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UBC Reports Dec 12, 1984

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Array Volume 30 Number 23
December 12, 1984
UBC prof
develops
'cookbook'
for Indians
A five-year research project designed to
show that the health of Canada's native
Indian population can he improved by
reviving the use of traditional Indian f<>ods
is nearing completion at the University of
B.C.
Dr. Harriet Kuhnlein, an associate
professor in UBC's School of Family and
Nutritional Sciences, said the results of her
study with the Nuxalk Nation of Bella
Coola Indians, funded hy Health and
Welfare Canada as a demonstration
project, can be applied anywhere in
Canada.
"The aim of the project is to demonstrate
that the health of native people can be
improved by reviving the use of locallv
available, but sometimes neglected foods
that were part of their diet in the past. The
results will enable native people anywhere
in Canada to realize the potential of local
food resources that may also be
under-utilized," Dr. Kuhnlein said.
The Bella Coola project, the outgrowth
of earlier work by Dr. Kuhnlein among the
Hopi Indians in the U.S., began in 1980
following discussions with Archie Pootlass,
the Nuxalk band manager and at that time
acting director of the Union of B.C. Indian
Chiefs, and Edward Moody, the elected
chief of the Nuxalk. It has been guided
locally by the Nuxalk elders; Sandy
Moody, the public health nurse; and Rose
Hans, the band health representative.
A series of intensive interviews carried
out by Dr. Kuhnlein's research team
disclosed that over the past 70 years the
family use of locally available berries,
greens, roots and wild game had declined
significandy, while the use of fish and
certain other seafood has remained more or
less constant.
Followup studies of food preferences, the
availability of traditional Nuxalk foods
locally and analyses of the foods themselves
have served as the basis for a food and
nutrition handbook. A key element in the
project's educational program, the handbook
is currently being distributed to homes on
the reserve in Bella Coola, which is about
500 miles northwest of Vancouver as the
crow flies.
"We also did a baseline health
assessment, including blood tests, on some
70 per cent of the 600 people who lived on
the reserve in 1983," Dr. Kuhnlein said.
"We found that many of the people have
low body stores of iron, particularly the
women, and, in addition, many adults have
low levels of vitamin A and folic acid.
There's also a high incidence of dental
caries, particularly among children, as well
as obesity and a general lack of fitness
among adolescents and adults."
The handbook prepared under the
project assumes that fish and seafood will
continue to be a major component of the
Please turn U> Page 2
See NATIVE
UBC active in 3-year
study on acid rain
And you thought you had a lot of Christmas
baking to do . . . In the past few weeks
Irene Nowak, a pastry decorator in UBC's
food services department, has turned out
more than 1,000 gingerbread cookies, 500
dozen shortbread cookies, Christmas cakes
of all sizes and descriptions and such
specialty items as cookies with personalized
holiday messages. Her handiwork is on sale
at the Food Services' bake shops heated in
SUB and Ptmderosa cafeterias.
Some facilities
take Yule break
Some facilities on campus will be closed
over the Christmas season and others will
be operating on reduced hours.
The official closure dates for the
University are Tuesday, Dec. 25, Wednesday,
Dec. 26, and Tuesday, Jan. 1. Details on
food service hours for the month of
December are listed in the notice section
of the calendar of events on page 4.
The Aquatic Centre will be open for
public swimming daily, except for Christmas,
Boxing Day and New Year's Day. The
Museum of Anthropology is open regular
hours except for closures on Dec. 25 and
26.
The staff of UBC Reports would like to
wish readers an enjoyable Christmas season.
See you in January.
UBC is participating in a $1-million study
on acid rain, the environmental problem
plaguing North America, Europe and other
parts of the world.
Acid rain is caused when substances in
emissions from industry and other sources
undergo chemical reactions in the
atmosphere, are convened to acids and
fall to the earth as rain.
Involved with UBC in the three-year
project financed by the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency are SIMS (the Society
for Industrial and Applied Mathematics),
Stanford University and the Rand
Corporation.
Principal investigators of the UBC team,
both from the Department of Statistics, are
Dr. A.J. Petkau and department head Dr.
J.V Zidek.
"Although we all agree acid rain can
have a terrible effect on the environment,
we can't agree on its sources, in particular
on how much of it is the result of industry
and other human activities, and how
much of it is natural," Dr. Zidek said.
"Volcanos, for example, can emit
thousands of tons of material into the
atmosphere which can be converted to
acid rain. The precise measurement of the
impact of acid rain, necessary for
regulation and control, is exceedinglv
difficult.
"The solutions involve mathematical and
statistical problems of great variety and
depth. In the end, we intend to estimate the
naturally-caused levels of acid rain as a
fraction of the total amount present in any
location.
