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UBC Reports Dec 5, 1973

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VOLUME   NINETEEN,   NUMBER   SIXTEEN
DEC.     5,    1973,    VANCOUVER    8,    B.C.
*.
I
DEAN A.J. McClean, head of UBC's Faculty of Law, is the chairman of a committee
of the UBC Senate which has brought
down a report proposing changes in the
Universities Act. See story below and Pages
Two and Three.
TASK FORCE of UBC engineers, having built
an urban car that won international acclaim,
have decided to try their hand at improving
buses to make them safer and more efficient
and comfortable. See story on Pages Four and
Five.
.pz__r>
UBC linguistics expert, Dr. Bernard Saint-
Jacques, is convinced that the French language is doomed in Canada unless drastic
measures are taken. Other aspects of studies
in linguistics at UBC are explored on Pages
Six and Seven.
AFL
• !•]>
TIDE OF PROPOSALS
Debate and discussion — not all of it polite —
has begun at all levels of the UBC community on
proposals for amending the Universities Act, the
provincial legislation that outlines the basic
structure and organization of B.C.'s universities.
The floodtide of recommendations for
amending the Act began in early November when
the controversial Working Paper on University
Governance was made public and continued on
Nov. 28 when UBC's Senate held a special meeting
to begin debate on the report of its ad hoc
Committee on the Universities Act.
WORKING PAPER
The working paper was prepared by the
Committee on University Governance, chaired by
Mr. John Bremer, B.C.'s Commissioner of
Education. The Committee was established in
September by the provincial! government "to
consider the internal and external forms of
university governance, with particular reference to
the relationship between the universities and the
provincial government, and to make
recommendations to the Minister of Education for
appropriate changes in the Universities Act."
The working paper proposes, among other
things, the creation of a Universities Council of
B.C. to act as an intermediary between the
provincial government and the universities, and
The committee will visit UBC on Jan. 22 and
23. The Jan. 22 meetings will be held in the Board
and Senate Room of the Main Mall North Administration Building. The following day the hearings
will continue in the Student Union Building.
Hearings on both days will begin at 9 a.m.
Proposals by the UBC Senate for changes in the
Act will result from debate which began on Nov.
28 on the Report of the Ad Hoc Committee on
the Universities Act. The committee is chaired by
the head of UBC's Law Faculty, Dean A.J.
McClean.
Other UBC organizations are preparing briefs
and documents criticizing the working paper or
making suggestions for alterations in the Act.
Material on other pages on this issue of UBC
which would replace the existing Academic Board
and Advisory Board; a restructuring of both the
Board of Governors (styled a Board of Trustees in
the working paper) and the Senate, which would
become a purely academic body without
Convocation or lay representation; and
involvement of Senate in the preparation of the
university budget.
The Committee on University Governance, in
addition to calling for briefs and comment on its
working paper, plans to hold a series of public
hearings on the document.
Reports has been prepared with a number of ideas
in mind:
1. To keep readers abreast of the Senate
discussions which began on Nov. 28, a report of
that meeting appears on Page Three.
2. On Page Two, in columnar form, is a table
which sets out the proposals made in the Working
Paper on University Governance and in the report
of the Senate Committee on the Universities Act
for the body which would act as an intermediary
between the universities and the provincial government. The proposals are arranged in a way which
allows comparison with the present Universities
Act.
SENATE DISCUSSION
The table deals only with those proposals which
have so far been discussed by UBC's Senate. Tables
in subsequent issues of UBC Reports will allow
readers to compare recommendations made in the
two documents for altering the internal structure
of the Universities with the present Act.
3. A round-up of reaction by various campus
organizations to the Working Paper on University
Governance begins on Page Three.
4. On Page Twelve — the "Contact" page
prepared by the UBC Alumni Association- — is a
report on a student-alumni meeting held on Nov.
13 to discuss the working paper. Senate Debates Recommendations for
By PETER THOMPSON
UBC Reports Staff Writer
A delicate balance between university autonomy and
public accountability was attempted at a special meeting
of the University of B.C. Senate on Nov. 28.
The meeting was called to deal with the report of
Senate's ad hoc Committee on the Universities Act and
dealt with recommendations in the report concerning
government and inter-university relations.
The present Universities Act was written in 1963
when Simon Fraser University came into existence and
Victoria College elected to end its affiliated status with
UBC and become the University of Victoria. The new
provincial government, which came to power in 1972,
has announced its intention to amend the Act.
Facing Senators was the problem of how to preserve
substantial autonomy for B.C. universities while at the
same time fulfilling demands for greater public accounta
bility and more public involvement in university affairs
Senate decided with little debate to accept the fii^i
and perhaps most important of the five recommenda-
UNIVERSITY/GOVERNMENT RELATIONS: 3 VIEWS
REPORT OF THE SENATE COMMITTEE
ON THE UNIVERSITIES ACT
UNIVERSITIES ACT
(SBC 1963, c. 52)
WORKING PAPER,
COMMITTEE ON UNIVERSITY GOVERNANCE
INTERMEDIARY BODY:
Recommendation 1: Committee recommends establishment of a Provincial
Universities Commission.
Approved by Senate with little debate or dissent.
UNIVERSITY-COLLEGE CO-ORDINATION:
Recommendation 2: Universities Commission and similar Colleges Commission
should each elect six members, plus their chairmen, to serve on a joint
co-ordinating committee.
Senate approved an amended version simply calling for a joint committee
to co-ordinate programs of post-secondary education, without specifying the
committee's composition.
COMPOSITION OF INTERMEDIARY BODY:
Recommendation 3: Universities Commission should consist of 10 to 15
members, appointed by provincial cabinet after calling publicly for
nominations; at least one-third to be faculty members with minimum of five
years' experience at a B.C. university; MPs, provincial cabinet ministers, MLAs,
chairmen of university Boards of Governors, university presidents, and
Department of Education employees barred from membership.
Debated at length by Senate, numerous amendments offered; eventually
referred back to committee for re-drafting.
Minority Recommendation (by Student Senator Svend Robinson): Proposes
Board of Post-Secondary Education, consisting of five representatives elected
from each of three commissions serving universities, community colleges, and
technical and vocational colleges, plus five members appointed by provincial
cabinet and one representative of Department of Education as an ex-officio
member.
This amendment was defeated by Senate.
POWERS OF INTERMEDIARY BODY:
Recommendation 4: Universities Commission would have power to advise
government on all matters pertaining to university education, and in
particular, power to:
(a) Require universities to submit short- and long-range plans for their
academic development, as approved by their governing bodies;
(b) Advise government on establishment of new universities;
(c)   Advise   government   on   establishment  of  new   Faculties  and  degree
programs, but not power to impose them on universities;
(d) Receive and appraise requests from universities for operating and capital
funds; transmit them to Minister of Education along with Commission's
recommendations; and to divide sums allocated by the Minister into separate
lump-sum operating and capital budgets for each university;
(e) Require universities to consult with one another and report back to
Commission on actions to minimize unnecessary duplication of Faculties and
programs;
(f) In consultation with universities, establish space standards as basis on
which to assess requests for capital funds;
(g) Publish an annual report including:
1. Universities' budget requests;
2. Commission's recommendations to government;
3. Government's actions on those recommendations, including allocations
of funds;
4. Commission's division of government funds among the universities.
(h) Require universities to provide it with such information as it may require.
Minority Recommendation (by Mr. Robinson):
Board of Post-Secondary Education would be responsible for overall
co-ordination of higher education in B.C., including transferability of courses,
avoidance of unnecessary duplication, examining alternatives to present
educational system, improving accessibility, and making the system responsive
to citizens' needs. It would have a full-time secretariat and research staff and
would "submit the final budget request to the Minister, on a five-year basis."
Majority Recommendation 4 was approved by Senate without amendment.
INTER-UNIVERSITY CO-OPERATION:
Recommendation 5: "We recommend that the University of British Columbia
take immediate steps to attempt to establish in conjunction with the other
universities of the province some form of co-operative machinery."
Minority Reservation (by Prof. Robert Clark, Academic Planning) proposes an
amendment to add to Recommendation 5 the words: "known as the
Co-ordinating Council of Universities in British Columbia and recognized
under the Universities Act." This Council would have equal representation
from each public university, including its president, one member of its Board
of Governors and two Senators. The Commission would be required to consult
with the Co-ordinating Council and with the universities on establishment of
new academic divisions and graduate programs; long-range planning;
elimination or reduction of duplication of programs; and space standards. It
would have no veto power over university proposals, but could enquire into
any matter that would be assisted by co-operation among the universities.
Prof. Clark stated his arguments for a Co-ordinating Council at the Nov. 28
meeting of Senate, but time precluded further debate and resolution of the
issue.
The Act provides for an Advisory Board
(to advise the Minister of Education on
distribution of government grants among
universities! and an Academic Board
(which deals mainly with colleges).
Academic Board has power to advise on
orderly academic development of
universities and colleges.
Advisory Board consists of chairman
appointed by Minister; equal number of
members nominated by each of the
universities; and additional members
appointed by Minister, equal to total of
university representatives. Academic
Board consists of two members
appointed by each university Senate and
three members appointed by provincial
cabinet.
Academic Board has power to "collect,
examine and provide information
relating to academic standards, and to
advise the appropriate authorities on
orderly academic development (of
universities and colleges) by keeping in
review the academic standards of each."
Board of Governors of each university
has power, with approval of its Senate,
to establish or discontinue Faculties and
Departments. Senate has power to
consider and revise courses of study.
Advisory Board has power to make
recommendations to the Minister of
Education respecting division of
government grants among the
universities.
Academic Board is required to make an
annual report to Minister of Education.
Advisory Board reports only by giving
advice on division of grants.
The Act contains no specific provision
for, nor prohibition against, co-operation
among the universities or establishment
of an inter-university co-ordinating
body.
Committee proposes formation of a Universities Council of
British Columbia, to replace present Advisory and Academic
Boards.
Universities Council would provide co-ordination by including in
its membership the chairman of any equivalent body serving
colleges.
Universities Council would consist of 11 lay persons appointed
by provincial cabinet, with presidents of universities, one
representative of Department of Education, and chairman of
equivalent colleges council as non-voting members.
