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UBC Reports Apr 3, 1997

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 THE  UNIVERSITY  OF  BRITISH  COLUMBIA
T TBC REPORTS
Find UBC Reports on the Web at www.external-affairs.ubc.ca/paweb/reports/
Charles Ker photo
Big Birds
Curb Ivancic, warehouse supervisor for UBC Press, deals with the weightiest
shipment of books in the press's 25-year history. UBC Press has distributed
almost 3,000 copies of The Birds Of British Columbia volume three, along
with 1,200 copies of volumes one and two.
Ornithologist's book
rolls off the presses
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
For legions ofbird-watchers. TheBirds
of British Columbia is not just another
book: it's an event.
And for UBC Press, it's a landmark
publication — one of the largest projects
it has ever undertaken, a benchmark in
regional ornithology and an important
milestone in the documentation of B.C.'s
incredibly rich birdlife.
'This is one of the largest ornithological research projects ever undertaken,"
said UBC Press director Peter Milroy. "It
has been ongoing for almost 20 years and
involves a large number of people —
about 10,000 — in one way or another."
The third of what will be a four-volume
set was published this month. It covers
91 species including such common ones
as swallows and starlings, and is illustrated with 700 colour photographs, maps
and drawings. In total. 472 species will be
covered in the four volumes.
The books comprise a complete reference work for bird-watchers, ornithologists and naturalists with information on
history, habitat, breeding habits, migra
tory movements and distribution patterns.
"We have written these books to be
useful to professionals," said one of the
authors, lan McTaggart-Cowan, dean
emeritus of Graduate Studies, whose first
book on birds was published in 1947.
"But we also know that most people
who will read the book will do so because
birds are gorgeous creatures."
The mammoth undertaking began in
1972 when McTaggart-Cowan. then a
professor of Zoology, and his student
Wayne Campbell decided to fill what they
saw as a pressing need for a comprehensive work on the province's birds.
They enlisted the help of thousands of
bird-watchers and many naturalists throughout the province, eventually compiling 1.5
million index cards of information.
The initial two volumes, published in
1990, sold out almost before they reached
the bookstores. They have now been reissued to coincide with the publication of
volume three, for a combined print run of
more than 10.000 books, nearly half of
which were pre-sold before publication.
The fourth and final volume will be
published in about two years' time, Milroy
said.
Students to vote
on technology fee
A student technology fee of $90 will be
voted on in a student referendum to be
held April 9-16.
The university's Board of Governors
decided to put the fee to a vote at its
March 20 meeting. The board meeting
coincided with the occupation of UBC
President David Strangway's office by a
group of students protesting fee increases.
The student technology fee. aimed at
providing students with better access to
information technology, was recommended by the Advisory Committee on
Information Technology (ACIT) wilh input from representatives of the Alma
Mater Society and Graduate Student
Society.
Effective Sept. 1. 1997. the proposed
$90 fee would be payable in two
installments — September and January
— and assessed to all undergraduates in
the winter session enrolled in a program of
18 credits or more. Undergraduate students taking fewer than 18 credits in any
session would be assessed $5 per credit
while full-time graduate students would
pay $30 per installment and part-time
graduate students would pay $20 per
installment. The maximum fee payable by
any student is $90 per academic year.
Maria Klawe. vice-president. Student
and Academic Services, says the allocation of funds raised by the fee would be
decided by a committee on which students would have a voting majority.
Klawe says the student technology fee
would pay for improvements that would
directly benefit students such as more
and better computer labs, dial-in access,
software training and help.
"It will not be used to wire the campus
or to pay for things which are presently
paid for by the university." says Klawe.
Klawe says the Registrar will be responsible for running the referendum
which will be carried out using the Registrar 's Office's Televote system.
A referendum on an athletics and recreation fee has been deferred to the next
academic year.
Opera star, judge
to be honoured
University of British Columbia graduates Ben Heppner, a celebrated tenor
in the world's premier opera houses,
and retired B.C. provincial court justice Alfred
Scow are
among 14
d i s t i n -
guished individuals to be
awarded
honorary degrees by UBC
this year.
Prominent in the
professions
and the community, hon- Heppner
orary degree recipients are recognized
for their distinguished achievements in
their respective endeavours and for the
contributions their accomplishments
make to the life of the university and
the betterment of society. Honorary
degrees will be awarded during UBC's
Spring Congregation. May 25-30, and
Fall Congregation, Nov. 20 and 2 1. All
ceremonies will take place in the new
Chan Centre for the Performing Arts.
Heppner graduated from UBC's
School of Music in  1979 and gained
international
prominence
in 1988 as a
Metropolitan Opera
Auditions finalist and
first recipient of the
B i r g i t
N i 1 s s o n
Prize. He
debuted at
the lamed
La Scala
Opera one year later.
Scow was the first Aboriginal person
to earn a Bachelor of Laws (LLB), prac-
See HONOUR Page 2
Scow
Inside
Freedom Forum
Issues that divide today's universities are open to debate this month
Long-time Learners 3
Adults in B.C. learn longer, but do they get to use what they learn?
Applied Minds 4-5
Feature: More than just gears are at work in the Faculty of Applied Science
Eternal Edifice 9
Forum: Dean Shirley Neuman on the universe which others call the library 2 UBC Reports April 3, 1997
Letters
Fraternity pub crawl prompts outrage and action
Editor:
I would like to address the
events of Dec. 18, 1996 when
some members of Phi Gamma
Delta were involved in a "Pub
Crawl" on the Downtown
Eastside ofVancouver.
I would like to formally
apologize on behalf of the
members of the UBC Chapter
of Phi Gamma Delta for any
embarrassment we may have
caused the University of
British Columbia due to the
unfavourable media attention
that followed the incident.
The members of the Pi
Gamma Chapter of Phi
Gamma Delta hold their
informal affiliation with the
university in the highest
regard. Our conduct was not
in accordance with the ideals
and values of our fraternity or
the university. In order to
rectify the situation and to realign ourselves with these
ideals and values, all members of the chapter were called
to a strategic planning and
goal-setting retreat and the
following action-oriented
decisions were made. Implementation of these new
committees and programs will
occur before January 1998.
• a new Chapter Board of
Conduct to discipline
members whose behaviour
is unacceptable
• a new Chapter Community
Relations and Safety
Committee to evaluate all
chapter events and individual behaviour
• an increased focus on
serving the community
including a new project to
assist with the renovation
and restoration of a hospice
for the terminally ill
• a seminar hosted at our
Chapter House to increase
student alcohol awareness
on campus
• There will be another
chapter retreat held before
the end of January 1998, to
evaluate our progress with
respect to these issues.
We recognize that Phi Gamma
Delta must constantly evaluate
herself to ensure that she
continues to be a positive
influence on the lives of men who
choose to affiliate during their
enrolment at UBC. Given these
internal changes, we hope to realign ourselves with our own
values and continue to produce
men of virtuous principles whose
participation in university life is a
positive force on campus.
President, Pi Gamma Chapter
Phi Gamma Delta
Editor:
If I understand correctly,
UBC does not have a formal
relationship with the fraternities and the incident did
not take place during school
hours, and therefore UBC
cannot (at this time) discipline those involved.
I would like to recommend
that UBC students have to
face student discipline if they
are involved in such clearly
unacceptable behaviour,
whether or not that behaviour takes place during
school hours.
Felicity Jules, Asst. Director
Native Indian Teacher
Education Program
Honour
Continued from Page 1
tice law and receive a judicial
appointment in British Columbia. He is credited for performing a major role in educating
non-aboriginal people about the
legal, cultural, social and historical issues facing First Nations.
Other honorary degree recipients include: Sally Aw Sian. an
international newspaper publisher and philanthropist: acclaimed conductor Mario
Bernard!; Cheung-Kok Choi, a
major contributor to education
in B.C. and abroad; Haig Farris.
a leader in promoting science
and technology education and
research; Richard Goldstone,
chief prosecutor of the War
Crimes Tribunal of the former
Yugoslavia; Clarence Jules,
chief of the Kamloops Indian
Band; pre-eminent organic
chemist Raymond Lemieux:
arts patron David Lemon;
Shinroku Morohashi. chair of
the board of Mitsubishi Corp.,
who played a pivotal role in supporting the creation of the Centre for Japanese Research at
UBC's Institute of Asian Research; Masateru Ohnami,
president of Ritsumeikan University; Roy Taylor, internationally respected for his work in the
field of botanical gardens and
arboreta; and respected biochemist P. Roy Vagelos. chair
of the board, Merck & Company, Inc., and supporter of
UBC's leading edge basic research in advanced genetics and
neural diseases.
Editor:
I am writing to add my
condemnation to the action of
this fraternity, whose members
nearly got some of their own
killed, promoted racism/
sexism against native people,
and deeply insulted residents
of the Downtown Eastside, all
in one evening.
I understand UBC has no
direct authority over fraternities
at UBC. I ask, however, that
you keep this incident in mind
if in the future there are any
relations between UBC and Phi
Gamma Delta Society. From
this community's point or view,
reparation may be forthcoming
if this fraternity issued an
apology and offered some time
or money to an organization in
the Downtown Eastside.
Tom Laviolette, Co-ordinator
Carnegie Community
Action Project
UBC
French
Spanish
Japanese
Chinese
German
Italian
Punjabi
Arabic
Greek
Swedish
LANGUAGES
Non-credit conversational classes start
April 12th
• Tuesday evening or Saturday morning
classes for adults
Spanish Immersion in Oaxaca, Mexico:
July 4-24,1997
822-0800
Language Programs and Services
UBC Continuing Studies
CALL FOR PRESENTATIONS
IIJIJM   Sponsored by Continuing Education in the Health Sconces,
effijj)   The University ot" British Columbia
^^    in cooperation wilh First Nations Women's Association
3rd Annual B.C. Conference on Aboriginal Women and Wellness
Qwum Qwum Sleni*: Looking Forward
(*Musqueam tor "Strong Women")
March 22-25, 1998
DEADLINE FOR SUBMISSIONS: JUNE 1, 1997
For further information. Call: (604) 822-4965 or Fax (604) X22-4835
or E-mail elaine@cehs.ubc.ca
Edwin Jackson
224 3540
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HU   I MYl.KNITY OF BRITISH COLIMBIA
UBC Bookstore Review Committee
The University of British Columbia Bookstore (the Bookstore) is the largest university bookstore in Canada and
the 10th largest in North America. The Bookstore provides
an extensive range of products and services within five
divisions.
1. Book Division
2. Office Products Division
3. General Merchandise Division
4. Computer Division
5. Services Division
The UBC Bookstore Review Committee, reporting to the
vice-president, Administration and Finance, is seeking written submissions from interested parties. We invite you to
submit your suggestions, comments and/or opinions on the
following broad areas:
1. The role of the Bookstore in the university community
2. The mandate of the Bookstore
3. The Bookstore's degree of success in meeting the needs
of students and faculty
4. Opportunities for enhancing services
5. Quality of the product
6. Quality of service
7. Price competitiveness
The deadline for submissions is April 30,1997.
Invitation
for Written
Submissions
Please address vour submissions to:
Chair, Bookstore Review Committee
Arts Faculty, Buchanan 130
1866 Main Mall
V6T 1Z1
Comments may also be submitted
by e-mail to: peterg@hr.ubc.ca
Submissions will be kept confidential.
hfox - a
Providing Plastic and Wax sections for the research community
George Spurr RT, RLAT(R) Kevin Gibbon ART FIBMS
Phone (604) 266-7359 Phone
E-mail spurrwax@univserve.com   E-mail
(604)856-7370
gibbowax@uniserve.com
Berkowitz & Associates
Consulting Inc.
Statistical Consulting
research design * data analysis • sampling • forecasting
Jonathan Berkowitz, Ph.D
4160 Staulo Crescent, Vancouver, B.C., V6N 3S2
Office: (604) 263-1508 Fax: (604) 263-1708
 li J BC REPORTS
UBC Reports is published twice monthly (monthly in
December, June, July and August) for the entire university
community by the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251
Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. It is
distributed on campus to most campus buildings and to
Vancouver's West Side in the Sunday Courier newspaper.
