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UBC Reports Oct 27, 1971

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OCTOBER   27,  1971, VANCOUVER   8, B.C.
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UBC Plans a Museum Where
Your Feet Won't Get Sore
See Pages Two and Three
- See Pages Eight and Nine
Editor, UBC Reports
The announcement by the federal government
in July of this year of a $2.5 million grant to
construct a Museum of Man on the University of
B.C. campus has come, it appears, at a particularly
opportune moment.
The reason is that in a number of branches of
anthropology the winds of change are blowing and
the aim of the new museum will be to incorporate
as many of these ideas as possible into the new
Prof. Cyril Belshaw, head of the Department of
Anthropology and Sociology sees the museum as
"a living research and teaching organization to deal
with important cultural and scientific issues that
people are genuinely concerned with."
And that doesn't sound much like the majority
of museums which the general public is used to —
slightly musty places where a jumble of unrelated
artifacts and curiosities are often haphazardly
All this doesn't mean that the proposed
museum won't have a display function.
"Indeed," says Prof. Belshaw, "one of the main
reasons that swayed the federal government in its
decision to approve the grant was that the museum
would finally make available to the public
collections of artifacts and objects that have been
largely inaccessible for more than 20 years."
Dr. Belshaw's reference is to UBC's permanent
collections of artifacts, numbering about 20,000
items, in the basement of the Main Library and a
storage shed at Totem Park on the west central
edge of the campus.
If you mention anthropological collections at
UBC everyone is likely to think you mean only the
10,000-item collection of Northwest Coast Indian
art, considered to be one of the best in the world.
The truth is that the Indian collection, which
includes about 50 large totem pole sections,
canoes and other items in the Totem Park shed
and is valued at $3.7 million, makes up one-half of
UBC's holdings.
UBC's first major collection of artifacts was the
3,200-piece Burnett Collection of Oceanic
materials, acquired in 1927. Since the Second
World War the collections have been painstakingly
accumulated by professor of anthropology Dr.
Harry Hawthorn and his wife, Audrey, who serves
as curator of the museum.
In addition to the Northwest Coast Indian
materials and. the Oceanic collection, the museum
also boasts substantial collections of material from
other cultures, including the Oriental (2,100
items), other American Indian and Eskimo (1,200
items), classical antiquity and Southeast Asia (900
items each) as well as lesser collections from India,
South America and Indonesia.
Add to these more than 90,000 artifacts from
the prehistoric period of B.C. Indian history,
accumulated over a period of 25 years from sites
excavated under the direction of professor of
archaeology Dr. Charles Borden, and it's inevitable
that a major function of the new museum will be
that of displaying physical objects.
What will be different, says Prof. Belshaw, is
the way in which this and other material will be
displayed and made available to the public,
students and scholars.
Not only will displays of objects — implements,
tools and artistic materials — reflect the systematic
development of various cultures, but students and
members of the public who are seriously interested
will have access to work rooms of various kinds
where they can handle, measure and study
physical objects, look at photographs, listen to
tape recordings, look at motion pictures and
examine other archival material as well as attend
lectures which will deal with culture in a
systematic and comprehensive way.
To accomplish this, says Prof. Belshaw, the
museum has to be a "flexible and adaptable one
that includes a great many options for both
present and future study."
He foresees that in the next five or six years the
importance of physical collections concerned with
B.C. ethnic cultures of a non-Indian nature will be
extremely important.
Asked for an example, he cites folk dancing,
folklore and folk music of non-Indian origin.
"We're inclined to think there isn't much of this
sort of thing in B.C.," he says, "but in fact there is
a great deal, and the UBC museum will be
interested in becoming a repository for such
culture in the form of filmed, recorded and
written records, including materials for sociological
analysis as well as physical objects."
He also sees the museum's archives as being of
interest to and serving to stimulate work in other
UBC departments. He anticipates that Asian
Studies, Music, Linguistics and Fine Arts will all
have an interest in making use of the museum's
collections and perhaps contributing to them.
Perhaps the most exciting aspect of the
proposed museum will be its proposed national
and international ties. Prof. Belshaw is unable to
give many details at this point, but negotiations
are currently underway to link the UBC museum
with Canada's National Museum in Ottawa and to
the museum network of France, where something
of a museum revolution has been taking place in
recent years.
Affiliation with Canada's National Museum
would mean that some of the operating costs of
the UBC museum would be borne by Ottawa and,
in return, the National Museum would use the
UBC building for displaying some of its collections
and as a base for its activities in B.C., including
excavation projects and extension work among the
province's native Indians in co-operation with UBC
"Extension activities," Prof. Belshaw says,
"already take the form of advising people on how
to run a small museum of their own and training
them to look after their own artifacts, or
supplying skilled personnel to aid them in
operating their archaeological digging program or
to preserve their own oral literature."
As for the European connection, he said, "the
French are currently developing new techniques of
museum activity, including an approach for using
them for sociological research." At the moment,
he says, UBC is arranging a joint seminar program
dealing with approaches to the treatment of
mythology and computer techniques for handling
myth analysis. The first of a series of joint
seminars to discuss techniques will be held at UBC
next summer.
In the long run. Prof. Belshaw and his
colleagues see UBC becoming part of a world-wide
network of institutions which produce linguistic
materials according to agreed principles and
exchange information and methods of analysis.
Prof. Belshaw also looks to increasing ties with
Asia, largely as the result of the recent
appointment to the UBC faculty of Canadian-born
archaeologist Dr. Richard Pearson, who has
worked extensively in and around Japan.
UBC's store of physical artifacts from this area
is not likely to increase, says Prof. Belshaw,
because Asian countries — like most European
countries — now prohibit the export of materials
found at excavated sites. This prohibition will
probably result in a shift in emphasis from a
strictly physical record to a more conventional
type of record, on paper, by photograph and
through the use of computer techniques.
What emerges from a conversation with Prof.
Belshaw, then, is a concept of a new kind of
museum, one that will expand the traditional
function of public display, one that will utilize
new ideas and techniques currently making
themselves felt in the museum world, one with an
extension function in B.C. and with national and
international connections, one designed to serve
the University community and general public to
the greatest extent possible.
To learn more about the new ideas sweeping
through the museum world and the plans of
individuals who will be associated with the
planned UBC building, UBC Reports interviewed
members of the Department of Anthropology and
Sociology. Excerpts from these tape-recorded
conversations begin at right and continue on Pages
Four and Five.
Illustration by Ed Yabuki
2/UBC Reports/Oct. 27, 1971 MRS. AUDREY HAWTHORN
Doing Away With
'Museum Feet'
Amassing UBC's outstanding collection of northwest
coast Indian art has been a labor of love for more than
25 years for professor of anthropology Dr. Harry
Hawthorn and his wife, Audrey, who is the curator of
Museum of Anthropology in the basement of the Main
Library. Mrs. Hawthorn describes how UBC's various
anthropological collections will be displayed in the new
"I guess anyone who has visited an old-fashioned
museum has experienced 'museum feet.' The
expression is used to describe the fatigue that the visitor
experiences when he's confronted with badly-displayed
collections which require constant reading of labels to be
"For some years we've been working on the creation
of 'total environment' displays that involve tapes, slides,
special lighting and movies to make them as meaningful
as possible. In Montreal, for instance, where UBC's
Indian collection was on display in the summers of 1969
and 1970, our designer, Rudy Kovack, created a display
that involved a single label, one that introduced visitors
to the exhibits in each building. The visitor who viewed
the display also heard an audio tape that described the
collection and the life and culture of the Indians who
created it and there was a slide show going on at the
same time. The response to the display in Montreal was
extraordinary. Many people said it was the most exciting
thing of its kind they'd ever seen.
"That's the kind of display end involvement on the
part of the public that we'll be aiming for in the new
museum. And there's no reason why displays of other
material in our possession can't be exhibited in the same
"The new museum will be more than a public display,
however. We will also have an area of visible storage,
where regional collections of artifacts will be visible in
glass cases for use by scholars, students and members of
the general public who have a genuine interest in
studying these objects. The displays will be arranged in
such a way that the visitor will be able to understand
how the items are related to the total culture instead of
appearing to be isolated curiosities.
