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UBC Publications

UBC Reports Mar 5, 1992

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 UBC Archives Serial
3 9424 02591 1667
Hockey star, publisher to receive degrees
Publisher Mel Hurtig, former
hockey star Ken Dryden and television journalist Joe Schlesinger are
among the 14 outstanding Canadians
who will receive honorary degrees
B.C.'s Liberal MLAs called on
campus Feb. 21 for a half-day tour to
'. learn of the latest developments at
UBC and some ofthe issues and challenges facing post-secondary education.
This was the second UBC visit for
► Victoria legislators in February. Members ofthe NDP government had earlier spent a full day on campus.
A majority of the visiting Opposition MLAs were not strangers to campus. Four have degrees from UBC,
and two others have taught at the university.
One former UBC teacher is David
Mitchell, now MLA for West Vancouver-Garibaldi and the Liberal advanced education critic.
"There's only so much you can
accomplish in half a day," he said,
"but I think we can say we got a very
*     good flavor of some ofthe work that's
being done here at the university.
"You can count on us to be strong
allies in the challenging times ahead."
Val Anderson, MLA for Vancou-
ver-Langara, said he felt he learned a
great deal not only about UBC. but
about post-secondary education in
general, because UBC is dealing with
issues similar to other universities in
the province.
Anderson called it "an interesting and
rewarding day" and said that he would like
to return to campus, perhaps next time to
look at areas closely attuned to his respon-
See MLAs on Page 2
leading scientist from
France's Pasteur Institute to
heed Microbiology Dept. Profile, page 3
The recently released Campus Plan Identifies UBC's
historic buildings. Page 8
French fries and candy may
help teenage girls' social
development. Page 10
from UBC this year.
Other honorary degree recipients are
UBC academics Margaret Fulton, Peter
Larkin, Anthony Scott and Anne
Underhill, and businessman Peter Bentley, engineer Peter Buckland, novelist
Louis Cha, nurse Lyle Creelman, artist
Doreen Jensen, industrialist Minora
Kanao, and architect Phyllis Lambert.
Thedegrees will be bestowed at UBC's
spring Congregation May 26-29 and at
fall Congregation in November.
.TY O/^
-^fenttey, a graduate of UBC
of Forestry, iffOTQirman «Hid
' of C^jfbricarp'., "a, fully,,(rhy
(Jgrated forest products company*.'   "
:_ Peter Buckland is presidentof the
itneouver structural engineering
Photo by Charles Ker
Winter of Our Content
Nitobe Garden was the place to be on campus late last month as Vancouver recorded its hottest February day on record.
Temperatures reached 18 degrees Celsius, breaking the old mark of 14.6 degrees set in 1986.
company Buckland and Taylor Ltd.,
which designed the Alex Fraser Bridge.
- Louis Cha, of Hong Kong, has
written more than 15 novels and is
also an essayist, academic, translator
and publisher.
- Lyle Creelman, a graduate of UBC
nursing, has had a major influence on
public health nursing around the world
as a nursing consultant for the World
Health Organization.
- Ken Dryden was an all-star
goaltender in the 1970s with the Montreal Canadiens. He is also a lawyer,
broadcaster, best-selling author and
served as the Ontario Youth Commissioner.
- Margaret Fulton is a retired English professor and former dean of
Women at UBC. and former president
of Mount Saint Vincent University,
who champions the cause of women
students and faculty.
- Mel Hurtig is president of Hurtig
Publishing Co..editor of the Canadian
Encyclopedia, and a force for Canadian unity and cultural and economic
- Doreen Jensen is a Native artist,
writer, teacher, curator and consultant
born in Kispiox, B.C., who is an outstanding representative of the First
Nations of B.C.   ,
- Minora Kanao, one of Japan's
leading industrialists, is chairman of
the board of Nippon Kokan K.K. and
a leader in Canadian-Japanese trade
and investment relations.
- Phyllis Lambert, an architect,
curator and philanthropist, is the
founder and director of the Canadian
Centre for Architecture in her native
- Peter Larkin is a long-time professor
and administrator at UBC who has played
an important roie in development of science policy in Canada.
- Joe Schlesinger. chief political
correspondent for CBC television
news, is one of Canada's most distinguished journalists. He attended UBC
in the mid-1950s.
- Anthony Scott is a professor
emeritus of economics at UBC who
has been a leader in the development
of natural resource economics.
- Anne Underhill is an honorary
professor of astronomy at UBC who
played a key role in our understanding
ofthe galaxy's hot, blue stars.
Crane legacy lives on in braille library
Nestled among some 15,000 braille
texts lining the stacks in UBC's Crane
Library, A Dictionary of Flowering
Plants and Ferns occupies a place of
Three years in the making, the 21-
volume set is one of a select few braille
publications transcribed by library
namesake Charles Crane.
Sentence by sentence, hour after
hour, volunteers etched letters into
Crane's palm using a deaf-blind 1
phabet and then watched as he hatffi^
mered the information out on a braille
"Who among us would have the
patience to try that today?" asked library director Paul Thiele. "We'dprob-
ably pack it in after a few minutes."
With interests ranging from classical literature to botany and plant science, Crane audited courses at UBC in
the 1930s. If he couldn't purchase a
commercial text in North America or
Europe, he set about making his own.
WhentheB.C. native died in 1965,
UBC inherited his private collection
of 10,000 braille books, the largest in
the world.
Since 1968, Thiele and his wife
Judith have developed the collection
from a simple reading room into the
second-largest braille textbook centre
for students on the continent.
Complementing the hard-copy
braille texts are more than 40,000 taped
titles recorded in the library' s state-of-
the-art studio.
Throughout the year, about 120
volunteers create between 300 and
400 "talking books" which are recorded onto reel-to-reel machines and
later converted into cassette form.
Seventy-five per cent ofthe taped col
lection is made up of textbooks and
support materials, while the remaining 25 per cent is leisure reading.
"Volunteers often have to read some
deadly boring stuff which was never
written for verbal translation," said
Thiele, who cited former UBC President Walter Gage as a founding volunteer.
"We leave the westerns and bathtub romances to the public libraries
and CNIB."
When the Thieles met on campus
in the late 1960s, they were among a
See CRANE on Page 2 2    UBC REPORTS March 5,1992
HIV children given boost
by a special care team
The less Dr. Jack Forbes sees of his
patients, the better for them.
They're infants and children with
AIDS who come from across the province to the Pediatric HIV Care Unit
(HCU) Forbes established in 1989.
And it's the comprehensive outpatient care provided by the HCU that
enables children with HIV to be cared
for in tbeir homes and communities as
long as possible.
That's important to Forbes, a
pediatric infectious diseases specialist at B.C. 'sChildren's Hospital, home
of the clinic.
"Medical care of these children is
only half of it," Forbes said. 'The
other half is the social care, the love
that will help them do much better. It's
very important for them to be at home
if they are to thrive for as long as
The HCU is the only facility in the
province for the youngest patients of
the deadly HIV virus, and their families, to get the specialized medical
treatment and counselling services that
people in crisis require.
Forbes saw his first and only young
AIDS patient die in 1988. A year later,
the HCU was a reality.
Since then, the number of infants
and children in B.C. suffering from
HIV and AIDS has been steadily growing, Forbes said. The majority of infants he sees are born to mothers who
carry the HIV virus.
In 1989, almost 3,000 women of
child-bearing age across the country
were estimated as being infected. B.C.
has the third largest number of those
cases in Canada, and the highest rate
of increase per million population.
And, the number of women and
children infected by the HIV virus has
shown the greatest rate of increase
since 1987, Forbes added.
About one third of babies born
to HIV-infected women will develop AIDS. Half of these children will become sick before their
first birthday and die before they
are four years old. The other half
Crane collection needs
room for tapes, texts
Librarians Paul and Judith Thiele
Continued from Page 1
group of about a dozen or so blind
students studying primarily in the areas of social work and the arts.
Today, the library supports about
50 visually- and print-impaired students and faculty on campus in virtually every discipline. Its materials are
also lent to institutions across Canada,
as well as to 56 other countries worldwide.
Thiele takes particular pride in the
library's array of what he calls "overcoming technologies".
The dictionary which took Crane
years to transcribe can today be reproduced with a computer scanner in a
single day. A scanned braille reproduction is, however, triple the cost of
a talking book.
For those blind students who need
to review printed material quickly,
there is a Kurzweil reading machine
which scans text and reads it back in
synthesized speech. Information from
the Main Library's "on-line" database
is accessible through a computer that
either vocalizes or enlarges information on the screen.
There are also separate workstations equipped with tape-recorders
and braille typewriters for reviewing
Photo by Charles Ker
with some ofthe library's braille texts.
cassettes, or print-enlarging machines
for students with limited vision.
But with 92 per cent ofthe library' s
shelf space full, Judith Thiele jokes
that she may have to start hanging
equipment from the ceiling in order to
make way for new material.
The Thieles' eventual goal is to
consolidate the recording studio and
library, which are now located in different parts of Brock Hall.
For Judith, a graduate of UBC's
School of Library, Archival and Information Studies, the chance to work
with the Crane collection was a perfect opportunity. While her husband
has often thought about pursuing a
teaching career, one crisis or another
has always managed to keep him at the
One such instance occurred when a
law student, blind in one eye, suddenly lost all sight halfway through
his final term. With help from the
Thieles, who worked round-the-clock
restructuring all his textbooks and
notes, he was able to successfully complete his year.
As Paul explains it:
"We're an overcoming place and
to do that we often have to provide
service on the fly. It's our life's story."
develop chronic disease, dying
later in childhood.
Children who have been exposed
to the HIV virus require specialized
medical care, and those who are infected require careful administration
and monitoring of medications, some
of which are not always used in the
treatment of adult AIDS patients.
By providing regular outpatient follow-up and early anti-HIV treatment
at the HCU, the amount of time spent
in hospital is dramatically decreased,
Forbes said.
In addition to medical care, Forbes
also sees the education of patients,
parents, care-givers and health professionals as vital to ensuring the proper
care of HIV-infected children in their
homes and communities, as well as in
He believes that research is another
important component, especially in
developing better methods of managing the disease.
With the help of a social worker
and a nurse clinician, the clinic currently serves all these mandates, but
resources and funding are scarce,
making it challenging for Forbes and
his multidisciplinary team to see all
of the province's pediatric AIDS
"The Pediatric HIV Care Unit is a
sheer necessity," Forbes said. "British Columbia urgently needs a
pediatric AIDS centre if we are to
meet the needs of these children and
their families."
Nobel winner to
speak on campus
Nobel Laureate Gertrude Elion
will be on campus today to deliver a
scientific address on the selectivity
of antiviral agents. Her lecture begins at 11:30 a.m. in IRC 2.
