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 THE  UNIVERSITY  OF  BRITISH  COLUMBIA
[UBC
VOLUME  52   I  NUMBER  2   I   FEBRUARY  2,2006
UBC REPORTS
New Library Branch 2 UBC Awards 4 Street Music
5 Largest Black Box
6 UBC Okanagan Management
The Changing Face of Romance in 2006
UBC EXPERT INSIGHT
Are Valentinesjust
for the Young?
BY DAN PERLMAN,
Professor of Family Studies
When you think of dating couples,
what sorts of romantic partners
come to mind? Attractive couples
like Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie in
late adolescence or young adulthood, perhaps? Certainly many
people associate dating with youth.
But, should you? More mid-life
Canadians are living alone and more
are getting divorced.   Added to this,
Canadians are living longer.   In the
past 20 years, these trends have
collectively contributed to the
proportion of married Canadians
shrinking and there being a lot of
single individuals in our country.
Indeed, today there are over 2.5
million unmarried Canadians aged
55 and up.  Given the prevalence of
single seniors and the needs that all
humans have for enduring, close
relationships, it is not surprising that
later life dating is becoming more
common.
Although it may be less so among
the recently widowed and the very
old, most single older adults are
interested in dating. When asked
why, they are likely to answer in
terms of companionship, saying they
would like to have someone with
whom to do things, to talk/confide,
and to have fun. Sex is of some
interest, especially for men, but is no
where near as likely to be mentioned
as a reason for dating as is
Later life dating is becoming more common as the number of single Canadians above age 55 grows.
While the human need for love has not changed, social trends are influencing
relationships in new ways, for young and old. In this month of romance, three
UBC professors illuminate some of these changes: youth no longer have the
monopoly on dating; children of divorced parents aren't less happy; and the
Internet makes relationships more vulnerable to deception.
companionship.   When it comes to
the ideal date, both men and
women are looking for partners
with a pleasing personality (e.g., a
sense of humour), common interests,
and a person with appropriate
moral, religious and/or personal
values. The tendencies of younger
females to seek partners offering
financial security and men to want
physically attractive partner lingers
into later life.
Friends, relatives, and work (for
those still in the labour force) are still
good ways at this point in the lifecy-
cle to find dates. Social groups
including singles clubs, matchmaking
services, and the Internet are also
helping older adults get together.
Given that there are 2.4 women for
every man aged 55+ in Canada, it is
not surprising that men in this age
group find it easier than women to
locate dating partners.
Men and women also differ in
how quickly they establish new relationships after the death of a spouse.
Men are three times as likely as
women to do this within two years.
Demographics play a part here but
recent widows' attitudes are different
than recent widowers'. Women who
are recently widowed express more
reservations about forming new
romantic relationships than widowed
men and are more apt to see it as a
sign of disloyalty to their former
spouse. Establishing new unions
may, however, be adaptive: Greater
psychological well-being has been
demonstrated to be correlated with
being remarried or in a new romance
25 months after the spouse's death.
Many older adults are happy to
simply date without necessarily
wanting to remarry. What is called
Living Apart Together (LAT) is a
form of relationship first noted in the
Netherlands over 25 years ago that
is now finding its way to Canada.  In
LAT relationships such as that of
Simone de Beauvoir and John Paul
Sartre, partners define themselves as
a couple, see each other often, but
maintain separate residences. For
continued on page 7
Diabetes Researchers Convert Viruses into Agents for Good
BY HILARY THOMSON
Ifyou think all viruses are all bad, all the time, think again.
UBC diabetes researcher Timothy Kieffer is using the sometimes-lethal life form as a harmless courier to transport genetic
information into a diseased pancreas — information that can
trigger regeneration and repair and may end the need for insulin
injections.
Diabetes is caused by the inability of specialized cells of the
pancreas, called beta cells, to produce sufficient amounts of
insulin, a hormone critical for regulating blood sugar levels.
Although causes are not entirely known, scientists believe the
body's own immune system destroys the insulin-producing beta
cells in Type 1 or juvenile diabetes, and that the cells are present
but dysfunctional in Type 2 or adult onset diabetes.
Termed an epidemic by the World Health Organization,
diabetes currently affects about 177 million people worldwide,
including two million Canadians and 18 million Americans. The
health-care costs associated with diabetes are about $13 billion
annually in Canada and $132 billion in the U.S. according to
Canadian and U.S. diabetes associations.
Kieffer and Assistant Prof. Jim Johnson at UBC's Life Sciences
ft
«   •»  «  5
Institute, along with Assoc. Prof. Bruce Verchere and Assoc. Prof.
Rusung Tan from the Child & Family Research Institute in
Vancouver, have launched a five-year study to develop a viral
vector, or carrier, that can deliver new genetic instructions to
pancreatic beta cells. The gene therapy involves removing the virus'
own genetic blueprint and replacing it with genetic codes that can
trigger growth of new beta cells and protect them from the immune
system.
"Helping the body to regenerate its own cells would take us
beyond treatment to a cure," says Kieffer, who is an associate
professor in the Depts. of Cellular and Physiological Sciences and
Surgery.
The research group is one of only a handful of researchers
worldwide looking at viral vectors as a tool to combat diabetes.
Investigators have teamed up with gene therapist Paul D. Robbins,
director of the University of Pittsburgh's Viral Vector Core
Facility, who is an expert in how genes can be transported
to specific cell types.
