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UBC Reports Dec 11, 1997

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>S Archives Serial
December 11,1997
■ Find UBC Reports on the Web at www.external-affairs.ubc.ca/paweb/reports/
Stephen Forgacs photo
Cookie Classics
Food Services staff Irena Stec and commissary baker Tom Zorbakis show off
some of the thousands of baked treats prepared by Food Services for the
holiday season. This year, the bakery, located in the Totem Park residences,
will produce 15,600 shortbread cookies, 2,400 rumballs, 6,000 bars, 3,000
gingerbread cookies, 15,600 tarts and 90 kilograms of Christmas cake. The
baked goods are available for purchase by phone at 822-6828, or in person
at the Pacific Spirit Place Cafeteria in the Student Union Building Monday
to Friday from 11:30 a.m. to 2 p.m. Orders must be placed by Dec. 16.
Piper calls campus post-
APEC forum for Jan. 20
UBC will hold a post-APEC forum on
Jan. 20, 1998 in the Chan Centre for the
Performing Arts.
"We should take the opportunity offered by the APEC experience to reflect on
the values of a democratic society and on
the role of universities within such a
society," said President Martha Piper in a
letter to campus following the Nov. 25
APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting, which
was hosted by the federal government at
the Museum of Anthropology.
Piper has offered funding to each of
UBC's two student organizations, the
Graduate Student Society and the Alma
Mater Society. The $5,000 given to each
group is "to support UBC students and is
available to fund research, legal or otherwise, on the events of Nov. 25."
UBC is also supporting a request by
Vancouver-Quadra MP Ted McWhinney
to the Solicitor General to undertake an
enquiry or review of police actions once
the RCMP's internal report is forwarded
to the government.
Piper's Nov. 26 letter to campus also
reaffirmed the university's position in light
of the demonstrations which took place on
campus during the leaders' meeting.
'The University of British Columbia
upholds the right of all to express their
views freely and engage in peaceful demonstrations. Should any members of the
UBC community feel that these rights
were denied during the recent demonstrations, we encourage them to bring
their concerns to the attention of the
university, care of Dennis Pavlich, associate vice-president. Academic and Legal
Affairs," she wrote.
More than 90 messages ranging from
expressions of concern regarding police
action to comments on the proposed post-
APEC forum have been received to date.
UBC will review its agreement with the
federal government to determine whether
there was any breach of obligation on the
part of the government with respect to
security issues outlined in the agreement. Part of the review will include the
submissions received from campus as
well as a detailed report from the RCMP.
Life scientist wins
prestigious Steacie
by Stephen Forgacs
Staff writer
Terry Snutch, a professor in UBC's
Biotechnology Lab, has
won the Steacie Prize,
Canada's most prestigious award for young
scientists and engineers.
The $10,000 award
comes in recognition of
Snutch's outstanding
research into the function of calcium channels in the human body.
"Receiving the
Steacie Prize was not
something I ever expected, it was a complete shock," says
Snutch. "I'll be holding
a party for my lab to
celebrate because an award like this is
rarely the result of one individual's efforts. The credit goes to my entire team."
Snutch is the seventh UBC researcher
to win the prize since its inception in
1964, and the first in the life sciences
The prize is awarded annually to a
person no older than age 40 by the
E.W.R. Steacie Memorial Fund. The prize is
named in memory of
E.W.R. Steacie, a physical chemist and former
president of the National
Research Council (NRC)
of Canada, who is recognized for his strong
support for the development of science in
"Terry Snutch's research program is generating results that have
already had a major impact on his field and hold
great  promise  for  the
treatment of many serious human ailments," says Bernie Bressler, UBC's vice-
president. Research.
See SNUTCH Page 2
Think About It sales
to support students
Wondering what to buy for Christmas?
The UBC Bookstore wants you to
'Think About It."
In particular. Western Canada's
largest bookstore wants people to consider purchasing umbrellas, hats,
mugs and T-shirts adorned with the
'Think About It - UBC" slogan.
"Certainly, the baseball caps circulated by Martha Piper at her installation in September were a huge hit."
says Bookstore Director Debbie
Harvie. "These Think About It items
we're selling are a start. Hopefully, we
can add more merchandise to the
Think About It line in the future."
Harvie said that 10 per cent of
proceeds raised from the sale of Think
About  II  products will  be used  to
support student education and student research programs at UBC.
Harvie credits Bernie Bressler. UBC
vice-president, Research, for the
value-added idea.
Bressler, who recently launched
the public awareness campaign Thin/c
About It - UBC Research, said the
message has been well received by
people on- and off-campus.
The fact is that people don't stop
and think enough about the truly
excellent research that is being undertaken here at this university and
what it means to our economy and
quality of life," says Bressler.
Bressler says his office has been
contacted by numerous  academic
See THINK Page 2
Canine Quiz
Prof. Stanley Coren teams up with film students to test your dog's IQ
Breath Test 5^
Experts at UBC's new Breath Testing Clinic take bad breath seriously
Freedom Alert 7
Forum: Law Prof. Wes Pue questions recent APEC events
birth defects
can be prevented
HEAD, Dept. of Pediatrics at UBC
and BC's Children's Hospital
UBC RES EARCH 2 UBC Reports ■ December 11,1997
Don't forget
farming: dean
I was delighted with the
write-up on the Faculty of
Agricultural Sciences in the
recent UBC Reports, but not
with the unfortunate frontpage index entry.
As much as I enjoy the fun
of alliteration in headlines, in
this case the effect was to
contradict our work, purposes
and intentions.
We must remember our
roots — which are the land,
farming and agriculture. We
need to identify critical agricultural issues, and promote
creative and exciting solutions
through our diversified re-
UBC Reports welcomes letters to the editor on topics relevant to the
university community. Letters must be signed and include an address
and phone number for verification. Please limit letters, which may be
edited for length, style and clarity, to 300 words. Deadline is 10 days
before publication date. Submit letters in person or by mail to the UBC
Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C.,
V6T 1Z1, by fax to 822-2684 or by e-mail to janet.ansell@ubc.ca.
search and educational
resources. We want to cooperate with all of our communities and constituencies,
especially the farming community.
The new direction of the
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences must be about the
support of all initiatives that
work towards sustainable
land, food and community
Moura Quayle, Dean
Faculty of Agricultural
Continued from Page 1
Snutch and his research team
investigate how calcium gets in
and out of the brain's 100 billion
nerve cells, or neurons, and triggers electrical and chemical signals en route. Calcium plays a
positive role as a messenger between neurons that control skeletal, heart and smooth muscle
contraction, hormone secretion
and all electrical signaling in the
central nervous system. However, too much calcium entering
a cell, through what are known
as calcium channels, can be
Snutch's research during the
last eight years has led to a
number of major breakthroughs.
He has identified and cloned five
genes encoding the channels that
regulate calcium entry into brain
cells. Some of these genes are
also turned on in the heart. In
fact, Snutch believes that there
may be as many as a dozen types
of calcium channels, controlling
different functions in different
parts of neurons and different
types of cells.
Snutch's research holds
promise for the creation of novel
drugs to treat cardiovascular
disorders including hypertension, angina and certain
arrhythmias. Migraine headaches and some forms of epilepsy are other disorders also
shown to involve calcium entry
into cells.
Processes developed in his lab
have enabled scientists to study
channels and all their properties
outside the brain and to use this
information to design and screen
for drugs that can either block or
excite certain channels by themselves without risk of affecting
other channels.
One of the channels that
Snutch cloned is blocked by a
toxin that a Micronesian cone
snail uses to paralyse its prey.
