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UBC Reports Nov 14, 1996

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Fall Congregation 1996
Ross Weber photo
Director Bruce Sweeney reeled in the 1995 Best Canadian Feature Film Award at the Toronto International Film
Festival for Live Bait. The story of a young man's awkward quest for a sentimental education is Sweeney's
master's thesis.
Graduate hooked on reel life
by Connie Bagshaw
Staff writer
Bruce Sweeney likes mustard on
meat sandwiches. So does Trevor, the
overeducated, underemployed lead
character in Sweeney's film, Live Bait.
The similarities end there.
"I'm often asked if the film is autobiographical; it's not," is his unequivocal
Unlike his main character (played by
Tom Scholte) who doesn't quite know
what he wants to do, Sweeney, who
graduates on Nov. 28 with a Master of
Fine Arts degree, has been focused on a
film-making career since switching six
years ago from art courses at SFU to film
studies at UBC.
Written as his graduate thesis. Live
Bait netted the Best Canadian Feature
Film Award at last year's Toronto International Film Festival, where it competed against big budget features by
veteran Canadian film-makers.
Since then, the black and white, 16-
millimetre film shot for $85,000 has been
screened at film festivals in The Netherlands, Australia, Washington State and
New Mexico.
"It wasn't apparent to me during the
making of the film that it was going to be
a little gem," Sweeney recalls, "but I
wouldn't feel any differently about the
content ofthe movie if it wasn't a success.
I accomplished the task at hand — to
create a natural realism achieved by developing an okay look, not a great look."
A native of Sarnia, Ont. who has made
B.C. his home for the past 12 years,
Sweeney isn't tempted to pack up and
head for the Hollywood hills where the
prevailing blockbuster style of moviemaking is not to his taste. He prefers to
parlay his talents into more modest
projects that allow him creative control.
Staying close to his roots is important
to Sweeney who trumpets Live Bait as a
Canadian film, exemplified mostly by
Trevor's parents (Babz Chula and Kevin
McNulty) whose marriage slowly unravels during the film.
"The marriage disintegrates quietly,"
Sweeney explains. "Quiet is the Canadian way."
Apart from having artistic control,
Sweeney's desire to remain an independent film-maker stems from a need to
create work for himself and to speak
through film.
He credits his thesis supervisors John
Wright, head ofthe Theatre, Film and Creative Writing Dept., and Film Prof. Ray Hall,
for helping him find his own direction.
In addition-to film-making, Sweeney
doesn't discount a future career in teaching which he sees as another opportunity
to reach young students with strong artistic beliefs and skills.
A teaching assistant for an undergraduate course in film history while earning his
See REEL Page 2
More Congregation
see Page 3
One of Canada's finest authors and
a scientist who has expanded the search
for microbial life on earth and beyond
will receive honorary degrees from the
university at Fall Congregation.
Carol Shields is theauthor ofthe Pulitzer
Prize-winning novel The Stone Diaries and
an accomplished writer of drama, poetry,
short stories
and journalism.      Her
other titles include Swann,
and The Re-
the awards
she has received are
the Canadian Booksellers' Prize
in 1994, the
Manitoba Book of the Year Award and
the Governor General's Award, both in
1993, and the Marian Engel Award in
Shields has been a writer in residence at the universities of Winnipeg
and Ottawa and has lectured at UBC.
She is currently an
professor at
the University of
and was recently ap-
of the University of
Shields Pace
will address the Faculty Women's Club
Nov. 29 at 1:00 p.m. in Cecil Green
Park House.
Norman Pace, a biologist at the University of California, Berkeley, is a leader
in the field of designing and conducting
experiments to detect microbial life in
See HONOUR Page 2
Fighting school racism
scholar's timely topic
Are teachers succeeding in the struggle against racial intolerance in Canadian classrooms?
"Racism is not always visible to educators, except in cases of overt hostilities
between individuals at which time it's
simply the tip ofthe iceberg," says Kogila
Adam-Moodley, holder of UBC's David
Lam Chair of Multicultural Education.
"Teachers try to cope in a variety of
ways, from ignoring it and assuming it
will go away,  to  treating all children
equally. Often, they are constrained in
what they can do by increasing demands
for varied and differentiated education in
a climate of dwindling resources and
inadequate preparation."
Adam-Moodley will present these and
other views on the implications of new
immigration for educators, and education's role in fighting racism Nov. 19 as
part ofthe Faculty of Education's lecture
series on important educational issues.
See RACISM Page 2
Planning Play
Computer game turns planning decisions into cause for debate
Weather Wise 5
Campus researchers may have found a solution to the Pacific Data Void
Titanium Teeth 9
Dentistry looks into ways to cut the costs and pain of dentures
Forest Forever 12
Feature: Dogs, bikes and horses are banned from this forest, for a reason 2 UBC Reports • November 14, 1996
Continued from Page 1
the far reaches of the solar system and deep beneath the sea in
hyperthermal vents.
Through his biochemical studies with ribonucleic acid (RNA),
he has provided fundamentally
important new insights into the
origins of life and the diversity of
existing organisms on earth.
Pace has strong ties to UBC
through his leading role in two
key programs: a biodiversity initiative which involves cataloguing and describing organisms
present in the biosphere, and
the Evolutionary Biology Program of the Canadian Institute
for Advanced Research.
Pace is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and
a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Continued from Page 1
master's degree, Sweeney's message to students who aspire to a
career in film is clear.
"Make the filmyou want to make;
don't just talk about doing it. A
degree in liberal arts prepares you
to talk and write and engage in
abstract thought. It's a great thing
to have, but in terms of ajob, it's the
skills, not the degree."
Sweeney gained much of his
own experience while enrolled in
UBC's two-year film studies diploma program, apprenticing on
several films, including John Pozer's
The Grocer's Wife, and writing, producing and directing his first movie,
Betty and Vera Go Lawnbowling.
a 17-minute short about two grandmothers on a road trip.
For the most part, he used a
student crew for Live Bait to
provide others with the same
training opportunity he received.
Since completing his thesis,
Sweeney has triumphed over a
large blood clot in the brain and
is busy developing his next film,
leaving behind Trevor who forever remains someone dangling
in the modern world, trying to
make a go of it—Live Bait.
More than 5,000 students
graduated from UBC during the
four-day Spring Congregation
ceremony last May. This fall's
graduate list is expected to top
last year's mark of 1,957 grads.
Fall Congregation ceremonies
on Nov. 28 begin at 9:30 a.m. in
War Memorial Gym with the installation of Dr. William Sauder as
Continued from Page 1
Adam-Moodley, a widely published scholar on race and ethnic
relations, says that studies exist
which suggest that teachers may
contribute to the problem of racism
in the classroom and, although it
has long been considered a tool to
combattheproblem, education may
subtly reinforce cultural and racial
"Some research reports how
teachers make assumptions
about students' capabilities based
on their ethnicity and class background," she explains. "Others
assume that minority children
enter school as an empty slate
with little to offer or maintain that
is distinctive and, therefore, proceed with a curriculum that seeks
to assimilate them into dominant
society traditions."
She believes that education
today is heavily influenced by
corporate ideology, where concepts of community, co-opera
tion and equity are being replaced by an emphasis on choice,
competition and excellence.
"In this climate, schools are
wedged between contending
forces in the delivery of an appropriate education," Adam-
Moodley says. "Hence, the previous emphasis on compassionate solidarity and the benefits of
diversity now sound old-fashioned, yet schools continue to
struggle with everyday racism."
She defines everyday racism
as the numerous ways in which
Edwin Jackson
Self-evident is when it is evident to
one's self and to nobody else.
people who 'look different' are
constantly regarded as 'strangers' and never belonging.
"Collectively, they are considered violators of limited local
resources, disrespectful of the
ecology and are said to hold
illiberal values."
Entitled The School's Struggle With Everyday Racism, the
free public lecture starts at 7
p.m. in conference room two of
the Robson Square Conference
Centre. For more information,
call 822-6239.
224 3540
4524 West 11th Avenue, phone & drop in,
or by appointment, your place.
Income Tax,
Mutual Funds
licenced through
Life ana
Income, &
Competitive rates
with leading financial
Services Ltd.
"The God whom you have forgotten,
has never forgotten you."
Jesus Christ Id His children,
Messages I'rom True Life in God
All are Invited to Attend An Unforgettable
presenting from Europe
Ardent witness of Christ's love for ALL His Children
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1996 - 6:00 P.M.
6081 University Blvd., Vancouver, B.C.
***ConcIuding with Prayers for Healing***
"So do not be like the scholars and the philosophers of your time who justify their philosophy to the model
of their own rationalistic spirit; flesh and blood cannot reveal what comes from the Spirit. I can offer you
My Kingdom and My Spirit can lead your step into My Kingdom."
"Do not wait to be saints to fall into the arms of your Saviour. If I am pursuing you untiringly, it is because
ofthe greatness ofthe Love I have for you."
Clifts ofthe Holy Spirit - True Life in God Series
Also featured: PHILLIP WIEBE, PhD, Assistant Dean of Arts & Religious Studies.
Trinity Western University, Lecturer & Author will give a presentation on
Christmas Carols performed by SOPHIA ALEXANDROVA,
M. MusAMus. D.Op.
Advance Ticket Information - 1-604-538-0073 - Also available at door
or Gaffney's Christian Shop, 702C 6th Ave., New Westminster 524-5 112
Admission by Donation - $12 suggested ***Cash only at door please***
"Do not stifle the Spirit, do not despise prophesy but test everything:
hold on to what is good." (1 Th. 5. 19-21)
UBC's 15th chancellor. Writer Carol
Shields receives an honorary degree during the morning ceremony
while biologist Norman Pace receives his degree during the afternoon ceremony at 2:30 p.m.
Open House
I for the campus community
on the proposed
Liu Centre for
and the
University Centre
* for faculty and staff
Tuesday, Nov. 19, 1996, 3-7pm
Forum from 5:30-6:30pm
Cecil Green Park House, Main Floor
For more information on the Open House
please call 822-2064
Berkowitz & Associates
Statistics and Mathematics Consulting
• research design • data analysis
■ sampling • forecasting
Jonathan Berkowitz, Ph.D
4160 Staulo Crescent, Vancouver, B.C., V6N 3S2
Office: (604) 263-1508
Home: (604) 263-5394
Wax - ii
Histology Services
Providing Plastic and Wax sections for the research community
George Spurr     RT, RLAT(R)
Daytime (604) 266-7359
Evening (604) 266-2597
E- Mail spurrwax@infomatch.com
Kevin Gibbon     ART FIBMS
(604) 856-7370
(604) 856-7370
UBC Reports is published twice monthly (monthly in
December, June, July and August) for the entire university
community by the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310-6251'
Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. It is
distributed on campus to most campus buildings and to
Vancouver's West Side in the Sunday Courier newspaper.
UBC Reports can be found on the World Wide Web at
http://www.ubc.ca under News, Events and Attractions.
