UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Reports Feb 6, 1992

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Med school cuts not answer, says dean
Apian by provincial health
ministers to cut medical
school enrolments will do
nothing in the short term
to lower spiralling health care costs or
reduce the physician-population ratio in
Canada, says UBC's dean of Medicine.
The ministers agreed to a cut of 10 per
cent in medical school admissions, to be
applied differentially, across the country
as part of a nationally coordinated strategy for physician resource management.
p* But Dr. Martin Hollenberg says
training fewer doctors isn' t the answer
to achieving cost savings quickly.
"It takes many years between admission into medical school and introduction into medical practice,"
Hollenberg said. "Although, the
physican-population ratio has risen
dramatically and we have to correct
that situation.
"A better and more immediate approach to keeping costs down is to
increase health care evaluation and
»•> outcome analysis so that we can see
what's effective and eliminate what's
not. We can see what can be done just
as well with less cost," he added.
Hollenberg also suggested that doctors be trained in smaller communities to
create a more equitable distribution of
physicians throughout the province.
He said the ministers' strategy cannot stop Canadians from training as
doctors outside the country and returning to Canada to practice.
Hollenberg did, however, hail the
new strategy to restructure Canada's
medical profession and lower health
care costs as a turning point.
"The fact that we now have a policy
document is a first, " Hollenberg said.
"What needs to follow now, and
quickly, is broad discussion with the
stakeholders on the frontline who are
delivering health care in this country."
Theministers' strategy wasannounced
UBC closes book
on English 100
English 100, taken by all UBC undergraduates since 1915, was officially
retired by the Board ofGovernors last
In September, the full-year, six-
credit course will be replaced by five,
one-term courses. Students will have
to complete any two of these new
courses to meet the English requirements of the faculties of Arts and
"English 100 was excellent for the
initial audience it served, but UBC has
undergone many demographic
changes since then," said Herbert
SING OUT: Soprano Lauren
Wagner finds her star rising
as she joins the School of
Music. Profile, page 3
MONKEY BUSINESS: A biology student discovers chimpanzees may be medicating
themselves with the leaves
of a plant Page 10
I SOFT TOUCH: A new gen-
l eration of wood preserva-
j tivesusescompoundsfound
j in shampoo and household
■ cleaners. Page 12
Rosengarten, head ofthe Department
of English. "While it is in some ways
sad to see it go. it would also be a
mistake to hang onto a course that has
outlived it usefulness."
In addition, the compulsory, midterm English Comprehension Test
(ECT) will be shelved in September in
favor of a screening examination administered to all students before they
are admitted into first-year English.
Those who graduate from Grade 12
English with a final mark of A are
exempt from writing the exam.
The new exam, called a Language
Proficiency Index (LPI), will test sentence structure, English usage, reading comprehension and composition.
Students who do not achieve a certain
level on the composition portion ofthe
exam will be required to take a one-
term, non-credit writing course at a
new University Writing Centre administered by the Centre for Continuing Education.
In addition to completing the
course, students will have to obtain a
satisfactory mark on the LPI exam in
order to become eligible for first-year
English credit courses.
Rosengarten said the new format will
help identify problem writers early and
get them the remedial help they need. He
added that the several hundred students
expected to enrol in the writing course
won't be restricted to those whose first
language is not English.
See NEW on Page 2
Jan. 28 after a meeting in Banff, Alta.
Key recommendations emergi ng from
the conference concerned the training,
supply, distribution and payment of doctors within Canada's health care system.
In a joint statement following the
meeting, the ministers said the intent
of the strategy was to meet Canadians'
health needs efficiently, subject to the
resources available.
Their recommendations were based
on a 1991 study co-authored by Morris Barer, director of UBC'sCentre for
Health Services and Policy Research.
"The objectives of the report were
to identify key problems in the sector
that were common to all provinces and
territories," Barer explained.
"We also tried to determine the potential foranationalphysician resource policy
strategy to address those problems, and to
make specific recommendations consist
ent with that strategy."
He said that although there was no
technical method of determining if
there were too many doctors, there
was no compelling rationale for growth
in the number of physicians to continue to outpace population growth.
"The ministers' strategy represents a
set of initiatives that will maintain the
quality of care while reducing the number
of physicians it takes to do it," Barer said.
Perry tours NCE
Photo by Media Services
In his first official visit to the UBC campus as Minister of Advanced Education, Training and Technology,
former alumnus and faculty member, Dr. Tom Perry, (left) tours the university's new Networks of Centres of
Excellence (NCE)facilities withDr. Michael Hayden, director ofthe Canadian Genetic Diseases Network. The
government of British Columbia has committed $20 million over four years to provide infrastructure support
to the NCEs based in the province. CBC is the national leader in three ofthe centres. The NCE program is a
federal project, initiated to promote Canadian fundamental and long-term applied research.
Astronaut worms help assess
effects of radiation on humans
Astronaut Roberta Bondar wasn't
the only one born and bred in Canada
to fly in space recently.
Genetically altered roundworms
cultured by UBC researcher Ann Rose
were also aboard the space shuttle
Discovery as part of an experiment
developed by NASA's Jet Propulsion
Laboratory in Pasedena, Calif.
Hundreds ofthe mutant worms have
been produced for a genetic tool kit,
which may help scientists in their quest
to conquer certain cancers and hereditary diseases, since Rose began her
project a decade ago.
"By mutant I mean that worms are
being produced with genes that have
an absence of function," Rose explained. "We can then deduce from
the mutant what the gene was supposed to do."
The worms each carry different
genetic information and are being
shipped to the international scientific
community for use in experiments that
are out of this world — literally.
The worms aboard the Discovery
were exposed to cosmic ray particles
and will be examined for mutations
and other genetic damage caused by
the quantity and type of radiation.
"Astronauts are subjected to cosmic
rays each time they are aboard a space
flight," Rose said. "We'll know how
much radiation the Discovery's crew
received when the worms that went
with them into space are examined."
She explained that the DNA of the
roundworm is exactly the same as human
DNA. A single alteration in the genetic
material can cause death to either.
"The target for damage is the same
in both," Rose said. "It's vital for us to
study the cumulative effect of radiation in the astronauts lo provide some
guidelines for how often they can participate in space flights."
Many of Rose's worms have died
after being genetically rearranged, either
through radiation or chemical damage.
See WORMS on Page 2 2    UBCREPORTS February6.1992
Province's highest court
holds hearing on campus
A handwritten note on the door
read "court in session."
But wait. These were not students
seated on the bench in the Faculty of
Law's moot courtroom. No, the three
presiding judges looked suspiciously
In fact, they couldn't have been
more so.
B.C.'s Court of Appeal convened
on campus last month marking the
first time the province' s highest court
conducted a hearing in Vancouver
outside its regular downtown chambers.
"I'm surprised the lawyers agreed
to the change of venue," said third-
year student Mark McLean, one of
about 60 curious onlookers who sat in
for part of the day-long session.
However, the proceedings went
smoothly enough for Chief Justice
Allan McEachern to hint at a return
"I am sure most of the judges will
enjoy an occasional return to the law
school where they learned so much as
students—most importantly, that there
is always much more to be learned,"
he said.
"It is more convenient for us to
send three judges to UBC than it is for
a larger number of students to come to
the law courts."
The chief justice added that he got
the idea to move the court to UBC
after hearing about similar judicial
visits in U.S. schools.
"He approached us with the possibility and of course we jumped at the
chance," said Dean Lynn Smith. "The
exercise is primarily for the benefit
of students who can watch a real
case, with experienced council presenting to the highest court in the
For McLean, the opportunity was
too good to miss.
"We read judgements day in and
day out, but we just see the end result,"
he said. "We are concealed from the
process and miss the drama of the
New program for first-
year English will be
more varied, flexible
Continued from Page 1
"There is a great variety of students who need extensive help
with their writing skills," he said.
With faculty positions declining
(from 90 in the early 1970s to 72
today) and enrolments increasing,
Rosengarten said instructors
shouldn't be expected to teach basic
writing skills to small number of students on top of their other
Currently, there are about 3,500
students enrolled in 107 classes of
English 100. Forty of these classes
have 50 students taught by an instructor with the help of a teaching
assistant. The remaining classes are
half the size with one instructor.
Rosengarten said the introduction of five new English courses
will give both students and faculty greater flexibility in terms of
scheduling, while allowing them
to focus more on particular areas
of interest.
The new courses include: English 110, an introduction to the
genres of fiction, poetry and
drama; English 112, a writing
course focusing on the principles
of exposition and persuasion;
English 11 1, a course in non-fiction prose with an emphasis on
writing of the 20th century; and
English 120 and 121, enriched
courses in literature and criticism
intended for those with a strong
interest in literature and the humanities.
The effectiveness of the curriculum changes, which came
about after three years of interdepartmental negotiations, will be
closely monitored and reviewed
by Senate in two years.
In the story, New Academic Chairs Created, which appeared in the Jan. 23
issue of UBC Reports, a typographical error resulted in the misspelling ofthe
Mary Pack/Arthritis Society Chair in Rheumatology.
Advertise in
ubc Reports
Deadline for paid advertisements for the
February 20 issue is noon, February 11.
For information, phone 822-3131
To place an ad, phone 822-6163
Third-year student Kathy Paljus
watched the sitting for an hour and
agreed it was a worthwhile exercise.
"It gives us a glimpse ofthe practical aspects of the profession which
isn't covered in our courses," said
Paljus. "The more exposure we get,
the better."
Held in the Curtis Building,
the hearing involved an action by
emergency room doctors who
wanted to bill for full medical
examinations administered to patients in the emergency ward. The
Medical Services Commission
refused to pay these claims and
was taken to court.
The action was dismissed by the
B.C. Supreme Court in 1990. The appeal was also dismissed.
