UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Reports Apr 5, 1973

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The question of proposed increases in rentals and
board-and-room rates for campus residences will be
considered at a special meeting of UBC's Board of
"■**"        Governors, to be held tomorrow (April 6).
A number of meetings between representatives of
the resident students and Administration officials
have been held over the past several weeks to discuss
the proposed increases and the need for them.
The students' representatives were to have
appeared before the Board of Governors at its last
regular meeting on Tuesday (April 3) to submit briefs
but asked instead that the Board abide by its original
offer to hold a special meeting to deal with the
matter. The Board agreed.
The Administration is proposing an increase of 4.9
per cent in room-and-board rates for the Place Vanier
and Totem Park Residences, and a 3.7 per cent
increase in rental's for the Walter H. Gage Residence.
The increases would be effective July 1, 1973, for
Summer Session students staying at Place Vanier, and
Sept. 1, 1973, for Winter Session students at all three
single-student residences.
The Administration also proposes a 6.5 per cent
increase for new tenants moving into the Acadia Park
highrise and townhouses for married students,
effective April 1, 1973.
Present tenants in Acadia Park would continue to
pay existing rates so long as they remain in their
present accommodation and continue in their studies
at UBC. However, the proposed 6.5 per cent increase
would apply to present tenants should they change
their accommodation within Acadia Park.
No increase is proposed for the married-student
residence at Acadia Camp.
Details of UBC residence operations, including
financial statements for both single- and
married-student residences, were supplied to
representatives of residence students at a meeting
with Bursar William White and other Administration
officials on March 6.
The information given to the students, and the
Administration's report and recommendations to the
Board of Governors, were published in the March 7
edition of UBC Reports.
Later, after questioning by students, an error was
discovered in one of the tables provided to UBC
Reports. This error has now been corrected. A revised
Table I — Family Residences — Acadia Camp and
Acadia Park appears on Pages Four and Five of this
edition of UBC Reports. The new table corrects the
error and updates cost projections on the basis of the
most recent information available.
A number of questions, mostly dealing with the
previously published material, were submitted to Mr.
White by the student representatives after the March
6 meeting.
Mr. White replied to these questions at another
meeting March 27. The questions and Mr. White's
replies are also published today on Pages Four and
University of B.C. employees will soon be able
to join a dental insurance plan sponsored by the
UBC's Board of Governors has approved a
dental plan in principle and is calling for tenders
from health insurance carriers operating in the
Under the plan's guidelines all non-unionized
employees, including faculty members and others
appointed by the Board of Governors as well as
employed staff, will be eligible to join the plan
when it comes into effect July 1.
Eligibility is being extended to the non-
unionized employees by the University as part of a
total salary and benefit package and not as a
benefit "extra".
Adjustments to the salaries of non-unionized
employees traditionally go into effect July 1.
Unions on campus will be able to initiate
negotiations to join the plan on behalf of their
Under a schedule expected to approximate the
final tender, single members would pay $2.50 per
month, married members $5 and the premium for
family coverage would be $8.10.
Contributions from employees will be matched
by the University. If all of those now eligible join
the plan, the University's contribution will amount
to about $248,800 for the first nine months of the
plan's operation. But a more realistic participation
rate of those eligible would cost the University
The plan would pay for 70 per cent of all bi!
for oral examinations. X-rays, cleaning and scalin
fillings, extractions, emergency treatment for reli
of pain, treatment of acute gum diseases, repair
crowns, dentures and bridges and some otr
procedures. Benefits under this category would
limited to a total of $500 per year for each pers
covered by the plan.
Under a second category, the plan would p
for 50 per cent of all bills for crowns, inla'
dentures ami bridges and for treatment of chroi
gum diseases and other procedures. Maximi
payment would be $250 per insured person 1
first year and $500 per person each year the
Subscribers will pay the dentist of their cho
and apply to the plan for reimbursement.
Participation in the plan would be volunt;
but subscribers would not be able to drop out
the plan until the term of the contract with 1
carrier has expired.
This is to ensure that employees don't enter the
plan for extremely expensive dental work only to
drop out as soon as the work is completed.
EIGHTH and ninth recipients of UBC's Master
Teacher Awards are Prof. Dennis Chitty, left, of the
Department of Zoology, and Prof. Geoffrey Durrant,
of the English department. They will share a $5,000
cash award that goes with the honor. For details and
names of Certificate of Merit winners in the 1973
competition, turn to Page Three. Picture by the IMC
Photo Department.
Canadian Studies Group
To Visit Campus April 9
The Commission on Canadian Studies will visit
UBC on Monday, April 9, to hear representations
from faculty members and students on topics related
to Canadian studies.
Prof. Walter Young, head of the Department of
Political Science and UBC's liaison person with the
Commission, said the meeting, in Room 204 of the
Buchanan Building, will take the form of an informal
seminar, running from 9 a.m. to 12 noon.
"Faculty members or students interested in appearing before the Commission should get in touch
with me," said Prof. Young. The public is also
welcome to attend to observe proceedings, he said.
The Commission on Canadian Studies, established
by the Association of Universities and Colleges of
Canada, is being supported financially by the Canada
Council. It has been asked to "study and report upon
the state of teaching and research in studies relating
to Canada at Canadian universities."
The Commission's work has been divided into two
phases — gathering factual information on the scope
of present programs and initiating a public discussion
on the present state and future possibilities of
Canadian studies.
