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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Reports Oct 13, 1973

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OCT.    31,    1973,    VANCOUVER    8,    B.C.
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A Party at
Ocean Falls
See Pages Six, Seven
See Page Ten VEEP
By John Arnett
UBC Reports
Staff Writer
For a generation of youngsters who consider the
automobile the only form of transportation, Prof. Cliff
Anastasiou and his colleagues in the Vancouver
Environmental Education Project at UBC may very weli
have re-invented the bus.
They have devised a unique game called Vancouver
Buses, one of 23 teaching units related to the Vancouver
environment produced over the past 18 months by
VEEP, originally organized by Prof. Anastasiou to utilize
the talents of teachers who were temporarily
A co-operative project between the schools of
Vancouver and UBC's Faculty of Education, working in
close association with the B.C. Teachers' Federation,
VEEP is dedicated to the development of materials
related to the Vancouver environment.
Most of the materials are designed to provide
elementary school teachers and children with avenues of
exploration, on a continuing basis, in the environments
that make up their real world, says Prof. Anastasiou.
In addition to hiring unemployed teachers, VEEP also
gives regular classroom teachers the opportunity to come
to UBC for a month to convert their ideas into guides
for other teachers. In most cases a substitute teacher is
paid for by VEEP.
VEEP prepares three different types of publications
— philosophical and methodological statements such as a
pamphlet on Primary Infant Schools; teachers' guides to
the use of the outdoors as a classroom with the school as
the base; and pupil booklets which assist them in
recognizing and identifying aspects of the environment
Vancouver Buses has attracted wide interest in
educational circles because of its novel and simplified
approach to a complex matter — familiarizing 6- to
10-year-old youngsters with the complicated Vancouver
transit system.
"Surprising as it may seem, the vast majority of
children are not oriented to the transit system in
Vancouver," says Prof. Anastasiou. "In many areas of
the city children depend on their parents' cars for
transportation; some grow up never having used a bus."
Vancouver Buses is a board game which takes
contestants on an imaginary trip from the Kootenay
Loop, in Vancouver's East End, through downtown
Vancouver and on to UBC, circling back along
Southwest Marine Drive and following the city boundary
back to the Kootenay Loop.
The route is divided into a series of colored squares
keyed to a stack of 26 cards that come with the game.
Students throw dice to progress along the route.
For veteran bus riders, the instructions on the cards
mirror the real thing:
• The trolley poles have come off the wires, wait one
• Road is being repaired, go back two squares.
• You have slept through your stop, go back two
There are even transfer squares that whisk the players
off on different routes which provide short-cuts back to
There have been overtures from commercial interests
who want to market the game through the stores, but
the game has been copyrighted by VEEP and will be
sold, at $2.50 a game, as a teaching unit only.
The game was originally developed by two graduates
of UBC's Faculty of Education, Hilary Strath and
Wendy Stockstad, who this year have teaching positions
at Prince George and Kelowna, respectively. Additions
and suggestions were provided by Prof. Anastasiou and
Cathy Henry, an Education student. B.C. Hydro also
provided help with routes.
All of the other units produced to date by VEEP are
in booklet form and, in some cases, have been so popular
that two or three reprints have been necessary to meet
the demand from Vancouver schools.
The "Stump Book" introduces children to what Prof.
Anastasiou terms a "special part of the B.C.
environment" — the giant stumps, some of them 100
years old, left by the pioneer loggers. The stumps
provide a home for a wide range of organisms, from
fungi to flowering plants.
A booklet on soils points out that B.C. coastal soil is
more delicate than the soils of the Prairies and Eastern
Canada and suggests forays into the forest with
teaspoons, sieves and magnifying glasses to examine soil
Vancouver's houses have distinctive architectural
characteristics that enable a perceptive youngster to tell,
among other things, the age of the house either by the
style of the windows, the type of finish on the exterior
walls or the location of the front porch. This is
explained in a booklet entitled "Vancouver Houses."
"Between Vancouver Tides" takes children to the
intertidal zone and introduces them to barnacles,
bullheads, seaweeds and sea snails.
Other units have been produced on subjects ranging
from creeks, through shopping centres, to field
investigations of the mouse population.
The units are used by teachers in the classroom to
develop their own curricula on the different subjects.
They are designed to meet a tremendous shortage of
lesson-aid material for elementary teachers in the fields
of science and outdoor education, Prof. Anastasiou says.
It was a desire to meet this challenge that prompted
Prof. Anastasiou to organize the Vancouver
Environment Education Project on the UBC campus VA
years ago.
Picture by Jim Banham
Two students at Mount Pleasant Elementary School in Vancouver are
shown at left having the time of their lives playing Vancouver Buses, a
board game devised by teachers working for the Vancouver Environmental
Education Project, which is under the direction of Prof. Cliff Anastasiou,
above, associate professor in UBC's Faculty of Education. Vancouver
Buses is one of 23 teaching units related to the Vancouver environment
produced by VEEP since it was initiated by Prof. Anastasiou 1'A years
ago. "There were quite a number of temporarily
unemployed teachers at that time and I thought it would
be a good idea if we could hire some of them either to
work on lesson-aid materials or to substitute for
classroom teachers who could be given time off to work
on projects.
"We got a grant of $20,000 which enabled us to hire
eight people, some of whom wrote their own units while
others replaced teachers in the classroom."
Prof. Anastasiou emphasizes that the people he hired
were highly qualified teachers. "Some of them had
graduated from Simon Fraser University at Christmas
and couldn't get jobs until the following September,
others wanted to stay in the Lower Mainland until a job
opening became available, and still others found our
project an interesting challenge."
Prof. Anastasiou says VEEP owes a special vote of
thanks to the B.C. Teachers' Federation's Lesson Aids
Service, headed by Miss Shirley Cox, which distributes
material to teachers. "Miss Cox has not only been very
helpful in arranging our distribution, but has also
assisted us with some difficult printing jobs," he said.
Last year VEEP not only got a $20,000 LIP grant but
also received money from the McLean and Leon and
Thea Koerner Foundations to enable the hiring of 10
This year another application has gone forward for a
LIP grant to cover the cost of the most amibitious
project to date — development of a community
curriculum for an entire school.
