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UBC Reports Mar 31, 2013

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Array UBC
a place of mind
March 2013
No cash, no crime?
People need trees
Cities need forests
Sustainable by design
Life beyond print for
UBC Reports 4 No cash, no crime?
Andrew Riley
In the news
Public Affairs Director
lucie mcneill lucie.mcneill@ubc.ca
Public Affairs Associate Director
randy schmidt randy.schmidt@ubc.ca
Communications and Marketing Design Manager
arlene cotter arlene.cotter@ubc.ca
ping ki chan  ping.chan@ubcca
mark pilon  mark.pilon@ubcca
matt warburton  matt.warburton@ubcca
Web Designer
linakang  lina.kang@ubcca
University Photographer
martin dee  martin.dee@ubcca
Public Affairs Media Relations Specialists
heather amos heather.amos@ubcca
paul marck paul.marck@ubc.ca
fiona morrow fiona.morrow@ubcca
brian lin  brian.Iin@ubcca
basil waugh  basil.waugh@ubcca
patty wellborn patty.wellborn@ubc.ca
pearlie davison  pearlie.davison@ubcca
lou bosshart lou.bosshart@ubcca
UBC Reports is published online monthly by:
The University of British Columbia
Public Affairs Office
310-6251 Cecil Green Park Road
Vancouver BC Canada V6T1Z1
Next online issue: April 2013
UBC Reports welcomes submissions.
For upcoming UBC Reports submission guidelines:
Opinions and advertising published in UBC Reports
do not necessarily reflect official university policy.
Material may be reprinted in whole or in part with
appropriate credit to UBC Reports. Letters (300 words
or less) must be signed and include an address and
phone number for verification.
Submit letters to:
The Editor, UBC Reports
E-mail to public.affairs@ubcca
Mail to UBC Public Affairs Office (address above)
Visit our online UBC News Room for the latest updates
on research and learning. On this site you'll find our
news releases, advisories, news extras, as well as a daily
media summary and a real-time UBCNEWS twitter
feed. You can also find resources including access to
more than 500 faculty experts and information about
UBC's radio and TV studios.
Website: www.ubcca/news
Tel: 604.822.NEWS (6397)
E-mail: public.affairs@ubcca
Twitter: @ubcnews
Publication mail agreement no. 40775044.
Return undeliverable C ;es to circulation department.
310-6251 Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver, BC Canada V6T1Z1
Highlights of UBC media coverage
in February 2013
Heather Amos
U.S. belief in climate change
shifts with weather
Public opinion on climate change varies
with the temperature, suggests a UBC
study. In an analysis of media coverage,
researchers found that a cold snap can
lead to skepticism over climate change
whereas a hot spell can increase concern
over climate change, reported the BBC,
United Press International, CBC,
Vancouver Sun and others.
"Our findings help to explain some of
the significant fluctuations and inconsistencies in U.S. public opinion on climate
change," researcher Simon Donner said.
"The study demonstrates just how much
local weather can influence people's
opinions on global warming."
Body language can predict
outcomes for recovering
In a study of alcoholics and relapse rates,
researchers studied the body language of
recovering alcoholics and found that
those who expressed shame, were more
likely to start drinking again. The study
is the first to link physical signs of shame
to predictions of relapse, reported Time,
CTV National News, Global, Huffington
Post, Toronto Star and others.
UBC psychology professor Jessica
Tracy said the amount of shame
displayed is also directly tied to the
number of drinks an alcoholic will have
on that first binge after giving up
"The more shame they showed, the
more likelihood they were to relapse and
relapse with a large number of drinks
instead of smaller amounts," said Daniel
Randies, a PhD student who conducted
the study with Tracy.
Bilingual babies know their
grammar by seven months
Babies born into bilingual households
can learn to distinguish the grammatical
structures of two different languages
at a young age, finds a new study by UBC
Prof. Janet Werker and Prof. Judit
Gervain ofthe Universite Paris
Descartes, reported the Daily Telegraph,
The Economist, Globe and Mail, Yahoo
News, Times of India and several others.
Babies use signs like pitch and
duration of sounds to keep two
languages separate by just 7 months.
The findings help debunk the
misconception that bilingual infants
face disadvantages in language
"There are a lot of cues just at the
surface level in language that babies can
use to get a leg up," said Werker, who
reported her findings at the 2013 annual
meeting of the American Association for
the Advancement of Science (AAAS).
Davis Cup at UBC
Canada made tennis history at UBC's
Doug Mitchell Thunderbird Sports
Centre when the team beat Spain in the
first round ofthe Davis Cup. The Davis
Cup will return to UBC in April when
Canada takes on Italy in the
The Globe and Mail, Toronto Star,
Canadian Press, Vancouver Sun and many
others reported on the event and the
announcement that the tournament
would be returning.
"We've really focused on creating an
environment that will be rowdy and
raucous to show our support for the
team," said Kavie Toor, associate
director of facilities and business
development for UBC Athletics and
Becreation, to CBC's Early Edition before
the tournament against Spain began in
early February.
Eliminating cash could mean huge savings for governments, says Sauder School of Business Prof. Maurice Levi.
