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UBC Reports Mar 4, 2010

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HE    UNIVERSITY    OF    BRITISH    COLUMBIA    |    VOLUME    56    NO    03    |    MARCH    4,    2010    |    WWW.UBC.CA
UBC 2010 Games
2010 Media Centre
Paralympics a force for change
Canadians say the Games are changing attitudes about
disabilities, by hilary Thomson page 4
Sledge hockey athlete (above).
Small (mining) is beautiful —
Fair trade approach levels the field
"sustainable mining" may sound like
an oxymoron, but considering that
all humanity depends on resources
that must be either grown or mined,
the concept is not self-contradictory,
rather, it's imperative.
Professor Marcello Veiga of UBC's
Norman B. Keevil Institute of Mining
Engineering is promoting a new
sustainable philosophy in mining
based upon findings from a six-year
United Nations study.
Working for three decades
as a metallurgical engineer and
environmental geochemist for mining
and consulting companies in more
than 25 countries, Veiga reached a
pivotal point in his life and career
when he visited Serra Pelada, a mine
270 miles south of the Amazon
River in Brazil, in the 1980s and
saw the activity of artisanal miners,
individuals who mine or pan for gold
using their own resources.
"I used to have the typical industry
mentality that artisanal miners were
criminals, stealing the gold and
polluting the environment," says
Veiga. "But when I saw thousands of
dirt-covered labourers climbing up
rickety ladders with rock-filled sacks
continued on page i
Celebrate Research Week
March 5-14
Marcello Veiga's research will be profiled
during UBC's annual celebration of discovery
and dialogue, www.celebrateresearch.ubc.ca
More: pages 8 and 9
Prof. Marcello Veiga has completed a six-year study on mining with the United Nations. 2    |    UBC    REPORTS    |    MARCH    4,    20J0
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Highlights of UBC media coverage in February 2010. compiled by heather amos
UBC meterorologist Douw Steyn explained the rain on Cypress Mountain to Winter Olympics media.
Canada balances protests and
civil liberties
The New York Times, the Guardian,
the Seattle Times, the Boston Globe,
CBC News, the New York Daily News,
the Globe and Mail, the Vancouver
Sun and others, reported on Olympic
Chris Shaw, professor of
ophthalmology at UBC and one of
the most prominent anti-Olympic
activists who participated in the
protests, said: "We think everything
about the Games as they currently
exist is wrong."
Reporters also spoke to Joe
Cutbirth, a journalism professor,
Michael Byers, a civil libertarian
and political science professor, and
a handful of UBC students in their
Debate about Olympic legacies
Reuters, Agence France Presse and
the Globe and Mail reported on the
legacies and cost of the Winter
Rob VanWynsberghe, the lead
researcher of the Olympic Games
Impact study, James Brander,
professor at the Sauder School of
Business, and Tsur Somerville, a
professor in real-estate finance,
discussed their Olympic research in
the reports.
Brander said the infrastructure
projects are the most important
legacies of the Games and the only
"bad" project, that could lose money,
is the athlete's village. The BBC, CTV
and the Vancouver Sun also reported
versions of this story.
Vancouver 2010 to Be Warmest
Winter Olympics Yet
January was warmer than usual for
Vancouver and there were concerns
about what this meant for the 2010
Winter Games, National Geographic
and CBS News reported this month.
UBC atmospheric scientist William
Hsieh discussed the warm weather
and El Nino, while UBC meteorologist
Douw Steyn explained why there had
been more rain than snow at Cypress
"The temperatures have been higher
than normal, so what falls does not
fall as snow," said Steyn.
Riefenstahl footage in video
causes stir
UBC historian Richard Menkis
discussed VANOC's use of
footage from a 1936 Nazi financed
film of the Berlin Olympics for an
official video for their Olympic torch
relay, in the New York Times and the
Globe and Mail.
The Globe and Mail also spoke to
Ira Nadel, a UBC English professor,
about the controversy. "I was very
surprised to see that it appeared in
their formal, official welcome to the
Olympic relay promo," he said.
Canadian IOC member
Dick Pound calls doped athletes
sociopathic cheats'
The Canadian Press reported on UBC's
first Sport and Society lecture about
sport, ethics and technology. The
lectures are part of a program of
dialogues coinciding with the Winter
Dick Pound spoke at the first
lecture along with Olympian Beckie
Scott and UBC's Jim Rupert, a
professor in Human Kinetics.
Sid Katz was featured in a report
about the Sport and Society lectures
in the Vancouver Courier, and the
Province and the Georgia Straight
reported on the second lecture
featuring Stephen Lewis and Johann
Koss. ■
Executive Director      SCOTT MACRAE scott.macrae@ubc.ca
Editor RANDY SCHMIDT randy.schmidt@ubc.ca
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ANN GONCALVES ann.goncalves@ubc.ca
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Web Designer MICHAEL KO michael.ko@ubc.ca
Contributors HEATHER AMOS heather.amos@ubc.ca
MELISSA ASHMAN melissa.ashman@ubc.ca
LORRAINE CHAN lorraine.chan@ubc.ca
GLENN DREXHAGE glenn.drexhage@ubc.ca
PATRICIA HALL patricia.hall@ubc.ca
ERINROSE HANDY erinrose.handy@ubc.ca
jody jacob jody.jacob@ubc.ca
BUD MORTENSON bud.mortenson@ubc.ca
Advertising PEARLIE DAVISON pearlie.davison@ubc.ca
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I: public.affairs@ubc.c; MARCH    4,    20J0    |    UBC    REPORTS    |    3
UBC Okanagan researcher
wants to turn waste into renewable energy
UBC Okanagan is working with
municipalities, farms, factories
and mills to identify effective ways
to turn their organic waste into
renewable energy — methane —
and organic fertilizer.
Cigdem Eskicioglu's research is
examining ways to improve energy
production from agricultural and
industrial waste, while also diverting
waste from landfills and reducing
pathogens, odour and greenhouse
gas emissions.
"In Canada, our waste is not
utilized as a resource," says
Eskicioglu. "If we can make use of
the waste in innovative ways to
extract energy and recycle it within
our communities, this will take
Canada a step closer to achieving its
disintegrate — the highly complex
waste sludges from a pulp mill in
Quesnel, B.C.
"By disintegrating biowaste into
a smaller, simpler form of organics,
we can enhance the biodegradation
rate, and therefore increase the
amount of methane produced," says
"If this study reveals high methane
potential, then the pulp mill may
want to build their own digester,
which would give them the ability
to use their waste to create energy
that could potentially be used in
their facility and end up saving
them money, while at the same time
reducing their carbon footprint."
Eskicioglu is also talking to
the City of Kelowna in the B.C.
Interior about a more sustainable
disposal method for biosolids
from the community's wastewater
Eskicioglu's research group develops
advanced anaerobic digestion
processes for turning organic residues
— manure, food processing waste,
bioethanol plant stillage, sewage
sludge, even the organic portions of
garbage — into energy sources
and nutrient-rich fertilizer.
Kyoto targets for greenhouse
gas reduction."
Anaerobic digestion — a
treatment that breaks down organic
waste in the absence of oxygen —
produces a biogas comprised
primarily of methane and carbon
dioxide that can be used to generate
electricity and heat. Eskicioglu's
research group develops advanced
anaerobic digestion processes for
turning organic residues — manure,
food processing waste, bioethanol
plant stillage, sewage sludge, even
the organic portions of garbage —
into energy sources and nutrient-
rich fertilizer.
In partnership with the University
of Ottawa, Eskicioglu is examining
techniques to break down — or
treatment plant.
"Currently, the municipal biosolids
are being mixed with woodchips to
produce compost, but composting
has a large carbon footprint as well
as some other environmental issues
such as odour," says Eskicioglu.
Eskicioglu hopes to test the
concept of co-digesting the
biosolids anaerobically with other
organic waste available in the
region. If the process produces
significant methane, the gas could
be captured and used to generate
electricity, while the now-digested
biosolids could be used as organic-
rich fertilizer.
Eskicioglu's research is
supported by the Natural Science
and Engineering Research Council
Assist. Prof. Cigdem Eskicioglu is finding ways to extract energy from waste and recycle it.
of Canada. She recently received
an additional $319,962 from the
Canada Foundation for Innovation,
the B.C. Knowledge Development
Fund, equipment vendors, and UBC
to establish her new state-of-the-
art laboratory.
New equipment will enhance
the lab's ability to disintegrate
biowaste using advanced microwave,
ultrasonic and mechanical
techniques, says Eskicioglu.
"This new infrastructure will
help me identify the organic waste
suitable for anaerobic digestion
in the Okanagan," she says. "If
samples indicate a high potential
of methane, we can look at ways
of building full-scale digesters to
convert this waste into resources
and become a more sustainable
community." ■
Hero of "Hotel Rwanda" a keynote speaker during
International Week — March 15-19
paul rusesabagina, a Rwandan internationally honoured
for saving more than 1,200 refugees during the 1994
Rwandan genocide, will be the keynote speaker at UBC's
International Week (I.Week) March 15-19. The film based
on his story, Hotel Rwanda, will be screened at S.U.B. on
March 16 at 7 p.m.