The Court of Appeal, which has a
total of 22 judges, sits daily in the
Smithe Street courthouse in Vancouver and makes trips to courthouses in
Victoria 10 times ayear, in the Interior
twice annually, and once each year in
the Yukon.
Clinic deal signed
Photo by Leza Macdonald
UBC President David Strangway (left) and Gerald Merrithew, Minister of Veterans Affairs Canada, sign an agreement which will
provide $650,000 in federal funds for a new geriatric dental clinic to
be established at UBC. The facility will serve veterans and senior
citizens of B.C. and is expected to open in January, 1993.
Genetic link found for MS
Multiple sclerosis may be linked
to the inheritance of certain genes, a
UBC researcher has found.
A recent study by Dr. Steven Beall,
an assistant professor of Medical Genetics in UBC's Faculty of Medicine, revealed an abnormality in
genes responsible for controlling the
production of certain proteins which
cover the surface of white blood cells,
called T-cells, and which were common in MS patients.
MS, a chronic, slowly progressive disease of the central nervous
system, has no known cure.
An aberration of these genes may
have affected the production of the
proteins and impaired the immune
system's ability to detect the presence of an infectious agent, such as a
bacteria or virus, which scientists
argue trigger the illness, Beall said.
The virus may be indigenous to a
northern climate, he said, or to people of a particular genetic background
common in the province — some of
the reasons which brought him to UBC
to continue his research.
Beall believes that, although the
inherited genes do not cause MS, carriers of the genetic variation may be
more susceptible to attack by the virus
suspected of inducing it.
Conversely, the aberrant genes may
lead to autoimmune destruction ofthe
white matter of the brain, he added.
Beall began his study of MS patients at the National Institutes of
Health and the California Institute of
Technology before joining the university last August.
In addition to the 83 people who
had the disease, Beall studied 197
people who do not have the illness.
He found the aberrant genes rare in
this group.
"If there is a genetic cause for
multiple sclerosis it should be delineated in Canada," Beall said. 'There
is a high proportion of people afflicted with the illness in this country, and excellent data is available
through the Canadian network of
multiple sclerosis clinics."
He has recently started testing
his hypothesis on a new set of MS
patients drawn from the only population-based genetic database for
multiple sclerosis in existence,
amassed by UBC assistant professor of Medical Genetics, Dr. Dessa
Worms used as on-going research tools
Continued from Page 1
"We've learned that those genes
were essential forthe organism to live,"
Rose said. "It also indicates that most
functions are required at early stages
of development."
The roundworm was chosen as a
test model for the project because the
genetic material of the roundworm
and the functions it performs are similar to that of humans.
They are also easy to culture in the
laboratory, inexpensive to do research
with and reproduce in a short period of
time, usually in about three days, she
"Another benefit is that the worms
can be frozen and revived in liquid
nitrogen, which means that the body
of work we do now won't be lost,"
Rose added. "It can be kept for future
generations. This is a simple, cheap
way to measure how much damage
humans are being exposed to."
Another strain of worms are currently
being used in Japanese experiments to
calculate the level of mutagens humans
are exposed to in the water supply.
Rose said that researchers working
with the mutants have detected the
same damage present in the parents in
their offspring, including thousands
of generations later. On rare occasions, some reversions were also noticed where one defective gene will
interact with another defective gene to
correct the defect.
"A second mutation corrects the
first mutation. This tells us how two
gene products are interacting. Essen
tially, two wrongs will make a right,"
Rose explained.
This is the type of genetic information Rose compiles and sends to scientists worldwide, along with the worms
they require for their experiments.
"Some of this information is trans-
ferrable to humans, the tool kit will
provide researchers with a greater understanding of normal human development and genetic disease."
She plans to develop a genetic tool
kit for the entire genome. Rose estimates that it will take another five
years to design the hundreds of genetic rearrangements required to complete the kit. The project is being carried out in collaboration with Simon
Fraser University and the University
of Missouri. UBCREPORTS February6.1992       3
Program boosts confidence of disabled teens
Staying motivated is a problem for
most teenagers. For those who are
disabled, thechallenge is compounded.
To help boost the confidence and
self-esteem of students with disabilities, UBC's Disability Resource Centre (DRC) has designed a program for
a local high school.
This month, the DRC will set up a
five-month pilot project at Frank Hurt
Secondary School in Surrey. The goal
is to foster greater understanding and
interaction between disabled and non-
disabled students.
In five, two-hour sessions, ^disabled teenagers in Grades 8 to 12 will
discuss issues such as public perceptions of the disabled, assertiveness,
career education, interpersonal relationships, goal planning and decision
The project will use audio-visual
presentations, topical worksheets, and
guest lectures. It will also establish a
buddy system between disabled students and their peers.
Bruce Gilmour, the DRC's education co-ordinator, said the first step is
to get disabled students thinking about
their own interpersonal relationships,
and later, about career options and
how they might fit into the workforce.
"There are those with disabilities
that find their condition to be their
predominant characteristic and a social barrier," he said. "We want to turn
that attitude around so ability, not disability, is the focus."
Gilmour said a great number of
disabled students take special buses to
and from school, are taught in segregated classes and return home to parents who often don't know how to deal
with their children.
"If students aren't getting
mentoring or information on how to
motivate themselves to a fuller potential within theirlimitations, then where
are they going?" Gilmour said.
He added that career counsellors
and resource teachers will review the
state of awareness regarding disability in B.C. and Canada during the
1980s, the United Nations Decade of
the Disabled.
Students will also examine issues
to be discussed during the Independ-
Vancouver centre
for expertise on pulp
mill pollution: Hall
Pulp mill pollution is a volatile
issue in this province, as Eric Hall
found out only days after taking a new
posting at UBC.
The B.C. government's announcement on Jan. 16 that pulp mills may be
required to completely eliminate chlorinated organics in 10 years took the
forest industry, and Hall, who is one of
Canada's foremost experts in forest
products industry pollution control, by
One of Hall's prime tasks as the
newly appointed chair of Forest Products Waste Management had been to
lead research into the treatment of
chlorinated organic compounds.
"The proposed regulations will
drastically change the problems we'll
be looking at," Hall said.
But, he quickly added, there are
many other areas of pollution control
and treatment that require research.
As well, the scope of his team's efforts
will reach far beyond B.C.'s borders.
"We see ourselves as a national
centre of expertise," he said. "There's
no shortage of research work."
Hall's chair and related research
activities will receive funding of $2.7
million over five years, with major
backing provided by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, the Council of Forest Industries
and the provincial Ministry of Environment, Lands and Parks.
Associated with the senior chair are
two junior faculty positions, research associates, technicians, graduate students,
support staff and new equipment.
Hall's position will be based in the
environmental engineering group
within the Dept. of Civil Engineering.
The group has become one of the largest and most complete research programs in waste management in Canada
since its founding, 23 years ago.
Hall sees the new appointment as
an opportunity to continue the type of
research he carried out at the
Wastewater Technology Centre, an
Environment Canada research centre
in Burlington, Ont. He spent 12 years
there working
on problems
related to the
treatment of
pulp and paper
mill effluent.
offer was too
ideal to turn
down," he
said. "It was
an opportunity to join a
well-established and successful environmental engineering group. And the
chair has a pulp and paper emphasis,
so I'll fit right in."
Hall is pleased with the expertise
and facilities already in place at UBC.
Other pluses are the proximity of the
Pulp and Paper Centre, the Pulp and
Paper Research Institute of Canada
(PAPRICAN), and pulp mills where
field work can be conducted.
"It's really an ideal setting," he said.
'The number of people working on
environmental problems here is unparalleled in Canada. I'm convinced that
in pulp and paper and forest products
waste management, Vancouver is becoming the centre of expertise in
Canada. It's exciting to be part of that."
External funding for the chair is provided by NSERC, COFI, the provincial
Ministry ofEnvironment, Lands and Parks
and the Science Council of B.C. The
university will fund renovations to lab
facilities. Other cooperating agencies are
the Wastewater Technology Centre, Environment Canada and the Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada
Photo by Leza Macdonald
Interpreter Debbie Miyashita signs between CNIB's Stefan Koval, left, and Bradford Bentley, DRC
employment co-ordinator, at the centre's recent open house.
ence '92 International Congress and The pilot program will be reviewed       next school year.
Exposition on Disability to be held in       and considered for testing in other For more information about the
Vancouver in April. schools in the Lower Mainland in the       DRC call 822-5844.
Soprano embraces world stage
It was about one year ago that
Lauren Wagner applied for an opening as voice instructor at UBC's
School of Music.
After a decade of studying, performing and coaching opera and recitals, the soprano wanted a change
of pace.
But the pace of Wagner's musical
career has since shifted into overdrive.
Last year, the Michigan native
entered and won three prestigious
international singing competitions,
placed third i n another and performed
her recital debut in New York City.
During the next two months, the
acclaimed vocalist will record a solo
CD in Amsterdam, sing at a nationally broadcast concert in Georgia and
give another solo recital debut
performance at the Opera —
Comique in Paris.
For the moment, however,
Wagner is at home in Vancouver helping her five-year-old    ~"
daughter recover from the flu.
"It's ajuggling act," said Wagner,
who joined the school's faculty as an
assistant professor in September. "I'll
never have another year like it, but
I'll also never enter another competition either."
Her winning 1991 performances
in New York at the Concert Artists
Guild, Joy in Singing and Pro Musicis
Foundation competitions, combined
with a previous first-place showing
at the Metropolitan Opera National
Auditions, means she probably won't
have to compete again.
Now in her mid-30s, Wagner's
efforts are firmly focused on teaching and performing.
Before her appointment, Wagnerwas
based in her home town of Ann Arbor,
Mich, singing, coaching and preparing
recitals. While UBC is her first academic teaching job, Wagner said she
looks forward to challenging students
and helping tap their potential.
"They have to recognize that success is built on tiny steps, not leaps,"
she said. "You don't open your mouth
one day and sing at the Met the next.
