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UBC Reports May 1, 1986

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May 1, 1986
Enrolment controls set
for arts and science
UBCs Senate has approved
recommendations that will control the numbers
of students who will be admitted in September
from secondary schools to first year in the
Faculties of Arts and Science.
The enrolment-control motion for the
Faculty of Arts provides for the admission of
1,500 students into the first year of the
Bachelor of Arts program in 1986-87. Last
September, the arts faculty approved
admissions into first year totalling 1,484
students.
The enrolment-control motion in the
Faculty of Science provides for admission of
1,400 students into the first year of the
Bachelor of Science program in 1986-87. Last
September, the science faculty approved
admissions into first year totalling 1,312
students, all of whom met the faculty's
admission requirements.
In addition, Senate approved a second
motion from the Faculty of Arts limiting to 750
the number of students from other colleges
and universities who will be able to transfer
into the second and third years of the Bachelor
of Arts program in September. Last year, the
faculty approved the admission of 749
students via this route.
The enrolment-control motions are subject
to annual review and to approval by the UBC
Board of Governors, which meets today.
Discipline
cases before
committee
Prof. Cyril Finnegan, chairman of an
advisi. ry committee to President David
Strangway on student discipline, says the
committee will probably have to deal with 20 to
30 cases involving exam cheating, plagiarism
and other offences by students in the current
academic year.
Prof. Finnegan is reluctant to confirm that
such offences are on the increase at UBC.
"Faculty are, I think, more alert to cheating and
other offences now and are taking steps to
report cases more frequently than in the past,"
he said.
Faculty who suspect that a student has
committed an offence first discuss the matter
with their department head. Details that go
forward to the dean of the faculty, who may
decide to refer the matter to the president's
committee.
Students may appear before the committee
and all documentation connected with the
case is made available to them. Students may
also meet with the president to discuss the
committee's recommendations.
The University Act, the provincial legislation
that outlines the basic governmental structure
of B.C. universities, gives the president the
power "to suspend a student and to deal
summarily with any matter of student
discipline."
Penalties can range from the student
receiving no credit for a course or paper to
suspension for a year or more. Most students
re-register at the University when the
suspension period ends, Prof. Finnegan said.
This year the committee has dealt with eight
cases, three of which have resulted in
suspension. Some 10 additional cases are
currently in progress.
In addition to dealing with academic
offences, the committee also deals with cases
involving vandalism, theft and misuse of UBC
computer facilities.
Dr. Robert Will, dean of the Faculty of Arts,
said the enrolment-control motions in Arts had
been approved "with regret."
He said enrolment limitations were the
result of significant reductions in faculty
resources in recent years, which has
implications for the arts faculty's ability to
service students and to maintain the quality of
education which students have traditionally
enjoyed and expected.
He told Senate during last week's debate
that faculty resources declined 10 per cent
since 1981-82 while enrolment had increased
by nine per cent in the same period. He said
that faculty strength had declined by 38 since
1983.
Dean Will emphasized that the number of
students who can be admitted under the new
enrolment-control regulations will be slightly
higher than the number enrolled in September
of I985.
"UBC is not cutting back on admissions,"
he said. "We are putting a cap on enrolment in
the light of limited financial resources."
The arts enrolment-control figure, he said,
was intended to guard against a situation the
faculty faced in 1983-84, when new
admissions to first year totalled 1,521, up from
1,313 the previous year.
"In September, 1985," he said, "all students
seeking admission to Arts with the minimum
requirements were accepted and we have no
statistics to indicate that the situation in
September, 1986 will be any different."
Dean Will said the enrolment control for
students transferring into the University from
Please turn to Page 2
See ENROLMENT
Documentaries
promote UBC
The Community Relations Office has just
completed a series of 13 radio mini-
documentaries entitled "UBC Perspectives" as
part of a short-term media campaign
highlighting UBC's strengths in the six areas of
research named by Premier Bennett in his
February announcement on the Fund for
Excellence in Education.
The mini-documentaries, which were
written and produced by Community Relations
staff, focus on UBC's leading teaching and
research activities in such areas as cancer
treatment, telerobotics, reforestation, artificial
intelligence, filmmaking, Pacific Rim trade,
experimental music technology and
international finance.
The programs are three to four minutes in
length and feature interviews with faculty
members with opening and closing narration
by Dr. David Suzuki.
The Community Relations Office has
received several enthusiastic letters and
telephone calls from radio stations throughout
the province in response to a pilot tape sent
out in March.
"We anticipate that the mini-documentaries
will be used extensively by approximately 60
radio stations throughout B.C.," said
Community Relations director Margaret Nevin.
"The tapes are relatively inexpensive to
produce and we feel they'll be a very effective
means of promoting UBC activities, particularly
to residents outside the Lower Mainland. We
hope to produce additional programs
highlighting a whole range of UBC teaching
and research activities."
• The work of Dr. Peter Lawrence of the Electrical Engineering Department will mean a
safer, more efficient work environment for B.C's foresters.
Tele*
• /#;•
tics increases
safety for forest workers
Computers have already transformed our
lives in banking, business and medicine. Now
researchers in UBC's Department of Electrical
Engineering are applying advanced computer
technology to increase safety and efficiency in
B.C.'s forest industry.
Telerobotics — or computer-aided
machine control — is the concept behind the
extensive research under way in the Electrical
Engineering Department under the direction of
Dr. Peter Lawrence. Dr. Lawrence is using
computers to help machine operators control
heavy pieces of harvesting equipment with
greater safety and ease.
