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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Reports Feb 21, 1991

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 „   UPC Archives Serial
Specie! Collections Serial
Board of governors name new V.P.
Strangway, Birch
The UBC Board of Governors has extended President
David Strangway's appointment until June 30, 1997,
board chairman Ken Bagshaw announced earlier this month.
The board also approved the reappointment of Daniel Birch as Vice-
President, Academic, and Provost. In a
new appointment, Peter Ufford has
been named Vice-President, External
Strangway's reappointment was the
result of a broadly based consultation
and performance review. A committee
of faculty and student board members
conducted the review, meeting with
representatives of many UBC constituencies.
This process confirmed overwhelming support on the campus for the extension of Strangway's appointment,
Bagshaw said.
"In particular, David Strangway's
leading role in the enhancement of
UBC's relationship with both the public and private sectors, his tireless and
effective commitment to the success
ofthe World of Opportunity Campaign,
and his efforts to focus the university's
goals through the development of the
Mission Statement and President's
Reports were widely recognized and
applauded," Bagshaw said.
An internationally recognized space
scientist, Strangway is a former chief
of NASA's Geophysics Branch and
supervised the analysis of the moon
rocks that returned with the Apollo
As well as heading the University
of Toronto's Geology Dept. in the
1970s, Strangway was U of T's vice-
president and provost from 1980-83
and served as president during 1983-
Strangway was appointed president
and vice-chancellor of UBC in 1985.
After earning degrees in classics
and history at UBC, Birch began his
Planner Andrew Brown says
creating a cohesive master
plan tor UBC is akin to "laying tracks ahead ota speeding locomotive." Page 2
GREATDANE: Director Gordon UcCali "dusts off Hamlet. Page6
STILL SAFE: UBC geologist
SOU be safe in environmentally sensitive areas. Page 8
academic career in 1966 at Simon
Fraser University where he taught in
the Faculty of Education. Later, earning a doctorate at Berkeley, he was
appointed dean of the faculty at SFU
in 1972, and three years later became
associate vice-president, academic.
Before leaving SFU, Birch served as
acting vice-president and acting president.
In 1981, he returned to UBC as
professor and dean of the Faculty of
Education. He joined the president's
office in 1985.
Birch spent his early years in China
with missionary parents and has devoted much of his work to intercultural
understanding. As part of his commitment to enabling North American students to understand Asian cultures, he
has written and published many textbooks and manuals. His service outside the university includes international development projects in Lai in
America and Asia, a multicultural services organization in Vancouver and
eight years on the boards of two teaching hospitals.
Ufford has served as consultant to
the president on external affairs since
April, 1987, when he was retained to
initiate and organize a major capital
campaign for the university. He has
participated in all aspects of the campaign, now known as A World of
Opportunity, including the market survey and setting up the matching program with the provincial government.
Ufford is currently developing an
external affairs division for the university, which formally incorporates Development, Community Relations,
Ceremonies, the Alumni Association
and some functions of government liaison and international relations.
He has served as the campaign director of the United Way campaign of
the Lower Mainland and Windsor,
Ontario and has worked extensively in
the non-profit sector.
 'fti,.lr„;.fr;., I.i.r,  a   I        ^^ ^^
Pholo courtesy UTV
Adel Softy, seen here in an interview on UTV, is one several UBC professors who have recently been called
upon to provide background for coverage ofthe Gulf War on local news media. See story, Expertise, on page 2.
Appointments to board of
governors announced
Three new members have joined
the board of governors. They are provincial government appointee Michael
Partridge and student representatives
Wendy King and Derek Miller.
Partridge has a long association with
the university since graduating with a
degree in Commerce and Business
Administration in 1959. Active in fraternity and faculty alumni organizations, he has held several positions with
the Alumni Association, including a
term as president.
Partridge is a former winner of the
Blythe Eagles Volunteer Service
Award and last year, during
UBC's anniversary celebrations, was
one   of 75 alumnus recognized for
their outstanding service to the
Partridge is the regional vice-president, group sales, of the London Life
Insurance Company in Vancouver. His
appointment to the board is for three
King and Miller, elected to the board
by the student body, will serve one-
year terms.
King, a fourth-year Arts student
who enters UBC law school in September, is also a member of Senate
until April. During her two years as a
senator, King chaired the student caucus and was a member of the Appeals
on Academic Standing Committee, the
Dean of Arts Search Committee and
the Task Force on Teaching Evalu
ation. She is currently a member of the
President's Advisory Committee on
Race Relations.
King has been a member of the
AMS student council as a senate representative and will again be on council as a board representative.
Miller earned a degree in marine
biology last year, and is now enroled
in the first year of the applied creative
non-fiction diploma program in the
Creative Writing Department.
Miller previously served as the representative for science on the AMS
student council and as the editor of the
Student Handbook published by the
AMS. He was editor of the 432 newspaper and director of publications for
the science undergraduate society.
Tuition fee, financial aid guidelines adopted
UBC's Board of Governors has
approved new tuition fee and financial
aid guidelines as proposed by President David Strangway.
The board voted to adopt the guidelines after hearing presentations from
student leaders who urged members to
limit tuition fee hikes to the rate of
The new guidelines set annual fee
increases at 4.5 per cent plus the increase in the Vancouver cost-of-living
index for each of the next three years.
The new fee structure goes into effect
in the 1991-92 academic year.
The guidelines also designate a
portion of the fee increase for enhanced
student aid and another portion for an
enhanced teaching and learning environment.
"We listened to the students' points
of view and were impressed with their
presentations," said Ken Bagshaw,
chairman of the board of governors.
"But we would not have approved these
guidelines if we did not believe that it
was in the best interests of everyone at
the university. I think there is general
agreement that a three-year planning
horizon is of benefit to the university
and students alike."
Strangway said the increases are
also needed to meet the cost of operating the university, which is rising faster
than the rate of inflation.
"We are committed to maintaining
a superior quality of education at UBC.
We see these new guidelines as an
important step towards maintaining and
strengthening the academic integrity
of the university while ensuring that
no otherwise admissible student is
denied the opportunity to enrol solely
for financial reasons," he said.
Student leaders argued that students
are shouldering more of the cost of
operating the university each year while
the provincial government's share is
Jason Brett, president-elect of the
Alma Mater Society, said that the
fee hikes will force students to cut
back   on   already   frugal lifestyles.
place a greater strain on the financial aid system and put more students into debt.
"This will set a dangerous precedent that may endanger my little
brother's, or my own children's, chance
for an education," he said.
John Burges, external affairs director of the Graduate Student Society,
said that the issue is the quality of life
of students. While fees will increase at
rates above inflation, the income of
graduate students is unlikely to do the
same, he said.
Currently, the annual tuition fee for
Arts and Science undergraduate students, taking a regular course load at
UBC, is $1,680. 2    UBCREPORTS Feb.21.1991
New campus seeks to create sense of place
University Planner Andrew Brown
compares his task of creating a cohesive master plan for the university to
"laying tracks ahead of a speeding locomotive."
UBC is in the midst of what is
probably its greatest expansion ever.
Spurred on by donations from the A
World of Opportunity fundraising
campaign and from the provincial
government, new buildings and facilities worth hundreds of millions
of dollars will go up in the next 10
Already, construction cranes are
sprouting up across campus. BuikP
ings currently underway include the
University Services Centre on West
Mall, biotechnology labs in an expansion of the bookstore building
and the David Lam Management
Research centre at Main Mall and
Agricultural Road.
While these projects go ahead, and
others are being designed, Brown is
faced with the task of unifying a master plan for a sprawling campus that
has grown piecemeal for the past 70
It's a daunting
prospect. The campus covers 900
acres and includes
everything from
academic buildings
and sports facilities
to residences and
The campus is
eight times larger
than the University
of Toronto and
McGill combined,
making it easily the
largest in Canada,
and one of the two
or three largest in North America.
"This is a major piece of work,"
said Brown. "The plan will be a powerful tool that can help to shape the
future of this institution."
Two of the plan's major aims will
be to limit sprawl and create a sense of
place on a campus that has few land-
University Planner Andrew Brown
marks. (For full details of the campus
plan proposal, see a special insert in
this issue of UBC Reports.)
For the past several months, Brown
has been meeting with interested
groups representing all constituencies
ofthe university, seeking input and advice on how the campus should be
"We're listening
to every point of
view. It's like creating a 15,000-piece
jigsaw puzzle and
then putting it together in some way
that makes sense,"
said Brown. "It's an
ongoing process,
we're still open to
new pieces."
One of the most
frequent complaints
Brown has heard is
that the campus is
simply too big to
Photo by Media Services wajk     across>     mat
people feel isolated.
"Typically, the largest public space
that works is about 200 acres in area,"
he said.
"That's the size of most medieval
villages and modern neighborhoods
such as Greenwich Village in New
York, Soho in London and the quarti-
ers in Paris."
One of the proposals planners are
looking at is bringing more commer-"*
rial and retail development to campus.
This could be done by creating a "town
centre" — an extension of the village
along University Boulevard, perhaps
as far as the bookstore. The area, al-'""
ready home to many public facilities,-*
could one day boast shops and even a
Based on five- and 10-year capital
improvement plans and planning strategies conceived to date, the campus plan -■*
will undergo re-drafts and revisions^
until the final version is presented to
the board of governors for approval
later this year. But Brown stresses that
the plan will always be fluid, subject to
change and alteration. _.
An exhibition of the campus plan
will be on display in the Faculty Club
for three weeks beginning Feb. 21.
A presentation of the principles
underlying the draft plan will be made
Feb. 28 at 1 p.m. in Woodward IRC
for faculty members and the university^"
community generally. »
Expertise called on for
media war coverage
Adel Safty is being watched.
During the first two weeks of the
gulf war, the UBC language education
professor, turned war analyst, made
two dozen television appearances on
local and national news programs.
Viewers actually began calling one
Vancouver station to find out when
Safty would be on next.
"He's become a bit of a celebrity,"
said George Froehlich, executive producer at UTV.
Froehlich has even used Safty to
promote his station's war coverage
after the professor predicted that Iraq
would attempt to hide its airforce in
The 15-second promotional clip
shows Safty in the studio making his
prediction on Jan. 22. The screen then
switches to a major U.S. network reporting the same story five days later.
"Other stations called to see if I
had inside information or just good
analysis," said Safty. Froehlich thinks
the latter.
"Journalists are very good at bombarding people with information," said
Froehlich. "But you need somebody
who can put it all in perspective. Safty
does that in a very down-to-earth way."
Between Jan. 14 and Feb. 4, Safty
appeared 10 times on CBC television
and radio, made 15 appearances on
UTV, was interviewed by Global TV,
The Financial Post and twice by The
Vancouver Sun and The Globe and
When he isn't on television or teaching, Safty, a former political science
professor, is busy researching a book
on the Camp David negotiations between Egypt, Israel and the United
States and their effect on the Middle
But Safty is just one of a number of
UBC professors who have themselves
been bombarded by media requests for
analysis on the war.
"For a while here you couldn't walk
down the hall without tripping over
camera crews," said Political Science
Professor Don Munton. "Our department has definitely done its public service for the month."
Munton, who specializes in Canadian foreign policy, added that while
some interviews were less thoughtful
than others, his experience with the
media has so far been a good one.
Mike Wallace, also with the political science department, estimated that
the day after war broke out, he received a phone call every 18 minutes
between 8 a.m. and 11 p.m.
Wallace, an expert on Canadian
defence policy, said he had to turn
down a lot of requests because the interview time was just too short.
"Some of these people expected me
to explain the gulf situation in 30 seconds," said Wallace. "I stop being a
scholar at that point."
How does political scientist Brian
Job describe the media response to
"The words feeding frenzy come to
mind," he said.
Job's media encounters have included appearances on Cathay TV and
interviews with The Financial Post,
Seattle Post Intelligencer and the Minneapolis Star Tribune.
Other UBC experts called upon for
Police, university investigation underway
Students involved in vandalism
Police and university officials are investigating an attempted prank by students that resulted in damage to
campus telephone cables.
UBC Security Coordinator Joan Dickson said a plastic sheath covering was removed from a telephone
trunk line on the night of Jan. 31, exposing 2,400 cable
Between 50 and 75 pairs were cut and the others were
exposed to potentially damaging moisture. Telephone
service was disrupted in at least two campus buildings,
but was quickly restored by B.C. Tel crews.
"The potential for damage was astounding," Dickson
said. "It could have eliminated telephone connections to
half the campus and would have taken two months to
Dickson said two students turned themselves in to
police later that night. They admitted to exposing the
wires, but said they were not responsible for cutting them.
They claimed to have fled the site after being surprised
by another, unidentified person. When they returned
to retrieve their tools, the wires had been cut, they
The cost of repairing the damage is believed to be at
least $6,000. Police are considering laying charges.
