UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Reports Jan 9, 1992

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Medical school cited for research
UBC's medical school has
been recognized for its
excellence in clinical research.
A study by the Philadelphia-based
Institute for Scientific Information
(ISI) ranked UBC fourth among 16
Canadian medical schools in the area
of clinical research. The study examined the impact of university research
on the scientific community by measuring the average number of times
research published from 1986 to 1990
was cited in other scientific articles.
Of the 1,652 papers published by
UBC researchers, there were 6,469
citations in journals of clinical medicine, an average of 3.92 times each.
Topping the list was McMaster
University which published 1,158 papers that were cited in other research
an average 5.27 times each. The University of Manitoba ranked second,
followed by the University of Toronto
in third place.
In terms of output, UBC ranked
second to the University of Toronto,
which published 3,244 papers over
the studied five-year period.
"UBC has a wide variety of
strengths in medical research," said
Dr. David Hardwick, associate dean
of research and planning in UBC's
Faculty of Medicine.
"The areas are too numerous to
quote, but some that stand out are
brain, lung and cancer research," he
said. "It's almost hazardous to point
out so few because the list just goes on
and on. But we're delighted that UBC
professors are being quoted."
However, Hardwick argued that
the ranking was a "non-issue." He
explained that variations in topical
issues from year to year would impact on the number of times a particular research paper would be
Much ofthe University of Manitoba' s high ranking came from a number
of studies describing the spread, treatment and prevention of AIDS and
venereal diseases in Kenya.
Worldwide, the average clinical
medical paper was cited 2.48 times.
The average among U.S. medical
schools was 4.19 times.
UBC Archivist Chris Hives
ensures the survival of important artifacts from the university's past. Profile, page!
project on Vancouver Island
will compost waste from fish
farms and forest products
for use on farms. Page S
CARE: A study finds that
dental care for residents of
long-term care facilities Is
being neglected. Page 12
Members ofthe UBC Thunderbirds soccer team pose for photo at Queen's University after winning the 1991 men's soccer championship final.
UBC Athletics ranked number one
We're number one.
Based on the results of a recent
survey of Canadian universities by
Maclean's magazine, UBC topped
the country in varsity sports for 1990-
91. The survey took into account the
results of the 16 national finals in
men's and women's competitions.
The University of Toronto finished second, followed by the University of Manitoba and the University of Western Ontario.
If Athletics Director Bob Hindmarch
had to put his finger on the key to
UBC's success on the playing field, he
would point to the coaches that make up
the varsity roster.
"UBC is one of a handful of universities that looks at coaching as a profession," said Hindmarch. "All of our
coaches are professionals and first-
rate teachers. To be a good coach,
you've got to be a good teacher."
Few coaches have been as successful on the Canadian university scene
as UBC' s Gail Wilson and Dick Moser.
Moser's soccer team captured the
CIAU men's crown this year, his third
championship in the last four seasons.
His squad has been invited to represent Canada at the University World
Championships in New Mexico in
Wilson, a senior instructor in the
School of Physical Education, has
guided the women's field hockey team
to five championships since 1977. A
recipient of a 3M Coaching Canada
Award for outstanding coaching
achievement, she guided the team to
the Canadian Inter-University Athletic
Union title in 1990-91. Wilson said
UBC's tradition has gone a long way
in ensuring the long-term success of
the athletics program.
"The values which are important to
me as a coach were instilled here a
long time ago," she said.
"Being part of athletics at UBC
means being part of a winning team,
and the expectations that go with it.
This university' s pursuit of excellence,
including athletics, over the years has
been nothing short of remarkable."
UBC's success in athletics in
1990-91 cut a wide swath across the
country. The men's soccer team
repeated as CIAU champions for the
fifth time in seven years, while the
women's team took home Canada
West honors.
The women's field hockey team
captured the CIAU title last year,
and came away with the silver medal
this year. The men's basketball team
took the Canada West title, as did
the women's cross-country team. In
addition, UBC hosted and won the
inaugural World Invitational University Team Golf Championship
See SUCCESS on Page 2
Library releases blueprint for the future
Ruth Patrick
The UBC Library has released a
summary of its draft strategic plan
which describes a vision for its future.
The plan also outlines strategies
for building support both within and
beyond the Library over the next 10
years, said University Librarian Ruth
Patrick said the next step will be to
review the response from the university community to the plan. She also
plans to meet with members of the
faculties this spring.
"At that time, we'll discuss the
plan and the needs of each individual
discipline," she said.
Patrick said one of the keys of this
entire process was the analysis of external factors influencing the library.
These ranged from demographics, the
economy, and university academic
programs, to the publishing world and
new information technologies.
Changing university programs and
priorities, increased number of graduate students, the emphasis on research,
the information explosion and rapid
price increases will demand ever more
innovative solutions from the Library,
said Patrick.
To find such solutions, she said,
the Library needs a flexible organization sensitive to changes in user requirements, and to changes to the technology and communication of information.
"There's a certain flexibility that is
built into the plan, which will allow us
to review strategies and make whatever updates or changes are necessary," said Patrick.
"I hope faculty, students and staff
will take some time to review the plan
and submit their comments to me on
their view of the challenges and opportunities facing the Library."
See insert, page 6, on Library Plan 2    UBCREPORTS January9.1992
Letters to the Editor
Immigration point
system: is it truly fair?
The Editor:
"Immigration Policy and Canadian Society" by Professor Daniel Hiebert (UBC Reports, October 31, 1991) is an informative but
relatively uncritical dissertation. It provides an
opportunity, in the interests ofthe much needed
public debate on Canada's immigration policy,
to make these comments.
Professor Hiebert tells us that under the
points system applicants from all countries and
of all ethnic origins are, in theory, treated equally.
In theory that is so but the points system is only
applicable to those who must apply in the
independent class. It does not apply to the large
numbers who enter under the provisions of
family class sponsorship. The system works
this way.
For sponsorship purposes, the average new
Canadian family is not a family group in Canada
anxious to be joined by one or more relatives
An extended overseas family begins with
the first member to obtain landed immigrant
status on merit (a process being increasingly
discouraged as we shall see) or, more frequently, as a marriage partner, a sponsored
family member, a successful refugee claimant,
or as a person given permanent residence
through an amnesty or some form of relaxed
This is usually followed by the first member
sponsoring a parent who in turn can be joined
by other family members who come in by right
as accompanying dependents. This route and
Canada's social security net are attractive to
those without an economic base at home.
The system does not accommodate potential
young immigrants from countries with a level
of economic development parallel to that of
Canada and, more particularly, it does not accommodate young immigrants belonging to the
traditional immigrant groups that built this country. The parents of these potential immigrants,
busy with their own careers, are not free to
emigrate and bring their children.
These young people, on completing their
education and perhaps anxious to join a sibling
and build a career in Canada, cannot get into
this country easily.
They have three alternatives. Marriage to a
Canadian is 100 per cent successful and the
convenience marriage, reserved for those without character, is popular. With the abandonment of the United Nations's definition of a
refugee and the application of much relaxed
critieria in the refugee determination process,
acceptance rates have increased threefold to
over 70 per cent, thus encouraging the flow of
bogus refugee claimants.
However, the young people referred to are
restricted to entry as independent immigrants.
Independents are selected on merit based on the
contribution they can make to Canada's
economy. Chances of success are minimal.
Effective May 15, 1991, the new minister
for immigration, the Honourable Bernard
Valcourt announced new procedures based on
the "Canadian Classification and Dictionary
of Occupations." We now have a General
Occupations List and a Designated Occupations List, which governs the entry of independents.
The designated list is limited to 23 job titles
and 1,100 jobs. Qualified applicants receive
extra points assuring acceptance and, as shortages are filled, the job designation is removed
from the list.
The general list is represented as including
900 eligible occupations in 112 broad occupational groups. That is the list, but only 56 of
those 900 occupations are accorded the full 10
points for job skills and admission is subject to
job availability. More specifically, 33 of those
job designations are for medical or dental technicians; 18 are for various chefs and cooks, and
then one designation each for die setters, blacksmiths, power hammer operators, pattern
moulders and petroleum process operators.
With only 1,100 jobs certain in 1991,
1,400,000 unemployed, including thousands
with technical skills and with virtually no demand as revealed by those lists, one wonders
whether there will be jobs for more than 5,000
of the 21,500 independent immigrants scheduled for 1992.
Despite the job shortage and rising unemployment, the minister, in his annual report,
endorses a quota increase for the family class
from 80,000 to 100,000. They come without
reference to literacy, labor market skills or any
evidence of their ability to successfully settle in
Canada as required by Section 6 of the Immigration Act.
Put simply, in its application, Canada's immigration policy does not treat all people equally
but favors those least able to successfully settle
in our country and discriminates against those
with skills, talents and ability to integrate easily, which were the hallmarks ofthe successful
immigrants who built this country.
Refugee claimants accepted in the determination process are landed, subject to health and
criminality checks and with landing goes the
right to family sponsorship. I suggest this
answers Professor Hiebert's concern that "three
quarters of refugees admitted are men when
80 per cent of the world's refugees are women
and children." Among those suffering genuine
persecution, it is probable the father of the
family would make the effort to file a claim in
a welcoming country and be the subject of the
decision. Under a refugee determination system, the auditor general describes as "close to
collapse," there are those who take advantage.
Probably 75 per cent of claimants would not
have met the abandoned United Nations Convention definition of a refugee. It is not unreasonable to expect that young men of families in
countries suffering disadvantage or internal
strife would be chosen to establish a family
beachhead in Canada in anticipation of acceptance as a refugee and the accompanying benefits of family sponsorship. The women and
children will follow.
What has been the effect of all of this?
Academic studies at the universities of
Western Ontario and Simon Fraser show a
steady decline in productivity of immigrants
arriving over the last quarter century. Western Ontario studies differentiate between traditional immigrant groups and new immigrant groups. Those from traditional sources
have fallen from 95 per cent to 35 per cent of
all immigrants and maintain a level of productivity (expressed as income) above the
Canadian average while those from the new
groups have increased from 5 per cent to 65
per cent of all immigrants and the productivity ofthe most recent entries has dropped to a
level 25 per cent below the average of other
It all emphasizes the importance of an ongoing
public debate and a close examination or our
immigration policies and their administration.
Charles M. Campbell
Charles Campbell is a UBC alumnus andformer
vice-chair of Canada's Immigration Appeal
Diving Safety Officer Sheila Thornton oversees the university's scientific diving program.
UBC divers explore
underwater science
Every few months, Zoology lecturer Sandra
Millen trades in her textbooks and notepad for a
wet suit and an oxygen tank.