"At present operators control harvesting
equipment from inside the machine, often
using many individual levers on a control
panel," says Dr. Lawrence. "Not only is it
extremely difficult to simultaneously manipulate
these levers, but it can be dangerous.
Operators have inadvertently tipped over
machines because they've attempted to place
too heavy a load on the equipment.
"What we have done is to put a computer
between the operator and the machine. The
operator controls the computer which in turn
controls the machine."
Using this new technology, operators can
Dan Spinner named
development officer
UBC has appointed Alumni Association
director Dan Spinner as chief development
officer to head the University's overall fund
raising efforts.
In announcing the anointment, President
David Strangway said that Dan Spinner's
"experience in fund raising, both at the Alumni
Association and in previous positions with the
United Way will serve the University well."
Mr. Spinner, who has been director of the
UBC Alumni Association for a year, will take on
additional responsibilities for overall fund
raising at the University. Before joining UBC,
he was campaign director of the United Way of
the Lower Mainland.
The appointment, which was effective April
1, reflects UBC's intention to increase the
profile of fund raising and related activities in
the immediate future.
give voice commands to control the machine
or manipulate the equipment manually using a
digital control panel.
The computer relays information back to
the operator about the stress being placed on
the machine so that overloading does not
occur.
"It's even possible to build a safety check
into the system so that a machine will not pick
up a load if it is over a certain weight or is not
balanced properly," says Dr. Lawrence.
He adds that the use of computers with
heavy machinery will likely result in less
product damage and equipment maintenance.
"Operators sometimes damage the trees
they are loading or pieces of equipment
because they are applying too much pressure
or haven't aligned their load properly.
Computers will provide immediate digital
feedback on stress and alignment factors so
that operators can make the proper
adjustments.
A major safety advantage of this new
technology is that industrial equipment can be
operated from a remote location rather than
from inside the cab of the machine. The
operator controls the machine using stereo
images obtained from video cameras attached
to the machine.
"Remote control operation of machinery is
already being used in sub-sea work," says Dr.
Lawrence, "and we believe it can be applied
successfully to the forest industry and to the
mining and construction industries as well.
"Operators would still have control over the
machinery, but they would be removed from
any possible danger on the work site.
Dr. Lawrence emphasizes that the
application of computer technology to the
forest industry will not mean fewer jobs.
"The forest environment is far too complex
for machines to operate without some sort of
human guidance. Value judgments and the
human decision-making process are still
critical in harvesting operations. Our goal is
not to replace humans, but to free them from
stressful or hazardous work environments."
Dr. Lawrence and his colleagues at UBC,
MacMillan Bloedel Research and Robotic
Systems International will evaluate the new
technology during field tests being earned out
in B.C. harvesting operations. UBC Report* May 1,1986
Enrolment
continued from Page 1
colleges and other universities was designed
to guard against an imbalance in numbers
between students entering from grade 12 and
those transferring in.
Mr. Kenneth Young, UBC's registrar, said
he expects the University will be able to
accommodate all students seeking admission
who meet basic admission requirements. "I
urge all students who are planning to enrol at
UBC in September to proceed with the usual
application procedure," he added.
The enrolment-control proposals did not
pass without protest, however.
One Convocation Senator who is a
Vancouver high school principal said the
proposals would cause "unnecessary anxiety"
among high school students. He addmitted,
however, that the proposals "probably
wouldn't have any effect on enrolments in the
coming year or in subsequent years."
Commenting on the proposal to control the
number of transfer students, Prof. John
Dennison of the Faculty of Education said
there were ramifications to such proposals that
were not always appreciated by Senate.
Noting that transfer students would be
chosen on the basis of their grade point
average, Prof. Dennison said this selection
method often results in grade inflation with the
result that "the institutions that are the most
penalized are those that act most responsibly
and choose to maintain their standards."
He said there, had been a steady increase
over the past four years in the number of
students transferring in. "If the rate of increase
continues next year," he added, "the proposal
would involve a reduction of 10 to 15 per cent
in transfer-student enrolment."
He said approval of the transfer motion
would have a detrimental affect on academic
program enrolments in B.C. colleges. Dr.
Dennison added that while he had no quarrel
with the logic of the report, he felt
implementation of the transfer motion should
be delayed for a year.
Yet another enrolment restriction motion
approved by Senate last week was a proposal
to continue until further notice the admission
level of 80 students to the Bachelor of Science
in Nursing program in the Faculty of Applied
Science.
World's most accurate clock built
Seiko, look out!
UBC physicists have completed the first
and most difficult phase towards building the
most accurate clock in the world. When
completed, it will tell you if you're on time for
your appointments to within one-billionth of a
second.
A clock that accurate has no earthly use. Its
major application will be in tracking deep
space missions and astronomy research.
The clock is a new type of hydrogen maser.
A maser works on the same principle as the
more familiar laser except that the radiation is
in the form of microwaves instead of light.
The most accurate clocks in the world
today are hydrogen masers operating at room
temperature. Over a one hour period hydrogen
masers operating at room temperature lose
time at the rate of about a second every 30
million years.
Good, but not good enough for some
scientific purposes.
The UBC research team, experts on
hydrogen atom interactions at extremely low
temperatures, wanted to improve on the
hydrogen maser clock.
"We knew that in theory, we could get
major improvements in stability by building a
hydrogen maser that operated at extremely low
temperatures," said Dr. Walter Hardy of UBC's
physics department.
