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UBC Reports Nov 20, 1987

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Array UBC Archives Serial
Volume 33 Number 21, November 20, 1987
O^T^INTFTTC^S       Continent-wide search for new registrar
reprieve    Registrar overhaul needed
by Debora Sweeney
Administrators at Grace Hospital have given
UBC's medical genetics clinic until December
31 to come up with $154,000 to keep the clinic
open.
"We've been given more breathing space,
but no promises," said Dr. Patricia Baird, head
of Medical Genetics at UBC.
Unless Baird can come up with the money
she needs, the genetics clinic will be forced to
shut down. More than 20 people will be laid-
off, including genetic assistants and clerical
staff.
Baird said her last hope is the provincial
government's $20 million hospital funding
program.
"I'm optimistic because I'm getting signals
from Grace Hospital that they're hopeful the
money will come from the Ministry of Health,"
she said.
Earlier this month, Baird received a letter
from Major Gerald Mclnness, Administrator of
Grace Hospital, saying her budget would be
capped as of December 1, three-quarters of
the way through the fiscal year. It means the
clinic's funding would be cut off until the new
fiscal year beginning in March and layoffs
would go into effect almost immediately.
Baird said the layoffs would close the
service indefinitely because valuable staff
would be snapped up by other genetic
departments throughout North America.
Last year, more than 4,000 families used
the clinic's services and staff made more than
2,000 telephone consultations.
Baird said recently she had a letter from a
man in his early 30's who was advised by the
clinic to go for a cancer check-up. One of his
relatives had been diagnosed with an unusual
form of bowel cancer. Clinic staff located other
family members who were at risk and
contacted them.
"The young man wrote to say he was
diagnosed at an early stage and went in for
surgery," she said. 'The surgery was entirely
successful. He would have been dead if we
hadn't warned him."
Baird said news of the imminent closure of
the clinic has prompted scores of telephone
calls to her UBC office and to the Grace
Hospital clinic.
One of the callers was Ann Morrison, the
mother of two healthy infant boys. Her first
son was born in 1982 with a rare genetic
disorder. It caused degenerative brain
damage which resulted in the baby's death
shortly before his first birthday.
"He suffered tremendously," said Morrison,
"and the heartbreaking thing was that nobody
could do anything to stop it."
Morrison said her decision to have more
children depended entirely on prenatal testing,
which is provided only by the Grace Hospital
clinic. Doctors performed amniocentesis 18
weeks into her pregnancy and told her her
baby would not be born with the defective
gene. If that service had not been available,
Morrison said she would not have tried to get
pregnant again.
"After going through something like that
and knowing there is aone-in-four chance it
could happen again, nobody would attempt to
have children," she said. Now, I have two
beautiful children and feel indebted to the
clinic."
Supercomputers
A sub-committee looking into
supercomputing needs at UBC has decided it
would be too expensive to introduce the
system on campus.
"It's not worth it at this time," said Dr.
James Varah, a member of the subcommittee. 'The University doesn't have the
financial resources to purchase a multi-million
dollar supercomputer."
However, the sub-committee has come up
with recommendations to study the matter
further and to assist researchers with
supercomputing needs.
Details of those recommendations, along
with the sub-committee's report appear in a
special insert in this issue of UBC Reports.
by Debora Sweeney
The registrar's office must be overhauled,
according to K.D. Srivastava, vice-president,
student and academic services and the
chairman of a task force studying the office.
"The student service aspects have to be
given a very high priority," said Srivastava.
"Our counter services have to be reorganized
and we must look at adequate staffing."
UBC is scouring North America for a new
registrar and the task is not easy.
Administrators say the successful candidate
must have "a soft tongue and an iron hand."
"Previous registrars didnl provide good
student services or ever ask for resources,"
said Dr. Stanley Oberg, who will be on the
selection committee to hire the new registrar.
"I expect whoever seriously goes for the job to
demand the resources to do the job right."
Another member of the task force, Dr. John
Gilbert, said the registrar's office has not
provided adequate job training.
"We must make proper training resources
available," he said. "We cant send these
people on three-hour courses and expect
them to do their jobs properly."
Each of the task force members contacted
by UBC Reports agreed the new registrar will
have to see his or her job from the student's
point of view.
"Large institutions tend to become
.    "*•
, ,     ■*     ,    , ««
Researchers check out the damage after a Honda hits the crash barrier.
Crash course underway
by Jo Moss
Skid marks used to make it easy for police
to estimate the speeds of vehicles involved in a
car accident
With the growing use of anti-lock braking
systems (ABS) on cars, that evidence is
frequently absent. The tires don't skid any
more.
UBC's Accident Research Team is working
to solve that problem by investigating a
method that will determine vehicle speed from
the condition of the car body after the
accident. Researchers are gathering data on
how vehicles crumple after hitting a concrete
wall at various speeds. Eventually, they hope
to have a set of 'stiffness co-efficients' for
many car models on the market.
Housed in the Civil Engineering
department, the Accident Research Team is
one of nine such groups located in universities
across Canada. Coordinated by engineering
professors Frank Navin and Gerald Brown,
researchers work on contract with Transport
Canada. They maintain close contact with the
R.C.M.P., city police, I.C.B.C, car
manufacturers and other groups involved in
vehicle safety.
According to Collision and Defect
Investigator Michael Macnabb,.ABS is one of
the most important advances in car safety.
"With ABS the wheels do not lock even on
slippery surfaces, they slow down in a precise
and controlled manner," Macnabb said.
Depending on speed and road conditions,
ABS can decrease the stopping distance by up
to 20 per cent and it allows the driver to retain
control of the car at all times. Macnabb
predicts ABS will become increasingly
common in cars and trucks.
In the crash project, researchers use a
barrier of interlocking two-ton concrete blocks
located at an ICBC test site in Burnaby. They
direct cars toward the wall at speeds of up to
30 m.p.h. The resulting smash-up is carefully
noted and logged.
According to Macnabb, preliminary crash
research with cars such as Honda Civic and
Renault show that damage varies surprisingly
from model to model.
"If you take five different models of small
cars and crash them into the barrier at the
same speed, you'll get five different degrees of
deformation," Macnabb said. 'The Renault 5,
for example, is a stiff car that shows little
damage at 10 m.p.h."
The prospect of low repair bills may sound
good to drivers, but the fact is the more
damaged the car, the less damage there
usually is to the occupants.
"We call it ride-down time," Macnabb said.
'The longer the ride-down time of your car,
the better you will fare."
Once the research is completed, Macnabb
said the crumple test will prove to have a wide
application, in ICBC claims for example.
"If you're involved in an accident and the
other guy swears he was only going 25 m.p.h.
the deformation of the car may prove he was
actually going faster," Macnabb said. 'That's
one use we envision for the data."
But researchers won't be testifying in court
on a motorists behalf.
"We're strictly data collectors," Macnabb
said. "We also provide the expertise and
background for organizations such as ICBC to
conduct their own tests."
According to Macnabb, each of the nine
accident research units work on different
provincial safety needs.
"We pick up on localized safety needs and
help move things along in road safety," he
said.
Macnabb and Navin will be demonstrating
the Accident Research Team's role in safety at
an upcoming Traffic Safety Fair to be held at
Robson Square, December 4 and 5.
impersonal not by design, but more by
default," said Srivastava. 'The person in the
registrar's office has to be very conscious of
that."
"We live in the 20th Century and ifs all
about marketing," added Gilbert. "If you dont
have a good registrar's office, you don't have
good enrolment."
The registrar is responsible for
undergraduate admissions and registration;
graduate and undergraduate student records;
scheduling of courses, examinations and
classrooms; and maintaining Senate and
faculty secretariats.
While the task force is expected to
recommend significant changes to the
registrar's office, the members contacted by
UBC Reports agreed the staff has held up
admirably under incredible pressure.
Oberg pointed out that since the former
registrar Ken Young died last year, the acting
registrar Alan McMillan stepped in without
naming a replacement. Then, the assistant
registrar left on maternity leave.
"The one job I wouldn't want in this
university is acting registrar," said Oberg. -
"Here they are scheduling a new registration
system (telereg) and no one has worked for
more than six months in that office."
McMillan said he will apply for the job and
that his stressful initiation as acting registrar
has made him a stronger candidate.
"Now, I'm more aware of the issues and the
problems in this office," he said.   "This has
given me time to reflect on how areas that
need reorganization can be changed with the
proper support."
McMillan said he shares the task force
members' philosophy on providing better
student services.
Millions
in patents
by Jo Moss
UBC can make millions of dollars from
patenting and licensing Innovative devices and
processes, says Al Fowler, manager of patents
and software licensing at the Research
Services and Industry Liaison office.
"There's lots of potential out there. We
haven't scratched the surface," Fowler said.
According to Fowler, UBC raises a paltry
half million dollars a year from royalties and
equity in patents. Two patents now making
money are on the Vortek lamp and the Moli
battery.
'The lead time between a product being
patented and becoming successful can be
anywhere from three to 10 years," Fowler
explained. "We haven't been doing it seriously
for very long."
According to Industry Liaison Officer Jim
Murray, there's an increasing awareness
among faculty members that by-products of
their research can be commercially viable to
themselves and the university.
"Research sometimes leads to important
and patentable innovations. They don't
sidetrack the main research goals," Murray
said. "Our main problem is that most faculty
don't realize how valuable some of their stuff
is."
The Research Services office currently has
more than 100 patents in inventory. None of
them are there because someone set out to
invent something new, Murray said.
"If we knew what it was that creates
innovation, we would all be millionaires."
Murray said. "It's chance, brilliance, an
offhand remark that someone makes in a
seminar. Our job is to create the environment
for that kind of creativity to flourish and provide
the mechanism to make it useful to society as
quickly and as efficiently as possible."
