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UBC Reports Apr 5, 2007

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 THE  UNIVERSITY   OF   BRITISH   COLUMBIA
UBC
VOLUME   53   I   NUMBER   4   I   APRIL   5,   2007
UBC REPORTS
4 DIGGING FORCLUES 5 BOYS DON'TCRY 7 REHAB ROBOT 9WALKTHETALK IO SMART FORMS
ICE-AGE MEGAFLOOD
UBC PhD candidate T. Todd Jones (above) custom fits
a leatherback sea turtle with its own soft harness.
Harnessing Turtle Power
Giant leatherbacks have avoided study, face extinction
By Brian Lin
They have been around for more than loo million years
and survived the extinction of the dinosaurs. But human
activity and ignorance in the past 50 years has left only
40,000 leatherback sea turtles swimming in our oceans,
and as bycatch from fisheries activities, they could be
extinct as early as 2015 in the Pacific Ocean.
Now a UBC research biologist may have found the key
to saving these quietly charismatic animals from the brink
of extinction - with the help of some rubber hose and
fishing line.
Katriina lives on a school visit where she demonstrates scientific experiments.
At 250-550 kg and about the size of a Volkswagen
Beetle®, an adult leatherback turtle is a sight to behold.
But few people have the privilege in their lifetime to
witness these critically endangered animals due to their
enigmatic lifestyle and interactions with fisheries.
"Leatherbacks are oceanic-pelagic animals,"
continued on page 3
Volunteers
Foster
Science Fun
in B.C. Schools
By Brian Lin
Young scientists at UBC are donning their lab coats
in elementary schools and showing kids how fun - and
rewarding - science can be.
Established in 1996, the UBC Let's Talk Science
Partnership Program (LTS) matches UBC science students
with elementary and high school teachers across B.C.
to augment their curriculum with hands-on science
experiments and one-on-one mentorship.
With more than 250 undergraduate and graduate
student volunteers, the UBC program is the largest in
Canada and last year reached a record 7,218 students in
70 B.C. schools.
continued on page 6 2     |     UBC    REPORTS     |     APRIL    5,    2007
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Highlights of UBC Media Coverage in March 2007. compiled by basil waugh
Researchers Debunk Belief
Species Evolve Faster in Tropics
Scores of international news
media, including the Washington
Post, San Francisco Chronicle,
Seattle Post-Intelligencer and
Philadelphia Inquirer reported
on a UBC study that says,
contrary to common belief,
species do not evolve faster in
warmer climates.
Jason Weir, a Zoology PhD
candidate in the Faculty of
Science, and his mentor Prof.
Dolph Schluter, director of the
UBC Biodiversity Research
Centre, found that speciation
- the process in which one
species splits into two - takes
place faster in temperate zones
than in the tropics. Their findings        A UBC study urges Hong Kong
were published in the journal to reel in its fishing industry.
Science.
Study Urges Hong Kong to Reel
in Fishing Industry
Reuters and Agence France
Presse reported on a UBC study
that says Hong Kong would reap
economic and environmental
benefits if it pared down its
fishing fleet and introduced no
fishing zones.
The report, prepared for the
World Wildlife Fund by UBC's
Fisheries Centre, says fish
stocks in Hong Kong have been
depleted by poor management
and pollution and urges its
government to use a budget
surplus to take action.
"The gains are big enough to
cover the loss and costs we see in
the few sectors," said UBC Prof.
Rashid Sumaila.
Prof Named Poet Laureate of
Vancouver
The Globe and Mail and
Vancouver Sun reported on
the naming of UBC Professor
Emeritus George McWhirter as
Vancouver's first poet laureate.
During his honorary two-
year term, McWhirter will
work to raise the status of
poetry, language and the arts in
the everyday consciousness of
Vancouverites.
A former head of UBC's
creative writing program,
McWhirter is a recipient of the
Commonwealth Poetry Prize, the
Killam Prize for Teaching and the
Sam Black Award for Education
through Art.
In an interview with the Globe
and Mail, the sixty-eight-year-
old said he is planning a series
of readings, a civic web page
for poetry and a "poetry map of
the city" - an anthology of local
poetry about Vancouver's streets,
alleys and other geographic
features.
Can Animals Predict Natural
Disasters?
Australia's The Age and the
U.K.'s New Scientist reported
on research by UBC Psychology
Prof. Stanley Coren that suggests
some animals have the ability
to provide advance warning
of natural disasters such as
earthquakes and tsunamis.
In a 2001 study of 200
Vancouver dogs, Coren found that
roughly 50 per cent of the canines
exhibited increased anxiety the
day prior to a Washington State
earthquake about 240 kilometres
south of Vancouver. 13
LETTERS
What is the heart and soul
of UBC?
In his article Celebrating Research
(UBC Reports, March issue),
Vice President of Research John
Hepburn states "Research is
the heart and soul of a great
university." Colloquially, heart
refers to courage or bravery while
soul is the centre of our moral/
ethical being. For those involved
in human and animal research, the
ethical review boards provide these
services. Specifically, they ensure
the experiments are ethical and
are not too courageous or perhaps
foolhardy. For those involved in
more traditional research such as
the analysis of history or literature,
the creative task is to provide a
more insightful understanding that
is consistent with the known facts.
However, Vice President
Hepburn inadvertently poses a
good question, namely, what is
the heart and soul of a university?
Answers to this question would
provide a valuable insight to the
administration for developing a
truly great university. For example,
one might argue that the library
system which stores and retrieves
the knowledge base of our
civilization allows the student and
faculty to achieve their educational
and research goals. If one takes
this position, then the library
system would be a resource that is
strongly supported. Similarly, the
achievements of undergraduates
after graduation, reflects, in part,
the success of our educational
programs. For example, President
Petch of the University of
Victoria once argued that the
undergraduate students are the
true raison d' etre of a university.
Clearly, the number of potential
answers is large and as elusive as
the soul, but suggesting one area
of university activity is the heart
and soul is at best presumptive.
Perhaps we would all benefit from
broader view of our community.
Campbell Clark
Professor, Department of Psychiatry
UBC REPORTS
Executive Director  Scott Macrae scott.macrae@ubc.ca
Editor   RandySchmidt randy.schmidt@ubc.ca
Designer Ann Goncalves ann.goncalves@ubc.ca
Principal Photography  Martin Dee martin.dee@ubc.ca
Web Designer  Michael Ko michael.ko@ubc.ca
Contributors   Lorraine Chan lorraine.chan@ubc.ca
Brian Lin brian.lin@ubc.ca
Bud Mortenson bud.mortenson@ubc.ca
Hilary Thomson hilary.thomson@ubc.ca
Basil Waugh basil.waugh@ubc.ca
Advertising  Sarah Walker public.affairs@ubc.ca
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LEATHERBACK TURTLES continued from page I
T. Todd Jones has spent the last two years looking after a pair of leatherback sea turtles 24-7.
says T Todd Jones, a PhD
candidate in the Dept. of Zoology,
"which means that they are
programmed to swim continuously
in open waters and are known to
swim the entire Pacific Basin to
reach their nesting beach - that's
13,000 km one way."