Millen, a marine invertebrate biologist, is
among the 25 UBC faculty, staff and students
who spend their time underwater in the name of
research. She is currently diving off the west and
northeast coast of Vancouver Island in search of
nudibranch molluscs, also known as shell-less
"These snails have very interesting pharmaceutical properties," said Millen. "They produce
compounds that are anti-fungicides and anti-
bactericides. Compounds like these may one day
be used as part of an anti-cancer agent."
Millen has also been involved in diving expeditions off of Alaska, Australia, Tahiti, Peru and
the Caribbean. She spends an average of two
weeks on each expedition. Although she does
most of her diving in the spring and summer
because of heavy teaching commitments, diving
conditions in B.C. are better during the winter
"The water is clearer in the winter because the
overcast conditions inhibit plankton growth,"
said Millen. "Plankton needs sunshine to thrive."
Surveys indicate there are far less accidents in
scientific diving than in other diving classifications, such as recreational, says Sheila Thornton,
whose responsibility is to make sure the 25 people in areas such as oceanography, botany and
zoology, who collect marine organisms as part of r -
their UBC research, do so safely. 	
Thornton is the university's new diving safety
officer who works out ofthe Occupational Health
and Safety Office. She oversees UBC's scientific diving program, with the UBC diving safety
manual the basis of the program.
"Faculty, staff and students who want to be
granted scientific diving status by the university «-■
must maintain a high level of expertise," said
"They must be skilled in cardio pulmonary
resuscitation and advanced rescue techniques,
and must submit monthly logs so their progress
can be monitored. This ongoing program ensures that divers maintain a high level of safety *'
and training, whether they are currently active in ♦-
diving, or not."
Thirty per cent of UBC diver training is held
in the water. Thornton tries to get out to each
diving research site to monitor the progress of
each diver in his or her particular surroundings.^.
Dry land training makes up the rest of the program. *"
"Diving is a scientific tool," said Thornton. "I
encourage faculty and staff members who have
students connected with departmental research
projects to join our scientific diving program."
Success the result of effort
and support at all levels
Continued from Page 1
featuring teams from the U.S.A., Scotland, Japan
and Canada.
UBC s focus on international competition has
also played a part in its success in athletics,
according to Hindmarch.
"We have always been able to look beyond
our borders," he said.
No accounting of UBC's athletic prowess
would be complete without an acknowledgement of the level of support the program has
received from both the student body and the
university administration, said Hindmarch.
"David Strangway's vision has been instrumental in the success of UBC's athletics program," he said.
"Thanks to his efforts and the efforts of people like
K.D. Srivastava, vice-president of Student and Academic Services, UBC has made a commitment and
exhibitedabeliefthatathleticsplays an important role
in the academic community."
Hindmarch said that belief is shared by the
students, with great support from the Alma Mater
Society and the University Athletic Council.     -''
"The number of bright, young athletes we have ^
here is incredible.   They share in the spirit and
enthusiasm that runs through our entire program,
includingthecoachingstaff.trainers, managers, physiotherapists and the rest ofthe support staff."
Although Hindmarch admits that being ^
number one in the Maclean's poll was great, he
truly believes that it's not whether you win or x
lose, it's how you play the game.
"You will always have peaks and valleys in
sport. What we have at UBC is a sound athletics
program and a sound basis from which we work.
The result has been an improved level of ability J-<
in all sports over the years," he said. ^
"If you care for your people, as our coaches
do, then you'll do well." UBCREPORTS January9.1992
Legal Clinic brings
students to front line
Photo by Media Services
Third-year law students Kathy Pepper and Tony Fogarassy tend to clients at their desk in
the UBC Legal Clinic behind Brock HalL
Cutting cadavers in a lab is a long way from
the hospital operating room.
So too, dissecting legal cases in class is far
from addressing a jury in court.
Professor Gerald Green, director of UBC's
Legal Clinic, believes law students, like their
counterparts in medicine, need exposure to real-
life situations to better prepare themselves for
what lies ahead.
"It's much the same as a clinical offering of a
medical faculty," said Green, in his second term
as director. "We try to give students what will
most likely be their first crack at dealing with
living clients as opposed to classroom theory."
For the past 16 years, the clinic has offered a
comprehensive training program to students in
the university's Faculty of Law.
Serving about 1,000 low-income clients in
Vancouver each year, the clinic gives future
lawyers a chance to finally apply some of the
knowledge they'd previously only read about in
Operating out of a portable classroom behind
Brock Hall, the program is an elective open to
about 14 second- and third-year students each
For three months, from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., five
days a week, these "temporarily articled" students act on behalf of people charged with criminal offences such as shoplifting, drug possession,
and impaired driving. At no charge, they also
represent clients in family disputes, immigration
and welfare hearings, small claims court or grievances between landlords and tenants.
Tony Fogarassy, in his third year, said appearing before a judge or tribunal under often emotionally charged circumstances has been an eye-
opening experience.
"Most law students don't get the opportunity
to get down into the trenches of the provincial
courthouse," he said. "That's where you come
face-to-face with drugs, unemployment, mental
illness and people whose emotions are being
Apart from weekly visits to the courthouse to
meet clients or pick up case documents, students
also get a chance to shadow a lawyer on morning
rounds in jail. There, they sit in on interviews
with people who have been arrested and held
overnight for one reason or another.
"It involves interviewing in a small room with
people who have had little or no sleep," said
third-year student Kathy Pepper.
Pepper signed up for the clinic to get a better
understanding of different elements of the justice
system. But the three-month program hasn't
shaken her resolve to pursue a career in corporate-commercial law.
"At the clinic, you're almost like a psychiatrist at times," she said. "The exercise has certainly made me more aware of the range and
complexity of problems people face."
Juggling about 20 files each, the program
gives students a sense of how a law office operates from conducting interviews and appearing
in court, to deciphering police reports and mundane filing practices.
Green and two other senior lawyers oversee
the clinic' s operation inside and outside the courtroom. Together, they work ohe-on-one with the
students, scrutinizing their ability to develop
legal arguments, cross-examine witnesses, plea-
bargain and present evidence.
On average, students at the clinic might make
a half dozen appearances before a judge in court.
Most of the time, however, clinic cases don't
make it to trial and students are left to negotiate
a settlement between claimant and defendant.
When they do get to court, clients often plead
guilty, at which point it's up to the student to start
advocating for a reduced sentence.
Another opportunity for UBC law students
to gain practical experience is available through
the Law Students' Legal Advice Program
(LSLAP). While not for credit, more than 150
students participate each year in the program
which handles cases similar to the Legal Clinic
through walk-in clinics throughout the Lower
Both the clinic and the legal advice program
draw clients primarily through word-of-mouth.
For more information regarding the clinic, call
Get your message across!
ubc Reports
Call 822-6163
Modern methods
preserve the past
"People are beginning to recognize it
is important to preserve our history."
As Chris Hives is the first to admit,
many people on campus don't know
who he is or what his job entails. But
in his hands is the entire recorded
history of the university.
As University Archivist, Hives has the Herculean task of overseeing a mountain of material: millions of documents, 200,000 photographs, 3,365 audio and video tapes, 2,500
maps, plans and drawings, a few 78 r.p.m.
recordings and a jacket that belonged to a
student nearly 70 years ago.
"It's amazing, the stuff that has survived,"
he says.
If you took all the documents in the Archives and stacked them up, they would form
25 piles as high as the Ladner Clock Tower.
The photos would carpet the floor of the War
Memorial Gym twice over.
With some lamentable gaps, this is the
history of UBC, from 19th century government documents on the need for a university in
the new Canadian province,
to a videotape
of last fall's
Hives  no-    ™~"""—™™^~"""—™
ticed a new appreciation for the Archives with UBC's 75th
anniversary celebrations, which made people
aware ofthe university's past achievements.
"UBC has now reached an age in its history
where people are beginning to recognize it is
important to preserve our history," he said.
"There's a sense of pride and tradition."
Hives' interest in archival work stems from
his academic background. He has one master's
degree in Canadian history from the University of Western Ontario and another from
UBC's School of Library, Archival and Information Studies in the archival studies program, which is the only one of its kind in
The Archives was established by the Library in 1970 and developed under the guidance of archivist emerita Laurenda Daniells
for 18 years until her retirement in 1988, when
Hives took over.
Archived material is held in three locations,
on two floors of the Main Library and in the
basement of the Library Processing Centre.
In the vault on the eighth floor of the Main
Library where the most fragile materials are
kept, there is row upon row of acid-free boxes
and file folders, kept at a constant temperature
and humidity.
Hives pulls out bound copies ofthe Ubyssey.
The very first issue, printed on glossy, high-
quality paper in 1918, looks like new. But an
edition printed on newsprint 20 years later is
yellow and brittle, its edges flaking away.
It illustrates the problems involved in keeping tons of deteriorating paper and the need to
move into microfilm, computers and optical
"Archives are not musty, dusty catacombic
repositories of ancient material, as the romantic notion would have it. There are no cobwebs," said Hives. "In the modern information
age, it just doesn't work that way."
In common with all archivists he is faced
with the problem of what to keep and what to
assign to the dustbin of history.
"The underlying rule of thumb is that three
per cent of records have archival value," says
Hives. "The difficult process is determining
which three per cent."
The information explosion does not make
the job any easier. Where once there was a
single copy which was circulated, there are
now dozens of
photocopies in
everyone's files.
Computer disks
are re-used, vital
~^""'"■"""■*     information
erased in the blink
of an eye.
"Trying to come to grips with this is a
monumental problem," said Hives, who
has no professional staff and must rely on
individual departments to identify and
transfer permanently valuable documents.
A University Archives Advisory Committee has considered a number of issues
confronting the Archives and has recommended the adoption of a more systematic approach to the management of administrative records.
"Everyone is attempting to deal with the
problems of the information explosion independently," said Hives. "There are certainly
various economies of scale if we approach
these problems collectively."
Hives may be a one-man show, but he's not
lonely. Instead, he enjoys his job, which allows
him to visit people and places from one end of
campus to the other.
"Archives are a people thing," he says. "It's
people who make history, and archives consist
of the physical evidence of the activities of
people — their contributions and legacies, as
well as their quirks and idiosyncrasies.
"In this job, I learn more about the history of
the university each day. It's really a wonderful
Photo by Media Services
UBC Archivist Chris Hives examines some ofthe items held in the university archives. 4    UBCREPORTS January9.1992
January 12 -
January 26
MONDAY, JAN. 13   j
Paediatrics Grand Rounds
Wernicke's Encephalopathy is Not An
Adult Disease. Dr. Michael Seear, Intensive Care Unit, BC Children's Hospital,
Paediatrics. BC Children's Hospital 3D16
ABC at 12pm. Refreshments at 11:45am.
Call 875-2492.