"In particular, we anticipate our statistical
methods will allow us to detect the impact
of acid rain, measure trends, map acid rain
desposition levels over broad regions and
over time, and determine how those levels
vary from region to region."
A seminar series has been started at UBC.
to exchange knowledge on acid rain
among researchers in government, industry
and universities. >
Other members of the UBC team are Dr.
Albert Marshall of the statistics department.
Dr. William Caselton from civil engineering,
and two members of the statistics
department of the University of Washington,
Dr. Peter Guttorp and Dr. Paul D.
Sampson.
PRESIDENT
CONVEYS
HIS THANKS
UBC President George Pedersen is in
Asia this week on behalf of the federal
government, attending an education
conference and renewing UBC's many
friendships in the area. For the last edition
of UBC Reports before the holiday break,
he wished to extend a message to faculty,
staff and students:
On behalf of myself and my wife Joan, I
should like to take this opportunity to
wish each and every one of you a happy
holiday season. I hope that the Christmas
period will provide a welcome rest and an
enjoyable time to share with family and
friends.
The year has been a demanding one for
the University and the thousands of people
who are a part of our community. You
have all made sacrifices. From these difficult
times, however, I am convinced we will
emerge a healthier university, whose
commitment to quality is undiminished.
Our challenges today must become our
opportunities.
Meanwhile, the co-operation and support
shown by all of you is appreciated. For
your efforts, for your extra effort, I give you
my sincere thanks.
I hope that you all have a warm and
happy holiday and a good Christmas.
George and Joan Pedersen UBC Reports, December 12, 1984
Dean says forest industry faces
changing times, many challenges
UBC's Faculty of Forestry, first among
Canada's six forestry schools m total enrolment,
is undergoing changes that reflect shifts within the
industry and the profession itself. It is just now
leaving a period of adolescence and entering a
new phase of maturity. Unlike medicine,
engineering, agriculture and other fields which
sub-divided into specialized disciplines decades
ago, forestry's only now im the threshold of
specialization. (Amfn/nting the profession is a
fundamental redirectiim of the industry and of
national forest policies as (Zanada tries to regain
its competitive edge in international markets for
forest products. In a cimlinuing series of
interviews that will highlight the University's
faculties, schools and institutes UBC Reports
explored the future of the Faculty of Forestry with
Dean Robert W. Kennedy.
UBC Reports. What are some of the
challenges facing the industry in the
future?
Dr. Kennedy. There are significant
changes facing the industry on the B.C.
coast. The delivered cost of logs to mills is
increasing dramatically, and the logs are
now smaller in dimension than the mills
were originally designed to take. The coastal
industry will have to move into the
specialty market, with kiln-dried material,
rather than continue to produce green
dimension lumber as a commodity product.
They will have to become much more in
tune with markets overseas and in the U.S.
for higher value-added products. For
example, since the coast still has some
virgin timber, it can make clear products
— products that are free of knots or other
blemishes if you like — by being much
more judicious in the cutting at the mill. In
some mills, they have already increased
the amount of clear products from hemlock
by 10 per cent. Their goal is to recover SO
per cent of the lumber essentially in the
form of clear specialty products.
The Interior industry as yet doesn't have
the logging and transportation costs of the
coast, and their mills are newer. But they
are facing severe insect problems,
particularly with mountain pine and spruce
bark beetles. The insects ravage mature
and over-mature stands, and unless they are
Native
(Zinitinued from Page I
diet of the Nuxalk people. "Fortunately,
there is no shortage of protein in the
traditional local diet," says Dr. Kuhnlein.
The handbook encourages the revival of
the use of a traditional food fat from the
ooligan, a small fish that is netted for a brief
period in early spring. "The ooligan grease
is very rich in vitamins A and E," Dr.
Kuhnlein said, "and we suggest it as a
substitute for lard and cooking oils."
The traditional and somewhat neglected
foods that are most recommended for
revival are berries and greens, both of
which are available in substantial quantities
locally. "Bella Coola is berry heaven," is
the way Dr. Kuhnlein puts it. "There are at
least 22 different species growing in the
area. The handbook gives details for
identifying, preparing and preserving most
of them."
Dr. Kuhnlein, who's personally tried all
the food recommended in the handbook,
says the clover has a taste much like fresh
peas, silverweed roots have a nutlike flavor
and the bulbs of the local rice plants have a
sweet taste when cooked.
The research group is also encouraging
the Nuxalk people to begin or expand
their gardening activities by incorporating
some of the wild food plants into garden
plots.
Dr. Kuhnlein anticipates that there will
be an improvement in health on the reserve
when the health assessments are repeated
at the end of the education program, which
is being conducted by Louise Hilland and
Emily Schooner, locally trained nutrition
aides.
checked the Interior will be in a serious
timber deficit in a few years.
