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UBC Reports Oct 20, 1971

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UBC    REPORTS   CAMPUS    EDITION^/
DISPUTE
Mr. John F. McLean, UBC's Director of
Personnel, Labor Relations and Ancillary
Services, has denied that any attempt to stifle
union organizational activity has been made by
the University administration.
Statements te this effect were published in
the Thursday, Oct. 14, edition of the student
newspaper. The Ubyssey.
"UBC has always welcomed union
organization when a majority of persons
concerned have shown their wish to belong to a
union," Mr. McLean said. "At no time have we
attempted to discourage anyone from joining a
union if they so wish."
The Ubyssey statements apparently
stemmed, in part, from an incident in which a
non-certified union was first given and then
denied permission to hold an organizational
meeting on campus.
The meeting was called to discuss
organization of a UBC unit of the Office and
Technical Employees' Union, an affiliate of a
U.S.-based international union.
Organizers of the meeting were mistakenly
given permission to hold the meeting in a
University building. This was an inadvertent
violation of a long-standing policy that
University facilities are not available to
non-certified unions for organizational
purposes, but are available to unions for normal
union activities after they have been certified as
bargaining units for UBC employees and have
contracts with the University.
Mr. McLean said it would have been unfair
to the four unions certified on the campus,
which were denied University facilities in their
organizational stages, to make such facilities
available to an outside union.
The Canadian Union of Public Employees,
Local 116, UBC's largest union local, has beep
certified on campus since 1942, Mr. McLean
said.
A news story in The Ubyssey referred top
"dispute between the union (OETU) and UBC
administration. Mr. McLean said no such
dispute exists. 'The OETU has never
approached us in regard to anything," he said.
We've had no discussion with them and we
know very little about them."
Mr. McLean also denied a charge made,
according to The Ubyssey, by OTEU
spokesman Bill Lowe that Mrs. Jeanne Paul was
asked for her resignation as administrative
assistant in the Faculty of Science because of
union activities.
"As far as we know this statement is
completely incorrect," Mr. McLean said. "At
no time were union activities mentioned or
considered."
New radio telescope on UBC's South Campus will probe deep space. Details on Page Four.
Research Probe at UBC
A national Commission to Study the
Rationalization of Research at Canadian
Universities will hold a one-day hearing on the
UBC campus next Tuesday (Oct. 26).
The commission, established earlier this year by
the Association of Universities and Colleges of
Canada, will meet in the Board and Senate room
of the Main Mall North Administration Building.
The hearing will be open to all members of the
University community, the general public and the
news media.
The commissioners who will hear briefs are Dr.
J.A. Corry, former principal of Queen's University
in Kingston, Ont., and Mr. Louis-Philippe
Bonneau, vice-rector of Laval University in Quebec
City.
The commission's terms of reference are to
study, report and make recommendations on the
mechanisms, structures and processes required to
ensure the research undertakings in the universities
of Canada can be planned to serve, without undue
duplication, both the advancement of knowledge
and provincial, regional and national development.
(For further details on the commission and
research at UBC see the interview on Page Two
with UBC's deputy president, Prof. William
Armstrong. A summary of UBC's research
allocations for the last two fiscal years appears on
Page Three).
Prof. Armstrong told UBC Reports that the
University would not be presenting a brief to the
commission. He said some material had been sent
to the commission to illustrate the degree of
research co-operation which exists among Western
Canadian universities.
As examples of co-operation he cited the
Tri-University Meson Facility (TRIUMF), a new
cyclotron currently under construction in UBC's
South Campus research area; the Western Canadian
Universities Marine Biological Society (WCUMBS),
which is developing a marine biology research
facility on Vancouver Island, and Western
Telescopes for Astronomical Research (WESTAR),
which is attempting to raise funds to complete the
Queen Elizabeth II telescope on Mount Kobau in
the southern Okanagan.
At least three UBC groups are known to be
preparing briefs for presentation to the
commission.
Dr. Philip White, head of the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration, will
present a brief on behalf of the recently-formed
Council of Deans of Faculties of Management and
Business Administration. Dean White is the current
chairman of the Council.
