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UBC Reports Feb 18, 1999

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 080 *«**»» Swaf
Volume 45, Number 4
February 18,1999
Find UBC Reports on the Web at www.publicaffairs.ubc.ca
Gearing Up
Hilary Thomson photo
Jason Addy of Our Community Bikes! instructs fourth-year Arts student
Laurie Mossop in the art of bicycle maintenance at the newly opened AMS Bike
Kitchen located in the basement ofthe Student Union Building. On March 4,
cyclists can join other campus commuters to "March Forth to UBC" using
alternative transportation. The event is sponsored by the UBC TREK Program
Centre. For more information on March Forth, visit www.trek.ubc.ca or call
(604) 827-TREK (827-8735).
Bike Kitchen opens for
business on campus
Got a sick bike and nowhere to fix it?
Cyclists can now use repair facilities at
the Alma Mater Society Bike Kitchen.
"We want to support all bike users as
part of our plan to reduce single vehicle
traffic at UBC by 20 per cent over the next
five years." says Gord Lovegrove, UBC's
director of Transportation and Planning.
Open to members of the public and the
UBC community, the campus repair shop
rents do-it-yourself fix-it space for $5 per
hour. The facility can provide a repair
assistant for $10 per hour. Bikes can be
dropped off for repair for $30 per hour.
The Bike Kitchen also sells items such
as locks, lights and reflective gear.
Free mechanic training is available for
students who volunteer at the shop.
A portion of the proceeds from the
shop will support the Alma Mater Society
Bike Co-op program. The co-op has a fleet
of more than 50 recycled bikes that can
be used by co-op members on campus.
Located in Room 41 in the Student
Union Building, the Bike Kitchen is open
Tuesday to Thursday from 11 a.m. to 6
p.m. Customers can reach the shop from
the loading dock at the northeast corner of
the building or by following the signs along
the hallway between the Bank of Montreal
and the video arcade.
For more information call 82-SPEED
(827-7333) or visit the Web site at
www. trek. ubc. ca/bikecoop
Survey winner chosen
Lee Tran, a secretary in the Office of the
Vice-President, Administration and Finance,
is the winner of a $ 100 UBC Bookstore gift
certificate in the draw held for early respondents to the UBC Reports Readership Survey.
Tran was one of more than 1,000
individuals who returned the survey in
the mail or through the Web by Feb. 15.
Forms were distributed to all UBC faculty
and staff.
Last day for returning the survey, which
is available on the Public Affairs Web site
at www.publicaffairs.ubc.ca/reports, is
Feb. 22.
Arts, Science scholars
earn top research prizes
by Hilary Thomson
Staff writer
English Dept. head Prof. Sherrill Grace
and Physics Prof. Janis McKenna have
been awarded UBC's top research prizes
for 1998.
Grace, who has written or edited more
than 140 articles and reviews and
nine books,
has won the
Jacob Biely
Faculty Research Prize
in recognition of her
record of
published research.
McKenna has won the Charles A.
McDowell Award for Excellence in Research. The award recognizes achieve-
ment in pure or applied scientific research.
McKenna studies the forces between
quarks, the basic constituents of all matter, as specified in the standard model of
particle physics.
Grace's focus is 20th-century Canadian literature and culture, comparative
Canadian and American literature and
interdisciplinary studies in literature, art,
film, theatre and music of this century.
A recognized expert
on the work
of writer
Lowry. Grace
recently edited Sursum
Corda: The
Collected Letters of Malcolm Lowry.
She has also
edited a special edition of
Lowry's short stories, written when the
See KILLAM Page 2
Noted academic new
Commerce dean
UBC   has   appointed   Daniel   F.  I experience in both large and small
Muzyka, a noted academic with exten-  I companies."
sive private sector expe- Muzyka,   presently
rience, dean of the Fac-     ^^^HB^HH|^^^H on      sabbatical      at
ulty of Commerce and     ^HFjSm^^^^^^I Harvard       Business
Business Administra-     ^B^ *^^^^^^BB^H School, comes to UBC
tion following an inter-     ^M'                        Ik^B from INSEAD. a leading
national search.                   ■                                 p ■ institution in interna-
"I  am  very  pleased     B                                  1>V tional    management
that Daniel Muzyka is     B      ,„■*       £&**-        f ■ education in Fontaine-
joiningUBC." says Barry    B                                    ■ bleau, France.
McBride,vice-president,     Ht                                   ^B He   most   recently
Academic and Provost.     Hfe       .   "*•..,„ ^           mmm gerved   ag  director  0r
"I  think  he  will bring     H|,                                 BB INSEAD'sresearchcen-
outstanding leadership    1^ *                         ^fll tre  dedicated   to   the
to the Faculty of Com-     HKfefeh.                   J^^^M study of entrepreneur-
merce and Business Ad-     |H||B   .    %    ,^^^^H ship, the 3i Venturelab.
ministration. He brings    W^BMr*—.jas.—^^^^^B Muzyka was also the
experience from some of                    Muzyka INSEAD Alumni Fund
the finest institutions of business edu-  I Professor of Entrepreneurship and was
cation in the world as well as corporate  I gee MUZYKA Page 2
Condom Consumers
Commerce researchers find UBC students
nervous purchasers
Research Researchers
Feature: A UBC-based group evaluates health studies for decision-makers
Positive Check-up
Forum: Health economist Prof. Robert Evans says Medicare's in good shape
concerns about biodiversity,
climate change"
JUTTA brunee, karin MICKELSON
Faculty of Law
■ WhK ■
About K
www.research.ubc.ca 2 UBC Reports : .February ~I8~ J99y
Continued from Page 1
author was 17 years old. The
book will be published in March.
Another work soon to be published is Staging the North, a collection of 12 Canadian plays co-
edited with colleagues Eve D'Aeth,
a professor at Yukon College in
Whitehorse and Lisa Chalykoff, a
UBC English Dept. graduate student.
Grace is also writing a cultural study, Canada and the
Idea of North, which looks at the
history, geography, politics, art
and literature of Canada's North.
A past recipient of the F.E.L.
Priestley Award, a national award
for a scholarly essay or article, a
UBC Killam Research Grant and
a 1991 Killam Research Prize,
Grace is also a fellow ofthe Royal
Society of Canada and a senior
fellow of Green College.
Working at the European
Laboratory for Particle Physics
in Geneva, McKenna and colleagues have been conducting
the highest precision tests ever
made of the union of weak and
electromagnetic forces. Weak
forces, one of the fundamental
physical interactions, are responsible for radioactive decay.
She is also searching for new
fundamental particles or interactions that are not part of the
standard model.
Another experiment at the
Stanford Linear Accelerator
Center is aimed at building understanding ofthe asymmetry between matter and anti-matter.
Most Big Bang theories predict equal parts of matter and
anti-matter in our universe yet
there is no evidence of places in
the universe consisting of antimatter.
McKenna and colleagues are
reconstructing tens of millions
of sub-atomic particles in the
experiment to try and gain insight into the asymmetry.
In 1993 McKenna won the
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council Women's
Faculty Award.
The $5,000 UBC Killam Research Prizes have also been
awarded. The prizes are equally
divided between arts and sciences disciplines.
The recipients are: Laurel
Brinton, English; Garry Clarke,
Earth and Ocean Sciences;
Pamela Dalziel, English; Sian
Echard, English; John Gosline.
Zoology; Charles Haynes, Biotechnology Laboratory and
Chemical Engineering;   Ralph
Sarkonak, French; John
Scheffer, Chemistry; Jack
Snoeyink, Computer Science;
and Peter Ward, History.
Also announced were the recipients of the Isaac Walton
Killam Memorial Fellowships.
The fellowships top up faculty
salaries by up to $15,000 during sabbatical leaves. Scholars
also receive a $3,000 grant for
research and travel expenses.
Recipients are: Joan Anderson,
Nursing; Bruce Buffet, Earth and
Ocean Sciences; David Green,
Economics; SamirKallel, Electrical and Computer Engineering;
Lawrence Mcintosh, Chemistry;
and Jerry Schmidt, Asian Stud-
Continued from Page 1
formerly associate dean of the
institute's MBA program.
"I am looking forward to the
opportunity — building on the
strong research tradition of UBC
— to increase the faculty's recognized impact on business and
management through continued
and enhanced excellence in research, teaching and involvement with the business community," says Muzyka.
Muzyka has been a strategy
analyst with General Electric and
was employed in the company's
finance operations. He also
served as director ofthe Wharton
School Computer Centre at the
University of Pennsylvania. As a
consultant, he has undertaken
business and market strategy
studies for both private and public sector international clients.
Muzyka received his doctorate
from Harvard specializing in busi
ness policy and entrepreneurship.
He received a Master of Business
Administration with distinction
from Wharton with a concentration in strategic planning.
He earned his BA with honours in physics and astronomy
from Williams College in
Williamstown, Mass. Muzyka
also studied and conducted research at the California Institute of Technology as well as the
Max Planck Institute for Radio
Astronomy in Bonn.
Muzyka is the co-author and
editor of several books related to
business and commerce, including Mastering Enterprise, which
was published in a series of
installments in the Financial
Times, the Financial Post and
other business newspapers
around the globe.
He is expected to take up his
appointment later this summer.
for the
campus community
Candidates for
Vice-President Students
Monday, March 8,1999 and
Tuesday, March 9, 1999,  12:30-1:30pm,
David Lam amphitheatre,
2033 Main Mall
Students, faculty and staff are encouraged to attend. The candidates will present their views on the position and answer your
questions. This portfolio is critical to the realization of UBC's vision
for the 21st century, as outlined in Trek 2000. For further information on the selection process, please visit the Web site,
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UBC Reports is published twice monthly (monthly in
December, June, July and August) for the entire university
community by the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251
Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. It is
distributed on campus to most campus buildings.
UBC Reports can be found on the World Wide Web at
Managing Editor: Paula Martin (paula.martin@ubc.ca)
Editor/Production: Janet Ansell Ganet.ansell@ubc.ca)
Contributors:   Bruce Mason (bruce.mason@ubc.ca),
Susan Stern (susan.stern@ubc.ca),
Hilary Thomson (hilary.thomson@ubc.ca).
Calendar: Natalie Boucher (natalie.boucher@ubc.ca)
Editorial and advertising enquiries: (604) UBC-INFO (822-4636)
(phone), (604) 822-2684 (fax). UBC Information Une: (604) UBC-
INFO (822-4636)
UBC Reports welcomes the submission of letters and
opinion pieces. Opinions and advertising published in UBC
Reports do not necessarily reflect official university policy.
Material may be reprinted in whole or in part with
appropriate credit to UBC Reports. UBC Reports ■ February 18, 1999 3
Hilary Thomson photo
Figuring Out Figaro
School of Music graduate students Sandra Stringer (left) and Alexandra
Tait share fashion tips in a rehearsal of the dressing aria scene from
Mozart's Marriage of Figaro. A production of UBC's School of Music
and the Frederic Wood Theatre, the performance runs Feb. 25-28 at
the Chan Centre for the Performing Arts. Tickets are $15 ($10 for
students and seniors) and are available through Ticketmaster at (604)
280-3311 or at the Chan Centre Box Office.