The Canadian
could save an
amount equal
to 50 per cent
of the country's
2012 fiscal
deficit, if cash
were cut.
|UBC|      a place of mind
Pub lie Affairs
With people now able to buy things
with a tweet, and Apple poised to push
their mobile devices as electronic
wallets, cash is set to take a serious
demotion from its position as king.
A recent study from the University
of British Columbia's Sauder School
of Business now shows that not only is
cash becoming increasingly redundant,
but governments could save big by
axing currency all together.
Even after accounting for revenue
gained by printing money (a value
referred to as seigniorage) the study by
Sauder finance professor Maurice Levi
suggests the Canadian government could
save an amount equal to 50 per cent of
the country's 2011 fiscal deficit, if cash
were cut. He says similar savings would
be found in other western countries.
"When you consider the cost cash
creates for governments through tax
evasion and its role in illicit markets,
such as the drug trade, combined with
the increasing number of electronic
alternatives, it makes sense to stop
the printing presses at the Bank of
Canada," says Levi, whose study, Fiscal
consequences of scrapping cash, is
published in the most recent edition of
the Journal of Payment Strategy
and Systems.
In a world without cash, a trail of
all payments and receipts could be
followed to track down criminals and
used as evidence in prosecutions, acting
as a major deterrent for would-be
criminals, says the researcher.
"Cash is the only payment method that
preserves privacy and does not leave
any trail, which is why it's the currency
of choice for criminals and tax evaders."
Levi's study endeavors to estimate the
full cost ofthe illicit activity associated
with cash in Canada, including tax
fraud and money laundering. He also
accounts for costs of law enforcement,
incarceration and adverse health
resulting from the drug trade facilitated
by anonymous cash transactions.
When the figures are added up, based
on estimates by Statistics Canada and
other studies sponsored by federal and
provincial ministries, Levi suggests the
government is out $17.9-billion per year.
This far outstrips revenue the federal
government is accruing by supplying
money to the Canadian market. By
printing money and minting coins,
the government in essence realizes a
profit equivalent to the face value of
the money minus the cost of physically
making it. In Canada, Levi estimates
this amount to be $4.4-billion per year.
Although Levi recognizes that the
removal of cash from the monetary
system is not going to completely stop
tax avoidance and criminal activity
supported by cash transactions, he
insists that it will make a serious dent.
"Some tax evaders would still continue
to try to fly below the radar, and
undoubtedly the drug trade and other
underworld markets would still find
a way to subsist on some level," says
Levi. "However, there is little doubt
these activities would inevitably shrink
substantially in a world without cash." •
UBC Reports The University of British Columbia   March 2013 A brave new beginning
Since 1955 UBC Reports has reflected the stories of our academic community-
from the curious, to the considerable—in print
Lucie McNeill
There are always mixed feelings
at the onset of momentous changes.
And this one is no exception.
With this last regular print edition
of UBC Beports, we morph a chronicle
that has been a UBC mainstay since
1955. In April, UBC Reports will only be
distributed via email as a digital edition.
And although May will see us produce
a print graduation special focusing on
the Class of 2013, from June onwards
our feature stories will be posted on
the soon-to-be-launched UBC News
It's a bold step to take—and a bit of a
For the past 58 years, UBC Reports
has been an attentive witness to the
university's stunning growth, news and
debates, its visionary thinkers, students
and leaders, as well as the odd character
or two. Our retrospective look at UBC
Report's shape shifts will undoubtedly
elicit a tinge of nostalgia among
longtime readers.
Through its many editions and
thousands of stories, UBC Beports has
reflected the university's evolution and
growing ambitions. At first written for a
local campus readership, UBC Reports
is now aimed at a broader audience as a
monthly digest of features on university
life, teaching, research and learning.
Former director Scott Macrae's
approach, launched in 2001, has been
good for UBC's reputation. Today
roughly 60 per cent of UBC Reports
stories inspire further mainstream
media coverage.
Many of us still get pleasure reading
something tangible that can be
scribbled on, highlighted, clipped and
saved. Some will feel, and perhaps
even resent, the loss of what has been
an award-winning magazine, edited
by Bandy Schmidt, designed by Arlene
Cotter and her team, featuring Martin
Dee's stunning photography, and the
insightful stories told by Public Affairs
writers and campus colleagues. Not
everyone enjoys firing up a computer to
get caught up on news.
But there's no fighting the digital
tsunami. Leading universities in Canada
and beyond have been switching to
online newsrooms in droves—and
not for the reasons you would expect.
Publication and distribution costs
are not the big driver.
An important argument for UBC is
sustainability. Intent on living our Place
and Promise strategic commitments,
it's hard to justify putting out print
publications when so many copies
languish in distribution boxes.
Yet the decisive argument was the
imperative to reach greater audiences,
at times through mainstream media.
A digital news site allows us to bring
attention to momentous research and
UBC's breadth of expertise, to more
people, in more creative and numerous
ways, and in a much more timely
Think about it. No more artificial
monthly print cycle—the stories can be
told when they're fresh. No limit to the
number of stories or their length—we
can feature newsworthy content from
diverse university sources. And we
won't be bound by text and photos—
we will meld video, images, motion
graphics, audio, text and social media
elements in a seamless and engaging
news website.
