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UBC Reports Feb 3, 2005

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VOLUME  51   |  NUMBER  2   I   FEBRUARY  3,2005
2 UBC in the News
3 Law Student King
4 UBC Okanagan Report
9 Focus Ecuador
12 Food of Love
UBC Responds to Global Disaster
Students, faculty, staff
and alumni support
Tsunami relief
From direct on-the-ground help in
the disaster zone, to a myriad of
fundraisers back home, the UBC
community has been active in aiding
South Asian tsunami relief efforts.
Alumni Joey Dolcetti and Patrick
Potvin were heading to Cambodia
for a holiday from their jobs at the
National Sports Institute of
Malaysia, when a $ 16 airfare lured
them to Phuket en route. Because of
their last-minute booking, they
weren't able to get oceanfront
accommodation but even so, the
water got to within 100 metres of
their hotel.
The friends decided to cancel their
holiday and stay in Thailand as volunteers. For the next two weeks they
helped recover bodies, washed and
wrapped bodies in a hospital
morgue and accompanied military
personnel on searches of surrounding areas.
Potvin completed a master's
degree in statistics in physiology and
used his expertise to work with
Dolcetti to create a database of
patient records that has been used
by families, local authorities and
international organizations.
The duo have returned to Phuket
to help organize a sports program
for orphaned children.
David Sweet, director of UBC's
A UBC alumnus and tsunami relief volunteer views Phuket wreckage.
Bureau of Legal Dentistry, (BOLD)
has been working with RCMP to
identify Canadian tsunami victims
through dental records and DNA
The only forensic ondontology
(dentistry) lab in Canada, BOLD has
organized and trained a group called
B.C. Forensic Ondontology
Response Team (BC-FORT) a volunteer dental team designated to
respond in the event of a mass casualty incident in B.C.  It is the only
such group in Canada.
Under Sweet's direction, the team
was able to get dental X-rays of
missing persons onto a high resolution website, thanks to the quick
work of the Faculty of Dentistry's
Technology Support Team. Directed
by Keith Munro, webmaster James
Pagnotta and senior programmer
Wei Zhang created a site that Thai
personnel could refer to until original records arrived.
"This situation is both challenging
and remarkable because of the number of countries involved," says
Sweet. "We really have to collaborate as citizens of the world, not only
as citizens of Canada."
Members of BC-FORT will travel
to Thailand in a series of two-week
A UBC chair of mining and the
environment has been working in an
emergency aid program in Banda
Aceh, Indonesia. An expert in water
treatment, Ward Wilson was recruited on a special leave to work with
Canadian Food for the Hungry
International to design and build two
water treatment plants. He will also
teach local people to maintain the
In addition to UBC individuals
who have also volunteered time,
effort and expertise, many groups
across campus jumped into action.
"I have been personally touched
and impressed by the student
response here," says Alma Mater
Society (AMS) president Amina Rai.
"There's been a huge volume of
activities by student clubs who have
worked together in a unified way as
well as launched independent
continued on page 11
How Can I Help
see page 12
Boosting Drug Safety for Children
A new national surveillance network will help find adverse drug reactions
|Emce Carleton is determined to
create a better drug surveillance
program in childrens' hospitals.
Last year's recall of the arthritis pain
drug, Vioxx®, left a big question in
the mind of Bruce Carleton.
An associate professor of pharmaceutical sciences, Carleton specializes
in evaluating the effectiveness and
safety of medications. The recall left
him wondering why government-
mandated drug safety surveillance
programs worldwide didn't capture
the risks associated with the popular
Post-marketing surveillance
involves manufacturers, health-care
professionals and consumers reporting adverse drug reactions. But if the
system failed to detect the life-threatening cardiovascular risks posed by
Vioxx®, despite millions of prescriptions issued, are patients really being
protected from potential adverse
reactions, Carleton asks.
As director of the Pharmaceutical
Outcomes Program at Vancouver's
Children's & Women's Health
Centre, he is especially interested in
how well surveillance programs
work to identify adverse drug outcomes among children.
In the U.S. alone, approximately
26,500 children die every year from
adverse drug reactions, according to
a 1998 study published in the
Journal ofthe American Medical
Carleton and renowned UBC
geneticist Michael Hayden aim to
change that through a three-year,
$8.4 million project funded by
Genome Canada. Called the
Genotype-specific Approaches to
Therapy in Childhood (GATC) program, the project officially gets
underway this month.
The program will test a novel surveillance system and explore genetic
influences in adverse drug reactions.
The researchers will establish a
national network of "detectives" -
nurses, pharmacists and other clinicians with expertise in identifying
adverse drug reactions. The sleuths
will work in pediatric hospitals
across Canada specifically to find
and report adverse drug reactions in
In addition, the GATC network
will collect DNA samples from
patients to help understand causes
of adverse reactions. The genetic
information and other data will
form a central data registry concerning drug effectiveness and safety.
"Our goal is to understand why a
drug is safe for one child but not
another, so that we can reduce
adverse reactions," says Hayden,
who directs Vancouver's Centre for
Molecular Medicine and
Therapeutics (CMMT). "We want
to develop diagnostic tests to determine a child's genetic fingerprint.
Once we can predict a child's risk,
we can offer personalized dosing
recommendations for some commonly used drugs. We want to be
able to do this within five years."
Carleton is confident that a permanent national surveillance network operating in hospitals at a
grassroots level would make a huge
difference in our knowledge of drug
effectiveness and safety.
About 95 per cent of adverse
drug reactions go unreported world
wide, he says, but failure to report
continued on page 12 I      UBC      REPORTS       |       FEBRUARY     3,     2OO5
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UBC Forensic dentistry expert David Sweet says dental records are a reliable way
to identify victims of the tsunami tragedy.
Highlights of UBC Media Coverage in January 2005. compiled by brian lin
Nose-to-Spine Transplants
Hold Promise
UBC neuroscientlst Jane Roskams
has found that when stem cells
derived from noses of adult rats and
mice are grown in culture and
transplanted into the damaged
spinal cords of rodents, those
injuries are repaired and the nerves
"When it comes to the nervous
system, a rat is not a human. So we
have to have safety and efficacy
studies in animals first, and next
there will be primate studies,"
Roskams told The Washington
Roskams warns that much more
research needs to be done and ads
on the Internet for unproven nose-
to-spine transplants available in
Portugal and China have not been
proven to be safe.
"People are desperate. They hear
the hype and the hope, and they go
for it... but we have to prove first
that these procedures are safe. We
have to do it right," Roskams said.
Lending a Hand to Tsunami
UBC clinical professor Graham
Reid is volunteering with Relief
International in Ullai, Sri Lanka.
Reid told The Seattle Post-
Intelligencer that the community
appears to have been simply
ignored for a week or so because
the tsunami took out the bridge
that connected it to the main road,
making it too difficult to reach.
Canadian and Sri Lankan military personnel are now running
small boats to ferry people across
the lagoon that separates Ullai from
the main road.
UBC forensic identification
expert David Sweet says dental
records will likely be the first choice
for identifying victims of the tsunami tragedy because they are the
fastest and least expensive method.
"You'd want to start with dental
records because they're quick and
they're very reliable," Sweet told
Canadian Press. "They are also relatively inexpensive compared with
DNA samples.
"The comparisons can be done
with X-rays or written records or
any other dental information available. "
No Mixing Warfarin and
A new study by the Institute of
Clinical Evaluative Sciences has
found that older patients taking the
blood-thinner warfarin have an elevated risk of potentially deadly
stomach bleeding if they also take
common anti-inflammatory drugs
for arthritis such as ibuprofen and
Celebrex, Bextra and others Cox-
2 inhibitors also pose a risk.
UBC clinical pharmacologist and
internist Jim Wright told Canadian
Press that the study has major
implications because a lot of physicians would likely choose Cox-2s
for arthritis patients already on warfarin, believing the drugs have a
lower risk than NSAIDs.