VEEP hopes to work with the teaching staff of one
elementary school, and interested parents, to develop
teaching aids designed to enhance the children's
appreciation of the community in which they live.
VEEP is currently in the midst of preparation of a
series of 14 booklets on outdoor studies which can be
integrated into different study areas, such as social
studies and language arts. Prof. Anastasiou hopes to
bring more teachers to the University from different
parts of the province to work in their fields of interest.
He is also getting more of his students involved with
VEEP. "Cathy Henry, who worked on the Vancouver
Buses project, has produced a unit on outdoor weaving
and another fourth-year Education student, Pat
Woolsey, has done one on bread-making called 'Loafing
Around with Bread'."
The Courtenay School Board has been so impressed
with the work produced to date that it is giving a teacher
a month off, and paying all of his expenses, to come to
UBC to produce a unit on environmental science for
Grade XI students.
While acting as project director for VEEP — "I'm the
guy who has to make sure that the money comes in" —
would be a full-time job for most people, it's only part
of the load that Prof. Anastasiou carries in the Faculty
of Education.
He also teaches science methods and biology to
undergraduate students and runs a course in curriculum
development for graduate students.
His real field of research is mycology — the study of
fungi. "I hate to admit it, but I am finding that children
are more interesting than fungi, though some day I
might get back to growing the odd mushroom," he
Actually, VEEP's headquarters, in an old army hut
behind UBC's education building, was previously used
by Prof. Anastasiou for his mycological research.
"I guess you could say that administering the
Vancouver Environmental Education Project is my area
of research, though keeping books and hassling people
for money doesn't sound too much like research," he
says. However, he has found that preparing teaching aids
is such an effective device for the professional
development of teachers that he is getting more and
more of his own students involved.
"For too long, we have had a textbook-oriented
education system," he says. "Unless it was a fancy
publishing job, produced on glossy paper by somebody
with a big name, it wasn't considered worthwhile.
"I think that VEEP is proving, once and for all, that
locally-oriented teaching materials produced by
imaginative and creative people can do a most effective
job in the education of our children."
Noted Psychologist
To Lecture at UBC
Prof. B.F. Skinner, the most influential of living
American psychologists and the most controversial
contemporary figure in the science of human behavior, will visit the UBC campus on Nov. 15 to
lecture as a Cecil H. and Ida Green Visiting Professor.
Prof. Skinner, who is Edgar Pierce Professor of
Psychology at Harvard University, will speak on the
topic "Obstacles to a Science of Behavior" in Lecture
Hall 2 in the Instructional Resources Centre on the
He is peinaps best known for his book. Beyond
Freedom and Dignity, which expounds the thesis that
we cannot afford freedom and that it must be
replaced by control over man, his conduct and his
Prof. Skinner is also the inventor of the teaching
machine, an outgrowth of many years of research
into "reinforced" or rewarded learning. Some observers credit him with starting a revolution in the
technology of education.
iV     <r     ft
Woodward Lecture
Set for Nov. 16
Mrs. A. Isobel MacLeod, director of nursing at the
Montreal General Hospital, will give this year's
Marion Woodward Lecture in Lecture Hall 2 in the
P.A. Woodward Instructional Resources Centre on
Friday, Nov. 16, at 8 p.m.
Mrs. MacLeod is past president of the Canadian
Nurses' Association and has extensive experience in
the administration of nursing services in community
and hospital settings.
The lecture is made possible through the support
of the Mr. and Mrs. P.A. Woodward's Foundation.
ft     ft     ft
Woman President
To Give Two Talks
Canada's only woman university president will
speak twice at UBC in November.
Sister Catherine Wallace, president of Mount Saint
Vincent University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, and a
strong advocate of women's rights, will visit UBC as a
Dal Grauer Lecturer.
On Tuesday, Nov. 20, she will speak in UBC's Old
Auditorium at 12:30 p.m. on the topic "Women and
the Numbers Game."
The following evening (Wednesday, Nov. 21) she
will speak in the Common Block of the Totem Park
Residence  at 8:15 p.m.  on  "Women and the Just
The   Dal   Grauer  Memorial   Lectures were established as a memorial to the late Dr. Grauer, who was
Chancellor of UBC from 1957 to 1961.
ft     ft     ft
Campus Visitor
Plans Addresses
A Cecil H. and Ida Green Visiting Professor at UBC
will give a number of public lectures during November.
Prof. Frederick Combellack, who is attached to
the UBC Classics Department for the first term of the
current Winter Session, will address the Vancouver
branch of the Humanities Association in the UBC
Faculty Club on Wednesday, Nov. 7, on the topic
"Men and Women in Homer's Odyssey." His talk
begins at 8 p.m.
On Wednesday, Nov. 14, Prof. Combellack will
give a 12:30 p.m. talk in Room 100 of the Buchanan
Building on the topic "A.E. Housman: The Lord High
The following evening (Thursday, Nov. 15), Prof.
Combellack will appear on the UBC television series,
"Beyond the Memory of Man," on Channel 10
(Vancouver Cablevision) at 9:30 p.m. He will discuss
the poet Homer.
Sought by
Do you have anyone in mind to succeed Dr. Walter
H. Gage as President of the University?
Perhaps you have "opinions as to appropriate
attributes of any candidate."
If you do, the 24-member Advisory Committee for
the Recommendation of Presidential Candidates to
the Board of Governors is eager to hear from you.
The committee, chaired by Mrs. Beverley K.
Lecky, a member of the Board, has also asked for
"expressions of opinion concerning the crucial issues
likely to affect the scope and nature of the office of
President in the years ahead."
The committee was formed during the summer
after President Gage signified his intention to retire as
President on June 30, 1975.
In a letter addressed to the University community,
Mrs. Lecky said:
"All members of the University Community —
faculty, students, staff and alumni — are being asked
to assist the Committee by providing names of
prospective candidates and by submitting opinions as
to appropriate attributes of any candidate. In
addition, the Committee has advertised widely in
appropriate publications, both in this country and
abroad, the fact that candidates are to be considered
for the office of President.
"In submitting names of persons whom you
consider to be suitable candidates for the position of
President of UBC, it is important that you provide
the Committee with as much personal and academic
biographical information as possible, and with your
reasons for proposing each name. It will assist the
Committee if you can give an indication that
someone you name is available for consideration as a
potential candidate.
