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UBC Publications

UBC Reports Jan 14, 1993

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January 14, 1993
Gavin Wilson photo
All covered in snow
Students on snow-covered Main Mall pass by the Ladner Clock Tower on
their way to class. The blanket of snow may look pretty, but the recent cold
snap is costing the university an additional $30,000 a day for heat.
UBC Reports issues in 1993 with
a new look and new features
In this first issue of the new year, we
are introducing a brand new look for
UBC Reports.
The redesign of our twice-monthly
tabloid, developed over the past few
months, is intended to make the
publication more readable, more
attractive and, most
importantly, more
informative for the
UBC community.
The new-look UBC Reports was
developed with the help of Rob Dykstra,
of Singletree Publishing, and
incorporates a number of changes
including: a brighter, more modern banner
in university blue and black; a more reader-
friendly Bookman tody type and Avant
Garde headlines; front-page column rules
and new column headings.
Also in this issue, we are launching a
new feature called Offbeat. This will be
a regular column dedicated to the many
interesting, unusual and sometimes
humorous happenings on our campus.
In a future issue, we'll introduce
News Digest, a column of brief news
items from around the campus.
You'll also note that our regular Profile
column now has its own page
highlighting the people of UBC and the
important contributions they make to
life at the university and beyond.
Twenty-two times a year, 38,000
copies of UBC Reports are distributed
to the campus, the neighboring
community beyond
the university gates,
UBC's teaching
hospitals, high schools
and other institutions.
Our goal is not only to inform you
about policy, teaching and research
activities at the university, but also to
provide a forum lor the exchange of
ideas and opinions. With this in mind,
we invite and encourage letters to the
editor and contributions to Forum, a
column to which members ofthe UBC
community can submit opinion pieces
on current, topical issues.
While it is difficult to cover every
aspect of such a large institution in a
twice-monthly newspaper, we hope that
our moves to improve and update UBC
Reports will make it an even more
effective publication. We welcome your
Spinal cord research
yields clue to healing
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
UBC researchers have discovered one
of the reasons why spinal cord injuries
do not heal — a discovery that could
have major implications for spinal cord
The researchers have found that
myelin, a natural substance in the spinal
cord of all vertebrates, including humans,
inhibits regeneration of neural injury.
The researchers have also been able to
suppress myelin production in embryonic
chicks, allowing regeneration of spinal
cord injuries, and opening the door for
similar experiments -with adult chickens,
now underway.
"1 think this is one essential step
towards the possibility of regeneration,
although it may not be sufficient by itself."
said John Steeves. a professor in the
departments of Zoology and Anatomy,
who conducted the research with senior
PhD student Hans Keirstead.
"Neural development is a complex
process. Our work has helped to identify
one of the factors that inhibits
regeneration." he said.
Steeves had earlier found that srMnal cord
injuries in embryonic chicks are capable of
complete repair when the injury occurs before
the last third of embryonic development.
Later embryonic injuries result in the same
limited repair found ;:: adult injuries.
What seems to regulate the ability to
repair inj uries is the appearance of myelin
within the spinal cord.
Myelin is a fatty substance that appears
relatively late in embryonic development
and forms a protective sheath around the
nerve fibres in the spinal cord. It performs
several important functions, including
the prevention of unwanted nerve fibre
growth, which could explain why it inhibits
the regeneration of nerve fibres after
The UBC researchers have been ablc
to delay the development of r:*.ye!in in
embryonic chicks by injecting an antibody
with a serum complement protein into
the spinal cord. This has extended the
period for repair of injuries !."■ - ••■■er':aie
in development than w:^ (H,r'|7'.isf
The   researchers   ■?■■■
success in removing invelin ir
animal   spinal   cords   n^ii.e
immunological procedure-.   7!
of this work are not yet puolisi
The research is lurult-d i     *h
Research Council. i7'~ V'liin-.i
and Engineering Re^catrh r-.n
Network ofCpptrec r't Fx'fl!1"'  ■■
Regeneration  and   Recovers .
Health Research Foundation.
Hansen Man in Motion Foundation and
private donors.
: 1
'I!!*;    <
Id! lit
e  fe
*^-' it
. the
Athletic history remembered
as Hall of Fame plans unveiled
by Abe Hefter
Staff writer
The athletes and administrators who
have contributed to UBC's rich 77-year-
old athletic history are being gathered
together under one roof.
The Department of Athletics and Sports
Services has unveiled final plans for the
Athletic Hall of Fame and Heritage Centre,
which will be home for displays and
memorabilia depicting the broad scope of
athletics on campus from 1915 to the
The Hall of Fame and Heritage Centre
is scheduled for completion Dec. 1. 1993
and will be located at the west end of the
War Memorial Gymnasium.
At a recent ceremony, the Hall of Fame
named its first 23 inductees.
The selection committee, chaired by
former UBC athlete Ken Winslade, named
13 athletes, five builders and five teams
for induction, after reviewing UBC
athletics from 1915-1975.
The induction ceremonies will be held
April 16.
See FAME. Page 2
Take a Bow
Profile: Violinist Andrew Dawes teaches at UBC and performs internationally
Wise Words for the White House 3
Offbeat: U.S. Vice-president-elect Al Gore quotes a UBC math prof
Computer Porn Insert
A task force reports on the appropriate use of information technology
It's a Date 4 & 5
Keep on top of UBC events listed in the Calendar pages 2  UBC Reports ■ January 14, 1993
Continued from Page 1
The inductees are:
Bobby Gaul, an excellent track
competitor and rugby player.
Gaul died of rheumatic fever in
1935 at the age of 24. He is
remembered today through the
Bobby Gaul Award, the most
prestigious of UBC's awards
available to male athletes;
C.C. "Geh" Ternan, one of
UBC's rugby greats. In 1924, he
received a special trophy for being
UBC's greatest athlete produced
to date;
Howie McPhee, a Canadian
sprint champion and Olympian
in 1936. He is remembered
through rugby's prestigious
Howie McPhee trophy;
Gordon "Cokie" Shields, who,
from 1923 to 1930 was a campus,
provincial or national star in
tennis, track and field, football,
rugby, soccer and badminton;
Herb Capozzi, one ofthe greats
of UBC football. He played
professionally in Canada.
Sandy Robertson, a record-
setting basketball player on some
of UBC's finest teams. He also
played varsity soccer and cricket;
Doug Mclntyre, one of UBC's
most versatile athletes. He
starred in track, basketball and
Ruth Wilson, one ofthe finest
basketball players and golfers
that UBC has ever produced.
She was also a coach at UBC;
Sandra Hartley, an Olympic
gymnast who led UBC to four
Western Canadian titles and one
Canadian university
Thelma Wright, the only
female track athlete in UBC
history to represent Canada in
two Olympics. She was a medal
winner at the Pan American,
Commonwealth and World
Student Games;
Harry Warren, one of
Canada's best sprinters in the
1920s. He was a 1928 Olympian
as well as a 1926 Rhodes Scholar.
Warren introduced men's field
hockey and cricket to UBC and
Abe Hefter photo
UBC Hall of Fame and Heritage Centre inductees Bob
Osborne (left) and Harry Warren share a sporting moment.
has been an educator at UBC for
more than half a century;
Ron Thorsen, who led UBC to
two national basketball
championships in 1970 and
1972. He coached the women's
basketball team to the 1974
Canadian championship;
Ted Hunt, an outstanding
skier and rugby player who
played professional football with
the B.C. Lions.
Maury Van Vliet, UBC's first
director of Physical Education
from 1935-1945. He was
instrumental in establishing the
intramural program;
Art Lord, who coached and
played on two of UBC's most
memorable rugby teams as a
student, both before and after
the First World War, in which he
Bob Hindmarch, who served
as director of Athletic and Sport
Services for 12 years. A versatile
athlete, he also coached the
hockey team to a UBC record
214 victories;
Bob Osborne, a former
basketball star and coach, who
was UBC's Physical Education
director for 33 years. He was
instrumental in the creation of
UBC's Physical Education and
Recreation Education degree
R.J. "Bus" Phillips, a director
of men's athletics for 27 years.
He helped found the Canada
West University Athletic
Association and the Canadian
Interuniversity Athletic Union.
Rugby team of 1970/71
capped a peerless season with
Tisdall, McKechnie and World
Cup victories;
Women's basketball team of
1929/30 captured the title of
world champions at the 1930
Women's Olympiad;
Women's basketball team of
1969/70 was the first and only
UBC women's team to be both
the number one university team
in the country, and the nation's
Senior "A" champions;
Men's basketball team of
1969/70 is the only UBC
basketball team to win a
Canadian championship without
losing a single game to Canadian
Four-oared crew of 1955/56-
59/60 captured the gold medal
in the 1956 Olympics.
The Hall of Fame selection
committee, when it meets again
later this year, will be considering
nominees from UBC athletics
through 1988. Nominees not
initially selected will remain eligible
and considered for induction for a
period of five years.
Conference Centre
Comfortable and Affordable
Walter Gage Court has 48 guest suites,
ideal for families or extra guests. Each unit
contains a bedroom with twin beds, living
room with a hide-a-bed, kitchenette, television and private bathroom. Enjoy UBC's
many attractions just minutes from downtown Vancouver and the airport.
The UBC Conference Centre
welcomes visitors year round!
phone: (604) 822-1060      Fax: (604) 822-10
University of British Columbia
Call for nominations
The University of British Columbia established Awards for
Excellence in Teaching in 1989.  Awards are made by the
Faculty of Science to UBC faculty, lecturers and laboratory
instructors who are selected as outstanding teachers.
We are seeking input from UBC Alumni, and current and
former students.
Deadline for nominations:  February 1, 1993
Nominations should be accompanied by supporting
statements and the nominator s name, address and
telephone number.   Please send nominations to:
Chair, Faculty of Science
Excellence in Teaching Award,
c/o Office of the Dean of Science,
R 1505, 6270 University Boulevard,
University of British Columbia,
Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z4
FAX (604)822-5558
UBC Reports is published twice monthly (monthly in
December, June, July and August) for the entire
university community by the UBC Community
Relations Office, 207-6328 Memorial Rd., Vancouver
Managing Editor: Steve Crombie
Editor: Paula Martin
Production: Stephen Forgacs
Contributors: Ron Burke, Connie Filletti, Abe Hefter,
Charles Ker, Gavin Wilson
Editorial and advertising enquiries: 822-3131 (phone)
822-2684 (fax).
UBC Reports welcomes the submission of letters and
opinion pieces. Opinions and advertising published in
UBC Reports do not necessarily reflect official
university policy.
Material may be reprinted in whole or in part with
appropriate credit to UBC Reports. UBC Reports- January 14,1993 3
Equity census profiles
university employees
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
UBC employees are getting a second
chance to respond to an employment
equity census questionnaire.
The questionnaire is designed to
establish a profile of the university's
workforce, and to determine the
representation of women, native people,
visible minorities and people with
disabilities among workers on campus.
It is part of UBC's ongoing employment
equity program, which seeks to ensure a
fair and equitable workplace. The first
employment equity census was conducted
in Feb. 1990, and a census of newly hired
employees has been ongoing since that
"We are trying to reach those employees
who did not respond to the original
survey," said Sharon Kahn, director of
Employment Equity. "I
would strongly
encourage   them   to
She would also like
to hear from employees
whose status may have changed since
the original census was conducted. For
example, an able-bodied person may now
have a disability, or a person who had a
disability may no longer have one.