We believe we can reach a greater
number of you, farther afield, and in
ways that you will readily adopt.
We think you will appreciate being able
to pick and choose what you want from
our offerings. And yes, you will also
be able to subscribe to the new digital
UBC Beports—the emailed link to the
collected features ofthe month.
This is not the end. This last regular
print edition heralds a new beginning
and celebrates in these pages a proud
Here's to the memories—and to the
discoveries ahead. •
2000 s
Ten Million Promised For University Expansion
Teaching, Research Go Together
UBC considers turnover
of land for research park
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Chancellor Clyne, 6 others to get honorary degrees
New Zealand forestry expert
to give MacMillan Lecture
Summit puts campus on world stage
Nobel Laureates Receive H onorary Degrees from U BC
Insane Pain:Thrill of the skeleton
UBC develops North America's
greenest building
UBC to stre
amline operations
tum ^p                             s
■lis, Act
"_la_t ^                                                   i
February 1955
Alumni Kick Off 1955
Campaign For University
Development Fund
Although no target amount has been
specified by Development Fund directors,
they are hoping to raise $75,000.
December 12,1968, page 4
Suzuki captures top
NRC award
UBC geneticist Dr. David Suzuki, 32, has
been named the 1969 recipient of the
E.W.R. Steacie Memorial Fellowship, one
of Canada's most prestigious scientific
May 1,1978, page 2
New computer bought
by UBC
UBC has purchased a new computer that
will increase the processing capacity of
its computing centre by more than 60
per cent. Jim Kennedy, director of the
computing centre, said the new Amdahl
V/6 - II, with four megabytes and 12
channels, was purchased for just over
$2.7 million.
Februarys, 1984
A first for Canada
Robbie, the first child in Canada
conceived through in vitro fertilization
outside of his mother's body, weighed
two pounds two ounces when he was
born two months premature on
Christmas Day. The UBC in vitro
fertilization and embryo transfer team is
led by Dr. Victor Cornel, head of the
obstetrics and gynecology department.
April 8,1993
Summit puts campus on
world stage
It's the casual apparel of UBC students
and world leaders: the UBC sweatshirt.
U.S. President Bill Clinton jogged Stanley
Park's Seawall April 4 sporting the white
sweatshirt, a gift from the university
during the Vancouver Summit.
May 6, 2004
Nobel Laureates Receive
Honorary Degrees
from UBC
Canada's national newspaper called it "a
one-of-a-kind traveling road show, and
we may never see its likes again."
The Globe and Mail reporter was
referring to the historic visit to UBC's
campus of three Nobel Peace Laureates.
February, 3 2010
Insane Pain:
Thrill of the skeleton
When Jeff Pain describes himself
as a Type A personality, he's not kidding.
The 39-year-old Pain, who will compete
in his third Winter Olympics at Whistler
in February, recalls the first skeleton ride
he took in November 1994.
May/June, 2013
A new digital platform
What you can expect:
• Feature stories
• Video clips
• Social media sharing
• Latest news
• Faculty expert profiles
• Daily UBC in the News summary
• Subscription by news beat
UBC Reports The University of British Columbia   March 2013 Berkowitz & Associates
Consulting Inc.
Statistical Consulting
Research Design • Data Analysis • Survey Sampling • Statistical Education
Jonathan Berkowitz, Ph.D. #502-181 Athletes Way, Vancouver, BCV5Y0E5
Office: 604 2631508
Jonathan, be rkowitz@u bc.ca
Dentistry students
travel to parents'
Terry Wintonyk
9 Burger Special
Every Gamenight!
_ @pointgrill1
Hours:   11am to 10pm Daily
Brunch: 11am to 3pm   Sat-Sun
Limited Free Parking
G. Peter Kaye Lecturer 2013
March 14—16
'Theology and Economics'
Lecture: Thursday March 14th, 7:00pm:
"GRACE AND GAMBLING" (Free admission)
Lecture: Friday March 15th, 12:00pm:
"FAITH AND FINANCE" (Free admission)
Workshop: Saturday March 16th, 9:00am - 12:00pm:
"ECONOMY OF GRACE"($50 registration)
All events take place in the Chapel of the Epiphany,
6030 Chancellor Blvd, on the UBC campus.
Amandeep Hans (left) and Akashdeep Villing were two of four UBC dental students providing treatment to factory workers in India.
Vancouver School of Theology
6000 Iona Drive, Vancouver, BC, V6T114
A volunteer dentistry mission to India
has taught four UBC students to see
the whole patient—including his or her
social and economic context, cultural
beliefs and values—not just the ailing
In December, fourth-year dentistry
students Akashdeep Villing, Amandeep
Hans, Vikrant Sharma and Tanmeet
Singh arrived in India to set up dental
camps at local factories and elementary
schools (see sidebar). They had intended
to provide straightforward dental
check-ups and extractions, but learned
that to get to the tooth, you've got to
get the patient to open up first.