"Unlike the other six species of
sea turtles, which forage along the
coast or in the reefs, leatherbacks,
named after their rubber-textured
'soft' shells, have no concept of
barriers or boundaries. If you keep
them in a tank, they would keep
swimming into the walls or dive
into the bottom."
For this reason, researchers have
eats a day, the equivalent of 20 per
cent of its body mass. Volunteers
even jiggle the jelly strips
underwater to simulate jellyfish
movement, which attracts the
turtles over to the food.
As a result of these innovations,
Jones and his team have achieved
the near impossible - they have
raised two healthy leatherbacks
from hatchlings since July 2005.
At almost two years old and
weighing in just under 30 kg, the
pair marks the first time more
than one leatherback has been
raised in captivity, providing
crucial comparative data for
research and conservation.
leatherbacks could reach sexual
maturity in as little as seven years,
compared to 15-30 years for
other sea turtles, provided that
food sources are abundant. What
he has learned about leatherback
behaviour, diet and physiology in
the past two years will also help
create protocols for rehabilitating
adult leatherbacks that are caught
in fishing nets.
The groundbreaking work
earned him the Archie Carr
Biology Award, named after the
father of sea turtle conservation,
at a recent gathering of scientists
and conservationists in South
Carolina.
At 250-550 kg and about the size of a Volkswagen...
an adult leatherback turtle is a sight to behold.
But few people have the privilege in their lifetime to
witness these critically endangered animals.
had trouble keeping and studying
the turtles to find the secrets to
their conservation.
Jones came up with an
ingenious - and deceptively
simple - solution. He custom-
fitted hatchlings with harnesses
made of soft rubber hoses and
attached them to the top of
the pool with a fishing string,
reminiscent of a Jolly Jumper®.
Immersed in filtered seawater
heated to a perfect 24 degrees
Celsius - the same temperature as
their Subtropical nursing waters
- each leatherback is given its own
"infinity pool."
"As far as they're concerned,
they're swimming freely in the
ocean," says the Orlando, Florida
native, who grew up surfing,
snorkeling and fishing the beaches
where five species of sea turtles
breed and nest.
He also pioneered a recipe
to satisfy the leatherbacks'
discriminating appetite. "They eat
jellyfish almost exclusively, which
is quite different from all other
sea turtles," says Jones. "We blend
human grade squid and vitamins
with gelatin to create jelly strips
that are similar in consistency to
jellyfish."
It takes a half-dozen
undergraduate volunteers working
seven days a week to clean,
prepare and hand-feed the four
kg of food that each leatherback
Researchers around the
world have attempted to raise
leatherbacks in captivity since
1936. Only two other researchers
have been able to maintain a
leatherback for more than a year.
In 1988, Vincent Bels, a researcher
with the Museum National
d'Histoire Naturelle in France
raised a leatherback for more than
three years.
By feeding the juvenile
leatherbacks to satiation and
meticulously keeping track of
their diet and growth, Jones has
been able to determine a female
leatherback's maximum growth
rate. He has found they need 3.3
million kilojoules (or more than
800 million calories) of energy to
reach sexual maturity.
Based on Jones's findings,
"My goal as a scientist is to
find out as much I can about
these critically endangered
animals so we can inform the
most effective and appropriate
conservation efforts," says Jones,
who has worked with sea turtles
for more than a decade.
His message to humans? "We
now know the amount of energy
it takes for a leatherback to reach
adulthood. If we continue to
over-use, over-fish and contribute
to global warming, there simply
won't be enough resources in
the ocean for them to sustain
themselves and survive the
population decimation due to
fisheries practices.
"Everything we do could be
affecting a leatherback turtle
somewhere," says Jones. 13
LANGUAGES
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three-week intensives in June and July.
• Understanding Wine and French
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• Language immersion programs to
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Quick Facts About Leatherback Sea Turtles
» A sexually mature female leatherback returns to the beach where she
was hatched to breed and nest every two to three years. She could lay
as many as 65-85 eggs and then disappear into open ocean until she is
ready to breed again.
» The hatchlings, small enough to fit in the palm ofthe hand, must
brave predators both on land and at sea, and typically swim non-stop
for 36 hours using only nutrients stored in their underbelly. Those who
survive are often never seen again until they return as first-time mothers.
These are called the "lost years," because up to now, scientists didn't
know for sure how long it takes for them to become sexually mature or
where they went for nursery grounds.
» In the wild, one in 1,000 hatchlings make it to adulthood due to a
combination of natural causes and human activities.
Fisheries bycatch is the number one cause of death for adult
leatherbacks in the wild.
» Leatherbacks are the only species of
sea turtle with a "soft" shell, which is
black with white dots. Each leatherback
turtle has a unique pattern, which
expands as it grows. 4     I     UBC    REPORTS     |     APRIL    5,    2007
Thichun Jing studies the dynamics between humans and the environment over several millenia to find sustainable models. He holds a replica of
a 1,200 BC ivory cup from the Shang Dynasty of China's Bronze Age.
Prof Digs for Clues to our Survival
By Lorraine Chan
In the Yellow River valley of northern
China, Zhichun Jing digs through the
remains of long-ago cities to find insights
for modern survival.
Over the past 10 years, Jing has been
excavating the cities of the late Shang
Dynasty. Flourishing between 1,200 and
1,050 BC, the Shang was one of the first
literate civilizations in China and East Asia.
Its last capital city was Yinxu, where the
present-day city of Anyang now stands.
An assistant professor in the Dept. of
Anthropology, Jing studies the relationship
between human and ecological systems
in early China to investigate why certain
civilizations rise or fall.
"The past can shed light on how we
tackle present and future problems like
the sustainability of human societies and
environmental conditions," says Jing,
who holds the Canada Research Chair
in Asia-Pacific Archeology and will be
launching a new study to further integrate
archeological and ecological data.
He says that as the world's most
populous country, China faces severe
environmental problems - far surpassing
any other. But to meet immediate needs,
China, like many nations, will often go
ahead with projects like dams that end
up destroying homes, history and the
irreplaceable ecology of flood plains.
"The long-term perspective may help
us better understand and evaluate current
environmental debates, interpretations and
even policies," says Jing. "If there is vivid
data presented, we can convince people
to act for long- instead of short-term
benefits."
