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UBC Reports May 5, 1976

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Power shift
won't affect
China policy
A longtime China-watcher and
member of UBC's Department of
Geography says he doesn't expect
there will be any radical changes in
Chinese foreign policy following
recent political upheavals in Peking.
Dr. Marwyn Samuels talked to UBC
Reports about recent events in China
just before leaving Saturday (May 1)
with 23 other Canadian educators for
a month-long visit to Mainland China
sponsored by UBC's Centre for
Continuing Education.
The events of the past month that
surprised political observers involved
the election by the Chinese politburo
of a virtual unknown — Hua Kuo-feng
— to the post of premier of China to
succeed Chou En-lai, who died in
January. Passed over for the post of
premier and ousted from power was
Chou's heir-apparent, Teng Hsiao-ping.
While the politburo met to elect a new
premier, Peking wore the air of a city
in the midst of a coup d'etat, complete
with the worst riot in the city since
Dr. Samuels says it's difficult to
interpret exactly the meaning of the
recent Peking demonstrations, "but
one question stands out: why did it
take 12 hours to quell the
demonstrations? In Moscow, a riot
would have been quelled in much less
"My    guess    is    that    there    is
Please turn to Page Two
Two UBC professors will lead teams
of international scientists deep into
the tropical upper reaches of the
Amazon River this fall for a
two-month study of water- and
air-breathing fish.
Prof. Peter Hochachka will head a
20-member team in September and
Prof. David Randall will be the chief
scientist of a similar group in October.
Both men are UBC biologists.
Both groups will operate from the
133-foot Alpha Helix, a floating
laboratory ship built 10 years ago for
the Scripps Institution of
Oceanography in San Diego. The Helix
will be in the upper Amazon from
June of this year until next March.
The UBC expedition is being
financed by a grant of $170,000 from
the National Research Council of
Canada, with almost $150,00 of this
going for rental of the Alpha Helix and
hire of her 12-man crew. In addition
to the Helix, the expedition will use a
river barge as a floating dormitory and
a two-decker river boat for field trips.
Native canoes will be used for
shallower reaches of the river and lake
Groundwork for the expedition was
laid in January by Prof. Hochachka,
Prof. Randall and Don McPhail, a UBC
zoology professor. They chose two
work sites, one on Lake Janaucua,
about four cruising hours up the
Solomoes River from the Brazilian city
of Manaus, and one at the junction of
the Rio Negro and Rio Solomoes. The
sites are about 1,000 miles upstream
from the mouth of the Amazon.
"Although   there   is  no  winter  or
Please turn to Page Four
Prof. Shaw
honored for
Prof. Michael Shaw, UBC's
vice-president for University
development, has been awarded the
Flavelle Medal of the Royal Society of
Canada for his "outstanding
contribution to biological science."
Prof. Shaw, former dean of UBC's
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, will
receive the medal on June 7 in Quebec
City, where the Royal Society,
Canada's most prestigious academic
organization, will hold its annual
Prof. Shaw is described by the
society as a "leading world authority
on the physiology and biochemistry of
plant host-parasite relations" who has
made "major contributions to plant
pathology in research, teaching,
editing and administration."
A graduate of McGill University,
Prof. Shaw taught for many years at
the University of Saskatchewan and
was head of that university's
Department of Biology when he joined
UBC as dean of the Faculty of
Agricultural Sciences in 1967. He
resigned as dean in 1975 to become
vice-president for University
development with overall
responsibility for the planning,
co-ordination and development of
UBC's academic affairs.
This is not the first occasion on
which Dr. Shaw has been honored for
his contributions to science. He was
the   recipient   in   1972   of   the   gold
Please turn to Page Three
Continued from Page One
considerable confusion within the
Chinese Communist Party at the
present time as to the future direction
of the revolution; whether to go the
radical route of the cultural revolution
with its emphasis on decentralization,
on politics, and the evangelical side of
the revolution, or whether to go the
moderate route that says China is a
developing country, which argues for
industrialization and modernization of
the Chinese economy."