Universities Council would "stand between the universities and
the government, serving .as a wise counsellor to both and as a
third voice in the deliberations affecting universities..." It
would tie "the agency within which the interests of government
and university are reconciled" and would "minimize
confrontation and provide a framework for mutual interaction
and persuasion." It would also "provide for systematic public
influence in the development of university education". Council
would "concern itself with the intermediate- and long-range
planning of university development".
Council would have power to approve or disapprove proposals
for new institutes and new undergraduate and postgraduate
degree programs.
Council would receive, evaluate and consolidate universities'
operating and capital budgets; transmit a total request to the
Minister of Education; and allocate the sum received from the
government to the universities. Within these grants, and having
regard for Council's advice, universities would be responsible for
their own allocations. Council would not have power to exercise
line-item budgetary control.
Council would have power to support and encourage
co-ordination and planning of university activities and to provide
public review of those activities. It would "work with the
universities in promoting co-operative ventures and in
co-ordinating existing and future developments." It would have
general responsibility for "encouraging, advising and warning the
universities, without at the same time interfering with their
necessary and legitimate autonomy in internal matters.
Council would publish an annual report including all budgetary
information submitted to it by universities, and submitted by it
to government, and details of its allocations to universities.
Report would include a general appraisal of state of university
education in B.C.
Council could require universities to produce such documents
and information as it felt it needed and could also carry out or
contract for studies or research projects.
The Committee on University Governance saw no advantage in
legislating the existence of a formal inter-university body.
Moreover, it was "concerned that such a development would
create an adversary relationship between the universities and the
Council. The Council, and not some other body, should be the
focus and the forum for inter-university relationships, as well as
university/government relationships."
2/UBC Reports/Dec. 5. 1973 Changes in Act Governing Universities
tions on the relationship between universities and
Victoria. This called for the creation of a provincial
universities commission to mediate between the Boards
of Governors of B.C. universities and the provincial
government.
The meeting dealt with only five of the report's 20
recommendations. The remaining 15, concerning the
internal governance of universities, will be dealt with at
Senate's regular meeting on Dec. 12, time permitting.
Senate's Committee on the Universities Act, chaired
by Dean A.J. McClean of the Faculty of Law, was
formed by Senate at its May, 1971, meeting.
Creation of a body similar to a provincial universities
commission is also a recommendation of the "Bremer
report", the Working Paper on University Governance
prepared by a committee chaired by Commissioner of
Education John Bremer. The Bremer committee was set
up by Education Minister Eileen Dailly in September. It
released its report Nov. 2, and recommended a Universities Council of B.C.
ADVISORY BODY
The provincial commission or council would replace
both the present Advisory Board, which advises on the
apportionment of government grants among the universities, and the present Academic Board, which advises
Victoria on academic matters, particularly concerning
colleges.
Establishment of some kind of body intermediary
between the universities and the provincial government
is one area of agreement among the Bremer working
paper, the report of the Senate committee, and two
minority reports by members of the Senate committee.
The two dissenting reports were written by Student
Senator Svend Robinson and Dr. Robert Clark, director
of UBC's Office of Academic Planning.
Senate soon found itself in disagreement over the
powers of the universities commission and especially
over its membership.
Dean McClean said that if the public is to have more
involvement in higher education, then it would be to the
public's, the government's and the universities' advantage to set up a universities commission. The commission
would provide the government with an independent
opinion on university affairs and would provide the
universities with some measure of autonomy. He said
there should probably be a separate commission or
commissions for the colleges of the province, since many
of the problems of the colleges aire different from those
of the universities.
Mr. Robinson, following his dissenting report, proposed that another body, a board of post-secondary
education, be set up between Victoria and commissions
representing universities, colleges, and technical and
vocational colleges.
Some Senators said it would be unwise to have too
many bodies intervening between the universities and
the provincial government and Mr. Robinson's proposal
was defeated.
Senate then approved an amended version of the
second recommendation of its committee. "Given that
two or more commissions will be established", the
amended recommendation said, "we recommend that a
joint committee be established to provide co-ordination
of programs of post-secondary education."
-     VOTED DOWN
conflict should be resolved within governing bodies.
Removing academics from the commission would increase the possibility of conflict.
How much faculty input into the commission there
should be would depend on what the commission's role
is, said Dr. Sydney Friedman, head of the Department of
Anatomy. If the commission were a super Board of
Governors, faculty members should not be members.
But if the commission were a forum for discussion. Dr.
Friedman said, there should be as much input from
faculty as possible.
Dean McClean said it was not his committee's
thinking that the commission should be a superboard,
but whether it was a body of persuasion or a superboard
may in the end become a matter of degree. He said that
in the critical area of universities' budgets, the commission's role would be much the same as that of the
present Advisory Board, which could be considered a
superboard in this respect.
Senate then trapped itself in a procedural cul-de-sac.
To get around it, Senate sent the recommendation on
the composition of the commission back to the committee.
This is how the trap came about:
Student Senator Art Smolensky proposed an amendment which would make students and non-academic
staff eligible to sit on the commission as well as faculty
members. The amendment was defeated and so another
amendment was proposed which would drop non-
academic staff from eligibility but would include
students. Again, the amendment was defeated.
Senate sprung the trap on itself after UBC's Librarian,
Mr. Basil Stuart-Stubbs, made an eloquent plea that
non-academic staff holding a degree be eligible for the
commission.
Mr. Stuart-Stubbs said he found it curious that
excluded from the commission were many non-academic
staff members who have been at UBC longer than many
faculty members, who bear the brunt of many decisions
made at UBC, who have academic qualifications equal to
This amendment was approved after an amendment,
proposed by Dr. John Dennison of the Faculty of
Education, urging that continuing education be explicitly mentioned in the recommendation, was voted down.
Disagreement over the membership of the commission and confusion over its exact role occurred when
Senate turned to Recommendation 3, which spells out
who would be eligible to sit on the commission. At least
one-third of the commissioners. Dean McClean said,
should be faculty members.
Dr. L.L. Bongie, head of the French Department, said,
he agreed with the Bremer Report that the commission
should consist of lay (non-academic) members, perhaps
with the addition of some non-voting faculty members.
The commission would be required to arbitrate and
"people who put in the input can't do the arbitration,"
he said.
Disagreeing with Prof. Bongie was Dean John
Andrews of the Faculty of Education. One of the major
themes of higher education today is conflict between
societies   and  universities.   Dean  Andrews  said.  This
Views Vary
On Campus
Initial UBC reaction to the Working Paper on
University Governance, issued early in November,
covers a wide range of views. What follows are
summaries of views expressed by the UBC Faculty
Association, the Alumni Association and students.
MIXED FEELINGS
UBC's Faculty Association has mixed feelings
about the proposals for revision of the Universities
Act as set out in the Working Paper on University
Governance.
The Association's Government Committee is
currently working on a brief to be presented to the
Committee on University Governance, which
prepared the working paper, when it holds public
hearings on the UBC campus on Jan. 22 and 23.
'The Association responds well to the
philosophy in the working paper that a way must
be found to ensure public accountability by the
universities beyond what exists at present," said
Prof. Ian Ross, current President of the
Association and a member of UBC's Department
of English.
The Association favors the working paper
proposal for a Universities Council to replace the
existing Academic Board and financial Advisory
Board. The proposed Council would receive
university budgets, distribute funds allocated by
the provincial government, and would have the
power to approve or disapprove academic
development at universities.
The Association feels there should be faculty
representatives on the Council, chosen by the
government from slates drawn up by university
Senates.
Also    favored    by    the    Association    is    a
Please turn to Page Five
See CAMPUS VIEWS
and in many cases superior to those of many faculty
members, and many of whom are UBC graduates.
"The Bremer document and this (Senate committee's) document seem to assume that the university
community consists of two parts, faculty and students,
and that is all," he said.
Mr. Stuart-Stubbs's amendment passed and Dr.
Roland Gray, of the Faculty of Education, reminded
Senate that although it had accepted the eligibility of
non-academic staff with degrees, it had rejected
students.
SENT BACK
At the suggestion of its chairman. President Walter H.
Gage, Senate decided to send Recommendation 3 back
to its committee for reconsideration in the light of
amendments passed and objections raised.
Senate then passed Recommendation 4 — that the
commission should have the power of advising the
government on all matters pertaining to university
education in B.C. The recommendation also included a
list of particular powers.
When some Senators said they were concerned over
the degree of power given to the commission. Dr.
Friedman said Senate was avoiding the central issue:
whether the commission would be in fact a superboard.
By accepting the commission, he said. Senate "voted to
interpose a body between the Board of Governors of this
University and the government, and that body will have
power."
If Senate wants a commission, then Senate would
want it to have the power to deal with concerns
mentioned in the recommendation, he said. But if
Senate didn't want a body with power, it should try to
retain an organization such as the present Advisory
Board.
Involved are those two fundamental choices. Dr.
Friedman said. "The details of the drafting, I think, are
quite inconsequential," he added.
The meeting adjourned before Senate could vote on
Recommendation 5: 'That the University of B.C. should
take immediate steps to attempt to establish in conjunction with the other universities of the province some
form of co-operative machinery."
Dean McClean said his committee was divided on
whether such a recommendation should formally become part of the new Universities Act. A majority of the
committee thought there should be no such amendment
because there is nothing in the existing Act preventing
the universities from getting together.
There was enough of a threat to university autonomy
in what the committee had proposed without creating
yet another body which would remove more autonomy
from the member universities, he said. And if the
co-operative machinery were given statutory existence, it
would be less flexible to the needs of the university than
if the machinery came into existence without legislation.
Prof. Clark, a member of the Senate committee who
objected to the committee's position on this issue, said
Recommendation 5 didn't go far enough. He introduced
his "minority reservation" and asked that the recommendation have added to it the words, "known as the
Co-ordinating Council of Universities in B.C. and recognized under the Universities Act." He also asked that the
Act specify the powers of the Council.
Dr. Clark said the old era of university autonomy has
lasted longer in B.C. than anywhere else in North
America.
The new Act probably won't be amended for some
time, he said. B.C. universities should benefit from the
experience of other universities which have entered into i
the new era before us.
TOO LATE
University needs aren't in the forefront of public
interest at present, he said. B.C. universities should be
able to speak to the new commission with some
authority, he added.
"In every jurisdiction in which there has developed a
regulatory power — a commission or board or government department — the universities have found it
essential to develop their own council or body to speak
on their behalf.
"I recognize that it would have been better if we had
developed this on a voluntary basis as Ontario did over a
period of more than 10 years. But if we simply wait for
voluntary co-operation to develop, we may be too late."
