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UBC Publications

UBC Reports May 29, 1984

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Chancellor J.V. Clyne among 7 'honoraries'
as record 3,811 students receive degrees
1984 Congregation is the last for Hon. J. V. Clyne, shown conferring degree on
graduating student, as UBC's chancellor, an elective post he has held for two
terms spanning six years. UBC's new chancellor, W. Robert Wyman, will be
installed in office on Friday and will confer an honorary degree on Mr. Clyne.
Restriction eased in Education
A UBC program that trains special
education teachers will continue to enable
students currently enrolled or planning to
transfer in this year to complete the
requirements for the Bachelor of Education
Last month, the UBC education faculty
announced that it was suspending
enrolment in the five-year program and
would allow only the 24 students now
enrolled in the fourth year to complete it.
Although the enrolment suspension into
the first year of the program stands, the
announcement by President K. George
Pedersen that the program will continue
means that an additional 50 or so second-
and third-year students will obtain special
education degrees.
Dean of Education Daniel Birch said he
was delighted that the University had
decided to allocate resources that would
enable the Faculty of Education to meet its
obligations to all students who entered the
faculty with the expectation of obtaining a
degree in an area of growing importance in
the schools.
The UBC program trains teachers to
deal with students who are mildly
Dean Birch said, his only regret was that
UBC's resources were not adequate to
reinstate the program in ks entirety. "It is
my hope that the suspension is only
temporary," he said, "and that additional
resources will be available in future for a
resumption of training in this important
Chancellor J.V. Clyne will confer a
record of 3,811 degrees upon graduating
students of the University on May 30, 31
and June 1 — and then he will receive a
degree himself.
Chancellor Clyne, who is completing his
second three-year term as ceremonial head
of the University, will become an honorary
Doctor of Laws in the final event of this
year's Spring Congregation.
Two terms is the most a UBC chancellor
can serve. Mr. Clyne's degree will be
conferred by his successor, Robert Wyman,
a 1956 graduate of UBC who was elected
earlier this year and who will be installed
as chancellor June 1.
The chancellor is the University's senior
representative and is a member of the
Board of Governors and of the Senate. It is
an unpaid, elective position, with all
graduates of UBC eligible to vote.
There will be six graduation ceremonies
this year in the War Memorial
Gymnasium, instead of the usual three.
There will be morning and afternoon
ceremonies on May 30, May 31 and June 1,
starting at 9:30 a.m. and 2:30 p.m. each
In another departure from recent
practice, there will be 10-minute
congregation addresses at each ceremony
given by selected members of the UBC
The speakers, from Wednesday morning
through Friday afternoon, in order, are:
Dr. Peter Larkin, dean of Graduate
Studies and associate vice-president
(research); Prof. Lewis Robinson
(Geography); Dr. Bernard Riedel, dean of
Pharmaceutical Sciences; Prof. Penny
Gouldstone (Education); Prof. William
Oldham (Civil Engineering); Prof. Dennis
Pavlich (Law).
In addition to Chancellor Clyne, six
others will receive honorary degrees,
including H.P. Bell-Irving, former
Lieutenant-Governor of B.C. He and Dr.
Charles McDowell, who was head of the
the Department of Chemistry at UBC for
26 years, will be honored at the morning
ceremony May 30.
That afternoon, an honorary Doctor of
Laws degree will be conferred upon
Mstislav Rostropovich, internationally
acclaimed conductor, cellist and pianist
who is musical director of the National
Symphony Orchestra in Washington, D.C.
-    Thursday morning's honorary degree
recipient will be Thomas K. Shoyama,
Kamloop-born UBC graduate who in 1979
was chairman of the board of Atomic
Energy Canada. He is a visiting professor
this year at the University of Victoria.
Saburo Okita, president of the
International University in Tokyo, who was
Japan's foreign minister in 1979-80,
receives an honorary degree Thursday
afternoon. He is renowned as an
internationalist, economist, scientist,
diplomat and scholar.
Leopold L.G. (Poldi) Bentley, who came
to Vancouver in 1938 to escape the Nazis
and was a co-founder of Pacific Veneer
and Plywood (now Canadian Forest
Products) receives an honorary degree
Friday morning.
At each of the six ceremonies this year
the procedure will be the same: After brief
addresses by Chancellor Clyne, University
president George Pedersen and the selected
speakers, the graduating students will be
presented individually to the chancellor by
the deans (or delegates) of the faculties
awarding the degrees.
The student then crosses the platform
and kneels before the chancellor, who taps
the graduand lightly on the head with his
mortar board while saying, "I admit you."
At this point the student has officially
graduated and has been admitted to the
Convocation of the University, which is
made up of all graduates, the faculty and
Senate of the University and the
President Pedersen, who will stand on
the chancellor's left at each ceremony, will
present medals and other awards to
outstanding graduates after their degrees
have been conferred.
Here is the order in which degrees will
be conferred:
Wednesday, May 30, 9:30 a.m. -
Ph.D. in Science; M.Sc. in Science; B.Sc.
Wednesday, 2:30 p.m. — Ph.D. in Arts,
Family and Nutritional Sciences, Music;
D.M.A.; M.Sc. in Family and Nutritional
Sciences; M.A. in Arts, Family and
Nutritional Sciences; M.F.A.; M.S.W.;
M.Mut; M.L.S-; M.A.S.;*.A.; B.FiA.r
B.H.E.; B.Mus.; B.S.W.
Thursday, May 31, 9:30 a.m. - Ph.D.
in Audiology and Speech Sciences,
Medicine, Pharmaceutical Sciences; M.Sc.
in Audiology and Speech Sciences,
Medicine, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Dental
Science; M.S.N., M.D., D.M.D.; B.S.N.;
B.Sc. (Pharmacy); B.S.R.; B.M.L.Sc.
Thursday, 2:30 p.m. — Ph.D. in
Education; Ed.D.; M.A. in Education;
M.Ed.; M.P.E.; B.Ed. (Elementary); B.Ed
(Secondary); B.Ed. (Special Education);
B.P.E.; B.R.E.
Friday, June 1, 9:30 a.m. — Ph.D. in
Agricultural Sciences, Engineering,
Community and Regional Planning,
Interdisciplinary Studies; M.Sc. in
Agricultural Sciences, Engineering,
Forestry, Community and Regional
Planning, Interdisciplinary Studies; M.A.
Please turn to Page 2
Robert Wyman ajuhv-jk* &u> *>■
UBC Reports May 29, 1984
continued from page 1
in Community and Regional Planning,
Interdisciplinary Studies; M.A.Sc; M.Eng;
M.A.S.A.; M.F.; B.Sc.(Agr.); B.L.A.;
B.A.Sc.; B.Arch; B.S.F.
Friday, 2:30 p.m. - Ph.D. in
Commerce; M.Sc.(Bus. Admin.); M.B.A.;
LL.M.; B.Com; Lie. Acct.; LL.B.
(from Vancouver unless otherwise noted)
Association of Professional Engineers
Proficiency Prize (most outstanding record in
the graduating class of Applied Science,
B.A.Sc. degree): Antony John Hodgson (West
Helen L. Balfour Prize, $700 (Head of the
Graduating Class in Nursing, B.S.N, degree):
Sheila Marie Stickney.
British Columbia Recreation Association,
Professional Development Branch Prize (Head
of the Graduating Class in Recreation, B.R.E.
degree): Lynda Kathleen Sutton (West
Dr. Maxwell A. Cameron Memorial Medal
and Prize (Head of the Graduating Class in
Education, Elementary Teaching field, B.Ed.
degree): Elda Violet Sones (Cecil Lake).
Dr. Maxwell A. Cameron Memorial Medal
and Prize (Head of the Graduating Class in
Education, Secondary Teaching field, B.Ed.
degree): M. Edward Klettke.
Ruth Cameron Medal for Librarianship
(Head of the Graduating Class in
Librarianship, M.L.S. degree): Sandra Jane
Farley (Edmonton, Aha.)
College of Dental Surgeons of British
Columbia Gold Medal in Dental Hygiene
(Head of the Graduating Class in Dentistry,
D.M.D. degree): Christopher Martin Callen
College of Dental Surgeons of British
Columbia Gold Medal in Dental Hygiene
(leading student in the Dental Hygiene
Program): Norma Lynn Varley (Oliver).
Dr. Brock Fahrni Prize, $300 (Head of the
Graduating Class in Rehabilitation Medicine,
B.S.R. degree): Rubyanne Meda (Prince
Governor-General's Gold Medal (Head of the
Graduating Classes in the Faculties of Arts
and Science, B.A. and B.Sc. degrees): Thomas
Robert Stevenson (North Vancouver). (Faculty
of Science).