At present, scholars who grapple with
sustainability issues usually have access
to data that cover one or two centuries.
In contrast, archeological records span
thousands of years, says Jing.
His study will peel away the layers of
China's 6,000-year history of human and
environmental interactions, focusing on
the Yellow River valley where Anyang
numbers among many early settlements.
Starting 8,500 years ago, China's early
people witnessed the rapid growth of
argricultural communities followed by
the development of urban centres. Jing
will assess the archeologically visible
consequences of these cities, their operation
as political and economic centres and their
decline during China's Bronze Age, the
period between about 2,000 and 771 BC.
"We'll be studying the people's responses
and strategies to environmental changes,
either climatic or human induced," says
Jing. "We'll also investigate the changing
biodiversity."
Using an interdisciplinary approach,
continued on page 5
POLICY  #117 CALL FOR  COMMENTS
Background
Policy #118 Records Management was approved in 1994 and minor
changes were made in 2005 to accommodate the opening of UBC
Okanagan. This policy requires the University to maintain a standard
records management program in order to permit the efficient maintenance
and retrieval of information and to meet the University's obligations under
the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act. This policy
identifies the Vice-President, Academic and Provost, the Vice President,
Administration and Finance, and the Vice-President, Students as the
responsible executives.
Policy #117 Records Retention and Disposition at UBC Vancouver was
approved in 1996 and minor changes were made in 2005. This policy
provides practical guidelines for the application of the general principles
enunciated in Policy #118. In addition, it ensures that any destruction of
records is carried out in accordance with an appropriate retention schedule
developed by the University Archivist and approved by the University
Records Disposition Committee. Finally, this policy identifies all Vice-
Presidents as the responsible executives.
THE  UNIVERSITY OF
UBC
BRITISH   COLUMBIA
Proposed Draft
The revised Policy #117 amalgamates current Policies #117 and #118 into
one comprehensive Records Management Policy with the following features:
• a coordinated institutional records management program;
• published record retention schedules;
• clarification of the responsibilities of University officers and employees;
and
• direction of departments and administration units to the University
Archives for guidance.
The proposed draft identifies the Vice-President, Administration and
Finance as the responsible executive. The proposed draft would apply to all
departments and administrative units at both campuses of the University, to
all University records, and to all University officers and employees.
We are now seeking advice and comments from the University community.
For the full text of the proposed Policy #117 follow the link at
http://www.universitycounsel.ubc.ca/news/index.html.
Please submit feedback to the Office of the University Counsel at
university.counsel@ubc.ca. All feedback should be submitted by
4:30 pm on Wednesday, April 18, 2007.
It is expected that, subject to feedback from this public consultation process,
the proposed policy will be submitted to the Board of Governors with a
request for final approval at its regularly scheduled meeting in May of 2007. UBC    REPORTS     |     APRIL    5,    2007     |    5
Big Boys
Don't Cry
By Hilary Thomson
It's a tragic paradox - more
women report being depressed,
but more men kill themselves.
Two UBC researchers want
to find out what lies behind this
alarming puzzle, a phenomenon
seen in most western countries.
John Oliffe, an assistant
professor of Nursing and John
Ogrodniczuk, an assistant
professor of Psychiatry,
have teamed up as principal
investigators in a pilot
project that will examine the
relationship between depression
and masculinity.
"We want to learn about
young men's experiences of
depression and identify what
works and doesn't work for
them in terms of getting help,"
says Oliffe. "The answers will
help create more effective,
gender-relevant interventions."
Suicide rates are four times
higher among men than women
in Canada, with men aged 20-29
having the highest rate of suicide,
according to Health Canada.
Among Canadians of all ages,
four out of every five suicides
are male, according to the Public
Health Agency of Canada.
Statistics Canada reports that
in 2003, the last year for which
data is available, more than
2,900 men committed suicide.
The relationship between
men's low rate of reported
depression and high suicide
rates generates many questions
about men's beliefs, their mental
health "literacy" and behaviours
and how their complaints
of depression symptoms are
being regarded by general
practitioners, say the researchers.
In the only study of its kind
in Canada, the researchers will
begin by recruiting 15 men from
UBC, or other universities or
colleges, with more participants
added as the project develops.
Participants will be of diverse
backgrounds, aged 19-25, with
access to mental health care
services and who have been
diagnosed or have self-identified
as being depressed.
Oliffe and Ogrodniczuk
want to find out how these
men interacted with services,
their own coping strategies,
and the characteristics of their
depression. Some factors that
can contribute to depression
in college-age men include
academic competition, social
isolation, cultural pressures and
issues around sexual orientation.
Unhealthy coping mechanisms
can include violent behaviour,
risky sexual behaviour and overdrinking.
Commonly described
masculine ideals such as stoicism
and self-reliance and expected
roles as protector and provider
are well known to influence
men's health-care experiences,
says Oliffe.
"Society says men are
supposed to be robust - to
risk rather than promote their
health to demonstrate physical
and sexual prowess," adds
Ogrodniczuk, who is also a
member of the UBC Institute for
Mental Health and Vancouver
Coastal Health Research
Institute (VCHRI). "They tend to
operate on a performance-based
model of health."
The perceptions can lead to
denial of illness, self-monitoring
of symptoms and reluctance
to go to the doctor, meaning
symptoms are often severe when
attention is finally sought.
"There is also stigma
associated with having
depression with implications
for attracting a partner and for
success in work and study. So,
some men might not want the
diagnosis," Ogrodniczuk says.
A key aspect of the research
is to look at mental health care
services from a client perspective
and to give men an opportunity
to provide feedback on how
services do and do not work for
them. The researchers expect
that pilot data will help develop
an improved screening tool for
men in distress.
For example, typical diagnostic
questions about crying frequency
may be irrelevant to a man's
experience of depression and
therefore not a reliable criterion.
Also, the researchers hope to
produce gender-appropriate
treatment approaches that may
include workshops, coaching,
mentoring or online chat rooms
and support.
Following the pilot, Oliffe
and Ogrodniczuk will apply for
research funding for a multi-site
Helping young men get help for depression calls for gender-relevant strategies, say researchers.
province-wide project that will
look at depression in men aged
20-29 in the general population.
For more information
on the pilot study, contact
Oliffe at oliffe@nursing.ubc.
ca. Participants will receive
an honorarium of $30 to
acknowledge the 1-1.5 hours
spent completing a confidential
questionnaire and individual
interview.
The project is funded by
the B.C. Mental Health and
Addictions Research Network.
