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UBC Reports Dec 8, 1988

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Array UBC Archives Serial
Philanthropist Walter Koerner (left) shows President David Strangway one ofthe ceramics from his collection during a lunch in his honor.
Koerner donates
prized ceramics
collection to UBC
By PAULA MARTIN
Philanthropist Walter Koerner has
donated a $2.9-million ceramics collection to UBC's Museum of Anthropology.
' 'This new gift represents Dr. Koemer's
ongoing commitment to UBC and we are
absolutely delighted that we are now
going to house one ofthe world's most
outstanding collections of ceramics," said
President David Strangway.
Koerner, a long-time UBC benefactor, has collected European art and artifacts for nearly 80 years -- since he was a
schoolboy.
The collection is divided into three
parts: Italian Renaissance ceramics;
Anabaptist ceramics; and medieval.
Renaissance and baroque ornamental tiles.
The Italian Renaissance ceramics were
illustrated by well-known Italian painters.
The Anabaptist ceramic collection,
originating in Moravia, was made primarily by the ancestors of the Hutterites
and will be of particular interest to North
Americans of Hutterite and Anabaptist
descent.
The medieval, Renaissance and baroque ornamental tiles were originally
By JO MOSS
Construction will begin almost immediately on UBC's new daycare building now that the university's proposal has
cleared the last official hurdle.
UBC's Board of Governors approved
the project, Dec. 1. The Child Care Society, which represents the 12 independent
daycare centres on campus, voted unanimously on Nov. 22 with one abstention,
to accept the proposal.
K.D. Srivastava, Vice-President Student and Academic Services, said no time
will be wasted in moving ahead.
"We're ready to start immediately,"
he said.
UBC's Alma Mater Society came
through at the eleventh hour with an
additional $ 194,000 to eliminate a daycare
fee increase for parents who are UBC
students. The Child Care Society incurred repayment of a $336,000 debt as
part of the proposal package and planned
to institute a user surcharge of $11 a
month.
See SOCIETY on Page 2
Next UBC Reports
published Jan.12
The next edition of UBC Reports
will be published on Thursday, Jan. 12.
The Calendar deadline for that issue
is Wednesday, Jan. 4 at4 p.m.
ArbitratidfrkMnext step
for stalled faculty talks
made for decorated ovens and stoves.
' 'This is one of the finest private collections in existence today," said Michael Ames, director ofthe Museum of
Anthropology.
"Some pieces are so rare they are
probably one-of-a-kind. The main value
to us is their research value and their sheer
elegance."
Koerner previously donated a private
collection of Northwest Coast masterpieces to the museum, Ames noted.
"His gift was instrumental in getting
a federal grant that led to the construction
ofthe Museum of Anthropology," which
opened in 1976, he said.
Koerner has also contributed substantially to UBC's hospital and library over
the years.
A former chairman of UBC's Board
of Governors, Koerner arrived in British
Columbia from his native Czechoslovakia in 1939, following the Nazi takeover
of that country.
Although he and his brothers left behind
a family forest products business, they
soon established themselves in B.C.'s
forest industry.
Construction to start
on daycare building
'immediately:' official
By GAVIN WILSON
Contract talks between the university
and the Faculty Association are headed
for arbitration after attempts at mediation
failed.
Arbitration panel hearings, already
scheduled to begin Dec. 15 or 16, will
now take place. Under the terms ofthe
framework agreement which governs talks,
the panel can award only a one-year
agreement.
The university had earlier offered the
association a three-year contract.
Mediation efforts led by veteran labor
negotiator Vincent Ready broke down
late Nov. 30. Talks remain deadlocked on
the issue of salaries.
"I regret very much that mediation
did not bring a resolution to this dispute,''
said UBC President David Strangway.
Strangway added that it was difficult
to understand why the Faculty Association, as the party that originally wanted to
go into mediation, refused to move from
its previously stated positions.
"It's a straightforward dispute," said
faculty negotiator and economics professor John Cragg. "We think we deserve a
little more money and they say they can't
pay us that much. It's not profitable to
start assigning blame.''
The university had earlier offered the
association a three-year package with a
total increase of eight per cent in each
year. This was made up of annual increases of 4.9,4.9 and five percent, a. 1
per cent gender inequity fund in each of
the first two years, as well as career
progress, merit, anomaly and inequity
increases of three per cent each year.
The Faculty Association is seeking
greater increases to make up for income
lost during the salary freeze ofthe early
1980s, as well as movement toward parity with faculty at other major Canadian
universities.
The Faculty Association represents
about 2,000 faculty members, librarians
and continuing education program directors on campus.
In other negotiations, UBC teaching
assistants have reached agreement on a
new three-year contract with the university.
The settlement, ratified by the Board
of Governors at its Dec. 1 meeting, calls
for a five per cent salary increase effective
Sept 1,1988, five per cent in the next year
and six percent in the final year.
The agreement covers about 1,400
teaching assistants, mostly graduate students, represented by the Canadian Union of Public Employees, Local 2278.
Contract talks have begun with CUPE
Local 116, which represents about 1,600
trades workers on campus. Talks are also
slated to begin with Canadian University
Employees (also known as CUPE, Local
2950), which represents about 1,400 clerical and library staff, and the International
Union of Operating Engineers, Local 882,
which bargains for 32 mechanical maintenance and steam plant workers. Their
contracts expire March 31,1989.
Trying to find balance
Rise in tuition proposed
By JO MOSS
UBC tuition fees may jump as much
as 10 per cent for the 1989 fall term.
Recommendations to increase tuition
for undergraduate and graduate programs
were presented to the Board of Governors
for discussion at the Dec. 1 meeting. The
board will formally consider the recommendations early in 1989.
UBC is proposing to raise tuition fees
by an additional five per cent over and
above an anticipated five per cent increase for all undergraduate programs.
Dan Birch, Vice-President and Provost, said the extra five per cent increase
reflects a specific budget strategy by the
university to bring revenue in line with
expenditures.
UBC is reducing its expenditures by
$2-million across the board in 1988-89.
The extra five per cent increase in tuition
fees will generate an additional $1.8-
million in revenue for the university, he
said.
UBC has recommended that tuition
fees for the first year of Masters and PhD
programs be held at current levels.
Students in the third and following
years of a Masters program, and the fourth
and following years of a PhD program,
however, will see their fees increase to
$750 per year from $571.
"Graduate tuition revenue overall will
also increase by 10 percent," Birch said.
If the Board of Governors approves
the fee rise, students enroling in first-year
Arts and Science in the fall of 1989 will
pay $107 per unit, up from $97. That
amounts to $ 1605 for a 15-unit Arts or
Science program.
Tim Bird, President of UBC's Alma
Mater Society said students can't afford
the increase. UBC already has one of the
highest tuition fees in the country, he said,
and students in B.C. face lower government financial aid programs and higher
costs of living than do students in other
parts of Canada.
Bird said the AMS is preparing a
report on students' financial plight for
presentation to the board in early 1989.
Birch said the university is trying to
find a balance between two strategies.
"Students don't benefit by having
fewer faculty and larger classes either,"
he said.
Last year's tuition fee increase was 4.5
per cent.
200 rooms set aside
for 1990 gay games
By JO MOSS
UBC has allocated 200 rooms for use
by the Third International Gay Games
and Cultural Festival to be held in Vancouver in 1990.
But UBC President David Strangway
said the university could not meet organizers' request for use of the Aquatic Centre
and gymnasiums because those facilities
are in full use.
UBC's facilities are in heavy demand
during the summer months by campus
and community groups, he said.
The university had earlier turned down
a request by gay games organizers for use
of campus rooms and facilities for the
city-wide event.
Svend Robinson, Burnaby MP and
honorary festival director, had joined games
organizers in appealing the university's
decision at a Board of Governors meeting
in October.
Robinson said the decision was a denial
of access to publicly funded facilities and
that other gay and lesbian conferences as
well as political events had been held on
campus over the years.
Strangway conveyed the university's
decision to Kevin Smith, Director of
Celebration '90, in a Dec. 1 letter. A Or':-:
UBCREPORTS   Dec 8,   1988       2
Santa came to campus to help the Forestry Undergraduate Society sell Christmas
trees. They can be purchased at the Esso station at 10th and Alma until Dec. 22.
Society to seek funds
to reduce cost of debt
The $11 will now be charged only to
daycare parents who are staff and faculty.
Michael Tretheway, commerce professor and treasurer of the Child Care
Society said the AMS contribution takes
the burden off those least able to afford a
fee increase.
"I think the AMS has shown some
real leadership on the daycare issue," he
said. "They are to be commended for
their support and committment."
About 60 per cent of daycare parents
are UBC students.
Glenn Drover, President of the Child
Care Society, said the society will attempt
to raise further funding informally to
reduce the cost of debt payments.
Continued from Page 1
"The extra $11 makes a difference,
especially to parents who are staff,'' he
said.
Costs for the new facility on Acadia
Road, which will accomodate 275 children, is $2.2-million plus services to the
site.
The extra funding from the AMS brings
its total contribution to $544,000. UBC is
footing $1.8-million of the construction
bill.
