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UBC Reports Sep 6, 2007

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 THE  UNIVERSITY   OF   BRITISH   COLUMBIA
UBC
VOLUME   53   I   NUMBER   9   I   SEPTEMBER   6,   2007
UBC REPORTS!
PLANT SENSORS
If
MATH AND
CULTURE
.  i
BRAINS & BONES
8
HOME & AWAY
Reforming
Canada's
Record on
Human
Trafficking
BY LORRAINE CHAN
A young woman answers ajob ad that offers a prepaid
air ticket and glamorous work as an international model.
She leaves home - perhaps from a city in Eastern Europe
or Southeast Asia.
Upon arriving in Canada, she discovers to her horror
that she has been lured into the sex trade and faces
"debts" that she must now pay off. Somehow she escapes
her captors and looks for help. The authorities detain,
interrogate and then deport her.
Until recently, this was how Canada routinely treated
human trafficking victims - as illegal migrants, says
Benjamin Perrin, an assistant professor who joined the
UBC Faculty of Law in August.
Perrin's teaching and research interests include domestic
and international criminal law, international humanitarian
law and comparative constitutional law and human
trafficking.
The RCMP estimates that 600 people are trafficked into
Canada for sexual exploitation each year. As a transit
Benjamin Perrin aims to strengthen Canada's ability to put away criminals who traffic in human lives.
country, another 1,500 and 2,200 people are trafficked
from Canada into the United States. These estimates are
believed to very conservative, says Perrin.
In 2006, Perrin completed a research report
investigating how victims had been treated in Canada,
in conjunction with The Future Group - a nongovernmental organization he founded in 2000 to work
directly with victims of human trafficking overseas.
"It is quite shocking to see how poor Canada's record
has been," says Perrin.
He says that Canada deported victims without any kind
of emergency support or psychological counseling. "The
police were forced to cobble together resources to provide
that care because there was no system in place to protect
victims."
In fact, Perrin's research gave Canada a failing grade
when compared to how countries like Germany, Italy,
Australia, the United States, Sweden and Norway handled
trafficking cases.
While these other countries provide victims with
continued on page 7
UBC Intern
Raises Funds
for Former
Child Soldier
BY BASIL WAUGH
He took an abandoned building and made a schoolhouse.
Given a pile of rickety bikes, he created a fleet of bicycle
taxis.
Call it the Midas touch, but Seleman Nizeyimana, the 26-
year-old former child soldier who founded the Association
for Youth Literacy and Trades Education (ASOLATE), is
giving the orphans of Rwanda's bloody 1994 genocide
something more valuable than gold. He's giving them hope.
Since 2004, ASOLATE has offered Rwandan street
kids aged 13 to 25 basic classes in French and math and a
variety of trades including soldering and electrical, soap,
candle and paint-making, sewing, and project management
and development.
"ASOLATE is teaching these orphans employable skills
so that they can sustain themselves," says UBC's Sara Elder,
who is traveling to Africa this month to give Nizeyimana's
project a financial and organizational boost.
Centre: UBC's Sarah Elder, with UN and Rwandan officials.
Surrounding: ASOLATE is teaching Rwandan street kids employable skills so they can sustain themselves.
Elder met Nizeyimana while working with the United
Nations in Rwanda, an experience made possible by
the UBC Institute for Resources, Environment and
Sustainability's (IRES) International Internship Program.
"The positive impact ASOLATE was having on the
community was so evident," Elder says. "When I completed
my internship and thought about my next step, I just knew
I wanted to get involved."
Elder aims to raise $6,000 annually for ASOLATE
through fundraising events in Vancouver, is also applying
for funding grants and has created a website for the
organization. When she returns to Rwanda, she plans to
document ASOLATE's success at reducing poverty in a
video-journal.
continued on page 6 2     |     UBC    REPORTS     |     SEPTEMBER    6,    2007
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UBC international law expert Michael Byers has commented widely on
Arctic sovereignty issues.
Highlights of UBC Media Coverage in August 2007.  compiled by basil waugh
Language Expert Comments on
Toddler 'Word Spurts'
UBC language development
specialist Janet Werker featured
prominently in international
news coverage of a U.S. study on
"word spurts," when a toddler's
vocabulary explodes, seemingly
overnight.
