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UBC Reports Sep 18, 1997

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Find UBC Reports on the Web at www.external-affairs.ubc.ca/paweb/reports/
Meet the president
Gavin Wilson photo
A president
for the 21st century
takes her place
Students will play a major role In
the day's events as Martha Piper is
Installed as UBC's 11th president on
Thursday, Sept. 25.
On that day students will meet Piper
for breakfast, take part in a forum on
undergraduate education, be recognized as entrance scholarship winners
and even give an opera performance.
Piper's day begins with a 7:30 a.m.
breakfast at which she will informally
meet 25 students who were invited to
attend on a first-come, first-served basis.
Later that morning, the new president will take part in a forum titled
Thinking the Future of Learning, an
exploration of the possibilities for undergraduate education at UBC.
At the forum, Piper will challenge
the university community to come up
with innovative methods of learning
that take  full  advantage  of UBC's
strengths in faculty,  student,  staff
and research programs.
Each ofthe university's 12 deans
and a student representing each faculty will respond to the challenge —
some in person, others in a pre-taped
video. The forum will then be opened
up for discussion involving audience
members. Every faculty and department was invited to nominate a class
to attend the forum. More than 1,000
students are expected to attend.
The forum will be held in the Chan
Centre for the Performing Arts from
10:10 to 11:30 a.m.
The installation ceremony runs
from 1:30 to 2:30 p.m. Also held in
the Chan Centre, the event is open to
all wishing to attend.
Events schedule page 2
Women to get boost
in oomputing field
by Stephen Forgacs
Staff writer
The University of British
launched a major
project this month to
increase the participation of B.C. women
in information technology careers.
Called SWIFT
(Supporting Women
in InFormation Technology), the project
stems from research
undertaken by Prof.
Maria Klawe who was
recently named to the
IBM/Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council
(NSERC) Chair for
Women in Science
and Engineering at
As one of five chairs
established by
NSERC   across   the
country,   Klawe will
focus on building a provincial action
network for B.C. that will bring together
schools, post-secondary institutions, industry, government,
the news media and
community organizations to address educational and cultural
factors that discourage women from entering and succeeding
in the information
technology field.
"There are many
cultural reasons for
lower participation
rates of women in this
employment sector,"
Klawe said. "Perhaps
the most important is
society's 'computer
nerd' image of information technology
"Most people think
of these professionals
as socially challenged
individuals       who
See SWIFT Page 2
Donations help needy
students balance books
Thanks to donations, students this fall
will benefit from 50 new financial awards
worth about $415,000.
That's welcome news for those in financial need.
More than $ 19 million is now available
annually for student scholarships, bursaries, prizes, fellowships, research grants
and loans.
The funding available for students at
UBC permits them to devote more time to
their studies and less time to earning an
income to support their study," says Awards
and Financial Aid Director Carol Gibson.
"Since awards for academic merit appear on transcripts, they also become an
important addition to the student's
In addition to the new awards available
this fall, Gibson says approximately 40
more are expected to be approved before
From 1993 to 1996, new donor funding
made an additional $ 1.5 million available
to students. Bursaries and UBC loans
amounting to $2.8 million were given last
year to help students with demonstrated
financial need.
"The funding provided to UBC expresses
appreciation for the education students
received while attending UBC as well as
appreciation for the important role UBC
plays within the community," says Shannon von Kaldenberg, director ofthe Development Office. "It also expresses confidence in the university and its programs,
faculty, staffand stewardship."
Alumni, faculty, staff, graduating students and members ofthe community as
well as unions, companies and organizations are among those donors supporting students.
The Awards and Financial Aid Office
and the Faculty of Graduate Studies administer some 14,000 separate student
Prostate Problem
It's second only to lung cancer, yet this cancer is often ignored
Drawing Debate 3
Canada's Year of Asia Pacific: Students talk about it
Drugs Hands-On 7
A reborn program helps pharmacy students get in touch with communities
Cracking Calcium 8
A new prevention project zeros in on a deadly disease 2 UBC Reports ■ September 18, 1997
Continued from Page 1
learned to program before puberty and who spend their adult
lives alone programming in darkened rooms. This image is reinforced by the macho computer
culture found in many high
school and university computer
labs. As a result, most females
do not see themselves as wanting, or being capable of, a successful career in information
Klawe, who is also UBC's vice-
president, Student and Academic Services, will work with
existing educational programs
as well as with other groups
involved in similar or related
initiatives across North America.
An important component of
the SWIFT project is Klawe's E-
GEMS research. E-GEMS (Electronic Games for Education in
Math and Sciences), created in
1992 by Klawe, brings together
researchers in computer science, mathematics, education
and creative arts, with teachers, students and game developers to investigate how electronic games and other interactive multimedia activities can
be used to improve math and
science learning and motivation
for girls and boys.
The SWIFT project will operate with a $ 1 -million budget over
five years.
Continued from Page 1
Piper will deliver a keynote
address and introduce UBC's
77 new entrance scholarship
winners. Students from the opera program in the School of
Music will also give a performance.
Chancellor William Sauder
will swear in Piper, who repeats
the oath of office and exchanges
her academic robes from McGill
University, where she earned
her doctorate, for the regalia of
UBC's president.
After the official ceremony,
all members of the university
community are invited to meet
the new president at an outdoor
reception from 3 to 4 p.m. The
reception will take place at the
Flagpole Plaza, located at the
north end of Main Mall adjacent
to the Chan Centre.
of Events
Installation of
President Martha Piper
■ 10:10- 11:30 a.m.
Thinking the Future of
The Chan Centre
for the Performing Arts
*   limited number of rush
tickets are available at the
■ 1:30-2:30 p.m.
Installation Ceremony
The Chan Centre
for the Performing Arts
■ 3 - 4 p.m.
Meet the President
Reception at Flagpole Plaza
(north end of Main Mall)
About K
The University of British Columbia
Non-credit conversational classes start
September 20th
• Afternoon, evening or Saturday morning
classes for adults
• Saturday afternoon classes
for 15-17 year olds
Language Programs and Services
UBC Continuing Studies
Community Medical Clinic
4347 W.  10th Ave. Vancouver.
222-2685  www.hcalthsmuh.com
Naomi Wolf
Author  of   The   Beauty  Myth,   Fire   with   Fire
and  Promiscuities
OCTOBER     12.     1997
6:00     P M
AT     UBC
The   Eating   Disorders   Resource   Centre   of   British   Columbia
Avalon   Women's   Centres
Tickets  available   at Ticket   Master
Adults  $25.00      Seniors   and   Students  S22.S0
Interprofessional Conference
The University of British Columbia
1998 Women, Children and Youth HIV/AIDS
Date:    March 6 and 7,1998
Location:    The Coast Plaza at Stanley Park
Vancouver, B.C.  Canada
Telephone: (604) 822-2626; Fax: (604) 822-4835
E-mail: elaine@cehs.ubc.ca
Brochure available December 1997.