The remainder of the funding will
come from a number of sources. The
teaching assistant's union has raised $5,000,
faculty members have donated more than
$40,000, and the Vancouver Foundation
has committed $75,000.
Expanded service is aim
of UBC nurse-midwives
By JO MOSS
UBC Nursing professors Elaine Carty
and Alison Rice are qualified nurse-midwives, but there are few places they can
practice in Canada.
One is in a small, unique clinic operating out of Vancouver's Grace Hospital.
Carty and Rice would like to see the
situation change.
For most of their professional careers,
they have worked to establish midwifery
as a recognized profession. They say
midwives can complement existing provincial health-care services, and help cut
maternity costs.
In 1981, they helped found the Nurse
Midwifery Service (NMS)-the first clinic
of its kind in Canada-which is now
operated on a part-time basis by Grace
Hospital's nursing department. In seven
years, more than 300 families have taken
advantage of its specialized services, some
women returning for their second and
third child.
Six qualified nurse-midwives, whose
salaries are paid by the hospital, and three
volunteer associate midwives, including
Carty and Rice, practice in the clinic. The
NMS is advertised only by word of mouth,
yet they're hard pressed to keep up with
demand and must turn away about 15
women a month.
Canada is one ofthe few developed
countries that does not recognize midwifery as a profession. All midwives
working in NMS are registered nurses
and qualified midwives who can legally
work in other countries. Carty took her
training in the United States, Rice in
England.
The clinic's midwifery service is sanctioned by the B.C. College of Physicians
and Surgeons and the administration board
of Grace Hospital
"Many people associate midwifery
with home delivery and they're surprised
to find out that we work in conjunction
with regular hospital services," Carty
said.
Women give birth in hospital attended
by the midwife who is the constant caregiver from the time conception is confirmed to six weeks after birth. Physician
consultation is always available.
Midwives provide pre-natal care,
including assessment ofthe mother and
baby, nutrition and exercise counselling,
and help the family prepare for the impact
of an infant Children are involved in the
process as much as possible.
"That's what we see as the different
focus of midwifery care," Rice explained.
"Looking at the pregnancy in the context
of the family."
At the 28th week, the midwife draws
up a birth plan with the family. And in the
last month, the midwife and family stage
a birth rehearsal in the hospital delivery
room, an exercise that helps alleviate
apprehension, Carty said.
The midwife also assists the mother
throughout labor and counsels her and
her family during the first few weeks of
adjustment after the birth.
Carty and Rice would like the Nurse
Midwifery Service to expand to meet
what they say is a gap in the health care
system. Adolescents and immigrant
women, in particular, would benefit from
a midwifery service, Carty said.
Housing rights violations
are subject of seminar
By PAULA MARTIN
A UBC housing specialist is trying to
determine how Canadians' housing rights
are being violated across the country.
"Nobody disputes that there are violations of housing rights - discrimination
being the major one," said David Hul-
chanski, director of the Centre for Human
Settlements.
The right to housing is enshrined in
several international treaties which Canada has ratified, including the 1976 Vancouver Declaration on Human Settlements.
However, Hulchanski said, it is difficult to determine some ofthe more subtle
ways in which Canadians' housing rights
are being violated.
"There are still landlords who won't
rent to black people, to single mothers, to
Pakistani people, "he said. "They find
excuses, we all know that."
Some zoning bylaws may infringe on
people's rights as well, he added.
"Is it a housing rights violation for the
city to designate areas where tenants aren't
allowed, which they indirectly do with
single-family zoning?" he asked.
The Centre for Human Settlements is
presenting a day-long seminar on the
right to housing Dec. 9, to coincide with
the 40th anniversary of the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights adopted by
the United Nations.
Staff at Food Services Bakeshop display traditional Christmas fare that can be
ordered until Dec. 16. From left: Aaron Khan, Tom Zorbakis, Angle Jang and
George Domoe.
Scientists to teach in public schools
By GAVIN WILSON
A new program to send scientists into
public schools has been announced by
Stan Hagen, Minister of Advanced Education and Job Training.
"I am excited about this new program," Hagen said. "Science is the way
of the future and I think this program will
help spark interest in children to consider
science as a career.''
Retired UBC chemistry professor
Douglas Hayward said ministry officials
told him they hoped his Do-It-Yourself
Chemistry school program will serve as a
model for the new plan.
Hayward has appeared before thousands of elementary school students in
the Lower Mainland and elsewhere in
B.C. to demonstrate that chemistry is
"safe, fun and interesting."
Funded by the local section of the
Chemical Institute of Canada, Hayward
has also produced a video, writes a newspaper column and conducts a radio show.
Under the new program, the ministry
will fund travel costs and related ex-
, penses for scientists to go into B.C. schools
is $100,000 for the remainder ofthe fiscal
year.
The program will start by focusing on
two groups — grades four to seven and
high school students. Future plans are to
even parents.
' 'Our goal is to ensure that every child
in British Columbia has the opportunity
to meet a scientist, face to face, at least
once during the child's school years,"
Hayward said he would take the minister's statements one step further, and
suggest that students get the chance to
meet a university professor face to face.
"I would especially urge women in
science to go into the classrooms."
and talk to students. The program budget     expand the program to all age groups and      said Hagen.
Teenagers attend Saturday lectures
Will teenagers eagerly go to school on
a Saturday?
They will if they are attending the
UBC Science Lecture Series, which brings
together some ofthe university's top researchers and some of the Lower Mainland's best Grade 11 science students.
The project will introduce students to
science and its applications in British
Columbia.
"It is critical that today's high school
students be encouraged to pursue careers
in science and technology," said series
organizer Alan Carter. "There will be an
increased need for young, capable people
to work as entrepreneurs in companies in
technological development."
This is the second year that the Science Lecture Series for students in the
International Baccalaureate or Advanced
Placement programs has been held on
campus. It is organized through the office
of the Acting Dean of Science, David
Dolphin.
Topics are chosen to cover a variety of
disciplines and lecturers are asked to include hands-on activities where possible.
Enthusiastic students come in from as far
away as Port Moody and Langley, said
Carter.
Also included in the series are demonstrations of lab equipment and tours of the
campus, TRIUMF and the Geological
Museum.
The series began Nov. 5 and continues on seven Saturdays until March, 1989.
The first session featured Julia Levy of    '
Microbiology and a panel discussion on
women in science and technology.
Other speakers include TRIUMF
Director Erich Vogt and department heads
such as Anthony Glass, Botany, Geoffrey
Scudder, Zoology, Paul LeBlond, Oceanography and Barry McBride, Microbiology-
The series is funded by the President's
office, the Faculty of Science Dean's
office and the Science Council of B.C. UBCREPORTS    Dec 8, 1988       3
Carol Mayer, Curator of Collections at the Museum of Anthropology, shows off an
African ceremonial figure donated recently to the museum.
2.000 gifts given
MOA exhibit says
thanks to donors
By PAULA MARTIN
Donors to the Museum of Anthropology have big hearts — they also have lots
of Philippine storage jars, hundreds of
Inuit artifacts and the occasional Australian bark painting.
These are a few of the 2,000 gifts that
have been given to the museum over the
past two years. About 250 of the donated
artifacts are on display until January in an
exhibition called "Gifts and Giving."
"Collections are mainly built with
donations," said Carol Mayer, curator of
collections. ' 'The main objective of this
exhibit is to thank the people who have
chosen this museum as the home for their
artifacts."
The Museum of Anthropology does
not have the resources to purchase many
pieces, she said, adding that donations
make up about 80 per cent of its holdings.
The gifts come from many parts of the
world, some singly and others in large
bunches. Many are given by anonymous
benefactors or bequeathed in wills.
' 'A few months ago, a lady came in
carrying a plastic bag and inside was an
absolutely beautiful Northwest Coast
button blanket,'' Mayer said. " A num-
ber of things arrive on your doorstep that
you don't expect."
Many donors collect pieces for years
and then decide to move their collection
into the museum, she added.
"Some donors like the fact that we're
a teaching museum and their objects will
be used to teach. Some like the fact that
most gifts are displayed in visible storage
and others like to give to a museum with
high visibility," Mayer said.
More than 55 per cent of the gifts over
the past two years have consisted of Asian
material, 17 per cent have been Inuit —
mostly from one donation of 600 pieces -
and eight per cent have been Northwest
Coast artifacts, she said.
Included in the exhibit is one ofthe
most highly publicized gifts received by
the Museum of Anthropology recently -
a Chilkat blanket, purchased last summer
from the estate of the late American pop
artist, Andy Warhol.
Free trade pact may hurt
environment: professor
By GAVIN WILSON
The impending Free Trade Agreement with the United States could result
in greater environmental problems for
Canada, says an associate professor at
UBC's School of Community and Regional Planning.
William Rees said one risk lies in
provisions ofthe agreement which give
U.S. companies the same access to Canadian energy reserves as Canadian companies.
If, as a result, these reserves are exploited at a more rapid pace, Canada will
have to pay the price of the environmental
problems that go hand in hand with resource extraction.
"By creating a continental market for
energy resources, we may be stimulating
an accelerated rale of production of frontier energy reserves with its potential for
environmental problems," he said.
