau carriage into a mobile camera
obscura in his Millennial Time Machine,
housed in a glass walled pavilion at the
intersection of Main Mall and Memorial
A camera obscura produces an image that is
upside down and reversed, and was an influential
precursor to the modern multi-lens camera.
The sculpture overlooks the landscaped bowl between
Koerner Library and Main Library, with the camera obscura focused on a young sequoia
tree that will grow to maturity.
The tree and location raise issues about the university as a place where knowledge,
technologies and histories are constructed, according to Naomi Sawada, Public
Programs/Publicity Coordinator at UBC's Morris and Helen Belkin Art Gallery, which is
administering the project.
The Canada Council contributed $132,000 and the province gave $12,000 to fund the
pavilion, with additional support from the Morris and Helen Belkin Foundation. The
artwork is a gift to the university from the artist. □
TIME    PIECE    1974
In the early 1970s, UBC students had a bizarre outlet to express their frustrations. A wave of streakers swept
over the campus in the early part of the decade but the movement really came to a climax in 1974 when about
150 men, mostly engineering students, ran through and around the Student Union Building wearing nothing
more than ski masks. Not amused, the Ubyssey editorialized: "Streaking just plays right into the purposes of
those wanting students to forget the real issues." UBC  REPORTS  |  SEPTEMBER  4,  2OO3  |
Robot Insects
continued from page 1
it is possible to generate enough
lift with mechanical wings to get
a robot flying.
And then there are the
electroactive polymers. These
rubber-like materials expand
when a voltage is applied to
them, returning to their original
shape when the voltage is cut off.
says Madden, who came to UBC
last year from MIT.
The pair's goal isn't to invent
new materials but to design a
cheap robot that could fly by
itself. To do this, they must
figure out a way to mimic insect
"It's one thing to get the robot
off the ground with a wire
attached to it and to be able to
control it: it's another thing to be
able to set it free and have it do
trying to generate the correct
motions so that the robot will do
what we want it to," Yan
explains. "There have been some
breakthroughs with unsteady
aerodynamics, but we're still at
the stage where simulations
aren't as good as they should be
so we need to copy and measure
what the biological organism is
So   how   do   you   measure   a
dragonfly's wing beats?
Retiring Within 5 Years?
The pair's goal isn't to invent new materials but to design a cheap
robot that could fly by itself. To do this, they must figure out a way to
mimic insect flight.
The muscle-like properties of
these materials make them an
obvious choice for the work
of imitating biological
movements like a dragonfly's
flapping wings.
"They are capable of doubling
their original length," says
Madden of the newest generation
of plastics. "A human bicep can
only contract 20 per cent."
True, Madden and Yan don't
expect to have any artificial
dragonflies flying around their
labs by the end of this project.
But nobody else in the world
of robotics research has yet
been able to get an insect-sized
robot flying on its own - and the
pair sees that as an open challenge.
"The way we're hoping to
tackle this is to combine new
materials and new actuator
technologies - that is, new
methods of getting things to
move - that will give us
tremendous advantages in
mechanical design and in cost,"
what you want," says Madden.
His job is to assess which of
the electroactive polymers
currently available could be used
in the mechanical design of the
robosect. The problem is that the
range of materials introduced
over the last decade are at different stages of development and
not all their properties are
known. Madden is working to
identify these properties and
select the best one for the job.
Yan's task is to design the
robot's wing mechanism to
match the polymer's properties
so that it can mimic the
dragonfly's wing motions, and
re-create the unsteady
aerodynamics of flapping wings.
Dragonflies and many other
insects are able to dart, hover,
move back and forth and even
freeze their wings and glide.
Incredible as it may seem,
researchers have only recently
begun to understand the
mechanics of insect flight.
"One of our big challenges is
Yan is using high-speed video
camera footage and large-scale
wing models to measure forces
acting on the wings.
By the time their pilot project,
funded with $35,000 from the
Institute of Robotics and
Intelligent Systems (IRIS), comes
to an end in May 2004, Madden
and Yan hope to have identified
the most effective electroactive
polymer for getting a robotic
dragonfly up in the air.
Assembling a self-propelling
seven-centimetre robosect, on
the other hand, is a completely
different matter and one best
saved for future research
"To put it together, you need
to have micrometre level
resolution in the placement of
the parts," Madden says. "A
typical [human] hair is 100
micrometres in diameter. We'd
need to be able to orient these
parts and position them on
about a hundredth of the width
of a hair." □
Seriously Sick or Simply Sniffling?
Health policy researchers target heavy service users.
Are the people receiving the
most health-care services really
ill or are they healthy people
overusing the system?
A group of UBC researchers
at the Centre for Health
Services and Policy Research
recently answered this question
in the first study in B.C. to look
at how high users of health care
than three times as many
different doctors as other users
and they visited their doctors at
five times the rate of other
users. Also, those visits were
more costly because of the
complicated nature of patients'
The    group    accounted    for
more   than   60   per  cent   of  all
co-ordinated, multidisciplinary
care, rather than treating one
disease at a time," he says.
"That way we'll save money,
but more importantly, we'll be
able to give better care to those
who need the services most."
Particular savings could be
found by integrating care for
major   psychiatric   and   chronic
"A common perception has been that people are overusing the system,
so cutting down on services or charging more user fees will save money,"
differ from other residents. It is
the first study in Canada in the
last several decades to look at
the issue in a comprehensive
way, rather than analyzing costs
of particular types of services.
"We wanted to provide
policy-makers with a better
understanding of high users of
physician services," says Rob
Reid, assistant professor of
health care and epidemiology
and lead author on the study.
"If we have details about the
users we should be able to draft
better strategies to care for this
group and save health care
The research team analyzed
data on nearly three million
adults registered in the B.C.
Medical Services Plan (MSP) in
1996/97 and ranked them
according to dollars spent in
physician services. These
include dollars paid to general
practitioners and specialists
working in offices and
A group of 126,000 individuals were classed as high users of
services.  This  group  saw  more
hospital days and almost a third
of total payments made to
physicians by MSP.
The most striking feature of
this user group was not age but
the complexity and extent of
their health problems. More
than 80 per cent of high users
had at least six different types
of illness and almost one-third
had 10 or more.
"A common perception has
been that people are overusing
the system, so cutting down on
services or charging more user
fees will save money," says
Reid. "That strategy would hit
this population hard. They are
genuinely and seriously ill and
require the attention they are
receiving. Extra charges would
be like a tax on illness."
The findings indicate that the
system is operating fairly
because larger shares of available resources are directed to
those who need them, he adds.
The study focused on B.C. but
Reid says he would expect
similar results across Canada.
"The challenge to our healthcare    system    is    to     provide
medical conditions, he adds.
The report has been issued to
provincial policy-makers. For
more information on the study,
visit www.chspr.ubc.ca. □
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