Kahn believes that some university
employees may be reluctant to take part
in the census because they have
misconceptions about the employment
equity program.
She emphasized that employment
equity will not decrease standards or
harm employment opportunities for those
not in designated groups. And it is not the
same as pay equity, which seeks to
harmonize salaries of male and female
"UBC's policy is absolutely clear:
always hire the best person for the job,
based on job performance criteria such
as knowledge, skill and experience. We
just want to be sure that everyone seeking
employment is given an equal
opportunity," she said.
Kahn also stressed that an employment
equity program is not to be confused with
reverse discrimination, affirmative action,
or quota systems.
"We are not, and have no plans to start
setting aside anyjobs for designated group
members," she said.
Meanwhile, she added, the B.C.
proposed new
employment equity
program for the
public service
should not have any
effect on UBC's policies.
The university's employment equity
program was formally established in 1989,
as part of a federal government initiative.
Employers receiving federal contracts are
required to develop and maintain fair and
equitable employment practices.
Information gathered from the
questionnaire is confidential and does
not become part of personnel files.
by staff writers
During U.S. Vice-president-elect Al Gore's inauguration Jan. 20, one UBC
professor will be looking on with added interest.
Mathematics Professor Colin Clark has the distinction of being quoted by
Gore in his book Earth in the Balance and in an article the incoming Democrat
wrote for the British newspaper. The Guardian.
Gore, who has a strong environmental record as a senator, argues that
classic economic theory narrowly focuses on productivity while turning a blind I
eye the cost to the environment.
Quoting Clark, he says: "Much of apparent economic growth may in fact be
an illusion based on a failure to account for reduction in natural capital."
The quote is taken from a plenary address Clark gave two years ago at the
first conference of the International Society of Ecological Economics.
Clark has earned an international reputation with his research, which uses
applied mathematics to model the exploitation of natural resources by
industries such as fisheries, forestry and mining. He also applies mathematics
to the study of animal behavior.
What weighs half a ton, is a friend to chemists, and recently wound its
way through the Rockies?
Answer: A nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometer donated by UBC's
Chemistry Dept. to Augustana University College in Camrose, Alberta.
The spectrometer will reside in the lab of Eugene Wickenheiser, a recent
UBC doctoral grad who is an assistant professor at Augustana, a private
undergraduate school with about 800 students.
While here last summer to conduct research, Wickenheiser discovered the
Chemistry Dept. had a spectrometer it no longer needed. He volunteered to
give it a home.
The spectrometer, an Instrument valued at $20,000 which identifies the
chemical makeup of substances, will be used for research and to give senior
students hands-on experience.
Second-year law student Lisa Ling recently returned from Granada. Spain,
where she competed in the world karate championships. Her fifth place
finish in the sparring class was the best-ever showing by a Canadian
female at the championships.
Coached by her father, Ling has her sights set on a medal at the next world
championships to be held in Malaysia in 1994.
With so many rankings and surveys of universities out there, we're
hesitant to add to their number. But then we came across the number
of Rhodes Scholars each Canadian university has produced.
Topping the list is the University of Toronto, with 11 scholarship winnners,
followed by McGill with 10. Saskatchewan, Queen's and Dalhousie with 8 and
UBC and Manitoba with seven.
Only one Rhodes scholarship is awarded each year in B.C. It covers
residence, tuition, books and a living allowance for two years of study at
Oxford University.
If you're a student between 18 and 23 and want to be added to UBC's honor
roll, call the Awards Office for more information.
Force to reckon with
Martin Dee photo
Richard Prince, an associate professor in the Department of Fine Arts,
works on his sculpture The Force That Drives. The piece is on display at the
Teck Gallery in the SFU Harbour Centre until February 13.
Car pool popularity rising
by Abe Hefter
Staff writer
The number of people sharing a ride to
UBC increased in 1992 over 1991,
according to the results of a UBC traffic
"We hope to reduce the number of
single-occupantcars on campus and this
survey would indicate that commuters
are headed in the right direction, much to
their credit," said John Smithman,
director of Parking and Security Services.
The traffic survey, conducted by an
independent engineering firm from Nov.
2-6, monitored all inbound and outbound
campus roads 24 hours a day.
Results indicated that in 1991, the
first year of the traffic survey, 31,584
single-occupant vehicles travelled to UBC.
Last year, that number dropped to 31.124.
In addition, the number of vehicles
carrying two or more occupants increased
across the board in 1992 over 1991. For
example, in 1991, 14,244 two-occupant
vehicles travelled to UBC during the
occupancy survey. Last year, that number
increased 20 per cent to 17,038.
Smithman believes a number of
initiatives in 1992, part of Parking and
Security Services' effort to promote car
pooling across campus, have contributed
to the rise of multi-occupant vehicles on
The students on campus have gotten
on board the car-pooling bandwagon,"
said Smithman.
"Two car pool programs for students,
in addition to van pooling for faculty and
staff, sponsored by the Jack Bell
Foundation, have led to an increase in
the number of multi-occupant vehicles
on campus. The survey bears that out."
Despite what Smithman calls
encouraging results, he's concerned with
another aspect ofthe traffic survey which
revealed an increase in daily total of
inbound vehicles: from 31,713 in 1991,
to 32,379 in 1992.
He believes the key to reducing the
number of vehicles on campus lies with
staggered work and study schedules.
"B.C. Transit, which has been very
responsive to the university's needs, has
indicated it could serve the campus more
effectively and efficiently if we could avoid
the traditional peak morning and
afternoon rush hour periods," explained
Smithman plans to meet with the
registrar to discuss the feasibility of
altering study schedules and lab times to
reduce the rush-hour crush.
"In addition, staff supervisors and
managers should review the need to have
all employees start work at the same time
each day." he said.
"We need to revise our thinking to
allow for more efficient commuting
alternatives to replace the automobile."
New guide identifies bike routes
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
Every morning, rain or shine, Art Pope
hops on his bike for the 20 to 25 minute
ride to UBC from his Kitsilano home.
He wishes you would do the same.
A Computer Science doctoral student.
Pope is one ofthe creators ofthe Bicycling
Guide for UBC, designed to encourage
people who work or study on campus to
commute by bike.
Pope says more and more people are
catching on to pedal power, inspired by
environmental concerns and the need for
"There are even a few hardy souls who
cycle in from Burnaby every day." he
The idea for a guide was hatched at the
AMS-sponsored Student Environment
Centre, where Pope and education student
Krista Bogen were both active. They
wanted to promote commuter cycling and
educate people on how to do it.
Collaborating with Pope's wife, graphic
designer Susan Steinbrecher, they
produced the foldout guide, which was
then published by Campus Planning and
Pope and Steinbrecher own a car, but
they use it only if they really need to.
"We're concerned about the effect on
the environment. It's not so much an
economic thing."
Once a self-described "fair weather
cyclist," Pope has been making a concerted
effort to cycle to campus every day for the
past year.
"It's somewhat addicting once you get
over the hurdle of getting organized to do
it." he said. "It feels good to get the
exercise and fresh air and it offers a lot of
freedom and flexibility, too."
The guide features a map of the best
bike routes to get to campus from west
side neighborhoods, and also includes
tips on equipment, safety, theft prevention
and the rules ofthe road.
It is available at local bike shops, the
office of Campus Planning and
Development and the Speakeasy office in
the Student Union Building. 4  UBC Reports ■ January 14, 1993
January 17 through January 30
Monday, January 18
BC Cancer Research Centre
Stereotactic Radiosurgery. Dr.
Ervin Podgorsak, director,
Medical Physics, McGill U. BC
Cancer Research Lecture Theatre
at 12 pm.  Call 877-6116.
Sustainable Health Care: An
Attainable Goal. Dr. Ervin
Podgorsak, director Medical
Physics, McGill U. JohnJambor
Education Centre, BC Cancer
Agency from 5-6pm. Call 877-
Plant Science Seminar
The Rough And The Refined:
Some European Urban
Landscapes. Moura Quayle,
Landscape Architecture.
MacMillan 318D from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-8233.
Biochemistry /Molecular
Biology Journal Club
Glycogen Debranching
Enzyme: More Than Just A Simple
Glucosidase. Dr. Neil Madsen,
Biochemistry, U. of Alberta. IRC
#4 from 3:45-5pm. Call 822-
TUesday, January 19
Pharmacology /Therapeutics
Update On Treatment Of
Depression In The Elderly - Focus
On Educational Principles And
Therapeutic Strategies. Dr.
Caroline Gosselin, Psychiatry,
Vancouver General Hospital.
University Hospital G279 from
12-lpm.  Call 822-6980.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Transdermal Delivery
Systems. Mr. Rajesh Krishna,
Pharmaceutical Sciences. IRC #4
at 12:30pm.  Call 822-2051.
Centre For Chinese
Research Seminar
Manila's Chinese In Regional
Context: Is There A Hokkien
Quadrangle? Dr. Edgar
Wickberg, professor emeritus of
History. Asian Centre 604 from
12:30- 1:30pm.  Call 822-6788.
Thursday, January 21
Pharmaceutical Sciences
The Quest For New Medicines
From Plants. Dr. Neil Towers,
professor emeritus of Botany.
Family/Nutritional Sciences 60
from 11:30am-12:30pm. Call
Modern South Asia Seminar
Mapping Indie
Fundamentalisms Through
Nationalism And Modernity. Dr.
Harjot Oberoi, Asian Studies.
Asian Centre 604 from 12:30-
2:00pm.  Call 822-4359.
Friday, January 22
Health Care/Epidemiology
Cigarette Advertising: Tricks
Of The Tobacco Trade. Dr.
Richard Pollay. professor,
Administration. James Mather
253 from 9-10am. Call 822-2772.
Naturally-Occurring Neuronal
Death In The Somatosensory
System. Dr. Michael Miller,
Psychiatry, U. of Iowa, College of
Medicine, Iowa City. Friedman 37
from 12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-
Chemical Engineering
Weekly Seminar
Ca2+ Effects On Biofilms. Jifei
Huang, graduate student.
Chemical Engineering.
ChemEngineering 206 at 3:30pm.
Call 822-3238.
Monday, January 25
BC Cancer Research Centre
Molecular Mechanisms Of
Chromium Genotoxicity. Dr.
ElizabethT. Snow, Nelson Institute
of Environmental Medicine, New
York/University Medical Centre.
BC Cancer Research Lecture
Theatre at 12pm. Call 877-6116.
Plant Science Seminar
Biological Control Of Plant
Pathogens - New And Old
Technologies Combined. Dr. Jim
Cook, USDA. Pullman, Wa.
MacMillan 318D from 12:30-
1:30pm.  Call 822-8233.
Tuesday, January 26
Alcoholism: From Whole Brain
To Whole Cell. Dr. Peter Carlen,
Playfair Neuroscience Unit,
Toronto Western Hospital.