Contemporary China, Dr. Samuels
says, is a composite of these two
elements. "It is both these things at
the same time, and Chairman Mao sees
the revolution as a dialectic between
these two forces that will be resolved
sometime in the future."
The ouster of moderate Teng
Hsaio-ping — "the organization man
par excellence" — can be seen partly as
a personality clash with Chairman
Mao, says Dr. Samuels. Teng had little
patience with rhetoric and the
politicization of the masses, but it
would be ludicrous to call him a
"He was probably as good a
communist as any in China, but his
primary concern seems to have been
the modernization of the country,
which is still official government
The new premier, Hua Kuo-feng,
has had a meteoric rise from provincial
affairs in Mao's home province, where
he was an agricultural production
expert, to national politics. "The fact
that he's not tainted by national
politics and is not committed to either
the radical or moderate camps is one
of the major advantages he holds,"
says Dr. Samuels.
There is a tendency in the West to
think of Mao as the leader of the left,
or radical, wing of the party opposed
by a moderate faction, Dr. Samuels
says. A truer picture would be to think
of Mao as a bridge between the
extremists and the moderates, and the
new premier is acceptable because he
fits this mould.
The most dramatic aspect of
Chinese foreign policy in recent years
has been the rekindling of relations
with the United States, Dr. Samuels
says. "I don't think there will be any
change    in   the   Chinese   policy   of
I IBM 4%        Published   on  Wednes-
■ ■■■I days   and   distributed
[[ H |j free by the Department
^JWm^_w of Information Services
of the University of Brit-
2075 Wesbrook Place,
Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1W5. J.A. Banham,
editor. Judith Walker, staff writer. Production assistants, Louise Hoskin and
Anne Shorter.
ish   Columbia,
improving relations with the U.S.
because improvement serves Chinese
national interests.
"It appears that the Chinese see
improved relations with the West as a
counterbalance to China's perceived
threat from the Soviet Union." In
short, Sino-Soviet hostility is likely to
continue indefinitely. Dr. Samuels
He emphasizes two other aspects of
contemporary China.
"The radical wing of the Chinese
Communist Party is really a minority
group concentrated in Shanghai arid in
some industrial areas of Manchuria.
The vast majority of party members
don't support the radicals, and the
reason one hears so much about them
is that they control much of the mass
media in China, including the official
party organ. The Red Flag."
He says it's also important to keep
in mind that China is a third-world,
developing country.
"Most people don't realize that the
amount of arable land in China is
roughly equivalent to the area of
British Columbia," he says. The rest of
the country is largely mountains and
desert and there is virtually no new
land available for reclamation.
"China has to feed a population of
800 million people on less land than is
available in Canada for agriculture,"
Dr. Samuels says, "which means the
emphasis has to be placed on new
technology to increase crop yields.
"This means more emphasis on
basic and applied research. We saw the
rekindling of basic research in
universities when we visited China last
year and it will be interesting to see
what progress they've made during our
1976 trip."
Even China's recent emphasis on
archeological excavation can be seen in
terms of validating the revolution. Dr.
Samuels says.
"Artifacts excavated from the
feudal period or earlier periods
involving slave societies are always
displayed in terms of the terrible waste
of effort that took place to create the
artifacts, or the Great Wall, or the
tombs of emperors. It's always
emphasized how much wealth was
buried while the peasants were
exploited as slaves."
Soccer School
UBC's 1976 Summer Soccer School
for students aged 7 to 17 will be held
on campus from June 28 to July 30.
The school will meet five days a week,
Monday through Friday, from 9 a.m.
to 12 noon.
Fees for the school are $15 for one
week or $25 for two weeks. Further
information is available by catling
228-3341. School director is UBC
soccer coach Joe Johnson.
Tom Whitehead uses battery of five p
If you can't'
If you can't visit Mainland China
personally, the next best thing is to take
in a showing of a 70-minute slide and
tape show put together by Tom
Whitehead, director of UBC's
Instructional Media Centre.
