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UBC Reports Jan 2, 2003

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 THE  UNIVERSITY  OF  BRITISH  COLUMBIA
[UBC]
VOLUME  49      NUMBER   1      JANUARY  2,2003
UBC REPORTS
2 UBC in the News
3 Open Murder Trial
4 3D Ultrasound
5 Super Students
> The Loved and the Lost
Keeping Canadian Blood Lines Safe
A group of UBC researchers   is
working to ensure that Canada
will never again face the tragedy of
a national tainted blood scandal.
Ross MacGillivray, director of
the new Centre for Blood Research
(CBR), is creating an interdisciplinary team of researchers who will
improve methods of storing and
using donated blood, identify new
therapeutic agents in blood and
create artificial blood components.
The new centre - supported by a
$15.1 million Canada Foundation
for Innovation (CFI) grant - is
unique in the world because it
brings together not only clinical
and basic scientists but also
ethicists, engineers and sociologists
to form a nucleus of discovery,
says MacGillivray, a professor of
biochemistry.
The CBR was created in
response to research funding
opportunities and recommendations contained in the report of the
Krever commission that investigated Canada's tainted blood scandal
ofthe '70s and '80s where patients
received donated blood
contaminated with HIV/AIDS and
hepatitis C.
According to the Canadian
Blood Service (CBS), the number
of regular blood donors must
increase by about 40 per cent by
December 2005 to meet needs created by accidents, surgery, cancer
treatments, hemophilia and other
blood-related diseases.
"One CBR short-term goal is to
improve storage time and quality
of donated blood. Our long-term
goal is to create artificial products
that decrease our reliance on
donations," says MacGillivray.
"With a researcher-driven agenda,
we should make significant
progress."
UBC's Blood Research Centre is the first of its kind. Hilary Thomson
Ross MacGillivray leads an interdisciplinary team of researchers dedicated to building a better blood supply.
The centre's 27 principal investigators are now scattered across
campus and the UBC teaching
hospitals. When UBC's new Life
Sciences Centre opens its research
wings in spring 2005, about
120 CBR researchers, grad
students, post-docs and staff will
be housed there.
Investigations include analyzing
the complex protein mixture in
blood to find new therapeutic
proteins.
Researchers will also look at
ways to increase the shelf life of
platelets that are used to prevent
bleeding. Currently, platelets can
be stored for up to five days only.
By extending the 'best before'
date by even a day or two, the
supply of platelets worldwide
would be significantly increased.
MacGillivray estimates that
CBR scientists will be able to
extend the lifespan of stored
platelets within five years and
find new therapeutic proteins in
blood within 10 years.
Another research area focuses on
creating artificial blood components such as platelets or albumin -
a protein that is widely used to
treat surgical and burn patients.
Although CBS's goal is to have a
donor-free society by 2025,
MacGillivray says the synthetic
products will likely serve as supplements to donated blood.
Recruiting CBR members will be
a key activity for the next two
years. In addition to Canadian scientists, experts may be drawn from
the United States, the United
Kingdom and the Netherlands -
countries that are leaders in blood
research. Also, providing training
opportunities at the centre is critical to improve Canada's capacity
for blood research, says
MacGillivray.
"We need to catalyze the training
of the next generation of blood scientists, " he says.
Another strategy to strengthen
Canada's ability to respond to
blood crises is the establishment of
other centres across Canada, modeled on the CBR and focusing on
different aspects of blood research,
says Dana Devine, a CBR member
and Director, Research and
Development for CBS.
" If another issue arose like tainted blood, we would be able to
respond immediately and effectively in a co-ordinated way," says
Devine, who is a professor of
Pathology and Laboratory
Medicine.
Support for the CBR comes from
CFI, the B.C. Knowledge
Development Fund, CBS, Bayer
Inc. and UBC. □
For   more   information   on
centre, visit www.cbr.ubc.ca.
the
Media Coverage Misses Key Issues of Kyoto
Accord Says UBC Professor
While Alberta remains locked in battle with Ottawa over ratification of the Kyoto Accord
and its costs, John Robinson sees an opportunity for British Columbia to lead the way in
tackling the climate change issue by championing sustainability. It's the best strategy for
saving Mother Earth and one that can generate economic benefits too, Robinson believes.
The current flurry of media atten
tion on the Kyoto Accord has
focussed almost entirely on the
question of the expected costs of
meeting the Kyoto target for
Canada. In doing so it has miscast
the issue and ignored the key message of recent research and activity in the climate change arena.
This message has to do with the
degree to which investing in energy efficiency and renewable energy will itself stimulate both technological and institutional innovation that will take us down new
pathways that might be much
more desirable than what would
happen if we don't do this.
This    crucial    point    emerges
directly   from   the   work   of the
Intergovernmental Panel on
Climate Change (IPCC), published
in 2001, where several hundred
expert authors and reviewers
examined the academic literature
on climate change emission reduction. What we discovered in that
work was that achieving sustainable development is the single
most important thing we can do to
reach our long-term climate
change targets (which go well
beyond the Kyoto targets). The
reason is simple. If we can manage, as a world, to get on technological and socio-economic development pathways that are sustainable, we will have very low emissions, even without any explicit
climate policies (since many poli
cies that will reduce greenhouse gas
emissions will be done for other
reasons). The extra climate policies
required to stabilize atmospheric
concentrations at a reasonable level
will be relatively minor. But if we
are on a high-emissions path, then
the additional climate policy
required to stabilize atmospheric
concentrations at a reasonable level
will be massive and prohibitively
expensive.
In other words, getting on the
right development path is more
important than implementing any
There are tremendous economic
opportunities in sustainable
development says John Robinson.
particular climate policy. And early
introduction of carbon-saving
technologies would have the positive effect of lowering their costs in
the long run due to economies of
scale and learning by doing. This
renders static costs assessments
irrelevant. The costs of mitigation
are a function of the development
path taken!
The importance of this point is
that there are many other reasons
to get on a sustainable development path. And many of them
offer remarkable business opportunities. To give just one example,
the urban population of the world
is going to increase by about 50
per cent over the next 30 years.