Elion received the Nobel Prize in
Medicine in 1988 for her pioneering
work in the field of drug research.
During her 40-year career as a
scientist for the pharmaceutical firm,
Burroughs Wellcome Co., Elion discovered several important drugs, including anti-cancer treatments and
therapies for gout. Her work in the
field of antiviral agents led to the first
effective treatment against herpes viruses.
Elion's discovery of the drug
azathioprine in 1957, which stops the
human reaction that triggers rejection
of foreign tissue, has made possible the
field of human organ transplantation.
The Nobel Prize came almost three
decades after the first of Elion's discoveries were made. It was also one
of the rare occasions in the 90-year
history ofthe award that the contributions of a commercial researcher were
In addition to her UBC address,
Elion will participate in the Fifth
Annual International Conference on
Antiviral Research being held at Vancouver' s Hyatt Regency Hotel, March
8 to 13.
The meeting will be a forum for
the presentation of major advances in
the field of antiviral research, from
herpes and HIV to the common cold
and influenza.
UBC signs agreement
with Singapore university
UBC has signed an agreement with
the National University of Singapore
(NUS) which will lead to more research collaboration and student exchanges between the two schools.
Signed last month by UBC President David Strangway and NUS Vice-
Chancellor Lim Pin, the agreement
will enable five students from each
institution to study selected courses
for up to one academic year.
"This new venture is part of our ongoing commitment to broaden international horizons for both undergradu
ate and graduate students through study
abroad," said Strangway.
UBC's Education Abroad Program enables students to integrate
into the academic and social life of a
foreign country, while fulfilling degree requirements of their home university.
The program includes exchange
agreements with the University of California, Ritsumeikan University in Japan, the University of Copenhagen,
Yonsei University in Korea and the
University of Hong Kong.
Photo by Leza Macdonald
Liberal MLA Day brought together President David Strangway and post-secondary education critic David Mitchell.
MLAs pledge support during visit
Continued from Page 1
sibilities as social services critic.
In his presentation to the visiting
MLAs, UBC President David
Strangway emphasized the contributions the university makes to every
aspect of life in the province.
"We want to show you how UBC
serves British Columbia through the
excellence of its programs and research," said Strangway. "And I hope
you can help us maintain our momentum for the 1990s."
Polls show that one of every five
British Columbians has taken a course
at UBC, he said, and UBC alums are
found in cities and towns across the
province. In Kamloops, for example,
there are 1,243 alums representing
every faculty on campus.
"Obviously, we have a very big
influence in these communities," said
He also told the MLAs that UBC
brings into the province more than
$ 100 million in research funding each
year, equivalent in dollar value to all
the tourists from Japan and Hong Kong.
This same research has led to the
creation of 87 spin-off companies,
based on leading-edge technology
developed at the university.
"The effect on B.C.'s economy is
quite remarkable," Strangway said.
"If we are going to diversify our economic base, these are the people who
are going to do it."
Following Strangway's briefing,
the Liberals heard presentations from
Clark Binkley, dean ofthe Faculty of
Forestry, Michael Smith, director of
the Biotechnology Laboratory and Dan
Birch, vice-president, Academic.
Birch described the steps the university
was taking to promote equity for women,
visible minorities and the disabled.
Several MLAs were then guided
through TRIUMFbydirectorErich Vogt,
who told them of medical treatment and
research currently underway at the facility and plans for the new KAON factory. UBC REPORTS March 5,1992
Photo by Abe Hefter
University librarian Ruth Patrick displays a selection of materials acquired by the UBC Ubrary during 1991, the
yearofits3,000,OOOthacquisition.Thedisplay,tobefeaturedatthe second wnualUBCauthort
10, will show the variety, depth and specialization ofthe University Library collection as it passes this milestone. The
reception recognizes die accomplishments of UBC authors who have published books recently.
UBC requests mediator
in campus negotiations
The University of British Columbia has asked the Industrial Relations
Council to appoint a mediator to assist
in labor negotiations with two of its
major union locals representing more
than 3,200 staff.
The staff are members ofthe Canadian Union of Public Employees
(CUPE) Local 2950, which has 1,533
members primarily in clerical, secretarial and library assistant positions,
and Local 116, which has 1,743 members primarily in trades, technical and
general work positions.
Some members of Local 116 also
work in clerical and secretarial areas.
The university and CUPE hadn't
reached a contract agreement in collective bargaining by press time earlier this week.
"We want to pursue every available
avenue in the collective bargaining
process in order to reach a settlement
and avoid a situation which would see
a major disruption to UBC's many
thousands of students, staff and faculty," said Frank Eastham, associate
vice-president, Human Resources.
"We have been listening to the concerns of our union locals and we intend to
jointly explore those concerns with the
assistance of a mediator."
The collective agreements expired
on March 31, 1991, and, through negotiations, the parties have resolved
almost all outstanding non-monetary
UBC has offered the union locals a
total compensation proposal worth
approximately four per cent in one
The University of British Columbia has about 27,000 students studying during the regular school term and
about 8,000 faculty and staff working
on campus.
From arbutus to yew, book lists city trees
When Virginia-born Gerald
Straley first arrived in Vancouver, he
had to ask the identity of the tree that
looked like a huge rhododendron with
red bark. He'd never seen an arbutus
Today, Straley has literally written the book on trees in B.C., including his latest, Trees of Vancouver,
published by UBC Press.
It is the sixth book on the flora of
B.C. by the research scientist at the
UBC Botanical Garden, and his first
aimed at a popular audience.
The result of years of research, the
guide catalogues more than 470 different kinds of trees found within the
city of Vancouver and on the UBC
Southwestern B.C. is blessed with
more varieties
of trees than any
region of
"There are
dozens of trees
listed here that
would not grow
east of Hope,"
Straley said.
His book
also tells readers where they
can find outstanding specimens of
these trees in parks, on streets and
even in private gardens that are visible from the sidewalk.
Straley illustrated the book himself with pen and ink drawings of
leaves, cones, blossoms and needles.
UBC has a rich plant heritage, and
is well represented in the
"UBC is a
small area that
has more
unique trees
than anywhere
else in the city,"
Straley said.
"Stanley Park
and VanDusen
Garden have
good collections, but there are far
more one-of-a-kind trees out here."
For example, the Giant Sequoia in
front of the main library is the largest
in the city, said Straley. Between the
Physics and Biological Sciences buildings, he added, are "fine old specimens of American Elm that you could
see few places in North America."
The trees, natives to the east coast,
have been virtually wiped out there
by Dutch elm disease.
Most of the unique trees on campus are located on the site of the old
arboretum, the original botanical garden planted by John Davidson around
Straley's book maps 88 trees in
the site, bounded by West and Lower
malls, the Fraser Parkade and
Another area of special merit is
Shaughnessy's The Crescent, where
47 excellent tree specimens are found,
many of them native to eastern North
America. Who planted them is a
mystery, but they have been there
since 1910.
Straley first began collecting in
formation on Vancouver's trees
shortly after he arrived at UBC to do
his doctorate in 1976.
He was inspired by a similar book
on the trees of Santa Barbara, Ca.,
and by a Vancouver Sun newspaper
columnist, who lamented that Vancouver had no book to document its
natural treasures.
As well as his work at the Botanical Garden, Straley is an adjunct professor in the Plant Science Dept. where
he supervises graduate students and
is curator ofthe Botany Dept.'s herbarium, which houses more than
500,000 plant specimens.
He is the co-author of other books
on B.C. flora, including the four-
volume Ministry of Forests series
which catalogues all the plants in the
Second choice becomes career for microbiologist
When Julian Davies
first switched careers
from organic chemistry to microbiology,
he feared he had made a mistake.
On his first day as a post-doctoral
fellow at Harvard Medical School,
he attended a lunchtime seminar,
and to his horror, discovered he
"didn't understand a word of it."
"After leaving a full-time teaching position and moving my family
across the Atlantic, I wondered if I'd
done the wrong thing," he says now.
He needn't have worried. Davies
went on to become a leading world
figure in the field of biotechnology
and, as of Jan. 1, the new head ofthe
Microbiology Dept. at UBC.
Davies' distinguished career as a
researcher and academic spans more
than 30 years and includes positions
such as president of a pioneering
biotechnology company. Mostrecendy,
he headed up the microbial engineering
unit at the Institut Pasteur in Paris.
The institute, founded by Louis
Pasteur in 1888, is a world-renowned
centre for the study of infectious diseases, vaccine development and diagnostic tools. Among its most famous
achievements are the discovery of a
vaccine for rabies and the identification of the AIDS virus.
Before joining the institute, Davies
was research director and then president of Biogen S.A., in Geneva, Switzerland.
Biogen was one ofthe first companies to enter the emerging field of
biotechnology. They were heady days.
The potential for recombinant DNA in
the pharmaceutical industry was just
being realized. Scientists were given
unlimited budgets as companies raced
to be the first with new drags such as
interferon and other cytokines.
Davies relished the intense scientific competition and social and intellectual ferment of the time.
"I can say without any question that
my five years in industry with Biogen
were certainly one ofthe most exciting
periods of my entire life," he said.
As the company rapidly grew, he
became president, and was soon heading up a staff of 200. Most of his time
was taken up with travelling, negotiating contracts and administration.
"Eventually, I had more to do with
the business than science, and that's
not what I wanted to do. My overwhelming interest is in science, which
is one of the reasons I came here."
Davies was alerted to the UBC position by a phone call from his old friend,
Michael Smith, head of the Biotechnology
Laboratory. It offered the right mix of
"new challenges and interests."
"I'm very excited about being at
UBC. It's a very good university and
I'm in a very good department," he
said. "I hope that in the next few years,
I can make the Microbiology Department, and the university, even better.
All the tools are here."
His research interests centre on how
antibiotics work and how microbes
become resistant to them. Of particular interest is how microbes interact
with their environment, other organisms and each other.
Davies also looks forward to teaching. A professorship at the University
of Wisconsin left him with a fondness
for North American students.
'There's something special about
North American students. They're so
brash. They'll always ask questions
and they're not afraid to let you
know if they don't understand."
Davies is especially interested in
teaching undergraduates. He believes they should have contact with
faculty at an early stage of their
university education, when professors may help to develop their learning process and careers.
Photo by Gavin Wilson
Julian Davies looks forward to working with North American students. 4    UBCREPORTS March5.1992
March 8 -
March 21
SUNDAY, MAR. 8    j
500 Years Of Resistance
500 Years Of Resistance: A Forum For
Dialogue. Rosalie Tizya, United Native
Nations, and others. SUB Auditorium
from10am-4pm. Admission $5. Refreshments provided. Call 822-2894/736-1054
MONDAY, MAR. 9    |
Studies Lecture
The Muslims Of Spain And Their Languages At The Time Of Columbus. Dr.