Information on recent patent applications
was unavailable—all applications are strictly
Millions In Patents continued on Page 2 How to teach the teachers to teach
University of Victoria professor Andy Farquharson fields questions from UBC faculty
during a seminar on effective lecture design.
by Lorie Chortyk
Too many university professors don't know
how to teach.
Gail Riddell, coordinator of a new program
that helps UBC teachers improve their
classroom skills, said too often new faculty are
"thrown to the wolves" to learn teaching skills
by trial and error.
Common mistakes made by professors
include lack of structure in a lecture, trying to
do too much or too little in an hour and not
letting students know what's expected of them,
"Doctoral students aren't taught how to
teach, they're taught how to do research," said
Riddell. "The goal of our program is to help
both new and experienced faculty be more
productive in the classroom."
The new Faculty Development Project,
offered jointly by the Centre for Continuing
Education and the Faculty Association, was
funded by a one-year, $30,000 grant from the
Presidents Office.
Riddell said faculty have responded well to
the new service.
"1 think academics are beginning to
understand how much their teaching affects
the way the community views UBC," said
Riddell. "They're on the front lines. A
students image of UBC after he or she
graduates and moves into the private or public
Meech Lake saps cities' control
by Lorte Chortyk
Canada's cities and towns will lose control
over federal-provincial funding policies that
directly affect them as a result of the Meech
Lake Accord, according to the director of the
Centre for Human Settlements.
Peter Oberlander said municipalities should
have lobbied for more control over housing,
transportation, and environmental policies.
'The municipalities have done nothing to
bring themselves into the governing circle,"
said Oberlander. 'They're like Victorian
children — seen but not heard."
Oberlander is organizing a two-day
symposium in January to examine the impact
of the Meech Lake Accord on Canadian
Settlements. Scheduled speakers include
GVRD Regional Manager Michael O'Connor,
UBC political scientist Alan Cairns, West
Vancouver Mayor Donald Lanskail, and other
experts from Canadian and U.S. universities.
Oberlander's main concern with the Meech
Lake Accord is the "opting out" clause, which
enables provincial governments to opt out of
federal programs in return for compensation in
other areas.
"If a provincial government decides it
doesn't want to participate in a federal housing
program, for example, it's the cities and towns
that lose out," he said.
Not all municipal officials share
Oberlander's concern over the Meech Lake
agreement. A UBC Reports telephone survey
of mayors across the country turned up limited
opposition to the accord. In most cases,
officials said the impact Of the agreement on
local government hadn't been discussed.
But Mayor Donald Lanskail of West
Vancouver agrees with Oberlander.
"I'm pleased Quebec has been brought
into the constitutional family, but I think
municipalities are paying too a high price in the
accord," he said. "My concern is that Meech
Lake will lead to a hodge-podge of policies
across the country as provincial governments
opt out of programs at will."
Lanskail said no dialogue took place
between the premier and B.C.'s municipalities
before the Meech Lake talks.
"We are an important level of government
and we were virtually ignored."
New Westminster Mayor Torn Baker said
most municipalities take their cue on federal
policy issues from the Federation of Canadian
Municipalities, an Ottawa organization that
analyzes federal policies and keeps local
governments abreast of changes that affect
them.
According to the federation's executive
director Jim Knight, Meech Lake "just isn't an
issue to us".
He said the federation sent a letter of
congratulations to the prime minister and
provincial premiers when the accord was
signed, but no dialogue has taken place since.
"We deal with matters between the federal
government and municipalities. Obviously
constitutional changes don't fit into this
mandate," he said. "Ifs a federal-provincial
matter and we don't intend to take a position
on it."
Knight said he was familiar with
Oberlander's point of view on local self-
government.
"He's very persuasive and he knows the
issues. But I dont share his perspective on
the situation at all."
Oberlander said he hoped the two-day
symposium will get people thinking about the
impact of Meech Lake and about self-
government.
"I have some real concerns about a nation
totally engulfed in urbanization that doesn't
recognize municipal governments in its
constitution," he said.
"If provinces are able to opt out of federal
programs, we could end up with a
checkerboard of standards across the country
for services like health and unemployment
insurance and pension funds.
"If that happens Canada becomes nothing
more than a collection of disparate
communities."
sector is going to be shaped directly by the
excitement or lack of excitement generated in
the classroom."
Six instructional seminars have been
offered for faculty and teaching assistants this
fall on topics ranging from how to structure a
lecture to effective use of overhead projectors.
Riddell also produces a newsletter which offers
suggestions for effective teaching.
Riddell said most other universities in
Canada and the U.S. already offer similar
programs.
James Forbes, a professor of Commerce
and chairman of the program's advisory
committee, said the program is as important
for experienced teachers as it is for new
faculty.
"I've had a lot of comments from faculty
who tell me how helpful it is to be reminded of
some of the basics," he said. "Ifs important
for experienced faculty to keep their ideas
fresh and to be challenged in their work."
Forbes said the program tends to attract
UBC's better teachers.
"Ifs easy to get good teachers out because
they're the ones that want to sharpen their
skills and keep up with the latest instructional
techniques," he said. "Ifs a little harder to get
faculty out if they think they're doing fine
without any help. Unfortunately these are the
ones who need the program the most."
Forbes said a common nightmare for
faculty is the infamous 1:30 lecture.
'The worst possible scenario for a teacher
is having a large class at 1:30," he said.
'There's 250-300 students in the lecture hall,
most students are crunching lunchbags, others
are dozing off, and ifs your job to grab and
keep their attention.
"No matter how much teaching experience
you've had, this can be very intimidating. Our
program is designed to help faculty deal with
these situations."
Business sector urges
more aggressive stance
by Lorie Chortyk
Educators are adopting a "wait and see"
attitude following a four-day national forum on
post-secondary education held in Saskatoon
Oct. 25-28.
President David Strangway said there was
widespread agreement among participants of
the increasing significance of post-secondary
institutions in Canada, but that the real test of
the forum will come when the Council of
Ministers of Education meet with Secretary of
State David Crombie in February. The
ministers will discuss a recommendation made
at the forum for a national council that would
plan and develop strategies for post-
secondary education.
The forum was sponsored by the provincial
and federal governments and included private
sector participants as well as representatives
from post-secondary institutions.
Prof. John Dennison of the Faculty of
Education was a member of the UBC
delegation which attended the conference. He
said there was some concern on the part of
the provinces that a national council would
develop programs which the provinces would
Patents from Page 1
confidential while patenting is underway. It's a
lengthy and expensive process, particularly if
the university is seeking patents in several
different countries.
Faculty members receive half of royalties
earned on a patent. The inventor's department
gets one sixth and the university takes the
remaining third.
"We havent had any millionaires yet,"
Fowler said. "But we have certainly had one
or two people who could have nicely paid for a
reasonable house."
For researchers who dream of striking it
rich, Fowler has some sobering statistics.
"Only about one per cent really make a lot
of money," he said. "Five to ten per cent make
a healthy amount; 30 to 40 per cent make
some money—the rest we do badly on."
According to Fowler patenting a device or
process is an extremely complex business.
To begin with, countries differ on what can,
and cant be patented.  New types of plants or
seeds, species of insects and principles of
theory can't be patented in Canada.
2       ubc reports November 20, 1387
"It depends on what you've got. You don't
have to be aggressive if you've got a good
invention. If you develop a basic application,
you can make millions," he said.
The biggest problem for university
researchers is disclosure.
"In most countries, if you disclose the
information, you cant patent it," Fowler
explained. 'That's a serious situation for
faculty who must publish or perish. In
patenting, if you publish—you perish."
Canada and the U.S.A. both allow a grace
period to publish and follow with a patent. But
Fowler said new federal legislation will soon
change that.
While many Canadian institutions, Including
UBC, have recently adopted a more
aggressive approach to patenting university
research, many faculty members resist the
idea.
"Universities found they could make a
buck. But some faculty feel ifs a sacrilege to
patent," Rowley said.
Fowler echoed similar concerns.
"It's not a very good approach because
most companies won't even look at new
technology unless Its patented. Without it they
don't have protection from competition," he
said. "Ifs erroneous to believe that if you
develop something and give it to the world, the
world will be grateful~ifs not grateful."
According to Fowler, Science and
Engineering are the two UBC areas where
most patenting occurs. He said medical
research is one area he would like to see make
patenting gains.
UBC recently established a Patscan office
for faculty to check out existing patents in
Canada and the U.S.A.
"You couldn't have patented the law of
gravity, for example," Fowler said. "Although
bacteria can't be patented in Canada, you can
sometimes get around that by patenting a
process in which they play a part."
Computer programs also cant be patented,
but they can be copyrighted.
Cec Rowley, Manager of Patents and
Licences at MacMillan Bloedel, has worked
with several Canadian universities, including
UBC, on forestry-related projects. He said
there's no hard and fast rule as to what
patented product will be commercially
successful.
Dr. David Strangway
be expected to finance, but that the overall
atmosphere of the forum was "very open, very
cooperative".
Dennison said business leaders at the
conference called on universities to be more
assertive in letting the community know about
the resources and expertise available on
campuses across Canada.
"At the beginning of the forum, the general
feeling from private sector participants was that
universities were already getting enough
money. By the end of the four days they were
amazed at what was going on at Canadian
universities and they wanted to know why they
hadnt heard about it before."
According to Dennison, most of the
discussion at the forum focused on managing
and financing institutions, although issues such
as accessibility and quality of education were
also examined by the forum's 600 participants.
Daily reports from 21 working groups were
condensed into three final reports at the end of
the four-day session.
Political scientist Paul Tennant, who also
attended the conference, said the good will
and spirit of cooperation generated at the
conference could be a key factor in leading to
policy changes.