"Whether or not you propose candidates, the
Committee would like your views on the attributes
you would consider it desirable for the next President
of this University to possess. In addition, the
Committee would welcome expressions of opinions
concerning the crucial issues likely to affect the scope
and nature of the office of President in the years
"Your reply will be treated in absolute confidence
by the Committee.
"Address: Mrs. Beverley K. Lecky, Room 107,
Main Mall North Administration Building, University
of British Columbia, Vancouver 8, B.C." Resident Head Named
Dr. John R. Wood, of UBC's Department of
Political Science, has been named resident director
of the Shastri Indo-Canadian Institute in New
Delhi, India.
Dr. Wood, who is on leave of absence during
the 1973-74 academic year, has also been awarded
a Shastri Senior Fellowship for research into
changing patterns of legislative behavior in the
Indian Parliament.
UBC is a member of the Institute, which
provides research fellowships for Canadian scholars
in India and acquires Indian publications for the
libraries of Canadian universities.
Since the Institute came into existence in 1968,
12 UBC professors and graduate students have
won Shastri research fellowships and some 20,000
volumes of Indian books and documents have been
acquired by the UBC library.
Accompanying Dr. Wood to India is his wife.
Merry, a research associate in the UBC Institute of
Asian and Slavonic Research.
ft    ft    ft
Dean Michael Shaw, head of UBC's Faculty of
Agricultural Sciences, has been inducted as a
fellow of the American Phytopathological Society.
It is believed that Dean Shaw is only the third
Canadian to be named a fellow of the Society, a
2,600-member professional organization made up
of scientists who study plant diseases.
Dean Shaw, who was awarded the gold medal
of the Canadian Society of Plant Physiologists in
1971, has made major contributions to plant
pathology in research, teaching, editing and
He has been editor of the Canadian Journal of
Botany since 1964 and is a member of the
editorial boards of Physiological Plant Pathology
and Science Forum.
ft    ft    ft
Four UBC professors were recently inducted as
fellows of the Royal Society of Canada, this
country's most prestigious academic organization.
The new fellows are: Prof. William Robbins, of
the English Department; Prof. Gerard Tougas, of
the French Department; Prof. Gideon Rosenbluth,
of the Department of Economics; and Prof.
Donald Bures, who was recently named head of
the Department of Mathematics.
A professor in UBC's Faculty of Commerce and
Business Administration has been awarded the
American' Institute of Public Accountants' top
literature award.
Prof. Richard V. Mattessich was awarded the
Accounting Literature Prize, 1972, for his article
"Methodological Preconditions and Problems of a
General Theory of Accounting."
The award is given for the most notable
contribution to accounting literature published in
the English language each year.
ft    ft    ft
Prof. Zbigniew Folejewski, of UBC's
Department of Slavonic Studies, received an
honorary degree (Doctor Honoris Causa) from the
University of Warsaw during the Seventh
International Congress of Slavists earlier this year.
The award was given for his outstanding
contributions to Slavonic studies, particularly in
the area of comparative literature.
ft     ft     ft
Prof. William Nicholls, head of the Department
of Religious Studies, and Dr. Ian Kent, a
psychiatrist and honorary research associate in the
same department, were awarded Canada Council
travel grants to read joint papers at the 25th
Anniversary World Mental Health Congress and the
International Psychiatric Conference of the World
Psychiatric Association, held in Sydney, Australia,
earlier this month.
The papers, on "Colliding Religions and the
Quest for Personal Integration," and "Identity
Therapy in the Treatment of Adolescents," are the
outcome of interdisciplinary research carried on
by the authors in the Department of Religious
Studies since 1969.
ft    ft    ft
Prof. Donald McCorkle, head of UBC's
Department of Music, has been named chairman of
the committee for Graduate Record Examinations
in music. Administered by the Princeton-based
Educational Testing Service, Graduate Record
Examinations are required for admission to many
graduate and professional schools and fellowship
competitions in the U.S. and Canada.
ft     ft     ft
Prof. Margaret E. Prang, of UBC's History
Department, has been named to the 14-member
Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada,
which advises the federal Minister of Indian Affairs
on the commemoration of persons, places and
events of national historic significance.
ft     ft     ft
Dr. Robert L. Noble, director of UBC's Cancer
Research Centre and professor of physiology,
received the honorary degree of Doctor of Science
Oct. 26 at the University of Western Ontario.
Dr. Noble, a UBC faculty member since 1960,
was formerly professor of medicine and associate
director of the Collip Medical Research
Laboratory at Western Ontario. One of his major
contributions to cancer research was his leadership
of the team which isolated a compound known as
VLB, which is used in the treatment of various
types of cancer.
Prof. Jean Laponce, of UBC's Department of
Political Science, has been elected president of the
International Political Science Association, a
federation of national associations representing 33
countries. The election took place at the triennial
Congress of the Association in Montreal. Prof.
Laponce is the first Canadian to be elected to this
position and will serve for a three-year term.
UBC   Television  Series  Seen  on  North  Shore
A television series entitled "Beyond the Memory
of Man," featuring lecturers from UBC's Faculty of
Arts and dealing with aspects of classical and
medieval art, architecture and archeology, can now be
seen by all cable-television subscribers in the Lower
Beginning    Oct.    29.    the    program    is    being
distributed by North West Community Video Ltd. on
Channel 10 to is subscribers in North and West
Vancouver, who will see it at 7:30 p.m. Mondays.
For other viewers on the North Shore and
throughout the rest of the Lower Mainland, the series
is available on Channel 10 of Vancouver Cablevision
and its affiliated systems at 9:30 p.m. Thursdays.
Wins Lett
Miss Barbara J. Larkin, representative of the
School of Rehabilitation Medicine on Students'
Council at the University of B.C., has been named the
1973-74 winner of the Sherwood Lett Memorial
The $1,500 scholarship is awarded annually to a
student who reflects the high standards of scholastic
achievement, sportsmanship and ability to serve and
lead others which characterized the late Chief Justice
Sherwood Lett, who was Chancellor of UBC fron
1951 to 1957.
Miss Larkin, the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Peter
Larkin, of 25 Courtney Crescent, New Westminster, is
president of the Rehabilitation Medicine
Undergraduate Society and in this capacity sits on
Students' Council as a representative of the School.