Breaking Borders is the theme of this year's I.Week
which offers a series of international learning and cultural
events for the UBC community and provides students with
progressive levels of leadership opportunities.
A Hutu, Rusesabagina used his influence and
connections as a Kigali hotel manager to shelter members
of both Tutsi and Hutu tribes from slaughter. He will tell his
story at a free event at the Chan Centre for the Performing
Arts on March 17 from noon to 1:30 p.m.
Other I.Week attractions include a Food Fair at the Lhada
Student Centre March 15 from 5-7 p.m. and a Volunteer
Fair will be jointly hosted with UBC's Alma Mater Society
March 15 and 16 at S.U.B. from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m.
This year's I.Week showcases international activities
organized by faculties and campus units. A Faculty of
Applied Science presentation, "Engineering to make a
Difference" highlights engineering research projects with
global impact. There will also be a showcase of work by
Faculty of Arts Undergraduate Research Award recipients;
a workshop on the Ethics of International Engagement
and Service Learning, offered by the College of Health
Disciplines; and events exploring student engagement with
developing countries, offered by UBC's Go Global.
The week will end with a Grand Performance by UBC
students, staff and members of the community at the
S.U.B. Ballroom on March 19 at 7 p.m. The event includes
musical performances ranging from a guitar/ukulele duet
to an acapella singing group and a band called Roman Foot
Soldiers that comprises six UBC Indonesian students from
various faculties. Dance performances include US hula
dancers, Indian dancers and UBC Dance Club.
I. Week attracts more than 3,000 participants every
year. More information may be found at www.iweek.ubc.ca
Paul Rusesabagina's presentation has been made possible
through a collaboration of I.Week organizers at International
Student Development and the International Relations
Students Association. Additional support has been provided
by the AMS Innovative Project Fund. 4    |    UBC    REPORTS    |    MARCH    4,    20J0
A fully licensed restaurant with an
upscale casual dining atmosphere is
on the south side of campus.
9:30am - n:oopm (Mon-Thur) | 9:30am - 11:30pm (Fri / Sat)
10:00am - 10:00pm (Sun) 10:00am - 2:00pm (Sunday Brunch)
Located at 2205 Lower Mall, Marine Drive Residence, Building #4       \_J
For hours of operation visit www.food.ubc.ca _\l
Brunch hits the Spot!
Saturday & Sunday | nam - 4pm
8:00am - 9:00pm (M-Th) | 8:00am - 10:00pm (F)
11:00am - 8:30pm (Sat) | 11:00am - 8:00pm (Sun)
Located at the David Lam Research Centre - 2015 Main Ma
or hours of operation visit www.food.ubc.ca
In March, 2010, Campus and Community Planning will be holding a public
consultation about the future location of bus infrastructure as well as
how to improve cycling and walking on campus.
To receive information and updates about the consultation, please email
stefani.lu@ubc.ca, subject line "transportation consultation."
IUBCI       a place of mine
Campus + Community Planning
visit planning.ubc.ca
for more information
a force for change
the 2010 winter games get the credit
for prompting public initiatives that
help people with disabilities,
according to almost 50 per cent
of Canadians surveyed in a recent
UBC Olympic Games Impact (OGI)
study. The survey and study have
been conducted under the auspices
of the new UBC Centre for Sport and
"In the last decade Games organizing
committees have also put together
Paralympics Games and this mode
may have helped raise awareness
surrounding disability issues," says
Prof. Rob VanWynsberghe, who leads
believed both the Winter Olympic
and Paralympic Games increased
their knowledge of sports for
people with disabilities and their
overall acceptance of people with
disabilities. Among employers, about
one-quarter said their willingness to
hire people with disabilities has gone
up due to the Games
"This is very positive because
employment rates among people
with disabilities are much lower than
among the general population, and
attitudes of employers constitute
a major barrier to employment of
people with disabilities," says Lyn
Jongbloed, associate professor
of Occupational Science and
from Fine Arts to Forestry. It is
measuring the impact of Olympic
and Paralympic Games over time
through a consistent and comparable
reporting system. Olympic
organizing committees around the
world are now required to work with
independent research organizations
to conduct OGI studies
Results from the pre-Games
research will be compared to post-
Games data, and VanWynsberghe
estimates the last OGI report wil
be finalized by December 2010
The research team will make
recommendations to VANOC based
on their findings, and team members
hopes future organizing committees
Among employers, about one-quarter said
their willingness to hire people with disabilities
has gone up due to the Games.
the UBC OGI Project Group.
For the Sydney Australia Paralympic
Games in 2000, the Internationa
Paralympic Committee and the
nternational Olympic Committee
agreed to a set of shared principles
and a further agreement in 2001
protected the organization of the
Paralympic Games and secured the
practice of "one bid, one city."
The online survey of more than
1,600 Canadians was conducted in
December 2009 to measure changes
in public and personal awareness
and attitudes since the Olympic/
Paralympic Games were awarded
to Vancouver/Whistler in 2003
The survey is part of the first-ever
comprehensive OGI study which
VANOC has commissioned to evaluate
and compare various pre-and post-
Games impacts
Results showed 41-50 per cent of
respondents felt the Games triggered
additional accessibility of buildings,
sidewalks and public spaces as wel
as specialized programs and training
for athletes with disabilities and
government support for disabled
Also, 32-40 per cent of respondents
Occupational Therapy. Not involved
in the OGI research, she comments
from her perspective as a therapist
who has worked with spinal cord
injury and stroke patients and
as a researcher interested in the
interrelationship between disability
and the social, economic and
political environment
The OGI survey found B.C
residents were the least likely to
report that the Games had positive
personal or public impacts, which
researchers attribute to higher levels
of opposition to the Games within
B.C. compared to the rest of Canada
"Despite the lower response in
B.C., we know from other Games
that as the competition draws nearer,
people's attitudes get more positive
as they decide to 'put their best face
forward,'" says VanWynsberghe,
a sociologist with a focus on
sustainability research and a member
ofthe School of Human Kinetics and
Dept. of Educational Studies in the
Faculty of Education
The eight-person OGI Project
Group includes undergraduates,
graduates, post-doctoral fellows
and staff in disciplines ranging
will incorporate the results into
criteria used to select host cities
"Now that we know it's possible
to measure sustainability for such
arge events, we want to create
a sustainability index for future
host countries and sustainability
standards for all future Olympic
and Paralympic Games," says
Social, environmental and
economic pre-Games impacts
were reported in December 2009
and highlights can be found at
ca/2 00 9/12/0 4/p re-games-im pa ct-
st udy-for-2 010 -olym pic-winter-
games-finds- mod est- benefits/
The UBC Centre for Sports and
Sustainability is a legacy project of
the 2010 Olympic and Paralympic
Games. Building on UBC's research
expertise in sustainability, socia
development and health, the centre
will study the opportunities and
impacts of sport and mega sporting
events. For more information, visit
ca/2 010/01/0 7/games- in spire- new-
research-centre-for-sport/. ■
Paralympic sledge hockey will be played at UBC's Doug Mitchell Thunderbird Sports Centre. MARCH    4,    2010    |    UBC    REPORTS    |    5
Artist Pactricia Richardson Logie has donated a collection of First Nations portraits to UBC Library.
A B.C. painter's portraits of pride
Nations portraits that was recently
donated to UBC Library by B.C.
artist Patricia Richardson Logie is
being unveiled on UBC's Vancouver
campus this month.
The show will offer art aficionados
a chance to view a project that took
nearly a decade to complete. "I've
waited for years to have them
appreciated," says Logie, who lives
on the Sunshine Coast with her
husband Bob. "It's a thrill for me to
see them at UBC, as you can well
"Patricia brought her skill, her
medium and her careful thought to
a genre of painting that had often
memorialized the most privileged
members of society," says Line Kesler,
Director of the First Nations House
of Learning and Senior Advisor to
UBC President Stephen Toope on
Aboriginal Affairs. "She used it to
bring a kind of visibility and attention
to Aboriginal people who were her
contemporaries, but often not yet
at the points of public visibility that
some had in their later roles."
During the 1970s, Richardson
Logie taught art at UBC Continuing
Studies. Indeed, Logie — who was
born in Ontario in 1925 — has spent
much of her life pursuing artistic
endeavors. She studied in London,
the way I saw it," Richardson Logie
says. "I think it really stems from my
father's attitude — that everybody is
Some ofthe collection's first
paintings include portraits of
Yvonne Dunlop and Lyle Wilson,
who were both students in the
Aboriginal to graduate from UBC
Law; singer, dancer and storyteller
Dorothy Francis; Senator and
UBC alumnus Leonard Marchand;
Guujaaw, President ofthe Haida
Nation; and Nisga'a Chief James
Last November, UBC Library held
"We're grateful for Patricia's donation
to UBC Library," Parent says. "Her portraits of
Aboriginal role models and community leaders
are a wonderful contribution to the University
and to our cultural conversations."