"We could improve accuracy a thousand
fold if we built a cryogenic hydrogen maser
that operated at half a degree Kelvin, or half a
degree above absolute zero.
"At those temperatures the physics of
hydrogen masers is such that a signal from it is
much more accurate. And at low temperatures,
virtually all contractions have been eliminated
in the materials making up the maser.
Expansion and contraction lengthen or shorten
^components making up the instruments. That
affects the time it takes for electrical signals to
travel through the apparatus and affects the   .
accuracy of our measurements.
"No one had done this before and we were
faced with a number of technical problems that
had to be overcome."
Dr. Hardy and Dr. John Berlinsky applied
three years ago and received an annual
$30,000 grant from the U.S. National Bureau of
Standards to carry out the work. They
competed against 29 other research teams
and were one of two to receive funding. The
other grant went to a team at the California
Institute of Technology. The UBC grant was
the first awarded by the bureau outside of the
U.S.
They successfully recorded the first signal
from the maser on the evening of April 14. Dr.
Berlinsky, on leave at the Institute for
Theoretical Physics at Santa Barbara,
California, was on the telephone with his UBC
colleagues when the first maser signal came
through. He flew back to UBC to take part in
the excitement.
"We have proved that the idea of a
cryogenic hydrogen maser works," Dr. Hardy
said. "We also received signals that were
much more accurate than we expected for our
first try.
"The maser is in fact more accurate than
the most accurate atomic clock we have
locally. The actual accuracy will remain
Walter Hardy
unknown until we have access to better clocks.
The bureau is shipping a quartz crystal clock
to us for further measurements."
Simultaneous with the milestone event at
UBC, Dr. Daniel Kleppner and colleagues at
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology also
observed maser signals at half a degree Kelvin
during an experiment that is not related to
improvement of atomic clocks. Dr. Kleppner
was a co-discoverer of hydrogen masers at
Harvard University in 1962.
Dr. Hardy is quick to point out that it is
unlikely that the ultimate version of the clock
will be perfected at UBC. The equipment and
funding needed would be on such a scale that
only a national facility could hope to carry it
out.
"For example, all the apparatus associated
with the maser, all the cables and other
components would have to be designed and
fabricated to extremely exacting standards and
kept at an accurately controlled temperature.
The cost involved would be huge."
One possible application for the new maser
will be to track deep space probes. The
location of a space ship is determined by
sending a radio signal to it and measuring the
time for the signal to bounce off of the craft
and return to earth. Since the speed of the
signal is known, simple division will locate the
space vehicle precisely. Or at least as precisely
as the clock used to measure the return time of
the signal.
Conventional high-precision clocks are
sufficient to position orbiting earth satellites.
But for space probes into the solar system and
beyond, a clock with the accuracy of the UBC
clock is necessary. The Jet Propulsion
Laboratory at Pasadena, California, is
interested in the clock for this purpose.
"Astronomers can also use the clock in
some of their research," said Dr. Berlinsky.
"For example, the theory of relativity predicts
the existence of gravity waves. We should be
able to detect waves of gravity generated by a
large source such as the collapse of a star.
"But gravity waves have never been
detected. For one thing, we never had clocks
that were accurate enough.
"One possible experiment is to put one of
our clocks in each of two space craft in deep
space. A gravity wave will show up as a
difference in the time measured by the two
clocks."
Universities: A key resource in a changing society
The following excerpts were taken from
a speech made by President David
Strangway on April 25 to the Canadian Club
of Vancouver. Dr. Strangway outlines UBC's
present and future role In our changing
society.
My first six months as president of the
University of British Columbia have been hectic
but productive ones. I accepted the challenge
this position represents believing that leading
Canada's second largest university through
these times of rapid change and problems
held significant promise.
These have been difficult times for many
institutions both public and private while
society has been reassessing what it expects
from its institutions. This is just as true of
education and of post-secondary education as
it is for the private sector and for government
agencies. We are facing issues that are not
new to universities, as they have always
participated in the changing needs of society.
These times have forced universities
everywhere to regroup and rethink their role in
society and ask themselves and the
community to re-evaluate the importance and
significance of our system of universities.
In your businesses you are used to dealing
with the bottom line, to considering business
plans, and to making capital expenditures that
will be expected to retain a reasonable yield in
a predictable time frame.
In our field, we also have bottom line
issues, but we cannot determine our success
only on the basis of whether we managed to
close our books without a deficit or to make a
financial return to the investors in the short
term. Our success is surely measured on what
we have been able to do for our society in
terms of creating opportunity for our youth, in
terms of the preservation and study of our
heritage and culture and in terms of the
research and development that we do for the
long term.
These are hard to measure or to quantify,
so we must approach our assessments
somewhat differently from the private sector.
Our bottom line criteria are those associated
with quality; and excellence must be our
measuring device.
Breaking New Ground
Many of you are business people and I
know you will relate to the need to constantly
reassess one's "marketplace". You must
ensure that your products and services, and
the people and equipment that deliver them,
are always up-to-date and relevant. At a
university, this market orientation must have a
strong future focus because of our mandate to
prepare students for society's future needs,
and to break new ground in research and
development. It is not enough for universities
to be meeting today's needs—we must also be
thinking of the needs five, ten and twenty years
ahead.
UBC's annual budget from provincial
grants, tuition, research grants, contracts and
endowments is $360 million. A study in 1982
estimated that UBC contributed more than
$467 million annually to the economy of the
Greater Vancouver area. This includes direct
expenditures for goods and services, a payroll
for more than 5,000 full-time jobs and indirect
business and employment opportunities. UBC
is one of the ten largest corporations in British
Columbia, and is the largest employer in the
City of Vancouver.