The Commission, headed by Prof. T.H.B. Symons,
former president of Trent University in Peterborough,
Ont., is expected to present its report to the AUCC
this fall. EQUIPMENT to be carried in a new rescue-ambulance
vehicle, a key unit in a new emergency call system
that will go into operation at UBC on May 1, is
displayed by Mr. Bob Rowland, fire chief of the
University Endowment Lands Fire Department. New
Fire   Department  vehicle  will  contain a variety of
stretchers, tools, ladders and other equipment and
will be available on a 24-hour basis to meet emergencies on the campus and adjacent Endowment
Lands. Vehicle will also transport injured persons to
hospital. For details, see story below. Picture by the
IMC Photo Department.
New Emergency System
In Operation on May 1
A new emergency call system designed to provide
24-hour rescue and ambulance service will go into
operation on the UBC campus on May 1.
The system, which involves the use of a new
vehicle equipped to provide both rescue and ambulance services, has been worked out with the cooperation of UBC and the University Endowment
Lands Fire Department.
The new rescue-ambulance vehicle, which is
equipped with a variety of stretchers as well as tools,
ladders, oxygen and other equipment, will be available on a 24-hour basis to meet emergencies on the
campus and adjacent Endowment Lands. It will also
serve as an ambulance to transport injured persons to
The key to activating the new system will be
existing and future fire-alarm stations located inside
and outside most campus buildings.
When a fire alarm is turned in from any point on
the campus the Endowment Lands Fire Department
will immediately dispatch one of its trucks to the
scene. The rescue-ambulance vehicle will follow the
fire truck within three minutes unless firemen at the
scene radio or telephone back to say the rescue
vehicle is not required.
Mr.  Bob Rowland, Endowment Lands fire chief,
The Hon. Marc Lalonde, Canada's Minister for
National Health and Welfare, will address a special
meeting of the Vancouver Institute at the University
of B.C. on Saturday (April 7).
Mr. Lalonde will speak in Room 106 of the
Buchanan Building at 8:15 p.m. on "The Integration
of Social Security — A Priority for Canada." His talk
will deal with the merging of federal and provincial
social security programs.
Admission to Vancouver Institute lectures is free.
2/UBC Reports/April 5, 1973
said that wherever possible, when the rescue-
ambulance vehicle only is needed, it should be
summoned by calling the fire hall's emergency
number - (228-) 4567.
However, he said, there will be occasions when
buildings are closed and it will be simpler to use a
fire-alarm station to summon assistance to the scene
of an automobile accident or to aid a heart attack
UBC's contribution to the system is the purchase
of a small pickup truck for use by firemen in picking
up and delivering Fire Department equipment, including fire extinguishers, to campus buildings.
Initially, the Fire Department had planned to use
the rescue-ambulance vehicle for this purpose, which
would have meant that it would not be available on a
24-hour basis. UBC agreed to purchase the pickup
and delivery vehicle in return for a guarantee of
24-hour service by the rescue-ambulance vehicle.
Implementation of the new system also involves an
increase to 41 persons in the complement of the
University Endowment Lands Fire Department. Nine
additional firefighters are currently being recruited
and trained as part of the new emergency call system.
■■■fcjfc   Vol. 19, No. 8-April 5, 1973.
IIUI*   Published by the University of
llllll   British        Columbia,     and
^^ ™^ ^^ distributed free. UBC Reports
appears   regularly   during  the
University's Winter Session. Jim Banham,
Editor. Louise Hoskin and Jean Rands,
Production Supervisors. Letters to the Editor
should be sent to Information Services, Main
Mall North Administration Building, UBC,
Vancouver 8, B.C.
English 200
Bites Dust
English 200, the omnibus survey course of
English literature familiar to generations of UBC
students, will pass into history when lectures for
the 1972-73 Winter Session end tomorrow
The long-familiar course, which covers English
literature from Chaucer to contemporary authors,
has been split into three courses which will be
offered in the 1973-74 Winter Session. All
second-year students may take one or more of the
new courses and they are also open to third-year
students who are not English majors.
The new courses are: English 203, which will
introduce students to the Biblical and classical
backgrounds of English literature; English 204,
which will study the short story and short novel,
and English 205, a survey of Canadian literature.
English 201 and 202, courses designed for
students who intend to major in English, will
remain part of English department offerings.
The restructuring of the English department
program has been under consideration for more
than four years. A departmental spokesman said
the new courses are designed to promote more
interest among students in English literature by
providing a wider choice of course topics.
UBC's Senate, at its March meeting, voted to set
up separate committees to look into the coordination and development of undergraduate interdisciplinary studies on campus and to examine
philosophies and objectives pertaining to extracurricular activities.
The motion to establish the committee on interdisciplinary studies was put forward by Dr. Kay S.
Stockholder, an assistant professor of English, and
Dr. Ian S. Ross, an associate professor in the same
After some discussion, and re-phrasing by Dr.
Robert M. Clark, director of UBC's Office of
Academic Planning, the following motion was
"That Senate appoint a committee to consider:
"1. The co-ordination of existing interdisciplinary
undergraduate courses and programs;
"2. The means of facilitating further development
of interdisciplinary studies; and
"3. The formulation of intellectual principles and
goals that might arise from such studies."
Several members of Senate expressed concern that
the committee might interfere with existing interdisciplinary programs.
Dr. Stockholder emphasized that it was not the
intent of the motion to restrict the autonomy of
existing programs. Instead, its aim was to provide a
place for people interested in undergraduate interdisciplinary studies to come together and share their
Dr. Ross said the committee would explore what is
going on in interdisciplinary studies on campus and
elsewhere. It would also look into such problems as
credits, library resources and faculty interchange.