Managing Editor: Paula Martin (paula.martin@ubc.ca)
Editor/Production: Janet Ansell (janet.ansell@ubc.ca)
Contributors: Connie Bagshaw (connie.bagshaw@ubc.ca),
Stephen Forgacs (Stephen.forgacs@ubc.ca)
Charles Ker (charles.ker@ubc,ca),
Gavin Wilson (gavin.wilson@ubc.ca).
Editorial and advertising enquiries: (604) 822-3131 (phone),
(604) 822-2684 (fax).
UBC Reports welcomes the submission of letters and
opinion pieces. Opinions and advertising published in UBC
Reports do not necessarily reflect official university policy.
Material may be reprinted in whole or in part with
appropriate credit to UBC Reports. UBC Reports • November 14, 1996 3
Fall Congregation 1996
Math/chemistry grad
not big on numbers
By Charles Ker
Staff writer
Vera Hoffman has an unusual accent—Canadianized Zimbabwean with
a hint of Irish.
Even more unusual than Hoffman's
accent was her choice of degree programs: a combined
—Vera Hoffman
honours   in   math
and chemistry.
Last summer,
the young UBC scientist took off to
Cork, Ireland where
she tended bar at
The    Thirsty
Scholar—the   per-    	
feet tonic for a particularly trying third year of study on
Point Grey.
"Third year was hell because I was
basically taking six honours courses
and it seemed
as though my
whole life revolved around
writing lab reports and math
she said. "I
didn't want to
come back."
B u t
Hoffman did
return to UBC
and this fall
becomes the
only student in
the last five
years to graduate with a
math/chemistry combination.
"For certain,
the program
she chose is
and it is obvious that very
few, if any, care
to meet the
said David
Holm, associate dean of science.
The 23-year-
old    came    to
UBC from Kadoma, a small town 150
kilometres southwest of Zimbabwe's capital, Harare. After distinguishing herself
in science at high school, Hoffman was
approached by the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) to
apply for a Canadian scholarship.
When it came to Canada, Hoffman
confides that she was "completely clueless."
Faced with a list of universities, she
admits that climate was a determining
factor in her choice of UBC.
Hoffman initially wanted to study
biochemistry but soon switched to
chemistry and math after first year
because, as she puts it, "in chemistry
you get to mix things together and see
them change colour...it's very exciting."
As for mathematics. Hoffman may
be good with numbers but that doesn't
mean she has to like them.
"Most people who aren't in math
don't realize that real mathematicians
don't deal with numbers." she said.
"The only really important numbers
are one, zero and infinity."
'Third year was hell...
I didn't want to come
She started dabbling in numbers at
the age of 10, sorting cheques in numerical order for her parents' financial
consulting business. By 16 she was
doing a range of accountancy tasks for
extra pocket money.
But it is with abstract math—the
idea behind a problem—where her true
interest lies.
BIIH^^HMH Hoffman's undergraduate thesis
deals with the electronic spectra of
highly symmetric
molecules, or, in
her words, "shining light through a
molecule and predicting what comes
out the other side." The object of
Hoffman's thesis, the buckminster-
fullerene carbon molecule, was the discovery of this year's Nobel Laureate in
Vera Hoffman
chemistry, Sir Harry Kroto.
Hoffman says her thesis concerns a
physical problem which scientists have
been unable to solve using numerical
"If you try to hang onto numbers it
just confuses you because they end up
doing the opposite to what you expect,"
she said.
Hoffman's immediate plans are to
drive with her boyfriend from Vancouver to Newfoundland via the Grand
Canyon and Great Lakes. In early
December, she plans to return to UBC
and finish a project she spearheaded
for the Math Club. Under her stewardship, proceeds from the sale of
solutions to old math exams will go
towards scholarships for an honours
and majors math student entering
fourth year.
Hoffman says that while her time at
UBC has been fulfilling, she isn't ready
just yet to jump straight into graduate
work. For the moment, she has her
sights set on returning to Zimbabwe,
searching for a job and enjoying her
first Christmas home in five years.
Film thesis breaks new
ground for department
by Connie Bagshaw
Staff writer
Ask Paul Lawrence for a copy of his
thesis and he'll hand you a CD-ROM.
Lawrence, who graduates Nov. 28 with
a Master of Fine Arts degree, is the first
UBC student to use the pillar of modern
information technology to present his
thesis in its entirety.
"CD-ROM is a valid medium and working
with it was a learning opportunity that I
didn't want to miss," Lawrence said. "Presenting linear subject
matter using non-linear    f
digital technology challenged me in different
ways, and that's what
education is all about."
His peers seem to
be thinking the same
way. Brenda Peterson,
head of Special Collections at Main Library,
reports that, for the
first time this year, several students submitted parts of their dissertations on CD-
In his thesis abstract.
Lawrence describes the
interactive CD as a combination of text, video
and audio, built using a
mix of traditional cinematic methods and
modem digital tools. Titled, At First Brush, the
CD demonstrates the
process of scene painting.
Earning his master's degree while working as a producer/director of educational
videos for UBC Media
Services, Lawrence got
the idea while directing a series of
telecourses for the Theatre, Film and Creative Writing Dept.
"Working on the videotape project focused my attention on the use of technology in education," he recalled. "With
my thesis. I wanted to explore how we
look at educational technology and how
it can be expanded."
An Emily Carr Institute of Art and
Design graduate in film and electronic
design, Lawrence approached the project
as a film-maker working with an interactive form. He spent about three months
designing the background screens and
master template for the CD-ROM, and
another month directing the video material to be incorporated into At First Brush.
Being the first defence of a thesis entirely on CD-ROM at the university pre
sented both Lawrence and his advisers
with some unique challenges.
Chief among them was ensuring that
everyone had the correct definitions and
terminology which Lawrence provided in
a production report, enabling his thesis
panel to prepare appropriate questions.
"I received incredible support," Lawrence said. "My advisers, Ray Hall, Ron
Fedoruk and John Newton were very
willing to take this on as a first."
Hall, Lawrence's main supervisor, was
excited by the project's potential to have
Paul Lawrence
use beyond being a graduate thesis.
"It was an opportunity for Paul to extend the video telecourse he had designed
for Ron Fedoruk, incorporating features
which would encourage students to interact with the course content in a more
engaging and active way," Hall explained.
"As well, with CD-ROM, the content is
instantly accessible. His thesis provides
continuity between the disc and the
Hall added that Lawrence's work broke
new ground in the department and has
provided other students with the opportunity to design in CD-ROM.
"We knew it would work but it was just
a concept until Paul did it," Hall added. "I
don't think that anyone else on campus
can match his understanding of and competence in the digital arena."
Asst. Prof. Ron
Fedoruk appears
in the video
component of At
First Brush (inset),
the first defence
of a thesis at UBC
entirely on CD-
R O M . The
interactive CD
provides students
with quick and
easy access to
university level
instruction on
scene painting. 4 UBC Reports • November 14, 1996
Gavin Wiison photo
The Many Faces of Noh
Master carver Ran Nomura displays his work, one of 32 masks used in
Noh Japanese theatre and recently presented as gifts to the Institute of
Asian Research. This mask, used exclusively for the play Dojoji, represents
a woman turned into a serpent by extreme jealousy. The gift was
sponsored by the Rotary Club of Hiroshima West.
Salcudean, de Silva
honoured by peers
Engineering professors Martha
Salcudean and Clarence de Silva have
won Meritorious Achievement Awards
from the Association of Professional Engineers and
of B.C.
The Meri-
t o r i o u s
Award is
given to
members for
in professional and
Salcudean was appointed to UBC in
1985 as professor and head of Mechanical Engineering. In 1993 she assumed
the position of associate vice president.
Research (Physical and Applied Sciences).
The following final paragraph was
omitted from Prof. M. Patricia Marchak's
Forum "Whither or Wither? Universities
afteramillenium" (UBCReports, Oct. 17).
"I think the answer resides in how
highly we regard the secular, skeptical,
persistent questioning attitude of the
university, and how much we appreciate
the tolerance, open debate and demands
for intellectual rigour. These are the hall
marks of the university in contrast to all
other institutions. I believe, contrary to
some ofthe university's critics, that universities have been a force for the good
and will continue in that role if allowed to
survive. I think we need them as we try to
address pressing ecological issues, the
politics ofthe global economy, world poverty, and the evolution of multicultural
societies. But there are many opposing
voices, strong counter-currents of change,
and their survival will depend on a strong
social will to keep them alive."
She began a two-year administrative leave
from that position in July. She holds the
Weyerhaeuser Industrial Research Chair
in Computational Fluid Dynamics.
Her research has focused on the area
of heat transfer and fluid flow, especially
in computational fluid dynamics, and
the modelling of transport phenomena
in industrial processes. Her work has
been aimed at improving industrial processes, particularly in the pulp and paper
One of the first women in Canada to
achieve the rank of professor in engineering and the country's first female
engineering department head, she is
deeply involved in teaching, graduate
student supervision ,
De Silva
joined UBC's
fessorin 1988.
He holds the
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC)-B.C. Packers Chair
in Industrial Automation, established to apply advanced technology to Canada's fish
processing industry.
His research and development activities are primarily in process automation,
robotics, intelligent control and instrumentation, in which he is an internationally recognized authority.
One of the important aspects of his
research is his collaboration with industry to resolve real problems in the industrial environment. As NSERC-B.C. Packers chair, he has established the only
laboratory in Canada aimed at developing automated fish processing technologies to reduce waste and increase productivity.
de Silva
Computer game links
planning conundrums
by Charles Ker
Staff writer
QUEST is the acronym for a computer
game aimed at making complex urban
planning issues accessible to the average
citizen. It stands for Quasi-Understandable Ecosystem Scenario Tool. Huh?
'The name is meant to be somewhat
self-deprecating." says master's student
David Biggs. "We're hoping to change it to
'Quite Useful.'"
Biggs has been developing QUEST since
1993 with colleagues at UBC's Sustainable
Development Research Institute (SDRI). The
game gives players decision-making power
over all areas of planning in the Lower Fraser
Basin. During the course of a game—which
can take anywhere from an hour to days to
complete—players watch the consequences
of their ideas and policies unfold over four
decades from 1990 to 2030.
The game highlights the trade-offs inherent in choosing one lifestyle or policy
direction over another by incorporating
key social, environmental and economic
components of regional growth.
"Working through a game players see
things changing slowly but by the time they
get to 2030, they suddenly realize that significant aspects of their plan have been lost,"
says Biggs. "Players have to be sensitive to
slight changes that are occurring and this is
what decision-makers do all the time."
The idea for QUEST originated in 1991
while Biggs was working in Ontario with
SDRI director John Robinson.
The two researchers were using a large
mainframe computer to explore modeling
applications in the field of environment
and resource studies. The problem was
that, like most models, only computer
experts could understand and vise them.
'The real value of modeling comes from
the experience of using the model, not
simply viewing the results," says Biggs.
"QUEST attempts to put this experience in
the hands of decision-makers and that
means everybody."
Perhaps the best validation for the game
came recenuy when Robinson gave a brief
20-minute run-through to his three sons.
Two days later, the seven-year-old was overheard explaining to an adult the relationship
between high-density housing and the loss
of farmland in the Ix>wer Fraser Basin.