The four set off on their adventure on
their own accord after meeting a visitor
to UBC Dentistry from India, who spoke
ofthe unmet dental needs prevalent in
his country.
The workers they were serving make
on average $20 a month and dental
health is a low priority. "Many patients
refused to have infected root tips and
even loose teeth extracted," says Villing.
"We could not use long-term
consequences to convince patients
to treat their infections, instead they
thought strictly in the short term," says
Villing. "Tf you take it out, will it hurt
today?' was their most pressing concern."
With the help ofthe Baba Jaswant
Singh Dental College in Ludhiana,
Punjab, the Punjabi speaking UBC
students set up a clinic at a factory on
the outskirts ofthe city and completed
more than 70 check-ups, offering
advice and counselling about oral health
and future dental problems.
"Returning to the country that raised our
parents and shaped much of our lives was a
great experience. The dentistry we were able
to perform was also a blessing."
"Workers were astounded that we
travelled such a long distance at our own
expense to offer free dentistry to them,"
Hans says. "That gave us some social
credibility to offer advice as well."
Before the trip, Hans thought offering
treatment for pain relief would be a
piece of cake—that people would jump at
the opportunity to trade long-term pain
for short-term discomfort.
"Instead, we were bombarded with
requests for teeth-whitening," says Hans.
"Most people refused treatment such
as an extraction but were open to basic
advice on proper brushing because it
promised whiter teeth."
Yet, the team was not dissuaded. To
be effective Hans took a step back in
himself to gauge the knowledge of his
patients; he could not assume they had
a basic understanding about oral health
or the seriousness of dental decay, and
simply comply with treatment. He
worked with patients on their terms,
understanding their references.
"We realized that we couldn't change
their whole belief system overnight,"
Villing adds. "But we did feel that we had
a positive impact."
That meant knowing a seed was
planted about the awareness and
importance of oral health.
"Returning to the country that raised
our parents and shaped much of our
lives was a great experience," he says.
"The dentistry we were able to perform
was also a blessing."
After his experience in India, Hans
says he's more prepared to work with
a broader population of patients,
especially in other countries as a
volunteer dentist. "A practitioner
UBC Dentistry team
at elementary school
In addition to the factory clinics, the
UBC Dentistry team also staged their
dental camp at a local elementary
school. Oral hygiene education played
a large role with the children, many of
whom suffered from ectopic eruptions
(permanent teeth growing before
baby teeth fall out), poor hygiene and
retained decayed primary teeth. They
found children more receptive and eager
to make changes. Parents were also
receptive to advice about the necessity
of orthodontic intervention. The team
has tentative plans to return to the
school and set up a full restoration camp.
has to consider the social dynamics at
play and in our case in India, having
white teeth was deemed more valuable
than basic treatment. We need to
understand those we serve, and learn
from them."
Dentistry students "cut their teeth"
in volunteer dentistry throughout
their four years at UBC in the faculty's
Community Volunteer Clinic Program
as well as with outside groups such
as the Dental Mission Project, run
by DMD 1972 alumnus Dr. Doug
Nielsen. Community service learning
opportunities build confidence and help
foster a lifetime of global citizenship. •
UBC Reports The University of British Columbia   March 2013 True north
UBC researchers partner on B.C. Vote Compass
People need trees. Cities need forests
Sara Barron wins the world's largest forestry scholarship
Basil Waugh
Heather Amos
Vote Compass helps citizens determine where political parties stand on key issues,
says UBC Political Science Prof. Richard Johnston.
University of British Columbia political
scientists have teamed up with CBC and
the popular Vote Compass project to
help voters in the upcoming B.C. election
assess both party platforms and their
own political stance.
Vote Compass, an online electoral
literacy tool that helps voters identify
the political party that most aligns with
their own personal views, has attracted
some 3-million participants in the last
three federal and provincial campaigns,
since making its Canadian debut in 2011.
The upcoming campaign will mark its
first use in a B.C. provincial election.
Prof. Richard Johnston, an international
expert on elections, polls and politics,
is one of five UBC political scientists
serving as consultants on the project.
"Voters are bombarded by so much
information during elections, that it
can be extremely challenging to make
informed decisions," says Johnston. "A
key benefit of Vote Compass is that it
really helps to nail down where parties
stand on the key issues. By helping
people to make better decisions, and
promoting healthy debate and civic
engagement, tools like this make our
democracy stronger."
Johnston has served as advisor since
the project began at the University of
Toronto. Other members ofthe UBC
team include Prof. Fred Cutler, Prof.
Andrew Owen and graduate students
Charles Breton and Faruk Pinar. They
will collaborate with colleagues from
across B.C. and Canada.
Before the site's launch, the B.C. Vote
Compass team will ask B.C.'s Liberals,
NDP, Conservatives and Green Party
30 questions to reveal their stance
on the most important campaign
topics, from the economy to social
issues. Researchers will evaluate party
platforms and public statements to
ensure the accuracy of responses, or to
answer the questions for parties who
refuse to participate.