UBC Reports. Are we doing any research
here at UBC that can help the industry?
Dr. Kennedy. The Faculty of Forestry and
others at UBC have been working with
industry and with some people at Simon
Fraser University developing traps using
chemicals attractive to beetles. Some of
these are in the commercial market place
now. And our remote sensing people have
developed a method of identifying
outbreaks of beetle attacks by interpreting
special aerial photographs. Their work is so
precise they can detect an outbreak before
there is any sign visible to someone on the
ground. A major problem, though, is
accessibility to the damaged areas. Some
areas are so remote that you can't get to
them and they're just going to go down.
Our research funding is increasing. As
you know, the federal government has asked
us to take on a special task of doing
research in forest policy and economic
analysis, an area that Canada is terribly
deficient in compared with its major
international competitors. The federal
grant for that research is$l million per
year. In addition, the faculty is working on
about 80 different research projects funded
tor a total of $1.5 million from various
research granting agencies.
A unique situation that other professions
don't have to contend with is that we do not
have a forestry research granting agency.
Medicine has the Medical Research Council
in Canada, and researchers in the
Faculties of Science, Agriculture and
Applied Science have special giant  .
selection committees within the Natural
Sciences and Engineering Research
Council. But our grant applications end up
being assessed bv a committee of botanists,
for example, or civil engineers, or
population biologists.
UBC Reports. Are there certain research
areas that will be more important than
others in the future?
Dr. Kennedy. We will have to emphasize
our traditional subjects such as the supply
of nutrients to make trees grow,
economics, overall forest policies, recreation,
wildlife management and others. But
there are other opportunities. There is the
whole area of biotechnology and its
application to forestry. There are certain
fungi, for example, that remove the lignin
holding cellulose together in wood.
Separating the cellulose fibres is an
essential step in making pulp and paper. At
Robert Kennedy
the moment, a variety of chemical agents
are used to accomplish this. Perhaps much
more efficient methods can be found to
pulp wood using biotechnology. Profs. Reed
and Sziklai of our faculty are organizing a
national conference on biotechnology in
forestry, sponsored by the Science Council
of Canada, to be held in Ottawa in
February.
Another area of research is wood
utilization. We don't know enough about
the strength of wood and so wooden homes
and other industrial wcxkI structures are
over-built just to make sure. If we could
reduce the volume of wood used by just
10 per cent, through more rational design
methods based on a better understanding
of engineering properties of wood, we
could make wood that much more
competitive compared with other materials.
UBC Reports. How are you preparing
students to meet challenges in their
profession?
Dr. Kennedy. We are trying to give the
students a multi-use perspective. No single
group in society has exclusive rights to the
forests. There are many uses for forests —
hydrology or watershed management,
fisheries, timber production, range
management for cattle, wildlife management
and, of course, recreation. The Meares
Island controversy is an example of land
use conflict that should be resolved
through a multiple use approach.
Forestry is just now at the stage that
engineering was decades ago before it
developed totally separate streams. Today,
we wouldn't think of having a monolithic
engineering school. There are civil
engineers, mining engineers and others.
That sub-division is beginning to take
place in Forestry. We now have four "
different streams for students leading to
two degrees at the undergraduate level. We
are accommodating the students within a
four-vcar program now, rather than the old
live-year one.
About 70 per cent of our students are
from the Lower Mainland. Yet the Interior
of the- province is now producing forest
products that are worth roughly twice as
much as the coast. This is a complete
reversal from the situation thirty years ago.
The Interior is where the action is now. For
that reason we want to attract more
students from the Interior, and we are
making arrangements for these students to
be able to take the equivalent of first-year
forestry at their local community colleges
so they can come here for their final three
years.
UBC Reports. Foresters don't have a
reputation for speaking up on public
issues involving forestry.
Dr. Kennedy. In this province there are
two major reasons for that. The first is the
complexity of forestry itself and our
limited understanding of it. Foresters
themselves often disagree on public issues.
The profession is often as divided as society.
The other is the particular institutionalized
arrangement of forestry in B.C. The vast
majority of productive land is owned by
the provincial government, and companies
act as tenants charged with managing the
resource. This too often results in a
confrontational situation, where foresters
feel their allegiance is owed either to their
public or private employer. This isn't the
case in Sweden or the U.S., by the way,
where there's a greater ownership mix
between public and private sectors.
UBC Reports. What's the future of the
industry in B.C.?
Dr. Kennedy. The opportunities in this
province are unparalleled. We have better
forest soils and climate than any other part
of Canada. This is especially true for the
south coast of the province. If we can't
make a go of it here, the industry is
doomed in all of Canada. Forestry will
remain the major industry of B.C. for some
time to come, if we have the collective will
to invest for the future.
