UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Reports Feb 29, 1984

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/< 5 roo 6?g £o />u£ in your car, but this Ricardo Hydra engine for research into
the use of alternative fuels is helping UBC scientists seeking non-gasoline
methods of engine power.  You can see it, during Open House March \9, lO^and"
11. (See centre pages for Open House program.)
Ottawa puts up $1 million
or UBC forestry studies
The federal government is putting tip $1
million to promote advanced studies in
forest economics and policy at UBC.
->      Federal environment minister Charles L.
i. Caccia announced the grant Monday, Feb.'
27. He said the studies to be carried out in
UBC's Faculty of Forestry under Prof.
Peter Pearse are aimed at meeting an
urgent need facing Canada's most
important and currently ailing industry.
The forest industry is undergoing
LJ;  profound change, the minister said.
T%i.-:     "To regain our nation's dominance in
the industry, we will have to make
substantial investments in new plants and
highly-trained people.
"We will use new technology and better
policies to recapture our competitive edge."
Traditionally, timber and forest products
manufacturing — cornerstones of
fa ^Canadian economic development and the
major force behind the B.C. economy —
have been largely taken.for granted, he
"In the past, Canadian producers
enjoyed an advantage over foreign
competitors in international markets for
,L forest products because of the vast supply
^.of natural timber in Canada," Mr. Caccia
"But those supplies are dwindling and
the cost of harvesting what is left is rising
"At the same time, we are facing new.
competition. Timber production in low-
^, cost regions like the southeast United States
^^,continues to expand, and new suppliers
like Brazil will shift patterns of
international supply and demand.
Prof. Pearse said that Canada's six
forestry schools have well-established
programs in forestry and wood science,
harvesting and management.
But the most urgent problems facing the
forest industry do not fall within the   ,
traditional fields.
"The challenges to our industry are the
economics of producing new crops of
timber, product manufacturing, marketing
and public policy,"- Prof..Pearse said.
"Nowhere in Canada is-there a substantial
concentration of teaching and research
expertise in these areas. The aim of the.
federal grant is to correct that."
Pivotal to the UBC research is the Forest
Sector Analysis Project that was begun at
UBC six months ago with support from the
Canadian Forestry Service.
A research team, led by Prof. Pearse,
has begun to analyse the cost of future
timber supplies and the trends in demand
for Canadian forest products in domestic
and international markets.
In his new study of Canada's forest
sector, Prof. Pearse is working with Dr.
Sten Nilsson, a visiting scholar from
Sweden's Royal College of Forestry, and
Dr. Douglas Williams, an adjunct professor
of Forestry at UBC and senior partner of
Forest Planning Systems Ltd., Vancouver.
Prof. Pearse conducted the Royal
Commission into B.C. forest resources
which resulted in complete revision of the
province's forest legislation in 1978, and in
1982 he completed another major Royal
Commission inquiry into the Pacific
He was recently named chairman of a
three-person advisory committee which' will
carry out a major study of Canada's water   '
resources for the federal ministry of the
environment. The water and forest studies
are both part-time, and together will
occupy his full attention, he said.
Prof. Pearse said a series of recent
initiatives "will make UBC an international
centre for forest industry research and
B.C. budget leaves
'formidable' deficit
The higher tuition fees announced last
month will stick, there will be layoffs
throughout the University, and students
will find it more difficult to go to university
— especially students from- outside the
Vancouver andVictoria areas.
That's what, the provincial budget
The general purposes operating grant to
the three universities for 1984-85 was cut
five per cent, to $285,943,000. The
Universities Council of B.C.,: which
determines how that, sum will be shared by
UBC, Simon Fraser University and the
University of Victoria, says it doesn't yet
have enough detail from Victoria to
apportion the grant, but UCBC chairman
Dr. Bill Gibson says a five-per-cent cut for
each seems likely.
"A five-per-cent reduction in the grant
still translates into a deficit of formidable
proportions," said Dr. George Pedersen,
UBC president. "However, until we are
advised finally and definitively by UCBC
on our allocation for 1984-85, further
speculation is counterproductive."
In his budget speech, finance minister
Hugh Curtis also announced that as of
April 1, 1984,%B.C. will no longer provide'
grants to needy university students;
henceforth, only loans will be available.