When B.C. Vote Compass goes live, site
visitors will be asked to answer the same
30 questions, and to rank the topics by
relative importance, while providing
additional demographic and geographic
details, including age, language and
ethnicity. Once submitted, the system
will reveal the parties' positions on key
issues and calculate which party aligns
most with site visitors' attitudes and
priorities. Vote Compass will also show
how voters in 85 electoral ridings are
responding, likely revealing key swing
The team is putting the finishing
touches on the 30 questions and
preparing to present them to the four
main B.C. parties, Johnston says. One
of their jobs has been to ensure the
questions reflect not only "meat and
potato" election topics—the economy,
health care, taxes, education and
transit—but also hot button issues, such
as the contentious Enbridge pipeline,
Aboriginal land claims and the B.C.
carbon tax. For the first time, Twitter
will be used to help gather citizens'
Beyond the benefits of voter literacy,
Vote Compass gives researchers a
significant amount of opinion data for
future studies. While cautioning that it
is not the same as a poll—participants
are self-selected, and not randomized—
Johnston says it will help researchers
to study how opinions shift during the
election, by region and over time.
"The sheer amount of raw data power
that Vote Compass brings in is very
exciting," says Johnston. "Just compare
the average poll, which has hundreds or
thousands of participants, to the 2012
Quebec Vote Compass, which had nearly
1-million participants. This data will help
researchers to gain better understanding
ofthe election, the underlying political
dynamics in B.C., and likely even open up
new research possibilities."
Johnston places Vote Compass among
several new advances in the field of
political science that seek to improve
our ability to understand and predict
electoral trends, from poll aggregators,
which combine individual polls, to
predictions markets, which allow people
to buy and sell "shares" in political
parties. •
Learn more at http://votecompass.ca
The system will
reveal the parties'
positions on key
issues and calculate
which party aligns
most with site
visitors' attitudes
and priorities.
For her doctoral research, Sara Barron will study how to balance natural forest environments with higher density housing in suburbs.
From promoting recovery in hospitals
to reducing stress, there is growing
evidence that nature plays an important
role in our wellbeing. But according to
Sara Barron, suburban communities are
going to need more than a few tree-lined
streets to be effective.
"People are scared of density," says
Barron, who will begin her PhD
research in the Faculty of Forestry in
May. "But ifyou integrate trees and
natural spaces within dense areas, it
makes neighbourhoods more livable."
Barron is the winner ofthe Future
Forests Fellowship, the world's largest
scholarship for forestry research. She
will receive up to $240,000-$60,000
annually for up to four years—to study
how urban planners can design or
retrofit suburbs to balance natural
forest environments with the higher
density housing that is required to
reduce carbon footprints.
The Future Forests Fellowship was
created by a private foundation to draw
attention to how forestry research
impacts global issues. According to the
United Nations, more than half of the
world's population currently lives in
cities and that number is only expected
to grow. Barron's doctoral research idea
beat out applicants from a number of
countries including Poland, India, Iran,
Brazil, the United States and the U.K.
"If people live in denser
neighbourhoods, it has a whole host of
benefits. For example, it leaves more
land for natural environments which
can mitigate the effects of climate
change," says Barron, who has decided
"People are scared of
density. But if you
integrate trees and
natural spaces within
dense areas, it makes
more livable."
to focus her research on suburbs
because of their large footprint.
Barron will be working with Professor
Stephen Sheppard in the Collaborative for
Advanced Landscape Planning (CALP).
Knowing that climate and environments
will change in the near future, CALP
works with communities to help them
plan for adaptation and reduce their
contributions to global warming.
"Many suburban residents have high
carbon footprints associated with
low density," says Sheppard. "Smart
design and management can leverage
a healthy urban forest to make higher
density acceptable, as well as provide
important ecosystem services, passive
summer cooling, and enhanced
property values."
As part other doctoral work, Barron
intends to generate suburban forest
design guidelines to help Metro
Vancouver planners. This includes
finding which trees will be best suited
for the region's future climate and
city environment.
"Some trees are better than others at
surviving in higher carbon environments,"
said Barron, noting that the average
lifespan of an urban tree is less than 10
years. With such a short cycle, Barron
says planners may also want to consider
planting community forests with the
most bioenergy potential as facilities
that turn wood waste into heat and clean
energy will likely become more common.
Getting input from community
residents will also play an important role
in her work. She wants citizens to explain
their visions for future environments and
what types of plants and trees they would
"I want to understand how to better
integrate where we live with the natural
world." •
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You can go home again
Victorious UBC coach returns to Poland for
world championships
Heather Amos
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Two of UBC's own
athletes have made
the national team-
Maria Bernard and
Luc Bruchet.
UBC coach Marek Jedrzejek is leading Team Canada to the Cross Country World Championships on March 24.
After leading UBC's cross-country
running team to a NAIA championship
last November, head coach Marek
Jedrzejek is off to the world
championships this March where
he hopes to steer Team Canada
to a top ten finish.
Held in Poland, the Cross Country
World Championships will take
Jedrzejek back to the country in which
he was born. It will also take him back
to the city where he lived and worked
before defecting in 1982, when Poland
was under a Communist government
and part ofthe Soviet Bloc.