Hours o| Operation - Fall'97
INK-FOOD (ID-K6!)      http://www.foodserv.ubc.ta
A Department of The University of British Columbia
7:30am - 3:30pm
- K:45p
Arts 200 Snack Bar      Monday i<> Fnda,
Tbe Barn Coffee Shop Monday u> Friday
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EdlbleS at Scarfe Monday 10 Thursday        7:45am - 6:30pm
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IRC Snack Bar at IRC   Monday «> ?_<_*      s:<x)_m - 3:45pm
Roots Monday i.. Fnday        H:(X)am - 2:45pm
inside the Student Lounge al MacMillan
Yum Ylim'S Monday to Friday 7:45am - 3:00pm
at the Old Auditorium
Pacific Spirit Place
M The Student IfaAw BaOdJng
7:30am - 2:00pm
Espresso On the Go
al The Sludenl Union Huildmg
Steamiea Coffee Cart
al [he HtxifcslinT
7:CX)am - 4:(X)pm
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Trekkers Restaurant
The Express
EVENING STUDYING @ Trekkers Restaurant
Monday to Thursday 3:00 pm - 8:00 pm
Totem Park ft Place Vanier Dining Rooms*       Monday to Friday    7:15am - 7:00pm
•All Students, Faculty & Siaff Welcome. Week End* ft Holidays 8:00am • 7:00pm
Mr. Tube Steak at Bu loop
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Monday to Friday
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Monday to Friday    lfrOOam - KfcOOpm
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Consulting Inc.
Statistical Consulting
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Jonathan Berkowitz, Ph.D
4160 Staulo Crescent, Vancouver, B.C., V6N 3S2
Office: (604) 263-1508 Fax: (604) 263-1708
UBC Reports is published twice monthly (monthly in
December, June, July and August) for the entire university
community by the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251
Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. It is
distributed on campus to most campus buildings and to
Vancouver's West Side in the Sunday Courier newspaper.
UBC Reports can be found on the World Wide Web at
Managing Editor: Paula Martin (paula.martin@ubc.ca)
Editor/Production: Janet Ansell (janet.ansell@ubc.ca),
Contributors: Stephen Forgacs (Stephen.forgacs@ubc.ca),
Sean Kelly (sean.kelly@ubc.ca),
Hilary Thomson (hilary.thomson@ubc.ca),
Gavin Wilson (gavin.wilson@ubc.ca).
Editorial and advertising enquiries: (604) 822-3131 (phone), (604)
822-2684 (fax). UBC Information Une: (604) UBC-INFO (822-4636)
UBC Reports welcomes the submission of letters and
opinion pieces. Opinions and advertising published in UBC
Reports do not necessarily reflect official university policy.
Material may be reprinted in whole or in part with
appropriate credit to UBC Reports. UBC Reports ■ September 18,1997 3
Back In Style
Stephen Forgacs photo
Ron Hawkins and the Rusty Nails kicked off the fall semester at UBC with
a lunchtime performance outside the Student Union Building Sept. 2.
Bands, booked by the Alma Mater Society, entertained many ofthe 33,261
students registered for this semester.
1 917 L'ANNII
Canada's Year
of Asia Pacific
^Jfe ^
Debate broadens
thanks to student forum
One of the grassroots organizations that has sprung up with the
announcement that the Asia Pacific Economic Co-operation leaders'
meeting would be held at UBC on Nov. 25 is the APEC-University Forum.
The forum was founded to create a fuller understanding of APEC and
related issues among UBC students, especially the benefits it can bring
to Canada as a member economy, and to UBC as a venue for the centrepiece meeting.
Forum members have hosted a series of panels and discussions to give
students a chance to voice their interests and concerns on matters ranging from trade liberalization to human rights.
The forum is organized by graduate student Arnab Guha and a small
group of students who wanted to broaden the debate on APEC.
"We don't claim to represent anyone, and I believe that's our strength,"
Guha said. "We are students and we welcome anyone who wants to join us."
And while this includes opponents of the event, such as APEC-Alert,
Guha makes it clear that his group supports APEC, despite concerns
about human rights issues in some of the member economies.
"I'm from India, and I'd like to see my country become a member of
APEC. And as a student at UBC, I'm proud to have the leaders' meeting
held here," Guha said.
"I think all of us have mixed feelings. I'm not happy with (Indonesian
president) Suharto or Tiananmen Square, but I do have faith in the
Canadian government in terms of dealing with these issues. I think the
question is, how do you react to them?"
"I have a lot of hope in the Asia Pacific myself. In fact, that is where I
would like to see myself in the future," said the Cambridge-educated Guha.
Now a doctoral student in UBC's Dept. of English, with dissertation
research affiliation in the Media and Graphics Interdisciplinary Centre
(MAGIC), Guha is a resident member of Green College, where most ofthe
APEC-University Forum events have been held.
An introductory reception held in June brought together students,
university administrators, and representatives of the Canadian government and foreign consulates.
Speakers at forum events have included John Klassen, director-general
of APEC, Vinay Gidwani, a post doctoral fellow in the Dept. of Economics,
Tlnnie Chow of the AIESEC student group, Li-feng Wang of the Chinese
Students and Scholars Association, and Jaggi Singh of APEC-Alert.
A communique based on the panel discussions will be presented at the
time of the leaders' meeting. As well, the forum plans to produce a CD-
ROM which will serve as a primer on APEC.
For more information on the forum, call (604) 221-1506.
More information about APEC and UBC's involvement can be found on the
World Wide Web at www.ubc.ca under "News, Events, and Attractions."
Prostate cancer needs
closer study, experts say
by Hilary Thomson
Staff writer
Gram for gram it's the most diseased
organ in the body, say local investigators.
Yet in 1995/96 only $560,000 was
spent in Canada for research into prostate cancer according to a survey of 22
granting agencies.
Second only to lung cancer as a cause
of death from cancer among men, it's a
disease that has been "shrouded in ignorance" according to molecular biologist
Paul Rennie, director of the Prostate
Cancer Research Program at the B.C.
Cancer Agency and one of several UBC
scientists researching various aspects
ofthe disease.
Prostate cancer affects one man in
eight, a similar incidence to breast cancer among women. In B.C. ofthe 3,500
men expected to be diagnosed with it
this year, 550 will die.
Yet finding resources to investigate it
is a huge problem, Rennie says. And
with the number of prostate cancer cases
expected to double in the next 19 years
as baby boomers age, it's a problem of
growing proportions.