Dr. Pedersen said this will hurt students
who don't live within commuting distance
of a university the most, since their
expenses are much higher than those of a   .
student able to live at home.
Stephen Leary, chairman of the Pacific
Region, Canadian Federation of Students,
termed the move to abolish grants "the
experts here
March 8, 9
Members of the National Research
Council's associate committee on research
and development for rehabilitation of the
disabled will meet at UBC on March 8 and
9, arid they are interested in your views.
A public forum is scheduled for 7:30
p.m. on Thursday, March 8 in the
auditorium of the Psychiatric Unit, Health
Sciences Centre Hospital, for anyone
interested in the needs of the disabled and
in rehabilitation research and development
related to sensory, motor, mental or
emotional disabilities.
Dr. Tali Conine, director of UBC's
School of Rehabilitation Medicine, said
that there is a need for government
agencies to understand better the practical
problems experienced by disabled persons
and rehabilitation professionals.
"Although our committee is not a
funding body, it does advise the
government about funding for
- rehabilitation research," she said.
The committee is chaired by Dr. David
greatest attack on post-secondary education
in B.C. ever."
He said an average student will amass a
debt of $20,000 in four years. Repaid over
a 10-year period at a 10-per-cent interest
rate, the total would come to more than
Meanwhile, negotiations have been going
since November between the University and
the Faculty Association to determine
criteria and procedures for the termination
of appointment for financial exigency.
^   j
Norman MacKenzie
Dr. Norman
Dr. Norman A.M. MacKenzie, President
Emeritus of the University of British
Columbia, will be honored at a dedication
ceremony and dinner on campus tonight
(Feb. 29).
Dr. MacKenzie, who reached his 90th
birthday in January, will unveil a plaque at
Norman MacKenzie House which officially
names the house in his honor.
The dedication ceremony will precede a
dinner in the UBC Faculty Club for former,
and present members of UBC's Board of
Governors, members of the University
community and those who have
contributed funds for the renovation of
Norman MacKenzie House, which was
built in the early 1950s as a residence for
UBC presidents. •
Dr. MacKenzie and his family were the
first occupants of the house while he was
UBC's president for 18 years from 1944 to
1962. UBC Reports February 29, 1984
UBC Welcomes You
to Open House
Future builders.
That's the general theme of this year's Open
House at the University of British Columbia,
which for 1984 features the Faculties of
Agricultural Sciences and Forestry and the
Engineering school.
Open House runs for three days — Friday,
March 9, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.; Saturday, March 10,
10 a.m. to 5 p.m.; Sunday, March 11, 12 noon to
4 p.m. The first day is primarily for secondary
school and community college students, but the
general public is also welcome. Special tours for
schools can be arranged through Iris Thomson at
Professors and students of Engineering,
Agriculture and Forestry have assembled more
than 100 displays and exhibits, many of them
being of the 'hands on' variety.
Visitors can play computer games, collect a
free Douglas fir seedling or a potted begonia,
inspect a logging helicopter and heavy logging
equipment, make their own waves, play chess
against a robot or check out a model of B.C.
Place Stadium, showing the pressure on the dome
and demonstrating how and why pedestrians are
affected by the wind.
Tours of TRIUMF, the world's largest
cyclotron, will also be available, with a shuttle
bus running every half hour from the Open
House information centre on Main Mall to the
TRIUMF site on Wesbrook Mall.
The Museum of Anthropology will be open on
all three days, as will the indoor swimming pool.
Both attractions are free during Open House, as
is admission to the Japanese Nitobe Garden.
Parking is free at all UBC lots.
March 9      March 10      March 11 UBC Reports February 29, 1984
With close to 1,800 students, UBC's
Engineering school is by far the largest
of the three areas featured in the 1984
Open House.
You won't find all of the
Engineering displays in one building,
but it will be well worth your while to
make a complete circuit of the
You can watch welding by a robot
or welding by friction. You can make
your own waves and you can watch
some fascinating research that takes
place in wind tunnels. You can even
take home a medallion made of
powdered copper turned solid via
pressure and heat.
Some of the highlights are listed
here, but keep your eyes open for
many other displays.