The research, conducted in animal models, offers scientists the
first tool to deliver therapeutic genes specifically to beta cells
within the pancreas.
The team's focus is Type 1 diabetes, which can be diagnosed
from infancy to the late 30s. Patients must inject insulin several
times every day.
"It's heartbreaking to think that children as young as two or
three have to do pinprick blood sugar checks up to a dozen times
a day and use needles to deliver insulin for the rest of their lives,"
says Kieffer. "Also, the life expectancy for these kids can be
shortened by up to 15 years."
Until now, scientists have been stumped by the problem of
how to deliver genetic material directly and only to beta cells —
because the cells are few in number and scattered throughout the
pancreas.
Viruses make excellent messengers because they can target
particular cell types with great efficiency. They are also very effective at transferring their own genetic information into the host
continued on page 2
Iraq Three Years Later: What Should Be Done?
STORY ON PAGE 5 I  UBC  REPORTS  |  FEBRUARY  2,  2006
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cell. By replacing the virus' replication genes with genes that trigger
beta cell regeneration, scientists can
exploit the vectors' natural ability to
transfer genetic information to a
specific target.
Additionally, vectors' ability to hit
specific targets means therapies
would affect the pancreas only.
Currently, to combat severe cases of
diabetes, doctors can transplant
clusters of beta cells — called islets
— from donated organs. However,
the entire immune system must be
suppressed with potent drugs to
stop it destroying the new beta cells.
Targeted viral vectors may mean the
battle' can be fought in the pancreas alone, without disrupting the
body's entire immune system.
Viral vectors also have the potential to help combat a variety of inherited and acquired illness, including
cancer, infectious disease and atherosclerosis, or narrowing of the arteries.
Kieffer emphasizes that viral
vectors are a tool, not a therapy, and
estimates it will be at least 10 years
before his research can be translated
into therapies. The research may also
help combat Type 2 diabetes.
Project funding of $300,000
annually comes from the Canadian
Institutes of Health Research and the
Juvenile Diabetes Research
Foundation of Canada.
For more information on diabetes,
visit www.diabetes.ca. □
Lifespans for children with diabetes can be shortened by 15 years.
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Xwi7xwa Library Gains Full Branch Status
What began as a dream of Indigenous scholarship 30
years ago came to fruition recently when the
Xwi7xwa (pronounced whei-wha, for the word
"echo" in Squamish language) Library became a full
branch of the UBC library system.
Housed for decades in an old war hut in the Faculty
of Education's parking lot, the small collection of curriculum resources maintained by the Native Indian
Teacher Education Program (NITEP) was transferred
to its current location when the First Nations House
of Learning and Xwi7xwa Library opened in May
1993.
Relying on donations and volunteers, the collection
of 12,000 books, videos, journals, newspapers, maps,
theses and dissertations is one of only a handful of
publicly accessible Aboriginal libraries in the world.
The materials are organized according to the Brian
Deer Classification System, which includes terminology for First Nations concepts such as self-government,
and uses First Nations names rather than the
European ones assigned by anthropologists.
"As Xwi7xwa becomes stabilized with core funding,
it's in a position to develop a leadership role in
Canada as a centre of — and for — Indigenous scholarship, and a place where Aboriginal students can see
their own experiences and history reflected — or
echoed, ifyou will — from Aboriginal perspectives,"
says Ann Doyle, Acting Head of Xwi7xwa Library. □
KUDOS
Biely, McDowell, Black, Somerset and Killam Awards Announced
UBC faculty have been recognized with five prestigious awards.
UBC Microbiology and Biochemistry professor Brett
Finlay has been awarded the Jacob Biely Faculty
Research Prize, and Botany professor Patrick
Keeling has received the Charles A. McDowell
Award for Excellence in Research.
The Dorothy Somerset Award goes to Prof. Jerry
Wasserman from the Department of Theatre, Film
and Creative Writing and Anna Kindler, Associate
Vice-President, Academic Programs, and a professor
in the Dept. of Curriculum Studies, is the recipient
of this year's Sam Black Award.
Winners ofthe 2005 Killam Research Prizes of
$5,000 are (in alphabetical order):
Luciana Duranti, Library, Archival and Information
Studies: Janice Eng, Rehabilitation Sciences: Patrick
Francois, Economics: Steven Heine, Psychology;
Nicholas Hudson, English; Sheila Innis, Pediatrics;
Joy Johnson, Nursing; Christopher Overall, Oral
Biology and Medical Sciences; Chris Orvig,
Chemistry; Thomas Ross, Sauder School of
Business.
The Biely and McDowell awards are named for
former UBC researchers. Prof. Emeritus Charles
McDowell headed UBC's chemistry department for
26 years and was named Officer of the Order of
Canada in 1993. Jacob Biely, an international poultry scientist, was a UBC faculty member from 1935-
68.
The Black and Somerset awards pay tribute to two
illustrious figures in fine arts at UBC. Sam Black's
41 -year association with the university began in
1958 as a professor of fine arts and art education.
He was a founder of the International Society for
Education Through Art. Dorothy Somerset became
director ofthe UBC Players' Club in 1934. She
served as first artistic administrative head of the
Fredric Wood Theatre until her retirement in 1965.