England, and her works have been
displayed and featured in collections
in Canada, the US, the UK and Japan.
She began painting Chronicles
of Pride in 1982, after becoming
frustrated with First Nations imagery
that she viewed as cliched. The
project was completed in 1991. "I
had to get it done, and it had to be
Native Indian Teacher Education
Program at UBC. Other subjects
include Verna Kirkness, the first
Director of UBC's First Nations
House of Learning; actress Margo
Kane, who is the 2009/10 Aboriginal
Distinguished Artist in Residence in
UBC's Department of Theatre and
Film; Judge Alfred Scow, the first
a standing-room only event at the
Irving K. Barber Learning Centre to
celebrate the donation and honour
Richardson Logie and her family.
University Librarian Ingrid Parent
also used the occasion to announce
the Richardson Logie Chronicles of
Pride Fund, which will help promote
and maintain the collection (several
portraits were on display at the
"We're grateful for Patricia's
donation to UBC Library," Parent
says. "Her portraits of Aboriginal
role models and community leaders
are a wonderful contribution to
the University and to our cultural
Chronicles of Pride is also
accompanied by a book (Chronicles
of Pride: A Journey of Discovery,
published by Detselig Enterprises
Ltd.), a teacher resource guide and
a video that contains profiles of the
portrait subjects. These resources
are available at various UBC Library
branches, including Xwi7xwa Library,
the only Aboriginal branch of a
university library in Canada.
Most of the collection will be
on display from March 8 to March
26 at the Learning Centre Gallery,
located on level two of the Learning
Centre and adjacent to the library's
circulation desk. The entire collection
will also be featured on a screen
accompanying the exhibit. ■ 6    |    UBC    REPORTS    |    MARCH    4,    2010
The danger of Paralympic boosting
Dr. Andrei Krassioukov has finally
earned admission to the Athletes
Village at the 2010 Vancouver
Paralympic Games.
But Krassioukov isn't a competitor
— he's an internationally recognized
expert in spinal cord injury (SCI) and
leader of the only research team to
be granted access to the Vancouver
Athletes Village during the Games.
Krassioukov and research team
members will investigate the
controversial practice of "boosting."
Practiced by some individuals with
spinal cord injury (SCI), boosting
involves intentionally raising blood
pressure to stimulate the body's
energy and endurance. Non-athletes
with SCI may use boosting to feel
more energetic and alert. Paralympic
athletes use boosting to win — it
can improve performance by up to
15 per cent. Stressing techniques to
stimulate parts of the body below
the level ofthe spinal cord injury,
and to produce a spike in blood
pressure, can range from wearing
pressure stockings, to compressing
the testicles by sitting on a handful
of ball bearings, or blocking a urinary
catheter to distend the bladder.
Injury to the spinal cord disrupts
control of heart and blood vessels
that are normally regulated by
the autonomic nervous system,
part ofthe nervous system that
provides non-voluntary control to
various organs. This disruption —
which varies in severity between
Pressure stockings and sitting on ball bearings number among the dangerous practises, says Dr. Andrei Krassioukov.
individuals — means the body
cannot properly replenish energy
consumed through exercise leading
to a drop in peripheral blood flow,
sweating, shortness of breath and
faintness . This creates significant
disadvantages during competition,
leading some athletes to use
boosting as a drastic measure to
correct functions lost through injury.
Besides creating an unfair
competitive advantage, boosting is
a dangerous practice. The sudden
surge in blood pressure typically
seen during boosting is known as
between individuals according to
the level and severity of their SCI.
Currently, athletes with higher-level
injury and significant autonomic
function impairment compete
directly with individuals with lesser
impairment. Athletes have used
boosting to close the gap.
developed and tested. He hopes
research advances will ultimately
eliminate the need for boosting but
accepts that individuals with SCI are
always looking for ways to improve
their functioning.
"I am amazed by my patients'
incredible tenacity to achieve what
Join us online or in person for provocative dialogues with Olympic &
Paralympic athletes who have used their celebrity to make a difference
in the world—distinguished speakers will join in a panel debate.
Are Major Sporting Events
Inclusive of First Nations and
Other Groups?
Olympic athlete, activist, speaker
and television personality.
are the first aboriginal women to be
represented at the Olympic Games.
VALERIE JEROME was a member
of Canada's 1960 Olympic and 1966
Commonwealth Games teams.      _a
io»PM y(
Is Anything Possible?
President and CEO of the Rick
Hansen Foundation.
DR. BRUCE MCMANUS    Professor
Department of Pathology and
Laboratory Medicine, at UBC.
PAT JARVIS - former Paralympic
athlete and member of the
International Paralympic Committee.
a place of mind
Is it Worth It?
DR. BRUCE KIDD - former Olympic
athlete and Professor and Dean of
the Faculty of Physical Education
at the University of Toronto.
expert on sustainability green
business, carbon trading and
corporate social responsibility. He
is tracking the carbon footprint of
2010 Winter Games.
DEREK WYATT - elected Member
of Parliament in the U.K. and Chair
of the All Party Parliamentary
London 2012 Olympic and
Paralympic Group.
TICKETS $10 available through
Peak Performance, a free event at
SFU Harbour Centre. For more
information on Peak Performance visit:
PODCASTS featured at www.
now available:
Sport, Ethics and Technology: Is High
Performance Sport Inconsistent with
Ideals and Ethics? (keynote Richard Pound)
Sport, Peace and Development: How tan
Sport Contribute to Positive Social Change?
(keynote Stephen Lewis, Johann Olav Koss)
More information:
www.communityaffairs.ubc.ca or
Practiced by some individuals with spinal cord injury
(SCI), boosting involves intentionally raising blood
pressure to stimulate the body's energy and endurance.
autonomic dysreflexia and can lead
to stroke, heart attack or death.
But the International Paralympics
Committee (IPC) 1994 ban on
boosting has been difficult to
A physician-scientist at Vancouver
Coastal Health's GF Strong
Rehabilitation Centre, Krassioukov
has studied autonomic functioning
in SCI patients for more than 30
years and has collected data from
paralympic athletes headed for
competition since 2006. During the
last five years he has urged the IPC
to go beyond the ban to address how
differences in autonomic function
affect elite athlete performance.
Krassioukov believes that adding
autonomic functioning to the athlete
classification system that currently
measures only motor and sensory
functioning will more evenly match
competitors and reduce motivation
to boost.
"Being allowed to conduct
research in the Athletes' Village is
an exciting milestone for me," says
Krassioukov, an associate professor
in UBC's Dept. of Medicine and
co-director of the International
Collaboration on Repair Discoveries
(ICORD), part of Vancouver
Coastal Health Research Institute
(VCHRI). "It suggests the IPC
will consider how differences in
autonomic function create inequities
in performance and fuel the risky
practice of boosting."
Autonomic functioning varies
During the 2010 Paralympic
Winter Games, expected to draw
650 athletes from more than
40 countries, he plans to test
50 curling and sledge hockey
athletes with spinal cord injury in
a Cardiovascular Health Education
Clinic in the Village and at ICORD.
Volunteers will participate in
they want to do in life — how they
not only survive but fully engage in
their adventure with a new body."
Krassioukov's work is supported
by the Heart and Stroke Foundation
of Canada; the Disability Health
Research Network; the Craig H.
Neilsen Foundation; and the Rick
Hansen Foundation.
a 90-minute assessment of
autonomic functioning, complete
a questionnaire and receive
educational brochures about
autonomic dysreflexia and risks of
Krassioukov expects it will be
at least four years before his team
will provide the IPC with possible
guidelines on testing of autonomic
functioning in paralympic athletes.
Additional data from other
paralympic sports must be collected
and analyzed and recommendations
VCHRI is the research body of
Vancouver Coastal Health Authority,
which includes BC's largest academic
and teaching health sciences centres:
VGH, UBC Hospital, and GF Strong
Rehabilitation Centre. In academic
partnership with the University of
British Columbia, VCHRI brings
innovation and discovery to patient
care, advancing healthier lives in
healthy communities across British
Columbia, Canada, and beyond.
www.vchri.ca. ■ MARCH    4,    2010    |    UBC    REPORTS    |    7
Perfectionism and youth suicide
and all too familiar. A teen commits
suicide without warning, ending a life
full of accomplishment and promise —
a seemingly perfect life. But UBC
Psychology Prof. Paul Hewitt suggests
that a seemingly perfect life could
signal the risk of teen suicide.
"Most people don't understand the
toxicity of perfectionism," he says.
"Perfectionists put enormous pressure
on themselves, making their lives far
from perfect."
