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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Reports May 31, 1989

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°BC Archies &,ri«,
35     No.     11
May      3 1,      1989
Honorary degrees a tradition
BC's tradition of conferring honorary degrees is a part of a practice that
dates back to 15th century England
But it was in the North American colonies that the idea really took root.
Harvard was the first colonial university to take up the practice, conferring
honorary degrees on its president and two faculty members in 1692. As one scholar wryly reported, the
process ensured that all members ofthe faculty ofthe "mother of American universities" possessed the
qualifications to appropriately confer degrees on the students under them.
UBC offered its first honorary degrees in 1925 at the old Fairview Campus. Lieutenant-Governor
Walter Nichol and Sir Arthur William Currie, then principal of McGill, headed the list
"It wasn't as idyllic as the photos would indicate," said UBC Archivist Chris Hives. "Conditions at the
Fairview Campus were so crowded that classes were being held in attics and church basements. It was
intolerable, really."
The overcrowding led to a major student protest known as the Great Trek. The B.C. government
responded, accelerating construction of the new university at the Point Grey site, and by 1926 the move
was complete.
Since 1925, many famous Canadians have been the recipients of honorary degrees from UBC.
Prime Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau (1986), author Robertson Davies (1983), ballerina Karen Kain (1988), industrialist Cecil
Green (1964), poultry scientist Beryl March (1988), painter A.Y. Jackson (1966), and composer Jean Coulthard (1988) have all
taken their place at the podium.
The gowns, hoods and hats worn by honorary degree recipients, students and faculty members have evolved from every day
clothing worn by scholars in the Middle Ages.
The academic gown worn by graduating students is a modem equivalent of the scholar's large overcoat The hood, lined with the
color to indicate the degree to be granted, is all that remains of a large parka-style hood that was attached to a scholar's robe.
Another Congregation tradition that dates back to the Middle Ages is the wooden mace, which is carried into the gymnasium by a
member of the Congregation procession. UBC's mace was designed and carved in 1959 by Native artist George Norris.
During the ceremony, the dean or nominee of each faculty presents all graduating students to the Chancellor. When the student's
name is read out, he or she crosses the stage and kneels on a padded stool in front of the Chancellor. The Chancellor taps the student
on the head with his mortarboard and says "I admit you." pDcrnirvcn«
By (jrKrAj DICKaON
Ptxito courtesy UBC Archives
Faculty and students
file into the Arts
building on the old
Fairview campus for
the 1925
President Strangway
s I watch' the proud faces ofthe graduates today, I'm reminded, as I am at each Convocation,
that people are what a university is all about
Since UBC first opened its doors 74 years ago, many thousands of students have walked
across the stage to receive their degrees-each with his or her individual hopes and dreams.
They can now be found throughout the province, the country, indeed, all over the world in diverse occupations and professions, in government and industry, contributing in many ways to society's economic and cultural growth.
They have used their education in creative and innovative ways where they saw an opportunity or need. Universities have a
big part to play in being sensitive to the challenging and changing issues of our global community.
Over the next few years, you will see new campus buildings built, endowed chairs established, new fellowship programs
begun and new equipment purchased to keep the university in step with changing times.
UBC's recently launched fundraising campaign will give faculty, researchers and students the tools they need to fulfill our
commitment to excellence in teaching and research as we take another step towards our goal.
As part of this goal, our new Chemistry/Physics building will open this September and the provincial government is funding a
new student services centre to improve our ability to serve students.
Over the next 10 years, we will work closely with B.C. colleges to ensure degree granting opportunities in other parts of the
province. At UBC, we will add graduate student places to be sure that our society is equipped for increasingly complex times.
These are exciting times for UBC, and for our graduates at Convocation today. I wish each and every one of them the best of
luck for the future.
UBC President David W. Strangway : r   ;  ■ - /-.-
May 31,
Grad student wins gold
for her work on Tibet
The 1989 Governor-General's Gold
Medal for outstanding academic achievement has been won by Arts student,
Anne MacDonald, a Tibetan scholar and
Gold and silver medal awards are
given annually to the best graduate student (who must be in a master's program) and undergraduate student respectively at each Canadian university.
MacDonald, who earned her MA in
Religious Studies last November, graduating with a 93.7 per cent average, is
currently enroled in a PhD program in
Asian Studies at UBC.
High academic standing is one criterium for the gold award, but as James
Russell, Associate Dean of Graduate
Studies, points out, the research quality
of a student's thesis is also a major factor.
Fully fluent in Tibetan, MacDonald
is one of a handful of researchers in the
world who are expeits in Tibetan literature. Her master's thesis involved the
translation of a 14th century Tibetan
religious text.
The awards selection committee
judged MacDonald's research to be of
international calibre, Russell said.
"Her research goes well beyond the
bounds of traditional Tibetan scholarship," he added.
27 prizewinners
MacDonald's interest in religious
philosophy was sparked by her travels
through India after she completed her
BA in Anthropology at Hamilton's
McMaster University in 1979. Although
she never visited Tibet, she studied for
five years with a traditional Tibetan scholar
after returning to Canada to better understand the country's literature.
"There's an oral commentary that
has been handed down over the years
which accompanies the older Tibetan
texts," MacDonald explained.
In her doctoral program, she wants to
broaden her study of ancient philosophical texts and to that-end is intensifying
her study of Sanscrit, an early Indian
language. She eventually hopes to do
research on early Tibetan literature preserved in libraries in north India-material thai was saved from destruction during
the Chinese invasion of Tibet in 1959.
The silver medal winner, Donald
Krawci w has finished every course he
has taken at UBC with first class honors
(80 per cent or higher). The 23-year-old
Burnaby science student had a 97.3 per
cent grade average this year.
Krawciw's major interest is biochemistry, but he said what led him into the
sciences was an interest in everything.
"I opted for the sciences in an effort
to answer questions about the world.
Why is the grass green? Why is blood
red? It's amazing how many questions
about the world around us are hard to
answer," he said.
Krawciw is also an accomplished
violinist. He took up the instrument
when he was nine and has played with
the Vancouver Youth Symphony.
What's next for this young scholar?
He is now taking electrical engineering
courses at the University of Waterloo.
"I'm thinking about getting into
biomedical engineering," he said
The best in their class
Twenty-seven students finished at
the top of their graduating classes at
UBC. Listed below are the names of the
students and their awards. (Students are
from Vancouver unless otherwise noted.)
Association of Professional Engineers
Proficiency Prize (Most outstanding
record in the graduating class of Applied
Science, BASc. degree): Andre Mar-
ziali (North Vancouver, B.C.).
Helen L. Balfour Prize (Head of the
graduating class in Nursing, BSN degree): Helen Liese Braun (Clearbrook,
British Columbia Recreation and Parks
Association, Professional Development
Branch Prize (Head ofthe graduating
class in Recreation, BRE degree): Laurie Anne Cooper (Whistler, B.C.).
Dr. Maxwell A. Cameron Memorial
Medal and Prize (Head of the graduating
class in Education, Elementary Teaching field, BEd degree): Charlotte Marie
Dr. Maxwell A. Cameron Memorial
Medal and Prize (Head of the graduating
class in Education, Secondary Teaching
field, BEd degree): DawnBemiceJakovac
(Burnaby, B.C.).
Ruth Cameron Medal for Librarian-
ship (Head of the graduating class in
Librarianship, MLS degree): Susan
Lorraine Leitz.
College of Dental Surgeons of British Columbia Gold Medal (Head of the
graduating class in Dentistry, DMD
degree): Sally N. Willetts James (North
Vancouver, B.C.).
Professor C.EA. Culling - Bachelor
of Medical Laboratory Science Prize
(Greatest overall academic excellence in
the graduating class ofthe Bachelor of
Medical Laboratory Science degree):
Eunice Yeoh (Richmond, B.C.).
Dr. Brock Fahrni Prize in Occupational Therapy (Head ofthe graduating
class in Rehabilitation Medicine, Occupational Therapy, BSc(OT) degree): Carol
Jean Redekopp (Black Creek, B.C.).
Dr. Brock Fahrni Prize in Physiotherapy (Head of the graduating class in
Rehabilitation Medicine, Physiotherapy,
BSc(PT) degree): Jane Grace McLeish
(Victoria, B.C.).
Governor-General's Gold Medal
(Head ofthe graduating classes in the
Faculty of Graduate Studies, master's
programs): Anne Elizabeth MacDonald.