Careers are built on hard work and
In terms of her own career, Wagner
views the move to UBC as a natural
progression. After all, the great musicians Isaac Stern, Benita Valenti, Jan
Degaetani and Leonard Bernstein were
all affiliated with schools. The key is
to have a flexible schedule.
Robert Silverman, the school's director, said Wagner "brings to her teaching not just training in voice, but that
special element of interpretive inspiration — someone at the ascendancy of a
career on the world stage, yet with a
commitment towards education."
Practising for two hours at home
"You don't open you mouth one
day, and sing at the Met the next"
each morning, Wagner spends afternoons on campus teaching 17 students
five days a week, sometimes six. She
is one of three, full-time voice professors in the school.
A graduate of the University of
Michigan and the Manhattan School
of Music, Wagner was actually trained
as an instrumentalist and grew up playing the clarinet and piano. History,
theatre and languages were her favorite
subjects in high school and she
harbored no dreams of becoming a
When singing for fun at home or in
choirs, she felt nothing special, "just
that I was louder than everybody else
without even trying."
As it turned out, opera proved the
perfect tonic blending all Wagner's
interests into one.
She has played leading roles with
the Santa Fe, Seattle, Fort Worth and
San Bernadino operas and, most re-
Lauren Wagner will perform at
UBC's Recital Hall Sept. 24.
cently, appeared as Rosalinda in Die
Fledermaus with the June Opera Festival in Princeton, New Jersey. Other
parts have included Donna Elvira in
Don Giovanni (her favorite),
Fiordiligi in Cosi fan tutte and
Europa in Die liebe der Danae.
She speaks fluent Italian, some
German and, as a bom mimic, can
make any language sound like her
"™ native tongue with some practice.
A self-described "late
bloomer" on the opera scene, Wagner
said the young, ingenue roles were
never quite right for her. Instead, she
prefers to play the great Strauss and
Mozart women or characters from
the Elisabeth Schwarzkopf repertoire.
While her competition days may
be over, Wagner's recital calendar
for the coming year is filling up fast.
Agents in Toronto and New York
have so far booked their client for
appearances in Montreal, Berlin,
Munich, Rome and Warsaw. She is
also recording a second solo CD (un
der the Sony Classics label) and can
be heard locally in the Vancouver
Chamber Music Series in July.
Last November, a month-long
bout with bronchitis forced Wagner
to cancel a date in UBC's Recital
Hall. The campus debut, which
promises plenty of Wolf and Strauss,
has been tentatively rescheduled for
September 24. 4    UBC REPORTS February 6.1992
February 9 -
February 22
MONDAY, FEB. 10   \
Law Public Lecture
Law, Language And Native Culture. Emma
LaRocque, Native Studies Programme,
U. of Manitoba. Curtis 101/102 from
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-6506
Mechanical Engineering
Forces On The Coupling Between A Tug
And Barge with David Mumford, MASc
student. Wing Tip Vortex Modification
with Shizhong Duan, PhD student. Both
seminars, Civil/Mechanical Engineering
1202 from 3:30-4:30pm. Refreshments
provided. Call 822-6200/4350.
Astronomy Seminar
Star Formation Rates In
Irregular Galaxies. Dr. P.
Hodge, U. of Washington.
260 at 4pm. Coffee at
3:45pm. Call 822-6706.
Financial Planning Seminar
The Current State Of The Faculty Pension
Plan And Changes Occuring As A Result
Of Member Requests And Government
Legislation. Marcelle Sprecher, manager,
Compensation/Benefits. Sponsors: Faculty Association and Centre for Continuing
Education. Angus 104from 12:30-1:20pm.
Call 222-5270.
Botany Seminar
Chimeric Evolution Of The 2um Genome
Of Yeast. Dr. Gerry Rank, Biology, U. of
Saskatchewan. BioSciences 2000 from
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Asian Research Seminar
Planning For Hong Kong's
Future: The Role Of The
Port And Airport Development In This Strategy.
Edward G. Pryor, Principal
Government Town Planner, Hong Kong Government; Dip. T.P.
(NZ); PhD, Geography. Asian Centre 604
from 12:30-2pm. Call Kate Eliot at 822-
Lectures In Modern Chemistry
Oxidation/Reduction Chemistry Of Nickel
(II) In A Nitrogen/Sulfur Donor Environment: Implications For Ni-Containing
Enzymes. Dr. Marcetta Darensbourg,
Chemistry, Texas A&M, College Station,
TX. Chemistry 250, South Wing at 1pm.
Call 822-3266.
UBC Reports is the faculty and
staff newspaper of the University
of British Columbia. It is published every second Thursday by
the UBC Community Relations
Office, 6328 Memorial Rd., Vancouver, B.C., V6T 1Z2.
Telephone 822-3131.
Advertising inquiries: 822-6163.
Managing Editor: Steve Crombie
Ass't Editor: Paula Martin
Contributors: Ron Burke, Connie
FIBetti, Abe Hefter, Charles Ker,
and Gavin Wilson.
i%     Please
%m+)    recycle
For events in the period February 23 to March 7, notices must be submitted by UBC faculty or staff on proper Calendar forms
no later than noon on Tuesday, February 11, to the Community Relations Office, Room 207, 6328 Memorial Rd., Old
Administration Building. For more information call 822-3131. The next edition of UBC Reports will be published February 20.
Notices exceeding 35 words may be edited. The number of items for each faculty or department will be limited to four per issue.
\Y, FEB. 18
Oceanography Seminar
Recent Developments In The Study Of
Hydrothermal Vents. Gary Klinkhammer,
Oregon State U. BioSciences 1465 at
3:30pm. Call 822-2828.
Museum Of Anthropology
Tuesday Evening
Panel Discussion: Teaching With Stories Learning
From Stories: A Cross
i Cultural View Of Oral Traditions. Moderator: Curator of Education, Louise
Jackson. Admission free. MOA Theatre
Gallery from 7-9pm. Call 822-5087.
fWELW' i' i!    :
""■HasHeMlM*::'.   i >#:
Orthopaedic Grand Rounds
Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy. Dr. Peter
J. O'Brien. Eye Care Centre Auditorium at
7:30am. Call 875-4646
Wednesday Noon Hour
Concert Series
Jane Coop, piano. Music
Recital Hall at 12:30pm.
Admission $2. Call 822-
International Relations
Students Association
Guest lecture. China, Tianammen And
Human Rights: What Happened And What
Will Happen? Earl Drake, former Canadian ambassador to China. Buchanan A-
202 from 12:30-1:30pm. Call 222-2387.
Forestry Seminar
Recovery Of The Migratory Whooping
Crane, Grus Americana. Dean Clark S.
Binkley, Forestry. MacMillan 166 from
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-3553.
Microbiology Seminar Series
Computer Aided Techniques In The Study
On Structure - Function Relationships Of
Proteins. Dr. Sharyo Nakai, Food Science. Wesbrook201 from 12:30-1:30pm.
Call 822-3308.
Geography Colloquium
Subglacial Landforms And Catastrophic
Floods. John Shaw, Geography, U. of Alberta. Geography201 at3:30pm. Refreshments at 3:25pm. Call 822-2985/2663.
Applied Mathematics
Beyond Regularization
Methods In Early Vision.
Dr. Robert J. Woodham,
Computer Science. Mathematics 104 at 3:45pm.
Call 822-4584.
Pharmacology Seminar
Travels With Antiarrhythmics. Dr. Michael
J. A. Walker, Pharmacology/Therapeutics, Medicine. IRC #5 from 11:30am-
12:30pm. Call 822-2575.
Geological Sciences Seminar
Groundwater And Wetland Contributions
To Stream Acidificaton - An Isotopic Analysis. Christoph Wels. GeoSciences 330A
at 12:30pm. Refreshments follow in the
Grad Lounge (308). Call 822-2449
Microbiology Seminar
The Degradation Of Chlo-
■     rinated Organic Compounds By Aquatic Bac-
j teria:   Are These Genes
, , More Important Than The
Whole Organism? Dr.
Roberta Fulthorpe, Chemical Engineering/Applied Chemistry, U. of Toronto.
Wesbrook201 from 12:30-1:30pm. Call
Graduate Student Seminar
Sponsored by both the society and the
Faculty. Preparing AThesis. Grad Centre
Garden Room from 12:30-2pm. Call 822-
CICSR Distinguished Lecture
Realistic Image Synthesis: Progress
And Problems. Prof. Donald P.
Greenberg, director, Computer Graphics Program, Cornell U. Scarfe 100 from
1-2:30pm. Refreshments at 12:30pm.
Call 822-6894.
Policy Centre Seminar
Knowledge/Technology Transfer -
Strengthening The Service Function
Of The University. Dr. Ernest Lynton,
U. of Massachusettes, Boston; Dr.
James Murray, director, Industrial
Liaison; Dr. Hans Schutze, CPSE/
AAHE (Education). Ponderosa Annex H-123 from 2:30-4:30pm. Call
Psychology Colloquium
Masochism And Suicide: On Escaping
The Self. Dr. R. Banmeister, Case Western Reserve. Kenny251 Oat4pm. Social
hour follows. Call 822-3005.
Physics Colloquium
Structural Archaeology:
" \. ||J-t iMf   Solving The Mysteries Of
The  Master  Builders.
Robert Mark, Princeton U.
r f1*    Hennings201 at4pm. Call
Distinguished Artist Series
Soni Ventorum, wind quintet. Lecture at
7:15pm, concert at 8pm. Music Recital
Hall. Adults $13, Students/Seniors $7.
Call 822-5574.
Grand Rounds
i '"'      1|ii.   Neonatal Allo-lmmune
Thrombocytopenia. Local
Experience. Dr. I. Komfeld,
N.: 7      <•.    Dr. Penny Ballem. Univer-
:':'__     .Ii-:   sity Hospital, Shaugnessy
Site, Theatre D308 at 8am.