Hamber Medal (Head of the Graduating Class
in Medicine, M.D. degree, best cumulative
record in all years of course): Peter J.
Horner Prize and Medal for Pharmaceutical
Sciences, $300 (Head of the Graduating Class
in Pharmaceutical Sciences, B.Sc. Pharm.
degree): Janet Margaret Wilson.
Kiwanis Club Medal (Head of the Graduating
Clara in Commerce and Business
Administration, B.Com. degree): Peter Sieu
Yong Heah.
Law Society Gold Medal and Prize (call and
admission fee) (Head of the Graduating Clara
in Law, LL.B. degree): Ross Donald
Tunnicliffe (North Vancouver).
H.R. MacMillan Prize in Forestry, $300
(Head of the Graduating Clara in Forestry,
B.S.F. degree): Perry Michael Monych (White
Physical Education and Recreation Faculty
Prize in Physical Education, $100 (head of the
Graduating Clara in Physical Education,
B.P.E. degree): Warren Frederick Terry (Port
Royal Architectural Institute of Canada
Medal (graduating student with the highest
standing in the School of Architecture): Alvin
Reinhardt Fritz (Lethbridge, Alta.).
Wilfrid Sadler Memorial Gold Medal (Head
of the Graduating Clara in Agricultural
Sciences, B.Sc., Agr. degree): Trevor David
Curtis Fowler (Port Coquitlam).
Special University Prize, $200 (Head of the
Graduating Class in Special Education, B.Ed.
degree): Christine Vogt.
Special University Prize, $200 (Head of the
Graduating Clara in Fine Arts, B.F.A. degree):
Esther Agnes Erica Deveny.
Special University Prize, $200 (Head of the
Graduating Clara in Home Economics, B.H.E.
degree): Patricia Mae Sing (Langley).
Special University Prize, $200 (Head of the
Graduating Claw in Licentiate in
Accounting): Gerald Anthony Van Gaans.
Special University Prise, $200 (Head of the
Graduating Class in Music, B.Mus. degree):
Brenda Louise Fedoruk (Chilliwack).
University Medal for Arts and Science
(proficiency in the graduating classes in the
Faculties of Arts and Science, B.A. and B.Sc.
degrees): Lori Anne Taylor (Surrey). (Faculty
of Am).
Honorary degree recipients
Investment in education essential
for constructing vibrant economy
Dr. George Pedersen, UBC's president,
spoke to the University Women's Club of
Vancouver recently. Here are some edited
excerpts from his speech:
Let me start by saying that, like
everyone else, those of us who work in
higher education have not escaped the
effects of the downturned economic cycle
we have all been experiencing, or the
provincial government's restraint program
for the public sector. At UBC, for
example, our total operating budget will be
decreased by about $16 million for the
1984-85 fiscal year, and the situation in the
next two or three years may not be all that
much better. Reductions of this
magnitude, of course, impose immediate
difficulties for those of us charged with
managing large public educational
institutions. Sharply reduced operating
budgets compel us to reduce services
sharply, to eliminate programs of various
kinds, and to lay off staff and faculty in
different areas.
And certainly, we will do all these
things. In fact, we have to, given the
constraints we now work under. However,
in taking such actions, we find ourselves
confronting a difficult dilemma. On the
positive side, by cutting back services,
programs, and the number of students we
admit, we can demonstrate to everyone
that we, too, at the universities, can be
tough-minded, efficiency-conscious, and
that we are doing our part to make the
government's restraint program a success.
Unfortunately, there is a negative side as
well. In doing such things we may do even
graver damage to the universities and to
the greater public interest over the long-
Because of budgetary constraints, it will
no longer be possible to admit every
student who qualifies to attend university
now or in the near future. Even today,
colleges and universities are forced to turn
away students because of enrolment
ceilings in certain areas (possibly 450 first-
year students at UBC in September, 1985).
Add to this the hardships that higher fees
are going to impose and the inability of
some students to raise such fees, and we
have a situation where we can no longer
ensure the equal opportunity and access to
educational programs that have long been
a hallmark of our educational system. The
situation is made even more difficult by the
elimination of the grant provision of the
provincial government as it relates to
student financial aid (now all loan).
As Canadians, and as British
Columbians, we must now analyze very
carefully the state of our scientific and
human resources, and take appropriate
steps to ensure that we will be ready for
the 1980s and beyond. Unfortunately, for
us, there is much to do. For one thing, we
have badly neglected some aspects of
research in science and technology — the
very foundations upon which this new
technological revolution is built. Recently,
the Economic Council of Canada reported
that as much as 99 per cent of the
technological development that occurs
within this country has its origins outside of
our borders, and that, at times, it takes as
long as 25 years for technological
innovations developed elsewhere to be
applied to Canadian business.and industry.
A major report on the state of Canadian
higher education published recently
similarly confirms this pattern of neglect.
In assessing the overall educational needs
of Canadian society in the 1990s, the
report's authors, Symons and Page, suggest
that we will be facing, within a decade, the
same serious shortage of educated
manpower we faced in the 1960s. They
point out, for example, that a shortage of
highly qualified personnel in the sciences
already exists, and that fewer PhD's were
awarded last year than a decade ago. Over
this 10-year period, the annual production
of PhD's has dropped from 642 to 306 in
mathematics, from 1,032 to* 647 in
chemistry, and from 1,462 to 1,178 in
engineering. Such reductions, obviously,
have important implications for Canada's
scientific growth and, I would argue, f°r
its economic health as well.
I know that at times of economic
restraint such as these, there is a tendency
to reduce spending on education or to put
our educational investments "on hold."
Some no doubt believe that education
should not be a national or a provincial
priority, given the nature of present
circumstances. In my opinion, however,
such thinking denies the seriousness of the
enormous changes shaping our lives. If our
economic development in Canada and in
British Columbia is to keep pace with other
countries and other areas, and if we are to
remain competitive in a competitive world,
we need to re-arm ourselves educationally
with the help of our public schools,
colleges, and universities.
Certainly, I know that higher education
has an important role to play in what is
happening around us. Quite apart from
being cultural centres for the nation,
institutions of higher learning perform
many vital economic functions. This is
perform vital
most apparent, perhaps, in the areas of
basic scientific research and applied
technology. If anyone should doubt this, I
would suggest they examine the large and
prosperous high tech and other industries
that have grown up around leading
academic institutions throughout North
America — particularly at places such as
Stanford University and the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology. The areas around
Palo Alto, Calif., and Cambridge, Mass.,
are good examples of what can be achieved
when the correct blend of knowledge and
expertise is combined with venture capital.
In this province, and across the country,
we are likewise beginning to see positive
results from the discovery parks and
research institutes which have recently been
established by provincial and federal
To continue, the role universities play in
economic development is certainly not
confined to scientific discovery, invention,
application, or simply to the production of
highly skilled and knowledgeable scientific
and technical workers. Industry also
requires a vast pool of highly educated and
able people in the humanities, social
sciences and the professions, individuals
with strong analytical, administrative and
interpersonal skills — the kind of
individuals that can make many
contributions to many different kinds of
enterprises. Too often, when we think of
what business and industrial organizations
require, we focus our attention on the
science and technology that product design
and development rest upon. In doing so,
we forget the many other manpower
requirements we have for other kinds of
specialists, and for the generalists we need
to superintend large projects.
Now, given that institutions of higher
education are instrumental in the ways that
I have outlined, the question now becomes,
"How do we ensure that our universities
and colleges will be equipped to help us
meet our provincial and national needs for
science, technology, and manpower in the
years ahead?" Or maybe I should put the
question another way — "How can we
encourage the right blend of scholarly
excellence and entrepreneurship that will
help us as British Columbians create new
sources of economic wealth for the
province, and a new future for us all?"
Obviously, there are no simple answers
to such questions. And if there are I'm
afraid I don't have them. What I do know,
however, is that there are some small steps
we can take to help maximize our
educational and economic opportunities in
the future.
(1) One thing we can do in higher
education — and I believe that this is
essential — is to try to plan better for the
future and not just to plan by ourselves in
isolation from the world around us. There
is a very great need for post-secondary
educational institutions to solicit the
cooperation of business, industry, and the
other major economic and occupational
groups in planning the kinds of
educational and training programs we will
require as a society in the years ahead.
Over the last decade, some important
moves have been made in this regard, but
there is still much to be done.