"It was very unstable in Poland," he
explains. The government had instituted
martial law in an attempt to crush
political opposition and pro-democracy
Jedrzejek was coaching Poland's
national team, competing against other
countries in the Eastern Bloc. But in
1982, they went to the European Track
and Field Championships in Athens.
That's where Jedrzejek made a beeline
for the Canadian embassy and applied
for refugee status.
Since 1989, when Poland made
the shift away from communism to
democracy, Jedrzejek has returned to
the country many times.
"Almost every trip I go back, I visit my
birthplace village," he says. "I love to
visit this place—the place where I grew
up as a young kid, sport fields where I
played soccer...the lake."
During his last couple of trips to the
small village of Glubczyn, he brought his
two grandchildren, Kate and Cole.
"It was a memorable feeling for me to
show my grandkids the place where
their roots come from."
The World Championships will
be held on March 24 in the city of
Bydygoszcz, and Jedrzejek arrives with
an impressive year behind him. Four
UBC track and field athletes competed
in the 2012 London Olympic Games. In
November, the cross-country team won
the women's and combined U.S.-based
National Association of Intercollegiate
Athletics (NAIA) championship
titles—the first time since joining the
association in 2001. Jedrzejek is the
first coach to win both Canadian and U.S.
"The last few years we've been working
really hard," he says. A new facility—
UBC's Rashpal Dhillon Track and Field
Oval, an all-weather track and grass field
that was completed in 2009—and recent
team successes have played a big role in
recruiting some top-level athletes.
"The team is still quite young so for the
next two years we should continue to be
strong," he says.
Two of UBC's own cross-country
athletes have made the national team-
Maria Bernard and Luc Bruchet. At
the NAIA championships, Bernard ran
five kilometres in less than 18 minutes
finishing fifth, and Bruchet completed
an eight-kilometre course in just over 24
minutes, finishing third.
"It is comforting to have someone who
is not only your university coach, but
is also the national team coach be so
familiar with international running,"
says Bernard. "Marek's experience and
guidance are definitely something
I value."
Jedrzejek says his achievements
have been hard-won. He arrived in
Canada in 1983, speaking very little
English and knowing no one. He spent
a year in Penticton and then moved to
Vancouver, volunteering as assistant
coach for SFU's track team. "I had to
put myself on the map," he says.
SFU's track team made good
progress and in 1986 he took part
in a national coaching institute
and earned his Canadian coaching
certification. He was soon hired
as the high performance running
coach for Athletics Canada, a position
based at UBC.
Jedrzejek has been here ever since,
developing UBC's track and field and
cross-country teams for the past 25
years. This will be his eleventh outing
as Canada's head coach for the Cross
Country World Championships. He
also coached at the 2000 Olympics in
Sydney and three FISU (International
University Sports Federation) Games. •
UBC Reports The University of British Columbia   March 2013
11 Sustainable by design
It's not easy being green but a UBC study shows the right building design is key.
Salina Marshall
Protecting land,
protecting people
Heather Amos
Just being in a green building makes people act more sustainably, say UBC Psych. Prof. Alan Kingstone, Alessandra DiGiacomo and David Wu.
Most people don't need to be told to
"shush" in a library: the studious
ambience promotes quiet behaviour.
In the same way, UBC researchers
have found a significant connection
between occupying a green building and
behaving in a more environmentally
friendly manner. The implications
could be momentous for sustainability.
"There's a potential that you can 'design
in' environmental conscientiousness,"
says Alan Kingstone, who heads UBC's
Department of Psychology. "A green
atmosphere promotes more green
behaviour. It's almost like it's in the air."
Kingstone is the senior investigator
of a study published in the PLOS
ONE journal. His team examined
food-disposal behaviour in the cafe at
UBC's Centre for Interactive Research
on Sustainability (CIRS) compared
to that at the Student Union Building
The two buildings are very different
from one another. The SUB is a
traditional concrete building in the
style of its 1960s generation. CIRS
is one ofthe leading regenerative
buildings in North America, opened in
2011. Integrated systems were designed
to meet goals of zero carbon emissions,
water self-sufficiency, net-positive
energy performance, and zero waste.
CIRS was also designed with the
intent of creating behavioural change.
In the cafe, no bottled drinks are
available for purchase and all utensils
are compostable.
"It's a building that has a lot of light, a
lot of wood, and it feels clean and fresh
and sustainable," Kingstone notes.
Despite the structural differences, the
eating areas in both buildings have the
same disposal options for compostable
and recyclable materials. Yet
researchers who observed food disposal
behaviour found that patrons ofthe
CIRS cafe were substantially more
conscientious about recycling properly.
The accuracy rate was 86 per cent at
CIRS versus 58 per cent at the SUB.
Both buildings are used by a broad
range of students, and the CIRS building
does not host a disproportionate
number of environmentally-focused
classes. Researchers conducted a patron
questionnaire to ensure the results
didn't reflect a sampling bias. "Most
students didn't even know this was a
super-green building," Kingstone says,
"yet when they were in the building they
behaved more sustainably."