Meredith Wadman
'Ordinary'
Meredith off
to Oxford
Rhodes Scholar Meredith Wadman,
speaking to UBC Reports, observed that
much of the publicity she has received
since her scholarship was announced last
week has made, her sound like-some kind of
wonder-woman activist. Please, could we
make her seem more ordinary.
Here, then, are a few of the accomplishments
of the "ordinary" Ms. Wadman. a
24-vear-old second-year medical student at
I'BC who will complete her degree at
Oxford:
• A member of the cross-country,
basketball and field hockey teams while at
Magee secondary school;
• First in her class and president of the
student council at Magee;
• Winner of the Soroptimist International
Citizenship Award, for outstanding
contribution in her chosen fields of
endeavour, and for exemplary citizenship;
• A graduate with distinction in Human
Biology from Stanford University;
• A summer worker with Operation
Crossroads medical teams in 1981 and 1984
in Ghana and the Ivory Coast;
• A visitor to health clinics in Algeria,
Egypt and Nepal in 1982 and 1982;
• A crew member on small salmon
(rollers off (he coast of Alaska;
• A hiker who made it to the top of the
Thorung I .a Pass in Nepal and the summit
of Ml Toubkalt in Morocco;
• An accomplished musician (piano and
saxophone).
Personable, yes. Ordinary, no. But then
ordinary people don't become Rhodes
Scholars.
Ms. Wadman said she hopes to work after
graduation in the areas of clinical and
educational medicine, in small communities
in Canada and overseas.
Her long-term goal is to be involved at
the international level, possibly with the
World Health Organization, in (he planning
of medical programs, bu( she wants (o
spend time first in small communities to see
how things really work.
Administrators, she feels, sometimes lose
touch with the realities and the needs of
ordinary people.
Ms. Wadman is only the second B.C.
woman to win a 'Rhodes' since the
80-year-old scholarships became available
to women in 1976. UBC student Catherine
Milsum was the first in 1978. UBC Reports, December 12, 1984
A DAY IN A LIFE AT UBC
Meet Joe Nagel: curator and entrepreneur
One of Joe Nagel's days last week was
partly taken up by a visitor from Portland.
Another part of the same day was
occupied by a visitor from Germany.
There were many visitors from Vancouver,
and even more from the campus.
Joe Nagel is curator of the UBC
Geological Museum, located on the main
floor of the Geological Sciences Building,
and the Only certainty about a day in his
life is that the day will be fragmented and
the curator busy.
On the day in question, the visitor from
Portland wanted information about the
museum and how it is operated, so that
something similar might become part of a
$10 million natural history museum he
hopes to establish in Oregon.
Curator Nagel was happy to oblige, but
he admits he enjoyed his visitor from
Germany even more.
"He's a collector," Mr. Nagel explained,
"and he bought about $.'500 worth of gold
specimens."
Most museums, of course, have souvenir
shops, but lew can be as fascinating as the
800-square-ibot "store" that Mr. Nagel
operates as part of his duties as museum
curator. The decor isn't lancv, but two large
display cases cam crystal specimens in the
hundreds, each one a unique work of art
created by nature.
"I usually have about one thousand items
lor sale at any one time," said Mr. Nagel,
"and they range in price from $1 to about
$1,500."
Hundreds of the smaller specimens are
displayed and sold in clear plastic boxes —
pieces of crystalized copper, gold embedded
in quartz, topaz, galena, amethyst, and
countless others.
Each piece was handpicked by the
curator, and he has also prepared
personally the explanatory labels that go
with each sale. He admits that this retailing
operation takes up to a third of his time,
but the reward to the University is
considerable.
More than two-thirds of the pieces
currently on display in the museum
proper weren't there when Joe Nagel
completed his master's program in geology
at UBC in 1974 and l>ecame curator. The
collection has been built up through the
sales side of the operation.
"Just since 1980," Mr. Nagel said, "we've
lieen able to add 600 pieces, at least 95 per
cent of them financed through the shop."
Although the specimens for sale come
from many sources, the major single
source is an annual mineral show held
every February in Tucson, Arizona. From
the many thousands of specimens displayed,
some 500 usually wind up back at UBC.
Joe Nagel doesn't otter a money hack
guarantee on his works of art, but he has
introduced a trade-in scheme that has
proved popular. He allows full purchase
price credit on any item exchanged for
another specimen selling for at least 50
per cent more.
"This encourages a growing and
changing interest on the part ol collectors,
while increasing our ability to cany a wide
selection of specimens."
The main museum contains a number
of display cases, showing
some quite extraordinary minerals and
fossils, many of
them grouped
by area of origin.