This doesn't mean the game is not
highly complex. Biggs and his colleagues
spent close to two years contacting urban planners, government policy makers and environmental experts to get
feedback about what features and issues QUEST should include.
The game has four stages. The first stage.
called Inventing a Future, asks the player
about his or her beliefs, values and overall
understanding of how the world operates or
should operate. This provides abroad framework for a 40-year scenario QUEST asks
players to formulate in stage two.
Players in the scenario generation stage
make decisions a decade at a time about
lifestyle and technology in such sectors as
transportation, industry, labor, public
spending and housing. Working through a
series of sequential decisions, players have
to cope with changing population, economic conditions and land use patterns.
They also have to keep in mind their
original goals and values.
Biggs says the effectiveness of QUEST
is best illustrated in a workshop setting
where policy debates rage among players.
'The game gets very interesting when
you sit down with a group of people and
QUEST starts bringing out their differences or similarities." says Biggs. The
ensuing discussions are the rich part of
what goes on behind QUEST."
The consequences of players' actions
and policies are shown at the end of each
decade in the form of a mock newspaper.
The game ends with a final 2030 newspaper edition filled with headlines about
what went wrong or right with players'
best-laid plans. A toolbar stretching across
the top of the newspaper gives players a
choice of 17 sections to explore, complete
with articles and accompanying graphs,
charts and satellite images.
Players can compare their work with a
library of other scenarios created previously by them or celebrity planners.
Biggs and associates at the SDRI have
been swamped with requests for information
about QUEST from as far away as Africa and
Europe. The flood of interest comes in the
wake of several television, radio and newspaper reports about the game.
Biggs believes it is the legwork which
went Into the game's design and format
which will be of interest to potential users
who want to adapt it to their own situations. Already, regional planning officials
in Portland, Oregon are talking about building Portland Quest. Next month, Biggs
and SDRI senior associate Mike Harcourt
go to China to demonstrate QUEST.
On campus, QUEST is demonstrated
weekly at the Institute.
By the end of this academic year, the
QUEST team hopes to have a CD-ROM
version ofthe game available, complete with
tutorials and detailed documentation.
QUEST was funded by the federal government as part of a multi-million dollar
UBC project looking at sustainability issues in the Lower Fraser Basin.
Computer Gift
Stephen Forgoes photo
GE Canada Chairman Robert Gillespie looks on as Caroline Dudoward
Garay, a second-year student in the Native Indian Teacher Education
Program, uses one of nine computers donated to establish a computer
lab in the First Nations Longhouse. GE contributed $25,000 worth of
computer hardware and software. UBC Reports ■ November 14, 1996 5
Wilson photo
Roland Stull and colleagues in the Atmospheric Sciences Programme are fine-
tuning a system they believe will provide more accurate weather forecasts for
one of the world's most complex weather regions—the Pacific Coast.
Chaos could hold key
to BC weather forecast
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
Of all the obstacles facing B.C.'s
weather forecasters, none is as formidable as the Pacific Data Void.
Our weather blows in from the vast
North Pacific where there is little information available about day-to-day atmospheric conditions. Even satellite images can't completely bridge the gulf.
Add to the equation B.C.'s towering
mountain peaks and convoluted coastline, and it is not surprising that weather
forecasting here is more difficult than
most other places in North America.
But now campus researchers led by
Roland Stull, head of the Atmospheric Sciences Programme in the Dept. of Geography,
are applying a new method of weather forecasting that could overcome these hurdles.
Known as the UBC Ensemble Forecast System, it is showing promising results.
Even under the best conditions, current forecasting techniques can make
accurate predictions just three or four
days in advance, and only for large weather
systems, Stull said.
This is because the weather is a very
complex, non-linear and chaotic system in
which a small change in one place can create
large outcomes somewhere else—like the
proverbial flutter of an African butterfly's
wing that causes a tornado in Texas.
"What we are trying to do is cheat
In Memoriam
Margaret Ormsby: 1909-1996
Doyenne of BC history
by Jean Barman
Co-editor, BC Studies
The University of British Columbia
has lost one of its most distinguished
Prof. Emeritus Margaret Ormsby, who
died Nov. 2 at the age of 87. legitimized
the study of British Columbia history as
a scholarly endeavour. She had already
taught in the UBC Dept. of History for a
dozen years when she was commissioned to write a provincial history to
commemorate the 1958 centennial. Four
decades later British Columbia: A History remains the fundamental starting
point for thinking about the province.
To a remarkable extent Ormsby's centennial history reflected her own life
circumstances. Of Canadian Scottish
and Anglo-Irish descent, she grew up in
the Okanagan Valley at a time when, so
she wrote, genteel fruit farmers "maintained the standards of polite society in
Victorian England." Families like hers,
if only aspiring outsiders, were similarly
imbued with a sense of community and
a "feeling of cultural superiority" in the
face of coastal boosterism, American
crassness, and the excesses of Canadian parochialism. British Columbia was
a special place deserving of a history all
its own.
Encouraged by her parents, young
Margaret left the Okanagan for UBC in
1926, where she obtained a BA in history, a teacher's training certificate, and
in 1931 an MA in history. Armed with a
scholarship, Ormsby went off to study
medieval and American history at Bryn
Mawr College in the eastern United
States, where she received her PhD in
1937. While doing so, she worked for a
year as an assistant in the UBC History
Dept., but on graduation could not secure an academic position. So the newly
minted Dr. Ormsby taught at a private
high school in San Francisco until, in
1940, a war-time lectureship opened up
at McMaster University.  In  1943 the
UBC History Dept. hired her, again as a
temporary replacement, but she held on,
became a professor by 1955, and served
as department head from 1964 to her
retirement in 1974 back to the Okanagan
Throughout her career Margaret
Ormsby lived a double, indeed a triple,
life. Formed as an academic within the
historical mainstream, she pursued her
first love of British Columbia and
Okanagan history in her writing. In the
fall of 1958, just as British Columbia: A
History was receiving accolades, she was
teaching, so a former student recalled,
senior undergraduate classes of 50 to 60
students each in Canadian history and
medieval history, honours seminars in
philosophy of history and Canadian external relations, and likely also a course
in American intellectual history. Her extensive publications examined the fur
trade, colonial and provincial politics,
agriculture, pioneer women, and
Okanagan history. She also edited nine
annual reports ofthe Okanagan Historical Society, essentially compilations of
writing on local history.
The second, very important factor bifurcating Margaret Ormsby's career was
gender. Female academics were few and
far between, and she was never allowed to
forget that she was a woman playing at a
man's game. The Second World War facilitated her entry into the university, but
only at its margins. She recalled how her
work space at McMaster was a table in
the women's washroom, the department
head explaining that there were "no offices for female faculty." Ormsby headed
the History Dept. at UBC during a period
of rapid expansion bringing in a new
generation of self-confident, sometimes
brash academics unaccepting of "a iron-
fisted woman," to quote the Ubyssey,
with a penchant for hats and expectation
of deference. "Women faculty were thought
of as difficult," Ormsby once reflected,
"but a woman had to be difficult in order
to survive." She considered the only place
Margaret Ormsby in 1964
where men and women were truly equal
to be the UBC faculty club dining room.
Margaret Ormsby led the way, not
only for the study of British Columbia history, but for women in the
history profession and in the university more generally. In 1965 she became only the second woman president of the Canadian Historical Association, paving the way for Margaret
Prang, her successor as head of the
UBC History Dept., to become its
third woman president a decade later.
Ormsby was made a Fellow of the
Royal Society of Canada in 1966,
received honorary degrees from all
four British Columbia universities
as well as from elsewhere, and in the
spring of 1996 was awarded the Order of Canada. She took a special
interest in her female graduate students, and fondly recalled almost all
their careers. Perhaps the greatest
testimony to Margaret Ormsby's enduring influence was a group of young
doctoral students of the 1990s
launching a scholarship in her honor
in British Columbia history, to which
contributions are still welcome.
chaos by taking what we know about
chaos theory and using it to improve
forecasting methods," Stull said. "It just
might be the best system for B.C.I think
we can make a difference here."
Stull and graduate students Josh
Hacker and Henryk Modzelewski use computers to create ensemble forecasts, ones
that result in a number of outcomes
instead of a single prediction.
This is where chaos theory enters the
picture. Instead of sticking strictly to current
weather conditions as a starting point for
predictions—as conventional forecasting
does—they make a series of slight alterations
to the statistics. These numbers serve as a
basis for complex calculations that result in
a spread of likely outcomes.
For example, aconventionalforecastmight
state categorically that overnight temperatures will remain above freezing at 2 C.
An ensemble forecast for the same
night, however, may predict a cluster of
low temperatures that could include the
likelihood of frost—say 3 to -4 C — information that could be crucial to an industry such as agriculture.
By averaging out the ensemble predictions he arrives at a more accurate forecast than any one categorical forecast. He
also uses two different numerical models
to make calculations, doubling the
number of ensemble members.
To combat the forecasting difficulties
posed by B.C.'s topography, Stull and his
colleagues use a fine-mesh forecast grid
overpopulation centres and areas of commercial activities.
The fine-mesh forecasts are made at grid
locations spaced just five kilometres apart,
compared with the 35-kilometre grid used by
the Atmospheric Environment Service.
This allows them to better capture the
often substantial differences in weather
across mountains, valleys and coastlines.
Improved weather forecasts could have
significant impact in B.C. Some areas
that could benefit include: flood warnings, wind forecasts for log-boom towing
and forest-fire fighting, precipitation forecasts for watersheds where B.C. Hydro
has dams, air pollution forecasts for the
Fraser Valley, snowfall forecasts for highway maintenance, and avalanche predictions for railroads and ski resorts.
"If we can improve predictability by
even one day, for example, by warning of
a serious storm, then we could help save
property and lives," Stull said.
The UBC Ensemble Weather Forecast
System is not yet perfected. For one thing, it
can consume hours of computer time—up to
15 hours per day for some detailed forecasts.
It is also difficult to get exact measures
of current weather for use as a starting
point due to instrument error and gaps
between weather stations. Choosing which
slight initial differences should start their
calculations is also a scientific challenge.
Stull and his colleagues share their
forecasts with the Pacific Weather Centre, but with the understanding that this
is just early research and not ready for
public dissemination.
However, centre forecasters can gain
insight on storm dynamics from these
forecasts, and can provide feedback on
the model capabilities, Stull said.
Long-time member of the French Dept.,
Prof. Emeritus Gerard Tougas, died Oct. 3.
Born in Edmonton in 1921, he joined
UBC in 1953.
An eminent and prolific scholar of
varied interests, Tougas was a member of
the Royal Society of Canada and a laureat
of rAcademie-frangaise. His main research area was literature in French countries outside of France.
Tougas remained an active researcher
after his retirement in 1993. His last
book, C.G. Jung: de I'helvetisme a
I'unizversalisme, was published in 1996. 6 UBC Reports • November 14, 1996
November 17 through November 30
Sunday, Nov. 17
Sign Dedication at
Lutheran Campus Centre
For Lutheran.- United And Pentecostal Campus Ministries. Rev.
