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UBC Reports Nov 30, 1965

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 UBC Reports
H RETURN    POSTAGE   GUARANTEED
VOLUME 11, NO. 6
VANCOUVER 8, B.C.
«^>2
NOV.-DEC, 1965
UBC REDUCES FAILURE RATE
UBC Grad
Leaves
$117,755
UBC has inherited $117,755 to expand and improve the department of
psychology, President John B. Macdonald  has announced.
The large bequest came from a
member of the first UBC graduating
class in 1916, Dr. Gladys G. Schwe-
singer, who spent her lifetime in the
United States as a consultant, teacher
and writer in the field of psychology.
Dr. Schwesinger, who did not marry,
died at the age of 71 in Victoria, B.C.,
on July 12, 1964, seme 15 months after
she came back to Canada from Ventura, California, to retire.
The psychology bequest constitutes
half of the residue of her quarter-
million dollar estate, after bequests
to family and friends, and the payment of taxes.
Her will says it is "to be used for
the establishment and maintenance
of a modern department of psychology including as many of the various
fields of psychology as possible. Any
part of this legacy not required therefor may be a Noted to scholarships in
psychology."
ALUMNI   BENEFIT
Other local beneficiaries under the
will include the UBC Alumni Association, which receives 10 percent of the
residue (about $24,000 in Canadian
funds) to perpetuate its records and
work, and the City of Vancouver archives, which receives just under 15
percent of the residue to finance the
writing of a history of Vancouver, and
the rewriting of some of Dr. Schwesin-
ger's autobiographical writings. The
city also receives copies of her books
and  manuscripts.
Dr. Macdonald said: "The gift of
Gladys C. Schwesinger for strengthening the department of psychology
at UBC is unusually helpful.
"Dr. Douglas Kenny has recently
been appointed head of the department and through his leadership the
University is anxious to move ahead
quickly  in the field of psychology.
"It is always difficult to make rapid
advances through the normal appropriations to the University. The great
importance of Dr. Schwesinger's gift
is that it permits us to accelerate our
rate of progress. Gifts of this kind
provide for the strengthening of
specific areas of the University's program and are most helpful in the attainment of excellence."
NEW  DIMENSION
Dean of Arts Dennis Healy said:
"Gifts such „as the one from the late
Dr. Gladys Schwesinger have a singular value for the University because
they enable us to add a new dimension to our undertakings.
"Such gifts supplement basic teaching and research funds provided by
governments and enable departments
to undertake experimental studies
which would not be possible otherwise."
Dr. Douglas Kenny, head of the department of psychology, said: "This
generous legacy will help enormously
to develop and expand our research
and instructional activities. In particular, the scope of our efforts in several
basic areas of experimental psychology can be significantly broadened by
virtue of improving our laboratory
equipment.
"It is also hoped that Dr. Gladys
C. Schwesinger can be memorialized
by way of establishing an annual conference   in   her  name  to   which   out-
Please turn to page four
See HISTORY PLANNED
HIGH PRESSURE oxygen chamber for experimental work in surgery is being
used by University of B.C. surgeons at the Vancouver General Hospital. The 13-ton
chamber, which cost $150,000 to construct, will be used to test the benefits of
oxygen in treating heart and bowel disease, gangrene infections and carbon
monoxide poisoning. Testing one of the oxygen masks in the chamber are Dr.
F. R. C. Johnstone, acting head of the UBC surgery dept., left, and Dr. W. G. Trapp,
clinical instructor, who will direct experiments in the chamber. It will not be used
for treatment of humans initially, doctors have emphasized. See story on page
three. (UBC Extension photo).
Student Vote to Withhold
Second Term Fees Fails
UBC's Board of Governors has said
it does not contemplate a fee increase
subject to implementation of recommendations of the Bladen Commission  on financing of universities.
The Board, in a statement issued
at the request of the Alma Mater
Society, also said it would consult
with the AMS in advance in the event
that a general fee increase is contemplated.
These are the two main points in
the Board statement issued on the eve
of an AMS referendum November 10
on the withholding of second term
fees.
More than 60 per cent of the 3,000
students who voted in the referendum
marked their ballots "no" to the question, "If negotiations with the Board
of Governors fail to reduce fees to
the 1964-65 level, would you be in
favour of withholding second term
fees?"
SUPPORT   PROPOSALS
Other points in the Board statement are that fees are expected to
remain at the present level, in line
with the Bladen recommendations,
and that the Board strongly supports
the Bladen proposal that an adequate
system of student aid be implemented
promptly to ensure accessibility to
university independent of financial
considerations.