"It's a crisis ofthe magnitude that may
bankrupt our health care system," Rennie
says. 'There is an urgent need to fund
research into prostate cancer but so far
the disease has almost been ignored."
The walnut-shaped prostate gland
surrounds part ofthe channel that drains
the bladder. When enlarged or cancerous it may compress the channel, obstructing the free flow of urine.
While the gland's exact function is not
fully understood it is susceptible to three
common diseases: prostatitis (infection
ofthe prostate), enlargement, called benign prostatic hyperplasia, and cancer.
Although prostate cancer is often associated with older men, about 20 per
cent of patients with the disease are
under 65 years old.
Rennie, cancer endocrinologist Dr.
Nick Bruchovsky, urologists Dr. Martin
Gleave and Dr. Larry Goldenberg of the
UBC Prostate Clinic, and molecular biologist Colleen Nelson are working on
two clinical trials focusing on suppressing the male sex hormone androgen.
One of the trials explores the limited
suppression of the hormone for patients
with localized prostate cancer.
Called neo-adjuvant therapy, it is used
prior to surgery or other therapies to
reduce the volume of the tumour, making subsequent treatment more effective.
In advanced prostate cancer, however, the prostate eventually becomes
insensitive to the hormonal treatment.
The tumour grows back and is
The second trial addresses that problem by withdrawing or suppressing androgen only intermittently. Preliminary
studies suggest that this off and on application keeps tumours responsive to
"Prostate cancer is a 'silent disease,'"
says Rennie. "Often there are no symptoms for months or years, or until the
disease has spread."
Consequently, about one-half of the
cases are discovered only when the cancer has spread to other parts ofthe body.
What could have been curable in an early
stage then becomes life-threatening.
Geography is just one of a number of
the disease's risk factors.
B.C.'s rate is 32 per cent higher than
the average for the rest of Canada. Researchers relate this difference to the
influx of males over 50 years old who
come here to retire.
Despite the higher incidence, B.C.
has 16 per cent fewer prostate cancer
deaths than other parts of the country
due to consistent treatment policy and
the most active research program in the
country, according to Rennie.
Family history is important too. Men
whose father or brother have the disease
are three times more likely to develop it
than the general population.
Epidemiologist Richard Gallagher is
trying to identify the gene that causes
inherited prostate cancer.
The first study in Canada to recruit
whole families, Gallagher's investigation
works with men from 40 B.C.households
and is connected with a study of families
across North America. His project recently
became part of an international consortium to find the prostate cancer gene.
UBC researchers at the Institute of
Health Promotion Research, as part of
the nationwide Sociobehavioural Cancer Research Network, are also looking
at the psychological and emotional issues surrounding prostate cancer.
This month the Canadian Cancer Society allocated $1.25 million for researching the disease.
During Prostate Cancer Health and
Awareness Week, which started Sept.
14, urologists, cancer specialists and
researchers from UBC and around the
province will be holding forums in service clubs and community centres. Their
intention is to promote the formation of
support groups and to help emphasize
the need for research funding. For more
information about forums in the Vancouver area, call (604) 872-4400.
Campus climate group
first to predict El Nino
UBC's Climate Prediction Group were
among the first in the world to predict
this year's El Nino event — the first time
an El Nino has been correctly forecast in
Made up of Earth and Ocean Sciences
Prof. William Hsieh, research associate
BenyangTang and several graduate students, the group issued its alert in May
on the department's Web site.
The group used a unique detection
method called a neural network
model, in which computers are
trained to recognize patterns, to make
its prediction.
"Our neural network model learned
which wind patterns would precede a
warming of the eastern equatorial Pacific sea surface temperature — an El
Nino," says Hsieh.
"When we presented new wind data to
the model, it issued the forecast that an
El Nino event could be expected."
Hsieh says this year's El Nino is likely
to surpass the 1982/83 event, which
was considered the biggest of the century and caused more than $8 billion US
of damage globally.
Tropical areas can expect heavy rains
or drought, Hsieh says.
El Nino's most noticeable effects on
weather patterns in Western Canada at
least will be more positive and will be felt
in late fall and winter.
We can expect lower heating bills,
Hsieh predicts, due to a warmer and
somewhat drier winter, while prairie
farmers may have a bumper crop of
grain next summer.
The project was funded by a grant
from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council. 4 UBC Reports • September 18, 1997
September 21 through October 4
Sunday, Sept. 21
Chan Centre for the
Performing Arts
The Masters Of Music - Mozart.
CBC Vancouver Orchestra; Mario
Bernardi conducting; Judy Kang,
violin. Chan Shun Concert Hall,
2pm. Tickets, $12, available
through Ticketmaster 280-4444.
Chan Centre box office info line
Green College Performing
Arts Group
Poetry Reading by Clint
Burnham, Kegan Doyle, Daniel
O'Leary. Green College, 8pm. Call
Monday, Sept. 22
C.A. McDowell Lecture in
Chemical Physics
Modern Developments In Electron-Spin Resonance
Spectroscopy. Prof. Jack Freed,
Chemistry, Cornell U. Chemistry
D-225 (centre block), 10:30am.
Call 822-3266.
Botany Department
Exploring The Mechanistic Basis
Of Aluminum Resistance In
Wheat. Gregory J. Taylor, Biological Sciences, U of Alberta.
Chemistry 250, 12:30-l:30pm.
Call 822-2133.
UBC: It's Tours - Academic
Advising in Science
Free Workshop For First Year
Science Students. Hennings 200,
12:30-1:20pm. No pre-registration required. Call 822-4319.
UBC It's Tours - Academic
Advising In Arts Workshop
Free Workshop For First Year
Arts Students. Buchanan B-312,
12:30-1:20pm. No pre-registration required. Call 822-4319.
Mechanical Engineering
Software Agents To The Rescue:
Intelligent Industrial Automation.
R. Granot, Israel. CEME 1202,
3:30-4:30pm. Refreshments. Call
IAM Distinguished
Colloquium Series
Chemical Turing Pattern Formation Analyses: Comparison Of
Theory With Experiment. Prof.
David Wollkind, Pure and Applied Mathematics, Washington
State U. CSCI 301, 3:30pm. Call
Biochemistry and Molecular
Biology Seminar
Catalytic DNA. Dipankar Sen,
Simon Fraser U. IRC#4, 3:45pm.
Refreshments 3:30pm. Call 822-
Institute of Health
Promotion Research
Globalized Trade And Investment:
Problems And Possibilities For
Public Health. Ron Labonte, Centre for Health Promotion, U of
Toronto. Family/Nutritional Sciences 50 (basement), 4:30-
5:30pm. Call 822-2258.
Green College Resident
Speaker Series
NB: There Will Be Few Dates In
This History: The Writing Of History In The Shadow Of Post-
Structuralism. Brenda
Trofanenko, Centre for Studies
in Curriculum and Instruction.