How to find it: 'CEME 1059' is
Room 1059 of the main Civil/
Mechanical Engineering Building. All
of the 4-digit rooms are in that
building. The 3-digit CEME rooms are
in the smaller building immediately to
the left of the main building as you
look at the map. Geological Sciences
and Electrical Engineering are in
separate buildings, shown on the map.
Engineering Physics can be found in
the Henning and Hebb buildings, well
to your left as you look at the map.
aChemical Engineering is also shown on
the map. Two other Engineering
locations are the Forward Building
(Metallurgical Engineering) and the
Coal Centre, both shown on the map.
• Make a wave. Visitors can make
their own waves by adjust ng wave
height and length in this display.
Experts will be on hand to answer
questions. CEME 139.
• Bridge vibrations. A scale model
of the original Tacoma Narrows
Bridge which was destroyed by wind-
induced vibrations in 1940 will be
mounted in UBC's wind tunnel. See
demonstrations of the effect of wind
on bridge vibration. Also, look for a
display on wind effects near B.C.
Place Stadium. CEME 120.
• Geology film festival. Short color
films depicting the movement of
glaciers, the building of volcanoes and
other geological phenomena will be
shown continuously in the main foyer
of the Geological Sciences Building.
• Types of drilling. Real equipment
is used in a demonstration of the
major types of drilling used in
exploration geology. Geological
Sciences foyer.
• Rock cutting demonstration. A
tour of rock cutting facilities includes
a demonstration of how rock can be
cut into slabs only a tenth of a
millimeter thick. Find out how these
slabs can be used to identify minerals
in the rock. Geological Sciences
• Spellex for the blind. A machine
that allows blind individuals to type
and proofread their work will be on
display. Electrical Engineering
(MacLeod) 257.
• Brain-wave display. Brain-wave
signals, known as electroencephalo-
graphic signals or EEG's for short, will
be displayed on an oscilloscope.
Electrical Engineering 255.
• PET images. The processing of
images from a Positron Emission
Tomograph will be shown using a
VAX computer. Electrical Engineering
• Clinical engineering and health
care. Learn about the important role
of UBC's clinical engineering program
in a wide range of health care areas.
Electrical Engineering 306.
• Telidon page creation. Visitors are
invited to try their hand at creating
graphic pages or pictures on a Telidon
terminal. Electrical Engineering 339.
• Rim saw display. The rim saw is a
new type of circular saw being
developed for use in the sawmill
industry. A working prototype will be
on display. Electrical Engineering 130.
• New coating process. Research is
under way in engineering physics for
the development of materials and
production machinery which will be
used for the fabrication of large-area
coatings on plastic film. One example
of the application of this process
would be transparent, heat-reflecting
attachments for window insulation.
Engineering Physics (Hennings) 118.
• Can our robot beat you at chess?
A chess-playing robot will be on
display, along with a small mobile
robot that can see, hear and talk.
Come and find out about the rapidly
growing field of industrial robotics.
CEME 1059.
• UBC and space travel. Find out
about the space-oriented research
being carried out in UBC's mechanical
engineering department. The display
outlines UBC's involvement with the
Space Shuttle, describes research on
communication satellites, and focuses
on some recent research projects,
including a project which deals with
the construction of space stations using
the shuttle. CEME 120.
• Mechanical heart valves. About
10,000 operations aimed at replacing
diseased heart valves with mechanical
devices are performed in Canada each
year. Exhibit shows methods of testing
mechanical valves for strength and
fatigue life. CEME 119.
• Earthquake simulator. Come and
test a new system designed to reduce
the effect of earthquakes on buildings.
An earthquake-resistant base isolated
steel building is on display and
spectators are invited to stand in the
building or on surrounding ground
while an earthquake is simulated on
UBC's shaking table. CEME 1005.
• Water and wastewater treatment
systems. A fully-operating, small-scale
treatment plant for the biological and
chemical treatment of water and
wastewater is on display. Find out
about UBC research on the treatment
of polluted water from landfill sites.
CEME 1301.
• Quicksand and liquefaction
display. A sand whose voids are full of
water can, under certain
circumstances, become unstable and
lose its capacity to support structures.