University Hospital G279 from 12-
lpm.  Call 822-6980.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
The Analysis Of A Stable Isotope
Analogue Of Diphenylchamine And
Its Experimental Use. George
Tonn, BSc Pharmacy, MSc
.graduate student, Pharmaceutical
Sciences. IRC #4at 12:30pm. Call
Statistics Seminar
Modelling Gambling
Probabilities. Victor S.Y. Lo,
Management Science, Commerce.
Angus 426 at 4pm. Refreshments.
Call 822-3167/2234.
Thursday, January 28
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Pathophysiology And Possible
Pharmacological Approaches To
Huntington's Disease. Dr. Barry
Kremer, Acute Care Unit, Medicine.
Family/Nutritional Sciences 60
from 11:30am-12:30pm. Call822-
Friday, January 29
Chemical Engineering
Weekly Seminar
CFB Hydrodynamics. Jiahua
Zhou, graduate student. Chemical
Engineering. ChemEngineering
206 at 3:30pm.  Call 822-3238.
History Seminar
Feeding The Cities Of The Low
Countries At The End Of The
Middle Ages. Prof. Raymond van
Uytven, U. of Antwerp. Buchanan
Tower910 at4pm. Call 822-5938.
Tuesday, January 19
Centre For Research In
Women's Studies Lecture
Sifted Evidence. Patricia
Gruben. Family/Nutritional
Sciences 50 at 12:30pm. Call 822-
Lectures In Modern
TBA. Dr. Chi-Huey Wong,
Scripps Research Institute. La
Jolla, Ca. Chemistry South Block
B250 at 1pm. Refreshments at
12:50pm.   Call 822-3266.
Wednesday, January 20
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
TBA. Chair: Dr. Robert W.
McGraw. Eye Care Centre
Auditorium at 7am. Service -
Orthopaedic Nursing/Therapy.
Call 875-4646.
Friday, January 22
Grand Rounds
Reports Of Recent Medical Visits
To: North China. Dr. Tim Ng.
University Hospital Shaughnessy
Site D308 at 8am. Call 875-3265.
St. Paul's Clinical Day
Neuro-Ophthalmology. Dr.
Ronald M. Burde, professor of
Neurosurgery;   chairman   of
Ophthalmology/Visual Sciences,
Albert Einstein College of
Medicine/Montefiore Medical
Centre, NewYork, N.Y. University
Hospital St. Paul's Site New Lecture
Theatre from 8:15am-4pm. Call
Paediatrics Grand Rounds
Dendritic Cells And Childhood
Diseases. Prof. Ross Petty, MD,
PhD, FRCP, Paediatrics, Head of
Paediatric Rheumatology. G.F.
Strong Auditorium at 9am. Call
Saturday, January 23
Vancouver Institute
Saturday Night Lecture
Tombs And Treasures Of
Ancient Macedonia: Recent
Discoveries In Northern Greece.
Prof. Stella Miller-Collett, Classics,
U. of Cincinnati. IRC #2 at 8:15pm.
Please note this lecture was
originally advertised for January
16.   Call 822-3131.
Tuesday, January 26
Lectures In Modern
Solutions In ABox. The Organic
Chemistry Of Molecular Wires And
Switches. Dr. Laren M. Tolbert,
Chemistry, Georgia Institute of
Technology, Atlanta, Georgia.
Chemistry South Block B250 at
lpm. Refreshments at 12:50pm.
Call 822-3266.
Wednesday, January 20
Geography Colloquium
The Management Of Mega-
Urban Regions: Lessons From Asia.
Aprodicio Lacquian. director,
Centre For Human Settlements.
Geography 201 from 3:30-5pm.
Refreshments at 3:25pm. Call 822-
Applied Mathematics
Rebuilding The Fraser Sockeye
Salmon: Some Case Studies Of
Operations Research Techniques
Applied To Bio-Economic
Problems. Dr. David Welch, Pacific
Biological Station, Fisheries/
Oceans, Nanaimo. Mathematics
203 at 3:45pm.  Call 822-4584.
Thursday, January 21
Physics Colloquium
Astronomy With A Liquid Mirror
Telescope. Paul Hickson,
Hennings 201 at 4pm. Call 822-
Psychology Colloquium
Psychophysiology, Genetics
AndPsychopathology. Dr. William
Iacono, U. of Minnesota. Kenny
2512 at 4pm.   Call 822-3005.
Monday, January 25
Counselling Psychology
Child Sexual Abuse And Art
Therapy. Dr. John Allan,
Counselling Psychology.
Counselling Psychology 102 from
12-lpm.   Call 822-5259.
Wednesday, January 27
Geography Colloquium
ATale Of Two Socio-E^onomies:
For Economists, Geographers And
Real Estate Brokers. Jack
Lessinger, president, Socio-
Economics Inc. Geography 201
from 3:30-5pm. Refreshments at
3:25pm.  Call 822-5612.
Applied Mathematics
TBA. Mathematics 203 at
3:45pm.  Call 822-4584.
Thursday, January 28
Philosophy Colloquium
Naturalistic Normativity: The
Supervenience Gambit. Carl
Matheson, Philosophy, U. of
Manitoba. Buchanan D348 from
l-2:30pm.   Call 822-3292.
Physics Colloquium
What Does Quantum Gravity
Tell Us About The Topology Of The
Universe. Kristin Schleich,
Physics. Hennings 201 at 4pm.
Call 822-3853.
Wednesday, January 27
Orthopaedics Grand
Management Of Scaphoid
Fractures. Chair: Dr. Robert W.
McGraw. Dr. Timothy Herbert,
Zimmer visiting professor. Eye
Care Centre Auditorium at 7am.
Call 875-4646.
Thursday, January 28
History Lecture
A Taste Of Medieval Wine.
Prof. Raymond van Uytven, U. of
Antwerp. Buchanan A202 from
12:30-l:30pm.   Call 822-5938.
Friday, January 29
Grand Rounds
Current Status Of In-Vitro
Fertilization. Dr. Basil Ho Yuen.
University Hospital Shaughnessy
Site D308 at 8am.
Call 875-
Health Care/Epidemiology
Grand Rounds
Public Policy & Protection Of
Public Health. Dr. David Bates,
professor emeritus. Health Care/
Epidemiology. James Mather
253 from 9-10am. Call 822-
Saturday, January 30
Vancouver Institute
Saturday Night Lecture
Competition: The Japanese
Challenge. Dr. Mark Fruin,
director, Institute of Asian
Research. IRC #2 at 8:15pm.
Call 822-3131.
Material for the Calendar
must be submitted on forms
available from the UBC
Community Relations
Office, 207-6328 Memorial
Road, Vancouver, B.C. V6T
1Z2. Phone: 822-3131. Fax:
Notices exceeding 35
words may be edited.
Deadline for the
Calendar in the January 28
issue of UBC Reports —
which covers the period
January 31 to February 13
— Is noon, January 19.
Wednesday Noon Hour
Concert Series
Wednesday, January 20
Barbara Pritchard, piano.
Music Recital Hall at 12:30 pm.
Admission $2.   Call 822-5574.
Music Concerts
Thursday, January 21
Magic Flute In The Wind. Co-
production Music, Theatre and
Film. Music Recital Hall at
12:30/8pm.  Call 822-3113.
Wednesday, January 27      Thursday, January 28
Terence Dawson, piano; Camille
Churchfield, flute: Victor Costanzi,
violin; William Jenken, clarinet;
Andrew Pearce. violoncello. Music
Recital Hall at 12:30pm.
Admission $2.  Call 822-5574.
Distinguished Artists Series:
Robert Davidovici, violin; Rena
Sharon, piano. Music Recital
Hall at 8pm. Adults $14,
students/seniors $7. Call 822-
Report of the Task Force on Appropriate Use
of Information Technology
Task Force Members
Dr. Maria Klawe (Chair)
Professor Robin Elliot
Ms. Susan Mair
Mr. Derek Miller
Dr. Jon Shapiro
Dr. Veronica Strong-Boag
Ms. Teresa Tenisci (Researcher)
Ms. Shirley Marcus (Secretary)
Dept. of Computer Science
Faculty of Law
University Computing Services
Student Member, Board of Governors
Dept. of Language Education
Centre for Research in Women's
Studies & Gender Relations
Information Systems Management
President's Office
Our Task Force was asked to make recommendations on the appropriate use of
information technology in the context of
UBC's Sexual Harassment Policy. The
Task Force reviewed policies at other
universities, received input from the University community through written and
verbal presentations, and considered a
variety of related topics including limitations ofthe technology, policies on libraries and other communication media, and
the Canadian socio-political and legal
contexts. This summary highlights the
major findings of the Task Force, and is
followed by a set of specific recommendations. The background material and more
detailed discussions of the issues are
given in the body of the report.
Information technology offers tremendous opportunities for enhancing teaching and research activities at universities
and UBC should take full advantage of
these opportunities. Thus, we are recommending that UBC reinstate access to
all available newsgroups.
As is the case for other communication
media, some material carried via information technology may be offensive to
some or all members of a community.
Moreover, the medium may be used by
individuals in ways that harass others.
These abuses may include racism and
other violations of human rights as well
as sexual harassment.
The University must work to create a
climate in which the users of information
technology treat each other with respect,
and in which abuses of others are not
tolerated. It is, however, technically
Unfeasible and also inappropriate for a
university to attempt to restrict access to
material that some may consider offensive. The Task Force believes that the
best approach to creating an acceptable
climate is through education, and
through the establishment of procedures
and penalties for inappropriate use. Some
procedures are already available through
the Sexual Harassment Policy. Moreover, based on our study, the Task Force
feels that some of the changes to that
policy now under discussion by the President's Permanent Advisory Committee
on Sexual Harassment would result in
procedures better suited to handle problems arising from the inappropriate use
of information technology. Our study
also points out the immediate need for an
effective Human Rights Policy at UBC,
since many incidents of inappropriate
use are not sexual harassment but are
still violations of human rights. In addition, it is important that UBC identify a
single individual with responsibility for
providing advice, and for contacting the
appropriate authorities external to UBC
when, for example, material that is believed to be illegal is involved.
Another important issue is the need to
broaden the community of users of information technology at UBC and elsewhere.
This will significantly contribute to the
creation of a culture more sensitive ofthe
views of others. It will also allow a much
larger segment ofthe community to take
advantage of the educational opportunities provided by information technology.
Finally, information technology and its
associated culture is evolving so rapidly
that it is important that the University
regularly review its policies and procedures in this area. Such reviews and any
decisions which are made should involve
consultation with the University community.
• Fundamental Principles Used
by the Task Force
1. Those associated with the University
are entitled to the best possible environment for working and learning.
2. Such an environment is not one in
which those associated with the University are involuntarily exposed to pornographic, racist, homophobic, and similar
offensive messages and images.
3. Therefore, no one associated with the
University should be required to consume against his or her will offensive
messages and images conveyed by information technology or any other means.
4. Those associated with the University
should be entitled to communicate freely
with one another and the wider community.
5. The Criminal Code of Canada, the Civil
Rights Protection Act, the B.C. Human
Rights Act, and the UBC Sexual Harassment Policy all apply to the use of information technology at the University, as
they do to other aspects of life here, to
limit completely free communication in
order that the best possible environment
be preserved.
6. The responsibility for establishing the
best possible environment for working
and learning is a shared one between the
University administration and those associated with it.