Green College, 5:30pm. Call 822-
Science and Society
Beautiful Hypotheses Slain By Ugly
Facts: The Lemming Story. Dennis
Chitty, professor emeritus. Zoology. Green College, 8pm. Call 822-
Tuesday, Sept.23
Cecil and Ida Green Visiting
Floods In Bangladesh: Is The Deforestation OfThe Himalayas Responsible For The Floods In Bangladesh? Bruno Messerli, Geography, U of Bern. Geography 100.
12:30pm. Call 822-5675.
Botany Department Seminar
An Analysis Of Conifer Seedling
Morphology As Influenced By Two
Different Silviculture Systems.
Tania Perzoff, MSc candidate.
BioSciences 2000, 12:30-1:30pm.
Call 822-2133.
Lectures in Modern
Electron Spin Resonance And
Molecular Dynamics. Prof. Jack
Freed, Chemistry, Cornell U.
Chemistry B-250 (south wing),
lpm. Refreshments 12:40pm. Call
Statistics Seminar
Optimal Robust M-Estimates Of
Location. Prof. Ruben Zamar, Statistics. CSCI 301, 4-5:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-0570.
Graduate and Faculty
Christian Forum
Trinity Western University And
The British Columbia College Of
Teachers: The Courts, Rights, And
Religious Freedoms. Iain Benson,
Centre for Renewal of Public
Policy. Buchanan Penthouse,
4:15pm. Refreshments at 4pm.
Call 822-3115.
Green College Speaker Series
The Ethics Of Research Involving
Humans: Creating A New National
Code. Michael McDonald, Centre
for Applied Ethics. Green College,
5:30pm. Reception in Graham
House, 4:45-5:30pm. Call 822-
Wednesday, Sept. 24
Orthopedics Grand Rounds
Humeral Shaft Fractures (Plating
vs. Nailing). Dr. Peter O'Brien,
Orthopedics. Vancouver Hospital/
HSC, Eye Care Centre Auditorium,
7am. Call 875-4192.
Cecil and Ida Green Visiting
Climate And Environmental
Change In The Arid Zones: The
Atacama Desert In Comparison
With The Sahara. Bruno Messerli,
Geography, U of Bern. Ponderosa
main room, 12:30pm. Call 822-
Microbiology and
Immunology Seminar
Molecular Systematics Of Oxygenic Photosynthetic Bacteria And
Their Relation To Chloroplasts.
Sean Turner, Biology, Indiana U.
Wesbrook 201. 12:30pm. Call
Reading and Discussion
Danish Author Benny Andersen.
Buchanan Penthouse 12:30pm.
Call 822-6403.
Noon Hour Concert
Wesley Foster, clarinet. Karen
Haley Foster, viola, Terence
Dawson, piano. Music Recital Hall.
12:30pm. $3. Call 822-5574.
UBC It's Tours - Know Tour
Financial Resources
Free Workshop For First Year Arts
And Science Students. Hennings
200, 12:30-1:20pm. No pre-regis
tration required. Call 822-4319.
Ecology, Evolution and
Biodiversity Research
Non-Equilibrium Population Dynamics And The Genetic Structure Of The Mycophagous Beetle
Phalacrus Substriatus. Pelle
Ingvarsson, post doctoral student.
Zoology. Family/Nutritional Sciences 60, 4:30pm. Refreshments
Hut B8, 4:10pm. Call 822-3957.
Thursday, Sept. 25
Biomedical Research Centre
Application Of Mass Spectrometry
To Functional Genomics. Yingming
Zhao, Rockefeller U. Biomedical
Research Centre seminar room 12-
lpm. Call 822-7812.
Philosophy Department
Why Are Laws Of Nature So Important To Science? Marc Lange.
Buchanan D-121, 1-2:30pm. Call
Installation of the President
Ceremony. Chan Centre, 1:30-
2:30pm. Meet the president, reception, Flagpole Plaza (north end
of Main Mall), 3-4pm. Call 822-
8th Annual H.R. MacCarthy
Pest Management Lecture
Evolutionary Potential Of Crop
Pests: Implications For Integrated
Pest Management. Prof. Fred
Gould, Entomology, North Carolina State U. Botanical Garden
Reception Centre, 3:30pm. Reception following. Call 822-2329.
Medieval and Renaissance
Policy In Pictures: Visual Representations Of Female Authority In
Portraits Of Queen Elizabeth 1.
Louis Montrose, English, U of California-San Diego. Green College,
4:30pm. Call 822-1878.
Law And Society Seminar
A Celebration Of Socio-Legal Publications, 1996-97. Green College,
4:30pm. Call 822-1878.
Friday, Sept. 26
Pediatrics Grand Rounds
Selective Posterior Rhizotomy And
Therapeutic Electrical Stimulation
In Children With Spastic Cerebral
Palsy. Dr. Paul Steinbok, BC's Children's Hosp. GF Strong Auditorium, 9am. Call 875-2307.
Advances In Universal Design:
Tools, Codes And Concepts For
The 21st Century. CEME 2206
and Microcomputer Lab. 9am-
5pm. $300. Call 822-3347.
First Nations House Of
Learning Celebrating Ten
Tears Of Service
Creating Power In The Land of The
Eagle. Douglas J. Cardinal, Metis
architect. First Nations Longhouse,
Sty-Wet-Tan Hall. 12:30-4:30pm.
Call 822-8940.
Centre for Japanese
Research Seminar
Christ, The Devil And Money:
Witchcraft In Fijian History. Prof.
Naoki Kasuga, Anthropology,
Osaka U. CK Choi Conference
Room 120, 12:30-2:00pm. Call
Centre for India and South
Asia Research Seminar
The Kashmir Dispute Between India And Pakistan: A Clash Of Civilizations? Prof. Robert Wirsing, U
of South Carolina. CK Choi seminar room 129, 12:30-2pm. Call
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Assets And Therapeutic Prospects
Of A Novel Class Of Antimicrobial
Agents, Cationic Peptides. Prof.
Robert Hancock, Microbiology and
Immunology. Cunningham 160,
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-7795.
Leon and Thea Koerner
Panel On Economic History Of
American Whaling. Lance Davis,
CALTECH, Robert Gallman, U of
North Carolina. Buchanan Penthouse, 12:30-l:30pm. Call 822-
Political Science Seminar
Globalization And Deforestation In
The Asia-Pacific Region. Peter
Dauvergne, Australian National U.
Buchanan Penthouse, 3-4:30pm.
Call 822-5456.
Chemical Engineering
Dynamics And Structure Of Complex Interfaces. Prof. Gerald G.
Fuller, Stanford U. ChemEng 206,
3:30pm. Call 822-3238.