Survey finds students
wary of condom shelf
by Bruce Mason
Staff writer
A survey of 130 UBC students by
Commerce researchers has discovered
that 66 per cent of men and 60 per cent
of women report some level of embarrassment when buying condoms.
The researchers worry that reluctance
to be seen buying condoms is a roadblock
to having safe sex. They recommend that
the contraceptives be sold in candy, snack
and cigarette vending machines to save
red faces and lives.
"People who reported being embarrassed when buying condoms, purchased
less often and if you don't have condoms,
obviously you can't use them," said Commerce Prof. Chuck Weinberg, chair of the
marketing division of UBC's Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration.
Weinberg was part of the research
team along with UBC marketing Prof.
Gerald Gorn and Darren Dahl, an assistant professor of marketing at the University of Manitoba and graduate of UBC.
Their findings are published in the latest
Canadian Journal of Public Health.
Eligible respondents were sexually
active, had previously purchased condoms, and were single without a steady
sexual partner.
Eighty per cent of those who said they
were embarrassed rated being spotted at
the cashier as more intimidating than
being seen in the display area. The level of
embarrassment wasn't correlated with
gender, age, number of sexual partners
or whether the buyer lived at home.
"Approaching the cashier is the moment of truth," says Weinberg. 'There is
also the worry that a 'price check in Aisle
3 on a 12-pack of Durex condoms' will be
announced to the entire store."
Studies show that students take risks
— only half used a condom during their
last sexual encounter.
An earlier research project by the UBC
marketing team found that less than Ave
per cent of students entering a bar carried
condoms, despite the fact that student sex
is often decided spontaneously at parties
and bars under the influence of alcohol.
While potential barriers to condom
use, such as reduced pleasure and the
influence of alcohol, have been the subjects of an increasing body of research,
barriers to condom purchase are only
now being explored.
Embarrassment stems from being seen
to be expecting or wanting to have sex
says Weinberg.
That's surprising. Given the amount
of sexually transmitted disease, you would
expect that purchasing condoms would
be viewed as desirable and an important
social good."
"Yet it is difficult for students to find non-
embarrassing places to buy condoms," he
adds. "Because other people wouldn't know
what was being purchased, it would be a very
effective health strategy if condoms were sold
in candy or cigarette machines."
He believes that discussing safe sex in
the media and movies would help promote
the practice among the young. Lowering
embarrassment about buying and using
condoms by making them a more openly
discussed product would also be useful.
Weinberg thinks it's unfortunate that
most vending machines don't sell major
brands of condoms.
"If you are buying last-minute, you want
to be certain you can trust it," he says.
Medical researchers
garner MRC millions
UBC health scientists have received
research grants worth almost S4.5 million from the Medical Research Council of
Canada (MRC).
Researchers from disciplines ranging
from ophthalmology to psychiatry will
study health challenges such as lung
disease, cancer and birth defects.
"Several good projects have been
funded, but I am disappointed with our
overall success rate this year," says
Bernard Bressler, vice-president. Research. "Our goal in subsequent competitions will be to significantly increase the
number of approved grants."
Fifteen of 99 UBC projects submitted
were approved for funding.
Determining if there are occupational
risk factors that contribute to Parkinson's disease is the focus of a three-year
research project for Assoc. Prof. Joseph
Tsui of UBC's Neurodegenerative Disorders Clinic.
"Our goal is to trace the cause of this
disease," says Tsui. "Investigating possible workplace connections may give new
information to add to our knowledge about
genetic and other factors that influence
Tsui will work with B.C. physicians
and 600 consenting Parkinson's disease
patients to get detailed information about
occupational environments. Another 600
people will be recruited for a control
Parkinson's disease, a chronic nervous
disease characterized by a slow spreading
tremor, muscular weakness and a peculiar gait, affects 80,000 Canadians.
Pathology Prof. James Hogg is investigating how inhaled particulate pollutants affect body systems other than the
lungs or pulmonary system.
When particles of cigarette smoke,
wood smoke or other pollutants enter the
lungs, they are processed by protective
cells called alveolar macrophages.
Chemical products from these cells
enter the blood and stimulate the bone
marrow and the liver. The bone marrow
overproduces circulating white blood cells
and the liver creates an excess of proteins
important for coagulation.
These changes may aggravate existing
lung and cardiovascular illnesses according to Hogg, and account for increased
hospital admissions and deaths associated with air pollution.
By unraveling the exact mechanism of
pulmonary and cardiovascular injury
associated with air pollution. Hogg and
his research group aim to lessen the
effects of inhaled pollutants.
UBC ranks among the four top funded
research universities in Canada with
McGill University, the University of Toronto and the University of Montreal.
MRC distributed a total of $108 million in funding for health research grants
and clinical trials over the next five years.
A list of the MRC granting recipients
at UBC and a brief summary ofthe projects
can be found on the MRC Web site at
AMS president vows to
put society in touch
Ryan Marshall, a fourth-year Theatre student, was elected president of
the Alma Mater Society (AMS) in student elections held recently.
Marshall collected 987 ofthe 2,602
ballots cast, defeating Daniel Arbour,
Scott Morishita and John Hallett for
the top AMS job — a
full-time   position,
which pays $16,000.
The new president
says one of his top
priorities is to put the
AMS more in touch
with students.
"I think the AMS
has lost touch with
its mandate," says
Marshall. "We need
to get more students
involved with the decision-making process of the AMS and
the university."
Marshall ran under the Students for
Students slate along Marshall
with Maryann
Adamec, a second-year Commerce and
Business Administration student
elected vice-president, and Tina Chow,
a third-year Arts student elected director of administration.
Karen Sonik, third-year Arts, was
elected director of finance and Nathan
Allen, third-year Arts, won the vote for
co-ordinator of external affairs. Both
students ran for the Action Now team.
Elected to the Board of Governors is
Jesse Guscott, third-year Science. The
remaining board position is to be decided pending an investigation of voting irregularities.
Marshall says student housing is a
major concern of the new AMS executive. He says 4,500 students are on the
waiting  list   for  residences.   He's
skeptical about plans to relocate the
fraternity  and   sorority  houses  on
Wesbrook Mall to build more housing.
"I think UBC's plan is to build more
private, high-end residential complexes
like Hampton Place. What we need is
more student and faculty housing to draw
top professors,"
Marshall says.
The quality of education is also a priority. Marshall wants the
AMS to lobby governments for funding increases to support
more quality professors.
Stable tuition is
another issue of concern. Marshall says
if the provincial government is going to
continue with the tuition freeze, it needs
to increase the funding to match inflationary increases for salaries, utilities and other basics.
"A long-term plan has to be drawn
up so students know what they will be
paying for their education from the
time they enter UBC to the time they
leave," he says.
Marshall takes over the job Feb. 26
from outgoing president Vivian
Scott Morishita, the presidential
candidate who placed third, disputed
the election. AMS ombudsperson
Trevor Franklin recommended that
the presidential race be overturned.
The AMS council voted against the
motion but plans to redevelop electoral procedures. 4 UBC Reports • February 18, 1999
Lowry treasure snapped
up for Library's collection
by Susan Stem
Biomedical Communications
Phone 822-5769 for more information.
Staff writer
The UBC Library has made a
unique and exceptional addition
to its Malcolm Lowry collection,
the largest in the world, with the
recent acquisition of Lowry's personal, first edition copy of his first
novel Ultramarine.
Lowry's most successful
novel, Under the Volcano, is
ranked as one ofthe major English literary works of the 20th
The annotated copy of Ultramarine, regarded as a treasure
by Lowry scholars, was placed
on sale at the Pacific Book Auction in San Francisco last fall by
a friend of Lowry's late wife.
"My heart leapt in anticipation of this unique item and
subsequently dropped when I
learned it was expected to fetch
between $20,000 and $25,000
(US)," says Brenda Peterson,
head of Special Collections and
University Archives.
Peterson immediately informed Sherrill Grace, the author of three books about Lowry
and head of the English Dept.
Together with Bernie
Bressler, vice-president. Research and Barry McBride, vice-
president. Academic, they
agreed to attempt to purchase
Ultramarine, a difficult feat in
times of budget restraint and a
very low Canadian dollar.
Peterson, who had never participated in an auction, did the
bidding by phone. She had a
maximum budget of $21,500 (US).
"The operator said $14,000
and I said yes," says Peterson.
individual   interdisciplinary   studies   graduate   programme (iisgp)
green college, university of  british   Columbia
Building Bridges: Putting
Interdisciplinary into Practice
Third Annual Graduate Student Symposium
Thursday Feb. 25th & Friday Feb. 26th
9:00 am-6:00 pm
Green College, Cecil Green Road, UBC
Registration: $10 (8:30 am)
Keynote Speakers:
Dr. Kersti Krug
Museum of Anthropology, University of British Columbia
"A Hypermediated Ethnography of Organizational
Change": Reminiscences oflnterdisciplinarity at Wdr^-----*^\
Dr. IFloyd Merrell f
Prof, of Spanish, Dept. of Foreign Languages and       ?-! "
Literature, Purdue University
Fiction and Science, Jorge Luis Borges and Paradox
Session Topics:   "/-■,
• Doing Mterdj^j^iffiEiKty I \  /. • Conceptualizing Interdisciplinarity
• Doing Interdisdpimarity II .;£;■ • Interdisciplinary Research as Praxis
• Interdisciplinary Methods in Bioethics • Narrative as an Interdisciplinary Tool
• Ethics and Public Policy • Narratives in Health Care
• Cultural Perspectives
Symposium Webpage
For More Information, Contact:
Individual Interdisciplinary Studies Program
6201 Cecil Green Park Road
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C.     WWW.interchg.ubc.ca/usgp/symposiumAndex.htm
Tel: (604) 822-0954
Email: iisgp@mercury.ubc.ca
"It was the minimum bid and
luckily we were the only one in
the running."
Grace says UBC didn't even
consider going after an even
more expensive first edition collector's copy of Under the Volcano that was also up for auction.
"We already have the first
edition of Volcano and Ultramarine is the ultimate scholar's
prize," she says.
Ultramarine is the story of a
naive young upper-class Briton
who goes to sea as a deckhand
" It is one of those
pieces of juvenilia
that their authors
would like to buy up
all the copies of and
— Malcom Lowry
on a freighter in the 1920s and
is subjected to rough treatment
by the working class crew.
Lowry made a similar voyage
between leaving public school
and entering university and said
it was a very unpleasant experience. He grew to dislike Ultramarine even more.
"In the book that was published 20 years ago in England
there's probably scarcely an
original line," Lowry wrote in
1952. "Everything is derived,
pastiche, hash. In short it is one
of those pieces of juvenilia that
their authors would like to buy
up all the copies of and burn
and then forget that they had
Even so. Ultramarine showed
his creative genius. The book
was well received and was out of
print by 1935.
"It is a messy book, dog-eared
and full of staples and scotch
tape with pencil hand-writing
all over it. It isn't very pretty,"
says Grace. "What we see in his
copy ofthe book are the changes,
in his own writing, which he
never lived to complete."
The small dark blue hardcover book has been professionally restored to preserve it.
UBC Librarian Catherine
Quinlan says Ultramarine is a
very important addition to the
Malcolm Lowry collection which
includes his manuscripts, letters and personal papers.