Mr. Whitehead, who visited China in
May, 1975, as a member of a
UBC-sponsored group, took more than
2,000 color slides while on the 1,116-mile
tour. The group visited Chinese
universities and other educational
institutions as well as communes and
Back in Canada, Mr. Whitehead spent
400 hours selecting 1,133 slide;,, writing a
voice-over commentary and adding sound
effects and music.
The slides, contained in 16 trays, are
keyed to his tape-recorded commentary.
Electronic impulses on the tape advance
the slides, which are projected by five
slide projectors onto five screens.
Entitled 'The Man and the Miracle,"
the show begins with a 10-minute history
of China beginning in 1911 that sets the
stage for 60 minutes of slides showing the
contemporary China of Mao Tse-tung.
The viewer visits historical monuments
such as the Great Wall and the Ming
tombs, educational institutions from
kindergartens to universities, as well as
communes and factories.
The slide presentation is rounded off
with the question-and-answer period.
Since completing the slide show, Mr.
Whitehead  has been  busy showing it at
2/UBC Reports/May 5, 1976 miscellany
rojectors to show 1,133 slides on China
i/isit China...
centres in the interior of B.C. and on the
Lower Mainland.
It's been seen in seven cities in the
Okanagan Valley and in the Kootenays,
The latest showing in the Lower Mainland
area was for a group of 24 Canadian
educators who left Saturday (May 1) for
a month-long tour of Mainland China
sponsored by UBC's Centre for
Continuing Education.
If you're interested in having the
presentation shown to a group, call Mr.
Whitehead at the Instructional Media
Centre, 228-4771. The show is also
available through the UBC Alumni
Association's Speakers Bureau, 228-3313.
Free dental care is being offered to
children in the Vancouver area once
again this summer by UBC's Faculty
of Dentistry.
For the third summer in succession,
the provincial health branch is
providing money to cover the cost of
the service.
Treatment began May 3 and runs to
the end of July. Between 1,200 and
1,500 school children from the
Vancouver, Richmond and Surrey
areas will be selected for treatment
through their schools by public dental
health officials. Last summer more
than 1,200 children were given
badly-needed treatment which ranged
from partial and full dentures to
education on nutrition and fluorides.
Treatment is provided under
professional supervision by 28
students entering their fourth and final
year in Dentistry, 6 entering their
third year, and 11 students entering
the second and final year of the dental
hygiene program.
K.C. Sivaramakrishnan, secretary
and chief executive officer of the
Calcutta Metropolitan Development
Authority, will give a free public
lecture at UBC on May 10 as part of
the Distinguished Lecturer Series.
He will speak at 8 p.m. in Lecture
Hall 4 of the Woodward Instructional
Resources Centre on "Problems of the
Metropolitan City in Developing
Countries" with the emphasis on
Mr. Sivaramakrishnan will conduct
a student seminar at 10:30 a.m. the
following day in the Buchanan
Building penthouse at UBC on "The
Evolution of India's Public Policy
Toward Human Settlements."
Mr. Sivaramakrishnan is the eighth
speaker in the Distinguished Lecturer
UBC retains own emergency numbers
The City of Vancouver's new
emergency telephone number — 911 —
went into operation on May 1 but it
does not apply on the UBC campus or
in the  University Endowment Lands.
In case of fire or a major emergency
involving injury on campus or in the
UEL, call the University Endowment
Lands Fire Department, 228-4567.
They will notify the UBC Health
Service and the campus Traffic and
Security department, if necessary.
The UEL Fire Department also
operates an ambulance service 24
hours a day. There is a $5 charge for
its use.
If you can't get to a phone, ring in
a fire alarm at the nearest fire alarm
box. This will bring a fire truck to the
scene and an ambulance will follow in
about three minutes. The UEL Fire
Department also provides inhalator
and rescue services.