This was the latest in a series of incidents linked to
students that Dickson said "we are no longer considering
In December, access gates at every parkade and parking lot on campus were removed. Most of the gates were
found nearby, but the connecting hardware was never
recovered. Two students were questioned in connection
with the incident. Police are still investigating.
Also in December, a pair of tents belonging to the
university were stolen. They were later retrieved from
students. No charges were laid.
analysis on the war include Gail Bellward, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Science, Hanna Kassis, Religious Studies
Department, Maurice Levi, Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration, Paul Bradley with the Department of Economics and Colin Gordon
of the History Department.
U of A cut-backs may result
in department closures
The University of Alberta must
close some academic departments to
make a $4.5-million cut in annual operating expenditures, says university
president Paul Davenport.
"The university is experiencing serious financial difficulties," Davenport
said. "Our institution cannot continue
to do everything it currently does and
maintain excellence at the same time."
A report prepared by Davenport and
his vice-presidents recommends the
university close three academic departments — Agricultural Engineering,
Applied Sciences in Medicine and
Recreation and Leisure Studies — as
well as the program of Mining Engineering.
It also recommends "significant
reductions" in the budgets of the De
partment of Oral Biology, the Faculty
of Extension and University Computing Systems and a reduced quota for
doctoral students in Dentistry.
The report also calls for major reorganizations of the Vocational Education and Industrial Arts Education program, Student Counselling Services,
the Faculty of Library and Information
Studies and, potentially, the Department of Printing Services.
The recommendations will now be
discussed by senior university committees and the board of governors.
Peter Meekison, vice-president,
academic, said the selective cuts recommended in the report are preferable
to the across-the-board reductions the
university has experienced in recent
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2206 East Mall, UBC Campus, 228-5931 UBCREPORTS Feb.21.1991
Photo by Media Services
Peter Jones operates a mass spectrometer, used to measure the amount of heavy water in the body.
UBC/RE to market new technology
A new university company has been
formed to develop and market technology resulting from UBC research.
UBC Research Enterprises (UBC/
RE), a spin-off company of UBC's
Industry Liaison Office, was incorporated last month to oversee prototype
development, market assessment and
the formation of companies based on
university research.
Ed Auld, UBC/RE vice-president,
said the company will attract financing
and support from private industry, investors and government agencies for a
more coordinated approach to commercializing technology.
"The company will provide one-
stop-shopping for all aspects of technology transfer," said Auld. "Our goal
now is to work in close partnership
with faculties and take the technology
from demonstrations in a lab to more
marketable devices."
Research disclosures to UBC's
Industry Liaison Office have increased
from a handful each year, in the early
1980s, to almost 100 this year. About
10 per cent of these disclosures involve some form of significant prototype development. Estimates indicate
that for every dollar of research and
development that goes into an invention, another $10 must be spent before
it can be commercialized.
Auld said venture capital financing
not presently available to the university for scaling up inventions will now
be open to inventors through UBC/
RE. Auld added that the federal
government's willingness to consider
matching private investment may also
result in the annual prototype development budget being increased by about
The Industry Liaison Office, which
spends $300,000 each year in patenting research ideas, will continue: to
oversee the majority of technology
transfers. With the help of an advisory
board of academic and industry experts, UBC/RE will provide market
assessments, industrial contacts, financing and preparation of business
plans for prototype development.
An annual survey of companies
shows 87 firms have evolved from
university research and personnel in
the last two decades. These companies
employ more than 4,600 people and
generated sales in excess of $824 million in 1989.
Royalties have grown from $5,000
a year in 1983 to close to $750,000 in
1990. For every dollar of royalties UBC
receives from licensed companies, half
goes to the inventor, one-sixth to the
inventor's faculty or department and
the remainder to the university. In the
1989-1990 academic year, UBC generated more than 60 per cent of B.C.'s
total public and private research.
'Heavy water milkshakes' used
New procedure advances
cholesterol investigation
A procedure developed by a UBC
professor is revolutionizing the way
cholesterol production in the human
body is measured.
Peter Jones, of the School of Family and Nutritional Sciences, has determined that non-radioactive stable isotopes can be used safely to measure
cholesterol synthesis.
"The use of stable isotopes will open
doors in the investigation of cholesterol metabolism," said Jones. "Until
recently, cholesterol synthesis was
determined by fecal examination. The
procedure was time consuming, not
very accurate and rather odoriferous,"
he said. "Stable isotopes, which can
be used to trace the formation of a
variety of compounds in the body, including cholesterol, are enabling us to
get more accurate readings quickly and
Using "heavy water milkshakes,"
Jones was able to determine the rate of
cholesterol formation in the body. The
heavy water contains deuterium, a nonradioactive stable isotope produced by
nuclear generating stations. Jones
compiled data by analyzing blood
samples from people who had consumed measured amounts of the heavy
water milkshakes.
"Half of a person's cholesterol is
produced by the body while the other
half is consumed in the diet," explained
Food outlets close for break
Campus Food Services outlets will be closed or operating on restricted
hours today and tomorrow, Feb. 21 and 22, due to spring break.
Open for business are: Subway Cafeteria, from 7:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m.
(but closed Saturday and Sunday); the Ponderosa, from 7:30 a.m. to 3:30
p.m; IRC Snack Bar, from 8 a.m. to 3:45 p.m.; and the Barn Coffee Shop,
from 7:45 a.m. to 3:45 p.m. The Underground in Sedgewick Library will be
open on Sunday, Feb. 24, from 10 a.m. to 9:30 p.m.
Jones. "Determining a person's circulating cholesterol level was never a
problem. That can be done with a
simple blood test. Now we can see
how dietary factors influence how
much synthesis contributes to cholesterol levels in the blood."
A study published in 1989 by the
University of Toronto revealed that
circulating cholesterol levels could be
lowered by eating many small meals
each day, as opposed to three large
meals. But it wasn't until Jones applied his isotope methodology that scientists were able to determine why
"nibbling" lowered the amount of cholesterol produced by the body.
"In a study we conducted last April,
six UBC students were fed every four
hours over a three-day period," said
Jones. "The students consumed the
same number of calories they normally
would during the course of three meals
a day. Using heavy water, we were
able to discover that the nibbling diet
resulted in a radical decrease in cholesterol synthesis — the likely cause of
the reduced cholesterol levels seen in
the Toronto study."
Jones said that normally, every time
we eat, insulin is released into the body.
This creates a set of circumstances
which stimulates the production of
"The bigger the meal, the higher
the level of insulin that's released,"
said Jones, "and the more cholesterol
is produced. By eating smaller meals,
you're not giving your body enough
calories at one time to stimulate the
production of insulin."
The result: a lower cholesterol formation rate — 75 percent lower in
Jones' study of UBC students.Jones
said further application of this technique in humans will improve our current understanding of the interaction
of clinical nutrition and disease.
Hirshen ready to re-energize
UBC School of Architecture
Sanford (Sandy) Hirshen rises
quickly from behind his desk and
moves towards the window.
"That's a gorgeous wingspan,"
he says as a bald eagle soars past his
fourth-floor office. "I've been wanting to see one of those."
Welcome to B.C., Sandy.
After a distinguished 25-year
teaching and professional career in
California, Hirshen has moved up
the coast to take on the directorship
of UBC's School of Architecture.
"Its a point in time when internally, everyone in the school feels
the need to have it re-energized,"
said Hirshen. "That is really my job
— to re-energize this school."
A not-so-quick read through
Hirshen's 21-page resume shows
he is more than up to the task.
A former professor in the Department of Architecture at The
University of California, Berkeley,
Hirshen was also chair of the College of Environmental Design and
director of the Centre for Planning
and Development Research. He is
also the founding member in the
architectural firm Hirshen Trumbo
& Associates and a fellow of the
American Institute of Architects.
Apart from his academic and administrative qualifications, it has been
Hirshen's commitment to public service architecture which is notable.
"I was brought up in the poverty of
the Bronx so I've always felt some responsibility to the community environment I grew up in," he said.
Hirshen's social conscience was
nurtured during early academic life by
radical sociologist C. Wright Mills.
Soon after graduating with an architecture degree from Columbia University, Hirshen left his job at a well-
known San Francisco firm to help a
group of public health physicians build
shelters for migrant farmworkers.
The decision to improve the miserable living conditions of these workers
coincided with the Johnson-era's War
on Poverty. With a $3-million grant,
Hirshen and his colleagues built an
innovative portable shelter for 100
families, made of paper and plastic.
The whole nature of Hirshen's work
sprang from that first project, which
contained housing and shelter as well
as child and health care facilities. As a
result of this first commission, Hirshen
became consulting architect to the State
of California and its poverty program.
In the 10 years that followed, his
firm would construct 33 such communities and draw a good deal of national
and international attention in the process.
"With my first project, I was forced
to grapple with all these fundamental
human needs," said Hirshen. "Satisfying the user needs and my own artistic
needs at trie same time is the ideal I
strive for."
Internationally, Hirshen's work has
included United States Embassy programming and design for facilities in
Cyprus and Turkey as well as consulting in Latin America and Asia. In 1985,
he won a Guggenheim Fellowship to
do a comparative study of public housing in Italy, France and Holland.
However, Hirshen said opportunities for interesting work in the field of
social housing evaporated during the
Reagan years and he wasn't interested
in pursuing a more conventional prac-
Photo by Media Services
Sanford Hirshen, the director of UBC's School of Architecture.
tice. So, it was time for change.
"As I reached middle age, I was
interested in a more focused career,"
said Hirshen, who turned 56 earlier
this month. "There were many academic directorships available but I
wanted a place that had both the potential to do interesting work and was a
beautiful place. UBC was it."
The move from Berkeley's 100-
member faculty to UBC's architectural
contingent of 10 also meant much
closer interaction among colleagues.
Hirshen said a priority will be to
"re-invigorate" the academic post-
professional masters degree and start
attracting students from around the
world to study at UBC after they've
had their professional training.
When he's not administering to
business on campus, Hirshen said
he and his wife keep busy discovering Vancouver and walking on the
beach. 4    UBC REPORTS Feb. 21.1991
February 24 -
March 9
Pharmacology Seminar
Biochemical Pharmacology Of Epipodo-
phyllotoxin (TP-16) Analogues. Dr. Y.C.
Cheng, Pharmacology, Yale U. School of
Medicine. BC Cancer Res. Centre Lecture Theatre from 12-1 pm. Call 877-6010.
Paediatrics Research Seminar
Cytokines In Inflammatory
Bowel Disease. Dr. Ernie
Siedmand, Assistant Professor, Nutrition, Hospital
Sainte-Justine, U. of Montreal.   University Hospital
Shaughnessy Site D308 at 12noon. Call
Dr. Josef Skala at 875-2492.
In The Spotlight
Outstanding Students In
Concert. Music Recital
Hall at 12:30pm. Free
admission. Call 228-3113.
Mechanical Engineering Seminar
Influence Of Buoyancy On The Flow In
Recovery Boilers. Fariba Aghdasi, Ph.D.
Student. Mechanical Engineering, UBC;
Dynamics Of The Space Station Based
Mobile Remote Manipulator System, Harry
Mah, Ph.D. Student, Mechanical Engineering, UBC. CEME 1202 from 3:30-4:30pm.
Call 228-6200.
Biochemistry Seminar
Catalytic Antibodies: Perspective And
Prospect For The Future. Dr. Don Helvert,
SCRIPPS Clinic, San Diego. IRC #4 at
3:45pm. Call 228-3402.
Astronomy Seminar
The Helium Strong Stars. Dr. Dave
Bohlender, Geophysics/Astronomy, UBC.
Geophysics/Astronomy 260 at 4pm. Coffee from 3:30pm. Call H. Richer at 228-
Grad Centre Video Nights
My Left Foot; My Beautiful
Laundrette. Graduate Student Centre Fireside Lounge
At 6:30pm. Call 228-3202.
Financial Planning Noon-Hour
Are There Any Safe Investments Left? A
Look At Today's Stock Market...And Beyond. Don Proteau, Hodgins. Leard, Pre
teau/Assoc. A joint presentation of the
UBC Faculty Association and the Centre
for Continuing Education. Henry Angus
104 from 12:30-1:20pm. Call 222-5270.
UBC Reports is tbe faculty and
staff newspaper of the University
of British Columbia. It is pub-
Hshed every second Thursday by
the UBC Community Relations
Office, 6328 Memorial Rd., Vancouver, B.C., V6T 1W5.
Telephone 228-3131.
Advertising inquiries: 228-4775.
Managing Editor: Steve Crombie
Contributors: Ron Burke, Connie
FBletti, Abe Hefter, Charles Ker,
Paula Martin and Gavin Wilson.
/%     Please
4m4*    recycle
For events in the period Mar. 10 to Mar. 23, notices must be submitted by UBC faculty or staff on proper Calendar forms no
later than noon on Tuesday, Feb. 26 to the Community Relations Office, 6328 Memorial Rd., Room 207, Old Administration
Building. For more information call 228-3131. The next edition of UBC Reports wil be published Mar. 7. Notices exceeding 35
words may be edited.