The toxin also blocks channels
involved in strokes and pain
transmission. A drug company
in the U.S. has taken this information and is developing a pain
reliever reported to be a thousand times more sensitive than
Since his arrival at UBC in
1989, Snutch has accepted a
steady stream of provincial, national and international research
awards. These include the:
Killam Research Prize (1991);
Alfred Sloan Research Fellowship (1991-93); International
Research   Scholar,   Howard
Hughes Medical Institute (1991 -
96); Outstanding Academic
Alumni Award, Simon Fraser
University (1994); Medical Research Council of Canada Scientist Award (1995-2000); and the
1996 International Albrecht
Fleckenstein Award.
Continued from Page 1
units on campus requesting information on how to adapt the
slogan to their own area. He says
academic departments, faculties
or programs can place custom
orders for Think About It products through the Bookstore with
10 per cent of the ticket price
going to support student initiatives.
Bressler urged people on campus to help spread the Think
About It message by referring to
the slogan whenever and wherever possible. The Think About
It logo can be downloaded from
the campaign Web site at
Student protesters
made us proud,
says staff member
I think that the university
should be proud of its students who drew national and
international attention by
demonstrating against APEC.
I spent two hours standing
at the front of the demonstration on Main Mall and was
witness to the response by the
various police forces to the
peaceful and well organized
opposition to APEC. Their
response was unneccessary
violence and the cries of
"shame" were well placed.
Dogs, horses, pepper spray,
guns, snipers — enough force
to put down a small uprising
and totally inappropriate to
peaceful protest in a democratic country. As was demonstrated throughout the hosting
of APEC, democracy is fragile
and we need to be vigilant. I
have to admit some surprise at
the lack of presence by the
unions on campus and the
faculty association. Solidarity
with other workers and
support for academic freedom I
would have thought fundamental to a free-thinking
university. Democracy becomes more fragile in the face
of complacency and apathy.
I have worked on campus
for over 20 years and was a
student in the early '70s. This
kind of action by the students
is welcome and should be
encouraged and I personally
want to thank them.
Jo Hinchliffe
Women's Studies Centre
224 3540
Edwin Jackson
Bes, Wishes for the Chnsanas,       4524 West 11 th Avenue, phone & drop in,
Hanukkah and Holiday
or by appointment
your place.
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Life ana
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Jonathan Berkowitz, Ph.D ,
4160 Staulo Crescent, Vancouver, B.C., V6N 3S2
Office: (604) 263-1508 Fax: (604) 263-1708
Plastic and Wax sections for the research community
George Spun
Kevin Gibbon
spurrwax (8s univserve.com
First Nations
House of Learning
The University of British Columbia is seeking a Director for
the First Nations House of Learning. The House of Learning,
housed in a spectacular longhouse, is known for its unique
approach to making the University's vast resources more
accessible to First Nations peoples and their communities. It
is committed to excellence and is dedicated to quality post-
secondary education relevant to the philosophy and values
of First Nations.
The House of Learning serves to encourage the development
of courses and programs; to facilitate cultural relevance; and
to provide a variety of student services. Programs offered by
the University's faculties include, but are not limited to, the
Native Indian Teacher Education Program (NITEP), Ts"kel
graduate studies, First Nations Legal Studies, First Nations
Health Careers, and initiatives in the Faculties of Arts,
Forestry, Applied Science, Agricultural Sciences, Science,
Commerce and Business Administration and Graduate
Studies, as well as general involvement with all areas of
post-secondary education.
The successful candidate will have substantial experience
with First Nations cultures and in higher education. For an
external appointee, a faculty or staff appointment may be
arranged with an appropriate department. The appointment
is for a five-year term, and the successful candidate is
expected to take office July 1,1998.
UBC hires on the basis of merit and is committed to employment equity. We encourage all qualified persons to apply. In
accordance with Canadian immigration requirements, this
advertisement is directed in the first instance to Canadian
citizens and permanent residents of Canada.
The position profile is available on request from the address
below. Applications and nominations will be received until
January 15,1998 or until the position is filled, and should be
forwarded to Dr. Daniel R. Birch, Vice President, Academic
and Provost, and Chair of the Search Committee, 6328
Memorial Road, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z2, or by e-mail to
'The University will remain open during snow storms but
may cancel or reschedule classes on a university-wide
basis and/or curtail non-essential services in response to
the conditions."—UBC Policy on Disruption of Classes/
Services by Snow, May 1994
In the event of extreme snow conditions, listen to
CBC Radio, CKNW and other local radio stations
for information.
UBC Reports is published twice monthly (monthly in
December, June, July and August) for the entire university
community by the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310-6251
Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. It is
distributed on campus to most campus buildings and to
Vancouver's West Side in the Sunday Courier newspaper.
UBC Reports can be found on the World Wide Web at
Managing Editor: Paula Martin (paula.martin@ubc.ca)
Editor/Production: Janet Ansell (janet.ansell@ubc.ca),
Contributors: Stephen Forgacs (Stephen.forgacs@ubc.ca),
Sean Kelly (sean.kelly@ubc.ca),
Hilary Thomson (hilary.thomson@ubc.ca),
Gavin Wilson (gavin.wilson@ubc.ca).
Editorial and advertising enquiries: (604) 822-3131 (phone), (604)
822-2684 (fax). UBC Information Line: (604) UBC-INFO (822-4636)
UBC Reports welcomes the submission of letters and
opinion pieces. Opinions and advertising published in UBC
Reports do not necessarily reflect official university policy.
Material may be reprinted in whole or in part with
appropriate credit to UBC Reports. UBC Reports • December 11, 1997 3
Sean Kelly photo
Its A Wrap
First-year Science student Brian Nguyen, second-year Pharmaceutical
Sciences student Pamela Liu, and first-year Arts student Carie Siu (right),
wrap gifts at the UBC Bookstore. The holiday gift-wrapping service, with
volunteer staff accepting donations to the campus United Way campaign,
will be offered at the UBC Bookstore Dec. 13 from 11 a.m. - 3 p.m. UBC
faculty, staff and students have raised more than $255,000 since
October. The United Way campaign officially ends Dec. 15.
Traffic ideas flow in,
lead to transit passes
Since Gordon Lovegrove started his
job as UBC's new director of Transportation Planning, he's received a steady
stream of suggestions from the community on and off campus.
'The suggestions are really helpful,"
he says. "And now that BC Transit is
offering a month's free transit to the
person who comes up with the best suggestion for improving transportation options to UBC or reducing the number of
single-occupant vehicle trips to and from
campus, I expect that people will be
putting even more thought into the transportation challenges we face."
Computer Science PhD student
Andreas Siebert won a one-month BC
Transit pass for his suggestion that
special road markings be placed at the
intersections of 16th Ave. and Wesbrook
and East malls to let vehicle drivers
know they are crossing a bike lane
when they turn left. Lovegrove will follow up on the suggestion with the Ministry of Highways.
So far, the suggestions show that cyclists
are among the most vocal proponents of
change. Of the 36 suggestions he received
last month, 20 were related to bike facilities,
from bike racks to bike lanes.
"We are really trying to raise awareness
and encourage the involvement of everyone regarding UBC transportation issues,
including students, faculty, staff and people in the community who are affected by
campus traffic," Lovegrove says.
Lovegrove is also creating a transportation Web site to promote interaction
and to help keep the community informed
of transportation-related developments.
The Web site is the focus of yet another
contest for a free one-month transit pass.
It needs a catchy name that ties in with
the theme of transportation, says
Lovegrove, and again he's turning to the
community for help.
'The university means business. We'll
be implementing a process that will involve all stakeholders and should get
underway early in 1998. In the meantime, the more suggestions I receive,
both for a Web site name and dealing
with campus transit issues, the better."
Lovegrove can be reached by phone at
822-1304, by fax at 822-3250, and by e-
mail at gord@plantops.ubc.ca.
Grad named B.C.'s
Rhodes scholar
UBC graduate John McArthur has
been awarded the 1998
Rhodes Scholarship for
McArthur graduated
from UBC in 1996 with a
BA in political science.
He is now studying for a
master's degree in public policy at the Kennedy
School of Government at
Harvard University.
