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UBC Reports Feb 23, 1989

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 &;
UBC Archives Serial
UBC, Cariboo College
discuss degree standards
By GREG  DICKSON
UBC is negotiating with Cariboo College in
Kamloops to develop standards that could
lead to the granting of university degrees.
President David Strangway says a joint task
force has been established to develop the nec-
cessary academic standards.
"We think that it's important that people in the
interior have opportunities for education, but
we can't provide them all at UBC," said
Strangway. "If we can help to make this happen,
we're pleased to do so."
Strangway said the university cannot contribute to the cost of providing degrees, but will
work with Cariboo and other colleges in estab
lishing the neccessary framework and standards. Okanagan College in Kelowna has also
expressed interest in negotiations with UBC.
"These would be affiliations," said Strang;-
way. "The degrees would be UBC degrees. But
they might be designated UBC-Kamloops
degrees."
Strangway said the university will insure
that high standards are maintained at participating colleges in the appointment and promotion of faculty, the quality of teaching labs
and library standards.
He also said the affiliations would be temporary, probably for a 10-year period. By that
time, he said, the interior colleges will probably
no longer need a partnership with UBC.
The University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C.
Volume 35, Number 4     Feb. 23, 1989
PAPERWORK
Surplus Equipment and Recycling Facility coordinator Vince Grant is deluged with paper. SERF is launching a campus
recycling campaign.
Cooperation sought
Recycling campaign set
By GAVIN WILSON
Recycling, an idea that has been quietly gaining favor in recent years, is set for
a big push at UBC.
A campus-wide campaign is gearing
up under the coordination of the Surplus
Equipment and Recycling Facility (SERF).
Paper, scrap metal and glass are the initial
targets of the campaign.
"It's a program that's greatly needed
out here," said SERF coordinator Vince
Grant, "but we need everyone's cooperation to help make it work."
Grant said recycling could offset the
$ 1,000 per day cost of waste disposal on
campus.
"And perhaps more importantly, by
recycling the vast amounts of waste we
generate at UBC, we will remove some of
the stress which we place on our fragile
environment every day," he said.
Although returns vary depending on
the type and quantity of waste, almost all
paper, metal and glass can be recycled.
The University ofWashington, similar in
size to UBC, each month recycles 20 to
30 tonnes of waste paper which produces
$3,000 to $4,000 in revenue for the university, Grant said.
"I'm hoping that here we will be
recycling about 20 tonness of paper a
month by the summer," he said.
"It will create a couple of jobs for
students, show the community that the
university is doing its part and return
some money too."
Small "paper only" boxes will be
placed in areas where large amounts of
paper are discarded. Once full, custodial
staff will empty them into larger containers located in loading bays of most departments. These will then be emptied on
a regular basis by SERF staff.
Metal recycling will be aimed at
workshops and other areas where metal is
routinely disposed of in large quantities.
Glass will be removed by Physical Plant
and delivered for processing.
For containers and more information
on the recycling program, call SERF at
228-2813.
New foundation
a major boost
to fund raising
in U.S. by UBC
By GAVIN WILSON
University fundraising efforts in the
United States have received a major boost
with the establishment of The American
Foundation for UBC.
The foundation was announced at an
informal reception held at the Canadian
embassy in Washington, D.C, attended
by recendy appointed Ambassador Derek
Burney, President David Strangway,
Alumni Association President John Diggens and about 60 grads from Washington, Virginia, Maryland and New York
state.
The event also earned a footnote in
Canadian diplomatic history. It was the
last official function held in the old embassy, which is being replaced by a new
building designed by Arthur Erickson.
Speaking on the importance of the
new foundation, Strangway told the gathering that it will allow tax benefits for
donations made to UBC by U.S. corporations, charitable foundations and citizens.
Welcoming Strangway to the U.S.
capital were UBC alumni representative
Jay Brown and his wife Carolyn, also a
UBC graduate. Also attending were Lillian Gates, of Ithaca, N.Y. one of the
original Great Trekkers from the class of
1924, T.E.(Ted) Arnold, of New Jersey
(class of 1927), Allan Diamond, of New
York City, and political columnist Allan
Fotheringham
Picture on Page 3
Planning begins
for celebration
of 75th anniversary
By JO MOSS
UBC is 75 years old in 1990 and the
party is already being planned.
"UBC's 75th anniversary will be a
time to look back and take stock of past
accomplishments as well as an opportunity to look forward and make plans for
the future," said David Strangway, UBC's
President.
An Anniversary Planning Committee, headed by Leslie Peterson, UBC's
Chancellor, will coordinate all groups
participating in the anniversary events.
The campus community, public and private sector organizations, and provincial
and municipal governments will be involved.
Other members of the planning committee are: Dan Birch, Vice-President
Academic and Provost; John Diggens,
President Alumni Association; Bruce
Gellatly, Vice-President Administration
and Finance; Bob Miller, Vice-President
Research; Tim Miner, Director of Physical Planning and Development; Margaret
Nevin, Director of Community Relations,
who will serve as committee vice-chair;
Hugh Pickett, Impressario and well-known
Vancouver arts figure; K.D. Srivastava,
Vice-President, Student and Academic
Services; Eileen Stewart, Director of
Personnel Services; Alice Strangway, wife
of UBC President David Strangway; Terry
Sumner, Director of Financial Services;
and Dr. Bill Webber, Dean of Medicine.
Additional members will be recruited
from UBC's Alma Mater Society, the
student body, the UBC Development
Office, and the outside community, Peterson said. But all faculty, staff and
students are encouraged to become involved, he added.
Places are open on supporting committees which have been set up to work
closely on specific anniversary activities.
They are:
A group will solicit sponsorship from
local and national companies to underwrite some of the anniversary programs
and investigate possible funding from
government granting agencies.
Sumner will head a group to handle all
budgeting and financial administration
for special anniversary programs. A
souvenir merchandise subcommittee will
be headed by Don Donovan, Merchandise manager at the UBC Bookstore.
A marketing and production services
group will be responsible for designing
and implementing all anniversary marketing activities.
B.C. artist Raymond Chow will chair
a sub-committee of well-known artists.
See SPECIAL on Page 2
Strangway
responds
to student
protest
By GREG DICKSON
About 40 students occupied the office
of President David Strangway for three
hours last Wednesday to protest against a
tuition fee increase.
Strangway was out ofthe office at the
time of the noon-hour occupation, but
returned early from a downtown luncheon to answer questions from the students.
"Nobody in this province has done
more than I have to fight for accessibility
to post-secondary education," Strangway told the students.
Strangway fielded questions for 45
minutes, but declined a demand to organize a forum to protest against the provincial government's funding of post-secondary education.
' T want to see what the government
does in the new budget first," said Strangway. "They have been improving funding levels."
UBC's Board of Governors agreed to
a 10 per cent tuition fee increase in January to avoid a projected cut of 30 faculty
positions. UBC REPORTS   Feb. 23,1989       2
Theresa Andrews, seen here with seeing-eye dogElka, is one of UBC's blind students whose studies have been disrupted by
equipment breakdowns at Crane library.
Crane seeks $150,000
to buy new equipment
By GAVIN WILSON
Crane Memorial Library is urgently
seeking $150,000 to replace and upgrade
defective audio taping equipment that has
brought many services for blind and visually disabled students to a standstill.
Equipment failures at the library have
disrupted production of the taped textbooks, research material and exams on
which the 35 students depend.
' 'It's really slowed me down this term,''
said Theresa Andrews, 23, a blind student
who is taking qualifying courses for the
master's program in Counselling Psychology.
For her, the technical problems have
meant straining to hear a textbook hastily
taped with third-rate substitute equipment, doing without important research
materials and serious cuts in study time.
Other blind and visually disabled students have voiced similar complaints, she
said.
"Research has been almost impossible," she said while her seeing-eye dog,
a black Labrador named Elka, sat patiently at her side. "It's been very frustrating."
The duplicators are used to make highspeed, multiple copies of texts and other
research material on cassettes. The taped
texts, called talking books, form the largest part of Crane's collection, and are also
used by the physically disabled and those
who cannot read due to neurological or
physiological problems.
As much as 90 percent of Crane's
collection has been produced in-house,
using volunteers and staff members who
read material in eight recording studios.
The old equipment, originally purchased in 1974 with off-campus funding,
was steadily deteriorating and spare parts
were increasingly difficult to find, said
head librarian Paul Thiele. Twelve new
machines are needed to meet the demands of users, he added.
"We produce in excess of 10,000
cassettes each year and duplicate two to
three thousand master reels which are
then used to make copies. The wear and
tear is considerable," said Thiele.
The last functioning tape machine broke
down at the beginning of December, in
the middle of preparations for Christmas
exams, putting Crane into "an emergency situation," he said.
Stop gap measures were taken, but
neither Crane nor the students are satisfied with the results. Exams taped with
hand-held recorders were difficult to hear.
' "The analogy for a sighted student is
getting a smudged, nearly illegible exam
paper," said Thiele.
Also affected by Crane's plight are
distance users including students at Vancouver Community College, University
of Victoria, Simon Fraser University and
universities in Alberta and Ontario.
Fundraising efforts have recently been
tied to the major campaign, coordinated
by the Development Office. Earlier this
month Crane received a cheque for $ 10,000
from the Rotary Club of Vancouver. Three
new taping machines have been purchased with funds from an endowment,
although they are not yet operational.
"The university and the university
library are not able to provide the capital
funding that we need right now,'' said
Thiele.
Special committee
to assist campus
to initiate projects
Continued from Page 1
A programs group will plan and execute up to ten special events during 1990.
They include: New Year's Launch, March
Open House, Summer Festival, September Birthday Celebration, Celebrity
Auction, and Christmas Festivities.
In anticipation of faculty and departmental special projects ~ commemorative publications, exhibits, heritage activities, historical ceremonies, and student exchanges -- a special projects group,
headed by William Webber, Dean of
Medicine, will assist campus groups in
identifying and initiating these projects.
Alice Strangway is chair of a legacy
group that will create permanent legacies
from UBC's anniversary year. Legacies
may include building or grounds improvements, new programs, and new
equipment.
Activities tied to UBC's fundraising
campaign will be coordinated with anniversary events by a campaign group,
chaired by a member of UBC's Campaign Leadership Committee. The group
will be responsible for selecting and carrying out all campaign-related events.
Community-based programs are an
other feature planned for the anniversary
year. To be chaired by Hugh Pickett, the
programs group will liaise with B.C. 's
universities, colleges, and high schools,
cultural groups, private organizations, nonprofit groups and three levels of government to put community programs into
effect.
A number of activities will be sponsored by branches of UBC's Alumni
Association. An alumni group chaired by
John Diggens will coordinate branch events
including Homecoming Week, 75th
anniversary reunions, and produce a special
anniversary issue of The Chronicle. Plans
are also under way to re-create the original Great Trek.
Eileen Stewart will chair a group which
will provide technical and support services for all departments. The Strategic
Systems and Services committee will
handle such campus services as facilities
booking procedures and supporting technical services.