The Bladen report, commissioned
by the Association of Universities
and Colleges of Canada and released
early  in  October, recommended  that
the federal government up its present
per capita grants of $2 to universities
for operating purposes to $5 for the
current year.
The report said the grants should
be increased by $1 each year thereafter until discussions with the provinces lead to appropriate revision in
the amounts of such grants.
The AUCC met in Vancouver late
in October and a resolution at the
final session urged the federal government to implement these recommendations immediately.
CAPITAL  GRANTS   FUND
The Bladen report also called for
a capital grants fund into which
would be paid $5 per head of the
Canadian population annually, huge
increases in research grants through
the National Research Council, the
Medical Research Council and the
Canada Council, and a non-repayable
federal aid program providing scholarships and bursaries in addition to
the existing federal   loan scheme.
The report, in its recommendations
to provincial governments, recommended that for the next decade they
"resist the popular pressure for the
abolition of fees, and that they make
their grants to universities on the
assumption that fees at about the
present level will continue to be
charged."
The report also stated there should
be no general increase in fees without assurance of a simultaneous increase in student aid.
UBC's president says he is "delighted" that the failure rate among
first year students has been cut to
15.4 per cent from 26.1 per cent since
1961.
President John B. Macdonald attributed the sharp reduction in failures to a two-stage rise in admission
standards, and to a steady improvement in UBC teaching and student
counselling.
The failure rate of 26.1 per cent (753
students) in 1961 dropped to 20.9 per
cent (671 students) in 1963 after the
UBC Senate ruled that first year students must obtain full matriculation
standing in June without supplemental examinations in August of the enrolment year.
STANDARDS  RAISED
The rate dropped to 15.4 per cent
(457 students) in the 1964-65 years,
after the Senate again increased admission standards by raising the required matriculation average from 55
per cent to 60 per cent, or an otherwise good high school record.
"The University is delighted to be
able to reduce the first year failure
rate from about 26 per cent to 15
per  cent,"   Dr.  Macdonald  said.
"This has been accomplished by
elevating the admission standards to
exclude students with little or no
chance of success,  and  by  increasing
Autumn Degree
Ceremony
Dropped
The University of British Columbia has eliminated its autumn congregation and may add
a third day to spring congregation   in   1966.
UBC's registrar, J. E. A. Parnall, said the University Senate
voted to eliminate the fall congregation because of disruption
to regularly scheduled laboratories and classes during the
fall term.
Mr. Parnall said the UBC
Senate will continue to approve
degrees in the fall for those
students who complete their degree work over the summer.
"Only the formal ceremony of
granting degrees will be postponed until the following
spring,"   he   said.
Students such as teachers,
doctors and engineers who require possession of a degree for
professional purposes will not
be affected by the postponement of the ceremony, Mr. Parnall said. The University will
be prepared to certify that such
students have been awarded
their degree by the Senate, he
said.
attention   to   the   quality   of   teaching
and   counselling   in   the  first year.
"The result is good for everyone.
Young people unsuited for University
are directed to other programs where
their aptitudes and abilities can meet
with success.
"The standard of teaching is improved by catering to students who
clearly belong in the University. The
resources of the University are used
more effectively when devoted to
able students.
OTHER  POSSIBILITIES
"The change in UBC's policy has
been facilitated by the development
of other types of high school education in British Columbia.
"Formerly, high school students not
accepted at University had no alternative but to terminate their formal
education. Today a number of attractive other possibilities for higher education exist, all of which has enriched
the educational environment of British
Columbia." FOR CANADA'S UNIVERSITIES:
Final Reckoning Is With Public Opinion
(In his presidential address to the Association of
Universities and Colleges of Canada, which met in
Vancouver in October, Dr. J. A. Cony, principal of
Queen's University, spoke on r'The University and the
Canadian Community." He spoke of the new challenges faced by universities in the light of increased
government support and the problems faced by students in obtaining a university education. A condensed version of his address follows.)
Within the last few years, we have entered on a
new dimension in the relationship of the university
and community. The intensifying application of technical and scientific knowledge to human affairs has
made immense contributions to productivity and
material welfare and has brought on a breath-taking
rate of social change.
Very many people see now that greater doses of
knowledge can be expected to bring still greater
dividends in productivity and welfare. Governments
at least have grasped this truth. Knowledge is seen
to be power, and gains a new respect not vouchsafed to it when it seemed only to elevate the minds
and sensibilities of individuals.