(2) A second thing we need to do is to
develop a national strategy for higher
education. We are the only nation in the
Western industrialized world that does not
do any form of central planning for higher
education. What this means, of course, is
that it is very difficult for us to assess our
educational and technical needs as a
nation, and to prepare ourselves to cope
with the changing economic and scientific
developments that will shape the world in
the years ahead.
(3) Third, it is also imperative, I believe,
that the university exhibits greater
leadership in addressing some of the
broader problems in public schooling. The
quality of public schooling, we have come
to recognize, is a crucial factor not only in
determining the life-chances of an
individual but also the economic future of
nations. We are now faced with a serious
need to revitalize and enrich the public
school curriculum and the quality of
education that our young people receive.
(4) The final point I would like to make
concerns both the future of the University
and this province as a whole. I believe that
if we look at those nations which have been
most successful in constructing vibrant and
forward-reaching economies, we will see
countries which have invested strongly in
education, especially at the post-secondary
level. In times of economic restraint such
as these, the public has, indeed, hard
choices to make about where government
should spend public resources.
Nevertheless, I am convinced that if the
public — and the governments they
instruct — are unprepared to invest in
education now and in the future, we will
all face darker days and even more
difficult decisions in the years ahead. UBC Reports May 29, 1984
Don Spence
UBC, rugby
will miss
Donn Spence
The University'& sports community
suffered a loss earlier this month when
Donn Spence, UBC's rugby coach and a
professor in the School of Physical
Education and Recreation, passed away in
hospital from a rare form of hepatitis. He
was 54.
Appointed to staff in 1967, Mr. Spence
coached the Thunderbirds for 16
consecutive seasons during which time they
won five McKechnie Cup championships
(which is symbolic of .the B.C. Rugby
Union title). He was also the Canadian
national team coach for three seasons
(1975-1978) and was the current B.C.
provincial team coach..
Generally regarded as one of the top two
or three rugby coaches in North America,
Mr. Spence was very active in community
sports affairs, having served as the
chairman of the board of directors of Sport
B.C. for two years. He also hosted
numerous clinics for coaches and players
throughout British Columbia.
An excellent competitor in his own right,
Mr. Spence was a versatile athlete who
starred at football, baseball, track,
swimming, gymnastics and rugby during
his varsity career at UBC in the early
fifties. His capturing of nine UBC Big
Block Awards (four in rugby, three in
football and two in baseball) demonstrated
his overall athletic abilities and skills. He
also represented UBC Thunderbirds in
international rugby competition against
Queen's University of Ireland and the New
Zealand All Blacks.
Upon graduation from UBC in 1957,
Mr. Spence taught physical education at
West Vancouver Secondary School for 10
years until his appointment to the
University's teaching staff.
Donn Spence is survived by his wife,
Lynne, his two daughters, Michelle and
Lori, and a son, Christopher.
Funeral services were held on Saturday,
May 19, at St. Faith's Church.
m MRC sponsors
mi meeting at UBC
A conference on whether Canada should
have guidelines or regulations controlling'
potentially hazardous biological materials
will take place at UBC next month.
• Sponsored by the Medical Research
Council, the meeting will deal with such    -
substances as bacteria, viruses,
recombinant DNA, cancer-causing agents
and others.
It will take place on Friday, June 1,
from 9 a.m. to 12 noon in Lecture Hall 5
of the Woodward Building.
Admission is free.
The meeting is part of a larger, three:
day annual conference of the Canadian
Association for Biological Safety from May
30 to June 1 on campus. Planning
committee chairman of the association's
meeting is Mr. Kent L. Humphrey, UBC's
biohazards safety officer.
Recession? Bookstore ignores it
Depression, recession, retrenchment, or
just plain hard times. Call it what you will,
but there is one relatively small corner of
the University that isn't feeliojEjibft pinch.
The new UBC Bookstore hWeitpanded
its hours of business and expects sales of
more than f 10 million for the current fiscal
year. That would be an increase of about
$1 million over 1983-84 and more than $2
million over 1982-83.
The new store, located at University
Boulevard and East Mall, cost |7 million to
build and equip, is self-supporting, and is -
expected to pay for itself in 15 years.
In March and April, sales were 50 per
cent higher than for the corresponding
period of 1983 in the old store on Main
"We are on target, actually slightly
ahead," said bookstore director John
Hedgecock, "and I find that very
Originally open only weekdays, from
8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., the Bookstore is now
open Wednesday nights until 8:30 and is
open Saturdays from 9:30 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Students account for most of the
Wednesday evening business, whereas the
Saturday customers are mostly business and
professional people from off campus,
unable to use the Bookstore during the
"Saturdays are still not as good as
weekdays, but the weekend business is
accelerating," said Mr. Hedgecock. "We've
been at least double the break-even sales
point for the past few Saturdays, and
Wednesday evenings have been about the
"We've had to stagger.the hours of our
65 fulltime employees, and hire more part-
time student workers because of the
additional hours of business, but we believe
it has improved our service and
Mr. Hedgecock said the 22 metered
parking stalls on East Mall that were
installed last fall for Bookstore customers
have also helped business, especially with
. the loss of the Aquatic Centre parking lot,
now the bus loop.
The new bookstore is so large (second
largest in Canada at 55,000 square feet, of
which 35,000 square feet is selling space)
that many first-time customers appear
awed as they follow the red-brown quarry
tile 'road' that winds through seven
individual 'bookshops' displaying more than
50,000 individual titles.
There is a general bookshop and six
academic bookshops, with the academic
section displaying both course and non-
course volumes. The six are: language and
literature, arts and humanities, social and
behavioral sciences, health sciences, science
and engineering, and professional (law,
education, librarianship, architecture,
landscape architecture, social work).
The new store opened last June, catering
initially to summer students and visitors
attending the many conferences held on
campus. In September the annual sale of
textbooks introduced more than 25,000
students to the Bookstore and many of
them made return visits, helping to put the
sale of non-course books ahead of
Mr. Hedgecock said sales of
microcomputers, software, calculators,
medical instruments and 'insignia
merchandise' — clothing and souvenirs
carrying the UBC crest — have also been
going well.
He said the Saturday of UBC's Open
House weekend, March 10, was good for
the Bookstore, easily the best Saturday yet.
"A lot of new people found us," Mr.
Hedgecock said. "I know they will be
Another boost for business is expected to
Gov't funding gives
students summer jobs
Two provincial programs are funding
more than 700 UBC students this summer
to work on projects related to their field of
The provincial ministry of labor's Youth
Employment Program is funding 699
summer projects, providing 1,576 months
of work for students.
The B.C. Heritage Trust Foundation is
funding 14 UBC students in architecture
and related fields to work on heritage
conservation projects.
Karen Kristensen, a third-year landscape
architecture student, is one of the 14
students in architecture, landscape
architecture, and civil engineering being
Karen Kristensen
funded by the Heritage Trust.
She is making a physical inventory of the
streetscape of Shaughnessy, a heritage
neighborhood in Vancouver. The inventory
will focus on the condition of public
Shaughnessy land, which is that area
outside the property line including street
trees, boulevards and meridians.
She says the inventory will be used as an
"information base" for a masterplan to
upgrade the Shaughnessy streetscape.
Ms. Kristensen and the 13 other students
working on heritage conservation projects
will receive $1,400 a month for three
months from the B.C. Heritage Trust
The Youth Employment Program
provides funding for two- or three-month
projects to students in all UBC faculties.
The students receive a monthly YEP grant
of $600.
The projects are devised by department
members, and all faculties are allocated
funding for projects in proportion to the
number of students enrolled in the faculty.
Two departments received proportionally
higher funding allocations — the
Department of Family Practice in the
medical faculty, and the Department of
Theatre in Arts. Both departments run
special programs which involve a higher
proportion of their student enrolment than
would otherwise be funded.
The family practice department
coordinates a rural program which places
student doctors in family practices in small
communities throughout B.C. This year 70
students will be placed in 45 communities
in the province.
The purpose of the rural program is to
encourage medical students to consider
practising in small communities when they
graduate, where there is generally a greater
need for doctors than in the urban centres.
The'theatre department received a
larger grant to coordinate a summer stock
theatre company.
The company is operated entirely by
students, with the exception of guest
directors for two of their shows. The
company will produce four full-length
plays this summer. The 16 theatre students
involved in summer stock take care of all
aspects of running a theatre company —
from acting and directing to designing and
making props, sets and costumes.
come with this year's graduation
ceremonies. Graduands will don their robes
on the main floor of the bookstore, instead
of in the Student Union Building, and
camera-toting relatives can be expected in
the hundreds.