The next issue of UBC Reports will
contain a special insert describing plans
for the university's 75th Anniversary in
more detail and outfitting ways in which
faculty, staff and students can become
involved.
Dumping tailings
in body of water
may be practical,
scientist discovers
By GAVIN WILSON
A scientist at UBC has discovered that
dumping mine tailings directly into a
body of water can sometimes cause less
environmental damage than other methods of disposal.
"I know it sounds strange, but in
certain situations it offers greater environmental protection than land disposal,"
said Thomas Pedersen, a professor in the
Department of Oceanography.
Tailings often contain toxic heavy
metals and other pollutants that contaminate drinking water supplies or harm
marine life.
But studies done at two aquatic dumps
in B.C. have convinced Pedersen that if
the mining debris is covered over with
enough natural sediments there is little
chance it will release metals into the
water.
For the metals to be released, tailings
must be exposed to oxygen, which is less
likely if the dump is covered with a layer
of sediment. The breakdown of organic
matter in sediments, such as algal and
planktonic remains, leaves and wood,
also acts to consume oxygen from the
water.
This often means that lake sediments
contain no oxygen, an ideal condition for
the storage of most types of mine tailings,
said Pedersen.
"I don't want to sound like an apologist for the mining industry, but there are
only three options: put the tailings in the
water, on the land, or don' t mine at all. I
don't think we're willing to give up on the
use of metals in our society yet,'' he said.
Pedersen studied a tailings dump in
Buttle Lake, the major source of drinking
water for the Vancouver Island community of Campbell River, after high levels
of zinc were discovered there.
He found that although the tailings
contained zinc, cadmium and copper,
they were not the source of the contamination. It was later discovered that the
high zinc and copper concentrations originated in a land-based waste rock dump
that had leached metals into a creek.
Such land disposal can be dangerous
because it exposes tailings to rain and
oxygen. This allows certain types of
bacteria to oxidize the material, creating
sulphuric acid that leaches more metal
from the waste and pollutes nearby lakes,
streams and groundwater.
"If you accept that we are going to
mine, then we should do it with a minimum of environmental damage. If the
tailings dumps are carefully designed and
if the conditions are right, then lakes may
be a better place to put it," Pedersen said.
Researcher tries
to encourage use
of breast milk
By PAULA MARTIN
A UBC Nutritional Sciences professor is trying to improve on one of mother
nature's most precious inventions, human
breast milk.
"We have the technology and the
know-how, but we have not done much
to extend the existing supply of human
milk," said Indrajit Desai.
"Our main objective is to extend the
use of human milk and improve the
nourishment and nutritional status of
infants all around the world."
In Third World countries with high
infant mortality rates, breast milk can
mean the difference between life and
death, he said.
Mother's milk reduces the incidence
of allergies in infants, provides antibodies which help fight common childhood
illnesses, is relatively safe, economical
and widely available.
Desai and other researchers are investigating ways to freeze-dry breast
milk and reconstitute it in different
combinations, according to the needs of
individual babies.
The milk, separated into various
components such as fats, proteins, milk
sugar and electrolytes, could be used to
fortify milk for babies with specific needs.
"We want to prepare tailor-made,
processed human milk," Desai said.
He and other researchers at UBC and
the University of Sao Paulo in Brazil
Desai
have also tackled problems
associated with
feeding banked
milk, which is
frozen and
thawed, to premature babies
who are often
fed by tube.
"This system has some
technological problems," Desai said.
Valuable milk fat tends to stay behind
in the feeding tube and often comes out
in one big burst, which is difficult for
babies with immature systems to digest.
Desai and his collaborators decided
to find a way to break up these fat
globules so babies can get all parts of
the milk.
They developed an ultrasound treatment to homogenize milk and break up
the fat globules into fine particles. This
sound wave treatment not only prevents fat losses during delivery of milk
to babies, but it also improves the digestibility ofthe milk.
The researchers tested a group of
babies in Sao Paulo to determine the
benefits to premature babies being fed
ultrasonically homogenized milk.
' 'The babies, as we expected, gained
better weight," Desai said. THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
Library Review Committee Report:
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
OVERVIEW
While the full Report is too lengthy for wide
distribution, the following overview may help to
clarify the intent of the recommendations. Those
who are interested may borrow a copy of the
Report from the Librarian's office.
Collections Management
and Development
The development of written collection policies
(Recommendation 2) at which library materials are required to adequately support the instructional and research programmes of the
University, and the general priorities for building
and maintaining library collections appropriate
to the academic programmes offered.
The process will include the establishment of
guidelines for determining when duplication of
serial titles is justified and will help to clarify
those areas in which there may be overlapping
interests among the various clienteles of the operational units of the Library. In preparing
written policies, a great deal of consultation with
faculty members and academic departments
will be required. The process will take some
time to complete.
The subsequent establishment of a Collections Management Committee (Recommendation 3) would provide the means to ensure
that collection policies are understood and observed.
The Committee commented at some length
on the rapid increase in cost of journal
subscriptions. (Recommendation 4) In order
to continue to hold a wide spectrum of major
journals, libraries must "reduce to an absolute
minimum the number of duplicate or multiple
subscriptions to a journal held on a single campus. It is the Committee's belief that immediate
convenience of access is not, in itself, a valid
reason for duplication."
Noting that journal subscriptions are maintained to some extent in departmental libraries
and reading rooms outside the jurisdiction of the
UBC Library, the Committee suggested as well
that the University should also consider whether
it should allocate University resources to the
maintenance of journal subscriptions in academic departments, when a current subscription in maintained by the Library.
The Committee recommends a "journal
management programme" (Recommendations
5-6), which would have the objectives of preventing more and more of the available funds
from being committed to journal subscriptions at
the expense of monograph purchasing; providing for the purchase of important new journals
on a regular basis; avoiding interruptions in the
purchase of new serial titles; and allowing differential cost increases of journals in the various
disciplines to be identified.
Assigning priorities to all current journals will
be a difficult task at UBC because of the number
of titles received and cross-disciplinary interests, which make it harder to identify a given title
with a single academic department. Objections
can also be expected to the suggestion that very
many titles can be labelled "expendable".
Working within the limitations of anticipated
funding, however, some means must be found
to allow the journal collection to grow in the
directions required by changes in University
priorities.
The Report notes the trend at most university
libraries towards the expenditure of an increasing proportion of the collections budget on journals, to the detriment of monograph purchases
(Recommendation 7). The distribution of
expenditures between serials and monographs
was considered at length by Senate at UBC
several years ago. The Senate Ubrary Committee has been regularly informed of the relative
annual expenditure for journals and monographs.
The Review Committee suggests that the matter will require continued attention.
The Report suggests that "A non-circulating
policy for journals has the long-term potential for
improved availability and tangible savings".
(Recommendation 12) It cautions, however,
that the "change must not be proposed without
the assurance of firm academic and administrative support in formal bodies, such as the Senate
and the Committee of Deans...". The recommendation is made in the belief that "anchoring
all journals will improve access to this literature,
streamline library operations, and facilitate the
reduction of duplicate subscriptions". Increasing the number of self-service photocopiers in
most locations is a necessary prerequisite to
anchoring journals. (Not mentioned in the B&z
port is the need for increased reader space for
on-site use of journals, preferably enclosed with
separate security control to prevent current issues from being removed for use elsewhere in
the building.)
In comparing statistics for UBC, Alberta,
Toronto, and McGill, the Committee noted that
UBC alone has reported declining expenditures
for salaries in the Library in each of the last four
years. In comparison with other large, decentralized research libraries, the UBC Library is
presently devoting proportionately more of its
total funding to collections than its peers. The
Committee believes that continued transfer of
monies from the Library salary budget into the
collections budget may have a deleterious effect.
(Recommendation 8)
The separation of the collections budget from
the rest of the Library operating budget follows
from this and would permit decisions about
collections funding to be made in the light of
overall University priorities. The Committee
notes "that the acquisitions budget of the Library
is different from the budgets allocated to the
Faculties in one important respect: the Library
does not develop the collections in its own
interests, but in the interests of providing strong
support to the whole academic enterprise".
It is of crucial importance that an effective
mechanism be in place to assess the library
implications of proposals for new academic
programmes and research interests. (Recommendation 9)
Library Technology
and Systems Development
The need for a large increase in the number
of terminals and related support for the online
catalogue is noted. A full online catalogue will
improve access and create benefits throughout
the University and the Province. The UBC
Library is lagging behind its peer institutions in
this respect. (Recommendation 10)
UBC Library systems staff are commended
for making it possible to continue to use the
circulation system introduced in the mid-1960's.
A new circulation system, based on bar-code
technology and linked to the online catalogue, is
urgently required. (Recommendation 11)
The adoption and integration of new information technologies will require significant increased
expenditures on both a capital and a continuing
basis. (Recommendation 15) This imposes a
need to determine the basis on which service
charges will be assessed in future.
After a superficial review of the advantages of
in-house systems development versus the purchase of turnkey systems, the Committee decided that a careful decision should be made at
an early date while both options are still .possible.
(Recommendation 16) The Rgrjojl agrees that
the UBC Library is in a unique position because
it has a wealth of systems expertise already at
hand, but is concerned about relative costs and
the magnitude of the task if local development is
pursued.
Library Services
The Rej20jicommends the Library for the
high level of satisfaction expressed by faculty
members in response to enquiries about the
quality of its reference services. It expresses
concern that opportunities for the creation of
new services may be missed in favour of retaining the status quo (in an environment of restraint).
(Recommendation 13) Reviewing existing
services and articulating priorities may release
funds that could be used to implement new
information technologies.
The proposed configuration of services in a
new building on the former bookstore site is
supported as a move towards greater centralization of services. Small branch and departmental libraries should not be maintained because of the additional costs for staff and duplication of books and journals. (Recommendation 14)
The Committee was impressed by the "strong
commitment of service to the entire community
of British Columbia" that was evident throughout the library staff. (Recommendations 22-
23) Representatives of the institutions that were
the recipients of such services were uniformly
appreciative of the UBC Library role and saw it
as one of the most important components of provincial library service.
Attempts to define and recognize formally
this role have failed, as have efforts to obtain
provincial funding for these services. "The
result is a natural tension between and among
external demands and the expectations of the
Library's primary clientele, the faculty, students,
and staff of the University. The very admirable
service orientation of the UBC Library staff
clearly extends to both types of clientele, thus
overextending human and financial resources
in a period of severe fiscal restraint."
The Committee concluded that it is "urgent
that the provision of external services be based
on conscious decisions of resource allocation,
that the true costs be recognized, and that
renewed efforts toward provincial recognition
and funding of these roles, if they are to continue, be achieved."
Past attempts to establish comprehensive
union lists for the entire province were noted.
(Recommendation 24) Major institutions (including SFU, University of Victoria, and the
Vancouver Public Library) must work together
to develop easy electronic links between their
various databases so that programmes of resource sharing can develop economically and
equitably. Considerable mutual benefit may
also derive from further development of existing
links with research libraries such as the University of Washington and the University of Alberta.