(She is not related to Prof. Peter Larkin, head of <■
UBC's Zoology Department.)
A graduate of New Westminster Senior Secondary
School, Miss Larkin entered UBC in 1970. In high
school she was Grade IX and XII representative on
students' council and took an active interest in sports "^
as a member of the volleyball, softball, basketball and ^
tennis teams.
In high school she won two Big Blocks for
outstanding athletic achievement as a member of
women's basketball and tennis teams. She is also an
active member of the New Westminster Tennis Club.
Miss Larkin is also active in the annual Wheelathon 4
sponsored by the UBC School of Rehabilitation
Medicine. The event is modelled on the Miles for
Millions walk and involves a wheelchair tour around
the perimeter of Stanley Park. Miss Larkin was
treasurer for the 1973 event, which raised more than <
$13,000 for organizations providing services for ^
Miss Larkin has maintained first-class standing in
her studies in Rehabilitation Medicine and will receive
the degree of Bachelor of Science in Rehabilitation in
The Lett Scholarship is awarded by a committee
made up of representatives of the UBC Alumni
Association, the Alma Mater Society and the
Graduate Students' Association.
Sherwood Lett, for whom the scholarship is
named, was the first president of UBC's Alma Mater
Society in 1915 and Rhodes Scholar in 1919.
He was named chief justice of the Supreme Court
of B.C. in 1955, and in 1963, a year before his death,
became Chief Justice of the Court of Appeal, with
the title of Chief Justice of B.C. Bookstore
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UBC School of Architecture Students Do Their Thing in Ocean Falls
UBC Reports Staff Writer
Officially, the UBC School of Architecture's annual
orientation program for first-year students is billed as an
"encounter with the environment" and Is designed to
challenge the creative ability of young people who will
some day design the buildings in which we live, work
and play.
Unofficially, it is a group of strangers from 3 variety
of academic backgrounds getting to know one another
and their faculty members very well during two weeks of
close contact. By the time they return to the campus
they will have had a series of common experiences which
will serve as a basis for sharing and illustrating ideas
throughout their years of architectural studies at UBC.
In years gone by, students have shared experiences
ranging from living under primitive conditions on an
istand in the Gulf of Georgia to doing special surveys in
Vancouver's crowded West End.
This year's students sampled an environment that was
once common in British Columbia, but which has now
all but disappeared — the isolated coastal company
town, in this case Ocean Falls, 230 sea miles north of
Earlier this year, the B.C. government purchased the
money-losing pulp mill at "Ocean Falls from Crown
Zellerbach Ltd. on the eve of the closure of the mill and
the inevitable death of the town. - '
The UBC contingent, made up of more than 70
students and faculty members, travelled to Ocean Falls
aboard a slow boat, teaming not only to get along with
one another during the three-day trip, but also seeing
something of the rugged coastline and the towns of
Campbell River and Alert Bay en route.
At Ocean Falls they were put up in the only hotel in
town arid were left to find out for themselves what
makes a company town tick and to try to develop some
ideas of their own as to how the quality of life could be
improvedfin a one-industry town, which clings to the
side of a mountain and is drenched by 200 inches of rain
a year.
The students learned their first'two lessons about
company-town life early when their boat, the 80-foot
former hydrographic vessel Parry, lived up to its
reputation and arrived hours behind schedule.
Seventy-two ravenous U8C students and teachers
stormed the cafeteria; only to find that the
company-owned eating establishment, located in the
company-owned hotel, was closed for the night and that
it was the only eating place in town.
Lesson No. 1 — In a company town, you even eat out
on company time.
Fortunately, the Parry's arrival had been duly noted
by the harbormaster, Mr. Ron Acheson, who prevailed
on the hotel manager, Mr. Ron Acheson, to reopen the
cafeteria and cook up some hamburgers and coffee. The
group was then welcomed by the" tdwnshe manager, Mr.
Ron Acheson, who introduced the school board
secretary, Mr. Ron Acheson, and the customs officer,
Mr. Ron Acheson.
Lesson No. 2 — One administrative official is likely to
wear many hats in a company town.
The next day the students quickly reconnoitred the
social centres of the community - Branch 144 of the
Canadian Legion and the Martin Inn beer parlor — and
then set out to see for themselves a town which had had
a sudden reprieve from death.
Student Lewis Huey spent most of his time walking
around talking with people and "getting impressions."
He said the town may continue to cling to life through
the operation of the mill but it's his belief that it needs a
healthy transfusion of new industry, perhaps repair
facilities to serve the fishing fleets that bob in the
salmon-filled waters of Dean Channel.
Ann Marie Strapp, a graduate of McGill University,
who was seeing the B.C. coast for the first time,
interviewed   different   people   in   town   to  get their
: /*:'; .*■
reactions to their environment.
"I talked with a priest, a member of the RCMP and
many of the workers in the mill," she said. "The main
impression that I got was a sense of real commitment to
the town. The people love the town and want to see it
survive. I wouldn't mind living there myself if I had a
cheap means of getting out now and then.
"However, t think that there should be more
decision-making in the hands of the people instead of
having the town run completely by the company. I hope
that now that the government owns the mill it will be
willing to turn the town over to the people."
Victor Nahmias, who came to UBC from the
Universitv of Pennsylvania, said he spent most of his
time in and around the mill. "I guess I got to know half
of the people in the mill after a few days."
He said he thought the people had become very
complacent with their situation. "It was sort of 'Big
Brother will look after everything.* Rents are low and if
something needs repairing in the house the company will
took after it. The corporate fathers, in the form of the
company officials, look after you. People I talked with
not only had very few of the responsibilities of people
who live in non-company towns, but they didn't seem to
want them."
He said he was impressed, however, with the devotion
that residents have to the town. "One man told me that
this was his mill and his town, and he was going to do his
damnedest to make sure that both were successful. He
had come to Ocean Falls only a few months earlier from
New Brunswick."
Allan Collier "fell in love" with the place to such ah
extent that he stayed on for five days after all the other
students had left.