"There will also be a third area of the building made
up of student-faculty work laboratories for conservation
and restoration of artifacts, where photographs and
records are kept and a series of small offices where
students and faculty members can work with cultural
informants recording their stories and traditions.
"Taken as a whole, these three divisions will make for
a museum that should be exceedingly meaningful. It
will be a place for the public to come for interest and
pleasure, where students will be closely related to the
academic work in their departments and where our own
museum training course will give the best preparation
possible to students who go out to staff other buildings
across Canada."
B.C. May Hold
Key to the Past
Prof. Charles Borden recently retired from full-time
teaching duties at UBC, but still busies himself daily in
his archaeology laboratory in the basement of the
Mathematics (formerly the old Arts) Building, piecing
together the pre-historic period of B.C. 's history. For the
past 25 years, Prof. Borden, supported only with grants
he obtained from sources outside the University, has
managed to accumulate some 90,000 artifacts from all
parts of the province, but chiefly the lower Fraser
Valley. He describes how his collection of materials
would fit into the planned UBC museum.
"Our display space here in the existing archaeology
laboratory is extremely small and anyone viewing the
visible artifacts wouldn't have the slightest idea how
they were used or how they fitted into the socio-cultural
context of the people who employed them. The new
museum will offer opportunities for this kind of display
and the prehistoric materia! will also be linked to more
recent material to show the historic development of
"The museum will also enable us to show how an
archaeologist actually goes about digging up material. We
should be able to show an actual excavation underway
and,  of  course,  the  museum   will   serve  to  stimulate
further on-site excavation in various areas of the
"Why is it important to dig up the past? The present
is rooted in the past and the future is rooted in the
present. There is a continuum of human activity here
that will enable the present to understand the past and
the unique human achievement involved in adaptation to
environment. In addition, British Columbia is coming to
be recognized as an area where the key may be found to
many of the problems which have baffled archaeologists
in the past. B.C. was covered by successive ice sheets
over many thousands of years, ice sheets that forced the
earliest inhabitants to flee. When the ice retreated the
province was repopulated from various directions and
this resulted in a comingling of people of relatively
advanced culture newly arrived from Asia with much
earlier arrivals of more ancient cultural traditions who
had lived in isolation from the Old World and the main
stream of cultural development for many thousands of
"B.C. then appears to be unique in terms of cultural
evolvement and doesn't appear to fit any of the
preconceived notions of cultural historians and theorists.
A new museum at UBC could serve to stimulate the kind
of archaeological activity which may solve the riddle of
cultural development in this area of North America.
Additional interviews
with UBC faculty
members on the planned
museum appear on
Pages Four and Eive.
Active Extension
Program Planned
Mrs. Gloria Webster, an assistant curator in UBC's
Museum of Anthropology and a part-time lecturer in the
anthropology and sociology department, describes the
extension activities which will be carried on in UBC's
new museum.
"Indian people generally know very little about
museums. Those who do feel some resentment that they
can only see the finest examples of our material culture.
It is a reminder of how much we have lost. UBC has an
outstanding collection of Northwest Coast materials and,
hopefully, here we can change the image Indian people
have of museums. First, by making it possible for carvers
and artists to produce replicas of very old specimens that
are too fragile to loan out and, secondly, by making such
replicas available to Indians who wish to learn more of
their own traditions.
"At the moment a small program of this sort is going
on at Vancouver's Centennial Museum. There is a group
of 12 to 15 Indians who come to the museum,once a
week to make costumes based on traditional ones in the
museum's collection."
"We are going to be concerned about preserving and
fostering the arts and crafts of other ethnic groups as
well. There is an excellent Oriental collection in the
present museum, which Japanese, Chinese and Korean
people might be interested in using for research and
"The resurgence of interest by Indians in their culture
is partly the result of the fact that much of it is in
danger of disappearing and also because there is
increasing interest and appreciation of Indian culture by
white people. Indian artists are also aware that there is
money to be made in carvings and handicrafts and this is
important in the minds of people who have no other
way of making a living.
"Another future area of extension activities centres
around the desire of small communities throughout B.C.
to develop their own small museums and displays. The
new UBC museum could be helpful here by training
people to run these regional museums, cataloguing their
collections and even helping them to conduct
archaeological digs in their own area."
UBC Reports/Oct. 27, 1971/3 DR. RICHARD PEARSON
UBC Museum Will
Relate to People
Canadian-born Dr. Richard Pearson is an
archaeologist in the Department of Anthropology and
Sociology. He has worked extensively in Canada (eight
years), Polynesia, the Ruykyu Islands south of Japan,
including Okinawa, and in Taiwan, Korea and Japan
proper. He talks about how new techniques coming to
the fore in archaeology will be integrated into the
proposed UBC museum.
"The opportunity of integrating some of the new
techniques and ideas about archaeology into the
proposed museum at UBC offers some very exciting
prospects. Perhaps I'd better begin by describing
'processuaf archaeology, which is what the new
archaeology is called.
"In the past there was a tendency for excavators to
work a site over and select from the material excavated
the most beautiful or most typical object. In recent
years the emphasis has been to look at artifacts — the
things excavated — as parts of whole systems of tools
used by various parts of a community. Artifacts become
important for their variation rather than as objects of
beauty, which is perhaps the way an art historian would
see them. This involves digging not just a sirjgle site but a
whole range of sites to see how the artifacts they yield
fit together in a systematic way. It's much the same sort
of systematic approach currently being developed in
"In terms of museum display this approach means
that we would not simply display a case full of
arrowheads with a label that says 'stone arrowheads.'
They would be displayed and explained in such a way
that the visitor or the student would be aware of the
cultural context of the artifacts and what they were used
for. The important thing is to make artifacts part of a
living cultural system and to do this we have to develop
ways of exhibiting materials. In some cases this may
involve participation by the viewer, perhaps in ways that
will allow him to actually use tools. Emphasis should
also be placed on how humans related to their
environment and how concepts of the environment
changed over centuries. For instance, the island we now
use as an airport may, in the distant past, have been a
prime animal- and bird-hunting or fishing area. In other
words, show how land-use concepts have altered.
"The museum could also be a place where the public
could learn some of the scientific techniques of
archaeology. It could also be a jumping-off place for the
introduction of archaeological studies in high schools.
I'm also eager to introduce the use of the computer into
archaeological studies. I'm almost an illiterate as far as
computer-based studies go, but there's no question that
they can be used to clarify the relationship within large
quantities of information.
"I feel very strongly that archaeology has to be
integrated with cultural anthropology and there are also
some other possibilities for a closer alliance with the
technical sciences, such as geology, botany, zoology and
even mineralogy. I would hope that a carefully thought
out organizational structure for the new museum would
help to develop and strengthen these ties.
"What makes the prospect so exciting at UBC is the
fact that we have the advantage of being able to avoid
the mistakes which have been made in existing public
and university museums. There are museums which
exhibit objects as curiosities, musems which can be
described as 'colonial' because the people of the culture
come through as a bunch of stone-pounders or makers of
bark cloth or fish hooks rather than as members of a
living culture that made some unique human
"I think what we want is a people's museum, which is
a term that might be misinterpreted today. We want a
museum that the widest possible spectrum of people can
identify with, not one where only professionals can
study tremendous quantities of specimens or one that is
strictly for the environmentalist, either. It has to be a
museum to which the people whose heritage is
represented there can relate directly."
Museum Heads
Getting Nervous
Mrs. Marjorie Halpin, a curator in the Museum of
Anthropology in the basement of the Main Library and
special lecturer in the Department of Anthropology and
Sociology, discusses the museology program offered by
the department and the "museum revolution. "
"The so-called museum revolution is a reaction, to
some extent, to what happened about a hundred years
ago when great public museums were developed in
London, Paris, New York, Washington and, to some
extent, in Canada. They tended to reflect the viewpoints
and classification systems of an elite group of curators.
These museums were open to the public but they didn't
speak to the public in ways that were relevant to their
lives and experiences. In addition, many of them had an
antiquarian approach that failed to relate exhibited
objects to a system of cultural values.