And all these cities need to address
the same ten challenges: clean air,
clean water, water supply, energy,
transportation, land use, jobs,
housing, health care and waste disposal. Most of them are doing an
inadequate job of many of these
ten challenges already and the job
is going to get about twice as hard
over the next few decades as
populations and economies grow.
continued on page 8 2       |      UBC      REPORTS       |      JANUARY     2,     2003
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IN THE NEWS
Reading for Romanow
FIRST
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MAKING SENSE OF
CANADIAN HEALTH
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Highlights of UBC Media Coverage in December 2002. compiled by brian lin
Freddie Wood alumni
speak up
At the UBC theatre school 50th
anniversary gala reunion, alumnus
John Gray told the Toronto Star
that "UBC empowered us, at a
time when few other theatre
schools were willing to take
chances."
"To the people we met here, theatre really mattered," said actress
Nicola Cavendish. "It made us feel
that it was the best, the bravest, the
finest thing you could do with your
life, and I've carried that feeling
with me ever since."
Harcourt injured in fall
Former B.C. premier Mike
Harcourt was saved from almost
certain death by his wife, Beckie,
after he fell eight metres down an
oceanside cliff and into frigid
water.
Harcourt, who once played for
UBC's basketball team, fell from
the deck to the ground, and then
tumbled a few metres to go over an
eight-metre cliff outside his cottage, overlooking the Strait of
Georgia.
Harcourt served as B.C.'s premier from 1991 to 1996, and for
three terms was mayor of
Vancouver, from 1980 to 1986,
following four terms as Vancouver
alderman, from 1972 to 1980.
He is a senior associate of the
Liu Institute for Global Issues at
UBC and a senior associate with
the Sustainable Development
Research Institute at UBC. His son,
Justen, is a recent graduate of UBC.
Ontario to turn away
students
Plagued by the double cohort,
Ontario universities are reluctantly
considering turning away qualified
students from outside the province.
Universities used to give special
priority to provincial high school
graduates, but admissions policies
have shifted over the years to
recognize transferability and
encourage diversity.
"The question is, do we want
to   get   back   to   more   parochial
UBC Alumnus and former premier
Mike Harcourt, Law '65 survives
near fatal fall.
places," UBC education studies
prof. Bill Bruneau told the
National Post.
Romanow report
The release of the Romanow commission report on Canada's health
care system sparked wide discussion on the future of health care.
UBC health-care economist Steve
Morgan told Global that "on the
whole [the report] is a move in the
right direction. The key now is to
establish federal and provincial
co-operation to make sure that
changes do take place, to make
sure that we have new programs
for pharmacare, home care, and
new diagnostic equipment," said
Morgan. "If we can get co-operation between the provincial
governments and the federal
government, this program could
significantly improve the healthcare system for Canadians."
UBC attractive to
international students
With a cooling climate toward
immigration in the United States,
UBC may become even more
attractive for undergraduate
international students in the next
few years.
"There is going to be a significant increase in the number of
international  students   coming  to
UBC," Don Wehrung, director of
the UBC International Students
Initiative told the Canadian
University Press.
Wehrung said he expects the
average number of international
student enrolments at UBC to grow
from the current 27 per cent per
year to as high as 35 per cent in the
next few years.
Americans stumped
by survey
A new survey released by Leger
Marketing found only eight per cent
of 1,500 adult Americans named
Jean Chretien when they were asked
to identify Canada's prime minister.
Five per cent gave other answers,
including Pierre Trudeau, who died
two years ago after last being in
power in 1984, while a whopping
86 per cent said they didn't know or
refused to answer.
UBC Political Science professor
Colin Campbell told the Toronto
Star he's not at all surprised by the
findings. "I think Canadians are
much more citizens of the globe
than Americans are, and I think
they're much more attuned to their
own nation than Americans are,"
Campbell said.
Seahorse protected
Thanks to UBC marine conservation scientist Amanda Vincent, the
seahorse has become the first
marine fish genus to have its trade
regulated internationally.
At the recent Convention on the
International Trade in Endangered
Species in Chile, three-quarters of
all the signatory nations in attendance voted to place all 32 species
of the seahorse on its Appendix II
list. Previously, no fish species had
ever been accorded such protection.
"There's an opinion that marine
fish cannot go extinct," Vincent
told the Vancouver Sun. "A lot of
conservationists make the mistake
of believing that when a species has
been listed, it's a victory. It's not.
The victory comes when we can go
to the signatory nations and say the
issues have been addressed and the
problems solved." □
LETTERS
Editor:
Your article "The Challenge for Partnered
Professors" (in UBC Reports, Dec. 5, 2002) was
heartening for those partnering professors who
have been systematically discriminated against at
UBC for 25-30 years; I say "heartening" because
UBC might just do something for them before
retirement... Yes, indeed, "institutions in general,
once they've secured the services of one person,
... tend to take the support of the other more or
less for granted..." Perhaps a more
balanced approach would be to report now on all
those at UBC who have not really been granted
"joint placement", regardless of their qualifications and a quarter century of loyal service to this
institution.
- Dr. David F. Rogers
French, Hispanic and Italian Studies
REPORTS
Director, Public Affairs
Scott Macrae  scott.macrae@ubc.ca
Editor
Paul Patterson  paul.patterson@ubc.ca
Design Director
Chris Dahl   chris.dahl@ubc.ca
Designer
Sharmini Thiagarajah  sharmini@exchange.ubc.ca
Contributors
Michelle Cook michelle.cook@ubc.ca
Brian Lin  brian.lin@ubc.ca
Erica Smishek erica.smishek@ubc.ca
Hilary Thomson  hilary.thomson@ubc.ca
Advertising
Cristina Calboreanu   mccalbor@exchange.ubc.ca
UBC Reports is published monthly by the UBC Public Affairs Office
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Letters (300 words or less) must be signed and include
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Publications Mail Agreement Number 1689851 UBC      REPORTS      |      JANUARY     2,      2003      |      3
Sensational Murder Trial
Must Stay Open to Reporters
UBC journalism professor is concerned that it won't, by erica smishek
Media and the public will be
allowed in the courtroom when
Robert Pickton's preliminary hearing gets underway Jan. 13.