Rees is also disturbed at federal government initiatives to spend billions of
dollars to develop the Hibernia offshore
oil fields and the Lethbridge heavy oil
project
"If the trade agreement goes through,
and if the Americans enter into long-term
contracts for Canadian oil and natural
gas, what we are in effect doing is jeopardizing the Canadian environment while
subsidizing U.S. consumers with lower
energy prices," said Rees.
Growing concerns about global environmental issues such as the greenhouse
effect may make traditional energy sources
obsolete, he added. For example, with
many scientists calling for reductions in
emissions of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, there may be strong pressure to
curb the use of coal and petroleum in the
next decade.
"By the time Hibernia crude is ready
to flow, its use as ftiel may be ecologically
and socially unconscionable," said Rees.
In the meantime, while subsidies for
the exploitation of conventional energy
sources are permitted under free trade,
there are concerns the agreement might
restrict the public-private sector cooperation needed to develop new, more sustainable technologies.
Bald eagles flock to Fraser
to escape northern winter
By JO MOSS
One ofthe world's largest concentrations of bald eagles is located right on
Vancouver's doorstep, Forestry professor Fred Bunnell says.
A 21 -kilometre stretch of the Fraser
River between Chilliwack and Hope, and
part of the Harrison River and Nicomen
Slough area, provides winter habitat for
vast numbers of the birds. A field worker
last year tainted 1,250 eagles from one
site alone.
Some naturalists suspected the area
housed a large wintering eagle population, but they weren't prepared for such
high numbers.
"We were really surprised," Bunnell
said. "The only other place that has such
a high concentration of eagles is the Chilkat
area in Alaska, and the numbers are probably comparable."
Bunnell can't say exactly how many
eagles flock to the Fraser to escape harsh
conditions in northern B.C. and Alaska.
But experts estimate the wintering population for the whole province is in excess
of 20,000 birds.
Up to now, B.C. eagles have received
short shrift from scientists, Bunnell says.
"We tend to take our natural resources
for granted," he added.
Of the estimated 70,000 bald eagles in
North America, 48,000 reside in B.C. and
Alaska. The south coast of the province
provides habitat for 900 breeding pairs
compared to only 280 pairs in Washington, where eagles are an endangered
species.
Tree harvesting has been identified as
one of the greatest threats to bald eagles in
the western United States and while eagle
numbers in B.C. show no signs of diminishing, it's important to look at how logging could affect Canadian populations,
Bunnell said.
With financial support from the World
Wildlife Fund of Canada, he has spent
three years documenting eagle night roosts
in the Fraser Valley area. As many as 150
eagles at a time congregate in Douglas fir
trees to escape the wind and wet.
' 'They have particularly favorite trees
which are very large and usually old
growth trees, remnants of old forest,'' explained project leader Anthea Farr.
Nests indicate the area also supports a
sizeable year-round population, she said.
Bunnell and Farr are collaborating
with Scott Paper
Ltd., which holds a
tree farm licence for
part of the area.
Eighteen night
roosts have been
identified to date;
one is in the tree
farm license area
and has been set
aside as a reserve.
The company is also preserving perch
trees where necessary and monitoring the
productivity of eagle nesting sites.
"It's an ongoing program of managing the land for more than its timber
value," explained Ken Stenerson, woodlands manager for Scott Paper, who said
eagle numbers appear to have increased
over the last few years.
Farr is now working to identify what
makes a roost tree so special to eagles, so
potential roosting sites can be preserved
for the future.
This summer, Bunnell expanded his
study to the coastal areas of B.C. in cooperation with two more forest companies.
UBC forestry students helped conduct
aerial surveys and followup ground checks
of eagle nesls.
Malcolm Knapp forest
Trail guide an aid for hikers
By JO MOSS
All you need to enjoy a day in the
UBC Malcolm Knapp Research Forest,
is a good pair of walking shoes and the
new trail guide brochure.
Recent improvements to trails and
signs in the forest demonstration area and
publication of a detailed booklet outlining points of interest mean visitors can
now wander the trails at their own pace.
"We've made it totally self-guiding,"
said Don Munro research forest director.
An annual grant of $ 10,000 from B.C.'s
Ministry of Forests had previously allowed the Maple Ridge forest to provide
public tours. That funding was cut earlier
this year when the new Seymour demonstration forest opened on Vancouver's
North Shore. As a result, UBC accelerated development ofthe research forest's
self-guiding program, Munro said:
"From the very beginning we had
identified items of interest in the demonstration area," said Munro. "The objective had always been to make it self-
guiding."
Visitors can now select from three
main routes in the demonstration area,
located at the southern tip ofthe 5,517-
hectare forest, ranging from one-and-a-
half to seven kilometres. A variety of
detours may be added and wheelchair
visitors can follow the Wheelchair Trail,
an asphalt path which runs through the
Arboretum.
The self-guiding brochure is available
for $ 1 at the main gate.
Open from dawn to dusk every day,
the demonstration area illustrates proper
forestry management techniques and allows visitors to learn about the environment, ecology and plant identification.
Many ongoing research projects can also
be viewed.
"As an outdoor laboratory, our primary function is research and education," Munro said. "Public participation
and enjoyment of the forest is part of the
research."
A popular site for school teachers and
their classes, the UBC Malcolm Knapp
Research Forest also attract families with
young children as well as serious hikers.
One active group of senior citizens
regularly visits for a 15-20 kilometre
hike, Munro said.
Dogs bother the wildlife and visitors
are asked to leave them at home. ' 'That's
always a sore point," Munro added.
Recent improvements to the demon
stration area include resurfaced trails, a
new bridge, better signage and a new trail
running alongside the Alouette River with
views of rapids and falls.
There are good opportunities to see
wildlife such as blacktail deer, black bear,
grouse, coyotes and rabbits. "The chances
are pretty good visitors will see something," Munro said.
New method studied
for producing pulp
By GAVIN WILSON
Researchers led by Acting Dean of
Science and chemistry professor David
Dolphin are developing methods of processing wood pulp that could one day
replace the controversial bleaching process now used by the Canadian pulp and
paper industry.
The current method of bleaching, which
uses chlorine, has come under fire recently because it results in the creation of
byproducts such as dioxins, extremely
toxic substances that have been detected
throughout the environment from heron
eggs to milk cartons.
The chlorine is used to break down the
wood fibre, stripping away everything
except the cellulose, which is then used to
make paper.
Dolphin's fellow researchers isolated
the enzymes that naturally degrade the
wood fibre in 1983. Efforts since then
have been aimed at mimicking and then
improving the enzyme using biotechnology.
The natural enzymes work only in a
narrow range of temperature and acidity.
But industrial operations prefer to work at
high temperatures and extreme acidity
levels to speed the chemical processes
and, ultimately, production.
The manufactured enzymes have these
advantages, but are not yet cost-effective
for commercial use. Dolphin points out.
too, that with the entire industry geared to
chlorine bleaching, it would be very
expensive to switch to other methods.
"It's too early to know if this will be
useful in industry yet," he said. "But
concerns about the environment are growing all the time. In Europe they have either
cut down on or banned the use of chlorine
in the bleaching process. If that happens
here, then the industry could be more
receptive to biotechnology."
Dolphin has worked in conjunction
with Boston-based Replegen, a bio-tech
company, and Sandoz, a company better
known for its pharmaceuticals.
Research chairs
receive approval
UBC's Senate and Board of Governors have approved the establishment of
new research chairs in organizational
behavior and applied ethics.
The Maurice Young chair in Applied
Ethics will be located in the philosophy
department, but the prospective appointee
may hold a joint appointment in another
faculty, said Robert Will, Dean of the
Arts faculty.
The Edgar Kaiser Jr. Chair in Organizational Behavior, in the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration,
will be filled by Commerce professor
Peter Frost. UBCREPORTS    Dec 8. 1988       4
Students* commercial for
Orphans1 Fund wins praise
By PAULA MARTIN
Ninety seconds of television may
provide years of good advertising for the
Theatre department's film studies program.
The department agreed to help Vancouver radio station CKNW by providing student volunteers and equipment to
produce three 30-second spots for the
station's Orphans' Fund.
Ray Hall, co-ordinalor of the film
studies program, said the public service
announcements were "excellent."
"If they had been done by one ofthe
commercial production companies in town,
it would have cost $60,000-570,000 to
produce the three of them.''
Hall described one, which simply shows
a wheelchair being snapped together, as
an award winner.
He said the department has received
several requests in the past to make public
service announcements and commercials
for various associations and non-profit
groups.
Although the production experience
is valuable for the students, he said he is
a bit reluctant to saddle them with such
time-consuming projects.
"It has been good experience, but it
does have an impact on the required
course work the students have to keep
doing as well."
Hall added he doesn't want to see the
film program become too production-
oriented.
John Prince and Michelle Bjornson,
the students who wrote, directed, edited
and produced the three announcements,
have now graduated from the film studies
program.
Prince said the experience was invaluable.
"If you're starting out, the agencies
aren't going to believe you have any
credibility if you don't have a track record," he said. "It gave us a lot of
experience."