"We were thrilled to acquire
the book. Scholars come from all
over the world to UBC to study
Malcolm Lowry," Quinlan says.
"We've already had half a dozen
inquiries about Ultramarine.'
Lowry, the black sheep of a
British business family, was a
binge alcoholic with a dark, destructive side.
For years he lived in a simple
cabin in Dollarton in North Vancouver, where he eked out a
living writing articles. Under the
Volcano, and working on new
stories and novels. Lowry eventually returned to England
where he died at the age of 4§.
The Lowry Collection is
housed in the Special Collections and University Archives
division in Main Library.
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fMX{«g4)22^3 UBC Reports ■ February 18, 1999 5
Hilary Thomson photo
Schools with heart are schools with volunteers says Education Prof. Dan
Brown. In a recently published book, he suggests volunteers can help solve
many of the problems facing public schools today.
Volunteers' role key to
healthy public schools
by Hilary Thomson
Staff writer
School volunteers are often associated
with non-essential activities such as bake
sales, sports days and field trips.
In his recently published book. Schools
with Heart, Prof. Dan Brown of the Dept.
of Educational Studies suggests this view
underestimates what volunteers really
bring to public schools. He believes that
the use of volunteers may be one of the
key solutions to the problems facing public elementary schools today.
'The state can pay the bills but it can't
love a school," says Brown. "Schools with
heart are rich in community connections
through the volunteers' donation of time
and energy."
His team of graduate students in the
Educational Administration and Leadership Program conducted 185 interviews
with principals, teachers and volunteers
in elementary schools in the Lower Mainland and Vancouver Island.
They found that voluntarism partially
addresses problems of insufficient resources, excess of bureaucratic control
and social dislocation of many pupils'
"Schools will remain healthy because
of volunteers, not in spite of them," says
His research showed volunteers helping with activities such as reading assistance, supervision, fundraising and administrative tasks.
In addition, volunteers provided specialized instruction according to their
own personal skills and interests. One
mother who worked as a police constable
talked to kids about her job and a First
Nations grandfather gave a carving demonstration.
"Volunteers are more than a pair of
helping hands," says Brown. They contribute to the social life of the school.
They engage in the moral development of
our children by teaching them that education is important and people are worth
supporting with a donation of time."
The research found volunteers in
schools in both wealthy and low-income
neighbourhoods. They are usually Caucasian mothers who do not work full-
time. Extended family members, college
students and other community members
also serve as volunteers.
Some get involved to take responsibility for their community into their own
hands. Others want to improve their language or employment skills or just enjoy
the company of children.
"I like to keep a pulse on what's going
on in the school," says Anita Schmitt,
who is the mother of a student and a
volunteer at West Vancouver's West Bay
Elementary School.
"Having the opportunity to improve
the kids' environment, dealing with a
variety of issues and people and being
able to accomplish things keeps me motivated," says Schmitt, who has been
involved in everything from barbecues to
beautification projects in her five months
as a volunteer.
For the most part, teachers and staff
members welcomed volunteers and former
lines of demarcation between parent territory and teacher territory were relaxed,
Brown says. Some union members opposed the use of volunteers in principle
because ofthe threat to jobs.
The presence of volunteers in a school
represents a significant increase in workload for principals as individuals must
be matched to tasks, run through criminal records checks and their performance monitored and recognized, Brown
Despite the additional work, most principals saw voluntarism as a way to help
their school survive budget cuts and reduce dependency on government.
Brown hopes his findings will inform
educators, school reformers and policymakers. His book includes recommendations such as funding volunteer coordinators to attract additional resources
to the school.
Students home away
celebrates 40 years
by Susan Stern
Staff writer
UBC's International House has been a
home away from home for many students
from abroad and a unique meeting place
to make lasting friendships with Canadian students, faculty and staff for 40
years. It celebrates its anniversary next
The anniversary
festivities begin with
a ceremony at International House
March 1. It will be
followed by a reception hosted by UBC
President Dr. Martha
Piper for international
alumni and volunteers who have been
associated with International House over
the years.
House is a symbol
ofthe international community at UBC,"
says Winnie Cheung, director of International Student Services. "It continues to
be a gathering place for international
students, Canadian students, faculty and
staff who are interested in helping and
learning from their international counterparts."
International House, the centerpiece
of International Student Services, hosts
social events as well as activities such as
martial arts classes, ESL lessons and
lectures — not only for international
students, but also for anyone who is
internationally minded, says Cheung.
"For people who have never traveled
outside of North America, International
House affords an opportunity to step into
many different cultures," Cheung says.
International Student Advising Services have a variety of special programs to
meet the needs of international students.
Eleanor Roosevelt and former UBC
president Norman MacKenzie
Most international students receive a
pre-arrival information package. When
they arrive, help is offered for issues
including visa problems and cross-cultural adjustments to Canadian life.
"International students can have difficulty adjusting to UBC classroom culture," says Cheung.
International House was organized in
the 1950s by
former UBC president Norman
MacKenzie. faculty
and members of
local Rotary Clubs.
One of the wartime huts on West
Mall served as the
first International
Funded by Vancouver Rotary Clubs
and the provincial
government. International House
opened on the corner ofWest Mall and Northwest Marine Drive
March4,1959. FormerU.S.flrstlady Eleanor
Roosevelt and renowned anthropologist
Margaret Mead were among the guests.
International House is one of the largest volunteer organizations on campus
with some 400 student, faculty, staff and
community volunteers.
"After 40 years, International House
will continue to do what it does best —
serve people who feel culturally displaced
and to make them feel welcome at UBC
and in Canada," Cheung says.
A highlight of the weeklong events
marking the anniversary is Festiva 99, a
multicultural festival to be held March 5,
featuring displays, performances and food
from around the world. A number of
seminars are also being held.
For details of anniversary events, call
822-5021 or check the Web site
Workshop puts focus
on sustainable forestry
Does good forestry sometimes look
bad? Do public perceptions of good
forestry match the reality? Those are
among the key questions to be asked in
a groundbreaking international workshop at UBC from Feb. 24-27.
"Linking Forest Sustainability to Aesthetics: Do People Prefer Sustainable
Landscapes?" is part of the Peter Wall
Institute for Advanced Studies Exploratory Workshop Programs. It is open to
the UBC community.
"The public clearly equates visual degradation of landscapes with unsustainable practices," says Stephen Sheppard,
workshop organizer and an associate
professor of Forest Resources Management and Landscape Architecture.
"Experts seem to be divided — some
see a strong association between ecological health and visual quality; others
think sustainable forest practices don't
fit the conventional public perception of
attractive landscapes," he says. "A new
aesthetic is needed."
Sheppard believes that widely differing perceptions of landscape quality
must be resolved through research and
education if there is to be lasting public
support for sustainability in forest resource management.
An interdisciplinary group of researchers at UBC, led by the Faculty of
Forestry, is hosting the workshop which
includes ecologists, forest resource scientists and perception experts. They
will debate relationships between ecol
ogy and aesthetics and develop research
plans to help find answers.
The public and practitioners will have
an opportunity to interact with visiting
scientists at the Centre for Advanced
Wood Processing in UBC's new Forest
Sciences Centre on Feb. 26, from 8:30
a.m. - 4:30 p.m.
The workshop will also explore how
to link forest ecosystem modeling to
state-of-the-art virtual reality displays,
in order to test the social acceptability
of future forest management plans.
"New computer visualization technology is emerging with exciting possibilities for bridging the gap between
disciplines and between forestry experts and lay people," says Sheppard.
A public open house session, on Friday afternoon, Feb. 27, will feature an
unprecedented gathering of state-of-the-
art computer visualization programs.
Funding from the Peter Wall Institute
and the Faculty of Forestry has made the
participation of international researchers and the general public possible.
Speakers include Daniel Botkin, a
leading author and Biology professor at
George Mason University, Jeff Burley,
director of Oxford University's Forestry
Institute, and Terry Daniel, a professor
of Psychology and Renewable Natural
Resources at the University of Arizona.
For more information check the Web
site, www.forestry.ubc.ca/pwall/
default.htm, or contact Sandra
Schinnerl at (604) 822-9627. 6 UBC Reports ■ February 18, 1999
February 21 through March 6
Monday, Feb. 22
Lectures In Modern
Hybridization As A Metric For
The Progress Of Chemical Reactions. Prof. Robert C. Haddon, U
of Kentucky. Chemistry D-225
(centre block) at 11:30am. Call
First Nations Discussion
A Reading From Her Works.
Louise Halfe. First Nations at
2:30pm. Call 822-1878.
Mechanical Engineering
Machinery For Engineered Wood
Products. Cliff Bowering, Raute
Wood. CEME 1204 from 3:30-
4:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-
Intersecting Asian
Sezualities Series Lecture
Otherness And Sexual Violence: The
Legacy Of Indonesia's New Order.
Saraswati Sunindyo, U ofWashing-
ton. CK Choi #120 from 4-5:30pm.
Call 822-2629: 822-4688.
Astronomy Seminar
Astrophysics And 50 Years Of
The Hale 200" Telescope. Don
Osterbrock, U of California Lick
Observatory; George Ellery Hale,
CalTech. Hennings 318 at 4pm.
Refreshments at 3:30pm. Call
Member Speaker Series
Serengeti Symphony. Grant
Hoppcraft, Zoology. Green College at 5:30pm. Call 822-1878.
Thematic Lecture Series
What Is Tradition When It Is Not
Invented?: ATradition Of Rights.
Gordon Schochet, Political Science, Rutgers U. Green College at
7:30pm. Call 822-1878.
St. John's College Speaker
Resident Poetry Reading. Jackie
Seidel. St. John's College
Fairmont Lounge at 8pm. Call
Tuesday, Feb. 23
Chalmers Institute Seminar
The Trinity Revisited. Rev. Nancy
Cocks; Rev. Bill Crockett. VST
from 9:30am-4pm. Continues to
Feb. 24. $100; $50 seniors; $90
group. To register e-mail
ci@interchange.ubc.ca or call
UBC Botanical Garden
Lecture Series
Summer Bulbs For Gardens And
Patios. Judy Newton. Botanical
Garden reception centre from
12noon-lpm. $5 at the door. To
register call 822-3928.
Microbiology And
Immunology Seminar
Mycobacterium - Macrophage
Interactions. Richard Stokes,
B.C. Research Institute.
Wesbrook 100 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-3308.
Botany Seminar
Causes And Consequences Of
Biodiversity Changes In Arctic
Tundra. Greg Henry, Geography.
BioSciences 2000 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Xerox Lecture
Curved Carbon. Prof. Robert C.
Haddon, Chemistry, U of Kentucky. Chemistry B-250 (south
wing) at lpm. Refreshments at
12:40pm. Call 822-3266.
Statistics Seminar
Applications Of State-Space Models.  Claus Dethlefsen;  Bjarke
Klein, Mathematics, Aalborg U.
CSCI 301 from4-5:30pm. Refreshments, please bringyourmug. Call
Memorial Service
In Memory Of Al Fowler, 1935-
1999. Music Recital Hall at 4pm.
Call 822-4636.
Graduate And Faculty
Christian Forum
Imagining The Universe: The Dis-
course Of Cosmology. Denis
Danielson, English. Buchanan B-
221 at 4:15pm. Refreshments at
4pm. Call 822-5176.
