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UBC Reports Oct 30, 1969

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 OCTOBER   30,   1969, VANCOUVER  8, B.C.
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Photo by George Allen
A REPORT ON
UBC's FIVE-YEAR,
$71.6 MILLION
CAPITAL PROGRAM
See pages two and three
Inside this issue...
PETER THOMPSON, one of UBC's assistant
information officers, reports in this issue on
plans for two upcoming major projects—the
Instructional Resources Centre to be built in
the Health Sciences Centre and the next step
in development of the Tri-University Meson
Facility, or TRIUMF, the nuclear accelerator
planned on the UBC campus. His reports start
on pages six and seven. UBC's Board of
Governors has approved plans for a huge
Botanical Garden development covering a
total of 77 acres. For details see page ten.
And on page 12 you'll learn of plans for a
survey of graduates by a commerce professor. GRADS OF '64 WOULDN'T
Photo by B.C. Jennings
V\, i _*:*v
* *
Take one UBC graduate, Class of '64, who hasn't seen
the campus for five years. Give him a tour of the
University in 1969 and his reaction is almost certain to
be: "Everything's changed since I was here. I don't even
recognize the place."
Small wonder. The expansion of the University's
physical plant, to keep pace with the growth of
enrolment from 15,489 in 1964 to 21,000-plus this year,
has been enormous—and costly.
The two salient facts which emerge from figures
released this month by the UBC bursar's office are:
— In the five years ended March 31 this year, UBC has
committed $71,688,030 in new buildings and facilities;
and
—This five-year expenditure represents more than
two-thirds of the total investment in buildings since UBC
moved to its present site in 1925. In other words, UBC
Three major construction projects completed during
UBC's five-year building program are pictured on these
pages. At right is the Henry Angus building for the
social science departments of the arts faculty and faculty
of commerce. Left is the Frank A. Forward building
-'***h^
2/UBC Reports/October 30, 1969 KNOW THE UBC CAMPUS
invested twice as much in buildings in the last five years
as it did in the previous 39.
There are some other unusual features to this massive
investment in campus facilities.
For instance, more than half the money invested in
the five-year program—$37,010,377—was the result of
special financing arrangements entirely outside of regular
provincial government capital grants and fund drives.
In some cases, the funds for these special projects
were borrowed (e.g. for residences), the Alma Mater
Society contributed more than $3.4 million toward
construction of the Student Union Building and there
was a massive gift of $4.1 million from Mr. P.A.
Woodward earmarked for two developments in the new
Health Sciences Centre—an addition to the Woodward
Continued on page four
See EXPANSION
Photo by Extension Graphic Arts
for metallurgy, one of several units in a new applied
science complex under construction. Several other units
in the complex had to be postponed because of a
shortfall In funds. Below is the Student Union building,
constructed with student and University funds.
UBC Reports/October 30, 1969/3 - ■ ■?■■■ -«iv^^fr.'T«r- •■   '  Sv&A&fcea****
Photo by Extension Graphic Arts
Source of Funds for UBC
r
S
Five-year
Capital Program
April 1,1964 to March 31,
1969
CAPITAL FUND
GOALS
ACTUAL RECEIPTS FROM
Province of British Columbia
1964-1969
ALL SOURCES
Capital grant 1964-69
$18,000,000
$19,000,000
Capital grant 1969-70
1,892,772
Fisheries Storage Building
8,000
B.C. Hospital Insurance
3,878,703
$24,779,475
Government of Canada
Health Resources Fund
$ 6,872,158
The Canada Council
908,206
1,100,911
Department of Health and Welfare
113,000
128,781
Atomic Energy Control Board
632,350
8,734,200
Three Universities Capital Fund
— General
11,760,000
$ 8,005,332
— Designated
410,000
8,415,332
U.B.C. Development Fund
1,018,794
1,029,935
Bank of Montreal — prepaid rent and
bank   loan   —   General   Services
(Administration) Building
1,947,623
Mr. P.A. Woodward
4,177,527
Alma Mater Society for new SUB
3,424,940
Thunderbird   Winter   Sports   Centre
for addition to Centre
997,364
Faculty Club Membership for Club
addition
723,822
Killam   General   Fund   Income  for
education gymnasia
781,374
District  5 Association  of  Kinsmen
Clubs for Health Sciences Center
121,260
Armoury Rental Fund for education
gymnasia
83,201
British Columbia & Yukon division
of The Canadian Cancer Society
for Cancer Research Institute
50,000
College of Dental Surgeons of British
Columbia   for dentistry  research
lab
50,000
The   Children's   Rehabilitation  and
Cerebral   Palsy   Association   for
Health Sciences Center
18,703
Cecil   Green   for   purchase   and
renovation of Cecil Green Park
228,365
University — Research Forest reserve
$     100,000
— General revenues
2,176,060
2,276,060
Ancillary   Enterprises   —  Operating
margins, CM&HC and Bank loans
13,762,332
Various other funds
86,517
$31,800,000
$71,688,030
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it ^qk«S^V.--.V«i-».-"»;f"■•-?-?_; _v.-- - :_.^_3>
Two projects which escalated in cost during UBC's
five-year capital development program were the Music
building, above, and the John Barfoot Macdonald
building for  dentistry   at   top  right.   Both  projects
EXPANSION
Continued from page 3
Biomedical Library and the new Instructional Resources
Centre (see pages six and seven).
In addition, UBC came within a hairsbreadth of
meeting the five-year capital fund goal of $31,800,000,
which it set in 1964 when the Three Universities Capital
Fund was announced. Actual expenditures totalled
$31,688,560.
To reach this goal UBC anticipated it would get
$18,000,000 from the provincial government, just over a
million from the Canada Council and federal department
of health and welfare, $11,600,000 from the Three
Universities Capital Fund and $1,018,794 from the UBC
Development Fund, the capital drive which began in
1958.
The Three Universities Capital Fund, a joint appeal
by UBC, Simon Fraser University and the University of
Victoria, aimed at raising $28,000,000, with UBC to
recieve $11,760,000, or 42 per cent of the total.