UBC Reports can be found on the World Wide Web at
http://www.external-affairs.ubc.ca/paweb/reports/
Managing Editor: Paula Martin (paula.martin@ubc.ca)
Editor/Production: Janet Ansell (janet.anseil@ubc.ca)
Contributors: Connie Bagshaw (connie.bagshaw@ubc.ca),
Stephen Forgacs (Stephen.forgacs@ubc.ca)
Charles Ker (charles.ker@ubc.ca),
Gavin Wilson (gavin.wilson@ubc.ca).
Editorial and advertising enquiries: (604) 822-3131 (phone), (604)
822-2684 (fax). UBC Information Line: (604) UBC-INFO (822-4636)
UBC Reports welcomes the submission of letters and
opinion pieces. Opinions and advertising published in UBC
Reports do not necessarily reflect official university policy.
Material may be reprinted in whole or in part with
appropriate credit to UBC Reports. UBC Reports ■ April 3, 1997 3
Under Glass
D Thomson photo
Fourth-year Plant Science students Katherine Fulcher (left) and Ingrid Hoff
inspect healthy cycads being raised in UBC's new, state-of-the art horticulture
greenhouse complex located at 2334 West Mall. More than 15 species of cycads,
the most ancient plants in existence, are on display. Also housed in the 1,000-
square-metre facility are a new micropropogation laboratory and undergraduate
resource centre. The greenhouse officially opens April 4.
Lifelong learning on
upswing, study shows
A significantly higher number of British Columbians are participating in adult
education and training programs than
were a decade ago, UBC researchers say.
Compared to previous Statistics
Canada figures measuring adults' participation in education and training, the
rate of increase in B.C. was more than
double the rate for Canada.
"This likely reflects the faster economic growth in the province, but may
also reflect growth in commitment of
adult learning in B.C. relative to Canada
overall," says Kjell Rubenson, a professor of Educational Studies.
Rubenson and doctoral student Gong-
Li Xu recently completed an analysis of
Statistics Canada's 1994 Adult Education
and Training Survey (AETS), the fifth in a
series of questionnaires initiated in 1986.
More than 47.000 Canadian households were sampled for the 1994 AETS,
4,231 of them in B.C.
"Our analysis shows that the highest
participation rates in adult education
and training were associated with those
with a university education, an income
over $50,000, a white-collar occupation
and working for large employers like public administration, health care and education." the researchers report.
They also note, however, that once disadvantaged groups are recruited to education and training, the chance that they will
return for further programs increases.
The survey revealed that 58 per cent of
participants in any form of adult education and training received employer support. Overall, 26 per cent of people employed in B.C. received some employer-
supported training or education.
Employed workers with a university
degree received the greatest amount of
employer support at 40 per cent, compared to 30 per cent of those with a post
secondary diploma or certificate and only
10 per cent of employees with less than a
high school diploma.
Levels of interest in lifelong learning,
based on socialization at home, school
and work, and structural disparities in
society at large may help explain the
inequalities that exist between groups,
the researchers say.
Their report also states that better-
educated employees may engage in education and training programs more frequently because their jobs provide direct
opportunities to do so and encourage
them to invest in their own development.
Despite the increased emphasis on an
industry-led workforce to increase Canada's competitiveness in the global
economy, and greater participation in
adult education and training programs,
the report cautions public policy makers
and employers against focusing on merely
supplying a skilled labour market.
"It is not enough to increase the extent
of human resource development in the
labour force, or to make existing education and training programs more relevant," the report states.
"It is also necessary to overcome the
minimalist approach to the utilization of
workers' skills. The real problem might
be ensuring the skills are used and developed at work, rather than simply concentrating on supply."
The study was conducted under the
auspices of the Faculty of Education's
Centre for Policy Studies in Education
with funding from the B.C. Ministry of
Education, Skills and Training. The complete report is available at http://
www.ceiss.org/randa/welcome.htm
Conference tackles
academic freedom
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
Political correctness. Chilly climates.
Charges of racism and sexism. Fears of
free speech stifled. These issues have
generated heated and divisive debate at
many universities — including UBC — in
recent years.
A conference to be held on campus
April 10-12 will tackle these and many
other related topics in an effort to foster
greater understanding among the often
antagonistic viewpoints.
UBC President David Strangway called
the conference more than a year ago as
part ofthe healing process at the university following charges of racism and sexism in the Political Science Dept.
The conference's central focus will be
how to welcome previously excluded
groups to universities, where the new
issues of inclusiveness often clash with
traditional academic principles, said
Dennis Pavlich, associate vice-president.
Academic and Legal Affairs.
'The McEwen Report raised a range of
issues which divided the campus community. One of those issues was academic freedom and how that can accommodate the relatively new values the university must adopt in order to welcome
different groups to campus," he said.
"I am confident that the conference
speakers and participants will emerge
with many good ideas about how these
different values can be reconciled."
Titled Academic Freedom and the Inclusive University, the conference brings
together prominent academics, social
activists and commentators to discuss
ways of clarifying issues and resolving
conflicts.
Conference organizers have also scheduled ample opportunity for participation
from audience members, including workshops, discussion groups and question
periods after each panel presentation.
Among the speakers scheduled to appear at the conference are: York University historian Jack Granatstein: Stan
Persky, a Capilano College instructor and
political commentator: Carleton University's Peter Emberley, author of Hot Button Politics: Judy Rebick, former head of
the National Action Committee on the
Status of Women and host ofthe CBC-TV
program Face Off: McGill University Principal Bernard Shapiro, who will deliver
the keynote address: Lorna Marsden.
president of Wilfrid Laurier University;
and former UBC Board ofGovernors member Tom Berger.
Speakers from UBC include: Graham
Good, English: Stanley Coren, Psychology; and George Hoberg, Political Science.
Two speakers, John Fekete, professor
of cultural studies at Trent University
and author of In Moral Panic, and Duke
University's Stanley Fish, will be featured
at the Vancouver Institute lecture on
April 12 which is free and open to members of the public.
All are welcome to attend the conference. The fee of $125 includes admission
to all conference sessions, dinner on Friday and lunch Saturday. Admission for
students is free, but does not include
social events.
For more information on conference
content, call (604) 822-1460. For registration information, call (604) 822-1050.
Political Science scholar
earns top honour
Political Science Prof. Kalevi Holsti has
become only the seventh UBC faculty
member to be named a University Killam
Professor, the highest honour bestowed by
the university on its faculty.
The designation recognizes the university's most exceptional faculty members
who have distinguished themselves in
teaching, scholarly activity and service.
Holsti is considered
Canada's most distinguished scholar of international relations
and has taught and
lectured around the
world since joining
UBC in 1961.
His textbook International Relations: A
Frame work for A naly -
sis, has remained in
print for nearly 30
years, published in
seven editions and
translated into several
languages. It continues to be the leading textbook in the
field, influencing countless students
around the world.
Holsti followed the textbook with a
major monograph entitled Why Nations
Re-Align: Foreign Policy Re-Structuring in
the Post War World. In this work, Holsti
explored the dynamics of change in foreign
policy, drawing on comparative cases to
advance a novel theoretical explanation.
But perhaps his most influential contribution to the development of international relations is the book Peace and
War: Armed Contests and International
Order. The book was one of five finalists
for the 1991 Lionel Gelber Prize for best
English language book in international
relations. In it, Holsti used historical
perspective, scholarly description and
Holsti
theory to explain the cause of war and
peace over the last 300 years.
Holsti has continued to produce
leading scholarship and his latest book.
The State. War. and the State of War
was recently published by Cambridge
University Press.
Renowned as a teacher, Holsti is
popular with  undergraduates who
nominated him for a
Master Teacher
Award. He has acted
as a mentor and
graduate supervisor to
many young scholars.
A member of the
Royal Society of
Canada, Holsti is the
only Canadian to have
been president of both
the Canadian Political
Science Association
and the International
Studies Association.
He is also a past National Killam Fellow,
the editor of two leading journals and
a former member of the board of the
Canadian International Institute for
Peace and Security in Ottawa.
University Killam Professors continue to teach in their disciplines with
reduced duties, are administratively
responsible to the president and meet
as a group with the president at least
annually to discuss plans for advancing the goals ofthe university.
They are also expected to contribute to the overall intellectual life ofthe
university and to serve as academic
ambassadors.
Previously earning the distinction
were Michael Smith. Dr. Patricia Baird.
Roy Daniells. Charles McDowell,
Michael Shaw and Peter Larkin. 4 UBC Reports -April 3, 1997
Applied Science
by Stephen Forgacs
Staff writer
"Fun" earns researcher
a sterling reputation
Prof. Keith Brimacombe has long had
a fascination with how things work, something he credits to his early years spent in
a farming community in Alberta.
This fascination, coupled with what he
sees as an engineer's obligation to society, led him into the sweltering confines
of Canadian steel mills on a quest to
understand and improve the processes
involved in steel production.
It has also earned him dozens of
awards, most recently the Canada Gold
Medal for Science and Engineering, the
nation's top award in the field, sponsored
by the Natural Sciences and Engineering
Research Council of Canada (NSERC).
"What I'm trying to do is to help Canadian companies be as competitive as possible on a world basis," he says. These
companies pay people, they pay taxes,
they make our economy strong, and incidentally, they put money into NSERC."
Brimacombe, director of UBC's Centre for Metallurgical Process Engineering, has forged his reputation in industry and academia by combining complex
mathematical modelling with fundamental studies of physical and chemical phenomena, and direct measurements on
industrial processes. Founded in the mid-
1980s, the centre operates with an annual research budget of about $2 million. From there, Brimacombe works with
a team of a dozen or so graduate students and in frequent collaboration with
colleagues in other science and engineering disciplines.
Brimacombe made his mark by putting
up with the heat and dirt in steel mills to
obtain in-plant measurements during the
various stages in a metallurgical process,
such as continuous casting of steel, and
then using that information to complement computer models and laboratory
research.
Although ultimately rewarding, working in the mills poses its share of research
challenges, Brimacombe says.
"When you're in the plant, people are
in the business of making steel or
aluminum or copper and you have to
work around their schedules. You don't
necessarily have the kind of control you
would like. That can be a real advantage
and opportunity, or a difficulty, depending on how you want to treat it."
Regardless ofthe challenges encountered in gathering in-plant information,
the light it sheds on research is invaluable, he says.
"The combination of in-plant measurements, computer modelling, and whatever measurements we undertake in the
lab, is very powerful," he says. "We don't
have to extrapolate many of our results to
real life. They are real life."
Brimacombe's contributions to "real
life" industry have led to numerous awards
and recognition. He is an Officer of the
Order of Canada. He has been awarded
the Killam Memorial Prize from the Canada
Council, the E.W.R. Steacie Memorial
Fellowship from NSERC and the B.C.
Science and Engineering Gold Medal. In
1987, he received the Ernest C. Manning
Principal Prize reserved for a Canadian
"who has shown outstanding talent in
conceiving and developing new concepts,
procedures, processes or products of potential benefit to Canada and society at
large." Earlier this year, he was elected as
a Foreign Associate ofthe National Academy of Engineering in the United States.
The academy elects only eight foreign
associates each year.
When the Canada Gold Medal was
announced March 20, Jon Gerard, Secretary of State. Science, Research and
Brimacombe
Development, said: "Dr. Brimacombe has
been a major contributor to the economic
competitiveness of the Canadian steel
industry and to the nationwide effort to
build productive research links between
industry and universities."
Brimacombe's most recent research
includes studies led by Prof. Indira
Samarasekera, who holds the Dofasco
Chair in Advanced Steel Processing, on
hot rolling of steel and aluminum. Hot
rolling is a process through which cast
metal is converted into metal products.
Another process research activity involves the development of a continuous
casting mould that is intelligent.
"We're trying to make this process
smart, to give it its own brain. We have a
computational intelligence system that
will take sensor signals as it assesses
itself and the cast product, recognize the
information, know when there is a problem and have the knowledge to diagnose
the problem and provide a remedy online."
A smart process, Brimacombe says,
will enhance quality and continuity in
production as operators change from shift
to shift.
He has also been working on flash
smelting, a process that involves the addition of oxygen to nickel, copper or lead
sulphide concentrates. The ensuing autogenous reaction, one which generates
its own heat, leaves a liquid metal or
oxide and a gas strong in sulphur dioxide
— a by-product that can be used for
bleaching in the pulp and paper industry
or as sulphuric acid. Brimacombe lists
several key advantages in flash smelting:
the use of oxygen to trigger the reaction
enhances ease of operation and control
and does away with the need for an
additional fuel; the recovery of sulphur
through the process is an environmental
plus; and the ability to contain potentially harmful fumes, such as lead vapours, improves operational hygiene.
