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 UBC    REPORTS     |     SEPTEMBER    12,    2006     |     I
THE  UNIVERSITY   OF   BRITISH   COLUMBIA
UBC
VOLUME   52   I   NUMBER   9   I   SEPTEMBER   12,   200
UBC REPORTS
STCARD
FROM THE EDG
This summer hundreds of students and faculty traveled near and wide
as part of UBC study projects, international practica and fascinating
research endeavours. This issue tells some of their stories, in their own
words. The snapshots of learning experiences that emerge from locales as
diverse as China and Syria, or Uganda and Peru, are likely to re-emerge
as global insights from both sides of the lectern as classes resume this fall.
EXPLORING SYRIA'S ANCIENT PAST
From: Assoc. Prof. Lisa Cooper
Orontes River Valley, Western Syria
Lisa Cooper is an Associate Professor in the Dept. of Classical, Near Eastern and Religious Studies
Syrian artifacts reveal the secrets of countless centuries of human habitation.
jb&ipite the. hot Amh., which
at 10:30 in the morning is
already mercilessly beating down
upon me, I can't take my eyes off
the ground in front of me, where
there lies a delicate fragment of
pottery painted with black bands
and white wavy patterns. I know
from similar vessels encountered
on other archaeological sites that
this was once part of a drinking
goblet. A few steps away, I see
another similarly decorated pot
sherd, and then another, and I
know that that I am walking
over a site that supported a
human settlement dating back
more than 4,000 years.
Together with Gillian Gunter,
my graduate student from
the Dept. of Classical, Near
Eastern and Religious Studies
at UBC, we continue to pick up
these lovely sherds, depositing
them in our red buckets, and
moving on to the next stretch
of terrain, which is certain to
yield further fascinating artifacts.
Later in the day, we will return
to our comfortable dig-house
and refresh ourselves with a
cool shower and clean clothes.
Then we'll embark on the task
of cataloguing, drawing and
photographing our distinctively
decorated cup fragments,
continued on page 4
WAITING ON AN ECUADORIAN ROADSIDE
From: Latin American Studies student Peggy Lucas
Province of Bolivar, Ecuador
Peggy Lucas, from Calgary, AB, is entering her fourth year studying English and Latin American
Studies. For io weeks this summer, she and five other UBC students travelled to Ecuador to
work with the Department of Indigenous Health to help increase community health in the areas
of water treatment, health education, sustainable agriculture and first aid. The project was
facilitated by UBC's Global Outreach Student Association.
J*t LrCMiaaQSlf the sun rises
every morning at 6 a.m., and
sets every evening at 6 p.m.
Since I've been here, I've found
myself naturally following this
dependable cycle, waking up
with the sun every day. I also
notice myself telling time by
the sun, a remarkably easy feat
on the equator. In a land where
nature lends itself so readily to
punctuality, you would imagine
that the rest of the culture would
follow suit; but in Ecuador, no
one is ever on time.
Our group of six UBC
students came to work with rural
indigenous communities in the
province of Bolivar and we are
completing a stay in one of the
more isolated communities. This
community is a four-hour drive
from the nearest town and a one-
hour hike through the jungle to
reach the road. After two weeks
in this community — building
garbage pits, fixing water pipes
and offering workshops on
nutrition, reproductive and
sexual health, waste management,
water purification, human rights,
and more — and with only one
week left of the project, we are
ready to head home.
We awoke at 6 a.m. to pack
up our belongings and supplies,
load them onto the horses the
community generously supplied
for our trek, and hike down to
the road to meet the car that was
supposed to pick us up at 8 a.m.
That was four hours ago.
By Ecuador standards this isn't
that long a wait, and anyway,
we have been enjoying our
last day here. Some members
Students Heather Bell and Peggy Lucas (in hat) prepare a garden with new friends.
of the community are waiting
with us, so we're continuing the
cultural exchange. We gave a
short demonstration of hockey
— complete with a fight and
"jersey"ing — and they asked
the perpetual question, "How
many litres of milk does a cow
produce in Canada?" (I really
need to look that up when I
get home). Around 11 a.m., we
took a dip in the river, and I felt
pretty grateful that the car hadn't
shown up quite yet.