Dozens of companies have been spun-off
from research done at UBC. We have just
begun to identify and measure the impact of
these enterprises, but so far we know of 48
companies, large and small, with estimated
annual revenues of $87.5 million for 1985,
employing over 1,600 British Columbians —
and that is direct jobs only.
Almost 50,000 people — a good-sized city
— go to the campus every day to study, teach,
work, volunteer or enjoy. I know that every
one of you is affected in one way or other in
your personal or business life by what we do
at the University.
I have chosen the title of "UBC—A Centre
of Excellence." The phrase "Centre of
Excellence" is currently popular across North
America and one hears it being used
frequently in many provinces and in other
countries. I told the Premier recently that I
came to British Columbia because I
considered UBC to be a Centre of Excellence
and that I was therefore delighted that he was
planning an excellence fund. My meaning was
simply this: The province has universities
committed to excellence in their various
endeavours and the only sensible approach to
centres of excellence is to ensure that the
universities of this province are strong, in a
position to compete effectively with universities
in other jurisdictions, to attract and to retain the
best faculty. California, for example, has
increased its funding to universities by 31% in
the past two years in recognition of the key
role they play and of the need to be
competitive.
In his announcement for funding of
universities, the Premier identified several fields
for special attention—computer systems,
biotechnology, Pacific Rim studies,
international business, cultural activities and
forestry.
We look forward to working with you and
with governments to reinforce these areas of
excellence at our universities. But I assure you
that this is only possible because the university
has developed these areas along with many
others over a period of many years. This has
stemmed from a policy of giving universities a
great deal of autonomy and by permitting free
enquiry we have played a big role in the free
enterprise of the country.
Free Inquiry Essential
The question that you and I need to be
concerned about is to ensure that we have a
healthy and dynamic university system where
faculty members are given opportunities for
free enquiry. Only if we do this will we be able
five years or ten years or twenty years from
now to participate in those fields that will then
be seen to be the fields where spin-offs are
likely to occur. The spirit of free enquiry is
essential now if we are to have the ideas that
will be necessary to fuel the free enterprise of
the future.
There are many other fields in which even
now there are exciting opportunities for
university research. These include fields such
as materials science, health sciences and the
role of various health science professionals in
the health care system, and access to one of
Canada's best libraries.
It must be remembered that in addition to
these roles, we play a most important role in
helping to develop individual human potential-
-whether this is our young people or an aging
population as it seeks renewal and new
opportunities. In these times of rapid change,
it is wise to remind ourselves that we are
preparing people to enter their careers after
four or five years of intensive study. Who can
predict "where the action will be" then? It
seems to me that more than ever our
universities must continue and renew their
commitment to the liberal arts and sciences
which will form the base for many different
individual choices.
Future Plans
As UBC develops its mission plan for the
rest of the century, we must ensure that we
keep our commitment to excellence, and we
must be given flexibility to play our role in this
rapidly changing society. The decisions that
we make now will determine what the centres
of excellence will be in British Columbia five
years, ten years and twenty years from now. |f
we are not able to continue to pursue
interesting and exciting opportunities, there will
be no base for future centres of excellence.
May I, as a final note, say how delighted I
am to be here and to work with our sister
universities who face many of the same issues.
Together we are an essential resource for the
future of this province. UBC Reports May 1,1986
IntI disputes
examined at
law conference
The rapid growth of trade between North
America and the Pacific Rim has led to an
inevitable increase in the number of
international commercial conflicts between
East and West.
The resolution of these conflicts will be the
focus of a two-day conference co-sponsored
by UBC's Faculty of Law and the provincial
government on May 12 and 13 on the UBC
campus. Attending the conference, entitled
"East Meets West: Resolution of International
Commercial Disputes in the Pacific Rim", will
be international arbitration experts from around
the world.
Prof. Robert Paterson of UBC's law faculty
was chairman of a 1985 Task Force
established by Attorney General Brian Smith to
explore the development of British Columbia
as a site for international commercial
arbitration. One of the recommendations of the
Task Force was the adoption of legislation
based closely on the law approved by the
United Nation's Commission on International
Trade Law in 1985. This new legislation, which
will be enacted in B.C. this spring, will provide
a hospitable climate for international
commercial arbitrations.
The recommendations of the Task Force
also led to the establishment of the British
Columbia International Arbitration Centre,
which will be officially opened on May 12 in
conjunction with the UBC conference.
The new centre, located in the World Trade
Centre at Canada Place, will provide
administrative support services to facilitate
international commercial arbitrations.
One of the primary reasons for the
establishment of an international arbitration
centre in Vancouver is the expertise available
through UBC's Faculty of Law. UBC pioneered
research in the area of Pacific-Rim legal
studies and offers Canada's only program in
Japanese law. The law faculty is expanding its
law program to include other Asia-Pacific
regions as well, and has established faculty
and student exchange programs with
universities in China, Singapore, Malaysia,
Hong Kong, Japan, Australia, the South Pacific
Islands and South Korea.
office
established
UBC is in the process of establishing a
School and College Liaison Office aimed at
encouraging academically well-qualified
students to seek admission to and enrol at the
University.