The Rhodes Scholarship provides all expenses for two years of
study at Oxford University, with an option for a
third year. Eleven
Rhodes Scholarships are
awarded in Canada each
year, one of which is allocated to B.C.
McArthur intends to pursue a law
degree at Oxford.
At Harvard, he is involved in rowing and
edits the international section of the Citizen, a campus newspaper. In the summer
of 1997 he worked in Washington D.C. for
the Canadian embassy as
     a liaison officer to the World
While at UBC,
McArthur won the
Alumni Association's
outstanding student
award and was named a
Wesbrook Scholar for
finishing in the top 10
per cent of his class and
demonstrating an ability to serve, work with
and lead others.
His athletic career at
UBC included four years
with the Thunderbird
swim team. As well, he
volunteered with the
Immigrant Services Society of B.C.
The Rhodes scholarship requires a
high level of scholastic achievement,
success in sport, strong qualities of
leadership and character and demonstrated public service.
Scholar aims to lessen
First Nations suicide rate
by Gavin Wilson
Sfq£f writer
A UBC counselling psychology professor has taken a different approach in his
research on suicide among First Nations
Instead of focusing on the problems
that troubled young people, Asst. Prof.
Rod McCormick wanted to discover what
life-affirming experiences pulled them back
from the brink of taking their own lives.
Now he is using his findings to develop
workshops he hopes will help prevent
suicide among First Nations youth. The
suicide rate for First Nations people aged
10-25 is as much as eight times higher
than that of non-First Nations young
"The problem of suicide among First
Nations youth has been well documented.
The time has now come for First Nations
people to look for the solutions," says
McCormick, who is of the Mohawk First
"Very little attention has been given to
research that focuses on the healing practices used by First Nations people. In
particular, what do we know about the
healing practices that work for First Nations youth who are suicidal?"
During the course of his research,
McCormick interviewed 25 First Nations
people who told him of their own feelings
of suicide during their youth and the
experiences of healing and recovery that
saved them.
McCormick recorded almost 300
events that led to recovery and organized
them into categories. The largest of the
22 categories were events that increased
the young persons' self-esteem and self-
Experiences that helped participants
in the study feel loved, respected, acknowledged and valued increased their
self-esteem, which in turn allowed them
to explore alternatives to suicide.
Having another person concerned
enough to ask what is wrong was another
critical point that started some of the
participants on their path to healing.
They described the powerful effects of
being understood and listened to, being
accepted, supported and encouraged.
"Many suicidal youth simply want to
feel connected with someone or something that is meaningful to them."
McCormick says.
Other sources of this included connection to culture and tradition, spiritual
connection, connection to nature, and
participation in ceremony.
McCormick hopes to translate his healing categories into strategies that will
provide First Nations communities with
ways to reduce the incidence of suicide.
He is currently working on a suicide
prevention workshop with funding from
the First Nations Wellness Society.
The key to future solutions, he says, is
for health researchers and practitioners
to ask First Nations youth what works
best for them.
Dog video test to raise
student project funds
by Hilary Thomson
Staff writer
Psychology Prof. Stanley Coren has
gone to the dogs and he's taking the Dept.
of Theatre, Film and Creative Writing
with him.
Together they've produced a video, The
Intelligence of Dogs, which builds on the
popularity of Coren's 1994 book on the
subject, now in its 16th printing.
Designed to help dog owners better
understand their pets, the video guides
owners through a series of simple dog
intelligence tests that can be completed
at home. Proceeds from sales of the video
will be used to purchase equipment, and
fund graduate student travel and chairs
in both departments.
"All faculties are challenged to find
funding these days," says Psychology
Dept. head Tony Phillips. "We immediately saw the commercial potential of a
fun video about dogs."
John Wright, head of the Theatre. Film
and Creative Writing Dept., says he
jumped at the chance to be involved with
the video. It was produced by a team of
eight students in the department and
directed by graduate student Pat Harrison.
"I'm known as the dog person of the
department," says Harrison. "I love dogs
and this is my third major dog project."
Starring in the video are 22 dogs belonging to members of the faculty and the
community, including Coren's own dogs,
Odin, a flat-coated retriever and Wiz, a
King Charles spaniel.
Coren hosts the show, giving a step-
by-step explanation of 12 tests designed
to measure dogs' adaptive intelligence or
learning that fits a particular situation.
In other words, canine street smarts.
The dogs show viewers how it's done,
demonstrating the range of intelligent
To test problem-solving, for instance,
a leashed dog watches its owner place a
treat under a tin can. The dog is then
released and timed on how long it takes
him to recover the treat.
The language comprehension test has
the owner address the dog in the customary tone while substituting an irrelevant
word for the pet's name. The intelligent
dog ignores the command "Here, refrigerator!", and waits to be personally addressed.
The video also shows how to measure
observation, social learning and memory
in a variety of tests using simple props
such as furniture, towels and, of course,
dog treats.
The time it takes to complete the task
earns the dog a score on a five-point
scale. The dogs don't seem too concerned
about their performance, however. To
them, it's just another game.
Most dogs have an intelligence roughly
equivalent to that of a two-year old child,
Coren says. Dog breeds known to have
high adaptive intelligence include border
collies, poodles, German shepherds, retrievers and Dobermans.
Dogs chewing at the short end of the
intelligence stick are bulldogs, basenjis
(an African hunting dog) and the beautiful but less than brainy Afghan.
So what if your pooch flunks the IQ
test? Coren says talking to your pet, and
naming actions and objects, helps them
identify words with activities and develops their adaptive intelligence.
"Most of my dogs haven't even been in
the top 50 per cent of intelligent breeds,"
says Coren, who is a trainer at the Vancouver Dog Obedience Training Club.
"But they were all loyal, loving, playful
companions — wonderful pets."
The video costs $19.95 and is available at UBC Bookstore or by calling the
Dept. of Psychology at (604) 822-3244.
In the Nov. 27 issue of UBC Reports.
the Centre for Applied Ethics should have
been identified as part of the Faculty of
Graduate Studies. Assoc. Prof. Wayne
Norman spends the majority of his time
with the Centre for Applied Ethics and
the remainder in the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration. 4 UBC Reports ■ December 11, 1997
December 14 through January 10
Monday, Dec. 15
Biochemistry and Molecular
Biology Discussion Group
Theoretical Aspects Of Electron
Transfer in Metalloproteins. Scott
Northrup, Chemistry, Tennessee
Technological U. IRC#4 at
3:45pm. Refreshments at
3:30pm. Call 822-3178.
Green College Resident
Speaker Series
Taxation By The Australian
States. Bernie Walrut, Fisheries
Centre. Green College at 5:30pm.
Call 822-1878.
Wednesday, Dec. 17
Orthopedics Grand Rounds
Central Cord Syndrome. Dr.
Michael Goytan, Orthopedics.
Vancouver Hosp/HSC, Eye Care
Centre Aud. at 7am. Call 875-
Trekkers Restaurant
Trekkers Christmas Lunch. Featuring Christmas salad, roast turkey with trimmings, cranberry
cheesecake, coffee, tea or egg nog.
Trekkers Restaurant, David Lam
Research Centre from 11am-
2:30pm. $9.95 plus GST. Call
The Express
Christmas Special. Trekkers Restaurant, David Lam Research
Centre from 1 lam-2:30pm.
$5.25. Call 822-3256.
Royal Society of Canada
Luncheon With Guest Speaker.
Green College Great Hall at
12:30pm. $15. To register call
Stephen Calvert 822-5210.