UBC actually got $8,415,332, or about $3,500,000
less than it anticipated from the appeal and an
unprecedented increase in construction costs during the
five-year period caused some significant deviations from
the original objectives of the capital program.
For instance, only a portion of the expansions
planned for the biological sciences and the engineering
complex were able to proceed.
On the other hand, funds became available from
other sources which enabled UBC to spend more money
4/UBC Reports/October 30, 1969 h. !','
■ is - ■ *fe
Photo by B.C. Jennings
increased in cost because funds became available from
other sources after the construction program started. A t
top left is a student residence complex, an example of a
project for which the university borrowed funds.
on some projects or undertake other developments
which were not anticipated when the five-year capital
program was announced.
Two major projects which were increased in scope
were the music building and the John Barfoot
Macdonald dentistry building, a development which also
involved additions to the adjacent basic health sciences
buildings.
Expenditures on the music building, for instance, rose
from $1.5 to $2.5 million because of the availability of
grants from the Canada Council and the increase in
construction costs.
Similarly, the cost of the Macdonald building and
additions to the basic medical sciences buildings
escalated from $4,229,000 to $5,984,127 because of the
establishment of the federal government's Health
Resources Fund, which contributed under its program of
assisting Canadian health sciences developments.
In addition, there were a number of building projects
totalling $2,728,735 which had to be undertaken during
this same five-year period but which were not in the plan
originally drawn up.
The largest of these was the Thunderbird Stadium,
which cost $1,236,188. The stadium project had to
proceed because the old East Mall Stadium was
demolished when construction of the new Student
Union Building began.
Other projects not anticipated in the original plan
were alterations and additions to UBC's computing
center ($430,280) and alterations to Brock Hall to
convert it to study space ($161,240).
Stated Goals and Actual
Expenditures during
UBC's Five-year Capital Program
April 1,1964 to March 31,1969
STATED OBJECTIVES
Agricultural field development
Biological    Sciences    (Including
Oceanography and Fisheries)
Fisheries Storage Building
Planning Total Complex
Portable accommodation
West wing
Commerce   and   Social   Sciences   —
Henry Angus building
Dentistry,   including   expansion   of
basic medical sciences
Education additions
Engineering complex
Planning common block, Civil
and   Mechanical   Engineering
Buildings
Civil    Engineering   Structural
Testing Laboratory
Mechanical Engineering Annex
alterations
Metallurgy    —    Frank    A.
Forward building
Forestry—Agriculture
H.R. MacMillan building
Agronomy Barn conversion
Geophysics    and    Geology    —
Alterations to BCRC building
Library — Completion of stacks and
reading space
Mathematics,    Geology   and
Geography    —    Alterations   to
Agriculture & Forestry buildings
Music
Physical Education and Recreation
Armoury conversion
Field development
*Social Work
General services and campus
development (includes initial
expenditure on steam plant
addition, including boiler)
Less expenditures on projects prior
to April 1, 1964
CAPITAL FUND
GOALS
ACTUAL
1964-1969
EXPENDITURES
$     500,000
$     522,983
6,000,000
$      17,999
445,822
223,101
2,982,452
3,669,374
2,538,000
2,852,374
4,229,000
5,984,127
900,000
900,000
5,930,000
$   532,630
326,110
10,000
2,664,586
3,533,326
3,427,000
$5,065,534
54,161
5,119,695
125,000
134,000
972,000
978,338
50,000
72,917
1,585,000
2,587,444
250,000
$     47,215
216,951
264,166
525,000
58,342
4,769,000
5,510,270
$32,187,356
498,796
$31,800,000
$31,688,560
"Graham house was renovated for social work rather than build new facilities.
UBC Reports/October 30, 1969/5 A CYCLOTRON
CALLED
TRIUMF
... is now under construction on the UBC
campus to serve the research needs of
scientists at four western Canadian
universities. In addition to probing the basic
structure of matter the machine could mean
cheaper nuclear power, more effective
therapy for victims of cancer and a boost for
development of secondary industry on B.C.'s
lower mainland. Assistant information officer
PETER THOMPSON describes the facility in
the article which begins below.
The atom, whose very name implies something
unimaginably small, is too big for one area of study.
Two decades ago atomic physics was a single
discipline. Scientists studying particles smaller than
atoms were known as nuclear physicists. The
machines they used were colloquially called "atom
smashers", a term which has joined the limbo of
things past and has something of the eagerness and
embarrassment of adolescence about it today.
Nuclear physicists are concerned with the atomic
nucleus. But about 10 years ago a new breed of
atomic physicist became interested in the behaviour
of individual components of the atom instead of a
large group of particles like the nucleus. These
"particle" physicists have had to use machines of
higher and higher energies in trying to chase down the
fundamental pieces of matter. Their machines form
the second generation of cyclotrons. They are so
expensive that only the wealthiest of nations can
afford to build them.
Now cyclotron technology has advanced to the
point where nuclear physicists are able to build a
third generation of machines with energy levels
midway between first generation machines and the
very high energy machines used in particle physics.
Technology has also reduced the cost so that Canada
will be among the first countries in the world with
one of the machines.
MAGNET CONTRACT
Early this month a contract worth about $3
million will be given to a Canadian company to build
the 4,200-ton magnet for the TRIUMF accelerator at
the University of B.C.
TRIUMF will produce high-energy protons and
secondary sub-atomic particles called mesons. Atoms
are arranged very much like a solar system. Neutrons
and positively-charged protons make up the nucleus
at the centre. Electrons carrying a negative charge
orbit around the nucleus in much the same way as the
earth revolves around the sun. It is through mesons
that strong nuclear forces hold protons and neutrons
together. This is the very subject third generation
machines will investigate and for that reason they are
called meson factories.
Three other meson factories are planned at this
time. A $56-million machine is being built at Los
Alamos, New Mexico. It is a linear accelerator 1,800
feet long which will operate in the 800 million
electron volt range, the highest of all meson factories
now contemplated but much lower than the billion
electron volt second generation machines.