A spectacular
example of quart/
crystal with
amethyst tips,
more than a
foot across, is
displayed on its
own. A painting
of this piece,
commissioned by
Mr. Nagel, serves
as a backdrop.
joe Nagel
Another eye-catching display, and one
that the curator admits is a great drawing
card, is the skeleton of a dinosaur, a
30-fbot-long I.ambeosaurus that roamed
the plains of southern Alberta 80 million
years ago.
Despite the spectacle of this part of the
museum, and despite the importance of
sales, Joe Nagel stressed that the prime
purpose of the museum is to serve as a
teaching facility. One large section is
devoted to displays used by first and
second-year geology students — a systematic
collection of minerals and fossils, all
clearly labelled.
The museum draws about 10,000
visitors a year, and they come from
everywhere. This past summer, for
example, there were visitors from every
province in Canada, from 15 American
suites, and from 35 other countries.
Admission is free.
In addition to his work at UBC, Joe Nagel
chairs the public relations committee of
the B.C. Museums Association, where the
main task now is to organize museum
involvement with Expo '86.
For his annual vacation, the curator
returns annually to what he describes as the
biggest natural history museum in the
world — the Galapagos Islands off the coast
of Ecuador.
He gives slide shows of the Galapagos,
and gives illustrated evening lectures at
the museum. But whatever the day has
held, the last hour before bed is usually
spent playing classical piano.
CAMPUS
PGOPKE1
Canada's first Centenary Medal lor
northern science has been awarded to Dr.
J. Ross Mackay, who continues to carry out
research in the Arctic even though he
retired from leaching in the Department of
Geography in 1981.
The medal and a cheque lor $5,000 were
presented to Dr. Mackay in Ottawa on Nov.
20 by Governor-General Jeanne Same in
the presence of distinguished guests.
The Centenary Medal was created in
recognition of the 100th anniversary of the
International Polar Year (1882-83).
* * *
Sculptures by Richard Prince, an
associate professor in-UBC's Department
of Fine Arts, are currently on display in the
Art Gallery of Hamilton in Ontario. Other
work by Mr. Prince will go on display in
Vancouver for a month beginning Jan. 8 at
the Charles Scott Gallery of the Emily Carr
School of Art on Granville Island.
Dr. Gemot Wieland, an associate
professor in the Department of English, has
been awarded a scholarship by the
Alexander von Humboldt Foundation of
West Germany. The award will support Dr.
Wieland's continuing studies on the
Anglo-Saxons in Germany.
For the innocent, GKT is a better test
A University of B.C.. psychologist believes
that a long-neglected lie detector test may
be almost 100 per cent effective in clearing
innocent persons in certain criminal cases.
Recent studies by a UBC research group
headed by Dr. William Iacono also suggest
that the test, known as the Guilty
Knowledge Test (GKT), is no less accurate
than the Control Question Test (CQT), the
traditional test used in lie detection.
Dr. Iacono emphasizes that he isn't
advocating that the traditional test be
junked in favor of the GKT, which has not
been used outside the laboratory in a real
criminal case. "However, our experimental
results indicate that the GKT has some
significant advantages over the traditional
test and I'd like to see some field testing
done using both techniques on several cases
so that results can be compared."
The standard lie detector (or polygraph)
test uses questions that can be answered
with a simple yes or no. For example, a
suspect involved in a murder case would
be asked: "On the night of June 16, did you
stab John Doe in the back?"
In the GKT, the suspect would be told
that if he killed John Doe, he would know
what method was used. The suspect would
then be asked to reply to a multiple
choice question: "Was John Doe killed with
(a) a revolver; (b) a knife; (c) a club; (d)
poison?"
Dr. Iacono says that an innocent person
would have no particular reason to respond
to one option over another in the GKT
University takes Moli shares
UBC is not "spending millions", as
reported in the Vancouver Sun, to take an
equity position in a new company, Moli
Energy Ltd., that will manufacture
batteries based on research work at the
University.
The University isn't spending a penny.
UBC has a variety of mechanisms to
deal with the transfer of innovations from
the University into the commercial
marketplace. They take into account the
benefits that should go to the person or
group who conceived the innovation, as
well as benefits to the University for
paying the salaries of the innovators and
providing them with facilities.
In most cases, the University negotiates a
royalty.
In the case of the new high tech battery,
the University has decided to accept
shares in the manufacturing company
instead of royalties.
question, except by chance. And chance
reactions, he says, can be minimized if a
series of" 10 questions associated with the
crime are asked of each suspect.
The GKT, Dr. Iacona points out, used a
question format that doesn't accuse the
suspect of anything, as does the CQT. "The
standard lie detector test could be biased
against innocent people, and there are
documented cases where an innocent
party was sent to prison on the basis of a
failed polygraph test. The big advantage of
the GKT is that it's almost impossible for an
innocent person to fail it."
New Alumni
director must
be versatile
A search committee has been set up to
find a new executive director of UBC's
100,000-member Alumni Association.