"If you're looking for some sort of
immediate, short term impact from a meeting
like this, ifs probably not going to happen," he
said. "But dont underestimate the political
changes that can come about by having more
active, motivated spokespeople out there in
the private sector, in government and at our
own institutions raising awareness about
universities.
"I think the forum achieved that new
awareness." Entomology twins
keep them bug-eyed
Double Identity: Identical twins Dick and Syd Cannings live and work side-by-side.
Overseas market studied
by Lorie Chortyk
UBC has set up a task force to explore the
potential of selling education to overseas
markets.
Vice-President Academic Daniel Birch said
the task force on international education was
established in response to growing interest on
the part of the B.C. government to promote
higher education as an export commodity and
to use education to attract foreign resources to
the province.
"Both the Ministry for Economic
Development and the Ministry for Advanced
Education and Job Training are very interested
in this," he said. "The big market seems to be
the Pacific Rim at the moment, but the task
force will be looking at the broad international
picture."
Birch said no decision has been made on
who would fund special programs if they were
set up, but the provincial government has
shown interest in supporting developments in
this area.
Birch said major universities in the U.S. are
already offering special programs for foreign
students and have set up campuses in Japan,
Hong Kong and other overseas centres.
"UBC isnt rushing into anything, but I think
as B.C.'s major university we have a
responsibility to examine the situation."
The task force's mandate is to "consider
the desirability" of offering UBC programs
abroad as well as special programs in B.C. for
international students, and to identify strategies
of carrying out such activities. Although UBC
is active in setting up educational programs for
institutions in developing nations, the only
program leading to a UBC diploma or degree
is offered in Brazil through the Faculty of
Education.
Birch said private organizations in B.C. are
already moving into the overseas market.
"An organization called the Canadian
International College has signed a long-term
lease on the David Thompson campus in
Nelson and plans to offer first-year university
courses for Japanese students," he said.
"When the college was advertised in a Tokyo
newspaper, they had 2,000 enquiries in a
week."
Birch said the CIC eventually plans to set
up a four-year college in the Lower Mainland
for international students.
He said foreign programs usually focus on
English language training and other high-
demand disciplines.
"There's a big demand for business
programs, for example," he said, "and at
present weVe got strict enrolment limitations in
Commerce. Obviously if we're going to
respond to the needs of foreign scholars,
we've got to explore other options."
Birch said he expects there'll be some
reaction to the idea of offering special centres
for foreign students when Canadian students
are competing for spots in programs with
enrolment limitations.
"The committee will examine these kinds of
issues when it makes ifs report to the
president in January."
Campaign officially over
by Debora Sweeney
For first year biology students, ifs like
walking into the Twilight Zone.
The place: the entomology (insect)
museum in the biological sciences building. A
student brings a bug to curator Syd Cannings
for identification.
Together, they identify the bug and the
student leaves the museum. He heads for the
elevator. The elevator doors open. He moves
to step in, but suddenly stops and blinks in
stunned disbelief.
Out walks Cannings — mysteriously
transported from the museum to the elevator.
"They just about drop dead," laughs Syd
Cannings.
"It happens all the time," adds Syd's
identical twin, Dick.
They're sitting side-by-side in Dick's
domain — the vertebrate museum located
next-door to the entomology museum.
They're about 6-foot-3, with red hair and
bushy red beards. For about the first 15
minutes, it's difficult to tell them apart.
Both studied zoology at UBC at the same
time. Their father got them started.
"After the war, he moved to the Okanagan
and started watching birds," said Syd. "By the
time we were born, he was into general natural
history. Every Sunday, we'd pile into the car
and go for a little drive into the hills and look at
birds and animals and insects."
Their older brother Robert also caught the
zoology bug. He's the chief of biology at the
provincial museum in Victoria. The three
brothers have collaborated on a book called
Birds of the Okanagan Valley of British
Columbia.
Back at Dick's vertebrate museum at UBC,
there are about 30,000 stuffed birds and
mammals. The museum is crammed with rows
of cabinets piled three high, almost to the
ceiling.
"I've talked to other museum curators
around the world," says Dick. "They're always
shocked when they come in here. We stick
everything into one room. A large part of my
job is trying to squeeze things in."
The birds, mice, rats, porcupines and other
animals are "squeezed" into cabinet drawers -
- and there are rows and rows of them. The
birds are on their backs, the mammals on their
stomachs.
Next-door, Syd's entomology museum is
the home of 500,000 insects, including
butterflies, spiders, beetles and cockroaches,
stuck on pins in nearly 1,000 drawers.
"Because of the great diversity of our
climate and geography, we have far more
species of insects than in other parts of
Canada," says Syd. "We're focusing on
developing the best collection of insects in
northwestern America."
The Cannings brothers say they love their
jobs and are content to work side-by-side.
But, they dont just work in close quarters.
"We live in the same house," says Dick.
"Ifs a duplex," adds Syd. "We couldn't afford
to buy one each so we went together."
UBC diagnostic test
calms hemophilia fears
by Debora Sweeney
A UBC biochemist has developed a
diagnostic test which will answer the questions
that distress thousands of Canadians who fear
they have inherited hemophilia.
Dr. Ross MacGillivray said his tests will tell
women with family histories of hemophilia,
virtually beyond a shadow of a doubt, if they
carry the disease and will tell pregnant mothers
if their babies will be born with it.
"We can isolate the DNA - the genetic
material - and actually analyse the gene," said
MacGillivray. "As long as we can tell the
difference between the affected and the
unaffected gene, we can diagnose whether the
United Way nears goal
Dr. Daniel Birch
by Jo Moss
UBC faculty and staff are donating more
this year to UBC's United Way campaign.
Total donations to date are up almost
$5,000 over last year.
The campaign officially closed the end of
October, but campaign chairman Cy Finnegan
said donations are still being received and
tallied. Pledges and donations will continue to
be accepted by the Finance Office until the
end of December.
As UBC Reports goes to print, 724 people
pledged $111,247 in the 1987 drive. At the
same time last year, 721 donors had given
$106,884.
Again this year campaign organizers chose
to emphasize participation rate rather than
dollars collected. To date, UBC is only two
and a half per cent short of its 15 percent
participation rate goal. Last year 12.9 per cent
of the more than 5800 faculty and staff on
campus donated to the United Way campaign.
Finnegan said he is confident the 1987 goal
will be met by the end of the month.
"Although our campaign is in the final
stages, a number of pledges still have to be
included in the total," he said.
Five UBC faculty and staff who pledged to
support the United Way will be joining UBC
President David Strangway for lunch
December 7. John Andrews, Education;
Marcia Boyd, Clinical Dental Sciences; Philip
Stone, Computing Centre; Peter Simmons,
School of Library, Archival and Information
Studies; and Dale Rolfsen, Mathematics were
the winners in a final draw held earlier this
month.
United Way advisory committee members
and volunteers who assisted in this year's
campaign will be hosted at a President's
Reception tomorrow afternoon. Also present
will be representatives Kim Anderson and
Kathy Walker of the Lower Mainland United
Way campaign who assisted UBC in its drive.
Finnegan is serving his second and last
term as chairman of the UBC United Way
campaign. A dedicated supporter of the
United Way, he retires from his position as
Associate Vice-President Academic next
month.
United Way campaign chairman
Cy Finnegan.
female will be a carrier."
Hemophilia is a genetic disorder that results
in delayed blood clotting. In British Columbia,
it is estimated 1,250 women are at risk of
carrying the disease and there are 12,000
estimated cases in Canada. In mild cases,
excessive bleeding occurs only after dental,
surgical or severe physical trauma. Severe
hemophilia is characterized by frequent
spontaneous bleeding into muscles or joints,
often resulting in the crippling of joints.
MacGillivray said it costs $10,000 a year in
blood products alone to treat a severe
hemophiliac.
The defective hemophilia gene is located
on one of the two X chromosomes carried by
the female. When males are conceived, they
randomly receive one of the X chromosomes
from their mother and there is a 50-50 chance
it may be the affected one.
MacGillivray said many women who know
they are carriers agonize about whether to
have children. Although hemophilia is a
treatable disorder, complications such as
hepatitis, liver disease and AIDS are major
concerns for prospective parents.
"Some carriers got pregnant, had
amniocentesis and had the child sexed," he
said. "Sometimes, a male fetus was aborted
because there was a 50 per cent risk of the
child becoming a hemophiliac."
Collaborating with physicians at Grace
Hospital, MacGillivray has developed a safe
testing procedure which can determine, during
the first trimester of pregnancy, whether a baby
will be born with the disease.
MacGillivray added when couples know
that there is a chance their children will inherit
hemophilia, they can make informed
reproductive choices, before and after
conception. But, he notes in his tests at UBC,
"we have yet to have anyone abort."
During the last year, he has made nine prenatal diagnoses. Of those, two boys were
born with hemophilia. He also has diagnosed
42 women - 19 are carriers, 23 are non-
carriers.
MacGillivray is transferring the DNA
diagnosis technology to a lab at Vancouver
General Hospital which should be available to
the public in January. Women who think they
may be carriers will be referred by their doctors
to Drs. Barbara MacGillvray and Siu Li Yong
from UBC's Medical Genetics department at
Grace Hospital. Their blood samples, and
samples taken from other family members will
then be sent to the VGH lab.
According to MacGillivray, existing
techniques for determining if a woman carries
hemophilia genes are inaccurate or
ambiguous, 10 to 20 per cent of the time. He
said his diagnostic tests have a 99.9 per cent
accuracy rate.