An old man came and invited
us to his porch to eat oranges.
We decided that the car wasn't
going to show up, so we would
wait for the bus instead, which
we can do just as well from his
house as here.
And, what do you know
— just when I've had my fill of
oranges, the bus comes rolling
around the corner. I'm majoring
in Latin American Studies, but I
learned something today about
Ecuador I never could in a
classroom: everything happens
right on time. 13 2     |     UBC    REPORTS     |     SEPTEMBER
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Prof. Harvey Richer led a team using NASA's Hubble telescope.
Highlights of UBC Media Coverage in August 2006. compiled by basil waugh
UBC-Led Team Uncovers
Faintest Stars Ever
Scores of international
media, including the British
Broadcasting Corporation,
United Press International,
Canadian Press, National Post
and Globe and Mail, reported on
a discovery by a UBC-led team
of astronomers of the dimmest
stars ever seen in a globular star
cluster, a feat expected to yield
insights into the stars' age, origin
and evolution.
Globular clusters are
concentrations of hundreds of
thousands of stars. Using NASA's
Hubble telescope, the researchers
focused on one of the closest
clusters to Earth, known as
NGC 6397. By calculating the
mass of the faintest ancient stars,
researchers can now work out
the minimum mass needed for a
star to survive.
"The light from these
faint stars is so dim that it is
equivalent to that produced by
a birthday candle on the Moon,
as seen from Earth," said UBC's
Harvey Richer, lead researcher of
the study.
UBC Expert Proposes Bold
Shift in Fight Against AIDS
Dr. Julio Montaner, Director of
the B.C. Centre for Excellence
in HIV/AIDS and new president
of the International AIDS
Society, features prominently
in international and national
media coverage of August's
International AIDS Conference
in Toronto.
In a special HIV/AIDS edition
of the U.K.-based medical
journal The Lancet, reported
on by China's People's Daily
Online, New Zealand's Stuff,
CTV, CBC, Globe and Mail,
Maclean's and Canadian Press,
Montaner argues that treating
everyone infected with HIV
could dramatically reduce the
number of new infections in
the world, effectively creating a
chemical quarantine around the
virus that causes AIDS. 13
Quarter Century Club
A total of 46 UBC faculty
members will be recognized at
this year's Quarter Century Club
annual dinner on Oct. 4.
Established in 1996 by then
President David Strangway,
the Quarter Century Club
recognizes full-time faculty
members and librarians with
25 years of service. In addition
to the Quarter Century Club
inductees, this year's dinner will
also honour 14 faculty members
and librarians who have worked
at UBC for 35 years. In 2003,
the club began recognizing
these active members, known
collectively as Tempus Fugit, or
"time flies."
For information: www.
ceremonies.ubc.ca/qcc.
KUDOS
Appointed an Officer ofthe Order
of Canada, UBC Prof. Brett Finlay
is an international leader in bacterial
disease research and is also the UBC Peter
Wall Institute Distinguished Professor
and winner ofthe national 2006 Killam
Research Prize in the Health Sciences.
Finlay has also recently received the
Flavelle Medal, awarded by the Royal
Society of Canada for an outstanding
contribution to biological science.
UBC Chemistry Prof. Emeritus
David Dolphin adds the title Officer of
the Order of Canada to his 200$ Gerhard
Herzberg Canada Gold Medal for Science
and Engineering widely recognized as
the country's most prestigious science
award. His groundbreaking achievement
is the research that led to the creation of
Visudyne™ — the world's first treatment
for age-related mascular degeneration,
the most common cause of blindness.
HarveyThommasen, an Asst.