Hewitt and Gordon Flett of York
University are conducting a variety of
studies to examine the relationship
between the need to appear perfect
(perfectionistic self-presentation) and
suicide, including studies that include
youth. They are also testing a model
they developed, called the Social
Disconnection Model (SDM) that links
social disconnection with perfectionism
and suicidal thoughts. One study looks
specifically at the social disconnection
markers of bullying and feelings of
social helplessness or never being able
to fit in.
"Suicide rates are increasing among
youth," says Hewitt, a registered clinical
psychologist. "We urgently need to
know more about the mechanisms of
perfectionism, how it starts and how
it develops. If we are to provide better
interventions and targeted treatments,
we don't need more evidence that
perfectionism is a problem, we need to
know why it's a problem."
Fuelled by fears of rejection and
abandonment as well as a strong need
to belong, be approved of and cared
for, individuals with perfectionism
do whatever is required to get the
acceptance they need. This difficult
path is characterized by severe and
routine self-criticism, retreat and
disconnection from the world as well as
frustration, anger, and depression.
Hewitt has been intrigued with
perfectionism from the time he
was an undergrad at the University
of Manitoba in Winnipeg. He has
conducted extensive research on
perfectionism and its relationship to
problems such as suicide, depression,
personality disorders, as well as
relationship, achievement, and health
problems. He also conducts research
on the treatment of perfectionism and
Psychology professor Paul Hewitt says a seemingly perfect life could signal the risk of teen suicide.
provides assessment and treatment
for individuals with perfectionism
problems and trains clinicians in the
treatment of perfectionistic behaviour.
A recent study involved working with
children and adolescents aged 8-20, to
complete a variety of questionnaires
and scales that measure: perfectionistic
says Hewitt.
Perfectionist children believe if they
are perfect others will like them and
won't abandon them — they can fit in.
However, just the opposite happens.
The child is seen to be someone outside
the norm ofthe group and therefore a
perfect target for bullying. Worsening
the goal of perfection is not tested. For
example, an individual may enter a
race without having trained sufficiently.
When they don't win first place, they
can blame the "failure" on the lack
of training rather than their own
People who need to appear perfect
Striving for excellence can motivate individuals.
Striving for perfection can hinder individuals.
behaviours, need to appear perfect,
experiences of bullying, social
hopelessness and suicidal thoughts
and actions. Participants were involved
in psychiatric outpatient counseling
for anxiety and depression at B.C.
Children's Hospital.
"The perfectionism and suicide
connection among teens is especially
relevant because of adolescents'
inherent self-consciousness and
concerns about social relationships,"
the situation is the fact that teens are
known to hide their negative feelings,
making them especially vulnerable to
depression and suicide.
There is a real difference between
needing to be perfect and needing
to be excellent, Hewitt emphasizes.
Striving for excellence can motivate
individuals. Striving for perfection
can hinder individuals. It can lead to
procrastination to avoid possible failure
or unconscious self-handicapping so
are often difficult to be around. They
can be hostile, rigid thinkers, and
exquisitely sensitive to criticism, earning
rejection by others. The phenomenon
is called a neurotic paradox — the
individual creates the very outcome
they so desperately want to avoid.
Hewitt has worked with artists,
entertainers, physicians, elite
athletes and others who can become
paralyzed by their perfectionism and
suffer from writers' block and other
aversion behaviours. Their sense of
disconnection and alienation from
others, the most feared state of the
perfectionist, makes them vulnerable
to suicide.
"I have worked with extreme
perfectionists for many years and I am
still surprised by the depth of their pain
and the level of their desire to die," says
Perfectionism is a basic personality
style and treatment is intensive and
long-term, made uniquely difficult
because patients do not want to
disclose any problems.
"Perfectionists try to be the perfect
patient," says Hewitt. "Our goal is to
help them see and accept who they are
under the perfect facade."
More information about
perfectionism may be found on the FAQ
section of Hewitt's website at: http://
hewittlab.psych.ubc.ca/ ■
Where you live may affect your weight
ubc nutrition researcher Jennifer
Black has found that B.C. has the
lowest rates of obesity in Canada.
"It appears that men in Vancouver
have the lowest obesity rates in the
nation. For women the lowest obesity
rates are in Richmond," says Black, an
assistant professor who joined the
Faculty of Land and Food Systems
(LFS) this January.
Black conducted a literature review
on the distribution of food and obesity
in Canada, analyzing data from 28
published studies. She discovered that
higher rates of obesity are reported in
Canada's eastern provinces, rural areas
and northern Aboriginal communities
than those for Western Canada.
Her next step, says Black, is to
look at the larger contextual issues
for obesity in Canada. "These factors
include family income, the availability
of healthy and affordable food and
opportunities to be physically active."
Black is now teaming up with UBC
sociologists Rich Carpiano and Nathan
Lauster to take a closer look at access
to healthy food in B.C. A registered
dietitian, Black specializes in social
determinants of health and dietary
choice. Prior to joining UBC, she
worked in low income neighbourhoods
of New York City as a nutritionist for
the Institute for Urban Family Health.
This work inspired her to investigate
the large differences in obesity rates
among New York City's neighborhoods.
"It's not randomly distributed," says
Black. She found that even though
obesity rose between 2003 and 2007,
New Yorkers were less likely to be
obese if they lived in wealthier areas
and neighborhoods well served by
food stores and fitness amenities. Her
findings were recently published in
the American Journal of Epidemiology.
A native Torontonian, Black
says it was an eye opener to visit
neighbourhoods where affordable fruit
and vegetables were hard to come
by. "It was really tough for many of my
clients to make healthy choices, even
those with advanced diabetes and heart
disease who were very motivated."
All in all, she says the reasons
that influence people's nutrition and
health are myriad and complex. "Not
only are we looking at socio-economic
issues, but also a person's attitudes
and behaviours about eating, cooking
and body weight, and how people are
influenced by where they live."
To probe the Canadian food
psyche, Black will be mining the rich
data ofthe Canadian Community
Health Survey (CCHS). Black, along
with LFS Nutrition Prof. Susan Barr,
is developing UBC know-how and
research infrastructure to work on
CCHS, the first set of comprehensive
Jennifer Black explores the myriad and complex reasons that shape our health and eating habits.
Canadian nutrition data generated in
more than 35 years.
"The information the survey
generated is enormously detailed, for
example, what people ate on weekdays
versus what they ate during weekends."
Released in 2004, the CCHS
surveyed more than 35,000
respondents across Canada about
their dietary intake, vitamin and
mineral supplement use, health risks
and behaviours. ■ I    UBC    REPORTS    |    MARCH    4,    2010
What's on your mind? UBC celebrates research
aspiring athletes can get insider
information on maximizing performance
at a free March 10 public presentation
called Peak Performance: The Path to
Exceptional Athletic Achievement, as
part of UBC's Celebrate Research Week
March 5-13.
"Celebrate Research showcases the
outstanding work of UBC investigators
and stimulates public discussion and
learning about issues ofthe day," says
John Hepburn, Vice President Research
and International. "Our research
accomplishments have consistently
placed us among the world's 40 top
universities and we're excited to share
that expertise with the communities
that support us."
Celebrate Research Week, coordinated by the Office of Community
Affairs, offers a week of public events
that highlight investigation and
discovery. Most events are free and take
place on UBC campuses and at public
The Peak Performance event is
co-moderated by Andre Picard, The
Globe and Mail public health reporter,
and takes place at SFU Harbour Centre,
12:30-5:30 p.m.
Picard's co-moderator is Prof. Edward
Coyle from the University of Texas,
Austin, who will outline emerging
science surrounding elite performance.
Coyle helped train Lance Armstrong
following the cyclist's cancer treatments.
"The event is an unusual exploration
of the science underpinning athletic
superiority and will give new insights as
to how the fabric of heart, lungs, muscle,
sinew and spirit intersect when medals
are won," says Dr. Bruce McManus,
director ofthe Providence Heart + Lung
Institute at St. Paul's Hospital which is
hosting the event. McManus is also a
professor in UBC's Dept. of Pathology
and Laboratory Medicine.
Presenters include Dr. Tony Galea,
who has worked with golfer Tiger
Woods, who will discuss how to speed
repair following injury. Gene-doping will
The Peak Performance event will give new insights as to how the fabric of heart, lungs, muscle, sinew and spirit intersect when medals are
won, says Dr. Bruce McManus.
be examined by Assoc. Prof. Jim Rupert
of UBC's School of Human Kinetics and
the biology of performance and role of
genetics in elite performance will be
explored by UBC Human Kinetics Prof.
Darren Warburton and Dr. Andrew Jones
from the University of Exeter in the U.K.
Other presentations look at sports
psychology and ethical issues in sport,
such as how far can we push athletes,
both amateur and professional, to
Celebrate Research Week also offers a
Cafe Scientifique that looks at marijuana
and teens, funded by the Canadian
Institutes of Health Research. Journalist
Ian Mulgrew, author of BC Bud Inc.:
Inside Canada's Marijuana Industry,
hosts informal research presentations,
outlines of local initiatives and public
discussion at the March 11 Vancouver
Cafe. CBC Radio's Marion Barschel
hosts the March 9 Cafe in Kelowna.