"I've been saying for a long time
that these drugs are probably more
harmful than beneficial compared to
NSAIDs ... the evidence we have
right now suggests we shouldn't use
Genetic Tests could Save
UBC researchers Michael Hayden
and Bruce Carleton are working to
reduce adverse drug reactions that
kill almost 30,000 North American
children every year by developing
quick genetic tests that can predict
which children are slow and fast
The $8.4-million project involves
pediatric centres across Canada,
which are tracking bad reactions and
collecting DNA and plasma samples
from affected youngsters.
"We hope to have some of these
things ready for the clinic within five
years, and we think we can live up to
that," Hayden told CanWest News
Service. □
BLACK, SOMERSET, Biely, McDowell, and Killam Awards Announced
UBC faculty have been recognized with five prestigious
UBC chemistry professor Stephen Withers has been
awarded the Jacob Biely Faculty Research Prize, and math
and zoology professor Michael Doebeli has received the
Charles A. McDowell Award for Excellence in Research.
The Sam Black Award goes to Professor George
McWhirter from the department of theatre, film and creative
writing and Scott Watson, a professor in the department of
art history, visual art and theory, is the recipient of this year's
Dorothy Somerset Award.
Winners of the 2004 Killam Research Prizes of $5,000 are
(in alphabetical order):
Dale Griffin, Sauder School of Business; David Metzer,
Music; Dianne Newell, History; Peter Pare, Faculty of
Medicine; Catherine Rankin, Psychology; Lynn Raymond,
Psychiatry and Neurology; Gordon Slade, Math; Mark
Vessey, English; YuTian Wang, Faculty of Medicine; Brain
Research Centre; Rhodri Windsor-Liscombe, Art History,
Visual Art and Theory
The Biely and McDowell awards are named for former
UBC researchers. Professor Emeritus Charles McDowell
headed UBC's Chemistry department for 26 years. Biely, an
international poultry scientist, was a UBC faculty member
from 1935-68. He died in 1981.
The Somerset and Black awards pay tribute to two legendary figures in fine arts at UBC.
Sam Black's 41-year association with the university began
in 1958 as a professor of fine arts and art education. He was
a founder ofthe International Society for Education Through
Dorothy Somerset became director of the UBC Players'
Club in 1934. She served as first artistic administrative head
ofthe Fredric Wood Theatre until her retirement in 1965. □
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randy.schmidt@ubc.ca or call UBC.NEWS (604.822.6397) UBC      REPORTS      |       FEBRUARY     3,     2OO5      |      3
Law Student King of Public Speaking
He's young, Muslim, and has no
problem talking about it in front of
1,000 people.
That's probably why Rahim
Moloo won the 2005 World Public
Speaking Championship, which
took place over the Christmas holidays in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
A veteran of public speaking and
debate competitions, Moloo, a third-
year UBC law student, wowed an
international crowd of 1,000 attendees - and the judges - with humour
and wit during the final round of the
tournament, as he poked fun at
stereotypes and prejudices faced by
Muslims in North America.
"I told them that since 9/11, my
dream of becoming a pilot has been
crushed - along with those of
becoming an air hostess," joked
Moloo, who also has two national
debating championship wins under
his belt.
Moloo began defying the keener
stereotype in ninth grade, when he
found the excitement building up to
tournaments intoxicating. "It's ironic
that both the positive and negative
stereotypes of debaters and public
speakers are literally the same thing:
smart and keen," says Moloo.
United Way
Hits Goal,
Service Award
Having wrapped up the 2004 UBC
United Way Campaign, committee
members are looking back on the
campaign and marveling at success.
"We've had an excellent campaign in so many ways," says Stan
Auerbach, the 2004 Campaign
Chair.   "This year's campaign saw
30 special events, nearly 50 awareness-raising presentations to units
across campus and over 200 faculty,
staff and student volunteers."
"The campaign reached our goal
of $525,000 for the 400 programs
and services that United Way supports in our communities," says
Auerbach.   "A big thank you to all
the donors, volunteers, and community members who supported this
campaign and made it a success!"
At United Way's Community
Spirit Awards on Jan. 14, UBC was
awarded with an Exceptional
Service Award in Organizational
"UBC has a long-standing relationship with United Way," says
Eilis Courtney, director of UBC
Ceremonies and Senior Volunteer
for the campaign. "We have been
involved not only by running an
annual campaign, but also by supporting the Loaned Representative
program, hosting the annual United
Way Leadership Recognition
Reception and participating in the
Days of Caring initiative. We were
thrilled to receive the award and
look forward to continuing to partner with United Way."
For more information about
United Way of the Lower Mainland
or the Community Spirit Awards,
please visit www.uwlm.ca.
For more information about the
UBC United Way campaign, please
visit our website throughout the year
at www.unitedway.ubc.ca □
"There is great diversity in the
field. Last year's top oralist in the
debating competition was a medical
student, and the World Public
Speaking Champion two years ago
was a computer science student."
So how does one come up with
the courage and poise to inform,
enlighten and entertain in front of a
group of strangers? Moloo says
practice builds confidence, but
believing in what you're talking
about makes a world of difference.
"When you know your topic and
feel passionate about it, it comes
through very evidently in your
speech," says Moloo. "That's what
moves people."
Another triumph was UBC's successful bid to host the World
Debating Championships in 2007,
beating out the University of
London and the University of
The competition is expected to
bring more than 1,000 students
from around the world in 10 days
of intense intellectual deliberation.
This will be the first time the championship comes to western North
For more information on the
UBC Debating Society, visit
www.ubcdebate.com. □
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REPORTS      |       FEBRUARY     3,     2OO5
UBC Okanagan: Combining Excellence
with Innovation
A 300-bed residence, new faculty
members and innovative programs
are among the hallmarks of UBC
Okanagan, set to open its doors in
Since the March 2004 announcement of the creation of UBC
Okanagan, the transition team,
which includes executives from both
UBC and Okanagan University
College (OUC), has been working
non-stop to put in place programs
and infrastructure for the school's
first class of 3,800 students.
Expansion to the existing arts and
science buildings has begun and construction of a new 300-bed residence
will begin early summer on what is
currently OUC's north Kelowna
campus. Resumes are pouring in for
new faculty positions expected to be
filled before the summer. New programs and research themes, based
on extensive community consultation, are being fine-tuned to address
regional demand.
Barry McBride, Deputy Vice-
Chancellor of UBC Okanagan, says
the new campus will uphold UBC's
tradition of excellence in ways that
are distinct from - yet complementary with - UBC Vancouver.
Students will be encouraged to
shape their own learning experience
by incorporating interdisciplinary,
theme-based inquiry, community
service learning and co-op and
practicum opportunities that involve
regional industry partners such as
1 mrm -r: 1:_~
uuv, \^ivaiiagan   ■■incline
March 17
October 22
Provincial government announces the
Forestry giant Irving K. Barber announces a $12.25
establishment of UBC Okanagan and a college
million endowment to establish the Irving K. Barber
in the Okanagan region
School of Arts and Sciences
July 16
UBC Board of Governors approves $18.4 mil
September - December
Academic Plan Working Group meetings and
lion construction plan to accommodate 900 new
consultations held with students, staff, and faculty
student spaces
and communitieson an every-two week basis
September 8
UBC Okanagan Community Advisory Council
holds inaugural meeting in Kelowna
November 29
Job offers made to staff and faculty
September 16
Program and research directions announced
January - March
Idea Book Draft Academic Plan consultation
with faculty for academic plan, students, staff
September 30
UBC Board of Governors holds meeting in
and external community
Kelowna, the first time in two decades it meets
April - May
outside the Lower Mainland
Discussion of Academic Plan at UBC O Interim
Approval of Academic Plan at UBC O Senate
Agricultural Sciences dean Moura Quayle is working on the academic plan for
UBC Okanagan.
the Summerland Pacific Agriculture
Research Centre (PARC) and the
Dominion Radio Astrophysical
Observatory in Penticton.