Student Senator Derek A. Swain, mover of a
motion "That a committee be established to examine
Senate's philosophies and objectives vis-a-vis extracurricular activities and to make recommendations
regarding the implementation of same," said the aim
was to involve Senate in the non-academic aspects of
University activities.
He added that well over a third of the student
body is involved in athletic endeavor on campus,
either as participants or spectators. Mr. Swain also
emphasized that it was not the intention of the
motion to suggest implementation of an athletic
scholarship system at UBC.
Supporting the motion. Dr. John Dennison,
associate professor in the Faculty of Education, said
he would like to see a positive statement from Senate
recognizing athletics as an important facet of
University life. 1973 UBC
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1 Xinsfl^iisisi JEteba-taY kVaaioa'iB* -boi. Student Questions Answered by University Administration
QUESTION: What is the yearly payment on each of the seven CMHC loans for residences?
Place Vanier
Place Vanier
Totem Park
Totem Park
Walter H. Gage
Walter H. Gage
Acadia Park
March 31, 1973 (Est.;
loans for residences?
Yearly Payment
Principal and
Interest Rate
$ 73,623
QUESTION: Salaries, wages and benefits rise [as
shown in Table M published in UBC Reports on March
7] at a steady rate. This assumes that manpower
arrangements will stay the same. Why must they? We
have two proposals from and for Gage on ways of
reducing costs in this area by changing present procedures.
ANSWER: The level of staffing may not remain
constant. However, at this time we have no reliable
information on which to project increases or decreases in
staffing. The Housekeeping Section, of which the salaries
and benefits costs form the largest single portion of the
total salaries and  benefits cost, was evaluated by an
independent firm of consultants in 1972. The consultants found that the services being provided were
minimal but adequate.
It must be borne in mind that the University must
maintain a level of cleanliness consistent with sanitary
and health requirements in common areas, washrooms,
etc. However, subject to the foregoing, the Director of
Residences would be happy to receive suggestions for
reducing costs in staffing requirements. Such proposals
should be made to members of the proposed Single
Residences Co-ordinating Committee or to the Director
of Residences directly.
QUESTION: Explain projected convention revenues.
ANSWER: It should be noted that the figures given
[in Table II published in UBC Reports on March 7] for
Convention Revenues are net revenues after deducting
required expenditures from the gross amount earned.
The projected Net Convention Revenue figure for
1976-77 is $380,000. This net revenue objective will
require a 60 per cent room utilization of the Walter H.
Gage Residence, 50 per cent in the case of Totem Park
and 4.5 per cent at Place Vanier for the four months
May to August. Place Vanier provides accommodation
for Summer Session students and is used only for
overflow requirements of the Convention Centre.
The anticipated room utilization percentages are
believed to be realistic bearing in mind that the
University Residences do not offer facilities comparable
to hotel accommodation. The Convention Centre caters
mainly to special groups attending academic, scientific,
and other meetings. Other special groups include
students and children attending designated training
programs or participating in athletic events.
QUESTION: There is going to be a deficit of about
$500,000 in the next three years, to be covered by a
loan from the University to Housing.
(i) What are the terms of the loan?
(ii) There are no projections in the budget for this
repayment. How will Housing repay (e.g., from Convention revenue)?
ANSWER: The report and recommendations to the
Duaru of uovernors state:
"The increases recommended above will not in
themselves rectify the financial situation of the single-
student residences. Until the Convention Centre attains
its objective of producing net revenues of $380,000 a
year (anticipated in 1976-77), the single-residence operation will incur annual deficits.
"These deficits, assuming that the increases proposed
here are approved, are expected to amount to $284,921
in 1973-74; $167,821 in 1974-75; and $71,565 in
1975-76. The projected deficits for these three years
total $524,307.
"The 1976-77 room-and-board rates and rentals,
augmented by convention revenues, should enable the
single residences to break even financially.
"We do not propose that students should bear the
financial shortfall in convention activity arising out of
the construction dispute of last summer.
"However, no recommendation is being made at this
time with respect to the projected deficits in single
housing. They wiii be the subject of a separate study
with a view to ascertaining alternative methods of
Time has not. permitted the separate study to be
undertaken yet. However, it is not anticipated at this
time that "a loan from the University to Housing" will
be one of the proposed alternative methods of financing.
Indeed, there is already an expectation that the first
semi-annual instalment repayment of the loan of
$3,306,500 from Central Mortgage and Housing Corporation can be postponed beyond March 31, 1973.
QUESTION: Were there surpluses in previous years,
and, if so, what happened to these surpluses?
 ANSWER:  The report and recommendations to the
Board of Governors, on Page 1 under "Policies" states
"2. Residences have been operated at cost, that is,
without subsidy and without seeking to make a profit".
If in a given year the operations resulted in a surplus,
such surplus was carried forward and used as required in
a subsequent year to achieve a break-even position. See
Table II for example and the year 1970-71 when a
surplus of $19,029 was realized. This surplus is budgeted
to be used in 1972-73.
QUESTION: Why have suites been left vacant, and
tenancies "frozen" (people not allowed to change
accommodation) since the reni hike was proposed over a
month ago? This is resulting in a loss of considerable
revenue, to say nothing of the moral aspect of leaving
suites vacant with a long waiting list for accommodation.