Even the graduation certificates have a
place in Bookstore marketing plans.
Through an arrangement with Imprint
Plus of Vancouver, the Bookstore can
provide a shiny brass copy of a student's
diploma, mounted on a solid oak plaque,
for $35. The process does not affect the
diploma, which is returned with the
Mr. Hedgecock, who learned the
bookstore trade in Britain and then spent
nine years at McMaster University before
coming to UBC in 1976, found time in
1983 to make his first effort at writing a
book himself.
Appropriately enough, the title is
"Principles of College Bookstore
Management" and it's the collaborative
effort of Mr. Hedgecock and Eldon Speed
of Stanford and William Minney of the
University of Colorado.
Although the first printing of 10,000 is
almost all sold (considered exceptionally
good for so specialized a book) author
Hedgecock concedes that at $24.95 it
hasn't been a best-seller at UBC.
Asked what does sell at UBC, the
Bookstore director didn't hesitate.
"Dictionaries," he said. "We are
becoming known across the province for
our wide selection of dictionaries."
Apart from dictionaries in English, the
Bookstore carries dictionaries in languages
as far removed as Sanskrit, Urdu,
Cambodian and Serbo-Croatian.
In total, the Bookstore offers 320
different dictionaries and has sold more
than 10,000 individual copies since opening
less than a year ago.
Audrey Hawthorn, former curator of
the UBC Museum of Anthropology and
associate professor of Anthropology and
Sociology, was the recipient of the
honorary degree of Doctor of Laws from
Brandon University at its spring
convocation on May 12.
An active member of the UBC faculty
for 30 years, Dr. Hawthorn was a key
figure in amassing UBC's outstanding
collection of Northwest Coast Indian art,
now housed in the campus museum which
she had an active part in planning.
In addition to being honored for her
contributions to teaching and research, Dr.
Hawthorn was cited by Brandon University
for her part in the revival of interest in
West Coast Indian art and her
encouragement of contemporary Indian
UBC President George Pedersen has
been appointed to the board of directors of
MacMillan Bloedel Ltd., the largest forest
products company in Canada. Dr.
Pedersen has also received the
communications and leadership award
from Toastmasters Club No. 59, district
21, the oldest club in the Lower Mainland
of the international speaking organization.
The award is given annually to a non-
member.who demonstrates "a high quality
of leadership, communications and
Prof. Gordon Munro of UBC's
Department of Economics is coordinating a
task force on agricultural and renewable
resource goods for the Pacific Economic
Co-operation Conference (PECC), a
tripartite body of government, business and
university representing 1.1 Pacific Rim
The task force which Prof. Munro
coordinates has been in existence since the
PECC's last meeting in Bali in November,
1983. The task force, which has been
instructed to give special emphasis, to issues
of fisheries development resulting from the
United Nations Third Law of the Sea
Conference, will hold a workshop at UBC's
Asian Centre in late October. UBC Reports May 29, 1984
It's your university
— all year round
For recreation this summer try the
UBC campus. UBC offers a wide
range of activities and events for the
public, most of them free.
Come see a play...
Stage Campus '84, a company of 16
UBC theatre students, will perform
four plays throughout the summer at
the Frederic Wood Theatre.
Leading off the season is A.R.
Gurney Jr.'s play The Dining Room.
The play, which opens tomorrow (May
30) and continues until June 9, consists
of a series of skillfully interwoven
vignettes which take place in the last
bastion of family unity — the dining
room. The play is directed by
Catherine Caines, a Master of Fine
Arts student in directing at UBC and
an acting instructor -for Studio 58 and
Carousel Theatre.
Being staged from June 13 to 23 is
Dreaming and Duelling, by John and
Joa Lazarus. The play explores the
complex relationship between two high
school friends who share their greatest
dreams, deepest fears, and a passion
for fencing. Directing the play is UBC
master's directing student Claire
Brown, who is also an instructor at
Studio 58.
The third production of the season
is Bedroom Farce, written by well-
known British playwright Alan
Ayckbourn. The comedy, which
centres on one marital squabble, three
beds and four couples, will be
performed July 4 to 14. Simon Webb,
one of Vancouver's finest musical and
comedy performers, will direct.
Wrapping up the season, July 25 to
Aug. 4, will be Charles Chilton's play
Oh, What a Lovely War, directed by
Bachelor of Arts student Bruce Dow.
The play reviews the madness of
World War I through-songs and
Admission for Stage Campus '84
productions is $5 for adults, $4 for
students and seniors. Tuesdays are
two-for-one nights.
For tickets and reservations, call the
UBC theatre department at 228-2678
or drop by Room 207 of the Frederic
Wood Theatre.
Learning for fun...
The Centre for Continuing
Education offers a wide range of non-
credit lectures, mini-courses, field trips
and events, plus a special program for
senior citizens. The summer schedule
includes programs in theatre,
communications, genealogy, nature,
travel, career development, creative
writing and computers. For more
information, call 222-2181.
Museum events...
UBC's Museum of Anthropology has
a wide range of exhibitions and events
planned throughout the summer. A
major exhibition co-sponsored by the
Institute of Asian Research, entitled
Hidden Dimensions: Face Masking in
East Asia, continues through October.
Other displays include the History of
London, a look at the history of
London's waterfront from the Roman
to post-medieval times; O Canada.', a
six-part experimental exhibit; and
Kwakiutl watercolors and drawings on
display in the theatre gallery.
In conjunction with the special
Asian mask display, the Korean
Pongsan Mask Dance Troupxwill
perform on July 15 at 2 p.m. This
spectacular dance troup is in North
America to perform at the 1984
Summer'Olympics hvLos Angeles.
The July 15 performance is free with
museum admission.
The Anna Wyman Dance Theatre
will be featured in a free outdoor
performance on July 22 at 2 p.m. at
the museum.
Other museum summer events
• A flute-making workshop for
children aged eight years and older on
July 10 and 17;
• A series of free Tuesday
performances by Snake in the Grass
Moving Theatre, the museum's
anthropological clowns, June 5, 12, 19
and 26 at 7:30 p.m.;
• Presentations on Northwest Coast
Indian culture by the Native Youth
Workers, July 10 to Aug. 17 (call the
museum for dates and times). The
Native Youth Workers are also hosting
outdoor salmon barbecues at the
Haida House on the museum grounds
on July 17 and Aug. 7.
The Museum of Anthropology is
open from noon to 9 p.m. on
Tuesdays, noon to 7 p.m. Wednesday
through Sunday, and is closed on
Mondays. Museum admission is free
on Tuesdays. For details on museum
activities, call 228-5087.
The M.Y. Williams Geology
Museum, located in the Geological
Sciences Building, features an
impressive collection of mineral and
fossil specimens as well as an 80
million-year-old Lambeosaurus
dinosaur. The museum is open free of
charge from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m.
weekdays and at other times by special
arrangement. For details, call
UBC's Community Sports Services offers a wide range of j
Keep in shape...
If you're interested in improving
your golf game, perfecting your tennis
backhand or even brushing up on your
break-dancing skills, UBC's
Community Sports Services has a
summer program for you.
Offered through the School of
Physical Education and Recreation,
the programs range from field hockey,
soccer, gymnastics, golf, basketball,
badminton and dance to fencing, ice
hockey and lawn bowling. A program
for children on the use of
microcomputers in tactics and strategy
planning for team sports is also being
For more information about sports
programs for children and adults, call
You can enjoy both indoor and
outdoor swimming during the summer
at UBC's Aquatic Centre. For daily
public swimming hours, call 228-4521.
Or if raquetball and squash are your
sports, you can use the courts in the
Thunderbird Winter Sports Centre (to
book a time, call 228-6125).
Asian exhibits...
UBC's Asian Centre, easily
identifiable on West Mall by its high
pyramidal roof, is a year-round centre
of activities related to the Pacific Rim.
You're invited to view the several free
exhibits scheduled at the Asian Centre
during the summer. On display now
until May 31 is an exhibition of
Japanese bookplates. Other displays
include: Chinese landscape watercolor
paintings by Carrie Koo Mei June 7 to
17; Chinese paintings by Johnson S.S.
Chow June 21 to July 1; Popular
poster art in China, with posters from
the collection of Elaine Truscott July 5
to 15; Light and rhythm: B.C. marine
views by Korean-Canadian artist
Hyang G. Yoo Aug. 8 to 18; Chinese
calligraphy fans by Wai Lau Aug. 21
to 29. For details about exhibit times,
call the Institute of Asian Research,
Summer concerts...