Medical Genetics Seminar
Cloning And Characterization Of Candidate sequences For The Gene For Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 2A. Dr.
Paul Goodfellow, Medical Genetics, UBC.
IRC #1 at 8:30am. Call 228-5311.
Botany Seminar
^^^^^m To Be Announced. Dr. Neil
JQR Towers, Botany, UBC.
WAWV BioSciences 2000 at
W9W       12:30pm. Call 228-2133.
Lectures In Modern Chemistry
1990/91 Pacific Coast Lecturer In Organic
Chemistry: Molecular Evolution And
Understanding Enzymes: Ribonuclease
Organic Chemistry And Alcohol Dehydrogenase. Dr. Steven A. Benner, Chemisty,
E.T.H.-Zentrum, Zurich, Switzerland.
Chemistry B250 at 1pm. Call 228-3266.
Neuroscience Discussion Group
Neural Transplantation For
Neurologic Reconstruction:
Pre-clinical Studies. Dr.
Alan Fine, Physiology/Biophysics, Dalhousie U.
Acute Care Unit G279 at
Call 228-2330.
Computer Services Hands-On
Microlunch. How To Select A DataBase
Program. Darren Craze. Computer Sciences 460 from 12:30-1:30pm. Call 228-
Microbiology Seminar Series
Function Of CD4 And CD8 Co-receptor
Molecules In T Cell Development. Dr.
Hung-Sia Teh, Microbiology, UBC. Wesbrook 201 from 12:30-1:30pm. Call 228-
Geography Seminar
Women's Health Issues In El Salvador
And Nicaragua. Cathy King, Oxfam Global
Health Project. Geography 201 from
12:30-1:30pm. Call 228-5875.
Wednesday Noon-Hour Series
Sandra Pohran, Oboe;
Robert Hollistoh, Piano.
Music Recital Hall at
12:30pm. Admission: $2
at the door. Call 228-3113.
Applied Mathematics Seminar
Discontinuous Solution Of P.D.E's: Flows
With Shocks. Dr. N. Geffen, Mathematical Sciences, Tel-Aviv U., Israel. Mathematics 229 at 3:45pm. Call 228-4584.
Biotechnology Laboratory Seminar
Molecular Anatomy Of Microbial Cytad-
herence. Dr. Joel B. Baseman, Chairman, Microbiology, U. of Texas, Health
Sciences Center, San Antonio. IRC #5 at
4pm. Call 228-2210.
Christinanity/World Conflict Discussion
Lenten Colloquium. The
United Nations And The
New World Order. Dr.
Mark Zacher, Political Science, Institute of International Relations. All welcome. Buchanan D306 at 4:30pm. Call
Resource Ecology Seminar
Mite Sex Ratio Strategies And Relat-
edness. Dolph Harmsen, Queen's U. Biosciences 2449 at 4:30pm. Call 228-4329.
Pharmacology Seminar
Nitric Oxide As A Mediator
Of Non-adrenergic, Non-
cholinergic Inhibition In The
Enteric Nervous System.
Dr. Edwin E. Daniel, Physi-
Health Sciences, McMaster U., Hamilton,
Ont. IRC #1 from 11:30-12:30pm. Call
Forestry Seminar
Cost Benefit Analysis Of Ectomycorrhi-
zae. Dr. Jones, Biology, Okanagan College. MacMillan 160 from 12:30-1:30pm.
Admission free. Call 228-2507.
Speaker Series
Land Management Strategies For Retaining Wildlife Trees. Dan Luosier, Consulting Forest Biologist. MacMillan 166 at
12:30pm. Call 228-5724.
First Nations House Of Learning
Meeting Of Science Students. Hut 0-4 board room
from 12:30-2:30pm. Call
Madeleine Maclvor at 222-
UBC Jazz Ensembles
Free Admission. Music Recital Hall at
12:30pm. Call 228-3113.
Obstetrics/Gynaecology Research Seminar
Physiology And Clinical Significance Of
Androgen Conjugates. Dr. Roger Rittmas-
ter, Obsterics/Gynaecology, Dalhousie U.
Grace Hospital 2H30 from 1:30-2:30pm.
Call 875-2334.
Koerner Memorial Lecture
Poetry And Music In The Middle Ages.
Prof. Leo Treitler, Graduate Centre, City
U. of New York. Music Library 6795 at
3:30pm. Call 6795.
Physics Colloquium
The First Year Of Wave
Mechanics. Nador L.
Bacazs, Physics, SUNY at
Stony Brook, New York.
Hennings 201 at 4pm. Call
Psychology Colloquium
Emotional Expression And Well-Being. Dr.
James Pennebaker, Southern Methodist
U. Dallas, Texas. Kenny 2510 at 4pm.
Call 228-3005.
Astronomy Seminar
An Automated Survey For Variable Stars.
Dr. Ed Schmidt. U. of Nebraska. Geophysics/Astronomy 260 at 4pm. Call H.
Richer at 228-4134/2267.
Law Lecture
Hate, Hierarchy And Homicide. Professor
Christine LM. Boyle, LL.B., Queen's, Belfast; LLM., Queen's, Kingston; Walter S.
Wen Lecture-1991. Curtis 101/102 at
5:30pm. Call 228-3925.
Dentistry Lecture
The Changing Face Of Dentistry And
Implications For Dental Education. Dr.
Harald Loe, Director of National Institute
of Dental Research, USA. Woodward
IRC #1 at 7:30pm. Call 228-5996.
Distinguished Artists Series
An Evening Of Chamber Music Featuring
Celebrated Faculty Artists. Admission:
$12/Adults, $7/Students/Seniors. Music
Recital Hall; Prelude Lecture at 7:15pm,
Concert at 8pm. Call 228-3113.
Illustrated Lecture
City Of The Grim Reaper: The Rediscovery Of Mashkan-shapir In Southern Iraq.
Dr. Paul Zimansky, Associate Professor,
Archaeology, Boston U. Museum Of Anthropology Theatre at 8pm. Call 228-
Rights/Freedom Forum - Session 3
Freedom Of Expression.
Vancouver Sun Columnists: Ann Rosenburg,
Stephen Hume, Francis
Bula. AMS Council: Mark
Keister.    Sub Auditorium
from 12:30-2:30pm.  Call Peter Cocciolo
at 224-5328.
FRIDAY, MAR. 1      \
Pediatrics Grand Rounds
Paediatric Aids. Dr. Jack Forbes, Consultant, M.B., Ch.B., F.R.C.P.(C). G.F.
Strong Rehab. Centre Auditorium at 9am.
Call 875-2118.
School Nursing Noon-Hour Lecture
The Influence Of Nursing Research On
Health Care Policy. Dr. Margaret Dimond,
Professor And Assistant Dean For Research, U. of Washington College of Nursing. School Of Nursing, Acute Care Hospital #180 (3rd fl.) at 12noon. Call 228-
Koerner Memorial Lecture
The Politics Of Reception:
Tailoring The Present As
Fulfillment Of A Desired
Past. Professor Leo Treitler, Graduate Center, City
U. of New York. Music
113 at 12:30pm. Call 228-6795.
Chemical Engineering Weekly
Topics In Adaptive Process Control. Dr.
G Dumont, Electrical Engineering.
ChemEngineering 206 at 3:30pm. Call
Fisheries/Aquatic Sciences
Future Trends In Fisheries Research.
Peter Larkin, UBC. Biosciences 2361.
Call 228-4329.
Economics Departmental Seminar
Estimating Panel Data Sets With Serial
Correlation When Instruments Are Not
Strictly Exogenous. David Runkle, Research, FRB, Minneapolis. Host: Professor James Nason. Brock Hall 351 from 4-
5:30pm. Call 228-2876.
j   SATURDAY, MAR. 2 \
Vancouver Institute Lecture
The United Nations After
The Cold War: L. Yves
Fortier, O.C., Q.C, Ambassador/Permanent Representative The Permanent
Mission of Canada to the
U.N. IRC #2 at 8:15pm. Call 228-5675.
UBC Faculty Women's Club
Social Evening
Dancing With Ruth And Alex Jappy. Cecil
Green Park at 7:30pm. Games, refreshments, husband/guests welcome. Call for
reservations at 222-1983.
MONDAY, MAR. 4    j
Cecil/Ida Green Visiting Professor Lecture
Psychology. Phantom Limb Pain. Prof.
Ronald Melzack, Psychology, McGill U.
IRC #6 at 12:30pm. Call 228-5675.
Paedicatrics Research Seminar
Series 1990/91. The Molecular Pathology Of Cholesterol Esterification. Haydn
Pritchard, assoc. prof., Pathology, UBC
Research Centre. University Hospital,
Shaughnessy Site D308 at 12noon,. Call
Dr. Josef Skala at 875-2492.
Biochemistry Seminar
Calponin: A Calmodulin-Binding Troponin-
T-Like Protein In Smooth Muscle. Dr.
Michael Walsh, Medical Biochem., U. of
Calgary. IRC #4 at 3:45pm. Call 228-
Applied Mathematics Seminar
Evolutionary Ecology Of Inducible Defences. Dr. Colin W. Clark, UBC. Math
229 at 3:45pm. Call 228-4584.
Mechanical Engineering Seminars
Simulation Of Fishing Fleet Economics.
David Molyneaux. Dynamics And Coon-
trol Of Fish Processing. Franco Bussani.
Both speakers, M.A.Sc. students, Mech.
Eng., UBC. Civil/Mechanical Engineering
1202 from 3:30-4:30pm. Call 228-6200.
Astronomy Seminar
Large Scale Instability. Dr.
Craig Hogan, Physics/Astronomy, U. of Washington. Geophysics/Astronomy 260 at 4pm. Coffee
at 3:30pm. Call H. Richer
at 228-4134/2267.
VST G. Peter Kaye Lectures
Jesus And God's Reign In Asia. Dr.
Choan-Seng Song, Theology/Asian Cultures, Pacific School of Religion, Berkeley,
CA. The Way, The Truth, The Life Of
Jesus: 12:30-2pm. The Banquet Of God's
Reign: 7:30-9:30pm. Epiphany Chapel,
Vancouver School of Theology. 228-9031.
UBC Student Composers Concert
Free admission. Music Recital Hall at
12:30pm. Call 228—3113.
Psychiatry Academic Lecture
Program 1991
Serotonergic Contributions To Schizophrenic Symptomatology. Dr. John Krystal, Psychiatry, Yale U. and Director, Clinical Research, West Haven VA Medical
Center. BC Cancer Research Centre,
601 West 10th 8:30-9:30am. 228-7325.
Neuroscience Discussion Group
Excitatory Amino-Acid Receptors Systems
On Sub-Populations Of Striatial Neurons
In Vitro. Dr. Sam Weiss, Pathology, Pharmacology/Therapeutics, U. of Calgary.
University Hospital, UBC Site G279 at
4pm. Call 228-2330.
Medical Genetics Seminar
Clinical Genetics In Newfoundland: An
Overview. Dr. Elizabeth
Ives, Community Medicine/Behavioural Sciences, Medicine, Memorial
U. of Newfoundland, St.
John's. IRC #1 at 8:30am.
Coffee at   8:15 am. Call 228-5311.
Biotechnology Lab Seminar
Protein Purification: Can Water Do The
Trick? Dr. Daniel Forciniti, Chemical
Engineering, North Carolina State U.,
Raleigh, NC. Wesbrook 201 at 4pm.
Call Dr. M. Smith at 228-4838. THE    UNIVERSITY    OF    BRITISH     COLUMBIA
This information will form the basis of a public
presentation on Thursday, Feb. 28, 1.00pm •
2:30 pm in the Woodward Instructional Resource Centre, Room #2. Written comments or
requests for further information should be
submitted to Andrew Brown, University Planner, Campus Planning and Development
The intent of this discussion paper is to stimulate discussion about
the content of a UBC Long Range
Development Plan.
It is intended that the Long Range
Development Plan have three major sections: the first dealing with
background and issues, the second dealing with planning determinants and strategies, and the third
being a demonstration plan, or
image of the campus as it might be
if the strategies were carried out.
This discussion paper is a "first
cut" at each of the sections. At this
time, Section 2 deals more substantially with the Main Campus
than with the Middle and South
Campuses. These latter areas will
receive greater attention in succeeding drafts.
The physical planning process is the
vehicle to get buildings and landscapes
constructed, maintained, and preserved in order to provide and manage the necessary community of facilities which enables institutional goals
and decisions to be realized.
A comprehensive Institutional Plan
for UBC has four primary inter-related
components: academic planning, financial planning, community planning and
physical planning. The Mission Statement is a summary of all four; but it focuses on the Academic plan (including
education, research and service),
touching on the others as they are
needed to support the Academic Mission. The Long Range Development
Plan will focus on the Physical Environment necessary to nurture and
support the Mission.