Friday, Dec. 19
Pediatric Grand Rounds
I Got It From The Net: How To
Deal With The Internet In
Pediatric Practice. Dr. Peter
MacDougall, Pediatrics. GF
Strong Aud. at 9am. Call 875-
Saturday, Dec. 20
Chan Centre For The Performing
Arts Celebrates Christmas. Vancouver Chamber Choir; Ed
Henderson and Friends; William
B. Davis; Jon Washburn, conductor. Chan Centre at 8pm. $25
adults; $15 students/seniors;
$10 children 12 and under. Tickets available through
Ticketmaster or at the door. Call
Sunday, Dec. 21
Chan Centre For The Performing
Arts Celebrates Christmas. Vancouver Chamber Choir; Ed
Henderson and Friends; William
B. Davis; Jon Washburn, conductor. Chan Centre at 2pm. $25
adults; $ 15 students/seniors; $ 10
children 12 and under. Tickets
available through Ticketmaster or
at the door. Call 280-3311.
Wednesday, Dec. 24
Christmas Eve Brunch
Trekkers Christmas Eve Brunch.
Trekkers Restaurant 8am-lpm.
Call 822-3256.
Friday, Dec. 26
Pediatrics Grand Rounds
Grand Rounds Cancelled.
Sunday, Dec. 28
UBC Men's Volleyball
Rucanor Thunderball XII. War
Memorial Gym from 5:30-7:30pm.
Continues to Dec. 30. Call 822-
UBC Men's Hockey
Father Bauer Hockey Classic.
Thunderbird Winter Sports Centre at 7:30pm. Continues to Dec.
30. Call 822-2473.
Friday, Jan. 2
Pediatrics Grand Rounds
Grand Rounds Cancelled.
Tuesday, Jan. 6
Metals And Materials
Engineering Seminar
Advanced Refractory Ceramo-Con-
crete. Florin Esanu. Frank Forward 317 from 3:30-4:30pm. Call
Wednesday, Jan. 7
Orthopedics Grand Rounds
Allografts In Revision Hip Arthroplasty. Dr. Don Garbuz, Orthopedics; Dr. Robert Kerry, Orthopaedics. Vancouver Hosp/HSC,
Eye Care Centre Aud. at 7am. Call
Centre For Southeast Asia
Research Seminar
Cleaning Up Doi Moi - Can Regulation And Good Governance Promote Environmental Values In Vietnam? Ian Townsend-Gault. Director, Centre for Asian Legal Studies. Law. CK Choi 120 from 12:30-
2pm. Call 822-2629.
The Interdisciplinary
"What's In A Name?" Questioning
Globalization. Victor Li, English,
Dalhousie University. Green College at 5pm. Call 822-0549.
Thursday, Jan. 8
Science First! Lectures:
Exploring The Brain
Development: How To Get Wired.
Vanessa Auld; Timothy O'Connor;
Jane Roskams. Wesbrook 100 from
12:30-1:30pm. See Web site at
seminarseries.html. Call 822-
Science And Society
What? The First Of Three Lectures
In the Series: The Social Construction Of What? Ian Hacking, Philosophy. U of Toronto. Green College at 5pm. Call 822-1878.
Poetic Persuasions
Open Reading. Green College at
7:30pm. Call 822-1878.
Friday, Jan. 9
Pediatrics Grand Rounds
Inhaled Corticosteroids In Children: How Much Is Too Much?
Prof. Alexander C. Ferguson.
Pediatrics. GFStrongAud. at9am.
Call 875-2307.
Health Care And
Epidemiology Rounds
Does Health Care Decrease Mortality In Rich Countries? Dr.
Stephen Bczruchka, U of Washington. Mather 253 from 9-10am.
Paid parking available in Lot B.
Call 822-2772.
Law And Society Seminar
For The Liberal Treatment Of Indians: Indians In 19th Century Canadian Uw. Sid Hairing, City U of
New York. Green College at
12:30pm. Call 822-1878.
Chemical Engineering
Weekly Seminar
Computer Based Learning Initiatives In Engineering At The University Of Ottawa. David Taylor. U
of Ottawa. ChemEng 206 at
3:30pm. Call 822-3238.
Give Someone
a Second Chance.
Please ^ive generously.
The Kidney Foundaton
City Seen
"House in Strathcona Alley,
Vancouver, B.C., 1995" is
one of a series of
transmounted colour
photographs by Vancouver
artist Roy Arden now on
display at the Morris and
Helen Belkin Art Gallery.
Arden s photographs depict
scenes of urban decay
alongside recent changes to
the urban landscape, such
as monster houses. The
exhibition continues until
Dec. 21 and resumes Jan.
2-25. Call the gallery at 822-
2759 for hours.
Roy Arden photo
Parents with Babies
Have you ever wondered how babies learn to talk? Help us find out!
We are looking for parents with
babies between four to 15 months
of age to participate in language
development studies. If you are
interested in bringing your baby
for a one hour visit, please call Dr.
Janet Werker's Infant Studies Centre. Psychology, 822-6408 (ask for
UBC Medical School
Needs male and female volunteer
patients of any age. either healthy
or ill to help students learn how to
interview and complete a physical
examination (external only). The
total time for each teaching session is between two-four hours,
Tues-Thurs. pm. Travel expenses
will be paid. Call Vancouver Hos-
pital/HSC 875-5943.
Museum of Anthropology
Current Exhibits. Written In The
Earth. An exhibit exploring the
roots of Coast Salish Art. Continues to Dec. 31. From Under The
Delta: Wet-Site Archaeology In The
Lower Fraser Region Of BC. Continues to April 1/98. 6393 N.W.
Marine Drive. Hours of operation
are Wednesday-Sunday 11am-
5pm. Tuesday 1 lam-9pm (free 5-
9pm). Call 822-5087.
Studies in Hearing and
Senior (65 years or older) volunteers needed. If your first language
is English and your hearing is
relatively good, we need your participation in studies examining
hearing and communication abilities. All studies take place al UBC.
Hearing screened. Honorarium
paid. Please call The Hearing Lab.
Parents with Toddlers
Did you know your child is a word-
learning expert? I lelp us learn how
children come to be so skilled at
learning new words! We are looking
for children (two-four years old)
and their parent(s) to participate in
language studies. If you are interested in bringing your child for a
forty five minute visit please call
Dr. Geoffrey Hall's Language Development Centre. Psychology at
UBC, 822-9294 (ask for Kelley).
Boomerang Family Research
Adults who have returned home to
live and their parents are invited
to participate in a study focusing
on the experience, inter-personal
relations and responses to this
change in the family. Involves confidential interviews. Three chances
to win $100 in research raffle.
Please call Michele at 269-9986.
Parents With Adolescents
Are you interested in learning
how family conversation and activities are integral to the career
development of your adolescent?
We are inviting mothers and fathers with their 14/15yearold(s)
to come to UBC to participate in
parent-adolescent conversations
about career. Follow-up for 6
months. $ 100 honorarium paid.
Please call Dr. Richard Young's
project team. Counselling Psychology Dept. 822-3985.
Art Exhibition
Roy Arden. a selection of works
from 1991-97. Arden's subject is
the landscape of the economy, as
it appears through the everyday
surface of his local surroundings. Morris and Helen Belkin
Art Gallery. Tues-Fri 10am-5pm;
Sat-Sun 12-5pm. Continues to
Dec 21: Jan 2-25/98. UBC students, staff, faculty free with valid
ID. Call 822-2759.
Children's Art Program
The UBC Department of Curriculum Studies — Art Education invites children 7-10 to participate in a unique visual art
program at the UBC Child Study
Centre Mondays 5-6:15pm. Feb
2-Mar 30/98. Call 822-5321.
Art Exhibition
Recalling The Past: A Selection Of
Earlv Chinese Art From the Victor
Shaw Collection. MOA Dec 2 -
Aug 31, 1998, Wed-Sat 11am-
5pm: Tues 1 lam-9pm. Call 822-
Research Study
Relationship Study. Hetero men
(25 years of age and older), in
relationships of greater than six
months needed for a UBC study
of relationships. Complete questionnaire at home, receive $10.
Call 822-2151.