Although UBC donated expertise and
equipment, film, post-production facilities and the sound recording were all
donated by private firms.
Marty Matthews, administrator of the
CKNW Orphans' Fund, said he approached UBC because he thought it
would be a good project for students to
take on.
He added that public reaction to the
spots, which ran hundreds of times on
three local television stations, was very
favorable.
"The description I received was that
they were a 'national' production on a
zero budget," Matthews said.
'Rather eccentric painter'
Artist interprets West Coast
By GAVIN WILSON
In the studio of UBC artist Judy Williams hangs a large canvas covered with
what at first glance appears to be the
image of a mottled gTeen mass of dense
foliage. Then the skeletons begin to appear.
The story behind the work is as mystical and arcane as the West Coast Williams loves to interpret through her art.
A friend and her companion were
kayaking in the Queen Charlotte Islands
when a storm blew up, forcing them into
a deserted cove. Their attempts to pitch a
tent were thwarted when the pegs failed to
penetrate beyond the spongy green moss
that covered tfie ground. Curious, they cut
and rolled back the thick carpet of moss.
There they found stacks of human
bones — the remains of a Native Indian
tribe decimated by smallpox.
' 'I feel that I have access to things on
the coast that others don't have, because
of the people I know and the length of
time I've spent there," says Williams,
who has had a home on West Redonda
Island, near Desolation Sound, for 20
years.
Williams is one of seven members of
the Fine Arts department who displayed
their work at the Student Union Building
gallery in a special exhibition in November.
Her studio occupies the top floor of the
old firehall on West Mall. Pots of brushes,
cardboard models and sketchbooks clutter a table: works in progress hang from
the walls and claim floorspace; a bed is
tucked away in one corner. Artists, she
says, don't keep regular hours.
"I'm a rather eccentric painter so I
find this space congenial. My paintings
are odd I can do them under these circumstances, and it suits me."
William's obsession is the West Coast
Her current work is leading up to a exhibition at the Museum of Anthropology in
1992 to commemorate the bicentennial
ofthe exploration of Georgia Strait by
captains Vancouver, Galiano and Val-
dez.
She has spent weeks re-tracing their
voyages, probing the inlets, arms and
sounds to understand more deeply their
experience of the place.
"I'm looking for a visual language to
talk about the coast. Artists have represented the coast as it looks, but I want to
penetrate into the meaning of what is seen
-this is my job."
Other artists whose work was shown
at the SUB gallery were Jeff Wall, Wendy
Dobereiner, Barbara Sungur, Roy Kiyooka,
Robert Young and Georgiana Chappell.
Williams' work is sponsored by a
$5,000 Humanities and Social Sciences
UBC Summer Research Grant.
Judy Williams ofthe Fine Arts department puts the finishing touches on one of her
works destined for an exhibition at the SUB gallery.
UBC surpasses United Way goal
By DEBORA SWEENEY
UBC's United Way campaign has
raised $156,417. significantly surpassing
its $134,000 goal.
"We're pleased with the success of
the campaign," said chairman John
McNeill, Dean of Pharmaceutical Sciences. ' 'We got a lot of people mobilized
around campus and have a solid basis for
a good team to carry on next year.''
The campaign closed Nov. 28 but
donations continue to trickle in.
The campaign's slogan was 'slO and
10' - a 10 per cent increase in money
raised and a 10 per cent increase in participation.
The campaign fell short of its participation goal. While organizers had hoped
23 per cent of the campus community
would contribute, the final tally was just
over 18 per cent.
"We're always disappointed when
some units have a zero per cent participation rate," said McNeill.
However, he pointed out that 39 departments came in with participation rates
of 23 per cent and higher, including the
Development Office which boasted 85
per cent, Guided Independent Studies
with 83 per cent and Political Science
with 56 per cent.
McNeill extended his thanks to this
year's executive committee: Dean Jim
Richards, Agricultural Sciences, who was
vice-chairman; Ron Dumouchelle, Development Office; John Foster, Information Systems Management; Ian Franks,
Media Services; Byron Hender, Awards
and Financial Aid; Libby Kay, Extra-
Sessional Studies; Marianne Koch, Financial Services; Judy Larsen, Community Relations Office; Michael Lee, Alma
Mater Society; Shirley Louie, Food Services; and Gayle Smith, President's Office.
The overall United Way campaign in
the Lower Mainland surpassed its goal of
$12.6-million.
Toronto painter Janids Vilks takes images from tabloid newspaper photographs and
transforms diem into oil paintings. The one above is part of a show called Chain of
Consequences at the UBC Fine Arts Gallery until Dec. 17.
Vinod K. Sood
Helped UBC
raise funds
Vinod K Sood, chainman and CEO
of Finning Ltd., died at his home Nov.
19. He was 53.
A member of UBC's campaign
leadership committee for the upcoming university fundraising campaign,
Sood was also a member of the
Advisory Council for the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration.
Vice-Chairman ofthe Business
Council of B.C. and director of several companies including the Conference Board of Canada, Sood joined
Finning in 1968 and was appointed
vice-president of finance the following year. A gifted financial strategist,
he became president in 1981, CEO in
1984 and chairman in 1986. Under his
direction, Finning became one ofthe-
world's largest equipment distributors with revenue in excess of $660
million.
Bom in India, Sood came to North
America in 1964 on a fellowship to
the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Twenty-three years later, in
1987, MIT presented him with the
Corporate Leadership Award. The
Sales and Marketing Executives of
Vancouver named him Marketing
Executive of the Year in 1988.
A scholarship for graduate students has been established in his
memory in the Faculty of Commerce
and Business Administration.
Sood is survived by his wife and tw
sons.
Norman Colbeck
Major benefactor
of library
Norman Colbeck, a major private
benefactor of the UBC library and recipient of an honorary doctor of letters degree from the university in
1987, died Sept. 23 at the age of 85.
He is survived by his wife, Mabel
Colbeck.
Bom in London, England, in 1903,
Colbeck enjoyed a successful career
as an antiquarian bookseller in the
seaside town of Bournemouth for
more than 40 years.
During those years he acquired an
exceptional collection of works by
19th century English authors. When
it came time to retire, he was persuaded by his friend and UBC professor William Fredeman to donate his
private 13,000-volume collection to
the university library.
Colbeck agreed on the condition
he be allowed to serve as curator of
the Colbeck Collection in order to
complete adetailed catalogue of its
contents, a position he held until 1972.
But Colbeck remained a familiar
figure on campus for many years, as
he continued to take an interest in the
library's holdings. Up until last spring
he was involved in editing the recently published two-volume catalogue ofthe collection.
"His collection of 19th century
belles-lettres is one of the finest that I
know of anywhere," said University
Librarian Douglas Mclnnes. "It's
acquisition by the library was really
quite a surprising and wonderful event
We couldn't have gone out and purchased a collection of this kind." UBCREPORTS   Dec 8, 1988
STRESS
Eat a carrot...
By JO MOSS
Feeling stressed out? Eat a carrot.
That advice comes from Physical Education instructor Susan
Crawford, who says chomping on a carrot may loosen tension.
Crawford, a registered dietician-nutritionist, offered her advice
to about 60 managers from across Canada at a recent one-day
seminar sponsored by the School of Physical Education.
Washed carrots are far superior to the normal snacks of muffins
and cookies because carrots contain no fat and are loaded with fibre
and nutrients.
And according to Crawford, fat is the number one dietary hazard
for stressed-out executives. Heart disease, obesity and some forms
of cancer have been linked to the high fat, North American diet.
"It's a message that often doesn't come across in the health ads
for balanced meals," Crawford explained.
Many people consciously cut down on butter, margarine, and
salad dressing and switch to two per cent milk instead of whole, but
those visible fats account for only a small part of our fat intake,
Crawford says.
A large amount of the fat we eat is hidden. It's in peanut butter,
cheese, sauces, fried foods, baked goods, and gourmet desserts, as
well as many processed and most fast foods.
"The hamburger in the bun is the least of the problem,"
Crawford explained. ' 'Lean beef and bread don't contain excessively high amounts of fat. It's in the melted cheese, bacon, and
sauces that are added." Add fries and a pie and you have a meal that
is nearly 800 calories of which 60 per cent are pure fat.
About 42 per cent of the calories in an average North American's
diet are fat. Health and Welfare Canada recommends cutting that
back to about 30 to 35 per cent Other health organizations tout even
lower percentages.
"It all adds up to getting back to basics," Crawford said.
' 'Eating original foods instead of heavily processed.''
... run a mile
UBC's School of Physical Education is showing business
managers how to incorporate a healthy diet and exercise into a
corporate lifestyle.
Vancouver manager David McEown works long hours in a high
pressure job and says he hasn't been really fit since first-year
university.
That may change since he and 60 other managers from Dun-
woody and Co., a national firm of chartered accountants, attended
a one-day seminar at UBC.
Called the Care and Feeding of the Dunwoody Manager, it was
the first seminar of its kind offered by the School of Physical
Education, which has an ongoing program of coaching and sports-
related workshops.
"It's just the beginning," said Sonya van Niekerk, conference
coordinator, who said she hopes to see more health-related programs tailored to specific community groups in the future.