UBC REPORTS November 20, 1987       3 THF
UNIVERSITY OF
BRITISH
COLUMBIA
Campus Advisory Board on Computing
Interim Report of the
Supercomputer Subcommittee
October 1987
Introduction
At the request of President Strangway,
K. D. Srivastava, Vice President
Student and Academic Services and
Chairman of the Campus Advisory
Board on Computing, formed a Subcommittee to investigate the University's current and potential use of
supercomputer facilities. The Subcommittee was formed on March 13, 1987,
with the following membership:
Chairman:
K. D. Srivastava
Vice President, Student and Academic
Services
Members:
M. S. Davies
Associate Dean, Faculty of Applied
Science
J. L. Leigh
Acting Director, Computing Centre
M. McMillan
Associate Dean, Faculty of Science
P. A. Murtha
Professor, Forest Resources Management, Faculty of Forestry
J. M. Varah
Head, Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Science
The Terms of Reference of the
Subcommittee were:
1. To survey and evaluate the needs of
UBC researchers, including those at
TRIUMF, for a high power, large
capacity computing facility at UBC.
2. To prepare a preliminary report,
including estimates of capital and
operating budgets and projected
revenue for such a facility, and
including a recommendation concerning the advisability of proceeding
further with the study.
It was stated that if the Subcommittee decided on further study, additional members would be added and
the terms of reference expanded to
include detailed estimates of funding
required, location and organization of
the facility, and its relationship with the
UBC Computing Centre.
The Subcommittee met for the first time
on March 26, 1987.
Supercomputers
Supercomputers have been defined
as that class of computers which have
computational capacity far beyond that
accepted as normal for general
purpose computing. Such computers
usually have hardware allowing efficient solution of problems which can be
formulated in a vectorized (or parallel)
manner, as opposed to a scalar (or
serial) manner. Thus problems suitable
for supercomputer use generally have a
large component of vector computation.
Today a supercomputer will be rated
by its manufacturer at a calculation
speed of several hundreds of megaflops
(millions of floating point operations
per second) as compared to a few tens
of megaflops for the largest and most
recent general purpose computers. The
manufacturer's rating is a theoretical
maximum; achievable speeds are usually much lower than the peak rating,
and are heavily dependent upon the
software in use (particularly the
compiler), the formulation of the problem (in particular whether or not the
formulation allows extensive use of the
parallel computation inherent in vector
processing), and the tools available to
aid the programmer in converting code
which is not vectorized to vectorized
form.
Manufacturers whose names are
most often connected with supercomputing are Cray Research and Control
Data Corporation. However, several
other companies, including Hitachi,
Fujitsu, Amdahl, and NEC also sell
supercomputers. And the IBM 3090 with
attached vector facility has been
characterized as a "near supercomputer."
A supercomputer is rarely, if ever,
operated as a stand-alone computer.
The computational capability of these
machines is not normally squandered
on day-to-day computing tasks such as
program preparation and checkout. In
fact, supercomputers are often relatively
inefficient at these tasks, and most
scalar computing tasks, when compared
with general purpose computers. For
this reason, a supercomputer will
usually be "front-ended" with a
general purpose computer which can be
a substantial computing facility in its
own right.
In view of their status as the
currently most powerful computers, it
is not surprising that supercomputers
are very expensive. The initial capital
required is of the order of seven to
fifteen million dollars for a new
computer. Physical facilities are also
extremely expensive and total startup
capital of twenty million dollars is not
unusual. Operating costs are typically
more than a million dollars a year,
depending upon the manufacturer and
upon the extent of the support infrastructure surrounding the supercomputer.
In recent years, several governments
have taken the decision that the
support of supercomputing is a strategic
requirement for the advance of knowledge in their countries and to remain
competitive in the technological world.
The most notable initiative is the
Supercomputer Program of the National Science Foundation in the United
States. This Program has been funded
for approximately two hundred million
dollars (US) per year for five years
and has resulted in the installation of
five major NSF supercomputer sites in
the US each with budgets of many
millions of dollars per year. Access to
these supercomputer sites is available
to industry and research on either a
commercial basis or government (NSF)
supported basis.
Supercomputers are used primarily in
the following fields: fluid dynamics
(chaos, turbulence, vortices), meteorology (atmospheric models, weather
forecasting), geophysics (seismic exploration, oil reservoir calculations), chemistry (reactions, combustion), structural
analysis (crash simulation), plasma
physics (fusion), astrophysics (stellar
evolution, cosmology), graphics, and
economics. They are widely used in
system simulation via Monte Carlo
methods (for example, simulation of
particle accelerator beam dynamics).
New applications will emerge as the
facilities become more widely available.
Large-scale Computing
The term "large-scale computing" is
often used instead of supercomputing.
This allows broader interpretation and
can include many classes of computer
hardware, not only supercomputers
themselves, but smaller computers and
peripheral devices which don't meet the
requirements of the supercomputer
definition, but nevertheless are designed
for efficient calculation of vectorizable
problems. Besides supercomputers, there
are:
- array processors which are usually
limited-capability peripheral devices
with vector processing hardware.
These must be directly attached
to general purpose computers. More
powerful equivalents are sometimes called attached vector processors.
- vector processing facilities, a term
used to describe vector hardware
which is incorporated directly into
otherwise general purpose computers
- superminicomputers which are
"supercomputers" within the subset of computers classed as
minicomputers
- minisupercomputers which are
smaller versions of supercomputers. At least one manufacturer
markets minisupercomputers which
are compatible with one class of
true supercomputer.
In fact, a general purpose computer,
appropriately operated, can be considered to be a large-scale computing
facility if the problems of concern are
primarily scalar in nature. This is
because some general purpose computers are equally as efficient as super!
computers for scalar computation.
Large-scale Computing at
UBC
Computing Centre Services
The Computing Centre offers three
services for those interested in large-
scale computing. The first of these is
access to the general purpose computing system at an attractively low rate
factor of 20%. The conditions of use
of this "extra-low priority" service are
that the computing be "compute
intensive" as opposed to "input/output
intensive"  and that the jobs be
startable and stoppable at the discretion
of the computer operators. The intent
is to utilize those times when the
computing system is not busy. While
the rate factor of 20% is very low, the
fact that there is a charge is enough
to deter some of those who pay a
portion of their computing in real
dollars via a grant surcharge. Nevertheless, despite the fact that this service
is not widely advertised, there are
currently 100 computing accounts
which are authorized to use it.
Secondly, within its Numerical Analysis Group, the Computing Centre has
programmer/analysts who are familiar
with the operation of remote supercomputers. In particular, these employees will consult with University faculty
and graduate students regarding the
•UBC SPECIAL REPOHT-November 20, 1987 use of supercomputers at The University of Calgary, the Canadian Meteorological Centre at Dorval, and The
University of Toronto. Consultation
regarding communications with these
sites, operational procedures, and conversion of software is available.
Unfortunately, the experience of faculty
members in the use of these facilities
has not been particularly positive,
largely because of the difficulties in
converting programs to incompatible
systems, in transferring large quantities
of data to remote sites, and the need
to learn how a new system works.
Thirdly, the Computing Centre operates and supports the FPS 164/MAX
attached vector processor described in
the next section.
The FPS 164/MAX Attached Vector
Processor
In 1985, a group of researchers from
UBC, SFU, and TRIUMF received
funds from NSERC to purchase an
attached vector processor. This processor, a Floating Point Systems FPS
164/MAX SC (Scientific Computer), is
available to researchers on a peer
review basis and at a real dollar
charge of $24.00 per hour with a
maximum charge of $500.00 per
month. Usage in the 3rd quarter of
1987 averaged more than 475 hours
per month. There are currently 64
computing accounts which are authorized to use the FPS 164/MAX.
The vector processor is attached to
UBC's Amdahl 580 computer within
the Computing Centre and is available
to UBC, SFU, and TRIUMF researchers on the same basis. However, the
fact that there are real dollar charges
has meant that SFU researchers make
no use of it. SFU and UBC have
differing policies on charging for computer use, with SFU having no real
dollar charging.  UBC charges researchers with appropriate grants 62.5% of
the computing charges in real dollars,
both for the use of the Amdahl 580
and for the use of the attached vector
processor.
Interest in Supercomputing at UBC
The members of the Subcommittee
informally canvassed the Faculties of
Science, Applied Science, and Forestry,
as well as TRIUMF, to determine
current use and potential interest in
supercomputing facilities. The results
of the surveys were not unlike the
situation found elsewhere—high interest amongst a small number (somewhere between 30 and 50) of
researchers.
A preliminary list of departments
which have interest in supercom puter
access is:
Chemical Engineering, Chemistry,
Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Geography, Geological Sciences,
Geophysics and Astronomy, Mechanical
Engineering, Metals & Materials Engineering, Microbiology, Oceanography,
Physics, and TRIUMF.
An Ad Hoc Committee on Large-
scale Computing at UBC has been
formed by interested researchers. This
group will be preparing a proposal for
consideration by the University.
With respect to supercomputing
support, it became clear to the
Subcommittee from its discussions and
investigations of the situation elsewhere, that a major ingredient in the
successful use of supercomputing was
organized access to a facility, with a
support infrastructure including knowledgeable consultants. In addition, of
course, the issue of real dollar
charging is an important factor.
Options for British Columbia
In April 1987, members of the
Subcommittee, as well as other UBC
faculty members and Computing Centre
staff, attended a meeting at Simon
Fraser University on the subject of
large-scale computing in B. C. Representatives from all three universities,
from TRIUMF, and from industry
participated. The discussions indicated
that the largest number of potential
users of large-scale computing facilities
is at UBC.
As a result of the meeting, The
Science Council of B.C. is coordinating a study of large-scale computing
needs in British Columbia's universities, research institutions, government
agencies, and industries. Funding for
the study has been provided by the
Science Council, the universities,
TRIUMF, and industry. Mr. J. L. Leigh,
Acting Director of the Computing
Centre, has been appointed to represent UBC on the Steering Committee
for the study. Mr. A. G. Fowler of the
Office of Industry Liason is also on
the Steering Committee as a representative of the Science Council.