But how long the court remains
open is anyone's guess.
"I think a quarter of the way
through the hearing, we will have
another petition from the defence
lawyer to seal the court. He will see
potentially damaging information
published by American media or
the foreign press," says Stephen
Ward, an associate professor at
UBC's School of Journalism.
"We're not through with this yet.
It's not the final word on the issue."
In early December, Provincial
Court Judge David Stone refused to
exclude the public and reporters
from one of the biggest murder
cases in Canadian history. Pickton's
defence lawyer, Peter Ritchie, had
requested a seal of the courtroom,
arguing that an onslaught of
publicity would make it impossible
to find 12 impartial jurors for
Pickton's trial on 15 counts of first-
degree murder. He was particularly
concerned that foreign reporters
would break a publication ban
imposed on the preliminary
hearing.
"I thought that the defence
request was over the top and a violation of the constitutional rights of
the public and the families of the
victims and the media's right to be
the eyes and ears of the public,"
Ward says. "(Stone's ruling) is a
very positive step for people who
believe in an open court system."
Ward says given the high-profile
nature of the case and the intense
scrutiny police have come under for
their investigation, it was particularly important to allow the media
and public access.
"If you shut the court down, it
will just breed more conspiracy theories and more mistrust in the legal
and justice systems," says Ward,
who is currently writing a book on
the history of journalism ethics.
Preliminary hearing publication
bans are common and Canadian
journalists usually obey them.
When a verdict in the trial is
delivered, journalists are free to
report the evidence from the
hearing.
Since foreign journalists are not
bound by Canadian law, Ritchie is
concerned they will break the ban
and release details of the hearing
accessible to Canadians through
radio, satellite TV and the Internet.
"The laws of the preliminary
hearing have not caught up with
changes in the media," Ward says.
"Borders mean nothing. You can't
seal off information anymore."
Despite the potential information
flow, he says he has a strong faith in
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UBC Journalism associate professor Stephen Ward says there will probably
always be tension between the media and the courts.
jury selection and in the ability of
juries to review the evidence and
deliver a fair verdict.
"There are no easy answers
here," says Ward. "I am
sympathetic to the worries of a fair
trial. But Paul Bernardo got one.
Shannon Murrin got one. Robert
Pickton will get one too."
Ward, who holds a PhD in
Philosophy from the University of
Waterloo and spent 10 years with
the Canadian Press as a foreign correspondent and bureau chief, says
reporting on sensational crimes is
the oldest form of news we have.
He says while courtroom coverage
is often criticized for being biased,
misleading, superficial and sensational, it's "part of the cost of
having a free press."
"The only way to avoid it is to
completely ban media from the
court and that is just not appropriate or acceptable."
Given that our society recognizes
both the right of the accused to a
fair trial and the media's right to
freedom of expression as fundamental principles of democracy,
Ward says there will probably
always be tension between the
media and the courts.
But he says there are ways to
improve relations.
"We have to get together and
talk more. Right now both sides are
just complaining and pointing
fingers and it keeps going back and
forth. In B.C., I'd like to see the
judges' association and the journalists' association form a committee,
identify problem areas and look for
solutions." □
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www.r1yfnDndj1me5.ca ssD 4       I      UBC      REPORTS       |      JANUARY     2,      2003
3D Ultrasound,       I
Coming Soon to a
Doctor Near You?
Improved technology gives doctors a better look inside
BY MICHELLE COOK
Moms-and dads-to-be may soon
be able to see their growing babies
more clearly thanks to new ultrasound technology. The advanced
imaging method could also help
medical professionals to improve
their diagnostic capabilities in
detecting cancer and removing
tumours. That is, if they're willing
to make the switch to 3D, says
Robert Rohling, a professor of
Electrical and Computer
Engineering at UBC.
"Three-dimensional ultrasound
is slowly making its way into the
marketplace, but doctors have to
be convinced that it's useful to
them, otherwise they won't spend
the money to buy expensive
machinery or spend the time training to use it. They're tough customers for good reasons, so you
have to prove to them it will make
a difference in making better diagnoses or interventions," Rohling
says.
3D ultrasound has been used in
research labs for almost 15 years,
but it is just now beginning to
make its way into practice.
Rohling's research focuses on
developing better quality
3D-ultrasound technology for
clinical use. His efforts were
boosted recently by the purchase
of a GE 730 Expert. The first
equipment of its kind in Western
Canada, Rohling calls it the
"Porsche" of        ultrasound
machines.
So, just what difference does 3D
make when it comes to taking a
peek inside ourselves?
Judging from the image that
pops up on the GE 730 of twin
fetuses wiggling around in the
womb, it's a lot like the difference
between black and white and
colour TV.
Rohling prefers to use the
analogy of a loaf of bread.
"2D-ultrasound images are flat,
grainy-looking and unless you're a
skilled technician, can be hard to
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The Cecil H. and Ida Green
Visiting Professorships of Green College
Nominations are invited for the position of Cecil H. and Ida Green Visiting Professor. The main criteria for selection are the proposed visitor's
distinction, public speaking ability and appeal to a broad spectrum of
student, faculty and off-campus audiences. Performing artists may also
be nominated. The visits are usually for one concentrated week during
February, March, October or November and require a substantial commitment of time from a faculty coordinator.
Green Visiting Professor in Residence
Nominations are invited for the position of Green Visiting Professor in
Residence. Nominees must be exceptional researchers from outside
UBC whose work has the potential for significant impact in more than
one discipline. The appointee will live at Green College for three
months, conduct a term-long seminar under the auspices of the Individual Interdisciplinary Studies Graduate Program, give a general lecture,
and make a research-in-progress presentation.
Permanent deadlines: February 15 and October 31
Nominations are accepted at any time for the next competition. For detailed terms and procedures, contact Rosaline Rumley at Green College,
6201 Cecil Green Park Road, V6T IZI; vsp©interchange.ubc.ca
Prof. Robert Rohling shows off the "Porshe" of 3D ultrasound machines
the GE 730 Expert.
decipher," Rohling says. "2D
generates a cross-sectional image
which is like looking at a single
slice of bread, instead ofthe whole
loaf."