"The revolution has manifested itself in some
extreme forms. In France, for instance, where much of
the discussion was initiated, it has resulted in such
extreme statements as, 'There can be no democratization
Illustration by Ed Yabuki
4/UBC Reports/Oct. 27, 1971 of the arts until we burn the Louvre,' and a couple of
years ago the American Museum Association meetings in
New York were picketed by a group that demanded that
museums become relevant to the issues of racism,
sexualism and war. Museum curators are, as a result of
all this, getting very nervous.
"So there is a reassessment going on — it's mostly talk
at this point — about the democratization of museums.
( It centres around how museums can be scaled to human
size in their architecture and how they can relate to the
lives of the mass of the people. One of the concrete
manifestations of the movement has been the
establishment of neighborhood museums in the United
States, museums that reflect the life of ethnic minorities,
including museums on Indian reservations.
"Now it's clear that one of the stipulations under
which UBC received a grant for its new museum was that
it should be public. The question that we have to think
about and explore is what, in the 1970s, does a public
museum mean within the framework of a university,
where one would expect the academic orientation to be
paramount and where the training of students will have
,   to continue.
"Certainly, the museology training program, which
was formalized as an academic offering six years ago,
will have to continue, since it is one of the backbones of
the existing museum. Until two years ago it was the only
training program in Canada and its graduates are now
key figures in almost every museum in Canada. At the
> moment the entire training program operates in cramped
facilities in the basement of the Main Library. Because
of the technical skills demanded in the exhibiting of
objects, the course demands apprenticeship training on a
one-to-one basis with museum professionals. The
emphasis in museology programs is the development of
professional standards and instilling in students the idea
of the importance of museology as a discipline."
Native Indian
Myths Recorded
Dr. Pierre Maranda, associate professor of
anthropology and sociology, is the director of a project
which is analysing the myths, legends and oral traditions
of the Indians in British Columbia. He describes the
project and how it will fit into UBC's new museum.
"We work jointly with B.C. Indians who tape record
*■ their own myths and folklore. The myths are then
translated into English and put into machine-readable
form for the computer. The computer analyses the
myths and folklore in a number of ways. It produces a
dictionary of all the words in the text and the number of
times each word occurs, for instance. Further automatic
analysis reveals that there are differences of world view
between an Indian in the Okanagan area and one in the
Thompson area, even though they belong to the same
cultural area.
"The   myth   analysis   is   part   of   an   international
♦program. We are co-operating with a group of French
anthropologists who are analysing French folklore. Our
common, long-range objective is to develop principles of
analysis that can be applied to the myths and folk tales
of people anythere in the world. We exchange data with
three institutions in Paris and compare the approaches
and computer programs that each of us apply to the
analysis of oral traditions.
"The object in analysing myths and folklore is to get
at the underlying framework of human behavior, at a
philosophy. This conditions the child to whom these
stories are told, to form opinions and beliefs about life,
technology and other aspects of the world.
"The analyses which we are in the process of
accumulating will be held in the museum as a repository
of B.C. Indian philosophy. But more important we
would like to be able to turn over the tools we are
developing to the Indians themselves so that they can
not only record but also analyse their own cultural
traditions. They need this for themselves, and other
Canadians also need it, for the Indians have a
contribution to make to Canadian cultural identity.
"When the museum is operating it should be possible
to arrange for Indian artists-in-residence who would take
part in myth-telling sessions for students, scholars and
the public. Over thousands of years of life in this part of
the world, the Indians have developed a very
sophisticated philosophy which enables them to react
with lucidity and respect to the beauty that surrounds
us. We may, and the general public too, have something
to learn from them."
Teaching Will
Be Improved
Prof. Wilson Duff is a UBC graduate and member of
the Department of Anthropology and Sociology who
specializes in the study and analysis of the cultures of
the Indian peoples of the northwestern coast of North
America. He talks about the recent rebirth of the study
of material culture based on museum collections.
"For quite a long time anthropology moved away
from museum-based studies and examined things that
have no material counterpart, such as social organization
and kinship. Recently there has been something of a
renaissance in theoretical approaches to the study of
material culture based on museum collections and there
are a number of graduate students and two or three
faculty members interested and involved in this area.
The proposed museum will provide a home base for this
kind of study.
"In the absence of a museum I have been teaching the
ethnography and ethnology — the study and the analysis
of culture — of the Indians of the Northwest Coast of
North America through slides. I will continue to do that
even after the museum is constructed because it gives
students access to a wider range of materials. The
present disadvantage for students is that slides give only
a two-dimensional representation of physical things.
"Teaching has to be carried on in this way at UBC
despite the fact that UBC possesses one of the
outstanding collections of materials which relate to the
Indians of the Northwest Coast. Because of a lack of
teaching space and museum facilities students are unable
to examine these materials and they haven't been
exposed to good museum exhibits. More than 400
students are registered this year in the Indians of B.C.
course, but it would be physically impossible for the
existing museum in the basement of the Library to
accommodate all these students if I wanted them to see
specimens and we don't have any way of breaking them
down into manageable groups. A better facility, with
proper work rooms and display space will enable us to
do this.
"The new museum will also bring under one roof a
wide range of material which is not currently available to
students. Dr. Charles Borden, who has just retired as
professor of archaeology, has a large collection of
prehistoric Indian materials in the basement of the
Mathematics (formerly the Arts) Building which I would
like my students to have access to and study. That
simply isn't possible because the existing archaeology
laboratory is, if anything, even more crowded than the
present Museum of Anthropology.
"The new museum, in bringing all this material
together for systematic exhibition in one place, will
make it easier and more efficient for us to explore and
develop ethnography and ethnology in terms of the
rebirth of the museum-based studies which I mentioned
Film Archive
Seen in Museum
Dr. Matthew Speier, assistant professor of
anthropology and sociology, is convinced that audio
visual techniques, particularly films, can be used for
teaching and research. He describes how film and
videotape could be employed in the planned UBC
"For some reason films have never been used as a
powerful teaching and research medium. There is a
reluctance to use them, possibly because of the expense
and the special skills that are needed. When I speak of
using films for research purposes, I have in mind how
film might be used to study human group life. There are
lots of films on human groups, but they haven't really
been applied to situations of research and study.
"Using films for teaching has even larger implications
for the University. In addition to supplying information,
the film has to open up questions and issues about the
people in the film and their lives. The big problem is to
get students to see films as alternative sources of
information that provide them with new ways of looking
at familiar materials.
"The new museum could have an archive of films that
would be used for both teaching and research. There are
a great many films available for teaching purposes and I
would hope the museum would use them in classroom
situations and also for showings to interested members
of the public.
"The ultimate goal I have in mind is to develop a
film-making program in the museum, a program which
would concentrate on recording various aspects of the
life of B.C. Indians and other ethnic minorities. In the
beginning they would not be long films and the subject
might be as simple as blanket-making among the Indians
or some other artistic activity. Properly made, a short
film of this sort could be a powerful teaching and
research device to supplement physical artifacts in the
"I think, too, that a film or videotaping program of
this sort would be doubly effective if we involved native
Indians and other ethnic minorities in it. Armed with a
movie camera or a portable videotape machine, Indians
would be more likely to select for recording that which
is significant in their culture than a white operator with
preconceived notions about the lives of Indians.
"In this way I think Indians would make a significant
contribution to the museum's archives and open up
opportunities for a cultural exchange with non-Indians. I
also see an archive of audio tapes in the museum for use
by students, scholars and the public, tapes of folklore
and other descriptions of cultural traditions.
"What has to be overcome, it seems to me, is the
widespread feeling throughout the University that this
sort of activity or archive is somehow unscholarly. The
response of the University so far, it seems to me, has
been entirely inadequate in adapting the audio-visual
revolution to the teaching and research function. The
use by the museum of these techniques may ultimately
lead to the development of a model which would serve
to show other departments how film and videotape
could increase their teaching and research effectiveness."
UBC Reports/Oct. 27, 1971/5 The pipe-smoking dean of UBC's Faculty of
Agricultural Sciences, Dr. Michael Shaw
pictured at right, describes the changes that have
been made in his Faculty recently to up-date the
curriculum and explains why a campaign was
launched recently to raise $500,000 to improve
the Faculty's ancillary facilities.