Patrick L. Harvey, professor emeritus, U.
of London. Buchanan D-323 at 12:30pm.
Call 822-6523/2268.
Political Science Students'
The Resurgence Of Nationalism In East-
em Europe. Dr. Janos Bak, History.
Buchanan A-205from 12:30-1:30pm. Call
Forest Sciences Seminar
Recycling Wastes On Forest Land IV:
Sludge Fertilization And Small Mammals.
Chris Cheng, MSc student, Forestry.
PonderosaE-123from 12:30-1:30pm. Call
Microbiology Seminar
Genes And Enzymes Of
Phenol Degradation In
Pseudomonas SP Strain
CF600: New Perspectives
On The Meta-Cleavage
Pathways.     Dr. Justin
Powlowski, Concordia U., Montreal.
Wesbrook 201 from 12:30-1:30pm. Call
Mechanical Engineering
Supercritical Behaviour Of Circular Saws
by Longxiang Yang and Boundary Element Method With Vortex Shedding by
Haw Wong. Both speakers, PhD candidates. Civil/Mechanical Engineering 1202
from 3:30-4:30pm. Refreshments provided. Call 822-6200/4350.
Health Promotion Research
Health Promotion Knowledge Development: From Rhetoric To Reality. Rita
Stem, regional director, Western Regional
Office, Health Promotion Directorate,
Health/Welfare Canada. IRC #2 from 4-
5:30pm. Call 822-2258.
UBC Reports is the faculty and
staff newspaper ofthe University
of British Columbia. It is pub-
Vsned every second Thursday by
the UBC Community Relations
Office, 6328 Manorial Rtt, Vancouver, B.G, V6T122.
Telephone 822-3131.
Adirerdefaf toQ^tries: 822-6163.
Managing Editor: Steve Crombie
Ass't Editor: Paula Martin
CaB<ribntni^:RoBBnrke, Connie
FbM^ Abe Belter, CfaniesKer,
For events in the period March 22 to April 4, notices must be submitted by UBC faculty or staff on proper Calendar forms no
later than noon on Tuesday, March 10, to the Community Relations Office, Room 207,6328 Memorial Rd, Old Administration
Building. Formore information call822-3131. The next edition of UBC Reports will be published March 19. Notices exceeding
35 words may be edited The number of items for each faculty or department will be limited to four per issue.
Botany Tuesday Series
Productivity And Gas Exchange Of C3, C4 And CAM
Plants. Dr. Park Nobel, U. of
California, Los Angeles.
BioSciences2000from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Lectures In Modern Chemistry
New Ventures In Macrolide Synthesis. Dr.
James D. White, Chemistry, Oregon State
U., Corvallis. Chemistry 250, South Wing
at 1pm. Call 822-3266.
Oceanography Seminar
From Breaking Waves In The Stratosphere
To Eddies In An Estuary. John Fyfe,
Oceanography. BioSciences 1465 at
3:30pm. Call 822-2828.
Medical Genetics Seminar
Screening For The Hypercoagulable State.
Dr. Cedric Carter, associate professor,
Pathology. IRC #1 from 4:30-5:30pm.
Refreshments at 4:20pm. Call 822-5312.
Statistics Seminar
Peak-Insensitive Nonparametric Spectrum
Estimation. Dr. R. von Sachs, Institute of
Applied Mathematics, U. of Heidelberg.
Angus 223 at 4pm. Call 822-4997/2234.
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
Trauma Service: Rotational Problems In
The Forearm. Chair: Dr. R.N. Meek. Eye
Care Centre Auditorium at 7:30am. Call
Wednesday Noon Hour
Concert Series
Tom Parriott, trumpet;
Gregory Cox, trombone;
Ed Norman, piano. Music
Recital Hall at 12:30pm.
Admission $2. Call 822-
Committee On Lectures
French Lecture: Methodes D'Approche En
Critique Psychanalytique De La Litterature.
Prof. Anne Clancier, U. of Paris. Buchanan
D-224 at 12:30pm. Call 822-2879.
President's Lecture In Classics
Egyptian Tomb Paintings In The British
Museum. Dr. T.G. James, keeper emeritus of Egyptian Antiquities, British Museum. Lasserre 102 at 12:30pm. Call
Planning Lecture
Understanding A Crow Is Not A Swan:
Communication Strategies In Doing Research With South Asian Canadian
Women. RevaJoshee. Sponsors: The
Women and Development Group, The
Koerner Foundation and The Centre for
Research in Women's Studies/Gender
Relations. Lasserre 107 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call Penny Gurstein at 822-
Forestry Seminar
Silvicultural Analysis Of The Mountain
Hemlock Zone. Prof. Gordon Weetman;
Dr. Klinka, Forest Sciences; Mr. Reid
Carter, Fletcher Challenge Canada, Ltd.
MacMillan 166 from 12:30-1:30pm. Call
Microbiology Seminar
MAP Kinases, A Family Of Tyrosyl
Phosphorylated Protein Kinases Implicated In Eukaryotic Cell Cycle Control.
Dr. Steve Pelech, Biomedical Research
Centre, Medicine. Wesbrook 201 from
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-3308.
Geography Colloquium
Influence Of Avalanche Snow Transport
On Snowmelt Runoff From High-Mountain Basins. Fes de Scally, Geography,
Okanagan College. Geography 201 at
3:30pm. Refreshments at 3:25pm. Call
Applied Mathematics
Hamiltonian Formulation And General
Stability Characteristics Of Density Driven
Currents And Fronts. Dr. Gordon Swaters,
Applied Mathematics Institute, Mathematics, U. of Alberta. Math 104 at 3:45pm.
Call 822-4584.
Geophysics Seminar
Current Tool Developments From In-Situ
Testing Research Group. Dr. Dick
Campanella and Scott Jackson, both from
Civil Engineering. Geophysics/Astronomy
260 at 4pm. Coffee at 3:45pm. Call 822-
Pharmacology Seminar
Antivirals In The Treatment
Of HIV Infection. Dr. Julio
Montaner, director, AIDS
Research/Infectious Diseases Clinic, St. Paul's
Hospital and the Faculty of
Medicine. IRC#2from 11:30am-12:30pm.
Call 822-2575.
Policy Centre Seminar
Who Benefits From Education? Differences By Sex, Class, Ethnicity. Dr. Neil
Guppy and Bruce Arai, Anthropology/Sociology. Ponderosa H-123 from 12-1pm.
Call 822-5295/2593.
Planning Lecture
Cooperative Housing Development
Around The Globe: The Rooftops
Canada Foundation Experience.
Rosanna Hille, Rooftops Canada, Canadian Cooperative Housing Movement's International Development Arm
and education coordinator, Cooperative
Housing Federation of BC. Library
Processing Centre's 4th floor Human
Settlements Seminar Room, at 12:30pm.
Call 822-5326.
Committee On Lectures
Hewitt Bostock Memorial Lecture In Music: The Second Voice In Northern Ewe
Song. Prof. KofiAgawu, Cornell U. Music
113 at 12:30pm. Call 822-5675.
Geological Sciences Seminar
Cascadia Subduction Zone: Constraints
On Slab Structure From Seismic Observations. Robert Crosson, U. ofWashington. GeoSciences 330A at 12:30pm.
Refreshments follow in the Grad Lounge
(308). Call 822-2449.
Native Health Awareness Days
The Healing Process In First Nations Communities. KLA-KISHT-KE-ISS, Simon
Lucas,NuuChahNulth. IRC#1at12:30pm.
Call 822-2115/5613.
Students For Forestry Awareness
New Forest Policies. BC
Forests Minister Dan Miller.
MacMillan 166 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-3553/
CICSR Distinguished Lecture
Computer Graphics: Fluid Mechanics,
Massively Parallel Processors And Real-
Time Flow Visualization. Prot James
A. Sethian, Mathematics, U. of California, Berkeley and senior scientist, Physics Division, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. Scarfe 100 from 1-2:30pm.
Refreshments at 12:30pm. Call 822-
Biotechnology Laboratory
Molecular Controls Of Plant Respiration.
Dr. Lee Mcintosh, MSU-DOE Plant Research Laboratory, Michigan State U.
Wesbrook 201 at 3:30pm. Call Dr. L.
Glass at 822-3155.
Sigma XI Club Lecture
Conservation Problems In Africa. Prof.
Anthony Sinclair, Zoology. Faculty Club
Salons B/C at 4pm. Guests and grad
students welcome. Call Dr. Denis Lavender at 822-4166.
Physics Colloquium
Bacterial Motility: Small Things Moving
About. Howard Berg, Harvard U. Hennings
201 at 4pm. Call 822-3853.
Psychology Coloquium
Personality As Narrative Life History. Dr.
Dan McAdams, Northwestern U. Kenny
2510 at 4pm. Social hour follows in the
lounge. Call 822-3005.
Cecil H./lda Green Visiting
Philosophy Seminar: Commitment And
Choice. Prof. David Peter Gauthier,
Distinguised Service Professor of Philosophy, U. of Pittsburgh, PA. Buchanan
D-339 at 4pm. Call 822-5675.
FRIDAY, MAR. 13    I
Grand Rounds
Cancelled for SOGB Regional Meeting.
Call 875-3108.
Paediatrics Grand Rounds
Future Youth Health Issues. Dr. Roger
Tonkin, associate professor and head,
Adolescent Health, Paediatrics. G.F.
Strong Auditorium at 9am. Call 875-2118.
Indonesia Day
Sponsor: the Institute of Asian Research.
Seminars, Film, Music, Food and Art.
Asian Centre Auditorium from 2:30-10pm.
Call 822-3814/2746.
Native Health Awareness Days
The Do's And Don'ts Of Health Research In
Native Communities. Jennie R. Joe, PhD,
MPH, associate professor and director, Native American Research/Training Center,
Family/Community Medicine, U. of Arizona,
Tucson. Two lectures scheduled: IRC#1 at
12:30pm and IRC #3 from 3-4:30pm. Free
admission. Call 822-2258/2115/5613.
Chemical Engineering Weekly
The Application Of Electrochemical Technology To Bleaching/Brightening Of Wood
Pulp. Prof. Colin Oloman, Chemical Engineering. ChemEngineering206at3:30pm.
Call 822-3238.
Committee On Lectures
Graduate Colloquium In Music: The Politics
Of Musical Ambiguity. Prof. Kofi Agawu,
Cornell U. Music's 4th floor Library Seminar
Room, at 3:30pm. Call 822-5675.