Clinical Prof, in UBC's Dept. of Family
Practice Medicine, has been appointed
Member ofthe Order of Canada.
Thommasen has published several
research projects on physician retention
and burnout/depression in rural BC
communities.
The Royal Society of Canada has given
the Alice Wilson Award to Asst. Prof, of
Physical TherapyTeresa Liu-Ambrose
for outstanding academic qualifications
entering a career in scholarship and
research at the postdoctoral level.
Liu-Ambrose's research interests are in
fracture prevention.
UBC REPORTS
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2006     I    3
Antamina, in Peru, is the largest open-pit copper-zinc mine in the world.
ON TOP OFTHE WORLD: Dealing with Mining Challenges
From: Master's student Danny Bay
Andes Mountains, Peru, 4,000 metres above sea level
Graduate Earth and Ocean Sciences student Danny Bay, of Toronto, ON, writes about mining challenges in the Andes where he is working on
research for his thesis with fellow UBC Mining Engineeringstudentjuan Carlos Corazao ofCusco, Peru.
9t hai alneaauf, been. i&x.
weef&L since I arrived here at
the Antamina mine in Peru. The
region is so beautiful. The mine
is set in the Andes Mountains,
over 4,000 metres above sea
level. People from all over the
world are attracted to a nearby
area due to the spectacular
scenery of a breathtaking,
snow-capped mountain range.
I don't get to spend time
being a tourist here because
the project at the mine is very
experimental waste rock pile that
weighs approximately 25,000
tonnes, and is modeled after the
giant waste rock piles found in
the mine.
During construction of the
pile, more than 130 sensors and
sampling devices were placed.
All devices are linked to an
instrumentation hut, where the
data will be collected and later
analyzed. We hope to identify
and understand processes that
control the release and transport
months here. As this was my
first time at a mine, I got to
observe how the workings of the
mine are driven by economics.
In addition, being in a South
American country, I had little
choice but to learn the language
in order to express myself,
share thoughts and ideas about
the project, and to exchange
dialogue about our cultural
differences.
Juan Carlos and I saw first
hand how fieldwork and the
Our project consists of building an experimental waste rock
pile that weighs approximately 25,000 tonnes.
intense. When I arrived here I
joined Juan Carlos Corazao, a
graduate student from UBC's
Dept. of Mining Engineering,
who has been here since January.
He came here with a postdoctoral student, Colin Fyffe,
who worked on the project for
the first three months. They've
worked very hard on the project.
I know you don't know much
about what I'm doing, so I'll try
to explain it. Essentially, mines
extract ore that is processed into
metals. The ore is surrounded
by other rocks that have no
economic value. This is what
we call waste rock. The waste
rock is separated from the ore
and dumped in giant waste
rock piles. Once waste rock is
extracted and exposed to the
air and precipitation, several
chemical reactions can occur
that can cause environmental
problems, especially to water.
Antamina is the largest
open-pit copper-zinc mine in
the world, and has to deal with
many environmental challenges.
The project that we're working
on is a collaboration between
professors Roger Beckie, Uli
Mayer and Leslie Smith of
the Dept. of Earth and Ocean
Sciences, and Bern Klein and
Ward Wilson from the Dept.
of Mining Engineering. Our
project consists of building an
of potentially hazardous
elements that seep out from the
pile and into the environment.
The Antamina mine can then use
this information to implement
the best environmental
management practices for its
operations and subsequent
closure.
The mine encourages
employment of people from
surrounding communities. In
general, the local people are
poor and live in small adobe
(mud) buildings that are typically
without the amenities that we
are so accustomed to in Canada,
such as electricity and access to
potable water. The Antamina
mine is working with the local
communities to solve some of
these problems.
Throughout the construction
of the project, most of the
people we have worked with
have come from the surrounding
communities. They are generally
very friendly (as we recently
discovered when we were invited
to a nearby community for a
typical Andes meal of guinea pig
and boiled potato) and always
want to learn more, especially
from people with different
backgrounds. Quite often they
enjoy contributing to the project
not just with their labour, but with
new ideas to accomplish tasks.