Mathematics Colloquium
Ginzburg-Landau Equations In
Physics And Geometry. Prof.
Fabrice Bethuel, Universite de Paris
Sud-Orsay. Mathematics 100,
3:30pm. Refreshments Math Annex 1115, 3:15pm. Call 822-2666.
Physical Chemistry Seminar
Intermolecular Forces And Liquid
Crystals. Prof. Elliott Burnell,
Chemistry. Chemistry D-402 (centre block), 4pm. Call 822-3266.
Chan Centre for the
Performing Arts Concert
I Musica De Montreal. Chan Shun
Concert Hall, 8pm. Tickets available through Ticketmaster or at
the Chan Centre box office after
1 pm on performance days or Saturdays from noon to 5pm. $18 -
$28. Call 822-2697.	
Saturday, Sept. 27
Vancouver Institute Lecture
Mountain Ecosystems: The Last
Frontier. Prof. Bruno Messerli,
Geography, U of Bern. IRC#2,
8:15pm. Call 822-3131.
Sunday, Sept. 28
Green College Performing
Arts Group
The Revenger's Tragedy. A Dramatic Reading. Green College,
Spm. Call 822-1878.
Monday, Sept. 29
Cecil and Ida Green Visiting
Poverty, Unemployment And Social Exclusion. Anthony Atkinson,
Warden, Nuffield College, Oxford U. Buchanan D-238,
12:30pm. Call 822-5675.
Political Science Seminar
The Institution of Citizenship:
Immigration Policy And Nationality In Post War Britain. Randall
Hansen, Oxford U. Buchanan
Penthouse. 12:30-2pm. Call
Mechanical Engineering
Finding Engineering Information From The Electronic Library Now And In The Future.
Joy Kirchner, reference librarian. CEME 1202, 3:30-4:30pm.
Call 822-3770.
Oceanography Seminar
How Are Fish Abundances Influenced By The Interaction Between The Ocean And Plankton
Ecology? M. Angelica Pena, Institute of Ocean Sciences,
Sidney. BioSciences 1465,
3:30pm. Call 822-3278.
Biochemistry and
Molecular Biology Seminar
DNA Mismatch Repair Deficiency
Due To The Absence Of MSH2: A
Spontaneous 'Mutator' Pheno-
type And Mutational Hyper-Responsiveness To DNAAlkylation.
Dr. Frank Jirik, Rheumatology.
IRC#4, 3:45pm. Refreshments
3:30pm. Call 822-3341.
History, Theory and
Methodology in
International Studies
Keynote Lecture. David Kennedy,
Harvard Law School. Green Col-
lege, 8pm. Call 822-1878.
Tuesday, Sept. 30
Biotechnology Lab/Botany
Rick Bostock, U of California-
Davis. BioSciences 2000,12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Lectures in Modern
Interstellar Dust And Molecules
- Studying The Earliest Stages
Of Star Formation. Prof. Bill
McCutcheon, Physics. Chemistry B-250 (south wing), lpm.
Refreshments 12:40pm. Call
Oceanography Seminar
How Variable Nutrient Supply
Affects Planktonic Production: A
Modelling Approach. M. Angelica Pena. Institute of Ocean Sciences. Sidney. BioSciences 1465,
3:30pm. Call 822-3278.
Statistics Seminar
Stochastic Cointegration. Prof.
Brendan McCabe, Commerce
and Business Admin. CSCI 301,
4-5:30pm.  Refreshments.  Call
The UBC Reports Calendar lists univer^ty*related or
university-sponsored events on campus and off campus within the Lower Mainland.
Calendar items must be submitted on forms available from the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310-6251 Cecil
Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T IZ1. Phone:
822-3131. Fax: 822-2684. An electronic farm is available
on the UBC Reports Web page at http://www.ubc.ca under
'News.' Please limit to 35 words. Submissions for the
Calendar's Notices section may be limited due to space.
Deadline for the October 2 issue of UQC-JiQjorfs —
which covers the period October 5 to October 18 — is
noon, September 23. UBC Reports • September 18,1997 5
September 21 through October 4
Green College Speakers'
Is The Good Health Of British
Columbians Sustainable? John
Millar, Provincial Health Officer.
Green College, 5:30pm. Reception, Graham House 4:45-
5:30pm. Call 822-1878.	
Wednesday, Oct. 1
Orthopedics Grand Rounds
Scaphoid Fracture Non-Union
With Specific Reference To Proximal Pole Non-Union. Dr. Peter
Gropper, Dr. Murray Penner.
Vancouver Hospital/HSC, Eye
Care Centre Auditorium, 7am.
Call 875-4192.
Noon Hour Concert
Dale Throness, baritone; Jane
Hayes, piano; Bruce Clausen,
guitar. Music Recital Hall,
12:30pm. $3. Call 822-5574.
Cecil and Ida Green
Visiting Professor
Income Distribution In OECD
Countries. Anthony Atkinson,
Nuffield College, Oxford U.
Buchanan D-225, 4pm. Call
Ecology, Evolution and
Centre for Biodiversity
Research Seminar
Opsin Evolution In The Dark:
Visual Pigments In Blind Crawfish. Keith Crandell, Zoology,
Brigham Young U. Family/Nutritional Sciences 60, 4:30pm.
Call 822-3957.
Cultural and Media Studies
Interdisciplinary Group
Phrasing Injustice: Critical Judgement In An Uncertain Ethos.
George Pavlich, Sociology, U of
Auckland. Green College, 7:30pm.
Call 822-1878.
Thursday, Oct. 2
UBC Symphonic Wind Ensemble.
Martin Berinbaum, director. Chan
Centre, 12:30pm. Call 822-3113.
President's Lecture for
The Ideal Species Concept - And
Why We Can't Get It. David Hull,
Philosophy, Northwestern U.
BioSciences 2000, 12:30-1:30pm.
Call 822-2133.
Oceanography Seminar
Scale Dependent Patterns And
Processes In Aquatic Ecosystems.
John Kenneth Home, Great Lakes
Centre, SUNY at Buffalo.
GeoSciences 330-A, 12:30pm. Call
Royal Society of Canada
Informal Talk. William Unruh,
Physics and Astronomy. Green
College, 12:30pm. $15 includes
lunch. To register call 822-5210.
Biotechnology Lab./Botany
New Insights Into The Functional,
Temporal, And Spatial Complexity
Of Pathogen Defense In Plants.
Klaus  Hahlbrock,   Max-Planck
Institut, Cologne. Wesbrook 100,
3:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Philosophy Seminar
A Plea For Real Examples In Philosophy Of Science. Prof. David
Hull, Philosophy, Northwestern U.
Buchanan B-218,4-6pm. Call 822-
Policy Issues In Post-
Secondary Education in BC
Intermediate Skill Development:
New Directions For Policy And Research. Paul Gallagher, Robert
Sweet, Lakehead U; Rick Rollins,
Malaspina University College.