According to Kingstone, location and
situation influence our behaviour. But
this study shows that people don't even
need to know the intent behind the
building (i.e. libraries are for reading)
to adjust their behaviour.
"It's a cultural thing. You pick up the
cues very subtly without even thinking
about it," he explains. "If you're in an
environment that reflects a sustainable
way of being, then you yourself will
behave in a way that's more sustainable.
You start to go with the flow."
The implication? As a society, we
can create a more environmentally
responsible culture without explicitly
telling people to change their behaviour.
"It seems like design is a useful tool to
create a culture in which sustainability
is valued," says David Wu, the study's
lead researcher. From a policy-making
perspective, "it definitely adds to the
cost-benefit analysis of putting in more
green buildings."
It can also help create a community
that reinforces beneficial practices.
For example, designing the garbage area
of an apartment complex to have an open,
sustainable feel where an individual's
actions may be observed by neighbours
could promote more conscientious
behaviour. •
For more on CIRS, see cirs.ubc.ca
The full study can be read at
Janette Bulkan is a new professor in the Faculty of Forestry.
From Guyana to Vancouver, Janette Bulkan has built
a career on protecting indigenous land rights and access
to resources.
Her involvement with social issues in forestry began
after she noticed more and more chainsaws in indigenous
communities in her homeland of Guyana. The men from
these communities were getting into logging.
According to Bulkan, the assumption was that any illegal
logging in the country was the work of small-scale, local
forestry operations. But after visiting forest sites and
documenting practices around the country, she saw that it
was the large-scale operations that were not adhering
to guidelines and policies.
"Many of these operations were owned by transnational
corporations which held, or illegally rented, logging
concessions," she says.
A new UBC faculty member, Bulkan investigated the
slippages between national policies, and government and
private sector practices, in forestry in Guyana for her PhD
research, which began in 2003 at Yale University. She also
worked with indigenous groups to document how these large
companies were violating well-established forestry guidelines,
land claims and human rights.
They took their concerns to the international banks
supporting one ofthe transnational loggers. As a result,
one bank reduced its investments in the sector, and the
government imposed penalties on illegal operations.
"Now illegal logging is almost always talked about in the
context of what happens on large-scale forestry operations."
For Bulkan, this was an example of how business contracts
may put the security of indigenous people at risk, despite the
safeguards put in place to protect these communities.
"They have been living on that land for thousands of years. If
their rights to that land are at risk, they are at risk," she says.
"Some ofthe world's most biodiverse areas are home to local,
indigenous people. So working with indigenous peoples to
safeguard their rights brings global as well as local benefits."
Bulkan is teaching indigenous forestry and community
forestry in the Department of Forest Resources Management.
She sees many similarities between the obstacles faced by
indigenous groups from her home country and those faced
by Canada's First Nations. More than 75 per cent of Guyana
"Working with
indigenous peoples to
safeguard their rights
brings global as well
as local benefits."
is covered in forests. Like Canada,
Guyana's economy is strongly tied to
natural resource extraction. There is
also a growing interest to use the forests
for purposes other than logging, such as
selling carbon credits. In both countries,
issues around indigenous land rights
and land ownership continue to persist.
Bulkan has been involved in the
Forest Carbon Partnership Facility
in Suriname, which is coordinated
by the World Bank, and other aspects
of forest carbon management
under what is known as the REDD+
approach (Reducing Emissions from
Deforestation and forest Degradation).
As one of her next projects, she plans
to connect indigenous groups in B.C.
and Guyana that may benefit from
payments in exchange for protection of
one or some of a basket of forest-based
environmental services such as
sequestered forest carbon, globally
important habitat or biodiversity, and
supplies of clean water. She wants to
help them demonstrate their legal
rights to these resources and to use
those rights to provide small but
reliable incomes from environmental
services so they can develop long-term
strategies to support their growing
populations. •
UBC Reports The University of British Columbia   March 2013
13 Research initiatives in the
Okanagan grow by 40 per cent
Paul Marck
Sweeping vistas of the Okanagan Valley greet students studying on the bridges connecting classroom and office towers of the
Engineering, Education and Management building at UBC's Okanagan campus.
Just think—one discovery, or a single inventive idea could change the world.
"Imagine the transformative impact of thousands of discoveries, innovations and
deeper understanding. That's our vision at UBC's Okanagan campus," says Miriam
Grant, vice-provost research and dean ofthe college of graduate studies.
Since 2006, faculty and student research at the Okanagan campus has grown by a
whopping 40 per cent—from $8.3-million and 351 grants, to $11.6-million and nearly
500 grants in 2011-12. Research initiatives address such key emerging issues as:
• Water, climate and biodiversity
• Cultural and ethnic diversity
• Homelessness and affordable housing
• Urban sprawl and urban development
• Indigenous rights and traditional knowledge
• Value-added agriculture and organic farming.