We must, it is said, add to the stock of existing
knowledge as fast as possible and distribute it
much more widely than before. Universities produce
and distribute knowledge. They must be better
equipped to produce more, and many more young
people must go there to draw from the stock.
• * •
UNIVERSITY PROPAGANDISTS HAVE PUT
weight behind this push by saying that the only
society with any future is the educated society. In
the competition of nations for power and place, the
winners will be those who bet their money on higher
education. Young people and their parents readily
believe these assertions because opportunity opens
in all directions for those with a higher education and
actually closes its doors against those who lack it.
Hence the unprecedented rush for university places
which will not end until there are places for all
who have the capacity for study at University level.
It will not end even then unless care is taken to
provide alternative kinds of post-secondary education which will give other keys to the doors of
opportunity.
It is clear enough where we have arrived. On the
one hand, it is now widely recognized that the main
currents of life DO flow through the university,
and not around it There, is a vital public interest
at stake in rapid development and adequate support
of universities.
On the other hand, just as these considerations
are being driven home, the pathetic deficiencies of
the older ways of financing universities become
painfully obvious. The combination of philanthropy,
religious and secular, modest government support
and student fees will not serve any more to supply
the massive capital and the uprushing annual costs
of universities. The only ready source for the bulk
of the vast increases in support needed is governments.
So, in almost one breath, the university has become a public service institution, and also has fallen
into basic dependence on governments for the resources it needs. Who goes there, and what is taught
there, have become matters of much wider public
concern than ever before. I am not saying that the
community generally now has this anxious concern
nor that the general public demands massive support
for universities from the public revenues. I do say
that ,a much wider section of the public is now
concerned, and that governments as such grasp the
case for much larger financial support from them.
GOALS DETERMINED COLLECTIVELY
But what governments will do in the long run
depends on what the general public will support.
What that public will say when it sees how the
universities are staking a claim on tax dollars that
would otherwise go for highways and welfare is a
matter for conjecture. Even if the taxpayer is willing
to concede big expenditure on the universities, he
may well say, at the same time, that the government
should stop some of the nonsense he thinks goes
on there. That is why it is highly relevant to consider what view the public mind has of the university.
The community and the university are now fated
to much closer relationships than ever before. What
will happen to the ivory towers and the dreaming
spires? We can approach an answer to this question
if we see clearly what has happened. The individualistic age offered a very wide freedom to universities
because they were thought to be serving only the
needs and aspirations of individuals. That age has
ended and been succeeded by a collectivist age in
which, in one department of life after another, "the
invisible hand" fails to perform the work expected
of it All sorts of goals are now determined collectively instead of being left for individuals to discern
and achieve.
The university, now inescapably dependent on
resources supplied collectively, i.e., large government grants for capital and operating purposes, will
have to come to terms.
Coming to terms does not necessarily mean government control of what is taught and how. A university may be obliged to educate doctors but be
left — and if governments are wise will be left—free
to decide what to teach them and how. But it clearly
will mean governmental influence and social pressure never experienced in the individualistic age.
Speaking in the broadest terms, it is hard to find
a basis for objecting to outside influence and
pressure. All the universities I know want to have
a vital influence in their society. If they were to
stand insulated from all social pressures, how could
they know what influence is needed or will be
effective? The way to have a vital role in a society
is to be immersed in it, subject to its pressures,
and sensitive to its deeply felt needs. Utter detachment from the hustle and bustle of one's society
is a resignation from life wanted only by those who
shrink from facing life.
DR. J. A. CORRY
The serious issues are of a different order. How
severe will be the pressure of the public on the
university as a public service institution? Will it be
possible for the universities to insist that certain
kinds of subjects are not appropriate for teaching
in a university because they do not excite the
imagination or stretch the mind, because they can
be taught by rote and so are a waste of the talents
of the highly educated university teacher. Will the
university be able to retain enough freedom about
the way in which it studies and teaches the subjects it must teach? To be sordid about it, will teaching loads and the burdens of various academic
chores be kept down to a level that enables great
teachers to go on teaching in the grand manner?
RETAINING ACADEMIC FREEDOM
Will the teacher have time for independent study
of his subject so as to ensure that he keeps alive
in it? Will it be possible for penetrating and fertile
minds to withdraw periodically from all the clamour
of the immediate for thought and reflection on the
things they themselves think worth pursuing? Will
the professor's public service role permit him to
persist in unpromising lines of inquiry such as the
splitting of the atom was once popularly believed
to be? Or other seemingly unprofitable or unpopular
inquiries in literature, philosophy, history, politics,
and what not?