"You'll see a university that is
closely connected with the community throughout the Okanagan,"
says McBride. "You'll see a university whose research activities are
broadly based and address issues of
regional importance. You'll see a
university that is committed to the
idea of global citizenship and inter-
continued on page 5
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The Barber Legacy
Combining arts and science will encourage global citizenship
The Irving K. Barber School of Arts
and Sciences at UBC Okanagan will
give students in the UBC system the
opportunity to choose where they
learn - and how.
Set in north Kelowna, the school
will combine the faculties of arts
and science to create a truly interdisciplinary learning experience that
promotes the value of a civil and
sustainable society, says Bernard
Bauer, dean of OUC's Faculty of
Science, who will head up the
school this fall.
"Post-secondary students these
days tend to specialize in one particular field, to the detriment of broad-
based education and responsible citizenship, " says Bauer.
"With the Barber School we have
a fresh slate to create something at
UBC O that's unique and innovative, but speaks to the vision of the
whole UBC system."
Bauer says a model of traditional
liberal arts colleges such as
Princeton and the University of
Chicago, where outstanding pedagogy is married to research excellence, is central to his vision for the
"The Barber School will be a very
nice compliment to UBC Vancouver
- classes will be considerably smaller with a much more personal
focus, and the delivery of the courses
will be different," says Bauer.
"Students in the UBC system will
have more choices in terms of how
they complete their education."
In October, a $ 15-million endowment was set up thanks to forestry
giant Irving K. Barber to create the
Barber School of Arts and Sciences
at UBC Okanagan. "In providing
the endowment, Ike Barber challenged us to provide a value-added
learning experience in innovative
ways, to do things no one else can to
enhance the education experience,"
says Bauer.
The Irving K. Barber Interface
Program, for example, will allow a
constant exchange of ideas and
experience between the School of
Arts and Sciences and the Irving K.
Barber Learning Centre, now under
construction at UBC Vancouver.
As for the establishment of UBC
Okanagan, Bauer says it's an exciting time to be part of the UBC family. "We know there's a tradition of
excellence that we are expected to
uphold," says Bauer. "UBC
Okanagan will play a very strong
role in the region in terms of providing intellectual and research leadership - and a place where people can
turn to for unbiased opinion and
information." □
Forest giant Irving K. Barber, through his endowment for the Barber School
of Arts & Sciences, challenges educators to provide unique learning experiences.
mk            ^L^    * Ml
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Combining Excellence with Innovation
UBC Okanagan also presents a
rare opportunity where the academic plan provides specific guidance
for the physical development of the
campus, says Moura Quayle, who
is working on academic planning at
UBC Okanagan, when she's not
wearing her UBC Vancouver hat as
Dean of Agricultural Sciences.
"As a result, students can count
on an intimate learning environment, an integrated approach to
teaching and research, leading edge
technology to enhance the learning
experience, and creative scheduling
that encourages reflection and dialogue, " says Quayle.
This September, UBC Okanagan
will open its doors with the Faculty
of Health Sciences, Faculty of
Education, Faculty of Creative and
Performing Arts, Faculty of
Management and the Irving K.
Barber School of Arts and Sciences.
The four major research themes -
indigenous studies, sustainability,
health and wellness and creativity,
culture and community - are
designed to compliment teaching and
learning, says Quayle.
"We aim to hire not just stellar
researchers but excellent teachers,"
says Quayle. "It's a goal we're keeping front and centre because we want
our faculty to be creative in how
OUC Student Leader Weighs In
Karina Frisque, student
representative on the UBC
Okanagan President's
Community Advisory Council.
As one of two student representatives
on the UBC Okanagan President's
Community Advisory Council,
Karina Frisque, past president of the
OUC Student Association, says UBC
has done a fair job engaging students
in the transition process.
"We are the ones who live the day-
to-day experience, so the more student input there is, the better UBC
Okanagan and Okanagan College
will be," says Frisque, who is now a
senior observer on the student council and news editor of the student
newspaper The Phoenix.
"We know what OUC was like,
what was wrong with it, how we'd
like to see it fixed and exactly what
we want to see for the two future
Frisque says some students are
excited that they will be graduating
from UBC rather than from OUC
"simply because [UBC] is a much
more recognized institution," and
that while OUC has provided an
excellent quality of education, UBC
O will bring opportunities for
research activities.
However, the uncertainty ofthe
transition did create some confusion
and animosity amongst the student
body, Frisque admits. "There are still
a lot of questions that need to be
answered, but I think students recognize the complexity ofthe transition
and most of them realize that
changes will happen gradually."
Pleased to see an emphasis on
learner-centred education and small
class sizes in UBC O's academic plan,
Frisque says it'll be a challenge, one
that students will be watching closely.
"Many students chose OUC
because it is small and learner-centred, " says Frisque, who has seen
some class sizes grown from 40 to
100 in the past four years under
OUC's own expansion. "Continuing
the small, intimate learning
environment will be a necessary key
to UBC O's success as far as students
are concerned." □
continued from page 4
their research informs their teaching
and how the undergraduate students
conduct research." □
Have Your Say
The UBC Okanagan Academic
Plan team welcomes input on
the draft UBC Okanagan
Academic Plan, available at
Please e-mail your
comments to
No Wires, More
UBC has extended its enormous
high-speed wireless network to its
newest campus in Kelowna - all academic and student services buildings
at UBC Okanagan have been outfitted with transceivers so students,
faculty and staff can connect to the
Internet without plugging into the
The first and largest wireless campus network in the region, the UBC
Okanagan initiative is part of UBC's
University Networking Program,
which completed Canada's largest
wireless campus network at UBC
Vancouver last year.
"The completion ofthe wireless
network is a great example of how
UBC and OUC are working together
to ensure a smooth transition," says
Gwen Zilm, Associate Vice President
of Information Services at OUC.
"Wireless is an integral part of the
e-Strategy Framework, and I am
delighted to see it now poised to
enable further innovation in learning, research and collaboration at
UBC Okanagan," says Ted Dodds,
Associate Vice President of
Information Technology at UBC.
For more information on how to
access the UBC Okanagan wireless
network, please visit
Planning for the Great Northern
Way Campus
In 2001, Finning International,
Inc. donated 7.6 hectares of
Vancouver land to four B.C.
post-secondary institutions -
UBC, SFU, BCIT and the Emily
Carr Institute of Art and Design.
Dubbed the Great Northern
Way Campus (GNWC), the four
institutions are working together
to build a unique and integrated
centre of excellence in teaching,
learning, research and entrepreneurship. The campus is expected
to house 4,000 students by 2020.
In the area of urban sustainability, UBC and SFU will begin
offering a series of pilot courses
in June and September 2005 that
combines policy research with
community action. Meanwhile,
with funding from UBC and the
Canada Foundation for
Innovation, and further funds
expected from the B.C.
Knowledge Development Fund,
construction will begin on the
first building of the Centre for
Interactive Research on
Sustainability, which will be both a
test bed for innovative sustainable
building technologies and a venue
for research and teaching.
UBC and the Emily Carr
Institute will soon begin offering
courses at the GNWC in theatre,
industrial design and the graphic
arts. A UBC scenography class will
be one of the first occupants of the
innovative Black Box Studio, a
1,500-square-metre performance
and workshop space based on the
design recommendations of the
UBC department of theatre.
The Learning and Teaching
Centre at BCIT is currently
assisting with a feasibility study
for a proposed Master of Digital
Entertainment program at GNWC
that would provide Vancouver's
thriving electronic gaming and
animation community with highly
qualified personnel. □
The committee is seeking nominations of outstanding
staff and faculty who have made distinguished service
to the university.
For a nomination form, please go to
Please mail nominations to:
Deadline for nominations is Feb 28, 2005
REPORTS      |       FEBRUARY     3,      2OO5
Call for Comments
Proposed revisions to Policy #97, entitled "Conflict of Interest and Conflict of
Commitment" were presented to the Board of Governors for information and review
7on January 28, 2005.