VCHRI is the research body
of Vancouver Coastal Health
and the fourth largest research
institute in Canada. In academic
partnership with UBC, VCHRI
brings innovation and discovery to
patient care, advancing healthier
lives in communities across B.C.,
Canada and beyond. 13
Suicide facts:
» 4,000 Canadians commit suicide each year
» For men, suicide rates are highest in the 20s and after 60
» In Canada, suicide rates are highest in August and late July
» Of people with severe depression, 15 percent commit suicide
» Suicide accounts for24 percent of all deaths among Canadians aged 15-24;
16 percent for those aged 25-44
Sources:
Mood Disorders
Society of Canada;
Dr. Ciaran Mulhollan.
Potential depression symptoms:
» Reduced energy and diminished activity          » Ideas of guilt and unworthiness
» Poor self-esteem or self-confidence                  » Pervasive low mood
» Decreased interest in sex                                    » Poor concentration
» Crying for no reason                                           » Disturbed sleep
» Poor appetite
Suicide risk factors:
» Age
» Unemployment
» Social isolation
» Chronic illnesses
DIGGING FOR CLUES continued from
Jing and his team will
employ archaeology, geology,
paleography, isotope chemistry
and palynology (the study of
pollen and spores). Tools such as
high-resolution pollen analysis of
lake sediments and paleobotanical
study of plant remains will
augment an archaeological
survey of prehistoric settlements.
From this, Jing says they'll be
able to witness the cycles and
consequences of social and
natural actions over several
millennia.
"The archaeological record
encodes hundreds of situations
in which societies were able to
develop sustainable relationships
with their environments, and
thousands of situations in which
the relationships with their
environments were mutually
destructive."
Deciphering the worldview
and mindset of a specific time
and place can also reveal
important clues, says Jing.
For example, the material
evidence turned up from Shang
excavations reveals that in the
early years, the first cities were
going gangbusters creating new
technology and arts.
"The Shang people
invented writing, possibly for
communication among different
ethnic groups. They imported
horse-driven chariots from the
Near East or Central Asia, and
rapidly absorbed ideas from
other cultures."
However, after a century the
Shang vitality slackened. The
initial diversity and creativity
devolved into a dull sameness.
"By the end we see that things
like their pottery, architecture
and artwork had become
standardized and simplified."
Jing says this phenomenon
in the archaeological record
suggests that people had
less freedom to express their
individuality and became less
creative.
"When a society becomes rigid
and homogeneous, there's greater
potential for collapse."
Jing's study has received
support from the Social Sciences
and Humanities Research
Council of Canada, the Canada
Foundation for Innovation, the
B.C. Knowledge Development
Fund, the National Science
Foundation in the United States
and the Chiang Ching-kuo
Foundation for International
Scholar Exchange. International
partners for his project include
the Institute of Archaeology of
the Chinese Academy of Social
Sciences. 13 6     |     UBC    REPORTS     |     APRIL    5,    2007
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SCIENCE FUN
continued from page 1
"One of the biggest
frustrations for any scientist
is seeing scientific information
mis-communicated or
misrepresented," says David
Kent, a PhD candidate studying
stem-cell biology and an LTS coordinator since 2004.
"The best way to tackle this
problem is to educate youth,
giving them the knowledge and
tools necessary to make their
own decisions."
Some of the more extensive
programs that LTS runs have
volunteers devoting anywhere
from two to 40 hours a week,
and involve volunteer visits
to schools from Vancouver's
eastside to rural communities
as far away as Houston, B.C.,
to carry out hands-on science
experiments. For example, the
Scientific Method and Research
Training (SMaRT) Skills program
runs in four East Vancouver
schools taking Grade 6 and
7 students through exciting
science experiments involving
DNA extraction, electricity and
magnetism, plant biology and
chemistry magic shows.
"The students are so
enthusiastic and inquisitive,
they make all the hard work
worthwhile," says Bez Toosi, a
fourth-year biology student who
began volunteering two years
ago.
"It forces me to relay what I
have learned at the university
level in a way that everyone can
understand, and reinforces the
idea that one should always look
at the big picture."
Toosi was inspired to pursue a
career in science while attending
high school in Squamish, B.C.
"I was fortunate enough to have
teachers who emphasized hands-
iiifciii
mini
The UBC Tet's Talk Science program reached more than 7,000 school
kids last year.
students one-on-one in Science
Fair projects. "They would give
fellow students feedback on their
project presentations and ask all
the important questions.
"As research scientists we
acquire so much expertise in our
own areas that it's easy to forget
what it's like to go through the
scientific method all day and do
experiments with them and some
kids will get it. But LTS reaches
out to some of the other kids I
don't reach."
"Scientists aren't neutral
players," says lives. "So many
important public policy decisions
- from stem-cell research to
...the UBC program is the largest in Canada and last
year reached a record 7,218 students...
on experiments and now I have
the opportunity to do the same
with the students."
Toosi's graduate student
partner was fueled by the same
desire to give back. Katriina
lives, a zoology PhD candidate
studying fish evolution, has been
a volunteer for almost four years
and was one of the original
designers of the SMaRT modules,
which teach children the basic
protocols in research.
"It always amazes me how
much - of the material they pick
up - and how quickly," says
lives, who has also mentored
KUDOS
process of learning the basics.
Interacting with the students
- and their teachers - really puts
things into perspective for me."
Thomas Craik, a Grade
6 teacher at Laura Secord
Elementary School in East
Vancouver, says LTS volunteers
enrich the curriculum.
"The students get to hear
from a real researcher, learn the
concept of creating research
questions and methodically
testing and applying solutions,"
says Craik, who has worked with
lives since January.
"I can tell them about
climate change - rest at least in
part on scientific data."
"Whether the kids pursue a
career in science or not, they'll
most certainly be affected by
science," says Kent. "Equipping
them with the necessary tools
and a critical mind will help
them become better leaders of
tomorrow."
LTS will be holding its second annual
All Science Challenge on May 2$,
200/. 2$o students in Grades $-7 will
participate in hands-on and academic
challenges at UBC's Vancouver campus.
For more information, visit http://www.
ubclts.com/AIIScience 13
The Let's Talk Science program is one of three to receive this year's Helen Macrae Award, presented
annually to an Alma Mater Society, Graduate Student Society or UBC Student Services initiative by
the Campus Advisory Board on Student Development in recognition of exceptional contributions or
improvements to the student experience and learning at UBC. The othertwo winners in this category are
SCI Team and the UBC Farm and Centre for Sustainable Food Systems.
The Alfred Scow Award for exceptional contributions from an undergraduate program went to the
Mech2 (Faculty of Applied Science) program and the Global Resource System Program (Faculty of Land
and Food Systems).