Minor emergencies and first aid are
handled by the University patrol —
228-4721 — or the persons involved
can be directed to the University
Health Service in the Wesbrook
Building at the corner of University
Boulevard and the East Mall. You can
alert the Health Service in advance by
calling 228-2525.
The University detachment of the
RCMP will also respond in case of
emergencies. Their number is
224-1322 from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. At
other hours call 666-3198.
Series, arranged by the UBC
President's Committee for Habitat at
the request of the federal government
as a prelude to Habitat.
• • •
UBC professors will be featured on
the next two "Conversations with
Scientists" programs on CBC radio.
Guest this Saturday (May 8) is
Prof. James Kutney of Chemistry. He
relates the story of how an old folk
remedy provided a vital clue to the
development of a modern chemical
treatment of leukemia.
The following Saturday (May 15)
Prof. Ian McTaggart-Cowan of
Zoology tells how he first found a
colony of unique marmots on
Vancouver Island 45 years ago and
helped to preserve them from
extinction. He also describes what it's
like to spend a winter studying a wolf
pack in the 400-square-mile wilderness
of Mt. McKinley National Park.
The program runs each Saturday
from 5:03 p.m. to 6 p.m. on CBC (690
on the AM dial).
• • •
A special organ recital and
baccalaureate service for this year's
spring graduates will be held in the
Recital Hall of the Music Building on
Sunday, May 16, beginning at 7 p.m.
Graduates should note that this
annual ceremony is being held earlier
this year than in previous years.
Continued from Page One
medal of the Canadian Society of
Plant Physiologists and in 1973 was
the fifth Canadian scientist to be
elected a fellow of the American
Phyto pat ho logical Society.
Last year Prof. Shaw was honored
by his alma mater. He received the
honorary degree of Doctor of Science
and gave the congregation address at
McGill in May, 1975.
In March, Prof. Shaw was
appointed to the Science Council of
Canada, a national organization
charged with assessing in a
comprehensive manner Canada's
technological resources, requirements
and potentialities.
Prof. Shaw is the fourth UBC
scientist to receive the Flavelle Medal.
Previous winners are Dr. J.H. Quastel,
of the Division of Neurological
Sciences, one the world's outstanding
brain researchers; Dr. Harold Copp,
head of the Department of Physiology
and acting co-ordinator of health
sciences, discoverer of the bone
hormone calcitonin; and Prof. William
Hoar, former head of the Department
of Physiology and an internationally
known researcher in the field of fish
UBC Reports/May 5, 1976/3 THIS WEEK AND NEXT
Notices must reach Information Services, Main Mall North Admin. Bldg., by mail, by 5p.m.Thursday of week preceding publication of notice.
9:00a.m. PAEDIATRICS GRAND ROUND. Dr. L. Andrews,
G.F. Strong Rehabilitation Centre, Vancouver, on Bliss
Symbolsfor Communication. Lecture Room B, Heather
Pavilion, Vancouver General Hospital.
Salon A, Faculty Club.
4:30 p.m. PHYSIOLOGY SEMINAR. Dr. Pat Butler, Department
of Zoology and Comparative Physiology, University of
Birmingham, England, on Recent Studies on Cardiovascular and Respiratory Physiology of Fish and Birds.
Room 2449, Biological Sciences Building.
Sivaramakrishnan, chief executive officer, Calcutta
Metropolitan Development Authority, India, on Problems of the Metropolitan City in Developing Countries.
Lecture Hall 4, Woodward Instructional Resources
Sivaramakrishnan will give a seminar on The Evolution
of India's Public Policy Toward Human Settlements.
Penthouse, Buchanan Building.
3:30p.m. COMPUTER SCIENCE COLLOQUIUM. Joyce Friedman, Computer and Communication Science, University of Michigan, on Computer Studies in Formal Linguistics. Room 326, Angus Building.
Lawrence and Tom McBride, Department of Electrical
Engineering, UBC, on An Adaptive Environmental Control and Communication System For The Handicapped.
Salons B and C, Faculty Club.
