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UBC Reports Nov 30, 2012

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Array UBC
^jM,
a place of mind
THE  UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
R E PO RTS
November 2012
Playing with
the pros
Food security:
an urgent issue for B.C.
A university library
for the 21st century
ivisible:
Canada's young
caregivers 12 Playing with the pros
TBirds get a taste of NHL big time with 'Bieksa's Buddies'
Wilson Wong
Three UBC Thunderbird goalies take on NHL player Aaaron Volpatti in a shootout during the Bieksa's Buddies charity hockey game.
UBC REPORTS
VOLUME FIFTY EIGHT: NUMBER ELEVEN
WWW.PUBLICAFFAIRS.UBC.CA/UBC-REPORTS
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lucie mcneill lucie.mcneill@ubc.ca
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Advertising
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Circulation
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Publisher
UBC Reports is published monthly by:
The University of British Columbia
Public Affairs Office
310-6251 Cecil Green Park Road
Vancouver BC Canada V6T1Z1
Next issue: 6 December 2012
Submissions
UBC Reports welcomes submissions.
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Submit letters to:
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WWW.PUBLICAFFAIRS.UBC.CA/NEWS
Visit our online UBC News Room for the latest updates
on research and learning. On this site you'll find our
news releases, advisories, news extras, as well as a daily
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Highlights of UBC media coverage
in October 2012
Heather Amos
West African seahorse video
National Geographic, the Daily
Express, Orange News, and CBC News
Now posted the first-ever footage ofthe
West African seahorse.
The video ofthe seahorse, taken off
the coast of Senegal, comes courtesy of
Project Seahorse and a joint research
investigation between UBC, Imperial
College London, and the Zoological
Society of London.
"Our fieldwork — the first ever study
of this species — is revealing the fishing
and trade pressures they face, and how
populations can be sustained," said
Amanda Vincent, the co-founder
and director of Project Seahorse and
associate professor at UBC.
Fish getting smaller as the
oceans warm
Climate change could lead to smaller fish
in the future according to new research
on the world's oceans by fisheries
scientists at UBC.
The study, featured in The Guardian,
The Independent, The Telegraph,
and the Toronto Star, used computer
models to study more than 600 species
offish. Besearchers found that the body
weight offish could decline by 14-20 per
cent between the years 2000 and 2050
"The unexpectedly big effect that
climate change could have on body size
suggests that we maybe missing a big
piece ofthe puzzle of understanding
climate change effects," said the study's
lead author William Cheung.
Maternal depression affects
language development in babies
A UBC study found that infants'
language development was altered
for babies born to mothers with
depression, and for babies born to
mothers treated with antidepressant
drugs, reported CNN, LA Times, South
China Morning Post, Fox News, Globe
and Mail and many others.
Psychology professor Janet Werker
found that babies of mothers who took
a class of antidepressants known as
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
(SSBIs) during pregnancy, show signs of
early language development. Babies of
mothers who were not treated showed
signs of delayed language development.
Iron fertilization project
UBC experts commented on a
controversial project to revive salmon
populations by dumping 100 tonnes of
iron sulphate into the Pacific Ocean to
boost nutrient levels and plankton.
Maite Maldonado, a biological
oceanographer who specializes in the
impact of trace minerals on ocean life,
Timothy Parsons, a professor emeritus
in the Department of Earth and Ocean
Sciences, and Villy Christensen,
a professor at the Fisheries Centre,
discussed the project with NBC, Globe
and Mail, CBC, Huffington Post,
Times Colonist and others.
Cyberbullying
Jennifer Shapka, Shelley Hymel,
Elizabeth Saewyc, and Martin Guhn
provided expert commentary to United
Press International, Global National,
Toronto Star, CTV, Vancouver Sun
and others, about bullying, cyberbullying
and what can be done to prevent it.
"To blame suicide on bullying is, I
think, overly simplistic, because there's
usually a lot of factors that contribute
so that a child gets to the point where...
they just feel totally helpless," said
Hymel, a professor in the Faculty of
Education, to CBC The National.
Beef recall
Maclean's, the Globe and Mail,
Global, CBC, the National Post
and others wrote about a massive
nationwide recall of beef that was
contaminated with E. coli 0157:H7.
Kevin Allen, an expert on food
microbiology, spoke about food safety,
foodborne illness, and food processing.
Microbiologist Brett Finlay talked
about an E. coli vaccine for cattle that
could prevent massive beef recalls.
Jim Vercammen, a professor of food
and resource economics, discussed
issues around regulations for safer food.
IUBCI      a place of mind
t_J_ THE  UNIVERSITY OF  BRITISH COLUMBIA
Pub lie Affairs
From being photographed with
celebrities to battling the professionals
they normally watch on TV, Wednesday
Oct. 17 was a night unlike any other
for members of the UBC Thunderbirds
men's hockey team.
In front of 5,000 fans at the sold out
Doug Mitchell Thunderbird Sports
Centre, the Thunderbirds got to skate
and score for charity against Bieksa's
Buddies, a team of National Hockey
League players and local celebrities, led
by Vancouver Canucks defenceman
Kevin Bieska.
But the 8-7 score for the pros and
the $200,000 raised are not the whole
story. It's the experience itself that was
priceless for the young TBirds.