UBC Food Services
Christmas Hours of
Dec. 14-Jan. 5. 1998. Barn Coffee Shop, Dec. 14-19 from
closed; Pacific Spirit Place Cafeteria from 7:30am-2pm;
Trekkers Restaurant Dec. 15-23
from llam-2pm; Dec. 24 from
8am-lpm; The Express at
Trekkers Dec. 15-19 from
7:30am-4:30pm, Dec. 22-23 from
7:30am-3:30pm; Dec. 24 from
7:30am-2pm; Dec. 29-31 from
8am-2pm. For a complete list
call 822-3663 or visit web site at
Volunteers Needed
To play the part of a patient in a
clinical exam Jan. 16, 1998. Potential Rehabilitation Science students welcome.Please call 822-
The UBC Reports Calendar lists universi^-rfiW^i ir
university-sponsored events on campus and off campus within the Lower Mainland.
Calendar items must be submitted on forms available from the UBC Public Affairs Office. 310-6251 Cecil
Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. Phone:
822-3131. Fax: 822-2684. An electronic form Is available
on the UBC Reports Web page at http://www.tjtoc.ca under
'News.' Please limit to 35 words. Submissions for the
Calendar's Notices section may be limited due to space-
Deadline for the January 8 issue of UBC Reports —
which covers the period January 11 to January 24 — is
noon, December 29. UBC Reports ■ December 11, 1997 5
Under section 58 of the University Act the
President of the University has authority
to impose discipline on students for academic and non-academic offences (see
page 19 & 20 of the 1997/98 University
Calendar). A summary of such disciplinary cases is published on a regular
basis, without disclosing names of students involved.
In the period Sept. 1 1996 to Aug. 31
1997, 23 students appeared before the
President's Advisory Committee on Student Discipline and 20 were subsequently
disciplined. For each case, the events
leading to the imposition of the discipline
and the discipline imposed are summarized below. Discipline may vary depending upon the circumstances of a particular case.
1. A student failed to disclose prior attendance at another University when
applying for admission to UBC.
Outcome: in the special circumstances, a letter of advice.
2. A student failed to disclose prior attendance at another University when
applying for admission to UBC.
Discipline: in the special circumstances, a letter of reprimand.
3. A student committed plagiarism in
an essay.
Discipline: in the special circumstances, a mark of zero in the course
and suspension from the University
for 5 months.*
4. A student had improperly and inappropriately used the University's
name in pursuit of a personal and
private venture.
Discipline: in the special circumstances, a letter of reprimand.
5. A student alleged to have been involved in a cheating incident in a
course did not respond to repeated
attempts to arrange for a hearing
before the Advisory Committee on
Student Discipline.
Discipline: future registration
blocked until the student appears
before the Committee and notation
on transcript to this effect; final mark
in course withheld pending outcome
of any future hearing.
6. A student committed plagiarism on a
paper in a seminar course.
Discipline: in the special circumstances, a mark of zero in the course
and letter of reprimand.*
7. A student's conduct at the close of an
examination was careless and inappropriate.
Discipline:  a letter of reprimand.
8. A student was alleged to have been
involved in a cheating incident on a
final examination.
Outcome: charge dismissed; allegation could not be substantiated on
consideration of all available evidence.
9. A student was involved in a cheating
incident on a final examination.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the
course and suspension from the
University for 12 months.*
10. A student submitted a fraudulent
transcript and letter of recommendation when applying for admission to
Discipline: in the special circumstances, a letter of reprimand.
11. A student was alleged to have cheated
in a final examination.
Outcome: charge dismissed; allegation not substantiated on consideration of all the evidence.
12. A student committed plagiarism in a
course assignment.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the
course and suspension from the University for 8 months.*
13. A student committed plagiarism in a
course assignment.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the
course and suspension from the University for 8 months.*
14. A student was involved in cheating
incident on a mid-term examination.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the
course and a suspension from the
University for 8 months.*
15. A student committed plagiarism in a
joint paper for a course.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the
course and a suspension from the
University for 12 months.*
16. A student altered a UBC transcript
for personal gain.
Discipline: a suspension from the
University for 12 months.*
17. A student was involved in a cheating
incident on a final examination.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the
course and a suspension from the
University for 12 months.*
18. A student was involved in a cheating
incident on a mid-term examination.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the
course and a suspension from the
University for 12 months.*
19. A student was in possession of unauthorized material during a final examination.
Discipline: in the special circumstances, a mark of zero in the course
and a suspension from the University for 4 months.*
20. A student committed plagiarism on
an essay.
Discipline: in the special circumstances, a mark of zero in the course
and suspension from the University
for 5 months.*
21. A student failed to disclose prior attendance at another University when
applying for admission to UBC.
Discipline: in the special circumstances, a letter of reprimand.
22. A student wrongfully submitted an
examination under a false name and
attempted to benefit from the results
of an impersonation.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the
course and suspension from the University for 12 months.*
23. A student was in possession of unauthorized material during a final examination.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the
course and a suspension from the
University for 12 months.*
*      In all cases indicated by an asterisk
a notation of disciplinary action is
entered on the student's transcript.
At any time after two years have
elapsed from the date of his or her
graduation the student may apply to
the President to exercise her discretion to remove the notation.
Students under disciplinary suspension
from UBC may not take courses at other
institutions for transfer of credit back to
Dentistry clinic gets
tough with bad breath
by Hilary Thomson
Staff writer
Secretly worried about your breath?
Worry no more. A scientific analysis is
now available at B.C.'s first breath testing clinic in UBC's public Dental Clinic.
"Although breath testing devices are
becoming fashionable, most are not accurate," says oral biologist Don Brunette, who is associate dean in the Faculty of Dentistry. "This clinic provides an
objective measure for people concerned
about their breath."
Bad breath is more than a cosmetic
concern. Measuring levels of certain
chemicals in breath is useful in diagnosing a variety of conditions, including
illnesses of the liver, lung or
gastrointestinal tract, says Brunette.
The clinic is the only one in Canada to
use gas chromatography as a measuring
device. Pioneered by Prof. Emeritus Joe
Tonzetich when he joined the faculty in
1968, the system is too complex to be
widely available but is unique in providing a precise reading of sulphur compounds, high levels of which are the
basis of halitosis, or bad breath.
Using a syringe, an exact volume of air
is sucked out of the patient's mouth and
introduced into the chromatograph. The
machine measures and records amounts
of two sulphur compounds — hydrogen
sulphide and methylmercaptan. The clinic's director. Ken Yaegaki of the Dept. of
Oral Biological and Medical Sciences,
interprets the numeric information.
"I already have medical and dental
information about the patient from our
interview before the test. The chromatograph readings give me detailed scientific information to add to those data," he
Yaegaki also conducts a subjective
test by sniffing the patient's breath. The
patient sits behind a screen and exhales
into a tube while Yaegaki assesses it
from the other side.
Yaegaki, who is an internationally
recognized researcher in breath
malodour. offers patients a treatment
plan and evaluates the effect of any
control measures. If the cause of the
odour is unrelated to dental or oral
conditions, patients are referred to their
"There are a variety of causes of bad
breath," says Yaegaki. "The most common is tongue coating, gum disease or
throat inflammation. Illnesses such as
sinusitis and some medications can also
create bad breath."
For anyone concerned about bad
breath, Yaegaki recommends cleaning
the tongue, especially the back portion.
This reduces any coating that may be
producing bacteria which, when exposed
to air, decompose and smell bad.
Special tongue brushes, with a short
handle like a toothbrush and a tiny
crescent of bristles at one end, are widely
available in Japan and allow for scrubbing the back of the tongue without
creating a gag response.
Mouthwashes can provide a masking
effect for up to an hour but no real
remedy, according to Yaegaki. The most
effective mouthwashes contain zinc or
hydrogen peroxide. These ingredients can
inhibit the sulphur compounds produced
by mouth bacteria.