Law Lecture
The Ethics Of Meaning. Prof. J.B. White,
Law, U. of Michigan. Buchanan Penthouse from 4:30-5:30pm. Call 822-6506.
Vancouver Institute Saturday
Evening Lecture
Making Morality. Prof.
David Gauthier, Philosophy, U. of Pittsburgh, PA.
IRC #2 at 8:15pm. Call
Faculty Women's Club
75th Anniversary Celebration: Dinner/
Entertainment. Faculty Club at 6:30pm.
Reservations required. Call 222-1983.
MONDAY, MAR. 16   \
Plant Science Seminar
Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus On BC Crops:
Prevalence And Management. Leslie
MacDonald, BC Ministry of Agriculture/
Fisheries, Cloverdale. MacMillan 318D
from 12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-8233.
Institute of Asian Research
They Can't See The Trees ForThe Wood:
The Political Economy Of Forestry In
Southeast Asia. Dr. Michael Leigh, head,
Government/Public Administration, U. of
Sydney.. Asian Centre 604 from 12:30-
2pm. Call Katie Eliot at 822-4688.
Mechanical Engineering
Computer Control Of A Hydraulic Press
with John (Sandy) Lane; Emission And
Performance Characteristics Of A Natural
Gas Dual Fuel Engine with Yinchu Tao.
Both speakers, MASc students. Civil/
Mechanical Engineering 1202 from 3:30-
4:30pm. Refreshments provided. Call
822-6200/4350. UNIVERSITY    OF    BRITISH    COLUMBIA
In August 1990, President
Strangway called for a Committee on
Race Relations to advise the University
about appropriate directions for the development of a University policy on race
relations. This was motivated by the
recognition of the changing nature of
Vancouver with its multi-ethnic population and the existing strains in interpersonal and intergroup relations, from time
to time. Several incidents with racist
overtones on campus served to heighten
all the more, the need for us as a University community to model an inclusive
equitable environment. In addressing
this issue the University reaffirmed its
commitment to ensure that all members
of the University community have the
right to work and study in a safe environment free from racism and other kinds of
The Advisory Committee on Race
Relations, comprising a cross section of
faculty, senior administrators, staff and
students, was struck in September 1990.
Its terms of reference were:
1. to invite students, faculty and staff to
share their perceptions about existing
conditions that create or hinder the development of a fair and equitable climate on campus;
2. to identify ways to foster an awareness among students, faculty and staff
about conditions that contribute to systemic and overt racial discrimination in
the University community;
3. to recommend appropriate educational programs;
4. to recommend policies and procedures to address racial discrimination.
The Committee met fortnightly
over the academic year, studied other
university policies, invited specialists to
address it on pertinent issues such as
"freedom of speech and freedom from
harassment", and consulted on an ongoing basis with different sectors of the
University community.
The submissions received confirmed widespread expectations. There
had indeed been incidents of discrimination and racism, at an overt level as
well as in the form of systemic discrimination integral to institutional operations.
There had been ample manifestation of
this in the graffiti, on washroom walls, on
library desks, and on construction site
Recommendations were submitted from individuals situated throughout
the University community, both in writing and through personal interviews.
All these recommendations
served to inform the committee to draft
the following proposed document. We
were influenced by other university policies especially those of the University of
Western Ontario and Alberta.
In framing our recommendation
for policy, we were very mindful of the
terminology used, given the dangers of
entrenching that which we seek to elimi-
David W. Strangway
February 26, 1992
Dear Colleagues,
The following draft policy on Human Rights is published to elicit your comment.
I urge you to review it and offer any advice and suggestions for further revision.
This draft is the outcome of the work of the President's Advisory Committee on
Race Relations. I take this opportunity to thank those who served on the committee.
Any suggestions for further improvement will be most helpful if received by the end
of March. Please address all submissions to Dr. Kogila Adam-Moodley, Director,
Multicultural Liaison, c/o Office of the President.
Yours sincerely
David W. Strangway
nate. We wished to avoid, as far as
possible, reification of the concept "race",
an arbitrary social construction which
draws false conclusions from phenotypic
difference and is fraught with a dreadful
history. We do, however, recognize the
process of "racism" which is based on
an ideology that discriminates by attributing positions of superiority and inferiority to groups. For these reasons, we
use a broader category. We label our
policy a Human Rights policy since it
applies to various forms of discrimination and harassment, including racism.
1 .Recommendations for
Policy on Human Rights
1.1 Every member of the Universityof
British Columbia has the right to study
and work in an environment free of discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, ancestry, place of origin,
colour, ethnic origin, religion, sex/gender, sexual orientation, age,* disability
or other similar grounds.
* this is not meant to affect the University's mandatory retirement policy.
1.2 Discrimination and Harassment
1.2.1 Within the context of 1.1, discrimination may be described as a distinction, whether intentional or not but
based on grounds relating to personal
characteristics of the individual orgroup,
which has the effect of imposing burdens, obligations or disadvantages on
such an individual or group not imposed
upon others.
1.2.2 Harassment is unwelcome behaviour, including remarks, gestures,
slurs, innuendoes, jokes, verbal or physical acts, which is directed-at an individual or group by another person or
group who knows, or ought reasonably
to know, thatthis behaviour is unwanted.
1.2.3 Policies or programs that
have as their object the amelioration of
conditions of disadvantaged individuals
or groups including those who are disadvantaged because of race, ancestry,
place of origin, colour, ethnic origin,
religion, sex/gender, sexual orientation,
or disability are not discriminatory within
the meaning of this policy.
1.3 In order to develop and maintain
an environment free of discrimination
and harassment, it is the policy of the
University to:
1.3.1 promote dignity and respect
among all members of the university
community as well as between the university and the broader community and
not to tolerate any act of harassment or
discrimination on the bases set out in
1.1 above;
1.3.2 provide educational opportunities that raise the awareness of the
university community on human rights
issues and assist in addressing human
rights violations in inter-group relations;
1.3.3 hold all persons in positions of
authority, who make or influence deci
sions regarding potential or current faculty, staff, and students, responsible
and accountable for:
i. communicating the tenets of this
policy to all who come under their
jurisdiction and,
ii. fostering an environment in their
area that is free of discrimination
and harassment on the bases set
out in 1.1 above;
1.3.4 prohibit reprisal or threats of
reprisal against any member of the university community who makes use of
this policy or participates in proceedings
held under its jurisdiction.
2. Office of Human Rights
2.1 In order to improve the awareness, knowledge, and skills of its faculty, staff, and students on inter-group
relations, the President will appoint a
suitably qualified human rights officer
and establish an Office of Human Rights.
2.2 The Office of Human Rights will
have responsibility for coordinating all
equity-oriented activities carried out
under the auspices of the Sexual Harassment Office, the Employment Equity
Office, and similar offices that the University may establish from time to time.
2.3 The Human Rights Officer will be
responsible for carrying out the terms of
reference of the Office of Human Rights.
2.4 The terms of reference of the
Office of Human Rights are:
2.4.1 to promote an understanding
and acceptance of diversity on the University campus;
2.4.2 in keeping with the Universfty's
mission, the Office of Human Rights
shall promote and conduct appropriate
educational activities;
2.4.3 in cooperation with faculties,
departments and other groups, plan,
implement and evaluate a campaign to
ensure mutual respect in an atmosphere
free from discrimination for all members
of the University community;
2.4.4 to provide the University community with information about discrimination and harassment by conducting
awareness programs;
2.4.5 to be the official recipient of complaints of discrimination or harassment on
the bases set out in 1.1 above and to assist
those who make inquiries to determine if a
violation of the policy has occurred; UNIVERSITY    OF    BRITISH     COLUMBIA
2.4.6 to inquire into conditions and
incidents leading or tending to lead to
violations of human rights and cases of
discrimination and harassment and to
recommend appropriate action to eliminate the source of tension or conflict;
2.4.7 to maintain records and pertinent statistics on all matters of alleged
discrimination and harassment on the
bases set out in 1.1 above to the Office
of Human Rights and to develop in consultation with the Committee for Human
Rights a records management policy;
2.4.8 to.provide a confidential advisory service to any individual or group
on complaints of harassment or discrimination, which may include: hearing the concerns of the
complainant; assisting the complainant in
assessing whether^harassment or
discrimination has occurred; and delineating options for action available to the complainant; providing appropriate referral and support.
2.4.9 As appropriate, the Office may
also: assist in the formulation of a
written complaint; advise the respondent and
complainant of their rights and responsibilities under University policy; initiate complaints where
warranted; submit an annual report to
the University's Committee for Human Rights.
3. Committee for Human
3.1 The President will establish a
Committee for Human Rights.
3.2 The terms of reference of the
Committee will be to:
3.2.1 assist the Office of Human
Rights in the development and delivery
of programs on inter-group relations;
3.2.2 examine and monitor, in conjunction with the Office of Human Rights,
University policies and practices and
recommend changes to those that may
infringe upon human rights or contain
systemic barriers on the bases set out in
1.1 above;
3.2.3 investigate complaints to decide if there is any evidence to justify a
formal hearing;
3.2.4 receive the annual report of the
Office of Human Rights and submit it,
with additional comments if necessary,
to the President who in turn will report to
the university community; and
3.2.5 consider and recommend what
future initiatives in the area of human
rights need to be undertaken on campus
and assess whether such initiatives can
be performed by the Committee.
3.3 The composition of the Committee will be Members appointed by the
President as follows:
3.3.1 1 member of the Faculty of the
University, nominated by the Faculty
3.3.2 1 member of the Support Staff
of the University, nominated by their
3.3.3 1 graduate student of the
University, nominated by the Graduate
Students' Association;
3.3.4 1 undergraduate student of the
University, nominated by the Alma Mater
3.3.5 4 other members who have
expertise that will assist the Committee
in achieving its mandate. The President
may appoint persons who may not have
a formal affiliation with the University. In
3.3.6 The Human Rights Officer
3.3.7 The Employment Equity Officer
3.3.8 The Sexual Harassment Officer
3.3.9 The Multicultural Liaison Officer
3.4 Members ofthe Committee, other
than those listed in 3.3.6 - 3.3.9, will hold
office for three-year terms and will not
be eligible for reappointment for more
than two consecutive terms (6 years),
but will be eligible for reappointment
following a lapse of three years after the
expiration of the second of two consecutive terms.
3.5 The Chair will be elected annually
by the Committee from among the members.
4.       Human Rights Complaint Procedure
4.1 A person who believes that he or
she has been subjected to comment or
conduct falling within the definition of
complaint* should discuss the matter
with a Human Rights Officer.