The Margaret Fulton Award for individuals went to Tim Louman-Gardiner (third year, Law), Winnie
Cheung (Office ofthe AVP International) and Johanna Waggot (Housing). UBC    REPORTS     |     APRIL    5,    2007     |     7
Tania Tarn is looking closely into how robotic gait devices like the Tocomat® can assist patients with stroke or spinal cord injury recover mobility.
Rehab Robot Does Heavy Lifting
By Lorraine Chan
Over the past few months, the
School of Human Kinetics' Tania
Lam has been keeping close
company with the Lokomat®,
one of only two rehab robots in
Canada.
The Lokomat, a $300,000,
robotic gait device, uses cutting-
edge Swiss technology for body
produced by the legs during
walking.
"When patients have
been able to recover, it's not
always clear what changes or
adaptations have occurred in
the nervous system to enable
functional improvements."
Lam says that UBC is in a
unique and strategic position
to investigate these types of
"swing phase," says Lam.
"Each time we take a step,
lift our leg over obstacles or
climb stairs, we need to ensure
the flexor muscles are properly
activated. Someone who doesn't
have enough strength during the
swing phase will stumble or drag
their feet."
Lam can program the Lokomat
software to vary the motor's
controlled motors and sensors
allow for standardized
treatments for research, which
wouldn't be possible with
therapists whose strength or
speed may vary with each
session.
In Canada and the U.S.,
300,000 people are living with
spinal cord injuries and there
are 11,000 new cases each year.
About half these patients have
"incomplete" spinal cord injury
which means they still retain
some sensation and function and
may be able to recover mobility
through rehabilitation.
Lam's research has received
support from the Canada
Foundation for Innovation. 13
il
It would mimic the feeling of walking under water to give sensory input to flexor muscles.
>}
weight-supported treadmill
training (BWSTT), a promising
treatment strategy following
neurological injury.
"I'm hoping to develop new
rehabilitation strategies for
patients with stroke or spinal
cord injury," says Asst. Prof. Lam.
"The partial or complete loss
of walking ability is probably
one of the most debilitating
consequences of neurological
damage."
Lam explains that neurological
injury interrupts signals from the
brain. Her work probes the subtle
interplay of neural commands,
muscle response and sensory
input required for walking.
The Lokomat works by
suspending the patient in a
harness attached to an overhead
frame to stabilize balance. The
legs and feet are held within
two metallic arms attached to a
frame suspended over a treadmill.
Computer-controlled motors in
each joint of the arms produce
walking motions for the patient.
The Lokomat uses sensors to
measure the position and force
questions thanks to the arrival of
the Lokomat and collaborative
links with the International
Collaboration on Repair
Discoveries (ICORD).
Her study will use customized
software to regulate and monitor
the action of muscles and joints
of the legs, the speed of the
treadmill and the amount of
body weight support.
"My approach is to help
augment the activity of the
neural circuits through sensory
input from the legs," explains
Lam, who trained as a post-doc
with Prof. Volker Dietz, one of
the original developers of the
Lokomat, at the Spinal Cord
Injury Centre at the University
of Zurich's Balgrist University
Hospital.
In the only study of its kind,
Lam is exploring ways to better
activate the flexor muscles.
Flexor muscles cross the foot in
front of ankle, in front of the
hip and behind the knee. These
muscles are used to lift the foot
up and forward and are pivotal
for walking safely during the
resistive force against the patient's
leg movements during the swing
phase. "It would mimic the feeling
of walking under water to give
sensory input to flexor muscles."
She will then assess how
effective this approach is for
improving patients' muscle
function. To date, rehabilitation
of flexor muscles has depended
on using an L-shaped leg brace to
keep the foot up so it doesn't drag
or using electrical stimulation to
encourage muscles to flex the foot.
Lam says BWSTT has gained
increasing favour as a way to help
people with stroke or incomplete
spinal cord injury regain use of
their legs. But therapists find that
manual BWSTT has its limitations
since it requires numbers and
heavy physical work.
"One therapist stabilizes the
patient's pelvis, while another one
to two therapists manually move
the person's legs in a stepping
motion," explains Lam.
With the Lokomat, a sole
therapist could facilitate a
patient's BWSTT . More
importantly, the computer-
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By Hilary Thomson
A group of UBC med students
wants to do more than stand
on the sidelines when it comes
to delivering health care in
developing nations.
That's why they organized the
UBC Students' Global Health
Initiative (GHI).
"Students involved in GHI
are passionate about global
citizenship and want to find a
way to live it," says second-year
student Siu-Kae Yeong, who
helped found GHI in 2006.
Last year, the group worked
with founding faculty advisors,
Pediatrics Prof. Andrew Macnab
and Dr. Videsh Kapoor, a UBC
clinical assistant professor, along
with local partners to launch
health workshops in Vancouver
and run pilot programs in
Uganda, India and Honduras.
This year, they estimate that
approximately 200 students will
attend the workshops and more
than two dozen first- and second-
year med students will work in
those sites, starting next month.
"We lack curriculum to deliver
global health skills to students,"
says Macnab, also a Distinguished
Scholar in Residence at the Peter
Wall Institute for Advanced
Studies at UBC. "We need to
prepare the next generation of
doctors to be skilled advocates
for global health and to translate
their experiences into curriculum
development."
To address that concern,
the GHI offers skill-building
workshops, with assistance from
mentors from Medecins Sans
Frontieres/Doctors Without
Borders and the departments
of Pediatrics and Surgery at BC
Children's Hospital.
About 50 students attend
workshops held every month
during the academic year.
Experienced field workers present
cases, and students use the
In collaboration with Honduran partners, UBC students will help set up community health centres.
problem-based learning model to
create solutions and get feedback
from instructors.
Topics include ethical decision
making, project development and
cross-cultural communication.
The free workshops are open to
students from all disciplines, and
students and faculty from
Makerere, the group delivered
oral health education to
almost 600 elementary school-
the child's first and replacing a
'chew stick' or piece of wood
frayed at the end - and assisted
with fluoride treatments.
The Brighter Smiles Africa
project grew from a similar
partnership Macnab established
in the Aboriginal community of
Hartley Bay, B.C. The successful
oral health program there led
to other community health
issues being addressed and the
same outcome is anticipated in
Uganda, says Macnab.
Ten students will travel to
Uganda this year (students
pay their own travel costs) to
evaluate and expand the Brighter
Smiles Africa Program and 12
students will work at the Spiti
Munseling School in northern
India.
Together with Kapoor and the
Canada-based TransHimalalyan
Aid Society, students have
responded to community
requests to establish a health
centre for children, train local
women as health-care workers
for the centre and develop a
health curriculum for school and
community. In addition, they will
help develop health promotion
and disease prevention programs
at the school. UBC students
will collaborate with a local
non-governmental organization
(NGO) as well as Vancouver and
Dutch NGOs working in the
same area.