Dr. Peter Jones, who served in that post
since 1979, resigned in November to
become Dean of Development at the B.C.
Institute of Technology. Alumni Association
president Kyle Mitchell said that the
association had "progressed significandy"
under Jones' leadership in terms of
volunteer involvement in University-related
activities and in alumni giving.
Michael Partridge, chairman of the search
committee, said that encouragement of
volunteer participation and fundraising
would continue to be two key goals of the
Alumni Association. "The three major areas
of responsibility of the new executive
director will be to develop and implement
programs designed to increase personal
involvement of alumni in UBC affairs, to
plan and execute annual fundraising
programs and to sustain interest in the
University through effective communication
vehicles such as publications.
Alumni Fund director Pat Pinder has
been appointed acting executive director of
the association.
Dr. Iacono bases his support of the GKT
on the results of experiments with student
volunteers at UBC.
One group of students — designated the
guilty group — was given details of a
simulated apartment burglary, which they
viewed on closed-circuit televison. "Innocent"
subjects viewed a videotape depicting
scenes of the interior of another apartment,
this time with no crime committed.
Each member of both groups was then
questioned while hooked up to the
polygraph, which measures a series of body
responses, including respiration, blood
pressure and electrical resistance of the
skin.
Dr. Iacono and his associates were able to
classify accurately 100 per cent of the
innocent subjects and 88 per cent of the
guilty participants, for an overall accuracy
rate of 94 per cent.
Dr. Iacono is quick to point out that the
GKT, which was developed some 25 years
ago by University of Minnesota psychologist
David T. Lykken, has some limitations. It is
not useful in a situation where the details
of a crime have been well publicized and
would be known to an innocent person.
And questions for the alternative test have
to be more carefully constructed than
those cuiTently in use for lie detector tests.
Dr. Iacono believes there are some good
reasons why the Guilty Knowledge Test has
been neglected.
"The conventional wisdom is that the
CQT is virtually foolproof," he says. That's
by no means certain, however, and there's a
growing body of experimental evidence
that it is not infallible, particularly with
innocent suspects. Then the fact that some
details of a crime have to be witheld if the
GKT is to be effective doesn't sit well with
some segments of society — the news media,
for instance. And finally, the GKT is more
complex and difficult to administer."
Hovering in the background, too, are
some vexing questions in the civil liberties
area. "It comes down to whether you're
more interested in protecting the rights of
the innocent or the possibility that the
guilty may go free," Dr. Iacono says. UBC Reports, December 12, 1984
Sports facilities open to community
If you're willing (o play goal, you play
free.
That's one of the ways Paul Trustham
entices casual hockey players to the ice
rinks at the Thunderbird Winter Sports
Cen(re on weekday afternoons.
Mr. Trusdiam manages the centre, which
also is open to the public for curling, ice
skating, squash and racquetball.
The centre has three ice rinks suitable
for skating and hockey, six sheets of curling
ice, four squash courts and two racquetball
courts. The centre is going non-stop from 7
a.m. to 2 a.m., and is usually open all
night on weekends. About 45 per cent of
this time is used by the off-campus public.
Faculty, staff and students can skate free
from 8:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. Monday
through Friday, or they can play hockey on
another rink during these hours.
Afternoons are given over to the public
for casual hockey, and this is where the
goalies get a break.
"The charge to play hockey for an hour
is $1.50," Mr. Trustham noted, "but
sometimes there aren't enough goalies.
Waiving the charge for anybody willing to
go in the nets means there are usually
four good pickup games going every
afternoon on the two rinks we use."
Players can rent any equipment (hey
need, including skates, or (hey can buy
equipmen( at com|je(i(ive prices. Recreational
skaters, too, have a choice of 330 pairs of
rental skates.
And if they are evening visitors, and
(hey are old enough, (hey also have access
to a fully licensed bar that is open daily
from fi p.m. to 1:30 a.m. Snack bar service is
also available.
Mr. Trustham said the Christmas period,
running from mid-December through
early January, is a particularly good time for
Service held for
former Arts dean
A memorial service was held in Victoria
on Nov. 15 lor Dr. Dennis M. Healy,
former dean of UBC's Facultv of Arts, who
died on Nov. 1 I at the age of 72.
Dr. Healy first joined the UBC faculty in
191)2 as head of what was then the
Department of Romance Studies. He was
Dean of Arts from 1 <)(>"> to 1908.
Dr. Healy is survived by his widow.
Eileen, and two sons.
Alison Law, who worked lor more than
30 years in the UBC registrar's office, died
in Vancouver General Hospital last month
al the age of 09. At the lime of her
retirement in 1979, Miss Liw was. an
admissions officer.
Cai^daR
off-campus groups, since use of the
facilities by students is at a minimum.