Policy #97 was approved in 1992 and has not been revised since 1995. With increased
public attention on ethical conduct and conflict of interest issues in both the public and
private sectors, increased vigilance on recognizing, disclosing and managing conflicts of
interest at the University is desirable.
There is an increased emphasis on the research environment in the draft as current
practice has changed significantly since the Board of Governors adopted the Policy in
1992.  The revisions to Policy #97 and the creation of a Conflict of Interest Committee
are driven primarily by American and Canadian government research agencies'
recommendations of best practices and the volume of disclosures generated from
the University's research enterprise.
Initial feedback on the proposed revisions has been obtained from a broad spectrum of
units across campus including, the Office of Research Services, the University-Industry
Liaison Office, Members of the Research Ethics Boards, Treasury, Business Development,
Human Resources, Faculty Relations, the Committee of Deans and the Conflict of Interest
Administrator for the UBC Board of Governors.   In addition, a Committee drawn from
these stakeholder groups was convened to review the draft.
The next stage in this process is to seek advice, guidance and comments from the
University community.  Please submit feedback to the Office of the University Counsel
at university.counsel@ubc.ca.  All feedback should be submitted by 4:30 pm on Monday,
February 21, 2005.
Subject to feedback from this public consultation process, these proposed documents will
be submitted to the Board of Governors with a request for final approval at its regularly
scheduled meeting in March of 2005.
Policy No:
Approval Date:
September 1992
Last Revision:
March 2005 [Anticipated]
Responsible Executive:    Vice-President, External and Legal Affairs
TITLE: Conflict of Interest and Conflict of Commitment
Background & Purposes:
The University of British Columbia is responsible for the advancement and
dissemination of knowledge. As such, it encourages its faculty and staff to seek and
participate in research, to consult widely, and to engage in Non-University Activities
so long as such activities do not interfere with their obligations to the University.
While the University recognizes that such activities may benefit the participants, the
University, and the public at large, it is committed to ensuring that those activities
are conducted in a manner consistent with the interests and mission of the University
and in a way that maintains the community's trust and confidence.   Faculty and staff
of the University must act with integrity and adhere to the highest ethical standard
at all times.
With increased public attention on ethical conduct and conflict of interest issues in
both the public and private sectors, vigilance on recognizing, disclosing and managing
conflicts of interest at the University continues to be essential.   In addition, new
requirements from the Tri-Council agencies, the U.S. Department of Health and Human
Services, and other bodies are coming into place.  Faculty and staff are responsible for
informing themselves and complying with requirements imposed on them by all
agencies and organizations from which they receive funding.
The purpose of this Policy is to identify and address potential, actual and apparent
conflicts of interest and conflicts of commitment.  Faculty and staff have certain
commitments to the University and must not allow outside activities or financial
interests to interfere with those commitments.  This Policy is intended to identify for
faculty and staff of the University areas of potential conflicts of interest and conflicts of
commitment, and to provide procedures whereby conflicts are disclosed and either
avoided or appropriately managed. Faculty and staff of the University are expected to
vigilantly guard against potential, actual and apparent conflicts of interest and conflicts
of commitment, and to disclose and address any conflicts promptly.
Defined terms are capitalized in this Policy and can be found in Section 12 at the end of this Policy.
1.1.    This Policy applies to all full-time and part-time members of faculty and
staff of the University and any person (including students and visiting
professors) who teaches, conducts research, or works at or under the auspices of the University.
3.1.    A Conflict of Commitment occurs where a Member engages in
Non-University Activities that impede or compromise the fulfillment of
the normal duties of his or her employment.  The following activities are
examples of activities which give rise to a Conflict of Commitment:
3.1.1. where a Member uses any University resource for Non-University
Activities, unless the use is merely inconsequential;
2.1. Conflicts of Commitment can arise where the Non-University Activities
of a Member are so demanding or organized in such a manner that they
interfere with the Member's responsibilities to the University, or where a
Member uses University resources for Non-University Activities.  Members
must disclose Conflicts of Commitment and where appropriate, obtain
written approval prior to engaging in any activity that may give rise to a
Conflict of Commitment.
2.2. Conflicts of Interest can arise naturally from a Member's engagement inside
and outside the University, and the mere existence of a Conflict of Interest
does not necessarily imply wrongdoing on anyone's part. However, Conflicts
of Interest must be recognized, disclosed, and assessed.
2.3. Conflicts of Interest fall into one of two categories: those that are
permissible if appropriately managed; and those that are prohibited
because they cannot be appropriately managed.
2.4. Members are responsible for seeking guidance from their Initial Reviewers
before engaging in any activity that may be questionable.
2.5. Except as required by judicial process or law, any information disclosed
by a Member to the University pursuant to this Policy will be held by the
University in confidence and will only be available to those individuals
who are responsible to the University for its review, management and
administration, and to funding agencies where relevant to an application
for research funding to that agency.
3.1.2. where a staff Member engages in Non-University Activities during
their normal work hours at the University;
3.1.3. where a full-time faculty Member's total involvement in Outside
Professional Activities are greater than 52 days per year, including
evenings, weekends and vacations; and
3.1.4. where a full-time faculty Member will be off campus for a period of
30 consecutive days (excluding holidays) as a result of the Member's
Outside Professional Activities.
4.1.    As each situation depends upon its specific facts, the University has not
attempted to develop an exhaustive list of Conflicts of Interest.  Rather,
Members must conduct themselves at all times with the highest ethical
standards in a manner that will bear the closest scrutiny. Conflicts of
Interest will arise in the following situations.
4.1.1. Where a Member's responsibility to instruct and evaluate students in
a fair, unbiased and effective manner is or appears to be impeded or
compromised. The inherent power imbalance that exists between a
Member and a student must not be used for personal benefit.
A Conflict of Interest exists where a Member receives a personal
benefit when dealing with students. REPORTS      |      FEBRUARY    3,     2005      |      7
4.1.2. Where a Member (or a Related Party of the Member) has a Financial
Interest in the outcome of his or her research.  In the area of research,
vigilance is required. The University's commitment to liaise with
industry and to transfer technology, the growth of industry sponsored
research, and the substantial increase in the University's interactions
with outside organizations generally all lead to a corresponding
increase in the potential for Conflicts of Interest. In addition, various
governmental and other agencies that fund research are imposing
increasingly stringent Conflicts of Interest requirements on investigators and institutions applying for research funding. A Member must
comply with this Policy and any applicable Conflicts of Interest
policies imposed by other organizations, agencies or institutions.
7.1.    Where a Member seeks approval for a Conflict of Commitment, the Initial
Reviewer may, in his or her discretion, grant approval taking into
consideration the following:
7.1.1. whether the activity interferes with the Member's obligations to the
University; and
7.1.2. if so, whether the activity nonetheless contributes to or benefits the
University in such a way that warrants the interference.
4.1.3. Where a Member has influence over a decision about a proposed
relationship between the University and a Business in which the
Member or his or her Related Party has a Financial Interest or
holds an Executive Position.
4.1.4. Where a Member or his or her Related Party obtains a Financial
Interest or an Executive Position in a Business with which the
University has an existing relationship and the Business is related
to the Member's work at the University.
4.1.5. Where a Member is in a position to influence human resource decisions (such as recruitment, offer of employment, evaluation of performance, promotion, granting of tenure, or termination of employment) or admission decisions with respect to a person with whom the
Member has a personal relationship that might reasonably be construed as a Conflict of Interest.
4.1.6. Where a Member uses his or her position with the University to solicit
students, fellow Members, government agencies, private companies,
or members of the public for Non-University Activities.
4.1.7. Where a Member uses information that is acquired as a result of his or
her relationship with the University and not in the public domain for
Non-University Activities unless the Member has proprietary rights
(usually enforceable through copyright) to that information. Members
should also be aware that insider trading restrictions may also apply to
4.1.8. Where a Member's obligations to a board of directors, advisory
boards, or the like of an outside organization interfere with or
compromise the Member's obligations to the University.