Come and find out how landslides are
caused and what happens to structures
that are built on sand that has become
"quick". CEME 1008.
• Alternative fuels display. Exhibit
focuses on the use of alternative fuels,
particularly natural gas, for both
spark ignition and diesel engines.
CEME 1115.
'• Aerodynamics of trucks. With
increasing fuel costs, considerable
attention has been directed towards
the improvement of truck
configurations to reduce aerodynamic
resistance. This resistance accounts for
two-thirds of the total power
consumption. New designs are tested
in UBC's wind tunnel. CEME 120.
•..Satellite TV reception.
Engineering physics students have
developed an inexpensive lense
antenna which enables TV pictures to
be picked up by satellite. Engineering
Physics (Hebb). Watch for signs for
exact location.
• Production of controlled-release
pheromones (chemicals). Many insects
communicate with each other by
discharging chemicals (pheromones)
into the air. Each insect species has its
own pheromones. Equipment will be
demonstrated which manufactures
controlled-release pheromone
dispensers used in attracting and
trapping insects. Chemical
Engineering 316.'
• Wood pulp. The nature of pulp
and the problems of pulp flow will be
explained in this exhibit. Chemical
Engineering 18.
• Pulmonary microvascular
exchange. This computer simulation
examines how fluids and proteins are
distributed and transported in lung
tissue. Chemical Engineering 108.
• Free medallions. To show how
objects can be fabricated from metal
powder, medallions will be prepared
by pressing copper powder in a die at
forces up to 40,000 kilograms. Take
one home as a souvenir. Forward 119.
• Mining and mineral process
engineering. On-going film and video
shows, displays and computer terminal
demonstrations related to the field of
mining and mineral process
engineering. Forward 506 and 519.
• Rock mechanics. Demonstration of
rock testing equipment and methods
using rock samples from Western
Canadian mines. Forward 519.
• Mineral process techniques.
Display of mineral processing research
projects in the areas of ore grinding,
mineral separation techniques and
automatic process control. Centre for
Coal and Mineral Processing, main
floor. UBC Reports February 29, 1984
Once again this year, the Faculty of
Agricultural Sciences has more female
students than male — and the reason
seems to be that women like animals.
Although there are onlv marginally
more women in food science, they
dominate animal science and the pre-
veterinarian program.
Agricultural economics, plant
science, agricultural mechanics,
poultry science, soil science and
landscape architecture all have more
men enrolled than women.
In total, the faculty has 222 women
students and 167 men this year.
Agriculture has mounted some
fascinating displays, ranging from live
animals (sheep, cows, pigs) to a
demonstration of how to measure a
raindrop. You can sample a hard-
boiled quail egg, get solutions to
problems you may have with your
houseplants, or learn how to 'candle'
chicken eggs.
Most of the agriculture displays and
exhibits are located in the MacMillan
Building (see 'Agriculture' on the
map) but you will find others in the
Horticulture Building and adjacent
• Animal breeding. Display outlines
methods of improving animal
production using genetics, and
explains the use of pedigrees, selection
programs and crossbreeding.
MacMillan labs 130 - 144.
• South campus display. A poster
display and slide show on the dairy,
sheep, swine and wildlife units on the
South campus. Exhibit highlights
research being carried out in these
facilities. MacMillan labs 130 - 144.
• Livestock industries of B.C.
Exhibit outlines the location, structure
and economic contributions of the
main livestock industries in our
province. Learn about domestic
production, imports and exports, and
trends of the past 50 years in the
livestock industries. MacMillan labs
130 - 144.
• Soil animals. Stereo microscopes
are used to study soil animals collected
from forest sites in the University
Endowment Lands. The exhibit
explains the role of these animals in
the soil-forming process. MacMillan
• Egg quality exhibit. Can you judge
the quality of an egg? This display
features chicken eggs of various grades
in quality and an egg-candling device,
along with information on criteria
used in judging egg quality.
MacMillan 260.
• Domestic animal display. Sheep,
cows and pigs will be on display on the
MacMillan loading dock.
• See how raindrops are measured.
The size of raindrops can be
determined by catching rain in a pan
filled with sifted flour. See how this is
done, and find out why measuring
raindrops is critical in predicting soil
erosion. MacMillan 154.