Though all strive to add to their grant totals, the pace of research has accelerated
dramatically among certain faculties. For instance the Faculty of Applied Science,
mainly through the School of Engineering, quintupled its research dollars to
$5-million last year and quadrupled its grant total to 137. The Faculty of Health
and Social Development, comprising the Schools of Nursing, Health and Exercise
Sciences and Social Work, has doubled its research tally to $2.1-million. The Faculty
of Creative and Critical Studies has
tripled its research total and doubled its
number of grants.
"Creating new knowledge and sharing ■
it widely are key pursuits in all UBC
research," says Grant. "Every day, our
students and their professors are
expanding our understanding ofthe
world and our place in it." •
UBC's Okanagan campus research funding
has grown by 40 per cent in five years.
rsity of Brit
sh Columbia   March 2013
What a Three Minute Thesis finalist
is doing one year later. A conversation
with Baillie Redfern Genome Science
and Technology Program, under the
supervision of Dr. Jorg Bohlmann
fM .HfiT Tff/HS It)
Professors Stephen Porter and Joan Bottorff have been awarded the distinction of
Researchers of the Year at UBC's Okanagan campus.
Two Outstanding
Patty Wellborn
There was no easy winner this year
when it came to the Award for
Excellence in Research on UBC's
Okanagan campus—the honour is
being shared by Joan Bottorff and
Stephen Porter.
As a nursing professor and director
ofthe Institute for Healthy Living
and Chronic Disease Prevention,
Bottorff has led research programs in
nurse-patient relationships, cancer
control, and health promotion. As a
mentor and researcher, Bottorff is a
co-application and faculty supervisor
on seven research grants that total
more than $12-million including the
$928,000 2012 Canadian Cancer Society
Research Institute award. She has
supervised nine post doctoral fellows,
seven doctoral students, and seven
masters students.
Bottorff was recently inducted into
the American Academy of Nursing as
a fellow, an extremely rare honour for
a Canadian nurse academic to receive,
says associate professor of Nursing
Carole Robinson, her nominator.
"She is a generous colleague who has
made a significant contribution to the
culture, inclusiveness and sustainability
of research scholarship on the
Okanagan campus," says Robinson.
Porter has also earned accolades for
his research and classroom work. Along
with that he has established the highly
popular specialization in forensic
psychology within the psychology
honours program.
"He seems to be everywhere, in a
good way," says Irving K Barber School
of Arts and Sciences Dean Cynthia
Mathieson. "In the classroom, he is
a dynamic well-respected teacher.
His graduate students rave about his
supervision and in terms of his research
profile he may very well be the Canadian
expert on psychology and the law. And
at the risk of being colloquial, I have to
add that he is a nice guy."
The forensic psychologist has spent
decades delving into the truth about
people who tell lies, how we perceive
sincerity, and the psychology of
professional liars. He has helped to
establish the Centre for Advancement
of Psychological Science and Law. He
specializes in investigative psychology
and has become a sought-after
psychological expert for the police
and courts.
His nominator, Prof. Paul Davies,
notes that Porter has a distinguished
research record with more than 100
publications, and he has also won
research grants that add up to close
to a million dollars.
Porter and Bottorff will receive their
Award for Excellence in Research
on Friday, March 8 at the Celebrate
Research Gala. The event takes place
at University Theatre, Administration
building with a reception to follow
in the Richard S. Hallisey Atrium,
Engineering, Management and
Education building, UBC's Okanagan
campus. •
An image from the animated two-minute video of Baillie Redfern's thesis on
whale barf and perfume
Since participating in UBC's 2012 Three Minute Thesis
competition—an annual event where grad students boil down
their research into a three-minute talk—Baillie Redfern has
embraced public speaking. Her thesis, on cloning a gene in
balsam fir trees that could replace a substance derived from
whale barf for perfumes, was selected for animation by
renowned cartoonist Jorge Cham after a competition called PHD
Comics. In April, she travels to Albuquerque to be the first Metis
woman to compete in the Miss Indian World Pageant and has
selected storytelling as her traditional talent.
UBC's 3MT competition
I'm among the first generation to go to university in my family.
I have a lot of aunties and uncles so I have had plenty of practice
explaining my research and why it is important. If I said my thesis
was about trying to clone some genes, no one would care about
that. To make it interesting, you have to make your work relevant
to everyday life.
I practiced my 3MT talk so many times and I knew it so well.
During the finals, I stumbled over some words and repeated
a sentence. When you only get three minutes ifyou mess up once,
its tough to redeem yourself.
The animated thesis
The PhD comic competition was based on fan votes and I didn't get
enough votes to win. But then I got an e-mail from Jorge Cham
saying that he wanted to make my thesis into a cartoon. We only
had three weeks to work on the video but it was fun. I asked Jorge
to draw me wearing cowboy boots and with feathers in my hair
because of my Metis identity.
The importance of communicating your work
Ifyou want people to be interested in what you're doing, you have
to be vocal. That's why I've picked public speaking as my talent for
the Miss Indian World Pageant. It's not a beauty contest but we do
show off our cultural talents, traditional knowledge and express
our identity through powwow dancing. To demonstrate my
traditional talent I have chosen to share a story my grandmother
told me about traditional medicinal plants.
Watch the animated video of Baillie Redfern's thesis at:
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