The options which might be considered should the Science Council study
find that a large-scale computing
initiative should be taken in B.C. are
the same as those described elsewhere:
• a large central facility such as those
put in place by the National
Science Foundation in the United
States
• use of excess capacity at one or
more existing supercomputer sites
• several minisupercomputers located
at the universities possibly with
access to a central supercomputer.
It is clear that a prerequisite for
shared use of a supercomputer facility
is the existence of good data communications. Of course, good data communications between participating institutions benefits a much larger community
than the supercomputer users.
A proposal from the U.S. Pacific
Northwest universities (the Northwest
Academic Planning Forum) to the
National Science Foundation has as
its first phase the linking of the
universities with good data communications facilities to allow access to an
existing supercomputer facility located
in industry. The second phase of the
proposal calls for the installation of
super-minicomputers at universities which
demonstarte the required need. The
proposed third phase calls for the
establishment of an NSF-supported
supercomputer facility in the U.S.
Pacific Northwest.
With respect to B.C., the basis for
good data communications between
the three provincial universities is being
installed now in the form of BCnet
which has its central hub at UBC. A
great many computing initiatives and
cooperative research projects can be
built upon this data communications
base, including large-scale computing.
UBC would be the natural choice for
the location of a large-scale computing
facility in B.C. given its geographic
location, its supportive infrastructure,
the presence of research facilities such
as TRIUMF, and its role as the central
hub of BCnet.
Options for The University
of British Columbia
The Subcommittee has concluded
that the interest in supercomputers at
UBC is similar to that at other
institutions—a small number of re
searchers have need for regular access
to supercomputers. There is no doubt
that if access is made available, there
will be significant growth in supercomputer usage. However in absolute terms,
researchers with needs for supercomputer access are measured in the tens
of users and not in the many
thousands of users as is common for
mainframe and personal computing,
and for data communications. It is
clear, however, that the largest number
of potential users of large-scale computing facilities in B.C. are located at
UBC. While the number of potential
users is relatively small, the cost of
supporting them is high.
The Subcommittee has also concluded that most of those who
perceive an immediate need for supercomputer access already have some
access through formal and informal
collaborations with researchers elsewhere, or through purchase of time at
remote facilities such as The University of Calgary or The University of
Toronto. It appears that most researchers obtain such access without direct
cost for the computer time, although
there is obviously considerable inconvenience in having to compute remotely.
It is clear from the technical
literature and from personal contacts,
that many supercomputer facilities are
slow in reaching their cost recovery
goals, particularly with respect to
industry involvement and the sale of
supercomputer time. This is true of The
University of Calgary and of at least
some of the National Science Foundation sites in the United States. From
this, the Subcommittee has concluded
that there appears to be excess
supercomputer capacity available. For
example, The University of Toronto
and NSERC have recently made an
agreement whereby NSERC will make
available to approved researchers a total
of 750 hours of supercomputer time
for the year June 1987 to May 1988.
This program requires the researcher
to purchase 10 hours of Cray time at
about $140 per CPU hour. A similar
NSERC program for access to the Cray
computer at Dorval is continuing.
The extremely high costs of purchase and operations imply that UBC
does not have the option of installing
and supporting a superco mputer
facility of its own out of current
operating funds.  The potential for
on-campus cost recovery does not seem
to be much beyond several tens of
thousands of dollars. On the other
hand, a decision at the national or
provincial level to support supercomputing
would stimulate the demand for these
facilities.
The new minisupercomputers may be
a more affordable alternative. For
example, the Scientific Computer Systems SCS-40 minisupercomputer operates at approximately 25% of the speed
of a Cray XMP at far less than 25%
of the cost. However, purchase prices
for these computers are still of the
order of one million dollars, and
operating costs are significant.
An option which might be attractive
to UBC is to support good high speed
access by UBC researchers to facilities
elsewhere. Such support implies good
local advice and consultation on the
use of the remote facilities, and on
the conversion of software to effectively
use them.  Currently within the
Computing Centre there are two employees who are available for consultation and advice of the nature described.
They have, however, many other
duties, including support of the FPS
164/MAX vector processor, and cannot
spend full time on remote supercomputer consultation.
Another major requirement is good
communications facilities interconnecting
UBC with the remote sites. Currently,
for example, The University of Toronto
supercomputer is available via the
telephone companies' cross-Canada
Datapac network which is easily available via U BCnet.  Other alternatives
have been used in the United States,
including satellite access and leased
land lines.
The University might wish to consider
direct support for those wishing to use
remote facilities.  This could take the
form of negotiation of lower fees at
remote sites, probably via a guaranteed
minimum. Alternatively, the University
could institute a program of direct cost
sharing of supercomputer access for
researchers. Cost is extremely important, of course, and it is unlikely that
those who currently have arrangements
for free access to remote supercomputers would replace this with access
that carries a real dollar charge.
Supercomputer costs are in the $500 to
$3,000 per hour range depending
upon the priority of access. The
University of Toronto price is $2,000
per hour, and there is an expectation
that this would be lowered significantly
with a "bulk purchase."
Closer to home, the University might
consider expanding upon the Computing Centre's current extra-low priority
service. Perhaps late night and
weekend time on the current Amdahl
computer could be made available via
an approval mechanism and at no cost
to the researcher. If this is pursued, it
will be important to take into account
the implications with respect to growth
of the system load and with respect to
Computing Centre cost recovery from
grants.
Recommendations
The Subcommittee recommends:
1. That the University continue to
participate with the Science Council
of B.C. in the study of large-scale
computing needs in B.C.
2. That the University make known its
interest as a suitable location for a
large-scale computing facility if a
decision to establish such a facility
in B.C. is taken.
3. That the University continue its
involvement with BCnet and encourage the Advanced Systems Institute
to continue its support of BCnet as
a high priority, recognizing that
BCnet is the data communications
base upon which many computing
initiatives and cooperative research
efforts will be built, including access
to large-scale computing facilities
for those researchers needing such
access.
4. That the University support UBC
researchers doing large-scale computing by:
• supporting expansion of the Computing Centre's consultative facilities
for large-scale computing
• supporting expansion of the Computing Centre's extra-low priority
service
• providing direct support to UBC
researchers who wish to use
remote large-scale computing facilities.
5. That any further study of large-scale
computing undertaken by this Subcommittee be done jointly with the
Ad Hoc Committee on Large-Scale
Computing at UBC.
UBC SPECIAL REPORT- November 20, 1987 "y< -
UBC gains access to abandoned mine
by Jo Moss
An abandoned mine in B.C.'s Interior will
soon become a treasure trove for UBC.
Instead of glittering gems, the treasure is
sparkling crystals—just as impressive and
almost as valuable.
Under a recently signed agreement, UBC
will gain access to the mine to recover top-
quality crystals. And the best of these fragile
mineral specimens will enhance the
Department of Geology's already impressive
crystal collection.
Ifs all part of a deal involving an American
entrepreneur, a B.C. mining company, M.Y.
Williams Geological Museum curator Joe
Nagel, and an old mine near Grand Forks.
Mention Rock Candy Mine to anyone who
knows anything about crystals, and you'll have
his undivided attention.
It's one of the few places in Canada that
produces not only top-quality crystal
specimens, but lots of them.
Nagel said those two features make it
extremely valuable to people who are
interested in crystals. In fact, it's so valuable,
that Nagel says it should be a national heritage
site.
Crystals are formed when water containing
minerals trickles down the walls of
underground openings. As the chemical
nature of the water changes, the crystals
change in colour and shape.
"At Rock Candy mine these underground
pockets are unusually large and there are
many of them. Thafs why it has produced
thousands of specimens," Nagel says. "I've
seen an underground pocket that's four feet
wide and 35 feet long lined with crystals."
An active mine in the early part of the
century, Rock Candy was closed in 1929. In
1978, Cominco decided to close all the
underground openings for safety reasons. But
recognizing the value of the crystals, the
company allowed Nagel to recover hundreds
of specimens—about 65 of which are in the
UBC collection.
According to Nagel, Cominco offered to
donate the mine to the university last year. But
UBC discovered the costs of insurance were
too high. Unwilling to lose the mine, Nagel
located a Seattle entrepreneur, an anonymous
businessman with a decade of experience in
the crystal business.
Cominco gave the Seattle entrepreneur a
good deal on the mine. The entrepreneur is
happy to be the owner of a money-making
enterprise, and Nagel is ecstatic that UBC will
get some of the best crystals in Canada.
Under terms of the agreement, the
University retains access to the mine, first
marketing rights to the best crystal specimens,
and a percentage of the profits.
"The best specimens from Rock Candy
Mine could be worth thousands of dollars,"
Nagel said.
Putting a price tag on these natural works
of art is highly subjective. Composed of green
colored or purple flourite, golden yellow or
grey barite, and white quartz they're as often
bought by individuals to display in an office or
on a coffee table, as they are by collectors or
museums.
Work will begin at the mine next year.
M.Y. Williams Geological Museum curator Joe Nagel holds a crystal specimen from the
Rock Candy mine.
Off-campus
degree studied
A UBC task force is looking at ways in
which future students could complete a
university degree without coming to the UBC
campus.
Established earlier this month, the task
force on off-campus degree completion will
explore how UBC can cooperate with B.C.
post-secondary institutions to provide third
and fourth year courses, according to
Academic Vice President Dan Birch.
"Ifs time we looked at the options for the
future and determined what the university's
role will be," Birch said.
Eighteen community colleges throughout
the province currently offer programs
equivalent to first and second-year university.
But with increasing enrolment at the three B.C.
universities, some private and .public sector
groups are calling for colleges to be made
degree-granting institutions.
Birch said that idea is not as revolutionary
as it may seem.