The first visit to the clinic takes about
one hour and costs $150. If measurement shows significant breath odour, a
second visit costing $200 and lasting
about three hours is scheduled to determine its possible cause. Subsequent visits cost $50 each.
The clinic is open Monday and Friday
mornings. Individuals may make clinic
appointments by calling 822-8028.
Hilary Thomson photo
CBC Radio host Arthur Black (right) drops by for a halitosis check from
Faculty of Dentistry's Ken Yaegaki, director of UBC's new Breath Testing
Clinic. Black was taping a segment on the clinic for his show Basic Black.
Besides the subjective evaluation shown here, breath is tested using a gas
chromatograph, a device which measures sulphur compounds in breath.
New position focuses
on geriatrics research
How we treat elderly people ties in to
how we value them and the values we
hold generally in our society, says Pamela
Brett, geriatrics researcher in the Dept. of
Family Practice.
A new position within the division of
Community Geriatrics, Brett's job will be
to develop a research mandate by coordinating, promoting and supporting
research in geriatric health care.
A health-care researcher and consultant, she will form an advisory committee
of family physicians, other health-care
professionals, researchers and consumers to provide advice and feedback on the
research program. Brett will also help
doctors and other investigators develop
funding proposals, implement research
projects and share findings.
'There are often multiple conditions
and factors challenging the health status
of the elderly," says Brett. 'The problems
can be quite complex and involve family,
friends and many care providers."
Brett says that with an aging population, there is a pressing need for information on health-care requirements and
care delivery.
Brett most recently worked with a family
practice research unit at the University of
Western Ontario and is excited about the
prospect of building a provincial program.
The geriatrics researcher position is
made possible through support from the
Royal Canadian Legion. Pacific Command.
It is one of several positions funded by the
Legion within the Family Practice Dept.
Individuals wanting to learn more
about the geriatrics research program
are invited to contact Brett at (604) 875-
4111 (ext. 61438), or by e-mail to
pbrett@unixg.ubc.ca. 6 UBC Reports ■ December 11, 1997
News Digest
The search is on to find a new director for the First Nations House
of Learning .
Current director Jo-ann Archibald plans to return to research
and teaching in the Faculty of Education when her five-year term
ends June 30.
A president's advisory committee representing First Nations
programs, student services and faculties will oversee the selection
Short-listed candidates will be invited to speak to faculty, staff,
students and First Nations elders.
Applications and nominations will be received until Jan. 15, or
until the position is filled.
The First Nations House of Learning was established in 1987 to
make UBC and its resources more accessible to B.C.'s First Nations.
It works with faculties to develop courses and programs, and
provides a variety of student services.
For more information about the selection process, call Charlotte
Passmore in the office of the vice-president, Academic and Provost,
at (604) 822-3624 or e-mail passmore@unixg.ubc.ca.
The Royal Netherlands Embassy and the Canadian Association
for the Advancement of Netherlandlc Studies is holding an essay
contest. Five contestants will win a week-long tour of the Netherlands in May.
Canadian post-secondary students aged 18-25 are invited to
write an essay describing their personal perception of any aspect of
the history, culture, present economic and political situation of the
Netherlands and the Canada-Netherlands relationship. Submissions must be received by the Royal Netherlands embassy by Jan.
For more information, contact the embassy at nlgovott@ottawa.net
or (613) 237-5030.
A permanent display of writer George Woodcock's personal items
will be housed in the Main Library outside the Ridington Room.
The display includes Woodcock's typewriter. Books belonging to
Woodcock were also donated by his wife, Ingeborg, to Special Collections.
Woodcock, who died in 1995, wrote and edited more than 120
books, many related directly to B.C., and won a Governor General's
Award. In 1959 he co-founded the first periodical entirely dedicated
to Canadian writing, Canadian Literature, which he edited from
1959 to 1977. In the 1950s and '60s he lectured in UBC's English
Thanks to donations from Woodcock's wife, the West Coast Book
Prize Society, and other friends and admirers, a George Woodcock
Canadian Literature and Intellectual Freedom Endowment Fund
has been created to acquire significant manuscripts and books for
the UBC Library.
For all members of the UBC Community —Students, Staff,
Faculty, and Administrators
January 13,1998
Student Union Building (Room TBA)
The term "Human Rights" is much in the news.
Do you know your rights and
responsibilities as a citizen of
this University?
Join Prof. Bill Black, Faculty of Law, Margaret Sarkissian, Equity
Advisor, Equity Office, and Sarah Dench, Student Services
Ombudsperson, and others, for a lively and vital discussion on
"Understanding your Human Rights."
• your rights as a member of the UBC community
• your role in promoting an inclusive campus
• where to get advice and information to deal with discrimination
and harassment issues
The Culturally Inclusive Campus Committee welcomes your questions and comments to guide this discussion. Please direct all
corresponsdence c/o Equity Office, Room 306, Brock Hall, e-mail
^ v      Russ Wigle Tel: 669-1143
^-J     Investment Advisor    Fax:669-0310
\/lAMA/",ElufEWT^'; y°ufmd mutual funds confusing?
Co ltd (est 1965)     Would you like to reduce the amount of taxes you pay':
Interested in knowing when you can afford to retire?
4-1125 Howe St.,
Vancouver B.C.
V6Z 2K8
Member of CIPE
If you answered yes to any of these questions call for a
FREE evaluation
RRSPs, RRIFs, Mutual Funds, & Retirement Planning
The classified advertising rate is $16.50 for 35 words or less. Each additional word
is 50 cents. Rate includes GST. Ads must be submitted in writing 10 days before
publication date to the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1, accompanied by payment in cash, cheque (made out to UBC
Reports) or internal requisition. Advertising enquiries: 822-3131.
The deadline for the January 8, 1998 issue of UBC Reports is noon, December 29.
perfect spot to reserve
accommodation for guest
lecturers or other university
members who visit throughout
the year. Close to UBC and other
Vancouver attractions, a tasteful
representation of our city and of
UBC. 4103 W. 10th Ave.,
Vancouver, BC. V6R 2H2. Call or
fax 222-4 UX	
accommodation in Pt. Grey
area. Minutes to UBC. On main
bus routes. Close to shops and
restaurants. Incl TV, tea and
coffee making, private phone/
fridge, Weekly rates available.
Call 222-3461. Fax: 222-9279.
Five suites available for
academic visitors to UBC only.
Guests dine with residents and
enjoy college life. Daily rate $52,
plus $14/day for meals Sun.-Thurs.
Call 822-8660 for more
information and availability.
BROWN'S BY UBC B&B Rooms for
rent short or long term in a
comfortable house very close to
UBC. Prefer graduate, mature
students. Call 222-8073.
BAMBURY    LANE    Bed    and
breakfast. View of beautiful BC
mountains, Burrard Inlet and city.
Clean, comfortable. Use of living
rm, dining rm, and kitchen. Min
to UBC, shops and city. Daily,
weekly and winter rates. Call or
fax (604) 224-6914.
one BR guest suites with
equipped kitchen, balcony, TV
and telephone. Centrally
located on Student Union
Boulevard, near SUB, Aquatic
Centre and transit. Ideal for UBC
lecturers or campus visitors. 1997
rates-$81-$110/night. Call (604)
6th. Heritage House, antiques,
wood floors, original stained
glass. Ten minutes UBC and
downtown. Two blocks from
restaurants, buses. Scrumptious full
breakfasts. Entertaining cats. Views.
Phones in rooms. Call (604)739-9002.
Walk to UBC along the ocean.
Quiet exclusive neighborhood.
Near buses and restaurants.
Comfortable rooms with TV and
private bath. Full breakfast.
Reasonable rates. Non-smokers
only, please. Call 341-4975.
Warm hospitality awaits you at
this centrally located view home.
Lg rms with private bath, tv,
phones, tea/coffee, fridge. Full
breakfast, close to UBC, d/t and
bus routes. $50-70 sgl; $80 dbl.