According to the study, babies
start really talking after they've
mastered enough easy words to
tackle more of the harder ones.
"The work is extremely creative,"
said Werker, whose comments
appeared in The New York Times,
Associated Press, CNN News and
Tox News. "It suggests that the fact
that some words are more difficult
to learn than others is part of what
propels the vocabulary explosion.
That's really insightful."
Russia's Deep-Sea Flag-Planting
at North Pole Strikes a Chill in
Canada
The Washington Post, Globe and
Mail, National Post, and Toronto
Star reported on a dramatic
submarine dive to plant the Russian
flag on the seabed at the North Pole.
Canada and the United States
scoffed at the legal significance of
act, but the move underscores the
growing stakes as the ice cap melts
in the oil-rich Arctic.
"The huge irony is that we are
only talking about this because
humanity has burned so much oil
and gas that the ice is melting,"
said UBC international law
expert Michael Byers.
"It could be a vicious cycle,"
Byers added. "Climate change
is opening up the Arctic to oil
and gas drilling, which almost
certainly will cause more climate
change."
Bulk Buying of Drugs Would
Save Canadians Billions
A UBC study has found that
Canadians could save billions
of dollars a year on prescription
medicines if governments
negotiated bulk-buying discounts
from drug manufacturers.
Reported by CanWest News,
Global National Online and The
Vancouver Sun, the UBC Centre
for Health Services and Policy
Research used New Zealand
as an example to show how
strong negotiations can reduce
expenditures by up to 90 per cent
on some types of commonly used
drugs.
"Canada can, and should,
expect manufacturers of tried-
and-true medicines to price them
competitively," said lead author
Steve Morgan. "The New Zealand
experience shows that tough but
fair negotiation is more powerful
than regulation." El
LETTERS
More work to be done on reducing UBC GHG emissions
Dear Editor:
UBC has claimed success in reducing greenhouse gas
emissions (GHGs) to six per cent below 1990 levels, thus
meeting 2012 Kyoto targets (UBC Reportsjuly, 2007).
While this article accurately reflects public information
from the UBC Sustainability Office (UBC-SO), actual
GHGs are more likely over 50 per cent higher than 1990
levels. UBC's Kyoto analysis is not public information, but
the UBC-SO did kindly provide clarifications to me upon
request.
The reality is that UBC's Kyoto analysis only counts
academic and ancillary building operations such as space
heat and maintenance vans. In spite of U Pass, ground
transportation GHGs (by faculty, staff, & students) have
increased roughly 25 per cent since 1990, but are not
counted. Electricity use has grown from 145 to 165 million
kWh since 2004 (due to growth in electric baseboard
heat), but there is no accounting for BC Hydro's need to
import coal-fired power (at 45 times higher GHG intensity)
since 2004.
UBC is projected to collect $1.3 billion in endowment
revenue by leasing land which is subsequently deforested,
constructed with housing and shops, and populated with
people driving cars. Yet this massive development effort is
assumed to be 100 per cent someone else's responsibility.
If other companies, institutions, or governments at any
level use the same GHG accounting, then the majority of
global GHG growth will not be counted by anyone.
The UBC-SO deserves kudos for its outstanding efforts.
However we, collectively as a University Town, have only
scratched the surface in capping our GHGs to 1990
levels. To truly make progress towards a climate neutral
community, we need complete and public accounting
of all GHG emissions (including airtravel, and UBC's
off campus assets), transparent reporting of assumed
responsibilities for emissions, aggressive GHG reduction
programs, and (at least in the near term) purchases of
large quantities of offsets.
— Eric Mazzi, Ph.D. Candidate, Institute for Resources,
Environment, & Sustainability
UBC REPORTS
Executive Director  Si    tt Macrae scott.macrae@ubc.ca
Editor   Randy Schmidt randy.schmidt@ubc.ca
Designer Ann Goncalves ann.goncalves@ubc.ca
Principal Photography   Martin Dee martin.dee@ubc.ca
Web Designer  Michael Ko michael.ko@ubc.ca
Contributors   Lorraine Chan lorraine.chan@ubc.ca
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Bud Mortenson bud.mortenson@ubc.ca
Hilary Thomson hilary.thomson@ubc.ca
Basil Waugh basil.waugh@ubc.ca
Advertising  Sarah Walker public.affairs@ubc.ca
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2007     I     3
Help IVIg! Plant sensor could tell when your tomatoes are
singing the blues
BY LORRAINE CHAN with files
from Jennifer Honeybourn
Aphids, spider mites and
whiteflies, beware. Your days of
pillaging may be over.