Second-year med students
Adam Watchorn and Jessica
Chiles will lead a project in
Honduras, along with four
students and UBC Clinical
Instructor Dr. Tammy Attia. In
collaboration with Honduran
Program for Development
of Infant and Mother, the
group will work on installing
community-run health centres
and offering educational
programs on public health issues.
Participants and faculty are
challenged to find time to work
Taylor helped survey the children's oral health, teach them about cavities and
dental hygiene, handed out toothbrushes - often the child's first and replacing a
'chew stick* or piece of wood frayed at the end - and assisted with fluoride treatments.
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• journal writing and autobiography
Customized business and technical writing
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students from other universities
and colleges. In addition, students
returning from field experiences
are expected to transfer their
knowledge via mentoring and
presentations at medical school
seminars, lectures, conferences
and other venues.
Key to the whole program and
what makes it unique in Canada
is the partnership between
students, UBC faculty and global
partners, says Macnab. Partners
identify the health-care needs
of their community, request
collaboration from UBC and
decide how the care program
should be delivered and sustained
locally.
Second-year med student
Linzie Taylor was one of five
UBC students who worked in
Uganda for eight weeks in 2006
as part of the Brighter Smiles
Africa Program. Together with
a pediatrician and pediatric
resident, they responded to
a request from the Dept. of
Dentistry in the Faculty of
Medicine at Makerere University.
Along with 12 Ugandan dental
aged children in four rural
communities.
"I have an interest in public
health promotion so this
experience was perfect for me,"
says Taylor. "I was able to meet
my learning objectives and the
team I worked with were fun,
great people. The kids were
adorable."
Taylor helped survey the
children's oral health, teach them
about cavities and dental hygiene,
handed out toothbrushes - often
with GHI students and partners,
to secure funding to keep the
program going and find ways
to weave the learning into
curriculum, says Macnab.
"There's a huge synergistic
benefit here for everyone
involved - we want to formalize
the program so the spirit and
intentions of the university's
vision are embedded in learning."
BC Children's Hospital is an
agency of the Provincial Health
Services Authority. 13 io     I     UBC    REPORTS     |     APRIL    5,    2007
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Employee Innovation
Spins off as
Smart
Forms
By Brian Lin
A UBC staff innovation that has
drastically cut the turnaround
time for expense claims is now
the basis of the university's latest
spin-off company.
Smart Forms Software Inc. was
established last fall by former
UBC Financial Services Director
Neil Kelly with help from the
University Industry Liaison Office
(UILO). It is only the second spinoff company (out of 120 to date)
arising from an invention by staff.
Frustrated with mountains
of paperwork and duplicate
procedures - which led to faculty,
staff and vendors having to
wait as long as three months for
their expenses to be reimbursed
- Kelly and five colleagues from
Financial Services put their heads
together and developed software
specifically tailored to meet
the needs of a large academic
institution.
"Our full-time staff of seven,
typically supplemented by one
or two temps, used to handle
approximately 10,000 cheque
and travel requisitions a month
by reviewing hard-copy claims
and entering the information into
the Peoplesoft Financial System,"
says Kelly. "Smart Forms allows
employees to enter their expense
claims directly on the web and it
automatically checks for errors
and initiates direct deposits into
the claimant's bank accounts.
"Funds can now be returned
to claimants - in some cases,
students who don't have a lot
of wiggle room in their monthly
budget - within a week, not
to mention the environmental
benefits of a paperless process."
The software is so easy and
efficient to use that within
PHOTO: ©iStockphoto/oddrt
the first couple of months,
more than 500 accounting
administrators across campus
voluntarily adopted the
system and more than 50 per
cent of all UBC cheques and
financial requisitions are now
being submitted and issued
electronically.
"There is similar software
out there in the marketplace but
nothing that quite fit the needs of
a large-scale academic institution
like UBC," says Kelly. "Our
employees are engaged in unique
activities and are funded through
various sources. The software
is designed specifically with the
academic environment in mind
and is highly customizable to
suit the needs of its users."
Smart Forms Software Inc.
is continuing to develop the
software for broader commercial
application. 13
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The Dry Falls in Washington's Scablands is a basalt scarp 120 metres high and 10 times wider than Niagara Falls.
Earth scientists continue to seek a source ofTce-Age floodwaters great enough to create such gaping formations.
Did B.C. Melting Cause
Ice-Age Megaflood?
By Bud Mortenson
Robert Young is stepping into
some turbulent scientific waters.
The Assoc. Prof, of Geography
and Earth and Environmental
Sciences at UBC Okanagan is
exploring new evidence suggesting
an Ice-Age megaflood that created
Washington State's Channeled
Scablands about 15,000 years ago
partly originated in south-central
British Columbia, not exclusively
from Montana as the prevailing
theory suggests.
The megaflood's statistics
are staggering. Arriving from
the northeast, a wall of water
tall enough to leave gravel bars
120 metres high ripped across
Washington at 120 kilometres
per hour, eroding more than 80
cubic kilometers of earth and
rock in two or three days. The
torrent left a scoured 25,000-
square-km landscape riddled with
deep canyons - known as coulees
- carved out of the hard bedrock.
"The question of where all that
water came from has been hotly
debated for decades," says Young.
Most think the floodwater came
from Glacial Lake Missoula, 400
kilometres away in Montana. As
big as Lake Ontario and Lake Erie
combined, Lake Missoula was held
back only by a dam of ice near the
Montana-Idaho border. The long-
held hypothesis is that when the
ice dam broke, the water poured
westward with unimaginable fury
and destruction.
Lake Missoula breaching its ice
dam may have been impressive,
Young says, but probably not
impressive enough to account
for the Scablands. "Models of
dynamic hydrology suggest that
floodwaters from the Missoula
Basin alone were insufficient to
fill the Scabland coulees, much
less do all of the work required to
produce the incredible landscapes
in the region."
Instead, Young is looking for
a water source from the north,
where the massive Cordilleran
ice sheet covered much of British
Columbia. His attention is on a
lobe that buried B.C.'s Okanagan
region beneath nearly three
kilometres of ice, terminating
almost on top of the Scablands
south of the Okanagan.
A cataclysmic chain of events
originating under this southern
B.C. ice, perhaps triggered by
volcanic eruptions from below
and surface meltwater making
its way through the immense ice
sheet, would change prevailing
theories about one of the greatest
flash floods of the last Ice Age.
"The Okanagan and
surrounding uplands are part of
dramatic landscapes, including
landforms carved into bedrock
like the Channeled Scablands,"
Young says. "Features such
as water-eroded channels that
can go uphill, and streamlined
landforms caused by fluids
flowing turbulently at high
velocities, all suggest huge flows
came out of the Okanagan
Valley and drained south into the
Columbia drainage."