UBC Repojjgffic. 5  1973/3 'GEARS'
TACKLE
BUSES
By Peter Thompson
UBC Reports
Staff Writer
Got a beef about buses? University of B.C. engineering students want to hear from you.
With the success of the "Wally Wagon" under their
belt, UBC engineering students have taken on another
urban transit problem. On[y this time it's mass transit.
In the summer of 1972, after a year of work, UBC
"Gears" won first prize in a student competition open to
all universities and technological institutions in North
America to build an urban car that was safe and did
minimal harm to the environment.
WALLY WAGON
Their car was called the Wally Wagon in honor of
UBC President Walter H. Gage, who has taught legions of
engineering students.
This time the Gears have taken on redesigning and
rebuilding buses to make them more efficient, safer and
more comfortable so that more people will use them.
*•""«
WORK PARTY of UBC engineering students takes a
brief break from the task of taking apart an old B.C.
Hydro trolley bus as part of a project aimed at
making buses safer and more efficient and comfortable. Shown seated from left to right in the bus
interior are Laurie Bennett and Jim Barclay, both
fourth-year Mechanical Engineering; Phil Lockwood,
fourth-year Civil Engineering and student director of
the bus project; and Tom Farenholtz, third-year
Electrical Engineering. Picture by Jim Banham.
Hi
\3L
^^*^mwmaa_mMawmw
m
Converted bus brings latest medical knowledge to B.C. health professionals
The Project is under the direction of Dr. Francis P.D.r
Navin of the Department of Civil Engineering and Phil,
Lockwood, a fourth-year student in Civil Engineering.
"We've already started the first stage of the project,"*^
said Mr. Lockwood. "Students are interviewing drivers
and passengers to find out what they like and don't like
about the buses.
"We're taking photos illustrating the problems we
come across. The steps, for example, they're 10 inches*
high. That makes it difficult for an older person to geM-j
on and off a bus.
"We're interested in making the entrances and exits
and the interior of the buses more functional. We're not
concerned   with   the   routes   of   the   buses   or  their
schedules. Just the design of the buses themselves. If**]
anyone has a pet complaint about bus design we'd likev^
to hear from them."
Once the data have been collected, the students will
■■■■■"* ■'***'"■ ■ ^^B^
Unique UBC Bu
Towns throughout B.C. are being visited by a unique
classroom on wheels.
The P.A. Woodward Mobile Instructional Resources
Centre is a converted bus full of films, slide tapes,,
videotapes, audio cassettes and printed material that
began visiting small cities and towns in the interior and
on Vancouver Island this fall.
Purpose of the bus is to help physicians, nurses,
dentists, pharmacists, physiotherapists, occupational
therapists and other health professionals keep up-to-date,
with developments in their fields.
The bus is designed to reach health professionals in
communities far from UBC, health professionals who are
unable to get to continuing education programs at UBC
or to programs organized by UBC in other communities.
The  bus  is  the  latest  effort  of the   Division of
Continuing  Education  in the  Health Sciences at tfre*""
University  of  B.C.  The  division  has  an international
reputation for its work in helping health professionals
4/UBC Reports/Dec. 5,1973 develop a conceptual design which they'll try out on a
technical advisory board that will be set up representing
I -the Bureau of Transit Services, the Greater Vancouver
Regional District, B.C. Hydro, West Vancouver Bus
'Tines, social and health agencies in the metropolitan
area, and interested citizens.
TEST CHANGES
*    Then a series of experiments will be done to test
jdesign changes which would make the buses more
convenient for handicapped and elderly passengers as
well as other commuters. Results of the experiments will
be incorporated into a final mock-up of one of the two
old trolley buses B.C. Hydro has donated to the project.
^his stage of the project is scheduled for completion
_/arly in March next year.
When modifications to the bus are completed transportation experts working on bus development will be
invited to UBC for a national convention. Purpose of the
convention is to get comments from experts on the
design  of  the  bus,  so  that  as  little  as   possible   is
I overlooked in the final specifications.
By the end of August, 1974, the students plan to
have modified a bus now in use and to have judged its
effectiveness in road tests.
Total cost of the project is estimated at $66,900.
JBC's Centre for Transportation Studies has made a
f ant of $5,400.
Mr. Lockwood said the project was stimulated by the
Livable   Region   Program  of the  Greater  Vancouver
Regional District and by the Urban Mass Transportation
Administration of the U.S. Department of Transporta-
ffion, which is designing a bus of the future at a cost of
.$3 million.
"There is increasing pressure in society for economic
and environmental reasons for greater use of buses," Mr.
Lockwood said. "At the same time, the buses now in use
are at least 15 years old in their design.
'-*" "The Urban Mass Transportation Administration have
designed three buses and are testing them now. The final
design they'll settle on should cut down noise by about
"50 per cent, will have wider seats and windows, a higher
top speed and will stand up better in crashes than buses
we have now.
UTURE BUSES
B 'That's all right for future buses. But until these
future buses become available, we'll have to use the ones
we have now, and that's where we come in. We're trying
to modify existing buses."
Mr. Lockwood said that a study done in London,
England, showed that an average one-second reduction
. i{> the time a bus is stopped would save London
Transport about $1.25 million a year.
Anyone with any ideas or complaints about bus
design should contact Mr. Lockwood at 228-3818.
Tours
keep abreast of the expanding volume of information in
health care.
Many continuing health education programs begun
Slsewhere use UBC's experience as a model.
Originally a B.C. Hydro bus, the mobile classroom
was converted by the B.C. Vocational School with funds
provided by the Mr. and Mrs. P.A. Woodward's Foundation, Workmen's Compensation Board of B.C.,
Registered Nurses Association of B.C., B.C. Medical
'•Association, the B.C. Medical Services Foundation, and
yac.
The bus is under the direction of two field supervisors, Don Anderson and Bob Gobert, both graduate
students in adult education at UBC. They drive the bus,
live in it, are responsible for operating the equipment,
^and are evaluating the effectiveness of the project as a
whole.
The evaluation is needed because bringing continuing
education to health professionals in simaller cities and
towns in this way has never been done before.
CAMPUS VIEWS
Continued from Page Three
continuation of the bicameral system of university
government,    involving    a   separate    Board    of
Governors and Senate.
However, the Association differs with the
working paper proposal which would bar faculty
members and students from election or
appointment to the Board of Governors of their
own university. (The working paper does not rule
out the possibility that UBC faculty members and
students might be members of the Board of
Governors of, say, Simon Fraser University or the
University of Victoria and vice versa.)
The working paper prohibition is a "peculiar
exclusion" Prof. Ross said, adding that the
Association does not take the view that students
and faculty members would be partisan to the
degree felt by the members of the Committee on
University Governance.
The Association also favors the proposal for the
establishment of a standing committee of the
Senate to assist the President in the preparation of
the university budget.
The Association disagrees, however, with the
working paper proposal to create a purely
academic Senate by eliminating Convocation
members, who are elected, and other lay
appointees.
"The Faculty Association view," Prof. Ross
said, "is that universities are an interlocking
system of students, faculty members and
community representatives and each group should
be represented at all levels of university
government."
Elimination of Convocation members and other
lay appointees from Senate was termed a
"retrograde step" by Prof. Ross. "It has been a
tradition at the University to have such
representation and it is a good one."
Prof. Ross said the Association generally
approves of the proposals in the working paper
concerning procedures for academic appointments,
promotion, tenure and related matters. The
working paper says these are matters "which
properly belong to the universities themselves"
and proposes that procedures be formulated with
"appropriate university bodies" in consultation
with the Faculty Association or an equivalent
agency.
"Recognition of the role of the Faculty
Association is very useful," Prof. Ross said, "and
would enable the formulation of policies for
handling such matters."
ALUMNI REACTION
UBC's Alumni Association disagrees with the
proposal in the Working Paper on University
Governance that university Senates should become
purely academic bodies without lay or Convocation representatives.
The Association, in a critique of the working
paper approved by its Board of Management, says
the proposition that Senate's academic governance
role would be given greater clarity if Senate was
composed of students and faculty members only is
"ill-founded and completely unsupportable."
Removal of lay or Convocation representatives
from Senate would mean that "the community
would no longer be able to make any important
comment on, or take any direct position with
respect to, senior academic policy decisions by
university Senates," the critique says.
The critique continues: "It is important, as
noted by the committee, that Convocation be
represented on the proposed Boards of Trustees
(Governors). However, at the same time, the
committee makes it clear it considers the Boards as
acting merely as trustees with the result that
memberships on such Boards do not in any way
provide Convocation members with any say in the
academic policy of individual universities."
The critique expresses "general agreement with
the premise that there is a demonstrated need for
an updating of the system of university government in British Columbia."
It then goes on to note that "while the
committee 'sees no reason why the three universities should have uniform internal administrative
structures and procedures', it nevertheless proceeds to suggest a form of university administra
tion which is virtually uniform in all respects for
the three universities."
The Association says it is in agreement with the
proposal to establish a standing Senate committee
to assist the president in the preparation of the
university budget "so long as the president retains
ultimate responsibility for the finalized budgets."
Faculty members, the critique says, should not
make final determinations on budgets which they
themselves have prepared.
The critique also expresses approval for the
proposed Universities Council "to provide a strong
link between the provincial government and the
universities of the province."
The Association is preparing a brief on the
working paper to be presented to the University
Governance Committee when it holds public meetings at UBC in January.
Alumni Association Executive Director Harry
Franklin said the brief would be discussed and
approved at a Dec. 17 meeting of the Alumni
Board of Management to be held in the Woodward
Biomedical Library. -
STUDENT VIEWS
"It stinks."
This two-word sentence, taken from a recent
editorial in the student newspaper. The Ubyssey,
pretty well sums up the publicly-expressed opinion
of UBC student leaders in reaction to the Working
Paper on University Governance, issued early in
November by the Committee on University
Governance, chaired by Mr. John Bremer, B.C.
Commissioner of Education.
The working paper. The Ubyssey editorial
continues, "... justifies, albeit cleverly, keeping
things more or less the way they are at B.C.'s
universities."
Summing up, The Ubyssey said: "In
down-playing tenure disputes, the authoritarian
role of the board of governors, the valuable role
students, faculty and the general public can offer
at all levels of university planning and
management, the Bremer commission shows its
commitment to the status quo and its contempt
for progressive reforms."