In the lab, using a two-colour pyrometer
customized by one of his graduate students, Brimacombe can observe tiny particles of copper, lead or iron sulphide, as
they are heated to more than 3.000 C. By
observing the composition and behaviour of these particles as they are heated
to the point ofvapourization, Brimacombe
can learn such things as how to improve
dust recovery in the flash smelting process to reduce waste.
"Much of this research gets quite fundamental," he says. "But it has very strong
practical implications in operation. And
for me. that's always been the fun —
marrying fundamentals to real life. That's
where all the excitement is."
Cheryl Niamath photo
Electro-Mechanical Design Engineering students Johnny Patterson and
Barbara Irwin are close to completion of a 12-month work term with CAE
Machinery Ltd. in Vancouver. They will graduate, along with six other
students, with both bachelor's and master's degrees in engineering in May.
First class to graduate
with double degrees
The first group of graduates ever from
the challenging Electro-Mechanical Engineering option will receive two degrees
each during the Spring Congregation ceremonies this May.
Eight students will receive both Bachelor and Master of Engineering degrees
following completion of the five-year program that combines electrical and mechanical engineering courses with extensive work experience.
During the final year of the program,
students undertake graduate level research and design projects in industry.
The projects last 12 months and consist
of an advanced machine design component and an advanced instrumentation
component. While the project is underway
the students operate largely as employees of the host company, which pays
them for a minimum of eight months,
but are not required to take on work
beyond the scope of their specific projects.
They are supervised by a company engineer as well as Prof. Yusuf Altintas,
program director and professor of Mechanical Engineering.
"It's certainly been a lot more work
than a bachelor program." says Barbara
Irwin, who, with fellow fifth-year student
Johnny Patterson, is completing a yearlong work term with CAE Machinery Ltd.
"We've been working on larger projects
that are important to the company and
are key parts of machinery they will be
selling next year."
In fact, Altintas says three of the four
companies employing the fifth-year students will seek patents for designs developed by them.
The projects currently being completed
by the students in their final year of the
program include design of an automatic
dynamic braking and magnetic orientation mechanism for TRIUMF's cyclotron, a
computer-controlled wood strander to produce wood strips for composite wood products for CAE Machinery, design of a device
for ultra precision machining of lenses and
other components for the National Research Council, and a displacement sensor and hydraulic test facility for outboard
motors for TELEFLEX Ltd.
Students are selected for admission
into the program during their second
year in Mechanical Engineering.
'The students we select for the program must have not only good academic
skills, but also strong communications
skills and practical skills such as design
or even music," says Altintas. "We consider a number of factors including an
aptitude for teamwork, which is an important aspect of the program and of
most professional engineers' work long
after they leave university.
The fifth-year projects are undertaken
by teams of two, so the ability to work well
with others is vital."
At the end of second year, students
work in industry during a summer co-op
term. In third year, students take both
mechanical and electrical engineering core
courses including machine dynamics,
automatic control, digital logic design,
system software engineering and a two-
term engineering product design course.
At the end of third year students begin
their second co-op work term. Fourth
year involves further mechanical and electrical engineering courses. In their fifth
and final year students take four graduate courses and complete the two 12-
month projects.
Women in Engineering at UBC
in all aspects of engineering.
• A mentoring program, developed in
conjunction with the Division for Advancement of Women in Engineering
and Geoscience, provides female students with personal contact with
women practising engineering or with
senior engineering students.
• Electrical Engineering Prof. Rabab
Ward became UBC's first female engineering professor in 1981. Of 123 faculty members, nine are women.
The Women in Engineering at UBC Web
site can be found at http://
www.apsc.ubc.ca/stuserv/
womeneng.htm
Thefollowing is taken from the Women
in Engineering at UBC home page maintained by third-year engineering student
Rozlyn Bubela.
• The first female chemical engineer to
graduate from UBC, and apparently
the first in Canada, was Rona Wallis
(nee Hatt) in 1922.
• Women currently make up about 20 per
cent of the approximately 2,000 undergraduate students in engineering at UBC
and are in each ofthe nine departments.
Many are among the top students.
• The Association For Engineering
Women (AFEW) is a UBC club that
encourages the participation of women UBC Reports ■ April 3, 1997 5
Engineering change for a changing world
Stephen Forgacs photo
The design of a machine to facilitate recycling of aluminum chips, like
those held here by fourth-year Engineering Physics student Peter Bonac,
garnered first prize for environmental innovation in a competition sponsored
by the Canadian Intellectual Property Office. Co-recipients, all in
Engineering Physics, are (l-r) David Moffat, Jeffrey Chang, Craig Wilkinson
and Vincent Kwong.
Students solve waste
problem inexpensively
A group of Engineering Physics students has designed a small device that
will encourage the recycling of aluminum
waste chips from machine shops, and
help reduce the release of harmful chemicals in the recycling process.
The device, an automated aluminum chip
compressor for a computer numerically controlled (CNC) machine, was designed by
fourth-year students Peter Bonac, Jeffrey
Chang, Vincent Kwong, David Moffat and
Craig Wilkinson as a course project. Their
design recendy won first prize in the 1997
PATSCAN Environmental Innovation Contest, as well as the 1997 Molson Prize for best
recycling concept.
The idea for the project came from
student Peter Bonac, whose father operates a machine shop using CNC machines.
These automated machines are commonly
used to manufacture parts from aluminum
blocks, using instructions from a computer system with pre-programmed co-ordinates to guide the machine's tools. In the
machining process,       	
small waste chips
of aluminum are
continually expelled
from the machines.
These chips, coated
in a coolant used to
control heat in the
machining process,
must then be col-       	
lected and either
disposed of or recycled.
Problems associated with recycling the
chips include removal ofthe coolant, which
is costly and toxic but can be reused, and
storage of a large enough volume of chips
to make recycling a financially worthwhile
venture. Available compressors are versatile but are also extremely expensive and
large, Chang said.
"We set out to design a compressor purely
for use in CNC shops," he said. "It had to be
small, easy to automate, able to run off power
and air pressure already available in the
shops, and inexpensive enough that the
shops could recover the cost within a couple
of years through recycling."
The device, which will be largely finished by early summer, consists of a
cylinder less than a metre long and about
25 centimetres in diameter. Within the
"...the choice to recycle
is an easy one if there is
money to be made at it."
—Jeffrey Chang
cylinder a compression chamber increases readily available air pressure from
80 to 100 pounds-per-square-inch (psi)
to 8,000 to 10,000 psi. As the chips are
compressed, the coolant is forced out of
the chamber through small troughs so
that it can be collected for reuse. Once
compression is complete, a small pellet of
compressed aluminum — about the size
of a small stack of loonies — Is expelled
from the chamber. These pellets can be
easily stored, in far less space than is
required for the same amount of loose
chips, until a sufficient amount has been
collected for recycling.
Recycling of compacted aluminum
pellets is more efficient than recycling of
loose flakes, as smaller chips will evaporate as the metal is heated, Chang said.
The greatest design challenge the group
faced was devising a method of feeding the
compression chamber with the loose chips.
"The chips that are expelled from the
CNC machines vary in size," Chang said.
___^^_^_^^^_ "But they are often
tangled into larger
clumps which then
have to be fed into
a small port in the
compression
chamber."
To do this the
group designed a
conical screw drive,
a rotating hollow
cone resembling a large tapered spring, that
would draw the aluminum chips through a
narrowing passage and then into the small
port in the compression chamber.
The cost ofthe device, said Chang, will
be about $2,000 to $3,000. Savings to
the user will come from the ability to
collect and reuse the coolant on-site, and
through the elimination of an intermediary who would otherwise perform the
compression and coolant extraction off-
site for a price before delivering the pellets to the recycling facility.
"An inexpensive machine capable of
facilitating the recycling process for
smaller machine shops would be extremely beneficial to both shop owners
and the environment, as the choice to
recycle is an easy one if there is money to
be made at it," Chang said.
Faculty emphasizes
real life" experience
Work and academic experience that
now seem exceptional for a student
graduating with an undergraduate degree in engineering could become commonplace as UBC's engineering programs change with the times.
It's likely that within a few years,
international work experience and
problem-based research experience will
grace the resume of many undergraduate students in engineering at UBC,
even before they complete their degrees, the dean of the Faculty of Applied Science said.
"A greater emphasis on research
experience at the undergraduate level
and increased opportunities to gain
international work
experience will ensure        students
graduating with  a
bachelor's degree in
engineering are as
well   equipped   as
possible for employment in industry,"
said Axel Meisen.
Engineering programs, which have
been developed at
UBC since 1915, are
continuing to evolve
to meet the needs of
industry, society
and the students
who choose to enter
the profession.
There are now more than 2,200
undergraduate students and 700
graduate students enrolled in engineering programs. These include bio-
resource engineering; chemical engineering; civil engineering; electrical
and computer engineering; engineering physics; geological engineering;
mechanical engineering; metals and
materials engineering; and mining and
mineral process engineering.
Meisen, who will step down this
summer after 12 years as dean, lists a
number of directions in which he expects the university's engineering programs to develop.
A greater integration of research and
design early on in undergraduate level
programs will introduce students to the
sorts of problems they may face working in
industry and give them the confidence
and ability to tackle problems they have
never encountered before, Meisen said.
He also anticipates a greater shift
away from discipline-focused research
toward problem-focused research,
such as work on such societal issues
as unemployment, automation and
creating a better life for the aged
through the application of technology.
The development of collaborative arrangements with industrial and academic partners in Canada and abroad
will provide students with opportunities to gain not only relevant work
experience through co-op programs,
but also international academic experience. Meisen said that although a
number of international agreements
are in place, the trickle of engineering
students taking advantage of exchange
programs is relatively small.
"With the increasing internationalization of engineering, our graduates are
very likely to find themselves in positions of either competing with or collaborating with engineering firms from
around the world," he said. "A semester
of study in Asia, or completion of a co-op
work term in Latin America, will prove
invaluable   when   it
comes to dealing with
colleagues or competitors in these areas later.
"Most of our co-op
students   are   being
placed in B.C. and in
Canada. But I see that
changing, particularly
in the Asia Pacific and
the Americas, including the U.S.
"We have to take
advantage of being next
to such a large, technologically advanced
nation."
Despite a high level
Meisen of UBC success in ne
gotiating agreements
with Asian partners, Meisen said increasing competition in the region will
lead to fewer opportunities.
"I think we'll need to develop a
second string to our bow, and that
should be the Americas. They're in our
own backyard and it makes strategic
sense. If we don't develop in the direction of Latin America we'll miss a
major opportunity."
Increasing political and economic
stability in Latin America, and well-
established business relationships between Canadian industries — particularly mining and forestry — and Latin
American partners, make the area attractive for UBC.
Other developments in UBC's engineering programs are likely to include
growth in the areas of software engineering and bio-sciences, Meisen said.
'Tremendous advances have been
made in the areas of molecular biology
and genetic engineering," he said. "But
these advances haven't found great expression in practice and application yet.
UBC is extremely well-positioned with
its multi-faculty expertise in that area."
There is also room for the introduction of a Doctor of Engineering program
heavily weighted in course work and
having a wider approach than the current PhD research programs, he added.
Engineering video wins award
A video produced for the Faculty of
Applied Science to encourage high school
students, especially women and other
under-represented groups to consider
engineering as a career, has won its
second international award.
Engineering the Future, produced by
Vancouver's The Eyes Multimedia Productions, features two UBC engineering
students, Sundiep Tehara and Victor
Szabo, as they take viewers on an informal tour of engineering at UBC. The video
illustrates and raises awareness of the
rewards of engineering as a career.
The most recent award is a Silver
World Medal presented at the 39th Annual NewYork Festival, an international
non-broadcast competition for industrial, educational and informational productions. More than 1,000 entries were
received from 39 countries. The video
won the silver medal in the Career Guidance Category.
The video also won a Silver Screen
Award at the U.S. International Film and
Video Festival last year. 6 UBC Reports April 3, 1997
Calendar
April 6 through April 19
Sunday, Apr. 6
Green College Performing
Arts Group
Green College Choir Recital.
Green College, 8pm. Call 822-
6067.