*"Complaint" includes a complaint
- harassment or discrimination on
the basis of race, ancestry, place of
origin, colour, ethnic origin, religion,
sex/gender, sexual orientation, age
or disability.
- retaliation for consulting with the
Human Rights Officer.
- breach of an undertaking as to
future conduct.
4.2 The Human Rights Officer should
provide the concerned individual with
advice and assistance on how to address the situation, on the policy and
procedures, on the apparent validity or
seriousness of the complaint, and on
what action might be taken. The Human
Rights Officer may refer the complaint to
an appropriate existing office such as
the Sexual Harassment Office.
The Human Rights Officer may address a complaint through informal
means without having received a formal
written complaint. Informal means may
include mediation with the consent of
both parties.
A complaint may not be formally pursued by the complainant unless the
complaint is specified in writing in reasonable detail and lodged with the Human Rights Officer by at the latest one
calendar year after the event, or in the
case of a series of events, the last event
in the series, on which the complaint is
4.3 The decision to pursue a complaint rests with the complainant, and
having made a complaint the complainant may withdraw it at any time.
4.4 Events that take place after the
giving of written notice may without the
filing of a further complaint but with due
notice to the complainant or respondent, be the subject of mediation, investigation or formal hearing.
4.5 If a written complaint is not lodged
within the prescribed time limit, the Human Rights Officer shall destroy records
that may have been compiled.
4.6 The Human Rights Officer may
however publish statistical information
as to the number of complaints made
and information as to the general types
of complaints, including information on
whether the complaints were made by
or against faculty, staff or students.
4.7 If a written complaint is lodged
within the prescribed time limit, the Human Rights Officer shall within 5 working days of receiving the complaint:
- deliver to the respondent a copy of
the complaint and a copy of the
policy and procedures, and shall
explain the procedures to the respondent;
- advise the respondent of the desirability of obtaining independent advice, and that, if the respondent so
wishes, the Chairperson of the President's Advisory Committee will nominate a member of that committee to
provide advice to the respondent;
- deliver a copy of the complaint to
the Dean of the Faculty or the Head
of the non-academic unit to which
the respondent is attached.
4.8 The respondent may, if he or she
wishes, respond in writing to the complaint.
Any response in writing shall be delivered to the Human Rights Officer within
15 working days of the receipt by the
respondent of the written complaint of
the complainant.
Within 5 working days of receiving a
written response from the respondent,
the Human Rights Officer shall deliver a
copy of that response to the complainant.
The Human Rights Officer shall also
deliver a copy of any response to the
Dean of the Faculty or the Head of the
non-academic unit to which the respondent is attached.
Within 30 working days of the delivery
of the complaint to the respondent, either the complainant or the respondent
may notify the Human Rights Advisor in
writing that he or she is prepared to
resolve the matters in dispute through
If no such notice is given to the Hu:
man Rights Advisor, then it shall be
presumed that mediation will not take
4.9 The Office of Human Rights may
initiate a formal complaint if prima facie
evidence of systemic discrimination or
harassment exists.
4.10 Notwithstanding the provisions
of this policy, individuals have the right
to seek redress under the provisions of
provincial and federal statutes.
5. Formal Complaints
5.1 If a complaint is not resolved by
informal means and the complainant
wishes to go to a formal hearing, there
shall be a formar independent investigation of the complaint.
5.2 The purpose of the investigation
is to determine whether there is sufficient evidence to warrant a formal hearing. It is not to determine whether the
complaint is well founded or would probably succeed.
5.3 The investigation shall be conducted by such person or persons as
the Chair of the Human Rights Committee designates for this purpose.
5.4 The person(s) conducting the investigation shall report to the Human
Rights Committee as to whether there is
sufficient evidence to warrant a formal
hearing. If so, the University shall bring
the matter forward to such a hearing. If
the conclusion is that there is insufficient
evidence, the complainant may still
choose to bring it to a formal hearing
without the assistance of the University.
5.5 A panel of persons from which
Hearing Committees shall be appointed
shall be created by the President, upon
the advice of the Human Rights Committee. The panel shall include persons
representative of the University community as well as at least three persons
who are not members of the University
5.6 Formal hearings shall take place
before a three-person Hearing Committee, nominated by the President with the
advice of the Human Rights Committee
Chair. There shall be at least one non-
University member on each Committee,
and the Chair shall be a non-University
5.7 Hearings shall be conducted in
accordance with the requirements of
natural justice, so as to give those involved a full and fair hearing. The parties shall be entitled to be legally represented , and shall have the right to examine and cross-examine witnesses.
5.8 A Hearing Committee shall:
5.8.1 make findings of fact with respect to the complaint;
5.8.2 recommend, if appropriate, that
corrective action or disciplinary measures be taken.
5.9 The findings of fact made by the
Hearing Committee shall be binding on UNIVERSITY     OF    BRITISH     COLUMBIA
the parties. Any disciplinary measures,
however, shall be carried out by those
who are in a position of authority to
impose discipline.
5.10 These procedures, outlined in
Sections 4 and 5, are intended to operate where a formal complaint is lodged.
Those who are concerned about harassment or discrimination may continue
to raise the matter with Deans, Department Heads, the Office for Women Students, the Disability Resource Centre,
the Multicultural Liaison Office, the President's Advisor on Women's Issues, the
Sexual Harassment Office, supervisors
or faculty/staff group representatives.
A formal complaint shall be addressed
in accordance with these procedures.
If, however, the procedures specified
here are inconsistent with those in any
existing agreement between the University and its faculty and/or staff, that
agreement will prevail.
6. Education
The President shall ask faculty and
other appropriate groups to:
6.1 encourage faculty members to be
sensitive to the impact of language on
the members of various groups, including ethnic groups, women and the disabled;
6.2 plan and implement an educa-
tionalprogram for faculty and graduate
teaching assistants and staff that addresses issues of inter-group relations;
6.3 encourage instructors to facilitate
a classroom atmosphere in which students are treated with equal respect;
6.4 incorporate learning opportunities within teaching situations that allow
students to examine their own views
about equality and respect;
6.5 review all class exercises for gender-biased or discriminatory language;
6.6 coordinate the development of
programs which will assist instructors to
teach equitably.
7. Elimination of Systemic
The President should:
7.1 state clearly, the University of
British Columbia's commitment to address imbalances in the participation
rates of various groups in the University's work force;
7.2 encourage all units to review
employment criteria, job descriptions
and employment advertising for systemic bias;
7.3 direct that care be taken to ensure
that educational and employment experience acquired outside of Canada be
properly and fairly evaluated;
7.4 develop and communicate widely
a policy with regard to the recruitment of
the members of groups which may be
under-represented in the University's
work force;
7.5 commit the necessary University
resources to fulfill the requirements for
compliance with the Federal Contractors Program.
7.6 develop a policy on selection and
hiring procedures which reflects the principle that a qualified member of a group
which is under-represented in the University's work force as identified by the
Employment Equity Office should be
hired unless there is a candidate who is
demonstrably better qualified for the
7.7 require Deans to initiate an
orientation session for members of
salaries, promotions, selection and
tenure committees about the nature
of and possible existence of systemic biases;
7.8 direct the selection committees to
report to the Vice-President (Academic)
the process and outcome of all academic selection procedures;
7.9 direct that the process for and the
consequences ofthe University employment of support staff be reviewed by the
Associate Vice-President, Human Resources;
7.10 ensure that University of
British Columbia studies ways in
which it can become more accessible to persons who have been disadvantaged through personal disability or social and economic inequities;
7.11 request that the Registrar, the
Faculties and Senate review all admissions requirements to graduate and
undergraduate programs to ensure that
all groups are considered fairly and that
there are no unnecessary barriers to the
admission of the members of particular
8. Other Recommendations
The President should:
8.1 require that all media associated
with the University of British Columbia,
including student media, adhere to this
policy; that they develop guidelines that
would further the goals set out in 1.1 for
approval by the President.
8.2 ask the Senate to approve the
following statement for incorporation in
the calendar, and ask the Board to
require the incorporation of this statement in all orientation sessions for all
incoming students, academic and support staff: "Every member of the
University of British Columbia has
the right to study and work in an
environment free of discrimination
and harassment on the basis of race,
ancestry, place of origin, colour,
ethnic origin, creed, religion, sex/
gender, sexual orientation, age, disability or other similar grounds.";
8.3 require that the Alma Mater Society, other student societies and other
organizations associated with the University adhere to this policy.
Under clause 58 of the University Act the President of the University
has authority to impose discipline on
students for academic and non-academic offences. In the past the nature
of the offences dealt with and the
penalities imposed have not been generally made known on the campus. It
has been decided, however, that a
summary should be published on a
regular basis of the offences and of the
discipline imposed without disclosing
the names of the students involved.
In the period July 1, 1991 to
February 29, 1992 six students were
disciplined pursuant to section 58 of
the University Act. For each case, the
events leading to the imposition of
discipline and the discipline imposed
are set out below.
I. A student was enrolled in a
course where the laboratory grade
was based on two tests. Each test
was given on more than two occasions. The student wrote each test
twice, first under a fabricated name
and student number and then under
his own name and number, thus
gaining advance knowledge of the
Discipline: a mark of zero in the
course and suspension from the University for 16 months.*
II. A student had another student
write the English Composition Test on
her behalf.
Discipline: a suspension from the
University for 12 months.*
III. An examination was written in
two consecutive sittings. A student attempted to remove a copy of the examination paper at the beginning of the first
sitting so that he could work on it and
write the second sitting of the examination.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the
course and a suspension from the University for 8 months.*
IV. A student substantially plagiarized
a paper in the preparation of an essay.
Discipline: a mark of zero in the
course and a suspension from the University for 8 months.*
V. A student, who was not enrolled
in a course, wrote the examination in it.
The stated reason was to see whether
he was knowledgeable in the content
of the course.
Discipline: a letter of censure to
be placed in the student's files.
VI. A student substantially plagiarized a paper in the preparation of an
essay and removed from the journal
the article which had been plagiarized.
Discipline: a mark of zero in
the course, essay to be
resubmitted and approved, and a
letter of reprimand to be placed in
files. This discipline reflected
very exceptional extenuating circumstances.
*ln all cases in which a student is suspended a notation is entered on the student's transcript. At any time after two years have elapsed
from the date of his or her graduation the student may apply to the President to exercise his discretion to remove the notation.
Normally students under disciplinary suspension from UBC may not take courses at other institutions for transfer of credit back to UBC. 8    UBCREPORTS March5,1992
Symbols of campus heritage
Plan cites UBC's historic buildings
What buildings make up UBC's
historic heritage?