On March 5 and 6, the Crossroads
Conference sees students from
secondary schools across Metro
Vancouver meeting with social,
environmental and economic leaders
to explore how they can bring about
positive change to Vancouver.
At UBC Okanagan keynote speaker
Ujjayant Chakravorty, Canada Research
Chair in Natural Resource Economics,
and a panel of regional experts will
explore how to "walk the talk" on
sustainability. The March 8 event
takes place at 7 p.m. at the Kelowna
Community Theatre.
March 8-12 lunchtime feature
presentations range from genocide
research to examining benevolence and
the desire to make a difference. There
will also be a March 11, 7 p.m. screening
and panel discussion at the Fipke Centre of
65_RedRoses, an acclaimed documentary
about a young woman with cystic fibrosis
who awaits a lung transplant.
A highlight of the week, the Celebrate
Research Awards Reception at the
Vancouver campus, is co-hosted by the
Office of the Vice President Research
and International. The reception
honours the accomplishments of UBC's
award-winning faculty researchers
as well as mentors of undergraduate
research. At UBC Okanagan, there
will be also be an evening of special
presentations, film vignettes and awards
featuring Researcher of the Year and
Public Education through Media.
The annual Multidisciplinary
Undergraduate Research Conference
(MURC) will celebrate the contributions
of undergraduate research at UBC.
The March 6 conference provides an
opportunity for students in any discipline
to present their research. Graduate
students judge presentations and
prizes will be awarded at the end ofthe
conference day at a celebratory gala.
This year marks the first time that 13
undergrad investigators from UBC
Okanagan will come to Vancouver to
present their research at MURC.
UBC consistently ranks among the
top three Canadian universities by
research funding. In 2008-09, UBC
earned more than $475 million in
research funding from all sources. UBC
is also among North America's leading
universities in technology transfer and
many ofthe more than 130 spin-off
companies are based in B.C.
For more information on Celebrate
Research, visit www.celebrateresearch.
ubc.ca and http://web.ubc.ca/okanagan/
celebrateresearch/welcome.html ■
SMALL   MINING   continued from cover
on their backs, some carrying bodies, I
realized these were desperate people —
80,000 poor and desperate people."
The images drove Veiga to join
academia where he felt he could best
make a difference in our world. A
professor at UBC since 1997, his work
focuses extensively on environmental
and social issues related to mining and
mining communities.
An expert in areas related to
artisanal miners, Veiga took leave
from UBC in 2002 to work as Chief
Technical Advisor ofthe United Nations
Industrial Development Organization
(UNIDO)'s Global Mercury Project
in Vienna, which was created to find
ways of promoting best practices and
preventing pollution caused by artisanal
gold miners who use mercury in the
mining process. Mercury amalgamates
with gold in the ore, and after the two
have combined, the mercury is often
burned off in an open burner, releasing
the vapor into the environment.
According to UNIDO estimates, 1,000
tonnes of the highly toxic substance
are released into the environment each
year by artisanal miners.
In this role with UNIDO, Veiga
implemented environmental and health
assessments of mercury pollution in
Asia, Africa and South America. He
also introduced procedures to reduce
mercury emissions and develop local
fabrication of equipment to reduce
exposure of miners to mercury vapors
and to increase gold recovery.
"This work was very enlightening, and
we developed a keen understanding of
the sustainability issues related to the
environment and human beings," says
Veiga. "But I realized, to make true
change, to truly help the people and
the earth, there needs to be a profit
incentive. And the profit incentive
needs to come from a fundamental shift
in the mining industry from investing in
speculative opportunities to investing in
production of mineral rather than
speculation of a motherlode. He
proposes that small companies be
connected with artisanal miners so
that in exchange for a sure mineral
deposit, the companies teach artisanal
miners best practices, infuse wealth
"When I saw thousands of
dirt-covered labourers climbing up
rickety ladders with rock-filled
sacks on their backs .. . I realized
these were desperate people."
Marcello Veiga wants to re-focus mining on sustainable production.
more sustainable production."
Veiga points to the Bre-X scandal
as an example of why and how
the industry must change. In 1995
Canadian company Bre-X announced
that significant amounts of gold had
been discovered in Busang, Indonesia.
The announcement catapulted the
previous penny-stock to a peak of CAD
a    $286.50 per share. Bre-X Minerals
z    collapsed in 1997 after the gold
|    samples were found to be a fraud.
£        Veiga promotes what he calls "Small
£    (mining) is beautiful" — a sustainable
approach to mining based upon the
into the rural communities and ensure
fair trade. As only one in 5,000 mineral
deposits found worldwide becomes a
mine owned by a large mining company,
there are many opportunities to
responsibly mine small deposits. This
has more social benefits for locals and
less environmental footprint.
In association with UBC's Celebrate
Research Week March 5-13, Prof.
Veiga will present a free public lecture
on this topic at UBC Robson Square
Monday March 8at 6:30 p.m. For more
information, visit: www.apsc.ubc.ca/
celebrateresearch ■ MARCH    4,    2010    |    UBC    REPORTS    |
Four ways to combat climate change
Robert L. Evans is a professor in the
Clean Energy Research Centre at UBC.
His book, "Fueling Our Future: an
Introduction to Sustainable Energy,"
published by Cambridge University
Press, was short-listed for the 2008
Donner Prize.
on A per capita basis Canada is
one ofthe most energy-intensive
countries on the planet, and nowhere
is there a more urgent need for action
on climate change than here. For too
long, however, the debate has been
primarily about the impact of climate
change, and about emissions targets,
and not on how the increasingly
ambitious targets might actually be
The time has come for action, and
to realize that in the broadest terms
there are only four ways to reduce our
over-reliance on fossil fuels. Simply
put, these are; choosing to use less
energy, using energy more efficiently,
capturing and storing carbon dioxide,
and switching from fossil fuels to
other primary sources of energy.
The first of these approaches
relies on individual action, while the
remaining three responses require
a more technological approach.
Choosing to use less energy just
means that we can reduce our
contribution to climate change by
walking or cycling rather than driving,
and by turning down the thermostat
or putting on a sweater. This requires
changing the attitudes and habits
of a large majority of the population,
which is a daunting task.
There is a precedent for action,
however, with lessons to be learned
from the recycling revolution that
has taken place in the last two or
three decades. While 30 years ago
it was only a minority of people who
took the trouble to recycle their
newspapers, cans and bottles, now
it is a mainstream activity. If we care
about the planet we should be able to
follow this example, and each decide
to do something to reduce our daily
use of energy. This revolution, like the
blue-box revolution, is likely to be led
by young people setting an example
for the rest of us.
The second approach to reducing
fossil fuel consumption, and therefore
carbon dioxide emissions, will rely on
a dedicated effort to increase energy
efficiency. There is not much new
technology required for this, since
most techniques, such as increasing
building insulation, installing double-
glazed windows, or replacing old
furnaces with high-efficiency units,
are well established.
There are often financial
barriers, however, since there
may be a considerable capital
cost, while savings accrue over
time. Institutional barriers can also
be important, with probably the
best example being the landlord-
tenant relationship in which a
tenant pays heating costs while the
landlord pays the capital cost for
any improvements to the heating
equipment. In this case there is no
incentive for the landlord to make
improvements while the tenants
are powerless to take any action to
increase their efficiency of energy
use and reduce their costs. In many
cases government action through
the provision of low-cost loans, or
regulations to ensure that landlords
make their buildings as energy
efficient as possible, is urgently
The third approach to reducing
greenhouse gas emissions is carbon
capture and storage, or CCS for
short. When a fossil fuel is burned
all ofthe carbon is released in
the form of carbon dioxide, the
principal anthropogenic (human
permanently and safely.
Although CCS may be suitable for
reducing carbon dioxide emissions
from stationary processes, such as
a coal-fired power plant, there is no
practical way to capture and store
gases emitted from moving vehicles,
ships and aircraft. The transport
With the current generation of
hybrid vehicles now on the road, all
of the energy to drive the vehicle
still comes from the gasoline in
the fuel tank. The next step in the
evolution of these vehicles will see
the introduction of "plug-in hybrid
vehicles" with an increased battery
For too long, however, the debate has been primarily
about the impact of climate change, and about
emissions targets, and not on how the increasingly
ambitious targets might actually be met.
generated) greenhouse gas. If this
gas could be captured and stored
underground, then fossil fuel use
would no longer be a threat to the
climate. Techniques to capture
and store carbon dioxide are being
studied and several test sites have
been established, including one in
Saskatchewan being sponsored by
the International Energy Agency.