Call 875-3108.
Paediatrics Resident Case
Clinicopathology Presenta-
il|*j(|| tion. David Haughton, Senior Paediatric Resident.
G.F. Strong Rehab. Centre Auditorium at 9am. Call
Dr. A.C. Ferguson at 875-
Chemical Engineering
Reactions Of Oil Shale Particles.
Antonio C.L. Lisboa, graduate student, Chemical Engineering.
ChemEngineering 206 at 3:30pm. Call
,- I tJHOA f\ H..'.z.    '
Vancouver Institute Evening
Readings And Commentary. Prof. George
Bowering, English,
SFU. Woodward IRC
#2at8:15pm. Call822-
Museum Of Anthropology
Family Story Hour
Song, Drums, Stories. Mary Uslick,
a Coqualeetza elder, spiritual healer/community worker. MOA Rotunda from 11:30am-12:30pm. Free
with Museum admission. Call 822-
I     MONDAY, hE::;.   J    f
Biology Discussion Group
Molecular Biology Of
Tumorigenic Pox Viruses. Dr. Grant
McFadden, U. of Alberta. IRC #1 at
3:30pm. Call Dr. Ivan
Sadowski at 822-4524.
Mechanical Engineering
On The Dynamics Of Tethered Satellite Systems with S. Pradham, PhD
student; Bubble Condensation At Low
Pressure And Flow Rates with Davood
Farajisarir, MASc student. Civil/Mechanical Engineering 1202 from 3:30-
4:30pm. Refreshments provided.
Call 822-6200/4350.
Applied Mathematics
Consistent Approximations For Optimal Control Problems. Dr. Elijah
Polak, Electrical Engineering/Computer Science, U. of California,
Berkeley. Mathematics 104 at
3:45pm.  Call 822-4584.
Astronomy Seminar
BL Lac Host Galaxies. Dr.
R. Abraham, Dominion
Astrophysical Observatory. Geophysics/Astronomy 260 at 4pm. Coffee at 3:45pm.  Call 822-
Financial Planning Noon Hour
Registered Retirement Savings
Plans: '91 Contribution Roles, Maturity Options, Tax Planning, Income
Splitting Options. John Gives,
Solguard Financial Limited. Sponsors: Faculty Association/Centre for
Continuing Education. Angus 104
from 12:30-1:20pm. Call 222-5270.
Botany Seminar
Plants And The Planet: Plant Physiology Applied To Global Processes.
Dr. Joseph Berry, Carnegie Institute
of Washington/Stanford U., California. BioSciences 2000 from 12:30-
1:30pm.  Call 822-2133.
Asian Research Seminar
■■<*■":■ The Development Of The
Narmada Valley: Politics,
Environment And Human
Rights.    Prof. John R.
.    |J. Wood, Political Science.
Asian Centre seminar
room 604 from 12:30-2pm.   Call 822-
Statistics Seminar
Identification Of ARIMA And SAR
Models. Prof. S. Koreisha, U. of
Oregon. Angus 325 at 1pm. Call
Lectures In Modern Chemistry
Chemical Methods Of Solar Energy Conservation:
Mechanisms Of Charge
Separation At Semiconductor/Liquid Interfaces.
Dr. Nathan Lewis, Chemistry/Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA.
Chemistry 250, South Wing at 1 pm. Call
Oceanography Seminar
Low Black Sea Sedimentation Rates Inferred From 21 OPb: Implications For Organic Carbon Accumulation And
Paleoclimatology. John Crusius, Oceanography. BioSciences 1465 at 3:30pm.
Call 822-2828.
Statistics Seminar
Curvature Diagnostics Of Maximum
Likelihood And Posterior Non-normality. Prof. R. Kass, Carnegie Mellon
U. Angus 223 at 4pm. Call 822-4997/
European Revolutions: 1492-1992. Prof.
Charles Tilly. Anthropology/Sociology
207-209 from 4-5:30pm. Call 822-2878.
Museum Of Anthropology
Tuesday Evening
:<': *!jjjj>'.''''''"'.-: Panel Discussion: Teach-
' i.tei ■., | i ing With Stories Learning
"j;i*';3l |!' From Stories: Themes In
! 17(l':"    '• 'Storytelling Traditions.
,  Moderator: Curatorof Eth
nology, Julie Cruikshank.
Admission free. MOA Theatre Gallery
from 7-9pm. Call 822-5087.
'VI■;'■** .I    DAY, FEB. 19 J
'   : ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
Cancelled. Call 875-4646. UNIVERSITY    OF    BRITISH    COLUMBIA
It's hard to avoid being affected by the recent shrinkage in parking space. Construction is taking place on
many former parking lots and construction workers, sub-contractors, and consultants with vehicles are adding
to the pressures on the remaining parking lots. Reduction of parking space will continue until we can build new
parkades to replace it.
Currently, parkades hold about 3,000 spaces. About 10,000 are on surface lots. Most surface lots will be
consumed by new construction over the next few years. Student lots will be the hardest hit. Now, faculty and
staff parkers are given priority in the parkades. Soon, as students lose their parking spaces, they'll be sold space
in the parkades.
In UBC's past, parking has been plentiful and cheap. We have not worried much about it. These days, many
pressures are testing our parking system. To quote a faculty correspondent who wrote of her concerns, "On
the grand scale of things, parking may seem a trivial matter." It is not!
Few realize the role played by campus parking these days. New buildings are being planned on existing
parking lots. Environmentalists beg us to close all parking lots and forbid cars on campus. BC Transit says they
already provide their best service for campus commuters. New construction brings more vehicles onto campus.
UBC's desire to increase student "quality" will mean a more committed student spending more time on
campus, using parking space for longer periods of time. New residents will occupy spaces nearly 24 hours a
day. Parking is at the centre of many issues.
While it will not ease the parking "squeeze" for you, it may help you to know something of what is happening
with campus parking. We are seeing some of the less pleasant side effects of an exciting period of campus
growth coupled with some difficult but positive changes in attitudes regarding the use of cars. These two
pressures of growth and changing attitudes affect us through parking.
Following a successful World of Opportunity Campaign, a conscientious building plan aimed at concentrating activity within a tightly defined central campus has designated much construction to take place on
existing parking lots. We've had to scramble to find alternatives to surface parking lots for commuters.
Because of parking space turnover, each space lost affects from two to three parkers.
We need to analyse the long-term financial consequences of our existing systems and project the financial
impact of considered alternatives. Underlying both the strategic and financial planning should be a set of
realistic and thoughtful parking and transportation policies.
Although cheap and plentiful parking is no longer possible, we CAN achieve reasonable and convenient
alternatives to plentiful parking at reasonable prices. Parking problems are complex, but not insoluble. Please
join me in considering the solutions. At the upcoming meeting, I'll present our latest campus parking plans
and ask for your input.
I thank you in advance for your participation.
John Smithman, Director
Parking and Security Services
Good parking is one of those
things we have come to expect at
UBC. However, many campus
changes are having significant impacts on our parking. The need to
build more parkades seems inevitable.
The 1992 Campus Plan, on
page 68, states, "As sites fill up
within the Main Campus, each
site will require replacement of
lost surface parking by new structures whether under buildings or
under playing fields and other
open space.. And as the parking
solution moves up the inevitable
progression from surface lots, to
parkades, to structures under
fields, to structures under buildings, costs will increase by a significant factor at each step."
Without considering the cost of
land: in 1989, our North Parkade
cost $6600 per space; in 1991, the
West Parkade was $8700 per
space. Because we had to borrow
all construction money forthe West
Parkade, we assumed an annual
debt of $1,000 per space. Building
costs are rising steeply as new
building codes require parkades to
be earthquake proof. In 1997, it
may cost over $20,000 per space
to build a parkade.
In 1980, we doubled faculty and
staff parking fees to save for a new
parkade. After ten years, only $2
million was saved toward a $7
million parkade. Nothing as dramatic as a sudden doubling of fees
will happen now, but rates will rise
significantly to pay the cost of new
Two conditions combine to force
price increases: our parking lots
are being consumed by new buildings; and, we have a huge number
of commuters who travel by car. It
seems impossible to alter the first
condition—parking lots are logical
locations for new buildings — but
we might alter the second — the
number of cars arriving each day.
Last November, BC Transit planners and we decided to study UBC
commuter habits before discussing solutions. We did independent
traffic surveys in November where
we counted cars and car occupants and measured bus ridership.
About 31,000 cars arrive on campus each weekday; 18,000 between 7 and 11 in the morning. We
have about 13,000 parking spaces
for them. By 1993, we expect to
lose about 4,000 spaces for new
buildings. If we could cut the
number of commuter cars by a
third, we wouldn't need another
BC Transit, UBC Planners,
Others Help Reduce Campus
Parking Needs.
BC Transit wants to improve
their UBC service, but their biggest
challenge is to cover travel peaks
which occurat UBC and downtown
simultaneously. If our peak times
were different, they could cover
our needs better. Incidentally, they
have really improved UBC services during the last ten years and
are planning to improve services
next year on 16th and 41st Avenues.
UBC planners are considering
bicycle storage facilities along with
changing rooms and showers while
planning new campus buildings.
They have also studied ways to
plan for alternative transportation.
Plant Operations are considering a Van Pool program for their
The AMS have worked hard to
change student attitudes and en-
(permits and meters)
courage them to bus or carpool.
Others can also help reduce parking
needs. How can we avoid morning lineups
on all inbound routes, heavy air pollution,
and heavily packed buses? If morning classes
or office hours were staggered to reduce or
alter peak travel times, BC Transit could
better manage the loads. If the school day or
week was lengthened, fewer parking spaces
would still meet our needs.
Travel sharing seems to be a good solution. Commuters are beginning to travel
together. Travelling with a friend who lives
near you is a very good idea.