The attack of The Ubyssey on the working
paper was echoed by student Senator Svend
Robinson, who termed it "a disaster"; Graduate
Students' Association official Paul Knox, who
labelled it "boring"; and Alma Mater Society
President Brian Loomes, who said the document
didn't offer a thing "in the way of solutions."
Despite a suggestion by The Ubyssey that those
who support "real change" ignore the call for
briefs and comments on the working paper, a
number of student groups are at work on
submissions to the committee.
UBC's Students' Council discussed the working
paper briefly early in November and then directed
its Education Committee to arrange a series of
public meetings to be held in early January to air
matters raised in the Working Paper.
A loosely-organized group calling itself the
Coalition for University Reform is also at work
preparing a submission to the committee when it
holds public hearings on the UBC campus on Jan.
22 and 23.
Allied to the Coalition are such organizations as
the Women's Action Group and the Graduate
Students' Association, as well as representatives
from Simon Fraser University, Vancouver City
College, Capilano College and Notre Dame
University.
Each group is writing a brief suggesting changes
in the present Universities Act and commenting on
the working paper nf the task force. A coalition
spokesman said the views of all the groups would
be incorporated into a single brief.
Vol. 19, No. 16 - Dec. 5, 1973.
Published by the University of
British Columbia and distributed
free. UBC Reports appears on
R EPORTS Wednesday s during the
University's Winter Session. J.A. Banham,
Editor. Louise Hoskin and Jean Rands,
Production Supervisors. Letters to the Editor
should be sent to Information Services, Main
Mall North Administration Building, UBC,
Vancouver 8, B.C.
JJE^2________Q___t___I____)B^^^2i22lmL LANGUAGE
PROGRAM
EXPANDS
Lin-guis-tics (ling gwis' tiks) n. The
science of language; the descriptive, historical and comparative study of
languages.
— Dictionary of Canadian English
Prof. Robert J. Gregg, head of UBC's
Department of Linguistics and co-editor
of the dictionary from which the above
quotation was taken, can point to a
dramatic increase in interest in linguistics
among students on campus.
Enrolment in the Department this
year is 316 — up more than 20 per cent
over last year's total which was, in turn,
a 20-per-cent increase over the previous
year's.
Originally a division in the Department of Classics offering a limited number of undergraduate courses, Linguistics
was established as a separate department
in 1969. The Department now includes
two professors, one associate professor,
one assistant professor, an instructor and
a lecturer.
An M.A. program was established four
years ago and a proposal for a Ph.D.
program in linguistics has been approved
by the Faculty of Graduate Studies. The
proposal has yet to be approved by the
University's Senate and Board of
Governors.
The Linguistics Department, says
Prof. Gregg, is one of the most interdisciplinary of all departments in the Faculty
of Arts. Twenty instructors in 12 other
departments in the University offer
courses which are available to senior and
graduate students in linguistics.
The special research interests of faculty members reflect the breadth of the
Linguistics Department. Prof. Gregg is a
leading authority on Canadian English;
Prof. Dale Kinkade is doing pioneering
work in the study and reconstruction of
Indian languages of the Pacific Northwest; Dr. Bernard Saint-Jacques is a
noted sociolinguist who has worked
closely with Japanese, Chinese and
French communities in B.C.; and Dr.
David Ingram is studying English-
language acquisition among children in
the Greater Vancouver area whose
parents speak another language.
"Linguistics," says Prof. Gregg, "is
concerned with the phenomenon of language as an attribute of the human race.
Language is what distinguishes humans
from animals.
"The human brain is programmed to
acquire language, which leads some
people to suppose that there must be
some kinds of universal properties that
are commorr to all languages. This,
among other things, is what linguists are
interested in studying."
UBC Reports asked Prof. Gregg and
Dr. Saint-Jacques to elaborate on their
fields of interest as examples of the
kinds of concerns that linguists have.
Irish-born UBC Pi
■He?* .
BY JOHN ARNF.TT
UBC Reports Staff Writer
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9
Prof. Robert Gregg makes a point about Canadian English to a student seminar.
French Doomed in Cana
Dr. Bernard Saint-Jacques can't exactly recall when
he first became convinced that, unless drastic measures
are taken to preserve it, the French language is doomed
in Canada.
Perhaps it was during an interview with a weather-
beaten farmer in a tiny village in Quebec's Gaspe
Peninsula, who spoke of his family being dispersed into
the United States and Ontario and who was convinced
that even those who stayed at home would have to learn
to speak English if they were to find a decent job.
Or when he heard the chic young shopgirls in
Montreal speaking English among themselves and feared
that English was rapidly becoming the working language
even among the Quebecois.
Or when he and his wife visited store after store in
Moncton, supposedly Canada's second-largest French-
speaking city, and had great difficulty locating a clerk
who spoke French.
SAD CONCLUSION
Somewhere along a 12,000-mile trailer journey that
took him and his French-born wife the length and
breadth of Quebec as well as to every French-speaking
region and community in the remainder of Canada this
summer, he reached what to him was a sad but
inescapable conclusion: the French language is heading
for oblivion in this country and the measures necessary
to preserve it might be so drastic as to be virtually
unacceptable for a large number of either French- or
English-speaking Canadians.
For Dr. Saint-Jacques, a French-Canadian-born associate professor in UBC's Department of Linguistics,
believes that the only way to preserve the French
language in Canada is to turn Quebec into a unilingual
province. "It is clear to me that a bilingual Quebec will
eventually be Anglicized entirely, so great are the
inroads that English is making there," he says.
He bases his conclusions on cold, hard socio-linguistic
facts and historical precedent which say, simply, that
language cannot survive if it is not the working language
of the people.
He says that close personal observations and inter
views with hundreds of Quebecois in all walks of life
convince him that English is slowly taking over as the
working language in Quebec. More and more people
must know some English to find jobs.
"This bread-and-butter motivation to learn English is
far more important than a demand from the elite of the
community, who are probably bilingual anyway, to
retain the language," he believes.
Ironically enough, says Dr. Saint-Jacques, the Commission on Bilingualism and Biculturalism (formed with
great   fanfare   by   the   Pearson   government   in   1963,
"... to make recommendations so that the two founding'*
nations of Canada, French and English, can live harmoniously together. . .") has unwittingly contributed to the
demise of the French language by ensuring that English
maintains a firm foothold in Quebec, just as it ensures>J
that French minorities in other parts of Canada will be
permitted to function in their own language, wherever"
they are in large enough numbers to be viable.
"One   reason   was   to   save   the   French   minorities
outside of Quebec from English assimilation and the
second was to protect the English minority in Quebec,"-
he says.
However, Dr. Saint-Jacques believes his observations
show conclusively that the French minorities outside of
Quebec are disappearing while the English minority in
Quebec is growing under the protection of the legislation
passed as a result of the Commission's report. Dr.*
Saint-Jacques says; that in seeking a model for legislation,
in Canada the commission looked at four countries —
Switzerland, Belgium, South Africa and Finland - and
finally opted for the "personal principle" of bilingualism, which states that the minority shall have language
rights wherever it is numerous enough to be "viable."
However, countries such as Switzerland and Belgiun^
have what is kniDwn as the "territorial principle" of
bilingualism, which provides for designated languages to
be spoken in certain areas of the country.
Switzerland, for example, is divided into German,
French and Italian cantons with all of the business,
schooling and other activities being conducted in the
language of the canton. Belgium is divided into French
and Flemish regions.
"You would expect, on the basis of experience and
6/UBC Reports/Dec. 5, 1973 ofessor is Expert on Canadian English
"r*
Canadian English has been described as a "distinctive
brand of English which may sound like American to
Britons and like British to Americans." It follows that
one of the foremost authorities on Canadian English in
this country today is a transplanted Irishman.
County Antrim-born Prof. Robert J. Gregg, head of
UBC's Department of Linguistics, has made a 20-year
study of Canadian English, during which time he has
co-authored the authoritative Dictionary of Canadian
English, contributed to other major publications on
Canadian English usage and conducted extensive research into the subject.
"In the realm of pronunciation, educated Canadian
English probably still reflects the spoken norm of the
18th century in many respects," says Prof. Gregg. "It
shares with most types of American English the conservative habit of articulating the final 'r' in words in
general, and the 'r' followed by a consonant, for
example, in car and park.
"Another early feature — perhaps Elizabethan —
frequently heard in Canada is the voicing of the medial
't' in words like better, little ancl patio to sound like
bedder, liddle and padio, and also the complete loss of
't' following 'n' making words like winter, dentist and
Toronto sound like winner, dennist and Toronna."
In the earliest days of North American settlement,
continues Prof. Gregg, English remained reasonably
uniform on both sides of the Atlantic. Following the
Revolutionary War and the creation of a political
boundary between Canada and the United States linguistic differentiations began to occur.
Large numbers of Americans emigrated north but
retained contacts with relatives and friends in the U.S.
There was also an uninterrupted flow of immigrants to
Canada from the British Isles, thus maintaining links
with the culture and  language of the Old Country.
"Although the core of the language - the underlying
syntactic structure — has not changed much, there have
been many changes in the lexicon, to which new words
have had to be added in order to cope with the new
environment," Prof. Gregg says.
In British Columbia, for example, the Indian languages have made many contributions to the vocabulary,
frequently through the intermediary channel of the
Chinook jargon, which was an Indian-based trade or
contact language.
In northern B.C. and the Yukon a newcomer was, and
still is, called a cheechako. Other Indian-based words
that have entered common usage include chum, coho,
sockeye and tyee (different members of the salmon
family); chuck (a body of water); saltchuck (sea water);
klahante (the great outdoors) and tillicum (friend).
While most of these words are well-known to B.C.
residents, one word from the Tlingit language has passed
into widespread use. That word is hootch, shortened
from hootchinoo (an alcoholic drink, especially an
inferior brew).
INDIAN SOURCES
Many words from Eastern Canadian Indian sources
have passed into general English currency. These include
pemmican (pounded meat mixed with fat and berries),
toboggan, totem and muskeg.
Eskimo words which have passed into general usage in
the English language include igloo, kayak, mukluk and
parka. Spanish, via Mexico and California, has also
contributed to Canadian English with words such as
corral, canyon and stampede.