Physical planning deals both with
individual projects and public infrastructure: circulation systems, utilities, and
linking landscapes. Much of the content of each project is established by
identifying and meeting user needs,
as constrained by the financial resources available. But an aspect of
each project also deals with the contribution it makes to the campus as a
A campus is a family of buildings
and landscapes. Each has individual
needs and a separate identity. However, as in a family, each can and
should make a contribution and work
together so that the whole is greater
than the parts. The alternative is that
each is designed to meet only the
needs of it's own special constituency
without reference to the others, or,
worse, works at cross purposes to the
needs of others and the common good.
Campus plans express the
university's expectations at the time
they are drafted, but they continue to
evolve. The plan must be able to
evolve along with the University's
needs and resources or it will soon
become redundant.
In order to ensure that the plan is
useful as a firm basis on which to direct campus development, and remains so, the following requirements
must be met:
i) The plan strategies must be endorsed by the Administration and the
Board of Governors.
ii) When a project is first contemplated, a determination should be made
as to whether the basic intent of that
project is in conformance with the plan.
iii) If it is, the project design, at each
stage, should be tested for conformance with the plan strategies.
iv) If it is not in conformance, the
project should be modified so that it is,
or the plan should be modified to permit the project.
iv) The plan should be formally reviewed and updated every five years.
This discipline will ensure that the
plan is sufficiently flexible to accommodate genuine evolution, but remain
sufficiently current and relevant to protect the University community from
arbitrary or single-constituent decisions.
The campus plan is the means by
which the physical aspirations of the
Mission Statement can be implemented. This means dealing with the
facts and figures of Section II (The
People) and Section III (The Community); and it should do so using the
philosophical underpinnings set out in
the Introduction and Section I (The
Mission). This will be done when the
design of the buildings and landscapes
on campus not only meet the needs of
their particular users, but contribute to
the composite environment to make it
an efficient place to work, learn and
live, as well as a place which uplifts the
spirit and is a joy to inhabit.
A central proposition of the Mission
Statement is that the University is "an
environment to support the adventure
of the mind and spirit". That environment is intellectual, social, and physical. To be a great university, UBC
must have a great environment in all
three ways; and each should support
and be supported by the others.
A great physical environment will
assist in nurturing great education and
research. It will help attract outstanding teachers, students and researchers, and make their work more productive and enjoyable. It will encourage benefactors to identify with the
place. But it will not materialize simply
through the provision of new buildings.
The design of buildings and the infrastructure tying them together requires
no less direction and creative thinking
than the other pursuits of the University. The Mission Statement defines
appropriate pursuits for UBC: "If an
area of activity is not based on a conceptual framework and may be carried
on with a minimum of thought, it has
no place in the university". This measure should be applied no less to the
design and maintenance of the campus itself than to the other activities at
The design and realization of a great
environment - to which this plan seeks
to give meaning - must be a stated
goal. If "UBC is to continue to be one
of the best universities in Canada, if
not the best, and among the best in
North America"; if it is to "enhance its
status as a research intensive university"; if it is to "serve the Province as
well as it should as a mainspring for
economic, social and cultural development", it must have the physical environment to do so, for both practical
and symbolic reasons.
The Mission Statement emphasizes
"the inter-relationship between disciplines, the need to re-establish links
between the humanities and the sciences, and the need to build bridges"
within disciplinary groupings. This
objective can be helped or hindered by
the design of the physical environment.
The campus design can help by fostering an identification with and an
understanding of the whole campus,
links between buildings, and links within
departments in the buildings.
The UBC campus is described as
"unfinished". In one sense, a campus
is never "finished", but it should have a
sense of finish, or at least of compose,
of being complete at all times while allowing for further growth. The sense
of finish necessary to give occupants
and visitors the feeling that they are in
the tangible presence of a great university requires the exemplary design
and construction of new buildings and
of the spaces between the buildings,
and the repair of existing ones. The
strategies are intended to give some
guidance as to the University's collective idea of "exemplary".
The University, with its neighbour
the UEL community, is at the land's
end of Point Grey, perceptually separated from the rest of the city by the
forest of Pacific Spirit Park. This location gives it a sense of being special,
set in a garden bounded by forest.
But in spite of its relative isolation
and natural setting, it is not self-contained, and it is not monastically collegiate. It is a large bustling commuter
campus. The distance that its occupants must travel makes it a time-consuming place to get to and from. This
situation promotes a tendency for many
commuters to stay as short a time as
possible on campus, to spend their leisure, social and shopping time elsewhere. The lack of facilities for these
activities reinforces the tendencies in
a positive feedback loop. The potential campus lifestyle suggested by its
location and landscape is to a degree
at odds with the reality.
However, the Mission Statement
now lays claim to a renaissance in the
university, which might resolve this discrepancy - the current building programme, after a long lapse in capital
investment, is evidence that the renaissance is a realistic possibility. The
University's mission is an unambiguous drive for academic and research
excellence. How can the physical development of the university, given its
location, assist in promoting excellence?
One of the strengths of the location
is the way in which it fits in with the traditional view of the North American
collegiate ideal traceable to the origins
of English higher education in Oxford
and Cambridge, of a relatively complete, self-contained academic community, a city in microcosm dedicated
to the pursuit of knowledge, thought
and the academic life.
But the campus is sorely lacking in
everyday urban services. To be a fully
operating part of the larger community
it must become more continuously active, and to do this it needs a greater
variety of recreational, social, and retail facilities, and a larger and more integrated resident population.
The University has a primary structure of four major components:   the 1991 CAMPUS PLAN
Theological Colleges, the Main Campus, the Middle Campus, and the South
Campus, which share the Point Grey
land's end with the UEL neighbourhood.
In it's secondary structure, the Main
Campus breaks down into a series of
smaller components. The large "academic core" is surrounded by service
functions: parking, residential, cultural,
student service and health care uses.
The Middle Campus has a less organized grouping of residential areas,
athletic fields, parking lots, botanical
gardens, and federal research facilities.
The South Campus, essentially
separated from the rest of the University by 16th Avenue, has a perimeter
of dense forest and an interior clearing
containing industrial research facilities
and agricultural fields and buildings.
The UBC campus land area is one
of the largest in North America. Stanford in California compares in size, but
comparison with other western universities, such as Washington, Simon
Fraser and Alberta show complete land
holdings that are only the size of UBC's
Main Campus, excluding the Middle
and South Campuses. Comparison
with the other two top Canadian universities (McGill and Toronto), show
whole campuses, of roughly similar student enrolment and faculty/staff populations, containing all the academic,
Health Science, parking, athletic, recreational, social and support facilities
within perhaps half the area consumed
by similar facilities at UBC.
While McGill and UofT do not need
the same housing and parking acreage as UBC, this condition does not
reduce the discrepancy in size by
much. And the University of Alberta,
which has a similar car orientation also
takes up a far smaller acreage than
When the UBC land area is compared with that of downtown Vancouver, one gets a sense of how large the
whole campus is. If one were to walk
from north to south, it would be like
walking from Main Street to the Lost
Lagoon in Stanley Park.
A comparison with the length of the
Mall to that of Granville Street downtown is also instructive. The south
section is as long as the distance between Drake Street and Nelson, and
the Rose Garden would be north of
Georgia St. The East and West Malls
would lie on Hornby and Richards
Each of the original campus blocks
are twice the size of downtown blocks,
and nearly three times the size of West
End blocks.
There is no doubt that the UBC campus could have been built in a more
compact manner, and would have
been if it had had land constraints like
most other campuses. The presence
of large land holdings has encouraged
sprawl.   It has also encouraged the
retention of all habitable structures on
campus, even those of questionable
quality efficiency: built space is always
valuable to someone and it saves unnecessary inconvenience or conflict to
leave existing buildings where they are
and build elsewhere. Campuses such
as UofT and McGill have not had that
luxury and have consequently built
more densely.
A low density campus, especially
one in a garden environment, has
charm and some advantages, but as
the campus spreads so it will become
increasingly difficult to support the
Mission Statement's objective of encouraging interdisciplinary linkage,
broad as well as specialized education, and cross-disciplinary fertilization
in research.
Urban settlements tend to break
down into distinguishable districts of
about 200 acres each. This is roughly
the size of the quartiers in Paris, districts such as Soho and "The City" in
London, downtown and midtown in
Toronto, and downtown and the West
End in Vancouver. This is also approximately the size of many self-contained medieval villages. The reason
for this tendency to cellular organization probably lies in walking distances:
200 acres is encompassed within a
15-minute walking diameter.
The spread of the UBC Main Campus means that the University is struggling against this natural tendency.
Many of the complaints about lack of
cohesion, getting lost, isolation and
long walking distances spring from this
The Strategies described below are
some of the principles which should
guide development on the Main Campus. Further strategies will be developed during the planning process.
The so-called "Academic Core" at
UBC is larger than most whole universities: core, body and periphery combined. There are significant costs to
sprawl. Longer roads and paths, increased paving and landscaping, extended underground services, all cost
more to build and maintain. Salaries
paid to maintenance workers, academics and staff are contiuously lost to
unproductive travel time. The land
cost is significant.
If the Main Campus is to become
more cohesive, it requires better linkages between what are currently relatively isolated components. The campus north of Marine Drive, the Student
Union area, the Health Science area,
and the residential precincts should be
better linked to the centre of the campus. While this can be partly accomplished through pedestrian and transit
circulation, and by infilling with a greater
intensity of buildings and activities,
sheer distance is difficult to overcome,
no matter how good the circulation systems or how active the scene.
The University would benefit financially, socially, aesthetically and academically - that is, it will support its
Mission Statement more adequately -
if all future education, academic, research, housing and support services
were contained within the boundaries
of the presently built up Main Campus.
The area is already greater than a
naturally cohesive 200 acre district, but
it is not practical to think of shrinking
back. In addition, commitments have
already been made to locate new facilities south of Agronomy Road. If
these commitments are too firm to
rescind, expansion should extend no
further than the centre of the parking
block. At this point a firm line should
be drawn, beyond which no further
mainstream academic or research
facilities should be built. Similarly, limits should be drawn to the north, west
and east, in these cases to natural
boundaries. The practicality of this
strategy lies in the considerable capacity of the built-up campus to absorb
new buildings.
The result would be a 20-minute
rather than a 15-minute walking campus. This may not be ideal, but will be
considerably better than a 25- or 30-
minute walking campus. The impediments to cohesion inherent in a 20-
minute walking campus should be
reduced as much as possible through
an efficient and frequent internal transit system.
The UBC campus contains an unusual number of temporary structures.
They originated through lack of funds
for permanent facilities at the time, but
they remain because, rather than tearing them down and building permanently in their place when funds become available, the University usually
chose to pioneer new sites. It had the
land, and the temporary facilities were
still of use. But if a sprawl-limiting
strategy takes the place of that tradition, the question arises as to how
much development capacity is available within the 20-minute Main Campus.
In answering this question, the first
thing to determine is which buildings
and landscapes should remain in the
long term because of their functional,
material or aesthetic value.
The accompanying illustrations
show those buildings which are expected to remain for the long term, and
those landscapes with the similar expected longevity.
Several sites are already committed
to future construction in the current
five year plan, and are therefore no
longer available. These are also illustrated.
Having removed committed and
firmly developed sites from consideration, there still remain many opportunities for intensifying land use in the Main
Campus through future construction.
The genius loci - spirit of the place -
of UBC can and should be enhanced
through the siting and design of further
development to reinforce the distinctive character and identity of the campus and its parts. The genius loci of
the campus is inherent in the patterns
of buildings and landscapes, and is
largely, but not solely, a product of the
site's original topography and vegetation. It is the variations of topography,
vegetation, and built form which produce distinctive areas within the campus. The planning and design of new
buildings and landscapes should seek
to clarify and support these distinctions.
A central north/south ridge - the
"Hog's Back" - was very rightly selected by the early planners for the
location of the Main Mall. Elevated
above the rest of the site, the prominence of the ridge lent itself to the
development of an effective campus
The Main Mall
The Mall is an allee of regularly
spaced pin oaks, which establishes a
formal order in the centre of an otherwise profuse and relaxed landscape.
While the strongest design element
on campus, it has some of the air of an
abandoned carriageway. To reach the
potential it deserves, it should become
more formal and simple.
The Main Mall is the primary landscape asset of the Campus, the sole
organizing feature and primary means
of orientation in what would otherwise
be a very fractured group of buildings.
As arguably the most memorable aspect of the campus to first time visitors
and long term faculty alike, it should be
preserved and enhanced.
The Western Slopes: A
"Hill Town"
The relatively steep slopes between
the West and Main Malls currently have
a small "grain" pattern of buildings. This
intricacy can be reinforced and the
sense of a "hill town" promoted in the
buildings, lanes, courts, and stairs
throughout this zone.
The Top of the Escarpment
The top of the escarpment around
the Museum of Anthropology and Cecil
Green House should be developed to
enhance the sense of being perched 1991 CAMPUS PLAN   draft statement of
v^.w..  ww r i-«i^     PLANN|NG PRINCIPLES
on the top edge of the cliff, overlooking
the ocean.