Green College Speaker Series
The Politics OfThe Booker Prize.
Tracy Prince, English. Green College at 5pm. Reception from 6-
6:30pm. Call 822-1878.
Green College Special
The Brideship, A 55 Minute Tape
Presentation Of His Work, Followed By Discussion. Robert
Turner, Canadian composer.
Green College at 8pm. Call 822-
Wednesday, Feb. 24
Orthopedics Grand Rounds
Report From The AAOS. Chief residents. VGH, Eye Care Centre Aud.
at 7am. Call 875-4192.
Centre For Management
Development Seminar
Strategic Planning In Technical
Environments. Anthony Board;
Iain Cockburn. Angus from 9am-
4:30pm. Continues to Feb. 26.
$1295 includes workbooks, refreshments and lunch. To register
call 822-8400.
Continuing Studies Public
From Salt To Opium: Chinese Commodities And Cargoes Through The
Ages. Vancouver Public Library
(downtown) Peter Kaye Room from
10-11:30am. Continues to Mar.
31. $65; $55 seniors. To register
call 822-1420.
Surplus Sale
Task Force warehouse from
12noon-5pm. Call 822-2813; 822-
Continuing Studies Public
The Nisga'a Treaty: Where Do We
Go From Here? Various speakers.
Vancouver Public Library (downtown) Peter Kaye Room from
12noon-1:30pm. Continues to
Mar. 17. $45; $35 seniors. To register call 822-1420.
Faculty Financial Planning
Lecture Series
RRIFs, LIFs, Annuities, OAS, CPP...
Jim Rogers, The Rogers Group.
Angus 110 from 12:30-1:20pm.
Call 822-1433.
School Of Music Concert
Wednesday Noon Hours. Gordon
Cherry, trombone; Edward Norman, organ. Music Recital Hall at
12:30pm. $3 at the door. Call 822-
Centre For Japanese
The Kumiya : The Wide World Of A
Maritime Trader In Sixteenth Century Japan. Prof. Isao Soranaka,
History, U of Western Ontario. CK
Choi 120 from 12:30-2pm. Call
Centre For Research In Women's
Studies and Gender Relations
Sentimental Men. Mary Chapman.
U of Alberta. Women's Studies
Centre lounge from 12:30-l:30pm.
Call 822-9171.
UBC Teaching Community
TAG Seminar
Professional Relationships And
Personal Boundaries For T.A.s.
David Lam basement seminar
room from 1:30-4:30pm. To register call 822-9149.
Obstetrics And Gynecology
Research Seminar
Cadherin-II In The Human Endometrium. Dr. George Chen.
B.C.'s Women's Hosp. 2N35 at
2pm. Call 875-3108.
Geography Colloquium
Measuring Microbial Biodiversity:
Effects Of Fire On Mycorrhizal
Fungal Communities And Associated Bacteria. Keith Eggers, U of
Northern B.C. Geography 201 at
3:30pm. Call Trevor Barnes 822-
Nursing Rounds
The Breastfeeding Partnership:
Analysis Of Video-Taped Mother-
Infant Behaviors. Roberta Hewat.
asst. prof. UBC Hosp., Koerner
Pavilion G-279 from 4-5pm. E-
mail: edna@nursing.ubc.caorcall
Jagged Little Pill.- Ottawa's New
Tax On Recordable Media. Dan
Howton, Precision Sound Corp.
CICSR/CS 208 at 4pm. Refreshments. Call 822-6601.       •
Geophysics Seminar
Bayesian Blocks: A New Method
Of Data Analysis. Jeffrey Scargle,
Ames/NASA. Geophysics/Astronomy 260 at 4pm. Call 822-
Ecology. Evolution And
Biodiversity Seminar
The Hierarchical Structure Of Co-
Evolution: An Example In Detail.
Prof. John Thompson, U of Washington. FNSC 60 at 4:30pm. Call
Respiratory Research
Seminar Series
The Use Of HRCTTo Measure Airway Dimensions And Functions In
Normals And Asthmatics. Dr. Peter Pare; Dr. Greg King. Medicine.
VGH. doctors' residence conference room from 5-6pm. Call 875-
Medieval And Renaissance
The Twelfth Century As An Age Of
Decline. Stephen Jaeger. Germanic
Studies, U of Washington.
Buchanan 222 at 5pm. Call 822-
19th Century Studies
L'Idiot Du Voyage: Projections,
Productions. Performances. Derek
Gregory, Geography. Green College at 8pm. Call 822-1878.
Thursday, Feb. 25
Occupational First Aid
Level 1 And CPR-A Certification
For UBC Staff, Faculty And Students. Firehall #10, 2992
Wesbrook Mall from 8:30am-
4:30pm. $90. Call Pamela 822-
Interdisciplinary Studies
A Hypermediated Ethnography Of
Organizational Change: Reminiscences Of Interdisciplinarity At
Work. Kersti Krug, MOA; Fiction
And Science, Jorge Luis Borges
And Paradox. Floyd Merrell, Spanish, Purdue U. Green College from
8:30am-5:30pm. Continues to Feb.
26. $10. Call 822-0954
G. Peter Kaye Continuing
Education Seminar
An In-Depth Study And Discussion OfThe Pelikan Lectures. Vari
ous speakers. VST from 9am-9pm.
Continues to Feb. 26. $110; $55
seniors; $100 group. To register,
e-mail ci@interchange.ubc.ca or
call 822-9815.
UBC Teaching Community
TAG Seminar
Preparing For Your Job Day Interview. David Lam basement seminar room from 9:30am-12:30pm.
To register call 822-9149.
City Gardening Lecture
Summer Bulbs For Gardens. Vancouver Public Library (downtown)
from 12noon-1 pm. $5 at the door.
To register call 822-3928.
G. Peter Kaye Public Lecture
The Genesis Of Creeds And Confessions: Scripture, Tradition And
Creed. VST Epiphany Chapel at
12:30pm. Call 822-9815.
Transformation Of Europe
Lecture Series
Europe And The Atlantic Relationship At 50. Karsten Voigt, coordinator, German-North American Co-operation. CK Choi 120 at
12:30pm. Refreshments from
12noon-12:30pm. Call 822-9700;
Asian Studies Speaker Series
China And The East Asian Financial Crisis. Prof. Pitman B. Potter,
Law. Asian Centre 604 from 12:30-
1:20pm. Web site: www.assa.ca or
call 822-3881.
School Of Music Concert
UBC Guitar Ensembles. Michael
Strutt. director: Allan Rinehart.
director. Music Recital Hall at
12:30pm. Call 822-5574.
Earth And Ocean Sciences
Is There A Connection Between
Dust And Fish? How Does Iron
Control Primary Productivity In
The North Pacific Ocean? Paul
Harrison. GeoSciences 330-A at
12:30pm. Call 822-3278.
UBC Teaching Community
TAG Seminar
Developing ATeaching Dossier For
Tenure, Promotion And Reflection.
David Lam basement seminar
room from 3-5pm. To register call
Genetics Graduate Program
Inhibiting Caspase Cleavage Of
Huntington Reduces Its Toxicity
In An In Vitro Model Of Huntington
Disease. Wesbrook 201 at 3:30pm.
Refreshments at 3:15pm. Call
Physics And Astronomy
Relieving The Frustration: High
Tc Superconductivity In Doped
Antiferromagnets. Steven
Kivelson, U of California. Hennings
201    at   4pm.    Refreshments
Hennings 325 at 3:45pm. Call
822-2137; 822-3631.
19th Century Studies
The Past As Phantasm: Carlyle.
Michelet And Postmodernism.
Hayden White. U of California.
Cecil Green Park House Yorkeen
Room at 4:30pm. Call 822-4225.
G. Peter Kaye Public
The Genesis Of Creeds And Confessions: The Rule Of Prayer And
The Rule Of Faith. VST Epiphany
Chapel at 7:30pm. Call 822-9815.
Chan Centre Concert
The Marriage Of Figaro By Mozart.
UBC Opera Ensemble. Chan Centre Chan Shun Concert Hall at
8pm. Continues to Feb. 28. $15:
$10 students/seniors. Call
Ticketmaster 280-3311 or for
more information 822-2697.
Science And Society
The Importance Of Understanding Science. Sid Katz, Pharmaceutical Sciences. Green College
at 8pm. Call 822-1878.
Friday, Feb. 26
Health Care And
Epidemiology Rounds
The Effect Of Latency On The
Size Of An Epidemic. Steve
Marion, assoc. prof. Mather 253
from 9-10am. Paid parking available in Lot B. Call 822-2772.
Pediatric Grand Rounds
The Evolution Of Exercise Rehabilitation Program For Children
With Congenital Heart Disease -
Site Wide Rounds. Dr. Jacques
LeBlanc, Cardiac Surgery, B.C.'s
Children's Hosp. GF Strong Aud.
from 9-10am. Refreshments GF
Strong lounge at 8:30am. Call
Ruth Giesbrecht 875-2307.
Fish 500 Seminar
Pacific Fisheries Research Conservation Council. Terry Glavin.
Transmontanus. Hut B-8 Ralf
Yorque Room at 1 1:30am. Refreshments at 1 lam. Call 822-4329.
Sing Tao School Of
Journalism Seminar
Trivia Pursuit: How Showbiz Values Are Corrupting The News.
Knowlton Nash. Sing Tao 104
from 12noon-1:30pm. Call 822-
Electrical And Computer
Engineering Seminar
Compact Modeling Of High-
Speed, Small-Dimension Transistors. Dave Pulfrey. MacLeod
214 at 12:30pm. Call 822-2405.
Occupational Hygiene
Program Seminar
Labours Proposal For Occupational Health Clinics In British
The UBC Reports Calendar lists university-related or
university-sponsored events on campus and off campus within the Lower Mainland.
Calendar items must be submitted on forms available
from the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310-6251 Cecil Green
Park Road. Vancouver B.C., V6TIZ1. Phone: UBC-INFO
(822-4636). Fax: 822-2684. An electronic form Is available at http://www.pubMcaffairs.ubc.ca. Please limit to
35 words. Submissions for the Calendar's Notices section
may be limited due to space.
Deadline for the March 4 issue of UBC Reports —
which covers the period March 7 to March 20 — is noon,
Feb. 23. Calendar
UBC Reports ■ February 18, 1999 7
February 21 through March 6
Columbia. Lynn Bicker, director. Health and Safety B.C. Federation of Labour. UBC Hosp..
Koerner Pavilion G-279 from
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-9302.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
How Does Insulin Work? Roger
Brownsey, assoc. prof. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
Cunningham 160 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-7795.
19th Century Studies/
English Lecture
History As Fulfillment. Hayden
White. U of California. Angus
110 at 12:30pm. Call 822-4225.
Law And Society
Alternative Globalizations: Islamic Banking, Local Currencies
And Meanings Of Money In New
Cultures Of Finance. Bill Maurer,
Anthropology, U of California.
Curtis 169 at 12:30pm. Call 822-
Chemical Engineering
Weekly Seminar
Biological Treatment Of Combined Condensates In A Self-Cy-
cling Reactor. Marguerite
Decarie. ChemEng 206 at
3:30pm. Call 822-3238.
Physical Chemistry
Surface Analysis On Atomic
Level. Tien Tsong, Institute of
Physics. Academia Sinica. Chemistry D-225 (centre block) at 4pm.