These images can be difficult to
interpret because we live in a
three-dimensional world, Rohling
explains, and our mind has a
difficult time trying to fit these
two-dimensional pieces together
into a three-dimensional object.
3D ultrasound also produces
cross-sectional slices, but stacks
them together into a volume - like
a whole loaf - that has width and
depth and height and can be
viewed from multiple angles.
By using computer graphics
principles that are "a lot like the
ones you'd see in the latest
blockbuster movies," Rohling says
3D ultrasound can also be used to
single out individual features, like
skin, for examination. The technique is called volume rendering.
Rohling is quick to point out
that 3D technology is not meant to
replace 2D ultrasound, which is
currently used in 99 per cent of
ultrasounds worldwide, but to
complement it.
From the patient's point of view,
3D can give them a better understanding and a more concrete connection between what they see on
the screen and reality.
While experienced sonographers
already do a tremendous amount
with 2D images, Rohling, who has
a background in biomedical
engineering, hopes his research
will help doctors to improve on a
number of procedures. In the area
of diagnoses, he hopes to enhance
the clarity and resolution of images
so that clinicians can see minor
details and detect cancers at earlier
stages. In the area of intervention,
which includes biopsies and
surgery, he is working on
providing special ultrasound tools
and software to physicians to
allow them to perform these faster,
easier and more accurately.
He has also been working with a
team of researchers nationwide on
neurosurgery innovations.
Currently, physicians must rely on
day-old MRI scans when operating
on the brain. The problem is the
brain can shift and expand during
surgery. Rohling hopes to use a
small brain probe to provide
surgeons with "real-time"
ultrasound updates of the MRI
scan during the procedure.
Rohling says it's difficult to
guess when 3D-ultrasound
technology will become
commonplace, but estimates clinical results will start to appear in a
few years. In the meantime,
Rohling is using the latest in
ultrasound technology on himself.
"I've used the GE 730 to look at
my abdomen and kidneys and they
scanned very well. Everything
seems fine," Rohling laughs. □
The differences between 2D ultrasound (right) and 3D ultrasound
(top) include colour and higher
definition.
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IHIItrEENWEJlK FETUS
Lloyd Axworthy, director and CEO of the Liu Institute
for Global Issues, recently became the first UBC expert
to participate in a live interview broadcast from the
Public Affairs studio in the Cecil Green Coach House.
The studio is equipped with   fibre optic cables that
allow any broadcaster in the world to take a live feed
from UBC. Here, Lloyd Axworthy chats live with CBC
Newsworld host Don Newman in Ottawa and former
Foreign Affairs Minister Barbara McDougall
in Toronto. UBC      REPORTS       |      JANUARY     2,      2003      |      5
Super Students With Diverse Resumes
Win Top Scholarships
Grades alone won't make the mark, by erica smishek
Their resumes list more accomplishments and activities than
many adults can claim in a
lifetime. Yet they're only recent
high school graduates, all starting their second terms at UBC.
Heather Buckley, Lik Hang
Lee, Edward Man-Tsun Cheung
and David Wei Si are the 2002
recipients of the Bank of
Montreal National Scholarships.
The undergraduate scholarships
are each valued at $40,000 over
four years and rank among the
premier university awards in
Canada.
They are awarded to students
entering UBC from high school
or transferring from other institutions who demonstrate academic excellence in combination
with significant contributions to
the community through volun-
teerism, athletics or artistic
excellence.
"My biggest challenge was
time management, trying to handle academics and activities," Si
says of a high school career at
Fraser Heights Secondary in
Surrey that included student
council, leadership and global
issues teams, the student
newsletter, the theatre club,
rugby, volleyball, basketball and
swimming, the Youth
Leadership Millennium, Centennial Toast-masters Club and
Canadian Cancer Society,
among others. He was also the
top Grade 11 and 12 science student at his secondary school.
"You have to study smart so
you save time," he explains.
"You can't just cram five hours
of studying in because you don't
have those five hours."
All the scholarship recipients
say their level of participation
increased as they moved through
the school system. All say they
took on activities because they
enjoyed and were challenged by
them, not because they would
look good on a resume or scholarship application.
"I wasn't unique in terms of
the amount of my commitments, " Buckley says of life at
Calgary's Western Canada High
School. "But nothing came naturally for me. When I succeeded,
it was worth more to me, it was
a real challenge to keep going.
When I was successful, it was
because I had to work at it."
As part of the scholarship
application process, the students
had stated their ultimate educa
tional and career objectives.
Most are already re-thinking
their goals in light of the new
classes and experiences they're
finding at UBC.
"My stated goal was medicine
but I'm just not sure now," says
things out there."
With different academic challenges and new homes (three
of the four are living in residence), the students had limited
their extra-curricular activities
in the first term but are slowly
first-year students develop the
skills, attitudes and knowledge
they need to prepare them to
take leadership roles at UBC
and beyond.
"It's very hard to define what
leadership  means  to  me,"   says
When I succeeded, it was worth more to me, it was a real challenge to
keep going. When I was successful, it was because I had to work at it.
Cheung, a Science One student
from Handsworth Secondary in
North Vancouver. "In these
short four months, I've opened
my eyes to new options and
different programs of study.
There   are   lots   of  interesting
taking   on   commitments   that
mean a lot to them.
Lee, for example, has joined
the First-year Committee,
Science Undergraduates Society,
and the Emerging Leaders Initiative, a program designed to help
Lee, a graduate of David
Thompson Secondary in
Vancouver. "It's just a way of life
and a lifestyle. It's something I
try to do - I try to be a leader
and help people and serve my
community." □
2002 recipients ofthe Bank of Montreal National Scholarships (clockwise from top left): Lik Hang Lee, Heather
Buckley, Edward Man-Tsun Cheung and David Wei Si. The undergraduate scholarships, each valued at $40,000
over four years, are among the top university awards in Canada.