Call or fax 737-2526.
JASMINE'S Peaceful location for
this private, comfortable double
with ensuite bath and separate
entrance, 1 Ominfrom UBC. Nightly
and weekly rates. Short walk to
buses, cafes, shopping, cinema,
and forest trails. Call 224-9191.
FRANCE Paris Central 1 BR. Close
to Paris 1 BR Provence house fully
furnished. Call 738-8187.
DELUXE 2 BR apt on campus avail
Jan 1/98. Pool, exercise centre,
u/g parking. $1500/mo util not
incl. Call (604) 947-0396.
KITSILANO Display suite 2 BR and
study. F/P,W/D,fullyfencedyard,
gym, hot tub. New bldg, quiet.
Bus lines avail. Pet/child
acceptable. Rent neg $2000-
$3000^Call 645-3881.
June 1999 or any six-month
period. Fully furnished studio,
separate kitchen, full bath. Lots
of space and light. Near new
grande bibliotheque, direct
metro to Bibliotheque Nationale.
Reasonable rent. Call 732-9016,
For rent, Jan.-May, a newly
renovated Hornby Island house
in Sandpiper area. Perfect
sabbatical retreat for family of
five. N/S please. $650 per month.
E-mail elder@evds.ucalgary.ca,
fax (403) 284-4399, or phone (403)
283-8085 (h), 220-8076 (o).
and bright 3 BR, 2 bath, 3 levels, lg
kitchen, D/W, F/P, carport, secluded
patios. N/S, No pets. Avail Jan 1.
$1750/mo, Rets. Call 224-4490.
MODERN 1 BR Furnished garden
level bsmt suite. 5 min to UBC.
Private entrance N/Pets, N/S.
Suitable for one occupant. $900
incl util. Avail Jan. 1. Call 224-9319.
looking to optimize their RRSP,
Faculty pension and retirement
options call Don Proteau, RFP or
Doug Hodgins, RFP of the HLP
Financial Group for a
complimentary consultation.
Investments available on a no-
load basis. Call for our free
newsletter. Servingfaculty members
since 1982. Call 687-7526. E-mail:
PRESCHOOL available for 3 and
4 year olds. Mornings or
afternoons. UBC Child Care
Services. Call 822-5343.	
DIAL-A-MENU No more thinking
of what to cook for dinner! Add
inspiration to your daily cooking.
Cook simple, great, healthy
foods. Save time, money and
stress. To hear this week's menu
call 990-4593.
For Sale
VISITING DOCTOR returning to
Europe offers for sale simple
furniture, QS bed, kitchenware,
tv, car (Hyundai $ 1900). Ideal for
new visitor at UBC. Also, rental of
downtown apartment (terrific
view!) is offered $950/mo. Call
Next ad deadline:
Monday, Dec. 29
Alan Donald, Ph.D.
Bio statistical Consultant
Medicine, dentistry, biosciences, aquaculture
101-5805 Balsam Street, Vancouver, V6M 4B9
Let Yourself Be Transformed
20% off hairstyling
Gerard does not cut your hair right away. First he looks at the shape of your
face. He wants to know what you want, the time you want to spend on your
hair, your lifestyle. Once your desires are communicated, Gerard's design
creativity flourishes into action to leave you feeling great by looking your very
best. Gerard uses natural products to leave your hair soft and free of
chemicals. He also specializes in men and women's hair loss using Edonil
from Paris, France, and is the only one in North America using this technique.
Gerard was trained in Paris and worked for Nexus as a platform artist. Gerard
invites you to his recently opened salon in Kitsilano.
3432 W. Broadway   732-4240 UBC Reports ■ December 11, 1997 7
Take A Bough
Surrounded by evergreen
boughs destined to become
holiday decorations, Kathy
McClean puts the finishing
touches on one of about
250 wreaths prepared this
year by the Friends of the
Garden, a group of
volunteers who work to
support UBC's Botanical
Garden. McClean, a four-
year volunteer at the
garden, works with others
to produce wreaths,
ornamental baskets and
other decorations. The
fruits of their labour are on
display and available for
purchase at the Shop-in-
the-Garden located at 6804
Southwest Marine Drive.
Proceeds are used to
support the garden. For
information call 822-4529.
Stephen Forgacs photo
The Rul
by W. Wesley Pue
may not be the case that
e of Law
id Canac
Imagine two possible lines of
Wesley Pue is a professor
federal officials insisted on a
in the Faculty of Law and
Line A: Prime Minister -
"no poster" policy. Policing
holder of the Nemetz Chair in
flunky's decree - police -
perimeters at the university
Legal History at UBC.
truncheon - citizen
were however clearly designed
Line B: Constitution - Queen
to conceal any sign of criti
A group of dictators who
in Parliament - police courts -
cism. Dictators, perpetrators
controlled some of the most
of genocide, were protected
powerful economies in the
The second is a short-form
from Canadian speech, not
world came to Canada
expression of the Rule of Law.
mob violence. A cordon
recently. Many returned to
The first, not to put too fine a
sanitaire protected their
basket-case economies.
point on it, is dictatorship. This
sensibilities, not their bodies.
having shared their political
is so even when assault by
Our leaders' apparent willing
values with Canada's
noxious chemical (pepper
ness to violate the spirit on
leaders. It was not a good
spray) and plastic handcuff
which constitutional freedom
stands in for the truncheon of
rests is no small matter.
Though media attention
Some of the post-APEC
focused on police brutality,
Now, imagine an act of
accounts of police and
the public should be
Parliament enacting that no
political behaviour are, if
concerned about matters
poster which is displeasing to
verifiable, scandalous:
bigger than low-level
the Prime Minister shall be
1. a student arrested for
displayed within his view, or
holding a smallish sign
The right of free citizens
perhaps, that no one within
saying "free speech"
to peacefully express
100 metres should utter words
2. a lawyer/graduate student
opinion on all and any
displeasing to a Canadian
prohibited by police from
matters is the hallmark of
politician. No constitutionally
posting signs around
free society. It is the founda
minded Commons, Senate or
Green College, told this
tion on which Canadian
Governor General would
was on orders from the
constitutionalism rests.
approve it. If enacted, any such
"PMO" and that, if she
Though any government
statute would be struck down
persisted, police would
can properly decide not to
by any court in Canada without
"think of a charge after
raise human rights con
second thought.
arresting her
cerns in multilateral
No attempt to justify draco-
3. the obstruction of Gradu
economic discussions, it is a
nian measures on the grounds
ate Student Society
very different matter to
that certain words might cause
President Kevin Dwyer's
decree that no Canadian
offense to foreign despots (if
attempt to fly a flag on a
citizen in the line-of-sight of
that were the case) could confer
building far from (but
APEC leaders may hold a
the dignity of legal justification
within sight of) the APEC
banner or shout a slogan.
under the terms of the Charter,
The former is within the
within the spirit of a free and
4. a demonstration organizer
range of lawful political
democratic society (Constitu
arrested for an "assault by
judgement. The latter is not.
tion Act, 1981), or under a
megaphone" (look that up
Beyond free expression.
constitution similar in principle
in the Criminal Code!)
two other rights are funda
to that of the United Kingdom
which took place some
mental. In free societies any
(Constitution Act, 1867).
weeks earlier
person may do anything not
Freedom is not made of such
5. the use of pepper spray to
expressly prohibited by law.
Second, "no man can be
Now, it is an elementary legal
Substantial issues lurk
punished, or can be lawfully
principle that, if the Queen in
behind "bad cops."
made to suffer either in his
Parliament is prohibited from
The seeming enthusiasm of
body or in his goods, except
doing something, so too are her
our elected representatives to
for a distinct breach of law
ministers, executive assistants,
order the suspension of very
established in the ordinary
and police.
fundamental rights should
legal manner before the
All these features of the Rule
not be overlooked.
ordinary courts" [Lord
of Law were violated when
These matters bear
APEC came to UBC. It may or
by staff writers
David Dodge, former deputy minister in the federal
Ministry of Finance, is the first Distinguished Senior
Visiting Fellow at the SFU-UBC Centre for the Study
of Government and Business (CSGB).