Bill Wiegera. 5885 University
Boulevard chapel, 10:30 am.
Sunday morning worship service and potluck lunch to follow.
Call 224-1614.
Green College Visual Arts
Ten Years Of Painting: Mixing
The Personal And The Political.
Kate Collie, Counselling Psychology. Green College, 5:30pm. Call
Cultural Performance
Nehru Day Celebration. Speakers from Goel Family Charitable
Foundation. International House
auditorium, 6:30-9pm. Refreshments. Call 822-3846/822-5021.
Green College Performing
Arts Group
An Evening OfAcousticJazz. John
Doheny Quartet. Green College,
8pm. Call 822-6067.
Monday, Nov. 18
Applied Mathematics
GKS Stability Analysis. Prof.
Brian Wetton, Mathematics.
CSCI 301,3:30pm. Refreshments
at 3pm. Call 822-4584.
Mechanical Engineering
Transient Turbulent Jets: Experiments, History And Numerical
Simulation. Philip Hill, Mechanical Engineering. CEME 1202,
3:30-4:30pm. Refreshments. Call
Green College Resident
Speaker Series
Gold Rush! Searching For Gold
In Central BC. Cari Deyell, Geological Sciences. Green College,
5:30pm. Call 822-6067.
Green College Science and
Society Lecture
From Carving Nature At Its Joints
To Measuring It: Enumerating
Kinds In The History Of Biology.
Gordon McOuat, U of King's College, Dalhousie U. Green College
coach house 8pm. Call 822-6067.
Tuesday, Nov. 19
Botany Seminar
Breeding System Dynamics In
The Rare Checker-Mallow
Sidalacea Hendersonii. Melanie
Marshall, MSc candidate.
BioSciences 2000, 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Biotechnology Lab Seminar
Phenylpropanoid Biosynthesis:
Regulation And Prospects For The
Genetic Engineering Of A Complex Plant Secondary Metabolic
Pathway. Richard Dixon, Samuel
R. Noble Foundation. Wesbrook
201, 12:30pm. Refreshments.
Call 822-3155.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Synthesis And Murine
Biodistribution Of A Para Ortho
Iodinated Radiopharmaceutical
Directed Towards The Muscarinic
Receptor. Laura Alcom, grad.
student. IRC#3, 12:30-1:30pm.
Call 822-4645.
Merck, Frosst, Sharp &
Dohme Organic Chemistry
Combination Catalysis. Prof. Eric
Jacobsen, Harvard U. Chemistry
250 (south wing), lpm. Refreshments, 12:40pm. Call 822-3266.
Liu Centre Open House
For The Campus Community. Cecil
Green Park House, 3 7pm. Forum, 5:30-6:30pm. Call 822-2064.
Green College Science and
Society Seminar
Natural Kinds In The Nineteenth
Century. Gordon McOuat. U of
King's College, Dalhousie U. Green
College coach house. 3:30pm. Call
Statistics Seminar
The Estimating Function
Bootstrap. Feifang Hu, National U
Singapore. CSCI 301, 4-5:30pm.
Call 822-0570.
Centre for Applied Ethics
Feminist Ethics And Care. Peta
Bowden. Philosophy. Murdoch U.
Angus 413, 4-6pm. Call 822-5139.
Green College Speaker Series
Apocalypse Now: Ancient Apocalyptic And Its Audience. Harry
Maier, Vancouver School of Theology. Green College, 5:30pm. Reception in Graham House, 4:45-
5:30pm. Call 822-6067.
Faculty of Education Public
Lecture Series
The School's Struggle With Everyday Racism. Kogila Adam-Moodley,
David Lam Chair of Multicultural
Education. Robson Square Conference Centre, Conference Room
2, 7pm. Reception to follow. Call
Taking Care Of Photographs And
Works On Paper. Rosaleen Hill,
conservator. MOA, 7:00-8:30pm.
Call 822-5087.
Wednesday, Nov. 20
Orthopedics Grand Rounds
Wrist Arthrodesis: A Cohort Study.
Dr. P.T. Gropper, Orthopedics; Dr.
J. Dunwoody, Orthopedics Resident. Vancouver Hospital/HSC
Eye Care Centre auditorium, 7am.
Call 875-4646.
Bookstore Sale
Customer Appreciation Day. Bookstore, 9am-5pm. Free gift-wrapping until 4pm. Call 822-2665.
A Presentation Of The Canadian
Third International Math and Science Study (TIMSS) Results. David
Robitaille, Head. Curriculum Studies, Education. Scarfe 310 centre
block, 10am. Call 822-9136.
Microbiology and
Immunology Seminar Series
Post-Translational Regulation Of
Rhodobacter Capsulatus Light-
Harvesting I Complex Levels By
The Integral Cytoplasmic Membrane Protein F1696. Conan
Young. Wesbrook 201, 12-lpm.
Call 822-3308.
Centre for Japanese
Research Seminar
Frontier Settlements In Modern
Japan: ACritical Analysis OfProb-
lems Of Modernization. Machiko
Tsubaki, Tokyo Gakugei U, CK
Choi 120, 12:30-2pm. Call 822-
Noon Hour Concert
Gemini and Gaetanne. Marisa
Gaetanne, soprano; Julie Rutter,
flute and piano; Valerie Rutter.
piano and recorders. Music recital
hall, 12:30pm. $3 at the door. Call
Centre for Southeast Asia
Research Seminar
Where Angels Fear To Tread! -
Bangkok's  Environmental  Prob
lems In Political And Behavioural
Context. Prof. Helen Ross, Australian National U. CK Choi conference room 120, 12:30-2pm. Call
Women's Studies and Gender
Relations Seminar
Claire Young, Law. 1896 East Mall,
3:30-5pm. Call 822-9171.
Ecology and Centre for
Biodiversity Research
Stability, Instability And Population Persistence. Dan Haydon,
post-doctoral fellow. Family/Nutritional Sciences 60. 4:30pm.
Refreshments at 4:10pm Call 822-
Respiratory Research
Seminar Series
The Life And Death Of Inflammatory Cells. Dr. Vince Duronio. St.
Paul's Hospital, Gourlay conference room, 5-6pm. Call 875-5653.
Comparative Literature
Poetry, Text, and Hypertext. Jaan
Kapilinski, Tartu, Estonia. Green
College. 5:30pm. Call 822-6067.
The Third 1
Thursday, Nov. 21
Earth & Ocean Sciences
Modelling The North Pacific Ecosystem: The PICES CCCC Challenge. Paul LeBlond, Earth &
Ocean Sciences. GeoSciences 135,
12:30pm. Call 822-3466/822-
Two Poets
Al Purdy And Diane Tucker Read
From Their Latest Works. Bookstore, 12:30pm. Call 822-2665.
Joan Carlisle-Irving Lecture
The Politics Of Virtual Systems.
Norman M. Klein, California Institute of the Arts. Lasserre 102,
12:30 pm.   Call 822-2757.
School of Human Kinetics
Osteoporosis Prevention: Exercise
And Calcium In Children. Assoc.
Prof. Alan Martin, Human Kinetics. War Memorial Gym 100, 12:30-
1:30. Refreshments. Call 822-
Philosophy Department
Mind As Mechanisms: The Mental/Non-Mental Distinction in Cognitive Science. Charles Wallis,
Philosophy. Buchanan D-202, 1-
2:30pm. Call 822-3292.
H. R. MacMillan Lecture
Role Of Genetics In Conservation.
Vicki Friesen, Queen's U.
MacMillan 166, 2:30-3:30pm. Call
Environmental Engineering
Christina Jacob. GVRD. CEME
1215, 3:30-4:30pm. Call 822-
Genetics Graduate Program
Muscle Attachment And Morphogenesis In C. Elegans. Don
Moerman, Zoology. Wesbrook 201.
4pm. Refreshments. Call 822-
Physics Colloquium
Physics Innovation, Patents and
Technology Transfer. Lome Whitehead. Physics and Astronomy.
Hebb theatre, 4pm. Refreshments
at 3:45pm. Call 822-3853.
Medieval and Renaissance
Edmund Spenser's The Faerie
Queene After 500 years. Paul
Stanwood. English. GreenCollege,
4:30pm. Call 822-6067.
Computer Science Invited
Speaker Seminar
Omnidirectional Image Sensing.
Shree Nayar, Columbia U. CICSR/
CS 208, 4-5:30pm. Refreshments.
Call 822-0557.
Critical Issues In Global
International Trade And Human
Rights: Do Corporations Have A
Responsibility? Alex Currie, national coordinator for Amnesty International. Green College, 8pm.
Call 822-6067.
Distinguished Artists
Timothy Hutchins, flute; Janet
Creaser Hutchins. piano. Music
recital hall, 8pm. $19 adults, $10
students/seniors. Call 822-5574.
Friday, Nov. 22
St. Pauls / UBC / BCSEPS
Clinical Day
Contact Lens Symposium 1996.
Chaired by Dr. Helson C. Chew.
St. Paul's Hospital, New Lecture
Theatre, 7:30am-3pm. Refreshments, 7:30-8am. Call 875-5266.
Pediatrics Grand Rounds
Brain Injury In The Premature
Newborn. Dr. A. Hill. Neurology.
GF Strong auditorium, 9am. Call
Occupational Hygiene
Program Seminar Series
Latex Allergies. Dr. Stephanie Mah,
WCB. Vancouver Hosp/HSC, UBC
site, Koerner Pavilion G-279,
12:30-l:30pm.   Call 822-9595.
Centre for Chinese Research
Naming And Explaining Contemporary Prostitution In China. Prof.
Gail Hershatter, History, U of California, Santa Cruz. CK Choi 120,
3-4pm. Call 822-2629.
Linguistics Colloquium
Reduplicative Transfer In
Lushootseed And Elsewhere.
Suzanne Urbanczyk. Buchanan
Penthouse. 3:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-5594.
Chemical Engineering
Weekly Seminar
Catalytic Activation Of Methane.
J.S. Soltan Mohammad Zadeh,
grad student. ChemEng 206,
3:30pm. Call 822-3238.
Theoretical Chemistry
Stochastic Resonance: Numerical
Aspects. H. Chen, Applied Math
ematics. Chemistry D-402 (cen-
:  tre block), 4pm. Call 822-3266.
Saturday, Nov. 23
Vancouver Institute Lecture
Today. Vancouver; Tomorrow,
Everything. Chuck Davis, author.
IRC#2. 8:15pm. Call 822-3131.
Sunday, Nov. 24
Dance Performance
The Philhellenic Folkdance
Group. MOA Great Hall, 2:30pm.
Call 822-5087.
Green College Performing
Arts Group
The Night OfThe African Drum.
Performance and participation
with La Beat'O. Green College,
8pm. Call 822-6067.
Monday, Nov. 25
Biotechnology Laboratory
Leishmanial Survival Kit: Tips
To Thwart Macrophage Harsh
Environment (Effect Of PTP Inhibitor Peroxovanadiums On
Leishmania Infection In Vivo). Dr.
Martin Olivier. IRC#4, 12:30pm.
Refreshments before the seminar. Call 822-2493.