Green College, 4:30pm. Call 822-
Building Construction Field Review. MacLeod 214, 6:30-9:30pm.
Continues Tuesdays and Thursdays to Nov 18. $730 including
course materials. Call 822-3347.
Friday, Oct. 3
Health Care and
Revisiting The Life Table: Epidemiology In Court. Dr. Terry
Anderson, professor emeritus.
Mather 253, 9- 10am. Call 822-
Graduate Student
Conference on Evolutionary
The Heuristic Value Of An Evolutionary Perspective And Some Putative Problems And Disanalogies.
David Hull, Northwestern U. Green
College, 10am. Call 822-3292.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Steroid Regulation Of Epithelial
Sodium Channels. Vugranam
Venkatesh, B.C. Research Institute for Child and Family Health.
Cunningham 160, 12:30-1:30pm.
Call 822-7795.
Occupational Hygiene
Program Seminar
New Developments In Asbestos
Induced Lung Disease. Prof. David
Schwartz, Internal Medicine, U of
Iowa. Vancouver Hospital/HSC,
UBC Pavilion, Koerner Theatre G-
279, 12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-
Physical Chemistry Seminar
Urea - Something Old, Something
New: Urea Inclusion Compounds
As Models For Understanding
Structure-Property Relations.
Prof. Mary Ann White, Chemistry,
Dalhousie U. Chemistry B-250
(south wing), lpm. Refreshments
12:40pm. Call 822-3266.
Oceanography Seminar
Spatial Energetics Of Mobile
Predator Prey Interactions. John
Kenneth Home, Great Lakes Centre, SUNY at Buffalo. BioSciences
1465, 3:30pm. Call 822-3278.
Chemical Engineering
Weekly Seminar
Rheological And Thermodynamic
Analysis OfThe Phase Separation
In       Poly(Styrene-Co-Maleic
Anhydrite)/Poly(Methyl Methacr-
ylate) Blends. Divya Chopra,
MASc candidate. ChemEng 206,
3:30pm. Call 822-3238.
Mathematics Colloquium
Diffusion, Cross-Diffusion And
Their Spike-Layer Steady States.
Prof. Wei-Ming Ni, Mathematics,
U of Minnesota. Mathematics
100, 3:30pm. Refreshments at
3:15pm, Math Annex, Room
1115. Call 822-2666.
UBC Symphonic Wind Ensemble. Martin Berinbaum, director.
Chan Centre, 8pm. Call 822-
Saturday, Oct. 4
Graduate Student
Conference on Evolutionary
The Evolution Of Rationality. Peter Danielson, Philosophy. Green
College, 10am. Call 822-3292.
Vancouver Institute Lecture
Can Welfare States Compete In A
Global Economy? Prof. Anthony
B. Atkinson, Warden, Nuffield
College. Oxford U. IRC#2,
8:15pm. Call 822-3131.
Next deadline:
noon, Sept. 23
UBC Catering
on Campus at the University of British Columbia
The Best Kept Secret on Campus is now
• Full-service Catering
• Famous West Coast
Salmon BBQ
• Drop Deliveries
• Coffee Breaks
• Wedding Receptions
• Cocktail Receptions
• Christmas Parties
• Full Bar Services
• Dickens Christmas Buffet
at Cecil Green Park
• Special Occasion Cakes
• Catering Service
7 Days a Week.
• No GST with internal
• Cater at Any Location
on Campus
• Extensive Menu Offers
Rack of Lamb to
Bag Lunchs
• Wine & Cheese to
Dessert Buffets
bnderosa Koome Dook'w
Catering Brochure
Call £22-201.3
Fax <322-238>4
Visit our Web Site @
University of British Columbia Food Services
' No GST applied for all University Internal Requisitions 6 UBC Reports ■ September 18,1997
News Digest
UBC's Equity Office has won the Government of Canada's 1997
Vision Award for achievements in employment equity.
The award recognizes special achievements made by organizations implementing an employment equity workplan and maintaining a representative workforce.
In 1996, UBC achieved workforce representation of 52 per cent
women, one per cent aboriginal people, 21 per cent visible minorities, and five per cent persons with disabilities.
From 1990 through 1996, UBC hired women to fill 37 per cent of
new tenure-track faculty positions.
Finalists for the award are chosen by a panel of previous award
recipients. The Equity Office was previously recognized with certificates of merit.
Competition for the award is open to all organizations covered
under the federal Employment Equity Act. Previous recipients
include 3M Canada, the Bank of Montreal, and York University.
•  •  •  •
A new interdisciplinary program in Internet Marketing, the first
of its kind anywhere, will be offered next month by Continuing
Studies in partnership with the Faculty of Commerce and Business
Administration's Executive Programs.
The certificate program will show marketing professionals and
business entrepreneurs how to use the Internet to increase sales,
develop new markets and expand customer service.
The program, developed with cooperation from industry leaders,
covers such topics as on-line user behaviour, Internet technologies, products and services, Web site advertising and promotion, as
well as the legal and regulatory issues of the Internet.
For more information call (604) 822-1438.
An award-winning exhibit that provides insight into early life
on the south coast of British Columbia returns to the Museum of
Anthropology until Dec. 31.
Written in the Earth, a collaboration between archeologists and
local First Nations, won an award last year for outstanding
achievement from the Canadian Museums Association.
Close to a third of the artifacts come from the 2,000-year-old
Marpole site in south Vancouver, which contained one of the
richest records of ancient art in Canada before much of it was
destroyed by development.
__ Biomedical Communications
os& ^
The classified advertising rate is $16.50 for 35 words or less. Each additional word
is 50 cents. Rate includes GST. Ads must be submitted in writing 10 days before
publication date to the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1, accompanied by payment in cash, cheque (made out to UBC
Reports) or internal requisition. Advertising enquiries: 822-3131.
The deadline for the October 2, 1997 issue of UBC Reports is noon, September 23.
perfect spot to reserve
accommodation for guest
lecturers or other university
members who visit throughout
the year. Close to UBC and other
Vancouver attractions, a tasteful
representation of our city and of
UBC. 4103 W. 10th Ave.,
Vancouver. BC. V6R 2H2. Call or
fax (604)222-41 04.	
accom. in Pt. Grey area. Minutesto
UBC. On main bus routes. Close to
shops and restaurants. Inc. TV, tea
and coffee making, private phone/
fridge. Weekly rates available. Call
222-3461. Fax:222-9279.	
Five suites available for
academic visitors to UBC only.
Guests dine with residents and
enjoy college life. Daily rate $52,
plus $ 14/day for meals Sun.-Thurs.
Call 822-8660 for more
information and availability.