Governor-General's Silver Medal
(Head ofthe graduating classes in the
Faculties of Arts and Science, B A and
BSc degrees): Donald William Krawciw
(Burnaby, B.C.). (Faculty of Science)
Hamber Medal (Head of the graduating class in Medicine, MD degree, best
cumulative record in all years of course):
William Edward Naaykens.
Homer Prize and Medal for Pharmaceutical Sciences (Head of the graduating class in Pharmaceutical Sciences,
BScPharm degree): Andrea Marion
Williams (North Vancouver, B.C.).
Kiwanis Club Medal (Head of the
graduating Class in Commerce and
Business Administration, BComm degree): Lynneth Duy Tiu.
Law Society Gold Medal and Prize
(Head ofthe graduating class in Law,
LLB degree): Karen Sylvia Thompson.
H.R. MacMillan Prize in Forestry
(Head of the graduating class in For
estry, BSF or BSc Forestry degree):
Werner Kurt Stump (Malakwa, B.C.).
Dr. John Wesley Neill Medal and
Prize (Head ofthe graduating class in
Landscape Architecture, BLA degree):
Geoffrey Dugald Godderham and Dana
Jeanine Young (Richmond, B.C.).
Physical Education Faculty Prize
(Head of the graduating class in Physical
Education, BPE degree): Colleen Patricia Quee.
Royal Architecture Institute of Canada Medal (Graduating student with the
highest standing in the School of Architecture): Frances Ann Schmitt (West
Vancouver, B.C.).
Wilfrid Sadler Memorial Gold Medal
(Head ofthe graduating class in Agricultural Sciences, BScAgr degree): Linda
Louise McElroy (Sicamous, B.C.).
Special University Prize (Head ofthe
graduating class in Family and Nutritional Sciences, BHE degree): Sharon
Louise Delparte.
Special University Prize (Head ofthe
graduating class in Fine Arts, BFA degree): Amir A. Alibhai (Burnaby, B.C.).
Special University Prize (Head ofthe
graduating class in Music, BMus degree): Christopher Foley.
Majorie Ellis Topping Memorial
Medal (Head of the graduating class in
Social Work, BSW degree): Kirsten
Dressier (Williams Lake, B.C.).
University of B.C. Medal for Arts
and Science (Proficiency in the graduating classes in the Faculties of Arts and
Sciences, BA and BSc degrees): Stephanie Patricia Lysyk. (Faculty of Arts)
Real estate
a family affair
for Charltons
Tracy Charlton always knew she was going to end up in the real
estate industry. "It's in my destiny," she says, half-joking.
Between them, the Chariton family has 33 years of real estate experience and now the youngest member of the family is about to join
what is almost a family tradition.
Tracy is nearing the end of a gruelling six months of correspondance courses, part of a province-wide mandatory pre-licensing
program offered by the Real Estate Division at UBC. She hopes to
graduate this July and join her mother selling real estate in Surrey.
Meanwhile one of her sisters leases and sells commercial property
in Vancouver; the other has her real estate agents licence.
When Tracy left high school she started work for the City of
Burnaby, intending to stay only a year or two. Now, eight years later,
she is ready for a change.
"It's time. I'm ready for the commitment," she says emphatically.
Many of her 1,600 "classmates" in the current pre-licensing program
are also making a career change.
Selling real estate is a big commitment, says Robert Laing,
director of UBC's Real Estate Division.
While Tracy knows her future profession will involve hard work
and long days, other prospective graduates are sometimes not so
well prepared, Laing said. It's one reason for the high attrition rate
in the industry.
"To succeed takes an awful lot of hard work and a high degree of
professionalism. It's certainly not a nine-to-five job," Laing said.
Between 2,000 and 3,000 people sign up each year for one of the
division's four pre-licencing programs and more than 7,000 for the
division's other specialized training programs. Demand for the pre-
licencing course was so high that prospective students usually found
themselves on a 12-month waiting list. This year, the Real Estate
Council of B.C., the industry's licencing and regulatory body, lifted a
licencing quota which had been in place since 1974.
Pre-licencing courses attract people with a variety of backgrounds and education, Laing said. However, the division recommends students have at least Grade 12 since real estate law makes
up a large part of the course and because students need basic
algebra skills for some of the financial calculations. The division also
offers lectures in three B.C. locations, as well as on campus, to
supplement course material.
"We have to throw every possible thing at the student that they will
encounter in their day to day practice," Laing said.
Once students have passed the final exams-and about 70 per
cent succeed-they must take a mandatory post-licencing course
through the B.C. Real Estate Association.
There are currently 13,000 people licenced to sell real estate in the
province. After a few years' experience, some choose to specialize
in other areas of the industry.
One area might be Urban Land Economics which is also offered
by the Real Estate Division. The gruelling four-year diploma
program includes sophisticated mortgage financing, property management and appraisal, and economics. Graduates qualify for
membership in the Real Estate Institute of B.C.
The division, which celebrates its 30th anniversary this year, also
offers other post-licensing training: a notary public preparatory
course, a real estate agents program and a mortgages program.
12 undergraduates are
Wesbrook Scholars
Twelve UBC students have been
named Wesbrook Scholars, becoming
the first to receive the new honorary
designation for outstanding achievement
among undergraduates.
Each year a maximum of 20 students
will be named Wesbrook Scholars. They
will receive a certificate and a memento
and the designation will appear on their
permanent record.
To be eligible, students must be in
their penultimate or final year of undergraduate studies or a professional program, in the top 10 per cent of their
faculty or school and demonstrate the
ability to serve, work with and lead.
The awards are sponsored by the
Wesbrook Society, an organization of
the university's major benefactors.
This year's Wesbrook Scholars are:
Helen Braun, Nursing; William Craig,
Science; Sharon Delparte, Family and
Nutritional Sciences; Craig Ferris, Law;
Heidi Haslinger, Bio-Engineering; Kathleen Hussey, Social Work; Olivia Lee,
Law; Jonathan Moss, Forestry; Jane
McLeish, Rehabilitation Medicine;
Gordon Murphy, Mechanical Engineering; David Stevens, Engineering Physics; Robert Strang, Medicine. UBC REPORTS   May 31,1989       3
6 awarded honorary degrees
Actor Raymond Burr is one of six
prominent Canadians who will receive an
honorary degree from the University of
British Columbia at Spring Congregation
ceremonies, May
31-June 2.
' 'Raymond
Burr is a man who
has brought
countless hours of
entertainment to
many generations,
and he has also
been active in
charitable work
here in British RoSers
Columbia," said UBC President David
Strangway. Burr will receive his degree
June 1.
degrees will also
go to former Lieutenant- Governor
Robert Rogers,
David Johnston.
Principal of
McGill University, Frank Iacobucci, Chief Justice ofthe Federal
Court of Canada,
John MacDonald, Chairman of
MacDonald Dettwiler and Associates and
William Holland, Professor Emeritus of
Asian Studies.
Burr is best known for his television
work, winning two Emmy awards for
Best Leading Actor in the Perry Mason
series. A native of New Westminster, he
is active in charitable work for the
Royal Columbian
Robert Rogers
was bom in
Montreal and
educated at the
University of
Toronto. Rogers
Iacobucci was president of
Crown Zellerbach Canada and a chairman of Canada Harbour Place Corp. before serving as Lieutenant-Governor of
British Columbia from 1983 to 1988.
David Johnston served as Dean of
Law at the University of Western Ontario
before taking up the post of Principal and
Vice-Chancellor of McGill University in
Montreal, where he guided the institution
through a difficult
period in its development. He is
respected for his
work on behalf of
Canadian universities.
Frank Iacobucci has earned
two degrees from
UBC, a Bachelor
of Commerce and
Bachelor of Law. He was called to the
Ontario Bar in 1970. He was Dean of
Law. then a Vice-President ofthe University of Toronto and served as Deputy
Minister of Justice and Deputy Attorney
General of Canada before his appointment as Chief Justice ofthe Federal Court.
John MacDonald was born in Van-
couver and holds
a BASc from
UBC. As Chairman of
Dettwiler and
Associates, he is
recognized as a
leader in B.C.'s
high-tech industry.
William Holland was bom in New Zealand and founded
UBC's department of Asian Studies in
1961. He served as research director of
the Institute of Pacific Relations in the
1930s and 1940s where his work was fun-
clamental in the formation of post-war
Allied policy in Asia. Holland is recognized as a founder of Asian Studies in
North America.