The mill's junk yard, of all places, moved him to a
form of unusual artistic expression — the creation of a
"junk house" made of discarded household objects, such
as an old refrigerator, a cracked toilet, a
partially-smashed television set and other items which,
when assembled in locations that they would normally
occupy in a house, resembled a grotesque set for some
sort of futuristic play dealfhg with the relics of an
ancient society.
Dr. Richard Seaton, an associate professor in the
School of Architecture and also an environmental
psychologist in UBC's Office of Academic Planning, was
one of the faculty members on the trip.
"Doing your own thing is central to the philosophy
of the School of Architecture and the students on this
trip were certainly permitted to do their own thing," he
Large sheets of newsprint were pinned to the walls of
a conference room in the hotel headquarters of the
project and students were encouraged to draw pictures,
write poems and comments and otherwise display
visually their impressions of the town.
Even the children of the towA got a bang but of the
visit. On the final day of their stay in town, the students
staged a paper parade, dressing up in paper costumes
representing everything from policemen to bishops.
The good ship Parry's homeward journey was
uneventful, except for ah incident early in the trip when
a RCMP patrol boat churned up to unload a student who
had been left behind.
Townstte manager Acheson had the finaf say on the
trip in a telephone interview with UBC Reports:
"The whole town enjoyed their visit very much and
the students were interested in what they saw. I stood
up, on one occasion, to give a five-minute talk.and they
kept me on my feet for more than an hour with
"They certainly popped up all over the place, asking
the most ingenious questions. I think that they gave the
town's residents a bit of a boost at a time when they
needed it most.
"You hear so many things about how groups of
university students behave that you don't really know
what to expect. We found them to be friendly,
courteous and great company. We all hope that they
come again."
Ocean FaKs 'Lives'
Ocean Falls "lives" in Vancouver.
The involvement of UBC School of Architecture students with Ocean
Falls didn't end when they returned to the campus. Fourteen students
formed a tutorial group to study sociai^political, economic and architectural
aspects of the community and to develop an environmental design proposal,
including plans for residential development and a ferry service from
Vancouver Island. 	
The "Ocean Fails Room," pictued at left, on the third floor of the
Frederic Lasserre Building at UBC, is an attempt to recreate the Ocean Fails
environment, utilizing such-things ssTs-'seaf-covered floor a plastic-shrouded
ceiling to simulate rain clouds, an&a-sase of empty beer bottles to symbolize
one of the most popuiafMefsttre-tiine activities in the isolated northern
Shown enjoying the environment are, left to right, Lome Prokopy,
Wendy Pullan and Victor Nahmia. ..,, ,„:.
The walls of the room are lined^ with photographs, plans, drawings and
maps of the community. Interested visitors can also view a slide
presentation, a movie or a videotape made by the students during their visit
to the town.
Even the youngsters of Ocean Falls..eo.t involved when students and faculty
members from UBC's School of Architecture visited the northern coastal
community in September. On the last day of their visit, students organized a
paper parade, pictured at right, with participants dressing up in paper
costumes representing everything from policemen to bishops.
UBC Reoorts/Oct. 31.1973/7 I
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ftlUBC: IHapamilttM:. Kl, t^2i HAIDA argillite carver Claude Davidson, above,
demonstrates his art weekly at a school in Massett in the
Queen Charlotte Islands as part of an Indian studies
program started by UBC Education graduate Kathy
Hyde.   The   UBC   Education   student   shown   below.
>*.   -J
chatting with an Indian elementary school student, is
one of 32 graduating teachers who last spring spent six
weeks in northern B.C. as part of a special program for
students who want to teach in Indian schools. Pictures
by Michael Tindall.
for UBC
The Musqueam Indian Band Council has agreed to
hold off real estate development of a valuable
archeological site on its reserve for one more year to
permit UBC archeologist Prof. Charles Borden and a
team of diggers to continue exploration of the site.
However, Prof. Borden says that to make the 1974
project a success a total of $35,000 will be required
to pay student excavators, rent pumps and purchase
equipment and supplies.
He is appealing to foundations, business interests
and interested individuals to donate to a "Musqueam
Perishable Artifacts Rescue Fund." "This is a unique
challenge to the residents of British Columbia, and
particularly those involved in the lumber and woodfibre industry, because the findings at Musqueam are
uniquely related to the early origins of the lumber
and woodworking industry in this province," he says.
Prof. Borden predicts that continued excavation of
the site near the UBC campus could lead to major
finds such as wooden containers, paddles, harpoon
and spear shafts and possibly even a canoe.
His prediction is based on the fact that this
summer's finds included stone adzes and wedges of
various sizes as well as large quantities of wood chips
which he says clearly indicate that the occupants of
the site were actively engaged in the manufacture of a
variety of wooden articles.
Excavation at the site this past summer also
uncovered perishable artifacts 2,500 to 3,000 years
old preserved in waterlogged silt eight feet below the
surface. Dr. Borden calculates that only 20 per cent
of the perishable-bearing strata have been exposed so
far. (An article on the 1973 explorations appeared in
the Sept. 19 edition of UBC Reports.)
Those wishing to donate to the fund should make
cheques payable to the Musqueam Perishable Artifacts Rescue Fund and send them to UBC's Department of Finance. Donations are tax-deductible.
Gift of Books
Canada's largest Asian studies library at the
University of British Columbia will soon be further
enriched with a collection of books valued at $3,000,
the gift of the Japanese Foundation of Tokyo.
The books will be purchased by the Foundation in
Japan and will cover a wide range of subjects,
including religion, philosophy, fine arts, linguistics,
literature and history.
The Foundation is a joint creation of Japanese
industry and government. Its aim is to promote the
understanding of Japanese culture throughout the
Earlier this year the Foundation provided a grant
to enable the UBC Department of Asian Studies to
conduct a summer program in teaching of the
Japanese language.
Teacher Dies
Mr. Stephen Howard, one of the original members
of UBC's School of Rehabilitation Medicine, died
suddenly on Oct. 4 after a heart attack.
Born and educated in England, Mr. Howard came
to Canada in 1951. He practiced privately and was
employed by Shaughnessy Hospital and the Canadian
Arthritis and Rheumatism Society before joining the
UBC Rehabilitation Medicine School when it opened
its doors in 1961.
Mr. Howard was awarded a diploma and a teaching
certificate by the Chartered Society of Physiotherapists in England. He held the rank of senior
instructor at UBC.