Summer is the time for outdoor
concerts at UBC — look for listings in
UBC Calendar and notice boards
around campus. UBC's Department of
Music is also offering their Music for
Summer Evenings program starting in
July, with free weekly recitals of
classical and chamber music. The
music department's free spring series
of concerts continues until June 16
featuring the following: Music of
Beethoven, Lotti and Kuhlau on
Thursday, May 31; Sonatas for violin
and continuo, and violin and '
obbligato harpsichord on Friday, June
1; and works by J.S. Bach on
Saturday, June 16. The spring concerts
take place at 8 p.m. in the Recital
Hall of the Music Building. Admission
is free.
1 ysfflERWJW
UBC Reports May 29, 1984
children and adults.
For green thumbs. ..
The many components of UBC's
Botanical Garden are at their loveliest
during the summer months. The main
garden, located below Thunderbird
Stadium, includes the B.C. native
garden, and the alpine, Asian, physick
and food gardens. The main garden is
open daily during daylight hours. The
Nitobe Japanese Garden, adjacent to
the Asian Centre oil West Mall, is
open from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. daily. In
June the roses will be in bloom in
UBC's rose garden at the north end of
the campus overlooking Georgia Strait.
Groups of 10 or more can arrange for
guided tours of the garden. For
details, call 228-3928.
Tour our campus...
Free guided walking tours of the
UBC campus are offered at 10 a.m.
and 1 p.m., Monday through Friday
until September. To book a tour, call
the Department of Information
Services at 228-3131. A day's notice is
Tours of UBC's Dairy Unit, one of
the most advanced dairy cattle
research and teaching facilities in
Canada, are offered daily. Milking
times are 2 and 3 p.m.
TRIUMF, the cyclotron for nuclear
physics research located at UBC, also
offers daily tours (sorry, no one under
14 years admitted). For details, call
Outdoor concerts take place several times a week, beginning in July.
Asian masks . . . on display at the Museum
of Anthropology until October.
UBC's Aquatic Centre ... open daily for public swimming.
The tranquil Nitobe Japanese Garden is located adjacent to the Asian Centre on West Mall. UBC Reports May 29, MM
'Oldest hockey player'
one of 20 retiring
this year at UBC
Prof. J. Lewis Robinson, one of Canada's
leading geographers and a founding father
of UBC's Department of Geography; retires
on June 30 after a teaching and research
career at UBC that has spanned more than
a third of a century.
Prof. Robinson's association with UBC
began in 1946, when he joined what was
then the combined Department of Geology
and Geography. During his 38-year career
on campus, he estimates that he has taught
more than 15,000 students, including one
named Geoirge Pedersen who recendy
returned to the University: in a different
"It's been a wonderful experience to
work on the campus," says Prof., Robinson.
"I love teaching and I've really enjoyed the
people I've worked with in the
Prof. Robinson began his career in 1943
as the first professional geographer to be
employed by the federal government. He
was hired by the Bureau of Northwest
Territories Administration, Department of
Mines and Resources, to do geographical
field work in the Arctic, drgpmize regional
. information on northern Canada and to
act as a liaison with American forces and
officials operating in the Canadian Arctic.
When he joined the UBC faculty in
1946, lie was one "of two professional
geographers in the geology and geography
department and a key figure in the
development and expansion of UBC's
geo^raphf i>ro^am.~Dr. Rabmson was
named the lira head of geography when it
became a separate department in 1959, a
position he held until 1968.
"When I retired as head of the
■ d«^gp»entf I jjoA on responsibility for our
jl^j^ii. After watt of serving as the
department's undergraduate advisor, he
jokingly refers to his role as that of
"Pve always had an open door policy
and I've enjoyed being able to help
students." be says. "When I travel around
the province I'm.always meeting former
students, and.even if I don't 'remember
names I never forget iaces and 1 can recall
things' about each one of them."
In the early years of the geography
department, Prof. Robinson would meet
new students at the airport or train station,
and he and his wife, Jo, have continued to
entertain^ students in their home.
"We've always had a happy and close-
-knit groap of people working in the
geography depaffinent, and X think (his
'atmosphere has a positive effect on
students." -"   »     *   ,_'   ."
This was reacted at a recent luncheon
held in honor of Ptof, 'Robinson's . _
j»urementfiUmoit 100 jformef graduate
students itmtazflkjtmzrttol Jk.C and as far
away as Ottawa came co pay tribute to
their former texcher, who was die recipient
of UBC's Mastei^Teacber Award in 1977
and runner-up fc* the award in 1976.
In addition to UBC's top teaching
award, Prof, R#bj;nson has received
numerous professional awards for his
contributions to Canadian geography,
including theliHjjfhett award of the
Canadian Association of Geographers,
which he received in 1976 for "exceptional
service to the profession of geography' and
the Massey Medjilr tab* highest honor of the
Royal Canadian Geographical Society,
whichhe was awarded in 1971.
*  Dr. RobhiMon'keg^s a^taap of Canada on
his office wan'on winch pc marks new
routes he ha* traVeBeoVacross rite cauhtry
in his academic pursuits. After.3H years the
man has become.a 'mate of black inj£
giving credence to his reputation as'
Canada's foremost authority bn Canadian
He is the
le is the author of almost 159
publications, tncfciding ten books, maps of
Canada and numerous professional articles
and encyclopedia entries.
Prof. Robinson has held a wide range of
leadership roles in professional
organizations in his field, and was part of a
small group that organized the Canadian
Association of Geographers in the early
1950s. He served as president of the
organization in 1956.
Dr. Robinson says he has felt a strong
commitment to "promote" geography to
audiences outside the University
community throughout his career. "Over
the years I've delivered off-campus talks to
between 15,000 and 20,000 people," he
Prof. Robinson says he plans to slow
down "just a bit" when he retires in June.
"I have gathered a lot of historical data
about the geography department over the
years and one of my first projects will be to
write a history of UBC's Department of
Geography," he says.
He is also working on an historical
geography of Vancouver which he hopes
will be published for the city's centennial
in 1986..        . .
"Several of my books need updating as
well, so 111'be busy writing for at least five
One UBC activity that Dr. Robinson
intends to keep up with is his position as
centre on the geography graduate students'
hockey team.
"I would really miss our Friday afternoon
games," he says. "Besides," he adds with a
grin, "if I'm not remembered for my
contributions to geography perhaps I can
gain notoriety as Canada's oldest hockey
A total of 19 other members of the UBC
faculty reached retirement age during the
1983.-84 academic year, four of them with
more than 30 yeare of service at UBC.
Prof. Ben Moyls, UBC's director of
ceremonies, retires on June 30 after a
37-year teaching and research career in the
Department of Mathematics.
Dr. Moyls, who served as head of the
mathematics department from 1978 until
1983, is considered one of the University's
finest teachers and was named co-winner of
the UBC Master Teacher Award in 1974.
Prof. Moyls received the Governor-
General's gold medal when he graduated
from UBC in 1940 with the degree of
Bachelor of Arts. The following year he
received his Master of Arts degree from
UBC before doing further post-graduate
work at Harvard University, where he
received the degree of Doctor of Philosophy
in 1947. His research interests lie in the
areas of linear and multilinear algebra.
In addition to his teaching duties, Dr.
Moyls has held a variety of administrative
positions at the University. He served as
acting head of the Institute of Applied
Mathematics and Statistics, assistant dean
of graduate studies, and served as acting
dean of that faculty in 1969. He took up
duties as UBC's director of ceremonies in
1977, with responsibility for organizing the
University's Congregation, ceremonies and
other public events.
Prof. Moyls was also a member of UBC's
Senate for several years and served on
numerous administrative committees.
Prof. Douglas Hayward of the
chemistry department retires after 33 years
on the UBC faculty.
Prof. Hayward earned an undergraduate
degree in chemistry with honors from the
University of Saskatchewan in 1943 and
received a doctoral degree in 1949 from
McGill University. Much of his research
career has been devoted to developing
drugs used in the treatment of heart
. He successfully synthesized nitrate esters,
compounds which are effective in treating
angina pectoris, the constricting chest
pains associated with coronary disease. He
was. also involved in collaborative research
on optical activity with scientists in
Australia, South Africa, Sweden and the
United Kingdom.
Before joining UBC in 1951, Prof.
Hayward taught at the Khaki University of
Canada in Britain, Sir George Williams
College in Montreal, McGill University and
the University of Saskatchewan.