Kraymer Barnstable played in goal for
UBC for part ofthe game, stopping all
seven shots he faced, including one on
Manny Malhotra on a 2-on-l.
"This game rates right at the top of
my career because it was such a cool
experience to be able to play for the
charities and to play with the professional
guys we've been practicing with," said
Barnstable. "I'll probably never
experience anything like that for the rest of
my career. It's definitely a great memory."
UBC did have one player with NHL
experience. On Jan. 20,2011, goaltender
Jordan White dressed as an emergency
backup for the San Jose Sharks against
the Vancouver Canucks.
"During the San Jose game, I never saw
any action so tonight, being able to make
saves on the Sedins and company was
very satisfying," said White. He stared
down 2010 NHL Most Valuable Player
Henrik Sedin on the first shot he faced on
the night and made the stop.
UBC head coach Milan Dragicevic
thinks his program will benefit in other
ways from facing NHL players.
"We practiced with these guys a few
times and our guys picked up some tips,"
said Dragicevic. "Any time you play
against teams that really move the puck
like they do, you're going to get better."
An added thrill was Michael Buble's
visit to the TBird dressing room after
the second period. He posed for a photo
with the team, no doubt making amends
for mocking their iconic jerseys before
the game.
Several local hockey greats also
dropped in on the team: former
Vancouver Canucks player, coach and
general manager Pat Quinn; original
Canucks captain Orland Kurtenbach,
hall of fame broadcaster Jim Robson
and UBC legend Mickey McDowell.
The game helped raise $100,000 for
three charities, Canuck Place Children's
Hospice, the Canucks Autism Network
"I'll probably never
experience anything
like that for the rest
of my career. It's
definitely a great
memory."
and the Canucks Family Education
Centre. Vancouver singing superstar
Buble matched that amount, bringing
the total to a whopping $200,000.
And what about the game itself?
Bieksa's Buddies led 3-2 in the first
period before the Thunderbirds scored
five goals in a row, including four in the
second period. Ben Schmidt and Nate
Fleming each scored twice for UBC.
In the third period, though, the
professionals took over, dominating
the final 20 minutes of play and scoring
five times.
The action ended with a 20-man
shootout. The final shot saw UBC put all
three of their goaltenders—Barnstable,
White, and Steven Stanford—in net to
prevent Canucks forward Aaron Volpatti,
from scoring.
After all that hoopla and glamour,
the Thunderbirds are back on focus-
aiming for the University Cup national
championship, which runs March 14-17
in Saskatoon, Sask.
UBC's final home games ofthe first
half will take place Nov. 30-Dec. 1
against Regina at the Doug Mitchell
Thunderbird Sports Centre. •
Fans can find full information on UBC
home games at gothunderbirds.ca.
UBC Reports The University of British Columbia   November 2012 Food Security:
an urgent issue for B.C
Lorraine Chan
Asst. Prof. Hannah Wittman harvests fall produce from UBC's Orchard Garden with Will Valley, a UBC doctoral student and co-operative urban farmer.
At the Faculty of Land and Food Systems,
Asst. Prof. Hannah Wittman studies how
small-scale, sustainable farms can survive
and prosper in a globalized food economy.
With food recalls on the rise for E. coli,
salmonella or listeria contamination,
the question of food sovereignty is an
urgent one, says Wittman, who is also
appointed to UBC's Institute of Resource,
Environment and Sustainability.
"Food sovereignty refers to the ability
of communities and regions to control
their food systems. This includes
markets, modes of production, and
natural resources," explains Wittman,
who grew up on a farm in Idaho, her
parents third-generation farmers.
She notes that B.C. has the most diverse
agricultural landscape in Canada. "There
are internationally recognized wineries
and fruit orchards in the Okanagan,
expansive grain farms in the Peace River
and highly productive market vegetable
operations in the Lower Mainland."
However, the province is not food
self-sufficient. Over the past 30 years,
B.C. has seen a major increase in the
production of crops for lucrative export
markets such as cranberries, blueberries
and hothouse vegetables. But B.C. still
imports about 45 per cent of its food,
with 60 per cent of those imports
coming from the U.S.
In 2006, the B.C. Ministry of
Agriculture and Lands estimated that
about 0.5 hectare of farmland is required
to sustain one person for one year. To
produce a 100 per cent self-sufficient and
healthy diet for the projected population
by 2026, B.C. would need to have 2.78
million hectares of agricultural land in
food production—a 300 per cent increase
from 2001 levels.
"This is well within our grasp," asserts
Wittman, whose international research
focus includes agrarian reform settlements
in rural Brazil and community-based
resource management in Guatemala.
"B.C.'s Agricultural Land Reserve covers
approximately 4.7 million hectares, much
of which is currently underutilized for
food production oriented to local and
regional markets."
Challenges faced by small-scale farmers,
however, include spiraling land costs,
expensive equipment, labour shortages
and the absence of established policies
and coordinated distribution systems to
get products to B.C. consumers.
To explore solutions, Wittman is
working with a non-profit, B.C.-based
organization that provides education and
networking opportunities for small-scale
farming as well as new models for
preserving agricultural land.
Founded in 2006, the Community
Farms Program provides support to
new farmers and communities seeking
alternative approaches to implementing
food sovereignty. These include
facilitating the development of long-term
leases on public, cooperative and
community-owned land.