Award recipients will be acknowledged at the UBC
Celebrate Research Gala, which will be held March
9 at the Chan Centre for the Performing Arts. To
receive an invitation to the Gala, please contact celebrate.research@ubc.ca. □
UBC REPORTS
Director, Public Affairs
Scott Macrae scott.macrae@ubc.ca
Editor
Randy Schmidt randy.schmidt@ubc.ca
Design Director
Chris Dahl chris.dahl@ubc.ca
Designer
Sharmini Thiagarajah sharmini©exchange.ubc.ca
Principal Photography
Martin Dee martin.dee@ubc.ca
Contributors
Lorraine Chan lorraine.chan@ubc.ca
Brian Lin brian.lin@ubc.ca
Bud Mortenson bud.mortenson@ubc.ca
Hilary Thomson hilary.thomson@ubc.ca
Basil Waugh basil.waugh@ubc.ca
Advertising
Sarah Walker public.affairs@ubc.ca
NEXT ISSUE: MARCH 2, 2006
UBC Reports is published monthly by the UBC Public Affairs Office
310 — 6251 Cecil Green Park Road
Vancouver BC Canada V6T IZI
UBC Reports welcomes submissions.
For upcoming UBC Reports submission guidelines, please see
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randyschmidt@ubc.ca or call UBC.NEWS (604.822.6397) UBC      REPORTS      |       FEBRUARY     2,     2 O O 6      |      3
New Portal Gives Students One-Stop
Access to Learning Resources
BY BASIL WAUGH
Students wanting to
get a jump on academic
success at UBC have a
new study partner at
their service.
Launched in
September 2005,
Learning Enhancement
Academic Partnerships
(LEAP) is a student-led
web-portal that, for the
first time, gives one-
stop access to student
learning resources,
including academic
coaching, peer-tutoring,
study groups, student
blogs and a wide variety of learning skills
workshops.
By reducing the
amount of time and distance between students
and these resources,
LEAP addresses a problem that faces university
students and resource-
providers around the
globe, says Gavin Dew,
Alma Mater Society
(AMS) Vice-President
Academic.
"Hunting down
resources at major universities has historically
been time-consuming
and a little overwhelming, particularly for
first- and second-year
students," says Dew,
one of several students
who guided LEAP's
development with the
assistance of the Office
of Student Development
and the Office of
Learning Technology.
"But LEAP makes UBC
the exception to this
rule. All our resources
are now just one website away."
In addition to bringing together existing resources, LEAP is
being used as a launching pad
for two major new online
resources. January saw the
launch of online coaching, which
enables students to connect
online with peer coaches for academic advice, and, in February,
students can access online tutoring for assistance in core subjects.
"Students have busy schedules
and many cannot make the traditional versions of these services,"
says Dew. "By making coaching
and tutoring available online, we
are giving these students access
to two really valuable services."
Although LEAP has only been
active for six months, the UBC
Teaching and Learning
Enhancement Fund-supported
site has already received over
15,000 visitors and been recognized by the U.S. organization
Academic Impressions as a model
best practices for online student
services. According to Janet
Teasdale, director of the Office
of Student Development, student
leadership and LEAP's broad
focus are responsible for these
early signs of success.
"It's no mystery why students
are finding that LEAP responds
to their needs," says Teasdale.
"Students took ownership ofthe
project from day one and
worked very hard to guide us to
the right mix of resources and
features."
"Other universities provide
online learning resources, but
their focus tends to be on struggling students," adds Teasdale.
"What makes LEAP unique, not
Gavin Dew, AMS Vice-President Academic, is one of many students who have helped
to make LEAP a one-stop portal for learning resources at UBC.
to mention a richer experience, is
its focus on all students, whether
they are at 60 percent trying to
get to 70, or 80 percent trying to
get to 90."
Behind the screen, LEAP is
published using Movable Type,
weblog software that allows
resource-providers to easily
upload new content, manage student feedback, and expand the
site in the future. Unlike traditional content management systems, Movable Type empowers
providers to publish content to
the web quickly without going
through gatekeepers or web
administrators. In addition to
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"We have used technology in a
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For more information on
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Student Brings Music
of Street Children to
the World
Julia Gerlitz can hardly contain her
excitement. Her favorite band has just
finished recording its first album.
But The Bamboes is not your run-of-
the-mill teenage garage band. Most of
the band members, aged nine to 21, are
homeless and panhandle the streets of
Indonesia between practice sessions.
They play on
instruments
made of recycled
vodka bottles,
beer caps and
plastic buckets.
Gerlitz, a
fourth-year
Psychology and
Political Science
student, was just
starting an
internship last
spring at
Indonesia's
Education and
Information Center for Child Rights
(KKSP), non-governmental organization focused on helping street kids,
when she was introduced to a group of
children who "hang out" at KKSP's
shelter in the northern Sumatra capital
ofMedan.
"The shelter's manager asked some
ofthe kids to play me a song they had
written to break the ice," says Gerlitz,
who at the time spoke no Bahasa
Indonesia, the national language.
"I didn't know what the songs were
about, but something happened as
soon as they began singing — their
body language changed, they transformed into a more confident and joyful version of themselves."
As time went on, 13 of the kids who
live at the shelter began "jamming'' regularly at Gerlitz's urging. Then she met
Ii LJ >
BY BRIAN LIN
Reza Kowsari, a UBC engineering
graduate student who was in the area
doing seismic guidelines research, and
a plan was hatched to record an
album.
"A good friend of mine, Siavash
Dezvareh, is a professor at the Sound
and Audio Engineering school (SAE)
in Kuala
Lumpur,"
says Kowsari,
who is now
looking for
sponsors to
produce the
CD in
Canada.