UBC REPORTS: Dean Shaw, Dr. Patrick McTaggart
Cowan, who is now executive director of the Science
Council of Canada, in addressing a group of government
scientists recently, characterized university faculties of
agriculture in Canada as being, for the most part, second
rate. He tempered this with the statement that within
Canadian schools of agriculture there are some scientists
who have done some outstanding work. But the burden
of his speech was that there is not a first-class faculty of
agriculture at any university in Canada. Can you
comment on this and, if you agree with that statement,
is there some historic reason for this situation in
DEAN MICHAEL SHAW: Well, I think that Dr.
McTaggart Cowan's remarks have to be looked at in
context. First of all, he was addressing a group of federal
government scientists and was making the point that
federal support for research in the faculties of
agriculture in Canada has been at a rather low level. The
Canadian Agricultural Services Co-ordinating Committee
makes available something like $800,000 a year for
research in all the seven faculties of agriculture in
Canada, which is about one-third of the total funds
made available for agricultural research by the National
Research Council of Canada.
And that's a drop in the bucket when one considers
that the internal operations of the research branch of the
Canada Department of Agriculture cost between $30
and $35 million a year. So the point that Dr. McTaggart
Cowan was really making was how much better the
faculties of agriculture could be if they didn't have to
struggle quite so hard to obtain adequate research funds.
UBCR: Is there a reason for the government funding
its own agriculture services in preference to the
university faculties of agriculture? What accounts for
DEAN SHAW: Well, my own view is that this is an
accident of history which probably arose because, when
the federal Department of Agriculture and related
departments were originally set up, Canadian universities
were simply not in a position to undertake much
It's not so many years ago, you know, that McGill
and Toronto had the only two graduate schools of any
significance in Canada. So while the faculties of
agriculture have grown and have increased their
capabilities enormously in the last 20 years, the old
pattern of the government tending to do everything in
its own laboratories has remained.
UBCR: A substantial percentage of the gross national
product in Canada must be a result of activity in the
agricultural field.
DEAN SHAW: I can't give you a percentage, but I
can give you some figures for British Columbia. The cash
value of farm receipts in British Columbia is slightly in
excess of $200 million a year. But if you calculate the
impact value of agriculture in terms of jobs that it
generates    in    various    sectors    of   agriculture,    food
6/UBC Reports/Oct. 27, 1971
processing,   to   name  a  single  example,   you   have  to
multiply that figure roughly by five.
Dr. George Winter, head of our agricultural
economics department, recently presented a very
interesting paper on this subject, and while he had to
make certain assumptions in his calculations there is no
question that the impact value in terms of dollars is very
much larger than the actual cash value of farm receipts.
Even in British Columbia, where agriculture is relatively
small compared to resource industries such as forestry or
mining, there is no question that agriculture is very
much interwoven with the whole economy.
UBCR: How do you account for the fact that student
enrolment at UBC in agricultural sciences, and I would
assume in schools of agricultural sciences across Canada,
remains relatively low?
DEAN SHAW: I don't think that its true to say that
enrolments have remained relatively low across Canada. I
think that at the University of Guelph, in Ontario, where
they've got the largest university agricultural faculty,
they have something of the order of 900 undergraduates.
Of course, in Ontario there is a very large agricultural
industry and in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta
they have always had considerably larger enrolments
than we have here in B.C. I think that there are several
factors that operate in B.C. to keep enrolments relatively
Before I go into them, let me say that at the present
time our undergraduate enrolment is about 225 students
and that represents a 6 per cent increase over the last
academic year. The factors that contribute to smaller
enrolments are that production agriculture in B.C. is a
relatively small industry, it's very much diversified, the
University is located in an urban environment and
perhaps the University's own view of the importance of
a first-class Faculty of Agricultural Sciences has not
always been what it should have been in the past. I feel
that in recent years there has been a considerable change
in this attitude and that our value is now recognized as
far as the University is concerned.
I think that another factor is that the people who are
responsible for advising high school students throughout
the province tend to think of agriculture in terms of
what it was 30 years ago and don't fully realize the
extent to which our programs are based on science and
the application of science to agriculture. Nor do they
fully realize the diversity of the programs that we now
offer and the opportunities that these provide for
UBCR: Do you think there are students within the
University, perhaps in other faculties, who would be well
advised to investigate the kind of work you are doing in
agricultural sciences with a view to switching?
DEAN SHAW: Yes, I do. I am quite sure -and this,
of course, is a personal view — that there is a substantial
number of students who are now taking general degrees
in science without any particular objective who would
find, if they looked into it, that they could obtain a very
satisfactory university education through a degree in
agricultural sciences and that it would lead them to a
very rewarding career after they graduated.
UBCR: What about job opportunities? Do you feel
they are perhaps better with an agricultural degree than
with a general science degree?
DEAN SHAW: Well, at this moment in time, job
opportunities for university graduates are not as good as
they were a few years ago when every graduate had
choice of where he would work and what he would ddQ
A graduate in agricultural sciences has as good or
perhaps a better, opportunity than many other kinds of
graduates to obtain rewarding employment. Of course,
this doesn't mean that the University or the Faculty of
Agricultural Sciences guarantees every graduate a job.
That's not what the University's for.
UBCR: You mentioned earlier that one of the factors
that may have contributed to lower enrolments is that
UBC is in an urban setting. Do you think that it might
have been advantageous to have tried to decentralize
some agricultural training in other parts of the province?
DEAN SHAW: Not at all. The main problem involved
in taking a faculty of agriculture out of a university and
moving it into some rural setting is that all the
advantages of contact and co-operation with other
faculties, such as science, applied science and so on, ar|
lost. And in order to have a first class Faculty oT
Agricultural Sciences one has to have a faculty located in
a large university where there is a great deal of diversity
and where there are strong basic sciences. I could cite
instance after instance where the work of our staff
benefits enormously from work in other faculties and
departments, particularly the Faculty of Science. And
I'm sure that there are many people in the Faculty of
Science who benefit from our faculty being on the
campus. So I regard the possibility of decentralization as
being quite out of the question because I think you
create quite a different kind of institution. If we were to
decentralize, the province would simply end up with a
vocational institution. By that I mean an institution
which is training people primarily to go back to
production work on farms.
UBCR: But isn't that what faculties of agriculture
have traditionally existed for?
DEAN SHAW: At one time perhaps, but those days
are long gone. In fact, of all the UBC graduates in
agriculture since the faculty first opened its doors, only
about 6 per cent have actually gone back to farming in
B.C. We've had something of the order of 1,800 or 1,850
graduates and only 6 per cent of those have gone back to
farming in B.C.
UBCR: What occupations do the other 94 per cent go
DEAN SHAW: Something like 16 per cent are
teaching in B.C. or other parts of Canada, 22 per cent
are in business and industry, and that includes all kinds
of businesses from banks to the forest industry; 32 per
cent are with government agencies, either in
administrative positions or as research officers of one
kind or another; 17 per cent are research scientists
primarily in government institutions, but some in private
industry, and others are at universities. The other 7 per ''rv ; j."S -*f-'''*%5>'S-W^'* !vi;--^tinf f ~ 3;J«|
'Any successful dairy farmer
In the lower Fraser Valley
has better facilities than our
old dairy barn. It's impossible
to provide modern training in
that area with our present facility'
cent are in a wide variety of other occupations.
UBCR: In allied fields?
DEAN SHAW: Not necessarily. I met one dentist who
feels that the best thing that ever happened to him was
to take an undergraduate degree in agriculture because it
him a very wide inter-disciplinary introduction to
UBCR:   You said earlier that the best place for a
school of agriculture is as part of an integrated scientific
► establishment   at   a   university.   Has   the   Faculty   of
Agricultural Sciences at UBC altered its curriculum in
recent years to provide for greater integration?
DEAN SHAW: We have had a considerable change in
our undergraduate program. The individual courses
within the curriculum have also been altered
considerably. This has been the result of new points of
view, of bringing new staff onto the faculty. The faculty
has increased in size in the last four years from 27 to 45.