Though Canada is a vast country, with its population
widely separated, there is very little to distinguish
between accents in different parts of the country, with
the possible exception of Newfoundland. In the U.S., on
the other hand, there is a marked contrast in accents in
different sections of the country.
Prof. Gregg says these divergent accents have not
developed in Canada because of the difference in the
rate of diffusion of the language in the two countries. In
Canada speech travelled west very quickly with the
advent of the railroad, while in the United States the
early settlers moved no faster than the covered wagons
that carried them westwards. As a result there was
generally plenty of opportunity for changes to occur.
"The Canadian vocalic system is, on the whole, very
similar to that of the Americans," adds Prof. Gregg,
"with the main changes occurring in some vowels
(Canadians pronounce caught and cot in the same way,
while eastern Americans may rhyme caught with court)
and certain diphthongs."
"The Canadian treatment of these diphthongs is
certainly the most conspicuous difference noted by
American observers, who go so far as to accuse Canadians of pronouncing hoose for house — a gross exaggeration, of course," he says.
"Americans will also notice that the choice of vowel
is often different for Canadians, who may follow the
traditional, or British model, in words like docile
(pronounced doe-sile) while Americans say dossil.
Britons, on the other hand, will notice that Canadians
generally pronounce the word missile as missil rather
than miss-He.
"This reflection of British usage in one case and
American in another affects Canadian habits in spelling
as well as pronunciation," adds Prof. Gregg. 'Thus some
Canadians rigorously follow the British model in every
respect while others adopt the prevalent American
modifications inspired by Noah Webster so that color
occurs as well as colour, jeweler beside jeweller, center
beside centre, program beside programme.
"Some British forms, however, are virtually excluded:
kerb, tyre, waggon, which appear only as curb, tire,
wagon. If we see a sign reading 'Tire Centre' we can be
pretty sure we are in some part of Canada.
"Canadian English may be described as a unique
blend, which conserves older features as well as favoring
innovations, which may in either instance coincide with
current American or British preferences in spelling,
pronunciation or lexicon, and which has incorporated
many new elements not found elsewhere."
Unless Drastic Measures Are Taken
success in other countries, that a territorial principle
would be adopted in Canada which would be easier to
apply and more in the tradition of the country where we
have nine English-speaking provinces and one French-
speaking," says Dr. Saint-Jacques. "The French language
could survive in a totally unilingual Quebec because
there would be less pressure to learn English."
Dr. Saint-Jacques says he is impressed with the strong
cultural and artistic movement within Quebec which
bolsters the French language and culture, but despairs
that this force will be powerful enough to resist the
encroachment of English in a bilingual Quebec.
VIOLENCE POSSIBLE
"I predict that there could possibly be violence
between the people who want the language retained and
those who are in favor of learning more English, before
the matter is resolved," he adds.
Dr. Saint-Jacques says his observations of French
communities outside Quebec convince him that there is
no way the French language can be saved outside of that
province.
He bases this finding on the extensive socio-linguistic
research he has done within the Japanese and Chinese
communities in Vancouver. "In Steveston, just south of
Vancouver, for example, there are tremendous pressures
on Japanese young people to learn Japanese. There are
special schools where Japanese is taught and recreational
By JOHN ARNETT
UBC Reports Staff Writer
Dr. Bernard Saint-Jacques, right, associate
professor of linguistics at UBC, believes the only
way to preserve the French language in Canada
is to turn Quebec into a unilingual province.
Picture by Jim Banham.
and cultural activities in Japanese, yet in one generation
the children lose the language."
Dr. Saint-Jacques says his surveys show a strong
unconscious motivation for young people to learn the
language of their peers at school. "Children want to
identify with the other children in the school and that
includes speaking English fluently."
He said a parallel exists in the French communities
outside of Quebec where there are few practical incentives for young people to learn French. Even in the
Acadian communities of New Brunswick he found the
language disappearing rapidly, while in areas such as St.
Boniface in Manitoba and Mallairdville in B.C., French-
speaking Canadians are becoming rare.
UBC Reports/Dec. 5, 1973/7 -
What's the stereotype of a nurse?                                       now has plans for a doctoral program, though it will take
Crisp uniform, crisp walk, crisp "Good morning." A      some time to digest the changes that have already taken
gold watch pinned to a starched front like a service      place before work begins on the new doctorate,
decoration. Short hair, or long hair done up above the           Part of the reason for the change is the new militancy
collar.  Water  pitchers, flowers, trolleys, hypodermic,      of  nurses  everywhere.   But  perhaps the reason why
linen, bedpans.                                                                         change has been reflected in UBC's School of Nursing
What does the stereotype nurse do?                                   probably more than in any other university nursing
She comes around with sleeping pills and orange juice      school in Canada, is the idea of the health team that
for patients in the evening, makes the beds, answers the      UBC health educators have agonized over and com-
phone when you call to find out how Auntie Maude is      mitted themselves to.
doing, looks after a lot of the paperwork, directs visitors
to the right room                                                                      HEALTH    TEAM
What is a stereotype nurse taught?
Anemic medical courses, just enough so that she can           The health team is simply a division of labor. Each
help doctors.                                                                            health professional co-ordinates his or her work with
Some  nurses today would calmly strangle anyone      other health professionals, and each health professional
who still harbors these stereotypes and would show as      does the job he or she knows best. A physio-therapist,
little remorse as if they had destroyed a colony of      for example, may work in co-operation with a doctor, a
streptococcal bacteria.                                                             community nurse and a social worker in helping victims
"Nurses,"  says  Dr.   Muriel  Uprichard, director of      of arthritis reorganize their home life and continue home
UBC's School of Nursing, "want to nurse the patient.      treatment.
Not the hospital administrator, not the doctors, not the           But what is the area of expertise of nursing? What can
desks, not the visitors. The patient."                                       a nurse do that isn't done by a doctor, social worker.
Unknown  to  some  of us, nursing is in ferment.      rehabilitation therapist, dietitian? The idea of the health
Radical   change   is   a   weak   description   of  what  is      team made the School of Nursing at UBC re-examine the
happening  in  the   profession.  The  change  has  been      basic rationale for its existence.
underway at UBC for a couple of years and has probably           'The training of nurses began just a little more than a
already passed the midway mark. It has certainly passed      hundred years ago," says Dr. Uprichard. "By and large it
the point of no return.                                                             confines itself to the imparting of certain skills, tech-
UBC's School of Nursing, the oldest in the Common-      niques    and    procedures,    a    smattering   of   medical
wealth,   overhauled   its   undergraduate   program   and      knowledge,   and   the  inculcation  of  obedience,  sub-
launched a master's degree program in the same year. It      missiveness, passivity, patience and even servility."
By Peter Thompson
UBC   Reports   Staff  Writer               >%
Radical changes in the profession of
nursing are currently being reflected
in the altered curriculum of UBC's                            ____,
School of Nursing, headed by Dr. Muriel                     '
Uprichard, pictured at right. Program
changes have pushed the UBC School...
PAST THE   =
POINT OF
NO RETURN
___..
"Our  model   deals  with   the   human   being   in  its     *>■*
entirety   —   cellular   activity,  organic  and  emotional
behavior. We regard disease not as a mysterious, parasitic
entity, like mistletoe on an oak, or a toadstool in the
lawn, but as life in an altered form.
"On such occasions there are some changes in the
patient's behavior - for example, his temperature goes
up or down, he is depressed or angry, he weeps or he     *
lapses into silence," Dr. Uprichard said.
UNIQUE TASK
"It is the doctor's task to find the cause of these        ]
behaviors  and   prescribe  treatment.  It is the nurse's   «h
dedicated task to help with the treatment process, and it
is her unique task to deal with behaviors the patient
manifests, be they physiological or psychological."
After a year of work, nine nursing problems were      J
defined   using  the   model:   pain   and  disturbances in        |
mobility,    cognition,    structural    integrity,    role    «H
performance,    interpersonal    relations,    functional        I
integrity, body-image, and self-concept.                                   1
Dr. Uprichard, who isn't a nurse herself — she took       1
her   doctorate   in   educational   psychology  from  the      1
University of London — says the nine nursing problems      j
cut across the traditional organization of medical courses   * JI
that nursing programs in the past tended to follow.                1
the curriculum of the medical school, she says. "After
q              ■                                                    that, if there is any time left, something is taught about
E3 O O K     O M                                   nursing care."
The old undergraduate curriculum of UBC's School
Dl/NnaAr    K.11 1 rC A                °* Nursm9 was something of that kind. It gave, Dr.
w     I \J Nv vl      liUI 9 C                 Uprichard says, priority to the teaching of everything
but nursing.
Watch-Fires on the Mountain: The Life and Writings          instead of hordes of students wanting to get in, 60
of Ethel Johns, the biography of the first director of     was the |argest number ever to register in the first year
nursing at UBC, will soon be available in Vancouver.             of the program and no one who was admissable was
Written   by   Margaret   Street,   associate   professor      turned away,
emerita of nursing who retired from the UBC School in           »Tne major prob|em in the teaching of nursing is that
July, 1972, the book is being published by the Univer-      there is no unifying principle along which to create a
sity of Toronto Press. Royalties will go towards the      disCrete and organized body of knowledge," she says,
recently-established Ethel Johns Memorial Scholarship.      »s0 we decided to devise one."
Miss Street, who did research for the book and wrote           «|t t00|< us almost a year of work, because we had to
it   while  on  sabbatical   during  the   1970-71   session,      do it in our spare time, to devise a model, a conceptual
describes the book as a biography of a woman who was a      framework on which to base a curriculum."
pioneer nurse of the Canadian West.                                             It was a behavioral systems model, something Dr.
The title of the book is taken from a speech of Miss      Uprichard picked up while at the School of Nursing of
Johns, director of nursing at UBC from 1919 to 1925, in      tne University of California at Los Angeles, where she
which she said that nurses of her generation in Western      was a senior |ecturer in nursing and associate research
Ganada were responsible for lighting watch-fires on the      psychologist before coming to UBC two years ago. The
mountain for others to follow.                                                systems model is the pivot around which the School's
Miss Johns died in Vancouver in 1968 in her 90th      new curriculum was developed.  It is the foundation
Vear-                                                                              —______      upnn   which   thp   School   is   heqinninq  to   assemble   a
science of nursing.
Lost Parking Spaces will be Recovered
Planning is under way to recover all 137 parking
spaces in UBC's Fraser River lot which will be lost
when construction starts on the new Asian Centre on
the campus, says Physical Plant Director Neville
Smith.