Dr. Pierre Maranda, associate professor in
UBC's Department of Anthropology and
Sociology, will present a brief on behalf of the
department.
UBC's librarian, Mr. Basil Stuart-Stubbs, and
the librarians at Simon Fraser University and the
University of Victoria also plan to make a
statement to the commission. UBC's deputy president. Prof. William Armstrong, right, former dean of the Faculty of Applied
Science, describes how western Canadian universities are co-operating to avoid duplication of
research effort. He also discusses the concern expressed in recent years about secret or classified
research being carried out in a university setting.
SECRET RESEARCH
BARRED AT UBC
UBC REPORTS: The University will be visited
next Tuesday (Oct. 26) by a commission of the
Association of the Universities and Colleges of
Canada which is studying the rationalization of
university research. The term "rationalization" of
university research might lead someone to believe
that there is something irrational about university
research. What is meant by the term in this context?
DEPUTY PRESIDENT WILLIAM ARMSTRONG:
The Commission is studying the mechanism of
research granting and research support in Canada to
see if they can be used to avoid duplication of
research in Canadian universities. It means
rationalization in that sense.
UBCR: Is there a good deal of research duplication
going on in Canadian universities at present?
DEPUTY PRESIDENT ARMSTRONG: I think
inevitably there is a fair amount of duplication, but
when I say that I don't mean two people are doing
exactly the same work. They are working in the same
fields and in most cases they are aware of what the
other group is doing. In general, the work is
complementary but there is always the feeling that if
you had a centre of excellence at one university,
where all these people were concentrated and
interacting together, that more would be achieved.
Certainly, I think there is no doubt that you must
have what we usually call a group of viable size before
you start getting interactions between the people.
And in these larger groups you do seem to create
more exciting, innovative research.
In Western Canada we have already progressed a
long way toward rationalization in many fields and I
have already sent some of this information to the
commission so that they will be aware of it when
they come here.
UBCR: Can you outline what you have presented
to the commission?
DEPUTY PRESIDENT ARMSTRONG: Perhaps
the best known of these developments is the
Tri-University Meson Facility (TRIUMF), which is
under construction now on the UBC campus. UBC,
the Universities of Victoria and Alberta and Simon
Fraser University are all contributing funds for the
project, but the lion's share of the construction costs
is being provided by the federal government. The
TRIUMF cyclotron will produce beams of basic
particles for study by physicists and it will also have
some application in medical research.
There are other projects which should be
mentioned; the Western Canadian Universities Marine
Biological Society (WCUMBS), for instance, which
has just received a half million dollar grant from the
federal government to develop a marine biology
station at Bamfield on the west coast of Vancouver
Island. There are five western universities involved in
this project.
WESTAR (Western Telescopes for Astronomical
Research) is another co-operative project which is
attempting  to   raise  funds  to complete the Queen
2/UBC Reports/Oct. 20, 1971
Elizabeth II telescope on Mount Kobau near Osoyoos
in the southern Okanagan. There are eight Canadian
universities, including UBC, involved in this effort.
In addition, UBC has done a good deal to foster
interdisciplinary work in such fields as water
resources, which is spread across five or six
departments and involves faculty members and
graduate students from each. This tends to do away
with duplication of research which might otherwise
occur in those departments. Another example of this
is the Institute of Animal Resource Ecology. It draws
heavily on the services of faculty members in several
departments.
UBCR: Are there other areas that can be
developed in the future?
DEPUTY PRESIDENT ARMSTRONG: Yes.
Biomedical engineering, as it is often called, is an
interface area between various applied science fields,
including electrical, mechanical and metallurgical
engineering, and the life and health sciences.
Engineers and technologists provide the necessary
instrumentation skills which the medical doctor needs
in the delivery of modern health care.
UBCR: Do you see one or two universities in
Canada concentrating on studies in this area?
DEPUTY PRESIDENT ARMSTRONG: I think so.
There is one unit at McGill at the present time. There
is a fair chance that we will establish one here.
UBCR: Is the University going to present a brief to
the commission?