ANSWER: One suite in the Acadia Park highrise and
one townhouse unit in Acadia Park were vacated as of
March 1, 1973. These vacancies will be filled as soon as
the recommendations to the Board of Governors with
respect to rental rates have been acted upon.
QUESTION: What is the justification for the $40,000
expenditure for "Camp Counsellors" in 1971-72?
ANSWER:  The designation "Camp Counsellors" is a -
hold-over from the days of Fort and Acadia Camp. A
more  appropriate term would be Dons and Resident
Fellows or simply Student Advisors. For the fiscal year
ended March 31, 1972, the costs were:
Fort Camp — Men
$ 3,336
Fort Camp — Women
Totem Park
Place Vanier
The above-mentioned amount of $39,255 represents
payments made, equivalent to the cost of room and-
board, to Senior Dons, Dons and Resident Fellows for
services rendered as advisors to students. These Student
Advisors pay rent or room and board at the same rates as
other students and this is included in revenue under
Rentals. In Totem Park the ratio of advisors to students
is one to 36 students and in Place Vanier one to 45
students. In the senior Walter H. Gage Residence the
ratio is one to 184 students.
The justification for this cost is the presence of a
limited   number   of   more   senior   students   who   are
available to younger students for assistance and counsel
generally and particularly in times of emotional upset or -
stress, when other services are not readily available.
QUESTION: What is the justification for President's
Row accommodation for well-paid junior faculty
members? Either raise rents considerably or turn this
over to students.
ANSWER: Accommodation units on President's
Row, sometimes known as Faculty Row or Toronto
Road, comprising 18 two-bedroom units and three
three-bedroom units, were built in 1957-58. These 21
suites are assigned mainly to Post-Doctoral Fellows for a
limited period of up to one year but not beyond
September 1.
Post-Doctoral Fellows are generally not in good
financial circumstances. The limited number of suites on
President's Row provide an initial base from which the
new appointee can familiarize himself with Vancouver
and vicinity before finding more permanent accommodation. Rents are $140 per month for two bedrooms and
$150 for three bedrooms, slightly above the rates for the
newer townhouses in Acadia Park. The proposed new
rates for President's Row are $149 and $160 respectively. 	
QUESTION: Re the targe surplus accumulated in
Acadia over the years (projected at $146,000 as of
-"*"-- March 31, 1973) - the financial statement. Schedule 3,
____ states that this money is to be used for "future debt
repayment". What "future debt repayment"? The notes
to Table I, in Housing's brief state that this money is to
be used for a different purpose - flood damage (!), etc.
Explain the discrepancy.
ANSWER:   The  nomenclature  referred  to,  namely
^ .."' "Reserved for Future Debt Repayment" and "Accumulated Reserves held against Contingent Events," are
synonymous. If unusual costs arose in any one year
because of some catastrophic event such as fire, flood,
.**\ etc. one could either meet these unexpected costs from
the reserve directly or charge them against operating
\ revenues. If the second course of action was followed
then revenues would be inadequate to meet the debt
repayment requirements in which case the obligatory
debt repayment amount would have to be taken from
the reserve.
QUESTION: What has happened to the accumulated
interest on the surplus?
ANSWER:   The accumulated reserves at March 31,
1972, of $88,568 include excesses of revenues over
.      ... expenditures of $79,624 and interest earnings of $8,944.
QUESTION: We maintain that, with this large
surplus, which with interest wilt total over $200,000 by
March 31, 1975, completely negates any need for a rent
hike in Acadia Park and Camp. Why is a hike proposed?
ANSWER: It is true that the accumulated reserve
with interest is expected to exceed $200,000 by March
""' 31, 1975.
However,   it   should   be   noted   that  Acadia  Park
operated at a loss of $18,028 for the year ended March
31, 1972. The overall surplus position of $25,973 was
.„   :-  achieved by consolidating the net revenues from Acadia
Camp with the loss on operations at Acadia Park. Thus,
if for some  reason  the revenues from the debt-free
^ Acadia Camp huts had not been available we would be in
an extremely difficult financial position with respect to
Acadia Park without an increase in rentals at this time.
The  Acadia Camp huts could be lost as a source of
revenue through demolition for other developments, (as
'"' *~-   was the situation in the case of Wesbrook Camp and
-'. Wesbrook   Villa),   through   obsolescence   and   through
dilapidation or disrepair. Alternatively, the present net
revenues   may   be   required   for   extensive   repair   or
replacement of the wartime huts.
. i 11^ _t _£■»**■%?   Mvrwii    14   w   iw ij^m    wi jivir Ul     ICuiy   ■ ,
which appeared in its original form in the March 7
edition_of UBC Reports. Table I shows the
financial operating results for the Acadia Park and
Acadia Camp Residences, considered as a unit, for
the fiscal years 1970-71 and 1971-72; the budgeted
revenues and expenditures for the current fiscal
year 1972-73; and projections of revenues and
expenditures for the fiscal years 1973-74 to
_t\n arrnr discovered after nub!ication of the
original Table I, has been corrected in the Table
below. The figures shown under the heading
."Projected" for the fiscal years 1973-74 to
1976-77 are those which appeared in the March 7
edition of UBC Reports. The figures shown under
the heading "Revised" for these same fiscal years
correct the error and update cost projections on
the basis of the most recent information available.
QUESTION: In the UBC Financial Statements for the
year ending March 31, 1972, Schedule 3, what does the
$58,080 "sales" figure refer to under Income for
Housing? If it refers to safes of electricity to Acadia
tenants, explain the fluctuation in projected utility costs
in Acadia, as electricity forms a large portion of these
costs, and it remains relatively constant in price and
consumption. Even if it doesn't, explain and break down
the jump from $70,143 (1972-73 figure) to $81,675
(1973-74 figure), as well as subsequent increases. Why
the large projected increases?