He said ice skating or hockey inquiries
should be made through 228-6121. For
squash or racquetball information, the
number is 228-6125.
UBC's indoor swimming pool, used by
the public 50 per cent of the time on a
regular basis, also becomes even more of a
community facility over the holiday break.
The pool will be closed on Christmas
Day. Boxing Day and New Year's Day.
Otherwise, from Dec. 22 through Jan. 5 it
will be open twice a day lor public-
swimming.
All swimming pool information is
available through 228-4521.
A broader range ol activity — ranging
from tennis to modern dance and martial
arts — is available to students, faculty, start
and public through Recreation UBC. Rec
UBC, for example, oilers 49 separate tennis
courses, at three levels of proficiency. The
14 martial arts courses include WuShu,
TaiChi. Judo and Kendo (weaponry'). The
number to call for any of these programs
is 228-3349 or 228-2982.
UBC's tennis bubble, operated in
conjunction with Tennis Canada, is also a
public facility, with tour courts open daily
regardless of the weather. Again, there is
even more public time available through
the holiday season. For information, call
228-4391).
CALENDAR
TO HAVE
NEW LOOK
The Calendar section of UBC Repents will
have a new look in January. The
Departmenl of Community Relations has
received many requests in the past few
months for more news stories in UBC
Repin-ts. Because of space problems
associated with a limited budget and rising
publishing costs, we're experimenting wi(h
a shorter, general-interest Calendar format
to create more space tor news in the
paper.
The streamlined Calendar will list
lectures of interes( to a wide campus
audience, exhibits, music and thea(re
performances and items now listed under
'Notices'. In order to keep the Calendar to a
page or less, we will no longer be able to
list departmental research seminars or
lectures geared to a highly specialized
audience. Information on specialized
seminars and lectures is still available in
departmental circulars and on notice
boards.
We hope the increased news conten( will
help meet the information needs of the
campus community. If you have any
questions, please call Community Relations
at 228-3131.
CALENDAR DEADLINES
For events in the weeks ot Jan. IS and 20,
material must be submitted not later than 4
p.m. on Thursday, Jan. 3. Send notices to UBC.
Community Relations, 6328 Memorial Road
(Old Administration Building). For further
information call 228-3131.
MONDAY, DEC. 17
Cancer Research Seminar.
Radiation and Proliferation: Results Using a
Normal Rat Thyroid (-ell Line. Dr. Juliet Brosing,
Cancer Centre, University of Rochester Medical
Centre. l-ecturc Theatre, B.C. Cancer Research
Centre. 12 noon.
CO
CO
CO
05
o
"go
si'3
el*
a a .5
^ = '5 B
f-*-'3
-**S|
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T   V1H
3 * 3 £ i*."B i,
The Pedersen Exchange.
The Pedersen Exchange is cancelled until
January as the president will be out ol town. The
exchanges normally take place at 3:30 p.m. each
Monday in the Main Library.
TUESDAY, DEC. 18
Dorothy Somerset Studio.
'The Dorothv Somerset Studio presents Cwnuioline
by James W. Nichol Dec. 18 to 22. For ticket
information, call 228-2078. Dorothv Somerset
Studio. 8 p.m.
WEDNESDAY, DEC. 19
Biochemical Discussion Group Seminar.
A Novel Approach to (he Cloning ot GMSF. Dr.
Gordon Wong, Genetics Institute. Boston, Mass.
Lecture Hall I. Woodward Instructional
Resources Centre, 4 p.m.
FRIDAY, DEC. 21.
Medical Genetics Seminar.
New Developments in Chondrodystrophy. Dr.
David Rimoin. Medical Genetics, Torrence,
Calif. Parentcraft Room, Grace Hospital, I p.m.
TUESDAY, DEC.25
Christmas Day. I University closed.
WEDNESDAY, DEC. 26
Boxing Day. University closed.
TUESDAY, JAN. 1
New Year's Day. University closed.
FRIDAY, JAN. 4
Women's Basketball.
UBC vs. the University of Manitoba. War
Memorial Gym. 8 p.m.
SATURDAY, JAN. 5
Women's Basketball.
UBC vs. Seattle AAU. War Memorial Gym. 8 p.m.
SUNDAY, JAN. 6
Women's Basketball.
UBC vs. Seattle AAU. War Memorial Gym. 2 p.m.
MONDAY, JAN. 7
Mechanical Engineering Seminar.
Vortex Model for Vertical Cylinders. S.M. Galisal.
Room 1202, Civil and Mechanical Engineering
Building. 3:30 p.m.
Cinema 16.
Kamikaze '89. Auditorium, Student Union
Building, 6:30 and 8:30 p.m.
TUESDAY, JAN. 8
Philosophy Lecture.
Scientific Realism: The Deep and the Shallow.