UBC's Board of Governors has awarded Commonwealth Construction Co., of Vancouver, the contract
for the first phase of construction of the Centre, a
re-creation of the Sanyo Electric Company's pavilion,
one of the hits of Expo '70 in Osaka, Japan.
It is hoped 33 new parking spaces can be created
on empty land on the West Mall, just across the street
from the UBC Armory, and Physical Plant is actively
looking for other vacant property on which to locate
the remaining 104 spaces.
"I can say for certain that all of the parking spaces
displaced by the new Asian Centre will be re-created
on the campus," Mr. Smith said. The $47,950
necessary for the relocation of the parking will be
charged to the Asian Centre budget.
Date for a start of construction on the new Centre
has not yet been determined and will depend on the
fl/l IRP BannrttmM   K   tail.
availability of structural steel.
Once the starting date is known, at least a week's
notice will be given before removal of the parking
spaces begins, Mr. Smith said. The lot's 527 spaces are
now used by faculty and staff members, women
residents of Place Vanier, and some graduate
students.
To date, a total of $1,650,000 has been raised or
pledged in Canada and Japan towards the construction of the Centre. This amount is sufficient to
complete the first phase of construction — erection of
the building itself.
Completion of the interior of the building will
depend on the success of an $800,000 fund-raising
campaign being headed up by Mr. Joseph L.
Whitehead, president and publisher of the Journal of
Commerce in Vancouver.
Meanwhile, construction has started on another
major building in the northwest section of the
campus — the Museum of Anthropology, located on
the site of the former Fort Camp residence north of
Northwest Marine Drive.
The Museum, designed by Vancouver architect
Arthur Erickson, is scheduled to be completed by
April 1, 1975.
Because of inflated building costs some design
features of the project have had to be eliminated in
order to keep construction costs in line with available
funds.
A large shallow pond, which was to have been
located in front of the building, will not be constructed at this time, and the proposed transfer of
totem poles and Indian buildings from UBC's Totem
Pole Park has also been delayed.
The Museum is partly financed with a $2.5 million
grant received in May, 1972, from the federal
government as part of a $10 million federal fund
established to mark the 100th anniversary of B.C.'s
entry into Confederation.
The Museum will house important collections of
Northwest Coast Indian art, important named collections from the Asian, classical and tribal worlds and
more than 90,000 items from the prehistoric period
of B.C. Pain, for example, is common to all physical and
psychological   diseases.   Disturbance   of   mobility   can
^result   from   surgery   or   depression,   disturbance   in
self-concept from a heart attack, tragic love, loss of a
job, failure of a school year.
The behavioral model has given nursing a completely
unique perspective on the patient, she said.
Traditionally, nursing has looked at the patient from
much the same point of view as the physician, who tried
to find out if there were any diseases present, what the
diagnosis was and what the treatment should be. Nurses
now have a much broader view. The model allows nurses
to ask themselves how they can help the patient get
through a critical period of his life.
The new bachelor's program concentrates on the
social and behavioral sciences as well as the physical
sciences. It aims at preparing students for work in
community and preventive health care and hospital care
for acute and long-term illness.
The new master's program is also based on the
behavioral model and deals in depth with nursing
problems in hospitals and the community. Dr. Uprichard
says. It aims at preparing students for work in clinical
work specializations, research, administration, consulting
and teaching.
She says there is a shortage of nurses in B.C. and that
the province isn't producing its share of nurses but is
Foundation Aids School
The University of B.C.'s School of Nursing, struggling
to give nursing the status of a new science, is now in a
position to make major advances through a grant for
about one-third of a million dollars from a large United
States foundation.
The W.K. Kellogg Foundation of Battle Creek, Mich.,
has awarded the UBC School, the oldest university
school of nursing in the Commonwealth, $330,460 over
four years beginning this year.
Dr. Muriel Uprichard, director of the School, said the
grant will cover the salaries of new faculty members and
clerical staff, travel and consultation expenses, supplies
and audio-visual teaching equipment.
Dr. Uprichard said the Kellogg Foundation was
attracted by the School's attempt to develop a body of
nursing knowledge, by its new approach to nursing
education,  and   especially   by   its   integration   of  the
two-year nursing program offered by community colleges and the new, four-year bachelor's degree program
now offered at UBC.
Recruitment of new staff will begin immediately. Dr.
Uprichard said. She added that she hopes to have new
faculty members by the beginning of 1974.
The Kellogg Foundation, established in 1930 by the
breakfast cereal pioneer, is among the 10 largest philanthropic organizations in the U.S. The Foundation assists
educational ventures in health, agriculture and education
in North and South America, Europe and Australia.
Among health projects currently being funded by the
Foundation are new community health delivery systems
with emphasis on quality, cost containment, and improved access by patients. The Foundation is especially
concerned with training health manpower in nursing,
dentistry and medicine and other health professions.
relying on other provinces to train nurses for work here.
According to the RNABC, about 1,400 new nurses
registered with the Association last year. Only 500 came
from UBC and the community colleges. Most came from
other provinces and a few from other countries.
Programs for training nurses in hospitals are disappearing in B.C. as they are elsewhere in Canada. That
system, says Dr. Uprichard, is "the last form of
indentured servitude in North America."
HEAVY DEMAND
Disappearance of hospital training programs and
introduction of community college programs and expansion of UBC's School of Nursing has placed a heavy
demand on teaching staff who should, at least, have a
master's degree.
"The bottleneck in the preparation of nurses in B.C.
is at the master's degree level," she said. "It is impossible
to open more community college nursing programs
because there is a desperate shortage of teachers. In fact,
the whole leadership echelon is practically nonexistent."
While the UBC School is trying to fill the gap in
nursing manpower, pressure is increasing for the profes
sion to assume new roles. The idea behind the health
team will mean that an increasing number of the
functions traditionally carried out by physicians will be
done by nurses, leaving the physician to do what only he
can do by virtue of his medical training.
But apart from a realignment of existing tasks, new
roles for nurses will probably result from the reform of
our health care system. Nurses are seen by many as the
health professional most sick people will see first when
they seek treatment. Other planners see nurses as the
vanguard of a movement to bring preventive medicine
close to Canadians so that expensive treatment measures
can be cut down. "Nurse practitioner," "nurse clinician," and "clinical nurse specialist" are terms now being
used to indicate the new roles nurses may have to fullfill.
"Nursing," says Dr. Uprichard, "is entering a new era.
The profession has long been influenced by a mistaken
image of Florence Nightingale. Though she was a
brilliant, learned and able woman who dealt with every
conceivable problem in the British War Office with a
firm, determined and effective hand, she has been
represented as a gentle, passive, soothing, maternal
figure.
"The shadow cast by the 'Lady with the Lamp' has
been a sentimental one. Nursing is now emerging from
the shadow and into the flame."
PRESIDENT ASKS CO-OPERATION
UBC's President, Dr. Walter H. Gage, has requested
the co-operation of UBC faculty, students and staff
"in a program designed to reduce our consumption of
electrical power and heating fuel."
In a letter dated Nov. 23, the President wrote: "In
view of the international energy crisis, it is up to each
of us to do whatever we can to use our energy
resources wisely and economiically. We are probably
one of the largest non-industrial users of electrical
power in British Columbia; our total bill for
electricity, natural gas and fuel oil amounts to more
than $1,000,000 a year. The potential, therefore,
exists for savings that will be significant from both
the financial and resource-use points of view.
"We are initiating a number of University-wide
measures which we hope will reduce our energy
consumption. For example, the Office of Systems
Services is trying, so far as possible, to concentrate
room bookings for classes and other activities into a
minimum number of buildings. This will permit the
extinguishing of lights and reduction of temperatures
in unused building areas for extended periods.
"Throughout the University we shall be reducing
daytime room temperatures, where feasible, from
their present average of 72-73 degrees to 68 degrees.
There will, of course, be many exceptions to this rule;
certain laboratories, animal quarters and other
facilities must be maintained at higher temperatures.
But   68   degrees   will   be   adequate   in  offices  and
27 Nominated
A total of 27 UBC teachers have been declared
eligible for the 1973-74 Master Teacher Awards.
Thirty persons were nominated for this year's
awards, but three of them had to be declared
ineligible because they had not held full-time teaching
appointments at UBC for at least three years.
Visits to the classrooms of those nominees who
teach only in the first term of the current Winter
Session have already begun, the chairman of the
Master Teacher Awards Committee, Dr. Ruth L.
White, told UBC Reports. At least three visits will be
made to the classroom of each nominee by members
of the committee.
classrooms. The mechanics of altering temperatures
will be taken care of by our Department of Physical
Plant; thermostats in individual rooms should not be
adjusted by the occupants.
"Much heat is wasted through windows and doors
being left open unnecessarily, particularly at night.
All windows should be closed at the end of the day.
"Lights, electric typewriters and office machines,
ventilating fans and other electrical appliances should
be turned off when not needed. Incandescent bulbs
should be switched out when a room is to be vacated
for even a few minutes; fluorescent fixtures should be
turned off during lunch hours and whenever a room is
unused for half an hour or longer.
"These are some of the ways in which the
University, as a public institution, can do its part in
the worldwide drive to conserve energy. Obviously,
this program depends on the co-operation of all of us
who use University facilities. I urge you to be alert
for every opportunity to make this program a success.
"The foregoing is subject to any changes which
may be required by federal or provincial rulings."
UBC Reports/Dec. 5.1973/9 MEDIEVAL
EXPERTS
ON TV
By JOHN ARNETT
UBC Reports Staff Writer
Dr. Richard Unger, an assistant professor in UBC's
History Department, got tired of talking to himself
about his special field of interest — the technology of
shipbuilding during the Middle Ages - so he set out
to tell the world about it.
First of all he got himself his own television show.
Then he decided that perhaps there were other
members of UBC's Faculty of Arts whose areas of
research and expertise do not make up a large part of
their regular teaching assignments.
So he approached specialists in fields such as
Muslim mosques and monasteries, Roman Britain,
sailing in the classical world, winter in the Middle
Ages and the history of medieval Europe to find out
if they were interested in addressing a wider audience.
They were.
That's how a television series called "Beyond the
Memory of Man," which fccusses on art, archeology
and history before 1600 AD, qot started.