ANSWER: The figure of $58,080 relates to sale of
electricity ($47,327) and sale of gas ($10,753) to
tenants of Family Residences.
The increase (Table I) Tor utility costs from Budget
1972-73 $70,143 and Projected 1973-74 $81,675 was
the subject of much enquiry and discussion at our last
meeting. At that time, it was suggested that the matter
be gone into in further detail because no acceptable
explanation for the rather large increase was readily
available. A review has disclosed an error in transcription
of $10,000, i.e., $1,000 transcribed as $11,000. This
error has been eliminated from the Projected 1973-74
figures and from subsequent year projections. We have
also updated the forecasts for 1973-74 to 1976-77 as
dictated by more recent actual cost data. The adjusted
figures do hot affect materially the projected deficit at
March 31, 1976, i.e., $28,156 against $26,815 reported
The revised figures are shown in Table I at the foot of
this page.
QUESTION: Please provide a detailed breakdown of
Table I, similar to Schedule D4 for single residences for
the year 1971-72. What is the breakdown of the
"salaries, wages and benefits" figure for 1972-73? Why is
there a 13 per cent increase in salaries from 1972-73 to
ANSWER: Table I Revised anticipates an increase in
expenditures for Salaries, Wages and Benefits from
$78,264 in 1972-73 to $87,324 in 1973-74.
Salaries and Benefits 1972-73 1973-74
Full-time Staff, Acadia
Park and Acadia Camp $26,780 $28,387
Apportionment of Residences
Administration Salaries
and Benefits 51,484 58,937*
$78,264 $87,324
* Reflects a return to full staffing after operating
temporarily with two vacancies. One position has been
filled now and the other will be staffed on July 1, 1973.
QUESTION:Break down the $14,202 expenditure on
"other operating costs" for 1972-73. [See Table I
ANSWER:   Other Operating Costs for 1972-73 are
budgeted at $14,202. The details are:
Housekeeping, Office and
General Supplies
Residences Administration
Other Operating Costs
$ 3,200
$ 3,155
QUESTION: Why the $15,000 increase in repairs, maintenance and improvements from 1972-73 to 1973-74?
Break down both the years' figures, please.
ANSWER: The Repairs, Maintenance and Improvements figures are $59,719 and $76,760 (Revised) for 1972-73
and 1973-74 respectively.
Elevator repairs
Garbage disposal
Repairs and maintenance and equipment replacement
Preventive maintenance and inspection
Renovations and alterations
Grounds maintenance
$ 2,500
$ 3,500
$ 1,804
In an attempt to control costs it appears that our Budget 1972-73 expectations were low. Costs in 1972-73 are
expected to exceed budget. Therefore the projections for 1973-74 reflect these increased cost levels.
QUESTION:  Break down the present and projected revenue figures, from Park, "Highrise and Camp. Why the
fluctuation, especially the increase, if these figures are based on present rentals?
Electricity Sales
Gas Sales
Parking Fees
(1) Revenue (Based on Present Rentals)  $558,898  $572,165
Salaries, Wages and Benefits  $ 73,967 $ 98,178
Utility Costs (Electricity, Gas, Water, Telephone)         66,793 69,887
Repairs, Maintenance and Improvements         63,726 79,709
*Other Operating Costs  . .  . .           15,488 18,261
Qsht Rgnm/rrsgnt -      -      =                                                 . ■.. . 31 3 973 .   2RO 1R7
(2) Total Expenditure     _,
(3) Surplus/(Deficit) (Line 1 minus Line 2) $ 25,651
*  Includes draperies and furnishings, laundry, housekeeping supplies, printing and office supplies,
Acadia Camp
S 134,200
Acadia Park
President's Row
$ 78,264
oar\ 1K7
$ 88,809
280 157
$ 95,913
?SO 7T7
$ 94,310
«fcR3.3 707
$502 485
$ 25,651
$ 25,973
$ 58.065
. $ 27.074
$ 26,244
$ 10,572
$    9,597
($    7,349 )
($    8,494)
($ 26,815)
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lEitdiiojd igrtBniti; IVmi» id«'iLs<r>eobbi DcmniKilil, i Pint I P»jnnoblBi- PROF. CHARLES McDOWELL
tion,  and  other  places and so  become a very strong
Let me give you another example. In Ontario,
recently, because of the attempts to control graduate
schools, the Ontario Universities Commission has restricted the amount of money which teaching assistants can
earn. It has raised fees and reduced building programs.
And the result of that has been to reduce drastically the
number of graduate students in many of the universities
| in certain areas. In some areas in science some of the
\**^ smaller universities will practically lose their Ph.D.
I programs. The commission can then begin to be selective
Ifc^ in supporting programs in different universities by
^^ positive action, encouraging the ones it wants but not
I the ones it does not want. This is a very subtle business,
I but I think the Bonneau-Corry report is a little too
t altruistic in thinking that faculty members will, in
kfibt, general, accept "no" from their administrations.
PROF. YOUNG:   I  might just add one point. Prof.