Prof. Clifford Hooker, Philosophy, University of
Newcastle, N.S.W. Sponsored by the Committee
on Lectures. Penthouse. Buchanan Building,
12:30 p.m.
Science, Technology and Social
Studies Lecture.
Value and Normative Assumptions in Cost-
benefit and Risk Analysis. Prof. Clifford
Hooker. Philosophy, l'niversitv of Newcastle,
N'.S.W. Penthouse, Buchanan Building, 4 p.m.
WEDNESDAY, JAN. 9
Forestry Seminar.
Forestry in Alberta as Seen on a Recent Tour.
Prof. David Tait, Forestry, UBC. Room 166,
MacMillan Building, 12:30 p.m.
Noon-Hour Concert.
Music of fromboncino, Cara, Crequillon,
Dowland, Moulinie and da Milano.
Suzie LeBlanc, soprano, and Ray Nurse, lute.
Recital Hall, Music Building. 12:30 p.m.
Leisure and Cultural Studies Seminar.
Power and Cultural Production: 'The Case of
Australian Sport. Brian Stoddart, Liberal
Studies, Canberra College- of Advanced
Kduration. Penthouse, Buchanan Building, 3:30
p.m.
THURSDAY, JAN. 10
Physics Colloquium.
Search for Casimir Forces in Atomic Helium.
Stephen I.undeen. Physics, University of Notre
Dame. Room 201. Hennings Building. 4 p.m.
FRIDAY, JAN. 11
Swimming/Diving Meet.
I'BC vs. iIk- Universities of Alberta and Victoria.
I'BC Aquatic Centre. 7 p.m.
Hockey.
UBC vs. the University of Saskatchewan.
'Thunderbird Winter Spoils Centre. 7:30 p.m.
Recital.
Purcell String Quartet plavs works by Mozart and
Canadian composers. For further information
and tickets, call 980-1854. Recital Hall, Music
Building. 8 p.m.
Women's Basketball.
UBC vs. the University of Calgary. War
Memorial Gym. 8 p.m.
SATURDAY, JAN. 12
Swimming/Diving Meet.
UBC vs. the University of Calgary. UBC Aquatic
Centre. 7 p.m.
Hockey.
UBC vs. the University of Saskatchewan.
Thunderbird Winter Sports Centre. 7:30 p.m.
Women's Basketball.
UBC vs. the University of Ix-thbridge. War
Memorial Gym. 8 p.m.
Notices...
Pep Band
The UBC Alhlelic Department Pep Hand is
looking for new members ftir pexi term. Students
and staff interested in joining (he hand should
call 228-3017 or 228-3838. Time involved is three
to tour hours a week and some playing
experience is advised. The emphasis is on having
musical fun on an organized basis.
Fine Arts Gallery
An exhibition by Salmon Harris is on display in
the Fine Arts Gallery in the basement of the
Main Library until Dec. 21. The gallery is open
Tuesday through Friday trom 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.
and Saturday from noon to 5 p.m.
Painting Missing
A portrait of the late Peter Cuichnn, founder of
the Douglas l^ike Ranch, has disap|>carcd from
the first floor hallway of the MacMillan
Building. 'The painting is in a grey frame,
approximately 26 x 30, and there is an
identifying plaque. Anyone who might have a
lead as to where the painting titight be is asked
to call June Binkert, secretary. President's
Committee on University Art, 228-51)50. No
questions will he asked if the painting is
returned.
Food Service Hours
Food Service outlets on the campus will be
closed on the following dates during the
Christmas season: Yum Yum's at the
Auditorium — closes Dec. 20, reopens Jan. 7; Arts
200 — closes Dec. 7, reopens Jan. 7; Barn Coffee
Shop — closes Dec. 21, reopens Jan. 2; EDibles —
closes Dec. 7, reopens Jan. 7; IRC Snack Bar —
closes Dec. 21, reopens Jan. 2; Ponderosa Snack
Bar — closes Dec. 14, reopens Jan. 7; SUBWay
Cafeteria closes Dec. 21, reopens Jan. 7. The
Bus Stop Coffee Shop will be open weekdays,
with the exception of Dec. 25, 26 and Jan. 1.
Margaret MacKenzie scholarship.
The Faculty Women's Club of UBC has
established a scholarship to honor Margaret
MacKenzie, wife of UBC President emeritus
Norman Mackenzie. Mrs. MacKenzie, a long-time
member of the Faculty Women's Club, has
contributed greatly to the University's development
If you would like to contribute to the
scholarship, which will be given to a woman
student entering UBC for the first time, please
send chec|ues payable to: UBC Margaret
MacKenzie Scholarship, c/o Margaret Guy,
Department of Financial Services, UBC, 2075
Wesbrook Mall. Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z4.

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