"Beyond the Memory of Man" is sponsored by
UBC's Centre for Continuing Education, which also
produces program notes for the show. The Centre
produces another program, entitled "UBC Public
Affairs" on Cable 10 every second Tuesday at 9:30
p.m. during the academic year.
This program, produced by Gerald Savory,
director of Public Affairs for the Centre and co-
sponsored by the UBC Alumni Association, features
UBC faculty members discussing issues of current
interest. Programs this fall have probed topics ranging
from Indian land claims to disposal of nuclear wastes
and the high cost of housing.
"Beyond the Memory of Man" can be seen by all
cablevision subscribers on the Lower Mainland. The
show originates live from Channel 10 on Vancouver
Cablevision Thursday evenings at 9:30 p.m. The
program is also being distributed by North West
Community Video Ltd., also on Channel 10, to its
subscribers in North and West Vancouver on Mondays
at 7:30 p.m.
Plans are also afoot to distribute the program on
cablevision systems in Victoria and Campbell River
and to make videotape recordings available to
schools.
Dr. Unger says the program was limited to a
discussion of art, archeology and history before 1600
AD "because I guess these are my interests." He
approached others in the Faculty whose interest lay
in the field of medieval studies and got a good
response.
"As the discussion evolved we discovered a theme
for the show — the use of non-written sources in the
Dr. Richard Unger, organizer of the UBC
television series "Beyond the Memory of
Man,"  is  shown  on   the  set of the show
study of history," says Dr. Unger. "Our programs
show how day-to-day life can be recreated from the
surviving non-written materials left by people of the
ancient and medieval worlds. Works of art, drawings,
tapestries, artifacts and surviving buildings all help to
reconstruct life in the Middle Ages."
A set of program notes was devised to go with the
series, as well as a suggested list of books available in
most libraries for viewers who want further information. The notes can be obtained by writing to the
Centre for Continuing Education, UBC, Vancouver 8,
or by telephone, 228-2181.
Dr. Unger believes that one of the main reasons
why so many faculty members were willing to go on
the show is that they get few opportunities to discuss
their real areas of interest and research in the
classroom.
"My particular interest, for example, is the technology of shipbuilding through the Middle Ages, until
about 1600 AD. Now you are not likely to get a large
group of students attending a lecture on this subject,
so I welcome the opportunity to talk about it before
a television audience."
Dr. Unger stresses that program subjects are
selected not on the basis of how interesting they
might be to the viewer but rather on what the faculty
member wants to talk about.
Program Topics Listed
A total of 15 programs will be shown in the UBC
television series entitled "Beyond the Memory of
Man" in the post-Christmas period. The following
listing gives the date, speaker and topic of each
program. Unless otherwise noted, all the speakers are
members of the UBC faculty.
Jan. 10 — Jim Russell, Classics. "Roman Britain."
Jan. 17 — Alan Evans, Classics. "Theodoric's
Italy."
Jan. 24 — Mary Morehart, Fine Arts. "Sutton Hoo
Ship Burial."
Jan. 31 — Alan Evans, Classics. "The Empire of
Justinian."
Feb. 7 — Jan and Betty DeBruyn, English. "Brass
Rubbings."
Feb. 14 — Ian Ross, English. "Hidden Truth:
Medieval Allegory."
Feb. 21 — Michael Batts, German. "Tristan and
Isolde."
Feb. 28 — Richard Holdaway, French. 'The
Legend of King Arthur."
March 7 — Hanna Kassis, Religious Studies. "The
Golden Road to Samarkand."
March 14 — Tony Welch, Department of History
in Art, University of Victoria. "Muslim Miniature
Painting."
March 21 — Fritz Lehmann, History. "The Taj
Mahal."
March 28 — Hector Williams, Classics. "New Light
on Atlantis."
April 4 — Philip Harding, Classics. "Ancient Greek
Warfare."
April 11 - Peter Loeffler, Theatre. 'The Medieval
Stage."
April 18 — Stanley Kahrl, Center for Medieval and
Renaissance Studies, Ohio State University.
"Medieval Drama."
chatting with program interviewer Mila
Kubicek. Cable 8 in Hamilton, Ont., will
begin showing the series in  the new year.
Dr. Fritz Lehmann, associate professor of history,
whose special area of interest is medieval Asia, did a
program on what he calls his "exotic speciality,"
Muslim monasteries. "I don't exactly have a built-in
clientele on the campus for this subject, so I was very
pleased to be able to talk about it on television," he
says.
"One of the problems of such a program is making
the subject interesting to the lay public. Students are
a captive audience and over a period of months one
can develop some sophisticated concepts. On the
television program you have a half-hour to tell your
audience why Muslim monasteries are worth knowing
about. So it is a challenge, and a very interesting one,
which Dick Unger has laid before us."
Dr. Lehmann says that while "Beyond the
Memory of Man" might look somewhat amateurish
beside a super-slick production like "Civilization,"
viewers can be assured that the content of the
programs is authentic because those doing them are
experts in their field.
"Dick Unger has made the decision that we will do
programs on topics that we really know well and not
try to get into areas we are not familar with just
because they might be popular."
Dr. Lehman says the value of a program such as
"Beyond the Memory of Man" is that it gives the
general public some idea of the intellectual forces at
work on the campus.
Dr. Unger agrees that the main benefit of such a
television program to the University is public relations. "It shows that faculty members are not only
teachers but are also involved in their own research,
and it demonstrates that we do have some very
knowledgeable people on the campus.
"People should be aware that the University does
more than process people like some great sausage
machine; that faculty members do original work in
what might be considered unusual fields of study.
Who else in B.C. is going to study Muslim monasteries
other than a university faculty member? And no one
can deny that such a study makes for a fuller and
more culturally-expansive society."
Dr. Unger estimates that the show each week
reaches an audience of between 500 and 600 people,
small by television standards. "But if we got 500
people out to a lecture on some aspect of medieval
history on the campus we would consider it an
outstanding success."
10/UBC Reports/Dec. 5,1973 Senate
Approves
Affiliation
UBC now has five affiliated theological colleges.
Following a long Senate debate on Nov. 14,
Regent College, a transdenominational college offering theological courses for laymen, was granted
affiliated status for an initial period of three years. At
the end of that time the affiliation status will be
reviewed by Senate.
The recommendation to approve affiliated status
for Regent College was made by a Senate ad hoc
committee and was supported by a report from a
committee established by UBC's Faculty of Arts.
Despite this, the recommendation to approve
affiliation was opposed by some members of the
Senate ad hoc committee, who felt that Regent
College did not meet a number of criteria approved
by Senate in 1958 to interpret a 1920 Senate Statute
on the Affiliation of Theological Colleges.
TWO CRITERIA
Argument at the Nov. 14 Seriate meeting chiefly
centered on two of the 1958 criteria: No. 1, which
requires that the affiliated college "be in good
standing with respect to a recognized constituency of
churches"; and No. 5, which says that courses of
training in theology "should be designed to be of a
standard which would be acceptable to the American
Association of Theological Schools, though without
any obligation to become a member of this Association."
Prof. John Norris, of UBC's Department of History, maintained that Regent College did not have a
constituency of churches in the normal sense of the
word. Opponents of affiliation were concerned that
approval might open the gate to affiliations which
might not be particularly desirable, he said.
Criterion No. 5, Prof. Norris said, was difficult to
achieve because the American Association of Theological Schools "takes ages" to bring down a decision
on whether courses are acceptable.
Dr. James M. Huston, the principal of Regent
College, told Senate that the College was in many
ways a unique experiment and only recently had the
Association begun to consider the possibility of
making room for such schools. "It's not a question of
our scholarship," he said, "it's a question of their
own machinery."
Support for affiliation of Regent College came
from Prof. Robert Clark, the Director of UBC's
Office of Academic Planning, who said that Prof.
Norris's point that a horde of applicants might result
from affiliation was "an illusory fear."
Criterion No. 1, he said, was aimed at keeping out
theological colleges that might be academically inferior or represent "freakish or bizarre sects."
Referring to Criterion No. 5, Prof. Clark said
Regent College was attempting to give courses that
would be acceptable to the American Association of
Theological Schools and affiliation would be sought
in the future.
MOTION APPROVED
The motion to approve affiliation was approved by
the two-thirds majority required under the 1920
Senate Statute.
UBC's other affiliated colleges are the Vancouver
School of Theology, an ecumenical School resulting
from a 1971 merger of the former Anglican College
and Union College; St. Mark's College, which is
associated with the Roman Catholic Church; St.
Andrew's Hall, associated with the Presbyterian
Church of Canada; and Carey Hall, associated with
the Baptist Federation of Canada.
Prior to the Senate approval for affiliation with
UBC, Regent College was affiliated with the Vancouver School of Theology. The latter School is the
only one of UBC's five affiliated colleges which offers
professional training for the ministry and priesthood.
Affiliation with UBC entitles Regent College to
name a representative to sit on UBC's Senate.
Named Chief Justice
The Hon. Nathan T. Nemetz, Chancellor of the
University, became Chief Justice of the Supreme
Court of B.C. on Nov. 7, succeeding the Hon. J.O.
Wilson.
Chancellor Nemetz, a 1934 graduate of UBC,
was elevated to the bench in 1963 after a
distinguished career as a practicing lawyer in
Vancouver. He was a Justice of the Supreme Court
from 1963 to 1968, when he became a Justice of
the B.C. Court of Appeal.
Mr. Justice Nemetz was elected Chancellor of
the University in 1972 and in that capacity is a
member of UBC's two major governing bodies, the
Board of Governors and the Senate. Prior to his
election as Chancellor he served on the Board for
11 years from 1957 to 1968 (the last three years
as chairman) and on the Senate for seven years
from 1957 to 1963.
ir     ir     ir
Prof. William M. Armstrong, deputy president
of UBC, has been elected to the Board of Directors
of the Association of Universities and Colleges of
Canada for a three-year term.
There are a total of 25 persons on the AUCC
board, representing universities in all parts of
Canada.
ir     ir     ir
Prof. Norman Epstein, of the UBC Department
of Chemical Engineering, has been elected a fellow
of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers.
6    ir    ir
Mr. J.C. "Barney" MacGregor, popular UBC
farm manager, just missed (by half a pound of
milk) winning the world championship
hand-milking contest at the Cow Palace in San
Francisco on Nov. 2. Barney went to the
competition as a representative of the Pacific
National Exhibition after winning a contest held in
Vancouver. The San Francisco contest consisted of
milking three cows for 40 seconds each.