"The idea is to get land into the hands
of new, enthusiastic farmers eager to
connect urban consumers to the source
of their food."
And once on their farms, many
are turning to co-operative ventures
and diversified business strategies to
pool resources and reduce overhead,
says Wittman.
"For example, two farmers in
Abbotsford are leasing one farm. Together
they offer a vegetable market garden, a
fruit orchard, chickens, bees and goats."
Of B.C.'s 19,759 farms, 83 per cent are
small-scale operations and 16 per cent
are classified as organic farms—the
largest percentage in Canada.
"I'm very optimistic. B.C. is one of only
two provinces where the number of
farmers increased in the last five years,
while there was a 10 per cent decrease in
farmers at the national level."
Similarly, consumer demand for locally
produced food has fueled a growth
in farmers' markets, which currently
contribute more than $3 billion to local
economies across Canada. •
"B.C. is one of only
two provinces where
the number of
farmers increased in
the last five years."
UBC Reports The University of British Columbia   November 2012 Berkowitz & Associates
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The perils of putting
off pregnancy
Heather Amos
And they lived happily ever after. So
many young lovers picture their future
as a fairy tale, falling in love, setting up
house—and when they're ready, simply
getting pregnant. Few couples are
prepared for the realities of fickle fertility.
"In the media, you see celebrities getting
pregnant and having babies later in life—
into their mid 40s and even 50s," says
Judith Daniluk, a professor of counselling
psychology in the Faculty of Education. At
this age, most women are not using their
own eggs: "You're not getting the full story
and this is driving a lot of misperceptions."
Daniluk is an expert in women's sexual
health and reproduction; as a counseling
psychologist she works with men and
women who are dealing with fertility
decisions and challenges. She says many
are surprised that getting pregnant,
especially later in life, can be so difficult.
Not surprisingly, people are turning to
the Internet for health and fertility answers.
Unfortunately much ofthe information
found online is by fertility clinics
promoting their services. Danilukwanted
to create a website with accurate, impartial
and easy to understand information.
Myfertilitychoices.com provides
men and women with information
about fertility, readiness, decisionmaking, relationships and more. Users
can also share their personal stories or
ask an expert their burning questions-
reproductive, medical or mental health
specialists post answers to the site.
"We wanted people to have the
information they need so they can know
their options. It is about empowerment,"
she said.
Before launching Myfertilitychoices.
com, Daniluk and PhD candidate Emily
Koert surveyed childless Canadian men
and women to assess their knowledge of
fertility and assisted human reproduction.
They found that most Canadians knew
only a few basic facts about fertility.
Although most ofthe 3,345 women
and 599 men surveyed knew that
fertility decreases with age, a significant
majority incorrectly believe that good
health and fitness is a better indicator
of fertility than age. Most women and
men are also incorrect in their belief
that until menopause, reproductive
technologies like in vitro fertilization
(IVF) can help them get pregnant.
The survey also showed that few people
realize the cost, health implications and
limitations of IVF treatments. Both men
and women did not realize that a man's
age is an important factor in a woman's
chances of getting pregnant.
Koert, a doctoral student in counselling
psychology and a MyFertilityChoices.
com website and content manager, wasn't
surprised by the survey results—she has
heard these things from both her peers and
her clients. Koert works with individuals
and couples that expected to have a family
"Many women who
delay childbearing are
devastated when they
reach the end of their
childbearing years
and have been unable
to become a mother."
and are coming to terms with the fact that
they won't be able to get pregnant. The
most common things she hears is: "But I
didn't know" or "I thought I had more time."
Koert says women have little access to
accurate information about fertility. Many
don't know how to talk to their partner
about wanting to have children, or find
themselves with a partner who is unwilling
to have children. Koert says the grief and
loss that these women feel made her want
to get involved in the website project.
"Many women who delay childbearing
are devastated when they reach the
end of their childbearing years and
have been unable to become a mother,"
said Koert. "They often feel a sense of
powerlessness in being able to create the
right circumstances to have children."
Since the website launched in mid-June,
it has been visited more than 7,500 times,
and has had over 49,000 pages viewed
by people in 116 different countries. The
most popular post so far is about men
having children after the age of 50. •
Top three fertility myths
Myth
Men's age is not an important
factor in a woman's chances
of getting pregnant.
Myth
A woman's health and fitness
are better indicators of fertility
than age.
Men's sperm can become less viable once they reach
their mid-40s. Recent research suggests that children
born to older fathers are at greater risk of having
learning disabilities, autism, and some forms of cancer.
A woman's age is one of the MOST IMPORTANT factors
in determining a woman's ability to get pregnant.
A woman's eggs are as old as she is.
Myth
Reproductive technologies like IVF
can help most women get pregnant
until they reach menopause
IVF cannot fully compensate for age-related fertility declines.
The chances of a woman having a child with her own eggs
after the age of 44 are under two per cent. You might consider
'stopping the clock' by freezing your eggs before your mid-30s.
University Librarian Ingrid Parent believes the future of libraries will depend on global collaboration.
A university library for the 21st century
Lorraine Chan and Linda Ong
Academic libraries worldwide are facing rapid technological
change and seismic shifts in how users access information
and create knowledge in the digital age. Old models are no
longer sustainable. Libraries must re-think the future.