Last Fall, we started two formal car pool
programs for drivers only; both are fully
subscribed. We think this reduced cars on
our roads by 300. We also introduced a
portable permit. The PASScard allows drivers to share parking costs and easily alternate cars. Informal car pools have begun.
Our November survey showed that 1 in 5
cars has more than one occupant! If this
continues, we won't have to build all of the
four new parkades proposed by our planners.
Car pools don't have to be inconvenient or
difficult. A friend said, "I don't want to have
people go out of their way to pick me up.
Before I'd want to car pool, I'd take the bus!"
But sharing car and parking costs with a coworker makes a lot of sense. And two-car
pools reduce campus parking needs by 50%.
BC Transit is encouraging car poolers to use
their Park N Ride lots, and ICBC is offering
lower insurance rates to car poolers.
Now, let's talk about parking fees.
Compared to prices on other campuses
and at other parking lots in our area, our
prices are quite cheap. Many say,"Too
cheap!" People ask us to raise rates to a level
which would not only pay for expensive
parkade construction, but also pay for environmental programs. But, we won't raise
rates arbitrarily! Rates must cover parking
expenses, and we'll have to raise them
substantially for that purpose alone. However, we do hope to avoid the expense of
more parkades.
Reducing the need for campus parking
will keep our parking rates low. But some
travellers live too far away to use buses or
bicycles to come to campus. For them, car
and van pools are very good alternatives.
The University will provide leadership to
the community by minimizing commuter car
use here. Our new PASScard provides the
means for card holders to share their travel
costs with co-workers.
Proposed parking fee increases are
based on current trends and on the need to
build expensive parkades to replace lost
surface parking. To meet expenses, we
plan to increase monthly faculty and staff
parking rates by $6 each year until 1997.
However, we will monitor the results of car
pool programs and efforts by others to
reduce the need for campus parking space.
As needs decrease, we will lower future
UBC lost about 900 parking spaces in
1991. Another 2,000 spaces will be lost in
1992, and at least 700 in 1993. The 1,200-
car West Parkade will be completed by the
end of 1992. The 1992 Campus Plan suggests adding several parkades: underground at the north end of campus, under
the proposed greenhouses west of McMillan
Building, under Mclnnes Field, and south
of the University Hospital on Agronomy
The attached parking projections include
the costs of the proposed parkades in their
construction year and the revenues from the
added spaces in the following year. Each
parkade takes about a year to build.
New parkades are projected for 1992
(West Parkade 1200 spaces); for 1994 (North
of Marine Drive 800 spaces); for 1995
(Mclnnes Field 1200 spaces); and for 1997
(near the University Hospital 2000 spaces).
A parkade under Mclnnes Field is expected
to relieve pressure on the North Parkade to
allow it to serve the Arts Complex visitor
Parking revenues will continue to support parking staff in the B lots, the parkades,
and the traffic office. Financial support will
continue for the Patrol's parking enforcement activities and the security bus. This
will be the fourth year of the 10-year plan
to commit $100,000 each year from parking fine revenues toward a $1 million student bursary fund to support students needing help with their academic fees. So far,
$300,000 has been donated to the student
All opportunities to create small parking
lots here and there will be maximized. Such
lots will accommodate the mobility needs of
UBC faculty and staff. The larger ones will
provide opportunities for more car pool programs.
Negotiation for better bus services from
BC Transit will continue. Incentives to alter
the schedules of staff and students to
smooth out commuter peaks will be strongly
encouraged to evenly distribute the use of
parking space.
1992 - 1996
1992 - 1996
ii B ii
Meters &
$ 0.25
$ 0.25
$ 0.25
$ 0.30
$ 0.30
$ 0.30
$ 1.25
$ 1.40
$ 1.50
$ 1.60
$ 1.70
$ 1.75
$ 14
$ 20
$ 26
$ 32
$ 38
$ 44
$ 84
$ 120
$ 156
$ 192
$ 228
$ 264
$ 60
$ 420
$ 600
$ 780
$ 960
$ 1.7
$ 2.2
$ 4.3
UBC Parking 1991-2000
UBC Parking Rates Per Hour
1991 1994 1997 2000
B Parkade      CZj Surface
Parkade Construction Costs
Coat Per Space
□ Faculty/Statf
tHH 'B' Lots
I      I Reserved
^H Meters
FS • Annual Rataa/1960 hour*
Reaarvsd • 2.6 x FS
Vancouver Parking
1992 Monthly Rates
$ 15,600
i i i i > i i i i
1989       1990        1991        1992       1993       1994       1995       1996       1997
Surface Parkade
Underground Parkade
Pacific Centre
The Bay (Downtown)
St.Paul's Hosp Staff
Vane Voca Inst Staff
777 W Broadway
ICBC Staff
Airport Executives
VGH Staff
6th Ave/Cambie
Airport Staff
UBC Staff
J  $48.16
J $40.00
1 $38.34
3 $16.00
I $14.00
1969 and 1991 pricaa ara actual.
Prlcaa after 1991 ara baaad on
axpactad inflation rataa.
$0.00 $50.00 $100.00
Survay: January 1992 UNIVERSITY     OF     BRITISH     COLUMBIA
UBC Traffic Survey - November 1991
More than two
November 18-22, 1991
Waathar k Campua Activity Normal
Faculty/Staff Parking 1991
Student Parking Rates 1991
"I $693
ZI *628
1 $618
I  $362
! $300
I $264
Western Ontario
I $260
Simon Fraser
I  $240
Zl $210
I $186
i                        '
i $90
"1 $693
-I  $620
I $618
1  $492
J $480
§■■■■ $360
1  $267
Simon Fraser
1 $240
1 $231
Western Ontario
1 $226
]  $186
i                       i
EZD  $68.6
3  $36
S400    $600
per year
$400    $600
per year
Washington parking rata ia In SCanadian.
Reserved Parking Rates 1991 Visitor Rates (Meters) 1991
Western Ontario
Simon Fraser
i              I
I $3.00
I $1.76
1 $1.60
I $1.60
I $1.60
| $1.60
| $1.60
■■ $1
I $1
]  $1.00
I $1.00
I  $1.00
I $1.00
Western Ontario
Simon Fraser
1 $0.60
1 $0.60
$0  $200  $400  $600 $800 $1,000 $1,200 $1,400
per year
$0.00 $0.50 $1.00
$1.50 $2.00
per hour
$2.50 $3.00 $3.50 8    UBCREPORTS February6.1992
PayroD changes
improve service
A new computer system that will
streamline UBC's personnel recordkeeping and payroll will go into effect
in March.
The new system replaces a payroll
system installed in the 1970s that has
become increasingly unable to cope
with today's demands.
The move is the first phase of
IHRIS, the Integrated Human Resources Information System, a project
designed to improve service to the
university's 10,000 employees and
Most employees will not even notice the changeover, said Harvey
Burian, manager of the Human Resources Information Centre. The format and other details of paycheques
will remain substantially the same, at
least for now.
The exceptions are staff who are
paid semi-monthly. Currently, they
receive a mid-month advance with the
balance paid, and deductions made,
on the month-end cheque. They will
now receive a full, detailed breakdown of payment and deductions on
both paycheques.
At a later date, more employees
will see changes to their paycheques,
including different formats and additional information, said Angela
MacDonald, manager of Payroll.
The adoption ofthe new computer
system follows an extensive evaluation of the existing human resources
and payroll systems and an assessment of the needs of the university
An advisory committee, chaired by
Erik de Bruijn, assistant librarian, and
consisting of 28 members representing faculties and administrative departments, has been pivotal in providing user input. The project was
overseen by a steering committee
chaired by Bruce Gellatly, vice-president, Administration and Finance.
A project team with members from
Human Resources, Financial Services,
Budget and Planning, Faculty Relations, and Information Systems Man
agement was responsible for the day-
to-day operation of the project.
The project team visited all faculties and administrative departments in
January to give an overview of the
new system and the new forms that
will be in use.
The new system was purchased
from California-based PeopleSoft Inc.,
which has recently provided human
resources management systems for
B.C. Hydro, Canadian Airlines, B.C.
Gas and other major employers.
The PeopleSoft system was chosen, following a lengthy examination
of competing systems, because it was
felt to best fit UBC's requirements,
said Burian and MacDonald.
The new system uses the latest technology which provides mainframe
performance with personal computer
flexibility. A PC is used to connect
with .the database stored on the mainframe.
Introduction ofthe new system will
improve payroll processing, benefits
administration, appointments and human resources information for all faculty, staff and students.
Once the system is in place, inquiry
access to the campus community will
be available through the UBC Network. Campus users will be able to
take full advantage of all the PeopleSoft
features when they have the necessary
PCs and technical connections.
Later phases of IHRIS will include
areas such as operating budgets, position management, applicant tracking
and recruiting functions.
Despite the thorough testing the
new system has received, Burian and
MacDonald cautioned that there is always a "settling-down" period with
any new system and some glitches are
If employees do experience problems, they are asked to be patient and
understanding, they said. A project
group dedicated to resolving your difficulties can be reached on a "hotline."
For Payroll questions call 822-3142
and for Human Resources call 822-
February 20 & 21,1992
Hours of Operation
Campus Food Service Units
THE BARN COFFEE SHOP 7:45 a.m. to 3:45 p.m.
I.R.C. SNACK BAR 8:00 a.m. to 3:45 p.m.
THE PONDEROSA 7:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m.
7:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m.
(Closed Sat. Feb. 22nd)
Totem Parkand Place Vanier Dining Rooms are open on acash basis
For information: Totem Park Dining Room 822-6828
Place Vanier Dining Room 822-2622
Food Service Office 822-2616
Commerce Accounting
shows editorial strength
The Faculty of Commerce and
Business Administration's Accounting Division has been rated
in the top 10 among North American universities in a study of editorial boards of academic accounting journals.