Top Athletes
Perrie Scarlett and Melanie Slade are UBC's top athletes of 1989. Scarlett, captain
ofthe Thunderbirds basketball team, was selected by his teammates for the Brian
Upson award as most inspirational player. He was the most valuable player at the
York University Excalibur Classic Tournament in December and was named to the
Canada West All-Star team last year. Slade was captain ofthe women'sThunderbird
fieldhockey team and has been named to the CIAU All-Canadian first team the last
three years. She was also a Canada West All-Star in 1987 and 1988. Slade was a
member of Canada's 1988 Olympic team and was top scorer in the B.C. Indoor
Championships and in the CWUAA Field Hockey competition. She is one of only
three athletes in UBC's history to be named top athlete two consecutive years.
University ofOttawa grants
Levy honorary degree
UBC Microbiology Professor Julia
Levy will be granted an honorary doctorate in the health sciences from the University ofOttawa on June 12.
Levy is being honored for her work
on a cancer therapy called photodynam-
ics. The therapy uses light to activate
complex, naturally occurring molecules
called porphyrins which help to destroy
cancer cells while leaving healthy ones
Levy is a founder and Vice-President
of Research and Development at Quadra
Logic Technologies Inc., a Vancouver-
based biotechnology company.
She is also a fellow of the Royal
Society of Canada and holds a Medical
Research Council of Canada Industrial
Past honors include a Killam Senior
Research Award and a B.C. Science
Council Gold Medal.
Relic of the 1960s, course
still a 'groovy1 education
They don't wear bellbottom trousers
or go-go boots any more, but students
enroled in UBC's Arts One program are
still getting what their parents would have
called a groovy education.
Arts One is one of a handful of surviving experimental programs that flourished at North American universities during
the 1960s.
"In general, programs such as this
were a response to the demands of students in the 1960s to break away from
narrow specialization and forge a multi-
disciplinary approach to learning," said
English professor and Arts One instructor
Thomas Blom.
"When the program first started, the
counterculture movement was exploding
across North America. In its early years,
the program attracted a lot of wild-haired,
hippie kids."
The alternative arts program began in
1967. Now, as then, first year Arts students study a reading list of major fictional and non-fictional works, under such
topic headings as The Individual and
Society, Force and Freedom, and The
Search for Significance.
"It focuses on major works of human
accomplishment, both intellectual and
imaginative, down through the ages,"
Blom said, citing Plato, Shakespeare,
Hobbes, Marx and Freud as mainstays of
the reading list.
The Arts One program satisfies the
requirements for nine ofthe 15 credits
first year students need. They are also
required to take two three-unit courses to
satisfy their year.
Blom said that the 200 students who
will fill the 1989-90 program will attend
a two-hour formal lecture each week, two
1 1/2 hour seminars, and a tutorial.
"Thus, three-fifths ofthe students'
time for a week concentrates on the study
of one significant text," he said. "By the
end of the year I think they truly appreciate their mastery of difficult ideas, as well
as thinking and writing skills they have
Blom, who teaches 18th century English
literature, said the benefits of Arts One go
beyond the course material.
Individual attention is paid to each
student, many of whom have come from
enriched high school courses or international baccalaureate programs. Students
develop close ties to their teachers and
lasting friendships with their peers.
The five faculty members who teach
in the program come from a cross-section
of Arts departments, including English,
Classics. Economics and History.
When the program was introduced, it
was described as "the most fundamental
change in curriculum in the history ofthe
Faculty of Arts."
"In the late 60s. Arts One was disturbing to a lot of faculty members, some of
whom may still believe that Arts One is a
kind of loose-jointed, taught by aging
hippies, course." Blom said.
"The truth ofthe matter is otherwise.
Arts One is an exciting, intellectually
demanding course for those first-year
students who wish to concentrate their
energy on the study of great ideas."
Grad Studies marks
40th anniversary
UBC's Faculty of Graduate Studies
celebrates its 40th anniversary this year.
Almost 4,200 graduate students are pursuing master's and doctoral degrees at
UBC in more than 135 fields of study,
ranging from Adult Education to Zoology-
The importance of graduate studies to
any university must not be underestimated, says Peter Suedfeld, Graduate
Studies dean.
Graduate education prepares highly
selected students to be fully qualified
professionals and scholars in the humanities, social sciences and sciences, he said.
The interaction between graduate
students and faculty members helps both
in the pursuit of new knowledge and in
the transmission of the excitement of
scholarship to others, he said.
"The contact with graduate students
keeps the existing faculty open to new
ideas and new approaches."
As part of a new higher education
strategy, Advanced Education Minister
Stan Hagen announced in March that
1,800 graduate spaces will be created in
B.C. during the next six years.
UBC's share of spaces amounts to
1,450, which will help the university
achieve its goal of increasing graduate
enrolment to 6,000.
"With the thrust in President Strang
way's mission statement and the direction which support from the provincial
government is being channelled, obviously graduate education will take on an
even larger role at UBC," Suedfeld said.
He added that with the increasing
emphasis on graduate education, a review of programs will be necessary to
look at their quality and capacity to absorb more students.
The Faculty of Graduate Studies is
also responsible for administering and
fostering interdisciplinary units for teaching and research at UBC.
Among the many units that fall under
its auspices are the School of Community
and Regional Planning, the institutes of
Applied Mathematics, Asian Research
and International Relations, the centres
for Human Settlements and Westwater
Research, and programs in Neuroscience
and Resource Management Science.
Suedfeld said there are several proposals for new centres and institutes on
the drawing board.
One is for a CIDA Centre for Excellence on sustainable natural resource
development, which would educate
Canadian and Third World students.
Other proposals include an institute of
health promotion, which would be a multi-
disciplinary health and related sciences
centre for research and graduate teaching, and a fisheries and aquatic sciences
Patients win when doctors,
engineers join forces
An innovative UBC research engineer is
applying engineering concepts to medicine to
ensure patients who undergo surgery are at less
risk from anesthesia.
In UBC's Orthopedics department, Martine
Breault is testing a pressure sensor and accompanying specialized tourniquet system which
monitors anesthetic drugs during surgery and
safely arrests blood flow.
The prototype device enables surgeons to
operate with a less-hazardous local, instead of
general anesthetic, allowing the patient a faster
and easier recovery.
Marrying engineering to medicine to help
doctors and patients benefit from improved surgical procedures and equipment is a new and fast-
growing field called biomedical engineering.
About 40 UBC graduate and undergraduate
engineering students are currently collaborating
with biomedical engineering units at Vancouver
General Hospital and University Hospital, UBC
site, to solve real-life medical problems.
Jim McEwen, director of the biomedical
engineering units, says good engineers can see
different ways to approach problems in an operating environment.
"In the course of a four-month student project, we often go from defining the problem to
having a solution implemented in a clinical
environment. That's a very rapid development,"
he said.
Breault helped develop a better pressure sensor
Photo by Kent Kallberg
UBC's Martine BreauU has helped develop a pressure sensor to help surgeons in the operating room.
and supporting computer hardware and software
programs while still a graduate student in Mechanical Engineering. The device measures pressure
applied by a tourniquet or other constriction on a
patient's body. When used in the operating room it
warns surgeons when pressure levels are too high.
"Too much pressure can result in further patient
injury, such as damage to internal tissue or the
nerves," Breault explained.
Traditional pressure sensors are bulky, rigid
stainless steel or aluminum instruments, routinely
used in a variety of hospital settings. The improved
model is a slip of sterilized plastic encasing an
electronic circuit. Small and light, it checks constriction more easily and effectively, and is ideal for
use in surgery because it's thin and flexible enough
to slip between layers of soft tissue, like
muscle or skin.
Breault is working with surgeon Dr.
Richard Claridge in Orthopedics putting
the pressure sensor and customized tourniquet cuffs through a series of ci inical
tests with patients undergoing foot surgery.
B.C. businesses play an important part
in UBC's current research and development of biomedical devices and McEwen
said the unit is aggressive in canvassing
industry participation. Some medical
companies, for example, fund research
projects and determine the feasibility of
mass-producing and marketing the final
But many companies are slow to see
research collaboration as an opportunity.
' 'We don't get the maximum value
from the technology we develop because
it is not as widely applied or commercialized as it should be," McEwen said.