Astronomy Seminar
The Planar Array Of Superheated Superconductors: A Cryogenic Detector For
Non-Baryonic Dark Matter. Dr. B. Turrell,
Physics. Geophysics/Astronomy 260 at
4pm. Coffee at 3:45pm. Call 822-6706.
Institute Of Health Promotion
Research Seminar
Health Promotion At The
Ministry Of Health In British Columbia. Patricia
Wolczuk, PhD, executive
director. Office of Health
Promotion, Ministry of
Health, Victoria. IRC #5 from 4-5:30pm.
Call 822-2258.
Policy Planning Seminar
School Of Community And Regional Planning lecture. How Planners Can Access
The Political And Legislative System. Jerry
Lampert, formerly principal secretary to
PremierVanderZalm. Lasserre205from
9:30am-12:30pm. Call 822-3276.
Botany Seminar Series
Systematics And Evolution
Of Cultivated Coca. Dr.
Fred Ganders, Botany.
BioSciences 2000 from
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-
Lectures In Modern Chemistry-
Merck Frosst Lecture
Progress In Taxane Synthesis. Dr. Robert
A. Holton, Dittmer Laboratory of Chemistry, Florida State U., Tallahassee. Chemistry 250, South Block at 1pm. Call 822-
Statistics Seminar
Model Selection And Accounting For
Model Uncertainty In Graphical Models
Using Occam's Window. Prof. D.
Madigan, U. of Washington. Angus 223
at 4pm. Call 822-4997/2234.
JUBC Reports is the (acuity and
staff newspaper of tse University
of British Columbia, ft is pob-
the UBC CmaaiBnirjr Reteooas
Office, 6328 Memorial RdV, Van.
Telephone 822-3131.
A»'t Editor: Paula Martin
SIBettL Abe Hefla*, Charles Ker,
and Gavin Wason.
For events in the period January 27 to February 8, notices must be submitted by UBC faculty or staff on proper Calendar forms
no later than noon on Tuesday, January 14, to the Community Relations Office, Room 207, 6328 Memorial Rd, Old
Administration Building. For more information call 822-3131. The next edition of UBC Reports will be published January 23.
Notices exceeding 35 words may be edited. The number of items for each faculty or department will be limited to four per issue.
Medical Genetics Seminar
Experience With Metabolic
Diseases In BC. Dr. Derek
Applegarth, professor,
Paediatrics. IRC #1 from
4:30-5:30pm. Refresh-
mentsat4:15pm. Call822-
Poetry Reading
A Bird In The Church. Luci Shaw, adjunct
professor/writer-in-residence, Regent
College. Regent College Main Floor Auditorium from 8-9:30pm. Call 224-3245.
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
Repetitive Stress And Overuse Problems
Of The Hand and Wrist. Chair: Dr. Peter
T. Gropper. Eye Care Centre Auditorium
from 7:30-8:30am. Call 875-4646.
Concert Series
Fraser MacPherson,
saxophone; Oliver
Gannon, guitar. Music
Recital Hall at 12:30pm.
Admission $2. Call 822-
Seminars In Microbiology
Life And Death In The Thymus. Dr. Nicolai
Van Oers, Microbiology. Wesbrook 201
from 12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-3308.
Forestry Seminar
Administration Of Research On The UBC
Research Forests. Don Munro; Peter
Sanders, Malcolm Knapp Research Forest; Key Day, Alex Fraser Research Forest. MacMillan 166 from 12:30-1:30pm.
Call 822-3553.
Physiology Seminar Series
MAP Kinases God's Gift To The Pelech
Lab. Dr. S. Pelech, Biomedical Research
Centre. IRC #4 at 3pm. Call Dr. A.
Buchan at 822-2083.
Geography Colloquium
The Growth And Subsurface Architecture
Of The Fraser River Delta. Mike Roberts,
professor, Geography, Simon Fraser U.
Geography 201 at 3:30pm. Refreshments
at 3:25pm. Call 822-2985/2663.
Applied Mathematics
Rebuilding The Fraser Sockeye Salmon:
Some Case Studies Of Operations Research Techniques Applied To Bio-economic Problems. Dr. David Welch, Pacific Biological Station, Nanaimo. Mathematics 104 at 3:45pm. Call 822-4584.
Neuroscience Discussion
Group Seminar
Surprising Distributions Of
Neurotrophins And
Neurotrophin Receptors
Suggest Novel Functions.
Dr. Mark A. Bothwell,
Physiology/Biophysics, U.
ofWashington. IRC #3 at 4:30pm. Call
Dr. K. Baimbridge at 822-2671.
THURSDAY^ANJ6j     |    MONDAY, JAN. 20   \
Pharmacology Seminar
Calcium-sensitive K+-channels In
Cerebrovascular Smooth Muscle Cells.
Dr. David A. Mathers, Physiology. IRC #5
from 11:30am-12:30pm. Call 822-2575.
CICSR Lecture Series On
Computer Graphics
Technological Mindset. Dr. Marilyn
Mantei, associate professor, Computer
Science/Management Information Science, U. of Toronto. Scarfe 100 from 1-
2:30pm. Refreshments at 12:30pm. Call
Statistics Seminar
Improvements To Taguchi'sOn-Line Control Procedures. Prof. M.S. Srivastava,
Statistics, U. of Toronto. Angus 223 at
4pm. Call 822-4997/2234.
Orthopaedics Mini Symposium
Topics In Sports Medicine.
Chair: Dr. Doug Clement.
Speakers: Dr. Navin
Prasad; Steve Paris/Rand
Clement; Dr. Jack Taunton; Clyde Smith; Dr. Don
McKenzie. Allan McGavin Sports Medicine Centre Seminar Room from 4-6pm.
Call 875-4646.
Obstetrics/Gynaecology Grand
Vulvodynia. Dr. Leslie Schover, Cleveland Clinic. Shaughnessy Hospital Theatre D308 at 8am. Call 875-3108.
Paediatrics Grand Rounds
The Molecular Genetics Of Chronic
Granulomatous Disease-From Bedside To
The Bench And Back Again. Dr. John
Cumutte, Scripps Research Institute. G.F.
Strong Auditorium at 9am. Call 875-2118.
Biotechnology Seminar
Oxidative Bleaching Of
Mechanical Pulp. S.
Rajagopal, graduate student, Chemical Engineering. ChemEngineering
206 at 3:30pm. Call 822-
President's Lecture In English
A Conversation With Gayatri Spivack.
Prof. Gayatri Spivak, Literary Theory, U.
of Pittsburgh. Asian Centre at 7:30pm.
Call 822-3131.
Vancouver Institute Lecture
Diabetes: What Causes
It? Can We Cure It? David
A. Pyke, MD, Registrar,
Royal College of Physicians, London, England.
Woodward IRC #2.   Call
BC Cancer Research Seminar
Developments In Health
Promotion Research
Related To Cancer. Dr.
Lawrence Green, director, Institute of Health
Promotion Research.
BC Cancer Research Centre Lecture Theatre at 12pm. Call 877-
Research Seminar
Paracrine/Autocrine Regulation In
The Corpus Luteum. Dr. David T.
Armstrong, professor, Obstetrics/
Gynaecology, U. of Western Ontario.
Grace Hospital 2N35 from 1 -2:30pm.
Call 875-2334.
Applied Mathematics
Summing Logarithmic Expansions Of
Eigenvalue Problems. Dr. Michael Ward,
postdoctoral fellow, Courant Institute of
Mathematical Sciences, New York U.
Mathematics 104 at 3:45pm. Call 822-
Policy Planning Seminar
School of Community And Regional
Planning lecture. North America's
wildest river: The Tatshenshini Region And The World-Wide Plan To
Save It. Ric Careless, executive director of Tatshenshini Wild. Lasserre
205 from 9:30am-12:30pm. Call 822-
TUESDAY, JAN. 21   |
Health Services/Policy
Research Seminar
Prenatal Care, Socioeconomic Status, And
Birth Outcomes:
Insights From Manitoba's Administrative
Databases.    Cameron
Mustard, ScD,  Centre for Health
Policy/Evaluation, U. of Manitoba.
IRC 414 from 12-1:30pm.  Call 822-
Botany Seminar Series
Biosystematics Of Lasthenia
Californica. Andree Desrochers, PhD
candidate. Botany. BioSciences
2000 from 12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-
Lectures In Modern Chemistry
TBA. Dr. David Hart, Chemistry, Ohio
State U., Columbus. Chemistry 250,
South Block at 1pm. Call 822-
Women Students' Office Open
To plan an 8-week
support group for
women graduate students, in conjunction
with the Graduate Student Centre. Brock Hall,
WSO Loupge at 3:30 pm. Call
Medical Genetics Seminar
Polycomb Group Of Drosophila Chromosome Domains. Dr. Hugh Brock, associate professor, Zoology. IRC #1 from 4:30-
5:30pm. Refreshments at 4:15pm. Call
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
The Infected Knee Replacement. Dr.
Clive P. Duncan. Eye Care Centre Auditorium from 7:30-8:30am. Call 875-4646.
Concert Series
Panormo Guitar Trio.
Music Recital Hall at
12:30pm. Admission $2.
Call 822-5574.
Seminars in Microbiology
Process Control For Gene Regulation:
Are We Ready Yet? Eric Jervis,
Biotechnology Laboratory/Chemical Engineering. Wesbrook 201 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-3308.
Pharmacology Seminar
Excitation-contraction Coupling In Airway
Smooth Muscle. Dr. Ian Rogers, Merck
Frosst Centre for Therapeutic Research,
Kirkland, Quebec. IRC #5 from 11:30am-
12:30pm. Call 822-2575.
English, French And Theatre
Panel Discussion
Tosca. Brenda Anderson/'
Susan Bennett, Vancouver
Opera; Floyd St. Clair,
French. Dorothy Somerset Studio at 12:30pm. Call
Expert Partners Meeting
Avoiding Software Piracy. Jonn Martell,
site licence coordinator, Computing Services; Teresa Tenisci, manager, Business/
Security, Information Systems Management. Computer Sciences201 from 12:30-
2pm. Call 822-6205.
Concert Series
Leigh Howard Stevens, marimba Music Re-
cital Hall, Lecture at 7:15pm, Concert at 8pm.
Adult$13,Student/Senior$7. CaH822-5574.
Obstetrics/Gynaecology Grand
Modem Management Of Uterine Fbroids. Dr.
Yuzpe.U. of Western Ontario. Shaughnessy
Hospital Theatre D308. Cal 875-3108.
Paediatrics Grand Rounds
Neonatal Quality Outcome. Dr. Susan
Albersheim, clinical assistant professor, Haematology. G.F. Strong Auditorium at 9am. Call 875-
Biotechnology Seminar
Oxidative Coupling Of Methane. Shanna
Knights, graduate student, Chemical Engineering. ChemEngineering 206 at
3:30pm. Call 822-3238.