UBC graduate Mary Stott (BA'74) has been
appointed coordinator of the office and is in
the process of preparing a proposal for the
President's Office outlining the role the liaison
office should play at UBC beginning in
September. She is currently meeting with
deans and other University personnel to learn
about current liaison activities and to solicit
ideas about services her office should provide
and assistance it might offer to faculties in the
future.
Members of the University community who
have comments or questions on the role of the
School and College Liaison Office are asked to
contact Ms. Stott by leaving a message at 228-
2551.
Chemistry hosts
lab competition
More than 40 high school students will
compete in the annual laboratory skills
competition in UBC's chemistry department
tomorrow (May 2).
They will compete in two two and one-half
hour events to standardize an acid and a base
and to complete a qualitative analyis of an
unknown sample.
While their reports are being graded, they
will watch the department's popular Chemistry
Magic Show. The Winner will be announced at
the end of the show and will receive a prize of
glassware created by the departmental
glassblower.
The competition is part of the department's
extensive high school liaison program.
Remote Sensing: UBC researchers help
make 'forestry of the future' a reality
"Remote Sensing Does It From A Distance"
reads a sign on the wall of a small laboratory
housed in UBC's MacMillan Building. But
don't let the facetious motto fool you. The
laboratory is home to one of North America's
top researchers in the field of remote sensing,
a highly sophisticated technology that is having
a significant impact on the management of
natural resources in our province.
UBC researcher Dr. Peter Murtha explains
the concept of remote sensing:
"Remote sensing is the gathering and
interpretation of spacial and spectral (color)
information which is collected using sensors on
board satellites or airplanes travelling at
various altitudes.
"Here at UBC remote sensing research is
being carried out in forestry, civil and electrical
engineering, computer science, geography,
oceanography, soil science and geophysics
and astronomy." Dr. Murtha, who hold a joint
appointment in UBC's Department of Forest
Resources Management in the Faculty of
Forestry and the Soil Science Department in
the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, is applying
this new technology to the management of
B.C.'s forests.
"To make effective decisions in forest
management you must have detailed and up-
to-date information on forest stands
throughout the province. This includes
ecological data, information on tree age,
species composition and volume, tree
condition and damage caused by insects, acid
rain, pollution and disease. One very cost-
effective means of obtaining this information is
through the interpretation of remote aircraft
and satellite images of forest stands."
One example of the precise detail obtained
through remote imagery is a photo of
Vancouver Island which hangs on the wall of
Dr. Murtha's office. Clearly identifiable in the
photo, taken from 283 miles in space, is the
outline of a B.C. ferry crossing Georgia Strait.
"Remote sensing technology has improved
dramatically over the past decade," says Dr.
Murtha. "We can show you a dead branch on
the side of a tree in a photograph taken from
Peter Murtha
an altitude of 70,000 feet or overlay maps on
satellite images using a personal computer."
The interpretation of remote sensing
images takes skill, experience and often a bit
of guesswork.
"What appears on the computer screen is
an image of a particular area with different
patterns and colors," says Dr. Murtha. "It's our
job to determine what these patterns and
colors represent in terms of land forms, forest
stand characteristics, possible outbreaks of
disease, etc."
Dr. Murtha describes the impact of remote
sensing technology on forest management in
the province as "revolutionary".
"The B.C. Ministry of Forests began
computerizing all their forest maps in 1978.
Ultimately they plan to have a main data base
in Victoria which would be linked to
microcomputers in all their field and district
offices throughout the province. Each office
would have remote sensing capabilities and
would be responsible for updating data from
their area.
"The impact of this new system on forest
management in the province is going to be
profound. Remote sensing technology is
advancing so rapidly that we are in the
process of implementing technology that was
virtually unheard of five years ago.
"This has led to an entirely new system of
gathering and updating critical forest data," he
says. "We're moving from a system where
forest management decisions were made
using archival data that was up to ten years
old to one where forest maps and other data
are updated continously as changes occur and
decisions are based on current, accurate
data."
UBC pitches new use for waste products
A waste product from therCanadianpulp
and paper industry may become the source of
pharmaceuticals worth millions of dollars.
The waste product is pitch which is found
in tall oil, a by-product of pulp making. About
half of the pitch consists of steroids which
could be used in the pharmaceutical industry
to produce birth control pills, anti-inflammatory
drugs such as cortisone and other products.
A biotechnology research team led by Dr.
James Kutney of UBC's chemistry department
is using genetically-engineered microorganisms to convert the steroids into valuable
starting materials for the pharmaceutical
industry.
"We know that certain bacteria are capable
of transforming the pitch to steroids that can
be used to produce drugs," Dr. Kutney says.
"We're trying to make the conversion
commercially viable."
His research is supported by a strategic
grant in biotechnology from the Natural
Sciences and Engineering Research Council of
Canada (NSERC) and by Micropharm, a
Vancouver company. NSERC is financing
basic small-scale research, while Micropharm
is providing support for scale-up studies so
that laboratory techniques can be applied to
large-scale, commercial production.
The largest producer of tall oil in Canada
and one of the largest in the world is B.C.
Chemicals Ltd. of Prince George, a wholly-
owned subsidiary of three Prince George forest
companies — Northwood Pulp and Paper,
Prince George Pulp and Paper, and
, Intercontinental Pulp.
B.C. Chemicals collects a by-product of the
pulping process from its three parent
companies and from B.C. Forest Products at
Mackenzie, Cariboo Pulp and Paper at
Quesnel, and others.
The by-product is converted by B.C.