UBC English Student Receives Rhodes Scholarship
"It's not just about being a bookworm... " by erica smishek
has   covered   a  lot  of
and she's just getting
Fourth-year Arts student Yaa-Hemaa Obiri-Yeboah
is bound for Oxford University as the 2003 Rhodes Scholar for B. C.
Yaa-Hemaa Obiri-Yeboah
ground in her 21  years -
started.
Completing her fourth year of an English
Honours program with a Political Science minor,
she recently received the 2003 Rhodes Scholarship
for British Columbia. She will pursue graduate
studies in English with a concentration in African
studies at Oxford University beginning in October.
"It looks like I'll be spending a lot of time in the
library," the articulate and personable student
jokes about her future at Oxford.
"As an international institution, there will be a
lot of opportunities. I'll be in a place where I can
grow intellectually and socially, I'll have access to a
lot of people and I'll have the ability to travel."
Obiri-Yeboah came to Canada from Ghana as a
refugee at the age of two when her parents fled a
military coup. She now mentors children in the
African-Canadian community and writes opinion
pieces for The Afro News, a paper directed to
Vancouver's African-Canadian community.
"I see the African Studies programme as an
opportunity to become more political and eloquent
on the subject of African peoples," Obiri-Yeboah
wrote in her essay to the Selection Committee for
the Rhodes Scholarship.
"I want to shatter stereotypes placed upon
African peoples, thereby deconstructing the harmful images that have their roots in the age of
colonialism.   The   voices   of  African   individuals
telling their own stories, defining their own identities and speaking the truth as they see and live it
must be heard. I want to participate in this process
of telling a new story about Africa and its people."
The Rhodes Scholarships were established in
1902 by English colonial statesman and businessman Cecil Rhodes. They were designed to bring
outstanding students from across the world to
study at Oxford University, in the interests of
promoting international understanding and public
service.
The scholarships require a high level of literacy
and scholastic achievement, success in sports,
strong qualities of leadership and character, and
evidence of public service. They provide for all
expenses for travel to, and study at, Oxford
University for two years, with an option for a third
year. The current value of the scholarship is more
than $100,000.
"They look for 'normal people," Obiri-Yeboah
says ofthe Rhodes selection process. "It's not just
about being a bookworm but of people doing
things in their community and in the world."
Apart from her academic career, Obiri-Yeboah
plays field hockey, teaches piano and has spent a
great deal of time working in student politics and in
writing and speaking on issues related to human
rights and the plight of marginalized peoples.
Eleven Rhodes Scholarships are awarded in
Canada each year, one of which is allocated to
British Columbia. □ 6     I
1C      REPORTS      |      JANUARY     2,      2003
UBC ALUMNI
i'Am^A
The Loved and the Lost
We reported in the last
issue of UBC Reports
that a number of alumni
have been "lost." While
such a statement might
evoke images of confused graduates wandering down the soap aisle
looking for their mommies, it just means we
don't know how to contact them. Sometime
since graduation they
have moved and not
sent in a change of
address. Ofthe 208,981
individuals who have
graduated from UBC
over the years, 45,210
have gone missing. At
nearly 23 per cent of the
total, this is about average for a database the
size  and   age   of  ours.
just the same, staff in   Where are they now?
the Records department
at Advancement Services work diligently to locate these alumni. Each
year, they find about 1,000.
Finding our lost alumni is important. Addressable alumni get Trek
magazine delivered to their doorsteps, receive notification of reunions
and other class events, and have an opportunity to volunteer as mentors, members of faculty committees, class representatives and more. It's
also important for the university to know what's become of graduates.
UBC's reputation depends in part on how well our grads do in the
world, and that demographic data needs to be as thorough as possible.
As well, being on the "active" list means grads will have an opportunity to give something back to the university.
Some of our lost alumni will have passed away, but most are still out
there, using their UBC degree to make a splash in the world. At a recent
family wedding gathering in Leavenworth, Washington, one UBC staff
person reports doing a rough poll of the guests, most of whom originated in Canada, to find out how many were 1) UBC grads and; 2) still
on the mailing list. The staffer found five lost alumni, three still living
B.C. and two living in California. Those five alumni are now found, and
up-to-date on the university database.
If you are a UBC grad working on campus, make sure you're on the
"active" list. Call the Alumni Association (23313) and check yourself
in. You'll be glad you did.
Chris Petty, Communications Manager, Alumni Association
Students Want More Consultation
Before Tuition is Raised Again
New fees could take effect in May 2003
BY MICHELLE COOK
A proposal to increase tuition fees
by 20 to 30 per cent is scheduled
to go before UBC's Board of
Governors for approval in late
January but student leaders are
saying they haven't been adequately consulted on the process.
The proposal is for tuition in
the 2003/04 academic year to be
raised by 30 per cent for most
undergraduate students and 20
per cent for research-based graduate programs. Increases for professional graduate programs such
as Journalism, Architecture and
Human Kinetics range from 20 to
30 per cent. A differentiated
undergraduate engineering fee is
proposed which would increase
tuition by 40 per cent.
UBC Vice-president, Students,
Brian Sullivan said that while last
March's tuition increases have
allowed the university to make
improvements in course availability, class size, classrooms, technical support and other areas, there
are additional measures that must
be taken.
"The university is still coming
out of a prolonged period of
frozen tuition fees and we know
the quality of programs has suffered. We have evidence that we
are beginning to turn things
around, and we've looked at the
resources required to make additional improvements. In our estimate that requires increases at
both the undergraduate and grad
uate levels," Sullivan said.
He adds that even with the
recent tuition increases, UBC
remains substantially below the
national average. Outside of
Quebec, it is still the least expensive university in Canada to
attend.
Both AMS president Kristen
Harvey and GSS president Brian
de Alwis, who together represent
the 37,000 students at UBC, say
that the university has not consulted with students sufficiently
on the proposed increases.
"We were advised of this proposal a few days before the end of
term," de Alwis says. "When
you're going to consult with students you have to do it when it's
possible for them. That's not during exams or during Christmas
break when there's not a huge percentage of students on campus."