■ ■■A 4% Vol. 19, No. 14 - Oct. 31,
I III I* 1^73. Published by the
llllll University of British Columbia
mawwmwmm and distributed free. UBC
R E P O R T S Reports appears on Wednesdays
during the University's winter session. J.A.
Banham, Editor. Louise Hoskin and Jean
Rands, Production Supervisors. Letters to the
Editor should be sent to Information Services,
Main Mall North Administration Building, UBC,
Vancouver 8, B.C. Waste Disposal Unit in Operation
The only chemical waste disposal unit of its kind
in any university or technical institute in North
America is now in full operation on the University of
B.C.'s south campus.
The heart of the unit is a chemical liquid waste
incinerator. Associated equipment includes an open
pit incinerator for burning solids and other
"problem" chemicals, and degradation tanks to
neutralize corrosive liquids.
Total cost, including a road and land
improvements, was about $150,000.
To comply with pollution control regulations and
for safety reasons, UBC had stockpiled its chemical
wastes — mostly organic solvents — since June, 1970.
The new incinerator went into operation about six
months ago and the backlog of waste chemicals has
been incinerated.
Organic solvents — the same type of chemicals as
cleaning fluid — are burnt in the chemical liquid
waste incinerator in a refractory-lined chamber fueled'
by natural gas. The burning takes place at a
temperature of about 2,600 degrees Fahrenheit — hot
enough to destroy pesticides such as DDT, should the
need arise.
Gases from the burning are cleaned by passing
through a water bath, then through water sprays, a
de-mister to remove water vapor and a scrubber or
separator to remove fine particles before being
released into the atmosphere.
The gases are released at a temperature of about
110 degrees so no steam or water vapor is visible. The
gases are virtually 100 per cent oxygen, nitrogen,
water vapor and carbon dioxide, some of the major
components of natural air.
As the hot gases pass through the water, acids are
formed. To neutralize the acids, soda ash is added to
the water after the gases have passed through it. Solid
particles such as heavy metals are separated out from
the water in a settling tank. Then the water is
emptied into the sewer system.
Apart from salts — formed as the soda ash
neutralizes the acids — the water is virtually pure.
UBC's operation is under a permit issued by the
B.C. Pollution Control Branch. Monthly samples of
the gas emission are taken by consulting engineers.
Samples of the discharge water are assayed by UBC's
Westwater Research Centre.
Samples taken so far show that emissions are well
within the limits set by the pollution branch and the
Greater Vancouver Regional District.
The capacity of the chemical liquid waste
incinerator is about 30 gallons per hour. The
incinerator is normally operated two days a week to
process UBC chemical wastes. The University is
considering   processing   the   wastes   of  commercial,
industrial and educational organizations in B.C. on a
cost basis, with priority going to educational and
technical institutions. The unit is under the direction
of Mr. William Rachuk, UBC's radiation protection
and pollution control officer.
Enrolment for the University of B.C.'s 1973-74
Winter Session stood at 20,067 daytime students at
the end of September, an increase of 901 students
over the final registration figure of 19,166 for the last
academic year.
In addition, 1,104 part-time students have
registered for evening credit courses offered through
UBC's Centre for Continuing Education. Also
registered as UBC students, but not included in the
official total of daytime students, are 64 interns and
298 residents, medical-school graduates who are
completing their training under UBC auspices in B.C.
The daytime enrolment increase for the current
year is a reversal of the trend of the past two Winter
Sessions, which saw enrolments decline from a record
of 20,940 daytime students in 1970-71 to last year's
figure of 19,166.
Officials in the UBC Registrar's Office expect an
additional 300 or so students will register in the
Faculty of Graduate Studies. It is likely, however,
that there will also be an equal number of
withdrawals from the University by students in
various Faculties.
When UBC's final enrolment figures are issued on
Dec. 1, it is expected that registration will stand in
the neighborhood of 20,000 students.
The registration figures reveal that there have been
increases in those UBC Faculties which have been
hardest hit in recent years by enrolment declines —
Arts, Education and Applied Science.
Total registration for degree programs in the
Faculty of Arts is .iir by 135 students to 5,193 and
HEART of new $150,000 chemical waste disposal
unit on UBC's South Campus is this chemical liquid
waste incinerator. Getting birds-eye view of unit are
Mr.    William    Rachuk,    left,    UBC's    radiation
protection and pollution control officer, and Mr.
Mike Allegretti, UBC chemical waste disposal officer
and a Master of Science graduate of UBC. Picture by
Jim Banham.
registration in the Faculty of Education is up by 426
students to 3,390. Enrolment in the Faculty of
Applied Science totals 1,425, an increase of 100
students over last year. Dr. William Tetlow,
associate director of UBC's Office of Academic
Planning, says one reason for the reversal of declining
enrolment is the return of the "stop-outs" — a term
coined by Time magazine for high school students
who decide to postpone entering university and
university students who elect to take a year or more
out before completing their degree programs.
Dr. Tetlow's preliminary analysis of enrolment
figures reveals that registration has increased by about
300 students each in both first- and third-year
programs throughout the University. Total
registration for all second-year programs is up by 160
Both Mr. Tetlow and UBC's associate registrar, Mr.
Ken Young, note a significant increase in the number
of students enrolled for undergraduate programs on a
part-time basis. In the last academic year 13.8 per
cent of undergraduates were part-time students. This
year the figure has risen to 17 per cent, according to
Mr. Young.
Both officials attribute the rise to the removal by
many UBC Faculties of Calendar regulations which
seemed to discourage part-time study. Removal of the
restrictions was recommended by a Senate
Committee established to investigate the status of
part-time students.
Following is a Faculty-by-Faculty total of students
registered at UBC as of the end of September. Figures
given in brackets are official totals for the 1972-73
Winter Session.
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences - 290 (251);
Faculty of Applied Science - 1,425 (1,325); Faculty
of Arts - 5,328 (5,193); Faculty of Commerce and
Business Administration - 1,288 (1,066); Faculty of
Dentistry -.196 (191); Faculty of Education - 3,390
(2,964); Faculty of Forestry - 336 (290); Faculty of
Graduate Studies - 2,306 (2,646); Faculty of Law -
634 (607); Faculty of Medicine - 400 (460); Faculty
of Pharmaceutical Sciences — 343 (321); Faculty of
Science — 3,647 (3,549); Qualifying Year (students
preparing to enter Faculty of Graduate Studies) —
175 (163); Unclassified - 309 (140). Grand total -
20,067 (19,166).