'There's a long tradition of developing
programs under the aegis of another
institution," he said. 'The University of Victoria
started as a college and went on to become a
university. Ifs a natural kind of development."
The task force will provide a preliminary
report at the end of November.
Students unaware of drug pitfalls:
Hotline provides the answers
by Jo Moss
High school athletes looking for
performance-enhancing drugs are unaware of
the dangerous side effects, according to the
director of the Sport Medicine Council of B.C.
Lynda Filsinger hears about the problems
through the Drug Hotline, a phone-in service
the council provides in an attempt to inform
recreational athletes of all ages of the dangers
of using drugs in sports. The practice is
banned outright in all national and international
competition.
"We dont have a good idea of the
numbers, but in the past three to four years,
I've noticed more interest from high school
students in performance-enhancing drugs,"
Filsinger said. 'The awareness of these
substances is such that anabolic steroids is a
household word."
The hotline service is part of the council's
public education program. Begun in 1984, it
offers callers a simple, scientific, and reliable
source of information on the use and abuse of
drugs in sports.
NDP MLA Emery Barnes makes a point to Dr. David Suzuki at a reception held at
Cecil Green House last month to launch Suzuki's new autobiography, Metamorphosis.
"We felt there were a lot of people who
were using drugs for performance
enhancement in recreational sports, but had
no idea of what they were getting involved in,"
Filsinger said.
'There are a lot of myths out there in the
gym. There's a whole underground network of
people who are promoting drugs, selling them
illegally, and telling athletes ifs a great way to
improve their strength."
Athletes usually aren't told about well-
documented evidence of long-term side
effects. The most commonly used drugs,
anabolic steroids, are taken to improve muscle
size and strength. They also causes liver
tumours and cancers, and the risk of an early
heart attack.
"In males, anabolic steroids lower sperm
production, decrease testicle size and increase
aggressive tendencies. In females there's a
whole host of masculine effects such as an
increase in hair growth and reproductive
changes that may be irreversible," Filsinger
said.
Located in a trailer behind the Sports
Medicine Clinic on campus, the Drug Hotline
service is a one-person operation which is
advertised by word-of-mouth. Dialing 228-
3049 puts callers through to Filsinger's office.
If they wish, they can remain anonymous.
In four years of operation, Filsinger has
answered more than 700 hotline questions
about performance enhancing drugs. She
estimates the youngest callers are in grades 9
and 10.
The drugs seem to be used in a variety of
sports. Filsinger has talked to weight trainers,
cyclists, football players, track and field
athletes, and runners as well as coaches,
teachers, trainers, parents and spouses. One
call came from the Los Angeles Police
Department asking for information for its drug
awareness program.
According to Filsinger, many calls are from
men who are not jocks, but want to improve
their macho image.
"They think a drug will drastically alter their
physical size. What they don't realize is that if
they are five foot four and 120 pounds,
physically and genetically thafs not possible,"
she said.
To combat this widespread misinformation,
Filsinger said, the hotline service needs to
expand.
"We need to reach more athletes by putting
up posters in the gyms. Ifs up to them to
make up their own minds. But at least if they
have all the facts, they are aware of the
consequences.
She said many recreational athletes dont
realize that a good training program is the key
to athletic performance. They just want to get
fit fast.
'They want an easy way out. They don't
understand that it takes time to train. They
believe there's a magic pill that will help them."
Drugs such as anabolic steroids, stimulants,
and beta blockers that slow the heart rate can
be obtained through a physician's prescription.
Obtained illegally and combined with sports,
they're dangerous.
According to Filsinger, part of the problem
of drug abuse at the recreational level lies in
the public perception of professional athletes.
Despite Canada's strong anti-doping policy,
people think athletes have to take drugs to
win.
"I get calls from athletes asking what 'safe'
drugs there are," Filsinger explained. "Sports
scientists and physicians don't recommend
any performance enhancing drugs."
Lynda Filsinger
6       UBC REPORTS November 20, 1987 Rural areas helped by new eye quiz
Using ophthamology lab tests to back up the results of their new eye quiz are, left to
right, Dr. Ralph Hakstian, Dr. Stanley Coren and research assistant Wayne Wong.
UBC, UCal sign exchange
UBC has become the first Canadian
university to participate in a student exchange
program with the University of California.
The five-year exchange program allows
UBC students to attend any of the U of C's
nine campuses for up to one academic year.
Students remain enrolled at UBC, pay UBC
fees and can transfer credits earned in
California to their UBC degree.
Vice-President Academic Daniel Birch said
the University of California has also agreed in
principle to allow UBC students to participate
in exchange programs the U.S. university
already has with institutions in Russia,
Australia, Japan, France, Germany, China and
the U.K.
Birch said the University of California
carried out an extensive review of Canadian
universities before approaching UBC to
participate in the exchange.
'They already had a number of exchange
programs with institutions in different cultural
settings," he said. 'They were looking for a
university that was similar to them in terms of
cultural setting, range of programs and
academic status."
Between five and 15 undergraduate and
graduate students from each institution will be
accepted for the program each year,
depending on the availability of desired
programs and other qualifications.
To apply, UBC students must have
completed two years of full-time study with at
least a 70 per cent average and have obtained
permission from a faculty advisor. Students
must also pass the English composition test to
qualify for the program.
More information about the program is
available at the International Liaison Office,
Room 608, Asian Centre, or by calling 228-
3114.
by Lorie Chortyk
Residents of Canada's isolated
communities will soon have a simple quiz to
determine whether or not they have vision
problems.
Developed by UBC psychologist Stanley
Coren, the quiz asks questions about everyday
activities that point to vision problems.
The test measures color vision and visual
acuity with 90 per cent accuracy, making it
possible for the first time in history to test an
individual's eyesight by mail and even by
telephone. The test takes about seven
minutes to fill out and can be graded by any
lay person in five minutes.
By asking questions such as "do you keep
your house tidy, can you discriminate between
red and brown, do you have trouble parking a
car?" Coren can pinpoint visual levels in acuity
and color discrimination. A third component
on depth perception has just been completed.
After testing individuals with 400 sample
questions, the researchers narrowed their quiz
down to 20 questions which most accurately
predicted specific visual problems.
Coren admits that most people, including
his UBC colleagues, were skeptical about his
idea at first. But ophthalmology lab tests back
up the accuracy of the quiz results. He is now
adding a hearing component to the
questionnaire.
Coren hopes the questionnaire will lead to
a national survey of eyesight and hearing
levels of Canadians.
"A survey of this kind has never been
possible anywhere in the world as far as we
know," he said. "The U.S. government tried to
do a cross-section study of 30,000 Americans
a few years ago with lab tests done by several
thousand ophthalmologists in 61 centres
across the country. They spent millions of
dollars to set up the study, but the project had
to be abandoned because it just wasn't
feasible to carry out lab testing at that scale."
Coren said his questionnaire makes it
possible to reach every person in Canada, with
a 36 cent stamp and return postage.
"The questionnaire could even be attached
to a census sheet," he said. According to
Coren, the test could be ready for a national
survey in three to five years if funding were
available to complete final testing on the
hearing component.
Coren said the test is not designed to
replace trained ophthalmologists.
"The questionnaire is a screening device,"
he said. "We can tell people what their vision
is like, but we're not trying to replace the
interpretive skills of an eye specialist.
"Ifs meant to be a device to collect
information and to flag people who need
medical care. This is particularly important in
isolated communities where a doctor may visit
only twice a year."
Funding for pilot study was provided by the
Koerner Foundation and the B.C. Health Care
Research Foundation.
People
UBC profs honored
Columbia University Press recently
presented a UBC Political Science professor
and a UBC alumnus with The Edwin W.
Rickert Award in Political Economy.
Mark Zacher, Director of UBC's Institute of
International Relations, and Jock Flnlayson,
now a post-graduate student at Yale
University, also received a cash prize of $5,000
for their work Managing International Markets:
Developing Countries and the Commodity
Trade Regime.
In this analysis of the policies of developing
countries in the international commodity
market, Zacher and Finlayson reached new
conclusions about the role new nations play.
Columbia Press will publish the book next
spring.
* *   *
Prof. Harold Knutson of the Department of
French has been awarded a visiting fellowship
at the Humanities Research Centre of the
Australian National Fellowship in Canberra. He
will be conducting research in the field of
comparative English-French and French-
Italian comedy.
* *   *
Two UBC special needs students are the
first recipients ofthe new Rick Hansen Special
Needs Bursary.
Ken Roesch, Law, and Gordon McGee,
Education, were each awarded $1,000.
Roesch is a wheelchair athlete and McGee
took his wheelchair around the province last
summer as a spokesperson for Hansen's Man
in Motion tour.
Established in recognition of Rick Hansen's
outstanding accomplishments, the bursary will
go each year to two UBC students who have
special needs brought about by physical
disability.
UBC Oceanographer Tom Pedersen has
spent the last two months aboard a ship on
the Indian Ocean, drilling for evidence of the
monsoon's evolution.
The force of the monsoon critically affects
rainfall in Asia and Africa, as well as regional
atmospheric and oceanographic conditions.
Previous deep-sea drilling investigations have
allowed scientists to reconstruct the monsoon's
history during the past 150,000 years, a period
critical in human evolution. The objective of
Dr. Pedersen's team is to push that wall of time
back more than 25 million years.
The effects of the monsoon are recorded in
the depths of submarine sediment layers.
UBC Calendar from page 8
WEDNESDAY, DEC. 2
Pharmacology & Therapeutics Seminar
0   dependence of metabolism in hypoxia tolerant
versus hypoxia-sensitive systems. Dr. P.W.
Hochachka, Zoology and Sports Medicine Div., UBC.
Room 317, Basic Medical Sciences Building, Block "C".
12 noon.