The university teacher must be able, as part of
his regular schedule, to withdraw from time to
time to his study, or laboratory, to ponder undisturbed. When such withdrawal is clearly seen to be
at the expense of the taxpayers, will the taxpayer
be able to rid himself of the widely held notion
that the professor has a soft life? The question
is a serious one because, without time to reflect
in an unhurried way, both teaching and research
become sterile.
TO SUM UP, WE CAN FORGET ABOUT THE
ivory towers but we must at all costs preserve the
dreaming spires, which I take to be the symbol of
high, unhurried contemplative thought. If there are
to   be   universities   worthy  of  the   name,  their   re-
UBC Reports
Volume 11, No. 6 — Nov.-Dec, 1965. Authorized as
second class mail by the Post Office Department,
Ottawa, and for payment of postage in cash. Published by the University of British Columbia and distributed free of charge to friends and graduates of the
University. Material appearing herein may be produced freely. Letters are welcome and should be
addressed to The Information Office, UBC, Vancouver 8, B.C.
sources and dispositions must encourage thinking
of this order. From it alone comes all the winning
of genuinely new ground for the map of knowledge
and the insights that make classrooms and laboratories stirring places. Without such thinking, the
university becomes a factory pouring knowledge into
the minds of students as they pass along the conveyor belt but destitute of any plans or designs improving the product.
Actually, the university factory will be less efficient than the mass production factories we know
because its product cannot be kept to a constant
standard of quality. If the product doesn't get better,
it is certain to get worse. Knowledge cannot be
passed on effectively without inspired teaching, and
inspiration dies when thought and reflection go
slack.
I do not despair of preserving the dreaming
spires. I see no desire on the part of our governments to control what universities do beyond the
unpleasant but inescapable duty of withholding resources where they would be used for unnecessary
duplicating and triplicating of facilities and offerings. (This country is not rich enough to be wasteful
of the resources asked for higher education).
LITTLE REASON TO FEAR GOVERNMENTS
Our governments are pretty well aware now of
how important it is for them that universities should
be vigorous, imaginative, and resourceful, teaching
and thinking at a very high level. If we can make
it clear to them that it takes dreaming spires to do
this, we have little reason to fear from governments
in the way of instruction on how to do it. The big
issue relating to governments still is whether, even
with all the evidence now before them, they will
realize how great are the resources needed to
achieve the ends they desire.
Nowadays, we talk always about what government will or will not do: we are obsessed by the
importance they have suddenly assumed in our
affairs. We are always in danger of forgetting that
the final reckoning for the university in this age
will not be with governments but with public
opinion.
If the public does not accept the fact that the university ranks in importance with highways and
welfare, it will go on short rations. If the public
mind comes to a settled conclusion that the university, as represented by its officers, teaching staff
and students, is self-centered and unmindful of
public responsibility, and needs to be disciplined, we
had better get ready for governmental tinkering in
our affairs, because votes will tell in the long run;
if not with present governments, then with those
that succeed them.
In many matters, it is not the hostility of the
public but rather the inevitably incomplete public
understanding of the complexity of the affairs and
needs of the university that we ought to be concerned about. In recent weeks, when there has been
widespread and gratifying discussion of university
needs, everyone will have noted the heavy weighing
of public attention on student aid with much less
than adequate examination of other very important
requirements.
The particular issue of student aid is not only
relatively easy to grasp. It is also related very, directly to a generous ideal honoured by the Canadian
community for a long time: equality of opportunity
for those qualified to take advantage of the opportunities. Other aspects of university needs such as
adequate staff-student ratios, genuinely competitive
salaries, the quick repairing of bad deficiencies of
library and equipment, the expensive infrastructure
needed for support of graduate work and research,
must not be skimped.
IF OUR RESOURCES WERE LIMITLESS AND
governments boundlessly generous, the considerations bearing on the case for free tuition would be
vastly different. But we have no evidence that either
of these conditions can be met in the near future.
Therefore, if we are to have enough governmental
support to keep the university a worthwhile place
for students to go, those who can themselves bear
a share of the cost of their education will almost
certainly have to continue to do so.
It would be disastrous for the university and for
the future of this country if public pressure on the
issue of tuition fees led governments into establishing the wrong priorities. Student aid needs careful
attention and more money, as I have said, but the
current campaign for free tuition and "universal
accessibility" tends to obscure the fundamental
issues.
There is another consideration that must not be
lost sight of. Students and parents, given substantial
improvements in amounts and methods of distributing student aid, can, on their own individual initiatives, find ways of attending the university. But it
is not possible for any student or any parent by
himself to do anything effective at all about supplying the university with the resources it needs to
make it a worthwhile place. As things now stand
with us in Canada, this must be done by collective
social action through governments.