McEown, 30, who describes himself as "not perfectly fit," said
the seminar encouraged him to set aside more time for playing
squash and to have the occasional salad for lunch.
' T don't always think about eating the right things and it created
more of an awareness about the food we're eating and the exercise
we should be getting," he said.
It's the first time Dunwoody has offered a formal health and
fitness program as part of its annual training seminars.
According to Howard Rosenthal, Dunwoody's National Training and Services Co-ordinator, it's not common for Canadian
companies to encourage employees to improve their lifestyle. And
while direct results are hard to measure, happier employees contribute to higher morale in the office and increased productivity, he
said.
Rosenthal said offering an employee seminar on health was "a
bit of a flyer.'' But feedback from participants was so positive it's
high on his list for next year's topics.
Wolves decimate herd
of rare B.C. caribou
By JO MOSS
Wolves are driving a herd of rare B.C.
caribou to the brink of extinction.
About 120 western woodland caribou
living around Quesnel Lake in B.C.'s
central interior are being decimated by
wolves. Calf survival rate is almost nil
and according to UBC forestry research
associate Dale Seip, the entire herd could
be wiped out in a few years.
Last year, attempts to reduce wolf
populations were stopped by conservation groups opposed to a wolf kill. Without wolf control, the Quesnel Lake caribou appear to be doomed, Seip says.
Western woodland caribou are larger
than their barren ground caribou cousins
and are listed as a rare species by the
World Wildlife Fund which helped support Seip's research.
Alberta and the United States have
gone one step farther, upgrading that
classification to threatened, one step away
from endangered and extinct.
Ironically, many B.C. residents believe the caribou has already joined the
dodo, Seip said.
' 'When we arrived in some of these
towns and told people we were there to
tag caribou, their response was 'you're a
little late.'"
For the past five years, Seip has been
monitoring three caribou herds in different areas of the province. While studying
the year-round interaction between wolves
This sleepy moose has been mildly sedated t
Siep to attach a radio collar. Step is studying
and caribou, he found moose play a key
role in the scenario. In central B.C., they
are the primary prey for wolves.
"Moose are a relatively recent arrival
to B.C.," Seip explained. "Nobody knows
why, but they appear to have moved in
from Alberta in the 1930s when B.C.
colonization took off."
Seip believes that before the moose
arrived there was an equitable balance
between the caribou and wolves. Moose
now sustain higher wolf populations and
the predators add caribou to their diet
o allow Forestry research associate Dale
how moose, caribou and wolves interact
during the spring and summer months.
"With the moose there, the wolves occupy the caribou range all year round,''
Seip said. "It's a bad deal for the caribou
and they seem to be disappearing from
the Quesnel Lake area because of it."
Timing is critical if B.C. is to maintain
its caribou population, he added.
"The reproductive rate is so low that
even if conservation efforts began now, it
may take 50 years to get the remnant
population back to reasonable levels."
Charting electron movement
Billiards an aid to scientists
By GAVIN WILSON
Scientists at UBC are at the forefront
of efforts to understand the movement of
electrons in atoms and molecules by using techniques analogous to a game of
billiards.
A team headed by Chemistry professor Chris Brion is one of only four groups
of scientists in the world using Electron
Momentum Spectroscopy (EMS) to
capture images of individual electrons as
they spin around nuclei.
The results promise to lead to a detailed understanding of chemical reaction
at the most fundamental level. One day,
Brion says, such knowledge could open
the way for everything from a cure for
cancer to the manufacture of high-temperature superconductors.
Although the research is conducted at
highly sophisticated levels, Brion said
that to perform the experiments researchers need only know some of the basic
laws of physics. He added: "We also
need to know how to play pool.''
The researchers play billiards in the
atomic dimension by knocking electrons
out of their molecular orbits using projectile electrons fired from a gun similar to
that found in a television tube. The energies and movements of all particles are
determined before and after the collision
using EMS.
"This experiment is enabling us to
chart the motions of electrons as they
move around the nuclei in atoms and
molecules. For 60 years, this was only
dreamt of in quantum mechanics . Even
though freshmen chemistry textbooks have
pictures of how it was supposed to be, no
one knew whether it was right or not,''
said Brion.
The results of orbital imaging by EMS
are expected to find increasing application in experimental quantum mechanics
Chris Brion
and in the understanding of chemical
bonding, structure and reactivity.
Down the road, applications may be
found in many areas of science, technology and medicine including high-temperature superconductors, chemical ca
talysis and the biochemical nature of
disease, he said.
"If one wants ultimately to understand and find a cure for cancer, we're
going to have to understand the subtle
biochemistry of the cancer cell, of how its
chemical reactivity differs from a normal
cell. This means understanding the detailed behavior of the electrons in the
molecules concerned," said Brion.
The advent of quantum mechanics
about 60 years ago allowed scientists to
estimate the position and movement of
electrons as they revolved around nuclei
of atoms and molecules. But until the
relatively recent development of EMS,
measurements were not possible to directly test these ideas.
' 'We've found that some of the things
that were thought to be correct in quantum mechanics — even those that may be
described as benchmark systems — are
incorrect, " he said. "For example, the
water molecule has been shown to be
larger than previously thought."
Pact signed by Alumni,
Development Office
UBC's Alumni Association and Development Office have signed a contract
which sets the ground rules for a close
working relationship during the university's fundraising efforts.
"It represents the basis for a positive
relationship," said John Diggens, President of the Alumni Association.
The three-year collaborative agreement, which became effective Sept. 1,
formally defines what Diggens calls "a
natural relationship" between the two
units. UBC's Alumni Association has
traditionally undertaken a large share of
the university's fundraising and its links
with more than 120,000 alumni around
the world will be an integral part of ongoing efforts.
The Development Office, established
as a university department in April 1987,
was created to mount UBC's major fundraising drive.
Although the agreement was set up in
anticipation of the major campaign, it
extends well beyond it, Diggens said.
' "The term of the agreement is intentionally three years to get us past it," he
explained. UBCREPORTS   Dec. 8, 1988       6
Childhoods revisited
Growing up in
far off lands
By GAVIN WILSON
At the age of seven, UBC President David Strangway jabbered a mixture of English,
Portuguese and an African dialect at
the dinner table. Academic Vice-President and Provost Daniel Birch, meanwhile, was running for cover as enemy aircraft strafed his railway train.
These are two of the fascinating insights into the childhoods of UBC
personnel revealed in a seminar series
entitled Childhood Revisited sponsored by the Canadian Childhood
History Project in the Department of
Social and Educational Studies.
"The goal is to bring people together within the UBC community to
discuss childhood reminiscences," said
Jean Barman, who runs the project
along with Education Dean Nancy
Sheehan and professors Neil Sutherland and Norah Lewis.
Added Sutherland: "We hold a
seminar series every year and we
thought that rather than one with academic papers this time we would try a
series of people actually talking about
their own childhoods. This oral history is one type of evidence we collect
for research."
Strangway and Birch spoke as children of missionary parents who spent
their youths in foreign cultures and
were then faced with painful readjustments on their return to Canada.
Although born in Simcoe, Ont,
Strangway spent much of his youth in
the African nations of Angola and
what was then Southern Rhodesia (now
Zimbabwe), with parents who were
missionaries for the United Church.
His father, a physician, operated a
mission hospital as well as a model
farm that spanned thousands of acres.
Strangway, who would one day
lead experiments on moon rocks for
NASA, spent his first vacations in
grass huts set by a tropical waterfall.
He tasted his first beer on the frontier
of the Belgian Congo (now Zaire).
Academic Vice-President and Provost Daniel Birch, seen here at the age of one
with his nanny Wang Ma, told a recent seminar about his childhood in China.
Birch was also Canadian born — on
Saltspring Island — but he was almost
immediately whisked off to China with
missionary parents.
The Japanese invasion of China before the Second World War tore apart the
Birch family, resulting in a long separation of parents and their children. Birch,
who had been attending a boarding school,
made a perilous journey across war-torn
China on his way to sanctuary in India
and a reunion with parents he feared he
would no longer recognize.
Returning to Canada brought its own
adjustments.
"I came from a society in which there
were no cars," said Birch. "Suddenly, I
was back in Canada in a culture where it
was assumed that boys knew all about
different makes and models of cars."
In an earlier session, three faculty
members recounted their Childhoods
on the Edge of War. Roderick Barman and Philip Reid spoke of wartime childhoods in England, Nancy
Sheehan of growing up in Halifax.
The Canadian Childhood History
Project is a research project involving both faculty and graduate students at UBC. Simon Fraser University was also involved in the first
phase.
Supported by a Social Sciences
and Humanities Research Council
grant, much ofthe project has been
dedicated to building an on-line
computer database of literature on
childhood. The original four-year
project has been extended for three
more years.
Facsimile purchased
Library to house Book of Kells
By GAVIN WILSON
Fundraising efforts by the Lower
Mainland's Irish community and UBC
librarian Anne Yandle have resulted in
the purchase of a facsimile of the legendary Book of Kells for the library.