DEPUTY PRESIDENT ARMSTRONG: No. The
University as a whole won't present a brief, but
several groups of the faculty will. The University
librarians, for instance, are interested in
rationalization of their book collections, especially
some of the more expensive ones which are used
rather infrequently by people in research fields.
UBCR: Is it the aim of the AUCC commission to
lay down some guidelines which will save money?
DEPUTY PRESIDENT ARMSTRONG: Yes, the
hope is that research money will be used more
efficiently. I hope the commission realizes that you
can only achieve rationalization of research on a
national scale and that any degree of rationalization is
dependent upon the continued direct support of
research by the federal government. If you start
feeding research funds through the provincial
governments, as has been suggested, any significant
degree of rationalization is virtually impossible. The
only way of establishing an overall granting policy is
to organize it on a national scale through the federal
government.
UBCR: Since we are dealing with the question of
research, what is the situation this year at UBC? In
the last fiscal year UBC had a very minimal increase
over the previous year in research funds, largely
because of reduced spending by the federal
government. How do we stand this year?
DEPUTY PRESIDENT ARMSTRONG: The
increase this year has been fairly small because the
number of requests has increased and the available
funds have to be spread more thinly. In many cases
the dollars per grantee has actually decreased this
year. And the purchasing power of those dollars has
also decreased so this, in effect, means less research,
support this year than last year.
UBCR: Is this seriously hampering the University
in its research effort?
DEPUTY PRESIDENT ARMSTRONG: I think it
will restrict the growth of graduate schools in many
areas. This will be the main effect because graduate
students rely on these grants for support. So from
that point of view it will restrict research.
UBCR: In recent years concern has been expressed
about universities doing secret or classified research
for governments or private industry. Can you tell us
what the position is here at UBC with regard to this?
Do we allow secret or classified research to go on?
DEPUTY PRESIDENT ARMSTRONG: No. Our
policy is quite clear. We do not permit any classified
research and we insist that the results of all research
should be publishable by the people doing the 4^^.
research. In some cases we find that our industrial ^^
contracts may lead to results that the company or the
University wishes to patent. In such cases we have to
hold back on publication for a period of six months
or so while patents are applied for. There is a degree
of restriction there but it is usually in the University's
interest if there are patent applications involved. But
we don't accept defence research unless we're
completely free as far as publication is concerned.
UBCR: What mechanisms does the University have
for acceptance of research grants?
DEPUTY PRESIDENT ARMSTRONG: Our Office
of Research Administration examines every grant
application before it is sent to the granting agency. In
the Office of Research Administration under Dr.
Frank Forward, applications are examined for
restrictions on publication and to determine whether
or not the project uses human subjects or animals in
the experimental work, because we have policies with
respect to both of these types of research. So we have
carefully built-in controls for dealing with
restrictions, but also the type of research being done,
the kinds of subject material that is actually being
studied, particularly in the case of human research.
UBCR: Are there occasions when the University
turns back a research fund application?
DEPUTY PRESIDENT ARMSTRONG: I just
turned one back the other day, as a matter of fact.
UBCR: What did it involve?
DEPUTY PRESIDENT ARMSTRONG: The
grantee wanted all the results of the research
restricted and refused to allow publication. I refused
to accept this contract. The faculty member who
applied for the grant will have to confer with the
granting agency. We will insist on free publication and
in this case, since graduate students are involved, we
will insist that the results be available as the basis for
theses. $15.5 MILLION SPENT ON RESEARCH
University of B.C. faculty members spent
$15,588,863 on research in the 1970-71 fiscal
year which ended on March 31, an increase of
$1,052,671 or 7.24 per cent over the previous
fiscal year.
The 1970-71 increase is in sharp contrast to
the increase in research funds over the
1969-70 fiscal year. Reduced federal
government spending meant an increase of
only $227,733 in 1969-70 over the previous
year.
Figures on research fund allocations at
UBC are compiled by Prof. Frank Forward,
consultant on research administration.
Reproduced below are tables which show
how much each Faculty spent on research,
the source of funds as well as source
distribution and percentage for the last two
fiscal years.