UBC graduate student
Saber Miresmailli is devising a
monitoring device and sensory
system that can head pests
off at the pass. He envisions a
sophisticated system that would
allow growers to intercept
warning signs from plants that
forecast problems to prevent
outbreaks.
"Some plants emit a kind of
SOS chemical signal when they
are in distress," says Miresmailli,
a Land and Food Systems PhD
student working with Dean
Murray Isman. Scientists have
shown these signals are produced
and emitted in response to
herbivores. "We can use these
signals to monitor their state of
health."
Agricultural crops, especially
greenhouse vegetables, are
highly susceptible to pests and
diseases. The same conditions
that make it worthwhile to grow
crops in a greenhouse
- heat, moisture and
monoculture - are also
a boon to herbivore
insects. In B.C., the
greenhouse vegetable
industry generates
more than $2 billion
annually, but 10-20
per cent of those earnings can be
swallowed up by pest prevention
and crop loss.
PhD student Sabre Miresmailli looks for pests. Scientists have shown plants emit an S.O.S. chemical signal when
is the half-millimetre spider mite,
which is smaller than a flea, and
whose 0.05 mm eggs
can only be
seen with a
microscope.
"By the
time these
mites are
visible to the naked eye,
it's already too late," says
Miresmailli.
Worse yet, he says, these scouts
sometimes aid and abet the very
predatory insects or mites can be
more effective."
Over the next year, Miresmailli
will be compiling a database of
plant's chemical compounds,
known as volatiles, from both
healthy and distressed plants.
He has established research
agreements with nine commercial
greenhouses in Langley, Delta
and Abbotsford through the BC
Greenhouse Growers' Association.
Miresmailli will collect the volatile
samples of three major crops
Miresmailli will use existing chemo-sensor
technology, which has been developed by the
military to detect explosives.
While traditional methods of
pest monitoring have focused
specifically on bugs, Miresmailli's
project shifts attention to the
plant itself. At present, pest
management programs in
greenhouses consist of sticky traps
and random spot checks.
"With some greenhouses
encompassing more than eight
acres, this can be a challenge."
Zipping around on golf cartlike vehicles, scouts patrol miles of
aisles inspecting plants for signs of
infestation or disease.
A common foe of tomato plants
bugs they're hunting. "Workers
can inadvertently spread the pests
as they move from one plant to
another since they pick up the eggs
on their tools or clothing."
When confronted with a pest
problem, growers can fight back
by releasing predators that eat the
pests, or if the infestation becomes
too dense, by applying pesticide
sprays.
"That's why I want to invent
an alternative," says Miresmailli.
"If we can catch pests before their
populations grow exponentially,
biological controls such as
- tomatoes, cucumbers and bell
peppers - from the day they're
planted to when they're discarded.
After analyzing these
compounds, he will then isolate
the chemical signals that will
help the sensory system detect
variations and report changes.
Miresmailli will use existing
chemo-sensor technology, which
has been developed by the
military to detect explosives.
"They can scan for chemicals in
concentrations as low as parts per
trillion."
He aims to couple this sensitivity
Natural Defence: Finding why some bugs can't get a grip
BYHANNAHKIM
Have you ever asked yourself how a plant defends
itself from environmental threats, without the
ability to run away?
An interdisciplinary group of UBC researchers
is studying plant self-defense mechanisms, with a
particular focus on plant surface coating.
Led by Reinhard Jetter, an associate professor
in botany and chemistry, they are exploring the
possibility of replicating protective functions
from one plant to another. If they discover what
causes the surface of some plants to be slippery
for walking insects, says Jetter, researchers might
genetically manipulate a crop species to give it a
surface that is resistant to insect herbivores.
"The process of reproduction could further be
used in materials production," says Jetter, "perhaps
to even discover in the long run a substitute for
plastic coatings."