It will not do for governments, under public pressure, to provide free tuition to all university students
unless and until the universities have what they
need to become and remain first class institutions.
Any other course, any other order or priorities,
would be a hollow service in the end to the students
and  to the  Canadian  community. CONSTRUCTION of a building to house the faculties of
forestry and agriculture has begun on UBC's main mall just
north of Agronomy road. The $4,355,000 building will enable
the two faculties to launch a joint teaching program under
a plan developed over the past ten years. New building will
include a 150-seat auditorium and a 35,000 volume library
for the use of students and faculty. Northern Construction
and J. W. Stewart are contractors and McCarter, Nairne and
Partners are the architects. Project is underwritten by the
3-Universities Capital   Fund.
SURGERY DEPARTMENT RESEARCH
High   Pressure  Oxygen   Used
In   New  Operating   Chamber
University of B.C. surgeons have
begun experiments in a 13-ton, high
pressure oxygen chamber at the Vancouver General Hospital.
The operating chamber is being
used to test the benefits of oxygen
in treating a variety of conditions including heart and bowel disease,
gangrene infections, carbon monoxide
poisoning and extreme shock.
Dr. F. R. C. Johnstone, acting head
of the UBC surgery department, em
phasized that the chamber will not be
used initially for treatment of humans.
SOLVE  PROBLEMS
He said there are many problems
associated with the use of high pressure oxygen in operating procedures
which must be solved before it can be
used successfully in the treatment of
humans.
Officially called the Hyperbaric Research Unit, the chamber is located
in a VGH building at 12th and Willow.
Extension Launches New
Regional Planning Scheme
A unique community and regional
planning program designed to serve
municipalities throughout the province has been launched by the UBC
extension department.
The program, the only one of its
kind in Canada, will be headed by
Mr. Robert W. Collier, a Ph.D. candidate in city and regional planning at
the University of Southern California.
He is one of the three program supervisors in the extension department
appointment through a grant from the
Ford Foundation's Fund for Adult
Education.
Designed to meet some of the needs
of expanding urbanization in B.C., the
program will encompass planning relating to resources, area rehabilitation
and improvement, services, housing
and transportation problems.
Collier will serve as consultant and
adviser   and   will   conduct   planning
conferences, seminars and workshops
throughout B.C. He will also teach
regular courses in the UBC community and regional planning program,
directed by Dr. H. P. Oberlander.
"This extension program is indicative of the efforts of the University
to serve communities throughout the
province," said Dr. John K. Friesen,
director of the UBC extension department.
Collier has spent three years as research associate on a housing study
for the U.S. National Science Foundation, has lectured in city planning
from USC and has conducted commercial area studies for the Real
Estate Corporation in Los Angeles.
He has an M.A. in city and regional
planning from USC and an A.B. in
political science and sociology from
Whittier College in California.
Built at a cost of $150,000, the chamber is eight feet in diameter and
measures almost 24 feet in length.
AUTOMATIC  CONTROLS
It is one of three such chambers in
Canada and the only unit equipped
with automatic controls for maintaining an even pressure inside the
cylinder.
Dr. W. G. Trapp, clinical instructor
in surgery at UBC, who will direct
experiments at the installation, said
efforts to obtain such a unit began in
1960 when visits were made to Glasgow and Amsterdam, where most experimental work in this field has
taken   place.
He said funds for construction of
the unit were obtained from National
Health Grants of Canada, the B.C.
Heart Foundation, the B.C. Medical
Research Foundation, the UBC Surgery Department and the Andrew
Fleck  Memorial  Fund.
BUILT IN MONTREAL
The VGH donated a building to
house the unit and provided other
assistance  during  installation.
The unit was designed by the Vancouver engineering firm of Sandwell
and Company and Dominion Welding
Engineering Co. Ltd., of Montreal.
The  latter firm also built the unit.
Made of steel three-eights of an inch
thick, the unit is capable of pressure
up to 105 pounds per square inch.
Normal air pressure is 14.7 pounds
per square inch.
The unit contains two chambers, an
operating theatre and a smaller antechamber which will permit personnel
to enter the unit while experiments
are taking place in the inner room.
Fisheries
Staff
Bolstered
A centenary gift of $750,000 by Dr.
H. R. MacMillan to further strengthen
the teaching and research staff of the
University of B.C.'s Institute of Fisheries has been announced by President John B. Macdonald.