The ability to capture carbon
dioxide is well-established, but tends
to be expensive because of the
need to process very large volumes
of gas. In principle, underground
storage is also a viable technology,
although much more work needs to
be done to identify suitable sites and
to determine if the carbon dioxide
really can be stored underground
sector, which is the main consumer
of oil, must then look for other
techniques to reduce oil use and
therefore greenhouse gas emissions.
Finally, then, the fourth option
to combat climate change will
rely on new technology aimed at
"fuel-switching" away from fossil
fuels, which now supply about 80
per cent of global energy needs,
to more sustainable options. For
example, one promising way to
reduce the emission of greenhouse
gases from automobiles is to switch
to electricity as the main energy
"carrier" rather than using gasoline.
Hybrid vehicles, which have both a
battery and a conventional internal
combustion engine, are beginning to
show how this might be done.
capacity and the ability to re-charge
the battery from an electrical outlet
when the vehicle is not in use. The
engine will be smaller, and will only
be used when the battery needs
to be re-charged, or to assist with
acceleration or hill-climbing. These
vehicles will likely be very popular
with commuters since a "fill-up" with
electricity will cost the equivalent of
about 30 cents per litre of gasoline
due to the low cost of electricity and
the much higher efficiency of the
electric drive-train.
Widespread adoption of
plug-in hybrids will then shift the
burden of providing energy for
transportation from fossil fuels to
the electricity system. Of course
for this technique to be effective,
the electricity must be generated
from non-fossil fuel sources. In
B.C., where some 90 per cent of
our electricity is from renewable
sources, a dramatic reduction in
greenhouse gas emissions could
be achieved. This will also require
B.C. Hydro to expand generation
capacity to support the switch from
gasoline to electricity. Fortunately,
B.C. has many options for increased
use of renewable energy to generate
electricity, including both large-
scale and smaller "run of the river"
hydroelectric plants, as well as
the use of wind and tidal power,
geothermal energy, and bio-fuels.
These four approaches to reducing
greenhouse gas emissions provide a
powerful arsenal in the coming battle
to combat climate change. We need
to ensure that our politicians and BC
Hydro planners are fully prepared
for the challenges that lie ahead,
and encourage them to develop
policies and plans to pursue all four
approaches aggressively.
In association with UBC's Celebrate
Research Week, Prof. Evans will be
presenting a free public lecture on
this topic at UBC Robson Square on
Tuesday, March 9 at 6:30 p.m. For more
information, visit: www.apsc.ubc.ca/
celebrateresearch. ■
UBC's sustainable sports centre
venue, the UBC Doug Mitchell
Thunderbird Sports Centre will host
20 Paralympic sledge hockey games.
The complex was built in the 1960s
and is a fitting venue, considering
its rich history. Canada's National
Hockey Program was born at the
arena in 1963, in preparation for the
Innsbruck 1964 Olympic Winter
games in Austria.
The arena was redeveloped from
2006 to 2008 to rejuvenate and
expand the facility in time for the
Olympics, and to reflect the shared
environmental, social and economic
sustainability goals. Instead of
demolishing the whole building, UBC
and VANOC kept one ice rink that
was still in good shape and upgraded
its outdated mechanical and electrical
The new centre has a highly-
efficient floor plan inside, and the
building site takes advantage of
existing road and pedestrian networks
and is situated close to public
transportation. The centre's designers
used the Leadership in Energy and
Environmental Design (LEED®)
green building rating system as a
framework to address sustainability
across all environmental performance
categories. The facility achieved a
LEED Silver performance standard,
meeting VANOC's progressive
requirements for sustainability.
In addition to hockey and ice
skating programs, the centre
accommodates more than 40,000
users monthly through public
programs, leagues, special events,
concerts and fitness-related programs,
to make the most of the facility.
Sports facilities require a
significant amount of energy to
operate, especially ice rinks and
pools. UBC and VANOC found ways
to convert the centre into a world-
class winter sports facility and meet
the building's ice maintenance,
ventilation, de-humidification and
lighting needs in sustainable ways.
"Typically those are challenges, but
we took them as positives, because
we felt there was a lot of opportunity
to improve the standards and also
be leaders in the development of
some of these facilities," says Kavie
Toor, Associate Director of Facilities
and Business Development for UBC
Athletics and Recreation.
One of the highlights of the
redeveloped arena is the ECO CHILL®
energy system. This new technology
recycles all the energy used to
maintain the ice surface back into the
arena's heating system, making use of
waste energy that would normally be
flushed out ofthe building.
The arena also uses electric ice
resurfacers, which keep energy use
to a minimum and don't impact
air quality. Often referred to as a
Zamboni®, an ice resurfacer is typically
fuelled by propane. "Not only is there
energy wasted when they're running
sometimes three times an hour if
you're running multiple rinks, but
there's also a considerable amount of
emissions that go into the playing area
and into the stands," Toor says.
To remove moist air from the
building and dressing rooms, the
arena uses an efficient de-humidifying
system that runs about eight to 10
hours a day, compared to the centre's
old system that ran 24 hours a
day. The building also uses energy-
efficient lighting with sensors and
control systems that turn lights off
when a space is unoccupied. ■ 10    I    UBC    REPORTS    |    MARCH    4,    2010
UBC Faculty of Medicine
> Through knowledge, creating health.
Associate Dean, MD Underqraduate Proqram, Curriculum and Vancouver
Fraser Medical Program (VFMP)
The Faculty of Medicine at The University of British Columbia invites
applications and nominations for the position of Associate Dean, MD
Undergraduate Program, Curriculum and VFMP. The position is open to all
applicants, with an anticipated start date of July l, 2010 or upon a date to be
mutually agreed. Remuneration will be commensurate with experience and
qualifications, subject to final budgetary approval.
The incumbent will report to the Executive Associate Dean, Education and
through the Executive Associate Dean to the Dean of Medicine, and is
accountable to the Faculty Executive Committee, the Committee of Department
Heads and School Directors, and the Faculty. Under the direction ofthe
Executive Associate Dean, the Associate Dean will provide operational
leadership for MD undergraduate curriculum & VFMP. Responsibilities
include: overall management ofthe MD undergraduate curriculum throughout
its four (4) year duration; leadership ofthe planning and implementation ofthe
Lower Mainland component ofthe MD Undergraduate Program expansion;
contribute to the planning and implementation of expansion at the VFMP site;
create an environment where support and recognition is provided for faculty
and staff in the VFMP; liaison with Department and Division Heads on the
contribution of their disciplines and individual members to the Undergraduate
medical program; implementation of modified and new program components;
plan and implement innovations to foster efficiency and sustainability ofthe
program; annual budget development, as requested by the Executive Associate
Dean, Education; The successful candidate will also participate in strategic
planning for the overall MD Undergraduate program.
A more detailed position description is available in the Dean's Office for those
who wish to review it. This is approximately a half-time position for a one year
term with the possibility of renewal, subject to a satisfactory review.
UBC Paralympic Torchbearers
Applications, accompanied by a
detailed curriculum vitae and names
of three referees, should be directed
Kristin Sivertz. MD, FRCPC
Executive Associate Dean,
c/o Darcie Prosser
#317, Woodward IRC
2194 Health Sciences Mall
Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3
(or searches@medd.med.ubc.ca
with subject line AD Curriculum,
Review ofthe applications will begin
on March 31, 2010 and will continue
until the position is filled.
The University of British Columbia is
Canada's third largest university and
consistently ranks among the 35 best
universities in the world.  Primarily situated
in Vancouver, UBC is a research-intensive
university and has an economic impact of
$4 billion to the provincial economy.
The Faculty of Medicine at UBC, together
with its partners including B.C.'s Health
Authorities, provides innovative programs
in the areas of health and life sciences
through a province-wide delivery model.
The Faculty teaches students at the
undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate
levels and generates more than $240
million in research funding each year,
throughout the province.