Plans are under way to set up a formal
Biomedical Engineering initiative at UBC
in the Faculty of Applied Science in collaboration with the faculties of Medicine
and Science and local hospitals and
companies. The proposal, which has
been well received by health-care agencies and B.C. manufacturing companies,
is currently waiting for final approval
from the provincial government, McEwen
Phys. Ed.
grads hold
Mike White can't make Congregation this year, he's fishing in Campbell
But Margaret Willis from Vancouver will be there, and Barry Thompson is
flying in from Fredericton, N.B.
Both are looking forward to meeting
classmates they haven't seen in 20 or 30
years, perhaps not since they all graduated in 1949 from UBC's first Physical
Education program.
Many of the 42-member graduating
class will be attending this year's Congregation ceremonies as part of their 40-
year reunion. Now in their 50s and 60s,
many still live in the Lower Mainland.
Others are coming from the Interior.
Vancouver Island and eastern Canada.
Five graduates have moved and
couldn't be located. One is deceased.
Willis (nee Laing) was one of nine
women in the program. She had enroled
in first year Arts at UBC, but when the
Physical Education program opened, she
transferred immediately.
"I wasn't a super athlete, but I enjoyed the program," recalls Willis, adding that the women in particular, were a
close-knit group and many kept in touch
over the years.
Like the majority of her classmates.
Graduates ofthe 1949 Physical Education program, UBC's first, gather around
their graduation photo, which was taken only four years ago.
Willis became a teacher instructing English
and Physical Education at a Vancouver
high school. After a 29-year career, she
took early retirement Jive years ago.
Classmate Reid Mitchell was signed
up for military duty while still in high
school. But the war was over by the time
he graduated and he found himself at
UBC instead. Mitchell says he always
wanted to be a physical education teacher,
but until UBC began its program in
1946, the only training available was in
eastern Canada and the U.S.
At UBC, Mitchell was co-captain of
the Thunderbird basketball team and
represented Canada at the 1948 Olympics in London, England. Classmate
John Pavelich was also at the Olympics,
on Canada's track and field team.
Mitchell joined UBC's Education
faculty in 1959, retiring three years ago
with the distinction of being the faculty's
longest serving director of student teaching—for 16 years.
Classroom facilities for the class of
1949 were makeshift, Mitchell recalls.
Classes were held in the old gym, which
has long since been torn down, and in
wooden anny huts scattered on campus.
(The Scarfe -Education - building wasn't
constructed until the early 1960s). Swimming instruction was at the old Crystal
pool at English Bay, while handball and
squash classes were held at the downtown Vancouver YMCA.
Four years ago. the class of 1949
sought to remedy a 36-year oversight-
they were the only Physical Education
class that didn't have a group graduation
photo taken. Individual photos were
compiled to correct that omission.
After Convocation ceremonies, the
class will have a chance to catch up on
the news at a special reception. A reunion golf tournament and alumni scholarship dinner and dance are also scheduled
later this month.
Advertising approved
for UBC Reports
UBC Reports wilfbegin accepting
classified and display advertising beginning with its Sept. 7 edition.
The move is designed to help recover
costs as well as increase the size and
upgrade the content of the award-winning paper.
The move to advertising has been
approved by the UBC Reports Advisory
Committee, which also set out a guidelines for the acceptance of ads.
The guidelines state that:
The paper will not accept advertisements for alcoholic beverages, tobacco
products or advertisments promoting the
special interest of advocacy groups.
Advertisement containing material
considered to be racist, sexist or in violation ofthe B.C. and Canadian Human
Rights Code will not be accepted.
The Editor-in-Chief will determine
whether proposed advertisements fall
within these guidelines. The UBC Reports Advisory Committee will act as
final arbiter in any unresolved disputes
over the application of the guidelines.
Members of the committee are: John
Dennison. David Dolphin, Dr. Morton
Low, June Lythgoe, Pat Marchak, Don
Whiteley and Howard Fluxgold.
Rates and procedures will be outlined in future issues of UBC Reports.
Clearbrook student wins
UBC essay competition
A Clearbrook high school student
has won first prize in the 1989 UBC
Essay Competition.
Michael Ross, a Grade 12 student at
W. J. Mouat Secondary School, won for
his essay entitled "Imagination and
' 'The aims of the UBC Essay Competition are to promote good writing,
which means encouraging literate, linguistic, intellectual and expressive skills,''
said English Professor Jack Stewart,
chairman of the essay competition committee.
Ross, 18, plans to put his $1,500
prize money towards university tuition.
More than 2,000 entries were received in the Feb. 6 competition, which
is open to Grade 12 students in B.C and
the Yukon. Students were given three
hours to plan, write and revise their
Second place and a S1.000 prize went
to Christopher Taylor of St. George's
School in Vancouver. Third place went
to Andrea Cserenyi of Little Flower
Academy in Vancouver, who received a
$500 prize.
Twenty-two book prizes for distinguished performance were also awarded. UBCREPORTS    May 31,1989       5
of old
school tie
That most preppie of accessories, the
traditional school tie. is making a comeback in Canada — and UBC is leading the
Shunned by all but the most conservative of students and faculty during the
anti-establishment days of the 1960s. ties
are now proudly displayed by alumni.
"Up until the late 1970s you couldn't
get anybody to wear a university tie.
Now, the pendulum is swinging back
again," says the man behind the resurgence, UBC Bookstore Director John
Hedgecock. "It's quite surprising how
they've taken off."
The bookstore now sells thousands of
ties each year to students, faculty, staff
and tourists, and also supplies ties in 15
designs for 10 other universities across
Hedgecock was born and raised in
Britain, where school and regimental ties
Fit To Be Tied
UBC Bookstore Director John Hedgecock displays an array of school ties which are
"Believe it or not, there are not many
left in the world who can do this kind of
work. But the British have generations of
experience," he said.
are as traditional as tea and crumpets.
When he first saw the "dreadful" old
UBC tie, which gathered dust on bookstore shelves, he felt it could be successfully redesigned.
During a vacation in England in 1985,
he found a mill in Yorkshire that could do
the fine weaving necessary to reproduce
the intricate details ofthe university coat
of arms.
The result was a tie that drew admiring
looks, including those of colleagues at
other institutions who met Hedgecock at
book industry functions. Now UBC supplies ties for the University of Toronto,
supplied to 10 Canadian universities.
McMaster, Western Ontario and Simon
Fraser, among others. New orders continue to come in.
There are three styles available here:
the UBC tie, the UBC Graduate and the
more contemporary Point Grey design, A
fourth is planned to commemorate UBC's
75th anniversary next year. For women,
there are scarves and bow ties with the
same motifs.
Nurse's graduation a family affair
Monica Sterritt has been too busy
looking for a restaurant big enough to
hold 40 relatives coming to her graduation to get excited about the ceremony.
Sterritt, a member of the Hazelton
band, is the first person in her extended
family to earn a university degree—a
baccalaureate in nursing.
Proud relatives are coming from the
Kispiox band in Prince Rupert, her father's side ofthe family, and from her
mother's band, the Sheshaht, on the west
coast of Vancouver Island, to see her
"1 keep telling them I'm only going to
be on the stage for a couple of mi nutes.
but they still want to come," says the
Campbell River native, shaking her head
in disbelief.
Sterritt, 23. knew since Grade 9 that
she wanted to be a nurse. She says she
shocked a lot of people in her high school
class by coming to UBC.
"I wasn't top ofthe line and here I was
writing the provincial exams in Grade 12
with all these brainy people. I thought.
'What am I doing here?
Taking classes at a university about
the size of her home town was almost too
big an adjustment for a shy teenager, she
recalls. She credits her parents with helping her stick to her ambition after she-
failed first year.
"I was so depressed. But my parents
said, 'Look, you did something we've
never done. If you want to go back, go
back,' " Sterritt said.
After a formal appeal to nursing school,
she re-entered the program on probation,
"and then I worked my buns off to make
sure I made it."
She also worked part-time at a specialty cookie outlet to help finance her
Now Sterritt has a job at University
Hospital on campus, and big plans—to
work for a year, travel to Australia, perhaps Hawaii, and eventually work in
public health.
"I'm seeing the doors open for a lot of
different things I can do with my career,
things that I couldn't have done if I'd
stayed home and worked, "she said. "Over
the years, I'd ask my mother why am I
doing this? Why am I putting myself
through this? Now. I'm glad I did it."
In winning her personal battles, Sterritt has also learned a great deal about her
"I didn't know a lot about status and
non-status until I started writing papers
on Native women's rights," she said.