7. The University should not ban the
electronic communication between willing participants of messages and images
which others might find offensive, since
no such ban applies to other forms of
8. Those associated with the University
should be educated about the laws and
policies applicable to this area, as well as
about the need for everyone at UBC to
treat one another with respect.
January 4, 1993
Deans, Heads and Directors
Campus Advisory Board on Computing
Bernard S. Sheehan
Associate Vice-President
Information & Computing Systems
Appropriate Use of Information Technology
Attached is the report of the Task Force on the Appropriate Use of Information Technology chaired by Dr. Maria Klawe.  I commend it to your
careful review.
Following complaints of pornography on the Internet last summer. President Strangway asked me to establish a task force which would recommend procedures to guide campus use of information technology, particularly within the context of the University Sexual Harassment policy.  The
Task Force concludes that we all share responsibility for maintaining a
campus learning and working environment in which our mutual respect
for each other assures the appropriate use of information technology.
The Task Force notes that "information technology offers tremendous
opportunities for enhancing teaching and research activities at universities and UBC should take full advantage of these opportunities." The
report attempts to balance two fundamental principles: that those associated with the University are entitled (a) to the best possible environment
for working and learning, and (b) to communicate freely with each other
and the wider community.  The report considers these potentially competing values in the context of today's computing and communications
technologies including the recent phenomenon of the explosive growth of
the Internet. The analysis in the report breaks new ground by treating
these sensitive issues within our unique Canadian social and legal circumstances and traditions.
I would like to thank the members of the task force for agreeing to accept
this challenging assignment.
I welcome your comments on the report itself, and in particular on issues
related to the implementation of the Task Force recommendations.
1. The University should ensure that
its efforts to create an environment in
which all members treat each other with
respect extend to facilities and activities
associated with information technology.
2. The University should provide access to all newsgroups and. more broadly,
the Internet as a whole, for all members
of the University community. Other institutions, such as schools, which access the Internet through UBC accounts,
should be informed ofthe possible existence of material that is inappropriate for
their users. Such institutions should
make their own policies regulating access to such material.
3. The University should make it clear
that the user bears the primary responsibility for the material he or she chooses
to access, send, or display on the network and other computing systems.
4. The University should educate the
University community about the benefits of access to the Internet and information technology, as well as the form of
and need for responsible use of these
resources. In particular, before obtaining accounts, users should be informed
of the culture and etiquette involved in
the use of information technology such
as newsgroups and electronic mail, the
nature and impact of offensive uses of
these facilities and associated penalties,
the procedures for reporting abuses, and
the Canadian legal context.
5. The University should instruct the
administrators of units operating computing facilities to establish procedures
for dealing with abuses involving information technology. An outline of recommended procedures is given in Appendix
H. All administrators should be aware of
the issues involved, and be prepared to
deal with complaints in consultation with
the Sexual Harassment Policy Office or
Human Rights Office (once it is established). A single individual should be
identified as the person to whom abuses
should be reported in cases involving
material that is potentially illegal, or
sites outside UBC. This individual should
be responsible for notifying the appropriate authorities external to UBC. The
University should make it clear that, as
in other contexts, all members of the
community bear a responsibility to report instances where they feel abuses
have occurred. Moreover, the University
should ensure that there are non-intimidating mechanisms for doing so.
6. The University should establish
Sexual Harassment and Human Rights
policies in which victims need not bear
the entire responsibility for initiating
correction of offences under those policies. The policies should attempt to deal
with causes as well as symptoms.
7. The Campus Advisory Board on
Computing should be responsible for
regularly reviewing the University's policies on the appropriate use of information technology. This body should be
broadened to include representatives of
graduate and undergraduate students.
8. The University should provide resources, information, and incentives to
encourage the broadest possible participation in the use of information technology at all levels in the University community.
9. Changes in policies affecting information technology should involve significant consultation with the University
community. Task Force on Appropriate Use of Information Technology
• History
In April/May of 1992 the availability of
pornographic material on university computers became a very controversial topic
with widespread media interest. UBC Associate Vice-President Bernard Sheehan
and his computing staff worked on the
issue for several weeks, collecting background information from other institutions
worldwide. A package containing some of
the most extreme material was made available to senior administrators at most Canadian universities through activities of the
Women's Centre at the University of Winnipeg. Several members of faculty, staff and
the student body at UBC, including the
Advisor on Women and Gender Relations,
the President ofthe AMS, and the Director
of the Centre for Research in Women's
Studies and Gender Relations, wrote to
President Strangway protesting the availability of pornographic material on UBC's
On July 30, 1992, President Strangway
issued a letter (Appendix B) informing the
University community that all pornographic
material would be removed from the computer files belonging to University Computing Services and requesting that all UBC
units be very vigilant that University property not be used to access, create or store
pornographic material on University computing equipment. He announced that AVP
Sheehan had taken steps to remove the
newsgroups and would establish a Task
Force on the Appropriate Use of Information Technology. On September 14, 1992
AVP Sheehan published the Terms of Reference (Appendix A) of the Task Force,
instructing the Task Force that it should
advise the President's Office on appropriate
use of information technology in the context of the campus Sexual Harassment
• The Sexual Harassment Policy
UBC's Sexual Harassment Policy (Appendix F) came into effect in Febniary 1988.
The critical provision of that policy for
present purposes is section 1.01, which
reads as follows:
1.01 "Sexual Harassment" includes comment or conduct of a sexual nature, including sexual advances, requests for sexual
favours, suggestive comments or gestures,
or physical contact when any one or more
ofthe following conditions are satisfied:
(1) the conduct is engaged in or the
comment is made by a person who knows
or who ought reasonably to know that the
conduct or comment is unwanted or unwelcome;
•   •   •
(5)        the conduct or the comment is intended to, or has the effect of, creating an
intimidating, hostile or offensive environment.
In the university context sexual harassment often occurs between individuals of
unequal status. However, sexual harassment can and does occur between individuals of equal status.
In practice, this policy has been applied to
a single incident or a series of incidents.
Clearly individuals who receive unwanted
material of a sexual nature or are exposed
to this material by means of information
technology can seek the assistance of the
Sexual Harassment Policy Advisors or any
University administrator in order to remedy their situation.
• The Underlying Technology: The
In understanding the issues, it is important
to understand the underlying technology
and how it is used. The Internet, a recent
and rapidly growing phenomenon of high
technology, consists of approximately one
million computers, each being used by one
or more people and connected to each other
by telephone lines or their higher-speed
equivalents. This computer network spans
the globe. It is used to generate, communicate, and store information. In particular,
the Internet serves as an alternative to the
post office and a library, and permits its
users to send messages and receive them
from others connected to the network. It
also permits, via newsgroups and bulletin
boards, group discussions on, at last count,
over 1500 separate topics.
The benefit ofthe Internet to those who use
it regularly, of whom academics are a large
percentage, is the quick and easy exchange
of ideas and information. Many academic
research communities rely almost entirely
on the Internet for the communication of
information (announcement of research
results, conferences, job openings, etc.),
and groups of researchers often use the
Internet as the primary vehicle for collaborative research. Canada's Networks of Centres of Excellence, for instance, are centres
in name only; without the Internet, thejoint
work done by the Centres would be impossible, as the researchers are spread across
Once a site is connected to the Internet, it
is virtually impossible effectively to control
or censor the information that can be
accessed from that site. The volume of new
material received by a site each day is so
high that monitoring each item is simply
not practical. The high degree of connectivity in the network and the ability to log on
to remote sites ensures that users have
many routes by which they can access
material banned from their local site. For
example, when a university removes some
newsgroups, users can continue to access
these newsgroups by connecting to other
sites, as is currently the case at UBC. The
only effective form of control would be to cut
off all access to the Internet. Like cutting off
our telephone system from the rest of the
world, the benefit to UBC of doing this
would be far outweighed by the drawbacks.
• Offensive Material: Nature and
Computer communication is subject to
many, if not all, of the problems of other
media. It can be, and on occasion is, used
to communicate material and information
that objectifies and effectively dehumanizes both individuals and groups. Abuses
range from the use of sexual imagery as
computer background screens in labs and
other shared computing environments, to
widely disseminated messages containing
hate material. Offensive background
screens create work environments which
are extremely unpleasant for many individuals, while hate material implicitly and
sometimes explicitly justifies and advocates actions and policies, including vio
lence, which limit the freedom and opportunity of targeted individuals. UBC is not
exempt from such abuses. During the month
of November 1992 alone, there were episodes of pornographic background screens
appearing in UBC undergraduate computing labs, and UBC users posting newsgroup
messages which were both inappropriate to
the newsgroup topic and highly offensive.
Offensive materials range widely in their
nature and preoccupation. Jokes and offhand dismissals of legitimacy and authority exist at one end of the continuum,
advocacy of rape, lynching, and genocide at
the other. While most material is of the
milder variety, at its core, too often, lie
assumptions about the inferiority of others
and the superiority of the messenger.
Women, children and all groups perceived
as "the other" (in the West these are usually
non-Christians, people of colour, persons
with disabilities, and lesbian and gay individuals) have always been favourite, sometimes interchangeable and often overlapping, targets for media overwhelmingly controlled by white men. Much of the material
is merely silly and unpleasant but there
also exist regular examples of extreme misogyny, racism, and homophobia. Whether
voiced publicly or privately, such hate material, whether in the form of pornography
which links violence and degradation with
sexuality, or approval of Hitler's "final solution," threatens and disempowers its targets. The result compromises any free
Substantial debates rage about the impact
of material along this continuum. Free
speech advocates and censors exist simultaneously among conservative and progressive, including feminist, groups. Efforts at solution also vary by jurisdiction.
Canada, for example, has taken a much
more proactive legislative role than the
United States. The problem of how to
identify and deal with "hate material" distributed through computer systems now
confronts the UBC community, and has
been the major focus of our Task Force.
• Actions by Other Universities
Universities have responded to the situation in which pornographic and other offensive materials might be accessed from the
Internet through their computing facilities
in a variety of ways. Some institutions have
decided to retain access to all newsgroups
because they view censorship as ineffective
and inappropriate. Some have always carried only an approved subset of available
newsgroups, and others have deleted access to specific newsgroups in response to
the recent controversy and complaints.
Those institutions which have deliberately
chosen not to censor newsgroups include
the University of Toronto, Stanford University and the University of Waterloo. In fact,
both Stanford University and the University of Waterloo reversed earlier decisions
to remove the newsgroups as the result of
community feedback and reports from ad
hoc committees. The Waterloo report recommended that "the University adopt and
widely publicize the principle that it is the
user, not the University, who is responsible
for his or her decision to read a mail message or an article posted to an electronic
newsgroup ... and in sending E-mail or in
posting an article to a newsgroup... assumes responsibility for its contents." It
also recommended appointing a person to
help users deal with objectionable electronic news or mail.
Of those who have censored newsgroups
some, including Simon Fraser University
and the Universities of Alberta and Victoria, acted unilaterally on the advice of computing centre management. Others, such
as the University of Manitoba and Queen's
University, referred the matter to committees similar to UBC's Campus Advisory
Board on Computing for a review of their
decision to delete the newsgroups. Most of
these universities made an attempt to block
whatever material they had received complaints on. as opposed to actively censoring
the relevant newsgroups, and made allowances for private feeds of the material if
requested in writing. Common reasons given
for censoring included "inappropriate use
of University resources for material that is
not in support ofthe University's mission of
teaching and research." lack of computing
resources and disk space, and liability issues concerning illegal material and accessibility by minors.