4.1.9. Where a Member accepts tokens of appreciation with a value of $250
or more in connection with his or her position at the University.
5.1.    Where a Member intends to engage in any activity that may give rise to a
Conflict of Commitment, whether or not that activity is within the scope of
the Member's work at the University, the Member must disclose that activity
and obtain the prior written approval of his or her Initial Reviewer.
8.1. When an Initial Reviewer becomes aware of a Conflict of Interest, he or she
will assess the situation to determine what action, if any, is appropriate.
8.2. Where the Initial Reviewer determines that a proposed research project or
activity is permissible as disclosed with no further action, the Initial
Reviewer's determination will be recorded and Member may proceed with
the proposed research project or activity.
8.3. Where the Initial Reviewer determines that the activity is permissible only
if appropriately managed, the Initial Reviewer will develop and implement
a protocol to manage the Conflict of Interest and the Member may proceed
with the proposed activity provided that he or she complies with the
8.4. Where the Initial Reviewer determines that the activity is not permissible,
the Member must not proceed with the proposed research project or activity.
8.5. Where the Initial Reviewer determines that the activity is not permissible or
is unable to determine whether a proposed research project or activity is
permissible, the Initial Reviewer will refer the disclosure in accordance with
his or her unit's internal review process or to the Committee, if the unit has
no internal review process.
9.1.    A Dean, in consultation with the Office of the University Counsel, may
establish an internal process within his or her faculty for the assessment of
Conflicts of Interest as appropriate for his or her faculty.  Generally, a level
of review within each faculty is desirable to facilitate the expeditious assessment of matters and ensure awareness and vigilance to Conflicts of Interest
issues by all University Members.   For example, the appropriate process may
commence with a disclosure being reviewed by the Head of Department (as
Initial Reviewer), then referred to the Dean, and finally referred to the
Committee, as necessary.  A Dean may establish additional reporting requirements for faculty members in his or her faculty.  Provision may be made for
those cases where a Member disagrees with the assessment of the Initial
5.2.    At least annually and whenever there is a material change from the
previously submitted disclosure, full-time faculty Members and recipients
of Tri-Council funding (or other agencies that require annual disclosure)
must disclose the extent, nature, and timing of their Outside Professional
Activities and their use of University resources for any Non-University
9.2.     In establishing an appropriate process, the Dean should consider the
following factors:
9.2.1. the volume of disclosures the faculty generates; and
9.2.2. the need for specialized knowledge and expertise in the academic/
professional discipline to assess the Conflict of Interest.
6.1.     In the University community, full and complete disclosure of Conflicts of
Interest is a key element in protecting the integrity of Members, as well as
that of the University.  A Member must disclose Conflicts of Interest to his
or her Initial Reviewer and to all parties affected by the Conflict of Interest.
10.1. The Committee is charged with the following responsibilities:
10.1.1. to assess disclosures of Conflict of Interest to determine whether:
6.2. Prior to commencing a research project, a Member who is a principal
investigator must disclose all Conflicts of Interest that may arise in relation
to the research project.
6.3. Prior to undertaking any activity that may give rise to a Conflict of Interest,
whether or not that activity is within the scope of the Member's work at the
University, a Member must disclose that activity.  Where prior disclosure is
impossible, disclosure must be made as soon as possible after commencement
of the activity.
6.4. At least annually and whenever there is a material change, full-time faculty
Members and recipients of Tri-Council funding (or funding from other
agencies that require annual disclosure) must disclose any Financial Interests
they or their Related Parties have in entities related to the Member's work at
the University. the proposed research project or activity is permissible as
disclosed with no further action; the proposed research project or activity is permissible only
if a protocol is implemented to ensure that the Conflict of
Interest is appropriately managed; or the proposed research project or activity is not permissible;
10.1.2. to serve as the final avenue of appeal (such as where a Member
disagrees with the assessment of an Initial Reviewer or the assessment
resulting from an internal process established by a Dean under
Section 9.1);
10.1.3. to randomly audit disclosures reviewed and determined to be
permissible by Initial Reviewers and by those reviewing disclosures
in accordance with the process established within a particular unit.
The Committee will also periodically randomly audit the implementation of protocols as set out in Section 10.3 below; and I      UBC      REPORTS       |       FEBRUARY     3,     2OO5
10.1.4. to educate Members on Conflicts of Interest and Conflicts of
Commitment and the application of this Policy.
Where the Committee determines that a proposed research project or activity
is permissible as disclosed with no further action, the Member may proceed
with the proposed research project or activity.
10.3. Where the Committee determines that a proposed research project or activity
is permissible only if a protocol is implemented to ensure that the Conflict of
Interest is appropriately managed, the Member may only proceed with the
proposed research project or activity in accordance with the protocol.
10.4. Where the Committee determines that a proposed research project or activity
is not permissible, the Member must not proceed with the proposed research
project or activity.
11.1. An Initial Reviewer, Administrative Head of Unit or the Committee may at
any time seek the advice from the Office of the University Counsel with
respect to any matter pertaining to this Policy, including the establishment of
a process for the assessment of Conflicts of Interest, the assessment of any
disclosure and the development of appropriate protocols for managing
Conflicts of Interest.
Approved: September 1992
Revised: March 2005 [Anticipated]
Pursuant to Policy #1: Administration of Policies, "Procedures may be amended by
the President, provided the new procedures conform to the approved policy. Such
amendments are reported at the next meeting of the Board of Governors and are
incorporated in the next publication of the UBC Policy Handbook."
1.1. Full-time faculty Members and recipients of Tri-Council funding (or other
agencies that require annual disclosure) will submit a completed annual
report to his or her Initial Reviewer no later than July 31 (for the period
between July 1 and June 30 of the previous year) that discloses the following:
1.1.1. the extent, nature, and timing of their Outside Professional Activities;
1.1.2. their use of University resources for any Non-University Activities; and
1.1.3. any Financial Interests they or their Related Parties have in entities
related to the Member's work at the University.
1.2. Members will submit a completed disclosure report to his or her Initial
Reviewer for each situation where disclosure or approval is required.
12.1. "Administrative Head of Unit" means a Director of a service unit, a Head of
an academic department, a Director of a centre, institute or school, a
Principal of a college, a Dean, an Associate Vice-President, the Registrar, the
University Librarian, a Vice-President or the President or the equivalent.
12.2. "Business" means a corporation, partnership, sole proprietorship, firm,
franchise, association, organization, holding company, joint stock company,
receivership, business or real estate trust, or other legal entity organized for
profit or charitable purposes, but excluding the University, an affiliated
Hospital, a private medical practice, or other entity controlled by, controlling,
or under common control with the University or an affiliated Hospital.
12.3. "Conflict of Commitment" means a situation where the Outside Professional
Activities of a Member are so substantial or demanding of the Member's
time and attention as to adversely affect the discharge of the Member's
responsibilities to the University, or where the Non-University Activities
of a Member involve the use of University resources.
12.4. "Conflict of Interest" means a situation where a Member is in a position to
influence, either directly or indirectly, University business, research, or other
decisions in ways that could advance the Member's own interests or the
interests of a Related Party, to the detriment of the University's interests,
integrity or fundamental mission.   In the research context, Conflict of Interest
includes a situation where financial or other personal considerations may
compromise, or have the appearance of compromising, an investigator's
professional judgment in conducting or reporting research. Conflicts of
Interest may be potential, actual or apparent.
12.5. "Committee" means a committee established by the University Counsel to
assess disclosures and to develop and monitor protocols in situations where
Conflicts of Interest are identified.
12.6. "Executive Position" means any position that includes responsibilities for
a material function of the operation or management of a Business.