"Those were some of my better-written
papers because I had a lot of emotion.''
In 1985, halfway through the four-
year program, she applied to regain her
Native Indian status, a move made possible by new federal legislation that year.
Her family lost its status two generations
Now, one of her long-term goals is to
become involved in a program that en
courages Native people to take advantage
of post-secondary education. It's an issue
she feels strongly about.
One of only a handful of Native people
to enrol in UBC's nursing program. Sterritt says a mentor program for Native
people would be one way to help them
adjust to university life.
She's starting already, being a role
model to a younger cousin who is only
six. "I know 1 can't change the world, but
I have my plans." she said.
First Nations need own
health care professionals
One day, it will be a common occurrence for First Nations (Native Indian)
students to stride across the Convocation
stage to claim degrees in the health sciences.
This, at least, is the vision ofthe Native
Health Care Profession Program, a three-
year development project begun in 1988
to recruit Native students into health care
programs at UBC.
First Nations communities, many of
them in remote areas of the province,
urgently need their own doctors, nurses,
dentists, therapists, pharmacists and nutritionists, said program coordinator Angie
They are needed to address specific
problems in their communities such as
substance abuse, child neglect, nutrition,
and pre- and post-natal care. The program
also aims to revive traditional medicinal
and healing practices and incorporate them
into the training of First Nations health
"It's a well documented fact that there
is a very serious need for proper health
care for our people. There is a lack of
hospitals in outlying areas and a high
turnover among non-native health care
professionals." said Todd-Dennis.
Elders and traditional healers are being
consulted, but they are cautious about
sharing their knowledge. Many of the
healing practices are sacred, passed down
orally through the generations to select
individuals and are not for public consumption.
"We need the approval of elders to
see what is appropriate," Todd-Dennis
The health care program is sponsored
by UBC's First Nations House of Learning, an organization started in 1987 to
help the university better serve the needs
of B.C.'s first people.
The House of Learning's goals are to
make the university more accessible to
First Nations students, make course offerings more relevant to Indian people
and increase First Nations enrolment in
faculties that have not traditionally attracted Native students, such as medicine, commerce, agriculture, science,
engineering, architecture and forestry.
UBC currently has about 150 First
Nations students, most of them enroled
through programs in law and education.
Twenty will pick up their diplomas at
Congregation, 16 of them graduates of
the Native Indian Teacher Education
Program, now in its 15th year.
"Our mandate is to bring the university and the First Nations community
closer together," said House of Learning
Director Verna Kirkness.
"I don't believe in degrees in Native
studies. I think they're limiting. Each part
of this university has the obligation to
serve First Nations people and their communities. It's very important to address
First Nations' issues from their various
perspectives," she said.
Of concern to Kirkness are federal
government plans to cap a $ 130-million
program that provides tuition and living
expenses for status Indians at college and
First Nations people have been holding demonstrations and hunger strikes
across Canada, saying the funding is a
treaty right.
Kirkness pointed out that if First Nations
people attended university in proportion
to their numbers in the general population, there would be 1.500 enroled at
UBC, not 150.
in disguise
The growing number of students in
B.C. schools who are learning to speak
English as a second language (ESL) could
tum out to be a blessing in disguise, say
UBC researchers.
Although the swelling ranks of ESL
students are taxing the resources of some
school districts, researchers say their
experiences can be an opportunity to
learn more about how we all learn language.
"They're not taking away from the
quality of education." said Bernard Mohan,
a professor in UBC's Department of
Language Education who is studying how
ESL is taught in Vancouver schools.
"This type of study will benefit all
students by pointing to better ways of
teaching language skills."
Mohan and professors Margaret Early
and Hugh Hooper are working with 75
teachers and principals under the Vancouver School Board's ESL Fund for
Excellence Project to find out how to
improve instruction.
In the Vancouver school district. 47
per cent of all students speak English as a
second language. Their backgrounds are
diverse, but most are Chinese, East Indian
or Vietnamese. Province-wide. ESL students account for 17 percent ofthe student population.
Letters to the Editor
Dean Will's
The resignation of Dean Will has
caused widespread concern about the
future of the Aits Facultv. The earlier
statement by the Dean to the Faculty
that he was not prepared to accept
further cuts in budgeted positions
suggests that his resignation was precipitated by demands from President
Strangway's office for such cuts.
We believe that the quality of all
universities that aspire to national
and international recognition is built
upon the foundation of excellent arts
and science faculties.
We are convinced that our Arts
Faculty has suffered a disproportionate share ofthe cuts in faculty positions, undermining the academic foundations of the university. Larger
classes, truncated programs, and
increasing demands on the time of
continuing faculty weaken our capacity to provide high quality teaching and supervision.
We call upon President Strangway to make a commitment to
strengthen our faculty, to rebuild
weakened departments and programs,
and to recommend the appointment
of a dean whose qualities will attract
immediate support from this faculty
and who will provide the academic
leadership to rebuild our strength and
Signed by the following senators
from the Arts Faculty:
Jean Elder. Allan Evans. Sherill Grace.
Barrie Morrison, and Paul Tennant. UBC REPORTS
May 31,
de Silva aims to develop
smarter salmon canner
B.C. fish processing companies could
save as much as $5-million annually if
engineers could come up with a more
efficient way of getting more salmon into
the can.
That cost-saving scenario is no pipe
UBC Mechanical Engineering professor Clarence de Silva has begun working with B.C. Packers, the province's
largest fish processor, to develop smarter
machines to make plant procedures more
The aim is to reduce wastage and
recover more of the fish catch.
The five-year project is funded by
B.C. Packers, ($375,000) which is also
making its facilities available for testing
the new technology; the Natural Sciences
and Engineering Research Council
($605,000) to support a senior research
chair; and the B.C. Advanced Systems
Institute ($100,000) for knowledge-based
computer vision research.
An artificial intelligence expert, de
Silva says wasted fish is inevitable with
today's methods of cleaning and filleting. Recovering even one per cent more
fish would result in a $5-million saving,
he says.
"With modem technology there's no
question we could go beyond that goal,
recovering an additional three-to-five per
cent," he said. And there's the promise
of increased productivity by speeding up
the whole plant process.
Even the first small improvements
can lead to big savings and increased
revenue, says de Silva, who is one of only
a few Canadian engineers currently doing
this kind of research.
One ofthe new pieces of equipment
he envisages is a high-speed camera-like
device that sizes up each fish electronically as it enters the plant and does a split-
second analysis ofthe best way to process it.
Photo h\ Uiano(irLi!or\
UBC Mechanical Engineering Professor Clarence de Silva (left) discusses fish
processing with an official of B.C. Packers.
It signals a customized robotic machine which handles the fish and fillets it
instantly in the manner prescribed.
More sophisticated cutting devices
could be developed, de Silva says, and
even the tools for cleaning and scaling
could be computer controlled.
It's all part of what is known as flexible automation—computerized machines
which employ some measure of intelligence in their tasks, and can be repro-
Already used in some Canadian
manufacturing operations, flexible automation can be applied as easily to fish
processing, de Silva says.
In fact, some of the technology is
already available, it just needs to be adapted
to fish processing. But de Silva will also
be doing further research to solve some of
the problems engineers face with robotics
and artificial intelligence.
Ideally, engineers would like to program machines with the human characteristic of touch. They would then be able
to grip different-sized products such as
fish without damaging them from too
much pressure.
Developing fish processing technology may keep B.C. fish processors competitive, de Silva says.
Need for renewal
Time running out on forests
B.C.'s system of licencing forest
companies to log public lands is increasingly being challenged because it doesn't
guarantee the best use of our forests.
Many people, including UBC Forestry Professor David Haley and postdoctoral research fellow Martin Luckert,
believe major changes are needed to
improve forest management.
The issue has heated up with recent
government announcements to increase
tree farm licences in the province. More
than 100 applications from forest companies are pending.
"It's very important that the stipulations put into place on our new tenures do
the job we want them to do," said Haley,
who with Luckert, recently completed an
exhaustive review of B.C.'s system of
land tenure.
Over the years, B.C. forest companies
have been given cutting rights under a
number of different agreements so that
now there is a hodgepodge of complex
The problem is not limited to B.C.
Across Canada, more than 30 different
kinds of licencing agreements exist.