Calendar continued on page 9
J I BC REPORTS January 9, 1992
Project produces compost from industrial waste
*" The Faculty of Agricultural Sci-
y ence is spearheading an innovative
new project that will turn fish farming and forest industry waste products into compost for farmers and
The $l-million Fish Waste Utili-
zation Facility will be located at
w UBC's Oyster River Research Farm,
near Campbell River.
It is a joint initiative involving
the university, the provincial Ministry of Agriculture and Fisher-
> ies, fish processors and the fish
farming industry, and the Mt.
Washington Community Futures
Committee, a group appointed by
Employment and Immigration
Canada to improve local employment opportunities.
The new facility will combine
■* wastes from fish farms, processing
plants and hatcheries with forest industry byproducts such as wood chips
and sawdust, to make high quality
compost for sale to farmers and gar-
r deners. Compost is a natural soil conditioner that could reduce the need
for chemical fertilzers.
Re-zoning for the facility was recently approved by the regional district after local officials and concerned residents were assured that
*   the plant would be entirely self-con-
- tained and odor-free. It will be located in the middle of the research
farm's 320-hectare property, 700
metres from the nearest residence.
When it is completed, the facility will employ four to five full-
time staff, generate secondary
jobs and provide long-term economic and environmental benefits
to the region.
The project could also point the
way for other areas of the province.
Technology and research produced
at Oyster River Farm will be adaptable to other B.C. municipalities and
private industries seeking efficient
methods of waste management.
The program is not only inexpensive, it is environmentally sound in
two ways, said Niels Holbek, director of the UBC Research Farm. First,
it recycles waste products generated
by industry, and secondly, it produces compost.
The composting project originated
with Holbek and members of the Mt.
Washington Community Futures
The provincial government committed $300,000 over two years from
the Sustainable Environment Fund.
The Mt. Washington committee then
applied to Employment and Immigration Canada and received a grant
of $430,000 for the project. UBC
provided $75,000 in funding and the
fish processors and salmon farming
industry provided a further $ 150,000.
Oyster River is close to the many
Island processors and fish farmers
who will be using the facility.
The conceptual drawing above shows plans for the fish waste composting facility at UBC's Oyster River
research farm near Campbell River. Actual facility will be entirely enclosed.
Canada Post wishes to remind you that Governor-in-
Council (GIC) has recently approved postal rate adjustments
for several regulated products,
as well as the deregulation of
others. These changes were
proposed in the package
pregazetted on June 29, 1991
and were published in the
Canada Gazette on November
20, 1991.
As a result of the GIC approval, the basic letter rates will
be as follows, effective January
1, 1992: 42 cents for domestic
letter mail; 48 cents U.S.A., and
84 cents international.
These new rates and
deregulations are consistent with
the approved Canada Post Corporate Plan. Funds generated
from these fair and reasonable
new rates, in conjunction with
those from increased volumes
and improved efficiencies, will
be reinvested in the business to
ensure service standards are
maintained and, where possible, improved.
The approved deregulation of
several products will provide
Canada Post with the necessary flexibility to successfully
compete in the marketplace and
to respond, as required, to rapidly changing customer needs.
If you have any questions,
please do not hesitate to contact
your Canada Post sales representative.
New building will provide focal point
for high-tech computer research
Cutting the ribbon at the site ofthe new CICSR/Computer Science building are B.C. Telephone Co. Chairman
Gordon MacFarlane, Minister of Tourism and Culture Darlene Marzari and UBC President David Strangway.
Aribbon-cutting ceremony was held
on campus last month at the site ofthe
new $18-million Centre for Integrated
Computer Systems Research(CICSR)/
Computer Science building.
The new facility, fully funded by
the provincial government, will be
shared by CICSR and the Department
of Computer Science.
It will house interdisciplinary work
in fields such as computer imaging
and animation, robotics research for
industrial application and the development of artificial intelligence.
Director Jim Varah said CICSR
projects involve 60 faculty members
in computer science and engineering
who work collaboratively with government agencies and industry.
The building will also be the new
home ofthe Department of Computer
Science, which has doubled in size in
the past four years.
"This project will not only benefit
the university community, it will also
stimulate growth and collaboration in
the province's burgeoning high technology industry," Ken Bagshaw, chair
of UBC's Board ofGovernors, said at
the ceremony.
President David Strangway said
the building will house research that
will help B.C. move from a resource-
based economy to one based on technological advances.
Strangway also noted the interdisciplinary nature ofthe research, which
involves members of at least two faculties.
"I think this is a trend that is happening throughout academia," he said.
"Boundaries are breaking down because multiple skills are needed to
tackle today's complex problems."
During the ceremony, invited
guests were shown computer-generated images of the new building by
architects from the firm Chernoff
Thompson. The building will be located next to the departments of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering
on the northeast corner of Main Mall
and Agronomy Road. Completion is
expected by the spring of 1993.
A room in the new building will be
dedicated to the British ColumbiaTel-
ephone Co.. in recognition ofthe company's long-term commitment to supporting research and advancement in
the fields of telecommunications and
high technology.
B.C. Tel Chairman Gordon
MacFarlane told guests that his
company had undertaken many
collaborative efforts with UBC
Also present was Darlene Marzari.
the Point Grey MLA and newly appointed minister of Tourism and Culture, who was making her first official
visit to campus as a member of government.
Guests were shown examples of
the collaborative research projects
currently underway at CICSR.
One demonstration showed a new
intelligent operating system for heavy
machinery being developed in collaboration with the harvesti ng research
group of MacMillan Bloedel.
In another, Guy Immega, president
of Kinetic Sciences Inc., discussed
how UBC-developed technology is
being used on a Canadian Space
Agency project to give robotic manipulators the ability to recognize and
handle objects on the proposed space
Summary of the Draft Strategic Plan
The UBC Library's mission is to provide outstanding access to the universe
of recorded knowledge and information.
The University is a place for the adventure of mind and spirit, a place to
communicate with great intellects, both
past and present. The Library, as an
active partner in this adventure, is committed to providing effective access to
the information resources and services
required by the University community.
Faced with the changing needs of the
University, and the opportunities afforded
by new information technologies, the
Library has developed a strategic plan
to address the future. Compiled over the
past fourteen months in consultation
with all members of the Library staff, the
plan is intended to help anticipate needs,
develop goals, and propose specific
objectives to meet these goals over the
next ten years.
Through further consultation with the
University administration, faculty, students, staff, and the community, the
Library intends to have a strategic plan
that will guarantee access to comprehensive collections, a diversity of information provision, and flexibility of service to its many users.
The Library provides collections and
services to users at the University and
beyond, and co-ordinates the information resources of the University's large
and varied campus. It is not only a major
Canadian research library, but also a
provincial and North American resource.
Library Collections
The Library's collections comprise
some 8.4 million items including books,
serials, microfilm, motion pictures, video
and sound recordings, CD-ROM disks,
computer tapes, maps, rare books,
manuscripts, and other archival material. The collections are housed in over
a dozen locations, with the Main Library
as the heart of a large, decentralized
system. The Asian Library, for instance,
houses Canada's largest East Asian
collection; the Crane Library has a unique
collection of Braille, large print, and recorded sources; and the Woodward Library has the largest biomedical collection in Western Canada.
Through the work and generosity of
numerous private donors the Library
has acquired important collections, notably in Canadian literature and history,
in nineteenth-century British literature,
in Asian studies, in medicine, and in
musicology. The Library also operates
the University Archives which develops
standards, and preserves University
records of permanent value.
Library Services
Through its information, reference,
and processing services, the Library
provides access to its diverse holdings.
In 1990/91, over 2 million items were
lent to borrowers, and 428,000 reference and information questions were
December 30, 1991
Dear Members of the University Community:
For the past year, Library staff have worked on a strategic plan for the UBC
Library. A summary ofthe plan is presented in this issue of UBC Reports. The
purpose of our strategic planning was to re-evaluate and rethink the shape of
the Library, and to formulate desired goals for the next five to ten years.
We hope that you will take the time to review the summary presented
below. During the next few months we will be meeting with Deans of
Faculties and with Library Advisory Committees to discuss the library ofthe
future, and our strategies for getting there.
Copies ofthe full version ofthe draft Strategic Plan are available from the
Library. We would be very pleased to hear your comments, questions, or
observations about the Strategic Plan.
Ruth J. Patrick, Ph.D.
University Librarian
answered. The Library's primary user
community consists of the University's
nearly 28,000 students, approximately
1,900 full-time faculty members, and
over 3,500 full-time staff, as well as
affiliated researchers, and part-time students, faculty, and staff.
The Library's reference and information staff also serve clients in business,
industry, and the professions, as well as
members of the general public. In addition, information and research materials
are provided to the regional community,
and to libraries throughout Canada and
other parts of the world. In 1990/91,
28,200 items were lent to other libraries,
and 14,900 items borrowed on behalf of
local users.
The Library's collections and services, built in partnership with the University and the community, reflect the dedication, skill, and foresight of generations of Library staff and users. As the
twenty-first century approaches, the Library, in preparing to meet the challenge of the information age, will build
on the achievements of the past.
We are facing a social revolution
driven by rapid evolutionary changes
in computer, communications, and
information technologies and by the
interaction of those technologies
with our social institutions. This revolution, evolving from the convergence of a constellation of new technologies, involves the entire fabric
of society.*
In a society which values access to
information, and in a university dedicated to being a world-renowned centre
of learning, UBC Library staff, with their
expertise in information management,
intend to take the lead in defining and
shaping a swiftly changing information
environment for the benefit of the University, the Library, and its users. The
strategic plan will help Library staff
achieve this goal.
In drafting the Library's strategic plan,
many factors were considered: the University's strategic plan, the unique features of the UBC Library, and external
factors likely to influence the University
and the Library in the next decade.
The University Context
The University's strategic plan foresees educational diversification and an
increasing research orientation. In particular, the University plans to expand its
offerings in the study of biotechnology,
robotics, computer systems, cultural
* Ronald R. Doctor. Information technologies
and social equity: confronting the revolution. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 42(3):217, 1991.
activities, forestry, international business, and the Pacific Rim. New institutes, centres, and chairs have been
and will continue to be established, many
of them reaching across current disciplinary boundaries. These developments
will undoubtedly result in greater demands for Library services and collections.
The UBC Library's Unique
Features unique to the UBC Library
include its geographical remoteness
from other major Canadian universities,
which led to the development of its own
rich collections; the Library's role as a
provincial resource; and the Library's
highly decentralized system, a necessary response to the large area covered
by the UBC campus. These features
shaped the current Library system, and
influence its future development.
External Influences
Population Changes
As the composition of the University's
population changes, the Library will need
to shift some of its resources into providing materials and services required by
new faculty, a significantly enlarged
graduate student body, inter-disciplinary
courses, and new fields of undergraduate and graduate study.