12.7. "Financial Interest" means an opportunity to receive greater than 5%
ownership interest in a single entity or anything having a monetary value
exceeding $10,000 per annum, including remuneration (e.g. salary, consulting
fees, retainers, honoraria, bonuses, gifts, speaker's fees, advisory board
remuneration, finders or recruitment fees), equity interests (e.g. stocks, stock
options or other ownership interests), and intellectual property rights
(e.g. patents, copyrights, royalties or other payments from such rights).
12.8. "Initial Reviewer" means the individual responsible for initially reviewing a
Member's disclosures of Conflicts of Interest or approving a Member's
Conflict of Commitment.  Except as otherwise designated by the University
Counsel, a Member's Administrative Head of Unit is the Initial Reviewer.
2.1. Each person who assesses a disclosure will complete a review report and
provide a copy of the review report to the Member.
2.2. Without limiting the discretion of a person assessing a disclosure to consider
all relevant factors, the following factors must be considered in assessing a
2.2.1. the impact on the Member's ability to satisfy his or her obligations
to the University;
2.2.2. the degree to which the proposed action will be detrimental to the
interests of the University; and
2.2.3. the extent to which the proposed action or activity may be
managed through an appropriate protocol.
2.3. Where a person who reviews a disclosure report is unable to determine
that a disclosure is permissible with no further action, the disclosure will
be referred to the next level of review with a copy of the disclosure report
and all review report(s).
2.4. Where a disclosure is referred to the Committee, the Committee will
complete a Committee report for each disclosure and provide the Member
with a copy of the Committee report.
2.5. Where the Committee determines that a management protocol is appropriate,
the Initial Reviewer will monitor compliance with the management protocol.
2.6. Where the Committee determines that a Conflict of Interest exists, the
Committee will:
2.6.1. provide the Responsible Executive with a copy ofthe disclosure
report, all review report(s) and the Committee report; and
2.6.2. disclose the existence of the Conflict of Interest to a funding agency
where relevant to an application for research funding to that agency.
2.7. The forms of the reports described in these Procedures will be prescribed
by the Office of the University Counsel in consultation with the academic
12.9.   "Member" means any individual who teaches, conducts research, or works
at or under the auspices of the University and includes without limitation,
any person acting in his or her capacity as full-time or part-time faculty
or staff, or clinical faculty.
12.10 "Non-University Activity" means any activity outside a Member's scope of
work with the University and includes Outside Professional Activities.
12.11. "Outside Professional Activity" means any activity outside a Member's
scope of work with the University that involves the same specialized skill
and knowledge that the member utilizes in his or her work with the
University and includes the operation of a Business, consulting or advisory
services and speaking engagements.
12.12. "Related Party" means a Member's immediate family member (e.g. spouse,
child, parent or sibling), or other person living in the same household, or
any other person with whom the Member shares a Financial Interest, either
directly or indirectly.
3.1. The Policy is meant to protect both the University and its Members.
The Administrative Head of Unit will notify the University Counsel and
take immediate and appropriate action when it becomes aware of violations
of the Policy or Procedures.
3.2. Sanctions will be commensurate with the extent of the violation and may
include termination of funding and reimbursement of any financial benefit
gained as a result of the violation in addition to any disciplinary action taken
by the University.
3.3. If a Member wishes to dispute the sanction imposed as a result of a violation,
the Member may do so through the collective agreement or other contractual
process applicable to the Member. IC      REPORTS      |       FEBRUARY     3,      2OO5      |      9
Researchers take on Ecuador's Top Health Risks
Simmering white sugar beaches, lush
jungles and crystalline Andean air -
Ecuador is rich with pristine natural
environments. But as one of South
America's poorest countries, its people
struggle with serious environmental
health issues such as poor sanitation
and water supply, pesticide contamination and mining pollution. They also
regularly battle effects of natural disasters such as earthquakes, volcanoes and
That's a scenario Jerry Spiegel and a
team of UBC researchers hope to
Director of UBC's Centre for
International Health, a part ofthe
College of Health Disciplines, Spiegel is
the principal investigator of a $5-mil-
lion, six-year project to help Ecuador
reduce environmental health risks, preventable illness and deaths.
Working with team members from
three Ecuadorian universities, institutes
in Cuba and Mexico, 10 UBC research
centres and institutes, and partner agencies and non-governmental organizations, Spiegel will collaborate with local
community groups to build Ecuador's
capacity to manage environmental
health risks.
"This project gives us an opportunity to walk the talk - to achieve impact
in communities and to build a sustainable program," says Spiegel, who is
because of connections made in a similar project Spiegel has been conducting
in Cuba. A 2001 Cuban workshop
included health educators from
Ecuador who were keen to start their
own programs.
Ecuador's multiple environmental
health challenges and the potential for
exchange of information between
Latin American countries made it a
fascinating target for education and
research, says Spiegel, who last month
organized UBC's first forum on global
citizenship and health.
Ecuador has a population of about
13 million and a weak health system
infrastructure. Adequate sanitation and
availability of clean water are paramount needs. Water problems are
made worse by pesticide contamination from banana plantations and cut
flower farms. In rainy season, flooding
and mudslides aggravate the situation.
In addition, inadequate drainage systems and poor sanitation provide
breeding areas for mosquitoes that
carry malaria and dengue fever.
Ecuador's gold, copper, lead, magnesium and other mines contribute to soil
and water pollution, and direct handling of heavy metals such as mercury
also creates environmental health hazards.
Project organizers plan to create a
curriculum and core group of local
Jerry Spiegel is working with Latin American universities to improve environmental health education.
communication technologies.
The approach is multi-disciplinary
and holistic and will produce expertise
at four levels:
requirements. This group will include
community planners and health practitioners as well as university students.
In addition, a one-day outreach pro-
Universidad de Guayaquil, Universidad
Tecnica de Machala and Universidad
Estatal de Bolivar
To build a leadership group, the
[Ecuador's] people struggle with serious environmental health issues such as poor sanitation and water supply, pesticide contamination
and mining pollution. They also regularly battle effects of natural disasters such as earthquakes, volcanoes and flooding.
also director, Global Health at the Liu
Institute for Global Issues. "It's exciting
because it integrates research and education - we'll only be successiul if we
transfer our knowledge to the community."
Ecuador was chosen as a target site
educators who specialize in environmental health. In addition to core topics such as water and sanitation, the
curriculum will include courses on disaster preparedness, managing mosquito-borne and other infectious diseases,
indigenous health, and building health
The team will develop a certificate
program to be delivered in person or by
distance education to about 150 students, all of whom will conduct community-based environmental health
projects such as land clearing or building water tanks, as part of course
gram, or toolkit, will be developed and
delivered by the certificate students to
about 600 individuals in communities
throughout the country.
A master's program in environmental health will produce at least 60 master's students at partner institutions of
project includes opportunities for
Ecuadorian faculty members to study
in Mexico, Cuba or Canada. This part
of the program will produce four to six
PhDs with formal commitments to
teach in the three partner universities.
continued on page 12
Presentation Centre open daily noon to 5pm, except Fridays.
1716 Theology Mall (at Chancellor Boulevard), Vancouver
Prices correct at press time. E.& O. E io I
Young Tenor's Star on the Rise
Philippe Castagner was handed a
unique opportunity last summer to
showcase his talent. And he made the
most of it. Asked to jump in at short
notice, the former UBC opera student
bursts since various roles as an opera
student at UBC in 2001-02.
Castagner won a whirlwind set of
auditions held by the Metropolitan
Opera National Council while still
award-winner in a competition that
included 300 applicants from 43
countries. The rewards include concert engagements, publicity and
career development for three or
"I had to stand behind him when he sang with one hand on top of his head, one arm around
him and a leg over his ankles to refocus the energy," says Hermiston. "Over the course of
two to three months this beautiful voice came out..."
performed at the June 2004 Spoleto
Festival in Charleston, South
Carolina, earning reviews that
dubbed him the next great tenor of
this century.