The study, conducted by University of Cincinnati Accounting
Professor Linda Mittermaier, ranked
accounting programs based upon
editorial board representation.
"Since publication quality and
quantity are highly valued, those
who are in a position to evaluate
potential publications are in an important and influential position,"
Mittermaier wrote.
"Presumably, journal editors and
members of editorial boards are selected because they have a proven
publication record of their own and
are considered well-qualified to
evaluate current research."
Mittermaier's study, published in
the fall 1991 edition of Issues in Accounting Education, examined the
membership ofthe editorial boards of
13 academic accounting journals for
the years 1979, 1983, 1987 and 1990.
Schools were ranked according to the
representation of both their faculty
and doctoral graduates.
The study broke down the 13 journals into two groups. The first group
included what are recognized as three
of the leading accounting research
publications in the world: The Accounting Review, Journal of Accounting and Economics and Journal of
Accounting Research. UBC ranked
seventh with 17 editorial board memberships.
No other Canadian university finished in the top 30.
The second group of journals included specialty publications.   UBC
finished 23rd with eight editorial
board memberships, a number
which reflects upon the relatively
small size of UBC's accounting division, according to Division Head
Dan Simunic.
When the two groups of journals
were combined, UBC finished 10th
Simunic said the true indication
of UBC's strengths in accounting
research came when the study
factored in the size of each university's accounting division to the
overall results.
"UBC finished sixth in the adjusted rankings, a reflection of the
strong research orientation within
our division." said Simunic.
"We may not have a division
that's large in number or heavily
steeped in tradition, but the quality
of our faculty members is clearly
evident in these results."
New bio-degradable wood
preservative has soft touch
The ammonia-based disinfectants
found in shampoos and household
cleaners could lead to the development of a new generation of biodegradable wood preservatives, according to Faculty of Forestry Professor
John Ruddick.
They're called alkylammonium
compounds — also known as quats.
Ruddick says they could represent the
next generation of more versatile wood
"Quats represent the user-friendly
approach to wood preservation," said
Ruddick, who first started investigating their potential for preserving wood
some 15 years ago.
"They are safe to the skin and meet
the public's demand for a non-arsenic-
based wood preservative."
To understand the potential of such a
treatment, Ruddick compared quats to
chromatedcopperarsenate(CCA), which
is rapidly becoming industry's preferred
treatment for preserving wood.
"CCA, the green preservative you
see on everything from do-it-yourself
decking to fenceposts is currently used
to treat 95 per cent of sawn wood in
Canada," said Ruddick.
"Quats perform as well as CCA in
laboratory tests. When combined with
copper, they are proving to be almost
as effective in field testing as well," he
At this point, Ruddick isn't certain
what it is about the copper formulation
that improves the outdoor performance of quats. But he, and two of his
graduate students, Andress Doyle and
Ruiying Liu, intend to find out by
studying the chemical reactions that
occur when preservatives are placed
in wood.
'This will enable us to learn a great
deal about wood preservatives, how
they work, and how they can be made
more effective," he explained.
Ruddick said environmental guidelines are very strict for wood preservatives, much more so than when the last
new preservative was introduced into
Canada more than 30 years ago. His
research in wood preservation could
set new standards for industry to follow.
The current evaluation protocol for
a new or modified preservative —
studying a piece of treated wood after
it has been sitting outdoors for 10
years — is a crude one.
"We don't have 10 years to determine the effects of wood preservatives."
By understanding the chemical
principles behind wood preservation,
Ruddick believes the effectiveness and
safety of these preservatives can be
quickly determined. Chemical analysis can further ensure that the preservatives stay in the wood until both
the preservative and the treated wood
are safely recycled.
Quat-based preservatives could be
on the market within two or three
years. Ruddick said further research
will lead to subsequent modifications
and improvements, including combining preservatives with a fire retardant
or rain repellent.
Photo by Abe Hefter
Professor John Ruddick points to peak qua!concentration in wood cell wallas analyzed by scanning electron microscope. UBCREPORTS February6.1992       9
February 9 -
February 22
Wednesday Noon Hour
Concert Series
Festival Players Canada.
Gene Ramsbottom, clarinet; Jesse Read, bassoon;
Eva Kinderman, piano.
Music Recital Hall at
12:30pm.  Admission $2.
Call 822-5574.
Forestry Seminar
Forest Management In Northern England/
Scotland. Ken Day, resident manager;
Alex Fraser, UBC Research Forest.
MacMillan 166 from 12:30-1:30pm. Call
Microbiology Seminar
Treponema Denticola Tip-
Oriented Adhesion To
Matrix Proteins And
Cytopathic Effects On
Periodontal Cells. Dr.
Richard Ellen, Dentistry,
U. of Toronto. Wesbrook 201 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-3308.
States And Nationalism In Europe Since
1600. Prof. Charles Tilly. Anthropology/
Sociology 207-209 from 12:30-1:20pm.
Call 822-2878.
Asian Research Seminar
Grief, Grudge And Nostalgia: The
Consciousness And Logic Of Japanese "Immigrants" To Manchuria.
Shinzo Araragi, visiting scholar, Institute of Asian Research and associate professor, Sociology,
Kumamoto U., Japan. Asian Centre
604 from 12:30-2pm. Call 822-4688.
■"•     Pharmacology Seminar
Behavioral Factors In Drug
Tolerance. Dr.JohnPinel,
Psychology. IRC #5 from
11:30am-12:30pm. Call
Microbiology Seminar
Canadian Bacterial Diseases Network.
The Molecular Determinants Of Bacterial
Pathogenesis. Dr. Richard Moxon, Paediatrics, U. of Oxford, England. Wesbrook
201 from 12:30-1:30pm. Call Dr. R.E.W.
Hancock at 822-2682 or Dr. D. Speert at
Sustainable Development
Research Institute Seminar
Doing Business With Business.
Aldyen Donnelly, SPARK Environment Industries Committee. IRC #5
from 12:30-1:30pm. Informal discussion/refreshments follow from 1:40-
2:30pm. No registration required.
Call 822-8198.
Research Seminar
Physiology Of The Oviduct. Dr. Peter McComb, associate professor,
Obstetrics/Gynaecology. Grace Hospital 2N35 from 1 -2:30pm. Call 875-
Physics Colloquium
Problems In Non-Linear
Dynamics. Albert
Libchaber, Princeton U.
Hennings201 at4pm. call
Distinguished Artists Series
An Evening Of Chamber Music. Paul
Rosenthal, violin; Gerald Stanick, viola;
Eric Wilson, violoncello; Robert
Silverman, piano. Music Recital Hall.
Lecture at 7:15pm, concert at 8pm.
Adults $13, Students/Seniors $7. Call
Fine Arts Gallery
tnti vifinwij
■I-DAY, FEE 13. 21      ji
Grand Rounds
Management Of Pre-
Eclampsia. Dr. Baha
Sibai, U. of Tennessee.
University Hospital,
Shaughnessy Site Theatre D308 at 8am. Call
Paediatrics Grand Rounds
Cancelled. Call 875-2118.
, .I UFU:^', i EB. 77. |
'!»■ .'II :      ':«'«»IHI»Br*S"HI 'MMWIWW'i!
Vancouver Institute Evening
| Why Have Zoos? Prof.
| Peter Crowcroft, Zool-
j ogy, U. of Texas, Aus-
! tin.   Woodward IRC #2
at 8:15pm.    Call 822-
Hi11 SLc-l'j j
II     i   U   HlSJIi.'li!H(«!S*,:ili W«ti«!.  i3l77'
UBC Speakers Bureau
Would your group like to know more about
topics ranging from Recreational Reading
to Forest Regeneration? More than 300
topics to choose from. Call 822-6167 (24-
hr. ans. machine).
Campus Tours For
Prospective Students
School And College Liaison Office provide tours of
the campus most Friday
mornings for prospective
students. Brock Hall 204D
at 9:30am. Advance registration required. Call 822-4319.
Hort Club Orchid Sale
Cymbidiums, Dendrobiums, Miltonia And
Coelogyne, $5-$15. Every Tues./
Thurs.through Feb. or while quantities
last. Greenhouse, West Mall at Stores
Rd. from 9am-3pm. Call 822-3283.
Graduate Student Centre
Live entertainment every Friday in the
Fireside Lounge from 8-11 pm. Call 822-
Graduate Student Society
Nominations For GSS Executive Positions deadline: Feb. 14. Includes positions for president, vp, executive secretary, house, programs, external affairs
and finance directors. Graduate Student Centre Front Office. Call 822-
Continuing Education
Language Programs
Spanish Immersion Program in Cuernavaca,
Mexico, Mar. 2-20. Call
t-idiPI.:. K:l   ill
: ::i;EI;r-lV!:Mli1
Open Tues.-Fri. from
10am-5pm. Saturdays
2pm-5pmon. Freeadmission. Main Library.
Call 822-2759.
Museum Of Anthropology
Eulachon: A Fish To Cure Humanity.
MOA Gallery 5, until May 24 only. Call
Executive Programmes
Business seminars Feb. 12-13: Assertiveness for Managers, $495; Feb.
13-14: The Management of Time,
$550. Call the Registrar at 822-
Statistical Consulting/
Research Laboratory
•  ' j SCARLisoperatedbythe
! Department of Statistics
\ to provide statistical ad-
Kj, ] vice to faculty and gradu
al    " j  ate students working on
*r      s i   irl  research    problems.
Forms for appointments
availableinPonderosaAnnexC-210. Call
Dentistry Treatment Program
Participants with no natural teeth of
their own are needed for a complete
denture treatment. Patients accepted
will be treated now through May. Call
Mon-Fri, 10am-3pm, at 822-5668.
Weight Problems?
Women Students' Office is sponsoring a Support Group every Thursday,
until Mar. 26 (exc. Feb. 20). Brock
Hall 261 from 4-6pm. Call 822-
High Blood Pressure Clinic
eers (over 18
eeded, treated
or not, to participate in
clinical drug trials. Call
Dr. J. Wright or Mrs.