Russia plans to shut down an existing machine at
Dubna in 1972 to convert it to a meson factory with
an upward limit of 680 million electron volts.
Switzerland is building a $22-million machine near
Zurich. Its upper energy range will be 600 million
electron volts. Like TRIUMF, the Swiss machine is a
cyclotron.
Basically all cyclotrons are the same. Low-energy,
electrically-charged particles are injected into the
centre of the cyclotron between two poles of an
6/UBC Reports/October 30, 1969
enormous magnet. The magnetic field causes the
particles to orbit around the centre of the magnet. An
electric field boosts the energy level of the particles as
they orbit so that with each boost they travel in a
wider circle until they reach the outer edge of the
machine with a much higher energy level than when
they entered the cyclotron. Particles extracted from
the machine are passed through experimental devices.
There are two other cyclotrons in Canada at the
University of Manitoba and McGill University. Both
are first generation machines.
TRIUMF  UNIQUE
TRIUMF's 4,200-ton magnet will guide negative
hydrogen ions along a pre-determined path until their
energies are built up to 500 million electron volts.
Negative hydrogen ions are formed by adding an
electron to a hydrogen atom instead of removing the
hydrogen atom's sole electron to leave a proton as in
more conventional cyclotrons.
What makes TRIUMF unique is the design of the
magnet and the use of negative hydrogen ions. The
magnet will consist of six spiral-shaped sectors, each
divided into upper and lower pieces or poles.
Before engineers could put any design details
down on paper they had to find out what factors
could limit its size and the weight of the 1,050
low-carbon steel plates which will make up the
magnet. The plates will be three, five or 10 inches in
thickness and will vary from one foot to more than
31 feet in length.
The capacity of the world's largest steel mills were
investigated. After determining the upward
production and machining limits, engineers also
checked out transportation systems to see if the
components could be brought to the site. About 10
per cent of the value of the contract will go towards
transportation costs from eastern Canada. Six.
companies submitted bids: Marine Industries;
Dominion Bridge; and Vickers, all of Montreal; and
General Electric of Toronto; Canadian Westinghouse
of Hamilton; and Davies of Levis, Quebec.
First known restriction on the weight of individual
sub-assemblies was the projected lifting capacity of
100 tons at the site. So each of the sections making
up the six 700-ton sectors will have to be within the
100-ton limit.
FLEXIBLE DESIGN
Designers also considered the economic advantages
of the various manufacturing alternatives. And the
design also had to take into account possible future
modifications to capitalize on advancing cyclotron
technology.
Negative hydrogen ions will be injected into the
centre of the cyclotron between the two poles. The
magnet will hold the particles in orbit while a
radio-frequency power source boosts their power
level. Each boost will increase the orbital radius.
Please turn to page eight
See TRIUMF
TV TUBE
AIDS HEALTH
PROFESSIONS
Assistant Information Officer Peter Thompson
describes the new Instructional Resources Centre
which will be constructed in the UBC Health
Sciences Centre at UBC next year. One of the chief
aims of the ultra-modern facility is to cut off
spiralling medical costs. To accomplish this medical
instruction is turning to technology and ecoj^riies
of scale. Ww
The television tube is becoming as necessary to
medical instruction as the test tube has been to
medical research. Faced with the problems of
producing more health professionals with a limited
amount of staff and of trying to explain rarer and
more complex diseases, medical schools are turning to
audio-visual teaching aids and are grouping their
instructional resources around electronic teaching
hardware.
Canada has one doctor for every 825 people.
Twenty other nations have more favorable
doctor-per-capita ratios. Just to maintain our present
ratio we need to graduate 1,300 doctors a year. But
Canadian medical schools are graduating only 87|^^-
year. And the same short supply problem exist^ror
26 other health professions.
Scarcer even than graduates in the health sciences
are qualified teachers. Society can turn out an instant
university when hard pressed.  It's more difficult to -
produce an instant lecturer in pathology or anatomy.
And medical research is forever finding cures for
"incurable" diseases. The treatments are often
sophisticated and require a group of health science
professionals. The cause of some of the more
complex diseases could be dealt with in a traditional
lecture. But the effect of the disease on the patient,
say in the way the victim walks, can't be described
adequately in words and diagrams. It must be seen.
THERAPY TOOL
TV is particularly useful in psychiatric training.
The psychiatric condition only comes out in the
patient's behavior and this is better seen than
described in print. Video tape is also useful as a
therapeutic tool. In some psychiatric and hearing and •
speech defect cases, patients benefit from being able
to watch themselves on film.
These reasons are behind the $250,000 worth of
audio-visual equipment which will be installed in the
P.A. Woodward Instructional Resources Centre which
will be built at the University of B.C. early in 1970.
The $3.75-million building will be the keystone
structure in the $80-million Health Sciences Centre
complex now half completed at the University.
The 115,000-square-foot IRC will be located at
the centre of the complex of buildings which has
been taking shape over the past decade. It will also be
central to the whole concept behind the complex
designed to integrate and provide continuing
education in the health sciences.
The IRC will concentrate the health sciences
teaching resources at the University between the
buildings where the basic sciences are studied—the Architect's sketch shows one of five
audio-visual lecture halls in the new Instructional
Resources Centre. Lecture halls are grouped around a
central audio-visual service area. Speaker can
communicate with the central projectionist's control
room located in the service area.
VJ>.
existing Wesbrook and pharmacy building and the
three basic science buildings—and the buildings where
medical knowledge is applied—the dentistry building,
the existing 60-bed psychiatric unit opened last spring
and the future 350-bed teaching hospital tower.
LINK BUILDINGS
The IRC will connect both the hospital tower and
the custodian of medical knowledge, the P.A.
Woodward Biomedical Library, now under expansion
to double its size. When completed, the library will
have a capacity of 200,000 volumes and 1,000 study
^^nces. It will become an integral part of the IRC,
which will seat another 1,580 students.
And at the very core of the six-storey IRC will be
more than 30,000 square feet on the basement floor
housing the audio-visual facilities. This area covers
nearly 28 per cent of the entire building and includes
five lecture halls, ten seminar rooms, administrative
offices and a mechanical floor. Motion pictures, video
tapes, slides and drawings produced in this area will
be shown in the lecture halls.