I learned a lot in the last few
theory we learned in classes
can be applied together in the
real world. We experienced
how design, construction,
instrumentation, field tests,
communication, project
management and the ability
to meet and solve technical
and other challenges are all
important in the completion of a
project of this magnitude. 13
Accommodation for
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Guidelines and applications: grad.ubc.ca/awards 4     I     UBC    REPORTS     |     SEPTEMBER
SYRIA continued from page 1
Archaeologist Lisa Cooper holds a baked clay animal figurine, a precious
and rare find at a site that normally yields pottery fragments.
UBC
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attempting to establish when
precisely they were produced,
and what they tell us about the
people who once used them so
long ago.
This is my eleventh season of
archaeological work in Syria,
and I still get an incredible
feeling of excitement when I
travel through this country,
knowing that it has supported
countless centuries of human
habitation. This is especially the
case of the Ghab region of the
Orontes River Valley of Western
Syria, where I am currently
working as part of a Syro-
Canadian archaeological team
under the direction of Michel
Fortin of Laval University.
Only a few kilometres away
to the east lies a site where some
of our early human ancestors
several hundreds of thousands of
Judging by its size, the very
site upon which I am now
standing would have witnessed
the long sweep of human history.
Rising up to 25 metres above
the level of the surrounding
plain, this artificial hill — or
"tell" as it is called in Arabic
— was formed by successive
settlements, each built and rebuilt on top of the other through
time. Our archaeological team
is especially interested in these
kinds of tells. Using satellite
images, topographical maps and
state-of-the-art GPS equipment,
we have been able to locate and
explore 11 such tells, and by the
end of the season we will have
completed a survey of 19 of these
ancient sites. Although we are
only collecting pottery from the
surface of the mounds in order
to ascertain the periods during
Directorate of Antiquities and
Museums in Syria, Nadir and
Mossab bring to our team a first-
rate knowledge of the Orontes
Valley, combined with many
years of archaeological field
experience. Each day Gill and I
find ourselves greatly encouraged
by their good humour and high
spirits despite the withering heat
and the dust. Tonight we will
go to Nadir's house, built in
the shadow of Qal'at Mudiq's
towering walls, where we will
dine on a feast of roast chicken
and rice carefully spread out on
a carpet on the floor.
Over cups of sweet tea served
to us by Nadir's inquisitive
children, we will chat animatedly
about our archaeological
adventures, and friends and
family in Syria and in far-off
Canada.
I see another similarly-decorated pot sherd, and then another,
and I know that that I am walking over a site that supported a
human settlement dating back more than 4,000 years.
years ago butchered animal meat
with crudely-shaped stone axes.
I can see another site directly to
the north, where in a more recent
period of antiquity, the Romans
constructed a magnificent city
known as Apamea, adorning
it with a stunning avenue of
majestic stone columns. Nearby,
there also lies the medieval
castle of Qal'at Mudiq, which
the Arabs fortified in the 11th
century AD in order to check the
advance of Crusaders on their
long march towards Jerusalem.
which they were occupied, I can't
help but imagine the inestimable
wealth of human antiquity that
lies beneath my feet, waiting
to be uncovered by future
excavators.
As I stoop to pick up one
more piece of pottery, I look
down the slope, where I see my
two Syrian colleagues, Nadir
and Mossab, excitedly peering
over a Byzantine stone block
which bears an ornately carved
cross on one of its sides. As
representatives of the General
Leaning back on a comfortable
cushion, I reflect on how collegial
and productive our partnership
with the Syrians has been despite
the fact that other parts of the
Middle East are now embroiled
in political upheavals and unrest.