Mechanical Engineering
Orthopedic Engineering. Prof.
Clive P. Duncan. Orthopedics.
CEME. 1202. 3:30-4:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-3904.
UBC School of Nursing
Applications From Imperfections:
Bringing An Evaluation Project
Full Circle. Assistant Prof. Virginia Hayes. UBC School of Nursing. Vancouver Hospital/HSC,
Koerner Pavilion T-180, 3:30-
4:30. Call 822-7453.
Earth & Ocean Sciences
Silicate Liquids And Mantle
Geodynamics: New Perspectives
From Isotopes OfThe Main Element, Oxygen. Kurt Kyser,
Queen'sU. Geology 135,4:30pm.
Call 822-3466/822-2267.
Resident Speaker Series
What Do We Do At TRIUMF?
Makoto Fujiwara, Physics. Green
College. 5:30pm. Call 822-6067.
Tuesday, Nov. 26
Botany Department
The Biogeography Of Post-Gla-
cial Recolonization OfThe Northeast Pacific. Sandra Lindstrom,
Botany. BioSciences 2000, 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-2133.
cAtm&m ?qlicy Am deapwe$
The UBC Reports Calendar lists university-related di* ■
university-sponsored events on campus and off campus within tile l^ower ktairjlaJid.
Calendar items must be submitted on forms available from the UBC Public Affairs Office. 310 -6251 Cecil
Green Park Road. Vancouver B.C., V6T LZ1. Phone:
822-3131. Fax: 822-2684. An electronic form is available
onthe t©C.ReportsWfepageathttp:/
'News.' Please limit to 35 words. Submissions for the
Calendar's Notices section may be limited due to space.
Deadline for the Noi'ember 28 issue of UBC Reportf
—which covers the period December 1 to December 14
— is noon, November 19. UBC Reports ■ November 14,1996 7
November 17 through November 30
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Transduction Pathways Controlling Cell Motility: A Potential
Therapeutic Target To Treat
Breast Cancer Metastases To
Bone? Research Associate Pierre
Lemieux, Angiotech Pharmaceuticals. IRC#3, 12:30-1:30pm. Call
Biotechnology Lab
Protein Modules In Signal Trans-
duction. Anthony Pawson.
Wesbrook 201, 12:30pm. Refreshments before the seminar.
Call 822-4838.
Poetry Reading
Hope Anderson. Belkin Art Gallery, 12:30pm. Call 822-2759.
Lectures in Modern
Exploring The Basis Of Peptide/
Carbohydrate Cross-Reactivity.
Prof. Mario Pinto, Chemistry,
SFU. Chemistry 250 south wing,
lpm. Refreshments from
12:40pm. Call 822-3266.
Statistics Seminar
On Admissible Minimax Estimation Of A Lower-Bounded Poisson
Mean. Prof. Constance van
Eeden, Statistics. CSCI 301. 4-
5:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-
Graduate and Faculty
Christian Forum
Pascal, Probability, And Belief In
God. Richard Johns, Philosophy.
Buchanan penthouse, 4pm.
Refreshements. Call 822-3115.
Green College Speaker
Learning Productive Problem
Reformulation: Some Lessons
From The Preparation Of Administrators. Graham Kelsey, Educational Studies. Green College,
5:30pm. Reception in Graham
House 4:45-5:30pm. Call 822-
Archaeological Institute
Greek Architectural Sculpture.
Prof. Brunilde Ridgway, U California at Berkeley. Hellenic Community Centre, 4500 Arbutus,
8pm. Call 822-2889.
Wednesday, Nov. 27
Surgery Grand Rounds
Management Of Sarcomas. Dr.
Walley Temple, U of Calgary. GF
Strong auditorium, 7am. Call
Microbiology and
Immunology Seminar
New Perspective On The Microbial World: Molecular Microbial
Ecology. Norman Pace, Plant and
Microbial Biology, U California
at Berkeley. Wesbrook 201. 12-
lpm. Call 822-3308.
Noon Hour Concert
Douglas McNabney, viola:
Andrew Dawes, violin; Eric
Wilson, cello; Rena Sharon, piano. Music recital hall, 12:30pm.
$3 at the door. Call 822-5574.
Leon and Thea Koerner
Colour In Ancient Greek Architecture. Prof. Brunilde Ridgway,
U California at Berkeley. Laserre
102, 12:30pm. Call 822-2889.
Centre for Southeast Asia
Research Seminar
The Centrality Of ASEAN In ARF:
Opportunities And Limitations.
Chin Kin Wah, National U of
Singapore, U of Toronto. CKChoi
120, 12:30-2pm. Call 822-2629.
Women's Studies and Gender
Ngo Thi Tuan Dung. 1896 East
Mall, 3:30-5pm. Call 822-9171.
Ecology and Centre for
Biodiversity Research
Divergent Selection In A Polymorphic Butterfly. Durrell Kapan.
Family/Nutritional Sciences 60,
4:30pm. Refreshments, 4:10pm.
Call 822-3957.
Individual Interdisciplinary
Studies Workshop
Deconstructing Disciplinarity/
Constructing Interdisciplinarity:
Intellectual Objectives And Academic Means. PamelaAzad, Health
Care and Epidemiology; Sharon
Fuller, Anthropology and Sociology. Green College, 4:30pm. Call
Respiratory Research
Seminar Series
Sleep Apnea And The "RCMP". Dr.
John Remmers, U of Calgary. St.
Paul's Hosp. Gourlay conference
room, 5-6pm. Call 875-5653.
19th Century Studies
Staging Peer Gynt: Being And Nothingness. Prof. Errol Durbach, Theatre and English. Green College,
8pm. Call 822-6067.
Thursday, Nov. 28
Law and Society Lunch-Time
Taxing Times For Women: Critical
Perspectives On Canadian Tax
Policy. Claire Young, Law. Green
College, 12pm. Call 822-6067.
Centre for India & South
Asia Research
Queer Guests And Gracious Hosts
In The Marathi Sant Tradition.
Vidyut Aklujkar, honorary research associate CISAR. CK Choi
120, 12:30-2pm. Call 822-2629.
Distinguished Medical
Research Lecture
Pathogenesis Of Toxic Shock Syndrome: A Bedside To Bench Adventure. Dr. Anthony Chow.
IRC#1, 12:30-l:30pm. Call 822-
UBC Jazz Ensemble: The Music of
Artie Shaw. Guest, Tom Colclough,
clarinet; Fred Stride, director.
Music recital hall. 12:30pm. Call
Science First! Lecture Series
Imaging The Earth: Experiments
In The Lab And In The Field - With
Numerous Examples Of The Unscientific Method. Rosemary
Knight, Earth and Ocean Sciences.
IRC#2, l-2pm. Call 822-5552.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Do COPD Patients Need To Be
Vaccinated? Zahra Esmail,
PharmD student. Cunningham
160, l-2pm. Call 822-4645.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Thrombolytics In Stroke. Bruce
Lange, PharmD student.
Cunningham 160, l-2pm. Call
Philosophy Colloquium
Keeping Dynamics In Mind.
Clifford Hooker, U of Newcastle,
Australia. Buchanan D-202, 1-
2:30pm. Call 822-3292.
H. R. MacMillan Lecture
Marine Conservation In The Atlantic - The Collapse Of The Cod
Stocks And Prognosis For Recovery.  Bob Gregory,  Memorial U.
MacMillan 166, 2:30-3:30pm. Call
Genetics Graduate Program
Genetic Instability In DNA Mismatch Repair Deficient Hosts:
Mutation Frequency And Spectrum Detected By A Transgenic
Reporter Gene System. Dr. Frank
Jirik, Medicine/Biomedical Research Centre. Wesbrook 201,
4pm. Refreshments. Call 822-
Physics Colloquium Series
High Field Laser-Molecular
Interactors. PaulCorkum, National
Research Council. Hebb theatre,
4pm. Refreshments at 3:45pm.
Call 822-3583.
Statistics Seminar
The Not-So-Smoother: A Discontinuity Preserving Smoothing
Method. Paige Eveson, Statistics.
CSCI 301, 4-5pm. Refreshments.
Call 822-0570.
Issues in Post-Secondary
New Realities, New Directions, New
Institutions - The Changing Higher
Education System In British Columbia. Peter Jones, president, U
College ofthe Fraser Valley. Green
College, 4:30pm. Call 822-6067.
Green College Special Event
Ainumoshir, A Peoples' Land: History Of Japan Viewed From The
Northern Perspective. Sherry
Tanaka, Interdisciplinary Studies.
Green College, 5:30pm. Call 822-
Green College Special Event
Life In Nibutani. Koichi Kaizawa,
Chairman of Nibutani Self-government Association. Green College,
8pm. Call 822-6067.
Green College Special Event
A Performance Of Ainu Traditional
Dance Music. Ainu Traditional
Dancers. Green College, 8:30pm.
Call 822-6067.
Friday, Nov. 29
Pediatrics Grand Rounds
Health Promotion And The Physician - Lobbying For Change. Dr. D.
Smith, Pediatrics. GF Strong auditorium, 9am. Call 875-2307.
Alfred Kinsey And Magnus
Hirschfield: Early Sexologists As
Collectors Of Gay Erotica. Tom
Waugh. Concordia U. Green College coach house, 12:30pm. Call
Occupational Hygiene
Program Seminar Series
Kiln Emissions And Potters Exposures. Bob I lirtle, research scientist. Health Care & Epidemiology.
Koerner lecture theatre G-279,
12:30-1:30pm. 822-9595.
Faculty Women's Club
How Life Experiences Shape Her
Writing. Carol Shields, Pulitzer
Prize-Winning author. Cecil
Green Park House, lpm. Call
Chemical Engineering
Weekly Seminar
Prediction And Prevention Of
Sheetbreak Using PLS And An
Expert System. Use Li, grad student. ChemEng 206, 3:30pm.
Call 822-3238.
Mathematics Colloquium
Mahler's Measure, Entropy And
Elliptic Curves. David W. Boyd.
Mathematics. Mathematics 104.
3:30 pm. Refreshments at 3:15
in Math Annex, 1115. Call 822-
Department of Linguistics
Phonological Development As
Constraint Reranking. Joe Pater. Buchanan penthouse.
3:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-
Saturday, Nov. 30
Kit Pearson, children's author.
Bookstore, 1:30pm. Call 822-
Vancouver Institute Lecture
Canada: Can We Survive? Prof.
Alan Cairns, Political Science, U
of Saskatchewan. IRC#2,
8:15pm. Call 822-3131.
Faculty, Staff and Grad Student
Volleyball Group. Every Monday
and Wednesday, Osborne Centre,
Gym A, 12:30-1:30pm. No fees.
Drop-ins and regular attendees
welcome for friendly competitive
games. Call 822-4479 or e-mail:
Fun and Fitness
UBC Community Sport Services
offers adult ballet, gymnastics and
ice hockey classes for beginners.
No experience is necessary. For
more information call 822-3688.
Morris and Helen Belkin
Art Gallery Exhibition
Tuesday - Friday; 10am-5pm; Saturday, 12-5pm. 1825 Main Mall.