The Faculty totals include funds which
were awarded to students in the form of
fellowships and scholarships. These funds
totalled $2,514,976 in 1969-70 and
$2,799,951 in 1970-71.
The federal government continues to be the
largest single contributor to research at UBC.
In 1970-71 federal funds made up more than
73 per cent of the total received by UBC. (See
Source Percentage table below).
The Faculties of Science and Medicine
again spent the most on research in 1970-71.
The Faculty of Graduate Studies received the
largest increase in research funds, $619,578
over the previous fiscal year.
Only the Faculty of Dentistry showed a
noticeable decline in research funds. The
1969-70 total of $197,030 included funds for
the purchase of several pieces of major
equipment, including an electron microscope,
Dean S. Wah Leung, the head of the Faculty,
told UBC Reports. The reduced 1970-71 total
of $95,865 represents operational research
funds.
SUMMARY   OF   UBC   RESEARCH   FUND   ALLOCATIONS
1969-70 AND 1970-71
SOURCE   OF   FUNDS 196970 1970_7,
Atomic Energy Control Board $ 294,900 $     291,600
Canada Council - Operating         308,954 403,376
Canada Council-Travel       16,850 21,860
Canada Department of Agriculture  81,000 82,935
Central Mortgage and Housing Corp  19,500 19,350
Department of Labor         — 4,000
Department of Transport  81,000 121,922
Defence Research Board-Operating  240,500 251,716
Department of Veterans Administration       .   .   . 11,729 8,061
Energy, Mines and Resources— Earth Physics     . — 1,800
Energy, Mines and Resources — Geography      .   . 3,250 3,500
Energy, Mines and Resources — Geological       .   . 24,625 30,395
Energy, Mines and Resources-Mines       .... 9,000 6,000
Energy, Mines and Resources — Observatories      . 7,000 —
Energy, Mines and Resources — Policy and Planning — 20,740
Energy, Mines and Resources — Water Resources 49,100 147,650
Federal Welfare Grants  66,895 85,146
Forestry and Fisheries        50,000 80,000
Fisheries Research Board — Operating       .... 90,361 75,015
Fisheries Research Board — Equipment     .... — 10,000
Indian Affairs and Northern Development    .   .   . 36,736 82,867
Institute of Industrial Relations       — 19,415
Medical Research Council - Equipment    .... 194,560 133,376
Medical Research Council - Operating      .... 1,727,373 1,749,531
Medical Research Council - Personnel Award      . 200,101 62,660
National Harbours Board       1,500 -
National Fitness and Amateur Sport        22,500 19,400
National Health Grant       698,782 643,810
National Research Council - Equipment      .... 344,418 465,500
National Research Council - ERE Committee     . .   .187,370 254,469
National Research Council — Negotiated Development    75,000 —
National Research Council - Operating    .... 3,950,379 4,461,978
National Research Council — Travel         28,849 —
Penitentiary         11,000 21,000
Province of British Columbia        168,795 159,129
Private, Industrial and Foreign  2,504,623 2,433,105
Scholarships and Fellowships        2,514,976 2,799,951
Science Council of Canada        18,150 28,871
Solicitor-General         - 3,000
UBC Budget        10,530 3,000
UBC Special Fund  366 -
UBC Research Committee         485,520 582,735
$14,536,192 $15,588,863
FACULTY 1969-70*
Agricultural Sciences   .   . $     658,666
Applied Science 1,733,655
Arts 1,596,435
Center for Continuing Education   —
Commerce      187,349
Computer Centre       415,000
Dentistry        197,030
Education       148,331
Forestry      307,516
Graduate Studies       761,761
Law       4,900
Library Building        70,000
Medicine       3,915,046
Pharmaceutical Sciences 126,712
Science              4,413,791
$14,536,192
1970-71f
$     771,822
1,684,740
1,875,870
49,280
264,607
317,610
95,865
183,207
337,757
1,381,339
40,468
23,500
3,959,905
104,674
4,498.219
$15,588,863
*  Includes awards and fellowships totalling 82,514,976
t  Includes awards and fellowships totalling $2,799,951
SOURCE   DISTRIBUTION
B.C. Government ... $ 173,545
Federal Government . . . 10,627,216
Private, Industrial and Foreign2,714,975
University Funds      ....   1,020,456
$14,536,192
$      159,129
11,483,050
2,885,208
1,061,476
$15,588,863
SOURCE   PERCENTAGE
B.C. Government       1.2%
Federal Government 73.1%
Private, Industrial and Foreign    . 18.7%
UBC Funds 7.0%
100.0%
1.0%
73.7%
18.5%
6.8%
100.0%
UBC Reports/Oct. 20, 1961/3 PROF. HUGH R. WYNNE-EDWARDS
Top Canadian
Joins UBC
A distinguished Canadian geologist from Queen's
University has been named to head UBC's
Department of Geology.