Monday, Apr. 7
Biochemistry & Molecular
Biology Discussion Group
Seminar
TGF-Beta And 1VIADR Proteins.
Dr. Jeffrey Wrana, Hospital for
Sick Children. IRC#4. 3:45pm.
Refreshments 3:30pm. Call 822-
4070.
Physics and Astronomy -
Astronomy Seminar
Destroying Protoplanetary Disks
In Orion's Trapezium. Doug
Johnstone, Canadian Institute of
Theoretical Astrophysics.
Hennings 318, 4pm. Refreshments 3:30pm. Call 822-2802.
Resident Speaker Series
Sundry Doctrines And Sumptuous Banquets: The Inns Of Court
And The Politics Of Dramatic
Taste. Brent Whitted. English.
Green College, 5:30pm. Call 822-
6067.
19th Century Studies
Working-Class Bodies And Domestic Spaces In Gaskell's Mary
Barton.'Jill Matus, UofToronto.
Green College, 8pm. Call 822-
6067.
Tuesday, Apr. 8
Grad Fair
Con'grad'ulations Fair - Information. Products And Services For
The Class Of'97. Bookstore. 9am-
5pm. Continues April 9. Call 822-
2665.
Animal Science Seminar
Series
Novel Applications Of NIRS In
Predicting The Nutrient Quality
Of Western Canadian Cereal
Grains. Mary Lou Swift, PhD candidate. MacMillan 158. 12:30pm.
Refreshments. Call 822-4593.
Seminar
Ferns In British Columbia: More
Questions Than Answers. Adolf
Ceska, System Ecologist. B.C.
Ministry of Environment.
BioSciences 2000. 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Lectures in Modern
Chemistry
Ring-Opening Polymerization As
A Route To Inorganic Polymers
With New And Controlled
Architectures. Prof. Ian Manners,
UofToronto. Hennings202. lpm.
Refreshments 12:40pm. Call 822-
3266.
Earth and Ocean Sciences
Oceanography Seminar
Chemical Tracers Of Anoxia:
From Fjords To Deep-Sea Nodules. Bob Collier, Oregon State
U. BioSciences 1465, 3:30pm.
Call 822-1814.
Seminar
Co-ordinated Regulation Of Cell
Morphology And Gene Transcription By The Rho Family Of
GTPases. Alan Hall, University
College, London. IRC# 1. 3:30pm.
Refreshments before seminar.
Call 822-2210.
Statistics Seminar
A Review Of Some Model Selection Techniques (With A Conjecture). Prof. Bertrand Clarke. Statistics. CSCI 301, 4-5:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-0570.
Medical Genetics Seminar
Molecular Studies of Inversion
Duplication 8p. Tanya Nelson. PhD
candidate. Lipoprotein Lipase And
Atherosclerosis: Studies In Mouse
Models. Susanne Clee, PhD candidate. Wesbrook 201.4:30 5:30pm.
Refreshments4pm. Call822-5312.
Wednesday, Apr. 9
Orthopedics Grand Rounds
Orthopedics Spine Management
Of Metastatic Tumours. Dr. C.G.
Fisher. Dr. L. Zeller, Orthopedics.
Vancouver Hospital/HSC. Eye
Care Centre Auditorium, 7am. Call
875-4646.
Microbiology and
Immunology Seminar Series
Potentiation Of BPD-Mediated
Photodynamic Purging Of Contaminated Bone Marrow. Stephen
Yip, Microbiology and Immunology. Wesbrook 201, 12:30-l:30pm.
Call 822-3308.
Noon Hour Concert
UBC Contemporary Players.
Stephen Chatman, Eric Wilson,
directors. Music Recital Hall,
12:30pm. Call 822-3113.
Research Division Seminar
(OBST 506)
Characterization OfThe 5-Hanking Region Of The Human Gona-
dotropin-Releasing Hormone
Receptor Gene. Phido Cheng. PhD
candidate. B.C. Women's Hospital/Health Centre 2-N35.2pm. Call
875-3108.
Ecology and Centre for
Biodiversity Research
Seminar
Male-Female Antagonostic
Coevolution As An Evolutionary
Catalyst: Speciation And Sex Chromosomes. Bill Rice, U of California, Santa Cruz. Family/Nutritional Sciences 60. 4:30pm. Refreshments Hut B-8. 4:10pm. Call
822-3957.
Respiratory Research
Seminar
Asthma Education: Is It Worthwhile? Dr. Sarah Broder. Respiratory Division. Vancouver Hospital/HSC, 2775 Heather St.. 3rd
floor conference room. 5-6pm. Call
875-5653.
Theatre Performance
The Ends OfThe Earth by Morris
Panych. B-490Theatre Collective.
Frederic Wood Theatre, Spm. Continues to April 12. Matinee April
12. lpm. Refreshments. Call 822-
2678.
Thursday, Apr. 10
Concert
UBC Opera Ensemble. Nancy
Hermiston, director. Old Auditorium, 12:30pm. Call 822-31 13.
Environmental Engineering
Seminar
Progressive Systems Closure:
Treatment Of TMP Whitewater By
Ultrafiltration And Aerobic
Memabrane Biological System.
Christina Ragona. CEME 1215.
3:30-4:30pm. Refreshments. Call
822-2637.
Invited Speaker Seminar
Series
The Level Set Method: What's In It
For You? Stanley Osher. UCLA.
CICSR/CS 208. 4-5:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-0557.
Genetics Graduate Program
Seminar
The Tissue Specific Distribution
Of Chromosomal Mosaicism In
Cases Diagnosed With Confined
Placental Mosaicism. D. James
Stavropoulos, MSc candidate. Pa
thology. Wesbrook 201, 4:30pm.
Refreshments 4:15pm. Call 822-
8764.
Conference
Academic Freedom And The Inclusive University. Welcoming reception. 5:30-7pm. Conference continues to April 12. Non-students.
$125. To register, call 822-1050.
Friday, Apr. 11
Pediatrics Grand Rounds
Respiratory Syncytial Virus - New
Information From The Canadian
Epidemiology Studies. Dr. Elaine
Wang. U of Toronto and Hospital
for Sick Children. GF Strong Auditorium, 9am. Call 875-2307.
Health Care and
Epidemiology Rounds
Health Impact Assessment As A
Tool For Population Health Promotion And Healthy Public Policy.
Dr. Jim Frankish, Inst, of Health
Promotion Research. Mather 253,
9-10am. Call 822-2772.
Occupational Hygiene
Program Seminar
Kiln Emissions And Potters Exposures. Bob Hirtle. Health Care and
Epidemiology. Vancouver Hospital/HSC Koerner pavilion G-279,
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-9595.
Chemical Engineering
Weekly Seminar
Viscosity And Mixing Of A Lignin-
Based Slurry Fuel. Dusko Posarac,
Chemical Engineering. ChemEng
206, 3:30pm. Call 822-3238.
Concert
UBC Opera Ensemble. Nancy
Hermiston, director. Old Auditorium, 8pm. Call 822-3113.
Saturday, Apr. 12
Know Wonder Time
Folktales From Many Cultures For
Kids Of All Ages. Bookstore.
1:30pm. Call 822-2665.
Concert
UBC Opera Ensemble. Nancy
Hermiston, director. Old Auditorium, 8pm. Call 822-3113.
The Vancouver Institute
Lecture
Academic Freedom And The Inclusive University. Prof. Stanley Fish,
Duke University and Prof. John
Fekete, Trent University. IRC #2,
8:15pm. Call 822-4636.
Sunday, Apr. 13
Concert
UBC Opera Ensemble. Nancy
Hermiston, director. Old Auditorium, 2:30pm. Call 822-3113.
Green College Performing
Arts Group
The John Doheny Quintet. Green
College, 8pm. Call 822-6067.
Monday, Apr. 14
Asian Street Foods Festival
Asian Foods And Folkways At The
Carpark In The CK Choi Building.
CKChoi lounge, 1 lam-2pm. Continues to April 18. Call 822-2629.
Biochemistry and Molecular
Biology Seminar
Dissection OfThe Protein Folding
Problem. IRC#4.3:45pm. Refreshments 3:30pm. Call 822-3341.
Physics and Astronomy
Astronomy Seminar
Peter Stetson. Dominion
Astrophysical Observatory.
Hennings318.4pm. Refreshments
3:30pm. Call 822-2802.
Resident Speaker Series
Rendering The Imagination: The
Making Of A Computer Animation. Allan Rempel, Computer Science. Green College. 5:30pm. Call
822-6067.
Tuesday, Apr. 15
Medical Genetics Seminar
Gene Therapy For Sickle Cell Disease. Sharlene Faulkes, PhD candidate. Functional Analysis OfThe
Werner Syndrome Gene. Richard
Bruskiewich, PhD candidate.
Wesbrook 201. 4:30-5:30pm. Refreshments 4pm. Call 822-5312.
Wednesday, Apr. 16
Orthopedics Grand Rounds
Dr. B.A. Masri, Orthopedics. VancouverHospital/HSC, Eye Care Centre Auditorium, 7am. Call 875-4646.
Book Buy Backs
Bring Your Used Texts In For Cash.
Bookstore front lobby, 9am-
4:30pm. Call 822-2665.
Research Division Seminar
(OBST 506)
Spontaneous And Progesterone
Induced Sperm Acrosome Reaction. Dr. Peter Pan. National Yang
Ming University. B.C. Women's
Hospital/Health Centre 2-N35,
2pm. Call 875-3108.
Respiratory Research
Seminar Series
Physiological Changes Following
Lung Volume Reduction Surgery.
Dr. Arthur Gelb, professor UCLA.
Vancouver Hospital/HSC 2775,
Heather St. 3rd floor conference
room, 5-6pm. Call 875-5653.
Senate
The Eighth Regular Meeting Of
Senate, UBC's Academic Parliament. Curtis 102, 1822 EastMall.
Spm. Call 822-2951.
rosis: Slow Progress In A Slowly
Progressing Disease. Dr. J.
Carter, BC's Children's Hospital. GF Strong Auditorium, 9am.
Call 875-2307.
Health Care and
Epidemiology Rounds
Complexity In Epidemiology: Is It
Time For New Methods? Dr. Steve
Marion, Health Care and Epidemiology. Mather 253, 9-10am.
Call 822-2772.
Saturday, Apr. 19
Conference
Best Privacy Practices For Private And Public Sector Organizations. Robert Betterell, Assoc.
Lawyer, Ratcliff & Co.; David
Flaherty, Information and Privacy Commissioner, Province of
B.C.; Colin Bennett. Assoc. Prof.
Political Science. U Victoria;
Alexandra Bradley. President,
Harwood Information Associates
Ltd. University Golf Club, 5185
University Boulevard, 9am-4pm.
$ 180. Resource materials, lunch,
refreshments. Sponsored by the
School of Library. Archival and
Information Studies. Call 822-
2404.
Know Wonder Time
Making Napkin Rings And Straw
Holders For Kids Of All Ages. Bookstore, 1:30pm. Call 822-2665.
Concert
UBC Medicine Spring Gala. Presented By UBC Medical Students. Chan Centre, 7:30pm.
Tickets at UBC and Dean's Office (Faculty of Medicine), Vancouver Hosp/HSC, Laurel Pavilion. Donations gratefully accepted at the door. Proceeds to
the Children's Wish Foundation
of Canada. Call 822-2421.
Thursday, Apr. 17 NOtJCGS
Genetics Graduate Program
Seminar
Sequencing Rare Cutter Sites On
Human Chromosome 8. Leah
Debella, MSc candidate. Wesbrook
201, 4:30pm. Refreshments
4:15pm. Call 822-8764.
The Narrativity Research
Group
Madame Butterfly Symposium.
Susan McClary, UCLA; Anne
McClintock, Columbia; Bart Testa,
U of Toronto. Green College.
7:30pm. Continues April 18-19.
9am-5pm. Call 822-6067.
Friday, Apr. 18
Pediatrics Grand Rounds
Focal Segmental Glomeruloscle-
Eczema Study
Dermatology is looking for persons 12-40 years old who have a
current flare of eczema. Honorarium will be paid for five visits
over a 15-day period. Call 875-
5296.
Facial Psoriasis
Dermatology is looking for persons 18 years and older, able to
attend five visits over eight weeks.
Call 875-5296.