Noon-Hour Series Recital
Sponsored by School of Music. Pawel Chechinski,
piano. Admission by donation. For information call 228-
3113. Recital Hall, Music Building. 12:30 p.m.
Forestry Seminar
The Effects of Wildfire on Wood Supply in the Fort
NelsonTimber Supply Area! Mr. Darrell Errico, B.C.
Ministry of Forests & Lands, Research Branch, Victoria.
For information call 228-2507, Room 166, MacMillan
Building. 12:30 p.m.
THURSDAY, DEC. 3
UBC Choral Union Choir Concert
Sponsored by School of Music. James Schell, director.
Free. For information call 228-3113. Recital Hall, Music
Building. 12:30 p.m.
Public Lecture - The Walter S. Owen
Lecture
Sponsored by Faculty of Law and the Vancouver law
firm of Campney Owen. Senate Reform - Is the Game
Worth the Candle? Prof. B.M.L. Crommelin Cowen,
Law, Universityof Melbourne. Room 101, Curtis
Building. 5:30 p.m.
Psychology Colloquium
The Sound of Meaning in Mothers' Speech to Infants.
Dr. Anne Fernald, Stanford University. For information
call 228-6771.  Room 2510, Kenny Building. 4 p.m.
UBC Symphonic Wind Ensemble
Sponsored by School of Music. Marint Berinbaum,
director. Free. For information call 228-3113. Old
Auditorium. 8 p.m.
FRIDAY, DEC. 4
Health Care & Epidemiology Rounds
The Marriage of Epidemiology and Behavioural Science:
Program Devleopment Research for Smoking Control.
Allan Best, Ph.D., Health Studies, Universityof
Waterloo. For information call 228-2772. Room 253,
Mather Building. 9 a.m.
Graduate Student Colloquium
Sponsored by Asian Studies. The World in the Eyes of
the Chinese in the Ch'un-ch'iu and Chan-kuo Periods.
PanYi-hong. For information call 228-3881. Room 604,
Asian Centre. 12:30p.m.
Pharmacology and Toxicology Seminar
Cytosol to Membrane Translocation of Cyclic AM P-
Dependent Protein Kinase as a Mechanism of Action of
B-adrenoceptor Agonists: Fact or Artifact? Dr. Mark
Giembycz, Pharmaceutical Sciences, UBC, Lecture Hall
#3, IRC. 12:30 p.m.
Chemical Engineering Seminar
Crystallization of Sodium Sulphate from Chlorine
Dioxide Generator Wastes. Mr. A. Nyakiamo, Graduate
Student. Coffee at 3:15. Room 206, Chemical
Engineering Building. 3:30 p.m.
UBC Choral Union Choir Concert
Sponsored by School of Music. James Schell, director.
Free. For information call 228-3113. Recital Hall, Music
Building. 8p.m.
Story Telling Performance
Winter Tales. Gioia Timpanelli, MA, considered one of
the most talented figures in the revival of traditional
storytelling. $8. For information call 222-5261. The
Epiphany Chapel, Chancellor Building, 6050 Chancellor
Blvd. 8 p.m.
SATURDAY, DEC. 5
Workshop of Storytelling & Discussion
Winter Tales. Storytellers Gioia Timpanelli, Mary Love
May, Nan Gregory and Melanie Ray. $60 includes lunch
and Friday (Dec. 4) lecture. For information call 222-
5261. Level III, Iona Building, 6000 Iona Drive. 10 a.m.-
5 p.m.
NOTICES
Anthropology Shop Christmas Market
Featuring items from around the world. For information
call 228-6240. Upper Lounge, Museum of
Anthropology. Nov. 17-29:11a.m.-4p.m. except Nov.
17-24:11 a.m. - 9p.m.
1987 Hoffmann Lecture
Vitamin A Absorption, Metabolism and Function:
Involvement of Specific Carrier Proteins. Dr. David Ong,
Assoc. Prof., Biochemistry, Vanderbilt University. For
more information call Dr. Sheila Innis, 875-2492.
Lecture Hall #4, IRC. Friday, Nov. 20. 11:30a.m.
UBC Fine Arts Gallery
Thirty Years of Design on the Land: The Work of Sasaki
Associates Inc. NowtoDec. 18. Tues.-Fri. 10 a.m. - 5
p.m. Sat. noon - 5 p.m.
UBC Office Equipment Show
Presented by the AMS in cooperation with the UBC
Purchasing Dept. Come and seethe latest from UBC's
suppliers. Freeadmission. For information call 228-
34S6. Nov. 25-26.  10 a.m.-4 p.m. SUB Ballroom.
Nitobe Memorial Garden
Open Monday to Friday 10 a.m. - 3 p.m. No charge.
Closed weekends.
Botanical Garden
Open daily 10a.m. - 3 p.m. No charge.
Language Exchange Program
This program is for those interested in learning foreign
languages or in exchanging a foreign language for
English. Call International House between 9 a.m. and 5
p.m. Monday- Friday at 228-5021.
Thea Koerner House Graduate Student
Centre
Fireside Lounge lunch service 11:30 a.m. - 2 p.m. (M-F);
Lounge open 11:30 a.m. - 11:30 p.m. (M-Th), Fri day'til 1
a.m.; Monday: Video Nights-8 p.m.; Wednesday: Music
Nights - 8 p.m.; Friday: Dance Parties - 8 p.m. Everyone
welcome!
Badminton Club
Faculty, Staff and Graduate Student Badminton Club
meets Tuesdays 8:30-10:30 p.m. and Fridays 7:30-9:30
p.m. (except Nov. 13) in Gym A of the Robert Osborne
Sports Centre. For information call Bernie 228-4025 or
731-9966.
Statistical Consulting and Research
Laboratory
SCARL is operated by the Department of Statistics to
provide statistical advice to Faculty and graduate
students working on research problems. For
information call 228-4037. Forms for appointment
available at Room 210, Ponderosa Annex C.
Student Counselling and Resources Centre
'Students Helping Students' is a service that provides
disabled students with assistance in disability-related
tasks affecting school. For information call 228-4840.
UBC REPORTS November 20, 1987       7 UBC Calendar
MONDAY, NOV. 23
Germanic Studies Reading
My homeland is my head. Edgar Hilsenrath, German
author, reads from his work and discusses (in English)
his life, work, and times. Penthouse, Buchanan
Building.  12:30 p.m.
Film Showing
The people of Asia, and Asian immigrants to Canada.
Enemy Aliens: 1975: 27 mins.; Korea: 1977: 26 mins. For
information call 228-2746. Auditorium, Asian Centre.
12:30 p.m.
Plant Science Seminar
Effects of Ozone on Peas and Potatoes. Elaine Wright,
Plant Science, UBC. For information call 228-2329.
Room 342, MacMillan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Germanic Studies Reading
German author Edgar Hilsenrath reads and discusses
his work (in German). Penthouse, Buchanan Building.
3:30p.m.
Biochemical Discussion Group Seminar
Messenger RNA Splicing in Yeast. Dr. John Abelson,
California Institute of Technology. For information call
228-6475. Lecture Hall#4, IRC. 3:45 p.m.
Astronomy Seminar
A New View of the Galactic Neighbourhood. Dr.
Marshall McCall, University of Toronto. For information
call 228-2267. Coffee at 3:45 p.m. Room 260,
Geophysics & Astronomy Building. 4p.m.
Continuing Education Lecture
The Collected Works of Billy the Kid by Michael
O'Dache as produced by.the Frederic Wood Theatre.
ArneZaslove, Theatre, UBC. $10. For information call
222-5254. Conference Room, Carr Hall, Centre for
Continuing Education. 7:30 p.m.
TUESDAY, NOV. 24
Health Promotion & Systems Studies
Influence of Stress on Mammary Tumour Growth in
Mice. Drs. Joanne Weinberg and Joanne Emerman,
Anatomy, UBC. For information call 228-2258. 4th floor
boardroom, IRC. 12:30 p.m.
Chemistry Seminar
Theoretical Studies of Stereoselective Organic
Reactions. Prof. Kenneth G. Houk, Chemistry,
University of California at Los Angeles. Refreshment at
12:30 p.m. Room 250, Chemistry Building. 1 p.m.
Botany Seminar
Responses of Roots to Environmental Stress. David
Reid, Biology Department, Universityof Calgary. Room
2000, Biological Sciences Building. 12:30 p.m.
Statistics Seminar
Some Results on Kernel Density Estimation. Professor
Constance Van Eeden, Mathematiques et Statistique,
Universite de Montreal. Coffee and cookies at 3:30 p.m.
Room 102, Ponderosa Annex C. 4p.m.
Research Centre Seminar
Research and Development of Sperm Antigen-Based
Contraceptive Vaccine. Dr. Gregory CY. Lee,
Obstetrics & Gynaecology, UBC. Refreshments at 3:45
p.m. Room 202, Research Centre, 950 W. 28th Ave.,
Vancouver. 4 p.m.
WEDNESDAY, NOV. 25
Pharmacology & Therapeutics Seminar
Single Channel Currents in Hypothalamic Neurons and
Glial Cells. Dr. J.G. McLarnon, Pharmacology &
Therapeutics, Facultyof Medicine, UBC. Room 317,
Basic Medical Sciences Building, Block "C". 12 noon.
Forestry Seminar
Recent Changes in Forest Management in British
Columbia and Their Probable Effects on Forestry
Education and Research. Chief Forester, Mr. John
Cuthbert. For information call 228-2507. Room 166,
MacMillan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Noon-Hour Series Recital
Sponsored by School of Music. Darryl Nixon, organ.
Admission by donation. For information sail 228-3113.
Recital Hall, Music Building. 12:30 p.m.