"When I told
him about the
kids and their
music, he volunteered to
come to
Medan to
work with the kids. He also convinced
SAE to fund the equipment rental and
studio time for post-production."
With specifications and instructions
from Dezvareh, the kids went to work
building their first sound-proof studio
in a corner ofthe shelter. They collected recycled materials and enlisted their
friends for the handy work.
"Before this project, the kids were
just living day to day, their biggest concern being where their next meal
would come from," says Gerlitz.
"Building the studio and recording the
album gave them the motivation to
look past today, and for the first time
in their lives, they had a reason to
strive beyond just surviving what's
dealt to them."
The kids chose 12 songs and came
up with their band name — The
(Above) fwan (1) and Adek of The Bamboes record original songs in their home-made studio. (Left) Julia Gerlitz and
children from the KKSP shelter getting ready for a religious ceremony for Hari Raya, end of holy month fasting.
Bamboes. "They picked bamboo
because it can survive almost anywhere
and it grows stronger in groves —just
like the street kids themselves," says
Gerlitz, who has translated the lyrics
into English.
"What truly amazes me about these
songs is how altruistic they are," says
Gerlitz. "There is so much compassion
and sympathy in their songs, even
when they depict some ofthe most
gruesome situations, which is remarkable considering everything — poverty,
war, abuse and natural disasters — the
children have been through."
As the project progressed, Gerlitz
has also noticed more hopeful notes in
their songs. "They want to use proceeds from the CD to build a music
school for street children," says Gerlitz.
"Since I left them in December, they've
organized a charity concert in the
tsunami-ravaged town of Banda Aceh,
where they raised money and taught
other street children to play music."
"That's the most amazing part of
this journey. I saw the positive impact
on children when they felt someone
believed in them — how it motivates
them into doing great things," says
Gerlitz, who is visibly proud ofthe kids
who affectionately call her "Bunda"
which means "mama" in Indonesian.
Born and raised in Nelson, B.C.,
Gerlitz says her parents, a teacher and a
nurse, have always instilled in her the
importance of giving, a concept reinforced when she arrived at UBC and
saw an emphasis on global citizenship
in the curriculum.
"You get so much more back when
you give. It's a cliche because it's true,
and in the case of this internship, I
learned so much about myself, about
the world around us, and about how
to overcome adversity."
As for the album, Gerlitz, who along
with Kowsari funded part of the project out of their own pockets, is aiming
for a spring/summer release, provided
they can find a Canadian distributor
"It just goes to show that even
young students can initiate projects that
make a difference," says Kowari.
"For everyone involved with the
project, where the music came from
and how it was made is as important
as the songs themselves," says Gerlitz,
who is designing a booklet with lyrics
and profiles ofthe band members.
"We want the world to hear their
songs and know their story."
For pictures and a song clip go to
publicaffairs, ubc. ca/ubcreports/slide
shows. □
Teaching me to Struggle
— By the Bamboes
My feet step slowly
Passing through the dark, avoiding
the potholes in the street
Through the misting rain and the
striking stonn
I walk with courage and a fiery spirit
This hard life makes me strong
The bitter lessons ofthe street
teach me to struggle
With a song and a singing heart
1 keep this fire in my soul
and maintain my courage
To free my imprisoned mind
So my life will not be wasted
CELEBRATE RESEARCH WEEK
CELEBRATE RESEARCH WEEK will showcase the many exciting areas of research
at UBC and will feature an exceptionally wide array of faculties, departments,
schools and partner institutions during March 4 — 11, 2006.
This year's theme "Our Place in the World" has produced an excellent line up of events.
There will be a flurry of activities including lectures, seminars, displays and open houses
at the Point Grey, Robson Square and UBC Okanagan campuses.
If your department would like to participate, call 604.822.5675.
Keep an eye on www.research.ubc.ca for a comprehensive and up to date
Event Calendar soon to be posted. REPORTS      |       FEBRUARY     2,     2 O O 6      |      5
Iraq Three Years Later: What Should Be Done?
March 19 marks the third anniversary of U.S. President George W. Bush launching
the war in Iraq. Since then, the country has been savaged by insurgents, tens of
thousands of people have been killed, and the infrastructure of one of the Middle
East's richest countries lies devastated. We asked three UBC experts the simple but
intensely difficult question: What should be done?
Baghdad With a
Map
BY DEREK GREGORY,
Distinguished University Scholar
and Professor of Geography.
Author of The colonial present:
Afghanistan, Palestine, Iraq
(Blackwell).
There's an old story about a tourist
getting lost and stopping to ask for
directions, only to be told: "I wouldn't
try and get there from here..." The
mess in Iraq is likely to produce much
the same reaction, but telling the
White House the same thing is pointless. Instead, we need to turn the map
upside down. We should not be guided by how to get the United States out
ofthe quagmire it has so maladroitly
manufactured. We should stop appealing to the malignant calculus of
domestic political advantage and economic profiteering. Instead, we should
ask what can be done to help the people of Iraq. Like all compasses, this
one has four cardinal points.
First, there must be a serious
appraisal of the situation: not a
Disneyesque fantasy (how many times
has Bush identified a milestone that
turns out to be a tombstone?) but a
rigorous analysis of the political, economic and social damage wrought by
Saddam, sanctions and the war combined. This means accepting that the
present situation is a joint responsibility. Bush and Blair were in this together, and if their governments were to
spend half the resources on critical
analysis that they devote to spinning
we might get somewhere.