Psoriatic Arthritis
Dermatology is looking for persons 18 years and older, must
have psoriasis as well as psoriatic arthritis. Honorarium paid
upon completion. Call 875-
5296.
il J BC REPORTS
CALENDAR POLICY AND DEADLINES
The UBC Reports Calendar lists university-related or
university-sponsored events on campus and off cana?-
pus within the Lower Mainland.
Calendar items must be submitted on forms available from the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil
Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. Phone:
822-3131. Fax: 822-2684.' An electronic form is available
on the UBC Reports Web page at http://www.ubc.ca under
'News.' Please limit to 35 words. Submissions for the
Calendar's Notices section may be limited due to space.
Deadline for the April 17 issue of UBC Reports —
which covers the period April 20 to May 3 — is noon,
April 8. UBC Reports ■ April 3, 1997 7
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENT
PERSONAL SECURITY COORDINATOR
1996 YEAR END REPORT
Key Accomplishments in 1996:
• "Code Blue" Emergency Phones 8i
Campus Lighting Upgrades
• UBC "Clothesline Project" by the
Women Students' Office
• Fixed Route Security Bus
• AMS Student Safety Audits
• 1996 UBC Safety Guide by the
Women Students' Office
• Compliance with WCB Regulations
on the Prevention of Violence in the
Workplace
The Personal Security Coordinator is responsible for developing and implementing University-wide personal security
programs, as well as promoting existing
and ongoing programs. The Coordinator
is responsible for coordinating the collection, analysis and distribution of personal security information and for assisting with the resolution of complaints
related to personal security.
The Personal Security Coordinator's report on the status of UBC's personal security programs reflects, insofar as possible,
all ofthe activities underway at UBC. This
Report provides an overview of current
services and ongoing programs; however,
programs detailed in last year's report are
not included in the 1996 Report.
1. The Personal Security
Coordinator's Office:
During 1996, the Coordinator focused
primarily on the following areas: resolution of specific incidents, assisting with
the development of UBC's policy Response
to Threatening Behaviour, and increasing
awareness around personal security issues. As well, the Coordinator was very
active as a member of the transitional
management team of the department of
Parking, Transportation and Campus
Security. Two major campus projects,
the Personal Security Review Audit program conducted by the Local Safety Committees and the UBC Risk Assessment in
compliance with the WCB Regulations on
the Prevention of Violence in the
Workplace, were completed and the Coordinator is now planning future activities stemming from these projects.
a) Personal Security Review Audit
Program:
Local Safety Committees conducted personal security review audits of seventy
campus buildings in the fall of 1995
under the direction of the Coordinator.
The results of the 1995 audits were entered in a database and the Coordinator,
with the assistance of a work-study student, is generating a report providing an
overview of concerns and recommending
future improvements which will be forwarded to Campus Planning & Development. Many of the Local Safety Committee auditors identified areas of concern
which the students also identified in their
audits, and the information was relayed
to Campus Planning & Development and
used to establish the priority list for minor capital projects related to the Safer
Campuses Initiative.
The Personal Security Review Audit Program reveals the need for a consistent,
measurable audit program that can be
used by the Local Safety Committees
and other campus groups on an ongoing
basis. The Coordinator's work-study student is working on developing a comprehensive audit program with staff of Campus Planning & Development and interested campus constituents. The ongoing, standardized audit program provides an assessment ofthe UBC community's concerns about the safety of the
campus, and will provide coherent, useful information to the administration
regarding prioritizing ongoing Improvements to the physical plant.
The AMS has sponsored three student
safety audits: two during the 1995-1996
academic year, and one in December,
1996. The students responsible for the
1995-1996 safety audits presented their
summary report to the Board of Governors at its January 1996 meeting. The
Coordinator and David Grigg, Manager
of Engineering Services, Campus Planning and Development, prepared a written response to the Student Safety Audit
summary.
In response to the students' recommendation that the University establish a
reliable, central reporting system to monitor the street lights on campus to identify burnt out lights, in the Spring of
1996, Plant Operations supplemented
its 24-hour "trouble calls" service with
an email address to report lights out on
campus: lightsout@plantops.ubc.ca. As
well, the students identified seven areas
or issues of priorities and the following
point form list illustrates the students'
priorities and the University's response
to their concerns:
1. Woodward Library/Health Sciences
Area:
• CP&D installed a "Code Blue" emergency telephone in the plaza area near
the IRC.
• CP&D has improved lighting on the
north side of the IRC through to University Blvd. and on the south side of
the hospital area and replaced existing
sodium lights with white metal halide
lights which provide better lighting.
• Plant Operations has trimmed bushes
and undergrowth in the area.
2. Main Library, Sedgewick Library &
Buchanan Complex:
• CP&D has improved lighting around
the Main Library, on the path from the
Library to Memorial Road, and along
Memorial Road from Main Mall to East
Mall near the Buchanan complex.
• Plant Operations has trimmed bushes
and undergrowth in the area.
3. Walking Route from Totem Park:
• CP&D installed "Code Blue" emergency
telephones on Stores Road behind the
Forward Building, and in the Information kiosk in front of the CICSR complex on Main Mall.
• CP&D upgraded the lighting in the "O"
Lot behind MacMillan building.
4. Residences by First Nations House of
Learning:
• CP&D installed a "Code Blue" emergency telephone at Gate 6 on University Blvd. near Place Vanier residences.
• CP&D improved lighting on the paths
in the Ponderosa complex area.
5. Student Recreation Centre & GSAB
Parking Lot:
• CP&D improved the lighting in the
GSAB Lot which services the Rec. Ctr.
6. Route to Fairview and Acadia:
• CP&D improved lighting on the pathway near Fairview Avenue.
7. Parking Lots:
• In addition to the above-mentioned
projects, CP&D upgraded lighting in
the parking areas near Ritsumeikan
Residence (the "A Lot" on Lower Mall),
and in the parking areas near the
Museum of Anthropology and the Anthropology and Sociology building (the
"Mary Bollert Lot").
b) Compliance with WCB
Regulations on Violence in the
Workplace & Policy
Development:
The Coordinator conducted a risk assessment in compliance with the WCB
Regulations in the fall of 1995 and collected the responses and entered the
results in a database in the Spring of
1996. Attached to this report is a copy of
the Risk Assessment Report. The Risk
Assessment Report will be presented to
the Administrative Heads and the Personal Security Coordinator will be involved in the ongoing implementation of
training programs and assessments to
reduce any identified risks of violence to
UBC employees.
The Coordinator was actively involved in
the "working group" process of developing a University-wide policy on Response
to Threatening Behaviour to assist members of the University community resolve incidents where people exhibit
threatening or violent behaviour. The
Vice Provost has presented the Response
to Threatening Behaviour Policy to the
Board of Governors.
2. The Women Students' Office:
a) "Clothesline Project:"
The WSO sponsored the UBC Clothesline
Project, which was displayed in the Student Union Building Art Gallery the week
of December 3, 1996 to commemorate the
deaths of fourteen women at the Ecole
Polytechnique in Montreal. The Clothesline Project is a "powerful visual display of
t-shirts with graphic messages and illustrations created by individual women to
represent her own personal experience of
violence".
The WSO will sponsor another display of
the UBC Clothesline Project in March,
1997 in conjunction with International
Women's Day activities, and plans to
display the Clothesline Project at other
post-secondary institutions throughout
the province and Canada. The Clothesline Project received $7,400 through the
1995-1996 provincial Safer Campus Initiatives funding to sponsor the project.
b) Safety Guide and Peer Educator
Workshops:
The WSO continued to sponsor the Peer
Educator program, offering "Sex, Dating
& All That Jazz" Workshops on acquaintance sexual assault and Personal Security Workshops for students. The WSO
reprinted its Safety Guide for 1997, and
updated the version offered on the WSO
"home page". Both the WSO Peer Educator program and the Safety Guide received funding through the provincial
Safer Campuses Initiative 1996-1997.
3. Parking, Transportation &
Campus Security:
Fixed Route Security Bus Service:
In the Spring term of 1996, through funding provided by the office of the Vice
President, Student and Academic Services, the department of Campus Security
added a second security bus on a trial
basis to provide service on a scheduled
route from 6:00 p.m. till 2:00 a.m., Monday through Friday nights. The department conducted a user survey at the
conclusion of the trial period and determined that the majority of users preferred the fixed route service. In the fall of
1996, the department reduced its security bus service to one fixed route bus.
The security bus averages between one
hundred and one hundred and fifty riders per shift.
4. The Alma Mater Society:
a) Safewalk Program:
The AMS sponsored Safewalk program received $5,400.00 from the 1995-1996 provincial Safer Campuses Initiative funding to
expand its operation. In October, 1996,
Safewalk established a second "office" in the
Buchanan Building to expand its operation
for students enrolled in night classes in the
area. The Safewalk program used some of
the Safer Campuses funds to purchase new
jackets and rechargeable battery packs for
the volunteers' flashlights. In the past, the
program did not operate during the exam
period due to a lack of volunteers; however,
this year the service operated during the
exam period for the first time. The current
Director is hopeful that Safewalk will soon
use two-way radios which have access to the
Campus Security frequency and thus improve the service and the safety and security
level ofthe Safewalk volunteers and clients.
b) Safety Commissioners:
The AMS has two Safety Commissioners
who are responsible for increasing awareness about safety issues on campus
among the student body. The Safety Commissioners provide information at campus events and solicit students' concerns
about personal safety and helped with
the Student Safety Audit (see paragraph
2a). As well, the Safety Commissioners
act as liaisons with other campus groups
to help resolve student concerns.
5. Safer Campuses Initiative
Funding:
The Ministry of Skills, Training & Labour,
through its 1995-1996 Safer Campuses
Initiative, provided $25,000 to every post-
secondary institution in the province to
continue ongoing projects to improve campus safety and to implement other related programs. Based on a proposal
submitted to the Ministry by the Personal
Security Advisory Committee, the 1995-
1996 funding was allocated as follows:
• $1,200 for the development of personal security workshops for persons
with disabilities;
• $5,400 for improving and expanding
the student operated Safewalk program;
• $11,000 for promotional material concerning safety on campus; and
• $7,400 for the UBC Clothesline Project.
Additional information on the Safer Campuses Initiative funding is provided in the
relevant sections of this report. The
Ministry has indicated that the Safer
Campuses Initiative funding will no longer
be available as of 1997.
6. Safer Campuses Initiative
Minor Capital Funding:
In 1995-1996, the Ministry of Skills, Train-
ing & Labour provided UBC with
$450,000.00 in minor capital funds earmarked for "Safer Campus" projects. These
funds were used to improve exterior lighting on campus and to install six "Code
Blue" emergency telephones at locations
across the campus, based on a list of
priorities identified through the Student
Safety Audit and the Personal Security
Review Audit programs. These projects
have a visible impact on the perception of
safety on the campus at UBC, and we have
received positive feedback from the community about the lighting improvements
and the emergency phone program.
The future of minor capital projects related to the Safer Campus Initiative is
uncertain as the Ministry froze the 1996-
1997 minor capital funds earmarked for
"Safer Campus" projects. 8 UBC Reports April 3, 1997
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
COMMUNICATIONS REPORT 1996/97
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
April 3, 1997
Dear Colleagues:
Here for your review is the Communications Report 1996/97 prepared by the
university's Public Affairs Office. The report outlines communications programs and services provided by the External Affairs Division to support
administration, faculties, departments and other campus units.
We welcome your feedback and comments.
Peter W. Ufford
Vice-1'resident. External Affairs
Overview
UBC's Public Affairs Office, housed within the External Affairs Division's University
Relations Department, is responsible for communicating UBC's mission, key messages,
and values to both its internal community of faculty, staff and students, and to the
broader external community which comprises multiple audiences. Public Affairs coordinates programs and messages in concert with other units of the External Affairs
Division, UBC administration, faculties and departments, and service units.
Programs are built on a layer of communications policies and practices, including
the Policy on Communications, approved by the Board of Governors in May 1994,
which formally acknowledges UBC's responsibility to keep its many communities
informed and ensure two-way dialogue. Programs are also built on the UBC
Communications Plan, finalized in January 1995 and slated for updating in the
spring of 1997, which was developed with widespread campus input and designed
to respond to the ever-changing environment in which UBC operates. The plan's five
emphases are: critical issues management, public information centre, internal communication, two-way communication, and external communication. These emphases
form the basis of Public Affairs' workplans.