BROWN'S      BY      UBC      B&B.
Comfortable and relaxing
accommodation close to UBC in
quiet area. Private bath
available. Reasonable daily
rates. Special weekly/monthly
rates available for visiting UBC
scholars. Call 222-8073.	
BAMBURYLANE. Bed and breakfast.
View home. Two BRs. Daily, weekly
and winter rates. Ten minutes to
UBC, 15 minutes downtown. Twin
beds. Shared bathroom. Call orfax
one BR guest suites with
equipped kitchen, balcony, TV
and telephone. Centrally
located on Student Union
Boulevard, near SUB, Aquatic
Centre and transit. Ideal for UBC
lecturers or campus visitors. 1997
rates - $81 - $ 110/night. Call (604)
RETREAT. Waterfront, south
facing, three BR home with
fireplace; spectacular views;
private beach, perfect for
windsurfing and kayaking; relax
on the deck; walking trails from
your doorstep. The great
escape. Experience tranquility!
6th. Heritage House, antiques,
wood floors, original stained
glass. Ten minutes UBC and
downtown. Two blocks from
restaurants, buses. Scrumptious full
breakfasts. Entertaining cats. Views.
Phones in rooms. Call (604)739-9002.
FURNISHED one and two BR suites
with patios overlooking tree-
lined street. Minutes to beach,
shops, downtown. Laundry and
sauna facilities. N/S, N/P. One
BR, $l,400/mo. Two BR, $2,000/
mo. Available immediately. Call
Rosemary 684-1304.
Phone 822-5769 for more information
Alan Donald, Ph.D.
Biostatistical Consultant
Medicine, dentistry, biosciences, aquaculture
101-5805 Balsam Street, Vancouver, V6M 4B9
264 -9918 donald@portal.ca
One BR + den (two BR). Two full
bathrooms, deck. Attic in quiet
character house. Kits/Point Grey
close toocean. Water,mountain,
city view. Exquisite new furniture.
$2.400/month. Call 736-4568.
suite. Street level in private home
on S.W. Marine Drive - Dunbar.
Fireplace, private entrance.
$1100/month including utilities,
cable, laundry. Prefer mature
person or couple. Call 263-5101.
MID OCT to Dec. 1st. Three BR
house near UBC. Ideal for visiting
professors and families. Call 226-
BR, two bath house. Five
appliances. Available Oct 1-
March/April. Sundeck, yard.
Small pet OK. $975, unfurnished.
$1,050 furnished. Call 272-5409.
Housing Wanted
UBC STAFF MEMBER, professional,
seeks four BR or larger unfurnished
house, suitable for family, west of
Granville, to rent for minimum
one year, starting October or
November. Call 822-0479 (leave
House Exchange
available in New Zealand -
Christchurch - overlooking Pacific
Ocean, southern Alps at Sumner
Beach. Caravailable. March/98-
March/2000 (negotiable). Swap
for similar house in Vancouver.
Contact Doug Blackman, phone
687-8080; fax 687-8218.
House Sitters
female looking for a house sitting
arrangement. (1) Nov. 1 - Dec.
15. (2) Long term suite required
April 15/98. Call 261-4591.
are looking to optimize their
RRSP, Faculty pension and
retirement options call Don
Proteau, RFP or Doug Hodgins,
RFP ofthe HLP Financial Group
for a complimentary
consultation. Investments
available on a no-load basis.
Call for our free newsletter.
Serving faculty members
since 1982. Call 687-7526. E-
mail: dproteau@hlp.fpc.ca
Ages: 2.5 to 5 yrs. University
Kindercare Daycare. Pleasant,
spacious surroundings, small
group. Snacks and tender loving
care provided by ECE-qualified
staff. One block from UBC gates.
4595 West 8th Ave. Call 228-5885.
Next ad deadline:
noon, Sept. 23 UBC Reports • September 18,1997 7
Community care key to
unique pharmacy program
Pharmaceutical Sciences is
prescribing advanced clinical
skills, unique projects and patient involvement for graduates
taking its community pharmacy
residency program.
The first program of its kind
in Canada, the residency was reestablished this year after an
eight-year suspension due to
faculty and funding changes.
The one-year program is offered to two of the faculty's almost 120 graduates or any licensed pharmacist each year. It
involves advanced training in
clinical pharmacy skills and instruction on pharmacy manage-
Pacific Institute for the
Mathematical Sciences
Applications are invited for the post of Director of the
Pacific Institute for the Mathematical Sciences. The initial
appointment date will be between January 1,1998 and July
1,1998, and the Director will be resident in Vancouver. The
length of appoinment will be up to three years. Other
conditions of service are to be negotiated according to the
circumstances of the candidate. The appointee will have a
distinguished record of scholarship in the mathematical
sciences and superior leadership and management skills.
The Pacific Institute for the Mathematical Sciences (PIMS) is
a new consortium set up by the five major universities in
Alberta and British Columbia with major funding from the
government of Canada, the two provincial governments
(either guaranteed or still under negotiation), and the
founding universities.
For comprehensive information on PIMS consult the Web
site: http://www.pims.math.ca/
Enquiries and applications should be addressed to
Directorship Search Committee
PIMS, UBC Office
222-6356 Agricultural Rd.
UBC, Vancouver
V6T 1Z2
or sent by fax to 822-0883 and should be received by
October 31,1997.
ment and teaching techniques.
The majority of the residency
is spent in three-, four- or six-
week rotations in community,
hospital outpatient and long-term
care pharmacies and the Drug
and Poison Information Centre.
'This program makes sense
because 90 per cent of pharmacists work in the community,"
says program director Penny
Eighteen B.C. pharmacists,
recognized for their high standard of practice and often unique
services, serve as coaches. They
are asked to challenge the residents with innovative projects,
such as researching a sleeping
medication withdrawal program.
"I believe there's more independence, flexibility and patient
contact than in a hospital residency," says Afshin Jaberi, a
recent graduate ofthe program.
He now works at one of his residency sites, Reach Community
Health Centre on Commercial
Although hospital residencies
are well established, advanced
training in community pharmacy
practice reflects a change in the
"We're trying to emphasize
our consultative role, working
with both patient and doctor,"
says Senior Instructor Marion
Pearson, one of the program's
Energy and the ability to work
with people is key to getting selected for the residency.
The program returns with financial support from the faculty
and the B.C. Pharmacists'Association.