Dr. Lewis Robinson, first head of geography, retires after 38 years.
Prof. William Mathews, one of
Canada's leading experts on glaciers and
volcanoes, retires from the Department of
Geological Sciences after 32 years on
Dr. Mathews, who earned bachelor and
master's degrees in geological engineering
from UBC in 1940 and 1941 and received a
Ph.D. in geology from the University of
California at Berkeley, was head of UBC's
Department of Geology from 1964 to 1971.
He was an associate mining engineer for
the B.C. Department of Mines, and was an
associate professor at Berkeley before
joining the UBC faculty in 1952.
Prof. Mathews has done extensive
research on the extinct Garibaldi volcano
and is the author of numerous publications
on glacial hydrology in British Columbia.
Dr. Mathews has served as president and
vice-president of the Geological Association
of Canada, Cordilleran Section, and has
been involved with a number of
professional associations at the local, ,
national and international levels.
Dr. H. Clyde Slade of the Department
of Family Practice also retires this year
after 32 years of service to the University.
Dr. Slade is best known for his work in
the promotion of the interdisciplinary team
approach to health care.
He joined UBC in 1952 as a clinical
instructor in the Department of Medicine
and in 1969 he became an associate
professor in the Department of Health
Care and Epidemiology. He served as
director of the family practice division
within the health care and epidemiology
department, and when a separate
Department of Family Practice was formed
in 1977 he was appointed acting head.
Dr. Slade's areas of expertise include
internal medicine, geriatrics, arthritis and
rheumatism, psychiatry and family
In. 1974 he was granted honorary
membership in the College of Family
Physicians of Canada for his service to
many medical and health organizations
and for being 'largely responsible for the
development of residency training in family
medicine at UBC."
Prof. Charles McDowell, an honorary
degree recipient at this year's Congregation
ceremonies, has reached retirement age
after a 29-year teaching, research and
administrative career on campus.
Prof. McDowell served as professor and
head of the Department of Chemistry from
1955 until 1981, when he was appointed as
University Professor by UBC's Board of
Governors for "distinguished contributions
to the field of chemical sciences and to the
University." He was die second of only
three faculty members appointed by UBC
to this rank.
Prof. McDowell was born in Belfast, .
where he earned undergraduate and
graduate degrees in science from Queen's
University. He is the author of numerous
scientific publications on chemical kinetics,
mass spectrometry, molecular structure,
electron and nuclear magnetic resonance
spectroscopy and photoelectron
During his tenure as head, UBC's
chemistry department established a
reputation as one of the leading
departments of chemistry in North
America. Dr. McDowell continues to be
active as a researcher, and was recently
awarded a prestigious Guggenheim
Fellowship, which will allow him to
continue studies on magnetic resonance
spectroscopy and photoelectron
spectroscopy and to complete a monograph
on the Landy-Guillain-Barre syndrome, a
rare neurological disorder.
Retiring after 27 years as a UBC faculty
member u Prof .Philip Pinkus of the1 ,
Department of English.
Prof. Pinkus is an expert in the field of
satire and 18th-century literature and b
the author of several publications on die
18th-century writer Jonathan Swift.
Prof. Pinkus earned a Bachelor of Arts
degree from the University of Toronto in
1949, and received master's and doctoral
degrees from the University of Michigan in
1951 and 1965.
Prof. Frank Langdon, an expert in the
field of Chinese and Japanese politics,
retires after a 26-year career in the political
science department.
Prof. Langdon served as an economic
analyst in the U.S. War Department at
Japan Headquarters in 1946 and 1947, and
taught in the University of California
Extension Division's Far East program in
Korea, Japan and Guam, and at Canberra
University College before joining the UBC
faculty in 1958.
Prof. Langdon's research interests
include Japanese foreign policy, Asian
international politics, modernization of
China and Japan, big-business politics in
Japan, international relations and the
diplomatic history of Sino -Japanese
Born in Illinois, Dr. Langdon earned his
undergraduate and master's degrees from
Harvard University and received his Ph.D.
from the University of California at
Berkeley in 1953.
Another 26-member of the UBC faculty
retiring this year is Dr. Elod Macskasy of
the mathematics department.
Dr. Macskasy was born in Arad,
Hungary. He earned his undergraduate
and graduate degrees from the Technical
University of Budapest, where he also held
the position of lecturer before joining UBC
in 1958.
Retiring after 25 years is Prof. Milton
Moore, a Canadian taxation expert who
headed the UBC economics department
from 1969 until 1972.
Born in England, Prof. Moore was
educated at Queen's University in
Kingston, where he received bus Bachelor
of Arts degree in honors economics and
philosophy, and at the University of
Chicago, where he received his Master of
Arts degree.
Before joining the UBC faculty, Prof.
Moore was. a research associate with the
Canadian Tax Foundation and an
economist with the Canadian Pulp and
Paper Association in Montreal. He has
served as research director and staff
economist for a number of royal
commissions, .including one on gasoline
price structure in B.C.
Please fam to Page 8
J ■'!W"'*W
'$fW; ' 'W
UBC Reports May 29, 1984
UBC scholars compile unique concordances
No library worthy of the name can
afford to be without a substantial
collection of general and sp^dialjjzed
reference works, wduding pettftnaries,
encylopedias, bibliographies and
yearbooks to name only a few, which are
essential tools for learning and research
by scholars, students and laymen. The
social sciences and humanities division
alone in UBC's Main Library has an
estimated 53,500 reference volumes on its
shelves. One of the most useful reference
works is the concordance, an alphabetical
list of the principal words of a single
book or an author's entire output with
references to the passages in which they
occur. Concordances are essential tools
for linguists who study the history of
language and for lexicographers, who
compile dictionaries. The UBC Library
has several hundred of them. Preparation
of a concordance was a long and tedious
task until the advent of the computer,
which can compile and sort data at
lightning speed. It came to the aid of two
UBC scholars over the past decade to
enable them to compile unique
concordances in very different fields. For
: details, see the stories below.
Dr. Hanna Kassis says the needs of
students motivated him to undertake
the concordance of the Koran.
Dr. Hanna Kassis of UBC's Department
of Religious Studies says he was basically
motivated by the needs of his students to
undertake the massive task of preparing a
concordance of the Koran, the Moslem
equivalent of the Christian Bible.
"The lack of a concordance of the Koran
based on the original Arabic meant that
students lacked a tool that enabled them to
understand a book that is central to
Moslem life and culture," he says. "The
alternative is to rely on translations which
carry with them the biases of the
The result of ten years of work,
including more than two years of
production by the prestigious University of
California Press is a handsome volume of
1,444 pages which Dr. Kassis says will have
value not only for the scholar and student
of Arabic but for the layman as well, even
if he doesn't know a word of Arabic.
When he began work on the
concordance in 1974, Dr. Kassis says he
felt he was being "modern" by using a
xerox machine to link the words of the
Koran to appropriate verses that illustrated
the context in which they had been used.
He decided to abandon that approach on
the advice of a Scottish colleague, "who
told me it would take two lifetimes to get
the job done."
Like many scholars in the humanities
and sciences who have massive amounts of
data to deal with, Dr. Kassis then turned
to the resources of UBC's Computing
Centre. "I hadn't the foggiest notion of
how a computer worked at that time," Dr.
Kassis says. "To me it was nothing more
than a grand calculator incapable of doing
an intelligent job."
His opinion of computers and what they
can do has altered significantly over the
past decade, and he gives full credit to,
John Coulthard, a senior analyst in the
UBC Computing Centre, for creating,
testing and operating the programs that
enabled him to complete the concordance.
Dr. Kassis' Koran concordance has some
interesting wrinkles to it that don't fit the
usual pattern of reference works of this
kind. "If I had produced a Koran word list
in English," he says, "I would have had to
rely on an English translation. The
problem is to select a universally
acceptable translation. Such a translation
simply doesn't exist and, in any case, the
Moslems themselves believe that the Koran
is untranslatable.
Dr. Kassis' concordance is based on the
root system of the Arabic language, which
consists of three consonants. "The tri-
consonant roots are the basic building
blocks of the language," he explains, "and
my first task was to arrange these in a
logical alphabetical order, as an Arabic
grammarian would, from verb to noun,
then subdividing verbs in terms of their
tenses and in terms of vocabulary derived
from the verb.
"That task, plus the creation of a list of
textual references to the Koran, had to be
done manually because there are some
things a computer can't do."