Second, negotiations must be
opened with the leaders ofthe nationalist insurgency. It is the height of
madness to assume that opposition to
the occupation is ungrounded in reason. Bush and Blair's mantra is that
people resort to political violence
because that is the sort of people they
are, which conveniently means that
the only solution is a military one: but
in many (most) cases insurgents are
responding to a series of real grievances that require other solutions.
Third, there must be a clear and
proximate deadline for the complete
withdrawal of all coalition forces from
Iraq, and a complete cessation of the
air war that has continued to devastate lives long after the vainglorious
end of major combat operations'. To
repeat: military violence is part ofthe
problem, not the solution.
Fourth, there must be a major
reconstruction programme that is not
devoted to boosting the profits of foreign companies. The Iraqis must be
allowed to determine their own economic policy and to benefit from their
own skills and resources. The UN has
been compromised by the sanctions
regime, but it's still the best we've got:
so I suggest a UN development agency
that is not a creature of the Security
Council, that works with a properly
constituted Iraqi government, and that
is supplied with funding adequate to
the task.
Let's Help Bush Out
of his Mess
BY MICHAEL BYERS, Canada
Research Chair in Global Politics
and International Law. Author of
War Law: Understanding
International Law and Armed
Conflict (Douglas & Mclntyre).
Sept. 11, 2001 would have been the
making of most U.S. presidents. The
American people were united, sympathy for the United States was sky-high,
and governments everywhere were terrified of further terrorist attacks.
George W Bush should have seized
the opportunity for global co-operation by framing the "war on terror" as
a struggle against crime and engaging
multilateral mechanisms such as the
United Nations. Instead, he eschewed
UN authorization for the intervention
in Afghanistan, threatened other states
and recklessly violated human rights.
He then invaded Iraq, a country which
played no role in the 9/11 attacks and
posed no threat to America. More
than 30,000 people have died as a
result ofthe war, while the economic
costs — according to Nobel laureate
Joseph Stiglitz — exceed $1 trillion.
Resolving the situation will be
intensely difficult. The tactics of U.S.
forces have generated so much hostility that they must be withdrawn, not
just from Iraq's cities but also from its
oilfields and airbases. Yet the Iraqi
army is hardly prepared to take over,
not least because it remains grossly
unrepresentative of the country's religious diversity. A large, well-equipped
UN force is needed, drawn from a
wide range of countries, including
Muslim ones. Such a mission would
be lengthy, dangerous and expensive,
and would have to operate with complete independence from the United
States.
Yet Washington would have to
make some strong commitments
before any UN mission could succeed.
It would have to support unequivocally
a UN Security Council resolution
authorizing the mission. It would have
to contribute financially, above and far
beyond its regular UN dues. And it
would have to become a team-player
on other key issues such as climate
change and nuclear proliferation.
Creating the reciprocal political will
within the international community
would then require strong leadership
by a widely-respected country not currently involved in Iraq. For a new
Canadian prime minister intent on
repairing this country's relationship
with the United States and reclaiming
our global influence, the mess in Iraq
could provide a real — if risky —
opportunity.
What's a Nice Way
of Saying: "Cut and
Run"
BY COLIN CAMPBELL,
Canada Research Chair in U.S.
Government and Politics. Author
of Preparing for the Future:
Strategic Planning in the U.S. Air
Force (Brookings, winner of the
2004 Brownlow Prize ofthe U.S.
National Academy of Public
Administration).
Apart from Disseminating bogus claims
about Saddam Hussein's weapons of
mass destruction capabilities, George
W Bush and Tony Blair dealt cavalierly
with the difficult of invading and occupying Iraq. They did not pursue adroitly enough efforts to gain access for the
U.S. Army 4th Division through
Turkey to Northern Iraq. And, they
grossly underestimated the force
required to establish security after the
overthrow of Hussein.
The continuing insurgency resulted
from the inadequacy of initial force
structure and poor planning.
Disconcertingly the U.S. administration still has not made the requisite
moves to reverse this debacle.
Condoleezza Rce and Donald
Rumsfeld cannot agree on the structure
and roles of Provincial Reconstruction
Teams (a concept imported from the
allied effort in Afghanistan). In the fall,
the two top U.S. generals in Iraq
locked in conflict over whether they
should concentrate troops in urban
The tactics of U.S. forces have generated great hostility says Prof. Michael Byers.
centres or move them closer to the
border with Syria. The Army and the
Marines are grappling with two problems in responding to the ever-lethal
improvised explosive devices (EDs).
Broken procurement procedures have
produced persistent bottlenecks in provision of both armored vehicles and
body armour. Perhaps more alarmingly, new body armour specifications
would take troops beyond the load to
bodyweight threshold of 30 per cent
to 50 per cent.
Late last year, a British brigadier —
Nigel Aylwin-Foster, who recently
served in Iraq — lambasted the U.S.
Army for "cultural insensitivity" bordering on "institutional racism." He
also maintained that the Army simply
has failed at the transition from con
ventional warflghting to counterinsur-
gency The Army chief of staff must
see an element of truth in this
assessment. He has circulated Alylwin-
Foster's critique to all of his generals.