He argues that massive
volumes of meltwater flowing
under the Okanagan ice pushed
southward - probably along
more than one path. Part exited
from the southernmost point of
the ice sheet, purging into the
Scablands.
"Movement of large water
volumes of meltwater beneath
the Antarctic ice sheets have been
reported by several researchers in
the last few years," Young points
out. "And in Greenland gigatons
of water on top of ice sheets have
been observed draining through
the ice very quickly - in as little as
48 hours."
Over several years, he says,
water accumulates under the
ice and eventually it can lift or
"decouple" the ice and flood
through any exit it finds. "In
Iceland, this process occurs
regularly, and is greatly accelerated
when intermittent sub-glacial
volcanic eruptions occur, causing
the reservoir to overfill, and
leading to flows many times those
normally seen during regular
outburst floods," Young says.
There's evidence of volcanic
eruptions beneath the ice sheet
just north of the Okanagan - in
what today is B.C.'s Wells Gray
Provincial Park. "Many of the
deposits and volcanoes there
bear telltale marks of sub-glacial
More water rushed southeast
down the southern Rocky
Mountain Trench into Glacial
Lake Missoula, and under
glaciers emanating from the
Purcell range. When the ice dam
at Glacial Lake Missoula failed,
floodwaters spilled west several
hundred kilometres into the
Scablands hours or days after the
initial onslaught.
Young says the challenge is
that, until only recently, sub-
glacial reservoirs have not been
considered candidates for the
kind of catastrophic flooding that
created the Scablands.
However, there's evidence
today that huge volumes of water
do collect under ice sheets and are
released in outbursts of flooding.
eruption, including pillow
basalts on mountainsides and
flat-topped volcanoes," Young
says. "Volcanologists studying
the region indicate that three
volcanoes erupted sub-glacially
during the last glaciation."
Volcanic activity and normal
surface melting could eventually
produce enough water to decouple
the overlying ice and drain
catastrophically, says Young.
"With no other sufficient
source of water for the Scablands
megaflooding, and equipped with
several realistic mechanisms for
water formation," he says, "we
must consider the Okanagan
scenario as a valid alternative to
Lake Missoula alone accounting
for such a catastrophic event." 13
Faculty of Medicine
Through knowledge, creating health.
Assistant Dean | Faculty Development
The Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, invites applications
and nominations for the position of Assistant Dean, Faculty Development.   This
position is expected to be filled by an internal candidate and has an expected start
date of September 1st 2007 and a three year term.
The Assistant Dean will be directly responsible for the development and
implemention of a strategic plan for a broad mandate Faculty Development
Program delivered across the province. This will include an assessment of
existing and required resources to plan, develop, implement and evaluate the
Program on an annual basis. The Faculty Development program ("the Program")
for faculty members in the Faculty of Medicine will include faculty educational
development to meet the needs ofthe educational programs ofthe UBC Faculty
of Medicine as well as individual faculty career development. The Program's
focus is two-fold: educational and teaching skills, and career development of
individual faculty members.
The applicant must have significant experience in and understanding of faculty
development, including careers of full-time and clinical faculty as well as
leadership skills and evidence of administrative innovation, using best practice
frameworks. A Master's in education is desirable. A faculty appointment is
required, and skills in working collaboratively are essential.
The successful candidate will report jointly to the Senior Associate Dean,
Education and the Senior Associate Dean, Faculty Affairs, Faculty of Medicine
and will collaborate with Faculty Development Coordinators within programs
across the Faculty. The individual will supervise the Director of Faculty
Development and Educational Support, the Program associate, the Program
secretary and any other staff in the Program.
Faculty of Medicine | Dean's Office
www.med.ubc.ca
Applications, accompanied
by a detailed curriculum
vitae and names of three
references, should be
directed to: Dr. Dorothy
Shaw, Senior Associate
Dean, Faculty Affairs, c/o
Darcie Prosser, Faculty
of Medicine, 317 -2194
Health Sciences Mall,
Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3.
(searches @ .med.
ubc.ca with the subject line
ADFED)
Closing date: April 30, 2007
The University of British Columbia is Canada's
third largest university and consistently ranks
among the 40 best universities in the world.
Primarily situated in Vancouver, UBC is a research-
intensive university and has an economic impact of
$4 billion to the provincial economy.
The Faculty of Medicine at UBC, together with
its partners including B.C. 's Health Authorities,
provides innovative programs in the areas of
health and life sciences through a province-wide
delivery model. The Faculty teaches students at the
undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate levels
and generates more than $200 million in research
funding each year. It is home to Canada's first
distributed MD undergraduate program.
UBC
m
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
UBC hires on the basis of merit and is committed to employment equity. We
encourage all qualified applicants to apply; however, Canadians andpermanent
residents of Canada will be given priority.
www.ubc.ca & www.med.ubc.ca
Faculty of Medicine
WW/ Through knowledge, creating health.
Associate Dean| MD Undergraduate Program (MDUGP), Student Affairs
The Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, invites applications
and nominations for the position of Associate Dean, MD Undergraduate
Program, Student Affairs. This position will be filled by an internal candidate
and has an expected start date of July 1, 2007.
As an advocate for students, the individual will be directly responsible for
developing the portfolio of Student Affairs across the MD Undergraduate
Program. This includes working with the Assistant Deans, NMP, IMP, and
VFMP, Student Affairs; liaison with UBC, UNBC, and UVic; developing a
strategic plan for the Office of Student Affairs; ensuring equitable treatment of
students and equitable access to student support; referring medical students to
academic and personal counselling; supporting student activities including the
Spring Gala and Medical Ball and sports activities; implementing policies and
procedures; ensuring accommodations for the needs of students with disabilities;
and liaison with the Associate Deans, NMP, IMP , and Curriculum and VFMP.
The applicant must have a demonstrated interest and experience in student
advocacy and student affairs with leadership skills and evidence of
administrative innovation. A faculty appointment is required, and skills in
working collaboratively are essential.
The successful candidate will report to the Senior Associate Dean, MD
Undergraduate Education and will collaborate with the Associate Deans NMP,
IMP, Curriculum and VFMP, Admissions and Equity (Faculty of Medicine).
The individual will co-supervise the Administrative Director ofthe MD
Undergraduate Program, and supervise the Secretary to the Associate Dean,
Assistant Deans NMP, IMP and VFMP Student Affairs, Career Counsellor,
Student Financial Assistance Officer, and Student Affairs Coordinator. The
individual will also supervise other administrative staff and faculty leads in the
area of MD undergraduate student affairs, and be required to sit on various
committees in both voting and non-voting capacities.