Information Explosion and
Rising Costs
Changes in the kind of information
required will be matched by changes in
its quantity and format. The information
explosion is characterized by phenomenal growth in the volume of publishing,
both in print and in a plethora of electronic formats. At the same time, escalating costs of materials, particularly journals, have forced most libraries to reduce the number of items they acquire.
The Goods and Services Tax is adding
to the costs.
Developments in information, computing, and communications technologies are dramatic: the trend is towards
increasingly decentralized computing
(with powerful personal computers and
workstations rapidly replacing centralized, mainframe computer systems), and
towards expanding local, national, and
international networks. Scholars at their
workstations are now connected to colleagues and databases around the
world, and they expect improved access
to a rapidly multiplying number and variety of sources.
The Search for Solutions
Changing university programs and
priorities, population changes, the information explosion and rapid price increases, coupled with a growing range
of available technologies, rising user
expectations, and library budget increases that have not kept pace with
cost increases, will demand ever more UNIVERSITY    OF    BRITISH     COLUMBIA
innovative solutions from the Library.
To find such solutions, the UBC Library needs a flexible organization sensitive to changes in user needs, and to
changes in the technology and communication of information. The Library also
needs to maintain appropriate collections, services, and facilities, and knowledgeable, efficient staff, able to anticipate and satisfy the diverse information
needs of Library users.
Above all, the Library needs clear
goals and objectives to guide it when
decisions have to be made, or conflicting demands have to be resolved. Library staff are committed
to a dynamic and collaborative institution, closely in touch with the
needs of its user communities. Optimum use should be made of information and computer technologies.
The Library's resources, services,
and facilities should be easy to use,
integrated, and more closely connected with other libraries, library
services, and global information
To succeed in its goal of providing
effective, comprehensive access to information, and flexible services, the Library must fulfil its responsibilities
• as a gateway to information
• as a partner in teaching and
• as a major campus facility
• as an organizational unit
As a gateway to information, the Library will co-ordinate collection development and preservation, provide computer access to databases of all kinds,
and act as information consultant to a
variety of users. Specifically, the Library
plans to:
• maintain the core collections necessary for the University's teaching
and research function as well as for
the Library's role as a provincial
• review University and community
information needs regularly
• work towards integrated computer
access to its own resources, and to
information resources worldwide
•develop outreach programsto bring
library services directly to faculty
and students in their offices and
• develop appropriate preservation
policies and programs
• promote resource sharing programs with other libraries
As a partner in teaching and research,
the Library will identify the changing
needs of University faculty in theirteach-
ing and research programs through
regular contact and discussions, take
the lead in developing a campus-wide
information system, and co-operate with
other libraries to ensure that UBC has
access to the resources of the larger
research community. As a partner in
teaching and research, the Library intends to:
• consult with faculty, students, and
others to identify research priorities,
and teaching and learning needs
• offer courses on information access within the academic curriculum
• expand library orientation and instruction programs and facilities
• co-operate with institutions training library personnel
• work with other campus offices
to develop campus-wide information standards
• encourage strong Library representation within the University community
As a major campus facility, the Library will provide space and facilities for
the use of its collections and computer
systems, for study and reflection, and
for consulting Library staff. The Library
will strive to:
• provide appropriate facilities and
equipment for the use of all Library
resources, and for the presentation
of library instruction programs
• ensure optimum conditions for the
housing and preservation of collections in all formats
• provide staff with the facilities and
equipment needed to provide excellent services
As an organizational unit, the Library will encourage and support
the continued training of its staff,
and encourage their participation at
all levels in the Library's planning
and decision-making processes. The
Library will:
• ensure regular and frequent communication among all levels of staff,
and involve all staff in the planning
and implementation ofthe Library's
• provide job-related training and
continuing education opportunities
for all staff, particularly in the area of
managing change
•create opportunities for job enrichment and career development
Of prime importance in implementing the Library's strategic plan will be
consultation with, and lobbying of, the
University administration to clarify the
Library's mandate, and to ensure adequate funding to support this mandate. Given that the demand for Library
services is increasing while financial
resources continue to be uncertain,
particular attention needs to be paid to
its budget if the Library is to carry out its
mandate effectively.
The Library will also seek funding
for its role as a provincial resource,
and will consider levying service
charges in appropriate areas. In
addition, funding will be sought from
private donors and from granting
Mindful of the Library's role in serving
the University, Library staff will consult
closely with the University community
on teaching needs and research directions, and on the costs of providing
specific services and materials. Library
programs and services will be promoted
actively, and the Library's role as a major information provider will be strengthened.
As a member of the community of
research libraries the UBC Library will
co-operate with libraries locally, nationally, and internationally to ensure the
optimum use of collections and other
An Action Plan
A full version of the Library's draft
strategic plan is available from the University Librarian's Office. The strategic
plan will provide the basis for the development of a detailed plan of action.
The challenge of the next decade will
be to anticipate, and serve successfully,
society's rapidly changing information
needs, while at the same time supporting the University's function of preserving and extending knowledge.
Listening to customers
key for marketing
lumber products
Give the customers what they want.
It's a motto that can help British Columbia establish an internationally competitive position in the production of high-
quality wood products, according to Assistant Professor David Cohen of the Faculty of Forestry's Forest Harvesting and
Wood Science Department.
"The idea is to make the most with
what we have," he said. "That means
converting construction-grade lumber into
a high-quality, value-added wood product that meets the needs of a specific
customer group."
The first step, according to Cohen, is
market research: Find out what the customer wants. Research is currently under
way to match Japanese market requirements with the appropriate panel processing technology.
"Ensuring high-value offshore markets
will encourage the development of appropriate technology and promote the production of value-added wood products in
B.C.," said Cohen.
One way B.C. may be able to meet the
needs of the Japanese marketplace is
through  the  manufacturing  of oriented
strandboard, which is made up of wafer-
thin pieces of wood glued together.
Cohen said although this product is readily
available in North America, it hasn't measured up to Japanese specifications of size,
structure and stability. That's where Cohen
and his team of researchers stepped in.
"By simply talking to Japanese customers, we were able to match their needs
with the specific technology needed to
satisfy their requirements. It's a formula
that should improve the international competitive position ofthe B.C. wood industry."
In another segment of his research,
Cohen's team interviewed 70 architects,
structural engineers and other people involved in commercial construction to find
out how familiar they are with high-value
engineered wood products.
"These engineered wood products are
designed for specific purposes," said
"They offer distinct advantages over
traditional construction materials like
steel and concrete and we want these people to know it. But again, the key is
finding out what the customer's needs
Create 35mm color slides at your desk!
Att. All U.B.C. Professors:
Going to the Computer show Jan. 14 or 15 ?
See us booth # 568
Van. Trade & Convention Centre
Beau Photo Supplies Inc.
Tel .734-7771 8    UBC REPORTS January 9,1992
Employment Equity
Plan gets go-ahead
UBC is set to begin immediate
implementation of its Employment
Equity Plan.
The plan, supported by UBC' s 1989
policy on employment equity, ensures
a fair and equitable workplace and
offers all individuals full opportunity
to develop their potential.
As a participant in Employment
and Immigration Canada's Federal
Contractor's Program, the university
was required to develop a viable employment equity plan. The plan and its
implementation allow the university
to maintain eligibility to bid on government contracts.
Sharon Kahn, director of Employment Equity, said that the program
requires UBC to report on its workforce
distribution of four designated groups
—women, aboriginal people, persons
with disabilities and visible minorities.
Among the objectives of UBC's
Employment Equity Plan for the designated groups are increased recruiting for faculty and staff positions,
and a staff development program.
Kahn stressed that UBC will con-
tinue to hire the
best person for
the job, but will
revamp its hiring practices.
"One approach we'll be
taking is to enlarge the candidate pool to ensure that women
and minorities,
for example, are in the pool before
choosing the best person," she explained.
She hopes that faculty and staff
who have not yet completed an employment equity census, originally
distributed last year, will do so.
'The survey is the primary way for
UBC to assess and monitor its employment equity program, and to determine the representation of the four
designated groups among workers on
campus," Kahn said. "It is important
for people to provide information
through completing a census."
Anyone wishing more information,
can contact the Office of Employment
Equity at 822-5339.
New department
heads appointed for
Faculty of Medicine
The Faculty of Medicine has
announced the appointment of
three new department heads.
Cardiologist Dr. John Mancini
has been appointed head of the
Medicine Department effective
Jan. 1.
Mancini received his medical
training at the
University of
where he also
completed his
internship and
training. He
has been a faculty member at
the University
of California
at San Diego and at the University of Michigan.
Since 1987, Mancini has been
chief of the cardiology section of
the Veteran's Administration
Medical Center in Ann Arbor,
He has gained international recognition for his investigative work
in myocardial imaging and digital coronary arteriography. In
addition, Mancini serves on the
editorial boards of the American Journal of Cardiology and
the Cardiac Imaging Video Jour-
nal, and is presently the co-
editor of the International Journal of Cardiac
Dr. John
Livesley has
been appointed
head of the Department of Psychiatry, effective
Jan. 1.
Livesley received his psychiatric training at the University  of Edinburgh, the Royal Edinburgh Hospital and the Scottish Institute for
Human Relations.
He emigrated to Canada in 1979,
and joined UBC as a professor of
psychiatry and director of the department's Psychotherapy Program in
For the past two years, Livesley
has been director of UBC's Provincial Psychiatric Outreach Program.
He also is a member of the editorial
board for the Journal of Personality
His research interests include
the classification of psychiatric
disorders and the genetics of personality. He has an active interest in community psychiatry and
models for delivering psychiatric services.
Focus on relevance
Social Work director targets
cross-cultural issues
She played the violin at age five
and studied classical singing at 13.
But by the time she completed New
York City's High School of Music
and Art, Carole Christensen had
opted for a career change.
"My mother was a piano teacher
and organist in church, so music
was a big part of my young life,"
said Christensen. "However, it was
important for me to relate to people
in areas outside of performing."
Today, Christensen, the social
worker, brings 25 years of teaching
and professional experience to UBC
as director of its School of Social
Christensen says the major challenge facing teachers and administrators across Canada will he in
making schools of social work more
relevant to the ethnic and racial
groups they serve.
The conviction to foster cross-
cultural understanding among social workers and clients was evident at the site dedication last month
for the school's new building.
Joining faculty members and senior administrators at the event were
representatives from local First Nations, Buddhist, Hindu, Sikh and
Judeo-Christian groups. Each
played a part in helping consecrate
the ground.
"Our students deal with a wide
range of clientele, but are still not
trained to be knowledgeable about
other cultures," she said. "Many
Canadians view themselves as neutral but forget they themselves have
a culture. Most of us tend to make
fast judgements about those whose
values don't conform to our own."