Chemicals to tall oil which it sells to Mitsui &
Co. for use in Japan and to Reichhold
Chemical in Louisiana. The two companies
distil the tall oil to obtain products used in the
paint industry and for sizing paper. The
residue left over after distillation is pitch which
is burnt.
B.C. Chemicals' pitch is five times richer in
steroids than the pitch from southern U.S. pulp
producers.
"The high concentration of steroids makes
the pitch very attractive to our biotechnology
program," Dr. Kutney says. "Our tall oil is
unique because it is an enormous storehouse
of steroids which are now literally going up in
smoke. We have to take advantage of our
situation."
Dr. Kutney says his research team is able to
convert with up to 85 per cent efficiency a
substance in the pitch called betasitosterol into
a family of compounds known as androstanes,
basic starting materials in the steroid
pharmaceutical industry.
"We have improved the efficiency of the
Van Dusen gift helps business school
The VanDusen Foundation of Calgary has
endowed a management research fellowship
at UBC through a gift of $850,000 over three
years.
The W.J. VanDusen Distinguished
Research Fellowship in Management will be in
UBC's Faculty of Commerce and Business
Administration.
"It will allow us to invite the very best
academics in management science and
business administration from around the world
to spend from six months to a year at our
Management Research Centre," said Dr. Peter
Lusztig, dean of the faculty.
"While at the centre they will continue their
research into new areas of management and
administration, enriching the resources
available to our graduate students.
'The fellowship will improve the education
of our students who will be better prepared
when they graduate to contribute to the
competitiveness of Canadian companies and
other institutions."
The fellowship is in honor of the late W.J.
VanDusen, industrialist and philanthropist, who
had an enormous impact on B.C.'s society and
economy.
Mr. VanDusen was part of the formidible
team that created MacMillan Bloedel Ltd., the
largest forest products company in Canada.
While Mr. VanDusen ran the company during
the Second World War he created The
Vancouver Foundation, a non-profit perpetual
philanthropic trust that is now one of the 10
largest community foundations in North
America.
He was joined in the trust by dozens of
other Vancouver friends and acquaintances.
The Vancouver Foundation now consists of 95
individual funds.
micro-organisms that were already known to
do the conversion to the specific requirements
of our pitch.
"Our conversion efficiency of 85 per cent is
in small laboratory batches. We now have to
demonstrate that the efficiency can be
maintained in large commercial batches. We
need to scale up."
He says B.C. Chemicals has contracted the
private research group on the UBC campus,
B.C. Research, to determine which of a variety
of methods should be used to purify the pitch
before it is micro-biologically converted into
the starting androstane compounds.
If the entire process is successful, he said,
B.C. Chemicals will be able to sell its pitch
separately to the pharmaceutical industry. And
the material sold to Mitsui & Co. and Reichhold
Chemical would be more valuable too.
"Mitsui and Reichhold would receive the
material they want - minus the pitch which is
to them a waste product."
3 UBC Reports May 1,1986
CAMPUS
P€OPt&
Three members of UBC's chemistry
department have been honored recently with
prestigious awards.
Dr. Anthony Merer, who is regarded as
one of Canada's leading laser spectroscopists,
has won a Guggenheim Fellowship. Dr.
Merer's research involves analysing the
molecular structure and bonding of chemical
free radicals using laser techniques.
The fellowship will release him from
teaching and administrative duties and allow
him to devote the coming year exclusively to
research.
Dr. Merer recently received a major
equipment grant of $266,000 from the Natural
Sciences and Engineering Research Council of
Canada.
Dr. Guy Dutton, a UBC faculty member
since 1949, will receive the Montreal Medal of
the Chemical Institute of Canada in honor of
UDC
contributions to the chemistry profession.
Dr. Dutton, an immunochemist, has held a
number of senior positions in the chemistry
profession and has organized several major
conferences at UBC. He is also a member of
the Canadian national committee for the
International Union for Pure and Applied
Chemistry.
The Chemical Institute of Canada has also
honored Dr. Grenfell Patey with this year's
Noranda Lecture Award. The institute referred
to Dr. Patey as "an outstanding theoretical
chemist who has made significant
contributions to our understanding of the
properties of solutions." The award is made to
physical chemists under 40 doing excellent
research in Canada.
Dr. Peter Oberlander, director of UBC's
Centre for Human Settlements, will be a
member of the Canadian delegation at the
ninth session on the United Nations
Commission on Human Settlements to be held
in Istanbul, Turkey, from May 5 to 16.
CalcndaR
Dr. David Suzuki of UBC's Zoology
Department will receive three honorary
degrees this spring, bringing the total number
of honorary degrees he has received to seven.
Dr. Suzuki, Canada's forement science
broadcaster, will receive his latest awards from
Lakehead University at Thunder Bay, Ont., the
University of Calgary and Governors State
University at University Park, Illinois.
His previous honorary degrees are from the
University of Prince Edward Island, Acadia
University in Nova Scotia, and from two
Ontario universities, Trent University and the
University of Windsor.
Prof. Samuel Rothsteln of the School of
Librarianship is the 1986 recipient of the
Outstanding Service to Librarianship Award of
the Canadian Library Association.
Prof. Rothstein reaches the age of
retirement this year after a 44-year association
with UBC as a student, librarian and faculty
member. After receiving his Bachelor and
Master of Arts degrees at UBC in Romance
languages, Dr. Rothstein served with the
Canadian army during the Second World War.
He was awarded his degree in library
science by the University of California in 1947
and earned a Doctor of Philosophy degree at
the University of Illinois in 1954.