Call 822-3266.
Saturday, Feb. 27
UBC Botanical Garden
Lecture Series
Winter Pruning. David Tarrant.
Botanical Garden from 9am-
12noon. $25: $22 members. To
register call 822-3928.
Vancouver Institute
Trivia Pursuit. Knowlton Nash,
journalist, broadcaster, author.
IRC #2 at 8:15pm. Call 822-3131.
Monday, Mar. 1
English Lecture
The Jade Peony: Reading And
Discussion. Wayson Choy.
Buchanan A-203 at 12:30pm.
Call 822-4225.
UBC Teaching Community
TAG Seminar
Scholarly Information On The
World Wide Web (introductory).
Koerner Library Sedgewick
Teaching Lab 217 from 1:30-
4:30pm. To register call 822-
Mechanical Engineering
Crisis And Opportunity In The
Wood Industry In B.C. Jim
Dangerfield, vice-president.
Western Division, Forintek.
CEME 1204 from 3:30-4:30pm.
Refreshments. Call 822-3770.
International Week
Various International Theme
Seminars. Continues to Mar. 4.
$30 non-UBC participants. International House at 3:30pm. To
register call 822-4945.
Astronomy Seminar
Massive Nuclear Black Holes and
Their Host Galaxies. Laura
Ferrarese, CalTech. Hennings
318 at 4pm. Refreshments at
3:30pm. Call 822-2267.
Member Speaker Series
I Should Never Have Been Born!
Wrongful Life Litigation In
Canada. Kylie Diwell, Law. Green
College at 5:30pm. Call 822-
Thematic Lecture Series
What Is Tradition When It Is Not
Invented?: Law And Tradition -
Perspectives From Common Law.
David Lieberman. Law, U of California. Green College at 7:30pm.
Call 822-1878.
Chan Centre Concert
Academy Of St. Martin In The
Fields. Chan Centre Chan Shun
Concert Hall at 8pm. Call
Ticketmaster 280-3311 or for more
information 822-2697.
St. John's College
Speaker Series
Stochastic Resonance. Cari Wells,
Kinesiology. St. John's College
Fairmont Lounge at 8pm. Call 822-
Tuesday, Mar. 2
UBC Teaching Community
TAG Seminar
Incorporate Research Into Your
Teaching Using Excel Pivot Tables 97 (advanced). David Lam
basement Windows Lab B from
9am-12noon. To register call 822-
UBC Botanical Garden
Lecture Series
Propagation From Seeds And
Cuttings. David Tarrant. Botanical Garden reception centre from
12noon-lpm. $5 at the door. To
register call 822-3928.
Microbiology And
Immunology Seminar
Characterization Of HSV Glycoprotein - Glycosminoglycan Interactions. Angela Dyer. Wesbrook
100from 12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-
Botany Seminar
Why Aren't High Water-Use Efficiency And Low Nitrogen-Use Efficiency Correlated With Reduced
Growth Potential In Gymno-
sperms? Robert Guy. Forest Sciences. BioSciences 2000 from
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Animal Science Seminar
The Role Of E^ogesterone And Cholesterol In Sperm Acrosome Reaction
And In Vitro Fertilization In Cattle.
Afsaneh Motamed Khorasani.
MacMillan 256 at 12:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-4593.
Lectures In Modern
Mechanism And Exploitation Of
Acyl And Acetal Transfer Reactions. Prof. Andrew Bennet, SFU.
Chemistry B-250 (south wing) at
lpm. Refreshments at 12:40pm.
Call 822-3266.
Continuing Studies Public
The Spanish Inquisition. Derek
Carr. Hispanic and Italian Studies. Vancouver Public Library
(downtown) Peter Kaye Room from
2-3:30pm. Continues to Mar. 9.
$25; $20 seniors. To register call
President's Advisory
Committee Music Seminar
Schubert's Moment Musical No. 6
In A Flat And The Song, "Am Meer"
From Schwanengesang. Prof. Lawrence Kramer, Fordham U. Music
Library seminar room from 3:30-
5:30pm. Call 822-3113.
Statistics Seminar
Speed Of Convergence OfThe Hit-
And-Run Sampler. Claude Belisle,
Laval U. CSCI 301 from 4-5:30pm.
Refreshments, please bring your
mug. Call 822-0570.
Promotion And Tenure
Issues Seminar
Faculty Association And Faculty
Mentoring Program's Joint Seminar. Various speakers. First Na
tions Great Hall from 4-6pm. Refreshments at 3:30pm. Call Estelle
Paget 822-0831.
Health And Medicine Lecture
Canada's Blood System - A Fresh
Start. Mary Collins, PC: president.
Amorok Holdings. Green College
at 8pm. Call 822-1878.
Wednesday, Mar. 3
Orthopedics Grand Rounds
Problem Disc Herniations. Dr. J.F.
Schweigel. VGH. Eye Care Centre
Aud. at 7am. Call 875-4192.
Asian Studies Speaker Series
Japanese Electronic Firms In Asia.
Prof. David Edgington. Geography.
Asian Centre 604 from 12:30-
1:20pm. Call 822-3881.
School Of Music Concert
Wednesday Noon Hours. Andrew
Dawes, violin; Jane Coop, piano.
Music Recital Hall at 12:30pm. $3
at the door. Call 822-5574.
Faculty Financial Planning
Lecture Series
Estate Planning And Wills.
Margaret Mason, Bull, Housser
and Tupper. Angus 110 from
12:30-1:20pm. Call 822-1433.
President's Advisory
Committee Music Seminar
Modernist Alienation And Modern
Music. Prof. Lawrence Kramer,
Fordham U. Buchanan B-218 at
12:30pm.  Call 822-3113.
Centre For Research In Women's
Studies And Gender Relations
Good Sex And Dirty Dishes -
Thoughts On Heterosexuality.
Feminism And The Family. Jo Van
Every, U of Birmingham. Women's
Studies Centre lounge from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-9171.
Centre For Southeast Asia
Ringgit, Sex And The Internet: Economics. Politics And Culture In
Contemporary Malaysia. Shamsul
Amril Baharudin. dean. Social Sci
ences and Humanities. National U
of Malaysia. CK Choi #120 from
12:30-2pm. Call 822-2629.
Canadian Bureau For
International Education
Conference. Various Speakers. International House at 2pm. Continues to Mar. 4. To register call 822-
Obstetrics And Gynecology
Research Seminar
Use Of Ultrasound In Prediction
Of Ovarian Reserve. Dr. Tim
Chiang. B.C.'s Women's Hosp.
2N35 at 2pm. Call 875-3108.
Geography Colloquium
Simmel's Sense Of Space And The
Civic Unconscious. Tom Kemple.
Geography 201 at 3:30pm. Call
Trevor Barnes 822-5804.
English Lecture
Building Yeat's Tower/Building
Modernism. George Bornstein, U
of Michigan. Buchanan lounge 597
at 3:30pm. Call 822-4225.
President's Advisory
Committee Music Seminar
Hands On, Lights Off: The Moonlight
Sonata And The Birth Of Sex At The
Piano. Prof. Lawrence Kramer,
Fordham U. CKChoi 129 at 4:30pm.
Call 822-3113.
Respiratory Research
Seminar Series
Postural Changes In Respiratory
Mechanics In Left Ventricular Fail-
ure. Dr. Neil Pride, prof. Thoracic
Medicine, National Heart and Lung
Institute. VGH. doctors' residence
conference room from 5-6pm. Call
Individual Interdisciplinary
Studies Graduate Program
Crossing Boundaries In Medical
Sciences And Health. Clyde
Hertzman, Health Care And Epidemiology. Green College at 5pm.
Call 822-1878.
St. John's College
Speaker Series
Breast Cancer For Scientists, Breast
| Cancer For Students - The Millen-
| nium Update. Dr. Joseph Ragaz.On-
|  cology. St. John's College  1080 at
5:15pm. Call 822-8788.
Thursday, Mar. 4
Occupational First Aid
Level 1 And CPR-A Certification
For UBC Staff, Faculty And Students. Firehall #10.2992 Wesbrook
Mall from 8:30am-4:30pm. $90.
Call Pamela 822-2029.
UBC Teaching Community
TAG Seminar
PowerPoint 95 For Teaching And
Presentations (introductory). David
Lam basement Windows Lab A
from 9am-4:30pm. To register call
City Gardening Lecture
Propagation From Seeds And
Cuttings. Vancouver Public Library
(downtown) from 12noon- lpm. $5
at the door. To register call 822-
Cultural And Media Studies
The Politics Of Drugs And Drug
Use In New York City. Anthony
Marcus, Hofstra U. Green College
from 12:30-2pm. Call 822-1878.
Earth And Ocean Sciences
Geochemical And Isotopic System-
atics Of Palezoic Rocks From Inboard CordilleranTerranes - Clues
To Their Origin And Evolution.
Robert Creaser. U of Alberta.
GeoSciences 330-A at 12:30pm.
Call 822-3278.
Centre For Chinese
Research/Music Lecture
Chinese Language And Its Impact
Upon Music. Prof. Du Yaxiong, Beijing
Chinese Conservatory of Music. Asian
Centre 604 at 12:30pm. Call 822-
2331; 822-2629.
Genetics Graduate Program
The Characterization And Developmental Expression Patterns Of
The Ubiquitin Conjugating Enzyme
UBC-2 In The Nematode,
Caenorhabditis Elegans. Tracy
Stevens. Wesbrook 201 at 3:30pm.
Refreshments. Call 822-8764.
Physics And Astronomy
Superfluidity In Helium Three: The
Discovery Through The Eyes Of A
Graduate Student. Doug Osheroff,
Stanford U. Hennings 201 at 4pm.
Refreshments Hennings 325 at
3:45pm. Call 822-2137; 822-3631.
Computer Science Invited
Speaker Seminar
Non-Linear PDE Methods In Image Processing. Tony Chan, UCLA.
CICSR/CS 208 from 4-5:30pm.
Refreshments. Call 822-0557.
Policy Issues In Post-
Secondary Education
The Role Of Continuing Education
In The Knowledge Society. Lynn
Burton, dean. Continuing Studies, SFU; Walter Uegama, assoc.
vice-president. Continuing Studies. Green College at 4:30pm.
Call 822-1878.
Fine Arts Lecture
Thliitsapilthim (Ceremonial
Screens). Ki-Ke-In (Ron Hamilton). Lasserre 102 at 7:30pm.
Call 822-2757.
Continuing Studies Lecture
Pelop's Island: The Archeology Of
The Peloponnese. Hector
Williams, Classical, Near Eastern and Religious Studies.
Lasserre 102 from 7:30-9m. Continues to Mar. 18. $35; $30 seniors. To register call 822-1420.
Friday, Mar. 5
Pediatric Grand Rounds
Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis
Into The 21 st Century; Where Do
We Stand And What Can Be Expected? Dr. Maarten Egeler,
assoc. prof.. Oncology and
Pediatrics, U of Calgary. GF
Strong Aud. from 8:30-9:30am.
Call Ruth Giesbrecht 875-2307.