It seems likely that the Committee was primarily concerned with the high cost per user of
the services provided through the Crane Ubrary
and with the possibility that alternative or additional sources of funding are required. (Recommendation 25).
Management and Related Issues:
The Committee observed that the Library is
perceived to be expensive, but that some of the
costs may be attributed to factors that are "unusual
if not unique" in the UBC Ubrary. (Recommendation 1) Examples mentioned include the
unusually high degree of external services to the
Province and beyond, the provision of ID card
services to the entire University, the cost of a
high volume of circulation, etc. The lack of clear
and concise management information and
especially the absence of good analytical data
on the cost of various operations makes planning and decision-making difficult.
The Committee "is of the opinion that to the
extent that the Library has undertaken strategic
planning, the effort has been more reactive than
proactive". (Recommendation 17) With constraints on resources, the Library has found it
increasingly difficult to allocate resources to the
gathering and synthesis of management information, tending to keep resources "at the front
line," rather than divert them to less visible - and
less understood - purposes." A strategic planning capability is needed, for example, to prepare an inventory showing the life expectancy/
obsolescence of equipment essential to the use
of the collections and to identify needed equipment in the context of changing technology and
publishing formats.
The Report suggests that the working relationship between the Library and the Senate
Library Committee has been too close and
would be improved with clearer differentiation
between the roles and responsibilities of both
the Senate Library Committee and the University Librarian. (Recommendation 18) It also
recommends a more formal linkage between
the Senate Library Committee and the various
user committees established for UBC branch
libraries to ensure that all parts of the campus
may have their views represented.
"The Review Committee also believes that
Library planning must be more strongly and
formally integrated with academic planning....The
Committee does not believe that this integration
can arise solely from informal relationships."
(Recommendation 19)
The Committee noted that UBC's Library
staff complement had declined over the past
four years, while staffing at Alberta, Toronto and
McGill libraries has increased. UBC has a
higher proportion of professional librarians and
very low turnover among its professional staff.
As opportunities occur within the next ten years
or so as many staff reach normal retirement
age, planning for the skills and qualities that will
be required in future should be in place. (Recommendation 20)
Turnover among support staff is much higher.
Continuing implementation of technology combined with frequent staff movement require a
well-planned, systematic central training
programme. (Recommendation 21) UBC REPORTS    Feb. 23,1989
People
Papke named to Alumni post
Papke
The Alumni Association
has named Agnes Papke
its new Program Director.
Papke, the association's
Agricultural Science Coordinator for the past two years, I
graduated from UBC in
1966 and has also worked
with the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences.
As Ftogram Director, she
will be responsible for the
day-to-day management of the Program Department. The Branches Program supports ties with
alumni groups throughout Canada, the United States
and abroad. The Divisions Program supports links
with alumni divisions which consist of graduates in
the Lower Mainland who share similar interests,
such as a faculty or sports team. Papke will also
work on committees to organize class reunions,
present alumni awards, maintain university traditions and foster relations with students.
Vancouver city council has reappointed Setty
Pendakur, a professor in the School of Community and Regional Planning, to a two-year term as
a director of the Vancouver Public Library.
Pendakur, who teaches transportation planning,
has already served a two-year term as one of 10
library directors. The Vancouver Public Library is
now working on a multi-million dollar project to
define its direction in the 21 st century.
Political science student
Mike Lee has been elected
President ofthe Alma Mater
Society in recent elections.
Other students elected to
the executive are: Sarah
Mair, Arts, Vice-President;
Karl Kottmeier, Arts, Director of Finance (re-elected);
Andrew Hicks, Arts, Director of Administration; and
Vanessa Geary, Arts, Coordinator of External Affairs.
The new executive takes office at the Annual
General Meeting, Feb. 14.
Outgoing AMS President, Tim Bird, Education,
has been elected student representive to the university's Board of Governors. He is joined by Kurt
Preinsperg, a doctoral candidate in Philosophy.
Student representatives join the board Feb. 1 and
serve a one-year term.
Hicks
The following have been elected student faculty
representatives to UBC's Senate:
Geoff Porter, Applied Science; Joanna Harrington, Arts; Wendy Fox,
Pharmaceutical Sciences; and
Reg Peters, Science (reelected).
Elected by acclamation
were: Harriet Cowan,
Agricultural Sciences (reelected); AI-Karim Haji,
Commerce and Business
Administration (re-elected);
Janet Thorn, Dentistry;
Brian Goehring, Graduate
Studies (re-elected): Cosmos Vanwermeskerken,
Law; and Dan Horvat, Medicine.
Megan Loeb is eligible to continue as student
senator for the Faculty of Forestry as there were no
,other nominees. The student senator position for the
Faculty of Education remains vacant.
Elected as members-at-large were: Tony Foga-
rassy, Geological Sciences (re-elected); Tom
Kaweski, Arts; Wendy King, Arts; Michael Libby,
Arts; Derek Pettingale (re-elected), Commerce and
Business Administration.
Student representatives on Senate serve a one-
year term effective April 1.
Geary
Dr. Richard Finley has been appointed
head of the Department of Surgery in the
Faculty of Medicine.
Dr. Finley was an Associate Professor of
Surgery at the University of Western Ontario
and Chief of Surgery at the university-affiliated Victoria Hospital.
The Faculty of Medicine also has a new
Director of the School of Audiology and Speech
Sciences, Dr. Judith Johnston. Dr. Johnston
was an Associate Professor in the Department
of Speech and Hearing Sciences and an Affiliated Associate Professor in the Department of
Psychology at Indiana University in Bloom-
ington, Ind.
Guy Lucas has been appointed general
manager of the UBC Faculty Club. Lucas
managed the McGill University Faculty Club
in Montreal and was a food and beverage
manager with Hilton Hotels in Montreal.
He was born in Tanganyika and took his
formal training at the Hotel School in Nice,
France.
Lucas' first project will be the development of a 10- year plan for the Faculty Club.
Grazing vs. timber debate
is heading for a solution
By PAULA MARTTN
A UBC plant scientist hopes to settle
a long-mnning debate about whether cattle
grazing on clearcut forest sites hinder the
healthy growth of newly planted trees.
' T think it has been one of the most
controversial topics in terms of livestock
and timber. There are strong feelings on
both sides ofthe issue," said Michael Pitt,
a range ecology and management specialist
Pitt is trying to assess the impact of
cattle trampling and forage seeding on
reforestation programs in B.C. at two
sites in the Kamloops forest region.
"What we're really after is to optimize
integrated use of livestock and timber
production on Crown land. From the
provincial perspective, grazing on clearcuts
enhances multiple use and combined return
on Crown land."
Foresters contend that cattle impede
reforestation efforts on clearcut sites by
chewing and trampling the newly planted
trees.
' "There are those who say that they
would prefer to see livestock excluded
from the area until the trees have reached
the so-called 'free-to-grow' stage, and
that's usually when they're up around
five feet tall," Pitt said.
On the other hand, ranchers and
government agriculture experts say forage
production is highest when the clearcut
sites are first seeded with domestic grasses.
"Grazing of these grasses by livestock
may enhance tree production by reducing
competition from the grass,'' Pitt noted.
"It's easy to sympathize with the
foresters, seeing some of their trees
damaged by livestock. But it is our
personal belief that where this damage
occurs, it is because of poor livestock
management, rather man the impossibility
of compatibility," he said.
The provincial and federal governments
are concerned about the failure to regenerate
many clearcut sites in B.C., Pitt explained.
• Too many areas have not been satisfactorily
restocked with trees within the required
period of time.
Timber companies are concerned about
damage to trees since they are responsible
for regenerating clearcut sites under
provincial forest management strategy,
Pitt said.
"I think there is the potential for
intensification of conflict and
incompatibility of resources if we are not
able to provide some suggestions on how
compatibility can be achieved."
Pitt is researching the effects of cattle
grazing and seeding rates on softwood
survival and growth, and examining the
effects of scarring and shoot damage on
lodgepole pine survival and growth at the
research sites.
Baseball players subject
of UBC dentisfs study
By GREG DICKSON
Smokeless tobacco users may face an
increased risk of oral cancer and other
health problems, a study of professional
baseball players concludes.
UBC Dean of Dentistry Dr. Paul
Robertson, who wrote the report, says
initial findings indicate smokeless tobacco
use may also contribute to a variety of
vascular diseases and foster nicotine
addiction.
"Smokeless tobacco is as dangerous
as smoking in terms of addiction," he
said.
Dr. Robertson and a team of
investigators from the University of
California conducted the initial
investigation during 1988 spring training
in Arizona. About 1,100 players on seven
Major and Minor league teams were
examined.
"Baseball players are the highest users
of smokeless tobacco," said Dr. Robertsoa
"About 60 to 70 per cent of Major and
Minor league team members are smokeless
tobacco users."
Until now, there has been no extensive
study ofthe habit. But isolated case studies
indicated users sufferred from a variety of
problems such as receding gums, lesions
on cheek and gum tissue, and nicotine
dependence.
There are also indications that the
habit may contribute to such vascular
diseases as hypertension.
The research team will return to spring
training camps in Phoenix on Feb. 22 to
do follow-up examinations and look at
other players and staff.
All examinations are done in team
locker rooms using portable equipment.
A staff of dentists, physicians,
epidemiologists and sociologists conduct
a battery of tests including physical and
oral examinations, and blood tests.
Last season's examinations provided
researchers with interesting insights into
the thinking of the players.
"Baseball players are very
superstitious," said Dr. Robertson. "So
you have to be very careful not to make
any remarks about whether smokeless
tobacco helps or doesn't help their
performance."
Researchers also offer players
assistance in quitting the habit The program
is run in cooperation with training staff
and experts at the University of California.
Derek Burney (left), Canada's Ambassador to the United States and UBC
President David Strangway chat at aWashington reception to announce the
establishment of The American Foundation for UBC. (See story Page 1.)
Video fax tested
for remote villages
By GREG DICKSON
UBC's Department of Biomedical
Communications is testing a new video
communication system in the Northwest
Territories that will ultimately bring better
health care to over 50 remote communities.
The system, known as color video fax,
transmits high resolution video and audio
signals between nurse-practitioners in the
far north and hospitals in Yellowknife
and Vancouver.
"There is no loss of quality between
the camera image and what you see at the
receiving end because it uses digital rather
than analog technology," said department
director Ian Cameron.
The images are so good that nurses
can transmit live images of patients for
dermatology examinations or send x-rays
for immediate analysis.
"Right now, patients are often sent to
Yellowknife by medivac flight and that
can cost between $5,000 and $25,000 a
flight," said Cameron. "With the color
video fax system, the diagnosis could be
done remotely saving thousands of
dollars."
Initial testing was done earlier this
month between Cambridge Bay in the
Central Arctic and Vancouver. Cameron
says health care officials hope to expand
to six other communities in the Central
Arctic this year. Ultimately 54 northern
communities will be connected with
hospitals in Yellowknife, Edmonton and
Vancouver. UBCREPORTS   Feb. 23. 1989       4
Chicken death mystery
costs farmers $80 million
By PAULA MARTIN
A UBC scientist, who is investigating
why apparently healthy broiler chickens
keel over and die, says the answer may
one day shed light on the baffling Sudden
Infant Death Syndrome in babies.