Slavonic Studies Lecture
Nobel Prizewinner 1987: Joseph Brodsky. Fr. Victor
Sokolov. For information call 228-2402. RoomA102,
Buchanan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Religious Studies Seminar
Sponsored by Leon and Thea Koerner Lecture. Dogma
and Heresy in Maimonides. Prof. Menachem Kellner,
Dept. of Jewish Thought, University of Haifa, Israel.
For information call 228-5825. Room E273, Buchanan
Building. 1:30 p.m.
Applied Mathematics Seminar
Some Numerical Computation Required in Early Vision.
Dr. Robert J. Woodham, Forestry & Computer Science,
UBC. Room 229, Mathematics Building. 3:45 p.m.
UBC Reports is published every second
Thursday by UBC Community Relations
6328 Memorial Road, Vancouver, B.C.
V6T 1W5, Telephone 228-3131.
EdItor-ln-Chlef: Margaret Nevin
Editor: Don Whiteley
Layout: Linda Coe
Contributors: Jo Moss, Lorie Chortyk,
Debora Sweeney.
8       UBC REPORTS November 20, 1987
Dracula sports a false moustache while impersonating a Dentistry student in the UBC
Dental Clinic on Halloween.
Division of Human Nutrition Seminar
Drug-Ascorbate Interactions. Dr. Tapan Basu, Visiting
Professor, Foods and Nutrition, University of Alberta.
For information call 228-6253. Room 120, Family
Nutrition Science Building. 4p.m.
Geophysics Seminar
Seismoelectric Prospecting for Gold and other Minerals.
Dr. R.D. Russel, Geophysics and Astronomy, UBC.
Coffee at 3:45 p.m. Room 260, Geophysics and
Astronomy Building. 4 p.m.
1987 Ecology-Resource Ecology Seminar
Ecology, Economics and Population Growth in African
Agricultural Development. Mr. Michael Wells and Dr.
A.R.E. Sinclair, Zoology, UBC. Room 2449, Biological
Sciences Building. 4:30 p.m.
THURSDAY, NOV. 26
Psychiatry Academic Lecture
Latest Studies with Tryptan (1-tryptophanJforthe
Manic-Depressed. Dr. G. Chouinard, Allan Memorial
Institute, Montreal, Quebec. For information call 228-
7341. Roon2NA/B. Psychiatric pavilion, HSCH. 9a.m.
Religious Studies Seminar.
Sponsored by Leon and Thea Koerner Lecture. The
Virtue of Faith in Medieval Jewish Thought. Prof.
Menachem Kellner, Dept. of Jewish Thought,
University of Haifa, Israel. For information call 228-
5825. Room E273, Buchanan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Philosophy Lecture
Sponsored by Committee on Lectures & Philosophy
Dept. Analytic Philosophy and the Nature of Thought.
Prof. Laurence Bonjour, Philosophy, Universityof
Washington. For information call 228-2511. Room
E360, Buchanan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Visiting Speakers Seminar
Platinum Group Element Concentrations in Gabbroic
Rocks: Field & Petrographic Evidence for the Role of
Late Magmatic Fluids. Dr. David Watkinson, Geology,
Carleton University. C.I.M. Visiting Lecturer. Room
330A, Geological Sciences Centre. 12:30 p.m.
Ethnic Studies Colloquium
The Development of Multiculturalism in Canada. Dr.
Ovest Kruhlak, Visiting Professor, Political Science (on
leave from Secretary of State). Penthouse, Buchanan
Building. 12:30 p.m.
Chamber Music Ensembles
Sponsored by School of Music. Freeadmission. For
information call 228-3113. Recital Hall, Music Building.
12:30 p.m.
School of Rehabilitation Medicine Research
Seminar
Post Polio Syndrome. Dr. Elizabeth Dean, Assist. Prof.,
School of Rehabilitation Medicine. Lecture Hall #4,
IRC. 12:30 p.m.
Animal Science Seminar
Physiology of Triploid Fish. Mr. Tillman Benfey of the
Department of Fisheries and Oceans, West Vancouver
Laboratory. For information call 228-6846. Rooml,
Annex#2, MacMillan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Faculty Association General Meeting
Room 100, Mathematics Building. 1 p.m.
Faculty of Commerce Policy Workshop
Topic to be announced. Harry Bauman, Treasury Board.
For information call 224-8475. Penthouse, Henry Angus
Building. 3:30 p.m.
Ocean Sciences & Engineering Research
Group Seminar
Applications and Methods of Modern Coastal
Oceanography. Dr. P.H. LeBlond, Oceanography Dept.
For information call 228-5210. Room 1215, Civil and
Mechanical Engineering Building. 3:30 p.m.
Psychology Colloquium
A Clinical Interpersonal Perspective for Personality:
Some Research Examples. Dr. John Conway,
Psychology, UBC. For information call 228-6771.
Room 2510, Kenny Building. 4p.m.
Calendar Deadlines
For events in the period December 6 to December 19, notices must be submitted on
proper Calendar forms no later than 4 p.m. on Wednesday, November 25 to the
Community Relations Office, 6328 Memorial Road, Room 207, Old Administration
Building.  For more information, call 228-3131.
Physics Colloquium
Kaser Spectroscopy. G. Kennye-Wallace, Universityof
Toronto. For information call 228-3853. Room 201,
Hennings Building. 4p.m.
Asian Research Lecture
(part of IAR Seminar Series). Factory Daughters and the
Family Economy in Rural Java. Dr. Diane Wolf,
Professor of Sociology, University of Washington. For
information call 228-4688. Room 604, main floor, Asian
Centre. 4:30 p.m.
Faculty Concert Series
Sponsored by School of Music. Geoffrey Michaels,
violin. $7 adults, $3 students/seniors. For information
call 228-3113. Information Lecture at 7:30 p.m. Recital
Hall, Music Building. 8 p.m.
FRIDAY, NOV. 27
Neuro-Ophthalmology Clinical Day
Neuro-Ophthalmology. Dr. J. Trobe, University of
Michigan; Dr. T.A. Cox, Dr. D.E. Nelson, and Dr. S.F.J,
Pilley, Ophthalmology, UBC. For information call 875-
4199. Hurlbott Auditorium. St. Paul's Hospital. 8 a.m.-
5p.m.
Paedlatric Grand Rounds
Recent Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment of
Endocrine Disorders in Children. Dr. R. McArthur,
Professor and Head, Paediatrics, University of Calgary.
For information call 875-2437 or 875-2451. Auditorium,
G.F. Strong Building. 9a.m.
Health Care & Epidemiology Rounds
Statistics and The Health Effects of Air Pollution. Dr.
David Bates, Medicine and Physiology. For information
call 228-2772. Room 253, Mather Building. 9 a.m.
Educational Psychology/Audlotogy &
Speech Sciences Seminar
Varieties of Children's Verbal Conflicts. Dr. Catherine
Garvey, Psychology, University of Maine. For
information call 228-5591. Lecture Hall #1, IRC. 12:30
p.m.
Pharmaceutical Sciences Seminar
The Pharmacology & Toxicology of New "Designer
Drugs". Mr. Wayne Jeffery, Head Toxicology Section,
RCMP Forensic Laboratory. Lecture Hall #3, IRC.  12:30
p.m.
Medical Genetics Seminar
A New Developmental and Genetic Model for Study of
Neural Tube Defects. Ms. Beth Macdonald/Dr. D.
Juriloff, Medical Genetics, UBC. For information call
228-5311. Parentcraft Room, Main Floor, Grace
Hospital, 4490 Oak St., Vancouver.  1 p.m.
Physical Plant Retirement Party
For Bob Black, Area Supervisor, Plant Operations Dept.,
to be held at Ponderosa Cafeteria. For information call
228-5505. 3:30 p.m.
Chemical Engineering Seminar
Axial Diffusion in Packed Bed ^sorption Columns. Mr.
J. Au dry-Sanchez, Graduate student. Coffee at 3:15.
Room 206, Chemical Enginee.'ing Building. 3:30 p.m.
UBC Opera Workshop
Sponsored by School of Music. An Evening of Opera,
French Tickner, director. Free. For information call
228-3113. Old Auditorium. 8 p.m.
SATURDAY, NOV. 28
UBC Opera Workshop
Sponsored by School of Music. An Evening of Opera,
French Tickner, director. Free. For information call
228-3113. Old Auditorium. 8 p.m,
MONDAY, NOV. 30
Film Showing
The People of Asia and Asian Immigrants to Canada.
Titles: Gui Dao - On the Way; A Station on the Yangzi:
1980:59 mins. For information call 228-2746.
Auditorium, Asian Centre. 12:30 p.m.
Plant Science Seminar
Physical and Chemical Bases of Resistance to Spider
Mites in Beach Strawberry, Fragaria Chiloensis. Anna
Luczynski, Plant Science, UBC. For information call
228-2329. Room J42, MacMillan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Applied Mathematics Seminar
Numerical Modelling of Mesoscale Atmospheric
Phenomena. Dr. Douw G. Steyn. Room 229,
Mathematics Building. 3:45 p.m.
General and Comparative Physiology
Semlnar/Nurosclences Discussion Group
Spinal Cord Injury and Repair: Insights Derived from
Intraspinal Grafts of Fetal CNS Tissue. Dr. P.J. Reier,
Neurological Surgery, University of Florida. Lecture Hal
#3, IRC. 4:45 p.m.
TUESDAY, DEC. 1
UBC Stage Band Concert
Sponsored by School of Music. Ian McDougall,
director. Free. For information call 228-3113. SUB
Auditorium, SUB Building. 12:30 p.m.
Chemistry Seminar
The Physical Properties of Biological Membranes. Prof
Myer Bloom, Physics, UBC. Room 250, Chemistry
Building. 1 p.m.
UBC Stage Band Concert
Sponsored by School of Music. Ian McDougall,
director. Free. For information call 228-3113. Recital
Hall, Music Building. 8 p.m.
Continued on Page 7

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