In researching policies on the appropriate
use of computing resources at other universities, we found very few which described
effective procedures for dealing with offensive material. Most institutions are still
studying how to modify their existing policies, which usually cover topics such as
confidentiality, copyright, privacy, and
unauthorized access. Excerpts from some
of the relevant policies which express sentiments with which the Task Force generally agrees include:
- "Unmannerly conduct, including mailing
obscene or abusive material is unacceptable behaviour." (University of Waterloo)
- "Respect the rights of other users; for
example you shall comply with all University policies regarding sexual, racial and
other forms of harassment." (University of
- "Sending rude, obscene or harassing
material via any electronic mail or bulletin
board is strictly forbidden." (Iowa University)
In addition to appropriate use policies.
many institutions are investigating procedures which can be used to deal with
incidents of offensive material or harassment. Again, there are very few models of
established working procedures.
• The Canadian Context
A number of people who made submissions
to the Task Force invoked, in support ofthe
positions they took, arguments grounded
in either the experience or the socio-political traditions of other countries. Prominent amongst these were arguments
grounded in the American free speech tradition.
Grateful as the Task Force was to be told
about the approaches taken in other jurisdictions to the problem with which it has
been asked to deal, and important as it is to
examine that problem from a broad range
of perspectives, the Task Force is strongly
of the view that the best approach to take to
this problem at UBC is one which reflects
the Canadian context, including our sociopolitical traditions.
These traditions, which are finding clear
expression in the judgments of the Supreme Court of Canada under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, include a greater willingness than exists in
the United States to acknowledge that the
abuse of private power can be as much a
threat to freedom in a modern liberal democracy as the abuse of state power; a
greater sensitivity to the harmful effects of
pornographic and racist messages and
images; and a greater emphasis on the need
to attend, not merely to freedom and equality in their formal senses, but to freedom
and equality in their substantive senses as
well - that is, to recognize that, in a society
in which real inequalities exist between
individuals and groups, a policy of inaction
is not always going to promote the cause
either of freedom or of equality for society as
a whole.
To insist upon an approach which is sensitive to these socio-political traditions is
neither to denigrate the importance of freedom of expression nor to ignore the dangers
of heavy-handed action on the part of the
University in this area. It is simply to say
that, in the Task Force's view, it is not
enough if one is arguing for a hands off
approach to wave the flag of "free speech".
At least in Canada, the issue is more complicated than that.
• The Legal Context
Resolution of the issue of how the University can best deal with the problem of
pornographic and other offensive messages
being communicated on the Internet and
through other information technology media on campus necessarily requires that
account be taken of the broader legal context within which the University and those
who work and study here function. There
are three aspects of that broader legal
context which are especially relevant to this
Criminal Code of Canada
The first is the Criminal Code of Canada,
which contains prohibitions against both
obscenity and hate propaganda. The prohibition against obscenity makes it an offence inter alia "[to print, publish, distribute, circulate, or have in one's possession]
for the purpose of publication, distribution
or circulation any obscene written matter,
picture... or other thing whatever," with the
term "obscene" being defined in terms of a
publication "a dominant characteristic of
which is the undue exploitation of sex, or of
sex and...crime, horror, cruelty and violence." There can be little doubt that individuals who send obscene messages and
images through the Internet are vulnerable
to prosecution under this provision of the
Code. It is possible that individuals who
store obscene messages and images in their
computers with the intention of showing
them on their screens or otherwise communicating them to others would be vulnerable to prosecution. It is even conceivable
that the University itself would be vulnerable to prosecution if it stored such messages and images and made them freely Task Force on Appropriate Use of Information Technology
available to users of its systems.
The Supreme Court of Canada has recently
revisited the question of how the definition
of "obscene" should be understood. It
indicated that (a) the combination of sex
and violence will almost always be considered obscene: (b) explicit sex which is degrading and dehumanizing may be so considered; and (c) explicit sex which is not
combined with violence and is neither degrading nor dehumanizing will generally
not be so considered unless children are
involved. However, it went on to add that,
if the portrayal of sex is essential to a wider
artistic, literary or other similar purpose,
then even if, absent such a purpose, it
would be obscene, a court should not hold
it to be obscene. Integral to this approach
to obscenity was a willingness on the Court's
part to attribute harm to at least some
pornographic messages, with harm being
understood in terms of encouraging or predisposing people to act in socially harmful
ways. But the Court also recognized that
sometimes society must be prepared to
endure such harm in the interest of freedom of expression.
The Code provision dealing with hate propa -
ganda makes it an offence for anyone, "by
communicating statements, other than in
private conversation, wilfully [to promote)
hatred against any identifiable group," with
"identifiable group" being defined to mean
"any section of the public distinguished by
colour, race, religion or ethnic origin." Persons charged with this offence have available to them a number of affirmative defences, including truth and "[relevance] to
any subject of public interest, the discussion of which was for the public benefit... if
on reasonable grounds [they] believed [the
statements] to be true." Because ofthe way
in which this offence is worded, very few
people have been charged with it and even
fewer convicted. However, it clearly has the
potential to be relevant to the communication through systems such as the Internet
of messages designed to promote hatred
against racial and religious minorities.
It is worth noting that both the obscenity
and the hate propaganda provisions of the
Criminal Code have recently been held by
the Supreme Court of Canada to be "reasonable limits" on the freedom of expression protected by the Canadian Charter of
Rights and Freedoms. Hence both provisions remain intact even though they have
been challenged under the Charter.
Civil Rights Protection Act
The second relevant aspect of the larger
legal context is the Civil Rights Protection
Act. This statute, which appears to be
unique to the province of British Columbia,
creates a civil cause of action for the targets
of "conduct or communication... that has
as its purpose interference with the civil
rights of a person or class of persons by
promoting (a) hatred or contempt of a person or class of persons, or (b) the superiority or inferiority of a person or class or
persons in comparison with another or
others, on the basis of colour, race, religion,
ethnic origin or place of origin." The Act
explicitly authorizes the courts to award
punitive damages in cases brought under
it, and to grant injunctions prohibiting the
continuation of the offensive conduct or
communication. Again, the language of
this legislation is such as to make it difficult
for those who would use it to succeed in
bringing claims. Again, however, the potential is clearly there for it to be used to
deal with at least some of the problematic
messages and images which can be communicated through information technology-
B.C. Human Rights Act
The third and final aspect of the broader
legal context which has special relevance to
this Task Force is human rights legislation,
specifically the B.C. Human Rights Act.
Human rights legislation, which exists
within the federal sphere and within each
province and territory, is designed to eliminate discrimination on a range of different
grounds in a range of different contexts.
One of those contexts invariably is employment, and sex is one of the prohibited
grounds within that context. The Supreme
Court of Canada has recently made it clear
that sexual harassment directed at persons of the opposite sex is to be considered
a form of sex discrimination. Hence, any
female employee who can satisfy the B.C.
Human Rights Council that she has been a
victim of sexual harassment at the hands of
a male employee is entitled to a remedy of
some sort, including damages, from that
employee. Moreover, and this is particularly important insofar as the University in
its capacity as employer is concerned, such
a female employee will also, as a rule, be
entitled to relief from the employer. While
the law relating to the employer's liability in
such circumstances has yet to be firmly
settled, indications are that the nature and
scope of that liability will be a function of
the efforts taken by the employer to deal
with the problem of sexual harassment in
that particular workplace. An employer
who is aware of a problem of sexual harassment and does nothing to remedy it can
expect to pay a heavy price for its failure to
act. Similar rules are applicable in cases in
which the harassment is based on race,
religion, disability or any other prohibited
ground of discrimination.
Another context in which human rights
legislation prohibits discrimination is housing. Here again, sex is one ofthe prohibited
grounds, and it is safe to assume that in
this context, too, sexual harassment will be
considered to be a form of sex discrimination. Although the potential for information technology to be a source of sexual
harassment in the housing context would
seem to be remote, it is conceivable that a
problem could arise through the use of
personal computers in university residences. Again, similar rules would be
applicable in cases in which the harassment is based on another prohibited ground.
Yet another context in which discrimination is prohibited by human rights legislation is in the delivery of "services, facilities
and accommodation customarily available
to the public." As the law stands at present
in British Columbia, the educational services and facilities provided by the University to persons who have been accepted as
students are NOT considered to be services
and facilities "customarily available to the
public." Hence, students on this campus
cannot now avail themselves of the B.C.
Human Rights Act to seek relief from the
University in the event that they are victims
of sex discrimination or any of the other
forms of discrimination prohibited by the
relevant provision. It should be noted,
however, that the decision in which this
ruling was made is currently on appeal to
the Supreme Court of Canada. If that
decision is overturned, then students as
well as employees will be able to make use
of human rights legislation to deal with
complaints of sexual and other forms of
harassment arising from the misuse of
information technology. In this context,
too. the University might find itself being
held to account if it were found not to have
taken appropriate steps to deal with the
problem on its own.
• Input Received from the UBC
After the July 30, 1992 letter from Dr.
Strangway and the removal of the
newsgroups, he and AVP Sheehan received
a variety of responses, both positive and
negative, to these actions. The Task Force
on Appropriate Use of Information Technology began its meetings in September. During October, the Task Force advertised
electronically and in print, seeking input
from the campus community.
Approximately twenty submissions were
received. Of these, only one was supportive
of the University's decision to remove the
newsgroups. Ofthe remaining submissions,
almost all objected to the decision based on
an opposition to censorship. Many others
included additional reasons for their opposition. Several cited the usefulness of the
Internet and the necessity for a university
to respect the concept and tradition of
academic freedom and the free flow of information. Others pointed out the difficulty of
defining offensive material and the impossibility of totally removing offensive mate
rial from UBC's computers. The self-policing nature of the newsgroups was mentioned frequently as a reason why no action
should be necessary, as was the observation that individual users had to take specific steps to view offending material. Solutions other than removing newsgroups —
such as educating people on responsible
and ethical use, encouraging more widespread use of electronic news, and instituting procedures to deal with incidents of
inappropriate use — were mentioned in a
few submissions.
It is worth noting that the majority of the
submissions did not perceive any major
problems. We received no input from individuals who felt they had been victimized.
Rather, the submissions were from people
who feel empowered by the existing system.
In addition to these submissions, the Task
Force requested presentations from the
following people to aid them in their deliberations:
- Dr. Peter Danielson, Centre for Applied
- Dr. Richard Rosenberg, Computer Science Department
The Task Force is grateful to all members of
the University community who took the
time to express their views.
• Fundamental Principles
The terms of reference given to this Task
Force call for it "to advise the President's
office on the appropriate use of UBC information technology and facilities in the context of the campus Sexual Harassment
Policy." The principle underlying the latter
policy is that those associated with the
University are entitled to "the best possible
environment for working and learning,"
and the policy itself represents an acknowledgment on the University's part that an
environment in which sexual harassment
occurs fails to deliver on that promise.