McDowell   has   said   he   doesn't   think   the  university
community will accept this and I would add, nor should
^ I was distinctly surprised by some of the report. Alex
r - Corry   is  as  alert  as  anyone  to   the  dead   hand  of
■^^bureaucracy and the difficulty of directing people to do
^p   particular things. There are passages in the report that
Jf     indicate a sensitivity to that problem, but surprisingly it
I      doesn't work through to the general conclusion. I would
"       reiterate the point that there is always a danger when
..^m.writing any report to make the mistake of failing to
1    recognize the limited role that administrations can play,
that  they   in  effect  set a  favorable  framework  for
j       research  activity and teaching and then the research
i       activity has to well up from below. The important thing
to do then is to give positive encouragement and some
—.channelling, but not to restrain.
PROF. McDOWELL: It should be one of encouraging
>. .....
in  positive  directions  and  not trying to restrain and
certainly not ever thinking that they can go out and tell
faculty in which way they should carry out research.
That attitude is doomed to failure.
►>     UBCR: The report says that the teaching function in
a university precedes the research function. Do you
PROF. McDOWELL: No, I don't buy that. Well, it
depends on how you define teaching. There is a
tendency to assume that teaching is only classroom
.^performance and that research is something apart and
different from classroom performance. This is not true. I
think that the most successful university teachers are
those who are involved in some form of scholarship and
research. It is only a very rare person who has enough
internal resources to keep reading and revising his
Lp^jnaterial and understand what the revisions are all about
and who is not involved in research or scholarly work.
The number that I know could be counted literally on
the fingers of one hand.
PROF. YOUNG:  I agree that research and teaching in
a university are largely complementary activities. It may
well have been true in this country, as it has been more
markedly in the United States, that from time to time in
some institutions an imbalance has developed. Enthusiasm for pursuing what the report calls frontier research
has carried away whole departments and whole groups
within the university and there has been a measure of
neglect of undergraduate teaching. I think that they are
drawing attention to a problem that they see currently
in some Canadian institutions.
UBCR: You don't think it applies to UBC?
PROF. YOUNG: I think there are areas of the
University to which it could be applied. It is important
always for institutions to keep an eye on what some of
their principal functions are. This is one area where
administrators often find themselves engaged in ensuring
that the teaching aspect of University activities is
pursued with enough vigor.
Having had the good fortune to have been one of
Prof. Corry's students I think I can see what he means
by teaching and reflective inquiry. He was a superlative
practitioner in the area of reflective inquiry, in co-ordinating political science and law into a very broad
approach to some of the problems of this country. I
think that one sees reflected in this report much of his
own experience as a teacher and as a reflective inquirer.
The place where I find some reason for differing is that I
think Prof. Corry thinks that all those who might be said
to be pursuing reflective inquiry would perform in the
way that he did. In his case reflective inquiry bore fruit
in an innovative textbook in the field of political science
and in a series of penetrating articles on Canadian
political problems and on university problems. It seems
to me that the report's discussion of reflective inquiry
has perhaps gone too far in the direction of accepting
the view that reflective inquiry is an adequate basis for
promotion and tenure. One has to be cautious here. If
one is engaged in a broad synthesizing of.a discipline this
will ordinarily find its venue not only in teaching but in
writing. In perhaps a few exceptional circumstances it
may be limited to oral communication, but oral communication which is addressed to peers in the discipline as
well as to undergraduates. In short, it seems to me that
the fruits of this kind of enquiry have to meet not only
the test of providing satisfactory teaching material in
individual classrooms but a rather broader test. I
would say that studies that yield an important textbook
which is innovative in its approach to the subject, which
finds new and better ways of understanding and presenting materials, is an appropriate fruit of that kind of
activity and should be considered in decisions on
promotion and tenure. I also think that much turns
upon quality.
PROF. McDOWELL: If someone becomes a very
learned person in his field and, by writing a book,
revolutionized, say, the teaching of political science as
regards Canada, then this would lead quite quickly to
the adoption of the book and by his being invited to
various conference where these things are discussed and
where he would be recognized as a leader, even though
he may not have published original articles.
One other thing I would like to point out here. The
gentlemen who wrote this report have drawn a distinction between what they call frontier research and
reflective inquiry. The scientists are always being
accused of being interested only in research and not in
teaching. As far as most of the universities I have been
connected with, and certainly this University, that is not
true. All the departments in the Faculty of Science here
take a great deal of care to see that all candidates for
appointment and promotion are assessed on their teaching as well as their research.
Last year we wanted to recruit a young faculty
member in a particular area and we interviewed more
than a dozen candidates. One of the main factors in
rejecting many of them was that when they came to give
a seminar and talk to faculty members it was felt that
they would not be successful teachers. We finally got a
man who we thought would be at least equal to the
others in terms of research but who was also an excellent
Many teachers may not be the greatest freshmen
teachers, but we have to keep in mind that we are
talking about communications and inspiring people at all
levels in the university, not necessarily just freshmen or
second-year students. Pjf. Linus Pauling, for example,
the well-known Nobel Prize winner, is a magnificent
lecturer, and most of the Nobel Prize winners that I
know are. There is a tendency to assume that a man who
is very good at research is unlikely to be a good teacher.
That image is wrong.
UBCR: There were a few other consequences that
flowed from the distinction made between reflective
inquiry and frontier or basic research. One was that the
federal granting agencies should pick up the overhead
costs of basic research and that the operating grants of
universities should cover what they define as reflective
PROF. McDOWELL: I don't regard the solution to
our problems as being found in providing overhead with
research grants. The practice of providing overhead on
grants was started in the United States to supplement
the cost to the university of putting on a particular
research program. The consequence of that has been
quite disastrous in the U.S. universities because money
in the form of overhead got built in as a budget
expectation. Recently, grants tended to get cut and the
overhead disappeared. As a result, universities were left
with a lot of faculty, secretaries and technicians and
various activities being carried on this so-called "soft
money," which disappeared like ice cream on a hot
summer's day. I would think that Canada would be
better off in adopting the British system where the
University Grants Committee finances most of the basic
activities of the university and the Science Research
Council, the British Council, the Nuffield Foundation,
support extra activities, special ones, on top of the
normal operations of the university.