Dodge is on leave from Ottawa until May to study economic growth, health-care policies, fiscal policy and risk
analysis in the public sector. He will guest lecture in the
Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration.
Pof. Clarence de Silva has been elected a Fellow of the
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
(IEEE). De Silva, a mechanical engineer and holder of
the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council
(NSERC) Chair in Industrial Automation, is also a fellow of the
American Society of Mechanical Engineers. He has received
numerous awards for his research and was recently appointed editor-in-chief of the International Journal of Knowledge-Based Intelligent Engineering Systems. He had previously
served as regional editor for the publication, which publishes
original papers in engineering applications of knowledge-
based systems, neural networks, fuzzy systems, evolutionary
computing, intelligent control and automation.
Ken Lum, an associate professor of Fine Arts, is one
of four Simon Fraser University graduates to receive
the university's 1997 Outstanding Alumni Award.
Lum's internationally acclaimed photo and text-based work
has been shown in New York, London, Cologne, Milan, Amsterdam, Paris, Vienna and next month in Rome. Last year he was
a guest professor at the L'Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris.
Lum recently took part in the Johannesburg Biennale in
South Africa. His work consisted of two enormous billboards
overlooking an expressway.
On one side of the billboard was a head-and-shoulders photo
of a young Asian woman with the text, "I want to stay." The other
side showed the same woman from behind with the text, "I want
to leave" — a provocative message in a country struggling with
the transition to a post-apartheid multiracial society.
Bubble zeros in on
deadly tumours
Cancer researchers Thomas
Madden and Marcel Bally are
working on getting the bubble to
Madden, an adjunct professor
of pharmacology, and Bally, a
biochemist at the B.C. Cancer
Agency, are designing a new type
of liposome, or fat bubble, that
can deliver anti-cancer drugs directly into tumours.
Liposome therapy is less toxic
and more effective than other
types of chemotherapy.
A bubble containing anti-cancer drug is carried through the
bloodstream directly to the site of
the tumour. The drug is encapsulated by the bubble as it travels
through the bloodstream so
healthy cells aren't damaged and
patients experience fewer side
effects from their chemotherapy.
Using liposomes as drug carriers means that 10 to 20 times
more anti-cancer drug can be
delivered to the tumour than is
used in conventional therapies.
Because of the concentrated drug
dosage, liposome therapy doesn't
need to last as long as conventional chemotherapy
How does it work? Microscopic
bubbles containing the drug are
injected intravenously and move
through the bloodstream. When
the blood reaches the tumour
site, liposomes find their target.
Blood vessels in tumours are
leaky, weakened by the cancer's
rapid growth.
'The vessels have holes just
like a sieve," says Bally. "We control liposome size so they're small
enough to travel through the holes
and move right into the blood
vessels supplying the tumour."
A concentration of bubbles
then starts to build at the site.
The only problem is getting the
bubbles to burst.
"Although we can get the bubbles accumulating at the tumour
site, they don't release the drug
well," says Madden. "We're working on a new type of bubble that
becomes unstable over time, and
either fuses with the cancer cells
or bursts, releasing the drug directly into the tumour site."
A full release of liposome contents would ensure all the drug
was being used, making it more
Liposome therapy has been
the subject of research since the
1960s when lipid bubbles were
first created. The therapy works
best with solid tumours whose
blood vessels provide an entry
point for the bubbles.
In the 1980s. Madden, Bally
and other UBC researchers
worked on a first generation of
liposomes, which is undergoing
widespread clinical testing in the
United States for the treatment of
breast cancer.
Because it would revolutionize cancer treatment, researchers world-wide are investigating
liposome therapy. Researchers
have confirmed that drug release from the bubbles can be
controlled and that the process
results in improved anti-cancer
Madden and Bally's research
on the new type of liposome is
being supported by the National
Cancer Institute of Canada
through funds provided by the
Canadian Cancer Society, B.C.
and Yukon division. 8 UBC Reports ■ December 11, 1997
A Vision
for the
Cen tury
The University
of British Columbia
Invites Ideas and
Advice from its
Faculty, Students,
Staff and Alumni,
and from all members
of the Community,
to Help Establish
a 21st Century Vision
As one of Canada's leading universities, The University of British Columbia is taking the
initiative in planning for the 21st century. At a time of social, economic, and environmental renewal and challenge, UBC is asking all its members and alumni, and the broader
community, to become involved, give advice, and provide input into the vision process.
The articulation of that vision, planned to take the best part of a year, has already begun
with the publication of a pamphlet outlining the contexts, trends and challenges which
must be taken into account before any strategies may be devised. This contextual document is widely available on the campus, including in the Student Union Building and the
University Bookstore.
Below are some of the points made in the contextual document, including questions that
we hope will stimulate thought and discussion, and prompt readers to send us their views.
Context' While our economy continues to be heavily dependent on the processing of
raw materials and their applications in industry, we are moving into an era dominated by
information and knowledge. Technological innovation is transforming education and
work, and exercising a significant influence on almost every aspect of daily life, including our leisure and cultural activities. The complexities of the global environment will
require individuals not only to be literate and numerate, but also to have an extensive
understanding of various cultures, customs, and languages. The need for an educated and
informed citizenry has never been greater.
Such trends, highlighting as they do the growing importance of knowledge and knowledge-
based skills, are good news for universities. Perhaps at no other time in history has the
well-being of society depended so much on the ideas, creativity, and intellectual development that universities can foster. We have thus an opportunity to show the community
how its investment in higher education can lay the foundation for future prosperity, and
work to our mutual benefit.
Challenges: These include 1) the problem of faculty and staff renewal: between
1997 and 2010 almost half the current faculty and staff will retire; 2) freezes in salaries and
career advancement plans have created difficulties in retaining outstanding personnel;
3) declining resources have threatened UBC's traditional excellence in research; 4) teaching
facilities, including labs and classrooms, are in serious need of upgrading; 5) reductions in
public funding relative to our growth threaten our ability to provide a first-class education,
create problems of access, and increased the financial burden on students; 6) students are
concerned about the relevance of their education to their future career or profession;
7) many aspects of the campus environment, including teaching spaces, roads, and
communal space, must be repaired or improved.
TrendSt The shape of the university of the future can already be perceived through
some of the trends evident in higher education today: 1) internationalization, the training
of students to work in a truly global environment; 2) interdisciplinarity, the crossing of
traditional disciplinary boundaries towards greater collaboration in teaching and research;
3) increasing use of information technology; 4) a renewed commitment to undergraduate
education; 5) new partnerships between the universities and industry or government
through jointly-funded research; 6) the development of new teaching methods; 7) the
expansion of continuing education programmes, including into the workplace; 8) changes
in the student population with respect to age, gender, ethnic background and other factors;
9) rising competition among service providers, making higher education a keenly-
contested area.
Many questions must be answered before we can begin the planning process, and in the
full contextual document we list ten, including:
How may the University strengthen its links with the external communities that it serves
and from which it derives its support?
What steps should we take to improve the environment for teaching and research at UBC?
What is the purpose of an undergraduate education, and how may that purpose differ in the
21st century from our understanding of it today?
We encourage everyone to consult the full text of the contextual document for a more detailed
discussion of the points noted above.  The document is available in hard copy around the UBC
campus, and also on the Web at WWW. VISION. UBC. CA. We invite all readers to respond to
the questions in that document, and to offer comments and suggestions.
Should you experience any difficulty in obtaining copies, please contact the President's Office,
6328 Memorial Road, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z2; phone no. 822-8300, fax no. 822-5055,
email:   vision("'exchange.ubc.ca.


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