This Task Force accepts this first principle
as fundamental. Moreover, it accepts that
an environment in which members of the
University community are involuntarily exposed to pornographic, racist, homophobic
and similarly group-related offensive messages and images fails to deliver on that
promise. For the members of those groups
at which such messages and images are
targeted - women, racial, ethnic and religious minorities, persons with disabilities,
gays and lesbians - such an environment is
clearly a hostile one, and one in which both
working and learning can for them be exceedingly difficult.
The Task Force also, of course, accepts as
fundamental the principle that those associated with the University, and particularly
faculty and students, should be entitled to
communicate freely with each other and
the wider community. Commitment to
such a principle is integral to the very
nature of a university, and certainly, in the
view of this Task Force, of UBC. Any form
of constraint on this freedom to communicate is inconsistent with this principle.
It is apparent that, in some circumstances,
these two fundamentally important principles come into conflict. The question is how
that conflict should be resolved. To a
significant degree, that question has already been answered by legislation by which
members of the University community are
clearly governed. Messages and images
which are offensive to the Criminal Code
provisions relating to obscenity and hate
propaganda are subject to criminal sanction. The Civil Rights Protection Act renders
messages and images caught by its terms
subject to civil claims. And to the extent
that the B.C. Human Rights Act can be said
to apply to communicative activities on
campus which amount to sexual, racial,
and other forms of harassment, it too exposes those who engage in such activities to
civil claims.
In the context of forms of communication
which amount to sexual harassment, that
question has also been answered for members of the University community by the
campus Sexual Harassment Policy. Such
forms of communication are effectively prohibited by that policy, and those who engage in them can be subjected to discipline
by the President.
It is clear from these legislative enactments
and this policy that it has been thought
appropriate in at least some circumstances
to impose constraints on freedom of communication in order to protect other interests, including the interest in a working
and learning environment in which people
are free from uninvited pornographic, racist, homophobic and similar offensive messages and images. Moreover, it is also clear
that these constraints operate, either by
necessary implication or by design, on the
campus of this University.
This answer to the question of how the
conflict between these two principles should
be resolved commends itself to the Task
Force when members ofthe University community are involuntarily exposed to such
messages and images via information technology. In such circumstances, the principle of freedom of communication must, in
the Task Force's view, give way to the
principle of a positive working and learning
environment for all. This is true not only
when such messages and images offend
one of these legislative enactments or the
Sexual Harassment Policy but more generally. No member ofthe University community should be required to consume against
his or her will offensive messages and images conveyed on information technology.
There is little if any benefit to be gained and
much to be lost by protecting the freedom to
communicate of those who would convey
such messages and images to those who,
because they find them offensive, do not
wish to be exposed to them.
With the exception of those messages and
images proscribed by the obscenity and
hate propaganda provisions ofthe Criminal
Code and the Civil Rights Protection Act.
the Task Force is not persuaded that it is
necessary or appropriate at this time to
recommend that the University ban the
communication between willing participants of messages and images which others might find offensive. To do so would be
to recommend that information technology
should be singled out for special and more
restrictive treatment on this campus than
other methods of communication - for example, the telephone, private conversations conducted in person, the Libraiy system - and that the Task Force is not prepared to do. As a medium for communication information technology has much in
common with the telephone and the printed
word; our Task Force feels it should be
governed by similar policies. Printed materials which would be viewed as offensive to
some people are available in the UBC Library; they are not in the stacks but must
be requested specifically by the borrower.
Likewise, a potentially offensive discussion
on the Internet generally must be sought
out by the reader: it is rarely inflicted on
him or her unknowingly. The telephone
system is open to abuse by those who
would make harassing phone calls, but this
potential for abuse does not result in restriction of access to telephones. Rather,
the harasser is dealt with by social and
legal sanctions. The same should be true of
the Internet.
The Task Force does, however, recommend
that it be considered a serious abuse of
information technology to communicate to
anyone messages and images which offend
the provisions of these special enactments.
Situations in which such messages and
images are communicated should be no
less a concern to the University than they
are to society as a whole, and it is important
that the University be prepared to take
steps on its own to deal with them.
Before leaving this discussion of fundamental principles, mention should be made
of two others which featured prominently
in the thinking of the TaskForce. One is the
importance of educating the members of
the University community not only about Task Force on Appropriate Use of Information Technology
the specific laws and policies which are
applicable in this area, but also about the
need for all of us to treat each other with
respect. The kind of working and learning
environment that we are seeking to establish here - "the best possible environment"
- is one in which there would be no call for
the enforcement of such laws and policies
because the atmosphere was one in which
we all respect and take into account the
interest of others. The University must
take steps to ensure that this message is
communicated consistently and in a range
of different ways.
The other additional principle, which flows
out of the first, relates to the issue of
responsibility. This Task Force is firmly of
the view that the responsibility for establishing "the best possible environment for
working and learning" is a shared one. The
University, as we have already made clear,
bears a significant amount of this responsibility, but so too do individual members of
the University community, faculty and administrators certainly, but staff and students as well. They too can participate in
the educational process, and they too can
take steps to ensure that the applicable
laws and policies are enforced.
• Restoration of Banned
The Task Force recommends restoring access to all Usenet newsgroups because of
their importance to the teaching and research missions of the University, and because of the difficulty and inappropriate-
ness of attempting to censor material
accessed via the Internet. We were not
convinced by arguments that computing
resources should be restricted to the research and teaching activities of the University, since it is extremely difficult to
determine the boundaries of such activities. Moreover, the additional costs associated with maintaining access to all
newsgroups versus maintaining access to a
subset of newsgroups are negligible. Since
the University makes no attempt to prevent
the use of its other resources (buildings,
telephones, etc.) for other activities so long
as the costs incurred by the other activities
are minimal, it would be inconsistent and
undesirable to apply such restrictions to
computing resources.
• Education for Appropriate Use
of Information Technology
It is essential that all users of UBC facilities, including faculty, staff, students and
others, be educated in what constitutes
abuse of information technology and what
to do if abuses occur. Specifically, in
addition to distributing copies of the relevant legislative enactments, the UBC
Sexual Harassment Policy and the pending
Human Rights Policy to all of those at UBC,
training sessions should be conducted by
qualified instructors wherever possible.
There are two places where training in this
area is particularly important. One is in
classes of courses which use computing
resources. Instructors should brief their
students on what is considered appropriate
and inappropriate use of the resources,
and tell them what to do if abuses occur.
The departments offering the courses must
be prepared to follow up on complaints in
an expeditious and sensitive manner.
Secondly, providers of information technology on campus such as University Computing Services, the Department of Computer
Science, and other departments which issue accounts for use on computing equipment, should include a statement of what is
regarded as appropriate use in their account application forms. Sample wording
for such a statement is given in Appendix G.
The penalties for inappropriate use should
be made clear. Specific recommendations
are made in Appendix H.
• Procedures For Dealing With
Inappropriate Uses
Even with better education of the UBC
information technology user community
about issues concerning offensive mate
rial, incidents in which people are offended
are likely to occur. Procedures on handling
offensive material are needed, as well as an
educated and sensitive environment. All
relevant UBC authorities, from lab supervisors to Deans and administrators, must be
aware of their responsibilities with respect
to the issue. They must know to whom
complaints can be referred, but also deal
with specific cases and general problems.
In appropriate cases, complaints should be
dealt with in consultation with the Sexual
Harassment or Human Rights offices and
the appointed individual in UCS.
We specifically recommend the identification of a single individual in UCS to whom
abuses should be reported in cases involving material that is potentially illegal, or
sites outside UBC. This individual should
be responsible for notifying the appropriate
authorities external to UBC. Moreover, all
members ofthe community should be aware
of their responsibility to report instances
where they feel inappropriate incidents have
occurred, and the University should ensure that there are non-intimidating mechanisms for doing so.
Although complaints will be the primary
means of identifying problems, authorities
should also be prepared to deal with abuses
of which they are aware but about which
complaints have not been made. Additionally, complaints should serve as a spark to
action: if a complainant prefers not to pursue the matter, or the specific complaint is
resolved while leaving a larger issue open,
further action may still be necessary. Not
only the victim but the University and its
administrators have responsibility for initiating correction of abuses.
There are a number of different means of
dealing with specific incidents, and the
Task Force feels that all ofthe following are
1. Taking direct personal action. The
simplest (but sometimes not feasible) procedure is for those who have been offended
to deal with the source of the offending
material directly. This only works when the
source is identifiable (either as an individual or group), accessible, and willing to
listen, and when those offended feel comfortable with approaching the source of
2. Notifying an appropriate authority.
It must be made clear that there are people
within the academic or administrative unit
concerned who are responsible for addressing incidents which occur. There should be
a number of such people identified, in case
the most obvious person (e.g. a lab supervisor) is unsympathetic or unavailable.
3. Moving up the supervisory hierarchy. If the problem cannot be resolved at
the level of the obvious authority, Department Heads or other such administrators
should be informed and should be available
to deal with incidents. Additionally, Heads
or equivalent administrators should be
made aware of incidents occurring within
their departments, and should have the
responsibility of seeing whether internal
policies or procedures can be implemented
to prevent similar incidents from occurring
in future.
4. Using alternate avenues. If the problem is not resolved in a way satisfactory to
the complainant, or if the complainant
wishes to pursue the issue in a parallel
manner, other avenues should remain open
and be made clear. Examples include the
Sexual Harassment Office, any new Human Rights Office, the UCS resource person mentioned below, the AMS
Ombudsoffice, and, depending on the nature of the incident, police, human rights
agencies, and the courts. Referral to another avenue of complaint should not excuse the previously mentioned authorities
from trying to reach a resolution or dealing
with larger problems while a specific case is
pursued through other means.
Once action has been taken at any level
other than that of direct personal communication, i.e. by any authority, the incident
and the resolution should be publicized by
whatever means are convenient and appro
priate. The user community should be informed of the outcome of incidents where
sanctions were applied in departments
which have computing facilities.
• Broadening The Community Of
The media is the voice of the community,
allowing it to express its interests, concerns, and prerogatives. This applies to
information technology as much as to any
other media, and many of the issues concerning offensive material on the Internet
may be related to the relative narrowness of
its community of users. The community
tends to be male, of European descent,
middle-class, scientifically-oriented, and
North American and European in location.
Thus the culture that has evolved does not
include a large part of the wider diverse
community. Inevitably, the preoccupations and prejudices ofthe largest group of
users have coloured the character and development of information-technology-based
media. Fiat will not change this orientation, although it would undoubtedly bring
about some degree of subterfuge. What is
needed is an end to the effective monopoly
over a powerful medium.
Information technology will better serve the
entire community if its users represent the
community's diversity. Women, those of
non-European origin, those trained in the
arts, social sciences and humanities, and
others presently without a voice in information technology media must be empowered
to contribute to electronic exchanges. Here
the University can take leadership by taking steps to bring in otherwise excluded
groups. Institutional initiatives should
begin with education, both within and without the classroom, and with practical assistance in linking into computer-mediated
debates. Without such initiatives, the Task
Force fears a continuing and growing division between those who use and control a
powerful medium and those who for one
reason or another are excluded. The costs
of refusal to address this imbalance are
substantial, and the benefits of broadening
the community of users are enormous.