The plan for the audio-visual basement area came
out of a field trip by Health Sciences Centre staff to
institutions in the United States where electronic
techniques   are   becoming  common  teaching  tools.
Design consultant was Philips Electronics Industries
Ltd. The audio-visual facility will be run by the
Faculty of Medicine's department of medical
illustration.
"We're one of the first two health science
instructional resources centres of many now being
planned across the U.S." said Mr. Victor Doray,
medical illustrations director. "The other is at the
University of California at San Diego. But they're off
on a different kick and their philosophy is quite
different. So for once we're among the first."
Mr. Doray said that when the Health Sciences
Centre staff began looking for examples of
instructional resources centres applied to the health
sciences they found themselves alone.
LONELY PLACE
"There was a certain amount of discomfort. It's a
lonely place sticking your neck out. Many of our
examples came from newer junior colleges in the
midwest of the U.S. which had to go audio-visual
because they couldn't get decent faculty. It's curious
that when they did build up the colleges and faculties
to the point of being able to do traditional-type
lectures, the students wouldn't have it. They had
become used to audio-visual instruction."
The IRC will have one 500-seat hall, two 100-seat
and two 135-seat halls. Design allows for the future
addition of three more halls seating 75, 100 and 200
students respectively. The halls will be grouped
together around the perimeter of the audio-visual area
so they can be served from one central projection
core. Each hall will be equipped with rear projection
screens. Images will be projected from behind the
screen in front of the audience as opposed to
conventional projection from behind the audience.
TAKE NOTES
Rear p r o j ection —an adaptation of TV
projection—will allow enough lighting in the halls for
the students to read or take notes. The halls will also
have small conventional front projection booths for
standard projection and so television cameras can
record special lecturers on video tape for future use
or immediate transmission to audiences in other halls.
The front of the halls will be connected to the
audio-visual area so that technical staff will be able to
service  the  rear projection chamber easily.  Patient
Continued on page nine
See UBC PIONEERS
Coordinator of Health Sciences
This cross section drawing of the Instructional Resources
Centre shows the main areas included in the Centre.
UBC Reports/October 30, 1969/7 THREE MEMBERS of the TRIUMF staff
involved in the design of the powerful magnet
at the heart of the nuclear accelerator are
shown above. Magnet model shown is 20 times
smaller than the full-sized magnet which will
TRIUMF
Continued from page six
Each ion will gain 400 kilo electron volts of energy
per revolution. It will take a minimum of 1,250 turns
or revolutions for an ion to reach an energy level of
500 million electron volts at the outer edge of the
magnet. While spinning out from the centre to the
outer edge, each ion will travel 25 miles in the
machine.
A focusing force will be required to keep the ions
from leaving the horizontal plane and bumping into
the top or bottom of the cyclotron chamber. If the
ions did this, the cyclotron would become
contaminated with radio-activity. This is where the
magnet comes in. The spiral shape of the sectors and
the spaces between them will focus the ions in the
horizontal plane. Energizing the magnet will be two
aluminum water-cooled coils which will run on 2.5
megawatts of direct current power.
REVERSE CHARGE
Since the direction in which charged particles
circle in a magnetic field depends on their charge, the
easiest way of extracting the ions from the cyclotron
will be to reverse their charge. Two electrons will be
stripped from each ion as it passes through a metal
foil about 1/1,000-of-one-inch thick, changing it to a
proton and causing it to swerve out of orbit and out
of the machine.
The stripping foil can be moved from the extreme
edge of the magnet towards the centre. In this way
protons with energies from 150 million electron volts
to 500 million electron volts will be deflected from
8/UBC Reports/October 30, 1969
be used in the first experiments early in 1973.
TRIUMF personnel are, left to right, Mr.
Nick Rehlinger, magnet technician; Mr. Alan
J. Otter, magnet engineer and Dr. Ed Auld,
leader of the magnet design group.
the cyclotron, depending on the distance of the
stripping foil from the centre. Scientists will also be
able to extract more than one beam of protons by
placing several foils in the path of the ions. This
multi-beam feature is unique to negative hydrogen
ion cyclotrons.
PROTON BEAM
Approximately 95 per cent of the ions put into
the machine will be successfully extracted. The
extraction efficiency of conventional cyclotrons is
less than 70 per cent because they use protons whose
charge can't easily be reversed. Since many of the
particles in conventional cyclotrons penetrate the
walls, the intensity of the particles travelling through
the cyclotron is limited to avoid dangerous levels of
radio-activity. TRIUMF's extracted proton beam will
have five times the energy of McGill's and 1,000
times the intensity.
The negative hydrogen ions will spin around in a
vacuum. Providing the vacuum will be a stainless steel
tank 56 feet in diameter which will fit into the
20.8-inch gap between the magnet's upper and lower
poles.
The tank will be subject to an atmospheric load of
about 2,700 tons. The load will be supported by a
total of 664 tie rods from an overhead steel support
structure and the concrete floor of the vault so that
the tank won't collapse under the pressure of the
atmosphere.
Holding up the support structure will be 12
columns around the edge of the cyclotron and a
hollow post in the centre. Jacks on the top of the 12
columns will lift the upper half of the vacuum tank
and magnet three feet so that maintenance can be
done inside.
The 12 columns are designed to act as a spring in
the event of an earthquake. This will allow the
machine to remain relatively stationary while the
earth moves beneath it and prevents high loads or
stresses in the cyclotron's structure.
Support columns will remain safely below the
yield stress during the maximum probable
earthquake. When the earthquake is over, the
designers expect, the cyclotron will simply return to
its original alignment.
Normal design practices would have allowed for
some permanent deformation of support columns
during an earthquake. The spring-type support system
will cost very little extra to build and eliminates the
possible cost of realigning and repairing the columns
if an earthquake does occur.