The Forest
A dense, primarily coniferous forest
clothes the steep escarpment, the plateau rim and the western and theological sections of the campus.
This zone should retain the sense of
dense coniferous forest, with buildings
occupying "clearings in the forest". The
Asian Centre and the parkade are both
big buildings, but they are successfully
hidden in the surrounding forest. Surprisingly little site area need be given
over to landscape around buildings to
retain the sense of forest. For example, the thin strip of coniferous trees
behind the West Mall Office, separating it from the parking structure behind, gives the effect of the forest
coming right to the back of the buildings. This treatment should be extended down the west zone to Totem
The Academic Plateau
In contrast, academic courts of a
larger grain, set in a composed "garden" of large shrubs, profuse ground
cover, and primarily deciduous trees,
should continue the existing tradition
east of the Main Mall.
Commercial Main Street
University Boulevard is the busy
main entrance to the campus and
should be developed in the character
of a main street flanked with commercial and semi-retail activities.
The UBC campus is a particularly
"* difficult place to find one's way around.
Many parts ofthe campus are unfamiliar to many people, even those who
have worked and studied there for
» This condition results partly from the
low density spread of the campus, and
partly through the homogeneous look
of the place, caused by buildings and
landscapes of similar type.   The first
„., problem will be helped by the strategy
to limit sprawl; the second by creating
A a greater sense of place. However,
the major factor is the lack of a clear
framework of streets and public
spaces, a recognizable system of
public thoroughfares along which build-
k-    ing addresses can be organized. This
k is a condition which should be rectified.
There are also a limited number of
landmarks and memorable public
^ spaces. The Main Mall is memorable,
although some of it's value as an identifying structure is lost because it is ineffectively contained by flanking buildings, and by the relative lack of identifying features along its length. Markers like the Flag Pole, Clock Tower,
the Barn, and the Bus Terminal do
provide points of orientation; but they
are far apart and, with the exception of
the flag pole and clock tower, are not
visible from each other. Additional
markers to create a continuous series
visible one from the other would assist
The siting and design of future projects in the centre of the campus should
encourage the creation of positive
spaces, that is space which is firmly
contained by building forms. The town
squares of Europe are examples of
such spaces. The Main Mall is successfully contained by some building
facades, for example the Chemistry
and Henry Angus Buildings. Elsewhere
it is given partial containment by means
of the regularly spaced pin oaks.
The Main and Cross Malls should
terminate in major meeting or symbolic spaces contained positively by
the surrounding buildings and landscape, and positively contained greens
or squares should occur along its
Each of these spaces, together with
the intersection of the Main and Cross
Malls, should be associated with a. special marker. Three exist already: the
flag pole for the North Oval, the clock
tower for the Library Garden, and the
Barn. Perhaps the earthen mound
serves as such as an identifying feature for the east Town Square. The
others should be given markers as new
development occurs around them.
The Main and Cross Malls should
have an appropriate punctuation where
they emerge from the academic centre
of the campus.
To the north, the Flag Plaza can be
reinforced, terracing down to the Rose
Garden and into a large lawn. This
lawn, which will have the feel of being
carved, out of the forest, engages Marine Drive and encompasses the Rose
Garden, giving passersby an introduction to the campus. It will act as a front
lawn or forecourt to the University, and
will visually link the lower northern campus with the upper central area.
The existing bus terminal at the east
side of the Cross Mall has some of the
aspects of a bustling town square,
which should be reinforced. The
square would be supported by the
"student world" to the north. The University Boulevard entry can be given a
strong sense of identity and perform a
valuable role as the University's commercial "Main Street", extending the
existing shopping nucleus into the
A second town square can be located at the west end of the Cross
Mall, supported by a second bus terminal, student services, classrooms
and housing in the long term.
The Main Mall is punctuated by
major open spaces both north and
south of University Boulevard: the
existing Library Garden and a new
"Science Quad" encompassing
Fairview Grove.
As the Main Mall emerges from the
built-up area and enters the parking
lots, the design of a termination space
is a special case. A unique and memorable characteristic of the Mall is its
extreme length, the unimpeded slice it
makes through the landscape and out
into the ocean to the north. To retain
this character southward, the axis
should not end as it emerges from the
academic core, but continue. Yet some
punctation at the point of its emergence should mark this important
place. An opening around the barn in
that location, well placed as a visitors
centre, could serve this purpose, and
the barn could act as the identifying
marker for the space.
The original site plan for UBC had
an urban character: defined street
blocks in a regular grid pattern. Subsequent development has, however,
produced a campus of a distinctly suburban character: dual carriageway
arteries, roads designed not as a flexible network but for origins and destinations at the time of design, deadend
roadways, complicated intersections in
which each turning movement is given
a separate lane, and pedestrian paths
separated from roadways.
This pattern combines low density
with cells of single purpose land uses
to create an environment which has
limited flexibility and diversity.
A more continuous and flexible road/
block network should be reinstated in
the areas surrounding the heart of the
campus. Where the road/block system presently exists, such as in the
parking lots south of Agronomy Road
and to some extent west of West Mall,
it is retained. The North Campus is
linked into the road network through a
loop road connecting the East and
West Malls via an extension of Cecil
Green Park Road. Within the Health
Sciences Area and its extension zone,
existing streets are extended and
linked. Similarly, the deadend driveway network between the Student
Union Building and Gage Residences
is rationalized into an urban street
which links through to the East Mall.
The tradition of gates to the campus
is retained at each of the major entry
The proposed road system would
not only facilitate automobile, transit
and bicycle circulation around the
campus, but it would also feed directly
into parking lots and parkades.
Short term parking for visitors who
require direct access to buildings
throughout the campus is accommodated in small lots between buildings
and in metered street parking zones.
The need for cohesion of the Main
Campus and the analysis of walking
distances clearly indicate that a frequent and convenient internal transit
system is essential if the Mission
Statement's objectives of inter-faculty
communication is to be met, and class
changes within 10 minutes are to be
accommodated. There could be two
locations for major bus stations, one
existing and the second proposed on
University Boulevard west. An internal
transit system is also proposed, linking
the bus stations and the parking lots
and parkades with most of the academic and research buildings of the
Main Campus; all within 2 minutes of
transit stops.
If the system is to be effective, buses
should be very frequent at class
change, and at other times have maximum headways of 5-7 minutes.
Consideration should also be given,
either as an alternative or as an addition, to a linear transit system running
back and forth along the Main Mall.
This system could be intermittent,
operating prior to the first morning class
and at subsequent class changes.
The proposed pedestrian circulation
system is an extension and rationalization of that which now exists. In the
outer areas of the Main Campus, regular sidewalks should be provided on
both sides of the road. In the inner
area, the two major malls and cross-
paths between academic blocks form
the primary network. A finer network
of paths fits within academic blocks.
That pattern follows the "building grain"
discussed under "A Sense of Place".
For years people have suggested
that the campus needs a system of
sheltered pedestrian ways. There are
a few routes through buildings, and a
few covered walkways, but they are
not on prime circulation routes, and do
not link together to form continuous
Some campuses, particularly in cold
climates, have developed underground
networks associated with service tunnels (such as at Carleton), or have designed and constructed their buildings
so that the interior circulation route of
each links with the next. Campuses in
warmer climates have sometimes utilized a system of arcades to achieve
the same result, perhaps the most
notable being Stanford.
If implemented from the beginning,
a system of arcades along the two
main malls and between academic
blocks might have served UBC well as
a method of rain protection. However,
the opportunity for the incremental
development of a complete covered or
interior pedestrian system integral to
building design has now largely
This leaves three options for rain
protection along the Main Mall: extend
the frontage of the flanking buildings;
build free-standing covered walkways;
and incorporate covered walks within
new buildings in the few development
sites still available. 1991 CAMPUS PLAN   !**E™2?™E"
British Columbia is naturally beautiful, and views of mountain, ocean, and
forest are particularly important to its
people and its visitors.
Situated on a ridge on a plateau on
a peninsula, the site provides the opportunity to exploit spectacular views
of the sea and distant mountains.
However, the proliferation of the landscape and forest, beautiful as it is, has
obscured many of these views by its
very presence and rampant growth.
Existing views should be retained
and new ones released. From ground
level, the major opportunities for views
occur at the north, east and south terminations of the Mall Axis, and along
the escarpment lookout area of the
lower north campus. Forest trees
should be trimmed or thinned to permit
the views from these key points.
Space required by the University for
academic units can be provided in
three major ways:
i) by increasing the efficiency of
space utilization;
ii) by renovating existing space;
iii) by constructing new space.
One of the ways in which the existing space inventory can be made more
efficient is to create better linkages between them, so that the "pool of space"
available within a reasonable access
time to each academic unit is expanded.
New buildings should be designed
to serve the University community at
large as well as the needs of its constituent user groups. The project team
- users, managers, and designers - will
therefore have three areas of responsibility: the first towards particular project needs, the second towards interior
common and campus circulation
needs, and the third towards outdoor
The elements to be considered are
the interior pedestrian circulation system, university-wide instructional
space, the containment by the building
of positive outdoor space, and a "window to the campus" or external expression of the work and interest of the
building's occupants.
Many of the older buildings and
some of the newer ones serve to reinforce the sense of place of the open
spaces on campus. This happens
when the building and outdoor space
have a reciprocal relationship in which
each supports and enhances the other.
One of the reasons the Library Garden
is memorable is because the front facade of the Main Library establishes a
contained edge, animated by entrances. Similarly, the Chemistry and
Angus Buildings work well as flanking
buildings to the Mall, and present entrances and overspilling activities on to
In contrast, the Sedgewick Library
draws on the value of the open space -
for views and daylight - but the relationship is one way. The building does
not positively reinforce the outdoor
space. Similarly, Biological Sciences
is separated from the Mall by a moat,
preventing building activities from animating the Mall, and vice versa.
Space containment is desirable in
the central and urban portion of the
campus. Future buildings in these
areas should be designed so that entrances and activity areas are directly
accessible from grade, and so that
building facades positively contain adjacent outdoor space. Spaces contained will vary in size and character.
For example, on the "Western Slopes"
outdoor spaces would be small and
intimate, with a large wall-to-floor ratio.
In the Academic Plateau, outdoor
spaces would be larger, with a wall-to-
floor ratio of about 1:1.
In the "Forest" and the "Escarpment
Overlook", the relationship between
building and space is different because
buildings are self-contained pavilions
interspersed within the forest and gardens. Outdoor spaces should be
treated as glades and clearings cut out
of the forest.
Buildings last much longer than the
precise functions for which they are
first designed. Too tight a "fit" between
present functional requirements and
the building can reduce the building's
potential for adaptation to new uses in
the future.
The specialized needs defined by
the user committee must be met, but
this should be done in a way which is
described as "loose fit", so that the organization of building circulation and
rooms is sufficiently generic to permit
occupation for a number of different
types of use over the life of the building.
This approach will also assist efficiency in the use of the University's
total inventory of space.   As depart
mental needs change, expand or contract, space which is thus released can
be re-occupied by other units.
The architectural character expressed in the 1912-14 Plan was in
the grand Beaux Arts style, but very
little of this pattern has been implemented. The substantial exceptions
are the Main Library and the Chemistry Building; and in simplified form, the
"temporary" buildings in the block west
of the Library Garden. These buildings
incorporate a simplified mix of the
Gothic architectural style stemming
from the European ecclesiastical roots
of higher education and the classical
forms associated with the Jeffersonian
model, both in vogue for universities at
the time.
UBC began with but has since departed from these models. Like many
institutions developed in the post-war
period, it has promoted (or accepted)
a more egalitarian image with "modernist" or "international" style buildings.
These styles were intentionally designed to avoid symbolic associations
with previous eras or with particular
social institutions.
While this architectural approach
may successfully represent the democratic and universally accessible academe of the 1950's and 60's, the resulting campus, were it not for UBC's
rich landscape, would be barely distinguishable from industrial parks and low
rise office developments of the same
period and style.
In order to strengthen its distinctive
image, new buildings on the campus
should be designed to be more expressive of "university". This expression relates to the "style" of the architecture. It also relates, more importantly, to making the activities of the
University apparent and accessible
from the outside world and avoiding
overtly opaque, internalized and "protective" structures.
In order to retain the sense of a
"Garden Campus in the Forest", buildings on campus should not rise much
higher than the trees: they should be
an average of about four storeys -
which is also the limit of an efficient
walk-up condition - and be limited to a
maximum of six storeys.
(During the course of the planning
study, the impact or advantages, if any,
of limited clusters of tall buildings
should be examined. It may be that
the advantages gained by vertical
punctation in the urban form of the
campus are achievable without real
compromise to the garden character
of the campus. A determination of this
question can only be made once it has
been thoroughly examined.)
The dominant building material on
campus should be masonry in keeping
with the long standing academic tradition in Europe and North America.