Haley points out that because licencing
agreements were originally drawn up to
provide governments with revenue from
harvested timber, they don't contain incentives to encourage forest companies
to voluntarily invest in timber renewal.
But time is running out and Canada
must now renew its forest resource by
'' We' ve never had to face this problem before," Haley said.
Stumpage - a payment made by forest companies to the government for
timber — and the uncertainty of tenure
agreements are the main factors which
discourage companies from planting more
trees. Part of the solution, already adopted
by some provinces, may be to charge
little or no stumpage on trees grown
through a company's voluntary efforts,
Luckert said.
Secure agreements are important because reforestation is a long-term business. "A company needs some guarantees it's going to collect in the future,"
Haley said. '' Under our current tenure
system, those guarantees don't exist."
To encourage more and better reforestation efforts, B.C. now requires companies to carry out reforestation at their
own expense according to legislated minimum requirements. But the task of policing is onerous and, more important, that
approach doesn't encourage companies
to manage forests in the best way possible. Haley said.
"If you require someone to do something, they're always going to try and
minimize the costs of what they're doing
and meet the very minimum requirements," Haley explained. "In forestry,
that can be disastrous. There can be a very
great difference between the minimum
and the optimum."
' 'There appears to be a lot of potential
going to waste - that's what's significant
in this problem," Luckert added. "Many
of these lands are high quality, but because there are no management incentives, their potential is not being realized."
Haley and Luckert point to companies
which own private forest lands and invest
heavily in reforestation and management
without coercion.
' 'We want to simulate that ideal situation on public forest lands," Haley said.
Haley and Luckert hope to develop
practical licencing options for B.C. that
will suit forest companies, governments
and the public alike. They are also extending their study outside the province
to conduct the first comprehensive look at
forest tenure across Canada.
Budding scientists
train for olympiads
with UBC faculty
Some of the best scientific minds
in Canada met at UBC this past week.
But there wasn't a high school graduate in the bunch.
That's because these budding
scholars were high school science
students here to prepare for upcoming
international competitions in chemistry and physics.
From this national training camp
held May 26-31, two teams will be
chosen to compete in the international
Physics Olympiad in Warsaw, Poland, and the Chemistry Olympiad in
Halle, East Germany. Both events are
in July.
The international competitions
began in eastern Europe in the 1960s
and now welcome teams from more
than 25 nations. UBC faculty members volunteer their time to organize
these events at both the provincial and
national levels.
Canada's participation is relatively
recent, but is already showing results.
Last year. Richmond student Chris
Gunn won a bronze medal in the
Chemistry Olympiad.
This national study camp, funded
by a $20,000 grant from the National
Research Council, was the first held
in Canada, although it is common
practice for students to get together in
other participating nations.
' Tt' s a good way for students to be
exposed to new and unfamiliar equipment before the actual competition,"
said Gordon Bates, an associate professor of Chemistry and one of two
national coaches for the Chemistry
Olympiad team. One of the coaches
ofthe physics team is UBC's Michael
Crooks, an associate professor of
' 'This way, we get to see them in
action in the lab — their skills there are
important — and they get to know
each other, too," said Bates.
The training camp is just one of
several programs for high school students that UBC departments offer in
mathematics and the sciences.
Typical of these events is the provincial competition for the Chemistry
Olympiad, which led up to the national camp.
Over the course of the school year,
140 students from all over B.C. were
sent sets of chemistry problems by
university faculty members. The 25
top students were then invited to the
university campus for three days of
lab work and lectures which culminated in the writing of the national
The competitors included students
as young as 12 years old, but most are
Grade 12 students capable of working
at the first and second-year university
Another way in which UBC reaches
out to high school students is through
the national Euclid mathematics contest.
It was written in April by 2,166
Grade 12studentsin 132 schools around
B.C. and by thousands more across
the country, said George Bluman, an
associate professor of mathematics
and exam coordinator for the B.C.Yukon-Northwest Territories region.
B.C. students and schools finished
far ahead of their counterparts in other
provinces, placing 24 schools in the
top 50 in Canada, and six in the top 10.
Sir Winston Churchill Secondary of
Vancouver ranked first in Canada
B.C. also claimed 20 ofthe top 50
students in Canada, four in the top 10.
The top student in Canada was Hugh
Thomas, a Grade 11 student at Sir
Winston Churchill.
More than 12,000 students across
Canada wrote the exam, which is based
on Grade 12 curriculum and designed
to challenge students bound for university and identify those with outstanding talents. Most ofthe other top
finishers were from Ontario schools.
The top 25 students in B.C. are
invited to campus for a day to attend a
luncheon with President David Strangway. Book prizes, plaques and other
incentives are given to participating
students and schools.
Young competitor Erick Wong, 12, completes an experiment in a UBC lab
during the recent Chemistry Olympiad for B.C. high school students. Wong,
a Grade 9 student at Sir Winston Churchill, also competed in the Physics
Olympiad and placed seventh over all in the national Euclid mathematics
Computer helps
in the planning
of landscape
During any given week, articling landscape architect Brian Pearson hikes, rides
mountain bikes, backpacks and flies over
some ofthe most beautiful country in the
"This is why I
like the work that
I do," says the
Vancouver native,
pointing to a photograph of an alpine lake taken on
one excursion.
"It's just wonderful work." 	
Pearson, who Pearson
is graduating from UBC's Landscape
Architecture program, has launched a career in coastal and land planning with the
Vancouver firm, Catherine Berris Associates.
It combines his love of outdoors and
photography with his expertise in computers.
Pearson, 22, is one of a handful of
students who entered the challenging
program, part of the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, directly from high school.
During the last two years of the four-
year course, Pearson drew up his own
directed studies course to learn more about
how computers could be used in landscape architecture, especially in coastal
and land planning.
"I'm interested in how the computer
can play a better role in that type of
work," he said.
His initiative and scholarship won him
the 1989 Canadian Society of Landscape
Architects award of merit.
Pearson said he is interested in tackling large scale projects and solving conflicts between development and the environment.
"It's more of a challenge - especially
in dealing with the constraints and possibilities - in terms of what can happen and
what should happen," he said.
Students enter the Landscape Architecture program for many different reasons, but, said Director Douglas Pater-
son, they all learn about one important
component - community outreach.
Students, he pointed out, are eager to
learn and bring a refreshing point of view
to their work.
"Students reflect many ofthe innovative things we're doing in school, particularly in attitudes about the aesthetics of
landscape and what makes landscape
important in the city."
This Spring, students are working with
residents of Vancouver's Strathcona
Registry vital
in fight against
birth defects
It may look like a dry collection of
statistics, but the B.C. Health Surveillance Registry is a frontline tool for
preventing birth defects.
First set up almost 40 years ago by
far-sighted officials in the Division of
Vilal Statistics in the Ministry of Health,
the registry lists the genetic disorders
and handicapping disabilities of more
than 170,000 British Columbians.
Dr. Patricia Baird, head of Medical
Genetics at UBC and medical consultant to the registry says the genetic
disorder P.K.U. is just one example.
People with P.K.U. are unable to
process a constituent of milk and other
foods. In severe cases, the disorder can
cause seizures and mental retardation.
But when P.K.U. is identified at
birth, girls with the disorder are listed
on the registry. They can be tracked
and when they plan to have children of
their own, steps can be taken to make
sure the disorder doesn't affect the
next generation.
"The mothers-to-be are put on a
special diet first so that all their babies
will be normal," said Dr. Baird. "That's
just one example ofthe practical impact ofthe registry on peoples' lives
and health-care costs."
' 'We can ask questions about the
frequency and types of disease in our
population and answer them."
Dr. Baird said the information is invaluable in determining if a health
problem is increasing or diminishing.
Health-care researchers from other
countries use the data for international
studies, and the information is used in
B.C. to plan health programs more
"Individuals who are registered
get special treatment because we point
out to their doctors the availability of
special facilities for rare disorders."
The registry also tracks the risks involved in new medical procedures.
Women undergoing amniocentesis to
detect genetic disorders during pregnancy are listed. Dr. Baird said the
procedure will be monitored over the
long term to determine if complications result.
Information identifying individuals listed with the registry is kept confidential, although statistics on various
conditions are made available.
Photo hy David l,rjv
UBC professors Douglas Paterson (left) and MouraQuayle (far right) examine landscape plans for Strathcona community
with their students.
community to generate ideas about how
to rehabilitate their park, just east of Chinatown in downtown Vancouver.