This office provides a comprehensive communications program directed toward the
campus community, the general public, government, the business community and
the media. The primary goals of the office are to keep the campus community informed
about developments in university policies, its people, research, teaching, and events;
to increase public understanding and support for UBC; to provide avenues for the on-
campus and off-campus community to communicate with the university; to encourage public use of campus facilities and attractions; and to promote interaction
between the university and the private and public sectors. The office provides the
news media with accurate and timely information about research activities and other
matters of public interest, and produces a wide range of publications including the
tabloid newspaper UBC Reports, President's Reports, and brochures. Staff also
provide public and media relations counselling and other communications services
to UBC academic and administrative units.
1996/97 in review
Several key university initiatives were supported by the Public Affairs Office in 1996/
97, including the Official Community Plan and the Liu Centre for International
Studies, and many public issues required strategic communications support, including issues such as:
• New president appointed for University of British Columbia
• Funding cuts to have lasting impact on UBC
Public Information Centre
UBC's first Public Information Centre began to take shape in late 1996, with the
establishment of an information line, UBC-INFO (822-4636), and walk-in centre at
the Cecil Green Park Coach House. The centre is staffed on a full-time basis and
provides a wide range of information about UBC programs, services and facilities, as
well as offering directions to campus and information about events. An advertising
campaign is underway to promote the centre to both on-campus and off-campus
users. The number of visitors and phone calls to the centre, and the types of requests,
will be monitored to identify best future expansion opportunities for the centre.
World Wide Web
The Public Affairs Office Web site, which provides on-line access to UBC Reports,
media releases, Facts & Figures, and other communications vehicles, was launched
in August 1996. The estimated number of people worldwide who can read and
respond directly to these communications initiatives on the Web is 26.4 million.
Forecasters predict that by the end of 1997, 52 million people will be using the World
Wide Web. The Public Affairs Office also completed the External Affairs Division Web
site and contributed to the renewal of UBC's home page and Web site.
Media relations
The office also initiated a new format for media releases in order to enable it to increase
its ability to publicize and celebrate many of the achievements of UBC's faculty, staff
and students. An increasing emphasis was placed on telling the stories ofthe "people"
of UBC in all communication materials.
The Public Affairs Office was awarded a silver medal by the Council for the Support
and Advancement of Education (CASE) for news release writing.
UBC Reports
UBC's main vehicle for communicating with its internal audience on an ongoing basis
is the bi-weekly tabloid UBC Reports. While continuing to promote the achievements
in teaching, research and service of UBC's faculty, staff and students, lour new
columns were initiated to highlight trends in teaching, safety on campus, reengineering
or efficiency initiatives, and the changing environment in campus food services.
Fund-raising communications
The integration ofthe Donor Relations and Communications unit ofthe Development
Department was completed at the beginning of the 1996-97 fiscal year. The
amalgamation means Public Affairs can increasingly support university-wide and
faculty fund-raising initiatives. One of this unit's major projects in 1996 was the
production of a two-part video on the opening of the CKChoi Building for the Institute
of Asian Research and UBC's international programs and facilities.
Looking ahead
UBC's relationships with its many diverse constituents remain a priority and Public
Affairs will support these relationships during the coming year by providing communications/consultation programs for UBC initiatives, including:
• Official Community Plan (May 1997)
• Liu Centre for International Studies project (Spring 1997)
• Chan Centre for the Performing Arts Opening (Spring 1997)
• Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum (November 1997)
• transition to a new president (August 1997)
• expansion of the Public Information Centre and its services (ongoing)
• updating UBC's communications plan to reflect ongoing changes in the university's
environment (Spring 1997)
• placing an increasing emphasis on the contributions made by UBC faculty, staff
and research to the province of BC and beyond (ongoing)
• providing ongoing communications support to senior administration, and faculties
and departments for their identified priorities (ongoing)
Reporting to the community
Messages
UBC's messages reflect its mission statement and the goals set for the university,
including:
• UBC is a world-class educational and research institution
• UBC is open and accountable, is meeting and serving community needs, and is
encouraging input and participation
• UBC fosters and contributes social, economic, scientific, cultural and educational
benefits to society
• UBC plays a leadership role in advancing British Columbia on the provincial,
national and international scene
• UBC's faculty, staff and students are part of a unique community and their
participation in the university is valued
Audiences
internal (on-campus): faculty, staff, students
external (local, regional, provincial, national, international)
alumni
government (municipal/provincial/federal)
donors (individual/corporate/foundation)
business/industry sector
media (print/radio/tv/wire/magazine)
public (UEL/regional/provincial/national/international)
organized labour
friends of UBC
visitors to campus
Communications services
The Public Affairs Office offers a range of communications services to campus,
including:
• UBC Reports — tabloid newspaper published  21   times annually;  circulation
37.000, includes UBC Gazette, policy and other inserts
• Media releases — 200 in 1996/97 publicizing more than 100 research, teaching,
people and policy announcements
• Phone contact — 200 calls per day
• Placement of UBC's people and stories — hundreds annually in TV, radio and print
media, both in the Lower Mainland and across Canada
• News conferences
• Daily clips service — 200 packages annually, approximately 1,000 items
• Facts & Figures university brochure
• World Wide Web site
• Public consultation/public process
• Report to the Community — Vancouver Sun and Province
• President's tours
• Homecoming events
• Contributions to faculty/departmental newsletters
• President's Reports
• Speakers Bureau
• Alumni Chronicle contributions
• Media training services
• Communications consultation
• Campus tours
• UBC experts contact service
• Brochures and other publications
• Speech writing services
• Editing services
• Congregation
• MLA/MP visits
• Donor publications
• Personal contact/one-on-one meetings
• Video productions UBC Reports ■ April 3, 1997 9
Forum
The universe
(which others call
the library)
By Shirley Neuman
Shirley Neuman is dean of UBC's Faculty of Arts. She gave thefollowing remarks recently at the opening ofthe Walter
C. Koerner Library.
Some of you will recognize in my title
the opening words of Jorge Luis Borges'
short story, 'The Library of Babel." The
universe of Borges' fiction is no edifice of
concrete and glass like the new Koerner
which we are celebrating, its shelves deployed in orderly rows, individual carrels
each with its own computer connection
for the aspiring PhD candidates who were
perhaps imagined as its ideal users.
Borges' universe-cum-library consists
of identical hexagonal rooms. From each
of these hexagons, one can see, "interminably," the hexagons above and below.
Four sides of each hexagon hold five rows
each of identical bookshelves. One side is
bounded by a low railing overlooking an
airshaft; dead librarians are thrown over
the railing into an "infinite" fall that proves
that the library/universe is unending.
The sixth side of the hexagon opens onto
a modest hall, which leads transversely to
other hexagons, and vertically by means
of a spiral staircase to hexagons above
and below. On either side ofthe hall, we
are told, are two small closets, one that
enables a reader to sleep standing upright, the other a latrine.
The universe that Borges' fictional
librarian describes is an architecture of
infinite regression and infinite duplication, populated by books and other librarians. It is a place of dreams and
danger: a place of futile quests "in search
of a book, perhaps the catalogue of catalogues;" a place of ferocious debates in
which, "for every sensible line of straightforward statement, there are leagues of
senseless cacophonies, verbal jumbles
and incoherences; it is a place of "extravagant happiness."
The library, Borges' narrator informs us,
is analogous to early theologians' definitions of God: it "is a sphere whose exact
centre is any one of its hexagons and whose
circumference is inaccessible." Librarians
may be the product of chance or of malevolent demiurgi," but "the universe, with its
elegant endowment of shelves, of enigmatical volumes, of inexhaustible stairways for
the traveller and latrines for the seated
librarian, can only be the work of god."
The library is a place of orderly disorder,
disorderly order. One of its axioms is that
"the orthographical symbols are 25 in
number," an orderly principle if there ever
was one, into which more orderly disorder is
introduced by an epigram to the short story
from Burton's The Anatomy of Melancholy
which alludes to an alphabet of 23 letters,
and, in my reading, by the fact that I am
citing from a translation into English with
its 26 letters. We may not know how to read
it, our Borgesian librarian suggests, but
there is no nonsense in the library: "I cannot," he says, "combine some characters
which the divine Library has not foreseen
and which in one of its secret tongues do not
contain a terrible meaning. No one can
articulate a syllable which is not filled with
tenderness and fear, which is not. in one of
these languages, the powerful name of a
god." The library, in short, is a universe, in
the root sense of that word, to be whole,
entire.
'The Library is total ... Everything:
the minutely detailed history of the future, the archangels' autobiographies,
the faithful catalogue ofthe library, thou
sands and thousands of false catalogues, the demonstration ofthe fallacy
of those catalogues...the true story of
your death, the translation of every
book in all languages, the interpolations of every book in all books."
The universe, Borges' extravagantly
developed metaphor tells us, is a library. With the rigorous reasoning of
grammar as our guide, we can turn this
sentence around across the copulative
verb, "is." The library is the universe,
whole and entire. Which is to say that
our world is what is known about it.
Our world is the physical and social,
the spiritual and intellectual phenomena we observe and describe, even when
we cannot explain them; it is our representations of those phenomena; and it
is our attempts to interpret them, to
theorize them, to give them meaning.
Whether we are medical practitioners
or foresters, agriculturalists or lawyers; whether we are businessmen or
teachers, engineers or botanists;
whether we are mathematicians or
geomorphologists, dramaturges or
economists; whether we are art historians or psychologists, theologians or
social workers; whether we are writers
or sociologists, musicians or the architect of a new building called the library,
the library is our history, our source,
our wholeness. It is the repository of
what in the past we thought we knew,
of what we thought about it and of what
we imagine we know now; of our ideals
and aspirations for the future. It holds
the data we call facts, and the meanings we have given those facts, as well
as imaginings that have nothing to do
with what we call facts and everything
to do with the truths of the human
spirit. The library is a building of many
self-contradictory sorts: foundation for
the scholarly edifice we erect above it, it
is also that edifice; structure we renovate and add on to through new discovery, new interpretation, new creations
ofthe imagination, it is also our renovations and additions.
Encoded somewhere in the library,
waiting for us to decipher it, Borges
argues, is all we know and all we need
to know. The library is our universe,
our university, and it is the measure of
our minds, our lives. In its labyrinths
we may get irrevocably lost or we may
spend our lives sitting on the latrine
bent over a single book; we may be led
up its spiral staircases to infinity or
plunge over its low railings to "decay
and dissolve in the wind generated by
the fall." Whether its holdings are bound
in precious leather and illuminated in
red and blue and gold, or whether they
include videos, microforms, and computerized databanks matters not at all
to the meaning of the library.
Should the "human species... be
extinguished," as Borges' fictional librarian argues it is about to be, "the
Library," he further insists, "will endure: illuminated, solitary, infinite,
perfectly motionless, equipped with
precious volumes, useless, incorruptible, secret." The library will retain the
root meaning of universe: to be entire,
whole. But should the library be lost,
then a part of our knowledge of the
world goes, and with that knowledge
the world it signifies disappears: the
universe is no longer whole, entire. The
library (which some call the universe
and others the university).
Stephen Forgacs photo
Consumer behavior is far from being based purely on financial factors says
Peter Darke. The assistant professor of Marketing recently found fairness
and luck also played an important part.
More to a bargain than
money, professor finds
by Stephen Forgacs
Staff writer
Retailers who think they can attract
shoppers by simply promising savings
might be surprised to hear that money
alone is not necessarily enough to make
a bargain hunter happy.
Peter Darke, an assistant professor of
Marketing in UBC's Faculty of Commerce
and Business Administration, recently
completed a study that confirms that non-
financial factors — such as the concept of
fairness — play an important role in bargain hunting and consumer satisfaction.
"We found that shoppers are likely to be
excited about having got a bargain, even if
there is no personal financial gain involved," Darke said, adding that this may
help explain why people will drive across
town to buy something on sale even if the
trip virtually eliminates any real savings.
"People derive pleasure or satisfaction
from the idea that they are paying a fair
price," he said.
In the study, Darke and Darren Dahl, a
graduate student in Marketing, had subjects purchase videos in a store near UBC.
The subjects, students from the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration,
were each given $10 to buy a video.
Some students were given a financial
incentive to bargain hunt — although
they were not allowed to keep the video
they purchased, they were told they could
keep the change left over after their purchase. Other students were told in advance that they would have to hand over
their video purchase and the change,
removing any financial incentive.