Call 822-2759.
Surplus Equipment
Recycling Facility
Weekly sales of furniture, computers, scientific etc. held every
Wednesday, noon-5pm. SERF,
Task Force Building, 2352 Health
Sciences Mall. Call 822-2582 for
Faculty Development
Would you like to talk with an
experienced faculty member, one
on one, about your teaching concerns? Call the Centre for Faculty
Development and Instructional
Services at 822-0828 and ask for
the Teaching Support Group.
Studies in Hearing and
Senior (65 years or older) and Junior (20-30 years) volunteers
needed. Participants will attend
up to 3 one-hour appointments at
UBC. Experiments will examine
different aspects of hearing and
communication abilities. Honorarium for some studies. Please
call The Hearing Lab, 822-9474.
Clinical Research
Support Group
The Clinical Research Support
Group which operates under the
auspices of the Dept. of Health
Care and Epidemiology provides
methodological, biostatistical,
computational and analytical support for health researchers. For an
appointment please call Laurel
Slaney at 822-4530.
Eczema Study
Volunteers needed. 12-40years of
age. Must have a current flare of
eczema. Able to attend 5 visits over
a 15 day period. Honorarium to be
paid upon completion. Call 875-
Multisite Fungal
Infection Study
Jock itch, athlete's foot, irritation
beneath the breasts or ringworm.
Volunteers needed. Must have at
least 2 different sites of skin infections. Seven visits over 12 weeks.
Honorarium paid upon completion. Call 875-5296.
Psoriasis Laser Study
Volunteers needed. The UBC Division of Dermatology is seeking
volunteers with psoriasis who are
not currently receiving medical
treatment for psoriasis. We are
testing a potential new laser
therapy for psoriasis. Volunteers
who complete the treatments and
follow-up visits will receive a stipend. Call 875-5254.
Christmas at the
Shop in the Garden
November/December 1996. Fresh
foliage wreaths and baskets, tree
ornaments and table centrepieces
made by the "Friends of the Garden" available from November 25
while quantities last! Great selection of gifts too! All proceeds help
the garden grow. UBC Botanical
Garden, Shop in the Garden,
10am-5pm. Call 822-4529.
Garden Hours
Nitobe Memorial Garden open
10am-2:30pm weekdays only, Botanical Garden and the Shop-in-
the-Garden are open 10am-5pm
daily (including weekends). Call
822-9666 (gardens), 822-4529
Parents with Babies
Have you ever wondered how babies learn to talk? ... help us find
out! We are looking for parents
with babies between 1 and 14
months of age to participate in
language development studies. If
you are interested in bringing
your baby for a one hour visit.
please call Dr. Janet Werker's
Infant Studies Centre, Department of Psychology, UBC, 822-
6408 (ask for Nancy).
Herpes Zoster (Shingles)
Participants required to take part
in clinical dermatology trial at
Division of Dermatology, 855
West 10 Avenue. Requirements.
50 years of age and older, within
72 hours of onset of first skin
rash. Maximum 13 visits over 24
week period. Free medication and
honorarium given. For further
information call 875-5296.
Diabetes 1997 Conference
The Young Diabetic.
Interprofessional Continuing
Education Conference will take
place Friday, April 4 and Saturday, April 5, 1997, in Vancouver,
for all health professionals interested and involved in diabetic
care. For further information call
UBC Zen Society
Meditation sessions will be held
each Monday (except holidays)
during term, in the Tea Gallery of
the Asian Centre from 1:30-
2:20pm. All welcome. Please be
punctual. Call 228-8955.
Parent Care Project
Daughters/daughters in-law
who are caring for a parent in a
care facility are needed for a counselling psychology study on the
challenges women face in parent
care. Involves individual interviews/questionnaire. Call Allison
at 822-9199. 8 UBC Reports ■ November 14,1996
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MILLENNIUM UBC Reports ■ November 14, 1996 9
Study to investigate
denture comfort, cost
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
Anyone who has suffered the loss of
their teeth will tell you that few things in
life are as inconvenient, embarrassing —
and costly.
The advent in recent years of titanium
implant technology has greatly improved
the lives of those who wear dentures, but
its high price puts it beyond the reach of
many who need it most.
Now a $400,000, four-year Faculty of
Dentistry study is looking at the cost and
design of dental prostheses used with
implants, to see if they can be better
made, and at a lower cost.
"We are investigating which designs work
best, as well as the cost of making and
maintaining prostheses," said project director Dr. Joanne Walton, an associate professor in the Dept. of Clinical Dental Sciences.
"Practitioners have their own sense of
what works, but it is not backed up by
research. By looking at commonly used
designs, we may find that one ofthe least
expensive dentures is just as good as the
most expensive. If so, it makes sense to
offer that alternative to patients," she said.
"We want to know what will bring the
greatest good to the greatest number of
About 70 per cent of the population
over 65 has at least one denture. And
between 30 and 40 per cent of Canadians
over 65 have no teeth at all in either jaw.
Conventional dentures—difficult to fit,
sometimes painful—are often poor substitutes. That's what made titanium im
plants the biggest advance in dental care
in 50 years.
The expensive procedure sees two or more
titanium cylinders implanted into the bone
of the lower jaw. Titanium is a biologically
compatible metal that bone cells can adhere
to, firmly attaching it to the jaw. Short studs
are left protruding above the gum and dentures equipped with special fasteners simply
snap onto them.
"Many people who get implants say
they have not had such a good, firm fit
since they had their own teeth," Walton
said. "We see a lot of people who are
severely handicapped by tooth loss, and
sometimes they cry and hug us because
they are so happy at the difference it
makes. As a dental clinician, it is a very
exciting field to be in."
But as implants have become more
common, Walton and other clinicians have
found that problems can develop with the
prostheses they retain. The research literature has little to say about this.
The UBC study will attempt to remedy
this by looking at issues such as prostheses breakage, patient satisfaction and
keeping dentures properly adjusted, said
Michael MacEntee, professor of Clinical
Dental Sciences.
Another major focus is cost. With as
many as five implants required to fit a
prosthesis, the cost can range as high as
$12,000, prohibitive for a senior on a
fixed income.
"It is not a trivial amount of money.
That's why we feel it's important to look at
the economics and cost-effectiveness of
implant prostheses," MacEntee said. "No-
Terri Sneigrove photo
Have Your Cake And Be Eaten Too
Delighting audiences young and old for generations, Engelbert
Humperdinck's Hansel and Gretel plays the Frederic Wood Theatre to
Nov. 30. Based on the popular fairy tale, the classic German opera stars
Emma Turnbull as Hansel, Phoebe MacRae as Gretel and James
McLennan as the witch. Hansel and Gretel is a co-production with the
UBC School of Music, directed by famed soprano Nancy Hermiston,
director of the school's opera division. For show times and ticket
information, call 822-2678.
Gavin Wilson photo
A study at the Oral Implant Clinic aims to give dental prostheses wearers
better and less expensive care. Assoc. Prof. Joanne Walton, project director,
examines an X-ray in the clinic with Prof. Michael MacEntee and Clinical
Asst. Prof. Julian Collis.
body has really analysed the cost and its
implications before."
The study is asking for volunteers who
will receive implants and dentures for
just $1,800, including follow-up repairs
and adjustments for two years at no cost.
All dental work will be done by qualified professionals, not students, and will
use only proven techniques and materials. All that is asked of participants after
the implants are in place is to attend
regularly scheduled dental appointments.
The study is funded by the National
Health Research Development Program
of Health Canada and Nobel Biocare, the
Swedish company which produces the
titanium implants.
For more information or to participate
in the study call the Oral Implant Clinic
at 822-5583.
Global warming heats
up Canada's North
by Charles Ker
Staff writer
Projected global warming in Canada's
northwest over the next 50 years would
result in more forest fires, landslides and
significantly reduced water levels in lakes
according to a study commissioned by
the federal government.
A six-year regional study of the effect
of climate change in the Mackenzie Basin
was recently completed and results of
"what-if" scenarios presented to
stakeholders in the area.
"It's not just a matter of whether climate warming will change the physical
capability of the land itself, but what
happens to those people who live and
work in the areas in question," says
Stewart Cohen, project leader for the
Mackenzie Basin Impact Study.
The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has concluded that increased concentrations of
carbon dioxide and other trace gases will
lead to a warming of the world's climate.
Retreating permafrost could potentially
release huge sources of methane trapped
by ice in the Canadian northwest.
Cohen, a member of UBC's Sustainable Development Research Institute
(SDRI) and an Environment Canada scientist, led a team of researchers drawn
from universities, institutes and government research centres across the country. Stakeholders involved in the study
included representatives from aboriginal
groups and industry as well as municipal, territorial, provincial and federal governments.
With a total area of 1.8 million square
kilometres, the Mackenzie drainage basin
is the largest of any river system in Canada.
Stretching 4,241 kilometres, the Mackenzie River is the second longest river in
North America next to the Mississippi.
Cohen says the purpose of the study
was to produce an integrated regional
assessment of climate change scenarios
for the entire watershed. He adds that the
study is one of the first of its kind to
assess climate change impacts on terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems as well
as the communities which depend on
A warming trend of 1.5C thiscentury.
plus other signs of climate warming in
the basin, such as thawed permafrost,
prompted a study of the area which encompasses parts of the Yukon and Northwest Territories as well as northern B.C..
Alberta and Saskatchewan.
Cohen says the basin may be particularly sensitive to variations in its climate
because it has many transition zones
such as the tree line and the northern
limits of agriculture.
"In the North, agriculture could quite
conceivably expand so the question becomes what would it expand onto," says
Cohen. "It could be wildlife habitat, forestry or land on aboriginal territory. How
would stakeholders respond?"
Scenarios of climate change suggest
that the region could warm up by 4 to 5
C during the middle of the 21st century.
These scenarios would affect the land,
water and wildlife in many ways: water
levels in Great Bear and Great Slave lakes
would decline to below current minimum
levels; forest yields would decline due to
an increase in forest fires; increased thawing of the permafrost and accompanying
landslides would occur in the Beaufort
Sea coastal zone and Mackenzie Valley;
peatlands would disappear from areas
south of 60 degrees north and expand in
northern areas; and caribou would be
harmed by a rise in summer temperatures, which would probably be accompanied by an increase in harassment
from insects.
A full report of the Mackenzie Basin
Impact Study is expected in December. 10 UBC Reports • November 14, 1996
News Digest
Provincial and municipal dignitaries joined members of the
university community in marking the newly completed expansion of
the Faculty of Education's Neville Scarfe Building with a plaque
unveiling Nov. 12.
Guests included Joan Smallwood representing the provincial
government, which funded the renovations project, and Vancouver
City Councillor Lynne Kennedy, a graduate of the faculty.
Initiated in 1988, the project was designed to consolidate the
faculty from 18 locations across campus. Construction began in
Improvements include construction of the Library Block which
provides new facilities for the Education Library, an addition to the
Teacher Education Office and a complete seismic upgrade of the
original building.
Vancouver-based Hotson Bakker Architects carried the project
to completion.