Jetter and his team, which includes biology and
chemistry graduate students, are examining not
only the chemical make-up of plant surfaces, but
also the genes and enzymes responsible for it. 13
with a cognitive software program
that can analyze environmental
factors such as air flow, light,
temperature, humidity, time
of year and exact geographic
location.
"I want to design a holistic
system that's intelligent and
intuitive," says Miresmailli, "one
that can read the plant within its
attack by insects.
environment and indicate when
it's vulnerable long before it's in
actual trouble."
He says the end result of his
research could be a portable,
hand-held monitoring device
or perhaps a wagon-mounted
system that slides back and
forth on rails between the long
stretches of greenhouse plants. 13
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September 17
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Math Teaching and First Nations Culture
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Assoc. Prof Cynthia Nicol explains how cultural values are at the heart of math.
BYJULIE-ANN BACKHOUSE
In Haida Gwaii, off British
Columbia's remote northwest
coast, teachers are exploring
connections between oral stories
and mathematical problem
solving.
"How might we teach math
so that all students, particularly
Aboriginal, are more interested,
more engaged and ultimately
successful?" asks Cynthia
Nicol, UBC Associate Professor,
Department of Curriculum
Studies and former
math teacher in
Haida Gwaii.
One answer
is connecting
math teaching
to culture and
place.
Teachers have
used stories like
Raven Steals the Light
- in which Raven-the-
trickster steals a light from
three nested boxes to create
the sun and stars - to prompt
students to build box paper
models that helps them learn
about surface area, perimeter
and volume.
"For students, it shows that
we can see math in what is
around us," says Nicol. "For
teachers, it is clear that from an
early age students understand
math concepts and have a strong,
emotional connection with
community."
In British Columbia, provincial
assessments have consistently
shown a significant number of
Aboriginal students (44 per cent
at Grade 10) are
not meeting
grade-level
expectations
in school
mathematics.
UBC
researchers are
helping address
a fundamental need
to find news ways to
teach math in Aboriginal
communities.
For the past two years, Nicol
and a team of UBC education
scholars have been collaborating
with the Haida Gwaii and
Nisga'a nations to transform
the teaching and learning of
mathematics for
Aboriginal
school students.
Cultural values
are at the heart
of this long-
term study.
"A culturally
responsive approach
to teaching involves
respecting community
values and views, and
honouring traditional knowledge
that may have been lost, or never
valued, in our school system,"
says Nicol.
This study has involved
Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal
teachers, parents, school
administrators, elders, and
scholars, to bring people
together to think holistically
about math. As Nicol notes, it
takes time to develop respectful,
responsive and reciprocal
Groundwater Energy to Make Okanagan
Campus Emissions-Free
relationships, and that has been
a large part of the project.
Teachers - both Aboriginal
and non-Aboriginal - are
examining their understanding of
how students
learn math,
of culture
and its role
in the math
classroom,
and of math as
a way of seeing
the world.
This is one of a
few studies in the world
examining Aboriginal
mathematics education.
According to the researchers,
studies in Alaska, Australia, New
Zealand and Brazil have looked
at specific elements of indigenous
mathematics education, yet
this is a unique initiative for
its collaborative approach,
rooted within First Nations
communities, and its focus on
culture and place.
Nicol and faculty members
Jo-ann Archibald, Heather
Kelleher and Lee Brown view
the partnership with the Haida
Gwaii and Nisga'a nations,
Haida Gwaii and Nisga'a school
districts, and the Vancouver
School Board as a long-term
commitment.
Funding for this study has
been received from the Social
Sciences and Humanities
Research Council of Canada,
Canadian Council on Learning,
and The Vancouver Foundation.
More information is available at
www.cust.educ.ubc.ca/team 13
UBC
W
THE  UNIVERSITY OF
BRITISH   COLUMBIA
2.008 Honorary Degree Nominations
The Tributes committee is seeking nominations
of outstanding individuals who have made
distinguished contributions within their field.
For a nomination form, please go to
www.ceremonies.ubc.ca
Please mail nominations to:
Chair, Tributes Committee
c/o Ceremonies Office, 2nd Floor, Ponderosa B
Campus Zone 2.