I suggest that you divest your Iraq
counterinsurgency shares — including
any in NATO and UN stocks. The
U.S. military has to go through a massive transformation of its mind-set
regarding its role in the world. Its
entanglement, largely against its will,
in the Iraqi quagmire has confounded
this process. Without the U.S. operating effectively at the core, NATO and
the UN would find little role in bringing peace to Iraq — the job is that
large and the curve that sharp. Does
"Sell!" sound better than "Cut and
Run?" □
Black Box Studio Largest in Western Canada
BY LORRAINE CHAN
Bulldozer tread marks still pit the
cement floor, but a former factory
space at Great Northern Way
Campus (GNWC) has turned into a
prized asset for Vancouver theatre
and dance companies.
"This is the largest space of its kind
in Western Canada," says Prof.
Robert Gardiner, head of UBC
Theatre, Film and Creative Writing
Dept. "And it's two or three times
bigger than anything else in
Vancouver."
Measuring 892 sq. metres, the
Black Box Studio offers affordable
rental space for both rehearsal and
performance. Even before the city's
real estate crunch, this cavernous
warehouse spelled heaven for performers mounting large-scale productions. The ceiling soars seven metres
high and despite measuring 37 metres
long by 24 metres wide, there are
only three posts to obscure sight lines.
In theatre, a "black box" refers to
a space where the relationship of the
stage with the audience is not fixed,
but always changeable. A director is
free to specify a traditional stage,
theatre in the round or even have the
audience move around the
performers.
Gardiner, who teaches scenery and
lighting design, is spearheading a joint
venture to upgrade and further
establish the Black Box Studio as a
rehearsal, performance, research and
training facility. He explains the City
of Vancouver requires seismic, fire-
safety and other upgrades in order to
grant a permanent occupancy permit,
which is necessary for regular performances.
GNWC is located east of Main St.
and runs parallel to the old Canadian
National railroad tracks in the False
Creek Flats.
In 2001, four major post-
secondary institutions in B.C.'s
Lower Mainland joined together to
establish the GNWC. The British
Columbia Institute of Technology,
the Emily Carr Institute, Simon
Fraser University and UBC are now
co-owners of the 8.9-hectare parcel
of land, previously owned by
Finning International Inc.
The GNWC institutions are currency working together — in concert with the B.C. and federal
governments, the City of Vancouver,
industry and other agencies — to
build a unique, integrated centre of
excellence in teaching, learning,
research and entrepreneurship.
Initially focusing on two themes of
Urban Sustainability and
Transforming Arts and Culture,
continued on page 1
UBC Theatre Prof. Robert Gardiner is spearheading efforts to upgrade .
huge, former factory space into a prized venue for theatre and dance. 6  |  UBC  REPORTS  |  FEBRUARY  2,  2006
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Fisher Scientific Fund: Call For Proposals
The UBC Sustainability Office recognizes that when it comes
to finding innovative ideas, our university community is the
best place to look. We want to help make new sustainability
initiatives a reality. We are inviting everyone with innovative
and creative ideas to strengthen campus sustainability to
submit his or her proposal.
The Fisher Scientific Fund supports initiatives that enhance
sustainability at UBC. The fund is generously supported by
Fisher Scientific Canada, one of the largest suppliers of
scientific supplies and equipment to UBC. Approximately
$15,000 dollars are available for winning proposals this year.
Please note that UBC students, staff and faculty are all
eligible to apply.
In order to be considered proposals should:
1. Strengthen sustainability at UBC
2. Benefit the UBC scientific community who are the main
users of Fisher Scientific products
3. Be within the range of $5,000 to $15,000
For more information and application forms
please visit http://www.sustain.ubc.ca/fs.html
UBC
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The application deadline is February 24, 2006.        sustainability
Managing to
Make a
Difference
New Faculty of
Management at UBC
Okanagan puts focus
on small business and
entrepreneurship
BY BUD MORTENSON
A business school with a difference
is taking shape at UBC Okanagan.
The brand-new Faculty of
Management is small right now —
with just 30 students in this inaugural
year — but expectations are for quick
growth to more than 700 students in
2009. That kind of growth will be
fueled by a curriculum focused on
B.C.'s Okanagan economy which is
among the nation's hotspots for
entrepreneurs.
"We looked around the region to
see what was needed and what
would make our Bachelor of
Management program distinctive,"
says Blaize Horner Reich, dean of
Management. "As a result, the focus
of our program is on the kinds of
businesses most common in the
Okanagan and that create the most
jobs — the small to medium-sized
businesses."
These small to medium-sized enterprises, SMEs, are the backbone of the
Okanagan economy. Last year, of the
region's 6,845 businesses, only 887
had 20 or more employees.
"The program also puts a focus on
service-based and knowledge-based
businesses, both of which are very
important in the Okanagan," Reich
says. "These areas are growing the
fastest and offer the most opportunity
for students. And because we're
focusing on emergent and medium-
sized businesses, students can play
leadership roles in building and developing these organizations."
The Okanagan's wealth of emerging businesses is, in part, a result of
the region's strong appeal to entrepreneurs, says Robert Fine, executive
director of the Central Okanagan
Economic Development Commission.
"People come here to create their
own lifestyle," says Fine, "so we have
the highest rate of self-employment in
the province and probably in Western
Canada."
It's fitting, Fine says, for UBC
Okanagan to build its programs
around topics of great interest to
Okanagan businesses. "Having the
Blaize Horner Reich, Dean of Management at UBC Okanagan, has a goal
of 100 students in the new Bachelor of Management program this fall.
Faculty of Management focus its
energy within the SME sector is
going to be a big plus. It's very exciting for businesses in our region."