• UBC's Quail Genetic Stock
Centre. A display of live Japanese
quail and their hatching process.
Sample a hard-boiled quail egg.
MacMillan 260.
• Landscape architecture. Learn
about urban agriculture, edible
landscapes, open-space and shoreline
planning. A color graphics terminal
will "create" landscapes before your
eyes and show them growing.
MacMillan 256.
• Food Safety. A display showing
important nutrients in food and the
role they play in maintaining a healthy
body. Also, hazardous food
constituents are identified and
methods shown to measure the extent
of these harmful constituents in our
diet. MacMillan 258.
• Animal feeds — Diets of
Champions. See the specialized feeds
now being used on modern farms. A
variety of feeds will be available for
inspection — touch them, smell them,
taste them if you wish! MacMillan 136.
• Careers in Agriculture. A display
of career opportunities for graduates
in the eight departments in the
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences. Look
for information on animal science,
agricultural economics, soil science,
poultry science, landscape
architecture, plant science,
agricultural mechanics and food
science. MacMillan 160 and foyer.
• Energy efficient greenhouses.
Poster display of experimental
greenhouses located at Agriculture
Canada, Saanichton, B.C.
Construction photographs and energy
conservation results on display outside
MacMillan 76 to 90.
• Managing garden soils of
Vancouver. A hands-on display of
different soils from the Vancouver
area, with guidelines on how to
improve soil. Qualified people will be
available to answer questions.
MacMillan 154.
• Hortline. Exhibit highlights UBC's
telephone advice and information
service for gardeners. Students and
faculty will be on hand to answer
questions about plant problems.
Horticultural Sciences 102.
• Free potted plants. A limited
number of scented begonias, herbs,
bedding plants and house plants will
be given away each day. Horticultural
Sciences 102.
Here is the Museum of
Anthropology program for Open
House days: (Free admission).
Friday, March 9, noon - 5 p.m.
12:30    Lecture       Is God Really A
Sorcerer? -- some thoughts on
recent fieldwork amongst the
Maisin of Papua, New Guinea
1:30    Stone tool-making
demonstration with museum
archaeologists: Tsimshian
houseboards research update.
2:30    Coast Salish tour of Museum.
3:00    Stone tool-making
demonstration; Tsimshian
houseboards research update.
Saturday, March 10, 10 a.m. -
5 p.m.
11:00    Imaginary Visions: Ethnic
Noon    Native Youth Workers
12:30    Stone tool-making
demonstration; Tsimshian
1:00    Sing We & Chant It: A
Selection of a Cappella Italian
and English Madrigals of the
Renaissance Period.
2:00    Snake in the Grass Moving
3:00    Mulberry Street jazz band.
3:30    Stone tool-making; Tsimshian
4:00    Middle Eastern dance
Sunday, March 11, 11 a.m. - 5 p.m.
11:30    The Burrard String Quartet
(UBC music students) present
Mozart and Haydn.
12:30    Native Youth Workers
program. Tsimshian
2:00    African Heritage: Music from
central, western and southern
3:40    Native Youth Workers
Roving Giant Clowns from
12:30 on Sunday.
TRIUMF tours
at Open House
Tours of TRIUMF, Canada's largest
particle accelerator and the world's
largest cyclotron, will be available on
each day of Open House.
A bus will leave every half hour
from the Open House Information
Centre on Main Mall for TRIUMF,
which is located south of 16th Avenue
on Wesbrook Mall.
Once at TRIUMF, visitors are free
to wander on a self-guided tour of the
site. A tour guide book will be given
to each visitor, containing basic
information on each of eight tour
stops and directions on how to get
from one stop to another.
There will also be a guide at each of
the eight stops to describe the area
and answer questions.
TRIUMF is a world-class particle
physics laboratory operated by UBC,
Simon Fraser University, University of
Victoria and University of Alberta. A
tour of the facility takes about an
The cafeteria at TRIUMF will be
open for snacks and refreshments. UBC Reports February 29, 1984
There are just over 400 students
enrolled in UBC's four-year program
leading to a degree in Forestry,
including 77 women.