What the computer did was to dovetail
the two lists which Dr. Kassis had prepared
and then search the translation of the
Koran that had been stored in the
computer and lift from it all the examples
of the use of Arabic words. Then each line
selected by the computer had to be
trimmed so that it began and ended in a
meaningful place that illustrated the
context in which it was used.
The next step was to turn the
concordance into a dictionary by preparing
a grammatical analysis and the meaning or
meanings of each of the Arabic words in
the Koran. And the analysis extends not
just to the. translation that was stored in
the computer, but to three others as well.
"The basic translation stored in the
computer — the one generally accepted as
the most authentic — is by an Englishman
whose background is Christian," says Dr.
Kassis. "The second is by an Englishman
with a Christian background who had
converted to Islam, the third is by a
Moslem who was born in Pakistan and the
fourth is by an Englishman who is a
religious skeptic.
The variations in translation in the four
editions, where they exist, are given so that
the user of the concordance is able to see
how the backgrounds of the translators
affected the versions that each produced,"
says Dr. Kassis.
None of this would make sense, however,
to the user who doesn't understand Arabic.
So the final step in the preparation of the
concordance was the compiling of the
massive alphabetical index at the back of
the volume of all the English vocabulary
that exists in the translations used by Dr.
Kassis. The index also directs users to the
appropriate place in the body of the
concordance where they can find the
English-language extracts from the Koran
arranged alphabetically according to the
tri-consonant Arabic root system.
As a result, Dr. Kassis' concordance
doesn't impose on the user any
preconceived ideas about concepts, e.g.,
marriage and divorce, dealt with in the
Koran, nor does it limit the user to the
narrowness of a single translation.
"There are two advantages for users," he
says. "They are able to decide how a
specific word is to be used and they are
able to look at the semantic relationships
between the Arabic words used in the
There have been other attempts at
compiling concordances of the Koran in
Arabic, German and French, Dr. Kassis
says, but none is as versatile and
wideranging, and therefore as useful, as his
will be for scholars, students and even,
And there is, it appears, a widespread
demand for his concordance in other parts
of the world. With a colleague in the
Department of Hispanic and Italian
Studies, Prof. Kassis has begun work on a
Spanish version of the concordance, which
is not surprising, since much of Spain was
occupied by the Moslems during the
Middle Ages.
The concordance project was supported
by grants from the Canada Council and
the Social Sciences and Humanities
Research Council and the provision of
computer time by the University.
Dr. Stefania Ciccone of UBC's
Department of Hispanic and Italian
Studies says the five-volume work she is
chiefly responsible for is "an outgrowth of
a lifetime commitment to the study of the
history of the Italian language."
It has taken Dr. Ciccone and two Italian
research associates at the University of
Milan, Ileria Bonomi and Andrea Masini,
almost a decade to produce the volumes,
which are "basically a tool for the study of
the Italian language in the first half of the
19th century," a period that is crucial in
the history of Italy.
Volume One of the work is made up of
excerpts from a wide range of publications
produced in the northern Italian city of
Milan in the period 1800 to 1847, plus a
lengthy essay by Dr. Ciccone that describes
the history and politics of the period and
discusses the linguistic development of the
Italian language.
The remaining four volumes are more
than simply a historical dictionary. In
addition to listing alphabetically all the
words used in the excerpts in Volume One
and showing the various contexts ih which
they were used, the concordance can also
be used as a tool for studying the changing
grammar and structure of the Italian
language in the first 50 years of the 19th
To understand the importance of Dr.
Ciccone's work, it's almost essential to take
a short course in the history of Italy and
the development of the Italian language.
"The so-called 'Question of the
Language' is one that occuped the
thoughts and energies of political and
intellectual figures in Italy for hundreds of
years," Dr. Ciccone explains.
"Except for a brief period when
Napoleon invaded Italy and unified it in '
the early part of the 19th century, Italy
was a collection of eight separate states.
The fall of Napoleon in 1815 meant that
Italy reverted to the pre-Napoleon situation
with the northern part of the country
occupied by the Austrian*."
The ground, however, was being
prepared for the so-called "Risorgimento"
of the 1860s and 1870s, when a unified
Italy achieved independence.
"One of the central problems of the
early 18th century," Dr. Ciccone says, "was
to reach consensus on a standard of written
and spoken Italian for the country as a
whole. In short, the basic question was
'What is the real Italian?'
"In this period, the intellectual centre of
Italy was Milan, which had a periodical
press that covered a wide variety of topics.
In addition to newspapers, there were
publications on science, including
chemistry, agriculture and medicine, as
well as, others in the fields of politics,
literature and the arts and biography."
Dr. Ciccone and her associates turned to
this Milanese periodical press with the idea
that the Italian used in these publications
would represent a good cross-section of the
so-called "middle" Italian, the average,
non-literary Italian used on a day-to-day
basis for written and spoken
One of the most important results of the
concordance is confirmation that there was
already in existence a common Italian
language which was very close to the
dialect of the Italian district of Tuscany,
the area that includes the city of Florence.
Each entry in the concordance — there
are more than one million of them — has
a code associated with it that allows the
user to locate the word in the first volume
of extracts and also indicates when it was -
used and in what kind of publication.
The concordance is more than just an
alphabetical listing of all the words
extracted from the periodicals illustrating
the context in which each is used.
The excerpts are arranged
chronologically so that it's possible to see
how words changed in meaning over a half
century and it can also be used to study
the changing syntax and grammar of
Italian during the period.
Two other important aspects of the
concordance are the occurrence of new
words (called neologisms by linguists) as a
result of the industrial revolution of that
day and the significant influence of the
French language on Italian in this period.
"The concordance has immediate value
for lexicographers," Dr. Ciccone says/
"because we found many examples of
words being used long before the accepted
date of appearance in the language. It will
also be useful to specialized linguists and to
historians of the language as well."
Dr. Ciccone describes the Italian
concordance project as a work of
"international cooperation." She has been
the recipient of grants from the Canada
Council, the Social Sciences and
Humanities Research Council and the
Canadian Federation for the Humanities.
Italy's National Research Council provided
funds for the computing work carried out
in Italy and the project was also supported
by grants from Italian banks, provincial
governments and the City of Milan.
Dr. Stefania Ciccone's concordance
reflects a lifetime commitment to the
study of the Italian language.
****■■ is-,. May 28,1984
Calendar Deadline*
The next issue of UBC Reports on June 13
will cover a three-week period of events in
the Calendar section. For events in the
period June 17 to July 7, material must be
submitted not later than 4 p.m. on
Thursday, June 7. Send notices to
Iiiionnation Services, 6328 Memorial Road
(Old Administration Building). For further
information, call 228-3131.
Gainer Research Seminar.
Chromatin Structure and Gene Exprcaion. Dr.
. Mark Groudine, Fred Hutchinson Cancer
Centre, Seattle. Lecture Theatre, B.C. Cancer
Research Centre, 601 W. 10th Ave. 12-noon.
Pathology ami Laboratory Medicine
CeUular HDL Binding. Research Data ami
Journal Club. Colbeck Library, Shaughnessy
Hospital. 4 p.m.
Psychiatry Lecture. ~
Cheese and Monoamineoxidase Inhibitors: A
Moral Tale Twice Told. Or. Barry Blackwell,
Milwaukee, Wisp. Room 2NA/B, Psychiatric
Unit, Health Sciences Centre Hospital. 9 a.m.
Research Services Meeting.
Greg Smith, program director. Health Services
and Promotion Branch, Health and Welfare
Canada, will provide program information.
__ Room 414, Woodward Instructional Resources
Centre. 11 a.m. .
Medical Seminar.      *
Recent Trends in Epithelial Transport. Prof.
K.J. Ullrich, Max-Planck Institut fur Biophysik,
Frankfurt, West Germany. Lecture Hall 4,
Woodward Instructional Resources Centre.
Social Work Colloquium.
The Life Model of Social Work Practice. Prof.
Alex Gitterman, associate dean, Columbia
University School of Social Work. Lecture Hall
A, Graham House. 7:30 p.m.
Summer Film Series.
The Big Chill. Shows at 7:30 and 9:45 p.m. on
June 7, 8 and 9. Admission is $2. Auditorium,
Student Union Building. 7:SO p.m.
Canadians for Health Research
Impact of Modern Treatment on Coronary
Disease Mortality. Dr. Henry Mizgala, head,
Cardiology, UBC. Part of a lecture series
entitled Frontiers in Medicine. Arts, Science and
Technology Centre, 600 Granville St. 7:30 p.m.
Medical Seminar.
Sugar and Sulfate Transport in the Kidney.