About eight million broiler chickens
die from Sudden Death Syndrome (SDS)
each year in Canada, costing producers
more than $80-million, said Robert Blair,
head of UBC's Department of Animal
Science.
The cause of SDS has baffled scientists around the world for many years. It
often hits healthy, male chickens between
three and four weeks of age.
"You go into your flock and everything's fine. Five minutes later you find
some of them lying on their backs, dead.
They don't linger, or waste away," Blair
said.
Although there are no marks on the
birds, lung congestion and evidence of
irregular heartbeats are sometimes discovered, he added.
"We assume that the cause of death is
heart attack, but it seems to be precipitated by some respiratory distress just
before they die."
Blair believes scientists may find the
answer to the unexplained deaths in the
birds' diet and is looking at factors related to it.
He conducted a series of experiments
— involving about 10,000 chickens —
which showed that those with diets containing meat meal had about half the
mortality rate of chickens eating diets of
soybean.
Blair is also interested in the respiratory distress the chickens experience in
the minute preceding their deaths.
"We're now considering the implications of that. What is going wrong with
the chicken? Why does it start gasping for
breath?"
The syndrome has parallels with
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. There is
sudden or crib death in sleeping babies,
while SDS hits chickens that are awake.
Both affect more males than females.
"Many of these children have respiratory problems before they die, so certainly we've got that connection," Blair
said.
"No doubt whatever we found would
be looked on with interest by medical
researchers. I don't know whether it is the
same condition or not, but certainly there
are similarities."
"Obviously, from an ethical point of
view, we're able to conduct a wider series
of studies than can be done with children," he added.
Blair is working in collaboration with
scientist Earl Gardiner at Agriculture
Canada's Research Station at Agassiz.
The research is being funded by the B.C.
Chicken Marketing Board and the Alberta Farming for the Future fund.
Assessment failure
Expensive robots stand idle
By JO MOSS
Expensive, industrial robots are standing idle in Canadian factories because
companies are failing to assess their automation needs adequately.
Mechanical Engineering professor Ian
Yellowley, an expert in low-cost, flexible
manufacturing technology, says he has
seen more unsuccessful attempts at automation than-he can count.
Technology for plant automation must
be chosen carefully, he says, and modified to fit each company's specialized
needs. High-priced, sophisticated robots
may be touted as the latest technological
answer to an array of manufacturing
problems, but they aren't always the best
choice for a particular task.
Ten years ago, as a consultant to
Westinghouse, Yellowley helped design
a new plant in Renfrew, Ont. that is still
considered one ofthe most innovative
Yellowley
4 simple principles
sum up the advice
in self-help books
By GAVIN WILSON
Self-help books claim to have answers for everything from marriage woes
to career success. But despite their proliferation in recent years, all their advice can
be summed up by four simple principles.
This is the conclusion of research
conducted by students under the direction of Stephen Marks, associate professor in the Department of Counselling
Psychology.
Over the course of 10 years, Marks
had his students review about 900 self-
help books as a class project. Looking
beyond the content of each book, several
underlying principles emerged.
Marks found that despite the wide
variety of approaches and topics, all self-
help books contained four basic ideas.
The first principle is that people who
are active in their thoughts, behavior and
feelings are healthier than those who are
passive.
The second deals with orientation.
People who recognize and accept reality
have more success with life than those
who are oriented toward fantasy.
"Healthier people have both feet
planted firmly on the ground. They deal
with the world as it is, rather than as they
would like it to be," said Marks.
The third component is attitude. Having a positive attitude towards life makes
for greater happiness than having a negative outlook.
"People who see the world as a bowl
of cherries —rather than as a bowl of
cherry pits — tend to be happier and
healthier," he said.
The fourth principle adds an ethical
and moral dimension to the equation.
People who are most content are those
who behave ethically, having regard for
the rights of others.
"Of course, there's absolutely nothing new or astounding or revolutionary in
these four principles," Marks said. "But
what self-help books do is take the principles, in various combinations and permutations, and apply them to specific
content areas: career, separation, relationships, alcoholism, eating disorders,
time management, self awareness or
whatever."
But if it is all so simple, why do
bookstore shelves groan under the weight
of self-help titles? Marks believes the
tremendous appeal of self-help books
stems from two motivating factors.
For some, these books offer the promise of a quick-fix solution to life's complex problems. But on the positive side,
the books reflect a tremendous interest in
self-development and self-improvement,
and a new emphasis on individual responsibility.
"People are taking the initiative in
trying to better themselves and their positions," Marks said.
automated plants
in Canada and one
of the most modem worldwide.
The plant was
equipped with
flexible and highly
automated machinery and the
necessary control
and communication systems.
Such technologies can meet Canada's
inherent manufacturing problems unique
to countries with small economies-small
production volume and a wide variety of
products, Yellowley says.
Producing a variety of products means
machines have to be reprogrammed to
different specifics at regular intervals to
cope with widely different products and
volume requirements. That set-up time is
non-productive and costs companies
money. Highly automated Japanese
industries have reduced set-up times to a
tenth or a twentieth of the time in comparable North American processes, Yellowley said.
"The very best systems allow you to
minimize the time spent in setting up
machine tools by capitalizing on the
similarities between parts," he explained.
"Instead of resetting the whole machine,
you only reset those parts which are necessary.
' 'The use of soft automation and detailed initial planning of processes, equipment and associated support systems has
a major impact in reducing the non-productive time."
Despite the example of Westinghouse's
plant, which opened in 1982, Canadian
companies have been slow to automate
fully. And automation technology in
Canadian manufacturing lags far behind
Japanese advances.
Yellowley warns firms that they can't
afford to be technology shy any longer.
Lack of top-of-the-line automation
equipment combined with high labor costs
translates to low productivity and high
overall product costs. That situation puts
Canadian manufacturing at an increasing
competitive disadvantage, he said.
"It's a problem. It's like sending
people to war with pitchforks," Yellowley said.
Robert Silverman and doctoral student Kristina Sutor are two ofthe pianists
playing in the School of Music Pianothon on Feb. 25 -26 at the Arts Club
Theatre on Granville Island.
Pianothon set
to raise funds
for instruments
By GAVIN WILSON
A weekend marathon of piano
playing by faculty and students of the
School of Music is highlighting efforts
to raise funds to replace aging instruments.
The pianothon, which will feature
some of the faculty's best-known pianists, will be held Feb. 25 and 26 at
the Arts Club Theatre on Granville
Island.
The aim is to raise awareness of the
need to replace old practice pianos
with 10 new grand pianos.
The school's piano division, considered to be the best in Canada, attracts students from around the world,
but its pianos are woefully inadequate,
said spokesperson Lauren Arffa.
Currendy, about 50 piano students
vie for practice time on four aging
grand pianos and a handful of old
upright pianos, which are poor substi
tutes for the grands used in performance.
"A piano isn't like a Stradivarius
violin, it doesn't get better as it gets
older," said Arffa. "Because there
are so many moving parts that wear
out, the pianos reach a point where
they're not worth repairing anymore."
Admission to the pianothon is by
daily drop-in fee of $5. Patrons are
welcome to come and go as they
please during the day, and organizers
are hoping to attract crowds from the
nearby Granville Island market. Hours
on both Saturday and Sunday are 10
a.m.to4p.m.
Highlight ofthe weekend is a gala
concert at 8 p.m. Sunday which features School of Music pianists Robert
Silverman, Jane Coop, Robert Rogers
and Rena Sharon. Tickets for this
concert are $10 and are available at
VTC-CBO outlets.
Better social skills
needed in abuse cases
By PAULA MARTIN
Non-offending parents in families
where pre-school children are abused
need to learn better social skills, says a
UBC social work professor.
"Non-offending parents have been
ignored to a large extent," said Madeline
Lovell, who is directing the Social Support
Training Project.
"This is designed to train them in the
kinds of interpersonal skills that they
need to build social support networks. A
lot of these people have grown up
themselves in very abusive family
situations. They just never had the
opportunity to learn."
Strong support from family, friends
and professionals is vital because it helps
people maintain the changes they are
trying to make in their lives through
counselling and therapy, she said.
Lovell said you can teach people to
parent better, or even in the case of sexual
abuse, to protect their children better.
"But is seems that when you're asking
people to make really difficult behavioral
changes, you've got to make sure that
they've got the social-support to enhance
that," she said.
Many ofthe non-offending parents -
most of whom are women - were abused
as children. They don't trust people and
have difficulty making friends, Lovell
said.
She said that learning how to develop
these kinds of skills is only one part of all
the services that these people need to
change their lives.
"Our premise is that skills don't solve
everything, but if you don't have skills,
you 're really at a loss, at a disadvantage,''
Lovell said.
The 50 participants will be taught how
to define relationships and how to protect
themselves.
' 'We will talk about danger signs in
relationships and in other people," Lovell
said. As well, the participants will receive
assertiveness training.
The parents in the training project are
already involved in Vancouver-area
programs for families deemed at high risk
for child abuse — Project Parent West, run
by the Family Services of Greater
Vancouver and Project Parent East, run
by West Coast PREP.
The joint university-community project
will begin in January and run for 18
months. It is being funded by a $90,000
grant from Health and Welfare Canada. UBC REPORTS   Feb. 23,1989
New UBC method may eliminate
dioxins in production of paper
By JO MOSS
Chemical Engineering professor
Kenneth Pinder may be able to help B.C.
pulp and paper companies eliminate a
controversial chlorine bleaching process
that produces the deadly chemical com-
pounds-dioxins.
Pinder is conducting tests on a new
and cheaper method of producing chlorine dioxide, another bleaching chemical.
Both chlorine and chlorine dioxide
are commonly used in pulp bleaching,
but chlorine has recently come under
attack because it's been found to release
dioxins as a byproduct.
The new process could be an economical way to lower chlorine use to
acceptable levels by using more chlorine
dioxide and less chlorine, Pinder said.
If tests at the pilot plant in the Pulp and
Paper Centre on campus are successful,
the technology could be commercially
available to industry within two years.
Dioxins are highly toxic substances
released into the environment by many
manufacturing processes, including kraft
processing methods used by B.C.'s paper
mills. Absorbed by living organisms in
the food chain, they have been linked to
coronary disease and cancer in humans.
"Dioxins occur not only in what is
thrown out of the mill as waste, but also in
the end product, the paper," explained
Chemical Engineering professor Kenneth Pinder and research engineer Susan Nesbit work on a pilot plant in the Pulp and
Paper Research Centre. They are testing a new pulp bleaching process for the B.C. industry.
Pinder who holds an adjunct position
with Paprican, the pulp and paper industry's research arm located at UBC. ' 'We
realize the chlorine stage in the pulp
bleaching process is critical-that's where
the dioxins are produced."
B.C. paper mills are looking for ways
to reduce the amount of dioxins released
as byproducts in anticipation of provin
cial legislation limiting chlorine use in the
industry.