UBC Okanagan's Faculty of
Management and UBC's world-
renowned Sauder School of Business
in Vancouver both prepare students
for success in small businesses and as
entrepreneurs — the Sauder School
through a Bachelor of Commerce
program with many options of its
own. The Sauder School will also
drive MBA-level and other graduate
business education for UBC in
Vancouver and the Okanagan, says
Daniel Muzyka, dean of the Sauder
School of Business.
"As a business school, Sauder has
a full product offering," he says.
"The UBC Okanagan program is
another focused opportunity for business education inside the UBC family.
This is a distinctive niche offering in
the product line — it provides students with more opportunity for
business education."
Muzyka notes that with the number of business students continuing to
rise, more options are welcome.
"UBC as a whole is offering more.
There will be some clear choices for
students. Based on their needs, they
decide whether they go here or
there."
At UBC Okanagan, the Bachelor
of Management program's "2+2"
structure allows students to take a
wide variety of elective courses during
their first two years before immersion
in business management courses in the
final two years. They can also enter the
Management program at UBC
Okanagan in their third year as transfer students from colleges and university colleges.
"Because students have the opportunity to take a wide range of courses,
they'll come into the third year with a
diverse and sophisticated set of experiences, " says Reich, whose own diverse
experience includes 15 years as an
information technology professional
and consultant to Canadian and Asian
businesses, before earning her PhD
fromUBCinl993.
"When students enter the 'boot
camp' third year in Management, they
will be ready to do some critical thinking and come up with innovative ways
to address business problems. By combining their learning about social
responsibility and ethics, I think they're
going to make the world a better
place."
But courses alone are not an education, Reich cautions. "We plan to provide opportunities for students to
engage in real business practice,
whether this is in a co-op program, a
course-based project, or some volunteer service learning," she says.
"These experiences will round out
and extend the value of coursework
and deliver on UBC's promise of global citizenship. I think students these
days are looking for a deeper attachment, a richer experience. A small
environment like the Okanagan valley
can offer that."
To learn more:
http://web.ubc.ca/okanagan/manage-
ment/welcome.html □
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The Changing Face of Romance in 2006
continued from page 1
some, creating this form of relationship stems from external constraints
(job demands, responsibilities to
family members, etc.) but for others
it is the preferred way of relating.
For them, it provides sufficient intimacy but also provides a time "to
lead their own lives" in terms of
friends, finances, and activities that
they enjoy.   It also gives greater
freedom in how they bequeath their
estate.   For women, maintaining
their own home constitutes a
resource base from which to avoid
the asymmetrical distribution of
household labour that remains common in Canadian society.
To conclude, the basic processes
of dating extend into old age.
Throughout their lives, most
humans have a need to belong, to
form close relationships with others.
Dating helps fulfill those needs.
But there are also subtle differences
between the dating experiences of
younger and older adult. For example, the reproductive goals of young
adult courtship are no longer central: and for older adults the romantic experiences of youth may be
icing on the cake but they give way
to more pragmatic concerns. Older
daters seek partners for companionship and enjoyment. Some older
adults find it hard to get back into
the dating loop after years of being
partnered.  Once they do so, however, they typically find a comfort in
the wisdom of age and experience
that was missing from their earlier
life dating activities. For all
Canadians, young and old alike,
dating can add vitality and enjoyment to their lives. The next time
you think of dating, remember to
include couples like 80-year-old
Nelson Mandela and Graca
Machel, the widow of the former
president of Mozambique, who
married late in life.
Married or Single:
Who is Happier?
And What About
their Children?
BY MARK HOLDER, Assistant
Professor of Psychology, UBC
Okanagan
Scientists have extensively
researched negative emotions (e.g.
depression, and anxiety) but not
positive emotions (e.g. happiness
and joy). For example, a search of
1,700 psychology journals identified
over 100,000 articles on depression,
and fewer than 5,000 articles on
happiness. My research focuses on
happiness in children —
particularly aged nine to
twelve.
Relationships are important to happiness. Family
and friends contribute
strongly to happiness in
adults and children. For
example, researchers have
found that married people
are typically happier than
single people, and single
people are happier than
divorced people.
However, we found that
children's happiness does
not differ with their parents' marital status. We
found no difference in the
happiness levels of children
whose mother and father
were married and living
together, and those children
whose parents were separated or divorced.
Happiness is associated
with many aspects of our
lifestyle. For adults, watching a lot of television is
associated with lower levels
of happiness (an interesting exception is watching soap operas). We
found the same for children.
Our preliminary evidence suggests
that children who report higher levels of spirituality are happier.
Although people report that they
think they would be happier with
more money, money does not actually predict happiness for adults or
children (at least once you are above
the poverty line).
Does the Internet
Enhance or
Trivialize
Relationships?
BY RICHARD S. ROSENBERG,
Professor Emeritus of Computer
Science
We live in interesting times. It is possible to establish "relationships"
with people around the world, in a
variety of contexts and for a variety
of purposes. I use the term relationship advisedly because in most cases
the participants will never meet in
person but will nevertheless often
claim to have established deep and
meaningful connections. My students vociferously argue that they
have acquired real buddies all over
the world. I raise my objections that
never having met face to face must
limit the depth of these encounters,
given that human evolution has
resulted in social animals, which
The next phase of Mark Holder's research at
UBC Okanagan will look at how happiness
affects the brain's physiology
need to touch, feel, see, and smell
one another. They respond with
rolling eyes, that I must be really
out of touch.