Experimental areas where the beams will be
intercepted will be adjacent to the cyclotron proper
and the entire vault will be covered on the sides and
above by concrete walls 16 feet thick. The roof will
be formed from concrete span beams 100 feet long.
Each beam will weigh 90 tons. They will be mounted
in three staggered layers so that the span beams can
be removed, stacked and replaced over the vault.
STAFF MOVES
The vault will be located 30 feet underground.
Main reason for this is that earth fill is a cheap
biological shielding for personnel in the area. Soils
tests for the cyclotron vault are underway.
Early in October TRIUMF staff moved into a
19,000-square-foot building located 50 feet from
where the cyclotron structure will be built.^
Administrative offices, laboratories and workshops
are included in the building. It was built by Stevenson
Construction for $520,000.
Participating in TRIUMF are the University of
Alberta, the University of Victoria, Simon Fraser
University and the University of B.C. The three B.C.
universities will provide the $4.4 million necessary to
build the TRIUMF buildings. Ottawa will cover the
$23.3-million capital costs for the accelerator,
ancillary equipment, beam transport system,
moveable shielding and experimental facilities.
The University of Alberta is contributing
$250,000 a year for the next five years. The federal
government will also supply the $4 million per year
necessary to operate the facility.
Though the project is aimed at basic rather than(
applied research, probable benefits from TRIUMF
experiments will be cheaper nuclear power and
advances in cancer therapy. Negative mesons have a
large potential for radio therapy. Unlike x-rays or
Cobalt 60 rays, their energy can be released only
where wanted. This means that a cancerous tissue can
be destroyed by a negative meson beam without also
destroying the healthy tissue in the path of the beam.
Negative pi mesons are not only more exact than
X-rays or Cobalt 60 rays, they could also be more
efficient. There are two types of cancer tissues. The
cells of one receive a good supply of oxygen. The
other is anoxic. It's cells have an oxygen deficiency.
X-rays and gamma rays produced by Cobalt 60 are
100 per cent effective against well-oxygenated cells
but only 40 per cent efficient with anoxic cancer
tissue. It's hoped that negative pi mesons will be
highly effective in destroying both.
TRIUMF could also act as an economic nucleus
around which new industries may cluster in the
Lower Mainland. This pattern has already occurred in
Florida and California around space and aeronautical
research organizations.
The potential new industries would have a high
technological input and would be capital-intensive,
perhaps the ideal type of secondary industry the
province could attract.
■■■fctffc Volume 15, No. 21, Oct. 30,
11 III 1969. Published by the Univer-
111111 sity of British Columbia and
^^ *** ^** distributed free. J.A. Banham,
REPORTS Editor. Barbara ciaghorn. Production Supervisor. Letters to the Editor
should be addressed to the Information Office,
UBC, Vancouver 8, B.C. Architect's sketch shows how the new Instructional
Resources Centre will fit in to UBC's Health Sciences
Centre complex. At far left is the Woodward Biomedical
Library, now being doubled in size. IRC will be linked with
the Woodward Library and the 350-bed University/
teaching hospital to be constructed in the foregrouh
mm***wmmm*tomi
CONTINUED FROM PAGE SEVEN
UBC PIONEERS CONTINUING EDUCATION
dressing and washroom facilities will also be at the
front of the halls. This arrangement makes it easier
for people involved in the presentation to get to the
working area of the halls and it minimizes the length
of expensive transmission cables from the central
control area to the rear projectors.
Podiums at the front of the halls will have control
panels for operating slide and movie projectors, and
adjusting screen height and lighting and sound levels.
A hand-held control system will allow the lecturer to
walk around the hall while working.
SEMINAR ROOMS
The 10 seminar rooms on the basement and
ground floor will each seat 20 students and one
lecturer. Some of the rooms will be designed to
double up by opening folding doors and most will be
equipped with rear and front screen projectors as well
as overhead projectors ancl TV monitors and
chalkboards.
The central projectionist's control room will
monitor sound levels in the various halls and have
telephone or intercom communications with the
lecturer. Most of the projectionist's time will be spent
loading cassettes and maintaining equipment.
This area will have splicing equipment for 16 mm
and Super 8 mm film, editing equipment for 35 mm
slides, signal generators, tube testers, transistors and
diode testers and replacement parts.
There will also be an area for a library of
audio-visual material; a motion picture preview room;
lecture preparation booths where teachers can put
together lectures; projector and audio-visual loan-out
rooms; a medical art area where drawings, graphs,
motion picture animation, lettering and three
dimensional wax models will be produced;
photographic studios and darkrooms; waiting and
changing areas for patients; a TV studio and mobile
equipment depot and TV script and storage rooms.
Audio-visual facilities will be as flexible as possible
to avoid future obsolescence. The sloping floors in
the halls are designed so that they can easily be
removed and the halls converted into two rooms one
on top of the other. About 4,500 square feet of the
basement will be unfurnished, set aside for future
developments in audio-visual technology.
Mr. Doray said he is in constant contact with
hospitals, universities and institutions in the U.S.
which are planning instructional resources centres and
want the benefit of UBC's experience.
"We're feeding information to the Albert Einstein
Hospital in New York, the University of Washington
and the U.S. Naval Hospital in Maryland to name a
few and eventually our IRC will be reflected in their
buildings.
"The Educational Facilities Laboratories funded
by the Ford Foundation at $10 million is particularly
interested, especially about our hook-up of
non-print resources—the IRC proper—and our print
resources—the library."
Other floors of the building are designed to carry
out the major ideas behind the Health Sciences
Centre. Their aim is to integrate health sciences
teaching as much as possible and to provide
continuing education to health professionals already
practising.
Medical knowledge is no longer confined to the
brain of any one doctor and medical service limited
to the familiar black bag. Medicine is becoming more
and more complex, the function of computers,
automated and expensive diagnostic equipment, and
groups of professionals working together as a health
team.
For this new type of medicine to succeed, it is
essential that physicians, nurses, clinical
psychologists, physio and occupational therapists and
others study in an integrated atmosphere. They must
know each other's capabilities and limitations. This
will be partially accomplished by integrating lectures
as much as possible. But the architecture of the
building carries the intermixing further.