The President said Dr. MacMillan
had expressed the wish that the
money be used primarily for attracting and keeping the best staff in the
Institute to teach the scientists and
administrators required during the
time Canadians are developing the
farming of the waters as they have
the farming of the land.
DEVELOP FISHERIES
"In brief," President Macdonald
said, "Dr. MacMillan wishes us to
emphasize those aspects of learning
which will lead to the development of
the potentially great fisheries resource
in the Pacific off Canada's west coast
"The gift is also further evidence
of Dr. MacMillan's concern for people,
and particularly for graduate work
at the University of B.C. The presence
of leading teachers in the field of
fisheries at UBC will attract additional able graduate students to a
program already acknowledged to be
among  the best  in   North  America."
Dr. Macdonald emphasized that Dr.
MacMillan's gift was not for capital
purposes or involved in the 3 Universities capital fund.
EXPAND RESEARCH
Dr. Ian McTaggart-Cowan, dean of
UBC's faculty of graduate studies,
said Dr. MacMillan's gift would allow
the Institute to depart from the more
traditional areas of study and expand
into new areas of research.
'The Institute," he said, "now has
11 staff members, including experts
in zoology, civil engineering, law and
economics, who bring to bear the
knowledge of their disciplines on fisheries problems.
"Despite these efforts, we are still
not keeping up with the need for
trained professional workers and
scientists in the broad field of fisheries."
Since the Institute was established
in 1953 with a single staff member, it
has graduated 68 persons with higher
degrees, 66 percent of whom are still
working in Canada.
The Institute, Dean Cowan said, is
known throughout the world for the
quality of its training and its scholarly publications.
IMMEDIATE    NEEDS
He said the Institute's immediate
needs are for a limnologist, who will
specialize in fresh water fisheries, a
physiologist-geneticist, an ichthyologist specializing in the biology of
fishes, and an ethologist who will
study the behaviour of fishes.
"We are also planning to add a
fish paleontologist to the Institute
staff to work on the history of fishes,"
Dean Cowan said.
IN EAST KOOTENAY AREA
Hunters Scrutinized by UBC Economist
Every time a hunter answers the call of the wild
and heads into the hills looking for bear or moose,
he gives the B.C. economy a boost. But just how
much does hunting contribute to our prosperity?
The economists don't really know yet, but they're
enlisting the help of B.C.'s hunters to find out.
Efficient management of natural resources requires not only technical information about the
resources but a great deal of information about the
dollar value of these resources to society, a UBC
economist points out.
VALUE OF RESOURCES SOUGHT
"Only when we know something about the value
of resources can realistic decisions be made about
how much should be spent on management, and
how much one resource should be sacrificed for
another where conflicts arise," says Dr. P. H. Pearse
of the University of B.C. economics department and
director  of  a   hunting   evaluation   project.
Recreation is placing increasing demands on our
natural resources, Pearse points out, and very often
recreation conflicts with other uses of the same re
sources or environment. Conflicts between hunting,
farming and forestry, for example, are quite common.
Pearse and his colleagues are hopeful that the
application of economic analyses to data collected
about hunting in B.C. will enable public authorities
to decide on the most efficient use or combination
of uses toward which a particular area can be put.
"In an economy like ours, the value of most resources, both natural and otherwise, is reflected in
market prices. But sometimes resources are not
marketed, and hence their economic value is not
obvious," Pearse says.
"Outdoor recreation is usually a non-marketed
product of natural resources. In such cases the
economist, whose interest lies in allocating all resources to the use that will yield the highest value
to society, faces a difficult problem in finding out
what the social  value of the resources really is."
3
UBC REPORTS
NOV.-DEC, 1965
VOLUME 11, NO. 6
Both the demands for outdoor recreation and
its conflict with other resource uses have been increasing. A few economists have made some inquiries
into these situations, but the methodological problems are complex and much more research is needed.
The UBC project is directed toward a specific
natural resource in a specific area—big game in the
East Kootenay. "The East Kootenay lends itself well
to such a study because it comprises a particularly
self-contained area in which hunting is especially
valuable," according  to the  UBC  economist.
HUNTERS TO BE INTERVIEWED
A sample of those who hunted in the East Kootenay in the 1964 hunting season will be interviewed
and the data collected will be processed at the
University. Object of the study will be to determine
the economic value of hunting recreation.
The work is sponsored by Resources for the
Future Inc., a private research corporation based in
Washington, D.C. The Fish and Game Branch in
Victoria is cooperating with the study and will help
to collect data. PROF. ROBERT M. CLARK
PROF. J. J. R. CAMPBELL
PROF. A. D. SCOTT
ALL UBC GRADUATES
Board Appoints Academic
Planner, Two Dept. Heads
Professor Robert M. Clark, a member of the University of B.C.'s economics department since 1946, has
been appointed academic planner,
President John B. Macdonald has announced.