UBC Library has announced a number of collection and
service consolidations at various campus branches and sites.
The process started in May 2012 and will continue to 2014.
University Librarian Ingrid Parent discusses with
UBC Reports how these changes will allow the Library to
strengthen its position as a valued partner in research,
teaching and learning on campus.
As the President ofthe International Federation of Library
Associations and Institutions, Parent brings a unique global
perspective on the changes unfolding at UBC and elsewhere.
What are the challenges facing UBC Library and other research
libraries around the world?
The same services and models that worked for research
libraries a decade ago need to be re-imagined for today's users.
Loans of physical items are decreasing, for example, while the
use of electronic resources continues to rise. More than 70
per cent of UBC Library's collections budget is now focused on
e-resources, compared to 25 per cent about a decade earlier.
Budgets are under pressure; services need to be consolidated;
collections are increasingly going digital. We have to deal
with these in a fiscally responsible manner that ensures the
sustainability of the Library.
The role of librarians has evolved greatly. Along with their
archival and information expertise, librarians are now also
curators, publishers, authors, instructors and information
specialists. They work closely with campus partners
to integrate library resources within virtual learning
environments. They're using state-of-the-art digital tools to
instill information literacy and knowledge management skills.
What are the economic factors?
We have to balance our budget, something we share with
all campus departments and as a public sector institution.
We have made some difficult choices on how to proceed given
these pressures, from combining services and collections,
to physical branch closures, to staffing decisions.
Libraries also need to be more nimble in responding to
changes from the campus. For UBC, these factors include
the rise of campus learning hubs and precincts, the creation
of new departments or schools, and issues such as open access
and copyright.
What are the earmarks of a 21st-century library?
We're focusing on providing digital tools and collections
that support knowledge creation and collaboration
among researchers and students. We're implementing a
comprehensive digitization program to provide unlimited
online access to materials of research and teaching value.
UBC Library is building capacity to develop and promote
open access and open source methods and tools. As well, the
Library is sharing expertise on new publishing models,
intellectual property and rights management.
Collaboration is key. Libraries have always been good at
that, but they are entering an era of deep and pervasive
interdependencies - with each other and with the communities
around them. The future of libraries and library "values" in the
digital world will increasingly depend on us working together
at the international, regional, national and local levels.
Can you describe the digitization efforts underway?
The Library invested in a digitization unit as one of our key
strategic priorities two years ago. Their work provides a
virtual gateway to the Library's collections of stories, histories
and archives. But their expertise can also be shared with the
larger community. We have been working with First Nations
groups who want to digitize their written and oral information
as a way to preserve their history and future. It is but one
example of how library expertise, combined with cultural
heritage, can have a profound impact on community groups.
What will UBC Library look like in 2025?
Users will place more demands on seamlessly accessing the
Library through technology. In some educational institutions,
students are already downloading the library catalogue with
their smartphones. Campus space will continue to evolve
with the influence ofthe university's campus plan and more
specialized use of existing spaces.
The Library actively partners with
faculty in curriculum design, teaching
critical thinking, digital literacy and
information fluency. It also develops and
integrates library teaching programs
more fully within the curriculum.
How will this benefit users?
Researchers, students and the public
increasingly want more than "read only"
access to content. Students also want to
reuse, mash up, data mine and integrate
diverse data sources.
Students and faculty can expect to
see librarians working alongside them
in research labs, at the hospitals, in the
field and in the classroom as they become
more and more embedded into teaching,
learning and research on campus.
How is UBC Library collaborating with
stakeholders as these changes occur?
We encourage feedback as
implementation begins with a number
ofthe Library's changes. This could
include informal and formal meetings,
research provided from working groups
and committees, and discussions held
with university administration. We
understand that the changes impact
some faculties more than others; we
remain committed to working with
them to develop new models. •
A video interview with University
Librarian Ingrid Parent can be found at:
library.ubc.ca
UBC Reports The University of British Columbia   November 2012 Vij's Kitchen spices up UBC
Lorraine Chan and Jennifer Honeybourn
Good food. Good grad
Heather Amos
Vikram Vij shares his love of good produce with UBC dietetics student Whitney Hussain.
Vikram Vij has shared Indian recipes
and cooking techniques with countless
people over the years through
his cookbooks and classes. Now,
Vancouver's celebrity chef is lending his
name—and teaching talents—to UBC.
"I'd love to see the creation of a course
geared towards multicultural cuisines.
I believe when you eat food from all over
the world, you become more tolerant
towards other human beings," says
Vij who contributed $250,000 for the
extensive makeover of a UBC culinary
lab originally built in 1982.
The facility, now called Vij's Kitchen,
is located on UBC's Vancouver campus in
the Food, Nutrition and Health Building
on East Mall.
The renovated lab provides a vital
learning space for basic food theory,
food preparation in a domestic setting
and multicultural culinary exchange,
says LFS Prof. Gwen Chapman,
associate dean, academic.
"In addition to the basic skills, the goal is
to provide dietetics and home economics
students the opportunity to explore
diverse cuisines," says Chapman, who is
also the director ofthe Food, Nutrition
and Health (FNH) program. "Students
familiar with Asian traditions will learn
Western cooking techniques and vice versa.