Now the Internet does provide a
variety of modalities to meet various needs of individuals and
groups, such as email, listservs, chat
rooms, instant messaging, online
games, wikis, with more to come.
To varying degrees people make
connections, establish relations for
social, political, economic, and
other reasons. Are they deep, are
they meaningful, can they evolve or
are they doomed to be superficial?
If text is the most common medium
of communication, then deception
and lying are the coin of the realm.
While most of the communication over the Internet is innocent,
probably silly, and surely wasteful
of time and energy, there are some
harmful and dangerous encounters.
The seduction of children by predators, which moves from online
interactions to real world encounters with occasional horrible results,
cannot be ignored. Leaving children
unattended on the Internet is somewhat equivalent to leaving them
unattended in the evening, downtown, in large cities. Aside from the
potential dangers to children, the
Internet, as is the case for most
technologies offers benefits and
harms: it depends on an educated
and experienced clientele to realize
those benefits and to avoid the possible harms. □
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UBC Public Affairs has opened both a radio and TV studio
on campus where you can conduct live interviews with local,
national and international media outlets.To learn more about
being a UBC expert, call us at 604.822.2064 and visit our
web site at www.publicaffairs.ubc.ca/experts/signup
Black Box Studio Largest in Western
^rf cl II cLCJ cL continued from page 5
GNWC aims to provide program
and collaborative research
opportunities not available on any
one campus.
Two UBC theatre production
classes are taught at GNWC. And
recendy, Black Box Studio events
drew Vancouverites to the raw,
industrial site for Susan Kozel's
video-dance installation Trajets, the
Vancouver Art Gallery Gala and the
Vancouver Arts Awards.
Gardiner hopes the Black Box
Studio will provide Vancouver with
a site for future international
projects. "Theatre at UBC has been
talking to Kaleideskop Theatre in
Copenhagen about a co-creation,
but we don't really have a place to
work. And several companies with
the PuSH Festival have talked to us
about possible collaboration with
theatres in Europe. The Black Box
Studio would be ideal for developing
new work of this kind."
Gardiner adds, "We want to pool
resources to create an artistically
experimental lab where there's
opportunity to share ideas. This
would be fabulous for teaching
students or hosting site-specific
performances, film projects and
installation pieces."
In a 1,115 sq-metre warehouse
next to the Black Box Studio, UBC
operates a scenery production shop,
which supports organizations as
diverse as B.C. Ballet, PuSH Festival,
Mortal Coil, NeWest, Pi Theatre,
Bard on the Beach, The Electric
Company, UBC School of Music
Opera and Judith Marcuse Projects.
"It's great for innovation and
sharing resources because the UBC
facility acts as a hub where smaller
companies can access a ready pool of
designers and technicians," says
Gardiner. "The below-market rental
rates mean smaller companies can
build sets and also re-use stored scenic elements like stairs and walls."
During June 19-23, GNWC wffl
host the seven-day International
EARTH Village Festival, associated
with the United Nations 2006 World
Urban Forum. The Festival, a
UNESCO-designated event, will be
produced by Judith Marcuse Projects
and will feature premiere performances of its EARTH production, a
large-scale music, theatre, media and
dance exploration of youth's thoughts
and feeling about the planet.
More than 20 countries will take
part in Festival events that include
performances, exhibitions, street
theatre, food, public dialogue and
sustainability workshops.
Marcuse says the gritty setting of
the Black Box Studio is part of its
charm and that it readily "transforms
into a magical venue." □
Sustainability Coordinator Disbursement Fund
UBC PROJECTS: CALL FOR PROPOSALS
The Sustainability Coordinator Disbursement Fund (SCDF)
supports initiatives that offer creative solutions to specific
sustainability issues at UBC. We are inviting everyone with
innovative and creative ideas to strengthen campus sustainability to submit his or her proposal.
Energy savings made by Sustainability Coordinators and their
departments funds the SCDF. Please note that UBC students,
staff and faculty are all eligible to apply.
In order to be considered proposals should:
1. Strengthen sustainability at UBC
2. Complement the Sustainability Office's vision, which is: To
earn the respect of future generations for the ecological,
social and economic legacy we create
3. Complement the Sustainability Office's mission, which is: To
create a culture of sustainability at UBC
4. Fill/strengthen any existing gaps in UBC's sustainability
outreach and/or programs
5. Not exceed $50,000
6. Be a project that demonstrates a high level of
innovation and ingenuity
For more information please visit
http J/www.sustain.ubc.ca/scdf projects, htm
The application deadline is February 24, 2006-
UBC
w
5criUcN*niLir* I  UBC  REPORTS  |  FEBRUARY  2,  2006
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members as clients, no one knows UBC pensions better.
We are experts at helping you plan your individual strategy—integrating pensions and
investments to ensure a safe and secure retirement. You've worked hard for your pension-
Now its time for your pension to work
hard for you.
To learn more about how we Lake the
guesswork out ojpension planning, contact
us for a ftee initial consultation.
On Us
Clay Gillespie, bba, cim. cfp
Vice President & Portfolio Manager
cgitlespie@-rop.ersEroiJp.com
Jim Rogers, ba. mba. clu. cfp
Chairman
jrogers@rogersgf q jp.com
B04.732.6551
www.rogersgroup.com
. ROGERS GROUP
HI!      N ANCI A L
Ensuring Financial Peace of Mind
ROGERS GROUP FINANCIAL ADVISORS LTD
ROGERS GROUP INVESTMENT ADVISORS LTD. MEMBEfl C(PF

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