INTENSE TRAFFIC
A two-storey mall on the ground floor will
connect the hospital tower and library. The mall will
be split-level. Registration and exhibition areas will be
on the lower section. The upper level will be
furnished as a quiet lounge. Traffic between the
teaching hospital and library will be intense. Faculty
and students in the various professions will be forced
to use the mall as a central area for relaxation and
conversation.
Not only is it important to integrate the students,
but the deans of the various faculties and their staff
should also intermingle. Administrative offices of the
faculty of medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, nursing,
and rehabilitation medicine will all be located on the
third floor of the building, above the mechanical
floor. Also sharing third floor space will be hospital
administrators.
Mechanical services and a staff lounge and
washroom area will be located on the second floor.
The fourth floor will contain offices for the
Coordinator of Health Sciences and facilities for
distinguished visitors. About 3,000 square feet of the
fourth floor will be unfinished for future expansion.
The Division of Continuing Education in the
Health Sciences will occupy the entire first floor,
reflecting the growing necessity for health
professionals to keep up in their disciplines. With the
volume of knowledge doubling every seven to 10
years, it is imperative for professionals to continue
their education. Licences to practice could become
conditional in the future.
CAPITAL COSTS
The Division will rely heavily on the audio-visual
library of video tapes and other material. Packaged
lectures will be distributed throughout the province
for screening on TV stations for local doctors. This is
already being done by the Division. B.C. is considered
a pioneer in the field of continuing education in the
health sciences in North America.
Half of the IRC's capital costs will come from the
federal Health Resources Fund. Money from the late
P.A. Woodward's $4.2-million gift to the University
will cover the other half.
Main economic aim of the IRC and the Health
Sciences Centre is to cut off spiralling medical costs.
Society's attitude toward health services has changed.
More and more citizens and politicians consider
medical service no longer the responsibility of the
individual but his birth right.
Like every other business faced with rising costs,
medical instruction is turning to technology and
economies of scale to keep unit costs down.
UBC Reports/October 30, 1969/9 Dr. Roy L. Taylor, shown below in
UBC's tropical greenhouse, is the
architect of a 77-acre Botanical
Garden development approved by the
Board of Governors. A prime aim of
the development is . . .
CREATING
PEOPLE
INTEREST
IN PLANTS
A blueprint for development of a botanical
garden totalling 77 acres on the University of B.C.
campus has been approved by the Board of
Governors.
The plan, submitted to UBC's Board by Dr.
Roy L. Taylor, director of the Botanical Garden,
calls for establishment of a world-wide collection
of plants designed to develop interest in and
promote the botanical study of plants in relation
to the environment and man.
"The garden," said Dr. Taylor, "will be a
laboratory of living plants for teaching and
research activities of students and staff at the
university and will be an aesthetic and educational
experience for the general public."
A prime objective of the Garden is a concept of
creating "people interest" in plants, Dr. Taylor
added.
MAJOR ATTRACTION
Fourteen of the 77 acres which make up the
UBC Botanical Garden are now partly or fully
developed. Three established areas are Totem
Park, a major public attraction because of its rare
examples of northwest coast Indian totem poles
and a replica of a Haida village; the Nitobe
Memorial   Gardens,   developed   to   provide   an
authentic example of Japanese landscape
architecture for the campus, and the Faculty
Club—Graduate Centre complex, which contains
rhododendron and rose collections.
NEW GARDENS
Major renovation is planned in only one of
three established areas—Totem Park. Here it is
intended to increase the function of the 3.1 acre
park by introducing plants which were
economically important to the Indians of the
Pacific northwest.
The main botanical gardens at UBC will be
developed on a 14-acre site immediately to the
west of the Thunderbird Stadium and will include
a research-administrative centre with associated
greenhouses and conservatories.
"It is anticipated that this centre will provide
for the academic and operational requirements of
the Botanical Garden and should be completed by
1980," Dr. Taylor said in his report to the Board.
Included in the research-administrative center
will be space for resident research staff and
graduate students, a small herbarium for housing
current research material, a special seed storage
facility and a small reference library to handle
public information calls and university enquiries. Greenhouses in the development will feature
five display houses containing tropical, temperate
and dry habitat plants as well as displays of
economic and chemically useful plants.
In addition to the display houses, three
research greenhouses for special projects and two
houses for propogation of teaching material are
planned.
The botanical gardens surrounding the
research-administrative centre will contain the
main systematic plant collections, regional,
ecological and geographical gardens and special
» gardens including aquatic,moss and alpine rock
collections.
SPECIAL DISPLAYS
The second major development will take place
on a site of approximately 30 acres between the
present Marine Drive and the partly complete
• Southwest Marine Drive Boulevard.
This development, to be known as the Marine
Drive Gardens, is located to the west and
southwest of the projected new main botanical
gardens.
The area will consist of semi-cleared, native
stj*fl forest with trails and will include special
rhrwrodendron and azalea collections and feature
native plants of B.C.
In his report to the Board, Dr. Taylor said that
it is anticipated that a significant portion of the
funding for the overall project will come from
private sources. To facilitate this, a separate
Botanical Garden Development Trust Fund has
been established.
"It is hoped that federal government monies
may   be   forthcoming   for   the   project  as the
. University Botanical Garden should form part of a
National Botanical Garden system," Dr. Taylor's
report said.
The report also emphasizes the importance of
tr^Cardens to the research and teaching program
o^_T3 University. The general research program,
Dr. Taylor said, is designed to provide for the
development of a center of excellence concerned
with the biological aspects of the flora of British
^Columbia and related western North American
regions.
Special research programs will include
development of indigenous plants as ornamentals
and ethnobotanical studies related to the native
peoples of B.C.
"It is hoped," Dr. Taylor said, "that members
of other departments on the campus will
v contribute to the research programs of the
botanical garden as well as developing new areas
for research based on material contained in the
garden plant bank."
Special teaching programs will be developed by
the garden staff and many courses now offered by
UBC can become closely associated with the
resources of the botanical garden, Dr. Taylor said.