Prof. Rothstein joined the UBC Library staff
in 1947 and subsequently served as head of
the acquisitions department and assistant and
associate University librarian.
In 1961, Prof. Rothstein was named the first
director of the UBC School of Librarianship, a
post he held until 1970. Since then he has
continued as a teacher and researcher in the
school he founded.
Dr. S. Wah Leung, former dean of the
Faculty of Dentistry and professor emeritus of
oral biology, is one of 100 Vancouver seniors
who received the Distinguished Pioneer Award
on April 5 in recognition of efforts for the
betterment of the City of Vancouver.
Dr. Leung received his award from
Governor-General Jeanne Sauve, who was in
Vancouver to participate in celebrations
marking the Vancouver centenery.
Calendar Deadlines
For events in the period May 18 to May 31, notices must
be submitted on proper Calendar forms no later than 4
p.m. on Thursday, May 8 to the Community Relations
Office, 6328 Memorial Road, Room 207, Old
Administration Building. For more information, call
228-3131.
MONDAY, MAY 5
Cancer Research Seminar.
Role of Liposomes in Cancer Chemotherapy. Dr. Pieter
R. Cullis, Biochemistry, UBC. Lecture Theatre, B.C.
Cancer Research Centre, 601 W. 10th Ave. 12 noon.
TUESDAY, MAY 6
Electrical Engineering Seminar.
New Approaches to Random-Access Communications.
Or. James L. Massey, Institute of Signal and Information
Processing, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology,
Zurich, Switzerland. Room 402, Electrical Engineering.
1:30 p.m.
THURSDAY, MAY 8
Medical Grand Rounds.
The Clinical Relevance of the Platelet Membrane. Dr.
Thomas J. Kunicki, senior investigator, The Blood
Center of Southeastern Wisconsin. Lecture Hall B,
Heather Pavilion, VGH. 9 a.m.
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Pharmaceutical Sciences Seminar.
Pathogenesis of Diabetic Cardiomyopathy. Dr.
Naranjan Dhalla, Physiology, Universityof Manitoba.
IRC 3. 12:30 p.m.
Chemistry Lecture.
High Resolution Optical Spectroscopy of Simple
Polyatomic Molecules and Free Radicals. Dr. D. A.
Ramsay, FRS, Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics,
National Research Council of Canada. Room 225,
Chemistry Building. 3:30 p.m.
Biomedical Discussion Group.
Fine Genetic Mapping of Multiple Deletion Defective
Interfering Particles of Vesicular Stomatitis Virus. Dr. C.
Yong Kang, Microbiology and Immunology, Universityof
Ottawa. IRC 3. 4 p.m.
Immunology Club Seminar.
Monoclonal Antibodies and the Platelet Membrane-A
Model for Receptor-Mediated Disease. Dr. Thomas J.
Kunicki, senior investigator, The Blood Center for
Southeastern Wisconsin. Faculty Club. 8 p.m.
FRIDAY, MAY 9
Animal Science Seminar.
Frontiers of Molecular Cloning (Contemporary
Techniques Involved in Genetic Engineering). Prof. C.
Yong Kang, Chairman, Micro biology and Immunology,
School of Medicine, Universityof Ottawa. Room 166,
MacMillan Building. 10:30a.m.
Metallurgical Process Engineering
Distinguished Lecturer Series.
Conceptions and Misconceptions in Pyrometallurgical
Processes. Prof. J. H. E. Jeffes, Metallurgy and
Materials Science, Imperial College, London. Room 305,
Frank Forward Building. 3:30 p.m.
SATURDAY, MAY 10
Fire Hall Open House.
The UEL Fire Department is having Open House May 10
and 11. Come and meet your firefighters — learn about
our public Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation course, see
our new Jaws of Life in operation, see a demonstration
of cliff rescue techniques and the new aerial ladder in
operation, learn the latest in Home Fire Safety, watch
the fire crews stage a simulated attack on a major house
fire, see the new Fire Safety House, and learn how to
escape from a fire. Children welcome. UEL Fire
Department, 2992 Wesbrook Mall. 12 noon to 4 p.m.
both days.
MONDAY, MAY 12
Cancer Research Seminar.
New Results on the Vancouver Lymphadenopathy-
AIDS Study. Dr. William J. Boyko, St. Paul's Hospital
and UBC. Lecture Theatre, B.C. Cancer Research
Centre, 601 W. 10th Ave. 12 noon.
WEDNESDAY, MAY 14
Religious Studies Illustrated
Lecture.
Ramses II: The Pharaoh and His Times. Prof. Hanna E.
Kassis, Religious Studies, UBC. An Introduction to the
Ramses II exhibition at Expo. Room 102, Lasserre
Building. 12:30 p.m.
Rawson Academy Lecture.
Occurrence and Causes of Groundwater Contamination
in Canada. Dr. John A. Cherry, director. Institute for
Groundwater Research, University of Waterloo. IRC 1.
1 p.m.
FRIDAY, MAY 16
Medical Genetics Seminar.
Primary Prevention of Neural Tube Defects in Mice and
Men. Dr. Mary Sellar, Paediatric Research Unit, Guy's
Hospital, London, England. Parentcraft Room, Grace
Hospital. 1 p.m.
Stories and Poems.
Wild Honey and the Wild Boar. Connie Martin, poet,
storyteller, writer of three volumes of poetry, Shelter of
the Boar(1977), Kooshkaand His Lover(1982)
Something to Come Home To (1985). Admission is $7;
$5 for students. Inquiries at 222-5261. Museum of '
Anthropology. 8 p.m.