I think about how happy I
will be to return to Syria again
in future years so that I can
continue my exploration of the
country's rich past and delight in
the discovery of its antiquities in
the company of those who have
become my good friends. 13
STIRLING HOUSE
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INTRACORP
BUILDING    THE    EXTRAORDINARY UBC    REPORTS     |     SEPTEMBER
2006     I    5
On the bridge of the Australian Spirit oil tanker, MBA student Patricia Silva plots the current position of the
ship on the nautical chart.
NAVIGATING THE SHIPPING BUSINESS
From: MBA student Patricia Silva
Various points across the high seas
Sauder School of Business student Patricia Silva spent several weeks of her MBA internship studying administrative processes on board an oil tanker.
It's 7:30 p.m. and I can't
believe it. I'm finally on board
the Australian Spirit, a huge
oil tanker. I've been waiting
since February when I was first
offered this MBA internship by
Mats Gerschman, Managing
Director of Sauder's Centre for
Operations Excellence. As a
business analyst, I'll be looking
at ways to reduce administrative
workload on board vessels
operated by Teekay Shipping, a
large Vancouver-based company.
Teekay has a fleet of more than
also analyze the amount of time
he spends on documentation, the
sources of information he refers
to and the approach he uses to
perform the task. During the 10
a.m. coffee break with senior
officers, the ship's master informs
us that due to the bad weather
the vessel will not be able to
berth tonight, nor will it be able
to anchor so far out in deep
water. It may seem scary, but the
master is able to rely on GPS
devices and weather forecasts,
including wind direction and
wave height, to determine what
the ship's position will be the
next morning.
between the gyro and magnetic
compass. Of course, I've also
managed to complete my research.
Everyone is ready to discharge
the 600,000 barrels of crude
oil. However, the terminal does
not have the capacity to receive
the cargo, so we have to wait
at anchor for four days. This
becomes even more interesting
considering tropical storm Beryl
is heading north towards our
position.
While waiting to berth, I
present the findings to the
senior officers. They are glad to
hear that we have found some
areas of improvement that
It may seem scary, but the ship's master is able to rely on GPS devices
and weather forecasts, including wind direction and wave height, to
determine what the ship's position will be the next morning.
140 ships, which carry 10 per
cent of the world's sea-borne
oil. The project will involve me
and my fellow MBA candidate,
Marcel Wenzin, each joining a
vessel and sailing on them for a
week or two.
Now, after boarding the
ship, I'm sitting on the couch in
my private cabin. We've been
walked through the extensive
safety instructions, and I'm really
looking forward to tomorrow's
departure for Bonaire
(Netherlands Antilles), 3,360
kilometres away.
f/uly 10 — A tiffucal acuf;
awUuituj, at BoncUne:
At 8 a.m., after breakfast, I
observe how the Chief Officer
finalizes the cargo loading plan. I
At lunch I share soup and
a choice of fish or prawns
with the multi-national crew.
We discuss some of the initial
findings regarding the number of
documents filled out for certain
processes. Afterwards, I head
up to the bridge where I learn
how to read navigation charts,
plot the vessel's position and
watch for ships on the radar. A
tough night awaits me, not from
the sound from the engine, but
because with the bad weather,
the ship is rolling almost six
degrees on each side.
f/ulif 17 ta 3.1 — AnsUuitva
at Phiixdelpdua:
After 13 days, I know a lot
about navigation, including how
to find a star and the difference
could reduce the administrative
workload by enhancing some
systems and centralizing
particular information. This
proposal will be validated on our
next trip and, if it still holds true,
Teekay's seafarers will benefit
from the reduced administrative
workload on board.
My time on the Australian
Spirit is almost over. I hear
the engine starting and the
cabin rumbling with a familiar
vibration. In a couple of hours a
pilot will be on board to guide
us up the river and in six more
hours we will be berthing at
Philadelphia.