That was one of the many questions planning consultants du Toit
Allsopp Hillier addressed in the recently released third draft ofthe Campus Plan.
Seventeen buildings were identified as having historical value in the
plan, judged in terms of their age and
role in the development of the campus.
The consultants based their findings on previous reports and studies
and conversations with people on campus, said Peter Smith, an associate
with the firm.
This assessment of historic value is
part of a strategy used in the campus
plan to determine sites for new development that will not diminish the campus's current physical assets.
Other criteria used to judge campus buildings and landscapes include
esthetic, symbolic, educational, functional and physical condition.
It is all part of an ongoing process
that will require more research and
discussion before accurately reflecting the university's outlook, Smith
Given the highest historical value
are buildings representing the agricultural roots of the university or which
reflect the aspriations of the 1914
Grand Plan for the campus.
Included in this group are the granite core ofthe Main Library, the Chemistry Building, the Old Barn cafeteria,
the Bio-Resource Engineering Annex
and Cecil Green Park House.
Also named as having historic value
are all the other buildings built before
the Second World War, and Brock
Hall. These include the semi-permanent buildings of the original campus
(Armoury, Geography, Mathematics,
Old Auditorium and Old Administration) as well as the firehall on West
Mall and Graham House.
Currently home of the School of
Social Work, Graham House will soon
be refurbished as part ofthe new Green
Brock Hall has historic value, but
in terms ofthe specific criteria used to
generate the campus plan, Smith said,
it is not of the same calibre as buildings such as the core of the Main
"Brock Hall has very high sentimental value, which is very important,
but not the same as a high absolute
value in terms of its role and how it
expresses the principle of the first
plan," he said.
'This is just our opinion, maybe
there are other, much more informed
opinions. This is an ongoing process."
Cecil Green Park
Cecil Green Park was built in 1912
from a design by Samuel Maclure, a
well-known B.C. architect whose arts
and crafts style buildings graced many
streets in Victoria and Vancouver.
The house was built for courtroom
lawyer Edward Davis, who named it
Kanakla, a Coast Salish word for
"house on the cliff." In 1967, it was
bought and donated to the university
by Cecil and Ida Green.
The elegant home, with its oak and
rosewood panelling and white marble
fireplace, has a spectacular view of
Georgia Strait. At the end ofthe drive
is the two-storey coach house, used as
the servant's living quarters.
When Mrs. Green died in 1986, she
bequeathed nearly $3 million for the
maintenance and upgrading ofthe house.
The Main Library
The Main Library is the university' s
most familiar landmark. Its central core,
designedby the architectural firmof Sharp
and Thomson, was built in 1925 in the
neo-Gothic style, complete with gargoyles
above the entrance.
The gargoyles commenton the famous
Scopes Monkey trial in Tennessee, which
riveted the attention ofthe world while the
library was under construction. The one on
the left is labelled FUNDA and represents
the fiindarnentalistswhoopposed the teaching of evolution in public schools. The
other is an ape, labelled EVOL.
The library's granite facing was
quarried on Nelson Island, in Jervis
Inlet. Also notable are the decorative
windows in the main concourse which
show the crests of universities in
Canada and the United Kingdom.
In the far west window above the
information desk are the eight panels
of the Canadian Jubilee Memorial
Window, marking the country's 60th
birthday in 1927.
Two wings were added to the library, in 1948 and 1960.
The Chemistry Building, although
never as much a landmark as the library, is arguably of greater historic
and symbolic value.
Construction ofthe building began
in 1914, more than a decade before the
Point Grey campus opened to students. The outbreak of war put an end
to those plans and the building sat
unfinished for nearly a decade.
In 1922, the Great Trek terminated
at the rusting skeleton ofthe building.
Students climbed its open staircases
and waved banners from its beams.
Then known as the Science Building,
it was completed in 1923.
The building was designed in the Tudor style with facings of B.C. granite. All
eight of the original campus buildings
were to have the granite facing, but it
proved too expensive. Two new wings
were later added to the main structure.
The Old Barn
The Old Barn cafeteria is a piece of
campus history that almost met the
wrecker's ball in the 1960s, during a
period of rapid expansion.
Built in 1917 for $5,000, the building was originally used as a classroom
for returning First World War soldiers. It later became a horticulture
facility used by generations of Agriculture undergraduates. In the 1960s,
it housed offices and practice studios
for the music department.
After a long battle to save it from
demolition, it was converted into a
cafeteria in 1967.
The paintings and sketch reproduced here are the work of Vancouver
A rtist Anne Adams and are taken from
a series of drawings and paintings of
the university's buildings and architectural details. Adams graduated from
UBC with a PhD in 1982, and recently
returned to art full-time after a career
as a cell biologist and cancer researcher. She works in pen and ink,
watercolors and gouache.
The Main Library,dating from 1925, was designed in the gothic style, complete with gargoyles and stained glass.
' & vv' *       •. w^rrn-i!
~Y~ , .
Designed by Samuel Maclure, Cecil Green Park House commands the bluffs high above the Strait of Georgia.
A preservation campaign in the 1960s saved the Old Barn, a reminder ofthe campus's agricultural past. UBC REPORTS March 5.1992
March 8 -
March 21
Applied Mathematics
Modelling The Large Scale Dynamics Of
Groundwater Flow With Spacial Fitting.
Dr. Roger Beckie, Geological Sciences.
Math 104 at 3:45pm. Call 822-4584.
Family And Nutritional Sciences Seminar
Concerns Of Perioperative Nutrition. Dr.
P. Terry Phang, assistant professor, Surgery, St. Paul's Hospital. Family/Nutritional 120 at 4pm. Call 822-3111.
Astronomy Seminar
Wide Binaries. Dr. P. Garnovich, Dominion Astrophysical Observatory. Geophysics/Astronomy 260 at 4pm. Coffee at
3:45pm. Call 822-6706/2267.
Botany Tuesday Series
Identification And Organization Of The
Cytosketeton In Vaucheria Longicaulis. Lucy
Peat MSc candidate, Botany. BioSciences
2000 from 12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Lectures In Modern Chemistry
Fourier Transform ICR
Mass Spectrometry. Dr.
Alan G.Marshall, Chemistry/Biochemistry, Ohio
State U., Columbus, OH.
Chemistry 250, South
Wing at 1 pm. Call 822-3266.
Oceanography Seminar
The New Deep Scattering Layer In The
Pacific Ocean. Richard Thomson, Institute of Ocean Sciences. BioSciences
1465 at 3:30pm. Call 822-2828.
Cecil Hilda Green Visiting
Biochemistry Seminar: Electron Tunnelling In Proteins. Prof. Harry Barkus Gray,
Director of the Beckman Institute, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena.
IRC #3 at 3:45pm. Call 822-5675.
Graduate/Faculty Christian
What's All This Fuss About Creation? Dr.
David Willis, Biology, Oregon State U.
Buchanan Penthouse at 4:15pm. Coffee
at 4pm. Call lan Wilson at 222-2608
George J. Spencer Memorial
Lecture 1992
Ice Ages, Species Substructure And The Significance Of Hybrid Zones. Prof. Godfrey M.
Hewitt, DSc, Fl Biology, FLS; Biological Sciences, U. of EastAnglia, England. BioSciences
2000 at 4:30pm. Call Dr. G.G.E. Scudder at
822-3682/Kathy Gorkoff at 822-6973.
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
Hand/Microsurgery Service: Surgical Rehabilitation Of The Paralysed Upper Extermity.
Chair: Dr. Brent Graham. Eye Care Centre
Auditorium at 7:30am. Call 875-4646.
Health Promotion Research
Systems Approach To Health Promotion
Research/Clinical Practice At The University Of Newcastle, IMSW, Australia. Prof.
Rob Sanson-Fisher, Discipline of Behavioural Sciences in Relation to Medicine, U.
of Newcastle. James Mather253from 12-
1:30pm. Call 822-2258.
Wednesday Noon Hour
Concert Series
John Rudolph and Graeme Boyle, percussion; Kathleen Rudolph, flute; David
Brown, bass; Peter Berring, piano. Music
Recital Hall at 12:30pm. Admission $2.
Call 822-5574.
Cecil HVIda Green Visiting
Chemistry Lecture: The Chemistry Revolution. Prof. Harry Barkus Gray, Arnold O.
Beckman Professor of Chemistry and director, Beckman Institute, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena. IRC #6 at
12:30pm. Call 822-5675.
Psychology Colloquium
At A Glance: Gender-Related Confusions
Between Perception And Evaluation. Dr.
Rhoda Unger, Montclair State College,
Upper Montclair, NJ. Kenny 2510 at
12:30pm. Social hourfollows in the lounge.
Call 822-3005.
Forestry Seminar
An Expert System For Diagnosis And
Treatment Of Sitka Spruce Nutrient
Deficiences In British Plantations. Dr.
Alan Thompson, Pacific Forest Centre,
Forestry Canada, Victoria. MacMillan 166
from 12:30-1:30pm. Freeadmission. Call
Microbiology Seminar
The Function Of The Ras-Related Gene,
Rap1, InD.discoideum. Patrick Rebstein,
Microbiology. Wesbrook 201 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-3308.
Geography Colloquium
Whose Conception Of Scarcity? Whose
Idea Of Time? Indian Women And Local
Resources. Cathy Nesmith, Geography,
SFU. Geography 201 at 3:30pm. Refreshments at 3:25pm. Call 822-2985/2663.
AMS Global Development
Open Discussion
What Is Development And What Is Our
Role In It? SUB100Dat6pm. Call 222-
Cecil H./lda Green Visiting
Chemistry Seminar: Binuclear Platinum
Photochemistry And Photocatalysis. Prof.
Harry Barkus Gray, director, Beckman
Institute, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena. Chemistry D-225 at
10:30am. Call 822-5675.
Geological Sciences Seminar
Universality In Groundwater And Geology. Roger Beckie. GeoSciences 330A
at 12:30pm. Refreshments follow in the
Grad Lounge (308). Call 822-2449.
English Panel Discussion
Vancouver Opera's production of Mozart's The
Marriage Of Figaro. Susan
Bennett, Vancouver Opera; Floyd St. Clair, French.
Buchanan B-212 at
12:30pm. Call 822-4060.
Pharmacology Seminar
Electroacupuncture Studies In The Rat.
Dr. John Sinclair, Pharmacology/Toxicology, Pharmaceutical Sciences. IRC #5
from 11:30am-12:30pm. Call 822-2575.
Sustainable Development
Research Institute
Seminar Series: Sustainable Development In The Prairie Grain Belt. Why Is The
Government Ruining The Land? Dr.G.C.