"It's a community that has a history of
advocacy and action," said Professor
Moura Quayle, whose research interests
include public participation in education
about design and environment.
"It's an excellent one for students to
work with because it's very receptive,"
she added.
During their first meeting, students
and residents talked about options for
improving the proposed park site to meet
community and environmental needs.
' 'We talked about what they liked best
about the park, about what they liked
least, and what their vision for the park
was," said Quayle.
Students work on projects throughout
the province, such as preserving landscape sites, planning regional parks, urban waterfronts and open space, and even
designing small communities.
Paterson added that community involvement is vital — communities that
participate in their own planning are usually better used and better maintained.
"Less and less, people have an opportunity to have a level of control over their
own lives and their own neighborhoods,"
Paterson said.
"They have a fundamental right to
participate in the planning and design of
their community."
Idealistic students
Free legal clinic a tradition
What began as an idealistic gesture by
law students in the free-thinking 1960s
has become a 20-year-old tradition at the
University of British Columbia.
In the summer of 1969, students offered free legal advice to low-income
Lower Mainland residents. This year,
more than 5,000 people will be helped by
what is now B.C.'s second largest legal
aid organization — the Law Student's
Legal Advice Program (LSLAP).
Legal advice is available on a variety
of subjects, including small claims actions, landlord and tenant disputes, employer and employee relations, welfare
and Workers' Compensation Board claims
and appeals and wills.
LSLAP also provides a Do-Your-
Own Divorce program, which offers low-
cost divorces to those who meet income
tests. It is confined to uncontested divorces on grounds of one-year separation.
The clinics, held in neighborhood and
community centres, church basements
and schoolrooms, are supervised by volunteer lawyers. The program also employs a full-time supervising lawyer, Brian
Higgins, who advises students on how to
proceed with each case.
"There are two reasons why students
volunteer for the program," said law
student Elaine McCormack, now in her
first year with LSLAP. "It offers practical experience that you can't get in your
classes, and at the same time you help a
lot of people who otherwise wouldn't get
access to legal aid."
Student volunteers have a strongly
developed social conscience, Higgins said.
They are aware of their privileged position in society and want to give something back.
"The students who volunteer are
remarkable individuals," he said.
In the past 20 years, LSLAP has expanded to include 180 student legal advisors and more than 60 volunteer lawyers.
One of its founding members is Mike
Harcourt, leader of B.C.' s New Democrats.
This summer, full-time clinics staffed
by 24 students will be held in 21 locations
throughout the Lower Mainland, from
the Downtown Eastside to Langley.
Evening clinics are held in most of the
same locations during the academic year.
Although there is no typical client,
LSLAP statistics show many are young,
often female, with children, and either on
social assistance or with a low-paying
Major funding for the $165,000 program comes from the Law Foundation of
B.C. and the federal government's Challenge Program. The UBC Law faculty-
provides office space on campus.
B.C.'s transplant team
wrestles with dilemma
"Unrepentant chain smokers, alcoholics who persist in their drinking habits
and drug abusers need not apply," the
sign might read for British Columbia's
new organ transplant program.
Limited funding for transplants means
difficult decisions must be made about
who will get a transplant, says the UBC
doctor who heads B.C.'s Transplant
' 'Those are the really tough decisions,"
observed Dr. Paul Keown.' 'The financial constraints of tranplantation will be
one of the most important elements in the
People who are liable to damage their
transplants through excessive smoking,
alcohol or drug abuse will not get operations according to Dr. Keown.
"If the transplant recipient is a reformed drinker and has abstained from
alcohol, he may be considered," he said.
"But we won't waste our time with anyone who is likely to continue to abuse
alcohol after surgery. The same goes for
a heavy smoker.
To address broader ethical concerns,
the Transplant Society is putting together
a team of experts in law, economics,
medicine and philosophy.
Dr. Keown said the team will be made
up of specialists from UBC and elsewhere and will also include some international adv isers.
"We hope to have international experts to advise the committee, people
who have devoted themselves to legal,
medical or economic concepts related to
transplantation," he said.
While decisions on which individuals
get transplants will be made at the clinical
level, the committee will tackle the larger
issues of how the budget for operations
and research is allocated. For instance,
the committee will be asked to consider
how much money should be spent on the
research and development of surgical
procedures with limited chances of success. UBCREPORTS   May 31.1989       8
Holy Communion
Lutheran Campus MWs»y. Lutheran Campus Centre,
5885 Uniwrsity Boulevard 730 p.m.
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
Report trom CO A Chairman: Dr. Robert W. McGraw.
For information call 875-4646. Auditorium, Eye Care
Centre, 730 a.m.
Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Tracing Circuit Model for the Memory Process in Human
Brain: Roles of ATP, Adenosine Derivatives and
Neurotrophic Factors for Dynamic Changes of Synaptic
Connections. Dr. Y. Kuroda, Head, Department of
Neurochemistry, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute for
Neurosciences, Japan. For information call 228-2575.
Room 317, Basic Medical Sciences Bldg., Block C. 4
Biotechnology Laboratory Seminar
Biosensors to Assay Nucleotides and Lactic Acid,
Respectively, In Fish and Dairy Products. Dr. Ashok
Mulchandani, Biotechnology Research Institute, NRC
Canada. For information call 22&4S38. Lecture Hall #3,
IRC Bldg. 4 p.m.
Holy Communion
Lutheran Campus Ministry. Lutheran Campus Centre,
5885 University Boulevard. 7:30 p.m.
Cancer Seminar
Transgenic Mice as Human Disease Models. Dr. Frank
Jiric, UBC. For information call 8776010. Lecture
Theatre, B.C. Cancer Res. Centre, 601 W. 10th Avenue.
Noon-1 p.m.
Faculty Women's Club Scholarship Tea
Celebrate the Opening of Cecil Green Park House, and
support our new Ida Green Scholarship. All members,
and new members welcome. For information call 224-
6991. Cecil Green Park House. 1 p.m.
Biotechnology Laboratory Seminar
A Biocompatible Glucose Sensor for Ihe Artificial Pancreas.
Dr. Robin Turner, Surgical-Medical Research Institute,
U. of Edmonton. For information call 228-4838. Lecture
Hall#3, IRC Bldg. 4p.m.
Faculty Club
Dine and Dance Under the Stars to the sound of the Big
Band Era. Starting at 7 p.m. Main Dining Room, Faculty
Club. For reservations call 228-4693.
Biotechnology Laboratory Seminar
Planar Interdgitaied Capacitor Transducers for Biosensors.
Dr. Andreas G. Andreou, Electrical and Computer
Engineering, The John Hopkins U. For information call
228-4838. Lecture Hall#3, IRC Bldg. 4p.m.
Sexual Harassment Office
UBC's policy and procedures are now in place to deal
with instances of sexual harassment. Two advisors are
available to discuss questions and concerns on the
subject. They are prepared to help any member of the
UBC community who is being sexually harassed to find
a satisfactory resolution. Phone Margaretha Hoek and
Jon Shapiro at 228-6353.
June 1-15. MorvFri: 10:00-4:30; Sat Noon-4a0. Exhtxtal
Japan in Vancouver: 1877-1989. Economic, social and
cultural links between B.C. and Japan. The exhibition is
a part of the centennial project of the Consulate General
of Japan. For information call 684-5868. Auditorium,
Asian Centre.
UBC Reports is published every
second Thursday by the UBC
Community Relations Office, 6328
Memorial Rd, Vancouver, B.C., V6T
1W5. Telephone 228-3131.
Director: Margaret Nevin
Editor-in-Chief: Don Whiteley
Editor: Howard Fluxgold
Contributors: Greg Dickson,
Paula Martin, Jo Moss,
Gavin Wilson.     *
This metre-long aluminum arm will help Electrical Engineering Professor Chris Ma find out more about how to control vibration.
Hooked up to a motor, the arm can be made to vibrate at different speeds while measurments are recorded electronically.
For events in the period June 18 to July 15 notices must be submitted on proper Calendar forms no later than 4 p.m. on
Wednesday, June 7 to the Community Relations Office, 6328 Memorial Rd.. Room 207. Old Administration Building. For more
information call 228-3131.
UBC/SPCA Short Course in Animal Cell
Basic Principles in the Successful Culture of Animal
Cells In Vitro. UBC Faculty and Staff experienced in cell
culture melhods. Course includes lab. classes. Registration
Fee $60. Entry limited to X registrants. For registration
form contact DA Mathers at 228-5684. Room 3009,3612,
D.H. Copp. Med. Sci. A. 9 - 5 p.m.