This is how my trip ends and I
head back home, happy to have
met the crew and experienced
such a wonderful trip. 13
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phone at 604-822-6522, or by e-mail: sjc.reception@ubc.ca 6     |     UBC    REPORTS     |     SEPTEMBER    12,    2006
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Media
Hundreds of ancient earth ovens used by First Nations dot traditional root gathering grounds
EXPLORING B.C.'S BLACK HOLES
From: Assoc. Prof. Sandra Peacock
Near Cache Creek, B.C.
Paleoethnobotanist Sandra Peacock, of UBC Okanagan's Irving K. Barber School of Arts and Sciences, worked with students this summer to create
a detailed list ofthe remains of plant species charred in earth ovens used by First Nations people 2,000 years ago.
9aiicavesiea nuj, jji/iit
black, hale    15 years ago.
It was a large, circular
depression — about four metres
across and a metre deep — with
a prominent, raised rim and it
stood out in the dry grasslands
of a valley I was surveying in
the southern interior plateau of
British Columbia. Excavations
revealed a rock-lined basin filled
with blackened sediments, burnt
wood and charred plants, and
copious amounts of fire-cracked
rock (hence the nickname "black
hole").
continuous use.
For the past two summers,
Prof. Brian Kooyman, of the
University of Calgary's Dept.
of Archeology, and I have led
groups of students to continue
excavations at an archaeological
site in the Hat Creek Valley,
near Cache Creek, B.C. — a
spot where generations of First
Nations people have gathered for
more than 2,000 years to collect
and cook edible roots.
As a paleoethnobotanist, I
study people-plant relationships
by analyzing plant remains
the beginning. The list might
tell me whether I've recovered
wood charcoal or seeds of wild
berries. But it says nothing of
the cultural use and significance
of these species. For that, I
turn to traditional knowledge
systems, and specifically to the
ethnobotanical evidence.
Many of today's elders
remember helping their
grandmothers harvest and
prepare wild roots for pit
cooking. Their stories and recipes
have taught me a great deal
about the plants I find in ancient
Plant use traditions shared by contemporary First Nations elders can guide my
interpretations of these ancient root-processing sites.
This particular black hole
turned out to be almost 2,000
years old.
What are black holes? They
are the remains of ancient earth
ovens used by First Nations
people from throughout B.C.
to pit cook a variety of wild
root foods — a rich source of
carbohydrate energy harvested in
large quantities, steamed in earth
ovens and stored for winter.
Construction and repeated use
of the ovens created permanent
features on the landscape,
massive basins and mounds
up to eight metres in diameter.
Hundreds dot traditional root
gathering grounds, marking
more than 3,000 years of
from archaeological sites.
Black holes are highly visible
and full of charred plants
to recover and identify.
Further, plant use traditions
shared by contemporary First
Nations elders can guide my
interpretations of these ancient
root-processing sites, blending
perspectives from Western
science and traditional ecological
knowledge — two different but
complementary ways of knowing
— to produce a more complete
picture of past plant use.
My goal is to create a detailed
accounting of the species present
at the site. Creating such a
species list is an essential step in
paleoethnobotany, but it's just
earth ovens and about the ovens
themselves.
For example, Plateau peoples
name hundreds of plants in their
own languages. Prayers and
protocols surround the harvesting
and cooking of wild root foods,
and these practices are reinforced
by oral traditions passed between
generations. Such insights
challenge me to think about past
people-plant relationships in new
ways. Earth ovens — B.C.'s black
holes — are not simply "camp
kitchens" but symbols of a highly
sophisticated system of wild plant
food production developed by
Plateau peoples over thousands
of years. 13
BUYING SOCKS IN HARBIN
^   -
Amy Hanser, an Assistant Professor of Sociology, has spent six weeks in China's far northeast interviewing people about their family consumption patterns
as part of a new research project on consumerism in China. Among other things, she plans to integrate her findings into her course on social inequality.
From: Asst. Prof. Amy Hanser
Harbin, Northeastern China
Ajjte/i. ouA. intesuUew-, Aunt
Liu and I stroll over to the
nearby clothing market, where
she plans to purchase some
new socks for herself and her
daughter. I have spent a good
part of the morning asking
Aunt Liu questions about her
family's finances and their
everyday consumer practices:
Where do they shop for food,
and why? Where do they
purchase clothing? How often?