Companies commonly use one of two
chemicals, sulphur dioxide or methanol,
in a complex reaction to manufacture
chlorine dioxide. Pinder plans to replace
those compounds with pure sulphur — a
previously untried procedure.
Initial results are promising, Pinder
says, and have generated considerable
interest from industry.
But he cautions that many questions
remain to be answered before the technology can be transferred from the lab to
the private sector. ' 'This reaction is still
unknown," Pinder explained. "There's
a lot of routine analysis we have to do."
Research is currently being carried
out under a one-year $67,000 B.C. Science Council Grant in collaboration with
Multifibre Process Ltd., a New Westminster company which manufactures pulp
processing equipment.
Once tests are completed, all indications point to quick adoption of the new
technique by pulp and paper companies.
'' I think the new process will drastically reduce the cost of bleaching for
industry," Pinder said. "Companies will
adopt it because it's cheaper than other
processes and that will make it possible
for them to eliminate dioxins entirely."
As a side benefit, the process also
promises to rid the industry of puffs —
mini-explosions caused by adverse chemical reactions during processing. Sulphur
seems to be far less volatile than other
chemicals currently in use.
Let elderly control
their own lives,
professors urge
By GAVIN WILSON
The elderly should have more control
over their lives, say the editors of a new
book about aging and ethical questions
published by UBC Press.
UBC professors James Thornton
and Earl Winkler say that too often the
elderly are forced to be dependent on
others — family members, health-care
workers and other professionals - when
they are still capable of making their
own decisions.
"The elderly's right to be at risk
must be maintained. They must be able
to say: "This is my life and I have the
right to live it the way I want to live it,"'
said Thornton, an assistant professor of
education and chairman of the
university's committee on gerontology.
Thornton and Winkler are die editors
of Ethics and Aging: The Right to Live,
the Right to Die, a collection of articles
that tackles the issues of aging from
many viewpoints including law,
medicine, philosophy, psychology
sociology and economics.
Many of the authors stress that the
elderly need to see themselves as active
participants in the world around them,
not isolated from the communities to
which they have contributed for many
years.
"There's a lot of evidence that the
actual processes of aging are affected
by the way an individual thinks about
himself or herself and about getting
old," said Winkler, an associate
professor of philosophy.
Different types of social programs
are needed to help the elderly achieve
this independence and control, said
Thornton. For example, there could be
more creative involvement of the elderly
in innovative community-based
programs.
Among the authors contributing to
Ethics and Aging are two other UBC
faculty members: law professor Donald
MacDougall and Beverly Burnside,
who holds an honorary research
associate appointment in the Department
of Health Care and Epidemiology.
MacDougall, a specialist in family
law, is in the midst of a major study on
how well current laws and the legal
system serve B.C. seniors.
Burnside examines the ethical issues
arising from social science research on
the elderly. She concludes that the
elderly should become equal partners
with researchers.
Transit study
Too much noise from SkyTrain
By PAULA MARTIN
Transit planners should keep their ears
to the ground when they design extensions
to Vancouver's SkyTrain route, says a
UBC professor who concluded noise from
the transit system exceeds acceptable levels
in some areas.
"Planning must include noise
protection for residents," said Setty
Pendakur, a transportation planning
professor who has studied the problem.
"It is easy to predict how much noise
this technology is generating. It is also
possible to define where the noise levels
are expected to exceed community
environmental standards."
Pendakur's two-year study, which he
presented to the Transportation Research
Board in Washington, D.C. last month,
concluded that the automated light rail
transit (ALRT) system produced noise
levels that exceeded the acceptable
community environmental standards
established by the Canada Mortgage and
Housing Corp.
The guidelines say that a noise level of
55 decibels or more is unacceptable in a
residential area.
Pendakur studied the Broadway Station
area, which has a mix of apartments,
duplexes, single family residences and
commercial activity, and the Nanaimo
Station area, which consists primarily of
single family dwellings.
He calculated noise levels in these
neighborhoods, established zones of high
and low noise impact and analyzed
residents' perceptions of noise.
Pendakur found that in high impact
areas, residents' perceived noise levels
were consistent with measured noise levels.
Even in low impact zones — where the
noise level didn't exceed the guidelines -
the perceived levels were substantially
higher than measured noise levels,
especially in larger households.
SkyTrain noise, whether real or
perceived, was an additional aggravation
to residents who were already upset about
the way the provincial government handled
construction ofthe three-year-old regional
transit line, he said.
"Unfortunately, Vancouver's ALRT
system was built without much citizen
involvement in the planning process.
Ultimately B.C.'s Ombudsman had to
intervene on their behalf," Pendakur said.
' 'What is important is to involve citizens
in planning, as well as mitigate noise as
part of the design. Successful transportation
planning and implementation depends
upon the planner understanding the citizens
and their concerns, and respecting long-
term environmental quality."
Pendakur said that transit workers are
now grinding the Sky Train's wheels to
reduce the noise produced by wheel and
rail interaction.
Planners should also be taking other
measures to lessen the noise such as
putting up solid fences, he said, adding
that B.C. Transit should be obligated to
compensate residents who are adversely
affected by ALRT noise.
New meningitis vaccine
is proving successful
Canada's first Vaccine Evaluation
Centre has made significant progress
toward eradicating meningitis.
A new vaccine against Hemophilus
influenzal infections, which include
meningitis, tested by researchers at the
UBC centre, has performed well on 5,000
Lower Mainland children. The B.C.
Ministry of Health will supply the vaccine
for children throughout the province aged
18 months to two years, said Dr. David
Scheifele, director of the centre.
' 'Meningitis is the leading cause of
acquired mental retardation and acquired
deafness," said Dr. Scheifele. "While it
doesn't appear in every neighborhood or
in every extended family, there are more
than 75 children in B.C. who suffer serious
infections with the Hemophilus organisms
every year. The death rate remains at
about five per cent."
While researchers are encouraged by
the vaccine results on 18-month-old
children, more than half the cases of
meningitis occur before children reach
that age, he said.
Therefore, the second phase of the
study will focus on two-four-and six-
month-old infants.
" If we can move the program into the
first six months of life, then we are hoping
to prevent virtually the whole problem,"
said Dr. Scheifele.
The Vaccine Evaluation Centre, which
opened Oct. 1 at Children's Hospital, is
the first of its kind in Canada to bring
together a group of experts to design and
conduct evaluations of current and new
vaccines.
Researchers also are preparing a study
for the federal government to test the
effects of DPT (diphtheria/pertussis/
tetanus) vaccine on pre-school children. UBC REPORTS   Feb. 23,1989       6
'Smart* computer program
helps prepare database
By JO MOSS
Setting up a computer database system
can be a formidable task for a company,
but now a new 'smart' computer program
developed at UBC will make the job
easier.
No computer expertise is necessary to
operate this program. In fact, the process
is as simple as an employee sitting down
at a terminal and describing what the
work involves.
Called the View Creation System, the
program draws up the specs of what will
be necessary in a company database system
based on an "interview" with the
employee.
By "talking" to the user, the program
tries to understand what he or she needs
out of the database, and then describes
that information in a form a computer can
understand.
The 'smart' program was designed
from the ground up in just a year by
Commerce professor Robert Goldstein
and former graduate student Veda Storey,
who is currently a professor in the
University of Rochester's business school.
It recently won a major international award
for its innovative application of artificial
intelligence.
"One ofthe standard ways of designing
a database for an organization is to collect
these views — small images of individual
groups' needs — and then somehow put
them all together," Goldstein explained.
"If someone is concerned with payroll,
for example, the program provides a view
of the database containing what they would
need to know to do payroll, and nothing
else."
Databases are shared collections of
information which encompass whole
organizations and that's what makes
designing them so difficult.
' "The larger a company gets, the more
difficult it is for any human being to
actually have a grasp of all ofthe data
requirements," Goldstein said. "That's
where the notion ofthe View Creation
System becomes useful."
Small or medium-sized companies
which don't have a database specialist on
staff stand to benefit the most from the
new program, he said.
Designing databases is a complex
technical speciality which requires a human
programmer to have a great deal of
experience. For a program like Goldstein's
and Storey's to be useful, it has to have
comparable expertise.
"That's an important feature of systems
like this. If they don't have real expertise
in them, they aren't going to do the job
properly," Goldstein explained.
What makes the View Creation System
so useful is that it has the built-in intuition
of human database designers. With the
combined experience of these human
experts, the View Creation System can
apply rules of thumb as well as hard and
fast procedures.
In fact Goldstein said when he watches
the program working, he can't always
guess what it is going to do.
Transplant revolution
imminent, MD says
By GREG DICKSON
British Columbia will undergo a
revolution in organ transplants in the
next two years, predicts the UBC doctor
who heads the province's transplant
program.
Dr. Paul Keown, director of the
B.C. Transplant Society, predicts B.C.'s.
first combination heart and lung
transplant could be performed in the
next few weeks. Dr. Keown also hopes
that pancreas transplants for diabetes
will be possible starting after April. The
comments were made during a
Vancouver Institute lecture at the
university.
B.C.'s first heart transplant was
performed in December at Vancouver
General Hospital. Lome Beecroft, a
60-year-old helicopter pilot from Ladner,
returned home this month.
The transplant program has an annual
budget of $3.7- million. Ultimately, Dr.
Keown hopes British Columbians will
be able to stay in the province for all
kinds of
transplant
operations.
"My objective
in establishing the
transplant society
was to halt the
foreign aid to
Ontario and the
U.S.A.," Dr.
Keown said.
Keown
The province already has one of
Canada's leading kidney transplant
programs. Dr. Keown says it has gone
from being one of the worst in the
nation to being the best in just a few
years.
Transplant costs are still high.
Replacing a kidney costs about $35,000.
The average combined heart and lung
transplant costs over $120,000.
Choosing who will get an operation
under those circumstances isn't easy,
Dr. Keown said.
Calendar
Continued from Page 7
Ecology-Resource Ecology Seminar
Siblicide and Lunch: Dark Deeds in Heron's Nests.
Douglas Mock, U. of Oklahoma. For information call 228-
4329. Room 2449, Biosciences Bldg. 4:30 p.m.
Microbiology Seminar
Beneficial Plant-Microbe Interactions. Dr. Paige Axelrood,
Forest Biotechnology Centre, B.C. Ftesearch Corporation.
For information call 228-6648. Room 201, Wesbrook
Bldg. 12:30 p.m.
Geography Colloquium
Large Earthquakes in Southwestern British Columbia: A
search of Geological Evidence of Past Events. John
Clague, Geological Survey of Canada, Vancouver. For
information call 228-2663. Room 201, Geography Bldg.
3:30 p.m.
CIL Chemistry Lecture
Scattering and Absorption of Infrared Radation by Clusters.
Prof. T.E. Goug, Chemistry Dept, U. of Waterloo. For
information call 228-3266. Room 225, Chemistry Bldg.
2:30 p.m.
Social Work Colloquium
Intervention Roles in Child Sexual Abuse - Street Worker's
Role. Margaret Michaud, Street Worker, Downtown
East Side Youth Activities Society. Free. For further
information call 228-2576. Lecture Hall A, School of
Social Work. Noon-1 p.m.