The Coast Club UBC Tennis Centre opens Nov. 15. The centre has
a total of 14 courts, including four indoor courts and will be
available for public use, as well as for UBC students, faculty and
The centre offers a full range of instructional programs including
Weekend Whip Ups, and month-long Match Point clinics. Booking
fees are charged to all members, including students, and are less
than $10 per hour.
Centre administrator Lisa Archer said the Rooster Riser membership, which allows court use from 6:30 a.m. to 8:30 a.m., should be
of particular interest to faculty and staff who want to play tennis
before work. Brian Hall is the head pro, and student coaches will
assist with lesson programs. For information on the centre, call
Post doctoral fellows and graduate students are invited to apply
for partial funding to work with the Crisis Points Group at the Peter
Wall Institute for Advanced Studies. Successful applicants will
work on pure and applied projects related to models of non-linear
dynamic systems.
The competition is open to scholars in all fields and departments,
including interdisciplinary students, providing that a clear relationship can be shown between the applicant's qualifications and
research interests and those of the Crisis Points Group.
The focus of the applicant's work could be concepts from a
specific discipline to the understanding of crisis points and how
models of such systems can be used to guide practical decisionmaking, or interdisciplinary development of crisis point concepts
and models themselves.
Applications, due by Dec. 15., should include a curriculum vitae,
a statement ofthe applicant's research interests and a statement of
sponsorship from a UBC faculty member containing an indication
of the source of the remainder of the applicant's funding.
For more information see the group's Web page at http://
bee.econ.ubc.ca/crisis.html or call 822-4782.
Prof. Emeritus Dr. Harold Copp will be honoured by the Osteoporosis Society of B.C. with a gala dinner at the Waterfront Centre
Hotel on Nov. 21.
Copp is being honoured for his discovery of calcitonin, a calcium-
regulating hormone which inhibits bone loss. It is one of the most
widely used therapeutic agents for the treatment of osteoporosis,
with annual sales in excess of $1 billion.
Osteoporosis—now recognized as a major health hazard—is the
third leading cause of death in seniors, after heart disease and
cancer. One in four women over 60 years and one in two over 70 are
at risk.
Copp was the first professor of physiology at UBC and one ofthe
founders of the medical school. His life-long interest in bone and
calcium metabolism led to his discovery of calcitonin in 1961.
Although approved for use in the United States in 1984, calcitonin is not yet approved for the treatment of osteoporosis in
Canada, although it is available by prescription for other uses. It is
also a powerful pain killer.
Copp is a Companion of the Order of Canada, a Fellow of the
Royal Societies of Canada and London and was one of the first
inductees into the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame when it was
established in 1994.
The gala dinner is the society's major event for November, which
is Osteoporosis Awareness Month. All proceeds of the $100-a-plate
dinner will go toward educational programs and other aims of the
Call 731-4997 for tickets or more information.
Alan Donald, Ph.D.
Biostatistical Consultant
Medicine, dentistry, biosciences, aquaculture
101-5805 Balsam Street, Vancouver, V6M 4B9
264 -9918 donald@portal.ca
The classified advertising rate is $15.75 for 35 words or less. Each additional word
is 50 cents. Rate includes GST. Ads must be submitted in writing 10 days before
publication date to the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310-6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1, accompanied by payment in cash, cheque (made out to UBC
Reports) or internal requisition. Advertising enquiries: 822-3131.
The deadline for the November 28, 1996 issue of UBC Reports is noon, November 19.
perfect spot to reserve
accommodation for guest
lecturers or other university
members who visit throughout
the year. Close to UBC and other
Vancouver attractions, a tasteful
representation of our city and of
UBC. 4103 W. 10th Ave.,
Vancouver. BC. V6R 2H2. Phone
or fax (604)222-4104.	
accom. in Pt. Grey area. Minutes to
UBC. On main bus routes. Close to
shops and restaurants. Inc. TV, tea
and coffee making, private phone/
fridge. Weekly rates available. Tel:
222-3461. Fax:222-9279.	
and breakfast. Warm hospitality
and full breakfast welcome you
to this central view home. Close
to UBC, downtown and bus
service. Large ensuite rooms with
TV and phone. 3466 West 15th
Avenue. 737-2526.
Five suites available for
academic visitors to UBC only.
Guests dine with residents and
enjoy college life. Daily rate $50,
plus $13/dayfor meals Sun.-Thurs.
Call 822-8660 for more
information and availability.
BROWN'S BY UBC B&B. Comfortable
and relaxing accommodation
close to UBC in quiet area. Quality
breakfasts, queen-sized beds,
private bath available. Satisfaction
is assured for your friends or
professional guests. Reasonable
rates. 222-8073.	
perfect solution. Walk Kits beach.
Continental breakfast, private
entrance, ensuite bath, TV in
every room. King or queen beds.
2142/2146 West 1 st Ave. 739-3342
(phone/fax). mickeys@direct.ca.
furnished apt. at Hampton PI. 10
min walk/2 min. bustoUBC. Loaded
with amenities. Jan-Dec/97 flexible.
$ 1600-$ 1800/m. Raymond 224-
0978. rng@cs.ubc.ca.
SPACIOUS one BR penthouse.
Terraces, fireplace. Very
attractive. Ten minutes from UBC.
Available Jan 1 for 6-8 months.
Exact dates flexible. $1100/month
including all utilities. 221-6433.
VanEast. From Dec. 27/96
(quarterly). 1BR $550/mo +
deposit. Ensuite w/d, FP, alarm,
patio/deck, tennis/park. 7 mins
to DT, Fem/sgl parent/homestay
ideal. N/S/neat/quiet. Refs. pis.
basement suite available
January 1. Fully furnished, washer
and dryer. Fireplace. Hydro and
cable included. 2 blocks from
UBC campus. Suitable for
university professor. $1200 per
month. 228-8323.
Upper Kitsilano, close to UBC.
Large view home fully furnished.
4 bedrooms, 3 bathrooms, great
view.. Available January,
February and possibly March.
$2,500 per month. Telephone
Housing Wanted
modest rental accommodation
for international graduate
student and spouse at around
$500/month beginning
December 15, 1996 for short or
long term. No children or pets,
excellent reference. Call Dr.
Reiner at (W)875-4011 or
email:ethan@unixg. ubc.ca.
long-term Dunbar family of 4,
building new home in Dunbar,
seeks 2-3 bedroom home close
to St. George's School as of
Jan'97. Excellent references. Call
Robert or Joanne @ 220-0582,
t<* Please Recycle
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Wed. Dec 4 & Thur. Dec 5
Two seatings:
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f  Call UBC Catering for Reservations
^f 822-2018
Buffet Lunch is presented by
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Location Sponsored by UBC Alumni Association
V6T 17.1
(604) 822-6289
condo, 2 baths, fireplace,
laundry and more. 1077 s/f+huge
patio. Quiet private and secure.
Haro and Bute. Steps to Robson
and all amenities. $275000.
Owner, Des 822-9467 evenings
687 9467.
need independent assistance in
selecting the most appropriate
UBC Faculty pension or
retirement options call Don
Proteau, RFP or Doug Hodgins,
RFP at 687-7526 for more
information. Independent
financial advice for faculty
members since 1982.
Point Grey, specialising in home
repairs and installations. Twenty
years experience. Can fix
anything (almost). Reasonable.
References. Free estimates. Call
Brian 733-3171.
DESIGNER Full figure fashion,
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SCREEN-PHONE $59.95/mo.
Unlimited internet access. Daniel
(604) 946-2368.
people interested in science or
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Next ad deadline:
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BOOK YOUR CHRISTMAS PARTY UBC Reports • November 14, 1996 11
Dunking For Dollars
Staff photo
Doug Napier, chair of last year's United Way campus
campaign, was one of a parade of personalities who were
dunked at Plant Operations' annual United Way Oktoberfest
party. Plant Operations' fund-raising efforts continue this
month with a Greek lunch and bake sale on Nov. 20 starting
at 11 a.m. At $236,260, the campus campaign is close to
achieving its $290,000 goal by Nov. 30.
Caring profession
draws more men
by Stephen Forgacs
Staff writer
A record number of men have
enrolled in the first year of the
UBC School of Nursing's Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN)
degree program.
The enrolment of 14 men in first
year brings the total number of
undergraduate males in the BSN
program to 36 out of 532 students.
Four of the 132 students in the
master's program are male.
Barbara Paterson, an assistant professor of Nursing who
has done research on the topic of
men in nursing, said changes in
society are leading to a gradual
increase in the number of men
entering the nursing profession.
"I think there is a societal trend
toward recognizing the value of
caring professions," Paterson
said. "And the nursing profession
is trying hard to better inform
people about what nurses do."
The nursing profession has
welcomed men into its ranks
Paterson said, although in the
1950s and'60s there was some
concern that men would dominate upper level or administrative nursing positions.
Mark Zieber, a master's student in Nursing, said his experience has been a good one.
'The general attitude among
nurses and nursing faculty that I
have encountered has been very
positive toward the presence of
men in the profession," he said.
Paterson said that some television programs such as the
popular hospital drama show ER,
which portrays the events in a
busy emergency ward, are helping promote a positive image of
nurses as professionals and decision makers. But negative
stereotypes of shallow or seductive female nurses continue to
be reinforced in movies and on
television. And. there is a decided absence of male nurses in
movies  and   television   shows
about health care, Paterson said.
Other perceptual barriers preventing men from entering nursing exist as well, Paterson said.
In her study of 20 male nursing
students enrolled at various levels in baccalaureate nursing programs, she found that men were
concerned about playing the
care-giver role.
"Beyond the bimbo stereotype
is the stereotype of the nurse as
the female care-giver, and men
don't automatically associate
with that role. They think it will
require things of them that they
don't have," Paterson said. 'The
beginning students in my study
were concerned that they would
have to be very emotional and
hug people. They didn't realize
that male manifestations of caring are just fine."
Raymond Thompson, the only
male professor in the School of
Nursing, said a shift in the way
society views caring professions,
which are often thought of as
being "women's work," is needed
if men are to stop viewing nursing as a profession that threatens their masculinity.
Thompson first enrolled in a
nursing program that attracted a
fair number of men in Halifax in
1961, and later did graduate work
at the University of Western Ontario where he was the only male
in the master's program.
Zieber has also shared the
classroom with only a handful of
male students and agrees that
the general perception of what
care is has to change. He also
believes men have a very important role to play in nursing.
"The fact that the nursing
profession has been predominantly women for many years
has tended to steer the perception of what care is," he said.
"Males in general do not view
their care as being highly emotional, but I have seen manv
cases where men have been very
emotional in giving care."
Teams hit
ball field
The UBC Thunderbirds football team's season came to an
end with a loss to Saskatchewan
Nov. 9 in the Western conference
final. Saskatchewan, winner of
the Hardy Cup, advances to the
Churchill Bowl Nov. 16 in
Kitchener, Ont. against the Ontario champion. The T-Birds end
the season 5-3 in Canada West
play and 5-5 overall.