Enrolment in UBC's Faculty of Medicine appears
to have declined from 460 to 400, but the figures are
misleading. Enrolment for the program leading to the
M.D. degree actually is up from 274 to 295.
The total given for the Faculty of Medicine
includes its School of Rehabilitation Medicine, where
enrolment appears to have declined from 186 last
year to 105 this year. This is due to the reduction by
the School of its former four-year program to three
years by eliminating the first year. Students now take
their first year in the Faculties of Arts or Science. UBC's income and expenditure exceeded
$100,000,000 in the last fiscal year.
The University's Consolidated Statement of Fund
Transactions, reproduced below, for the fiscal year that
ended March 31, 1973, shows that income from all
sources totalled $110,992,185, while expenditures
totalled $100,547,474.
The difference between income and expenditure can
be accounted for under four separate headings, Mr. Allen
Baxter, UBC's Treasurer, told UBC Reports.
1. More than $5,300,000 in capital funds received
during the 1972-73 fiscal year could not be spent in that
year. The funds, which are fully committed to capital
development, are carried over into the current fiscal year
and are spent as construction progresses.
2. A total of $4,784,021 was carried over into the
next fiscal year under the heading "Endowment and
Student Loan Funds." This represents additions to
capital for endowment and student loan funds. Capital
additions are not expendable.
3. A total of $483,292 was unexpended under the
general heading of "Operating Funds — Specific
Purposes."   This    is    mainly   sponsored   and   assisted
research funds which were not spent during the fiscal
year for the purposes designated by the donors or
granting agencies. The funds will be carried over and
expended, as authorized, in a future fiscal year.
4. Under "Operating Funds — General Purposes" the
University experienced an operating deficit of $166,682.
It should be noted that the Operating Surplus, which
was available to the University for General Purposes, was
$174,760 at March 31, 1973.
Mr. Baxter also revealed the results of a survey carried
out by the Canadian Association of University Business
Officers, which compared the percentage allocations of
expenditures by 23 Canadian universities with enrolments over 6,000 students. The survey covers fiscal years
ending in 1972.
The results show that UBC ranks number one in the
percentage of funds allocated for academic and associated academic purposes, such as library, computing
and student services. UBC allocates 86.3 per cent of its
expenditure for these purposes, the survey showed.
The survey also shows that UBC ranks 23rd, or last,
in the percentage of funds allocated for administration,
plant maintenance and general expenditures. UBC allocates only 13.7 per cent of its expenditures in these
At the foot of this page is a statement of UBC's Ancillary Enterprise operations for the 1972-73 fiscal year.
Only one Ancillary Enterprise — UBC's Oyster River
Farm on Vancouver Island — showed a small profit.
Overall, the seven Ancillary Enterprises showed a loss
of $134,682. Footnotes to the table draw attention to
special factors associated with the operations of the UBC
Bookstore, residences for single students and food
services operated in campus residences.
Operating and Capital Grants — Canada
Health Sciences Centre
Museum of Man
TRIUMF Project
— British Columbia
Health Sciences Centre
Asian Studies Centre
Student Fees	
Endowment Income	
Sponsored or Assisted Research	
Gifts, Grants and Bequests	
Total Income
Academic $51
Sponsored or Assisted Research	
Student Services       	
Plant Maintenance, including Renovations and
Alterations $2,178,134 (1972-$1,647,399)        .   .
Fellowships, Scholarships and Bursaries	
General Expenses	
Land, Buildings and Equipment	
Total Expenditure
Ancillary Enterprises (Net)
of all
$       -
$       -
$       -
$     -
— -
$ 3,832,424
$ 2,123,653
$      -
$ 53,709,140
$ 1,185
Excess of Expenditure over Income
for the year ended March 31, 1973
Net Additions to Fund Balances
Reclassification of Funds
Fund Balances at April 1, 1972
Fund Balances at March 31, 1973
as per Statement of Financial Position
$71,341,730   $17,355,570   $88,697,300   $
1,185   $11,848,989   $100,547,474
$  166,682   $  -
(  897,782)
$  -
(   55,000)
$  174,760   $ 9,288,523
$24,157,866   $14,610,980
run   i nc  i t/-\r> i_i
lutu ivinnun
O 1,   13/J
store             Services
$   194,177
$     25,007
$ 63,216
$     -
Rentals and Meal Passes
Hospital Revenue
Cost of Merchandise Sold
$   433,342
$   561,725
$     -
$   -
$   -
$      -
Salaries and Wages
Fringe Benefits (including Board Allowance)
Dietary Service
Other Operating
Development of Facilities
Debt Repayment, including
$2,125,382       $1,185,300       $1,082,886       $1,819,988      $526,147        $187,386      $184,175       $7,111,264
Net Operating Margin for Year
Reserved for Future Debt Repayment
Reserved for Maintenance and Contingencies
Excess of Income over Expenditure
for the Year Ended March 31, 1973
($ 136,647)  $  -
($  44,308)  $ 170,179  $ 42,202  ($ 10,063) $ 12,028  $  33,391
($  44,308)t $ 170,179t$
$  -
($ 136,647)* $
($ 10,063) $ 12,028  ($ 134,682)
The Bookstore had an operating deficit of $136,647 due to the write-off of currently non-saleable,
non-returnable obsolete text books in the amount of $208,805. The stock is now valued at the lower of cost
or net realizable value.
Single Residences and Food Services realized a net margin of $125,871 which was occasioned by the
deferment of the first semi-annual payment to Central Mortgage and Housing Corporation on Stage II of the
Walter H. Gage Residence. These funds will aid in financing an anticipated deficit of $500,000 in the next
three years. ^^ UBC ALUMNI    ■ ■
9:30 p.m., Thursdays,
Cable 10, in Vancouver
Another student gets registered at UBC's Tutorial Centre by Co-ordinator David Radcliffe.
When the slogging gets tough in that second-year
course in chemistry or that first-year course in
Chinese, where can a bewildered student turn for
The first resort, of course, is the teaching staff.