Deadline for nominations is September 15, 2007
BYBUDMORTENSON
When the Fipke Centre for
Innovative Research opens in Spring
2008, it will be the first building at
UBC Okanagan with heating and
cooling supplied directly by Mother
Nature.
In fact, says Aidan Kiernan, UBC
Okanagan's Assoc. Vice President
of Operations, over the next several
years all academic buildings on the
105-hectare campus will use thermal
energy extracted from groundwater
under the campus.
"By 2010, this campus will
be virtually emissions-free,"
says Kiernan. In a process called
geoexchange, water pumped from
the ground will be used at its natural
temperature of 10.5 °C to cool
buildings during notoriously hot
Okanagan summers. In winter, the
water will be compressed to raise its
temperature to about 54°C.
The geoexchange system will
eventually replace an existing
natural-gas-fired plant, reducing
energy costs by about $100,000
a year, Kiernan says.
Having done its job heating or
cooling the buildings, water will
be pumped back into the ground
- returned to an immense
aquifer, or natural underground
reservoir, in the gravel deposits
that form much of the campus
geology.
"We're in an explosive
growth of construction," says
Kiernan. In addition to the
6,500 sq.m. (68,000 sq.ft.)
Fipke Centre for Innovative
Research, he cites as examples
three other major construction
projects: the Meekison Student
Centre starting this month, and
the UBC Okanagan Arts and
Sciences II and Engineering and
Management buildings, both
expected to start construction
this year.
"All our new buildings are
designed to use the geo-exchange
system," says Kiernan. "And by
2010 all existing buildings will
be retrofitted to use geoexchange
technology for heating and
cooling." 13
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Statistics
The UBC Math Centre is offering two new non-credit
introductory statistics courses during the evenings. Small
class sizes and individual instructor attention create the
ideal learning environment for this topic.
STAT 001 -starts Sept 11
STAT 002- starts Jan 15
Precalculus and calculus courses are
also available.
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604-822-9564
SH Continuing Studies
w)   Math Centre UBC    REPORTS     |     SEPTEMBER    6,    2007     |    5
Pumping Iron Aids Brains and Bones
New study examines impact of resistance training on cognitive ability and risk of falling
BY HI LARY THOMSON
Hitting the gym may give
seniors more than muscle - it
may reduce risk of fractures by
improving not only bone health
but also cognitive function.
According to Teresa Liu-
Ambrose, UBC assistant
professor in the Faculty of
Medicine's Dept. of Physical
Therapy, one-third of hip
fracture hospital admissions
internationally occur in seniors
with cognitive impairment - a
condition that may be prevented
or minimized with regular
physical activity, including
resistance training (RT), or
exercising with weights to
develop strength.
She believes RT can help
reduce risk of fracture in
cognitively impaired individuals
in two ways: by improving bone
health and by increasing levels
of insulin-like growth factor 1
(IGF-1) that promotes brain cell
growth and survival. RT also
decreases serum homocysteine,
an amino acid that in high levels
is associated with impaired
cognitive performance.
"The relative risk of hip
fracture among those with
cognitive impairment ranges
from double to seven times the
risk compared to those with
no cognitive impairment," says
Study participant Donna Templeton works the weights to build bone strength and improve cognitive
performance.
CAMPUS & COMMUNITY PLANNING
www.planning.ubc.ca
Want to learn more  about
new buildings  at  UBC?
UBC Planning Tent Event 2007
UBC Planning Staff will be on hand with
drawings and information highlighting recent
projects at the University of British Columbia.
Please join us:
Friday, September 14, 2007
10:00 am-2:00 pm
Saturday, September 15, 2007
8:00 am - 1:30 pm
VENUE - Under the tent at the north end
of Flag Pole Plaza
PARKING - The Rose Garden Parkade
We hope to see you there! For further information,
contact Linda Moore (Associate Director, Community
Relations) at 604.822.8831 or linda.moore@ubc.ca.
For directions to The Rose Garden Parkade and
the Flag Pole Plaza, please visit: www.maps.ubc.ca
Liu-Ambrose, a member of the
Centre for Hip Health, part
of Vancouver Coastal Health
Research Institute (VCHRI).