To my mind, university financing in Canada has never
really been properly thought out. If by negotiation the
provinces and the federal government could agree to
include in financing arrangements the normal, and I
want to emphasize the word normal, operations of the
universities, then a great number of the things for which
overhead is required would be met automatically and on
a more secure basis. The universities could plan their
futures without the fear that the overhead is going to
disappear. One has to keep in mind, too, that Ph.D.s and
M.Sc.s are really a national resource. They don't belong
to B.C., Alberta or Ontario. It seems to me that it's quite
within the rights of the federal government to encourage
all fields of activity. Then we could perhaps see
something of a national education policy developing
which would eliminate problems such as an overproduction of Ph.D.s, say, in English or chemistry.
In the U.S., for example, there is a great deal of
money being poured into the universities and the schools
by the National Science Foundation to encourage better
teaching of science by the high schools. Now, we in
Canada have never been able to do that. Everything that
has been done has been done on a local basis. In British
Columbia we were very successful in encouraging
changes and upgrading courses in high schools so that
students would learn more about modern science and
mathematics and be able more easily to move into the
universities. But that is a pretty local effort. There has
been little or no encouragement from the federal
government in Canada on this score. There should have
PROF. YOUNG: Let me take up another aspect of
reflective inquiry.' I don't think the report's recommendations on that subject are very major. What they are
saying, in effect, is that they would favor the funding
agencies paying more attention to projects of this kind
and that within university budgets some room should be
found for the fairly modest demands of people in the
humanities, the social sciences and fine arts who wish to
pursue endeavors that require fairly minimal financing.
It seems to me that that is a useful suggestion in the light
of the fact that frequently these kinds of modest
requests are not met as fully as they might be by the
funding agencies or within the university. I think it's fair
to say that much of this type of activity can be carried
on by scholars in environments which do not reach a
critical mass. This is not true of work at the highest
theoretical level, but I think it is noteworthy that there
are a number of very productive individual scholars in
small liberal arts colleges in the United States. They are
often limited in number in each particular college, but as
a group they become quite significant in the scholarly
effort of the country as a whole. So while one talks of
centralizing research funds and creating critical mass in
particular types of research it doesn't rule out very
important work carried on by individual scholars or
small groups of scholars in much smaller institutions Faculties Criticized At
UBC Senate Meeting
University of B.C. Faculties that did not reply on
time to a Senate request for information on part-time
study were criticized at Senate's March 21 meeting.
Prof. Peter Pearse of UBC's Department of
Economics said he could not believe that there were
any excuses for some Faculties not submitting even
an interim report to Senate on time.
Faculties had been asked to report to Senate's
March meeting on what progress they had made in
examining obstacles to part-time study, to justify
remaining restrictions and to explain how part-time
study opportunities could be expanded.
Senate had made the request a year earlier after
approving recommendations of a report on degree
programs for part-time students from a Senate committee chaired by Prof. Pearse.
Replies had been received from the Faculties of
Commerce and Business Administration, Dentistry,
Education, Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences,
and the School of Rehabilitation Medicine.
Faculties which had not yet replied were Arts,
Applied Science, Forestry, Science, Law, Agricultural
Sciences, and Graduate Studies.
"It's now a year ago today since Senate received a
report with recommendations from its committee on
degree programs for part-time students," Prof. Pearse
"The Senate at that time approved the recommendations in principle and referred them to the
Faculties. That committee's report was preceded by
two years of study and that was preceded by a series
of committee reports on this subject dating back a
decade or so.
"I cannot avoid the conclusion that this matter is
not being given the attention that it deserves or the
reasonable priority that it warrants."
Dean George Volkoff of the Faculty of Science
said it was his rather than his Faculty's fault that the
report from his Faculty hadn't yet been passed on to
Dean Michael Shaw of the Faculty of Agricultural
Sciences said there was little his small professional
Faculty could do until it knew what position the
Faculty of Science was taking.
Mrs. Monica Angus, a Convocation Senator, said
that as a member of the community looking forward
to more part-time study at UBC, she thought the
matter was long overdue.
Senate agreed to deal with the replies of the
Faculties not later than at its May meeting.
Mathematicians Plot
1974 Visit to Campus
What function would bring together the
governor-general, the premier of the province, the
provincial minister of education, the mayor of
Vancouver, the chancellors of the four B.C.
universities, the presidents of the National Research Council and Canada Council — the two
major federal research granting agencies in Canada
— and perhaps the prime minister?
The Second Coming?
B.C. joining Confederation?
Would you believe the International Congress
of Mathematicians?
Believe it or not the congress of mathematicians
is one of the largest and most prestigious scientific
meetings in the world. It will be held in Vancouver
Aug. 21 to 29 nexfyear.
Less than half the delegates to the meeting will
be able to squeeze along with the dignitaries
mentioned above, into the Queen Elizabeth
Theatre for the opening ceremonies.