UBC hires on the basis of merit and is committed to employment equity. All
qualified persons are encouraged to apply.  UBC is strongly committed to diversity
within its community and especially welcomes applications from visible minority
group members, women, Aboriginal persons, persons with disabilities, persons of
any sexual orientation or gender identity, and others who may contribute to the
further diversification of ideas. However, Canadian andpermanent residents of
Canada will be given priority.
www.ubc.ca & www.med.ubc.ca
Health Science
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Situated on campus at:
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2194 Health Sciences Mall
Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3
Email: mediagrp@interchange.ubc.ca
T: (604) 822-5561
F: (604) 822-2004
UBC torchbearers will be sharing
their inspirational stories when the
2010 Paralympic Torch Relay arrives
on the Vancouver campus on March
11 near the Thunderbird Arena —
home to the ice sledge competitions
The 2010 Paralympic Torch Relay
began its journey on March 3 with
a lighting ceremony in Ottawa. Ten
sites across the country, among
them Quebec City, Toronto, Victoria,
Squamish and Maple Ridge, and
approximately 600 torchbearers, are
welcoming the Paralympic flame
After UBC's ceremony, the
torch relay will move to downtown
Vancouver where a 24-hour event
continues and concludes around
Robson Square. As the torch is
extinguished and relit at the BC Place
opening ceremony on March 12, it
hometown is going to be incredible
It holds a special significance for me
because these athletes have had to
overcome so much to be here. And
to top it all off, being a torchbearer
for the UBC leg of the relay makes
this experience even more specia
because I have so many great
memories here, although I'm sure
this one will top the list."
carrying the flame as a media and
student representative from UBC. A
fourth-year English literature and
psychology major in the Faculty
of Arts, Jung has been writing
frequently about UBC and the Winter
Games in her role as a reporter for
The Ubyssey, one of Canada's longest
running student newspapers
"I am excited that I will get to share
my story with not only my close
friends, colleagues, boyfriend and
family, but with students and the
hard work got us to this point was
worth it and for the next few days it
was about playing our game because
we loved to play and wearing the
maple leaf with pride. I am so excited
and humbled to play a small part in
carrying the flame to the athletes of
these Paralympic games and honour
all of their years of dedication to
their sport."
staff member with UBC's Plant
Operations for 13 years, has been
participating in the Just Giver Ride
for Parkinson's since 2006. Each
summer, Branko bikes more than
1,000 kilometres to communities
across British Columbia where
he engages in public lectures and
community outreach projects. His
efforts have helped to raise over
$186,000 for Parkinson's Research
"It means a tremendous amount
to me to be able to carry the
"It means a tremendous amount to me
to be able to carry the torch for all those
that have Parkinson's disease and for those that
are affected with a life-altering challenge."
will signal the start of the Vancouver
2010 Paralympic Winter Games
UBC Reports asked a number of
the UBC participants to describe what
the Paralympic torch means to them
KATIE JEANES is an ardent
ifelong volunteer whose activities
include coaching for Special Olympic
Basketball and supporting Right
to Play, UBC Rec's Storm the Wai
event and Vancouver Adaptive Snow
Sports. Keanes graduated from UBC
in 2009 with a BHK in Kinesiology
and Health Science and minor in
Commerce. She currently works as
a research coordinator at the Aging,
Mobility, and Cognitive Function
ab at Vancouver General Hospital's
Centre for Hip Health and Mobility.
"Carrying the Paralympics flame
that unites the entire world in my
ocal community. I have been paying
close attention to the Olympics and
Paralympics for quite some time,
and am pleased to take on a more
inclusive role in the Games."
MSc candidate in human nutrition
at the Faculty of Land and Food
Systems. A native of St. Albert,
Alberta, Krempien is a five-time
Paralympian in wheelchair basketball
Her research focuses on the
nutritional practices of elite athletes
with spinal cord injuries
"As an athlete, one of the
most inspiring moments of each
Paralympic games was to experience
the torch being lit. It was a brief
moment in time when there was a
collective sigh within our team and
the understanding that all of the
torch for all those that have
Parkinson's disease and for those
that are affected with a life-altering
associate professor in the Dept
of Orthopaedics and principle
investigator for ICORD, the spina
cord injury research centre. In a
wheelchair herself, Sawatzky has
overcome a number of persona
challenges and is known for her
determination. Her research
explores the biomechanics of human
movement, particularly in children
with disabilities
"As someone who has a disability,
carrying the torch symbolizes and
celebrates the remarkable abilities
that individuals can demonstrate no
matter what our challenges are." ■
Katie Jeanes
Jennifer Krempien
Bonnie Sawatzky
Samantha Jung MARCH    4,    2010    |    UBC    REPORTS    |    11
Art exhibit illuminates Canada's disability history
These words, taken from a 1924
public education poster, were once
considered labels for people with
disabilities. Now the poster, together
with 12 other everyday objects —
including a bassinette, a shovel and
16 sweatsuits — are featured in an
art exhibit at UBC Robson Square
from March 9 - 21, coinciding with
the Paralympic Games as part ofthe
Cultural Olympiad.
Out from Under: Disability,
History, and Things to Remember
weaves together commonplace
items as symbols of the history of
disabled people in Canada with
stories of life, of death, struggle
and triumph. Seeking to promote
discussion about disabilities and
disability history, Out from Under is
presented in a partnership between
UBC and Kickstart, a community
organization dedicated to presenting
and promoting art and artists with
"There's a very rich and thoughtful
culture that is special to people with
disabilities," says Linde Zingaro, Chair
ofthe Board for Kickstart and a UBC
alumna. "People with disabilities have
a whole lot to contribute."
More than just an exhibit, this
art installation was borne of a 2006
disabilities study seminar at Ryerson
University. At UBC Robson Square,
the exhibit will also feature wandering
guides, educational events and
Disabilities Arts leaders from B.C. The
exhibit and all accompanying events
are free and open to the public.
"This will be a unique educational
experience," says Janet Mee, Director
of UBC's Access & Diversity. "People
will have a better understanding of
the relationship between our history
and the experiences of people with
The exhibit's journey to Vancouver
as part the Cultural Olympiad is the
first of what will hopefully become a
cross-country tour. No other Olympic
Games have featured such an event.
"There are many, many people with
disabilities who are athletes," says
Zingaro. "There are also people with
disabilities who are artists."
The exhibit presents objects and
stories from across Canada and eras.
Some are stories about adults with
disabilities. Others are about children
with disabilities. Some are first-hand
experiences, whereas others are not.
The result is a powerful and thought-
provoking presentation that will
certainly promote discussion.
And encouraging discussion,
according to event organizers, is good
"It's an opportunity to begin a longer
engagement with the community on
the topic of disabilities," says Mee.
"It's an opportunity for B.C. artists to
tell their story." ■
th3tern*rg«frorr^^  ■
signing a P*
[*•*       aid10"   ^rJ-'"
Out from Under is featured at UBC Robson Square, March 9-21. The exhibit includes everyday items (below) as symbols of the history
disabled people in Canada.
New Aboriginal health course bridges campus
with communities
of historical and systemic impacts on
Aboriginal people's health, students
in UBC's new Aboriginal Public Health
course are learning how they can help
improve health care systems.
The course launched this term in the
School of Population and Public Health
(SPPH) in the Faculty of Medicine. The
course's Aboriginal advisor from the
Stz'uminus First Nation on Vancouver
Island, Dr. Shannon Waters, trained
at UBC in community medicine and
helped shape the new course. The
instructor, Dr. Patricia Spittal, is an
associate professor in SPPH who
is doing on-the-ground research in
Aboriginal health. She leads the Cedar
Project — a Canadian Institutes of
Health Research-funded study of
hepatitis C and HIV vulnerabilities
among Aboriginal youth in Vancouver
and Prince George who use drugs.
Spittal and the weekly Aboriginal
guest speakers are sharing their
knowledge with future health
professionals and policy-makers.
Speakers range from First Nations
chiefs to health professionals and
researchers. Students are learning they
can help treat and prevent the spread
of illness in Aboriginal populations
by integrating mental, physical and
emotional health treatments and by
including the family and community
in the healing process. Dr. Waters,
through her role as the Director
of Health Surveillance for Health
Canada's First Nations and Inuit
Health branch in B.C., set up a class
visit to the Vancouver office of Indian
and Northern Affairs Canada to hear
about the impact of H1N1 virus on
Aboriginal communities.
Miranda Kelly is a member of the
Sto:lo Nation's Soowahlie Band in
Chilliwack and is studying in SPPH's
Master of Public Health program.
This course was one of the reasons
she chose to come to UBC which
has made a commitment in its new
strategic plan, Place and Promise,
to engage Aboriginal people in
mutually supportive and productive
relationships, and to work to integrate
understandings of Indigenous cultures
and histories into its curriculum and
"There aren't that many universities
out there that have this type of
[graduate] course in public health, so
I think it's really important that UBC
is being a leader in this area," says
Kelly. "It's opening up dialogue with
First Nations and bridging between the
campus and First Nations communities
and leadership. The guest lecturers
really bring that personal element
to it, and you really feel their stories.
Speaking to people who have actually
lived through these experiences is so
much more informative than reading it
from a book."
After graduation, Kelly sees herself
working as an Aboriginal health
practitioner in B.C. communities before
eventually returning to her home
community of Soowahlie. She hopes
to play a role in giving Aboriginal
communities more control and
participation in planning, delivering and
evaluating their health care programs.