Daugherty, Washington State University, on The Archaeology of Ozette. This meeting is held in conjunction
with the North West Coast Studies Conference. Simon
Fraser University. For further information, call
224-7836 or 988-0479.
Continued from Page One
summer on the Amazon because it's so
close to the equator, there is a wet
season and a dry season," Prof.
Hochachka said in an interview. "We'll
be there at the peak of the dry season
when the oxygen content of the water
often approaches zero, and when
many of the fish as a result turn to
breathing air, not water. How do they
do this? What are the metabolic
consequences? It is questions such as
these that are taking us to the
"In addition, conditions in some
tropical rain forests, like regions of the
Amazon basin, are similar to those
faced by our ancestors, the
Choanichthys, during the evolution of
land vertebrates in the late Devonian
period, about 330 million years ago,"
Prof. Hochachka said. "Many of the
fish in the Amazon basin can exist for
prolonged periods on land and have
evolved special structural and
functional mechanisms for enforced
but temporary excursions onto land.
"It is hoped that in studying the
biochemical and physiological
problems faced and the strategies
adopted by air-breathing and aquatic
fish of the Amazon we may
understand more fully the evolution of
land vertebrates during this critical
stage of vertebrate evolutionary
Prof. Hochachka said that at the
junction of the Rio Solomoes and the
Rio Negro the scientists will have
access to a complete spectrum of fish
—   from    normal,   water-breathing
4/UBC Reports/May 5, 1976
species to species that will drown if
not given access to air.
"Some fish are restricted to one
habit (either air or water breathing)
while others seem able to change at
will from water to air," Prof.
Hochachka said. "We will be obtaining
detailed information from the
Brazilians as to ideal experimental
He said the black waters of the Rio
Negro,   containing   large   amounts  of
head elected
Prof. Leslie G.R. Crouch, of the
Department of Mineral Engineering,
has been elected president of the UBC
Faculty Association for 1976-77.
He succeeds Donald M. McRae, of
the Faculty of Law, who remains on
the association executive as past
Other members of the executive
are: Dr. Richard Roydhouse,
Dentistry, vice-president; Roger M.
Davis, Commerce, treasurer; Dr. Peter
C. Vaughan, Physiology, secretary.
Members at large are: Dr. David
Balzarini, Physics; Dr. Brenda E.F.
Beck, Anthropology and Sociology;
Laurenda Daniells, Library; Dr. G.
Geoffrey Herring, Chemistry; Donald
G. Paterson, Economics; Dr. James V.
Whittaker, Mathematics.
Ex officio members on the
executive are: Mr. McRae; Dr. James
G. Foulks, Pharmacology, who will
chair the association's Personnel
Services Committee; and Dr. Roy A.
Nodwell, Physics, who will chair the
Collective Bargaining Committee.
humic acid but almost none of the
regular ions, are almost like distilled
water, while the white waters of the
Solomoes are relatively normal.
"Crossing this black water-white water
barrier is a dramatic achievement for
the fish, akin to the salmon crossing
the freshwater-seawater barrier. We
hope to improve our understanding of
ion regulation in general by
deciphering the means by which the
gills of the Amazon fish handle the
black-white water transition."
Prof. Hochachka emphasized the
importance of the Alpha Helix to the
"We have to go to the Amazon
rather than have specimens shipped to
Canada because it is critical to analyze
the environment in which each animal
lives as well as study the animal itself,"
he said. "And for each research
program, the animal of choice may
have to be determined by preliminary
experimentation — an impossible task
if directed from long range, but an
easy task if you take the laboratory to
the   animal."
Prof. Hochachka finds the
prospects of the Amazon expedition
"tremendously exciting." He concedes
that there is more than a moderate
element of danger, but says the
opportunities for scientific study far
outweigh the risks.
In the water, the expedition faces
alligators, poisonous fish and
poisonous frogs, and in the jungle
itself there are deadly spiders, boa
constrictors and pythons.
"But we'll be operating essentially
from the Helix, the river boat and the
canoes," says Prof. Hochachka.


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