UBCR: Have you introduced any new areas of study
in recent years?
DEAN SHAW: Yes, we have. We now have a
fully-accredited Department of Food Science with a
' jtffeu-am that did not exist a few years ago. We've added
^^entomologists to the staff of the plant science
department because we couldn't properly deal with the
problems of plant protection without, having
entomologists on the staff. In soil science we have
widened the scope of the department considerably. We
. have, for example, an environmental physicist on the
staff of soil science now.
And in this connection I should point out that we are
building bridges into other disciplines. Our soil science
department is really serving both agriculture and
forestry. We have one man in the department who is
supported by the Faculty of Forestry and another man
■' who is jointly supported by this Faculty and by the
Faculty of Forestry. We have also made a great effort to
form links with the Institute of Animal Resource
Ecology under Dr. Crawford Holling and one of the
entomologists in plant science is a joint appointment
between the Institute and the Faculty. In these and
other ways I feel that we've made a considerable degree
' of progress in linking up with the programs of other
UBCR: You've recently launched a campaign to raise
half a million dollars. The University is also committing
funds for a total of approximately one million dollars.
Can you explain exactly what this money is to be used
for and what it will do to improve agricultural sciences
at UBC?
DEAN SHAW: The first priority is to improve
ancillary facilities on the campus. We badly need to
update the greenhouses for plant science and provide
new facilities for animal and poultry science. We also
need a modern dairy unit.
It's almost embarrassing to bring members of the
agricultural community to the campus because any
successful dairy farmer in the lower Fraser Valley
probably has better facilities than our old dairy barn. It's
' 'quite impossible for us to provide modern training in
that particular area with the facility that we now have.
UBCR: Will the improvements you are planning go
far toward creating a first-class school of agriculture
DEAN SHAW: They will very much update our
ancillary facilities, but after that we still have other
needs. But it didn't seem wise to try to accomplish
everything all at once.
UBCR: What do you see as the greatest future needs
in agricultural sciences? Where do you see the Faculty
going over the next 25 years, say?
DEAN SHAW: That is a hard question to answer. I
know one university president — not our own — who
says that five years is an infinity of time. In the last four
years we have concentrated on building minimum
essential strength in each of the departments in the
Faculty. I think that in the future we need much more
development in the area of agricultural economics,
which is still our smallest department. Many of the
problems facing Canadian agriculture are essentially
economic ones, problems concerned with marketing,
distribution and trade.
Our Department of Agricultural Economics is in a
particularly favorable position in comparison to similar
departments in other faculties of agriculture because
we're located in Vancouver where grain and other
agricultural produce is shipped to China, Japan and
UBCR: Do you think the possibility of increased
trade with China will effect development along those
DEAN SHAW: I think that any developments in
relation to trade between Canada and the Orient are
bound to have a good effect.
UBCR: Are there other areas within the faculty that
you see as being promising in terms of future
DEAN SHAW: The traditional areas, the soil, animal
and plant sciences, all offer exciting possibilities for
future development in relation to increased efficiency of
land use and animal and plant production as well as
conservation of the environment.
Two areas that I think we have neglected in Canada in
the past are food science and agricultural engineering,
particularly food engineering. I think that these areas
will become increasingly important in the future
because, whether we like the idea or not, I believe we
shall see an increased use of processed foods or food
supplements. So we have made a great effort to get the
two departments - Food Science and Agricultural
Engineering — established on a sound basis and to
integrate their work as much as possible. Incidentally,
the agricultural engineering program gives the Faculty a
strong link with the Faculty of Applied Science.
UBCR: In recent years one of the questions that new
members of your faculty have thrown at them bears on
the question of the world food shortage. Faculties of
agricultural sciences are often seen as a powerhouse of
ideas for  solving food  shortage  problems.   Is this an
unfair burden to put on them?
DEAN SHAW: No I don't think it is. A number of
faculty members have gone to less-well-developed parts
of the world, Ghana, South America, India and the West
Indies, for example, on agricultural missions. The
problem is that the Faculty hasn't been big enough in
the past to be able to afford to have people away for
long periods. Some even question the idea that we
should have people away on overseas agricultural
missions. I think that we would be doing our students a
disservice if some of our staff did not occasionally
undertake these missions, because they bring back a
perspective on world agricultural problems that is
extremely useful to our students.
I feel that more of our young people who go into
agriculture should consider the possibility of taking a
post overseas in connection with agricultural
development. There is no question about the need and
the work that has to be done when one considers the
world food problem.
UBCR: Do you feel that in the future the University
is going to have to provide Agricultural Sciences with a
larger building?
DEAN SHAW: The short answer to that is yes. If the
province really wants a first-class Faculty of Agricultural
Sciences to do the job that should be done in British
Columbia and Canada, we certainly need a larger
building and more teaching staff.
When I first came here I said I thought a staff of 60
was a minimum requirement for the Faculty and I still
believe that to be true.
UBCR: Can you briefly describe what you see as the
functions of the Faculty?
DEAN SHAW: There are three functions, teaching,
research and extension or continuing education. And
that's in order of priority.
In connection with teaching, our responsibility is to
give undergraduates the most up-to-date training possible
in the agricultural sciences and that means the program
has to be very solidly based in science. The program
must not only make students aware of the application of
science to agriculture but also aware of the relationship
of agriculture to the environment. In the past, faculties
of agriculture concentrated on graduating students who
knew all about the production side of agriculture. Today
we have to graduate students who know about the
production side and are also aware of the problems of
pollution and damage to the environment. The big
problem is to achieve maximum production with
minimum damage to the environment.
Agricultural research in a university serves two
purposes. It serves as a vehicle, first, for advanced
training of graduate students. It also serves the province
and the country because the results of that research are
applicable to agricultural problems. I should add that it
will not pay to be too short-sighted about the kind of
research that is done in agriculture faculties. If all the
research effort is devoted to short-term problems we
won't be provided with the core of well-trained people
needed to deal with future problems. What I am saying is
that a fair amount of our research needs to be of a basic,
long-term nature, devoted to producing people who can
deal with agricultural problems 20 years from now.
On the extension side, we are working closely with
the appropriate people in the provincial Department of
Agriculture and the University's Center for Continuing
Education. This is a facet of faculty activity which is
often forgotten, but it is a very important facet and it is
an area where I feel we need to do much more.
UBCR: Do you see the results of research in the
laboratory being funnelled out through the extension
DEAN SHAW: That's possible with certain kinds of
research. When it comes to fundamental, long-term
research it's not always possible.
UBCR: Agriculture students have always been noted
for their high morale. Can you tell us something about
faculty-student relations and the faculty itself?
DEAN SHAW: I think that students and faculty
associated with agriculture are pretty highly motivated
and have a very strong sense of providing service to
others. The teaching staff certainly enjoys excellent
relationships with its students and they are a very fine
group of young people. As for the staff, I think you
would have to look a long way to find a group of people
who work harder and are more dedicated. And, of
course, a number of our researchers have achieved
international distinction in their particular fields.
UBC Reports/Oct. 27, 1971/7 DEBATE
Few pieces of real estate in the Greater
Vancouver area have been the subject of more
debate in recent years than the undeveloped
portion — some 1,700 acres — of the University
Endowment Lands, the forested green belt that
separates the University of B.C. from the City of
The Lands, which total just over 2,500 acres,
were set aside by the provincial government in
1923 with the intention that they should be
developed in some manner to provide revenue
for the University. In the 48 years since they
were created, UBC has not realized a penny
from its birthright.
Recent controversy concerning the Lands has
largely centred on the possibility that the
700-odd acres of developed land will be
amalgamated with the City of Vancouver.
Endowment Lands schools have already been
incorporated into the Vancouver school system
and tax assessments on existing homes and
businesses in the area have been increased to
make them more comparable to assessments in
Very little is known about the negotiations,
which began in February of this year, between
the provincial government, which controls and
administers the Lands through the Department
of Lands and Forests, and the City of
Vancouver. The City, it appears, wants control
of the entire UEL, not just the developed area,
and the UEL Ratepayers Association is resisting
the amalgamation proposal, fearful that
standards of service in the area may drop and
real estate operators may move in to exploit the
forested areas in undesirable ways.