Dr. Spittal noted this course
advances the provincial government's
Transformative Health Change Accord
goal of increasing the number of
Aboriginal health practitioners working
in B.C. This summer, the course will
expand into a distance distributed
learning format to reach even more
"Having one course dedicated to
Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal learners
coming together to grapple with the
existing disparities both on and off
reserve is really critical if we are going
to make any shifts in public health
policy and practice and ethics," says
Spittal. ■
Residential sc
hools and
infectious disease rates
recent findings from the Cedar
further spread ofthe HIV and
study led by Dr. Patricia Spittal
hepatitis C epidemics in Aboriginal
revealed a statistical connection
between residential schools
"Working with young Aboriginal
and infectious disease rates in
people who are surviving trauma
children of parents who attended
and living on the street really
them, highlighting the need to
brings to the fore the particular
acknowledge intergenerational
challenges that are important
impacts of residential school
to highlight with regards to
trauma on health. She and her
co-authors are calling for more
health care policy, ethics, and
surveillance," says Spittal. "Their
culturally relevant prevention,
insights are so critical to our
treatment and harm reduction
understandings of systems and
interventions to prevent the
how systems treat people." 12    |    UBC    REPORTS    |    MARCH    4,    2010
MARCH   5~14r   2010
From artistic interventions, critical dialogues on forestry policy and practices, and the science and ethics behind elite athletic
performance to CBC's Award winning Quirks SQuarks Annual Question show, UBC's Celebrate Research Week welcomes the
community to participate. Most events are FREE and open to the public, students, faculty, staff and schools.
For a complete listing of all events visit www.celebrateresearch.ubc.ca @UBCComAff
Sport and Inclusion: Are Major Sporting Events Inclusive of
First Nations and Other Groups?
Former Olympic athlete, activist from the Kahnawake Mohawk
Territory Waneek Horn-Miller shares her journey to the Olympics and
how she helps others achieve their dreams. She is joined in a panel by
former Olympians Shirley and Sharon Firth from the Gwich'in Nation
and Valerie Jerome.
Tickets $10. www.chancentre.com
The Chan Centre for the Performing Arts, 6265 Crescent Road
CRIME and ALYSSA: An Evening of Provocative Cinema
These two films provide a powerful showcase of arts-based research
that manages to be both thought provoking and deeply moving.
Filmmakers in attendance. Free. Everybody welcome.
More information at www.celebrateresearch.ubc.ca.
Royal Bank Cinema, 6265 Crescent Rd
2010 Most Exceptional Escapades In Science High School
Student Conference
The Michael Smith Laboratories annual Scientific Conference designed
for high school students. This event showcases various scientific
pursuits, including the opportunity to engage in hands-on activities, as
well as interact with prominent scientists.
Dr. Joanne Fox, 604-827-3911, www.bioteach.ubc.ca/highschool-
Michael Smith Laboratories, 2185 East Mall
Multidisciplinary Undergraduate Research Conference (MURC)
This 9th annual conference showcases the exemplary contributions of
undergraduate research to the UBC community and beyond.
To register www.uro.ubc.ca/share/murc
Jubilee Room, Irving K. Barber Learning Centre, 1961 East Mall
Small (Mining) Is Beautiful - Engineering to Alleviate Global Poverty
How can engineering help alleviate global poverty? Learn how from Professor
Marcello Veiga as he presents "Small (mining) is Beautiful." The findings are
a result of a six-year project sponsored by the United Nations. Free.
Robson Square, 800 Robson Street
Forestry In Society: Comparing the UK & BC Experiences
2:00pm-7:30pm Open House/Poster Competition/Lecture in
Mr. Tim Rollinson, Director General of the UK Forestry Commission will
look back at the UK experience in responding to the changing needs of
society and our responses- as well as look forward to the challenges
coming over the horizon. Free. Everyone welcome.
2424 Main Mall
Quirks & Quarks Question Show
Each year, Quirks & Quarks solicits questions from you, the listeners,
and the community. Ten of the best questions have been pre-selected
and will be answered on the show by UBC experts in each area. Join
host Bob McDonald live at the Chan Centre. Tickets are free.
Tessa Vanderkop, 604.822.5675, www.chancentre.com
Telus Theatre, Chan Centre for the Performing Arts, 6265 Crescent Rd
a place of mind
Mental Health Research Matters: Free Public Talk
A free public forum on the latest directions and discoveries in mental
health research with three of the Lower Mainland's leading experts.
Featuring Drs. Jehannine Austin, Raymond Lam and Christian Schtitz.
Registration is free but space is limited.
Ashley Biggerstaff, reseduc@cw.bc.ca, www.cfri-training.ca
Chan Centre for Family Health Education, 950 West 28th Avenue
Four Ways to Combat Climate Change - Making a Difference
Lecture Series
Energy use, and its impact on the environment, is one of the most
important technical, social and public-policy issues facing humanity
today. Learn from Professor Evans the "Four Ways to Combat Climate
Change." Everyone welcome. Free.
Robson Square, 800 Robson Street
The Killam Discussion - Can Environmental Science Save the Earth?
The inaugural Killam Conversation focuses on the capacity of
environmental science to effect robust change among those setting
policy. Is there a Two Solitudes existing between the scientific community
and those tasked with decision-making? Everyone welcome. Free.
Dr. Rhodri Windsor-Liscombe, rhodri@interchange.ubc.ca,
Robson Square, 800 Robson Street
Peak Performance: The Path to Exceptional Athletic Achievement
Join leading experts from around the world for an afternoon focused
on hot topics in the scientific, ethical and psychosocial complexities
underlying competitive sports and the challenges athletes face in
reaching peak performance. Everyone welcome. Free.
Leah Lockhart, 604-806-9853, Leah.Lockhart@hli.ubc.ca,
Segal Centre, SFU Harbour Centre, 515 W. Hastings St
New Ways to Communicate Climate Change
- Speaker Panel & Public Dialogue
Distinguished speakers with unique expertise in climate change
communications and behaviour change, will focus presentations
on perceptions of climate change and community-based solutions.
Everyone welcome. Free.
www.calp.forestry.ubc.ca, picswrkshp@gmail.com
Rm 1500, SFU Segal Graduate School of Business, 500 Granville St.
Amazing Paper: The History and Art of Papermaking
Most people take paper for granted. Learn paper's rich history and its
impact on society and understand the manufacturing process with
emphasis on sustainability. Free. Everyone welcome.
Kaiser 2020/2030, 2332 Main Mall
Sport and Challenge: Is Anything Possible?
Rick Hansen delivers a keynote address on where we have come and
what the future holds for people with disabilities in sport. He is joined
by Dr. Bruce McManus and Pat Jarvis (former Paralympic athlete and
member of the International Paralympic Committee).
Tessa Vanderkop, 604 822-5675 — Tickets $10, www.chancentre.com
The Chan Centre for the Performing Arts, 6265 Crescent Road
From Toy Trains to Airplanes: Are We Serious About Safety-
Applied Science Making a Difference Lecture Series
From the onset of the industrial revolution until a few decades ago,
safety was a topic of great importance. But in recent years, we have
become complacent—until a tragedy occurs that is. Explore with
Professor Poursartip. Everyone welcome. Free.
Robson Square, 800 Robson Street
Celebrating the Image
All Day - March 11 to March 14
UBC Visual Art students showcase a series of works produced in our
digital courses. Using various media the works attempt a response
to the question: What is an image today? Come and be a part of the
artistic intervention at Robson Square!
Robson Square, 800 Robson Street
Let's Talk about Marijuana and Teens (a CIHR Cafe Scientifique)
Why do more youth in British Columbia use marijuana than anywhere
else in Canada? What are the health and social effects? Join in the
discussion at the CIHR Cafe Scientifique. This event is free, but space
is limited.
Stephanie Coen, 604-827-4058
RSVP to Stephanie.coen@nursing.ubc.ca
Juliet's Cafe, 1905 Cornwall Avenue
Inhuman Conditions: On Cosmopolitanism and Human Rights
This is one of two public lectures (also see March 12th) on the
very idea, as well as the social, cultural and political elements, of
cosmopolitanism and human rights, by noted political theorist,
Professor Pheng Cheah. Free lunch with RSVP.
Carmen Radut, ccfi@interchange.ubc.ca
UBC Green College Coach House,
6323 Cecil Green Park Road
Patient -Centred Care Is More than Medicine
5:00pm-6:00pm Reception in foyer
6:00pm-7:30pm Presentation, Q&A
Together with health system professionals, Sauder School of Business
researchers are developing innovative approaches to improve the
patient experience. This is a free event. Pre-registration is required by
March 8, 2010.
Jessie Lam, 604.822.8399, www.sauder.ubc.ca
Robson Square Theatre, 800 Robson Street
Global Health & Community - Based Involvement
Please join us for several thought provoking presentations focusing
on the ethics and impacts of global health and community-based
involvement. Full refreshments will be provided. Free.
Please RSVP to ghealth@interchnage.ubc.ca.
More information at www.celebrateresearch.ubc.ca
Room C225, Robson Square, 800 Robson Street
Time Being - A Speculative Documentary on Time
This new film by Chris Gallagher is an epic journey that takes one
gently down the stream of consciousness to reveal the puzzle that is
time. Everyone welcome.
Tickets will be available in advance online and at the door. For more
information: www.vifc.org/home
Vancity Theatre, 1181 Seymour Street
tr Genome
C5 BritishColumbia
TRIUMF      OMERCK       tf^fr
Vancouver -*
Research Institute


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