THURSDAY, MAR. 9  |
Anthropology & Sociology Lecture
Our Friends, Our Heroes, Our Traitors. Dr. Robert Paine,
Prof, The Institute of Social and Economic Research,
Memorial U. of Newfoundand. For information call 228-
2878. Room A202, Buchanan Bldg. 12:30 p.m.
Community & Regional Planning Lecture
Architect as Entrepreneur. Peter Wardle: President,
Wardle Group. Projects Wardle has been involved with
- New Westminster Quay, Burnaby Town Centre. For
information call 228-3276. Room 107, Lasserre BWg.
12:30 p.m.
Regent College Lecture
Who Turned Out the Lights? The Light of the Gospel in
a Post-Enlightenment Culture. Dr. Brian Walsh, Senior
Member, Institute for Christian Studies, Toronto. For
information cal 224-3245 local 321. Classroom A, Main
Floor, Regent College. 12:30-1:30 p.m.
Women Students Panel Discussion
Biomedical Careers - trends and opportunities in
biotechnology and medical careers. Dr. Virginia Diewert,
UBC: Dr. Diane Hetbst, Lab. Manager, Children's; Dr.
Patricia Logan, Senior Scientist, NSERC, Industrial
Research Quadra Logic Technologies. For information
call 228-2747. Room #3, IRC Bldg. 12:30-220 p.m.
Physics Colloquium
Why is Rubber Solid. Dr. Nigel GokJenfeld, U. of Illinois.
For information call 228-2136 or 228-3853. Room 201,
Hennings Bldg. 4 p.m.
Language Education Research
Colloquium
Recent Research on Preschool Language and the
Development of Literacy - Piagetian and Vygotskyan
Perspectives. Dr. Anthony Pellegrini, Institute for
Behavioural Research, U. of George. Dr. Pellegrini is a
noted authority on language development and play in
young children. He is the author of numerous books and
articles in this area. For information call 228-5232 or 228-
5788. Room 105, Ponderosa E Bktg. 12:30-2 p.m.
CICSR Distinguished Lecture
Towards a Theory of Competitive Analysis for On-Line
Algorithms. Dr. Allan Borodin, Dept of Computer Science,
U.ofT. For information call 228-6894. Room 104, Henry
Angus Bldg. 11:30 a.m.
Psychology Colloquium
An attributjonal Analysis of Perceptions of Responsibility.
Dr. Bernard Weiner, UCLA. For information call 228-
2755. Room 251 O.Kenny Bldg. 4p.m.
Women Students Lecture
How to Pass the E.C.T. Nancy C. Horsman. Free. For
information call 228-2415. Room A100, Buchanan Bktg.
12:30-1:30 p.m.
English Colloquium
Madeline Unhoodwink'd: The Eve of St. Agnes as
Romance. W. Stevenson, UBC. For information call
228-5122. Penthouse, Buchanan Bldg. 3:30 p.m.
FRIDAY, MAR. 10     |
Paediatrics Grand Rounds
Biliary Atresia Dr. R. Schreiber, MRC Research Fellow,
McGill U. For information call 875-2117. Auditorium,
G.F. Strong Rehab Centre. 9 a.m.
Committee on Lectures
Art History Lecture
Whose Spirit Is This? Some Questions About Modem
Art Edward J. Chambertin, Prof, of English, U. of T. For
information call 228-2757. Room 102, Lasserre Bldg.
12:30-1:30 p.m.
Festival of Indian Films
Khandhar (Bengali). Directed by Mimal Sen. Screening
of recent feature films from India (with English subtitles).
Freeadmission. Rims courtesy of Consulate General of
India. For information caH 228-2746. Auditorium, Asian
Centre. 7p.m.
Anthropology and Sociology Seminar
Our Authorial Authority. Dr. Robert Paine, Prof, the
Institute of Social and Economic Research, Memorial U.
of Newfoundland. For information call 228-2878. Small
Groups Lounge, AnSoc Bktg. 2:30 p.m.
Festival of Indian Films Seminar
When Do Films Transform People: Clips and Discussion
of the Role of Indian Films in Indian Society. Dr. Satti
Khann, U. of California, Berkeley. Free admission. Co-
sponsored by Shastri Indo-Canadian Institute. For
information call 228-2746. Auditorium, Asian Centre.
3:30-5 p.m.
Speech and Audiology Sciences
Research Colloquium
The Development of Language and Literacy in Young
Children. Dr. Anthony Pellegrini, Institute for Behavioural
Research, U. of Georgia. Dr. Pellegrini is a noted
authority in the area of child language development. For
information call 228-5232 or 228-5788. Room #1, IRC
Bldg. 12:30-1:30 p.m.
Medical Genetics Seminar
Molecular Genetics of Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia
Type2A(MEN-2A). Dr. Paul Goodfellow, UBC. For
information call 228-5311. Room D308, Shaughnessy
Hospital. 1 p.m.
Fisheries and Aquatic Science Seminar
Where Do All The Coho Go? The Biology of Coho
Salmon During Their First Summer in the Ocean off
Oregon and Washington. Dr. Bill Pearcy, Department of
Oceanography, Oregon State U. For information call
228-4329. Room 2361, Biosciences Bldg. 3:30 p.m.
Chemical Engineering Seminar
Anchorage-Dependent Animal Cell Cultures. Ms. M.
van Santen, Graduate Student. For information call 228-
3238. Room 206, Chemical Engineering Bldg. 3:30 p.m.
Pharmaceutical Sciences Seminar
Role of Cyclic GMP in Control of Smooth Musde Tension:
Ym-YangtoYin-Yin. Jack Diamond, UBC. For information
call 228-2270. Room #3, IRC Bldg. 12:30 p.m.
Theoretical Chemistry Seminar
Relaxation of Molecules in a Molecular Solution: From
Static Structure to Dynamic Properties. Dr. D. Wei, UBC.
For information call 228-3299 or 228-3266. Room 225,
Chemistry Bldg. 3:30 p.m.
VANCOUVER INSTITUTE
Saturday, March 4
The Insurance Crisis.
Professor John Fleming,
Faculty of Law, University of
California (Berkeley).
Saturday, March 11
Our Failing Urban
Infrastructure. Dean Gary Heinke, Facultyof Applied
Science and Engineering, University of Toronto.
All lectures are in Lecture Hall #2, Woodward Instructional
Resource Centre at 8:15 p.m. Free
NOTICES
Thunderbird Athletes
Mar. 2 -5. CIAU (Canadian University Athletic Union)
National Swim Championships to be held in the UBC
Aquatic Centre. National and Olympic Team Swimmers
are among the competitors. For information call Don
Wells at 228-3918. All day.
Photographic Exhibition
Mar. 20-30. M-F 9430 p.m..SS12-430 p.m. Jawaharief
Nehru: His Life and Times. Institute of Asian Research,
UBC. Organized and sponsored by the Consulate
General of India, Vancouver. Free admission. Tracing
the life of Jawaharlel Nehru (1889-1964) the first Prime
Minister of independent India. Produced by the Ministry
of External Affairs, India, the exhibit is comprised of over
160 photographs.
Spanish Ray
Mar.9/10. La Heroica Villa by Carlos Amiches. Dialogue
in Spanish. For information call 228-2268 or 228-5021.
International House. 8 p.m.
Volunteers Needed
The on-campus information and referral service supported
by the AMS needs student interviewers. Student
interviewers are trained to help UBC students, staff and
faculty find volunteer Jobs in their area of interest. For an
appointment to explore the available volunteer options
contact the Student Counselling and Resource Centre,
Brock Hall 20 or call 228-3811.
Continuing Ed. Workshop
4 Weds., Mar 1 -Mar 22. 730-930 p.m. Stress Management
for Diabetics: Coping with Psychological Complications.
Dr. David M. Lawson, Clinical and Consulting Psychologist.
Diabetics are confronted by many stressful situations in
addition to the stress involved in the self-help regiment.
This workshop will review coping strategies including
assertiveness training, problem solving and relaxation
techniques. Fee: $60. For information call 222-5238.
Room B75/76, IRC Bldg.
Continuing Ed. Workshop
Sat/Sun, Mar. 11/12. 9-5:30p.m. Communicating with
Children and Teenagers. Dr. Arthur Ridgeway, Registered
Psychologist. Fee: $116. For information call 222-5238.
Room 2N, A&B, Health Sciences Psych. Unit.
Continuing Ed. Workshop
Sat/Sun, Mar 11/12. 10-6 p.m. Acupressure Massage
I Energy Workshop. Dr. Danica Beggs, MD. Fee: $110.
For information call 222-5238. Conf. Room, Carr Hall.
Musical Performances
Feb. 19-April 23. 230 p.m. The Museum of Anthropology
presents a series of Sunday performances, entitled
Musica Latina Caiiente. For information call 228-5087.
Great Hall, Museum of Anthropology.
Volunteers Needed
We are asking for women 19-60 years old to participate
in a UBC research study investigating eye function in
depressed patients and control volunteers. Volunteers
must not have a past history or family history of depression.
Volunteers would have retinal tests done at the VGH Eye
Care Centre. The eye tests take about an hour of time
and there is no discomfort with the testing. A$15stjpend
isoffered. For more information call Dr. R. LamorArtene
Tompkins at 228-7325.
Volunteers Needed
Participants wanted immediately for a study of the
effectiveness of different coping techniques for managing
Public Speaking Anxiety. This is a 3-week training
program, offered free through the Department of
Psychology, UBC to persons who either avoid or feel
very anxious in public speaking situations (e.g. class
presentations; public lectures: group discussions). For
further information call Aaron at 732-1931.
Tutors Needed
Tutoring Program at International House needs volunteer
English tutors to help non-English speaking International
students with their English. If interested, please pick up
application form at International House. For information
call Janise Yue/Hoang Nguyen at 228-5021. Room
1783 West Mall, International House.
Display/Photographic Exhibit
February 1989. Historic Hospitals of Europe, 1200-
1981. An Exhibit of Photographs by Grace Gotdin. For
information call 228-4447. Memorial Room, Woodward
Biomedical Library. 9-5 p.m.
Exhibition of Japanese Architecture
Until Mar. 12. M-F 9-4:30 p.m./S&S Noon-4:30 p.m.
Ritual Renewal of Space in Kakunodate and Shiraiwa.
Curated by Fred Thompson, Professor, School of
Architecture, U. of Waterloo. This exhibit looks at the
Japanese perception of public and private spaces, and
explores the connections between the Japanese festival
(o-matsuri) and Japanese architecture. For information
call 228-2746. Auditorium, Asian Centre.
Continuing Ed Workshop
Sal & Sun., Feb. 25/26. Intimacy: Developing Emotional
Closeness. Dr. Arthur Ridgeway, Registered Psychologist.
Fee $116. For information call 222-5238. Room2N,
A&B, Health Sciences Psych. Unit. 9-5:30 p.m.