Health Care And
Epidemiology Rounds
Qualitatively Defining Patient Expectations And Treatment Effects
Of Anti-Dementia Medications:
Exploring And Explaining
Clinimetrics. Janice Graham,
medical anthropologist. Mather
253 from 9-10am. Paid parking
available in Lot B. Call 822-2772.
Fish 500 Seminar
Visit And Discussion. Kevern
Cochrane. Hut B-8 Ralf Yorque
Room at 11:30am. Refreshments
at 11am. Call 822-4329.
Occupational Hygiene
Program Seminar
A Retrospective Cohort Study Of
B.C. Aluminum Workers. John
Spinelli, asst. prof. UBC Hosp..
Koerner Pavilion G-279 from
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-9302.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Dietary Obesity And Peptides In
Rat Brain. Jian Wang.
Cunningham 160 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-7795.
Oceanography Seminar
Mechanisms Controlling Bacterial Production. Populations And
Community Structure. Markus
G. Weinbauer, National Research
Centre for Biotechnology.
BioSciences 1465 at 12:30pm.
Call 822-3278.
Centre For Southeast Asia
Indonesia: WalkingThe Tightrope
To The Rule Of Law. Prof. Tim
Lindsey, Law, U of Melbourne. CK
Choi boardroom 231 from 12:30-
2pm. Call 822-2629.
Graduate Students/
Institute Of Asian Research
Re-Evaluating Asia: New Research Directions. Shamsul Amril
Baharudin, dean. Social Sciences
and Humanities. National U of
Malaysia; Leonora Angelas,
assoc. prof. Community and Regional Planning. CKChoi conference/seminar room from l-9pm.
Continues to Mar. 6 from 9am-
6pm. $15 Mar. 5; $10 Mar. 6.
Call 822-8574.
Chemical Engineering
Weekly Seminar
Greenhouse Solid Waste Treatment And Utilization. William
Cheuk. ChemEng 206 at 3:30pm.
Call 822-3238.
Continued Page 8 8 UBC Reports • February 18, 1999
News Digest
The Centre for Policy Studies in Higher Education and Training
(CHET) is the new name for the former Centre for Policy Studies in
Education, a research arm of the Faculty of Education.
The name change reflects the centre's recent focus on policy-
oriented research in higher education and training, says co-director
and Educational Studies Prof. Kjell Rubenson.
A seminar series featuring international speakers co-sponsored
with Green College focuses on higher education policy issues across
Canada and internationally.
The centre, established in 1984, addresses questions of educational policy, practice and outcomes.
The Leon and Thea Koerner University Centre is the new name
of the former Faculty Club building, currently undergoing renovations.
The Koemers funded the capital construction of the building in
the late 1950s and the building has been named in honour of their
contribution to the intellectual, cultural and social life of UBC.
Bob Uttl, Ph.D.
Statistical consulting
Research design, analysis, & interpretation
Structural equation modeling
Experiments, clinical trials, surveys, imaging
Voice: 604-836-2758   Fax: 604-836-2759
Email: buttl@ibm.net
Alan Donald, Ph.D.
Biostatistical Consultant
Medicine, dentistry, biosciences, aquaculture
101-5805 Balsam Street, Vancouver, V6M 4B9
264 -9918 donald@portal.ca
February 21 through March 6
Continued from Page 7
Bio-Resource Engineering
Weekly Seminar
Development Of Sustainable
Aquaculture Systems. Ted White,
Future SEA Farms Inc. ChemEng
224 at 3:30pm. Refreshments at
3:15pm. Call 822-3475.
School Of Music Lecture/
The Relationship Between Folk
Songs Of Hungary And Northwestern China. Du Yaxiong,
Beijing Chinese Conservatory of
Music. Music Library seminar
room at 3:30pm. Call 822-2331;
Physical Chemistry Seminar
The Electronic Spectrum Of YOH
and YOD In The Visible Region.
Scott Rlxon; Chris Kingston.
Chemistry D-225 (centre block)
at 4pm. Call 822-3266.
Chalmers Institute
Women And Spirituality Dialogue
'99. Various speakers. VST at
5pm. Continues to Mar. 6 from
8am-4pm. $70; $35 seniors. To
register call 822-9815.
Chan Centre Concert
Ensemble Showcase. UBC Chamber Strings; UBC Contemporary
Players. Chan Centre at 8pm.
Call 822-2697.
Festiva '99
Displays, Performances And Food
From Around The World. Inter
national House from 5-9pm. $5
in advance; $7 at the door; $3
children 3-14. Call 822-4945.
Saturday, Mar. 6
Student Careers
International Relations. Various
speakers. International House at
9am. Call Vasilis Pappas, president. International Relations
Student Association 822-1604:
Art History Graduate
There's Nothing Funny About Art
History: Addressing The Critical
Possibilities Of Humor.
Cuauhtemoc Medina, Mexican
art historian, curator, critic.
Lasserre 104 from llam-5pm.
Refreshments. Call 822-2757.
Chan Centre Concert
Double Your Pleasure. Vancouver Men's Chorus; Gay Men's
Chorus of San Diego. Chan Centre at 8pm. Call Ticketmaster
280-3311 or for more information 822-2697.
Vancouver Institute
Why Are Some Societies Healthier
Than Others? Clyde Hertzman,
Health Care and Epidemiology.
IRC #2 at 8:15pm. Call 822-
The classified advertising rate is $16.50 for 35 words or less. Each additional word
is 50 cents. Rate includes GST. Ads must be submitted in writing 10 days before
publication date to the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1, accompanied by payment in cash, cheque (made out to UBC
Reports) or journal voucher. Advertising enquiries: UBC-INFO (822-4636).
The deadline for the March 4 issue of UBC Reports is noon, Feb. 23.
spot to reserve accommodation
for guest lecturers or other university
members who visit throughout the
year. Close to UBC and other
Vancouver attractions, a tasteful
representation of our city and of
UBC.4103W. 10th Ave., Vancouver,
BC, V6R 2H2. Call or fax 222-4104.
accommodation in Point Grey
area. Min. to UBC. On main bus
routes. Close to shops and
restaurants. Includes TV, tea and
coffee making, private phone/
fridge. Weekly rates available.
Call 222-3461. Fax: 222-9279.
Five suites available for
academic visitors to UBC only.
Guests dine with residents and
enjoy college life. Daily rate $54
plus $ 14/day for meals Sun-Thurs.
Call 822-8660 for more
information and availability.
BAMBURY   LANE      Bed   and
breakfast. View of beautiful B.C.
mountains, Burrard inlet and city.
Clean, comfortable. Use of living
room, dining room, and kitchen.
Min. to UBC, shops and city. Daily,
weekly and winter rates. Call or
fax 224-6914.
BR guest suites with equipped
kitchen, TV and telephone.
Centrally located near SUB,
aquatic centre and transit. Ideal
for visiting lecturers, colleagues
and families. 1999 rates $85-$ 121
per night. Call 822-1010.
6th. Heritage house, antiques,
wood floors, original stained
glass. 10 min. to UBC and
downtown. Two blocks from
restaurants, buses, Scrumptious
full breakfasts. Entertaining cats.
Views. Phones in rooms. E-mail:
farthing@uniserve.com or call
Walk to UBC along the ocean.
Quiet exclusive neighborhood.
Near buses and restaurants.
Comfortable rooms with TV and
private bath. Full breakfast.
Reasonable rates. Non-smokers
only please. Call 341-4975.
CAMILLA   HOUSE   Bed   and
Breakfast. Best accommodation
on main bus routes. Includes
television, private phone and
bathroom. Weekly reduced
rates. Call 737-2687. Fax 737-2586.
ROOMS Private rooms, located
on campus, available for visitors
attending UBC on academic
business. Private bathroom,
double beds, telephone,
television, fridge, and meals five
days per week. Competitive
rates. Call for information and
availability 822-8788.
ALMA BEACH B&B Beautiful,
immaculate, bright rooms with
ensuite in elegant, spacious
home. Two blocks to Jericho
Beach/Vancouver Yacht Club.
Gourmet breakfast. Central
location to downtown/UBC. N/S.
Call 221-0551.
18th Ave. Visitors and students of
UBC are most welcome. 15 min.
to UBC or downtown by bus.
Close to restaurants and shops.
Daily rates form $50 to $100.
Please call and check it out at
TRIUMF HOUSE Guest house with
homey, comfortable environment
for visitors to UBC and hospital.
Located near the hospital. Rates
$40-$65/night and weekly rates.
E-mail: housing@erich .triumf .ca or
call 222-1062.
FRANCE Paris central one BR. Close
to Paris, one BR Provence house,
fully furnished. Call 738-1876.
BEAUTIFUL large Point Grey house
two levels, two bath, two
kitchens, two F/Ps, three
balconies, hot tub in beautiful
garden. Avail. May 1 or Sept. 1.
Priced to be neg. based on
options - furnished, unfurnished,
term of lease, etc. E-mail:
mbnevwest@bc. sympatico. ca
or call 228-8079.	
immediately in large quiet Kits
house for two persons on Mon.-
Fri. basis preferably. Also, large
self-contained furnished suite in
same house. Parking, W/D. Rent
neg. N/S, N/P. E-mail:
brendaj@axionet.com or call
looking to optimize their RRSP,
faculty pension and retirement
options call Don Proteau, RFP or
Doug Hodgins, RFP of the HLP
Financial Group for a
complimentary consultation.
Investments available on a no-
load basis. Call for our free
newsletter. Serving faculty
members since 1982. Call 687-7526.
E-mail: dproteau@hlp.fpc.ca
40 hr TESOL teacher certification
course (or by correspondence
Mar. 10-14, Jun. 23-27. Sept. 22-
26, Nov. 24-28). 1,000s of jobs
available NOW. FREE information
package, toll free (888) 270-2941
or (403) 438-5704.	
professional editing of papers,
journal articles, grant proposals,
and theses/dissertations. Ref.
avail. Call Jennifer Wohl, MSc,
PhD 222-2078 or e-mail:
children wish to rent furnished
accommodation from Apr. 1.
Call Lynn or Rick 874-7434.
share in three BR cottage. Boat
docks, swimming, horseback
riding, hiking trails, farm animals,
caretakers, family-oriented. 30
min. watertaxi ride from Horseshoe
Bay. Flexible time-sharing,
reasonably priced. Call Teresa
228-9121 or Moira 224-7532.
Next deadline:
noon, Feb. 23
on March 4th!
Sign-up for UBC TREK Centre's Commuter Challenge!
Get your department/team to prove you're the "greenest" when it comes to commuting on March 4th.
Call 827-TREK for your registration package.
7:30-9:30 UBC Cinnamon Bun Coupon Handout.  Volunteers
will be looking for persons who carpooled, van
pooled, hiked, biked, or walked to UBC.
9:00-2:30 Displays and Bike Clinic near the UBC Bus Loop. Be
sure to stop by our tents to check out the information,
pick up your cinnamon bun coupons, register for the
prize draw, and get some giveaways!
12:15       Stop by our tents to listen to Councillor Gordon Price
and other Regional Transportation Experts and join
in the TREK Parade.
1:15 Prize draws, wrap-up events
Event Schedule updates are available @ www.trek.ubc.ca
Give Someone
a Second Chance.
March is Kidney Month. Please give generously.