Nancy Ruedy in Medicine at 822-7134.
P! rmM VolunteE
Jfl iJI'll! years) ne
Seniors Hypertension Study
Volunteers aged 60-80 years with
mild to moderate hypertension,
treated or not, needed to participate
in a high blood pressure study. Call
Dr. Wright or Nancy Ruedy in Medicine at 822-7134.
Drug Research Study
Volunteers required for Genital Herpes Treatment Study. Sponsoring
physician: Dr. Stephen Sacks, Medicine/Infectious Diseases. Call 822-
Heart/Lung Response Study
At rest and during exercise. Volunteers age 45-75 years, all fitness
levels, required. No maximal testing.
Scheduled at your convenience. Call
Fiona Manning, School of Rehab.
Medicine, 822-7708.
Lung Disease Study
Subjects with emphysema
or fibrosis needed to investigate means of improving lung function without
drugs. Call Fiona Manning, School of Rehab
Medicine, 822-7708.
Counselling Psychology
Research Study
Clerical/secretarial staff needed to participate in a study which involves completion of one questionnaire a month for
three months. Call Karen Flood at 822-
Parent/Adolescent Career
Development Study
j li i Pairs of parents and teen-
II ' agers needed for a study
on conversations about
ijij I career choices and life di-
I ' J j' rections. Two interviews
of up to 2 hours each.
Honorarium of $40/paid following completion of the second interview. Call Dr.
Richard Young in Counselling Psychology at 822-6380.
Retirement Study
Women concerned about retirement planning needed for an 8-week Retirement
Preparation seminar. Call Sara Cornish in
Counselling Psychology at 931 -5052.
Personality Study
Volunteers aged 30 or more needed to
complete a personality questionnaire.
Required, 2 visits, about 3 hours total.
Participants receive a free personality
assessment and a $20 stipend. Call
Janice in Dr. Livesley's office, Psychiatry,
Detwiller 2N2, 822-7895.
PMS Research Study
Volunteers needed for a study of an
investigational medication to treat PMS.
Call Doug Keller, Psychiatry, University
Hospital, Shaughnessy Site at 822-7318.
Psychiatry Research Study
(ii iHjtm n>n^ Volunteers needed as control group. Study involves
one eye test at VGH and
one interview at UBC—total time 1 1/2 hours. $15
stipend offered. Call Ms.
Arvinder Grewal at 822-7321.
Dermatology Acne Study
Volunteers between 14-35 years with
moderate facial acne needed for 4 visits
during a three month period. Honorarium
paid. Call Sherry at 874-6181.
Sun-Damaged Skin Study
Participants needed between ages of 35-
70 for 9 visits over 36 weeks. Have not
used retinoids for the past year. Honorarium will be paid. Call Sherry in Dermatology at 874-6181.
Eczema Study
Volunteers 12years of age
or older needed for 4 visits
over a three week period.
,:;,-■•g.jip.  Honorarium paid.    Call
V     ifile  Sherry in Dermatology at
i,.,,;,,,*** 874.6181
Memory/Aging Study
Participants between the ages of 35-45
years or 65 and over needed for study
examining qualitative changes in memory.
Kenny 1220. Call Paul Schmidt in Psychology at 822-2140.
Stress/Blood Pressure Study
Learn how your body responds to stress.
Call Dr. Wolfgang Linden in Psychology at
Surplus Equipment Recycling
Facility (SERF)
Disposal of all surplus
items. Every Wednesday,
*|| 12-3pm. Tent Rentals.
Depts. save GST/PST.
Task Force Bldg., 2352
Health Sciences Mall. Call
Student Volunteers
Find an interesting and challenging volunteer job with Volunteer Connections, UBC
Placement Services, Brock 307. Call 822-
Narcotics Anonymous
Every Tuesday (including holidays) from
12:30-2pm, University Hospital, UBC Site,
Room M311 (through Lab Medicine from
Main Entrance). Call 873-1018 (24-hour
Help Line).
Fitness Appraisal
Administered by Physical Education
and Recreation through the John M.
Buchanan Fitness and Research
Centre. Students $25, others $30.
Call 822-4356.
Faculty/Staff Badminton Club
Fridays from 6:30-9:30pm
in Gym A of the Robert
Osborne Centre. Cost is
JhviP' 1 $15 plus library card. Call
Bernard at 822-6809 or
731 -9966.
Botanical Garden
Open from 10am-5pm daily. Freeadmission. Call 822-4208.
Nitobe Garden
>J»H| Open Mon-Fri from 10am-
1| 3pm. Closed week-ends.
Freeadmission. Call822-
Due to the popularity of the Calendar, the number of submissions is
constantly increasing. Because of space limitations, it is not always
possible to include every item. In order to be as fair as possible, for
future issues, the number of items for each faculty/dept. is limited to
four per issue. 10    UBC REPORTS February 6,1992
Ethicists take stock
at UBC workshop
It's time to take stock of Canadian research in business and professional ethics, according to Philosophy Professor Michael
McDonald, chair of UBC's Centre
for Applied Ethics.
"The public, and leaders in business and the professions, are pushing the question of ethics to the
forefront," said McDonald.
"A strategy must be developed
to get the information across to students, professionals, business people and the general public."
McDonald said ethical questions
regarding the environment, health
care, business are practical questions that hit home.
"We must determine where we
are today in terms of research and
its dissemination through teaching
and consulting," he added.
McDonald heads a team of UBC
faculty members and academics
from across the country that will
gather at UBC Feb. 20-23 for the
Area Research Institute for Business and Professional Ethics. The
three-day workshop will bring together leading Canadian researchers from a wide range of disciplines.
"Canadian researchers in this
area are scattered across a variety of
disciplines and often don't even
know each other," said McDonald.
"We have a great deal to learn from
each other."
Besides giving researchers an
opportunity to meet face-to-face,
the upcoming workshop will feature the launching ofthe computer-
based Canadian Business and Professional Ethics Network
(CBPENET), which is supported
by a research grant from the Social
Sciences and Humanities Research
The network, which will operate out of the Centre for Applied
Ethics within the Faculty of Graduate Studies, will enable researchers
to exchange information, test new
ideas, seek assistance and engage
in joint research projects.
McDonald also hopes that the network will be a wellspring of new
ideas for people in business and the
'The network will allow a fast
and effective means for communication and learning about the latest
in business and professional ethics," said McDonald.
"Researchers will be able to do
this in either English or French,
without regard to geographical limits, or subject to high communication costs."
Networking will be one of four
main topics for discussion at the
workshop. Taking stock, assessing
needs and developing an action plan
are the others, said McDonald.
"Are we doing enough to prepare people for the ethical aspects
of business and professionalism?
Are we delivering the proper messages in addressing these value
questions? There is a lot of cynicism out there and our work in
applied ethics can go some distance
to countering that cynicism," he
Graphic Senices &J Professional Ph
Contact Bob Parker or leza Macdonald • fix 733-4725 TT 733-3739
Student sheds light on
chimpanzee behavior
An honors thesis paper by a biology undergraduate student has taken
him from the classrooms of UBC to
the jungles of Tanzania and the podium of a prestigious scientific conference in Chicago.
Jon Page's research, which suggests wild chimpanzees eat certain
plant leaves for medicinal purposes,
has added to our knowledge of the
great apes and could shed light on the
origins of human medical practices.
"It is remarkable work for an undergraduate student," said Neil Towers, the Botany professor who supervised Page's research. "He has perhaps answered a question that has been
puzzling some ofthe world's leading
primatologists for some time."
Primatologists working in the field
have known for several years that
chimps display unusual behavior when
eating leaves of species ofthe Aspilia,
which is a member of the sunflower
Instead of stripping off the leaves
by the handful and quickly chewing
them, as they normally do when feeding, chimps will carefully choose individual Aspilia leaves, slowly suck
on them and, with a grimace, swallow
them whole.
Professor Richard Wrangham of
Harvard and Professor Toshisda
Nishida of Kyoto University also observed that female chimps ate the
leaves threes times as often as male
chimps and that the females ate the
leaves in multi-day bouts.
A team of scientists, which included
Towers, later found that the plant contained a compound called thiarubrine-
A, which has potent antibiotic effects.
They theorized the chimps were
medicating themselves, but had no
clear evidence. They also noted that
the local people of East Africa used
the plant to treat a number of ailments.
Intrigued by the research, Page took
up the challenge of discovering why
the chimps ate the leaves and, with
encouragement from Towers, went to
He spent six weeks there during
May and June of 1991, mostly in
Photo by Gavin Wilson
Biology student Jon Page's study ofthe Aspilia plant, shown herein UBC
greenhouse, has taken him to wild chimpanzee reserves in Tanzania.
Mahale Mountains National Park on
the shores of Lake Tanganyika, home
of one of two major field stations for
the study of chimpanzees.
There Page had the opportunity to
observe wild chimps in their natural
habitat. It is an experience he won't
soon forget.
"It was amazing how close we were
able to get to large groups of them," he
said, indicating a distance of about
three metres. "They're so used to people, they look right through you as if
you weren't there."
Page brought back samples of
Aspilia which were then tested in
the laboratories of the UBC departments of Botany and Pharmacology and Therapeutics. He was
assisted in the chemical analysis
We're moving to the spanking new University
Services Building at 2329 West Mall near Agronomy
Road during the week of Feb. 10.
While our address is changing, our phone numbers
stay the same.
We intend to keep service disruptions to a minimum,
but if you are planning work for that week, give our
customer service representatives a call at 822-5931
for more information.
See you at our new home.
by Felipe Balza in Towers' lab.
Page discovered the leaves did not
contain thiarubrine-A. That compound
was only in the roots, which chimps do
not eat. However, the leaves did contain two biologically active substances,
kaurenoic acid and grandflorenic acid.