The staff will be responsible for development
of special displays and trail walks that will assist in
teaching and self-educating programs.
FUNDS APPROVED
The UBC Board has approved the use of up to
, $15,000 in capital funds for the planning and
programming phase of the total botanical garden
development.
On   the   recommendation   of   the   client's
committee for the development, Mr. Barry V.
Downs has been appointed consulting architect
and the Vancouver firm of Justice and Webb,
*  consulting   landscape   architects,  will  assist  in
programming and development.
UBC NEWS IN REVIEW
A COLUMN FOR GRADUATES OF THE UNIVERSITY ROUNDING UP THE TOP NEWS
ITEMS OF RECENT WEEKS. THE MATERIAL BELOW APPEARED IN MORE
EXTENDED FORM IN CAMPUS EDITIONS OF UBC REPORTS. READERS WHO WISH
COPIES OF CAMPUS EDITIONS WHICH CONTAIN FULLER DETAILS OF THE ITEMS
BELOW CAN OBTAIN THEM BY WRITING TO THE INFORMATION OFFICE, UBC,
VANCOUVER 8, B.C.
The Hon. Mr. Justice Nathan Nemetz, former
chairman of the Board of Governors and a UBC
graduate, was named Great Trekker for 1969 by
the Alma Mater Society on Oct. 22.
President Walter Gage presented the award to
Mr. Justice Nemetz on the steps of Vancouver's
courthouse during a rally staged by the AMS to
publicize Trek Week, a series of events designed to
revive the spirit of the 1922 protest march from
downtown Vancouver to the Point Grey campus
which resulted in completion of UBC on its
present site.
In accepting the award, Mr. Justice Nemetz said
that of all the awards made at the University, "this
is the one that I value the most, because it is a
student award.
"To me, the Great Trekker Award symbolizes
the bond which exists between you, the present
student body, and the students who have gone
before you. We both share, and I hope will
continue to share, great concern for the welfare of
our University and our society.
"And in that spirit, I accept this award with my
thanks and gratitude."
Mr. Justice Nemetz graduated from UBC with
first-class honours in history in 1934. As an
undergraduate he was a member of the staff of
The Ubyssey, and a member of the McGowan Cup
debating team. He graduated from the Vancouver
School of Law in 1937.
He is a past president of the UBC Alumni
Association and was elected to the UBC Senate in
1957 by the Association's board of management.
The same year he was elected as one of three
members to represent the Senate on the Board of
Governors.
In 1965 he was elected chairman of the Board,
to complete the term of office of the late George
T. Cunningham. In 1966 he became one of six
governors appointed to the Board by the
Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council. Mr. Nemetz
announced his resignation as a member of the
Board on Oct. 1, 1968, because of the growing
pressure of his duties as a judge of the B.C. Court
of Appeal.
Mr. Nemetz was a senior partner in a Vancouver
law firm until 1963, when he was appointed judge
of the B.C. Supreme Court. In March, 1968, he
was elevated to the B.C. Court of Appeal.
Mr. Justice Nemetz is well known for his work
in the field of labour relations. He has presided
over many industrial arbitrations and in 1968
conducted an exhaustive study of labor relations
in Sweden for the B.C. government. He has also
served as a Royal Commissioner on several
occasions.
******
The UBC Senate has begun discussion of a
132-page report which is meant to serve as a guide
to University development over the next decade.
The report, prepared over the past 16 months, is
the work of the Senate Committee on Long Range
Objectives chaired by Dr. Cyril Belshaw, head of
the department of anthropology and sociology.
The two most controversial and complex issues
tackled by the 13-man committee were the
questions of the limitation of enrolment and the
improvement of the academic organization of the
University.
The committee failed to reach unanimity on
either of these issues. The majority favoured
limiting UBC's enrolment to 27,500 but Dr.
Belshaw dissented and in a minority opinion
advocated a total enrolment based on the number
of students that each faculty considers it has the
capacity to educate.
Dr. Belshaw suggested that a "student
admissions budget" should be drawn up taking
into  account  appropriate teaching methods and
the availability of teaching staff, space, equipment
and teaching aids.
On the question of changing the organizational
structure of the University the committee agreed
on some recommendations (e.g., establishment of
a College of General Studies, which would award a
diploma to those students who did not want a
degree program, and an orientation college for
first- and second-year students), but divided 6—5
on a fundamental issue.
The majority favoured retaining the existing
structure of the University with some
modifications to create a more personalized
environment and greater faculty-student contact;
the minority proposed dividing the University into
a number of federated colleges, eliminating the
existing faculties and creating three academic
divisions, each containing several colleges and
institutes and each potentially a separate
university.
The colleges advocated by the minority are
envisaged as administrative units charged by
Senate with the implementation of an academic
program with clear purposes and functions set out
in a charter. Programs would be flexible and each
college would have a student population varying in
size from 500 to 2,500.
In a chapter dealing with curriculum, the
committee recommends a board of instruction to
arrange for instruction in university teaching in
every faculty, school and department, inspection
of teaching several times a year and a call for
faculties to "come to grips with the question of
student membership on curriculum committees
and devise clear, coherent faculty policies."
In its final chapter the committee recommends
establishment of an International Coordination
Bureau to stimulate and coordinate teaching and
research in international programs, creation of a
faculty of continuing education to replace the
present extension department, reduction of
Christmas exams and introduction of a
13-weeks-plus summer session to replace the
present seven-week session. The committee also
took a close look at the trimester system of
university operation and recommended rejection
of it for UBC.
It is likely that a number of committees,
recommended in the report, will be struck to
consider specific matters and report to Senate.
UBC's Board of Governors has approved plans
for creation of an exciting new undergraduate
library.
The new building, to be constructed under the
Main Mall of the University, will correct a critical
lack of undergraduate library space by creating a
facility for 200,000 books and more than 2,400
study spaces.
The design proposed by architects Rhone and
Iredale is an ingenious solution to a difficult
problem: how to create an attractive new library
facility where it is accessible to a maximum
number of students without destroying the
traditional appearance of the treed Main Mall and
adjacent lawns.