The 26-year-old's star has risen in
with UBC's opera ensemble, first in
Vancouver, then Seattle and finally
New York, leading to his present role
as Beppe in I Pagliacci at the
Metropolitan Opera. And he has just
been named a Young Concert Artist
Peter Wall Institute
for Advanced Studies
Distinguished Scholar in Residence
Application Deadline
May 13, 2005
Each year four outstanding UBC faculty members
are chosen as Peter Wall Distinguished UBC
Scholars in Residence for the next calendar year.
For details please visit our website at:
more years.
On his own admission, Castagner
was an unfocused student in his early
years at UBC. And he almost did not
come in the first place. It was luck
that led him here, when his high
school choir teacher suggested he
apply for university in Canada to
study music. The Canadian-born, but
New Jersey-raised, teenager did not
read music and had never considered
it, but worked hard on his grades and
gained acceptance to UBC.
"He resided on the third floor
couch much of his first two years in
the School of Music," recalls Nancy
Hermiston," director of the UBC
voice and opera programs. "Then he
decided he wanted to be an opera
Castagner remembers himself as a
twitchy singer, diagnosed at one time
with attention deficit disorder.
Hermiston remembers him in an acting class as unable to stand still.
"I had to stand behind him when
he sang with one hand on top of his
head, one arm around him and a leg
over his ankles to refocus the energy,"
says Hermiston.   "Over the course of
two to three months this beautiful
voice came out. It was like peeling off
layers of tension to reveal an intensely
musical performer."
UBC taught Castagner the process,
but he has continued to learn about
continued on page 11
Philippe Castagner (left) plays an impressive Faust (by Gounod) in a 2002 UBC opera
ensemble production, opposite fellow student David Jefferies as Mephistopheles.
A Profile: UBC Opera Ensemble
The UBC opera ensemble, now
tours in the Czech Republic
built into a 50-member company,
and Germany to provide per
performs two main productions at
formance opportunities for
UBC every season. Main stage pro
young opera singers, including
ductions for the 2004/05 season at
the production of new operat
The Chan Centre for Performing
ic and music theatre works.
Arts are Offenbach's comedy
Spring 2004 saw two pro
Orpheus in the Underworld and
ductions there of Puccini's La
Tchaikovsky's Eugene Onegin.
Boheme and Tchaikovsky's
This year the ensemble will tour
Eugene Onegin. Plans are
the Lower Mainland and Interior
being made for productions
of B.C. with their children's show
this summer of Mozart's Cosi
Opera Night in Canada.
fan Tutte and Handel's
Each summer, the ensemble also
Xerxes. □
of the Pacific Ocean, Coastal Islands and Coast Mountains, surrounded
by countless cultural, social and outdoor opportunities. Literally steps
from the Chan Centre, the Museum of Anthropology, and Pacific Spirit
Regional Park, Argyll House East is a rare collection of apartment homes,
penthouses and cityhomes built to the highest standards. All this, and
it's in the established neighbourhood of West Point Grey on the grounds
of the University of British Columbia. This could be the site of your new
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doorstep, could you picture anything more perfect?
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%. MOKC SMIHT .C      REPORTS      |       FEBRUARY     3,      2OO5      |
Retiring Within 5 Years?
Students Around "Tuning Fork" Sculpture (1971)
BYCHRIS HIVES, University Archives
Long a campus landmark outside the Music
Building, the 24-foot "Tuning Fork" sculpture
was created by local artist Gerhard Class in
1968. Critics observed with some dismay that
the sculpture began to rust soon after its
installation. Unknown to them, Class had
deliberately crafted the piece out of corten steel
specifically because of its tendency to "rust"
naturally to provide a protective barrier for the
underlying metal. However, the sculpture did
deteriorate to the point it had to be removed in
the late 1990s as it became too rusty and was
considered a hazard. A few years after the death
of Class some of his colleagues worked to have
the sculpture repaired, reinforced and reinstalled
in the summer of 1999. □
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CORRECTION: Congratulations to our sharp readers who discovered an error in the January UBC
Reports Timepiece. We inadvertently used a photo of the Old Auditorium building, while intending to print
an image ofthe 1925 construction ofthe Main Library.
Star on the Rise
continued from page 10
the effective use of the body through
the Alexander technique. He says,
"The system doesn't discriminate
between mind and body. It teaches
one to inhibit habits and replace
them with conscious choices, so one
works through the body. This is very
important in the theatre world, and
gaining acceptance in the music
Coming from a French-Canadian
family, he spoke French at home and
English outside. Bilingualism leaves
the mind receptive to other languages, he says, and he is now fluent
in Italian and working on German.
Castagner had his stage debut with
the UBC opera ensemble in the role
of Slender in the Merry Wives of
Windsor, and in 2001 and 2002 in
the role of Danforth in the Crucible.
His professional concert debut in
2001 was with the Ottawa
Symphony Orchestra, performing the
Verdi Requiem, and he returns there
this season for performances of the
Berlioz Requiem.
Castagner made his debut at the
Metropolitan opera in the 2002-03
season, as the First Prisoner in
Fidelio, and returned during the
2003-04 season as the Second
Watchman in Die Frau Ohne
Schatten. He has also worked with
the San Francisco Opera, the Aspen
Festival Orchestra and the Portland
Much as he appreciates the classics, Castagner would like to see new
operas written to attract a larger
"We don't want to be museum
curators," he says. "The field is
struggling artistically. We need innovation, to think outside of the box. It
is hard to attract younger audiences.
Perhaps we can use audio-visuals. If
Wagner had known about animation
he would have had no problem with
it, as long as it was done well." □
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Global Disaster
continued from page 1
Rai reports that the AMS has
decided to donate 25 cents per student, or more than $10,000, to the
Red Cross.
Janet Teasdale, UBC director of
student development, has been
impressed with how quickly students
organized fundraising events.
"There was an immediate sense of
what can I do?' " she says, adding
that UBC's student experience is likely different from other Canadian
universities because there are 344
students here from the countries
affected by the tsunami.
The Sri Lanka Society set up
donation stations in the Student
Union Building and held a fundraising dinner and cultural pageant that
raised $7,000.
Ten years old, the society has
about 40 student and about 45 community members.
"The response has been wonderful
- it can't be expressed in words,"
says society president Ranil
Waliwitiya, an agricultural sciences
student. "Student members have put
in maximum effort and the AMS
and university administration have
also been incredibly supportive."
Other campus initiatives include
UBC Sport and Recreation's run
for tsunami relief where 150
participants raised $3,500. Theatre
at UBC donated opening night
proceeds of $1,750 from the
current production, Village of
Idiots. The International Peer
Program created a "1,000 cookies
for $1,000 campaign" that had
some students baking for the first
time in their lives. The event raised
$800 in five hours.
UBC Bookstore offered a Round
up for South Asian Tsunami Relief
where individual sales totals were
rounded up to the nearest dollar
with the difference being donated.
The total raised was more than
In January, all employees at AMS
Food Services donated 100 per cent
of their tips to relief efforts, with
contributions matched by AMS
A UBC engineering co-op student
initiated a radiothon in Calgary
where he was completing a work
term. Monty Raisinghani put out a
challenge to all students in the
Calgary area and helped raise more
than $16,000.
For more information on UBC's
contributions, visit
www.ubc.ca/tsunami. □
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www.mediagroup.ubc.ca 12      |      UBC      REPORTS      |       FEBRUARY     3,      2OO5
If Music be the Food of Love
...Play On
A handful of UBC School of Music professors reflect
on love and music in honour of Valentine's Day.
My specialties are chamber music
and art song. Both of those genres
are almost synonymous with
romance, since their execution
requires breathtaking intimacy
between the players. When you add
a subtext of seductive intention to
your partnership, rehearsals can get
very intense.