Comprising six kitchen stations and
a demonstration kitchen, Vij's Kitchen
has new audiovisual equipment. This
allows for filming, videoconferencing
and distance education, such as a recent
course on healthy food ideas for childcare
providers in Aboriginal communities.
The majority of students using the
lab are dietetics students who are
making dishes as varied as fruit pies,
and butternut squash soup. Later this
month, Whitney Hussain, a fourth-year
dietetics major, will also be using the
facility to cook a five-course meal for 100
guests as one ofthe volunteer chefs for
the annual LFS fall harvest community
dinner. Prepared and served by students,
the semi-formal dinner costs $45-$35 for
students—and includes wine and beer.
"We're going to make coq au vin and
vegetarian nut loaf for our mains and
finish with poached pears in wine,"
says Hussain. "We want to source all
our ingredients locally."
The prospect of making a huge,
complex meal is exciting,
she says, adding. "I really like the fact
that the labs have a large selection
"For years, I've been sourcing organic produce
and herbs from UBC Farm for my restaurants.
of modern kitchen equipment that is
accessible to FNH students. It allows us
to transfer the theory we learn in class
to the practical setting."
Other users of Vij's Kitchen include
UBC Continuing Studies, which offers a
series of regional cuisine courses
such as Chef Eric's French cooking
classes, and UBC Food Services which
gives in-service training to chefs. A
student cooking club also convenes
twice a month.
"As far as I know, this is the only
place on campus where there are
group cooking facilities that can be
used both for communal cooking and
education around food theory and food
preparation," says Chapman.
Vij says his involvement with the culinary
lab underscores a longtime connection to
UBC. His wife, Meeru Dhalwala, helped
to found the annual Joy of Feeding
celebration of ethnic home cooking which
takes place in June at UBC Farm.
"For years, I've been sourcing organic
produce and herbs from UBC Farm for
my restaurants. I also support UBC's
mandate to educate global citizens and
to provide leadership for sustainable,
urban farming." •
Steve Golob knows what his
clients want: Fast, nutritious, local,
sustainable, internationally diverse
comfort foods. Feeding students in
residence dining rooms is a worthy
challenge for his talents.
"Healthy stomachs lead to healthy
minds and healthy marks," says Golob,
residence chef at UBC's Place Vanier
dining hall, which serves about 3,000
meals to students daily.
"UBC was the first
university in British
Columbia to join the
Farm to Cafeteria
initiative."
Golob wants students to think about
the food they eat. Healthy foods keep
students alert in class, help fight off
illness and are important for maintaining
a positive outlook on life.
To draw attention to that essential
connection, UBC Food Services will be
hosting an event during Thrive, UBC's
annual mental health awareness week, to
present healthy food options and explain
how food can impact mental wellbeing.
Golob is quick to point out that
students want to eat healthy too—the
salad bar and the stir-fry station are
Vanier's two busiest spots. And there is a
big emphasis on everything local.
"Is it local and is it fresh? This is it
what we've been hearing for the past
few years—at UBC, from our colleagues
at other schools, from hospitals, hotels,
everywhere," he explains.
Last year, UBC Food Services
purchased about $10,000 of produce
from the UBC Farm—a figure they are on
track to surpass this year. In total,
50 per cent of UBC Food Services food
is grown, processed or produced within
150 miles ofthe campus.
"We're located right next to the
UBC Farm, it would be criminal not to
use their fresh produce."
Six years ago, none ofthe farm's
produce was used by UBC Food Services.
Golob has been a big part of this transformation, working with the Faculty of Land
and Food Systems (LFS) and professor
Alejandro Rojas and making it a priority
to source local food, from the Farm and
other producers.
Today, UBC is recognized as a leader
in this area. It was the first university
in British Columbia to join the Farm
to Cafeteria initiative, a network that
brings healthy, sustainable and local food
to schools, universities and hospitals.
Now Golob and LFS students are
spreading the message
to the community. They frequently
work with schools in B.C. to help kids
and teachers discover the healthy meals
that can be made with local ingredients
Food for life: Chef Steve Golob makes the connection
between healthy stomachs and healthy minds.
through the Think&Eat Green ©School project. Golob also
teaches kids cooking skills using only healthy recipes with the
Sprouting Chefs program.
And that's not all. Golob is about to start his own CiTR
show to get folks thinking about where their food comes
from. His soup creations—made with local and in season
vegetables—are posted daily to the SoupScoop blog, run by
one of his biggest fans.
There's no hiding Golob's passion. "UBC is a living lab. It is
our job to figure out how to do this right and then to educate
our students and the community." •
To check out some of Golob's creations,
visit: soupscoop.wordpress.com/
8
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Prof. Stephen Sheppard is developing a video game to demonstrate the possibleside effects  of climate change on the city of Delta.
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It is 2030 and rising ocean levels are
threatening to flood low-lying Metro
Vancouver neighborhoods.
Welcome to Future Delta, a new
videogame created by UBC researchers
to help the citizens of Delta, B.C. reduce
their carbon footprint and prepare for
climate change, including major flooding
risks related to global warming.
In November and December, the
researchers will begin presenting a
prototype game to schools, city staff,
gaming experts and community groups.
They want to gather ideas to help make
a 2.0 version ofthe game entertaining
and engaging enough to inspire
learning and action.