Students and faculty have worked
together to show you a broad
representation of the type of research
taking place in Forestry, and they have
also arranged to bring a, logging
helicopter to campus, along with a
display of heavy equipment used by
Forestry has also arranged with the
Ministry of Forests to have
RAPATTACK on campus for Open
House. You can watch students rappel
from a low-flying helicopter in a
simulated attack on a forest fire. The
idea is to get to the fire scene quickly,
rappel by rope from the 'copter and
then start cutting fire breaks and
setting up a landing pad for bigger
-Forestry shares the MacMillan
Building with Agriculture, but look
for more Forestry displays in the small
wooden buildings behind the
MacMillan Building, and in adjacent
parking lots.
• Snowmelt during rain-on-snow.
A physical model will illustrate what
happens in cleared and forested areas
when rain melts the snow. There will
'Coop' could
be the way
The University of British Columbia
would like to alert future students to
its optional Co-operative Education
Programs in the Faculties of
Agricultural Sciences, Applied Science
(Engineering) and Forestry. Co-op
students alternate career-related,
professional training with their
University studies, thereby gaining
valuable work experience before they
To learn about Co-op at UBC,
come to the Co-op and Career displays
at Open House, in the Civil and
Mechanical Engineering Building and
in the MacMillan Building. Or contact
the Co-op office in Brock Hall, Room
213, phone 228-3022.
Indoor pool
open 3 days
In addition to comfortabe shoes, a
swimming suit is a good idea at Open
House. The UBC Aquatic Centre,
which houses the best indoor pool in
Canada, is open to everybody during
the three days of Open House, and it
is free.
The pool will be open to the public
from 9:30 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. Friday,
March 9, from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m.
Saturday and from 10:30 a.m. to 5
p.m. Sunday.
Also open, and also free, is the
magnificent Museum of Anthropology,
on Marine Drive. You can tour the
museum from noon to 5 p.m. Friday,
10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Saturday and from
11 a.m. to 5 p.m. Sunday.
also be a display and demonstration of
instruments used in hydrology.
MacMillan 187.
• Remote sensing poster and
stereoscopic viewing display. Display
outlines research in remote sensing as
applied to forest resources
management. This includes detection
and assessment of forest damage
resulting from insects, disease and air
pollution, the use of color infra-red
photographs, mapping logging
operations from satellite imagery, and
mapping and monitoring reindeer and
caribou range conditions. MacMillan
• The forest/wildlife conflict. In
parts of B.C. there are serious conflicts
between the production of wildlife and
certain forestry practices. The display
shows the nature of the conflicts and
illustrates some novel solutions that are
being attempted. MacMillan 256 and
• Life history of trees. Douglas Fir
seedlings and tree parts will be used to
show the various stages of growth and
development, from seed to maturity.
MacMillan 170.
• Forest ecology. Recognizing and
understanding the different types of
forest ecosystems in the province, and
predicting their response to
management is the focus of this
display. There will be a demonstration
of the FORCYTE computer model
and a computer game to see how well
you can manage a forest. Also, test
your skills in identifying plants.
• Insects in the forests of B.C. A
display of insects found in B.C.'s
forests and the damage they have
done. MacMillan 290.
• Fisheries/Forestry interaction.
Coordinated displays illustrating some
of the problems involved in fisheries/
forestry interaction and how they are
• Tree improvement. Exhibit shows
phases of forest genetics and tree
improvement, the selection of "super"
trees and how they can be reproduced.
Free samples. MacMillan 180.
• Helicopter logging. Exhibit
includes a Sikorsky S61 logging
helicopter supplied by OK Heli
Logging Ltd. A slide/movie
presentation will show actual
helicopter logging operations.
Helicopter in B-Lot, display in
Teaching Unit 4.
• Heavy equipment. This parking lot
display features heavy equipment used
in the logging industry. Students will
be on hand to discuss the operation
and use of the equipment. O-Lot
(behind MacMillan Building).
• Micro-computer forestry game. A
forest management game for the
public to play, demonstrating the
importance and economic value of
decisions on planting, fertilizing,
thinning and harvesting in forest
management. Teaching Unit 4.
Don't forget to pick up a seedling in Forestry
and watch it grow.'


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