Do they worry about buying
sub-standard goods when they
shop? During the interview, Aunt
Liu insists that she rarely worries
about the quality of the goods
she purchases.
I am in the city of Harbin,
in northeastern China, to
investigate how recent and
rapid economic and social
changes in China are shaping the
consumer habits and practices of
ordinary Chinese city residents.
I am interested in some big and
sometimes abstract questions:
How does economic and social
continued on page 7 UBC    REPORTS     |     SEPTEMBER
2006     I     7
Mother Irene and baby, the first patients attended by UBC midwifery student Aisia Salo.
MIDWIVES WITHOUT BORDERS
From: Midwifery students Aisia Salo and Chloe Dayman
Hospitals in Kampala and Masaka, Uganda
Third-year midwifery students Aisia Salo and Chloe Dayman, both of Victoria, B.C., spent six weeks attending births in Kampala and Masaka,
Uganda, as part of a partnership between UBC and Makerere University, Uganda. They posted this note about their work on their blog
www.midwifeadventures.blogspot.com.
9*t the 4*uaiudjjen*f. u*utr
Ward 14, where we have been
working so far, there are about
20-30 births a day. The facilities
are very basic. Only low-risk
women can deliver here, so if
they have complications or have
had more than five babies, we
don't see them. About four or
five midwives are on staff at
any one time. Women come in
alone and get assessed (have the
abdomen palpated, fetal heart
auscultated, and history taken)
and then are sent home or to the
labour area. This consists of one
large room with bare beds.
The women are required to
purchase supplies to bring with
them: four pairs sterile gloves,
two pieces of plastic to cover
the bed, a roll of cotton wool
(in place of sponges and pads), a
razor blade to cut the cord, two
syringes for oxytocin, and a cloth
to dry and wrap the baby. These
cost about $2 or so.
The monitoring in labour
consists of vaginal exams every
four hours or so, as at home, and
once in awhile (maybe once or
twice during labour) they use a
metal Pinard horn to listen to the
baby. There is one blood pressure
cuff, which doesn't seem to get
used, and I don't think they have
a thermometer, nor do they take
the maternal pulse. The oxygen,
suction, and autoclave are all in
disrepair and don't work. They
do have bag-and-masks.
There are experienced
midwives. When the women
feel like pushing, they call for
the midwife and move into the
delivery room, which has two
tables. They lay their piece of
plastic out and climb up, and
push out their babies. 13
HARBIN continued from page 6
inequality manifest itself in the
realm of daily consumption?
What kinds of consumer
strategies do families of different
economic levels adopt, and how
do these strategies shape their
daily lives?
But this afternoon, my goal
is simply to observe. I stand at
she digs around in her cloth bag
for her wad of money. Later,
we stop to purchase pantyhose
from another stall, and Aunt Liu
repeats this careful inspection of
the merchandise.
Aunt Liu's behaviour is
part of what I have come to
understand as a "stratification
practices. Although she herself
denies that she engages in such
anxious shopping behaviours,
Aunt Liu's careful inspection of
merchandise marks her as a low-
income, low-status urbanite in
China today.
It is my hope that the
interviews and observations I
Low-income shoppers like Aunt Liu spend their limited incomes in marketplaces
offering few or no quality guarantees, whereas wealthier shoppers opt for
higher-status settings that offer service and merchandise guarantees.
a market stall where stacks of
short nylon socks embroidered
with flowers are on display.