Reading, Writing & Study Skills
Improve your reading speed and comprehension,
composition, speech, study skiHs and vocabulary. The
UBC Reading, Writing and Study Skills Centre is offering
19 non-credit courses this term, including Reading for
Speed and Comprehension, Writing Business Letters
and Memos, Writing Proposals, Robert's Rules-
Demystified, Thinking and Communicating on Your Feet,
Media Interview Techniques, ECT Workshops, as well
as three correspondence courses. For registration
information phone 222-5245.
Evening English Language Courses
Until Mar. 8,1989. Mon & Wed. 7-9 p.m. Conversation
skills, beginner to advanced. Speech fluency and
pronunciation, advanced. $175 per course. For information
call 222-5285. Room 109,2062 West Mall Hut M-18.
Walter Gage Toastmasters
Wednesdays. Public Speaking Club Meeting. Speeches
and tabletopics. Guests are welcome. For information
callSulanat224-9976. Room215,SUB. 7:30p.m.
International House
Language Exchange Program
Ongoing. Free service to match up people who want to
exchange their language for another. For information
call Mawele Shamaila, International House at 228-5021.
International House
Language Bank Program
Free translation/interpretation services offered by
International students and community in general. For
information call Teresa Uyeno, International House at
228-5021.
International House
Fitness Classes are now $5 per term. For information call
228-5021.
Native Expressions
Every Tues. night at the Extra Extra Bistro, 3347 West
Broadway, from 8-10:30 p.m. $3 at the door. Native
performers and creative artist on stage. For information
call Kathy at 222-8940. Proceeds to First Nations'
Student Fund.
Special Issue on Africa and the French
Caribbean
Contemporary French Civilization is preparing a special
issue on Francophone Africa and the Caribbean for
1989. Articles in English or French, 15-20 typed pages,
on any contemporary culture/civilization topic in Africa or
the Caribbean, must be submitted by March 1,1989. For
more information call Dr. Claude Bouygues, 228-2879.
Department of Psychology
Individuals 18 and older are needed for a research
project on changes m memory across the adult life span.
For information call Jo Ann Miller at 228-4772.
Parents Wanted
Couples with children between the ages of 5 and 12 are
wantedfora project studying parenting. Participation
involves the mother and father discussing common
child-rearing problems and completing questionnaires
concerning several aspects of family life. Participation
will take about one hour. Evening appointments can be
arranged. Interpretation of questionnaire is available on
request. For further information, please contact Dr. C.
Johnston, Clinical Psychology, UBC at 228-6771.
Teaching Kids to Share
Mothers with 2 children between 21/2 and 6 years of age
are invited to participate in a free parent-education
program being evaluated in the Dept. of Psychology at
UBC. The 5-session program offers child development
info and positive parenting strategies designed to help
parents guide their children in the development of sharing
and cooperative play skills. For further information call
Georgia Tiedemann at the Sharing Project 228-6771.
Fitness Appraisal
Physical Education & Recreation, through the John M.
Buchanan Fitness and Research Centre, is administering
a physical fitness assessment program to students,
faculty, staff and the general public, Approx. 1 hour,
students $25, all others $30. For information call 228-
4356.
Surplus Equipment Recycling Facility
All surplus items. For information call 228-2813. Every
Wednesday Noon 3 p.m. Task Force Bldg, 2352 Health
Science Mall.
Badminton Club
Faculty, Staff and Graduate Student Badminton Club
meets Thursdays 830-10:30 p.m. and Fridays 6:30-8:30
p.m. in Gym A of the Robert Osborne Sports Centre.
Cost is $15 plus REC UBC card. For more information
call Bemie 228-4025 or 731 -9966.
Neville Scarfe Children's Garden
Visit the Neville Scarfe Children's Garden located west of
the Education Building. Open all year-free. Families
interested in planting, weeding and watering in the
garden contact Jo-Anne Naslund at 434-1081 or 228-
3767.
Nitobe Memorial Garden
Open 10:00 a.m.-3:00 p.m., until Mar. 16. Monday-
Friday Free.
Botanical Gardens
Open 10:00 a.m.-3:00 p.m., until Mar. 16. Daily. Free UBC REPORTS   Feb. 23.1989       7
MONDAY, FEB. 27    |
Cecil & Ida Green Visiting Professorships
Political Science & Sociology Lecture
The Social Conditions ot Democracy in the Third Work).
Prof. Seymour Martin Lipset, Political Science & Sociology,
Stanford U. For information call 228-5675. RoomA-104,
Buchanan Bldg. 12:30 p.m.
Cecil & Ida Green Visiting Professorships
Sociology Seminar
The Values and Culture of Canada and the United
States. Prof.-Seymour Martin Lipset, Political Science &
Sociology, Stanford U. For information call 228-5675.
Room 207/209, AnSoc Bldg. 3:30-5:30 p.m.
Applied Mathematics Seminar
Dynamics of Atmospheric Frontal Systems. Dr. Gordon
McBean.UBC. For information call 228-4584. Room
229, Mathematics Bldg. 3:45 p.m.
Chemistry/Life Sciences Seminar
Molecular Design of Polymers For Cell Separation.
Kazunori Kataoka. Ph.D., Institute of Biomedical
Engineering, Tokyo Women's Medical College. For
information call 228-7081. Vassar Seminar Room,
Pathology Department, ACU, Health Sciences Centre.
11:30 a.m.
Biochemical Seminar
Lineage-Specific Gene Expression During Development
ot C. Etegans. Dr. J. McGhee, Medical Biochemistry, U.
of Calgary. For information call Dr. C Astell at 228-2142.
Lecture Hall #4, IRC BkJg. 3:45 p.m.
Physiology Seminar
The Responses of Vasopressin to Hypoxia. Dr. J.R.
davbaugh. Chef, Physiology Dept. of Cluneal Investigation,
Tripler Army/Medicat Centre, Hawaii. For information
call 228-2083. Room #1, IRC Bldg. 4:45 p.m.
Financial Planning Seminar
Tax Planning - Looking Ahead, Tax Saving Techniques.
Don Proteau, Hodgins Lead Proteau (registered financial
planner). Open to Faculty Association Members and
spouses. Free. For information call 222-5270. Room
104, Henry Angus Bktg. 12:30-1:20p.m.
Health Care Seminar
The Wellness Program at St. Paul's Hospital. G. Ross
Ramsey, Director, Wellness Program, St. Paul's Hospital.
For information caH 228-2258. Room 253, James Mather
Bldg. 4-5:30 p.m.
Astronomy Seminar
Evidence for Massive Black Holes in Nearby Galaxies.
Dr. Douglas Richstone, U. of Michigan. Refreshments
served. For information call 228-4134. Room 260,
Geophysics and Astronomy Bldg. 4 pm.
TUESDAY, FEB. 28   |
Oceanography Seminar
Early Diagenesis of Lead in the Laurentian Trough
Sediments. Dr. C Gobeil, Institut Maurice Lamontague,
Mont Joi, Quebec. For information call 228-5210. Room
1465, Btoscience BkJg. 3:30 p.m.
Pharmaceutical Sciences Special
Seminar
Contact Angles and Their Thermodynamic Significance.
Dr. Wendy Duncan-Hewitt, Post-Doctoral Felkjw, Dept.
ot Mechanical Engineering, U. of T. For information call
228-5061. Room #3, IRC Bldg. 12:30 p.m.
Cecil    &    Idea    Green    Visiting
Professorships
Political Science Seminar
The Evolution of Democracy in the English Speaking
Countries. Prof. Seymour Martin Lipset Political Science
& Sociology, Stanford U. For information call 228-5675.
Room A-205, Buchanan Bldg. 12:30-2:30 p.m.
Lecture & Slide Presentation
Yoshio Markino: A Japanese Artist in Rome (1908-
1909). Ross Kipatrick, Prof, of Classics, Queen's University.
For information call Dr. J. Russell at 228-3380. Auditorium,
Asian Centre. 8 p.m.
Christian Forum Lecture/Discussion
Science + Christianity = ? Dr. Chris Brion, UBC.
Refreshments served. For information call 228-3112.
Penthouse, Buchanan "B" Bldg. 4:30 p.m.
Statistics Seminar
Rating Systems Based on Paired Comparison Models.
Dr. Harry Joe, UBC. For information call 228-3319or
228-2234. Room 102, Ponderosa Annex C. 4 p.m.
Forestry Awareness Series
Resolving Unnecessary Conflicts? The Forestry-
Wridemess Stalemate. Michael McGonigle, Resource
Management, SFU. For information call 228-6021 or
2284488. Room 166, MacMillan Bldg. 12:30-1:30 p.m.
Chemistry Seminar
Chemical Reactions of Organic Crystals: The Medium is
the Message. Dr. John R. Scheffer, UBC. Refreshments
served. For information call 228-3266. Room 250,
Chemistry Bldg. 1 p.m.
UBC Reports is published every
second Thursday by the UBC
Community Relations Office, 6328
Manorial Rd, Vancouver, B.C, V6T
1W5. Telephone 228-3131.
Editor-in-Chief: Don Whiteley
Editor: Howard Fluxgoki
Contributors: Greg Dickson,
Paula Martin, Jo Moss,
Gavin Wilson.
calendar
Feb. 26- March 11
"Photographer with Colossal Statue of Constantius II, Capitoline Museum, Rome, 1986," is one ofthe photos by Vancouver-
based art teacher and critic Art Perry on display at the Fine Arts Gallery until March 18.
CALENDAR DEADLINES
For events in the period March 12 to March 25, notices must be submitted on proper Calendar forms no later than 4 p.m. on
Wednesday, March 1 to the Community Relations Office, 6328 Memorial Rd., Room 207, Old Administration Building. For
more information call 228-3131.
Botany Seminar
The Evolution of Rubisco in Marine Plants - New Horizons.
Dr. Rose Ann Cattolico, Botany Dept, U. of Washington.
For information call 228-2133. Room 2000, Biological
Sciences Bldg. 12:30 p.m
WEDNESDAY, MAR. 1
Forestry Seminar
B.C. Log Export Policy: Historical Review and Analysis.
Mr. Craig Shinn, U. of Washington. For information call
228-2507 or 228-4166. Room 166, MacMillan Bldg.
12:30-1:30 p.m.
Geophysics Seminar
Icequakes: An Oceanographic Analogy to Earthquakes.
Dr. David Farmer, Institute of Ocean Sciences, Patricia
Bay, B.C. Refreshments served. For information call
228-5406. Room 260, Geophysics & Astronomy Bldg. 4
p.m.
Pharmacology & Therapeutics Seminar
Neurochemkal Correlates of Brain-Stimulation Reward.
Dr. A.G. Phillips, UBC. For information call 228-2575.
Room 317, Basic Medical Sciences Bldg. "C". Noon.
Committee On Lectures
Horace, Virgil and the Septuagint. Prof. Ross Kilpatrick.
Classics, Queen's U. For information call 228-2889.
RoomA-104, Buchanan Bldg. 12:30 p.m.
Ethnic Studies Lecture
Ethnic Studies Programs in U.S. Higher Education: Pain
or Promise? Dr. Miguel Carranza, Department of Sociology,
U. of Nebraska. For information call 228-3396. Room
B325, Buchanan Bldg. 12:30 p.m.