The new director comes to UBC
after a 21-year teaching career at
McGill University, where she introduced courses in cross-cultural
social work and human sexuality.
Prior to her appointment in Montreal, she developed and taught family therapy courses at the Danish
School of Social Work in Copenhagen.
Since 1989, she has travelled
across the country visiting schools
of social work as Chair of the national Task Force on Multicultural
and Multiracial Issues for the Canadian Association of Schools of
Social Work.
In its report, the task force concluded that Canada has yet to create an
educational system in social work
reflective ofthe demographic changes
that have marked the last quarter century. One of Christensen's prime objectives is "to have a faculty that is
responsive to the community as it
really is, taking into account the diversity of population groups with unique
Photo by Media Services
Professor Carole Christensen will direct activities in the School of
Social Work's new building in the fall The school has been located
in Graham House since 1965.
life experiences."
To strengthen links with the community, she hopes to build a series of
research and training centres on and
off campus. Pacific Spirit Child and
Family Services, a family support
clinic, is already operating out ofthe
Social Work Annex and a clinic catering to multicultural groups is
planned at the REACH clinic on Commercial Drive in the city's east end.
Christensen herself is principle
investigator for a research project
called "Linking Schools of Social
Work to Cultural Communities."
Based out of the REACH clinic, the
study is being done in conjunction
with the University of Quebec at
Montreal and Dalhousie University.
Among Christensen's long-term
administrative goals is to rebuild the
school's faculty to a full complement
of 19.5 from its current 14.5 teaching
positions. Last year alone, six faculty
members were lost due to early retirement and disability.
While the school has faculty who
are recognized leaders in child welfare, social policy, social development, marriage and family therapy,
Christensen said more expertise is
needed in the areas of the disabled,
Native peoples, visible minorities,
women's issues, and the aged.
Eighty-two graduate students and
120 undergraduates are currently
enrolled in the school's three programs: a BA degree in Social work
focused on gender, race, culture
and class issues; an MA specializing in advanced clinical practice
and social development studies, and
an interdisciplinary PhD.
In September, Christensen led a
faculty and staff retreat on the North
Shore where they worked on a five-
year plan and reviewed administrative procedures.
Christensen said faculty are just
now getting feedback on the revised
Bachelor's program and the university has "given the go-ahead" to
build up the doctoral offering. The
school is also reviewing its continuing education program with alumni,
faculty and members of the B.C.
Association of Social Workers.
Located in Graham House since
1965, the school is scheduled to
move into its new building at the
comer of West Mall and University
Boulevard in the fall.
Dr. David Bevan has been ap- the department
pointed head of the Department from 1985 un-
of Anaesthesia, effective Jan. 1. til   accepting
Bevan received his training in an- his   new   ap-
aesthesia at London's Hammersmith pointment  at
Hospital Royal Postgraduate Medi- UBC.
cal School. Bevan  has
In 1978, he emigrated to been editor-
Canada and joined the faculty of in-chief of the
McGill University's Department Canadian
of Anaesthesia. He was chair of Journal       of
Anaesthesia for the last three
years, and serves on the editorial
board of Anaesthesia and Analgesia. He also is a member of the
Board of Trustees of the International Anaesthesia Research Society.
His research interests are principally involved with the pharmacology of the neuromuscular
junction. UBCREPORTS January9.1992
January 12
January 26
Marimba Workshop
Leigh Howard Stevens.   Music Recital
Hall at 7pm. Call 822-5574.
Vancouver Institute Lecture
The Archaeology Of The
Atomic Bomb. James
Delgado, excutive director, Vancouver Maritime
Museum. Woodward IRC
#2 at 8:15pm. Call 822-
UBC Speakers Bureau
Would yourgroup like to know more about
topics ranging from Asbestos in the Natural Environment to The Art of Professional
Communication? More than 300 topics to
choose from. Call 822-6167 (24-hr. ans.
Graduate Student Centre
Live entertainment every Friday in the
Fireside Lounge from 8-11 pm. Call 822-
Carpool Matching
A service for faculty,
staff and students. Call
Karen Pope, Dean's
Office, Applied Science
at 822-3701 and find
your area match.
Language Programs Conversational Classes
Develop your conversational ability in
French, Spanish, Japanese, Mandarin or
Cantonese. Ten-week session begins
week of Jan. 28; classes are held on
campus Tues. or Thurs. evenings or Sat.
mornings. Spanish Immersion Program
in Cuemavaca, Mexico, Mar. 2-20. Call
Frederic Wood Theatre Performance
Sarcophagus by Vladimir Gubaryev, directed by Kathleen Weiss. Jan. 15-25 at
8pm. Adults $10, students/seniors $7.
Preview Wed. 2 for $10. For reservations
call 822-2678.
Dorothy Somerset Studio
Goodnight Desdimona,
Goodmorning Juliet by
Anne Marie MacDonald, directed by Edel Walsh. Jan.
22-25/Jan. 29-Feb. 1 at
8pm. Admission $6. For
reservations call 822-2678.
Fine Arts Gallery
Open Tues.-Fri. from 10am-5pm.
Saturdays 12pm-5pm on. Free admission. Main Library. Call 822-
Executive Programmes
i^_^_ Business seminars, Jan.
$13-17: Essential Management Skills, $1,375; Jan
20-22, New Venture Crea-
^^^ tion, $1,450; Jan. 23-24,
^^^^^ Recruiting/Retaining Excellent Employees, $895. E.D. MacPhee
Executive Conference Centre. Call 822-
Statistical Consulting/Research Laboratory
SCARL is operated by the Department of Statistics to provide statistical advice to faculty and graduate
students working on research problems. Forms for appointments available in Ponderosa Annex C-210. Call
Dentistry Treatment Program
Participants with no natural teeth of
their own are needed for a complete
denture treatment. Patients accepted will be treated during Feb-
May./92. Call Mon-Fri, 10am-3pm,
at 822-5668.
Health Sciences Sponsored
Safety Courses
St. John Ambulance Safety Oriented First
Aid Courses (SOFA and CPR). SOFA, 8
hrs; CPR, 4.5 hrs. Register Jan. 21-22
from 10:30am-2:30pm at Woodward IRC
Mall. Registration fee $20/course.
Classes will be offered to UBC students
on Saturdays in February: Call 822-
Smoking Research Project
Volunteers between 35-
60 years, regular smoker
and generally healthy are
needed for research
project at Vancouver
General Hospital Respiratory Division. Participants will be compensated $150. Call Merelyn at 421-
Asthma Study
Volunteers with asthma who use steroid inhaler regularly are needed for 6
visits over a 13 week period. Participants will be compensated $50/visit.
Vancouver General Hospital Respiratory Division. Call Merelyn at 421 -
High Blood Pressure Clinic
Volunteers (over 18
years) needed, treated
or not, to participate in
clinical drug trials. Call
Dr. J. Wright or Mrs.
Nancy Ruedy in Medicine at 822-7134.
Seniors Hypertension Study
Volunteers aged 60-80 years with
mild to moderate hypertension,
treated or not, needed to participate
in a high blood pressure study. Call
Dr. Wright or Nancy Ruedy in Medicine at 822-7134.
Drug Research Study
Volunteers required for Genital Herpes
Treatment Study. Sponsoring physician:
Dr. Stephen Sacks, Medicine/Infectious
Diseases. Call 822-7565.
Heart/Lung Response Study
At rest and during exercise. Volunteers age 45-
75 years, all fitness levels,
required. No maximal testing. Scheduled at your
convenience.   Call Fiona
Manning, School of Rehab. Medicine, 822-
Lung Disease Study
Subjects with emphysema or fibrosis
needed to investigate means of improving lung function withoutdrugs. Call Fiona
Manning, School of Rehab Medicine, 822-
Counselling Psychology
Research Study
Clerical Workers—explore your
stress coping skills. Clerical/secretarial staff needed to participate in a
study which involves completion of
one questionnaire a month for three
months. Call Karen Flood at 822-
Retirement Study
Women concerned about
retirement planning
needed for an 8-week Retirement Preparation seminar. Call Sara Cornish in
Counselling Psychology at
Volunteer Fair
Personality Study
Volunteers aged 30 or more needed
to complete a personality questionnaire. Required, 2 visits, about 3
hours total. Participants receive a
free personality assessment and a
$20 stipend. Call Janice in Dr.
Livesley's office, Psychiatry,
Detwiller 2N2, 822-7895.
PMS Research Study
Volunteers needed for a study of an
investigational medication to treat
PMS. Call Doug Keller, Psychiatry,
University Hospital, Shaughnessy
Site at 822-7318.
Dermatology Acne Study
Volunteers between 14-
35 years with moderate
facial acne needed for
4 visits during a three
month period. Honorarium paid. Call Sherry
at 874-8138.
Sun-Damaged Skin Study
Participants needed between ages
of 35-70 for 9 visits over 36 weeks.
Have not used retinoids for the
past year. Honorarium will be paid.
Call Sherry in Dermatology at 874-
Eczema Study
Volunteers 12 years of age or older needed
for 4 visits over a three week period.
Honorarium paid. Call Sherry in Dermatology at 874-8138.
Memory/Aging Study
Participants between the ages of 35-
45 years or 65 and over needed for
study examining qualitative changes
in memory. Kenny 1220. Call Paul
Schmidt in Psychology at 822-2140.
Stress/Blood Pressure Study
Learn how your body responds to stress.
Call Dr. Wolfgang Linden in Psychology
at 822-3800.
Surplus Equipment Recycling
Facility (SERF)
Disposal of all surplus
items. Every Wednesday,
12-3pm. Tent Rentals.
Depts. save GST/PST.
Task Force Bldg., 2352
Health Sciences Mall. Call
Student Volunteers
Find an interesting and challenging volunteer job with Volunteer Connections,
UBC Placement Services, Brock 307. Call
hmmb 20 to 25 volunteer organi-
df^JM zations from the Lower
H JjjKM Mainland will be participat-
JUKIM ing        to        promote
^fJ^H volunteerism Jan. 16-17
■■•■^" from 9am-3:30pm at the
SUB Main Concourse. Call 822-9268.
Narcotics Anonymous Meetings
2pm, University Hospital, UBC Site, Room
M311 (through Lab Medicine from Main Entrance). CaH 873-1018 (24-hour Help Line).
Fitness Appraisal
Administered by Physical Education and
Recreation through the John M.Buchanan
Fitness and Research Centre. Students
$25, others $30. Call 822-4356.
Faculty/Staff Badminton Club
»*<BMqgj Fridays from 6:30-
I 9:30pm in Gym A of the
Robert Osborne Centre. Cost is $15 plus
library card. Call
Bernard at 822-6809 or
Botanical Garden
Open from 10am-5pm daily.    Free
admission.   Call 822-4208.