"♦Appendices A - F are not reproduced here
due to their bulk. Copies may be obtained
from Shirley Marcus (phone: 822-6122, e-
mail: marcus@unixg.ubc.ca)
Terms of reference for Task Force and list of
Dr. Strangway's July 30, 1992 letter
Submission to Task Force by Dr. Peter
Danielson, Applied Ethics
Submission to Task Force by Dr. Richard
Rosenberg, Computer Science
Other submissions to Task Force
UBC Sexual Harassment Policy
Recommended wording for computer account applications
The University of British Columbia is committed to ensuring a working and learning
environment in which all persons treat
others with humanity and respect. The
computing facilities at (department name,
e.g. University Computing Services] are
primarily intended for teaching, research,
and administrative purposes. Their use is
governed by the University's Human Rights
and Sexual Harassment policies, by the
Criminal Code of Canada, by the B.C. Civil
Rights Protection Act and by the B.C. Human Rights Act. The user bears the primary responsibility for the material that he
or she chooses to access, send, or display.
The computer facilities may not be used in
any manner to send or display material
which contravenes the above policies or
Those who do not adhere to these guidelines may be subject to the suspension of
computing privileges. More details on the
guidelines are available in the package The
Appropriate Use of Information Technology," available with this application form.
Abuse of these computing facilities should
be reported to [contact person] in [department name] by phone ([campus local]) or by
electronic mail ([e-mail address]).
Signature of this application form denotes
that the applicant has read and understands the package of material and also
denotes acceptance of the above-stated
terms of use.
Recommended University-wide procedures
related to inappropriate use of information
1. Ensure that application forms for
computer accounts include the wording
indicated in Appendix G.
2. Ensure that before obtaining accounts, users are informed of the culture
and etiquette involved in the use of facilities
including newsgroups and electronic mail,
the nature and impact of offensive uses of
these facilities and associated penalties,
and the procedures for reporting abuses.
3. Establish as a penalty for inappropriate use suspension of computing privileges for a period of time. The length ofthe
period should be proportional to the significance ofthe abuse as well as the number of
previous abuses.
4. Ensure that all staff, faculty and
administrators connected with a computing facility (cither in a support/management role or through the teaching of courses
using the facility) receive training on what
constitutes appropriate and inappropriate
use of the facilities, and on what to do if
confronted by or notified of inappropriate
5. Establish the procedure that on becoming aware of inappropriate use, a user
should notify any of the staff, faculty or
administrators connected with a computing facility. Once notified, this person
must, in consultation with the appropriate
UBC office (Sexual Harassment, Human
Rights, etc.) and others responsible for the
facility, address the problem. If the problem involves material that is potentially
illegal, or sites outside UBC, this person
must also notify the UBC individual responsible for handling such cases.
Recommended additional actions by UCS
1. Identify a staff member of UCS as
the person to whom abuses should be
reported in cases involving material that is
potentially illegal or sites outside UBC.
This individual should be responsible for
notifying the appropriate authorities external to UBC. This individual, in consultation with the appropriate UBC offices, would
also prepare an annual report to CABC
regarding the number, nature and outcome
of abuses.
2. Make available one or more staff
members of UCS to provide training for
staff, faculty and administrators connected
with computing facilities at UBC on what
constitutes appropriate and inappropriate
use of information technology facilities,
and how to handle abuses.
3. Prepare a package of material covering the culture and etiquette involved in the
use of information technology facilities
including newsgroups and electronic mail,
the nature and impact of offensive uses
of these facilities and associated penalties,
and the procedures for reporting offences.
Make this material available to all users of
UCS systems, and distribute the package
to the other UBC computing facilities. Calendar
UBC Reports ■ January 14,1993 5
January 17 through January 30
Orchid Sale
Horticulture Greenhouse
every Monday now through
February from 8:30am-3:30pm.
Call 822-3283.
Campus Tours
School and College Liaison
Office Friday morning tours for
prospective UBC students.
Reserve one week in advance.
Call 822-4319.
UBC Speakers Bureau
Would your group like to know
more about topics ranging from
dolphins to computers of the
future? Choose from more than
400 topics. Call 822-6167 (24
hr. ans. machine).
Frederic Wood Theatre
Sticks And Stones by James
Reaney. Now through Jan.23 at
8pm. Adults $10. students/
seniors $7, preview Wed. 2 for
$10. Call 822-2678 or drop by
Room 207 in Theatre Building.
MOA Recent Acquisitions
View recent donations and
purchases by the museum
displayed at tbe    Museum of
Anthropology Visible Storage
Gallery. Now through January 31
during regular hours. Free with
museum admission. Call 822-
Maiolica Majolica: Historic and
contemporary decorated
earthenware. Museum of
Anthropology New Lobby. Now
through February 28 during
regular hours. Free with museum
admission.  Call 822-5087.
Executive Programmes
Business seminars. Jan. 18-
20: New Venture Creation, $1450.
Jan. 20-22: Do-It-Yourself
Marketing Research, $795. Jan.
26-27: Managing the Sales
Process, $550.  Call 822-8400.
Computer Applications For
Learn about microcomputers
or WordPerfect 5.0 and improve
your English language skills at the
same time. Tuesday evenings
beginning January 26. Call 222-
English Language Institute
Business Communication
Downtown business
communication course for non-
Tuesday, January 19
Statistics Workshop
Strategies For Tackling Real
Live Statistical Problems. Dr.
Chris Chatfield, Mathematical
Sciences, U. of Bath. Angus 426
at 4pm. Refreshments. Call
Building, 6328 Memorial Rd. The
open session starts at 9:00 a.m.
Media Services Live Video
Teaching With Technology.
Apple Computer Company.
University Services TeleCentre 112
from 8:45-10am.  Call 822-5036.
Wednesday, January 20    Tuesday, January 26
Women's Research/
Introduction To The
An introduction to the
Internet: email, ftp, and telnet
with a focus on resources for
women. Library/Information
Science. Main Library 835 from
3:30-5pm.  Call 822-8672.
Thursday, January 21
Board Of Governors'
UBC's Board of Governors
meets in the Board Room, second
floor of the Old Administration
MOA Artists' Reception
The Transforming Image.
Museum of Anthropology New
Lobby Gallery 5 at 7:30pm. Free
with museum admission. Call 822-
Thursday, January 28
Video Screening
Program 1 - Multimedia 101 -
Getting Started; Program 2 -
Macintosh In The Classroom.
Apple Computer Company.
University Services TeleCentre 112
from 9:30-11:30am. Videotape
repeats from Apple Educator Series
(1990).   Call 822-5036.
native speakers of English. Held
Mon/Wed, Jan. 26-Mar. 18 at the
Women's Resource Centre on
Robson St.   Call 222-5208.
Professional Development
For Language Teachers
Intensive weekend workshop:
Managing The Language
Classroom. Evening workshops
include educational field trips,
teaching reading comprehension,
reflecting on the teaching of writing.
Beginning January 19. Call 222-
Language Conversation
Develop your conversational
ability in French, Spanish,
Japanese, Mandarin or Cantonese.
Ten-week session begins Jan. 26;
classes are held Tues/Thurs
evenings or Saturday mornings.
Call 222-5227.
Spanish Immersion Program
Program will be held in
Cuernavaca, Mexico from Mar. 1-
19. Call Language Programs/
Services at 222-5227.
Fine Arts Gallery
Tues.-Fri. from 10am-5pm.
Saturdays     12-5pm. Free
admission. Main Library. Call
Sexual Harassment Office
Advisors are available to discuss
questions or concerns and are
prepared to help any member of
the UBC community who is being
sexually harassed, find a
satisfactory resolution. Call
Margaretha Hoek at 822-6353.
Statistical Consulting/
Research Laboratory
SCARL is operated by the
Department of Statistics to provide
statistical advice to faculty and
graduate students working on
research problems. Call 822-4037
or e-mail scarl @ stat.ubc.ca.
Surplus Equipment
Recycling Facility (SERF)
Disposal of all surplus items.
Every Wednesday, 12-5pm. Task
Force Bldg., 2352 Health Sciences
Mall. Call Vince at 822-2582/
Rich at 822-2813.
Clinical Research Support
Faculty of Medicine data
analysts supporting clinical
research. To    arrange    a
consultation, call Laura Slaney
Professional Fitness
Administered by Physical
Education and Recreation through
the John M. Buchanan Fitness
and Research Centre. Students
$40, others $50.   Call 822-4356.
Child Studies Research
is your baby between 2 and 22
months? Join UBC's Child Studies
Research Team for lots of fun. Call
Dr. Baldwin at 822-8231.
Psychiatry Research Studies
Psychiatric Study Involving Eye
Test. Volunteers are needed as
control group. Study involves one
eye test at Vancouver General
Hospital and one interview at
UBC—total time 1 1/2 hours.
Stipend$15. CallArvinderGrewal
at 822-7321.
Medication Treatment For
People With Depression. Call Annie
Kuan/Dr. R. A. Remick at 822-
Medication Treatment For
People With Winter Depression.
Call Arvinder Grewal/Dr. R. Lam
at 822-7321.
Self-Concept/Body Image
Seeking women volunteers ages
35-65 who either have not had any
surgery on their breasts or had
undergone surgery for breast
cancer 2-5 years ago, without
recurrence or further surgery on
their breasts. Participation
involves a questionnaire about
body image/self-concept which
takes about 15 minutes to
complete.   Call 224-0313.
Behaviour Study
Do you check or clean too
much? Psychology is looking for
people who repeatedly check (e.g.
locks, stoves) or clean excessively
to participate in a study. Call 822-
High Blood Pressure Clinic
Adult volunteers needed to
participate in drug treatment
studies. Call Dr. J. Wright in
Medicine at 822-7134 or RN
Marion Barker at 822-7192.
Drug Research Study
Male and female volunteers
required for Genital Herpes
Treatment Study. Sponsoring
physician: Dr. Stephen Sacks,
Medicine/Infectious Diseases. Call
Heart/Lung Response
At rest and during exercise.
Volunteers aged 35 years and
more and of all fitness levels
required. No maximal testing;
scheduled at your convenience.
Call Marijke Dallimore, School
of Rehab. Medicine, 822-7708.
Nutrition Study
Seeking female vegetarian/
non-vegetarian, non-smoker
volunteers, between 20-40yrs
of age for a study on menstrual
status. diet and bone.
Honorarium $50. Call Christina
Jock Itch Study
Volunteers 18-65 years of
age are needed to attend 5 visits
over an 8-week period.
Honorarium: $100 to be paid
upon    completion. Call
Dermatology at 874-6181.
Faculty/Staff Badminton
Fridays from 6:30-8:30pm in
Gym A of the Robert Osborne
Centre. Cost is $15 plus library
card.  Call John at 822-6933.
Late Afternoon Curling
Space available at
Thunderbird Winter Sports
Centre from 5-7:15pm.
Beginners and experienced
curlers welcome. Call Alex at
738-7698 or Paul (evenings) at
Pacific Spirit Regional
Park Programs
Autumn program brochures
are now available for all-ages as
well as children's recreational/
nature-study outings. Pick up
from the Park Centre at 16th,
west of Blanca or the GVRD
main office in Burnaby. Call
Botanical Garden
Open daily from 10am-6pm.