The Hon. Ray Williston, provincial Minister of
Lands and Forests, insists there will be no
giveaways. Nothing the provincial government
has said in recent years seems to indicate that it
has abandoned the principle that development
of the remaining 1,700 acres should provide
income for the University.
Since the end of the Second World War there
have been several proposals for developing the
Lands. In 1963, Webb and Knapp (Canada) Ltd.,
a company which subsequently went bankrupt,
unveiled a $3 million development scheme. The
company estimated that UBC would get an
income of $3 million a year after 15 years if all
the developed  land  was  held on a lease-hold
Forested University Endowment Lands separate UBC on tip of Point Grey from City of Vancouver
Mr. Adrian Belshaw's five-page brief on the
University Endowment Lands first discusses
the 1955 and 1963 proposals for the
development of the Lands. He says there are
compelling reasons for the outright rejection
of both plans, largely because the endowment
concept has not been carried out and
probably won't be revived. 'Financial
considerations, " he says, "should no longer be
considered crucial in the development of the
endowment; the immediate needs of the
university and the community it serves should
take priority. " His brief continues:
So we have a problem; we must decide
what to do with almost 1,800 acres of
beautiful forest. The first thing we should
note in this context is that since the student
population of UBC has probably peaked there
will be no need for major spatial
expansion. . . . The new Sedgewick library has
set a valuable precedent in showing that
expansion can take place underground; the
greater expense is easily justified by the
preservation of the view and feeling of space
which could so easily be destroyed by the
ubiquitous high-rise. The institution of
rational public transit ... or the construction
of underground parking lots would free vast
waste areas for new buildings. There is clearly
no excuse for the spread of the academic
parts of campus.
The triangle of land presently occupied by
B.C. Research, TRIUMF, and other research
facilities provides generous scope for future
expansion. There is a current view that 100
acres on the eastern side of Wesbrook
Crescent and south on Sixteenth Ave. should
be set aside for an "industrial park." where
private companies could set up research
facilities. That such a development would
provide good revenue is irrelevant. Physical
proximity of research facilities is not a prime
factor in the communication of important
scientific results, and the advantages of such
an arrangement may well be offset by the
corporate presence working to the detriment
of "pure" research. There is a better use of
the land, as will be shown later.
One thing that is important to any
university is the creation of a community
spirit, something that is sadly lacking at UBC.
There are many good entertainment facilities
at the university, but they are under-used, and
there are too few restaurants, cafes and pubs
for a distinctive centre of student and faculty
activity to grow. If more students were to live
in the UEL in some kind of "student ghetto,"
then half the problem would be solved. The
construction of new housing would preferably
Please turn to Page Ten
8/UBC Reports/Oct. 27, 1971 basis. The scheme was politely, but
non-commitally, received by the government.
Earlier, in 1955, the provincial government
commissioned a study of the Lands. This report
proposed comprehensive development of the
Lands, but no action was ever taken on it.
UBC has not yet publicly stated an official
position on the Lands, but a report prepared by
a presidential advisory committee early this year
has been forwarded to the government for
study. The only preference expressed by UBC,
some years ago, was for the development of a
private-sector research park adjacent to the new
South Campus research area being developed by
In recent months another pressure group has
entered the controversy over the Lands. The
Point Grey Chapter of the Scientific Pollution
and Environmental Control Society (SPEC) has
presented a petition signed by 5,400 people to
the provincial government asking that the
undeveloped portion of the lands be set aside for
park use. The SPEC plan calls for creation of a
1,675-acre regional park that would include
camping facilities for city children and a
network of nature trails and cycling paths.
The UBC Students' Council has already
approved a proposal on the future of the
Endowment Lands, written over the past
summer by Mr. Adrian Belshaw, one of four
^Bdent representatives of the Faculty of Science
on the Council. At its Oct. 20 meeting council
established a committee to draw up more
detailed recommendations based on the brief.
Excerpts from Mr. Belshaw's brief are reprinted
Mr. Donald J. Norris, who recently received
his master of forestry degree from UBC, has
found   that   a   large   number  of  UBC  faculty
■ members and students use the Endowment
Lands for teaching and research and that the
area has at least three unique sites which are
being encroached on or are in danger of
An   article   based   on   Mr.   Norris's   report,
" iAkten by UBC assistant information officer
WWer Thompson, begins at right.
UBC Forestry graduate Donald Norris has his
hands full of moss that grows in the Camosun
peat bog, a unique area in the University
Endowment Lands. Mr. Norris found that the
Lands are used extensively by UBC professors
and students for field trips and research.
Details in story below. Picture by UBC Photo
Widespread Use of Lands
Found in Survey
Assistant information Officer, UBC
Every weekday some 25,000 people travel
through the 1,700-acre green belt that
separates the University of B.C. from the City
of Vancouver.
Most of us zip through the strip of
wilderness, enjoying the mile or two of
unbroken travel as a relief from Vancouver
traffic congestion.
That's about as much as the University
Endowment Lands mean to many of us. Few
of us have seen any more of this forest area —
what's left of the 2,500-odd acres set aside for
the University by the provincial government
almost half a century ago and from which
UBC has yet to receive a dime - than what
we glimpse along the traffic corridors through
Yet some parts of the Endowment Lands,
like a no-man's-land belonging to neither UBC
nor the City of Vancouver, may be in danger
of destruction.
That, at least, is the outlook implied in a
study of the Endowment Lands by UBC
graduate Donald J. Norris, who received his
master of forestry degree this year.
His report shows that a surprisingly large
number of UBC faculty and students use the
Endowment Lands~for teaching and research,
that their number is increasing quickly, and
that the area has at least three unique sites
virtually unknown to anyone outside of a
handful of UBC experts.
Mr. Norris tracked down 40 professors who
Please turn to Page Ten
UBC Reports/Oct. 27, 1971/9 REPORT
Continued from Page Nine
Lands.   Here are some
Lands    are    used    by
in   the    Faculties   of
use  the   Endowment
results of his report:
The Endowment
students and staff
Forestry, Education and Agricultural Sciences
and the Departments of Anthropology and
Sociology, Geography, Geology, Botany and
Zoology for staff research, graduate student
research, collecting laboratory materials or for
undergraduate projects.
Greatest use made of the area, in terms of
the number of people involved, is organized
field trips. Last year the Endowment Lands
received nearly 140 field trips and more than
8,300 student-visits, increases of more than
23 per cent and 6 per cent respectively over
the 1969-70 session.
Twenty-eight of the 40 professors use the
Endowment Lands as a source of laboratory
Twenty-five said they conduct
undergraduate student projects there, projects
that aren't extensions of laboratory
Nineteen research projects are being carried
out on the Endowment Lands by faculty
members. More than 16 graduate students
also use the area for research.
Mr. Norris's report, prepared as part of the
requirements for a graduate course in
Forestry given by Prof. D.S. Lacate, also
points out that:
About half of the great blue heron
population of the Lower Mainland and Fraser
Valley nest in a certain area of the
Endowment Lands. In the spring of last year
Mr. Donald Norris found a unique aspen grove in UBC Endowment Lands
125 nesting pairs produced 179 young.
One of the very few aspen groves occuring
in the coastal Douglas fir zone is in the
Endowment Lands, as well as a peat bog, a
survivor of the iqe ages, which contains the
pollen and so the history of plants that have
existed in the Vancouver area since glaciation.
The bog also contains at least one rare
plant and two shrubs that are uncommon in
this area and an unnamed and undescribed
Four professors said they don't use the
Endowment Lands for research because
"practical experiences has shown that at any
time any project can be disrupted, without
warning, by construction equipment, spraying
programs or, in exposed areas, by vandals,"
says Mr. Norris.
"One researcher set up an experiment in an
area promised to him only to have a bulldozer
clear the area."
If the Endowment Lands are ruined,
laboratory materials would have to be
collected elsewhere, staff members said, and
about 83 per cent of the undergraduate
student projects would have to be cancelled
or studied from text books. Five of the 19
research projects being conducted by UBC
staff couldn't be done anywhere else.