Delivery won't be until 1990, and
donations are still needed for the special
display case required to house the book,
said fundraiser Bemadette Percy.
The history of the Book of Kells is as
colorful as its gilded pages. It has survived wars, fire and theft to sit in display
at Dublin's Trinity College, where it has
been under guard since 1661.
The work of eighth-century monks,
the book is a masterpiece of medieval art
and a cultural icon in Ireland. Up to 3,000
people a day line up to see the lavishly
illustrated manuscript of New Testament
gospels.
But due to the deteriorating condition
ofthe original, its pages can no longer be
turned. Trinity College commissioned a
Swiss publishing firm specializing in fine
art reproduction to create a limited edition
of 1,480 identical facsimiles so that future
generations could enjoy the book. Copies
are being bought by art connoisseurs,
scholars, libraries and investors.
"The Book of Kells is a splendid
example of Celtic art and lettering,'' said
Yandle.' 'The facsimile will be a spectacular addition to the library's collection
of fine printing."
To make the facsimile, a high-tech
photo-electronic process reproduces the
pages on paper closely resembling the
original parchment, making it virtually
indistinguishable from Trinity's copy. Only
four pages are printed at a time, and these
are checked against the original for the
slightest differences.
The project is scheduled for comple-
Parents are angry
over health care
for asthma: study
tion in 1990 when a Trinity College librarian will personally deliver the facsimile - valued at $16,000 - to UBC.
Said fundraiser John Kelly, a Vancouver resident: "I became interested in the
project because the Book of Kells represents not only an historic document important to the Irish community, but also a
great medieval work of art and scholarship that could be shared with all Canadians."
After the facsimile is presented to the
university, it will be on permanent exhibit
in the Special Collections Division ofthe
library. Individual donors' names will be
inscribed by Celtic calligrapher Aidan
Meehan in a special book of donors,
which will be displayed along with the
facsimile.
For more information, call John Kelly
at 736-7858 or Bemadette Percy at 263-
7800.
By JO MOSS
Parents of children with asthma are
frustrated and sometimes angry because
their needs aren't being met in the health
care system, according to a UBC study.
Family physicians were singled out,
more than any other health professional
group, by parents who said they wished
doctors were better informed.
"In the parents' eyes, physicians were
not knowledgeable about management
and drugs for the condition. One doctor
would do one thing and another doctor
something else," said Nursing professor
Virginia Hayes, who conducted the study.
' 'Parents also said they felt their views
were not respected. They said they felt
devalued by their doctors and wished that
physicians would develop better communication skills."
"Parents learn to understand their
child's condition and they want to be
listened to. but they say their views aren't
respected by the health profession. The
way the doctor communicates with them
is important," she added.
Asthma is one ofthe most common
childhood conditions affecting about seven
per cent of children. It's an allergic
reaction to substances such as dust or
pollens which cause the bronchial tubes-
the airways to the lungs-to fill with liquid, narrow, and go into spasms. Characterized by wheezing and gasping for air,
asthmatic attacks can occur twice a year,
or twice a day, depending on the severity
of the condition.
The attacks are frequently terrifying
to children and parents alike, Hayes said.
Hayes, who has a teenage son with
asthma, interviewed 92 parents of children with asthma to find out how families
coped. Half of the parents had taken part
in a Family Asthma Education Program
sponsored by the B.C. Lung Association.
She found that parents often felt poorly-
informed, isolated and misunderstood.
"Neighbors couldn't understand why their
child couldn't play in a friend's home,"
Hayes said. Parents were also frustrated
because asthma is often diagnosed late,
despite recurring symptoms such as bronchitis.
' 'A common scenario is that when a
child is finally diagnosed, parents feel
angry. It's obvious to them in hindsight
that they could have made some changes
that would have helped their child. They
often feel bitter about it."
The anxiety of not knowing when
asthma attacks will occur, administering
daily medication, frequent trips to hospital emergencies, and worrying about
whether siblings are getting enough attention, compound to place considerable
stress on parents, Hayes said.
They often go to great trouble and
expense to accomodate their child whose
bedroom has to be free of fibres that
attract dust, including carpet drapes and
fuzzy toys. Mattress and pillows must be
covered with plastic and the whole house
dusted and vacuumed every day.
' 'The bottom line is life with asthma is
tough. It's tough for the child, the parents
and the family." said Hayes. Parents feel
life could be better, and they see one way
as being through an improved healthcare system, she added.
Contrary to popular belief, asthma
doesn't disappear with age.
"It's generally a misconception that
kids outgrow asthma," Hayes said. "In
some cases, the symptoms do decrease as
the child grows older. But really, it's a
life-long condition."
She says parents who participated in
the B.C. Lung Association's education
program found it both informative and
supportive. But B.C. desperately needs
more programs like it, she said.
"Because the program is offered only
in Vancouver, it isn't accessible enough
to people," Hayes said. "It has to be
more portable and get out to where it's
needed."
Kahn is appointed to
employment equity post
By DEBORA SWEENEY
UBC has appointed a Director of
Employment Equity
to ensure people in
the campus
workplace are treated
fairly.
Sharon Kahn, an
associate professor of
counselling psychol-
Kahn ogy, will assume the
position Jan. 1. She has been at the university since 1975.
"UBC is committing itself to eliminate unfair employment barriers and discrimination," said Kahn.
Under the Federal Contractors Program established by Employment and
Immigration Canada, Kahn will compile
information on four target groups: women,
native Indians, disabled people and visible minorities. She will identify barriers
to the selection, hiring, training and promotion of people in those groups.
"We must find out where we stand
and what the potential pool of applicants
is. Then, we'll set goals for hiring and
promotion," she said.
For example, Kahn said she might
look at the pool of disabled people applying for jobs. She would determine access
to facilities on campus and explore the
type of jobs and working environment the
university could provide.
Kahn admits her job will not be easy.
"The problem is thatao one at UBC
has the data — the university has never
asked its employees to self-identify in any
of the target groups," she said.
Kahn will work with the personnel
department, the faculty association, the
association of administrative and professional staff, campus unions and senior
administrators to compile the data.
As a research scholar, Kahn has studied the role of social, cultural and gender
difference in counselling. Recently she
has focussed on women's career concerns, specifically the ways in which
women in management positions cope ^
with stress.
She sees her appointment as an opportunity to expand her work by studying
institutional and social barriers to career
enhancement. UBCREPORTS   Dec 8, 1988
People
Harris awarded gold medal
Harris
Geography professor
Cole Harris has been
awarded a gold medal by
the Royal Canadian
Geographical Society for
outstanding achievement
in editing Volume One of
the Historical Atlas of
Canada.
The atlas, which was
published in July, 1987,
outlines Canada's development from the end of
the last ice age to the year 1800.
The society's medal, which has been awarded
only six times since 1972, was given to Harris for
his "thoughtful approach to this innovative exercise in historical interpretation and for his adherence to excellence in presentation."
Geographer William Dean and cartographer
Geoffrey Matthews, both ofthe University of
Toronto, were also awarded gold medals by the
society for producing the atlas.
Ian Affleck has been named co-winner of the
Steacie Prize in the natural sciences. He is the
fourth member of the UBC physics department to
win the prestigious national award, a record
unmatched in Canada, said department head Brian
Turrell.
The Steacie Prize is awarded annually to a person
under 40 years of age for outstanding scientific work.
This year it consists of a cash award of $7,500.
Affleck won the prize for research into magnetism
and superconductivity.
The prize is named in memory of E.WJI. Steacie,
a physical chemist and former president of the National Research Council of Canada. Past winners
from UBC are Myer Bloom (1967), Walter Hardy
(1978), and William Unruh (1983).
Alan Artibise, director
of the School of Community
and Regional Planning and
Stanley Hamilton, associate dean of the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Ad-
ministration, have been
elected members of Lambda
Alpha International.
The Chicago-based professional society fosters the
study of land economics and
honors individuals who have contributed to the preservation, development or better utilization of land
resources.
Artibise is a noted urban historian and has worked
extensively on urban policy analysis and planning
Artibise
issues. Hamilton's main areas of work have been in
real estate investment analysis and appraisal, and
property tax.
Mechanical Engineering
professor Ian Yellowly, a
recent arrival to UBC, has
been elected a research fellow by the B.C. Advanced
Systems Institute.
ASI announced two new
fellowships-worth $70,000
annually—Nov. 28, boosting
the total number of ASI fellows to eight All were elected
in 1988.
Yellowly
The other recipient is Vyay Bhargava, electrical
engineering professor at the University of Victoria.
Yellowly's research focuses on low-cost, flexible
ways of automating the manufacturing industry.
Formerly at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ont.,
he joined UBC Julyl.
ASI was created two years ago under a joint
federal-provincial economic regional development
agreement to enable top-notch scientists and engi'
neers at B.C. universities to devote more time and resources to research, and to help attract first-rate researchers to the province.
Dr. Juhn A. Wada, Professor of Neu-
rosciences and Neurology was awarded the
1988 Wilder Penfield Gold Medal for research and clinical contributions to the problems of epilepsy, at the Canadian Neurological Congress in Quebec City.
Dr. Wada is president ofthe American
Epilepsy Society, the third Canadian to be
elected to the office.