In the video store, subjects received
either no discount on their purchase, a
moderate discount or a high discount.
Darke and Dahl found that students
who received a discount when they made
their purchase were excited about the
fact that they got a bargain whether they
had a financial incentive or not.
"When the students returned from
making a bargain purchase we almost
didn't need to ask them questions," Darke
said. 'Their faces would light up even if
they didn't stand to gain financially. We
could have rated their facial expressions."
The UBC study is Darke's third study
in the area of non-financial motives and
bargain hunting. It confirms his findings
in the earlier studies which suggested
that the motivation for bargain hunting
extends beyond the prospect of financial
gain or savings.
In another study of consumer behaviour
at the University of Toronto, Darke found
that shoppers tend to attribute good deals to
fairness on the part ofthe retailer and to luck,
rather than their own shopping prowess.
'The most surprising thing we've found,
was that the people in our studies did not
take credit for their success in getting a
bargain," Darke said, adding that this
finding is contrary to other research.
"One of the most substantial claims in
social psychology is that people bend
over backwards to take credit for anything positive that happens to them, even
when it is impossible that they are responsible for their achievement."
In the U of T study, Darke observed the
reactions of research subjects who were
given a hypothetical situation in which
they had to buy a TV set for their office,
with no financial incentives and knowing
that the hypothetical boss would be indifferent to the outcome.
The results suggested that people derived pleasure or satisfaction from getting a good deal or "fair" price even when
there was nothing at stake.
Darke said his studies also indicate
that the percentage discount offered is
another important factor in shopper satisfaction. Even if the amount of money
involved in a discount is relatively small,
a higher percentage discount, 40 per cent
for example, leads people to infer that
they are getting a fair price.
'This may be why people like bargains,
because even if there isn't a lot of money
involved, at least they feel they have been
treated fairly. And that has positive meaning for people. It's nice to be treated fairly,
it's terrible to be jerked around, even if
there is little money involved."
Another finding in the UBC study was
that even people identified in advance as
marketing mavens — shoppers who tend
to be proud of their ability to find bargains and are likely to tell others about
their finds — attributed the discounts
they received to luck rather than skill.
And subjects in all of Darke's studies
seemed to like bargains they stumbled
across just as much as those they had
figured out. 10 UBC Reports April 3, 1997
News Digest
This year's William G. Black Memorial Prize essay competition
has been won by third-year law student Mathew Englander.
More than 50 undergraduates were competing for the prize,
which is worth $1,500.
Students entering the competition are given two hours to write an
essay — without the use of resource materials or computers — on
a topic presented at the time of the competition that relates to some
aspect of Canadian citizenship.
This year's topic was: "Should all persons born in Canada be
granted Canadian citizenship automatically? Consider this practice
from more than one perspective."
• • • • •
Dr. Donald Paty, a professor in the Dept. of Medicine, and Dr.
Wayne Moore, a clinical professor of Pathology, have received
funding of $146,000 from the pharmaceutical company Berlex
Canada Inc. for research on multiple sclerosis (MS).
Paty and Moore's research will seek further understanding ofthe
significance of MS lesions, which can be detected on brain scans
done with magnetic resonance imaging during the initial onset of
the disease, which may last two to 15 years.
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Research Note
Raymond Spencer Rodgers PhD:
• Has authored original concepts in a wide range of subjects —
communications, economics, education, ethics, government,
international studies, metaphysics, planning, sociology, etc:
• First person to write comprehensively about an "electronic web"
and consequences — as impacting other technologies, cultures.
economics, consciousness, etc. 1971. Man in the Telesphere [and
see Netschay, "Cybervisionary ignored," Internet News. Dec. 95];
• Identified by Rotstein (in 1972 Read Canadian) as one of first
three persons to seriously address the branch-plant economy;
• Previewed the "Rifkin" "end of work" thesis in an April 1957
article in the Social Democrat, Montreal;
• Identified as the "intellectual father of Lousiana's current
French-language movement." Lafayette Advertizer. Louisiana;
• Provided the theoretical framework for, and drafted and negotiated (on behalf of Louisiana), the Quebec-Louisiana Cultural
Agreement. Amer. Journal International Law. 67, 70;
• Planner ofthe world's first community centre integrating
shopping with a wide range of public services — auditorium.
seniors centre, library, daycare, etc. Oakridge. Vancouver.
Etc.
Inquiries from persons seeking dissertation topics or with other
research interests may contact rodgers@vcn.bc.ca.
Anybody wishing to reprint this notice tn unx size in on\ publication is herein
invited and authorized to do so. RSK.
Classified
The classified advertising rate is $16.50 for 35 words or less. Each additional word
is 50 cents. Rate includes GST. Ads must be submitted in writing 10 days before
publication date to the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1, accompanied by payment in cash, cheque (made out to UBC
Reports) or internal requisition. Advertising enquiries: 822-3131.
The deadline for the April 17, 1997 issue of UBC Reports is noon, April 8.
Accommodation
POINT GREY GUEST HOUSE  A
perfect spot to reserve
accommodation for guest
lecturers or other university
members who visit throughout
the year. Close to UBC and other
Vancouver attractions, a tasteful
representation of our city and of
UBC. 4103 W. 10th Ave.,
Vancouver. BC. V6R 2H2. Phone
or fax (604)222-4104.
TINA'S GUEST HOUSE Elegant
accom. in Pt. Grey area. Minutesto
UBC. On main bus routes. Close to
shops and restaurants. Inc. TV, tea
and coffee making, private phone/
fridge. Weekly rates available. Tel:
222-3461. Fax:222-9279.
GREEN COLLEGE GUEST HOUSE.
Five suites available for
academic visitors to UBC only.
Guests dine with residents and
enjoy college life. Daily rate $50,
plus $ 13/day for meals Sun.-Thurs.
Call 822-8660 for more
information and availability.
SHORT-TERM ACCOMMODATION -
daily, weekly or monthly rate until
mid-June. Very reasonable rates,
comfortable queen beds, quiet,
kitchen and laundry facilities. 5
blocks from UBC. Very close to bus.
Call Douglas at 222-8073.
PENNY FARTHING INN 2855 West
6th. Heritage House,antiques, wood
floors, original stained glass. Ten
minutes UBC and downtown. Two
blocks from restaurants, buses.
Scrumptious full breakfasts.
Entertaining cats. Views. Phones in
rooms. Call (604)739-9002. E-
mail:farthing@uniserve.com.
BRIGHT ATTRACTIVE ONE  BR
apartment close to UBC, with
patio and one affectionate cat.
Fully furnished and equipped.
Available from mid-June for two
months, possibly longer. $800/
month. Please call 228-8825.
MODERN  ONE  BR  FURNISHED
garden level bsmt. suite, near
UBC and bus. Suit one person.
Private entrance. Six appliances,
N/Pets, N/S. $888 per month incl.
util. Avail. July 1. 224-9319.	
SHORT-TERM ACCOMM. Daily,
weekly, reasonable rates.
Comfortable Queen bed, TV,
VCR in beautiful room with a
view of the ocean and an
ensuite washroom. Very close to
UBC at 16th and Dunbar. Phone
(604)730-8305.	
THREE BR AND DEN HOME. Large
living room, dining room. One
bathroom, Furnished or
unfurnished. Long-term
preferred. Near UBC, school and
bus. $1350/mo. 327-4851.	
EXCLUSIVE POINT GREY ONE BR
furnished. Spacious, fully
renovated garden suite in house.
Hardwood floors, gas fireplace,
private entrance, yard, washer/
dryer, viewfrom bedroom. Short/
long term, $1600/mo. incl. hydro
and cable. 813-7555.
SPANISH BANKS SUMMER RENTAL,
mid-June to end July. Charming
three bedroom home with
basement suite. Two blocks from
beach. Views of water,
mountain, city. $2800. Call 822-
5236 or 222-4435.
[   Accommodation
POINT GREY.  COMFORTABLE
furnished four bedroom house
available. August 1/97 -July 31/
98. $2000/month plus utilities. Call
Nikki 822-9175 or 222-3346.
EXECUTIVE HOME, PANORAMIC
view of city, water and mountain,
walking to Jericho beach, Three
B/R furnished plus nanny unit.
Gourmet kitchen. Available May
1. $3600/month plus utilities. No
pets, No smoking. Tel: 738-8717.
Fax: 738-0810.
KITSILANO HOME three BR, (one
BR ensuite) plus one room in
basement. Large back yard with
fruit trees. Available June 1.
Suitable for family or sharing, No
smoking. $1700/month plus
utilities. Tel: 738-8717. Fax: 738-
0810.	
FURNISHED HOUSE WITH VIEW
three bedroom house, five min.
drive to UBC and beaches.
Available July and August 1997.
Flexible with dates and rental
period. $2000/month. Call
(604)228-0990.
TWO FULLY FURNISHED and fully
equipped suites in beautiful Point
Grey home two blocks from UBC
gates. One available May 31.
Other available now. N/S N/P.
$950/$1400/month utilities
included. Weekly rates available,
228-8079.
GROUND LEVEL, ONE BR SUITE.
Fully furnished: washer/dryer,
telephone, answering machine,
TV, stereo, pots, pans. Utilities
included. Located one block
from UBC. Easy access to bus/
downtown. $800/month.
Contact Martine @ 224-8712.
SALTSPRINGISL. SPRING RETREAT.
Waterfront, south facing, 3-
bedroom home with fireplace;
spectacular views; private
beach, perfect for windsurfing
and kayaking; relax on the deck;
walking trails from your doorstep.
The great escape. Experience
tranquility! T/F(604)739-8590.	
TORONTO.  PROFESSOR'S 3-BR
home for sublet July-August.
Annex area, near university,
cultural amenities, restaurants,
subway. Three-storey, backyard,
children welcome. Below market
rent, $l,250/month +. (416) 920-
0755, ivan.kalmar@utoronto.ca.
FURNISHED    GARDEN    SUITE.
Excellent condition. No smoking.
No pets. Avail. May 1. Call 734-
3513.
Housing Wanted
TEACHER    SEEKS    ACCOMM.
Shared, sublet or house sitting,
Early May to August or later.
Kitsilano or Point Grey. David
Heinimann, North West College
(250)624-6054 ext 5729 office;
(250)627-8218 home       	
PROFESSION AL COUPLE waiting for
condo to be finished seek to sublet
or house-sit from May 1-August
31. Great with yards. Flexible with
dates. Call 730-9459 evenings.
RESPONSIBLE   PROFESSIONAL
woman, high school teacher in
Calgary, UBC post-grad,
returning to UBC on sabbatical
September to December 1997.
Wishes to rent/sit furnished apt./
condo or house, Please call
Heather at (403)281-9106 or e-
mail hmaki@cbe.ab.ca.
House Exchange
HOUSE SWAP 4- BR LOG HOME in
Canmore, Alberta for house near
UBC. July 1997 to July 1998. Ski,
hike, climb in Rocky Mountains.
55 minutes to University of
Calgary. Call (403)762-1422.	
OCEANVIEW, BRIGHT CLEAN, quiet
house. Three bedrooms, Furnished.
Close to amenities, solarium.
Exchange accomm. equal for
Vancouver area for one year or
more. Charles (250)479-9966 or cell:
(604)818-6737.
UBC FACULTY MEMBERS who are
looking to optimize their RRSP,
Faculty pension and retirement
options call Don Proteau, RFP or
Doug Hodgins, RFP of the HLP
Financial Group for a complimentary consultation. Investments available on a no-load
basis. Call for our free newsletter.
Serving faculty members since
1982. Phone: 687-7526. E-mail:
dproteau@hlp.fpc.ca
dhodgins@hlp.fpc.ca.
LICENSED ELECTRICIAN living in
Point Grey, specialising in home
repairs and installations. Twenty
years experience. Can fix
anything (almost). Reasonable.
References. Free estimates. Call
Brian733-3171.   	
INCOME TAX PREPARATION. Ed
Jackson. 224-3540.
CREATIVE  MINDS CHILD CARE
Centre, at 38th and Camosun
near UBC, offers full and part-
time care in their literature-based
program for children ages three
through six. Call 263-4711 for
information.
Next ad deadline:
noon, April 8
Westcoast -
Waterfront Home
at Sunshine Coast, near Vancouver
ideally suited for retiring couple.