Heavy timber construction may be
appropriate in some locations within
the forested zone. Concrete could be
used in limited amounts such as in
decorative banding, but large expanses
are particularly dull in the Vancouver
light and subject to unsightly wet patching and streaking in the drizzle. Metal
and architectural glass might also be
used to good decorative effect in limited amounts, but are too severe to be
used in large quantities.
The modelling of building forms and
the treatment of their facades should
be handled so that they "read" at different scales: from afar in their silhouette, from the middle distance in their
massing, and close-up in their detailing and decoration.
Entrances to the buildings and public places should be legible both from a
distance and nearby. Building entrances should address public spaces
and thoroughfares, rather than parking lots.
Each building design should relate
to and work together with its neighbours and with adjacent open space
and activities, so that the composition
of groups of buildings is as well considered as the composition of the building itself.
The campus, like most others, presents impediments to free and easy access for disabled people. Particularly
difficult access problems occur when
building entrances are set at the half-
level between the two primary building
floors. The University should, as an
open, public institution, provide exemplary standards of barrier-free access
throughout the campus, and where
necessary, upgrade existing facilities.
There have been many efforts over
the years to establish an extensive arboretum on campus - the present arboretum near Thunderbird Stadium on
both sides of Marine Drive, the Nitobe
Gardens, the Old Arboretum on West
Mall, the native grass berms near the
Museum of Anthropology and the
Rose Garden all bear witness to these
efforts and act as important educational resources as well as visitor attractions.
This aspect - the landscape as an
educational resource - should be nurtured and extended to the extent possible throughout the campus.
The existing layout of underground
utility lines and service tunnels throughout the campus is a complicated network of new and old, adequate and
redundant distribution lines for heating
and chilling, gas, electricity, water and
telephone. It requires considerable
The need for electronic communication for computer access throughout
campus will add to both the complexity
and urgency of this task. UBC REPORTS Feb. 21.1991
February 24
March 9
Lectures In Modern Chemistry
Spin Control In Organic Molecules/Materials: Toward An Organic
Ferromagnet? Dr. Dennis
Dougherty, Chemistry,
California Institute of Technology, Pasadena CA.
Chemistry B250 at 1pm.
Refreshments at 12:40pm. Call 228-3266.
Botany Seminar
Gene Duplication In Plants: The Chlorophyll a/b-Binding Protein Gene Family And
Other Distinguished Lineages. Dr. Eran
Pichersky, Biology, U. of Michigan, Ann
Arbor. BioSciences 2000 at 12:30pm.
Call 228-2133.
Botanical Garden Slide Lecture
Landscape Design For Plant Enthusiasts.
Dr. Howard W. Pfeifer, Botanist, Landscape Designer, Lecturer (USA, UK, Canada). Botanical Garden Reception Centre
at 8pm. Call 228-3928.
Financial Planning Noon-Hour
UBC's Pension Plan: Information To
Assist You In Your Retirement Planning.
Marcelle Sprecher, Manager, Compensation/Benefits, UBC. Free admission. A
joint presentation of the Faculty Associ-
tion and the Centre for Continuing Education. Henry Angus 104 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 222-5270.
*~    Interfaith Symposium
The Right to Self-Definition And Its Implications For The Jewish-Christian Dialogue.
Rabbi Martin Cohen. St. Mark's College
from 7:30-9pm. Call 224-3311.
VST G. Peter Kay Lectures
Jesus And God's Reign In Asia.    Dr.
-*->■ Choan-Seng Song, Theology/Asian Cultures, Pacific School of Religion, Berkely,
•*" CA. 12:30-2pm: Not A Homogeneous
God. 7:30-9pm: Epiphanies Of God In
The Oekumene. Epiphany Chapel, Vancouver School of Theology. Call 228-
Hewitt Bostock   Memorial Lec-
,,    ture
Linguistics Seminar: Aspects Of Prosadic
"*       Minimality.   Professor Alan Prince, Psychology, Brandeis U.   Scarfe 203 from
9:30-11:30am. Call 228-4256.
Microbiology Seminar Series
Topic: To Be Announced. Heather Leitch,
Microbiol., UBC.    Wesbrook 201 from
»        12:30-1:30pm. Call 228-6648.
Forestry Seminar
The Synthesis Of Forestry, Processing
And Marketing: A Key Requirement For A
Vigorous Industry In The Twenty-First
-<-' Century. Dr. David Cohen, Harvesting/
Wood Science, Forestry UBC.   Free ad-
^ mission. MacMillan 166 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 228-2507.
Geography Colloquium
Academic Research And The Legal System:      Reflections   On   The   Gitksan-
^      Wet'sowet' Land Claims Trial.   Dr. Bob
K        Gallois, Geog., UBC.  Geography 201 at
3:30pm. Call 228-3268.
Geophysics Seminar
Seismic Tomography And Gravity Inversion For Seamount Structure.    Philip
^ Hammer, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, U. of Califoria, San Diego.   Geo-
L physics / Astronomy 260 at 4pm. Coffee
at 3:45 pm. Call 228-3100.
Physiology / Zoology Seminar
Series 1991
Potential For Regulation Of Growth And
Reproducton In Fish. Dr. Ed Donaldson,
Federal Fisheries, West Vancouver. IRC
#3 at 3:30pm. Call 228-4224.
Biochemistry Seminar
Procaryotic Transciptional Enhancers. Dr.
Sidney Kustu, Cell Biology, U. of California, Berkeley. IRC #4 at 3:45pm. Call
Christianity/World Conflict discussion
Just War Theory. Rev. Bud Raymond St.
Anselm's Anglican Church. A Lenten
Colloquy presented by the UBC Anglican
Community. Buchanan D306 at 4:30pm.
Call 224-1410/3722.
Wednesday Noon-Hour Series
Erik Oland, baritone; Terrence Dawson,
piano. Admission, $2 at-the-door. Music
Recital Hall at 12:30pm. Call 228-3113.
|   THURSDAY, MAR. 7 j
Cecil/Ida Green Visiting Professor Seminars
Psychiatry. Current Concepts Of Pain.
Professor Ronald Melzack, Psychology,
McGill U. Detwiller Pavilion Lecture Theatre, University Hosptal, UBC Site at 9am.
Psychology. Memory Mechanisms In
Pain. Professor Ronald Melzack, Psychology, McGill U. Kenny 2150 at 4|jm.
Both lectures, call 228-5675.
Hewitt Bostock Memorial Lecture
Linguistics. Connectionism And The Study
Of Language: What They Can Learn From
Each Other. Professor Alan Prince, Psychology, Brandeis U. Buchanan A203
from 12:30-2:30pm. Call 228-4256.
Pharmacology Seminar
Excitatory Amino Acid Nomenclature-A
Rose By Any Other Name? Dr. Kenneth
Curry, Pharmaceutical Sciences/Physiology, Medicine, UBC. IRC #1 from
11:30am- 12:30pm. Call 228-2575.
Physics Colloquium
The Universe You Don't See. Virginia
Trimble, Physics/Astronomy, U. of Msiry-
land; U. of California, Irvine. Hennings
201 at 4pm. Call 228-3853.
CICSR Distinguished Lecture
The Opening Up of Communications-
Towards Wideband Telecommunications.
Dr. Roberty Lucky, Executive Director,
AT&T Communication Sciences Research. Scarfe 100 from 1-2pm. Coffee/
cookies at 12:30pm. Cal 228-6894.
UBC Stage Band
Fred Stride, director. Free admission.
Music Recital Hall at 12:30pm. Call 228-
Students For Forestry Awareness Speaker Series
New Directions In Silviculture. Dirk Brink-
man, Brinkman & Associates Reforestation Ltd. MacMillan 166 at 12:30pm. Call
Peter Opie at 222-1882.
Social/Educational Studies Lecture
Gentlemen's Agreement: Race, Poverty,
And Public Policy In Metropolitan America. Professor Kenneth T. Jackson, Jacques Barzun Prof. History/Social Sciences, Columbia U.; Francis Parkman/
Bancroft Prize winner (American History),
1985; founder of the Urban History Assso-
ciation. Graduate Student Centre Banquet Room from 1-2:30pm. Call 228-
Fisheries/Aquatic Science Seminar
The Introduction Of Bait-Fish In The Laurentian Shield Lakes: Impact On Structure and Function Of Biological Commmu-
nities. Perre Magnan, Universite du
Quebec a Trois-Rivieres. BioSciences
2361 at 3:30pm. Call 228-4329.
Biochemistry Seminar
Evolution Of Fusion Negative Mutants Of
Murine Coronavirus. Dr. Michael Buch-
meier, Immunology, Scripps Clinic/Research Foundation, La Jolla, CA. IRC #4
at 3:45pm. Call 875-4347.
Chemical Engineering Weekly
Melting And Pyrolysis Of Lignin. Dr. K. C.
Teo, Chem. Engineering, UBC.
ChemEngiieering 206 at 3:30pm. Call
Paediatrics Grand Rounds
Neurology Meeting. G. F. Strong Rehab.
Center Auditorium at 9am. Call 875-2118.
Economics Departmental
Topic: To Be Announced. Lars Hansen,
Chicago. Host: Professor Harry J.
Paarsch. Brock 351 from 4=5:30pm. Call
University Chamber Singers
Cortland Hultberg, director. Free admission. Music Recital Hall at 12:30pm and
in the evening, at 8pm. Call 228-3113.
Vancouver Institute Lecture
Cecil/Ida Green Visiting
Professor. The Tragedy of
Needless Pain. Ronald
Melzack, Psychology,
McGill U. IRC #2 at
8:15pm. Call 228-5675.
Fulbright Scholarships Available
Fulbright Awards' application packages for
Canadian scholars seeking visiting appointments to the U.S. for the 1991/92
academic year, are now available from
The UBC Research Services/Industrial
Liaison Office. Submissions must be received by the Foundation for Educational
Exchange in Ottawa by Feb. 28. Call 228-
Carpool Matching
Send both your home and work addresses
and both telephone numbers; your working hours; whether you have a car and if
you smoke while driving, to Karen Pope,
Dean's Office, Applied Science. When a
carpool match is found, the information
will be sent to you. Call 228-0870.
UBC Speakers Bureau
Would your group like to
know more about topics
ranging from Preventing
Dental Diseases to The
Future of Hong Kong?
More than 500 topics to
choose from; most speakers are available
free of charge. Call 228-6167, Mon., Tue.,
Fri., 8:30am-12noon.
Library Orientation Tour
Meet in Main Library entrance. Tour covers Main and Sedgewick Libraries. Call
Museum of Anthropology
I Exhibition extended: Portraits of BC Native leaders,
chiefs, chief counsellors
and elders by Kwaguitl
photographer David Neel.
Now open in the new West
Wing: The Koerner Ceramics Gallery.
Closed Monday. Call 228-5087.
Executive Programmes
Business seminars include: Feb. 27/28,
Speaking for Results, $375. March 6-8,
Project Management Process, $875. Call
English Language Institute
Professional Development Series For
Language Teachers.
February workshops: Generating Student
Talk in the Language Class, Computer-
Assisted Language Learning, and Teaching English in Japan. Tuesday evenings
from 7-9pm. Call 222-5208.
Reading Writing/Study Skills
More courses starting early march: Writing Business Letters/Memos for Results;
Media Interview Techniques; Robert's
Rules of Order—Demystified; The Artful
Business of Freelance Writing; ECT Mini-
Workshops. Call 228-5345.
Psychology Step-Families Study
Married couples who have at least one
child from a previous union living with
them, are invited to participate in a study
of stress and coping in step-families. Call
Jennifer Campbell at 228-3805.
Adult Child Separation/Divorce
Volunteers needed. The study will explore how mothers cope with their adult
child's separation/divorce. Participants will
be required to anonymously complete a
mailed questionnaire. Call Allison Krause,
Counselling Psychology, at 946-7803.
Sports Medicine Study
Volunteers, female, age 18-35 needed to
participate in study on Exercise and the
Menstrual Cycle. Fit, healthy, having normal menstrual cycles and not currently on
oral contraceptives. Physiological testing
provided. Allan McGavin Sports Med.
Centre, John Owen Pavilion, UBC. Call
Dr. Connie Lebrun 228-4045 or 980-6355.
School of Nursing Study
Volunteers needed for study of couples/
family adjustment to a breast cancer diagnosis. Women and partners. Involves
interviews/response to questionnaire. Call
Dr. Ann Hilton at 228-7498.
School of Nursing Study
Couples are needed who are both in paid
employment (over 20 hrs/wk.) and have
at least one child under eighteen months
of age. Involves filling out a questionnaire
twice (10 minutes each time). Call Wendy
Hall at 228-7447.
Psychiatry Depression Study
Participants needed for
research study using new
antidepressant medication.
Depression sufferers, 18-
65 years. Call Doug Keller
at 228-7318.
Psychiatry Personality Questionnaire Study
Volunteers needed to complete two 90-
minute sessions. Stipend, $20. Call Janice at 228-7895/7057.