Van Kooten, Agricultural Economics/Forest Resource Management. IRC #5 from
12:30-1:30pm. Coffee available; bring-
your-ownmug. Call 822-8198.
Students For Forestry Awareness
Ramifications Of IWA - Environmental
Groups Agreement. Bill Routley, IWA,
Duncan. MacMillan 166 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 731-2613.
Theatre Seminar
Flesh Angels, Newton And
Me. Prof. R. Bruce Elder,
Film Studies, Ryerson
Polytechnical Institute.
Brock Hall Annex 151 at
2:30pm. Screenings:
Flesh Angels, Mar. 18; Newton And Me,
Mar. 19. Both at Pacific Cinematheque.
Call 822-4765.
Psychology Colloquium
The Persistence Of Suppressed Desire.
Dr. Daniel Wegner, U. of Virginia. Kenny
2510 at4pm. Social hourfollows in lounge.
Call 822-3005.
Physics Colloquium
Mapping The Universe. Margaret Geller,
Harvard Smithsonian Centre for
Astrophysics. Hennings 201 at 4pm. Call
Experimental Medicine Seminar
Molecular Mechanisms of Insulin Resistance. Dr. Michael Bryer-Ash,
Endocrinology/Metabolism, Medicine.
University Hospital, UBC SiteGF-279 from
4:30-5:30pm. Call 822-7215.
Distinguished Artists Series
Chamber Music Of The 20th Century.
Douglas Finch, piano with celebrated guest
artists. Music Recital Hall. Lecture at
7:15pm, concert at 8pm. Adults $13,
Students/Seniors $7. Call 822-5574.
University Singers Concert
Friday Evening . James Fankhauser, director. Music Recital Hall at 8pm. Free
admission. Call 822-5574.
FRIDAY, MAR. 2d~~||
Grand Rounds
Gynaecological Case Presentations. Dr.
Helen Robson and Dr. Roy Jackson.
University Hospital, Shaughnessy Site
D308 at 8am. Call 875-3108.
Paediatrics Resident Case
CPC. Dr. David Critchley, resident. G.F.
Strong Rehab. Centre Auditorium at 9am.
Call A.C. Ferguson at 875-2118.
Chemical Engineering Weekly
Melting And Pyrolysis of Lignin. Dr. K.C.
Tuo, adjunct professor, Chemical Engineering. ChemEngineering206at3:30pm.
Call 822-3238.
Sigma XI Scientific Society
Putting Ethics On The Research Agenda.
Prof. Michael McDonald, director, Centre
of Applied Ethics. Faculty Club Music
Room at 4pm. Call 822-4166.
Vancouver Institute Saturday
Evening Lecture
Chemistry And Solar Energy. Prof. Harry B. Gray,
director, Beckman
Institute,California Institute
of Technology, Pasadena.
IRC #2 at 8:15pm.   Call
Pacific Spirit Night Quest
Night Discovery Walk. Sponsor: Greater
Vancouver Regional District. Pacific Spirit
Regional Park from 5:30-9:30pm. Free
admission/parking. Call 432-6350.
UBC Speakers Bureau
Would yourgroup like to know more about
topics ranging from Agriculture in BC to
the Canada-U.S.-Mexico Free Trade Proposal? More than 300 topics to choose
from. Call 822-6167 (24-hr. ans. machine).
Spring Break Tours For
Prospective Students
School And College Liaison Office will
provide tours of the campus Mar. 18-20
from 9:30am-12pm. Walter Gage Residence Mary Murrin Lounge. Call 822-
Video Preview
Faculty and staff are invited to preview
UBC's new video for secondary school
liaison, 10.5 minutes in duration. Sponsor: School and College Liaison Office.
Faculty Club Salon A, Mar. 16-17 from 12-
2pm. Call 822-4319.
The President's Series On The
Future Of Canada
The New Constitutional Proposals. One-
day forum, Saturday, Mar. 28, location
TBA. Reservations not required; admission free. Call 222-5238.
Cecil Hilda Green Visiting
Philosophy Lecture: Three Walks With A
Solitary: Rediscovering Rousseau. Prof.
David Peter Gauthier, Distinguished Service Professor of Philosophy, U. of Pittsburgh, PA. Three in the series: Mar. 9,10,
and 12 in Hennings 200 at 12:30pm each
day. Call 822-5675.
Centre For Continuing Education Weekend Seminar
Mini-Hollywood Film School: Producing,
Distributing And Canadian Funding. Dov
Simens, Hollywood producer, studio consultant. Guest Speakers: GeorgeJohnson,
regional director, NFB; John Taylor, director of operations, Telefilm Canada; Maria
Falcone, director, Production Development, BC Film. Fee $110 one day/$195
weekend. IRC #3, Mar. 16-17 from 9am-
5pm. Call 222-5261.
The 1992 Scientific Equipment
Trade Show
Trade Show in the SUB Ballroom/
Party room/205, Mar. 18-19 from 10am-
4pm. Admission free, prize draws, seminars. Call 822-3456.
Frederic Wood Theatre
Semper Fidelis by lan Weir, directed by
Stephen Malloy. Until Mar. 14 only at
8pm. Adults $10, students/seniors $7.
Reservations at Theatre Building 207.
Call 822-2678.
Executive Programmes
One/two day business seminars. Mar. 9-
19 series includes: Management Skills
For Warehouse Supervisors, $895; Construction Claims, $950; Financial Management for Non-Financial Managers,
$595; Project Management Process, $950;
Financial Information Systems, $875. Call
Statistical Consulting/Research Laboratory
SCARL is operated by the Department of
Statistics to provide statistical advice to
faculty and graduate students working on
research problems. Forms for appointments available in Ponderosa Annex C-
210. Call 822-4037.
Sexual Harassment Office
Two advisors are availabe to discuss questions and concerns on the subject. They are
prepared to help any member of the UBC
community who is being sexually harassed
tofindasatisfactoryresolution. CallMargart
Hoek or Jon Shapiro at 822-6353.
Seniors Hypertension Study
Volunteers aged 60-80 years with mild to
moderate hypertension, treated or not,
needed to participate in a high blood pressure study. Call Dr. Wright or Nancy
Ruedy in Medicine at 822-7134.
Drug Research Study
Volunteers required for Genital Herpes
Treatment Study. Sponsoring physician:
Dr. Stephen Sacks, Medicine/Infectious
Diseases. Call 822-7565.
Heart/Lung Response Study
At rest and during exercise. Volunteers
age 45-75 years, all fitness levels, required. No maximal testing. Scheduled at
your convenience. Call Fiona Manning,
School of Rehab. Medicine, 822-7708.
Lung Disease Study
Subjects with emphysema
or fibrosis needed to investigate means of improving lung
function without drugs. Call
Fiona Manning, School of
Rehab Medicine, 822-7708.
Counselling Psychology
Research Study
Clerical Workers—explore your stress
coping skills. Clerical/secretarial staff
needed to participate in a study which
involves completion of one questionnaire
a month for three months. Call Karen
Flood at 822-9199.
Parent/Adolescent Career
Development Study
Pairs of parentsand teenagers needed for
a study on conversations about career
choices and life directions. Two interviews of up to 2 hours each. An honorarium for $40/pair after completing the
second interview. Call Dr. Richard Young
in Counselling Psychology at 822-6380.
Retirement Study
Women concerned about retirement planning needed for an 8-week Retirement
Preparation seminar. Call Sara Cornish in
Counselling Psychology at 931-5052. 10    UBCREPORTS March5,1992
' Junk food' plays role in
teen development: study
Nutritionists must break down
the barriers between "healthy
food" and "junk food" if adolescent girls are to thrive emotionally and physically, says Gwen
Chapman, an assistant professor
in the School of Family and Nutritional Sciences.
Chapman has completed a study of
the eating habits of young women and
found that some of them go through an
emotional and physical tug of war
during their adolescent years over their
food habits.
"Many nutritionists, parents
and teachers try to discourage
young women from eating so-
called junk foods in favor of a
more traditional diet," said
"My study suggests that young
women are eating the proper foods on
their own and that junk food can play
an important role in their development."
From 1988 to 1990, Chapman
interviewed 93 girls between the
ages of 11 and 16. She asked
them what they eat, where they
eat, why they eat, what food means
to them, and their dietary concerns. She also ran a computer
analysis of their food intake.
"1 found that, overall, these girls
are getting most of the nutrients they
need. They could satisfy the rest of
their dietary requirements by simply
eating more of the foods they currently eat."
After talking to the girls,
Chapman found that junk food
played an important role in developing a sense of independence.
Chocolate bars and potato chips
ranked high on their lists.
To them, healthy foods represented a family setting and what
their parents want them to eat.
Junk food, on the other hand, is
eaten with friends, between meals,
and away from the home, and is
part of the peer bonding process
that is crucial to healthy adolescent development, said Chapman.
"The tug of war develops for
those who see themselves gaining
unwanted weight — weight gain
which they have been told is
caused by eating too much junk
food. The simultaneous wish to
both eat and avoid junk food can
be part of a situation that may
lead to bulimia or anorexia."
Chapman said society must find
ways to sever the links between
body weight and self-esteem.
Simply finding new ways to tell
youngsters not to eat junk food is
not the answer.
"These kids aren't concerned
about their weight for health reasons," explained Chapman.
"They're afraid gaining weight
will make them less attractive.
They don't believe they can feel
good about themselves unless they
can control their weight."
Chapman adds junk food isn't junk
food, if it's eaten in moderation.
"In some ways, it can play an important role in the development of a
young person's independence," she
Nurse torpedoes
food myths
Lunch on the run. It's a lifestyle
familiar to many of us — if we take
the time to eat at all, that is.
Students are particularly vulnerable to the hazards of eating on the
go, says Margaret Johnston, UBC's
Student Health outreach nurse.
"The pressures of schoolwork
and studying for exams often interfere with students taking the time to
really think about what they're doing tor meals," Johnston said.
She added that tight finances
and dieting are the other major culprits leading to poor nutrition in
students. But Johnston stressed that
eating something "quick" doesn't
have to be expensive, fattening or
lacking in nutrition.
That's why she has teamed up
with Katharine Archer and Lori
Thomson, two third-year Family
and Nutritional Science students,
to co-ordinate a week-long pro
gram of events promoting healthy
eating and designed to explode
some myths about nutrition.
"If you're going to eat in a fast
food restaurant, go ahead and order
the plain hamburger," Johnston
said. "It's a smarter food choice
than the chicken and fish dishes
which are usually breaded and deep
fried in oil."
"Another myth is that dieting is
an effective way to lose weight
when in reality 95 per cent of diets
Her advice? Don't diet. Eat for
good health, choosing foods low in
fat and high in fiber.