Harvey adds that students don't
have critical pieces of information
including an efficiencies report on
where revenue from the last year's
tuition increases has been spent,
and an assessment of the tuition
increase.
Sullivan admits that the timing
for consulting with students has
been tight, but says meeting with
students will be a top priority
leading up to January's Board of
Governors meeting.
"There is lots of student interest
in this matter especially on the
size of the tuition increase, access
and how the money is being
spent," Sullivan said. "We will
make ourselves available to meet
with students any time and any
place. Any student who wants to
have a voice in this will."
If approved, Sullivan says the
tuition hikes are expected to generate $28 million in additional
revenue for UBC. The funds will
be used to attract and retain top-
quality faculty, improve faculty-
to-student ratios, and maintain
teaching facilities. An additional
$5 million will be allocated to support specific improvements to
UBC's learning environment identified in consultation with students
and deans, and $4 million will be
allocated to additional student
financial support.
The tuition proposal is scheduled to be presented to the Board
of Governors on Jan. 27, 2003.
The Finance Committee of the
Board, which meets on Jan.23,
will review the tuition proposal
and the student consultation
process, and may consider holding
a special meeting in February to
discuss tuition increases should
additional consultations be
deemed necessary.
If the current proposal is
approved, the new fee schedule
will take effect in May 2003. A
report on how last year's revenue
was allocated is available at
http://students.ubc.ca/finance/fees/
tuitionpolicy.cfm. □
The Faculty of Graduate
Studies provides centralized,
coordinated services to
almost 7,000 master's and
doctoral students at UBC,
and is home to a family of
units and institutes that
pursue an unparalleled
breadth of interdisciplinary
research and training.
UBC hires on the basis of
merit and is committed to
employment equity. All
qualified persons are
encouraged to apply;
however, Canadian citizens
and permanent residents will
be given priority.
Applicants should send a
letter describing their
interest in the position, a
curriculum vitae, and names
and addresses of at least four
references whom we can
contact in confidence, to the
attention of the appropriate
search committee:
Dr. Frieda Granot, Dean
Faculty of Graduate
Studies
University of British
Columbia
6371 Crescent Road
Vancouver, V6T 1Z2
f: 604-822-9202
e: lillian.koh@ubc.ca
THE   UNIVERSITY   OF   BRITISH   COLUMBIA
Faculty of
Graduate Studies
Institute of Applied Mathematics
DIRECTOR
UBC invites applications for the position of Director of the Institute of
Applied Mathematics (IAM), to take office July 1, 2003. IAM promotes
interdisciplinary research and teaching involving computational and
applied mathematics. The search for Director is internal within UBC.
Applicants should bring expertise or major interest in applied
mathematics, and may be from any faculty or department. The successful
candidate will be a scholar of exceptional standing with a broad vision for
interdisciplinarity, demonstrated commitment to excellence in research,
proven leadership and administrative abilities, and outstanding
interpersonal skills. Deadline: January 30, 2003
www.iam.ubc.ca
www.facultyrelations.ubc.ca/faculty/gradad.htm
Individual Interdisciplinary Studies Graduate Program
CHAIR
The University of British Columbia invites applications for the position of
Chair of the Individual Interdisciplinary Studies Graduate Program (IISGP),
effective as soon as possible. The Program focuses on individual graduate
students wishing to pursue advanced interdisciplinary research exceeding the
provisions of existing departmental programs. While drawing on expertise
within the university community, IISGP also fosters an interest in building
bridges to approaches to interdisciplinarity outside UBC. The office for
IISGP is located in Green College. The Chair must be a distinguished
scholar with a passion for interdisciplinarity and exceptional qualities in
leadership, collaboration, and service to graduate students. Administrative
experience and community service in an academic setting are definite assets.
Deadline: January 30, 2003
www.iisgp.ubc.ca
www.facultyrelations.ubc.ca/faculty/gradad.htm
Fisheries Centre
DIRECTOR
UBC invites applications for the position of Director of the Fisheries
Centre, to take office July 1, 2003, or as soon thereafter as possible. The
Fisheries Centre at UBC is a world-class unit with particular strength in
ecosystem-based management approaches and tools, and marine
conservation. The successful candidate must be an internationally
distinguished scholar of exceptional standing, and bring a broad vision for
interdisciplinary fisheries research. The new Director will demonstrate an
understanding of the principles of emerging ecosystem-based science, and
the capacity to initiate and support collaborative research and graduate
programs. Deadline: February 28, 2003
www.fisheries.ubc.ca
www.facultyrelations.ubc.ca/faculty/gradad.htm
St.John's College
PRINCIPAL
The University of British Columbia invites applications for the
position of Principal of St. John's College, to take office July 1, 2003,
or as soon as possible thereafter. St. John's College was established
six years ago as an academic graduate college with a focus on
internationalism, global issues, and cultural diversity. The Principal
must be an internationally distinguished scholar with exceptional
qualities in leadership, intercultural sensitivity, and sociability.
Administrative experience and community service in an academic
setting are definite assets. The Principal will hold a tenured joint
appointment at the professorial rank in the Faculty of Graduate
Studies and another academic unit in her or his area of specialization.
An administrative stipend will be available, as will administrative
leaves. Deadline: February 15, 2003
www.stjohns.ubc.ca
www.facultyrelations.ubc.ca/faculty/gradad.htn
FOSTERING   INNOVATION   IN   RESEARCH  AND  LEARNING
WWW.GRAD.UBC.CA UBC      REPORTS      |      JANUARY     2,     2003      |      7
Vancouver
Readyfor
Safe
Injection
Sites, Say
UBC
Experts
Research indicates lives
and money will be saved
BY HILARY THOMSON
There     are     few     issues       in
Vancouver more controversial
than the creation of safe injection
sites for the addicts in the city's
Downtown Eastside. In a recent
municipal election, this issue
played a major role in the upset
of an entire slate of city councillors.
Medical experts at UBC have
not hesitated to wade into the
debate.
Dr. Michael O'Shaughnessy,
director of the B.C. Centre for
Excellence in HIV/AIDS, says
safe injection sites would improve
what many health-care professionals are calling a public health
crisis.