THE Kidney Foundation of Canada UBC Reports ■ February 18, 1999 9
Daniel Sieberg photo
Webbed Thunderbird
Editor Hugh Dawson (left) and Sing Tao School of Journalism Prof. Stephen Ward
review the final draft of the school's new magazine, The Thunderbird, before it goes
on-line. The Thunderbird is a monthly publication examining various media issues in
Canada and can be found at www.journalisni.ubc.ca/thunderbird.htnil.
Let Yourself Be Transformed
20% off hairstyling
Gerard does not cut your hair right away. First he looks at the shape of your
face. He wants to know what you want, the time you want to spend on your hair,
your lifestyle. Once your desires are communicated, Gerard's design creativity
flourishes into action to leave you feeling great by looking your very best.
Gerard uses natural products to leave your hair soft and free of chemicals. He
also specializes in men and women's hair loss as per testimonials using
Edonil from Paris, France, and is the only one in North America using this
technique. Gerard was trained in Paris and worked for Nexus as a platform
artist. Gerard invites you to his recently opened salon in Kitsilano.
3432 W. Broadway   732-4240
Supporting local
projects in a global
1 -800-5656-USC
with your pledge today
56 Sparks Street, Ottawa, ON
KIP   5B1
by staff writers
Commerce and Business Administration
Prof. Peter Frost has
won the 1998 Distinguished
Educator Award from the
Academy of Management at
Pace University in
Pleasantville, N.Y.
Frost, the first foreigner to
receive the award, was
recognized for his pioneering
contributions to advance
teaching in the academy.
The Academy of Management is a non-profit organization that fosters the
advancement of research,
learning, teaching and
practice in the management field and encourages the
extension and unification of management knowledge.
Prof. Judith Johnston, director of the School of
Audiology and Speech Sciences, was recently given
the highest award offered by the British Columbia
Association of Speech Language Pathologists and Audiolo-
Johnston was recognized with the honours of the
association for her professional advocacy and her international advancement of both science and clinical service.
Particularly noted was her success in involving 150
clinical faculty in decision- and policy-making at the
university. Practitioners around B.C. assisted with a major
revision to the school's curriculum and are regularly
consulted on a variety of administrative issues.
•  •  •  •
Music Assoc. Prof. Michael Tenzer is the recipient
of an award from the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP), a major
performing rights organization based in New York. Tenzer
was recognized for his ongoing work as a composer.
One of his latest works. Sources of Current, commissioned by the U.S. Library of Congress, was recently
premiered by the chamber players of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra.
Are you interested in BC's high technology?
graduate students
high-tech companies
support organizations
- Be There -
March 9, 1999
Robson Square Convention Centre - Vancouver
• Discover BC's leading edge technology •
• Visit over 200 displays & hear futurist Frank Ogden •
•Connect with research partners and company representatives*
• Pick up ASI's Industry and Academic Research Directories •
• Attend the half-hour seminar/demonstrations •
The ASI Exchange is an advanced technology swap meet and a showcase of
new technologies and research. This one day event brings together all ofthe
'players' in BC's high technology community.
To find out how you can participate: visit our website (www.asi.bc.ca/asi/
exchange/) or contact Lisa Welbourn at ASI (lisa@asi.bc.ca).
Presented by the BC Advanced Systems Institute (ASI)
Introducing ...
Our new On-Line Store for
UBC Departmental Customers
Now shop from your desktop for office
supplies, computer products and UBC
specialty items.
•* Wide range of products
*/ Competitive on-line price
•* Secure transactions using FMIS system
For an On-Line Store Registration Form or
to attend a one-hour introductory session,
call Vickie McLeod 822-0587
www. ubcbookstore. com 10 UBC Reports • February 18, 1999
• r-. > *•
Hilary Thomson photo
Librarians Diane Helmer (left) and Mary Doug Wright track down
research in not only the usual English-language medical journals
and directories, but also through organizations, Web sites and
newsletters worldwide.
Librarians scout out
the facts for office
Hunting down fugitives is all in a
day's work for Mary Doug Wright.
Fugitive literature, that is.
As senior librarian at the B.C. Office
of Health Technology Assessment,
(BCOHTA) Wright and her colleagues
are responsible for searching, scanning and checking voluminous
amounts of data relevant to BCOHTA
assessment requests.
This includes fugitive literature or
information that may be unpublished
and is not indexed in electronic
"It's really a challenge to ferret out
new literature," says Wright. "Keeping
current and organizing all the material
is a huge task."
Tracking down research studies
means scouring international electronic databases of medical indices
and abstracts as well as print directories, journals, newsletters and bibliographies.
The detective work begins once the
primary BCOHTA researcher has completely defined the assessment request.
That's when Wright starts working
on the search strategies. She looks for
technology assessment information in
areas as diverse as biostatistics, law,
anthropology and finance.
"We use local and international electronic medical, technical, scientific and
business databases," says Wright.
"We're also connected to an international network of health sciences libraries."
BCOHTA's library collection has
almost 8,000 items including newsletters, journals, industry reports,
policy statements and conference proceedings.
Wright and librarian Diane Helmer
also look for results of randomized
controlled therapeutic trials on the
relevant technology or drug and for
any pertinent clinical practice guidelines.
They retrieved more than 1,700
items last year, including the fugitive
literature that is a special challenge to
collect, says Wright.
To find the information, Helmer
manually searches through directories of investigators looking for a connection to the subject being evaluated,
calls health technology organizations
for information, scans hundreds of
newsletters and checks health and
technical organizations' Web sites. She
also phones, e-mails or writes directly
to organizations and individuals to find
pertinent research material.
This job of monitoring information
continues throughout the BCOHTA
assessment, some of which take two
or more years to complete.
Five or six projects are usually
researched simultaneously.
Once the researchers have reviewed
the information, library assistant
Catherine Howett gets the requested
reprints of articles from the Web or
through inter-library loans.
Searches are not limited to the
English language because that would
bias the results, says Wright. Key
articles in other languages are translated.
BCOHTA library staff collaborate
with library groups and work directly
with researchers through one-on-one
tutorials to share search strategies.
Wright, who holds an honours undergraduate degree in Genetics from
the University of Alberta and a master's degree in Library Science from
UBC, says the medical librarian field
has grown beyond hospitals and medical schools. Medical librarians are
now employed by pharmaceutical
companies, research organizations
and non-profit health organizations.
Challenging opinions
day's work for doctor
Controversy has become commonplace
for Dr. Isabelle Savoie.
As a medical consultant for the B.C.
Office of Health Technology Assessment
(BCOHTA) based at UBC, Savoie is responsible for evaluating research methods on topics ranging from cholesterol
testing to hearing screening in newborns.
"Our work often challenges people's
opinions about whether a technology
works or not," says Savoie. "That can be
BCOHTA assesses a variety of health
technologies upon request from hospitals, physicians, government agencies,
manufacturers and the public. Technologies include everything from information
systems to drugs to diagnostic equipment.
"We try to help decision-makers identify the best use of limited resources," she
says. 'They need to know if a technology
has been shown to produce more benefits
than harm."
Assessments also review how the technology compares to a placebo or to a
competing alternative.
"Because we're requested to do reviews before money is spent, some people
think we have a bias against buying
technology. But our job is really pro-
research evidence, not anti-technology."
The office receives requests for assessments almost every other week. Faculty
and staff, all UBC employees, use various
criteria to determine the priority and level
of analysis.
Issues such as the number of users of
the technology, its potential to change
the quality of patients' lives, the cost of
implementation and the influence of the
review on the spread ofthe technology are
all considered in determining which requests get priority attention.
Savoie, one of two medical consultants
at BCOHTA, reviews literature gathered
by the office's librarian and information
specialist. She also speaks directly with
physicians and other health-care providers to learn from them how a particular
technology is working.
It takes an average of 18 months to
complete an in-depth assessment.
"What we're evaluating is the quality of
the research — is it logical and thorough
and are the conclusions defensible and
reproducible," says Savoie.
She and BCOHTA colleagues have presented their systematic review methodology to practitioners and decision-makers
at conferences worldwide. Teaching others how to critically appraise research
provides much of her job satisfaction,
Savoie says.
'This is not about telling doctors they're
bad for using technology that is not supported by research evidence," she says.
"It's about making sure health-care dollars are spent in a way that gives the
greatest good to most people."
After obtaining a medical degree from
the University of Montreal and a master's
degree in Health Administration from UBC,
Savoie wanted to contribute to making the
health-care system work better. She also
sought an opportunity to combine research
with personal interaction.
One of her current research assessments looks at how information on heart
disease is presented to women.
Social literature such as articles in
women's magazines and advertising and
an examination ofthe values women hold
concerning health and disability all come
under critical review.
"Women are now getting a great deal of
information about heart disease," says
Savoie. "Some of it is based on sound
research and some is not. Our review
looks at how that information affects
treatment decisions for women and their
Savoie has some advice to anyone seeking a job in research evaluation. "Don't
take anything for granted and don't be
afraid to challenge the status quo."
Hilary Ihomson photo
Dr. Isabelle Savoie is one of two medical consultants who evaluate research
methods used by health technology researchers. UBC Reports ■ February 18, 1999 11
by Hilary Thomson
Staff writer
Hilary Thomson photo
Based at UBC, the British Columbia Office of Health Technology Assessment
provides research on the effectiveness of health findings for clients
ranging from clinicians and administrators of small hospitals to government
decision-makers says Health Care and Epidemiology Assoc. Prof. Arminee
Kazanjian, the office's founding chair.
Reviews cover babies'
hearing to acupuncture
The B.C. Office of Health Technology
Assessment is collaborating with evidence-based medicine programs in B.C.
to produce systematic reviews of technology that have significant impact on
patient health and health-care costs.
Some joint projects currently
underway are:
Acupuncture in the treatment of
drug and alcohol dependency
Acupuncture is often used in the
treatment of alcohol and drug dependence, and is believed to reduce withdrawal and other symptoms associated with abstinence.
The review's aim is to evaluate the
effectiveness of acupuncture in addiction treatment as a supplemental
therapy, an alternative therapy, or as
part of a comprehensive management
Assessment requested by Provincial
Medical Adviser, Adult Addictions Services Branch, Ministry for Children and
Hearing Screening for Newborns
New hearing screening technologies
targeting newborn infants have been
developed and are being strongly marketed in the U.S. and Canada.
There is growing pressure to implement universal hearing screening
guidelines in B.C.
The project seeks to determine if
two new auditory technologies, auditory brainstem response and oto-
acoustic emission, are helpful in preventing developmental delays and disabilities which may be associated with
hearing loss.
Assessment requested by agroup of
B.C. physicians, audiologists and
speech pathologists from the B.C. Research Institute for Child and Family
Health, British Columbia Children's
Hospital; St. Paul's Hospital; and the
Hearing Services Branch of the B.C.
Ministry of Health.
Review of triple marker screening
in British Columbia
The aim of this project is to provide
data from British Columbia to provincial policy makers regarding maternal
serum triple-marker screening (TMS).
The screening is used for the detection of Down's syndrome, other rarer
chromosome abnormalities and conditions such as spina bifida, a congenital defect in the walls of the spinal
BCOHTA will gather qualitative and
quantitative data that will be used to
make decisions on the funding of B.C.
screening programs.