Breathtaking view over Strait of Georgia to Vancouver Island and the Gulf
Islands. The south-facing house is very spacious, beautifully designed and
surrounded on all sides by large decks. Beautiful trees, rocky outcrops
and private beach. Available for longtime lease with possibility of
purchase. No dog. Tel. or Fax: (604) 885-2970. UBC Reports ■ April 3, 1997 11
Charles Ker photo
Tea For Three
Ritsumeikan exchange student Ai Nishiuo and Fumiko
Okudaira and Tamiko Yoshikawa (l-r) performed a Japanese
tea ceremony during the Asian street foods festival at the
C.K. Choi Building. The three women are all students in
the Faculty of Education. The festival continues April 14-
18 from 11 a.m. - 2 p.m.
THK I'NIVKRSITY OF BRITISH COUMBIA
St. John's College
St. John's College is a new residential graduate college that will
focus on international research themes and issues. The College
is the realization of a dream held by local and international
alumni of the former St. John's University in Shanghai (SJU) to
revive the spirit of their alma mater. SJU was operational
between 1879-1952, with a renowned international reputation
as one of the most prestigious and influential universities in
China. Its alumni can be found in key posts on both sides of the
Taiwan Strait, in Hong Kong, Singapore, and on every continent. Continuing in the tradition of its namesake, St. John's
College will strive to build bridges between different parts of
the world, serving as an intellectual and social centre for
graduate student and senior scholar residents, and for other
members of the University of British Columbia and wider
community who share the scholarly objectives of advanced
international studies. Its aim is to create a vibrant international
community in which students from different parts of the world
will learn from each other in a collegial setting.
St. John's College is located on the west side of the University
of British Columbia campus, close to ocean and forest. The
College is being developed in three phases, with completion of
Phase I by Sept. 1, 1997, and anticipated completion of Phase II
in 1998 and Phase III in 1999 on the 120th anniversary of the
founding of St. John's University. Upon completion, St. John's
College will have accommodation for 170 residents and will
include several lecture facilities, seminar rooms, as well as
dining facilities, lounge and social areas, and a landscaped
open air courtyard.
Upon completion of Phase I, the College will accommodate 35
graduate students, post doctoral researchers and visiting
scholars. In addition to these residential members, there will be
a number of members from various academic units on campus
and from the wider community who will enrich College life as
non-residential members.
Applications for graduate student, post doctoral researcher and
visiting scholar residential as well as faculty, graduate student
and post doctoral researcher non-residential membership are
welcome at any time. Residency in Phase I of St. John's Collge
will commence on Sept. 1, 1997.
Call for
membership
applications
For further information or to receive
an application form, please contact:
Susanna James,
St. John's College
phone: 822-0533, fax: 822-5802
e-mail: st-johns@mercurv.ubc.ca
Commerce
to offer
real estate
appraisal
program
next year
UBC's Faculty of Commerce
and Business Administration
will offer education programs
on behalf of the Appraisal Institute of Canada (AIC) starting
Jan. 1, 1998.
The faculty's Real Estate Division and the AIC signed a five-
year agreement recently under
which UBC will assume responsibility for the delivery of the AIC
Education Program.
"This agreement will allow the
AIC to benefit from UBC's expertise in refining and administering professional programs,"
Commerce Dean Michael
Goldberg said. 'The institute will
gain a high degree of consistency in its educational programs
as a result of this move and the
faculty will, in turn, benefit from
a closer association with the
AIC."
The AIC is the national society of professional real estate
appraisers. It assures high
standards in the profession
through the granting of Canadian Residential Appraiser (CRA)
and Accredited Appraiser Canadian Institute (AAC1) designations. More than 5,500 members practice the profession in
Canada, providing valuations
widely respected by the courts,
real estate corporations, banks
and other lending institutions,
as well as by government and
individuals.
AIC President Allan Beatty
said the agreement will allow
students across Canada to gain
consistent access to regularly
offered courses without having
to travel to attend classes at a
university or college.
"UBC's proven ability to communicate to individuals in distance learning format right
across the country was an important factor in arriving at this
agreement," Beatty said. "And.
by shifting the educational programs to UBC. students and
employers will benefit from
courses combining strong practitioner and academic materials."
Robert Laing, executive director of the faculty's Professional Programs, said courses
will be offered through distance
education using printed materials and the Internet to submit
assignments and access tutors.
"The courses covered by the
agreement will come on stream
gradually," Laing said. "We have
two courses ready to go and
others will follow during the next
few years as they are developed
for distance learning."
UBC will offer as many as 15
courses that meet the basic educational requirements for the
AACI designation.
"Moreover, it is planned that
these courses will be integrated
into an applied distance degree
in real estate which is currently
in development as a collaborative project between the Real
Estate Division and the Open
University." Laing said.
People
by staff writers
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences student Jose Meza is
one of five Canadians selected by the Inter-American
Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) to
receive a grant from its graduate internship program.
Meza, a PhD student in the Soil Science Dept., will be hosted
by the University of Tinga Maria and the IICA office in Peru where
he will continue to study the effects on soils structure and
productivity of a mixed turf by application of poultry manure
and composted bark mulch.
•  •  •  •
Associate professor of Landscape Architecture Patrick
Mooney has won a Canadian Society of Landscape
Architects Award for his design work at Iona Island.
Mooney's marsh restoration project, executed in collaboration
with the GVRD, was cited for significantly increasing the population of yellow-winged blackbirds, a species nearing extinction.
Mooney served on faculty at Kansas State University and
the Nova Scotia College of Art and Design before joining UBC
in 1986. In 1992 he was UBC's landscape architect responsible for the restoration and enhancement of the Nitobe
Memorial Garden.
•  • •  •
Patricia Vertinsky, professor and head of Educational
Studies, has been named a Hooker Distinguished
Visiting Professor at Hamilton's McMaster University
for 1997/98.
Vertinsky received her EdD specializing in the social
foundations of education from UBC before joining the faculty
in 1975. Her research interests include gender relations and
social policy, health promotion and policy development and
implementation in education, health and physical education.
She is a Senior Fellow at Green College, an International
Fellow of the Academy of Kinesiology and currently serves as
president of the North American Society for Sport History.
Asst. Prof. Douglas Bonn has won the 1997 Herzberg
Medal from the Canadian Association of Physicists.
The medal is given for outstanding achievement in any
field of research by a physicist who, in the year of the award,
is not more than 40 years of age.
Bonn has been a faculty member with the Dept. of Physics
and Astronomy since 1994. He is a condensed matter
experimental physicist who is working in the area of high
temperature superconductivity.
UBC faculty from the department have won five of the last nine
Herzberg Medals. Previous winners include Tom Tiedje (1989). Ian
Affleck (1990), Rob Kiefl (1992) and Jeff Young (1994).
Centrally located facilities available
for educational, business and social functions
from 10-200 people
UBC MEDICAL STUDENT AND ALUMNI CENTRE
2750 Heather St, Vancouver, B C   V5Z 4M2
Telephone (604) 875-5522    Fax (604) 875-5528
E-mail: msac@unixg.ubc.ca
eg thi-: i'.nivi-rsity or British coi.imhia
Selection of the
Director of the
Disability Resources Centre
Open Forums
The campus community is invited to attend Open Forums
with candidates for the Director of the Disability Resources
Centre. Each candidate will make a 15-minute presentation
on a topic of his or her choice. This will be followed by an
open discussion. Those attending will be asked to provide
written feedback to the advisory committee. All forums are
from 12:00-12:45 p.m. in Room 0017, Brock Hall.
April 14 Dr. Peter Colebrook
April 16 Mr. John Lane
April 17 Ms. Janet Mee
April 18 Dr. James Leonard
Other input: Individuals or groups may ask to meet with the
candidates. Please forward your request to Richard Spencer
(822-3265 or richard.spencer@ubc.ca) 12 UBC Reports -April 3, 1997
Don wenrung photo
Attraction Abroad
Mary Stott (right), director ofthe Student Resources Centre, answers questions about
UBC from a throng of potential international students attending the fourth annual B.C.
Educational Fair held recently in Taipei, Taiwan. UBC representatives attended five
educational fairs throughout Asia to help launch the university's international
student recruitment initiative.
Student exchange
proves popular
A record 265 students have
been accepted into UBC student exchange programs this
year — 250 in the Exchange
Abroad Program (EAP) and 15
in the Group of Ten Exchange
Program (GOTSEP) across
Canada.
Thevi Pather, program coordinator, said the numbers meet
the goal set in 1989 to have five
per cent of third-year students
participating in education abroad.
"The program is open to
undergrads and graduate students but the emphasis is on
students heaciing into third
year," said Pather. "The exchange program has been a life-
changing experience for many
UBC students as well as for
visiting exchange students from
afar who add to the cultural
richness of our own campus."
The EAP program started in
1988 with three students exchanging with counterparts at
the University of California.
Pather says that in the last two
years, participation has doubled.
The University of California
remains the most popular destination with 23 students head
ing south on exchanges. Other
top destinations include the
University of New South Wales
. Lancaster University, the University of Glasgow and Keele
University in the United Kingdom.
Pather expects UBC's recent
agreement with the Sorbonne
in France will be a popular addition. In total. UBC has education abroad agreements with
54 institutions in Australia,
Belgium. Denmark. France,
Germany. Hong Kong. India,
Japan. Korea. Malaysia.
Mexico. New Zealand, the Philippines. South Africa. Singapore. Sweden. Taiwan, the
United Kingdom and the United
States.
The GOTSEP is an undergraduate exchange program
with universities in Ontario,
Alberta and Quebec.
For both EAP and GOTSEP,
students can exchange for a
term or a full year.
Pather says roughly 70 students participate annually in a
separate exchange program run
by the Faculty of Commerce
and Business Administration.
Seed fund gives
research a boost
Promising research at UBC and
10 other universities in Western
Canada got a boost recently with
the announcement of a $25 million fund supporting early stage
development of new technologies.
The Western Technology Seed
Fund will invest capital and
management expertise in emerging companies and assist in setting up businesses to develop
the commercial potential of university research discoveries. The
fund was established by t he Bank
of Montreal and the Business
Development Bank of Canada.
Bill Palm, director of UBCs University Industry Liaison Office
(UILO). says researchers and entrepreneurs have traditjonallv had
the hardest time finding ca; ital in
in the phase directly after a pi oi, i
ising technology is conceptualized.
'This new fund will be an important initial link in the financing chain," Palm said. "It will help
ensure that university research
discoveries reach the marketplace
where their economic and social
benefits can be realized."
A network of industry liaison
offices at the 11 western universities has been formed to help
build relationships among the
three fund managers and research groups on campuses.
UBC's UIIX) receives more than
100 invention disclosures annually. The office's Prototype Development Program, the first of its kind in
North America when it was created
ini 989, shepherds inventions from
1 he feasibility stage through to commercialization.
U.S. CITIZENS
Did you know that you are
generally required to file a
u.s. tax return each year?
we have over 13 years
experience in this field!
US/Can Income Tax Preparation
Full Bookkeeping Services
(RING  IN   THIS  AD  FOR  A
10%  DISCOUNT
Rick Bennett
^Accounting     Service
fa
104, 1199 West Pender Street Vancouver. BC Canada V6E 2R1
Telephone: (604) 801-5747    Fax: (604) 801-5787
We'd like to personally thank
Dr. Chris Orvig, Conference Chair, for
helping us host the 856 delegates ofthe
31st International Conference on
Coordination Chemistry at the
University of British Columbia.
Chris and other research and education conference
organizers brought over 12,000 delegates to UBC last
summer, and in doing so, helped toster collaboration with
other educational institutions, made a significant economic
contribution to the University community, and created
summer employment for over 100 UBC students.
To all of our 1996 conference organizers, thank vou.
Ifyou think vour colleagues would appreciate having vour
association's next event on the spectacular campus ot the
University ot British Columbia, call us to find out how easv it
is to host a conference - in your own backyard.
UBC
CONFERENCE
CENTRE
Telephone: (604) 822-1060    Fax: (604) 822-1069
Email: conferences@brock. housing, ubc.ca
Web: http://www.conferences.ubc.ca
Members of Tourism Vancouver, the fnternational Congress
and Convention Association and Meeting Professionals fnternational
Make your move,
pamiapacTian
TTian^

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