"These sites are not a perfect
solution, nor will all addicts use
them," he says. "But it is clear
that if there is a group of individuals who regularly use the safe
site, the number of overdoses will
decline."
There are about 125,000 intravenous drug users in Canada
according to the Canadian
HIV/AIDS Legal Network. The
network has cited a 1998 study
that estimated the direct and indirect costs of HIV and AIDS
attributed   to   intravenous   drug
use in Canada would mount to
$8.7 billion by 2004 if current
trends continue.
Also, intravenous drug users
incur costs for doctor visits,
emergency services, hospital
admissions and medications to
treat bacterial infections and
other illnesses. In addition, there
are policing and legal costs to
enforce drug laws.
Health Canada is currently
accepting proposals from cities
interested in establishing safe
injection sites and a federally
approved site could be established sometime this year. It is
not yet known how sites will be
funded. The cost of establishing
and monitoring a single facility
in its first year could cost
between $500,000 and
$800,000, according to network
officials.
With more than 2,000 overdose deaths since 1992,
Vancouver's Downtown Eastside
has the country's most visible
drug addiction problem, says
O'Shaughnessy. In addition,
approximately 30 per cent of
addicts are HIV positive and
more than 90 per cent have hepatitis C virus.
Researchers and health-care
practitioners in Vancouver have
led the academic debate in
Canada on the topic of safe injection sites, he says, and opinions
are divided about the value of
such sites.
Often confused with shooting
galleries - areas run by drug
dealers where addicts can inject -
safe injection sites are health
facilities. There, people who
have purchased the drug can
inject safely, using clean needles
and equipment under the supervision of trained staff. Users have
access to medical and social support services at the facility and
can be referred to detox centres
and drug treatment programs.
O'Shaughnessy is confident
that users would participate in
the sites, based on results from
the Vancouver Injection Drug
User study conducted by local
researchers in 2001. Users were
specifically asked if they would
use such a site and the majority
indicated they would. In addition,
users stated that they continued to
share needles despite the availability of a large needle exchange
program.
"We have learned what not
having a site leads to," says
O'Shaughnessy. "It is time for us
to approach this epidemic with a
view to reducing the incidence of
overdoses and disease."
In addition to health benefits,
approximately 45 sites in a dozen
cities in Europe and Australia are
credited with limiting violence
associated with drug use, reducing
the public nuisance of people
injecting on the street and the
health risk of needles discarded in
public places.
A key benefit of safe injection
sites is the opportunity to establish relationships with addicted
individuals to help them stabilize
their lives, says Edward Kruk,
associate professor of Social Work
and an expert in addiction counselling.
In Europe, social workers staff
the sites along with users or former users who serve as peer counsellors. Users can determine their
own goals that may or may not
include abstinence but might
include finding housing and
meaningful employment, seeing a
doctor, improving nutrition, and
obtaining social supports.
Kruk counters the argument
that money for sites could be better spent on treatment facilities by
pointing out that traditional treatment methods don't work that
well. In Frankfurt, Germany, the
rate of recovery for those using
safe injection sites is more than
four times higher than for North
Americans using traditional treatment therapies, he reports.
"We need to examine the whole
issue of addiction treatment from
the perspective of drug users and
former users," he says. "There's
been a huge shift in public and
political sentiment here over the
last three years and I think
Vancouver is ready for safe injection sites." □
Victoria Bell
Your University Area Specialist
www.victoriabell.ca
Top Volume Producer Dunbar Office
1999/2000/2001
Member MLS Medallion Club
1999/2000/2001
Cel 604-209-1382
My real estate goal is to build
integrity based relationships
backed with an extremely high
commitment to professionalism
and accountability. I offer 23 years
of success and experience.
Please call me for any university
real estate market information,
current evaluation of your
property or any real estate
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DEXTER ASSOCIATES REALTY   -   604-228-9339
Retiring Within S Years?
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Don Proteau
B.Comm, CFP, RFP
Senior Financial Planner
Assante Financial
Mangement Ltd.
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Frank Danielson
B.Edv CFP
Senior Financial Planner
Assante Financial
Mangement Ltd.
dpioteau@assante.com
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fdanielson@assante.com
+ Complimentary consultations available for UBC Faculty and Staff +
+ Retirement and Estate planning +
+ Campus Workshops *
+ References available ♦
"I am completely satisfied with the service I am receiving from Don."
M. Dale Kinkade, Professor Emeritus of Linguistics, UBC
"Frank and Don made me feel very comfortable with their advice and long range
planning. Their knowledge of the faculty pension plan is also a plus for UBC
professors."
Dr. J. H. McNeill, Professor, Pharmaceutical Sciences, UBC
Call or e-mail today for a complimentary retirement analysis
604-638-0335
El Assante
The Assante symbol is a registered trademark of Assante Corporation, used under license.
Assante Financial Management Ltd.
Berkowitz & Associates
Consulting Inc.
Statistical Consulting
research design • data analysis • sampling • forecasting
Jonathan Berkowitz, Ph.D
4160 Staulo Crescent, Vancouver, B.C. V6N 3S2
Office: (604) 263-1508 Fax: (604) 263-1708
Academic Editing
Editing
Shaping
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Academic papers, articles, journals, presentations, proposals
Immediate attention and prompt delivery
Hourly rate with estimates - Coursework not accepted
 David Harrison 	
20 years academic work in Canada, U.S. and Europe
E-mail: dharrison@direct.ca Ph: 604-733-3499
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IMAGING SERVICES
ART & GRAPHICS
PHOTOGRAPHY     ^
TV & MEDIA PRODUCTION
MEDIA & EQUIPMENT SALES
AV EQUIPMENT RENTALS
NEW ON-CAMPUS (LAMINATION
for your posters, signs & banners
Maximum 36" width
3 mm gloss and 6 mm matte laminates available
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Room 632. Woodward H*C
21M Hearth Sciences Mall
Vancauvw, B.C.V&T1Z3
Tel. (604)622-5561
Fax: (604} S22-20O4
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Building REPORTS      |      JANUARY     2,      2003
Dunbar Eyecare
— optometry
Dr. C. Kriekenbeek
Eye Examinations • Contact Lenses
Computer Vision • Surgical Co-management
• Extraordinary Eyewear
For an appointment, please call 604.263.8874
Suite #2 - 3554 W. 41st Ave, Vancouver, B.C.