Free winter admission in effect.
Call 822-4208.
Nitobe Memorial Garden
The Nitobe Garden Is being
restored to Its original character
through Mar. 31/93. During
this period, the garden will be
closed to the public. Call 822-
Research forest trees lead sheltered life
by Abe Hefter
Staff writer
Douglas fir trees are leading
a sheltered life at the Alex Fraser
Research Forest.
That's the idea behind a cooperative research project
involving the forest, the Ministry
of Forests - Cariboo Region, and
Weldwood Canada Ltd.
Between the dry country
around Williams Lake and the
wet country around Horsefly and
Likely is the transition zone,
which is plagued by frost during
the growing season.
When foresters plan a harvest
in this area, the Douglas fir and
lodgepole pine forests are
clearcut. There is no problem
planting lodgepole pine in the
area, according to Ken Day,
resident forester and manager of
the Alex Fraser Research Forest.
However, if foresters want to reestablish Douglas fir in the area
after harvesting, a different
method is required.
"Douglas fir is very sensitive
to frost during the growing
season, and its young seedlings
need to be protected for several
years until their growing buds
are up out ofthe freezing air that
collects on the surface of the
ground," explained Day.
That's where the shelter
comes in.
A shelterwood silviculture
system is a method of harvesting
which thins the forest over
several years, encouraging
regeneration of the type of tree
"Once the young trees are
established, the remaining mature
trees are harvested," said Day.
"The entire process takes
about 20 years from the first
thinning to the final harvest and
a young, healthy forest is left
Day said that although
shelterwood harvesting allows
foresters to regenerate harvested
areas with Douglas fir, which
can be difficult in a clearcut, it
also has its disadvantages.
"If too many trees are removed
at the beginning, winds may blow
the remaining trees over. In
addition, less timber is harvested
from each area, so logging is
more expensive and more area
needs to be harvested in a year.
"However, if research proves
shelterwood harvesting to be
successful, foresters will have
one more technique for managing
the forest in the Cariboo."
Ken Day photo
Forestry students visit Alex
Fraser Research Forest site. 6  UBC Reports- January 14,1993
Technique locates brain damage
by Connie Filletti
The classified advertising rate is $ 15 for 35 words or
less. Each additional word is 50 cents. Rate includes
GST. Ads must be submitted in writing 10 days before
publication date to the UBC Community Relations
Office, 207-6328 Memorial Road. Vancouver, B.C.,
V6T 1Z2, accompanied by payment in cash, cheque
(made out to UBC Reports) or internal requisition.
Advertising enquiries: 822-3131.
The deadline for the January 28, 1992 issue of UBC
Reports is noon, January 19.
Staff writer
A technique useful in
determining the location and
extent of brain damage in
patients with amyotrophic lateral
sclerosis (ALS), commonly
referred to as Lou Gehrig's
disease, has been developed by a
UBC neurologist.
ALS is a condition that causes
progressiva degeneration of the
brain and spinal cord cells that
control movement.
Called magnetic coil
stimulation, the painless, non
invasive technique is the result
of a three-year study by Dr.
Andrew Eisen, director of UBC's
Neuromuscular Diseases Unit at
Vancouver General Hospital.
Eisen said that during the
procedure. 2.000 volts of
electricity, which have been
stored in a magnetic simulator
machine, are released through a
coil which has been placed on
the patient's head.
'The current induced by the
magnet causes excitation ofthe
motor cortex with the resulting
contraction of muscles. The
procedure helps us to
understand the integrity of the
Professor of Family Practice
needs housing for March! Main
living area must be wheelchair
accessible or easily convertible.
Minimum 2 bedroom plus den;
bungalow or condo; to buy, rent
or sublet. Contact Dr. Klein (514)
935-8138 or Roslyn Hoad 822-
3314. Coming to look mid-
CAR POOLING How about a car-
pooling resolution? Your car and/
or mine. From UBC to Capilano
College area in North
Vancouver. Hours of work 7:45
am to 3:45 pm. Flexible 8-4. Phone
Deborah at 988-1149 or 822-5415.
GAGE BIOGRAPHY I am writing a
biography of Dr. Walter Gage.
Would former colleagues please
send their memories of his lifelong
service to UBC as administrator
and teacher of mathematics to
Helen Borrell. Apt. 204, 30 East
10th Ave., Vancouver, BC, V5T
4C8. Phone 875-6772.
professionals and others
interested in science or natural
history are meeting through a
North America-wide network. For
info write: Science Connection,
P.O. Box 389, Port Dover, Ontario
NOA 1 NO or call 1-800-667-5179.
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motor pathways in awake
Eisen and his colleagues
conducted a controlled study of
50 patients with Lou Gehrig's
disease. They were examined
within 15 months of developing
their initial symptoms.
Although there is no known
cause for ALS, scientists
speculate that environmental
conditions may be responsible
for the disease.
Magnetic coil stimulation is
also useful in helping medical
researchers to gain a better
understanding of other
neurological disorders such as
multiple sclerosis and
Parkinson's disease, he said.
Eisen, who began his research
in 1989, was the first physician
in Canada to use the coil. To
date, it does not have U.S. Federal
Drug Administration (FDA)
approval because ofthe agency's
concerns about brain damage,
seizures and heart stoppages.
Eisen. who has used the
technique on more than 2,000
patients with a variety of diseases
without incident, dismisses the
FDA's concerns as unfounded.
"It is a remarkably safe
procedure in the short term."
The technique is not used on
anyone known to have epilepsy,
a biomedical device such as a
pacemaker, or who has had brain
Eisen's research is funded by
the Medical Research Council of
Canada and the B.C. Health Care
Research Foundation.
UBC Reports advertising rates and deadlines
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-ilit. UBC Reports ■ January 14,1993 7
Andrew Dawes . . .
International performances
and UBC students keep
Dawes and his 222-year-old
violin in tune.
Fiddler on the move
by Charles Ker
Staff writer
A 222-year-old J.B. Guadagnini
greets all who enter Andrew
Dawes' third-floor studio in UBC's
School of Music.
Sheltered from the elements inside a
custom-made green silk jacket, the
exquisite Italian violin rests in an open
case to the left of Dawes' desk, and
directly in front of his office door; a
precarious place for so precious a
"Not really." says Dawes, proudly
pointing to pictures of his two
daughters tucked above the prized
fiddle. "It's been in worse positions."
Some years ago. while cycling to
class at the University of Toronto,
Dawes and his beloved instrument
were knocked down by a careless
driver. Disregarding a delicate tool of
the trade, namely his right hand.
Canada's preeminent chamber violinist
promptly slammed a fist into the car
door, startling the driver.
"I remember the worried look on his
face as he scrambled to roll up the
window," he chuckled. "I guess he
thought I was going to get up and
punch him next."
Since moving west to join UBC's
music faculty in September, there's
been little time for cycling.
When he isn't teaching one of 12
students the complexities of a Brahms
concerto, Dawes is himself a performer
with An Die Musik, an American
chamber group of oboe, string trio and
Last November, the quintet played in
Monterey, Pennsylvania, New Jersey,
Vancouver and two concerts at its
home base in New York City. This
month, the musicians perform in Basle,
Bonn, Wurtzburg, Fussen and Berlin
before breaking up and reconvening in
the spring.
"Basically, we split before we get on
each others nerves," said Dawes.
It was a lack of any time apart which
contributed to the breakup two years
ago of Dawes' 'other' group. The Orford
Quartet. Dawes founded this, Canada's
greatest chamber ensemble, back in
1965, despite earlier leanings toward a
solo career.
The son of an Alberta rancher, the
52-year-old musician started "fiddling"
in Calgary and Saskatoon, where he
bought the J.B. Guadagnini from a
local farmer in
1957. Six years ^mm^t^mm^t^^mm
later, at 23, he
graduated from
the Geneva
winning the Prix
de Virtuosite with
the highest marks
ever recorded at
the Swiss 	
But before launching his top student
as a soloist, Hungarian teacher Lorand
Fenyves prompted the young Canadian
to give chamber music a try.
"I decided to give it a shot for a year
and if at the end of that period things
weren't working out, then we'd give it
up," said Dawes. "As it turned out,
there was never anything else that I
wanted to do. I loved it."
What attracts Dawes to chamber
music is the opportunity it gives
musicians to perfect the interpretive
and technical aspects of a piece.
Whereas a guest soloist might spend
two hours with an orchestra preparing
for a 45-minute concerto, chamber
musicians often take two months to
prepare for a performance.
"We have a quartet here
which is certainly the
strongest in Canada and
equal to any in the U.S."
-Andrew Dawes
The Orford regime typically involved
members practising separately for two
hours in the morning, then rehearsing
together for four hours each afternoon.
Said Dawes: "I enjoyed that
interaction at a highly-skilled level;
refining, polishing and getting better all
the time. As long as it continued to
meet my own needs as far as ambition
and technical excellence, then I was
happy to keep doing it."
For 26 years the Orford kept doing
it, wowing audiences with their skill
and style in nearly 2,000 concerts on
six continents. Three of its 50
recordings won
^^"■^^^"^^^"     JUNO Awards and
last year, Dawes'
contribution to the
group was
recognized with
the Order of
internal tensions
      and a realization
on Dawes' part
that he wanted to teach more and
perform less, led to the Orford's
dissolution in July 1991.
"Every quartet goes through ongoing strife," he said. "It's part of
working seven days a week and coming
to grips with conflicting personalities,
egos and opinions. I had a finite
amount of time left to play and realized
I didn't want to spend the rest of my
life playing in a quartet."
By incorporating an oboe into the
mix, Dawes says An Die Musik has a
unique advantage over the 20 to 30
string quartets it competes against for
engagements. For its coming tour
through Germany, the quintet has
added pieces written specifically for
them by jazz artist Dave Brubeck and
conductor Andre Previn.
At UBC. he and colleague Stephen
Chatman keep on top of developments
in the music scene by directing the
UBC Contemporary Players, a student
instrumental ensemble which performs
20th century classics and "New Music."
Formerly an associate professor at
the University of Toronto where he
taught chamber music for 20 years,
Dawes also keeps active on the judging
A juror of the Banff International
String Quartet Competition since its
inception in 1983. he presided over the
Fischoff International Chamber Music
Competition in Indiana last year and
was invited by Sir Yehudi Menuhin to
be on the jury of the London
International String Quartet
Competition in 1991.
Together with violinist Robert
Davtdovici, cellist Eric Wilson and viola
teacher Gerald Stanick, Dawes hopes
UBC becomes the preferred place of
study for young string musicians
across Canada and North America.
"As far as chamber music goes, we
have a quartet here which is certainly
the strongest in Canada and equal to
any in the U.S.," he said.
Admittedly, it was hard for Dawes and
his wife, Karen, to leave Toronto after 27
years. The move does, however, bring him
closer to his sister, Mary Lou, an
accomplished pianist whom he performs
with periodically in Victoria.
As for the J.B. Guadagnini, Dawes
has commissioned an old friend in
Geneva to build him a second violin
which he hopes to pick up during An
Die Musik's European tour this month.
By leaving one fiddle at home, and
one at the office, he looks forward to
cycling to work without the extra
baggage. 8  UBC Reports * January 14, 1993
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