Aunt Liu carefully inspects each
individual sock before setting it
aside as purchase-worthy. She
pulls each sock over her hand,
stretching her fingers apart so
she can spot any flaws — a pull,
run, or mis-stitch. Each time
Aunt Liu discovers a problem,
she insistently points it out to
the sock vendor, who rolls her
eyes in frustration at Aunt Liu's
earnestness. After 20 minutes
or so, Aunt Liu finally manages
to select 10 pairs of socks, and
of risk" in relation to
consumption, shopping, and
marketplace practices in urban
China today. In particular,
low-income shoppers like
Aunt Liu spend their limited
incomes in marketplaces
offering few or no quality
guarantees, whereas wealthier
shoppers opt for higher-status
settings that offer service and
merchandise guarantees. This
results in fundamentally distinct
experiences of markets and
consumption and in dramatically
different sets of shopping
strategies and consumer
conduct during this summer
research trip will enable me
to explore in some detail the
contours of a stratified consumer
culture in urban China.
Ultimately, I am interested in
both what stratified consumer
practices reflect about inequality
as well as the ways in which
such practices actually create
urban inequalities. Indeed, these
different shopping practices and
stratified consumer mindsets are
themselves a form of inequality
and a fundamental aspect of
urban culture in China today. 13
Peter Wall
Institute for Advanced Studies
Exploratory Workshop Grant
Reminder
The Peter Wall Exploratory Workshop Program awards
$15,000 to $25,000 to interdisciplinary core groups of
UBC researchers to create new research initiatives by
bringing outstanding international experts to the
University. Your proposal should be broadly interdisciplinary, involve basic research and be innovative. The
application deadline for the Fall 2006 competition is
October 1,2006.
Formore information, please visit our website at
www.pwias.ubc.ca or call us at (604) 822-4782.
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Ifyou haven't tried residence dining
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than now...
The dining rooms at
TOTEM PARK & PLACE VANIER
are open to the public.
s   Convenient Hours
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HOURS:
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7:15 am-7:00 pm  F
8:00 am - 7:00 pm Weekends & Holidays
Dining Rooms located on the top floors
ofthe Place Vanier andTotem Park commonsblocks
We accept cash, Dining a la UBCcard
(credit and debit soon to be available)
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towards any purchase
at Totem Park or Vanier's
Dining Room
www.food.ubc.ca/residencedining
Coupon valid until December 15th, 2006. No cash value.
O
UBC FOOD
SERVICES
..r.„.,.j „,„.„
www.food.ubc.ca I     UBC    REPORTS     |     SEPTEMBER
Sage
Sage Bistro and Catering at the University Centre
Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner
www.sage.uhc.ca
UBC Catering
Full Service and Casual Catering on UBC Campus
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Classic Treats:
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A&W, Koya Japan, ManchuWok, Pizza Pizza and Subway
- Pacific Spirit Place
Arts 200 - Buchanan Lounge
Bam Coffee Shop - Main Mall
Caffe Perugia - Life Sciences Centre
Edibles - Lower Level Scarfe Building
IRC - Instructional Resources Centre Student Lounge
Pacific Spirit Place - SUB
Pond Cafe - Ponderosa Centre
Reboot - ICICS, Main Mall
Swing Space Cafe - West Mall Swing Space Building
Starbucks Coffee - Fred Kaiser and SUB
Steamies - UBC Bookstore
Totem Park and Vanier's Dining Rooms
Tim Hortons - Trek Express
Trek Express, Pizza Pizza and 99 Chairs - David Lam Centre
Yum Yum's - Lower Level Old Auditorium
rfottdni
For
Coming soon to The Forest Sciences Centre
hours of operation visit www.food.ubc.ca
^ifuft^.-d^
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Your UBCcard can be...
Quicker than cash, easier than a credit card and
cheaper than using a debit card.
The Dining a la UBCcard Plan offers 5% Off
every food and beverage purchase* at UBC Food
Services locations on Campus.
* Visit www.food.ubc.ca for details
UBC Food Services Gift Card
It's easier than ever to give the gift of food.
Purchase a reloadable gift card.
Available soon at a Food Services
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UBC FOOD
SERVICES
An Essential Ingredient

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