Nitobe Garden
Open Mon-Fri from
10am-3pm. Closed
week-ends. Free admission. Call 822-
Due to the popularity of the Calendar, the number of submissions is
constantly increasing. Because of space limitations, it is not always
possible to include every item. In order to be as fair as possible, for
future issues, the number of items for each faculty/dept. is limited to
four per issue.
Advertise in
ubc Reports
Deadline for paid advertisements for the
January 23 issue is noon, January 14.
For information, phone 822-3131
To place an ad, phone 822-6163
You asked for it,
You got it!
Daily Sub Way Cafeteria
11:30 AM — 1:30 PM
Fill up and
get healthy
for only $3.50 M   UBCREPORTS January9,1992
~. First for Canadian university
Engineers construct highly advanced laser
UBC researchers
have achieved a Canadian university first by
fabricating, entirely
in-house, a quantum
well laser using a gallium arsenide-based
The laser was built
by researchers in the
departments of Electrical Engineering and
It was designed and
constructed by a group
led by Nicolas Jaeger,
an assistant professor
in Electrical Engineering, who is the director of the Centre for
Advanced Technology
in Microelectronics,
and by a group led by
Tom Tiedje, a professor with a joint appointment in Physics and
Electrical Engineering.
The quantum well laser is a new generation of extremely-efficient, high-performance lasers which have the potential for a
revolutionary new range of applications.
■*'."■ "This is akin to a university making its
first transistor," said Jaeger.
, - Of particular interest to the sponsors of
the quantum well laser work, the Canadian
Cable Labs Fund and Rogers Cable TV, is
their potential to reduce the cost and increase the number of channels in cable
The lasers were constructed by Tomislav
A microscopic view of quantum well laser, designed and manufactured at UBC. Tip of wire contact, lower centre of image on left,
is shown in even greater magnification in right image. Oblong gallium arsenide chip, one quarter of a millimetre long, is surrounded
and coated by rough-surfaced solder. A wire contact is firmly planted on its back. Losing surface is on underside of chip.
Simecek, a visiting scientist from the
Czechoslovakian Institute of Physics, along
with David Hui, a post-doctoral fellow, and
Hiroshi Kato, a research engineer in Electrical Engineering.
Quantum well technology has developed
in just the past five years as an outgrowth
of research on atomically-engineering materials, in which the composition of solids
can be programmed a single atomic layer at
a time.
Crucial to the manufacture ofthe laser is
a technique known as molecular beam
epitaxy (MBE), which allows the creation
of extremely pure, well-defined layers of
semi-conductors, as thin as a single atomic
UBC was the first Canadian university
to own such a machine when it was acquired about four years ago by Tiedje and
Lawrence Young, a professor emeritus of
Electrical Engineering. The operation of
the MBE facility is supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research
Council and the Science Council of B.C.
The MBE machine is operated by Christian Lavoie, Shane Johnson and Tony van
Buuren, who are graduate students in Physics, and by Jim Mackenzie, a research engineer in the Physics Department.
It produces single
crystal films of semiconductors using layers of individual atoms. In ultra-high
vacuum the atoms
form a beam and when
the atoms hit the surface they stick according to a lattice structure.
The manufacture of
the laser begins with a
piece of single-crystal gallium arsenide, a
semi-conductor material, as a base. The
MBE machine then
applies to this base
layers of gallium
arsenide and gallium
aluminum arsenide,
with trace amounts of
dopants, to make the
quantum well laser
"It is a highly precise process that takes
a great deal of time to learn how to do,"
said Jaeger.
Jaeger said the quantum well laser will
be one of the key elements in the future of
Theoretically, for example, quantum well
lasers could pave the way for optical computer systems, which would be extremely
fast and have a completely different architecture from today's computers.
Quantum well lasers should also have a
large impact on the technology used in the
telecommunications industry, Jaeger said.
Library introduces
program on use of
CD-ROM system
UBC's Library will launch an
extensive new teaching program
for students to learn how to use
its on-line files and CD-ROM
From Jan. 13 to March 27,
students can receive training on
the Library's on-line catalogue
in the Faculty of Arts Computer
Terminal Room, which is located
on the lower floor of the Sedgewick Library. These drop-in
sessions will be held six times a
week and will be geared to both
introductory and experienced
The CD-ROM tutorials will
be held in the Curriculum Laboratory, Humanities and Social
Sciences Division of the Main
Library, and Sedgewick and
Woodward libraries. They will
cover many subjects, including
language and literature, biological and aquatic sciences, current
affairs and education. Students
interested should check individual locations for times and
"A Teaching and Learning
Enhancement Fund grant has
enabled the Library to offer this
instruction program to meet increasing student interest in do-
it-yourself computer searching,"
said Julie Stevens, Undergraduate Library Services coordinator.
A UBC Library survey, conducted last March, revealed that
one-third of undergraduate respondents said they wanted more
information on how to use CD-
ROM databases. Sixty-five per
cent of undergraduates surveyed
said they were already using the
on-line catalogue.
"We're striving for a 100 per
cent user rate," said Stevens. "We
want library users to be aware of
the extent of computerized searching for information available to
The Library has hired graduate students from the School of
Library, Archival and Information Studies to help reference
librarians teach students how to
search UBCLIB. The CD-ROM
tutorial sessions will be taught
by the graduate students.
For more information, please
call Julie Stevens, Undergraduate Library Services coordinator, at 822-3098.
Crane Library records
government documents
for visually impaired
UBC's Crane Library and Resource Centre is spearheading an
effort to make more provincial
government documents accessible to people who cannot read
because of disabilities.
"We hope to encourage the
province to develop a consistent
policy on providing government
documents in an alternate format,"
said Paul Thiele, head of Crane
The library has recently completed recording Closer to Home,
the report of B.C.'s Royal Commission on Health Care and Costs.
The Crane Library was founded
at UBC as a reading room for the
blind and visually impaired in
1968. It became a branch of the
university's library system a year
later. Currently, it serves a core
group of 55 students, faculty and
staff on campus, and approximately 5,000 people across the
province through its inter-library
loan and exchange programs.
"We selected Closer to Home
because we felt there were a lot of
people with disabilities who have
very particular concerns about
health issues which are addressed
in the report," Thiele said.
The library was not officially
asked to record the material by
the commission or the B.C. gov
ernment, but it was an
opportunity to join several disability organizations in urging the
provincial government
to adopt a policy of reasonable access to government documents
and reports for non-
print readers, he added.
Although several
government documents
are in the library's collection, most were specifically commissioned
by provincial government agencies on a fee-
for-service basis, or
were requested by students for use in
courses, Thiele explained.
"This was part of our
effort to make provincial government documents more accessible
to persons who cannot
read due    to blindness,    visual
impairment,    reading    disabilities or physical disabilities," he
The Royal Commission's 40-
page summary and 220-page report took 10 of the library's
trained staff and volunteer narrators three weeks to complete.
The report is presented in 12
Paul Thiele
tapes totalling 20 hours of tape. A
table of contents and vocal instructions on how to find specific
sections of the document is included. The summary is available
on one 90-minute cassette.
Both may be borrowed from
Crane's inter-library loan system,
or purchased for the replacement
cost of the tape. UBC REPORTS January 9,1992       11
Ellis wins Governor General's Award
Sarah Ellis, a UBC graduate and sessional instructor in the School of Library,
Archival and Information Studies, has received the 1991 Governor General's Award
for children's literature.
Ellis, who has been with the school since
1981, was recognized for her third book,
Pick-Up Sticks.
Elsewhere on campus, Daniel David Moses, an MFA graduate and creative writing
teacher, was a finalist in the drama category
for his play Coyote City. The drama winner,
Joan MacLeod, is a graduate of UBC's Department of Creative Writing as is Don
Dickinson, a finalist in the fiction category.
Mechanical Engineering Professor
Vinod Modi has been
awarded the Dirk
Brouwer Award by the
American Astronaut-
ical Society.
The award is the
most prestigious offered by the society, and
Modi is the first Canadian to receive it in its
30-year history.
Modi's research in aerospace engineering focuses on the dynamics and control of
large space structures, which includes the
next generation of communications satellites, space shuttle-based experiments, the
proposed space station Freedom and Mobile
Remote Manipulator Systems.
Modi has also been invited by the Interna-
tniiLdjSoflfety4fitl»»orelical aiid Applied-
Mechanics to deliver the Sir G.I. Taylor
Memorial Lecture this month.
The Alma Mater Society has bestowed its
annual Just Desserts awards on 10 faculty,
staff and students. Winners are selected by
students in recognition of outstanding contributions of time and support to students.
This year's winners are:
Susan Cole Marshall, student services
co-ordinator, School of Social Work.
Dennis Danielson, associate profes
sor, English.
Jack Kelso, senior instructor, School of
Physical Education and Recreation.
Stephen Miller and Leslie Tucker, students, Law.
Dan Perlman, director, School of Family
and Nutritional Sciences.
Joanne Ricci, senior instructor, School of
Gail Robertson, adminstrati ve officer, Commerce and Business Administration.
Irene Rodway, administrator, Chemistry.
Marguerite Yee, senior instructor, Pharmaceutical Sciences.
Physical Education and Recreation Associate Professor Anne Tilley has been elected
regional representative for North America on
the board of directors of the International Federation of Adapted Physical Activity.
The main objectives of federation members
are to conduct research in the field of adapted
physical activity and to seek ways of improving
services in physical activity, sport and recreation for people with disabilities.
Tilley's election came during the international symposium on adapted physical activity,
held in Miami, Florida, Nov. 17-21.
Ross Tsuyuki and Christy Silvius, assistant professors in the Division of Clinical Pharmacy, have been elected to executive positions with the B.C. branch of the
Canadian Society of Hospital Pharmacists
Tsuyuki was elected to a second one-year
torn .as president of the branch. Silvius jviU
serve'as secretary to the executive council.
Membership in the CSHP currently stands at
approximately 2,000 hospital pharmacists nationwide. The society was formed in 1951 to
provide leadership in all aspects of pharmacy
practice in hospitals and related health care
The society promotes the provision of patient-focused pharmacy services, sets standards of pharmacy practise for hospitals, provides continuing training, education and competence assurance programs, and encourages
and supports pharmacy-related research in
B.C. hospitals.
David Hill, assistant professor of Pharmacy
Administration, and chair of the Division of
Clinical Pharmacy, has been appointed to the
Health Technology Grant Review Committee
by the Science Council of B.C.
The committee is charged with reviewing
applied research and development proposals in
health technology areas as part of the Technology B.C. Grant Program.
Hill received his B.Sc. (Pharm.), M.Sc. and
MBA from UBC and joined the Faculty of
Pharmaceutical Sciences in 1988. He served as
director of pharmacy services at the UBC site of
University Hospital between 1980 and 1988.