The opening will include the presentation of
four Fields Medals in mathematics. Mathematics
doesn't have a Nobel Prize and the Fields Medals is
regarded as the equivalent, the highest award
Four medals are now normally awarded at each
International Congress of Mathematicians, which is
held every four years. It's traditional for the Fields
Medals to be awarded by the head of state of the
host country. The medals are in honor of the late
Canadian mathematician J.C. Fields.
The congress is expected to attract about 6,000
mathematicians - a conservative estimate - from
around the globe. A more realistic figure might be
8,000. Whatever the final tally, the mathematicians are expected to bring at least 1,500
dependents with them.
Based on the conservative estimate of 6,000
delegates, the mathematicians are expected to
spend $7 million in B.C., apart from transportation costs.
The logistics involved in mounting such a
conference are enormous and fall on the shoulders
of Prof. Maurice Sion of UBC's Department of
Mathematics, chairman of the local arrangements
committee for the congress.
Prof. Sion, who stresses that the function is a
Canadian affair, said he has booked almost every
facility available for the nine days of the congress.
About three thousand of the delegates will be
housed in residences at UBC. The rest will be put
up in hotels downtown. All events, apart from the
opening ceremony, will take place at UBC. Events
will run from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. so that 30 B.C.
Hydro buses, free of the rush-hour, can shuttle
delegates from downtown Vancouver to the Point
Grey campus and back.
"Vancouver was in competition with Montreal
for the congress," said Prof. Sion. "If it wasn't for
the residences and other facilities at UBC, we
wouldn't have got it."
The congress will feature 16 one-hour general-
interest addresses as well as between 150 and 175
invited talks of a more specialized nature, each 50
minutes long. Presented throughout the congress,
often in several simultaneous sessions, will be
about 2,000 papers about 15 minutes long.
The scientific program is organized by several
international committees appointed by the International Mathematical Union.
One of Prof. Sion's headaches is to try to figure
out how to arrange for up to 2,000 mathematicians to listen to any one lecture. He's
thinking of video-taping the lectures for replay
"But right now my biggest problem is that a
tradition of the congress is that delegates be taken
somewhere on Sunday," Prof. Sion said.
"We have tried to hire a ferry from B.C. Ferries
but haven't had any luck. We also tried to hire a
train to take delegates into the Interior and back
but it seems that isn't possible either.
"We've also thought of putting on a rodeo at
Cloverdale in the Fraser Valley.
"But the difficulties in handling such a large
number of people may force us to treat Sunday as
an ordinary working day of the congress and try to
arrange a number of tours for small groups
throughout the congress."
Sponsors of the congress are the International
Mathematical Union at the invitation of the
Canadian Mathematical Congress, one of the
groups that make up the !MU.
Official hosts are Canada, B.C., Vancouver,
UBC, Simon Fraser and the University of Victoria.
The Faculty Associations of B.C.'s four universities have banded together to form the Confederation
of University Faculty Associations of British
The new organization, established on March 3 at
the University of Victoria, is an outgrowth of a
co-ordinating committee established 18 months ago
for the Confederations's four constituent members —
the Faculty Associations of UBC, the University of
Victoria, Simon Fraser University and Notre Dame
The aims of the Confederation are to promote the
quality of education and the interests of faculty
members at the constituent universities by:
#The exchange and co-ordination of information;
♦ Communication   with  governments,  provincial
university agencies and other bodies; and
• Formulation of policy to recommend to individual faculty associations.
Officers of the Confederation, which expects
shortly to affiliate with the Canadian Association of
University Teachers, are: president — Prof. CD.
Doyle, of the University of Victoria; vice-president —
Prof. Archie MacPherson, of Simon Fraser University;
treasurer — Dr. Patricia Montgomery, associate
professor of Education at UBC; secretary — Prof.
J.C.E. Greene, University of Victoria.
No Cause
For Alarm
A structural fault discovered in one of the roof
beams of the new Sedgewick Library should not
be cause for alarm by Library users, according to
an official in UBC's Department of Physical Plant.
A one-inch crack which has developed in a roof
beam at the southeast corner of the Library is
currently under investigation by the building's
architects, contractor and consulting engineer.
An official in the UBC Physical Plant department said he expected repair of the fault would be
relatively easy.
The crack in the pre-stressed concrete beam is
located outside the Library proper. The beam
forms part of a large exterior flower box on the
top floor. Supports have been placed under the
beam to prevent sagging. A small area in the
interior of the Library has also been cleared.
The first sign of a problem in the area was
difficulty in opening and closing doors which form
part of the glass walls on the east side of the
Library. Officials of the firms that designed and
constructed the building were called in when
cracks began to appear in the Library windows.
Courses Offered
Forty-six credit courses, ranging from the History
of Western Art to Urban Sociology, are being offered
in UBC's 1973 May-July Intersession through the
Centre for Continuing Education.
Intersession offers students an additional opportunity to complete courses towards a degree.
Subject areas for the evening classes include
anthropology, Asian studies, economics, fine arts,
French, German, linguistics, mathematics, history,
philosophy, political science, psychology, sociology,
Spanish, nursing and education.
Courses involving directed study abroad include an
anthropology course in Hawaii, Fiji, Tahiti and
Samoa on The Peoples and Cultures of Polynesia; fine
arts courses in Italy, France and Mexico and
Guatemala; and two education courses — Physical
Education in England and Scandinavia, and Special
Education of the Trainable Retarded in the United
Intersession credit course calendars are available
from the Centre for Continuing Education,
228-2181, local 251.
Advani;e registration is required by April 19.
Most evening courses in the program meet twice a
week from 7 to 10 p.m.


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