There is a well-known painting of
a violinist carried away by the emotion of the music, seizing his lovely
pianist in a passionate embrace. It is
an entirely plausible scenario! The
best pieces for that sort of spontaneous impulse? The choices are
many, but my personal favourite
would be any sonata of Johannes
In the realm of song there are literally thousands of love-drenched
examples, although song texts more
often focus on rejection or unrequited longing. A spectacularly memorable song of intimate sharing is
Morgen by Richard Strauss. The
poem states that the two will meet
on a seashore on this "sun-breathing
earth," and will gaze mutely into
each other's eyes in the silence of perfect joy. The music is transcendental-
ly beautiful, creating the sense of that
stillness through a mix of melody
and quietude.
Rena Sharon, professor of collaborative piano studies, School of Music.
Boosting Drug Safety
continued from page 1
won't be fixed by imposing a
mandatory reporting system.
He says the problem is that physicians don't necessarily recognize
when drugs may be the culprits in
adverse outcomes. An adverse reaction to drugs is often interpreted as
another symptom of illness, requiring treatment with - you guessed it
- more drugs.
"It can be next to impossible to
sort out if the disease is getting
worse or the drugs are having an
adverse effect," Carleton says.
"When patients are on more than
one drug at the same time, it's even
more difficult."
The GATC program will bring
together experts in a variety of disciplines including pharmacogenomics
(study of how an individual's genetic
inheritance affects the body's
response to drugs), pediatric pharmacology and genetics. This expertise combined with a focused, hospital-based monitoring system is
expected to give researchers the
information they need to reduce
fatal and disabling adverse drug
reactions in children.
For more information about drug
safety, visit http://www.fda.gov/opa-
Genome Canada is the primary
funding and information resource
relating to genomics and proteomics
in Canada.
Children's & Women's Health
Centre of British Columbia is an
agency of the Provincial Health
Services Authority, and includes BC
Children's Hospital and Sunny Hill
Health Centre for Children, and BC
Women's Hospital & Health Centre.
The CMMT, a centre ofthe B.C.
Research Institute for Children's &
Women's Health, is a multidiscipli-
nary centre focused on determining
genetic contributions to different illnesses and developing new
approaches to therapy. □
I composed an orchestral work commissioned by the Vancouver
Symphony Orchestra, dedicated to
and inspired by my wife, Tara. This
premiered at the VSO's first concert
of the millennium, Jan. 6, 2000. The
piece is a romantic dream sequence
that includes a waltz, a lullaby, some
ragtime and so on - all original
pieces, changing in mood, spirit,
tempo and idea throughout. Titled
"Tara's Dream," the piece was shortlisted for the international 2001 BBC
Masterprize in London.
Stephen Chatman, professor of
composition, School of Music
My favourite romantic music is
Johannes Brahms' 3rd Symphony
and the music from the ballet of
Romeo and Juliet by Serge Prokofiev.
As for the link of love with music:
"Music expresses that which cannot
be said and on which it is important
to be silent." (Victor Hugo.)  It also
fills a psychological space. "Where
words leave off, music begins."
(Heinrich Heine.)
Jesse Read, professor, School of
I do have one memory that will never
leave me, from a time when I was
struggling in New York and teaching
piano at a children's music school.
Walking into the teaching studio, I
saw my first pupil of the day, six-
year-old Lily who never practiced,
standing behind the piano with her
back to me. As I got near, she turned
Stephen Chatman remembers a romantic sequence he composed as an orchestral work, inspired by his wife, Tara.
around and presented me with the
most beautiful lily (because of her
name) I have ever seen, and a handmade card of thanks with a big red
crayon heart on the front. It was
Valentine's Day - important to her
and forgotten by me!
Sara Davis Buechner, assistant
professor of piano, School of Music
Music has been associated with love
from the beginning in the broad
sweep of western musical history. It
is at the very centre of most secular
compositions ofthe 12th, 13th and
14th century and continues until this
day in most popular songs, impervious to the times.
Even religious and sacred music is
about love in a different sense. Songs
from the Middle Ages and
Renaissance often dealt with courtly
love, the desire for the unattainable.
Ecuador's Top Health Risks   continued from page 9
The partnership with Mexican and
Cuban institutions is part of a strategy
to build regional capacity in Latin and
South America that will be more sustainable than traditional links these
countries have with North America.
"This multi-tiered approach provides a scaffolding for achieving
impact," says Spiegel. "With our partners, we can distribute environmental
health education throughout the country and know it will continue after the
project is finished."
In addition to these plans, there will
be opportunities for UBC students to
participate in local projects.
Science student Nadine Straka will
be traveling to Ecuador this summer. A
member ofthe Global Outreach
Student Association (GOSA), a part of
UBC's College of Health Disciplines,
Straka will be working with several
indigenous communities.
"I want to be an active participant in
global health," says Straka. "The
opportunity to travel to a different
country to try to help and to understand different ways of life was a
chance I could not dismiss."
Straka and other students will present health education regarding nutrition, sexual health, alcoholism and
other topics. They will also consult
with community members about
installing a water purification system.
Oscar Lin, a fifth-year biochemistry
student and GOSA president, spent 10
weeks in Ecuador last summer, based
in an area surrounded by aboriginal
"These are the warmest people that
I have ever met," says Lin, who helped
create a medicinal garden and give
health presentations in elementary
schools. "Going to Ecuador changed
my perspective a lot. It showed me
what could be done with more resources
and reinforced my interest in practicing
medicine in developing countries."
This month, the UBC project team is
conducting a workshop in Havana to
evaluate the usefulness of material used
in a similar environmental health education project in Cuba and to focus on
curriculum that addresses Ecuador's
environmental health priorities.
Attendees include 10 UBC faculty and
students, eight participants from
Ecuador and 20 from Cuba.
Funding for this project was provided
by the Canadian International
Development Agency's University
Partnerships in Co-operation and
Development Tier 1 program.
For more information on the Ecuador
project, visit www.cih.ubc.ca. □
UBC Centres and Institutes
Involved in the Ecuador Project:
• Institute of Health Promotion
• Disaster Preparedness Resources
• Continuing Medical Education
• School of Occupational and
Environmental Hygiene
• Centre for Environmental
Research in Minerals, Metals and
• Institute for Aboriginal Health
• UBC Centre for Disease Control
Department of Medicine
• Liu Institute for Global Issues
• Institute for Resource,
Environment and Sustainability
• Centre for Human Settlements
• Health Disparities Research Unit
• Centre for International Health
In later eras, music explored the violent passions of love, exposing the
light and dark sides of this most fundamental of emotions.
Alex Fisher, assistant professor of
music history, School of Music
And in a slightly different vein....
Renowned tenor and UBC alumnus Ben Heppner appears at The
Chan Centre for the Performing
Arts, Feb. 12 at 8 p.m., with a rich
collection of beautiful love songs by
Britten, Tchaikovsky, Sibelius and
Grieg. (Ticketmaster 604-280-3311.
Information: 604-822-2697 or
A masked ball, held on the stage
of The Chan, Feb. 10, 7 p.m., just
ahead of the Valentine weekend, provides music for the soul, delectable
food for the palette and dancing to
the sounds of Dal Richards and his
Renowned tenor and UBC alumnus
Ben Heppner.
orchestra in a spring fundraiser for
the UBC opera ensemble.
(Call 604-822-8246 for your tickets.
$125, with tax receipt for $75.) □
Join the UBC Two Million
Dollar Tsunami Challenge
Join students, faculty, staff and alumni who have
committed to contributing $2 million to provide
short- and long-term assistance to South Asian
survivors ofthe tsunami disaster.
Here's how:
1. Support your favourite relief agency. Continue to
contribute to the eight major Canadian agencies
collecting funds for immediate disaster relief, either
directly or via payroll deductions. Our goal for this
effort is $1 million.
2. Help establish a Global Service Learning Endowment.
This fund will support UBC students, as global citizens,
in efforts to build a better world in areas where help
is needed around the globe. UBC will match gifts to
the endowment to a maximum of $1 million.
And make sure you record your gifts on the UBC
accredited contribution form on our campaign
website to help us track our progress.
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