Prof. K.J. Ullrich, Max-Planck Institut fur
Biophysik, Frankfurt, West Germany. Patrick
O'Doherty Seminar Room, 2nd floor, Acute
Care Unit, Health Sciences Centre Hospital.
3 p.m.
Cancer Research Seminar.
Class I and II Antigen Expression During
Differentiation of Hemopoietic Cells. Partice
Mannoni, University of Alberta, Edmonton.
Lecture Theatre, B.C. Cancer Research Centre,
601 W. 10th Ave. 12 noon.
Economics Seminar.
An Enquiry into Ronald DwurkirTs 'What is
Equality?' John Roemer, University of California
at Davis. Room 351, Brock Hall. 4 p.m.
Forestry Seminar.
Nutrient Losses During Whole Tree Harvests
and Slash and Burn Agriculture in the Amazon
Basin: Results and Comparisons with
Watersheds in British Columbia. Dr. Carl
Jordan, senior ecologist, Institute of Ecology,
University of Georgia. Room 166, MacMillan
Building. 3 p.m.
Engineering Lecture.
Energy Choices for Developing Electrical
Systems. M.N. John, president, Institution of
Electrical Engineers, London, England. Robson
Square Cinema. 8 p.m.
Economics Seminar.
Rationalizing Revolutionary Ideology. John
Roemer, University of California at Davis. Room
351, Brock Hall. 4 p.m.
Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
The Antigenic Specificity of Anti-Nuclear
Antibodies in Juvenile and Rheumatoid
Arthritis. Dr. Roger Allen, Children's Hospital.
4 p.m.
Summer Film Series.
Sudden Impact. Shows at 7:30 and 9:45 p.m. on
June 14, 15 and 16. Admission is $2.
Auditorium, Student Union Building. 7:30 p.m.
Regional Mass Spectrometry
Discussion Group.
Investigation of Inborn Errors of Metabolism in
Children. Dr. D.A. Applegarth. Room 2F22.
Children's Hospital Biochemical Diseases
Laboratory, 4480 Oak St. 2 p.m.
Economics Seminar.
Social Choice in the Quasilinear Context. Herve
Moulin, CEPREMAP, Paris. Room 351, Brock
Hall. 4 p.m.
Faculty Recital
Works by J.S. Bach. Hans-Karl Piltz, viola
d'amore, and Doreen Oke, harpsichord. Recital
Hall, Music Building. 8 p.m.
Immediate full- and part-time positions
available in professionally staffed campus
daycare. Daycare features a stimulating activity
program and considerable flexibility in
scheduling. Open to children 18 months to three
years. Contact Christine McCaffery at 228-7169
(work) or 271-2737 (home).
Museum of Anthropology  '
Summer hours for the Museum of Anthropology
are noon to 9 p.m. Tuesday, noon to 7 p.m.
Wednesday through Sunday. The museum is
closed on Mondays.
Prof. Alice (Penny) Gouldstone retires
after 25 years in the Department of Visual
and Performing Arts in Education.
In addition to her duties in the
education faculty, Prof. Gouldstone has
devoted a great deal of time to teaching
off-campus groups in her area of expertise,
textile design, and is well known in British
Columbia for her public service
She has gained a national reputation for
her work as an artist, and her work has
been exhibited by the National Gallery of
Canada, the Canada Pavilion at Expo '67
and numerous galleries across the country.
Prof. Gouldstone was made an honorary
member of the B.C. Ait Teacher's
Association in 1973.
Retiring after 22 years on campus is
Prof. Jan Solecki, one of Canada's leading
experts on the resource economies of the
Soviet Union and China.
Prof. Solecki, who joined the
Department of Slavonic Studies in 1962,
earned a Bachelor of Commerce degree at
the London School of Economics in 1948, a
master's degree in Slavonic studies from
UBC in 1961 and a master's degree in
economics from the University of
Washington in Seattle in 1964. -
Prof. Solecki's research interests centre
on the economic aspects of the forest
industry in the U.S.S.R., China and other
socialist countries, and the fishing industry
in the U.S.S.R. and mainland China.
Much of his research has focused on the
effects of Soviet and Chinese resource
policies on Canada and the United States.
Prof. S. Wah Leung, the founding dean
of UBC's Faculty of Dentistry, retires this
year after 22 years at the University.
Prof. Leung was die fust professor of
oral biology fat North America when he
joined UBC in 1962, and he established the
continued from page 6
first department of oral biology in North
America in UBC's dentistry faculty. He was
also the first dentistry dean in Canada to
insist that students entering the faculty
have the same academic background as
those entering medical schools.
Prof. Leung firmly established the
reputation of the dentistry faculty as a
centre of research, and has promoted the
concept of dentistry as an integral part of
the health sciences.
Prof. Leung has been active in
establishing links between the Faculty of
Dentistry and the off-campus community
and has received numerous awards for
public service contributions in addition to
academic awards. Since 1980 he has been
the coordinator of UBC's Chinese Scholars
Exchange Program.
The following also reached retirement
age this year.
• Prof. Stephen Milne has been a
member of the political science department
since 1965 and/head of that department
for four years until 1969. He is an
authority on politics in Southeast Asia,
particularly Malaysia, and public
administration in developing nations*, He is
retiring after 19 years at UBC.
• Prof. David Aberle retires after 17
years in the Department of Anthropology
and Sociology. Prof. Aberle is noted for his
research on the Indians of North America,
particularly the Navajo and Athapaskan
• Richard Bernard of UBC's School of
Librarianship retires after a 17-year career
on campus. Mr. Bernard received the
degrees of Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of
library Science and Master of Arts from
the University of California. His areas of
specialty include rare books, archival
material and manuscripts.
Ballet UBC Jazz
Ballet UBC Jazz has classes until June 22. AU
levels from beginner to advanced are offered.
Class times are 8:30-10 a.m. 4nd 5:30-7 p.m. in
the Music Studio of the Asian Centre. Unlimited
classes for a fee of only $35.
Nitobe Garden hours
The Nitobe Japanese Garden, located adjacent
to the Asian Centre on West Mall, is open from
10 a.m. to 6 p.m. seven days a week, until
Walking tours
UBC's Department of Information Services offers
free guided walking tours of the campus at 10
a.m. and 1 p.m. Monday through Friday. Tours
can be geared to a group's particular interests.
To book a tour, call 228-3131. At least one
day's notice is appreciated.
Lost and Found hours
During the summer UBC's Lost, and Found,
located in Room 208 of Brock Hall, will be open
the following dates from 9 to 11 a.m.
JUNE: 11, 18, 25, 27. JULY: 4, 9, 11, 16; 18,
23, 25, 30. AUGUST: 1, 8. 13, 15, 20, 22, 27,
E.W.R. Steacie Memorial Fellowship.
These Fellowships are for outstanding and
promising scientists and engineers whose career
development could be vitally enhanced by
devoting full time to research.* Candidates must
have obtained their doctorate within the last 12
months. Nominations may now be made by
persons other than department heads and there
is no longer a limit oh nominations from any
one department. Nomination guideline*.are
available in.the Office of Reiejus* Services,
'NSERC will pay the University salary.
• Prof. Frank Murray, a leading..
Canadian expert on devices for controlling
pollution from pulp and paper mills,
retires after 16 years at UBC. Prof. Murray
was a research officer and head of the
applied chemistry division of B.C.
Research before joining UBC's Department
of Chemical Engineering, which he headed
for nine years until 1978.
• Dr. Louis Woolf, a professor of
psychiatry, retires after a 16-year teaching
and research career at UBC. Dr. Woolf is
known internationally for his discovery of a
dietary treatment of phenylketonuria, a
metabolic disease which affects the brain.
Phenylketonurics have'a missing or
defective enzyme needed to metabolize the
amino acid phenylketonuria, which builds
up in the body and damages the brain. He
earned undergraduate and doctoral degrees
from University College in London, and
was associated with the University, of
London and Oxford University before
joining the UBC faculty.
• Prof. Henry Maas, an internationally
known authority in the field of social
welfare, retires after 14 years in the School
of Social Work. Prof. Maas, who recently
published a book outlining social
development from infancy to old age, was
associated with the University of California
at Berkeley for nearly 20 years before
joining UBC in 1969.
• Prof. Alan Sawyer, a specialist in
Pre-Columbian art, retires after 10 years in
the Department of Fine Arts. Before
joining UBC, Prof. Sawyer was head of the
primitive art department at the Art
Institute of Chicago. In 1969 he received
an honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree
from Bates College.


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