Prof. Hugh Robert Wynne-Edwards, 37, who is
currently head of the Department of Geological
Sciences at Queen's, has been appointed by the UBC
Board of Governors to succeed Prof. William
Mathews, who resigned as head of the UBC
department June 30. Acting head until Prof.
Wynne-Edwards can take up his post July 1, 1972,
will continue to be Dr. James W. Murray.
The appointment continues a long and close
relationship between the geology departments of the
two universities. Prof. Wynne-Edwards is the third
geologist from Queen's at Kingston, Ont., to hold a
senior position at UBC.
The geology department at Queen's is second only
to UBC's in size in North America.
Born in Montreal, Prof. Wynne-Edwards took a
B.Sc.    degree    with    first-class    honors   from    the
Freesee Program
Freesee, a program sponsored by the Dean of
Women's Office, will consist this year of a
presentation entitled An Overview of Modern China
and the British Broadcasting Corporation's film series
Civilization.
The program will begin tomorrow (Thursday, Oct.
21) in the Student Union Building auditorium with a
film-slide presentation by Mr. Ken Woodsworth of
UBC's Center for Continuing Education and leader of
the Center's summer tour of the People's Republic of
China.
The Civilization series, narrated by Sir Kenneth
Clark, will begin Oct. 25. The second film in the
series will be shown Nov. 3 and the series will then
continue on a weekly basis until Dec. 1. The series
will resume in the second term on Feb. 9 and
continue weekly until March 22.
Freesee events are open to everyone and there is
no admission charge. The program is financed by a
grant from the Leon and Thea Koerner Foundation.
DR. DONALD O. ANDERSON
Geologist
Faculty
HHH   Volume 17, No. 16 - Oct. 20,
l|H|       1971.     Published    by    the
^U^J^J   University of British Columbia
!?^^?L^\! and distributed free. UBC
REPORTS   D
Reports     appears     on
Wednesdays during the University's winter
session. J.A. Banham, Editor. Louise Hoskin,
Production Supervisor. Letters to the Editor
should be sent to Information Services, Main
Mall North Administration Building, UBC,
Vancouver 8, B.C.
University of Aberdeen in 1955. He took an M.A.
degree and Ph.D. degree from Queen's in 1957 and
1959 respectively.
He joined the staff of Queen's geological sciences
department the year he took his doctorate and
became head in 1968.
He was visiting professor to the University of
Aberdeen from 1965 to 1966; advisor to the State
Directorate of Mining and Geology at Uttar Pradesh,
India, in 1964; has spent ten summer sessions with
the Geological Survey of Canada; and has been
advisor to the "Grenville Project" of the Quebec
Department of Natural Resources since 1968.
He has published more than 40 scientific articles,
many of them on the Grenville geological province of
the Canadian Shield — an area about 250 miles wide
north of the St. Lawrence River in the Province of
Quebec.
He has designed a system for collecting geological
information in the field in a form that can be fed
directly into a computer, specializes in the study of
metamorphic rocks as well as "regional tectonics" —
the relationship to each other of large-scale structures
in the earth's crust.
Prof. Mathews, a UBC graduate who became head
of the department in 1964, resigned as head June 30
this year. He is continuing as full professor in the
department and is taking a year's leave-of-absence to
do an air photo study of two major ice sheets in
northeastern B.C. and the Northwest Territories.