Peter   Brown,
chairman of UBC's
Board of Governors
and Chairman of Ca-
narim Investment
Corporation Ltd., has
been awarded an
honorary life membership by the university's alumni association.
The award was
presented at a joint board and association
dinner held at MacKenzie House, Nov. 3.
Recipients of honorary life memberships are non-UBC alumni who are honored
for their long-term service and ongoing contributions to the university.
Brown
Researcher's discovery may help foresters
By JO MOSS
UBC artificial intelligence specialist
Robert Woodham has found a better way
to take advantage of forestry information
gathered by satellite-a technique other
experts thought too difficult.
The latest gains in reforestation, losses
from logging, and damage from fire, disease
and pests are regularly captured by remote sensing instruments on satellites
orbiting the earth.
But until now, people involved in
B.C.'s forest management haven't been
able to exploit that information fully,
because the images, which cover large
areas, are too numerous to interpret
manually.
Woodham may help to solve that
problem.
The complication is B.C.'s mountainous terrain that creates light and dark
shading in the images. It's compounded
by the province's northerly location which
puts the sun an an extreme angle for much
of the year, and a host of other factors such
as varying atmospheric conditions and
reflection from snow-covered slopes.
"When you have flat areas, there's
not much else that can change in an
image. A computer can directly interpret
charges in brightness and colour as changes
in ground cover," explained Woodham.
".When you complicate the terrain, it
becomes more difficult for a machine to
distinguish change in forest cover from
something like change in slope and aspect."
Woodham, who holds posts in Forestry and Computer Science, is a specialist in computational vision—the design of
algorithms that allow a machine to " see."
He's developed a way to access the up-to-
date information the images provide. In
doing so, he's proved that remote sensing
technology can be reliably applied to
forest management, and improved Canada's ability to remain competitive in
managing its natural resources.
"Geographically, we're not in an
advantageous position to use existing
remote sensing data," he added. "But
we wanted to give the technology more
flexibility and develop something that
could be used on a routine basis."
Woodham has developed computational techniques which allow a computer to reason about what it sees in the
satellite images.
"We don't believe machines can see
in any useful sense unless they already
know a lot," Woodham explained.
He says the task is comparable to
asking a computer to identify all the golf
courses in Vancouver from aerial photographs.
"It's not simply a question of 20-20
vision," he said. The computer has to
relate what it sees to what it knows. It's a
question of being able to understand the
rules that govern how things work. To
find golf courses, you need to know about
golf."
By comparing the satellite images to
topographical maps, the computer can
work out geometrical problems such as
the angle of the sun, and construct a set of
corrections to implement.
If a certain species of tree shows up as
a particular shade of green on the image,
the computer can learn to recognize it
whether that clump of trees is in sun or
shadow, in a valley or on a slope.
"The practical result of this research
is to extend the range of terrain and imaging conditions that can be handled by
automatic image analysis systems,"
Woodham said. "It improves our ability
to access and exploit existing information."
A fellow of the Artificial Intelligence
and Robotics program ofthe Canadian
Institute for Advanced Research,
Woodham is also co-director, with Computer Science professor Alan Mackworth,
of UBC's Laboratory for Computational
Vision which undertakes research in
applications of computational-vision to
remote sensing, geographic information
systems, and robotics.
"Basically, we're trying to identify
the constraints and define the computations that make vision possible, by man or
machine," Woodham explained.
Despite advances in computational
vision, machines are far from having
human vision, he says.
"We're a way yet from what goes in
the brain in terms of raw processing power
and the ability to integrate raw signal
processing with general knowledge about
a whole lot of things," Woodham said.
Remote sensing technology is already
used in agriculture management and for
geological surveys. But forestry is becoming the pre-eminent application,
Woodham says. "We want to upgrade
Canada's performance in this area," he
added.
Environment ruled out
Cases of Down's syndrome not on rise
By DEBORA SWEENEY
A UBC study on Down's syndrome
has refuted suggestions that environmental
factors may be causing an increase in the
incidence of the disease.
The study, which analyzes Down's
syndrome infants bom in B.C. during the
last 20 years, found that the number of
cases of the disease in relation to the age
of the infants' mothers has remained
constant since 1964.
' 'When you take into consideration
the factors that have changed, for example, the ages of women having babies
and the fact that Down's syndrome is now
detected in pre-natal diagnosis programs,
we found that the incidence has not changed
overtime," said Dr. Patricia Baird, head
of Medical Genetics at UBC.
Down's syndrome is "the most common recognized cause of mental retardation," said Dr. Baird. The syndrome
Baird
occurs in about one birth in 800 in B.C,
she said.
During the last decade, there have
been suggestions that the incidence of
Down's syndrome has increased over
time.
"If that were indeed true, there must
have been some environmental factor
that was changing — therefore, it would
be important to identify it and get rid of it
Obviously, we want to minimize the
number of families who have to cope
with Down's syndrome," said Dr. Baird.
Some people have suggested that the
use of oral contraceptives, or even fluoride in drinking water could be associated
with the occurrence of Down's syndrome
births, but there is no significant evidence
to support those theories. Dr. Baird's
study set out to evaluate whether the
incidence had changed or not, in a definitive way.
The study analyzed data from the B.C.
Health Surveillance Registry, one ofthe
best population-based registries in the
world. There were 731,842 babies bom
in B.C. from 1964-1983 and of those
babies, 856 infants were identified as
having Down's syndrome.
The disease, most common in children bom to mothers over the age of 35,
is caused by the presence of an extra
chromosome. Statistics show that at the
age of 20, a woman has a one-in-1,420
chance of giving birth toa Down's syndrome child, whereas by the age of 45,
she has a one-inT30 chance.
By analyzing each case of Down's
syndrome in relation to the mother's age
at the birth of her child, Dr. Baird found
those statistics have not changed in 20
years.
'' We know that older mothers are at
increased risk for Down's syndrome in
their children. That risk has remained the
same during the 20-year period of the
study," said Dr. Baird. "Our conclusion
is there is not any changing environmental factor which is impinging on the
population and causing Down's syndrome." UBCREPORTS    Dec 8, 1988       8
MONDAY, DEC. 12    |
Cancer Seminar
Cancer ol the Ovary: Evolving Treatment. Dr. Kenneth
Swinerton, CCABC. For information call 877-6010.
Lecture Theatre, B.C. Cancer Foundation, 601 W. 10th
Ave. noon-1 p.m.
Biochemical Seminar
Post-Translational Modification & Activity of Yeast lso-1 -
Cytochrome C. Dr. Fred Sherman, U. of Rochester. For
information Call Dr. G. Brayer at 228-2792. Lecture Hall
#4, IRC Bldg. 3:45p.m.
Botany Seminar
Couplings Between Watersheds and Coastal Bays: The
Role of Terrestrial Vegetation and Consequences for
Macroalgae in Coastal Ecosystems. Dr. I. Valiela,
Marine Biological Laboratory at Woods Hole, Mass. For
information call 228-2133. Room 2361, Biological Sciences Bldg. 11 a.m.
Political Science Lecture
The Struggle for Glasnost and Democratization in the
Soviet Union. Dr. Alexev Izyumov, USSR Academy of
Sciences. For information call 228-4559. Room B313,
Buchanan Bldg. noon-1 p.m.
TUESDAY, DEC. 13   |
Political Science Seminar
Defining the New Priorities in Soviet Foreign Policy. Dr.
Alexev Izyumov, USSR Academy of Sciences. For information call 228-4559. Penthouse, Buchanan Bldg.
3-5p.m.
WEDNESDAY, DEC.14J
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
1. Arthroscopies of the Hip in Crioren- Dr. W. McKenzie
and Dr. SJ. Tredwet. 2. Current Concepts in Childhood
Amputation - Dr. R.D. Beauchamp. For information call
8754646. AurJBriurn, Eye Care Centre, 2550 Wiow St.
(VGH Campus). 730 am.
Jazz and Blues Evening
D J. John Fossum. People are encouraged to bring their
own CDs or tapes. John is always looking for new and
obscure Jazz and Blues musicians. For information caH
228-3203. Fireside Lounge, Graduate Students Centre
7-11 p.m.
THURSDAY, DEC. 15 j
Video Night
International Rim Festival: Night Zoo - Canadian (subtitles). Joshua Gross, Film Student. For information call
228-3203. Fireside Lounge, Graduate Student Centre.
6:30 p.m.
Medical Grand Rounds
Christmas Quiz. Dr. H. Freeman, UBC. For information
call Janet Pheasant at 228-7737. Room S-169, HSCH
-ACU. noon
Public Sale
Surplus Equipment Recycling Facility. 2352 Health
Sciences MaU. For information contact Vincent Grant at
228-2813. Task Force Bldg. noon-3p.m.
FRIDAY, DEC. 16
]
Paediatric Grand Rounds
Resident Case Management. Dr. A. Al-Mazrou and Dr.
M.Bond. For information call 875-2117. Auditorium.