Third Annual
Alumni Achievement &
Sports Hall of Fame Dinner
... in support of UBC student scholarships
Special Guest Speaker
Dr. Martha Piper
UBC President
6:30pm,Thursday, October 23
Hyatt Regency Hotel
Live Auction
of bookings for two on the spectacular
Journey ofthe Czars Cruise
$1,000 table of 8
$125 individual
GST included
Tax receipts will be issued
For more information contact:
UBC Alumni Association, (604) 822-3313
Department of Athletics and Recreation, (604) 822-8205
Don't miss the best Alumni and Athletics event of the year!
by staff writers
Dr. Steffanie Strathdees success in convincing
young gay men and injection drug users in Vancouver to participate in two HIV-related research
projects brought her to the attention of Maclean's magazine, which in July named her one of "100 Canadians to
Now, a National Health Scholar Award will enable
Strathdee, an assistant professor in the Dept. of Health
Care and Epidemiology, to continue her work on the two
projects for the next five years.
The award, from the National Health Research and
Development Program of Health Canada, recognizes
Strathdee's contributions to excellence in public health
natomy professor Dr. Charles Slonecker has
received the J.C.B. Grant Award from the Canadian
Association for Anatomy,
Neurobiology and Cell
The award, the highest
given by the association,
recognizes Slonecker's
significant contributions to
the association and to
science in Canada and
acknowledges achievement in
research and teaching.
Slonecker, who is also
director of University Relations, served as head of
Anatomy from 1981 to 1992.
He received the Master
Teacher Award in 1976 and
the Killam University Teach-
Slonecker ing Prize in 1996.
Valerie Raoul, a
French professor who
specializes in women's writing, autobiography
and feminist theory, is the
new director of the Centre
for Research in Women's
Studies and Gender Relations.
Raoul intends to promote
interdisciplinary research in
women's studies on campus,
forge links with researchers
doing similar work at
institutions in Canada and
abroad, and increase the
centre's involvement with
community groups.
Along with Women's
Studies Chair Dawn Currie,
Raoul is working to set up a
practicum in a community setting which would be part of the
Women's Studies program.
Geography Prof. R. Cole Harris has been appointed
to the David and Brenda McLean Chair in Canadian
Harris, who edited the first volume of the Historical Atlas
of Canada, plans to study the native land question in B.C.,
tracing the history of thought about native land, reserve
policies and the impact of reserves on the lives of native
Prof. Sheldon Duff of the Dept. of Chemical Engineering and MASc student Belinda Larisch are co-
winners ofthe TAPPI Russell O. Blosser Memorial
Best Paper Award in the Water Quality Category.
The award was presented at the International Environmental Conference recently held in Minneapolis.
Their winning paper looks at the effects on effluent of
chemical alternatives to the chlorine-based bleaching
process in pulp production.
Dr. Robert Hill, professor emeritus and former head,
Dept. of Pediatrics, has published Paedatrics in B.C.
The book outlines the growth of pediatric practice in the
province and describes the development ofthe department
Its publication coincided with the department's 45th
anniversary. 8 UBC Reports • September 18, 1997
Doctor aims to prevent
bone breaks among aged
by Hilary Thomson	
Stoff writer
It's called the silent thief.
Affecting 1.4 million Canadians, it results in fractures, deformity, disability and is a significant cause of death among
the elderly.
Yet many people don't even
consider osteoporosis to be a
disease, according to European
Endocrinologist Dr. David
Kendler hopes to improve the
understanding and treatment of
osteoporosis in B.C. with the
Fractures and Falls Prevention
Program, starting at St. Vincent's Hospital this month.
The program, the first in
Canada focused on the elderly,
will offer clinical care on a referral basis.
Working closely with community groups such as the Osteoporosis Societies of B.C. and
Canada, it will also educate doctors, other health care providers and the public.
This program is one of the
few in the world attempting a
coordinated approach to falls
prevention and osteoporosis
therapy," Kendler says. "Often
people aren't aware they've got
the disease until they've had
their first fracture. We're looking at preventive measures to
treat the problem before a fracture that could end someone's
More common than breast or
ovarian cancer and as common
among women as cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis in the
elderly costs Canadian taxpayers about $1.3 billion per year,
mostly for treatment of fractures.
"The disturbing news is that
with baby boomers aging over
the next 30 years, the incidence
of hip fractures related to osteoporosis is expected to increase
by 275 per cent," says Kendler,
who is also a clinical assistant
professor in Faculty of Medicine.
By 90 years of age, 30 per
cent of women and 15 per cent
of men will have suffered a hip
fracture. Following a fracture,
almost a third of patients are
Characterized by low bone
density and deterioration of bone
tissue, osteoporosis leads to increased bone fragility and risk
of fracture—most often at the
spine, wrist or hip. A bone is
considered osteoporotic if it has
weakened to the point where it
may fracture with minimum
About 20 per cent of hip fracture patients die within the year
from complications due to surgery and loss of mobility, says
Measuring bone density is
key to early detection and treatment. Although risk factors
such as gender, age, inadequate calcium in diet or family history of osteoporosis are
significant, measuring bone
mass is critical.
Bone density reaches a peak
around age 20 and is maintained until menopause. After
that time, a woman may lose 20
to 45 per cent of her bone mass
due to lack of estrogen.
A specially developed X-ray
device compares current bone
mass measurements to the peak
In a simple procedure, the
patient lies flat on a table while
a mechanical arm, positioned
about 10 inches above the table, moves back and forth across
the width ofthe body from knee
to chest.
A pencil-thin low radiation
X-ray beam is directed vertically through the body. The X-
ray unit measures how much of
the beam passes through the
bone, an indicator of calcium
content and fracture risk.
Once the disease has been
detected, preventive treatment
may include hormone replacement, increased calcium and vitamin D intake or increase in
weight-bearing exercise. Some
drug therapies can reduce risk
of fractures by 50 per cent.
New hormones called selective estrogens may be available
next year. These hormones act
as estrogen, preventing bone
loss and reducing cholesterol,
with no apparent increase in
risk of breast cancer. Bone-forming agents are also expected to
be available soon.
Work Study Opportunity
Photo Archive Project Assistant
The Public Affairs Office seeks a UBC student to continue its photo
archive project. Familiarity with archival principles and advanced technology for information storage and retrieval is required.
To be eligible students must qualify for the Work Study Program.
(Program information is available from the Awards and Financial Aid
Office, Brock Hall). Please send applications by Friday, Oct 3, 1997 to:
Manager, Public Affairs Office,
310-6251 Cecil Green Park Rd.
Vancouver, B.C. V6T IZI
for the campus and %&
neighbouring community
on UBC's role in
APEC '97
and its impact on the campus and community
Oct. 7, 1997
Nov. 6,1997
- 12:30-1:30pm, Angus 104
• 7-8pm, Angus 104
2053 Main Mall
12:30-1:30pm, Angus 104
7-8pm, Angus 104
2053 Main Mall
For further information on the meeting call Carolyn McLean, UBC APEC
Office, 822-2080; fax 822-1936; e-mail apec@unixg.ubc.ca


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