Counselling Psychology Retirement Preparation
Volunteers interested in planning their retirement needed for research project.
Discussion on related issues included. Call
Sara Cornish at 228-5345.
Diabetic Clinical Study
Diabetics who have painful neuropathy
affecting the legs needed to volunteer for
14-week trial of an investigational new
drug. Call Dr. Donald Studney, Medicine,
University Hospital, UBC Site at 228-7142.
Daily Rhythms Study
Volunteers needed to keep a daily journal
(average 5 min. daily) for 4 months, noting
patterns in physical/social experiences.
Call Jessica McFarlane at 228-5121.
Psychiatry PMS Study
University Hospital, Shaughnessy site.
Volunteers needed for a study of an investigational medication to treat Pre Menstrual Syndrome. Call Dr. D. Carter at
Exercise In Asthma Study
Volunteers with exercise-induced asthma
needed for 2-part study (30 min. each).
No medications or injections. Call Dr. Phil
Robinson at Pulmonary Research laboratory, St. Paul's Hospital at 682-2344, extension 2259.
Asthma Research Study
Volunteers 12-70 years with mild to moderate asthma needed to participate in 16
week research project involving "pulmi-
cort" a commonly used inhaled steroid
taken once daily. Call Brian Anderson at
228-7719 between 9-1pm.
Statistical Consulting and Research Laboratory
SCARL is operated by the Department of
Statistics to provide statistical advice to
faculty and graduate students working on
research problems. Forms for appointments available in 210. Ponderosa Annex C-210. Call 228-4037.
Sexual Harassment Office
Two advisors are available to discuss
questions and concerns on the subject.
They are prepared to help any member of
the UBC community who is being sexually
harassed to find a satisfactory resolution.
Call Margaretha Hoek or Jon Shapiro at
Hamlet by William Shakespeare
Theatre Performance from March 6-16,
holdover March 21-23. Directed by Gordon McCall. Tickets: $7/Students/Sen-
iors, $10/Adults. Reservations call 228-
Top Girls By Caryl Churchill
Theatre Performance from Feb. 27-Mar.2;
Mar. 6-9. Directed by Des Price. Tickets:
$6. general admission. Reservations call
To find an interesting and challenging volunteer job, get in touch with Volunteer
Connections, Student Counselling and
Resources Centre, Brock 200. Call 228-
Advertise in
UBC Reports
Deadline for paid advertisements for the Mar. 7
issue is 4 p.m. Feb. 26.
For information, phone 228-3131
To place an ad, phone 228-4775 6    UBC REPORTS Feb. 21,1991
Marchak says quality must be Arts faculty guide
Patricia Marchak became UBC's Dean of
Arts on July 1,1990, exactly 18 years after her
first teaching appointment at the university.
As a UBC undergraduate, Marchak studied English and Sociology and was editor of
the Ubyssey. In 1980, she became a full professor in the Anthropology and Sociology Department and was appointed head of the department in 1987. A Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, Marchak has had seven books
published during her teaching career at UBC.
How does it feel to be dean, given your history at UBC and in particular with the Faculty
of Arts?
That's like asking what's it like to be alive.
Obviously, I wouldn't have applied for the job if I
didn't believe in the arts faculty. I've been here
such a long time that I consider this my home.
When I was young, somebody else took care of
the infrastructure and let me get on with the task
of becoming a scholar. Now I'm a senior person
and it seemed to fall to me to do this job so I'm
doing it.
How has your perception of the faculty
changed since becoming dean?
The faculty is enormous and extremely diverse. All its component parts are exciting and
interesting, and fantastic things are being done.
However, its frustrating to advance the interests
ofthe faculty in a university and a province where
a great many of the decisions are made on criteria
that have nothing to do with scholarship, as such.
The criteria may be quite apt and appropriate for
many other reasons, but its very hard to persuade
the public-at-large if the university itself is not
persuaded that a book on the history of Dutch
merchants, or Herodotus, or Dante, or whatever,
is what the university's all about.
Many students see science and technology
and the arts as two solitudes. How do you view
their relationship?
I think the relationship has been quite distant
in the past. When I was an undergraduate, it was
Patricia Marchak
the arts and science faculty, so it was close enough
then. But after they became separate faculties, a
distance grew, not just at UBC, but throughout
the world. I think what's happened now is that we
have a group of new deans arriving from different
routes at the same point. We simply have to find
ways of merging some of our programs and coming together a great deal more. We're presently
developing programs for environmental studies
Could be available within 12-24 months
Female condom may be
contraceptive for the '90s
A female condom may be on
drugstore shelves throughout
Canada within the next 12 to 24
While other prototypes are
being developed, the Reality
female condom, currently undergoing clinical trials supervised by
Dr. Dorothy Shaw, UBC clinical
associate professor of obstetrics
and gynecology, is the closest to
being marketed.
"It's a soft polyurethane
sheath with two flexible rings,
similar to those of a diaphragm,
but thinner," Dr. Shaw explained.
"The ring at the closed end
acts as an insertion mechanism
and provides support to keep the
device in place. The ring at the
open end lies outside the vagina
and protects the labia and the base
of the penis."
The ABC trial is the only one
evaluating whether an inserting
device (inserter) facilitates the use
of the female condom.
The study has been designed
to determine the effectiveness and
acceptability of the inserter, as
well as any risk it may pose of
perforating the condom.
The efficacy of the female
condom as a contraceptive has
been evaluated at other multicentre, international trials.
"Unpublished data from ongoing trials suggests that the pregnancy rates from this method are
very low and have been mostly
user failures rather than method
failures," Dr. Shaw said.
"Furthermore, data from trials
up to 1989 involving 500
women in 4,000 uses of the Reality female condom show that
there were no safety or toxicity
Dr. Shaw added that test results also determined that the HIV
(AIDS) virus did not penetrate
the polyurethane barrier and the
probability of risk to the women
of exposure to semen in combined leakage and exposure studies was three per cent versus
almost 12 per cent with the male
She indicated that the major
appeal ofthe female condom was
the significantly greater protection it provided from sexually
transmitted diseases (STDs) than
the male condom.
Users also found the female
condom less disruptive since it is
inserted prior to intercourse. Another benefit is that it provides
an added choice if women
wanted to use a barrier method
of contraception.
While no significant side effects related to the female condom have been reported, a few
women noted mild irritation of
the labia or vagina.
Results of acceptability trials
found that 82 per cent of those
women who used the female condom would recommend it for use
against STDs.
Another 51 per cent would
recommend it or use it as a contraceptive. Those who would not
use it generally preferred oral
Once it is available, the female condom will be competitive in price with the male condom and will not require a
doctor's prescription.
Women interested in participating in the study should contact Planned Parenthood of B.C.
at 731-4252.
that combine arts and sciences. I'm looking forward to much more cooperation between these
In what condition do faculties of arts emerge
from the 1980s?
The faculties of arts here and elsewhere remain the largest faculties
for the reason that they attract more
students than any other faculty. We
have40percentof students at UBC,
so, although students may very well
be going after an income, apparently
they think they can get it with an arts
degree. Business leaders are going
out of their way to find people with
an arts and general science training
because they find such people have
been taught how to think, how to
handle large bodies of information
and synthesize and analyze this information under pressure. But even
though business leaders are telling
us all this, we are still getting
squeezed in terms of the amount of
resources in education going to basic arts and science. I think young
people are as idealistic as they've
ever been. I think they look for a
better life and they urge people who
are older than them to care about
things that sometimes we simply become too cynical to care about.
What long-term priorities have
you set for the faculty?
The long-term priority is to continue to renew
faculty so that we can increase the amount and
quality of scholarly work being done, and continue to improve the teaching. In accordance with
the president's mission statement, we have steadily increased our graduate enrolment. We now
have very high graduate enrolment in the social
sciences, music, theatre, fine arts and English and
growing enrolment in humanities. Our psychology, economics, geography, political science,
anthropology and sociology departments have
among the highest graduate enrolment at UBC;
Psychology, in fact, has the absolute highest
number. In music, theatre, creative writing, fine
arts and the Museum of Anthropology, the costs
are enormous. But you can't do these things on a
half-way basis. Every position is interdependent.
So we're trying to figure out how best to maintain
high quality in the professional programs in these
areas. The library school has 100 graduates with
just 12 faculty members. We will be reducing our
faculty allocations of time and finances to the
undergraduate programs because we can't stretch
through everything. In languages and social sciences, we are in great need of computer equipment. We're doing laboratory and experimental
work in social sciences, and languages are now
taught with sophisticated equipment. We know
what we want, but again, we don't have the funds.
A lot of what's going on right now is trying to
figure out what the priorities are under conditions
of inadequate funding.
Given the financial constraints on education
and the shift to a more global market, what are
some ofthe key challenges facing the arts in the
I think there is a tremendous challenge facing
the humanities in the area of language and literature. We're living in a world now where people
simply have to have more than one language.
They always have had to have more than one
language if they did business elsewhere, but North
Americans have been so insular for so long that
we are not a multilingual continent. So, we are
having to enter a global marketplace where we
are competing with Asians and Europeans who
speak many languages. Our language and literature programs have been highly specialized for a
population that was reading the literatures. We
are trying to figure out how to combine this growing demand for straight language instruction with
a humanist program for language and literature.
We have always been very heavy on European
languages and literature and we are now among
the strongest universities in North America on
Asian language and literature. There are still other
areas such as Islamic, Latin American, Indian,
and African literatures where we probably ought
to be providing instruction. But we simply can't
afford any new programs.
McCall planning to dust off
Hamlet9s classical cobwebs
Hamlet is coming to Frederick Wood Theatre next month
and it's guaranteed he won't be
the standard melancholy Dane.
"I want to dust some of the
classical cobwebs off this play
and make it relevant for today,"
said director Gordon McCall.
If McCall's  history  with
staging William Shakespeare is
any indication, Hamlet will receive more of a sandblast than a McCall
McCall, 42, has returned to his alma mater
after a 12 year absence. A Master of Fine Arts
graduate of UBC's directing program, McCall
is founding artistic director of the Shakespeare
on the Saskatchewan Festival. In the last seven
years, he has presented eight of the bard's
plays under a special outdoor tent on the bank
of the Saskatchewan River.
Examples of his innovative direction include: a guerrilla-warfare production of
Macbeth, set in a Central American jungle; A
Midsummer Night's Dream, set on a golf
course; and the Tempest stage, placed on another planet.
"There's no such thing as a lost island in
today's world, so the only undiscovered frontier that I could think of was outer space," said
McCall. But the most celebrated
of McCall's directing efforts has
been a bilingual version of Romeo and Juliet which he titled,
Romeo and Juliette.
Co-directed   with   Robert
LePage, McCall toured with the
production last summer to national acclaim. Set on a strip of
highway in the prairies, the play
opens with a head-on collision
between two cars, each containing the rival families. McCall
made the Capulets bilingual francophones and
the Montagues unilingual anglophones. He
also placed the star-crossed lovers in the back
of a pick-up truck during their balcony scene.
For Hamlet, McCall intends to make extensive use of television and the central image
of a corridor of power. But he quickly points
out that his Hamlet won't be dark or moody.
"People have a misconception that because
its tragedy, it's dark, but we're going to use a
high level of contrast in terms of lighting,"
said McCall. "We aren't afraid of doing the
right interpretation of Hamlet. We are doing
'a' Hamlet."
And McCall is emphatic that his Hamlet is
an ambitious, political animal locked in a
struggle to try to trap and kill the person he's
pursuing. The action runs Mar. 6 to 16. UBC REPORTS Feb. 21.1991
Davis recognized by Institute for distinguished service
Roger M. Davis,
of the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration,
has been elected a fellow ofthe Institute of
Chartered Accountants of British Columbia for his distinguished service to the
profession and his
community. Davi$
Davis, a senior instructor in the acounting
division, was cited for his leadership in the
areas of accounting education and community
Davis' teaching career at UBC has spanned
more than 17 years. He's a five-time nominee
for the Commerce Teaching Excellence
Award. There are more than 6,000 members
in the B.C. Institute of Chartered Accountants.
The B.C. Health Research Foundation has
honored physical therapist Darlene Reid with a
Research Scholar Award.
The scholar awards provide support for out
standing candidates who wish to initiate an independent research career in a British Columbia
university or other health science facility.
Reid, who joined the faculty of UBC's School
of Rehabilitation Medicine in 1988, is engaged in
three projects directed at researching fatigue and
rest of the respirator/ muscles.
She hopes the information gathered from these
projects will help to design experiments that will
examine the most appropriate treatment to optimize respiratory muscle function.
Crane Library and Resource Centre for the
blind and visually impaired, headed by Librarian
Paul Thiele, received a certificate of merit earlier
this month during National White Cane Week.
The award was sponsored jointly by the Canadian National Institute for the Blind and the Canadian Council of the Blind.
Crane was recognized for its role in providing
access to information for blind, visually impaired
and many print disabled persons throughout B.C.
and Canada.