MDUGP | Student Affairs
Applications, accompanied by a detailed
curriculum vitae and names of three
references, should be directed to:
Search Committee Chair, MD
Undergraduate Program, Student Affairs
c/o Darcie Prosser
Faculty of Medicine, UBC
317 - 2194 Health Sciences Mall
Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3
(searches@medd.med.ubc.ca with subject
line: Associate Dean, Student Affairs)
Closing date: April 30, 2007
www. med.ubc.ca/md
The Faculty of Medicine at UBC,
together with its partners including
B.C.'s Health Authorities, provides
innovative programs in the areas
of health and life sciences through
a province-wide delivery model.
The Faculty teaches students at
the undergraduate, graduate and
postgraduate levels and generates
more than $200 million in research
funding each year. It is home to
Canada's first distributed MD
undergraduate program.
UBC
W>
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
UBC hires on the basis of merit and is committed to employment equity. We
encourage all qualified applicants to apply; however, Canadians andpermanent
residents of Canada will be given priority.
/ww.ubc.ca & www.med.ubc.ca 12     |     UBC    REPORTS     |     APRIL    5,    2007
UNIVERSITY TOWN
Did you know?
75 per cent ofthe
people who live in
University Town also
work or study here.
UBC
Sip
ISSUE   NO.10  APRIL  2007
' UNIVERSITY
BOULEVARD
HAWTHORN PLACE
HAMPTON PLACE
WESBROOK PLACE
EAST CAMPUS
CHANCELLOR PLACE
NORTH CAMPUS
SERVING   UBC'S   EMERGING   COMMUNITY
SPECIAL DELIVERY
This issue of UBC Reports is being specially delivered to Utown residents in cooperation with the UNA.
Pleasures of Living
and Working in a
Real Community
Campus resident Erica Frank, MD,
MPH, says she still pinches herself to
make sure she is not dreaming.
"I can't believe how fortunate
I am to live and work somewhere
so beautiful," says Frank, who
moved to UBC with her husband
Randall White, MD, and her son
Ridge Frank-White, 10, a year ago
when she was hired as a Canada
Research Chair in Health Care and
Epidemiology.
Frank says University Town's
work-live opportunities and green
initiatives such as the Residential
Environmental Assessment Program
(REAP) - a set of sustainable
building practices developed at UBC
- allows her family to minimize its
ecological footprint.
"When we learned we could be in
a community and walk everywhere
- to work, school, athletic facilities,
restaurants and great cultural spots
like the Museum of Anthropology
and the Chan Centre - we never
seriously considered living anywhere
else," she says.
Frank says a vibrant international
community embraced her family when they moved from Emory
University in Atlanta, Georgia, to their three-bedroom townhouse in
Hawthorne Place's Logan Lane development.
"If feels great to be part of a real community," says Frank, who
organizes neighborhood potluck dinners in local green spaces, is on her
Community Centre and Strata committees, and enjoys hiking through
Pacific Spirit Park or down to the beach with family and neighbours.
Frank says there is "an amazing group of kids" on campus for Ridge
to grow up with. He counts a young chess champion and an up-and-
coming ballroom dancer among his best friends, she says.
"I absolutely love raising my son here," says Frank. "He says he could
spend his whole life on the campus - and this is from a kid with 125
plane trips to his name!"
Campus residents Erica Frank and son Ridge Frank-White are a part of a
vibrant international community at UBC.
Reducing the Campus
Ti reprint
UBC's efforts to manage travel
demand continue to produce results,
according to the latest Transportation
Status Report. The annual report
analyzed Fall 2006 travel patterns
to and from UBC and concluded
that the project to transform the
commuter campus at Point Grey
into a more complete community is
producing reduced travel.
Despite growth in the average
daily campus population, the
number of person-trips to/from UBC
continued to decline for the third
straight year. For the first time since
travel patterns have been monitored,
the UBC campus has generated fewer
than two person-trips per day.
Transit retains the largest share of
daily travel, thanks in part to 2003
introduction of the student U-Pass.
Motor vehicle traffic also declined
during the travel survey period.
This annual monitoring is one
of the university's commitments
related to the official community
plan and companion transportation
strategy. The University has targeted
reductions in motor vehicle travel,
especially single-occupant vehicles,
and targeted to shift travel to bus transit.
Since the benchmark year of 1997, motor-vehicle traffic has been
reduced by 22 per cent and transit ridership has increased by 118 percent.
In this period UBC added 2,000 new homes to the campus as well as
more students and academic buildings that result in a 28 per cent increase
in the daily population at UBC.
Construction truck traffic is also monitored. Fall 2006 data indicate
that the overall target of 300 heavy truck trips per day was not exceeded.
However, the distribution of heavy truck travel was compromised by
roadwork on one truck route to UBC (41st Ave), which resulted in
the majority of construction trucks using the SW Marine Drive route.
Quarterly monitoring of truck travel distribution will be undertaken in 2007.
The full report is available at http://unvw.planning.ubc.ca/corebus/
pdfs/TSR_Fall2006_22Feb07.pdf
The latest designs for Phase 1 of University Boulevard were on
display at a public Open House which took place in the Student Union
Building in March. An animation of the current design is posted on
the University Boulevard web site
at: http://www.universitytown.
ubc. ca/living_neigb bou rboods_
universityblvd.php
Seen in the accompanying artist's
rendering are the two key structures
in the first Phase of the project in the
vicinity of the old bus loop. This part
ofthe project includes an underground
bus terminal that will bring transit
users up onto a University Square in
a lively atmosphere of mixed retail
services and housing.
A key component of the design
work for University Square is the size
and location of the ground level retail
premises that will frame the public
open space and transit terminal entry.
University Boulevard Update: Getting the mix just right
f Tnnr^rci t\r TKrwi l^iro rA  \xTf*rf* r\r\ Tnp T Innrprei t\r ic  linnprfol'ina n  ,
The University is undertaking a campus community consultation on
the nature of the retail services that could be provided in the proposed
new buildings.
University Boulevard will be the
principle point of arrival onto campus -
the "front door" of the university - and
will convey a strong sense of place, a
feeling of having entered the nucleus of
a unique, distinct, exciting multi-modal
hub of campus life. In addition to an
underground transit hub, University
Boulevard will include a pedestrian-
oriented commercial area and a large
plaza for community activities.
The realignment of University
Boulevard, the relocation of the
underground services and the
construction of the tunnel to the Transit
Station will begin in June, while the
remainder of Phase 1 is expected to be
complete by April 2010.
UBC's Proposed University Square
i  UBC External Affairs Office 6328 Memorial Road, Vancouver BC V6T 1Z2 T: 604.822.6400  F: 604.822.8102 v

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