The project is led by UBC Prof. Stephen
Sheppard, an expert on visualizing
climate change and director of UBC's
Collaborative for Advanced Landscape
Planning (CALP). Sheppard says it
will be the world's first videogame to
immerse citizen-players in an interactive,
virtual version of their own real-life city,
allowing them to explore future possibilities using the best available scientific data
on the regional climate.
"Videogames can help to inspire
and engage people on important
issues, if they are compelling enough,"
says Sheppard, whose dramatic
computer-based visualization of local
flooding risks and potential solutions
immediately turned heads at Delta City
Hall. "We want to reach folks who don't
typically participate in city-planning
processes —young people and others
who are concerned about climate
change but don't know how to engage,
or are too busy to attend open houses."
Players take the role ofthe mayor of
Future Delta, racing to stave off flooding
before the city runs out of energy. Players
must reduce the city's carbon footprint
and manage resources by investing in
clean energy (solar, wind, geothermal),
creating denser, greener neighborhoods,
growing food locally, and expanding
public transit, electric vehicles and
bike lanes. To prepare for rising oceans,
players can build floating homes and
raise dykes.
"For communities to take action
on climate change, citizens need to
be on board," says Sheppard, adding
the video is part of a series of CALP
computer-based visualizations that
has produced low-carbon converts
across B.C., including North Vancouver,
Players take the role
of the mayor of
Future Delta, racing
to stave off flooding
before the city runs
out of energy.
West Vancouver, and Kimberley. "For
this to happen, greater understanding
of trade-offs and climate-friendly
practices is needed."
UBC Prof. Aleksandra Dulic, a digital
media expert making Sheppard's
visualizations interactive, says the
project shows the vital role the
arts can play in communicating
science. "Scientists are great at
making discoveries, but not always
good at communicating their findings
in inspiring ways—particularly for
something as big and complex as
climate change," says Dulic, director of
the Centre for Culture and Technology
on UBC's Okanagan campus. "This is
where other disciplines, from artists to
psychologists, can help to communicate
science in more meaningful and
inspiring ways."
Sheppard and Dulic expect the
videogame to be available in 2014, thanks
to funding from SSHRC. They expect
the game to dramatically improve with
design help from the schools and Island
stakeholders this winter. "We've created
an interactive, virtual representation
of Delta, with a series of science-based
climate scenarios," says Sheppard,
who calls Delta a Canadian leader in
climate change adaptation. "Our next
focus will be the game elements—the
story, the rewards—making it as fun and
interactive as possible. We are excited to
hear people's ideas, especially from high
school students." •
Play an early version of the game and
learn more at: futuredelta.ok.ubc.ca.
Project collaborators include Sheffield
University's Olaf Schroth and Simon
Fraser University's Steve DiPaola.
10
UBC Reports The University of British Columbia   November 2012
11 WW
NOMINATIONS NOW OPEN
2013 UBC Library
INNOVATIVE
DISSEMINATION
OF RESEARCH AWARD
Recipient announced at the
Celebrate Research Week Gala
in March 2013.
Award: $2,000
Deadline: November 26, 2012
For eligibility criteria, visit
scholcomm.ubc.ca
|UBC|     aplaceof mind
^__EI        THE UNIVERSITYOF BRITISH COLUMBIA
FACULTY OF ARTS UBC KILLAM TEACHING PRIZES
Once again the University is recognizing excellence in teachingthrough the awarding of prizes to
faculty members. Up to six (6) prize winners will be selected in the Faculty of Arts for 2013.
Eligibility is open to faculty who have three or more years of teaching at UBC. The three years include
2012 - 2013. The awards recognize distinguished teaching at all levels; introductory, advanced,
graduate courses, graduate supervision, and any combination of levels.
Members of faculty, students, or alumni may suggest candidates to the head ofthe department,
the director of the institute/school, or chair of the program in which the nominee teaches. These
suggestions should be in writing and signed by one or more students, alumni or faculty, and they
should include a very brief statement ofthe basis for the nomination. You may write a letter of
nomination or pick up a form from the Office ofthe Dean, Faculty of Arts in Buchanan A240.
The deadline is 4:00 p.m. on January 11, 2013. Submit nominations to the department,
school or program office in which the nominee teaches.
Prize winners will be announced mid-April, and they will be identified during Spring convocation in May.
a place of mind
THE UNIVERSITYOF BRITISH COLUMBIA
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Unpaid and invisible: Canada's young caregivers carry a heavy burden
Basil Waugh
Kai Bighorn missed out in the normal teenage life while caring for his sick father.
When Kai Bighorn was in high school, he
spent more time counting pills for his
dad than doing "normal teenage things."
Bighorn's toil as a teenage caregiver
started gradually, but ended up a
full-time responsibility as his father's
heart failure led to complications such as
severe diabetes, visual impairments and a
life-threatening infection.
"It was emotionally and physically
draining," says Bighorn, now 28, who
quit part-time jobs to become his father's
primary caregiver. "I feel incredibly lucky
to have been so close to my dad before
he passed—but I also feel like I missed
out on part of my youth," says Bighorn,
whose caregiving increased when his
father's homecare program fell through.
Bighorn's experience is typical of
a young caregiver, says Prof. Grant
Charles, UBC School of Social Work.