Continuing Education Weekend
June 17/18. Freeing the Natural Voice. DaleGenge,
BFA, CMA teaches voice at the Vancouver Playhouse
Acting School and SFU. Fee: $90. .For information call
222-5261. Conference Room, Carr Hall. 10-4 p.m.
Continuing Education Weekend Seminar
June 17/18. ScreenwritingAtoZ... and More. Michael
Hauge, M.Ed., author of Writing Screenplays that Sell:
story editor and staff producer in Hollywood; taught
throughout USA, Canada, England. Fee $110 for single
day and$190 for both. For information call 222-5261.
Rm 102, Law Bldg. 9-5p.m.
Ballroom Dance Lessons: Second
June 12-July 3. Penny and Joris Bedaux. Dances
taught: ChaCha 7:30 p.m.; Rhumba 8:30 p.m. Drop-in
lee $5 per hour For information call 228-3203. Balrcom,
Student Graduate Centre. 7:30 and 8:30 p.m.
Faculty Club B.B.Q.
Every Wednesday night on the Upper Deck, from June
1 - Labour Day - weather permitting. For reservations call
Faculty Club Chocoholic Bar
Every Thursday evening, June 1 - Labour Day in the
Main Dining Room. For reservations call 228-3803.
Faculty Club Seafood Festival
Every Friday night in the Main Dining Room. For
reservations call 228-3803.
National Conference on Active
May 28-31. People, Power, Participation. Writers:
Michael Ignatieff, Heather Menzies; community
development specialist Guy Dauncey; Frithjof Bergman,
U. of Michigan. UBC Centre for Continuing Education
co-sponsoring. Fee $225. For information call 222-
5218. IRC Bktg.
Golf Lessons
Get into the swing of things with adult golf lessons.
Classes run throughout the spring and summer for basic
and intermediate levels. For more information please
Planners seek volunteers
for 75th Anniversary
UBC's 75th Anniversary is only
months away. And whether you're a
member of the campus community or
the cornrnunity-at-large, we need your
Three major events are planned in
1990: the UBC Open House (March 9,
10 and 11), a summer festival that will
run from May through August, and the
75th Anniversary Homecoming Week
(Sept. 27-0ct. 3). Many smaller events
are now being organized around these
dates, and the university is welcoming
involvement of faculty, students, staff,
alumni, the community, the media and
private and public sector organizations.
Organizers are already working on
major international conferences, symposia, guest lecture series, a big anniversary party, the world's largest on-
campus garage sale, a president's croquet tournament, special celebrity visits, and a host of sporting events. Why
not sit on one of the organizing committees or help plan a special event?
UBC welcomes the participation of
people in the general community who
19 15-1990
want to hold events of their own that
will enhance what happens on campus
in 1990. Raise the UBC banner in your
office or invite a UBC representative to
speak to your organization.
How can you get involved? If you
want an information kit on the committees and subcommittees already in place
or if you have an idea you want to
discuss, contact UBC Community
Relations at 228-3131. We would be
pleased to get the details out to you.
We'd also like to take a moment to
thank some of those who have already
agreed to serve. The chair of our Plan
ning Committee is Chancellor Leslie
Peterson. Ron Longstaffe has agreed
to head the Alumni Projects Committee.
Graham Catchlove is chair of the
Campaign Projects Committee. Jim
Richards and Peig McTague will head
the Open House Committee. Robin
Lecky is chair ofthe Creative Advisory Group. John Tanton is heading
the Partnership Committee with support from Don McConachie.
Alice Strangway will chair the Legacy Program. William Webber is chair
of Campus Projects. Norm Watt will
head Special Events assisted by Leslie
Margaret Copping will serve on
the community-based programs
committee. Terry Sumner is managing finances for the year. Eileen Stewart is chairing the services group.
Don Donovan is handling souvenirs.
Bob Osborne is chairing sports and
recreation, and Mike Lee, President of
the AMS, will serve on the executive
cal the Community Sport Services Olfce at 228-3688
UBC Tennis Centre
Adult and junior; spring and summer tennis lessons.
Day, evening and weekend sessions available. For
more rtorrnatton cal 228-2505.
Friends of the Garden
Wednesday Walks: An Introduction to the Botanical
Garden. Meet at the Gatehouse. Admission: Free.
Tour: Free. Spend your lunch hour at the Botanical
Garden. For Information caH 228-3928. 1 p.m.
Statistical Consulting and
Research Laboratory
SCARL is operated by the Department of Statistics to
provide statistical advice to faculty and graduate students
working on research problems. For information caH 22fr
4037. Forms for appointments available in Room 210,
Ponderosa Annex C.
To find an interesting and challenging volunteer job, get
in touch with volunteer connections, the on-campus
information and referral service supported by the AMS.
Studen: interviewers are trained to help UBC students,
staff and faculty find volunteer jobs in their area of
interest. For an appointment to explore the available
volunteer options, contact: Volunteer Connections,
Studen: Counselling and Resources Centre, Brock Hall
200, or call 228-3811
Walter Gage Toastmasters
Wednesdays. Public Speaking Club Meeting. Speeches
and tatletopics. Guests are welcome. For information
callSulanat597-8754. SUB. 7:30p.m.
International House
Reception Programme
Meet inemational students and team about other cultures.
UBC International House needs volunteers to provide a
warm welcome to newly arriving international students
Become a host' accommodation for 3 or 4 nights and/or:
drrver: transportation trom the airport anoVor; information
aide operate IH airport booth. For further information
call 228-5021.
International House
Reach Out Program
"Read" Out' is a letter-wnting program linking Vancouver
correspondents with international students accepted to
UBC. whose aim is to provide those students with helpful
information and a local contact. It's a great way to make
new friends and learn about other countries. For more
information call International House at 228-5021, Both
Canadians and Internationals welcome.
International House
Language Exchange Program
Ongoing. Free servce to match up people who want to
exchange their language for another. For information
call Mawele Shamala, International House at 228-5021.
International House
Language Bank Program
Free translation/interpretation services offered by
International students and community in general. For
information call Teresa Uyeno, International House at
International House
Fitness classes continuing over the summer. $5 per
term. Register for this term at I.H. Office NOW. For
information call 228-5021.
Lung Disease Subjects Wanted
We are seeking interstitial lung disease subjects in order
to study the effect of this disorder on response to
submaximal exercise. For further information call Frank
Chung at 228-7708, School of Rehab. Medicine.
Department of Psychology
Individuals 18 and older are needed for a research
project on changes in memory across the adult life spun.
For information call Jo Ann Miller at 228-4772,
Parenting Project
Couples with children between the ages of 5 and 12are
wanted for a project studying parenting. Participation
involves the mother and father discussing common
chiktrearing problems and completing questionnaires
concerning several aspects of family life. Participation
will take about one hour. Evening appointments can be
arranged. Interpretation of questionnaires is available
on request. For information please contact Dr, C.
Johnston, Clinical Psychology, UBC at 228-6771.
Teaching Kids to Share
Mothers with 2 children between 2112 and 6 years of age
are invited to participate in a tree parent-education
program being evaluated in the Dept. of Psychology at
UBC. The 5-session program offers child development
info and positive parenting strategies designed to help
parents guide their children v\ the development of sharing
and cooperative play skills. For further information call
Georgia Tiedemann at the Sharing Project 228-6771.
Fitness Appraisal
Physical Education & Recreation, through the John M.
Buchanan Fitness and Research Centre, is administering
a physical fitness assessment program to students,
faculty, staff and the general public. Approx. 1 hour,
students $25, all others $30. For information call 228-
Surplus Equipment Recycling Facility
All surplus items. For information call 228-2813. Every
Wednesday Noon - 3 p.m. Task Force Bldg, 2352 Health
Sciences Mall.
Neville Scarfe Children's Garden
Visit the Neville Scarfe Children's Garden located west of
the Education Building, Open all year-free. Families
interested in planting, weeding and watering in the
garden contact Jo-Anne Naslund at 434-1081 or 228-
Nitobe Memorial Garden
Open dairy from 10 a.m. to 8 p m, from June 1 to August
31   Admission $1.25, Free on Wednesdays.
Botanical Gardens
Open daily from 10 a.m, to 8 p m. from June 1 to August
31. Admission $2,50, Free on Wednesdays.


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