Anyone interested in these and
other nutrition myths, nutritious
food preparation, product information, or enjoying some healthy food
samples, may visit the Student
Union Building Monday, March 9
between 11 a.m. and 2p.m. Call 822-
4858 for details.
Tots tackle high-tech learning
10:00 am • 4:00 pm
ho*  ehoDolate
Snow fo]f*t
Winter  hat
Computer picture created by six-year-old artist at F. W. Howay school.
"And that's why frogs like ponds."
Finishing his presentation with a
flourish, six-year old Eli waved the
computer wand across a bar code in
his reader, then quickly joined class-
fttf A# W hi
iT# Wmi -EH
During the week of Feb. 10, we moved to the spanking
new University Services Building at 2329 West Mall
near Agronomy Road.
While our address has changed, our phone numbers
have stayed the same.
Drop by and see us at our new home, or give our
customer service representatives a call at 822-5931.
Improve Your Image!
mates on the floor to watch a frog
video scanned off a compact disc.
Welcome to the hi-tech world of
primary education.
Eli is one of several hundred British Columbia primary school students and teachers experimenting with
micro-computers, video cameras, laser discs and the latest educational
technology in a project headed by
UBC's Faculty of Education.
For the past year, Professors Mary
Bryson and David Robitaille have
been studying how technology can
support the new provincial mandate
to have children thinking critically,
working co-operatively, and ready
for a •"state-of-the-art" workplace.
"We want to break away from
simply putting a bunch of computers
in a lab and involve teachers and
students directly in shaping their
uses," said Bryson, an associate professor in the Dept. of Educational
Psychology and Special Education.
The New Technologies and the
Primary Program project (NTaPP) is
being carried out in 12 elementary
schools throughout the province.
Together with the Education Technology Centre of B.C., a 10-member
research team from UBC has tried to
identify the obstacles and opportunities created when computers are introduced at the primary level.
In the past, Bryson said computer
implementation studies have typically
involved placing software in schools
and assessing their "effects" on young
students. However, recent research
indicates that it is the teachers' understanding of how best to integrate
the technology that determines effect.
"Teachers are often mistakenly
viewed more as trainers than educators," said Bryson. "In fact, they are
not just delivering curriculum on a
cart, but are playing a formative and
pro-active role in developing it."
Among the team's observations to
date: primary teachers have little or
no experience with educational uses
of new technologies; support for
teachers implementing new technologies is perceived as inadequate; and
the best existing software in primary
classes tends to consist of outdated
business applications, like word processors or spreadsheets, or repetitive
drill programs.
Historically, Bryson said elementary schools have not been at the
forefront of integrating technology
in class. There has, however, been a
shift in priority since the 1987 Report
of the Provincial Advisory Committee on Computers and initiatives from
the BC Educational Technology Centre (ETC).
At the primary level, the Year
2000 educational reforms involve less
formal teaching methods and more
collaborative, group work between
teachers and students.
Bryson said the focus of the
new Primary Program is on collaborative and active learning
rather than training kids to reproduce existing knowledge. The
goal is to make education more
meaningful by getting kids involved with working out everyday problems experienced in the
playground or at home. UBC REPORTS March 5,1992
Study to measure adolescent bone density
Teens crucial time to prevent osteoporosis
UBC researchers are embarking
on a study of bone density in adolescent girls that may contribute to the
prevention of osteoporosis.
The two-year study will examine
the rate of increase of bone density in
young girls as they go through puberty.
"At present, there is no cure for
osteoporosis, a condition most common in Caucasian and Asian women
over age 60, in which bones are fragile and can break easily," said Dr.
Susan Barr, a member of the research
"However, many scientists believe
that the pre-teen and early teen years
are important in helping to prevent
Barr said the increase in bone
strength reaches a maximum in young
women between the ages of approximately 11 and 14 and slows down
after that. The study will focus on the
factors that influence bone develop
ment during adolescence, such as diet,
exercise and menstrual periods.
"If we can help young girls add to
their bone mass during those peak
years, it may help protect them against
bone loss later in life, and decrease
their chances of getting osteoporosis,"
explained Barr, an associate professor in the School of Family and Nutritional Sciences.
The research team, which includes
Dr. Jerilynn Prior, associate professor, Dept. of Medicine; Dr. Kim
Colwell, clinical fellow, Medical
Genetics; Dr. Brian Lentle, head, Dept.
of Radiology; Dr. Judith Hall, head,
Dept. of Pediatrics; and Dr. Steven
Tredwell, clinical associate professor, Dept. of Pediatrics, plans to interview about 100 girls aged 10 and
During the study, they will have
their bone density measured once a
year, a procedure which is totally
painless and completely safe, said
Berkowitz & Associates
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The subjects will also be examined
to follow their rate of growth and
physical development, with particular
attention paid to menstrual periods.
They will be asked to fill out forms
regarding exercise and eating habits
and, once every three months, will be
expected to keep a record of the food
they eat.
Barr said the study is not open to
girls who have already started to
menstruate, smoke cigarettes, or have
any long-term health conditions which
require regular medication.
"Even though everyone loses
some bone as they get older, this
may be less serious in those who
start out with strong bones, and
broken bones may be prevented,"
said Barr.
"Hopefully, this study will enable
us to maximize the potential for bone
mass in young women and keep
osteoporosis at bay."
Subjects are being recruited for
this study, which is being funded
by the B.C. Children's Hospital
Telethon. For more information,
or to inquire about participation,
call Dr. Susan Barr at 822-2502.
or 822-6766.
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736-0341 12   UBC REPORTS March S. 1992
Video camera poised to capture 'big event'
Jonathan Fannin is waiting for the
"big event."
Armed with a video camera which
has been set up at a research site in the
Tsitika Valley on Vancouver Island,
Fannin, an assistant professor in the
Faculty of Forestry, is poised to record
an active debris flow, or event, in
order to better understand the physi
cal characteristics and behavior of
this phenomenon.
Knowledge gained through detailed examination of the Tsitika
Valley site, and analysis of an extensive Ministry of Forests database,
will be used in the development of a
computer model that may help predict the behavior of debris flows, said
Fannin, who has a joint appointment
in the Department of Civil Engineering.
A debris flow is like a runaway
train of rock, soil, tree stumps and
organic material charging down a creek
at upwards of 30 kilometres an hour,
he explained.
"Anyone who has driven up Highway 99 to Whistler knows the damage
and destruction debris flows can
Fannin said a combination of unstable terrain, high intensity rainfall
and saturated soils — triggered by
one specific incident, like a small
landslide — can result in a debris
flow or torrent.
"It's a problem indigenous to the
Pacific Northwest and one that government and industry are trying to
Toothpick bridge carries
the load at competition
They may be using popsicle
sticks, dental floss, toothpicks and
glue, but model bridge-building
can help teach engineering students something about real-life
construction jobs.
So says Brian Hirst, a Master of Applied Science student
in structural engineering, who
heads the seven-member UBC
team in Concordia University's annual bridge-building
Hirst, 43, should know. He
spent 15 years in the construction industry before returning
to school to upgrade his skills.
His  specialty:  assessing  and
maintaining bridges.
"In some ways, this mimics real-
life engineering encounters on the
job," said Hirst. "It sounds silly, but
you'll face similar deadlines, technical limitations and rules."
The object of the contest, which
is expected to attract 40 teams of
engineering students from more than
a dozen Canadian universities, is to
construct the strongest and most
original bridge.
A hydraulic machine nicknamed
The Crusher tests the load-bearing
capacities ofthe bridges, which must
be one-metre long and clear the floor
by 15 cm.
The UBC team is busily testing prototypes in the weeks lead
ing up to the March
6 competition.
Their best design
will be taken to
Concordia's Sir
George Williams
campus in Montreal.
The prefabricated
sections must arrive in three small,
plastic garbage
bags, as dictated
by the rules.
This marks the
first time UBC has
entered a team in the
event, competing for
SI,500 in prize
Photo by Brian Hirst
Team members John Lee, Nick Maile and Gary
Liang load-test their prototype model bridge.
come to grips with to ensure good
hazard management practices."
Fannin's research is part of a long-
term sediment monitoring program
initiated in the Tsitika River watershed by the Ministry of Forests last
year, at the request of the Tsitika Follow-up Committee. The committee
was established in 1978 to oversee the
implementation of the Tsitika Watershed Integrated Resources Plan.
One particular gully in the watershed experienced a major event in
November of 1990 and, given the nature ofthe site, Fannin said it is reasonable to expect another in the next few
After surveying the 2.5 kilometre
channel from source area to
depositional fan, on the valley floor,
Fannin and his UBC research team set
up a video camera which has been
running since the fall.
Every day at noon, for one minute,
the camera, located on the valley floor,
records an image of the gully exit and
fan. This data will be used to interpret the behavior and impact of the
"big one" when it next hits.
When that happens, the debris flow
will trip a switch connected to the
camera, and the dynamics ofthe whole
event will be recorded.
"In order to properly addresss this
aspect of hazard management, we have
to better understand the physical characteristics and behavior of these
events. The computer model that
will be developed will be a very useful tool in assisting engineering judgement and experience," said Fannin.
In keeping with the long standing commitment that Bank of Montreal has had with University of British Columbia since 1908, Bank of Montreal
is pleased to introduce a package of banking services specially designed for the needs of UBC Faculty and Staff.
At Bank of Montreal, you can be assured of receiving expert advice on your personal finances. Our customers are our first priority — and we
are always looking for ways to serve you better.
To introduce you to our wide variety of financial services, we've arranged the following offers available especially for you. Bank of Montreal
is pleased to highlight the following products reflecting your special needs with benefits designed to meet them at preferred rates.
/ Faculty Study Leave Service
- we'll take care of all your banking needs while you are
/ Personal Line of Credit at Preferred Rates
• Mortgage Rate Discount of up to 1/2%
/ Faculty Housing Assistance Program
- use UBC grants or loans as downpayment towards the
purchase of a home
• Multi Purpose Loan Plan at Prime + 1/2%
/ Introductory Offer on FirstBank Plan
- over 20 banking services at one monthly fixed fee
These are limited time offers.
UBC Affinity Card Program
Bank of Montreal launched this program in the fall of 1990. To
date more than 3,000 proud members of the UBC community carry this distinctive "NO FEE" MasterCard®
card. As part of a special arrangement,
a percentage of every purchase you
make using this card is returned to
MasterCard and design are registered
trademarks of MasterCard International Inc. Bank
of Montreal is a registered user.
Call the UBC Branch at 665-7076 for further details!
Bank of Montreal
We're Paying Attention


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