G.F. Strong Rehab Centre, 26th Ave. and Laurel. 9 a.m
UBC top
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WHITE CHRISTMAS
Snowy campus scene from the early 1960s is portrayed on one of two Christmas cards being sold by the Special Collections
Division ofthe UBC library. The cards are also available at die UBC Bookstore.
CALENDAR DEADUNES
For events in the period Jan. 15 to Jan.28, notices must be submitted onproper Calendar forms no later than 4 p.m.on
Wednesday, Jan. 4 to the Community Relations Office, 6328 Memorial Rd., Room 207, Old Administration Building. The
Community Relations Office will be closed from Dec. 26 to Jan. 2. For more information call 228-3131.
MONDAY, Dec. 19
Paediatrics Seminar
Update on Studies of the Pathogenesis ot Neonatal
Necrotizing Enterocolitis. Prof. David Scheifele, Head,
Div. of Infectious Diseases, Children's Hospital. Refreshments served at 11:45 a.m. For information call Dr.
J.P. Skala at 875-2492. Room D306, University Hospital, 4500 Oak St. noon
WEDNESDAY, JAN.
JD
Noon-Hour Music
Kenneth Friedman, contrabass and Faculty String Quartet
Admission $2. For information call 228-3113. Recital
Hall, Music Bldg.  12:30 p.m.
WEDNESDAY, JAN. 4 |
Noon-Hour Music
Douglas Finch, piano. Admission $2. For information
call 228-3113. Recital Hall, Music Bldg. 12:30 p.m.
MONDAY, JAN. 9 ^
Music at the Museum
UBC Asian Music Ensemble. Alan Thrasher, director.
Free with museum admission. For information call 228-
5087. Great Hall, Museum of Anthropology. 3 p.m.
THURSDAY, JAN. 12 |
Childhoods Revisited Series
Growing up Mennonite in Western Canada. Informal
recollections by Harold Ratzlaff (Educational Psychology), Alfred Siemens (Geography) and Erich Vogt (Triumf).
For information call 228-5331 or 228-6013. Room 209,
Scarfe BWg. 12:30 p.m.
Music - Guest Artist
International Guest Artist Oscar Shumsky, violin. Tickets
$12-Adults; $6-Students/Seniors. For information call
228-3113. Recital Hall, Music Bldg. 8 p.m.
TUESDAY, JAN. 10
Statistics Seminar
Minimax Bayes Estimation in Nonparametric Regression. Dr. Nancy Heckman, UBC. For information call
228-3319. Room 102, Ponderosa AnnexC. 4 p.m.
NOTICES
The Forestry Undergraduate Society will be selling trees
this year. Trees will be available on campus towards the
end of term and during the final exam period for $16 each.
Information regarding the purchase and delivery is available at 228-6740.
Interior Douglas-fir trees will be available at 10th & Alma
Esso Station trom Dec 8- 22. The lot wiH be open from 11
a.m. - 10 p.m. (weekdays) and 9:30 a.m. - 10 p.m.
(weekends). These trees are $12.
$1 from the sale of every tree will go to the Empty
Stocking Fund.
Disabled - Christmas Exams
Disabled students requiring assistance with access to
Christmas exams Dec. 6 - 22 or anticipating specialized
needs. Contact Jan del VaHe - coordnator of Services for
Disabled Students at 228-4858 or 228-3811. Room200,
Brock Hall.
Theatre - Play
January 11 - 21,1989. Play: Yerma by Federico Garcia
Lorca. Tickets $10 for Adults, $7 for Students/Seniors.
For information and reservations call 228-2678. Federic
Wood Theatre.
Arts Gallery
Nov 15-Dec. 17. Chains of Consequence: Recent
Paintings by Janis Vifks. Tues. - Fri. 10 a.m.- 5 p.m.; Sat.
12noon-5p.m. Basement, Main Library
Christmas Sale
Botanical Gardens - 6250 Stadium Rd. December 8-11
from 11 am. to 7 p.m. Fresh & Dried Wreaths, Gardening
Books & Tools, Toys, Jewelry, Tree Ornaments. All
welcome. For information call 228-4804.
M.Y. Williams Geological Museum
Open Monday-Friday 8:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m. The Collectors Shop is open Wednesdays 1:30-4:30 p.m. or by
appointment. For information call 228-5586.
Regent College has new home
By GAVIN WILSON
Regent College, Canada's largest
graduate school of theology, has taken a
major leap from makeshift classrooms
and offices to a new $5.5 million building
adjacent to the UBC campus.
About 400 full and part-time students
started classes in mid-October in the new
building at the comer of Wesbrook Mall
and University Boulevard.
As well as classrooms and offices, the
college boasts a basement library with a
collection of 41,000 volumes, seminar
rooms and a bookstore intended to serve
the general UBC community as well as
Regent students and staff.
It also houses the Lam Chi Fung Chapel,
a gift from LL-Gov. David Lam in memory
of his father, who ran a similar institution
in Hong Kong.
Until recently, some college offices
were above a restaurant, classes were
held in old fraternity houses, portables
and the homes of faculty.
The college's new home, with its
soaring glass roof, was designed by Clive
Grout, the architect for the B.C. Enterprise Centre on the Expo site.
Regent College, an interdenominational school, was founded by Vancouver
businessmen in 1968. The first classes
were held in the basement of Union college, which is now part ofthe Vancouver
School of Theology.
About half the students come from
outside Canada, drawn from 25 nations.
They are taught by 17 full-time faculty
members and a similar number of adjunct
professors and sessional lecturers.
Parents Wanted
Couples with children between the ages ot five and 12
are wanted tor a oroject studying parenting. Participation
involves the mother and father discussing common
child-rearing problems and completing questionnaires
concerning several aspects of family life Participation
will take about one hour. Evening appointments can be
arranged. Interpretation of questionnaire is available on
request. For further information, please contact Dr C
Johnston, Clinical Psychology. UBC at 228-6771
Language Programs & Services
Non-credit daytime, evening and weekend programs in
conversational crench begin the week of Nov. 7. Also
offered is course on Language Teaching Techniques.
For more information call Language Programs and
Services, Centre for Continuing Education, at 222-5227.
Walter Gage Toastmasters
Wednesdays. Public Speaking Club Meeting. Speeches
and table topics. Guests are welcome. For information
callSulanat224-9976. Room215,SUB. 7:30p.m.
Language Exchange Program
Ongoing. Free service to match up people who want to
exchange their language for another. For information
call Mawele Shamaila, International House at 228-5021.
Language Bank Program.
Free translatkwVinlerpretation services offered by International students and community in general. For information call Teresa Uyeno. International House at 228-
5021.
International House
E.S.L. Classes and Keep Fit Classes. All classes are
free. For information call 228-5021.
Native Expressions
Every Tues. night at the Extra Extra Bistro, 3347 West
Broadway,frorr 8:00-10:30p.m. $3atthedoor. Native
performers & creative artists on stage. For information
call Kathy at 222-8940. Proceeds to First Nations'
Student Fund.
Keep Fit Classes
Int'l House is Icoking for volunteers, certified Keep Fit
instructors. Please call Vivian for further information at
228-5021.
Special Issue on Africa and the French
Caribbean
Contemporary =rench Civilization is preparing a special
issue on Francophone Africa and the Caribbean for
1989. Articles in English or French. 15-20 typed pages,
on any contemporary culture/civilization topic in Africa or
the Caribbean, must be submitted by March 1,1989. For
more information call Dr Claude Bouygues, 228-2879.
Teaching Kids to Share
Mothers with 2 children between 2 1/2 and six years of
age are invited to participate in a free parent-education
program being evaluated in the Dept. of Psychology at
UBC. The five -session program offers child development info and positive parenting strategies designed to
help parents guide their children in the development of
sharing and cooperative play skills. For further information call Georgia Tiedemann at the Sharing Project 228-
6771.
Fitness Appraisal
Physical Education & Recreation, through the John M.
Buchanan Fitness and Research Centre, is administering a physical fitness assessment program to students,
faculty, staff and the general public. Approx. 1 hour,
students $25, all others $30. For information call 228
4356.
Surplus Equipment Recycling Facility
All surplus items. For information call 228-2813. Every
Wednesday neon - 3 p.m. Task Force Bldg, 2352 Health
Sciences Mall
Neville Scarfe Children's Garden
Visit the Neville Scarte Children's Garden located west of
the Education Building. Open all year-free. Families
interested in olanting, weeding and watering in the
garden contact Jo-Anne Naslund at 434-1081 or 228-
3767.
Badminton Club
Faculty, Staff and Graduate Student Badminton Club
meets Thursdays 8:30-10:30 p.m. and Fridays 6:30-8:30
p.m. in Gym A of the Robert Osborne Sports Centre.
Cost is $15 plus REC UBC card. For more information
call Bernie 228-4025 or 731 -9966.
Department of Psychology
Individuals 18 and older are needed for a research
project on changes in memory across the adult life span.
For information call Jo Ann Miller at 228-4772.
Nitobe Memorial Garden
Open 10:00 a.m.-3:00 p.m . Oct. 12-Mar. 16. 1989.
Monday - Friday Free.
Botanical Gardens
Open 10 am -3 p.m., Oct. 12 -Mar. 16, 1989. Daily.
Free.

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