He succeeds Prof. John D. Chapman, who has returned to the dept of
geography to devote full time to
teaching and research.
Dr. Macdonald said the academic
planner would report directly to the
president, as in the past.
His duties include the study and
preparation of recommendations on a
variety of academic matters, including admission requirements, student
fees, trends and proposals in curricula, failure rates and financial data.
Dr. Clark, a native of Vancouver
and a UBC graduate, is one of Canada's best known economists and an
expert in the field of taxation.
He recently returned to UBC after
a leave of absence of two years during which he was director of economic reseach for the Ontario government's Commission on Provincial
and Municipal Revenues.
PENSION COMMISSION
From 1960 to 1963 he was a member
of the Ontario Commission on Portable Pensions, which was responsible
for preparing the Pensions Benefit
Act 1962-63 of Ontario.
Prof. Clark is also the author of a
two-volume report, published in 1960,
on Economic Security for the aged in
Canada and the U.S., commissioned
by the federal government
Prof. Clark received his bachelor
of commerce and arts degrees from
UBC before going to Harvard University, where he was awarded the
degrees of master of arts and doctor
of philosophy.
He was a teaching fellow at Harvard before returning to UBC in 1946
as a lecturer in economics.
Dr. Clark served on numerous civic,
provincial and federal committees
which have prepared reports on seasonal employment, provincial-municipal financial arrangements, and
metropolitan government.
•       •       •
Professor J. J. R. Campbell, a member of the  University of B.C. faculty
Forestry Professor
Heads Two Groups
Dr. John E. Bier, professor of forestry at the University of B.C., has
been named head of two North American organizations on plant and tree
disease.
He was elected president of the
Canadian Phytopathological Society at
recent meetings of that organization
in Guelph, Ontario. The CPS will
meet at UBC in  June,  1966.
Dr. Bier has also been named chairman of the Western International Forest Disease Work Conference which
met September 7-11 in Kelowna to discuss problems of common interest in
relation to tree diseases.
Scientists from western Canada, the
United States and Mexico attended
the meeting.
since 1946, has been named head of
the department of microbiology, formerly the department of bacteriology
and immunology.
He succeeds Professor C. E. Dolman, who announced earlier this year
that he would resign as head to devote full time to research and scholarly writing.
Prof. Campbell will transfer his
services from the faculty of agriculture, where he is currently professor
of dairying in the division of animal
science.
EXPAND  GRAD   PROGRAM
He said his immediate goal will be
to expand the department's graduate
program.
"Such an expansion," he said, "is
clearly possible because of the large
numbers of undergraduate students
which   the  department teaches."
Currently, Prof. Campbell said,
more than 300 students are enrolled
for the elementary bacteriology
course. "No other University that I
know of has such a large number of
students in an elementary course,"
he said.
Prof. Campbell is a noted researcher in bacteriology who has
published almost 60 papers in learned
journals.
His research interests mainly lie in
the study of metabolism of aerobic
bacteria, which are common soil and
food organisms.
He has also been active in instituting improved standards for milk in
B.C. and it was while chairman of a
provincial government committee to
establish bacteriological standards for
milk that a laboratory was set up to
analyze all B.C. milk.
The laboratory was at first located
at UBC but is now located on Cassiar
Street in eastern Vancouver under the
provincial department of agriculture.
AGGIE   GRADUATE
Prof. Campbell, 47, was born in Vancouver and received his bachelor of
science in agriculture degree at UBC
in 1939. He obtained his Ph.D. degree
at Cornell   University   in   1944.
He' joined the dept of bacteriology
and dairy research of the Canada
dept. of agriculture in Ottawa after
graduation from UBC and in 1940
went to Cornell for graduate work.
From 1944 to 1946, Prof. Campbell
was a research associate in defence
research at Queens University.
•       *       *
Professor Anthony D. Scott, a member of the University of B.C. faculty
since 1953, has been named head of
UBC's     department     of     economics,
President John B. Macdonald has
announced.
He succeeds Prof. John H. Young,
who has resigned as head of the department to devote full time to teaching and research at UBC.
Prof. Scott, 42, was born in Vancouver and educated at UBC, where
he was awarded the degrees of bachelor of commerce and arts. He received his master of arts degree at
Harvard in 1949 and his doctor of
philosophy degree at the University
of London in 1953.