"If there was one feeling common to most
of the respondents," Mr. Norris says, "it was
that    the    Endowment    Lands    should    be^^
minimally developed, especially the foreshore^^
and   the   area   south   and   east   of   Imperial
He claims the unique Camosun peat bog is
presently being filled in with soil from
construction operations, drained, and sprayed
to control mosquitoes.
He also suggested that the great blue heron
nesting site be given the status of a preserve.
Its location is known only to a few people in
the Department of Zoology, who fear the
birds may be destroyed by vandals or
"If these birds are driven off they would
perish,   since   other   nesting  sites  and  foocL^ .
sources   in  the  surrounding  area  could no^^
stand the increased load," he says.
He says a more comprehensive report
should be done. He is convinced other UBC
professors and students unknown to him use
the Endowment Lands. A campus-wide survey
could find them.
A study should also be done of the area's
use by the B.C. Institute of Technology and
public schools as well as by hikers, riders,
joggers and Scout organizations for
recreation, he said.
Continued from Page Eight
be under student control, in order to give
architecture and engineering students and
faculty a chance to experiment. The
encouragement of private dining and
entertainment enterprises to take part in the
development, along with the lifting of the
provincial government's ban on liquor licenses
on Crown land, would help in the creation of
a vibrant and flourishing community.
It is to be hoped that most such
development could take place on areas
already occupied by campus, such as Fort
Camp. Should new areas be necessary, then
the area between Acadia Road and the golf
course, or the area earmarked for the
industrial park, could be developed.
What of the rest of the land? Here, we fully
support the proposals contained in the SPEC
10/UBC Reports/Oct. 27, 1971
report of this year. We maintain that, in an
era where cities are wantonly gobbling land, it
is vital to preserve wilderness areas close to
them so that city dwellers do not forget what
wild country looks like. Many youth groups
already use the Endowment Lands for
camping, and the Vancouver School Board
has indicated an interest in holding wilderness
classrooms. Such activities are obviously
desirable, particularly for the poor sections of
the community who might otherwise never
have the opportunity to enjoy the outdoors.
The improvement of the current network of
trails could provide jobs for students and
better access to a remarkable piece of forest
for all citizens seeking quiet relaxation ....
Recreational and conservational
considerations dictate, therefore, that the
UEL be made a city or provincial park.
Establishment of campsites, trails, and picnic
areas should be carried out so as to minimize
disruption of the natural flora and fauna. The
Camosun peat bog and the heronry . . .
should be fenced off, with access limited to
scientific researchers. The former area is so
valuable for its unique plant community, and
the latter for its handsome birds which are
highly sensitive to human interference, that it
would be hard to justify continued open
The developed portions of the UEL should
remain under the administration of the
Ministry of Lands and Forests. However, it is
essential, if the spirit if not the letter of the
original endowment is to be maintained, that
the ministry should become more responsive
to the needs of the university. Indeed, all
plans for development of the UEL should
have as their only consideration the needs of
the university; if UBC doesn't need the land,
then let the forest stand. k. *
8, B.C.
Site preparation for the University of B.C.'s new
350-bed teaching, research and service hospital will
begin this fall.
The $58.5-million hospital will be integrated with
the existing 60-bed psychiatric unit on campus for a
total of 410 beds.
Provincial Health Minister Ralph Loffmark
announced government approval of funding for the
hospital in September.
Victoria has committed itself to $28 million and
the federal government will contribute $25 million.
Construction will take about five years.
Though the hospital's bed capacity is small, the
hospital will be used to diagnose and treat patients
living in motel-like buildings close to it. This will
avoid providing expensive acute-care beds in the
hospital for patients who don't require them.
The five-storey hospital will be the heart of the
Health Sciences Centre complex of buildings taking
shape on campus. The Centre embodies the idea of
the health team pioneered by Dr. John F. McCreary
of the Faculty of Medicine.
The Centre will train health students together, so
they will be able to function as a team when they
graduate. Aim of the health team is to shift some
medical tasks now done by doctors onto the
shoulders of other less-expensive health professionals.
Between 2,500 and 3,000 health students will be
trained at the Centre when it is completed. Involved
in the Centre are the Faculties of Medicine, Dentistry
and Pharmaceutical Sciences and the Schools of
Nursing and Rehabilitation Medicine.
UBC's Board of Governors has appointed Dean
McCreary as co-ordinator of the Health Sciences and
Mr. J.E. Breeze as project manager of the hospital.
Mr. Breeze, of B.C. Research, led a cost analysis team
which examined proposed designs for the hospital for
more than one year.
UBC's 1971-72 enrolment stood at 19,894
students on Oct. 1, more than 1,000 students or
almost 5 per cent below last year's final enrolment
figure of 20,940.
Since Sept. 10, the last day of UBC's formal
registration period, enrolment has continued to inch
upwards despite the usual number of withdrawals,
according to an official in the Registrar's Office.
An additional 211 students registered between
Sept. 10 and Oct. 1, mostly in the Faculty of
Graduate Studies.
The faculties showing the sharpest decline in
enrolment are Arts, down 537 students from last
year's registration, and Graduate Studies, which is
335 students below the final 1970-71 figure.
More than half the enrolment decline in the
Faculty of Arts is concentrated at the second-year
level. Second-year registration is down nearly 400
students from last year's total of 1,639 students.
First-year Arts enrolment is also down by more than
160 students.
The Registrar's Office said it has no reliable data to
show which of the two major Arts divisions — the
humanities and the social sciences — had suffered the
greatest drop in enrolment.
The Registrar's Office is currently processing more
than 5,000 course changes and it will be some weeks
before departmental enrolments are available.
Following are enrolment figures to last Friday in
various UBC degree programs (figures in brackets
indicate increase or decreases from last year's final
enrolment figures):
Agricultural Sciences, 225 (+15i; Applied Science,
1,032 (-112); Architecture, 153 (+14); Nursing, 226
(+22);  Arts,   4,816   (-537);   Home   Economics,  280
DR. HAROLD COPP, centre, head of UBC's
Department of Physiology, was in Paris recently for
the premiere showing of a 30-minute film on
Calcitonin, the bone hormone which Dr. Copp
discovered in 1961. The film was made by Mr. Michel
Meignant,   right.   At   left   is  Mr.   Roger  Alain,   Air
(+22); Librarianship, 65 (+23); Music, 292 (+32);
Social Work, 140 (+14); Commerce, 1,007 (-24);
Dentistry, 140 (+14); Dental Hygiene, 40 (+5);
Education, elementary, 1,703 (-203), secondary,
1,329 (-60); Physical Education, BPE degree, 419
(-19), recreation, 133 (-15); Forestry, 214 (-9); Law,
593 (-21); Medicine, 252 (-0); Rehabilitation
Medicine, 179 (+55); Pharmaceutical Sciences, 274
(+48); Science, 3,561 (+1); Unclassified, 161;
Qualifying, 113; Graduate Studies, 2,475 (-335).
A distinguished Canadian geologist from Queen's
University has been named to head UBC's
Department of Geology.
Prof. Hugh Robert Wynne-Edwards, 37, who is
currently head of the Department of Geological
Sciences at Queen's, has been appointed by the UBC
Board of Governors to succeed Prof. William
Mathews, who resigned as head of the UBC
department June 30. Acting head until Prof.
Wynne-Edwards can take up his post July 1, 1972,
will continue to be Dr. James W. Murray.
Born in Montreal, Prof. Wynne-Edwards took a
B.Sc. degree with first-class honors from the
University of Aberdeen in 1955. He took an M.A.
degree and Ph.D. degree from Queen's in 1957 and
1959 respectively.
He joined the staff of Queen's geological sciences
department the year he took his doctorate and
became head in 1968.
He was visiting professor to the University of
Aberdeen from 1965 to 1966; advisor to the State
Directorate of Mining and Geology at Uttar Pradesh,
India, in 1964; has spent ten summer sessions with
the Geological Survey of Canada; and has been
advisor to the "Grenville Project" of the Quebec
Department of Natural Resources since 1968.