This project is being undertaken at
the request of the B.C. Ministry of
Office clears confusion
of conflicting studies
A scientific study published one day
states carrots should be eaten in great
quantities. The next day, a different study
states carrots should be avoided at all
Conflicting research findings affect
not only carrot consumption but also
health-care spending, policy decisions
and clinical practice.
That's where the British Columbia
Office of Health Technology Assessment
(BCOHTA) comes in.
Established in 1990, this UBC-based
organization provides detailed assessments on a wide range of research studies.
Evaluating other people's research
takes a lot of commitment, the ability to
ask the right questions and no fear of
confrontation, says Arminee Kazanjian,
founding chair of BCOHTA.
"We work with clinicians, academics
and researchers and bringing those
camps together can be a challenge," says
Kazanjian, an associate professor of
Health Care and Epidemiology at UBC
and associate director of the Centre for
Health Services and Policy Research.
"We are asked to probe, challenge and
critique research results and that can
make some individuals uncomfortable,"
she says.
Administrators without access to a
lot of scientific resources, such as vice-
presidents of smaller hospitals, are
grateful to have the research information synthesized and at their fingertips, she says. Reports from BCOHTA
help them to allocate scarce funds, she
Health technology assessment is part
of the move to evidence-based medicine
and is a relatively new field according to
Evidence-based mm^^^^^^^^^
medicine uses a
synthesis of rigorously appraised research as a basis
for health decisions
that range from
policy changes to
clinical practice.
The field got its
start in the United
Kingdom and is
gaining momentum
internationally  as
countries   try   to        	
manage escalating
health-care costs.
BCOHTA has received requests from
Pacific Rim countries and Latin America
on how to set up similar technology
assessment offices.
"We're unique in that we are university-based and work at arm's length from
government," says Kazanjian, who is also
the UBC representative to the Canadian
Cochrane Network/Centre which is part
of an international body that promotes
evidence-based medicine. UBC's international consultation is conducted as
part of this international academic collaboration.
"BCOHTA is the only centre in Canada
where technology assessment work is
conducted using the original methodology developed in the United Kingdom,"
says Kazanjian.
She points to a recent assessment of
the research on bone mineral density
screening as one of BCOHTA's greatest
challenges and accomplishments.
"We are asked to probe,
challenge and critique
research results and
that can make some
— Assoc. Prof. Arminee
A number of hospitals and the B.C.
College of Physicians and Surgeons Clinical Practice Guidelines Committee requested the assessment. Many different
sectors and constituents were involved
with the study including the Medical
Service Plan, clinicians, and Children's
and Women's Health Centre of British
The review took two and a half years to
complete. After it was published, the
provincial Ministry of Health set up a
committee with representatives from various sectors to offer advice on bone health
and fracture prevention strategies.
Kazanjian and colleagues actively promote the systematic review methodology
used at BCOHTA.
One ofthe office's aims is to build into
organizations the capacity to ask the
right questions and to encourage structures that are able to include research in
their decision-making.
Carolyn Green, research associate at
BCOHTA, has been working with the
technological assessment committee at
the Workers' Compensation Board to
review evidence on the clinical effectiveness of craniosacral therapy.
The therapy involves manual manipulation of areas of the skull to stimulate
healing via the cerebral spinal fluid.
"We needed BCOHTA's help in assessing this unconventional form of t herapy,"
says Dr. Craig Martin ofthe WCB. "They
led us through a systematic review of
research which helped us refine our policy
and practice related to this technique."
The review showed that the therapy
couldn't be considered of proven benefit
on the basis of scientific research.
"Our mandate is to promote the use of
research," says Kazanjian. "We have increased our efforts
^^m^^^^^^^^ to collaborate with
the requestor, to
disseminate research and to educate practitioners,
policy makers and
the public."
BCOHTA sends
its reports and
newsletters to
more than 8,000
B.C. physicians
and decisionmakers.
  Staff members
also serve on regional       health
board committees and make presentations at national and international conferences.
Kazanjian emphasizes that the office has no agenda except to provide
research on effectiveness. She says
practitioners and the public need to
know as much as they can about healthcare policies and technology to understand what their taxes are buying and
to make better-informed health-care
Kazanjian, who holds a doctorate in
sociology, originally researched the equality of opportunity in education and labour markets. She then examined health
human resources, which led to her current interest in health systems and health
policy research.
BCOHTA, with nine employees and an
annual budget of $500,000 is a program
within UBC's Centre for Health Services
and Policy Research. 12 UBC Reports - February 18, 1999
What's right about our health-care system
by Robert Evans and Noralou Roos
Economics Prof. Robert Evans is a director of population health with UBC's Canadian Institute for Advanced Research;
Noralou Roos is co-director ofthe Manitoba
Centre for Health Policy and Evaluation.
The following appeared recently in The
Toronto Star.
Canadians are remarkably maso
chistic. Year after year, the United
Nations says Canada is the most
liveable country in the world, yet we seem to
discuss nothing but how to dismember it.
Canada has one of the world's most
successful health-care systems, yet we
cannot shake the belief that, despite all
evidence, the grass is always greener south
of the border.
While our fundamentally sound system
has some problems, we dwell on them and
insistently look for magical fixes from the
Americans, whose health-care system is
generally recognized to be among the least
satisfactory in the developed world.
The truth is there is no shortage of
good news about the Canadian healthcare system; why we hear this so rarely is
something that should concern us.
For example, Canadians are healthy.
On average, we are among the healthiest
peoples in the world, and are becoming
healthier. Wide variations exist by region
and social group, and we rightly hear
much about these. But the overall health
of Canadians is high and rising.
In particular, on the standard measures
of life expectancy and infant mortality, we
outperform the U.S. The U.S. has eight infant
deaths per 1,000 live births — in the same
leagues with the Czech Republic and Greece
- while Canada has six per 1,000.
Canadians also live longer and our advantage is growing. From 1990 to 1995, the
gap in life expectancy between Canadian and
American males grew from two to 2.8 years;
for women, it went from 1.6 to 1.9 years.
Different health-care systems are not
the whole, or even the principal, explanation for Canadians' better health. The
whole American social environment is
more brutal for the less successful. In
simple economic terms, for example, everyone knows that Americans enj oy higher
incomes, on average, than do Canadians.
So while the rich in America are much
richer, the poor are much poorer than their
Canadian counterparts. In 1995, while the
top 20 percent of U.S. families were substantially better off than their Canadian counterparts, most ofthe rest were absolutely worse
off. The difference is largely attributable to
Canada's tax-financed social programs.
There is strong evidence of a link between income distribution and overall
health status — non-egalitarian societies,
like the American, that concentrate wealth
in the hands of a few, tend to be unhealthy.
But obviously health care also matters,
and the Canadian health-care system is
very good at getting care to the people who
need it, whether or not they can pay.
Cross-border studies suggest that both
Canadian and American systems serve
people in middle- and upper-income groups
well, but that there are marked differences
in access for people with lower incomes.
It would be very surprising if this were
not so. About 40 million Americans have
no insurance at all, and those who do
increasingly face larger user fees.
So Canada does a better job of looking
after poor people, and getting what care
there is to where it is needed most. But
most of us are not poor. Aren't we being
shortchanged by an underfunded system
that is simply incapable of meeting all our
needs? The U.S. may not distribute care
equitably, but at least it delivers the
goods, and ours does not. Or does it?
Americans certainly spend a lot more
on health care than we do or than anyone
else in the world. One-seventh of their
national income, 14.2 per cent, goes to
health care, compared with 9.2 per cent
in Canada, and eight to 10 per cent in
most developed countries. This works
out to $3,708 per capita yearly, compared with $2,002 (US) spent in Canada.
It is not that Canada spends so little, it's
that the U.S. spends so much. To match
these levels, Canada would have to add $45
billion a year to our health-care spending.
But do we really want to do that? The
truth of the matter is that more money
does not necessarily buy more health
care, any more than it buys more health.
Americans do not receive more hospital care and they don't receive more physician services, though they pay a lot
more for what they do get. (Yes, their
rates of some types of surgical procedures are higher, but overall, Canadians
get more surgery.)
Americans do not get higher quality
care for their money; follow-up studies of
patients on both sides ofthe border usually show similar outcomes. There is no
clear advantage to either side.
The Canadian health-care system is
also remarkably efficient.
Auniversal, comprehensive, tax-financed
public insurance system with negotiated fee
schedules is administratively lean. The American multi-payer system with diverse and
complex coverage restrictions and elaborate
forms of user payments is fat.
The American private insurance bureaucracy is huge; its excess administrative costs,
compared with a Canadian approach, are
estimated to be between 10 percent and 15
per cent of total system costs — that is, well
over $100 billion (US) per year.
But what about the "Canadian problem" — waiting lists? In the U.S., people
without money or insurance do not even
get on a waiting list. Access is rationed by
ability to pay, not by waiting. (They may
be able to get care at some public facilities, but then they wait.)
If the Canadian waiting lists indicate a
problem, it is not one for which the Americans have an acceptable solution. Canada
could do a better job of managing patients
waiting for surgery. Most provinces don't
have systems in place to prioritize patients.
However, reviews of waiting lists in Canada
have found the system to provide immediate
access for emergency cases, and rapid access for urgent care. Since there have been
remarkable increases in the numbers of
cataract, bypass, hip and knee procedures
performed in Canada in recent years, rationing of care here is not a real issue.
Claims of excessive waiting lists are the
political theatre of publicly funded health
care everywhere in the world. In fact, when
asked, most Canadians on waiting lists do
not find their waits problematic.
Claims of underfunding play an obvious role in the bargaining process between providers and governments. The
former cry "More money for health!" when
they mean higher incomes for providers.
Why, then, do American notions keep
pushing north? There is a great deal of
money to be made by wrecking Medicare.
All the excess costs of an American-
style payment system represent higher
incomes for the insurance industry and
for providers of care. The extra $45 billion
it would cost us to match American expenditure patterns is a big enough carrot
to motivate those who promote the illusion of American superiority.
So what's really right about the Canadian health-care system? Well, compared
to the American, just about everything.
We do have problems but the Americans
don't have the solutions.
The Faculty of Medicine is proud to announce
The Inaugural
D. Harold Copp Lecture
to be presented by:
Prof. Salvador Moncada
TheWolfson Institute for Biomedical Research
University College, London, United Kingdom
The discovery and biological
relevance ofthe L-arginine:
nitric oxide pathway
•   March 24, 1999 at 5pm
•    IRC #2, 2194 Health Sciences Mall
About K
UBC Sustainability Office
sheets of copy paper used at UBC since Jan. 1
*by February 19, 1999 - see website for actual real time number
see real time UBC consumption meters
wwww.sustain, ubc.ca
The Madeleine Sophie Barat Award
Prize: $ 1000
Subject: "The Creative and Responsible Use of
Choose your own focus, e.g. Literature.Art, Capitalism,
Philosophy, the Environment, Interpersonal Relations,
Economics, History, etc.
Eligibility: Open to third- and fourth-year undergraduate and graduate students of UBC and affiliated
theological colleges.
Deadline for entries: Friday, May 28,1999
Prize awarded: Friday, Sept 24, 1999
Application forms may be picked up Monday to Friday,
10 a.m. to 4 p.m. at St. Mark's College, 5935 lona Drive,
at the extreme northeast corner of the campus.


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