Crane's unique collection of taped and braille
books and materials, tixhnical resources and reference services are primarily for UBC's popula
tion of blind and visually impaired students. But
Crane has also become a provincial, national and
international resource by sharing these materials
with other libraries, educational institutions and
service agencies.
John  McNeill,
dean of the Faculty
of Pharmaceutical
Sciences, has been
appointed to the
board of directors of
the Pharmaceutical
Manufacturers' Association of Canada
Health Research
The foundation
provides funds for McNeill
research and personnel support.in Canada, in the
fields of pharmacology, clinical pharmacology
and therapeutics.
McNeill, whose appointment is for a one-year
term, will review funding applications and participate in setting the policy of the board.
Susan Harris, of UBC's School
of Rehabilitation Medicine, has been
appointed chair of the Long Range
Planning Committee of the American
Academy for Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine.
The appointment is for a two-year
term, effective immediately.
Founded in 1948, the academy is
an interdisciplinary society with international membership including physicians, physical therapists, occupational therapists, nurses, dentists and
special educators focused on the needs
of individuals with developmental
Harris's committee is charged with
developing liaisons with other international societies, identifying the research focuses of the academy and
meeting the long range educational
needs of academy members.
Harris, a physical therapist, joined
UBC in August, 1990. Her special
area of research is early diagnosis of
cerebral palsy in high-risk infants.
Your New International Newspaper
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UBC telephone exchange
conversion on line for Mar. 4
Classified advertising can be purchased from Media Services. Phone
228-4775. Ads placed by faculty and staff cost $6 per insertion for 35
words. Others are charged $7. Monday, Feb. 25at4p.m. isthedeadline
for the next issue of UBC Reports which appears on Thursday, Mar. 7.
Deadline for the following edition on Mat. 21 is4p.m. Monday, Mar.11 All
ads must be paid in advance in cash, by cheque or internal requisition.
professional looking results with WP5
and HP Deskjet Plus printer. Editing
and proofreading. Competitive rates.
Pickup and delivery available at extra
cost. West End location. Call Suzanne
WODEN'S WORKS: We specialize
in custom woodwork and construction, carpentry, renovations and restorations, interior and exterior finishing, stairs, lofts, skylights, custom
windows, patios, decks, furniture, and
cabinet-making. Call and compare.
We also do editing, proofreading and
abstracting. Over 8 years experience;
transfer certificate and degrees in physical and life sciences. Fast, reliable service, competitive rates. 224-8775
COUNSEL: New State Department rules
on dual citizenship; Free Trade employment; 1990 Immigration Act "Green Card"
employment for professors and researchers. Law offices of Michael Jacobsen,
World Trade Centre, Vancouver, 687-
AND GIRLS: Season, April-June, for
grades 3-12. Registration ($27) at
Dunbar C.C. SUn. Feb. 24, March. 3:
10-11 a.m., or at Kerrisdale C.C,
Wed. Feb.27: 5:30-7 p.m. For information call 263-5570
I do for You? Former UBC Program
Assistant available for part-time, on-
call relief office duties. 228-8254.
For Sale
fully loaded, burgundy, dealer-serviced, new tires. Must Sell. No reasonable offer refused. $10,400 O.B.O.
Call Peter at 278-4641 (days) or 439-
7157 (nights).
BLACK & WHITE ENLARGEMENTS: from your negatives, individually hand exposed, cropped,
dodged and shaded to your exact
specifications. High quality papers in
matte or high gloss finish. We can
get the best from your sub-standard
negative. Great prices, an 8x10 custom enlargement just $5.70! Call
Media Services Photography at 228-
4775. (3rd floor LPC, 2206 East Mall).
Conversion of UBC's telephones
to the new exchange, 822, has started
and will be completed by March 4.
"On-campus telephone users will
not be inconvenienced by the introduction of 822, due to the continuation
of old numbers until October, 1991,"
explained telecommunications supervisor Harley Rea.
He added that either number, when
dialed from off campus, will reach the
correct telephone, minimizing the
impact of the number change.
Currently, calls from one campus
phone to another are dialed using four
digits which start with any number
between 0 to 8.
Starting March 4, these calls will be
made by dialing five digits, with the
first number being either 2 or 3. Phone
numbers that can be dialed directly
from off campus will begin with 2.
Those numbers that cannot be dialed
from off campus will begin with 3.
Rea suggested several ways of advising associates about the new phone
numbers, including answering the
phone stating your new number, remembering to include the new numbers in all brochures and publications
and making sure business cards and
stationery show the new phone numbers.
Randy Howland of Media Services
advised UBC' faculty and staff to modify stationery which shows the old
exchange by late February, or to begin
using new stationery at that time.
To make use of existing stationery
with the old exchange, Howland suggested hand-changing the telephone
numbers, or using a small rubber stamp
or gummed labels indicating the new
He said Media Services will not
charge for typesetting changes to either the telephone exchange or the new
postal codes which have recently been
introduced on campus provided the
materials have been previously typeset
in the current graphics standards format, and provided the changed infor
mation is given at the time of reorder.
Howland suggested that leftover
stationery can be made into scratch
pads, trimmed to make small note
sheets or used to make internal or file
Telephone features will not change.
However speed call lists must be modified to five digits if four digits were
used. A new faculty and administration directory will be distributed in September, 1991.
Study examines pros and
cons of mortgage default
Holding on to your home in recessionary times is tough enough.
But defaulting on a home can be an
expensive proposition as well.
A study done by Lawrence
Jones, a Commerce and Business
Administration professor, has revealed that for some homeowners,
the costs associated with defaulting
exceed the benefits of "walking
away" from their loans.
However, for others, defaulting
may be a shrewd wealth-enhancing
Jones' research has concluded
that a number of factors come into
play when homeowners consider
"First of all, there are the transaction costs associated with defaulting on a mortgage," said Jones.
"One ofthe consequences is that
you have to move. That costs
money. There may also be costs
associated with taking out a new
loan and some impairment of your
credit rating. On the other hand,
there are benefits such as living in
your home for months, payment
free, while your lender pursues legal action."
Jones said of particular importance is the extent to which borrowers may be vulnerable to lenders,
collecting on deficiency judgments.
That's the money you owe the
lending institution when your house
is sold for less than you owe on your
mortgage loan.
As part of his study. Jones analyzed
loan defaults in Alberta and B.C. between 1982 and 1986. Alberta prohibits lenders from collecting deficiency
judgments. But in B.C., the courts
tend to give the lender a lot of leeway
in going after deficiencies, through
asset seizures or the garnishing of
Jones' study revealed that there
appears to be a much higher incidence
of deliberate defaulters in Alberta than
in B.C. And these defaulters arise disproportionately from wealthier professional, managerial and younger households.
A subsequent study done by Jones
examined the extent to which homeowners, who are under age 40. use
mortgage debt to finance investments
other than their home. Jones found that
about one-third of Canadian homeowners use mortgage debt in this fashion.
"Interestingly, the majority of debt
used to finance non-housing assets is
held by households who are sufficiently
wealthy to own their homes without
any debt at all," said Jones.
This finding is consistent with other
studies done by Jones which conclude that for Canadians, it's their net
worth, and not their income, that determines when they choose to buy
their first home and what price they
are prepared to pay. 8    UBCREPORTS Feb.21.1991
Photo by Media Services
This detailed map ofthe UBC campus indicates the units affected by the five new postal code zones being implemented by the university and Canada
Post. While the new codes are effective immediately, all current postal codes may still be used until Dec. 31,1991.
break for
March 4
Student Health Outreach Nurse
Margaret Johnston knows a UBC
student who honestly thinks coffee is food—and he's not the only
one. That's why Johnston has
organized a program called Lunch
On The Run.
"I've designed the program to
inform students about eating for
good health," said Johnston.
"I meet too many students who
say they don't have time for anything more than a quick muffin
and coffee."
More than a dozen food companies and health organizations
will be on hand with food samples,
recipes and product information.
They will also answer students'
questions on nutrition and various
dietary concerns such as cholesterol and heart disease.
Lunch On The Run is being
organized by students of the
School of Family and Nutritional
Sciences, as part of Nutrition
Week, in conjunction with
The program will run March
4, 11 a.m. to 2 p.m., in the SUB
IJBQ's new postal codes are:
ZONE1        v^rtzi
Area bounded by Main Mall, University Boulevard, Wesbrook Mall, Chan-
celloryNW Marine Drive including Cecil Green Park Road area.
ZQNJL2        YSUZ1
Area bounded by Main Mall, University Boulevard, NW Marine Drive including Museum of Anthropology.
Area bounded by University Boulevard, East Mall, West 16th Avenue, Wes-
ZQJHE4       WL3M
Atta bounded by University Boulevard, East Mall, West 16th Avenue, Ma-
rine Drive including Botanical Garden Centre.
Areas south of West 16th Avenue.
Geologist savs risks musi be weighed
Safe research still possible in
environmentally sensitive areas
Affiliated and other associated units listed below
will retain their existing codes.
1935 Lower Mali (Place Vanier) V6T1X1
2211 Wesbrook (University Hospital, UBC Site, Acute Care)     V6T 2B5
2211 Wesbrook (University HospitaL UBC Site - Extended Care) V6T 1Z9
2211 Wesbrook (University Hospital, UBC Site - Psychiatric) V6T 2A1
2525 West Mall (Totem) V6T1W9
2990 Wesbrook (jtCMP) V6T2B7
2992 Wesbrook (JFirehall)        V6T2B7
3650 Wesbrook (BC Research) V6S2L2
3800 Wesbrook (Paprican)       V6S2A3
4004 Wesbrook (Triuntf) V6T2A3
5920Iona (Carey Hail) V6T1J6
5935 Iona (St. Marie's College) V&T1J7
5959 Student Union Mall (Gage) V6T1K2
5961 Student Union Matt (UBC Conference Centre)      V6T 2C9
6000 Ion (Vancouver School of Theology)        V6T 1L4
6040 Iona (St. Andrew's College) V6T1J6
6050 Chancellor (Anghcan College)     V6T1X3
6565 NW Marine Drive (Norman Mackenzie House)    V6T1A7
6640 NW Marine Drive (Fisheries)       V6T1X2
^660 NW Marine Drive (Agriculture)   V6T1X2
An ocean drilling project off Australia's Great Barrier
Reef has shown that scientific research can be conducted
safely in environmentally sensitive areas, says UBC geologist George Dix.
Dix, a Canadian, was one of a 90-member multinational
crew aboard a research ship that was exploring geological
formations by drilling as
deep as one kilometre beneath the ocean floor.
"The Great Barrier
Reef is a World Heritage
Site and environmentalists were naturally worried that we would ac-
cidently hit oil and contaminate the reef," said
Using seismic reflection data gathered prior to
the cruise, as well as by
the ship's sophisticated
equipment, scientists were
able to chart the geological structures beneath the
sea floor before drilling,
avoiding those that may
contain oil or gas.
They also analyzed the
cores as they drilled, looking for any increase in petroleum content.
"We never had any problems," Dix said. "We showed
that, yes, you can go into an environmentally sensitive
region as long as you're careful and critical of your own
methods. You also have to evaluate whether the geology is
worth the risk of going in to drill."
The purpose of the expedition was to investigate development of large carbonate platforms off the coast of the
Australian state of Queensland, including the Great Barrier
Reef margin.
The JOIDES Resolution has undertaken 133
scientific expeditions since 1985.
The voyage, made last September and October, was part of
the ongoing Ocean Drilling Program, an international partnership of scientists and governments based at Texas A and M
Using the specially designed drilling ship, scientists retrieved cores of sediment and rock as well as geophysical data
from each hole.
The cores, slender cylinders nearly 10
metres long, contain clues to Earth's origin,
evolution and present-day structure. Scientists use the information they contain to learn
more about continental drift, ocean currents,
evolution of sea life, history of worldwide
sea levels, cycles of glaciation and changes
in global climate, and the earth's magnetic
Carbonate platforms are scientifically interesting because they are sensitive indicators of changes in sea level, tectonics and
oceanography, Dix said.
A temporary assistant professor in Geological Sciences, Dix is a carbonate sedimen-
tologist whose own interest in this research is
how carbonate sediments are altered during
their burial below the sea floor.
In 1985, his PhD dissertation was a shore-
based investigation associated, in part, with
the first drilling leg of the Ocean Drilling
Program, working on core samples taken
from deep-water carbonate slopes in the
northern Bahamas.
Despite the exotic locales, shipboard research is no holiday.
Researchers worked around the clock in 12-hour shifts during
the 63-day voyage.
"We set records for the amount of drilling that took place.
We also recovered 5.5 kilometres of core," Dix said.
The drilling ship is the JOIDES Resolution, a 143-metre-
long vessel with a derrick that towers 62 metres above the
waterline. Since 1985, the ship has drilled at over 200 sites in
the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans, including the north and
south polar regions.


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