UBC's men's and women's
basketball teams open their 20-
game conference schedule away
from home with two games each
against Calgary Nov. 15-16. The
teams return home for games
three and four Nov. 22 and 23
against provincial rivals the University of Victoria. The men play
at 8:00 p.m. and the women play
at 6:15 p.m both days.
In volleyball, both the men's and
women's teams open their Canada
West schedule at home, also taking
on Calgary Nov. 15-16. The men
play at 8:00 p.m. Nov. 15 and 6:15
p.m. Nov. 16, while the women play
at 6:15 p.m. Nov. 15 and 8:00 p.m.
Nov. 16. Volleyball and basketball
games take place in War Memorial
The Thunderbird hockey team
takes to the rink Nov. 16-17
against the Regina Cougars in
Regina, and return home for
games at the Thunderbird Winter Sports Centre against the
Manitoba Bisons, Nov. 22-23 at
7:30 p.m, and Nov. 29-30 against
the Brandon Bobcats, also at
7:30 p.m.
^W Recycle
by staff writers
eoff Atkins has been named associate vice-president, Land and Building Services. Atkins, who
assumed his new
position Oct. 28, will report
to the vice-president, Administration and Finance. His
responsibilities will include
Campus Planning and
Development, Utilities and
Plant Operations. Atkins
comes to UBC from Saskatchewan where he was
manager of buildings and
facilities operations and
maintenance for the City of
Saskatoon. Prior to that he
managed Edmonton Transit
in Alberta.
Dr. Kevin Wade, an ophthalmologist at the UBC Eye
Care Centre, has been awarded the Ross C. Nurse
Doctoral Fellowship for the support of theoretical and
practical research and studies in blindness and visual impairment.
Wade will be looking at the importance of a combined
approach to the medical and social impact of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. This condition, which affects 25,000 children
in Canada, can result in severe vision loss.
This combined epidemiological, medical and social study
will be unique in Canada.
Ivan Head, professor in the Faculty of Law and Chair in
South-North Studies, gave the keynote address on Oct. 25
at United Nations headquarters to mark World Food Day.
World Food Day has been
observed at the UN since
1984. Previous keynote
speakers at ceremonies
marking World Food Day
have included John Kenneth
Galbraith and Javier Perez de
Prof. Head will deliver the
Convocation address on Nov.
17 at Carleton University
where he will also receive an
honorary Doctor of Laws
degree. Head
an inspiring Canadian story of creativity and technology with producer
Mary Young Leckie
McGill Theatre, Robson Square, 800 Robson Street,Vancouver
Thursday November 28,7:30pm
See film clips and talk to Mary about the Avro Arrow and the upcoming
CBC mini-series to be broadcast January 1997 starring Dan Aykroyd,
Christopher Plummer, Sara Botsford and Michael Moriarty
Producers: Mary Young Leckie, Paul Stephens, Aaron Johnston
Director: Don McBrearty
Writer: Keith Ross Leckie
Tickets $22 plus GST atTicketmaster
Check out the Avro Arrow Home Page on the Internet 12 UBC Reports • November 14, 1996
Living laboratory
What looks like a park is a valuable research resource
by Stephen Forgacs
Staff writer
It's a scorching mid-August afternoon
and Peter Sanders is standing inside
the gate at the entrance to the 5,157-
hectare Malcolm Knapp Research Forest
facing down a group of surly teens who
want to take their dogs with them into the
"Sorry folks, no dogs," Sanders tells
"Oh, and why is that?"
"Because this is a research forest. No
dogs, no horses, no mountain bikes."
The group, obviously hoping Sanders
will go away, mills around the gate for a
while before two of them take the dogs
and leave.
"We welcome visitors on foot," says
Sanders, director of UBC's University
Research Forests. "Unfortunately there
always seem to be people who feel the
need to violate our rules and impede our
ability to do research undisturbed, even
though we're located right beside a large
provincial park that permits horses, dogs
and mountain bikes."
More than one million people live within
an 80-kilometre radius ofthe forest. It is
estimated that between 20,000 and
40,000 people visit annually to hike on
the 140 kilometres of road and 30 kilometres of trails, and to participate in the
range of educational and research programs that take place in the forest.
And, although the increased interest
fits well with its goals of providing research and educational opportunities,
the flow of visitors can sometimes jeopardize a wide range of carefully controlled
research projects or cause damage to
sensitive areas.
While he works to improve visitor facilities and generate revenue for maintenance of trails, Sanders must at the same
time ensure the forest can fulfill its mandate by providing a protected area.
On a given day he might play the role
of logging or research supervisor, forest
ranger, and administrator before lunch,
then help a film crew—who have paid to
be there—find the right spot to film, and
check on some unattended research
projects in the afternoon, before driving
to UBC to attend a late afternoon meeting. Evening might find him keeping a
finger on the pulse of local politics at a
Maple Ridge municipal meeting.
The Malcolm Knapp Research Forest,
located in Maple Ridge and bordered by
Golden Ears Provincial Park and Pitt
Lake , covers an area nearly 13 times the
size of Vancouver's Stanley Park.
The forest is managed and operated by
Sanders and a full-time staff of four including professional forester Cheryl Power, who
screens new research projects, plans educational activities and oversees the forest's
silviculture program; technicians Rick St.
Jean and DaveTuokko; and secretary Gerd
Strangeland. Temporary staff members include Kirsty Gartshore, a recent UBC forestry graduate who works with visiting international students, and technical assistant
Alexandru Madularu, a Romanian forester
who's working with Power to gain Canadian
forestry experience.
Although UBC has controlled the land
since 1943, it acquired the forest gradu-
Stephen Forgacs photo
Wood Science doctoral student Stephanne Fabris extracts a core sample in
the Malcolm Knapp Research Forest. Fabris is using samples taken from
different trees and at different heights to determine how tree spacing
affects wood qualities.
ally in the form of Crown grants starting
with 3,600 hectares in 1949, and another
1.200 in 1968. A Crown woodlot license
was acquired on the western boundary in
1986. The university logged its first section in 1956.
At any one time there are as many as
120 research projects being carried out
in the Malcolm Knapp Forest, Sanders
says. And, since 1949, more than 700
research projects have been initiated there
by UBC, Simon Fraser University, private
groups and the federal and provincial
governments. The research, which ranges
from the study of amphibians and timber
harvesting techniques to star gazing, is
what sets the forest apart from most
other forest or wilderness preserves in
North America.
Within minutes of entering the
forest it becomes apparent that
just about everything that goes
on here is either a research project or a
potential research project.
"The Malcolm Knapp forest is a repository of not just infoimation, but research
science," Sanders says, as he drives his
four-wheel-drive truck past tree after tree
tagged with colorful plastic ribbons. They
identify the locations of the dozens of
research projects underway in the forest.
'This bridge is an old ferry ramp we
bought," says Sanders, guiding his truck
across the metal span. "I've got a capital
program that allows us to build a new
bridge every year, and every bridge will be
different. By experimenting with different
bridge structures we create research opportunities into road construction as well
as new bridges."
During a brief tour ofthe forest, Sanders points out project after project.
In a shaded ravine, UBC master's student Leanne McKinnon, and research
assistant Simon Vari, have set up equipment on a small suspended platform to
measure "sun fleck use efficiency" in
Western red cedar.
At another site. Wood Science PhD
candidate Stephanne Fabris is taking
core samples from cedar, hemlock and
Douglas fir, an act that often involves
strapping on logger's gear and climbing
metres above the ground for a sample.
The samples will be analysed for density
in an attempt to measure the effect of
competition —related to tree spacing—on
the variability of wood properties.
The forest is particularly well suited
for research purposes, Sanders says,
thanks to a high degree of variation in the
terrain, which ranges from swampy
lakeside areas to steep, densely forested
slopes. Trees range in age from 450-year-
old trees to second and third growth.
Sanders recently harvested for the second time in an area that was originally
logged and reforested by UBC in the
1950s. The forest is also home to a large
wildlife population including bobcats,
cougar, deer, coyotes, wild goats and
between 20 and 25 bears. Animal habitat
includes 17 lakes. Marion Lake, located
in the central eastern part of the forest,
has been the subject of more than 240
research studies.
Few areas have been so well studied
and controlled for such a long period of time, making it a particularly valuable resource. The Malcolm
Knapp forest has 50 years of climatic
data and 30 years of stream chemistry
and flow data on certain creeks.
Research projects are carefully
screened before being given the go ahead.
Strict procedural rules ensure that anything that is added to the environment as
part of a project is later removed, Sanders
But it is also a working forest in which
logging operations are carried out at different locations year round. The practice
of harvesting timber is vital to its operation and serves a number of purposes,
Sanders says.
Timber sales generate about 85 per
cent of the research forest's operating
budget allowing it to rebuild roads and
bridges that were neglected and fell into
disrepair in earlier years, as well as to
support educational and research programs, and to maintain the forest trails
and resources for recreational use.
Unlike neighbouring Golden Ears Park,
the Malcolm Knapp forest doesn't receive
government support for maintenance of
its recreational facilities.
Logging in the forest also provides
opportunities for researchers to study
the effects of timber harvesting methods
on a multitude of related systems, from
deer populations to vegetation. And the
ability to carefully control the harvest
allows for experimentation in logging techniques.
Finally, the logging activity is a reminder to the community that the area is
a working forest.
Despite the importance of active logging, a visitor would have to know where
to go to find it in progress at a given time.
The research and educational component of the forest dominates the landscape and is the forest administration's
highest priority.
Among the educational initiatives
that take place is a successful
national program run by Science
World and supported in part by an endowment created by UBC Nobel laureate
Michael Smith. Each summer two groups
of 60 elementary school teachers spend a
week at the Loon Lake camp in the
Malcolm Knapp forest. The camp was
built in 1949 to house visiting students
and researchers and, because of its importance in allowing large groups to visit
for extended periods, Sanders has made
finding the money to upgrade it a priority.
David Vogt, Science World's director of
science, works with Sanders and scientists from UBC and SFU as well as researchers involved in projects in the forest, to give the teachers a unique immersion in science.
"We take elementary school teachers
from across Canada with little or no
background in science and give them an
intensive wilderness experience following in the footsteps of scientists and
science communicators," Vogt, an
astrophysicist, says.
'The aim is to give them a chance to
feel, experience and do some science and
have them take it back to the classroom."
Thanks to the relaxed setting at the
Loon Lake camp and a program that
includes canoeing and hiking with learning, Vogt says the program is well-received by teachers and scientists alike.
"Almost universally they say this is the
best professional development experience
they've had," Vogt says.
In addition, hundreds of students visit
the forest each year for educational purposes. UBC forestry students attend a
three-week field course on forest management. Courses are also held for a wide
range of audiences from elementary school
students to forest workers. Students from
around the globe visit to conduct graduate research or to fulfill a course requirement of their home university. Sanders
maintains a list of research ideas for
those who arrive without direction.
While the benefits derived by teachers,
students, researchers and hikers are
obvious, Sanders points out that the forest contributes many less tangible benefits.
"By maintaining this land as a working
research forest, we open doors to a better
understanding of our natural environment and, in so doing, gain insight into
the way we must interact with our forests
to secure a sustainable future."


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