(Just minutes away from campus)
inside the box.
Every day the news media
look for UBC experts to
interview - to share their
knowledge and get the
public thinking about
issues.
Why does this matter to
UBC faculty?
It's an opportunity to
share your own teaching
and research expertise
with the rest ofthe world.
UBC Public Affairs has
opened both a radio and
TV studio on campus
where you can do live
interviews with local,
national and international
media outlets.
To learn more about being a UBC expert, call us at 604.822.2064
and visit our web site at www.publicaffairs.ubc.ca/experts/signup
NEWS TV I RADIO
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Waiting Centre
Offering a variety of non-credit courses and services
to the university community and the general public
Report and Business Writing
Jan 21-Apr 15
Tutoring Techniques
Jan 30-Mar 6
Writing and Publishing a
Research Paper
Feb 1-Mar 22
Writing for Graduate Students
Feb 25-Apr 1
UBC Continuing Studies
604-822-9564
www.writingcentre.ubc.ca
FRENCH
SPANISH
ITALIAN
GERMAN
Languages
Cultures
and Travel
Non-credit day, evening or Saturday
morning conversational classes start
MANDARIN
PORTUGUESE
PUNJABI
HUNGARIAN
UKRAINIAN
POLISH
January 25
Courses on the cultures of China,
Latin America, France, Italy and more
Destination travel programs to immerse
you in a new language or culture
604-822-0802
Languages, Cultures and Travel
UBC Continuing Studies
www.languages.ubc.ca
Kyoto Accord
continued from page 1
This is a tremendous economic opportunity. The World Bank
has estimated that trillions of
dollars of new urban infrastructure will have to be built over the
next decade. Who is going to get
a piece of this action? My belief
is that those who can deliver
technologies and services in a
more sustainable fashion,
including the use of low-carbon
technologies, will have a major
competitive advantage.
This is the opportunity
represented by the Kyoto targets.
The countries, and companies,
that move fastest in developing
technologies and processes that
reduce greenhouse gas emissions,
improve environmental quality,
and create jobs are likely to do
rather well in a more crowded
and congested future. It is not
that there will not be costs
associated with achieving these
opportunities. But incurring
these costs will give rise to both
environmental and economic
benefits: they are investments in
a more sustainable world.
Moreover, achieving sustainable development futures will
require massive innovation, and
the development of new
technologies and services,
including especially new
telecommunications and information technologies. As a result,
moving in this direction is
strongly consistent with, and
supportive of, the development
of the new information economy
the pundits tell us is necessary
for Canada to achieve prosperity
in the future.
So the politicians who voice
fears about the costs of Kyoto
are actually thinking about the
issue the wrong way. In fact,
it is failing to act on the Kyoto
opportunity that will pose the
real net costs - environmental,
social and economic - on
Canadian society.
John Robinson is a professor at
UBC's Sustainable Development
Research Institute. He was Chair
of the Canadian Global Change
Program's Panel on Canadian
Options for Greenhouse Gas
Emissions Reductions (1992-3)
and was a Coordinating Lead
Author of the Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change for both
the Second (1995) and Third
(2001) Assessment Reports. □
UBC
kudos
Strynadka awarded the 2002 Steacie Prize
Natalie Strynadka, associate professor of Biochemistry and an
expert in the design of new antibiotics, has been awarded the
2002 Steacie Prize, Canada's top award for young scientists
and engineers.
Strynadka and her research team recently discovered that
an enzyme that plays a key role in the function of antibiotic-
resistant bacteria is abnormally structured - a difference that
allows the bacteria to survive in the presence of antibiotics.
The information will help scientists design new classes of drugs
to conquer potentially lethal infections caused by the bacteria.
An associate member of UBC's Biotechnology Laboratory
and a member of the Centre for Blood Research, Strynadka
joined UBC in 1997.
She is an Investigator of the Canadian Institutes of Health
Research, a Burroughs Wellcome New Investigator and a
Howard Hughes Medical Institute International Scholar.
Previous Steacie Prize recipients include Biotechnology
Laboratory faculty members Brett Finlay and Terry Snutch.
The Steacie Prize is a Canadian award of $15,000 presented
to a scientist or engineer of 40 years of age or less for
outstanding scientific work. The prize is given by the E.W.R.
Steacie Memorial Fund, a private foundation dedicated to the
advancement of science and engineering in Canada. □
Martha Piper Appointed to Second UBC Term
The University of British
Columbia Board of Governors
has re-appointed Martha Piper
as UBC President and Vice-
Chancellor. Piper's second term
will run to Nov. 15, 2007.
"The board is pleased to
have retained Canada's finest
university president in a highly
competitive international
market where people of Dr.
Piper's calibre are in great
demand," Board of Govenors
Chair Larry Bell said. "Since
arriving at UBC in 1997,
Martha Piper has provided
unprecedented leadership that
extends throughout our campuses, our community, our
province and our country.
Martha Piper has been very
good for UBC, and she has
been very good for B.C."
Piper is UBC's 11th president since 1913, when Frank
Wesbrook first held the chief
executive officer position in an
institution that has since grown
to more than 35,000 students,
10,000 faculty and staff, and
annual expenditures approaching $1 billion. Piper's contract,
in line with compensation at
similar Canadian universities,
stipulates an annual salary of
$350,000 with incentive
payments of up to $50,000 per
year if performance goals set
by the Board of Governors
are met. □
TIME    PIECE    1915
In 1915, UBC opened its doors to 379 students and 34 faculty on an operating budget of $175,000.
This basement science lab shows that back then, classroom space was an issue. Now, UBC has
more than 37,000 students and about 2,000 faculty while operating on a budget of about $1 billion.
While we've come a long way from this basement lab, classroom space continues to be one of the
university's top priorities.

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