He is on the board of the Pharmacy Examining
Board of Canada and serves as chair ofthe legislation
committee of the College of Pharmacists of B.C.
The Science Council of B.C. identifies and promotes opportunities for the sustainable economic
development of the province, by drawing on the
science and technology community for creative applications of innovative science and technology.
Judith Johnston, director of Audiology and
Speech Sciences, has been
appointed to the Sensory
Disorders and Language
Study Section of the National Institutes of Health
The NIH, based in
Bethesda, Md., is the public health service of the
U.S. Department of Health
and Human Services.
Johnston will review grant applications submitted to the NIH and make recommendations
on the applications to the appropriate NIH national advisory council or board.
Johnston is a developmental psychologist
and speech-language pathologist with expertise
in children's language learning.
Her four-year appointment is effective immediately and runs until June, 1995.
Beverly Trifonidis joined the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration Jan. 1
as associate dean, Professional Programs.
Trifonidis holds a Bachelor of Business Administration and a Master of Public Accounting
from the University ofTexas at Austin. She
is also a certified public accountant.
For the past seven years. Trifonidis has
served as general manager of the Vancouver Opera, where she took the company
from a loss to a profit, while offering continually improving programs each season.
Recently, she left Vancouver to lecture in
accounting at the University of Texas.
Trifonidis brings extensive experience
in university-based degree and professional
programs. While at the Vancouver Opera,
she was an active user of such programs.
She has also taught for the Diploma Division and is noted for her creative and innovative approaches to teaching.
Robert Eberle, an instructor in the Department of Theatre and Film and production manager ofthe Frederic Wood Theatre,
has been elected president ofthe B.C. section of the Canadian Institute for Theatre
Technology (CITT).
The fledgling institute is an organization
of managers, designers, technicians and
educators in the field of theatre production.
Headquartered at the University of Calgary,
CITT members are connected by the world's
first computer network designed exclusively
for professionals in theatre production.
UBC's Department of Theatre and Film
will be the initial Vancouver base for the
B.C. section.
Leo Paquin, a 21-year-old UBC philosophy student, is among 10 Canadian
winners ofthe 1991 Rhodes Scholarships.
A former member ofthe Canadians for
the Ethical Treatment of Food Animals,
Paquin has formed his own campus group
called UBC Students for the Ethical Treatment of Animals.
Paquin, in his final year of BA in
Honours Philosophy, has been a member
B.C.'s champion lacrosse team for the
past two years. He hopes to play field
lacrosse on the Oxford University team.
The scholarship pays all expenses for
travel to and study at Oxford University
for two years, with an option for a third
Classified advertising can be purchased from Community Relations.
Phone 822-6163. Ads placed by faculty, staff and students cost $12.84
for 7 lines/issue ($.81 for each additional word). Off-campus advertisers
are charged $14.98 for 7 lines/issue ($.86 for each additional word). (All
prices include G.S. T.) Tuesday, January 14 at noon is the deadline for
the next issue of UBC Reports which appears on Thursday, January 23.
DeadlineforthefollowingeditiononFebruary6isnoon Tuesday, January
28. All ads must be paid in advance in cash, by cheque or internal
programme for 2 - 6 year olds in
small family daycare setting. Very
experienced teacher with B.Ed.,
Child Care Certificate and First Aid.
Phone 261-1932
DO IT RIGHT! Statistical and methodological consultation; data analysis; data base management; sampling techniques; questionnaire design, development, and administration. Over 15 years of research and
consulting experience in the social
sciences and related fields. 689-
SINGLES NETWORK. Science Connection is a North America-wide singles network for science professionals and others interested in science
or natural history. For info write:
Science Connection Inc., P.O. Box
389, Port Dover, Ontario, NOA 1NO
COLLECTOR, GIFT ART, BARGAINS: Canadian, International
prints, paintings; Inuit, Indian
masterworks. Baskin, Colville,
Dickson, Dine, Frankenthaler, General, Hokusai, Keno Juak, Lucy, Man
Ray, Moore, Morrisseau, Parr, Pauta,
Pratt, Pudlo, Rayner, Sevoga, Tapies,
York Wilson, etc. 984-9622
Berkowitz & Associates
Statistics and Mathematics Consulting
• research design
• data analysis
> forecasting
Jonathan Berkowitz, Ph.D.
4160 Staulo Crescent, Vancouver, B.C., V6N 3S2
Office: (604) 263-1508      Home: (604) 263-5394
♦ Property Division
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♦ Separation Agreements
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phone 822-3131
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phone 822-6163
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Join our research
on infant
at U.B.C! Just
one visit to our
infant play-room.
Please contact
Dr. Baldwin for
more information:
822-8231. 12   UBCREPORTS January 9.1992
Long-term care facilities examined
Dental care for elderly neglected: study
^ The dental health of senior citi-
• zens confined to long-term care facilities is being neglected, recent studies by a team of UBC researchers
"These seniors are only getting help
when they say they need it, and it's
Usually an emergency situation by
then," said Dr. Michael MacEntee, a
professor of Clinical Dental Sciences
in the Faculty of Dentistry and principal investigator of the studies.
"There are more tooth decay and
oral hygiene problems due to neglect
in persons living in long-term care
facilities," he added.
A major focus for the studies was
the availability of dentists in almost
half of Vancouver's 92 long-term
care facilities.
"We found that they do not have
an environment for dentists to work
in, except for emergencies,"
MacEntee said. "Access to preventive oral health services is a real
problem in these places."
About 10 per cent of Canadians are
over 65 years of age and estimates
indicate that the percentage will double
over the next 20 years. Over 90 per cent
of the nation's elderly live independently, either alone or with others.
MacEntee and co-investigators in
Dentistry, Social Work, Statistics and
Health Care and Epidemiology interviewed over a thousand elderly people for the studies, which were con
ducted between 1985 and 1990.
Participants included seniors 65
years of age and over, in frail health,
and living in long-term care facilities, and seniors 70 years of age and
over, in relatively good health and
living independently.
About one-third ofthe total number
of those studied wore complete dentures. The remaining two-thirds had
some natural teeth and a denture.
Each person was examined for cavities and denture problems.
He said that preventive treatment
with fluoride, which strengthens
teeth, could help diminish the rate of
cavities in the elderly.
The recurrent problem for seniors
with dentures was a loose fit, the
studies showed.
"Shrinkage or loss of jaw bone, a
common occurrence in the elderly,
results in loose or floating dentures,"
MacEntee explained. "As patients age
or become infirm, they also experience trouble controlling their dentures. It's a big problem, especially
with the lower denture."
Another high risk group includes
seniors who take multiple medications.
MacEntee said that medications
affect the saliva's ability to act as a
buffer against the pressure and irritation of a denture and against the acids
that produce tooth decay.
He believes that patient education, enhanced awareness of oral
health issues among health care professionals, and greater access to dentists would help combat neglect of
dental problems in the elderly.
MacEntee is hoping to conduct
controlled studies of seniors receiving fluoride treatments in the prevention of tooth decay, and is currently
seeking elderly patients for his latest
study involving the effectiveness of
dental implants in controlling the
floating denture problem.
The study will include a survey of
patients who have received dental
implants, many at UBC's implant
clinic, over the past five years.
"What we want to know is what
has happened to these people since
dentures were placed on the implants,"
MacEntee said. "Are the implants
supporting and retaining their dentures as planned?"
UBC has the only dental faculty in
Canada that teaches dental students
how to place dentures on implants.
Elderly patients with no remaining natural teeth who currently require complete upper and lower dentures may call 822-5668 or 822-2112
for more information about the implant treatment.
Replanted cedar trees starring
from lack of proper nutrients
The chemical properties that make
cedar so durable may be inhibiting the
tree's regenerating abilities.
That's just one scenario UBC for
estry researchers are investigating as
part of the Salal/Cedar/Hemlock Integrated Research Project (SCHIRP)
into cedar nutrition.
"Five years after planting, trees on
Are the January Budget Blues
getting you down?
Here's an idea:
cutover cedar-hemlock forests on
Vancouver Island are yellowing, an
indication of a nutrition problem,"
said project co-ordinator Cindy
Prescott of the Department of Forest
"Poor decomposition would appear to be one reason why regenerating forests on cedar cutovers are having a difficult time flourishing."
Prescott said cedar, used in the
manufacturing of shakes and shingles, is a strange tree. It doesn't
decompose very well because of its
chemical composition and, as a result, nutrients aren't readily released.
SCHIRP researchers have discovered several other factors which may
be contributing to cedar's nutrient
deficiency problem. One of them
involves salal, a shrub which is common to cedar forests.
"Salal has an extensive root system and causes great problems for
regenerating trees by competing for
nutrients," said Prescott. "There just
aren't enough nutrients to go around."
Fertilization trials have revealed
that cutover cedar stands are nitrogen
defficient. The application of Vancouver city sewage sludge and inorganic fertilizers has resulted in significant growth response.
Prescott said testing is currently under way to make sure the application of
sewage sludge is environmentally safe.
"There are other questions that
must also be answered," said Prescott.
'These relate to the rate and fre-
Thunderbirds go
undefeated to win
Diachem Classic
The UBC Thunderbirds enter the second half of the university
hockey season after winning the Diachem Classic in convincing
The host T-Birds captured the invitational tournament, beating
the University of Manitoba 9-6 in the championship game.
The round-robin tournament, which ran from Dec. 28-30th,
included teams from York University and the defending national
champions, the University of Quebec at Trois-Rivieres.
Despite going into the Diachem Classic with a regular-season
record of four wins, nine losses and one tie, the T-Birds emerged
from the tournament undefeated against some of the toughest
competition in the land, which bodes well for the second half of
the season, according to UBC coach Mike Coflin.
"Winning this tournament against this type of competition
means an awful lot to our club," said Coflin. "We know we have
the ability to put together a total team effort in terms of all phases
of the game and believe a playoff spot is realistically within our
Coflin said the one aspect of the T-Birds game that came to the
forefront during the tournament was the power play.
"Up front, Grant Delcourt, Dean Richards and Rob Gagno
exerted a tremendous amount of pressure on the opposing defence. They are three reasons why we managed to score five
power play goals in the championship game," he said.
quency of fertilization necessary to
maintain a healthy growth rate."
One of the problems with fertilization is that only 20 per cent
of the nutrients are taken up by
the trees. The fate of the other
80 per cent is another question
SCHIRP researchers are attempting to answer, by tracking nitro
gen in the soil through the use of
non-radioactive isotopes.
"Monitoring the regeneration of
these cedar forests will require years
of research," said Prescott. "But it's
crucial if we are going to effectively
manage forests like these which exist
all the way up the coast of British


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