This is a largely invisible group of young
Canadians who, for a variety of reasons,
end up providing significant caregiving
support to their families - both unpaid
and outside the healthcare system.
"For the most part, these kids are
slipping under the radar," says Charles.
"They play this crucial role in society,
but we are not recognizing their work,
or supporting them adequately. It is
important that we help to reduce the
negative outcomes of these situations,
while increasing the positives for the
young person and their families."
Charles recently led the first study on
young caregivers in Canada (aged 12-17),
which included a survey of students in
a Vancouver high school. The research
team, which included Tim Stainton and
Sheila Marshall, found that a surprisingly
large proportion of students—12 per cent
—identified themselves as significant
family caregivers.
The study also included interviews
with 50 former young caregivers, many
of whom reported positive aspects ofthe
experience, including stronger family ties
and a sense of pride and accomplishment.
However, there were also many potential
negative outcomes: isolation, stress,
depression, and adverse social, educational
and employment impacts. According
to Charles, negatives outcomes are
most likely with youth caring for family
members with severe mental or physical
conditions over prolonged periods.
Published by the Vanier Institute of
the Family, the study is an important first
step in determining the size and nature
ofthe issue in Canada. The next step
is an adolescent health survey in 2013
that will ask all B.C. high school students
young caregiver questions, thanks to
Charles' efforts. Whatever the eventual
figure is, he says the issue is bigger than
A surprisingly large proportion of students-12 per cent identified
themselves as significant family caregivers.
most people think. Australia, for example,
calculates young caregivers' value to its
health care system at a whopping $18
billion annually, he says.
Charles says greater awareness and
support for young caregivers—areas where
Canada lags far behind other nations - can
dramatically reduce the likelihood of
potential negative outcomes. "We need
to do a much better job recognizing the
issue—from government and schools to
the health care system," he says. "We can
help to reduce the incredible stress and
isolation that young caregivers face by
acknowledging the important role they
are playing helping their family navigate
the gaps in our healthcare system."
Charles points to the United Kingdom,
which offers a national program for young
caregivers, including training, counseling
and social opportunities. In contrast, only
a handful of grassroots programs exist in
Canada, including one in Niagara Falls,
Ont. and another in Duncan, B.C., where
Charles and Bighorn serve as advisors.
"It blew my mind when I learned
there were other young caregivers
in my community—I really thought I
was the only one," says Bighorn, who
helped to create a series of online
resources for the Cowichan Family
Caregivers Support Society, including
a documentary that he has presented
to government, schools and the local
community. "Just getting to enjoy a meal
together and listen to other people's
experiences really helped me," he says.
"The time I spent caring for my father,
I will cherish forever," says Bighorn,
who put off university to care for his
father. "But it was also a big job. Looking
back, I really wish I had access to advice
from people who knew what I was going
through. So that's what I am trying to do
now. I want to raise awareness to help
other young caregivers out there." •
Watch "Ending The Silence,"
a documentary by Bighorn and other
youth caregivers: vimeo.com/15647694.
View the study: www.vanierinstitute.ca.
12
UBC Reports The University of British Columbia   November 2012
13 UBC Staff Pension Plan Election
The UBC Staff Pension Plan is currently holding an election for two directors,
who upon election will serve four-year terms on the Pension Board. Election
packages were mailed to members on Wednesday, October 31, 2012.
Voting closes at 11:59 p.m. on Tuesday, November 27, 2012. If you have not
yet received your election package, you may contact the Pension Office by
phone at 604.822.8100. Election results will be announced on the Plan's
website at www.pensions.ubc.ca/staff on Tuesday, December 4, 2012.
Students help a B.C.
community ditch the car
Jody Jacob
outtakes
As we approach Rememberance Day, UBC's Ben Pong
reflects on his military service.
I UBC I      a place of mind
THE UNIVERSITYOF BRITISH COLUMBIA
Ben Pong, supervisor ofthe Computer Shop at the UBC Bookstore, a former member ofthe UBC Board of Governors and Canadian
Forces reservist, took a leave of absence from UBC to serve in NATO's Afghanistan mission in 2010 and in the UN peacekeeping
mission in South Sudan in 2012. He shares his thoughts with UBC Reports on Remembrance Day.
UBC Remembers
Since the opening of the
War Memorial Gym in 1951,
The University of British Columbia
has held a ceremony commemorating
November 11. This year will
mark sixty-one years that
The University of British Columbia
has hosted a Remembrance Day
ceremony. This is an opportunity for
faculty, staff, students and members of
the on and off-campus community to
honour and remember all those who
served in times of war, military conflict
and peace.
This year, the Remembrance Day
ceremony at UBC will be held
on Sunday, November 11 in the
War Memorial Gym. Everyone is
welcome to attend—doors open at
10:00 a.m. The ceremony will
commence at 10:45 a.m. and will
last for approximately one hour.
Light refreshments will be served
after the ceremony and all are
welcome to stay.
2012 Remembrance Day Ceremony
Sunday, November 11, 2012 110:45 a.m.
UBC War Memorial Gym
a place of mind
THE UNIVERSITYOF BRITISH COLUMBIA
From left to right Alex Schuirmann, Luke Friesen, Sandra Iroegbu, and Cody Mar wood
if
How to coax residents from a Vernon, B.C., neighbourhood to
park their cars and get active is the problem facing four students
in the School of Engineering at UBC's Okanagan campus.