He has published more than 40 scientific articles,
many of them on the Grenville geological province of
the Canadian Shield - an area about 250 miles wide
north of the St. Lawrence River in the Province of
He has designed a system for collecting geological
information in the field in a form that can be fed
directly into a computer, specializes in the study of
metamorphic rocks as well as "regional tectonics" —
the relationship to each other of large-scale structures
in the earth's crust.
Canada has entered one of the most fascinating
realms of astronomy with the arrival of a 15-foot,
millimeter-wave radio telescope at the University of
B.C.'s south campus.
Canada manager for France and western Europe.
Before going to Paris Dr. Copp gave the prestigious
Jacobaeus Lecture in Gothenburg, Sweden, at the
invitation of the Nordisk Insulin Foundation. He is
only the second Canadian invited to give the lecture
The $65,000 telescope will be used to study atoms
and molecules in the space between the stars in our
galaxy. Astronomers have made startling discoveries
in interstellar space recently.
The project is under the direction of Dr. W.H.
Shuter, associate professor in UBC's Department of
Physics, and is being financed through a $538,600
National Research Council negotiated development
The grant, to be spent over three years, was
awarded last year for three separate research projects
in astronomy and astrophysics at UBC, including Dr.
This kind of NRC grant is to stimulate rapid
development of research in subject areas where the
University already has competence, especially if the
subject area doesn't fall within the domain of one
department but is shared by a number of disciplines.
Letters to the Editor
Dear Sir:
Please let me draw attention to an error in the
September 29 issue of UBC Reports. On page 5 this
assertion is made: "A glottal stop is almost a
non-sound made in the back of the throat and is
non-existent in European languages." The glottal stop
occurs in more than one European language: for
instance, in German, and even more noticeably in
Danish. It can be found in English, as when we say, "I
said an ice box, not a nice box." It can be heard in a
widespread, but deplorable, Canadian pronunciation
of the word "Latin."
Very truly yours,
Geoffrey B. Riddehough
Emeritus Professor
of Classics
Dear Sir:
I have before me your issue of 29 Sept. 1971.
I congratulate as well as thank you. It is readable,
interesting and informative.
Yours truly.
Earl W. Van Blaricom
■■■fe#fc Volume 17, No. 17 - Oct. 27,
IIIk|^ 1971- Published by the
llllll University of British Columbia
^armW^W ancj distributed free. UBC
REPORTS Reports appears on
Wednesdays during the University's winter
session. J.A. Banham, Editor. Louise Hoskin,
Production Supervisor. Letters to the Editor
should be sent to Information Services, Main
Mall North Administration Building, UBC,
Vancouver 8, B.C.
UBC Reports/Oct. 27, 1971/1.1 a*^ UBC ALUMNI    ■ ■
UBC ANTHROPOLOGY professor Dr. Harry
Hawthorn (left) and anthropology museum curator
Mrs. Audrey Hawthorn (centre) read the inscriptions
on their honorary life memberships in the Alumni
Association  following  presentation   at  the Oct.   18
board of management meeting. Association president
Mr. Frank Walden (right) presented the awards in
recognition of the Hawthorns' contribution to
Northwest Coast Indian studies at UBC. Picture by
UBC Photo Department.
Alumni Awards  Help  188
This year 188 students are studying at UBC with
the help of scholarships and bursaries provided by
donations to the UBC Alumni Fund.
A total of almost $44,000 in awards have been
granted to students from all over B.C. under the UBC
Alumni Association's academic awards program.
"The need for financial assistance to students is
increasing, particularly in this difficult economic
period, and we're glad to be able to help out," Mr.
Kenneth Brawner, Alumni Fund '71 chairman, said in
Phonathon Seeks
Fund Donations
The telephone lines in the UBC General Services
Administration Building will be buzzing away on
overtime on two evenings in November.
That's because a group of UBC Alumni Fund
volunteers will be using the phones in a two-evening
telephone canvass of UBC graduates who have not yet
given to the fund this year. About 100 volunteers -
alumni, alumni wives and students — are expected to
man the phones from 7 to 9 p.m. on Tuesday, Nov. 9,
and Monday, Nov. 15, in the annual phonathon.
The phonathon is confined to the Greater
Vancouver area. Last year the two-evening canvass
resulted in about $12,000 in donations to the Alumni
Fund; it is hoped a similar amount can be raised this
The procedure is for the phonathon volunteers to
first outline to the graduates how the Alumni Fund
money is used, make a note of any comments they
wish to make and record their pledges. Donations to
the Alumni Fund are mainly used each year to
support scholarships, bursaries, the Library, the
President's Fund and various student, cultural and
intellectual activities.
Phonathon chairman Mike Rohan urges alumni to
pitch in and help the campaign. "We have the
facilities, we have the prospects — all we need is you,
your experience in alumni affairs and your
enthusiasm," he said.
Alumni   who   would   like   to   volunteer  for  the
phonathon are invited to call the Alumni Association
at   228—3313   and   pick   an   evening  on  which   to
12/UBC Reports/Oct. 27, 1971
announcing the award winners. "The number of 1971
awards is the most extensive in the history of our
program. We hope our alumni and other friends of
the University will continue their generosity so that
we can help even more students in coming years."
The scholarships and bursaries granted to 188
students were made possible through donations to the
Fund may by alumni and other friends of the
University in 1970. Sixty-four students entering UBC
from high school were awarded N.A.M. MacKenzie
Scholarships of $350 each. Sixteen qualified and
needy students were granted John B. Macdonald
Bursaries of $350 each. A further 108 students
received Alumni Bursaries varying from $100 to $300
Reunion Set For
California  Grads
While Canada-based alumni will be celebrating
Reunion Days '71 at UBC on Oct. 29 and 30,
southern California alumni will be having a
celebration of their own in Los Angeles.
Graduates living in southern California will stage a
Homecoming steak and champagne barbecue at the
home of Dr. and Mrs. Jack Lintott in Los Angeles on
Saturday, Oct. 30.
The special guest at the event will be UBC's
registrar, Mr. Jack Parnall.
All proceeds from the barbecue, which costs $4
per person, will go to the Southern California UBC
Alumni Scholarship Fund.
Student Tutorial
Service Opens
The UBC Alumni Association and the Alma Mater
Society are jointly sponsoring a tutorial scheme to
help interested students improve their academic
Students who wish to receive tutorials — or who
wish to serve as tutors — are urged to go to Room
228 of the Student Union Building from 12:30 to
2:30 p.m. any weekday and make the necessary
arrangements with co-ordinator Sue Westren. There is
a $1 registration charge.
Eric Kierans
Speaks Nov. 10
Mr. Eric Kierans, the fiery critic of the
federal government's economic policy, will be
the featured speaker at a dinner to be held on
Wednesday, Nov. 10, at the UBC Faculty Club.
Mr. Kierans, the former federal minister of
communications, will speak on "Canadian
Economic Policy: An Assessment."
Special invitations have been extended to
UBC Commerce alumni, the business
community, Commerce faculty members and
students. The dinner meeting is being presented
under the auspices of the UBC Commerce
Alumni Division, the Faculty of Commerce and
Business Administration, the Commerce
Undergraduate Society and the Master of
Business Administration Association.
The function has been planned as a means of
increasing contact between Commerce alumni,
faculty and students.
Mr. Kierans resigned from the federal
cabinet on April 29, 1971, after seriously
disagreeing with the government's employment
and economic policies. In essence, Mr. Kierans
argued that present government policy tends to
foster the export of raw materials at the
expense of creating job-intensive secondary
industry. He maintained that all economic
policies should instead dovetail to work toward
expanding employment. Mr. Kierans is
expected to have more to say on this topic on
Nov. 10.
The function will begin at 6 p.m. with a
reception, followed by dinner at 7 p.m. and the
address by Mr. Kierans at 8:30 p.m.
Tickets,   Please
Please send me tickets at $6.50
single to the Eric Kierans dinner.
Enclosed is a cheque for $	
Phone number	
Mail to: UBC Alumni Association, 6251
N.W. Marine Drive, Vancouver 8, B.C.


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