He has just returned from a year's
leave of absence at the University
of Chicago where he was engaged,
among other things, in research on
the economics of the migration of
scientists and professionals between
countries.
In 1955-56, Prof. Scott was on the
research staff of the Royal Commission on Canada's Economic Prospects
(known as the Gordon Commission),
and has taken an active part in the
B.C.  Natural   Resources  Conference.
His research interests lie in the
fields of economic theory and resource economics. He has written
numerous articles and authored and
co-authored four books in both fields.
BORN   IN  VICTORIA
Prof. Young joined the UBC faculty in 1960 as head of the department
of economics and political science.
The departments were separated on
July 1 this year following the appointment of Prof. R. Stephen Milne
as  head  of political science.
Prof. Young was born and educated
in Victoria. After service in World
War II he enrolled at Queen's University, where he received his bachelor and  master of arts degrees.
A Beaver Club Scholarship took
him to Cambridge University in 1949,
and after receiving his doctor of philosophy degree in economics there, he
returned to Canada in 1951 as an
economist in the joint intelligence
bureau of the department of national
defence.
He joined the staff of Yale University in 1953 and taught there until
1960, when he joined the UBC faculty.
Prof. Young has made an intensive
study of Canadian economic development and was invited to prepare a
study on Canadian commercial policy
for the Royal Commission on Canada's
Economic Prospects (the Gordon
Commission).
His research interests are in the
areas of international economics and
economic policy and he has written
extensively on both topics.
Cancer
Inhibitors
Studied
A University of B.C. chemist has received a grant of $34,500 to prepare
for testing a number of substances
which might inhibit the growth of
cancer cells.
The three-year grant, from the National Cancer Institute of the U.S.
National Institute of Health, has been
made to Dr. Alex Rosenthal, professor
of chemistry, who heads a research
team of seven persons.
The team will work with a group
of substances known as nucleosides,
chemical compounds which form a
part of nucleic acids. The nucleic
acids play key roles in cellular growth
and reproduction.
Dr. Rosenthal and his team will
alter the chemical structure of some
nucleosides to produce "abnormal"
nucleosides.
These "abnormal" nucleosides will
then be sent to a U.S. National Institute of Health clinical laboratory
for testing as agents in controlling
and suppressing the growth of malignant cells.
Dr. Rosenthal said interest in "abnormal" nucleosides arises from the
fact that a nucleoside antibiotic called
psicofuranine shows antibacterial and
antitumour activity.
Members of the research team
headed by Dr. Rosenthal are Dr. Allan
Farrington, a post-doctoral research
fellow from the University of Bristol;
H. J. Koch, Miss Laure Benzing, J. S.
Multani and R. M. Kalra, all working
towards Ph.D. degrees; Gordon Kan,
a master of science degree candidate,
and Ronald Evelyn, who is this year
completing his fourth year in honours
chemistry.
FROM PAGE ONE
History
Planned
standing   scholars   can   be   invited   to
present and discuss the current psychological   research   interests."
UBC GRADUATE
Born in Vancouver, Dr. Schwesinger
received her bachelor of arts degree
at UBC in 1916, coming to UBC in
1915 from its predecessor, McGill College.
She went to the United States in
1919 and had very little contact with
the University from then on. She received her master of arts in psychology at Radcliffe (Harvard) and her
Ph.D. in education and psychology at
Columbia University.
Dr. Schwesinger lived in New York
until 1944, when she moved to California and became president of the
California Youth Association. She had
a busy career as consultant teacher
and an author of books and many
articles in the field of psychology. She
did extensive work in juvenile delinquency and in aiding postwar immigrants to come to the United States.
UBC Alumni President Roderick W.
Macdonald said the alumni bequest
will be administered by a committee
headed by Orson W. Banfield, which
was suggested by Mrs. Sherwood Lett
named by Dr. Schwesinger as trustee
for the legacy.
WRITE  HISTORY
Mr. Macdonald said the advisory
committee, in consultation with Mrs.
Lett, who is a member, had decided
to make first use of the legacy to
produce a history of the Alumni Association for the celebration next year
by the Association of the 50th anniversary of the first graduating class
from UBC — the class of 1916 of
which Dr. Schwesinger was a member.
Mrs. Frances Tucker, a former
editor of the UBC Alumni Chronicle,
has been commissioned to write the
history, Mr. Macdonald said.
UBC
Reports
NOV.-DEC, 1965
VOLUME 11, NO. 6
RETURN   POSTAGE  GUARANTEED
LIBRARIAN
CAMPUS
50

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