But for many students, particularly those on campus
for their first or second year, faculty and teaching
assistants sometimes seem remote, or the student has
more of a problem with his subject than he thinks can
be resolved in a simple visit to a prof's office.
As an alternative, more and more students are
turning to the UBC Tutorial Centre.
The Centre, which was started four years ago, is
really a clearing house of sorts. It takes the names of
students who are having problems in particular fields
and matches them with graduate students and senior
honors undergraduates who are willing to be tutors.
Those seeking help are charged a $1 registration
fee to help defray the cost of operating the Centre,
but after that all financial arrangements are between
the student and his tutor, whose fees can range
anywhere from $3 to $7 per hour depending on his
expertise and the level of teaching required.
"About 50 per cent of the students who come to
us are looking for help with first- and second-year
courses in math and the sciences," says David
Radcliffe, co-ordinator of the Centre.
He searches for tutors at the beginning of the
school year by sending letters to all grad students
(this year, about 2,000 of them) at UBC, and then,
during the term, he contacts specific departments
within the University as the need for tutors in special
areas becomes known.
"Centre" conjures up images of a structured
establishment. In this case, not so. Radcliffe is a
fourth-year Arts student, his "office" is a small desk
positioned outside SpeakEasy on the main concourse
of the Student Union Building. The $1 registration
fee, plus a $700 allocation from the UBC Alumni
Association, pays Radcliffe for manning the desk
from 12:30 to 2:30 p.m. daily, and for the Centre's
advertisements, which appear in The Ubyssey.
Radcliffe says that so far this year 50 students
have approached the Centre looking for tutors. Last
year more than 200 used its service.
'There's a heavy crunch at mid-term and exam
times," Radcliffe explains, and that's when the
Centre's resourcefulness in finding teachers is taxed
to its limit. Tutors often have exams to face
themselves, so their available time is cut.
"People who sign up with us early generally get
help quite regularly, and that's most effective," he
says. As in most things, the problem is easier to
correct when tackled early, and the Centre urges
students to register as soon as possible if they're in
"Then there are the ones who come in and say 'I
have a mid-term on Friday and I need help.' That's
usually on Wednesday and I'm supposed to find them
somebody," Radcliffe says in dismay.
He says there is a constant need for tutors in all
fields and particularly in chemistry and some
languages. Occasionally he is asked to find people
with expertise in areas not covered by University
departments. Some Vancouver high schools also refer
their students to the Centre, increasing the demand
for assistance.
The result is a continual struggle to find qualified
people to do tutoring, but in most instances the
Centre is successful in meeting students'
requirements. In the long run that means less
frustration for all concerned — and better grades.
First Award
Robert D. Menzies, a fourth-year medical student,
has been named the first recipient of the $700 Harry
T. Logan Memorial Scholarship.
The annual award, made to a student entering
third or fourth year who has a good academic
standing, achievement in sport and participation in
other student activities, is named in honor of the late
Prof. Logan, who died in 1971 at the age of 83. Prof.
Logan was one of the original faculty members when
UBC opened its doors in 1915. He taught in the
Classics Department, of which he was head from
1949 to 1954, until his final retirement in 1967 at
the age of 80.
The UBC Alumni Fund organized the campaign
which has already raised more than $15,000 to
establish this scholarship in perpetuity.
Bremer To Get
Alumni Brief
The UBC Alumni Association is preparing a brief
for submission to the task force on changes in the
Universities Act, which is chaired by Mr. John
Bremer, B.C.'s Commissioner of Education.
An Alumni Association committee on higher
education has been formed, under the chairmanship
of Alumni past president Frank C. Walden, to
examine the need for reform in university government and to present an Alumni viewpoint before the
new year.
University government is expected to be an important focus of the work of the task force, which is
officially called the Committee on University
Governance. It was established Aug. 23 by the
Minister of Education to examine "the internal and
external forms of running universities, with particular
emphasis on the relationship between the government
and universities."
"There is an apparent interest in getting broader
representation in university government, but it would
be a grave mistake if this was done at the expense of
the alumni representation presently set out in the
Universities Act," said Mr. Harry Franklin, Alumni
Association executive director. "We're the informed
lay people with a more than passing interest in the
educational process. Faculty may come and go,
students may come and go, but the alumni are the
one constant in the university community."
The Alumni Association has prepared submissions
on university government on two previous occasions.
In 1967 the Association presented a brief to the
University which recommended:
A single advisory board of higher education for
B.C. replacing the two existing boards, one financial
and one academic;
Retention of the office of Chancellor;
Retention of the President as a powerful, central
figure in the University, but provided with
administrative assistants;
An increase in the size of the Board of Governors
with faculty representation; and
A reduction in the size of Senate.
In 1968, the Association submitted a brief to the
government-appointed Perry Commission on inter-
university relations. The main recommendations
Called for establishment of a single co-ordinating
agency for B.C.'s universities with lay and academic
representation and a full-time executive director. The
agency would essentially analyze future educational
needs, determine academic and financial priorities of
the universities, allocate funds from the government
and co-ordinate admission and transfer standards.
Rowers to Meet
A reunion for all those involved in the "Golden
Era" of UBC rowing will be held at UBC on Nov. 23.
Officially, it will be the third UBC-Vancouver
Rowing Club reunion of oarsmen, officials and
supporters from the years 1954, 1955 and 1956 —
the era when UBC first emerged as a power in world
rowing. That was the era, in case you've forgotten,
when UBC's eight-oared crew won a British Empire
Games gold medal in 1954, placed second in the
Henley Regatta in 1955 and won a silver medal at the
1956 Olympics, while UBC's coxless fours took the
gold medal in their Olympic division.
Special guest at the reunion will be B.C.'s
Lieutenant-Governor, the Hon. Walter Owen, who
served rowing well during that period as chairman of
a fund-raising committee.
The reunion will be held in UBC's Graduate
Student Centre on Friday, Nov. 23, beginning with a
reception at 6:30 p.m., followed by dinner at 8 p.m.
Tickets at $10 each may be obtained by contacting
the UBC Alumni Association, 6251 N.W. Marine
Drive, Vancouver 8, B.C. (228-3313).
4 I


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