The two other Queen's geologists who became
leading figures at UBC are Dr. M.Y. Williams,
professor emeritus of geology and head of the
department for 14 years, and the late Dean Reginald
W. Brock, UBC's first dean of Applied Science.
The Board has also appointed Prof. Donald
Anderson, of the Department of Health Care and
Epidemiology, to the post of director of the Division
of Research and Development in Health Services.
Prof. Anderson will be attached to the office of
the Co-ordinator of the Health Sciences, where he
will stimulate work being done in a number of areas
dealing with the delivery of health care using
different mixes of professionals.
His research will attempt to find more effective
and less costly methods of providing health care.
Much of the work connected with testing various
methods of health care delivery will be done in UBC's
developing Health Sciences Centre and in existing
health care programs.
UBC recently received a National Health Grant of
$27,000 to support the work of the division.
The Board has also accepted the resignation of Mr.
James Turner as director of UBC's Department of
Physical Plant as of Nov. 1. Mr. Turner has resigned
to accept a similar position at the University of
Toronto.
Telescope
Will Probe
Deep Space
Canada has entered one of the most fascinating
realms of astronomy with the arrival of a 15-foot,
millimeter-wave radio telescope at the University of
B.C.'s south campus.
The $65,000 telescope will be used to study atoms
and molecules in the space between the stars in our
galaxy. Astronomers have made startling discoveries
in interstellar space recently.
In the past three years alone huge concentrations
of about 20 different types of molecules have been
found to exist in this part of the universe.
Many of the molecules are complex and contain
many of the types of atoms that make up amino
acids, the basic building blocks of life. So far little
work has been done in Canada on interstellar
molecules.
The aluminum telescope, manufactured by
Andrew Antenna Co. of Whitby, Ont., will measure
electromagnetic radiation.
All matter in the universe emits electromagnetic
radiation. Our information about the universe is
through scientific interpretation of this radiation.
The radiation varies in wavelength according to
source. From the shortest to the longest wavelengths,
the electromagnetic spectrum runs from gamma rays,
x-rays, ultraviolet rays, light rays — the only range of
the spectrum our eyes are sensitive to — infra-red
radiation, which we feel as heat, microwaves and
radio waves.
The UBC telescope will "hear" radio emission o'jA9k\
about three millimeters or 1/8-inch wavelength from^^
interstellar space.
Total cost of the project will be $270,000
including $55,000 for a computer-operated pedestal
for the telescope, $100,000 for receiving and control
equipment, $30,000 for site preparation, and
$20,000 for salaries of staff associated with the
project.
The project is under the direction of Dr. W.H.
Shuter, associate professor in UBC's Department of
Physics, and is being financed through a $538,600
National Research Council negotiated development
grant.
The grant, to be spent over three years, was
awarded last year for three separate research projects
in astronomy and astrophysics at UBC, including Dr.
Shuter's.
This kind of NRC grant is to stimulate rapid
development of research in subject areas where the
University already has competence, especially if the
subject area doesn't fall within the domain of one
department but is shared by a number of disciplines.
UBC has a nucleus of scientific talent working in
the inter-departmental Institute of Astronomy and
Space Science.
History Workshop
Program Set
Prof. Lynn White, Jr., one of the world's leading
authorities on the history of science and technology,
will take part in a three-day workshop Oct. 22-24
sponsored by the Department of History at the
University of B.C.
Prof. White, who is director of the Centre for
Medieval and Renaissance Studies and professor of
history at the University of California at Los Angeles,
will give a public lecture to open the workshop at
12:30 p.m. on Friday, Oct. 22, in Room 106 of
UBC's Buchanan Building. His topic will be India and
Medieval Europe.
The balance of the workshop will take place in the
UBC Faculty Club and the P.A. Woodward
Biomedical Library in the UBC Health Sciences
Centre.
Details of the workshop are available from Dr.
R.W. Unger, UBC history department, 228-5162.
Prof. White is noted for a number of
ground-breaking books and studies in the field of
medieval science and technology. He is currently
engaged in research on India and medieval Europe
and the problem of psychological aggression in the
Middle Ages and the Renaissance.
4/UBC Reports/Oct. 20, 1971

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