The solution: construct the library under the
Main Mall. This makes it possible to preserve all
but one of the 40-year-old northern red oaks and
the vistas they frame along UBC's main street.
To create a light, open environment the
architects will design the library in such a way that
the east and west faces will open out onto
landscaped courtyards in front of the main library
and the mathematics (old arts) building. Concrete
caissons will be constructed around eight of the
Main Mall oaks and will run down through the two
floors of the new library and provide visual
anchors for the building.
UBC Reports/October 30, 1969/11 _^^ UBC ALUMNI    ■ ■
Contact
THREE STUDENTS get a kick out of old pictures
showing the antics of students of yesteryear in a
display during Great Trek week. The photographs
were part of the Alumni Association's Memory Lane
exhibit, telling UBC's history in pictures, which was
set  up   in   the Student  Union  Building art gallery.
Memory Lane was one of the highlights of the
Alumni Association's Reunion Days festivities. Many
grads made the great trek back to campus to renew
their ties with alma mater on Oct. 24 and 25. Other
big attractions were the class reunions, the Great Trek
Ball and a UBC-University of Victoria rugby match.
SURVEY SEEKS ANSWERS
Is UBC Education Any
A UBC commerce professor is conducting a survey
of alumni aimed at getting some clues as to how good
an education the University provides.
Next month, Prof. Peter Tsong will mail out a
10-page questionnaire to 8,400 alumni (20 per cent
of all graduates) asking them, in essence, to reveal
what they think about their educational experience at
.UBC and to indicate how it might have helped them
in their careers.
Tsong said the growing public and government
concern with higher education has pointed up the
need for more factual information about university
matters. "Educators, students, government officials
and the public in general have called repeatedly for
the improvement of our higher education system," he
said.
"Yet, despite the growing amount of public
discussion, there has been very little systematic
evaluation of the quality and value of higher
education." Prof. Tsong hopes to help remedy this
through his survey.
The questionnaire consists of three parts. The first
part seeks information from alumni about their
educational experience while at UBC. Here an alumnus
will be asked such questions as why he decided to
go to university, would he take the same field of
study over again, is his present work related to his
field of study and so on.
The second part requests information on work
activities, asking an alumnus such questions as how
many jobs he has had, is he thinking of changing jobs
again, how large an organization does he work for and
so on. The final part asks for demographic
12/UBC Reports/October 30, 1969
information which is needed for a meaningful
statistical analysis.
The Alumni Association has assisted the survey by
providing the names and addresses of the sample,
which was selected at random. Prof. Tsong
emphasized that beyond this there has been no
further connection between the Association and the
survey.
He emphasized also that one of the objectives of-
the survey is to protect the privacy of the alumni
involved, and consequently those receiving the
questionnaire are not required to identify themselves.
While the survey is being conducted as an
academic research study in high level manpower, the
results of the analysis will be made available to the
president of the University and to the office of
academic planning.
"The information accumulated by the survey
could be useful in improving student counselling,
academic planning and even university course
offerings," said Prof. Tsong. "Undoubtedly, it will
have a substantial impact on the nature and quality of
education at UBC in the years to come."
Completing a 10-page questionnaire may seem to
some alumni to be an awesome chore. But Prof.
Tsong pointed out that this will not be the case with
his survey. The questions only require check-mark
responses and the whole thing can be completed on
average in 20 minutes.
"Alumni who receive the questionnaire are urged
to respond," said Prof. Tsong. "Their responses are
important for the future of the university."
New Program
Seeks Dialogue
The UBC Alumni Association will launch a special
program next month aimed at stimulating more
dialogue between the community and the University.
Called Interaction, the program will consist of a series
of weekly luncheons at the University to which key
representatives of various community organizations
will be systematically invited.
Over lunch, an appropriate dean or department
head will outline some new campus developments and
participate in an exchange of ideas with the guests.
"I believe it's not good enough simply to mail
people information about the University or to hope
that they will learn enough about campus
developments through the news media," said Jack
Stathers, Alumni Association Executive Director and
coordinator of the Interaction program.
"People need an opportunity to sit down with
University people and talk about University affairs.
The key is interaction. We hope this program will be a
way of keeping community leaders up to date with i
University affairs, and, in turn, keep the University in
tune with the community."
Stathers said he expects to wrap up the
organizational details soon and have the first
luncheon meeting by the third week in November.
The luncheons will be brief, informal sessions held
every Wednesday at Cecil Green Park, headquarters of
the Alumni Association.
Guests of the Interaction series will include key
representatives from such fields as forestry,
engineering, mining, construction, finance, labor and
public school education. On the University side, the
participants will include members of the faculty and
the student body having interests in common with
the visitors.
Record $22,400
Awarded
The UBC Alumni Association has awarded a
record $22,400 in N.A.M. MacKenzie scholarships as
part of its program of recognizing student academic
achievement.
Sixty-four UBC freshmen are now benefitting
from the annual MacKenzie scholarships, worth $350
each. The scholarship winners come from places as far
apart as Vancouver and Vernon, Delta and Dawson
Creek, Trail and Terrace—from virtually every
electoral district in B.C. The MacKenzie scholarships
were originally established in honor of former UBC
president Dr. N.A.M. MacKenzie.
The money for the awards is provided by alumni
donations to the UBC Alumni Fund. This year's
awards mark an increase of $5,600 in scholarship
support by the fund. Last year, $16,800 was granted
to provide 48 MacKenzie scholarships. Donations to
the 1969 Alumni Fund now are in excess of
$180,000, well on the way to the campaign goal of
$250,000. The money is used annually to support
deserving student academic, athletic, cultural and
social activities.
It looks like UBC alumni will be well-represented
at Expo '70 in Osaka, Japan. A UBC Alumni
Association-sponsored charter flight to Expo is
getting a good response from alumni eager to see part
of the Orient.
Using an Air Canada jet, the Vancouver-Tokyo
flight leaves Vancouver June 16 and returns July 16.
The fare is $330 per person round trip.
Accommodation and tours are not included in the
price.

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