Both compounds are potent
stimulators of uterine contraction and
are found in other plants of the sunflower family in Mexico, where they
are used as folk medicine to hasten
labor. Page said this suggests female
chimps may eat Aspilia for its reproductive effects.
The findings are not only interesting from zoological and botanical
points of view, but can also provide
clues about the early development of
the human race, he added.
"This type of research could provide clues to how early humans did
things one-and-a-half million years
ago," he said.
This approach was taken by famed
anthropologist Louis Leakey. He believed there were limits to what could
be learned from fossils about early
human behavior, but much could be
surmised from the study of our closest
cousins, the great apes. He recruited
three women who devoted their lives
to this research—Jane Goodall, Dian
Fossey and Canadian Birute Galdikas.
Meanwhile, Page was scheduled to
present his findings at the American
Association for the Advancement of
Science annual meeting in Chicago
Feb. 6-11.
2 & 22 MONTHS?
Join our research
b.           on infant
r\ l»  ?fs
SJ     development
" at U.B.C! Just
one visit to our
infant play-room.
Please contact
Dr. Baldwin for
more information:
822-8231. UBCREPORTS February6,1992       11
Moth threat needs more research
A UBC entomologist says more
research is needed to determine
whether the Asian gypsy moth is as
great a threat to Vancouver as some
federal officials believe.
Moth eggs were found on Russian
ships arriving in Vancouver this summer and a number of mature moths
were later trapped around the harbor.
To prevent the moth from spreading
further, Agriculture Canada plans to
spray large areas of Vancouver, North
Vancouver and Burnaby with a bacterial control agent called Bacillus
thuringiensis Kurstaki. The $4-million
spraying program will begin in April,
with three aerial applications planned.
"There always seems to be money
for spraying, but not for the research to
see if this species could be established
here with the dire consequences predicted" said Judith Myers, who holds
a joint appointment in Plant Science
and Zoology.
Federal biologists say the moth
poses a serious hazard to B.C.'s environment and could strip entire forests
if left unchecked. But Myers wonders
if the moth, which is native to Siberia,
China and Japan, will adapt to Vancouver's climate and coniferous woodland.
The native habitat of the Asian
gypsy moth has extremely cold winters and hot summers, a temperature
pattern that determines the life cycle
of the moth, including when its eggs
"It might be too mild for them
here," Myers said, "and they normally
feed in oak woodlands rather than
hemlock and cedar forests."
Myers also warned that the spray
would kill other caterpillars feeding at
the time of spraying, with potential
effects on other aspects of the ecosystem.
She said past "eradication" attempts, including the 1978 European
gypsy moth campaign in Kitsilano,
and one against the Mediterranean fruit
fly in California, are inconclusive —
their apparent success perhaps due to
natural population changes.
"We're weighing great unknowns
which will continue unless we attempt
to get answers to some basic questions," said Myers.
In addition to the spraying program, funding should be available to
build a securely screened quarantine
facility where observations could be
made on newly introduced insect species in a nearly natural environment,
she said.
Evaluation of their potential threat
in B.C. would indicate if further eradication programs were necessary, or
if the insects were unlikely to flourish here and would not need to be
"The Asian gypsy moth is not the
only introduced insect that Vancouver is having to deal with," said
The Winter moth has spread from
Europe to Victoria and will defoliate many
deciduous trees in Vancouver this spring.
The apple ermine moth, another European native, has recently been spotted in
Vancouver because of its small silk tents
found on apple trees in May and June. But
both of these species are now declining in
the areas of initial population outbreaks,
Myers said.
Classified advertising can be purchased from Community Relations.
Phone 822-6163. Ads placed by faculty, staff and students cost $12.84
for 7 lines/issue ($.81 for each additional word). Off-campus advertisers
are charged $14.98 for 7 lines/issue ($.86 for each additional word). (All
prices include G.S. T.) Tuesday, February 11 at noon is the deadline for
the next issue of UBC Reports which appears on Thursday, February 20.
Deadline forthe following edition on March 5 is noon Tuesday, February
25. All ads must be paid in advance in cash, by cheque or internal
DO IT RIGHT! Statistical and methodological consultation; data analysis; data base management; sampling techniques; questionnaire design, development, and administration. Over 15 years of research and
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sciences and related fields. 689-
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of Music for interview, Monday - Friday 9:30-5:00, 582-8397
SINGLES NETWORK. Science Connection is a North America-wide singles network for science professionals and others interested in science
or natural history. For info write:
Science Connection Inc., P.O. Box
389, Port Dover, Ontario, NOA 1 NO
Technology. Hand held personal protection product that can immediately
identify and repel attackers. Legal
in all piovinces and states.
DYEWitness $29.95 244-9803 info./
order. Request details re: lucrative
distribution privileges.
♦ Property Division
♦ Custody & Access
♦ Separation Agreements
♦ Divorce
Call for our information package
Berkowitz & Associates
Statistics and Mathematics Consulting
• research design
• sampling
• data analysis
Jonathan Berkowitz, Ph.D.
4160 Staulo Crescent, Vancouver, B.C., V6N 3S2
Office: (604) 263-1508       Home: (604) 263-5394
Our Corporate Body
From reluctant corporate beginners to advanced enthusiasts, we have the
program for you. We're here to help you achieve your fitness goals, to help you
feel good about yourself, to relieve stress and add some sparkle and zest to your
corporation. It's all about having fun and getting in shape. Join the spirit!
What a body wants
Open 7 Days a Week, early morning to late evening
Famous Zalko Workouts for All Levels/Latest Music
Reebok Step Classes/Certified Instructors
Unique Floating Cushioned Aerobic Floor/
Air Conditioning
Stairmasters/Computerized Bikes; Treadmills/
Rowing Machines/Gravitron/Gauntlet
Nautilus/Apex/Universal/Free Weights/
Heavy Weights/Stationary Bikes
Computerized Fitness Assessment
Showers/Lockers/Free Parking/Courtesy Phone
Unlimited Complimentary One on One
Personalized Instruction
Suntanning (Wolff system) 10 sessions for $39
or 30 for $99 / Towel Service $ 1
Zalko Fitness Connection/
Muscle Connection
2660 West 4th Ave. at Trafalgar,
in Kitsilano
736-0341 12    UBCREPORTS February6,1992
Excercise improves health of ailing kids
Chronically ill children are being given
a fighting chance at fitness through exercise programs prescribed by Dr. Don
McKenzie ofthe UBC Sports Medicine Centre.
"The worst thing you can do is put chronically ill children into a mainstream physical education program and expect them to
compete on equal footing," said McKenzie,
who is also an associate professor in the
School of Physical Education.
McKenzie and his research team have
been testing children between the ages of
eight and 18 who have had solid cancer
tumors. After putting them through a fitness assessment, he discovered they had a
low heart-lung function and very little endurance — but very capable muscle capacity.
"By prescribing a regular exercise regimen of walking, cycling or swimming,
young cancer patients can improve their
physical well-being," said McKenzie.
"An equally important result of that has
been a healthier psychological outlook as
McKenzie, whose work with cancer patients
has been in collaboration with Dr. Paul Rogers
from B.C.'s Children's Hospital, is currently
studying the fitness levels of 60 children with
juvenile arthritis. Working with Dr. Peter
Malleson of Children's Hospital, McKenzie is
discovering that these kids appear to have similar shortcomings in their aerobic capacity,
though not as severe.
"Their problems can be pinpointed to where
the arthritis has struck. Fortunately, some of
these children may "outgrow' their arthritis, but
others may remain chronically disabled through
their adult life," he said.
Photo by Abe Hefter
Dr. Don McKenzie, centre, and assistant Pat Turner, right, monitor Craig Metcalfs results for maximum aerobic capacity.
McKenzie is still working on developing an exercise program for children with
juvenile arthritis. But if the success he's
had with world kayak champion Renn
Crichlow is any indication, the prognosis
for children with chronic disorders is encouraging, indeed.
"Renn is a young man with fairly severe
asthma who comes to the Sports Medicine
Centre for help in managing his disease,"
he said.
"Despite his handicap, he has emerged
as a medal contender for Canada at the
upcoming summer Olympics in Barcelona."
McKenzie said Crichlow is an example
of what's possible with the right combination of treatment and motivation.
"Don't write off children with chronic
diseases," he said. "With help, they have
enormous capacity to participate in recreational and competitive sports."
In keeping with the long standing commitment that Bank of Montreal has had with University of British Columbia since 1908, Bank of Montreal
is pleased to introduce a package of banking services specially designed for the needs of UBC Faculty and Staff.
At Bank of Montreal, you can be assured of receiving expert advice on your personal finances. Our customers are our first priority — and we
are always looking for ways to serve you better.
To introduce you to our wide variety of financial services, we've arranged the following offers available especially for you. Bank of Montreal
is pleased to highlight the following products reflecting your special needs with benefits designed to meet them at preferred rates.
/ Faculty Study Leave Service
- we'll take care of all your banking needs while you are
/ Personal Line of Credit at Preferred Rates
/ Mortgage Rate Discount of up to 1/2%
/ Faculty Housing Assistance Program
- use UBC grants or loans as downpayment towards the
purchase of a home
/  Multi Purpose Loan Plan at Prime + 1/2%
/  Introductory Offer on FirstBank Plan
- over 20 banking services at one monthly fixed fee
These are limited time offers.
UBC Affinity Card Program
Bank of Montreal launched this program in the fall of 1990. To
date more than 3,000 proud members of the UBC community carry this distinctive "NO FEE" MasterCard®
card. As part of a special arrangement,
a percentage of every purchase you
make using this card is returned to
MasterCard and design are registered
trademarks of MasterCard International Inc. Bank
of Montreal is a registered user.
Call the UBC Branch at 665-7076 for further details!
Bank of Montreal
We're Paying Attention


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