Vancouver Baroque Ensemble.
Final concert of the ensem ble's 19th season presents
members of the UBC School of Music and special
guests in music for flute, two oboes, bassoon and
continuo. Program includes music by Telemann and
Vivaldi. Freeadmission. Recital Hall, Music Building. 8
p.m.
SATURDAY, MAY 17
Continuing Education Workshop.'
Wild Honey and the Wild Boar. Connie Martin, poet,
storyteller, writer of three volumes of poetry, Shelter of
the Roar(1977), Kooshkaand His Lover(1982),
Something to Come Home To (1985). Fee is $40.
Inquiries at 222-5261. Conference Room, Centre for
Continuing Education. 10 a.m. - 5 p.m.
Serials Cancellations.
A reminder to faculty that the Library needs your
response to the titles proposed for cancellation by May
9. Department heads and library representatives have
the lists of proposed titles relevant to their department.
Lists are also available at Library information desks.
Final cancellation decisions must be made soon. Please
look at the lists and make your concerns known to the
Library before May 9.
Photography Exhibition.
UBC's Centre for Continuing Education is sponsoring
Photographer's Eye II Exhibition atthe Community Arts
Council of Vancouver, 837 Davie St. from 10 a.m. to 4
p.m. May 12-17.
Lions Season's Tickets.
A bonus has been added to
the special offer made earlier this year to UBC faculty
and staff on season's tickets for B.C. Lions games.
Since the original flyer advertising the offer was
circulated on campus, the Lion's management has
finalized an agreement with Expo that will give season's
ticket holders free admission to Expo after 4 p.m. on
Lions' game days. For more information, call Rick
Noonan or Theresa Juba at 228-2503 or 228-3094.
Student Union Building Photo
Display.
From the Students Perspective: The Ubyssey 1985-86
is on display in the concourse of the Student Union
Building until Aug. 31. For more information, call lolanda
Weisz at 228-5320.
Women and Education
Conference.
The Facultyof Education will hostthe conference
"Women and Education"at UBC June 12-14.
Researchers from across Canada as well as Britain and
the U.S. will address the issue of gender inequality in
education and the labor force. Registration is limited to
50 people. $80 ($40 students, unemployed) includes two
lunches. For further information: Women and Education
conference, Facultyof Education, UBC, V6T 1Z5, 228-
2158.
Technology Network Fair.
To improve contacts between UBC students and faculty
and B.C.'s technological entrepreneurs. Four technical
sessions, two long poster-presentation sessions, plus a
panel discussion on the problems of technical startup
companies will be presented on May 8. Buchanan
Building 8 a.m.-6 p.m. Registration $30. For details,
phone Epytec Prototypes Inc. at 681-0772
or UBC Industry Liaison at 224-8580.
Sunday Teas.
Sunday Afternoon Teas at Cecil Green Park will begin
again on Sunday, May 4. Sittings for the tea will be 1
p.m., 3 p.m., and 4:15 p.m. The price is $6.50 per person.
For reservations, call 228-2018. Food Services will also
begin a Sunday food operation at the Botanical Garden
Visitor's Centre. Light refreshments will be offered. For
more information, call 228-2616.
Canadian Association for
Information Science Annual
Conference.
Communications: Message, Mind, & Machine. To be
held June 24-28. Keynote speaker: D. R.Olson (Ont.
Inst. Ed.). Guest speakers: G. Salton (Syracuse Univ.), T.
H. Cannon (BLL), P. Licker(Univ. Calgary). For
preliminary program and advance registration, contact:
Mrs. Viona Essen, B.C. Research Council, 3650
Wesbrook Mall, 224-4331 (local 245).
Free Exercise   Classes.
Mondays, Tuesdays and Thursdays. Lunchtime
excercise class (continuing Dr. Brown's winter class).
Leader: Eleanor Haydock, graduate student. Free.
Meet at Gym E, Osborne Centre (outside during good
weather). Call 222-5237 or 222-5238 for details.
GRANT-
P6APUNCS
JUNE 1986
* Agriculture Canada(CPD)
-New Crop Development Fund [1]
* Canada Council: Killam Program
-I.W. Killam Memorial Prize [30]
-Killam Research Fellowship [30]
* Cattlemen's Association, British Columbia
-Brig. Bostock Memorial Research Grant [30]
"   French Ministry of External Affairs
-Post-doctoral Grants [1]
* Health, Education and Welfare, U.S. Dept. of
-Small Grants Program [1]
* International Union Against Cancer
-Yamagiwa-Yoshida Int'l. Cancer Study Grants
[30]
* National Multiple Sclerosis Soc. (U.S.)
-Research [proposal due prior to Aug. 1 deadline]
* SSHRC: Fellowships Division
-Therese F.-Casgrain Post-doctoral Fellowship
[1]
* SSHRC: Research Communic. Div.
-Aid to Occasional Conferences [30]
* SSHRC: Strategic Grants Division
-Family & Socialization of Children: Research,
Workshop, Seed [1]
-Human Context Science Technology: Research,
Workshops, Seed [1]
-Management Science: Organizations (Seed),
Research Initiatives, Research Grant, Research
Workshops [1]
-Population Aging: Post-doctoral Fellowship,
Reorientation Grants, Research Tools and
Facilities, Research, Research Centres, Research
Workshops, Visiting Scholars [1]
-Women and Work Program: Research, Seed,
Workshop [1]

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