The initiative—supported by UBC's Okanagan campus,
Interior Health, and the City of Vernon—will see students
develop a Vernon Neighbourhood Active Travel Plan for East
Hill Residents. Active travel focuses on walking.cycling and
transit as a primary means of transportation.
Vernon is a highly automobile
dependent community,
with most trips taken via
single-occupant vehicles.1
n
"Vernon is a highly automobile dependent community, with
most trips taken via single-occupant vehicles," explains Gord
Lovegrove, associate professor in the School of Engineering at
UBC's Okanagan campus and project supervisor. "If this trend
continues as Vernon grows, residents will experience increased
traffic congestion, vulnerability to an increase in chronic
diseases and obesity, decreased air quality, and increased
greenhouse gas emissions."
The City of Vernon is keen to tackle these issues head on and
its Transportation Plan 2008-2031 focuses on transit, cycling
and walking initiatives, setting the target for 2031 of 20 per
cent of trips by foot or bicycle.
"This pilot project is expanding on the successes of City's
previous planning, programming, engineering and infrastructure upgrades, says Wendy Majewski, Transportation Demand
Management Coordinator with the City of Vernon."We are
very excited about the opportunity to work in partnership with
Interior Health and UBC."
Fourth-year engineering students Luke Friesen, Sandra
Iroegbu, Cody Marwood and Alex Schuirmann will begin
their work by surveying East Hill residents to develop
a benchmark database of current travel modes, as well
as identifying barriers to active
transportation.
Using the data and current research
into active transportation models that
have been successful in other cities,
students will then create a series of
recommendations to encourage active
modes of travel.
"As a final step, student engineers will
create an implementation strategy for
the East Hill Neighbourhood Active
Travel Plan that could serve as a model
for other Vernon neighbourhoods, and
present it to the City of Vernon," says
Lovegrove. "This plan will include
infrastructure upgrade designs needed
to enhance and encourage the active
travel plan, as well as an educational
component."
"The opportunity to put engineering
theory into practice is important to
us," says Friesen. " We have a unique
chance to prove to the university and
to professionals in the community that
we're ready to enter the workforce, as
well as make a difference in the lives
ofthe East Hill residents by reducing
congestion, greenhouse gas emissions,
obesity, and asthma." •
Ben Pong was part of UN peacekeeping mission in South Sudan.
How did you come to serve for the Canadian military abroad?
In 2009,1 took a leave of absence and volunteered for active
service in Afghanistan with the Canadian Armed Forces.
It was a warm fall evening when my fellow soldiers and I
took a helicopter to the base ofthe Provincial Reconstruction
Team (PRT) in Kandahar City. The reality of war came to us
early on, as Justin, one ofthe people on that flight, was killed
within days of our arrival.
What was your role in the mission?
By 2006, popular opinion in Kandahar had shifted from
pro-coalition to indifference, or even pro-Taliban, because
economic development promised by the West had not been
realized. The focus ofthe mission had also changed: From
combat to security, governance and development.
Myjob at the PRT was to coordinate the use of military resources
with local government officials. I led a team of specialists in project
management, liaison and cultural awareness.
What were the highlights of your job?
One ofthe most interesting aspects was advising the Mayor
of Kandahar City. Mayor Hamidi was an accountant and had
a well-earned, rare reputation of being an honest government
official. Without a planning department, he would use
the PRT as his city planners. The mayor would outline his
requirements and it was our task to acquire funding and
conduct these quick impact projects. Not surprisingly, his
priorities and those ofthe donor nations often did not match.
We would come up with compromises that both sides could
accept. Tragically, Mayor Hamidi was killed by a suicide
bomber attack in 2011.
Did serving in a dangerous mission affect you personally?
Our main threat was improvised explosive devices (IEDs).
On Dec. 30., 2009, having finishing my patrol, I walked by to chat
with Kurt, a member of my team. A few hours later, Kurt and four
others were killed by an IED The team gathered that evening and
the event quickly turned from a sombre remembrance into a fond
roast. Kurt, a Cape Bretoner with a good sense of humour, would
have wanted it that way. Within 48 hours we went out on patrol,
canvassing villagers on their needs while smiling and waving back
to the kids, but we had changed. Still, my team and I took comfort
in knowing that the lives of some Kandaharians have improved
due to our projects.
What was it like to come back home?
We arrived back in Edmonton in the middle ofthe night.
A bus took us from the airport to our base. Still in our desert
fatigues, we saw Canadians line up along the route with flags
and yellow ribbons to welcome us home.
For my "sins," I was granted a UN peacekeeping tour in South
Sudan. It is less developed than Afghanistan, but despite the
intertribal conflicts and abject poverty, it is also a more hopeful
place. The majority ofthe combatants and civilian victims are
young adults and sometimes children. With the lessons learned
from Rwanda, we were able to protect some civilians and give
warning to others. Knowing that does give me some comfort.
What are your thoughts on the nth hour of November nth?
I will be laying a wreath at the War Memorial Gym on behalf
of the University Officer Training Corp. My thoughts will be
with those who have gone, those who have fallen, the civilian
victims and those who are still there physically or mentally.
Lest we forget. •
www.ceremonies.ubc.ca
14
UBC Reports The University of British Columbia   November 2012
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