To mark his near-win, executive members of
the Agricultural Undergraduate Society presented
an Aggie shirt and sweater to Barney.
ir     ir     ir
Dr. Harry V. Warren, Professor Emeritus of
Geological Sciences at UBC, was installed as an
honorary fellow of the Royal College of General
Practitioners in London, England, on Nov. 20.
Prince Philip, who is president of the Royal
College, presented a scroll to Prof. Warren and
installed him as an honorary fellow. The College,
an academic and educational body, describes itself
as "the voice of the family doctor."
It is believed to be one of the rare occasions on
which the College has conferred an honorary
fellowship on a scientist outside the medical
profession.
Prof. Warren was cited for his work on
environmental aspects of human health in
collaboration with a British colleague working at
the College's research unit in Birmingham,
England.
The collaboration was cited as "an outstanding
example of trans-Atlantic co-operation" in a
comparatively new research field that opened up
new dimensions in general practice.
Prof. Warren, who was an active member of the
UBC faculty from 1932 until his retirement this
year, is also widely known for his pioneering work
in the field of biogeochemistry, which stems from
a  theory  he developed in the  1930s that the
presence of minerals in the earth could be detected
through the analysis of plants in the vicinity.
Prof. Warren was Rhodes Scholar for B.C. in
1926 and has taken an active and continuing
interest in University atheletics during his UBC
career.
ir     ir     ir
Mr. Frank Gnup, former coach of the UBC
Thunderbirds football team and an assistant
professor of UBC's School of Physical Education
and Recreation, plans to return to his birthplace,
Aliquippa, Pa., on Jan. 27, to be inducted into
that town's Hall of Fame, which honors local
athletes of note.
As a high school football player Frank was
known as the Aliquippa Assassin and later earned
honorable mention for All-American honors
during his playing days at Manhattan College in
New York. He was a professional football coach in
Ontario before joining the UBC faculty in 1955.
ir    ir    if
Two members of UBC's Centre for Continuing
Education have received awards that will enable
them to visit the United Kingdom.
Dr. John P. (Jack) Blaney, associate director of
the Centre, is the winner of the Imperial Relations
Trust Travelling Bursary for 1974. It provides for
four months' travel in the United Kingdom to
confer with persons in the recipient's field of
interest.
Mr. Jindra Kulich, director of the Centre's
Diploma Program in Adult Education, has been
awarded a Commonwealth Trust Fund Visiting
Lectureship at the University of Liverpool for
April and May, 1974.
Mr. Alan Hobkirk, a 21-year-old UBC student
specializing in urban geography, has been named
the 1974 winner of the Rhodes Scholarship for
British Columbia.
The prestigious award, which provides for at
least two years of graduate study at Oxford
University in England, is awarded to a student who
combines scholastic and athletic ability with qualities of character and leadership.
Mr. Hobkirk, in addition to maintaining a
first-class average in his fourth-year honors geography program, is a member of the Canadian
national field hockey team and is secretary of the
B.C. Field Hockey Association.
With a group of fellow students Mr. Hobkirk
organized a home maintenance program for single-
parent families add senior and handicapped citizens under an Opportunities for Youth grant.
He is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Donald Hobkirk,
1669 Allison Road, in the University Hill area.
ir     ir     a
Dean David V. Bates, head of UBC's Faculty of
Medicine, has been honored by the American
College of Chest Physicians. He was recently
awarded the 18th annual Louis Mark Memorial
Citation.
ir     ir     ir
Prof. Wladyslaw Opechowski, of UBC's Physics
Department, was recently awarded an honorary
degree from the University of Wroclaw in Poland.
A member of the UBC faculty since 1948, Prof.
Opechowski was born in Poland and was educated
at the University of Warsaw and the University of
Paris. He is widely known for his work in the field
of theoretical physics.
15 Evening Courses Set
Fifteen evening credit courses on subjects ranging
from computer science to nursing will be offered by
UBC in the period January through April.
In addition to regular V/2-unit courses,
concentrated three-unit courses will be offered for
the first time in such areas as French, English,
sociology and art education. Those enrolled for
three-unit courses will meet twice weekly.
Most classes begin the week of Jan. 7 and meet at
7 p.m. Twelve late afternoon classes in the graduate
field in the Faculty of Education are also offered.
Off-campus programs include three courses for
registered nurses at Douglas College.
Part-time students wishing additional information
and registration cards should contact the Credit
Course Division of UBC's Centre for Continuing
Education, 228-2181.
Students currently enrolled for UBC's 1973-74
Winter Session should contact their Faculty advisor if
they wish to add one of the evening credit courses to
their daytime program.
UBC Renorts/Dpr  R  1Q73/11 _fp^ UBC ALUMNI    ■ ■
Contact
PREPARED FOR UBC REPORTS BY THE UBC ALUMNI ASSOCIATION
PANEL DISCUSSION
Universities Must Change to Survive
"The universities must preserve themselves by
changing."
Those words from Mr. John Bremer, the provincial
government's Commissioner of Education, sum up a
basic approach to university government with which
few people would argue. They also sum up the
Working Paper on University Governance in British
Columbia, a document prepared by a committee
which Mr. Bremer chairs. The working paper was
released early in November.
That working paper, which includes proposals for
overhauling the internal government of the province's
universities, was the focal point of a wide-ranging
debate following a Student-Alumni Dinner at Cecil
Green Park on Nov. 13, sponsored by the UBC
Alumni Association.
Joining Bremer on the panel were: Prof. Robert
Clark, director of UBC's Office of Academic
Planning; Mr. Svend Robinson, a first-year Law
student and Student Senator at UBC; and Prof. Ian
Ross, of UBC's English Department and currently
president of the UBC Faculty Association. Dr. John
Dennison of the Education Faculty chaired the
meeting and Monica Angus, a Convocation member
of the UBC Senate, was the reactor.
NEED FOR CHANGE
More than two hours of statements and debate
tackled not whether the universities are in need of
change — everyone appeared in general agreement on
that premise — but who should change them, how
much they should be changed, ancl, when
modifications are made, whose power is to be
increased and whose influence is to be diminished.
"In tackling the subject, perhaps one has to make
a choice, and I think it is clear the choice the
Committee on University Governance made," said
Mr. Bremer. "I think either you can say that by
examining the problems of the present areas of the
university in isolation and in relationship to each
other, and in relationship to the wider community —
the province, the nation, and, indeed the world,
particularly the scholastic world — that some
development, some modifications, some changes can
be made to deal with those problems.
"The other point of view which I think one could
take, and it is not one which the Committee on
University Governance has collectively espoused, is
that the university structure in total is an
anachronism, that it belongs to another age which is
so remote and replete with inappropriate values that
all we can do is to totally recast the institution. Or to
put it more bluntly, to abandon it."
However, if you abandon universities, cautioned
Mr. Bremer, society is faced with the problem of how
to discipline and nurture intelligence within it.
WON SUPPORT
A major recommendation in the working paper —
the establishment of a provincial Universities Council
which would act as an intermediary between the
provincial government and the three public
universities in B.C. — won support from most of the
evening's speakers.
"Clearly, B.C. needs some sort of agency which
stands between universities and government so that
the policy-making in connection with higher
education can be rationalized and harmonized to
some   degree,"   stated   Dr.   Ross.  His  reservations
Recent Alumni Association-sponsored panel
discussion on "New Directions in Education
in B.C." was chaired by Dr. John Dennison,
standing, associate professor in UBC's Faculty
of Education. Speakers at the student-alumni
debate, held at Cecil Green Park were, seated
left to right, Prof. Ian Ross, president of UBC
regarding the proposed Council concerned its
make-up. He called for student and faculty
representation on it, something not provided for in
the Committee's paper.
Prof. Clark, while expressing general approval of
the idea of the Council, said: "I'm concerned that
there may be given to this new body excessive powers
of regulation over the universities. I am concerned,
for example, that they will have the right to approve
specifically of every new undergraduate program as
well as of graduate programs."
MODIFIED ROLE
Both Prof. Ross and Prof. Clark criticized the
Committee's proposal that the Board of Governors
take on a modified role as a trustee of public funds,
overseeing the budgeting and expenditure of those
funds. The redefined body, as proposed, would be
called the Board of Trustees.
"I don't regard the description of the Board of
Trustees as a really accurate or appropriate
designation of what they have done or what they will
be doing in the future," said Prof. Clark. "I think the
university needs both a strong Board and a strong
Senate to carry out its responsibilities most
effectively. I would like to see both faculty and
students on that Board (something which the
committee has stated it is against) to be elected
respectively by faculty members on Senate and by
the students on Senate."
Prof. Ross also expressed that view, saying he feels
the Board, as it now exists, is a last court of appeal
within the university structure and should remain as
such, rather than becoming a group with just fiscal,
trustee functions.
Faculty Association and a member of the
Department of English; Student Senator and
first-year Law student Svend Robinson; B.C.
Commissioner of Education John Bremer; and
Prof. Robert Clark, director of UBC's Office
of Academic Planning and a member of the
Economics   Department.
Prof. Ross, Prof. Clark and the reactor, Mrs.
Angus, all voiced concern over the Committee's
proposal to turn the Senate into a purely academic
body, composed of students and faculty members
only.
Convocation senators act as a buffer between
academic and student senators, said Mrs. Angus. And,
since many academic decisions are really social
decisions involving such things as women's studies
and part-time students, public participation in the
decision-making is important, she stated.
Strongest critic of the working paper was Student
Senator Svend Robinson. "This working paper is a
very bitter letdown and a very deep disappointment
to me personally and to others of us in B.C. who had
hoped for some kind of meaningful change in the
field of higher education," he said.
He criticized the committee for "suggesting the
continuation of the unnecessary split between Boards
of Governors and Senates; the outrageous exclusion
of faculty, students and non-academic staff (from the
Board and Council); and the regressive proposal for
the removal of any community participation,
including alumni, from Senate."
NO ALTERNATIVE
He added: "If this is the kind of blather that
comes from the Commission of Education in the
future, it is clear the minister has no alternative. She
must thank the Commissioner for his services and
sack him, discharge his powerless and ineffectual
advisory boards, and appoint a new board to be
headed by a truly innovative educator who reflects
more clearly the goals and aspirations of those British
Columbians who have had enough of our present
education system and demand real change."

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