Japanese Law/Trade Seminar
Japanese Distribution System as an Alleged Non-Tariff
Barrier (NTB). Prof. Kenji Sanekata, Faculty of Law,
Hokkaido U., Japan. For information call 228-4780.
Room 149, Curtis Law Bldg. 2:45 p.m.
Academic Women's Association
Seminar
Research on the Interface of Mathematics and Computer
Science. Maria Klawe, Head, Computer Science. Bnng
yourown lunch. For information call 2285331. Penthouse,
Buchanan Bldg. 12:30 p.m.
Microbiology Seminar
Extracellular Lipase of Pseudomonas Aeruginosa. Dr.
Karl Jaeger, UBC. For information call 228-6648. Room
201, Wesbrook Bldg. 12:30 p.m.
Ecology/Resource Ecology Seminar
The Population Genetics of Cyclic Small Mammals,
Michael Gaines, U. of Kansas. For information call 228-
4329. Room 2449, Biosciences Bldg. 4:30 p.m.
Financial Planning Seminar
Tax Planning - Looking Ahead, Tax Saving Techniques.
Don Proteau, Hodgins Leard Proteau (registered financial
planner). Open to Faculty Association Members and
Spouses. Free. Repeat of Feb. 27 session. For
information call 222-5270. Lecture Hall #5, IRC Bldg.
12:30-1:20 p.m.
Social Work Colloquium
Intervention Rotes in Child Sexual Abuse - Group Workers
Role. Lynn Carter, Family Services, Vancouver. Free.
For information call 228-2576. Lecture Hall A, School of
Social Work. 1-2 p.m.
Geography Colloquium
Towards a New Housing Model? Changes in Socialist
Housing Systems. Jozsef Hegedus, Institute of Sociology.
Hungarian Academy of Sciences, and tvanTosics, Institute
of Building Economy and Organization, Budapest. For
information call 228-2663. Room 201, Geography Bldg
3:30 p.m.
THURSDAY, MAR. 2  I
Grand Rounds
Laboratory Diagnosis of Lipoprotein Disorders. J. Frohlich.
For information call 875-2181. Auditorium, University
Hospital (UBC Site). Noon
Art History Lecture
Liberal, Curious and Female Artifices: Attitudes to the
Visual Arts in Early 18th Century Britain. Carol Gibson-
Wood, Art Historian, Queen's U. For information call
228-2757. Room 102, Lasserre Bldg. 12:30 p.m.
Physics Colloquium
From the Eye to the Brain. Dr. Max Cynader, Dept. of
Ophthalmology, UBC and CIAR. For information call
228-2136or228-3853. Room 201, Hennings Bldg. 4
p.m.
Panel Discussion
Office for Women Students presents Directions for
Humanities, Career Planning Strategies for Humanities
Majors. Panelists. Nancy Horsman, UBC; Beth Bosshard,
UBC; Dr. Jerry Wasserman, UBC. Darlene Marzari,
MLA Vancouver Point Grey. Room #3, IRC BkJg. 12:30-
2:20 p.m.
Medical Grand Rounds
Renovascular Hypertension. Dr. R. Jean Shapiro.
Nephrology, UBC. For information call 228-7737. Room
G279, HSCH-ACU. Noon.
Neuroscience Discussion Seminar
Trans-Synoptic Regulation of Neuronal Development:
Signals and Metabolic Consequences. Dr. EdwinW
Rubel, Prof, of Otolaryngology, Physiology/Biophysics
Neurological Surgery & Psychology, U. of Washington
For information call Dr. Peter B. Reiner at 228-7369
Room #3, IRC Bldg. 4:30p.m.
FRIDAY, MAR. 3
Paediatrics Grand Rounds
Neuroscience Day - Pediatric Neurology. For information
call 875-2117. Auditorium, G.F. Strong Rehab. Centre.
9 a.m.
Fisheries and Aquatic Science Seminar
Disturbance, Land Form, and the Structure of Stream
Ecosystems in the Pacific Northwest Dr. Garry Lambert,
Department of Fisheries and Wildlife, Oregon State U.
For information call 228-4329. Room 2361 ..Biosciences
Bldg. 3:30 p.m.
Chemical Engineering Seminar
Self-Inducing Type of Agitated Slurry Reactor. Mr. Yang
Li, Graduate Student, UBC. For information call 228-
3238. Room 206, Chemical Engineering BkJg. 3:30 p.m.
Pharmaceutical Sciences Seminar
Cultured Human Nasal Epithelial Multicellular spheroids:
A Morphologically and Electrically Polar Model. Bruce
Wilson, UBC. For information call 228-2270. Room #3,
IRC Bldg. 12:30 p.m.
Medical Genetics Seminar
Biophysical Analysis of the Human Genome. Dr. Joe
Gray and Lawrence Livermore, National Laboratory. For
information call 228-5311. Room D308, Shaughnessy
Hospital. 1 p.m.
Theoretical Chemistry Seminar
Multicritical Points in Binary Mixtures of Liquid Crystals.
D. Zimmerman, UBC. For information call 228-3266 or
228-3299  Room 225, Chemistry Dept. 3:30 p.m.
SATURDAY, MAR. 4  |
15th Annual International Food Faisr
Fine Food, live entertainment and dancing. Dinner price
includes all three events. Cost: $5forl.H. Members; $6
for Non-Members. Please purchase tickets in advance.
Available from the I.H. office. For information call 228-
5021. International House. 5:30 p.m.
Weekend Seminar
Addiction to Illusions: A Workshop on Narcissistic &
Borderline Pathology. Dr. Inge Pechlaner, Ph.D. in
Sociology, trained as psychoanalyst in Vienna, Austria,
received her MSW from UBC. A Workshop for Mental
Hearth Professions. Fee $60. For information cafl 222-
5261, Conference Room, Carr Hall. 9-4 p.m.
Social Work Workshop
Sensitizing Non-Natives to Native Issues in Soda! Services.
Allan Mason, UBC. Fee $25/15 students. Pre-fegetraton
necessary. Lecture Hall A, School of Social Work. 9-4
p.m.
SUNDAY, MAR. 5     |
Musical Performance
As part of the Musica Latina Caliente series. Sal Ferreras,
Jack Duncan and Boying Geronomio a group of talented
percussionists - will perform numerous tunes. For
information call 228-5087. Museum of Anthropology.
2:30 p.m.
MONDAY, MAR. 6
Classics Lecture
Greeks at Knoss: Sir Arthur Evans Revisited. Halford
Haskell, Southwestern U., Georgetown, Texas. For
information call 228-2889. Lecture Theatre, Museum of
Anthropology. 8 p.m.
Festival of Indian Rims
Sagara Sangamam (Telugu). Directed by K. Viswanath.
Screening of recent feature films from India (with English
subtitles). Freeadmission. Films courtesy of Consulate
General of Inoia. For rifbrmation call 228-2746. Audtexium,
Asian Centre. 7 p.m.
Mech 598 Seminar
Analysis of Feed Drive for Cutting Process Monitoring,
Jie Peng, Graduate Student; The Formulation ofthe
Dynamics of interconnected Flexible Members in the
Presence of Environmental Forces, C.K. Alfred Ng. For
information call 228-4350. Room 1215, CEME Bldg.
3:30 p.m.
TUESDAY, MAR. 7    |
Oceanography Seminar
Toxicopathic Liver Disease of Netpen-Reared Salmon.
Dr. Michael Kent, Pacific Biological Station, Nanaimo.
For information call 228-5210. Room 1465, Bioscience
Bldg. 3:30 p.m.
Festival of Indian Films
Banker Margayya (Kamada). Directed by TNagabharana
Screening of recent feature films from India (with English
subtitles). Freeadmission. Films courtesy of Consulate
General of India For information cal 228-2746. Auditorium,
Asian Centre  7 p.m.
Faculty Seminar
When You Talk, They Should Listen. Margaret Hope.
Free to faculty. A variety of factors effect classroom
communication. This session covers some ofthe key
issues of good communication. For information call 222-
5272 or 222-5222 to register Course #FD3344. Room
1100, Math Annex. 4:30-5:45 p.m.
Final Ph.D. Seminar
Maternal-Fetal Disposition, Fetal Pharmacodynamics
and Comparative Pharmacokinetics of Diphenhydramine
in Pregnant and Nonpregnant Sheep. Dr. Sun Dong
Yoo, Graduate Student. For information call 228-4887.
Room #3, IRC Bldg. 12:30p.m.
Statistics Seminar
Efficient Estimation For Filtered Models. Prof. P. E.
Greenwood, UBC. For information call 228-3319. Room
102, Ponderosa Annex C. 4 p.m.
Forestry Awareness Seminar
The View From the Woods. Joe Saysell, Woodworkers
Survival Task Force. For information call 228-6021 or
228-4488. Room 166, MacMillan BkJg. 12:30-1:30 p.m.
Musical Performance
UBC Opera Theatre - under the direction of French
Tickner, company members will perform excerpts from
their full-staged production of Mozart's Marriage of Fgaro.
For information call 228-5087. Museum of Anthropology.
7:30 p.m.
Botany Seminar
Responses of Roots to Environmental Stresses. Dr.
David Reid, Biology Dept., U. ot Calgary. For information
call 228-2133. Room 2000, Biological Sciences Bldg.
12:30 p.m.
CIL Chemistry Lecture
Vibrational Spectroscopy of Molecular Beams. Prof.
T.E. Gough, Chemistry Dept., U. of Waterloo.
Refreshments Served. For information call 228-3266.
Room 250, Chemistry Bldg. 1 p.m.
WEDNESDAY, MAR. 8
Festival of Indian Films
Mukha Mukham (Malayalam). Directed by Adoor
Gopalakrishnan. Screening of recent feature films from
India (with English subtitles). Freeadmission. Films
courtesy of Consulate General ot India. For information
call 228-2746. Auditorium, Asian Centre. 7 p.m.
Forestry Seminar
Economic Growth Sustainibility and the Scarcity of Land
and Natural Resources. Prof. Peter Pearse, UBC. For
information call 228-2507 or 228-4166. Room 166,
MacMillan Bldg. 12:30-1:30 p.m.
Applied Mathematics Seminar
A Reaction-Diffusion Cell Cycle Model. Dr. Stavros
Busenberg, Harvey Mudd College, Claremont, CA
(currently visiting Mathematics, U.Vic.). For information
call 228^584. Room 229, Mathematics Bldg. 3:45 p.m.
Geophysics Seminar
Quantitative Interpretation of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Relaxation Data Kermetti P Whittal. UBC Refreshments
served. For information call 228-5406. Room 260,
Geophysics & Astronomy Bldg. 4 p.m.
Anthropology & Sociology Lecture
The Non-Routine And What It Reveals About Culture.
Dr. Roben Paine, Prof, The Institute of Social and
Economic Research, Memorial U. of Newfoundland. For
informatton call 228-2878. Room 207/209, AnSoc Bldg.
12:30 p.m.
Continued on Page 6

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