"Although there is a large body
of research about reducing falls
and fractures among cognitively
healthy seniors, little research
has targeted bone health
among those with cognitive
initial one-year phase of her five-
to six-year research program that
will also reach the Vancouver
suburb of Tsawwassen and
Qualicum Beach on Vancouver
Island. The program is unique
in North America because it
brings together researchers
from disciplines that include
psychology, geriatric medicine,
as many are caring for spouses
or grandchildren," says Liu-
Ambrose. "We need to promote
and enable exercise opportunities
for seniors."
Women in the study are
evaluated for key factors related
to hip fracture risk, such as bone
health, balance, and performance
of cognitive executive functions,
using pen and paper tests. In
addition, participants will
undergo functional magnetic
resonance imaging to determine
if brain function changes with
RT.
Participant Donna Templeton
calls the program "a life-
changing blessing." Diagnosed
with osteopenia - often a
precursor to the bone-thinning
disease osteoporosis - the active
68-year-old former nurse has
been training twice a week for
five months and feels much
stronger, especially in her upper
body. She won't know about any
cognitive improvements until her
upcoming assessment.
A veteran of four fractures
in 12 years, Templeton says the
slow healing associated with
osteopenia affects the whole
family and can be depressing.
She finds the one-on-one
attention and group support
helps her stick to her schedule
and carefully increase the
weights. An unexpected benefit
has been significant reduction in
pain from migraine headaches.
Her advice is have bone
density tested as young as 30 to
get a baseline and then hit the
gym. "The sooner you start with
the help of a qualified instructor,
the better."
For more information on the
study, contact Liu-Ambrose at
604.87S.4111, ext. 69059.
"The relative risk of hip fracture among those with
cognitive impairment ranges from double to seven times
the risk compared to those with no cognitive impairment.
impairment.
More Canadian women die
annually following hip fractures
than from breast cancer, says
Liu-Ambrose, who joined UBC
in 2006. The incidence of hip
fracture among Canadian men
and women, mostly over 70
years, is 24,000 annually with
a health-care price tag that can
exceed $1.3 billion each year, she
adds.
Researchers will look at the
effects of RT on bone health,
physiological function and
cognitive function, with a focus
on the brain's executive functions
or higher-order processes, such
as the ability to multi-task. Falls
often result from impairments in
these processes. Other research
has shown that cardiovascular
training can benefit executive
functioning but similar positive
effects of RT are virtually
unknown, says Liu-Ambrose.
Vancouver is the site of an
orthopedics and radiology;
has a large sample size of 220
participants per community; and
looks at the minimum amount
of RT required to make a
difference.
Collaborators include
Maureen Ashe, a post-doctoral
Fellow at the Centre for Hip
Health and UBC Asst. Prof. Todd
Handy from Psychology.
The Vancouver study is being
conducted at the South Slope
YMCA and the Centre for Hip
Health. Classes of up to 10
women aged 65-75 years are led
by certified fitness instructors
and focus on using weight
machines and free weights to
build strength. Women come to
classes as a group and participate
either once, twice or three times
per week.
"I've been surprised by how
difficult it can be for women in
this age group to take the time
to participate in physical activity,
Support for this research has
been provided by the Michael Smith
Foundation for Health Research,
the Canadian Institutes of Health
Research and the Vancouver
Foundation.
VCHRI is the research body of
Vancouver Coastal Health Authority.
In academic partnership with
UBC, the institute advances health
research and innovation across B.C.,
Canada, and beyond.
The Centre for Hip Health
conducts innovative research
programs to decrease the burden of
hip fracture and hip osteoarthritis
across B.C., Canada, and the world.
It is the first international research
centre to broadly focus on problems
affecting the human hip across the
lifespan by integrating researchers in
various aspects of bone health, falls
prevention, and osteoarthritis. 13 6     |     UBC    REPORTS     |     SEPTEMBER    6,    2007
CHILD SOLDIER continued from page 1
Register now for fall non-credit courses.
Writing Centre
Academic Development
• preparation for university writing and the LPI
• grammar and writing with style
• writing for graduate students
Professional Development
• report and business writing
• the role of a literary agent
Personal and Creative Writing
• short fiction, poetry and novel workshops
• journal writing and autobiography
Customized business and technical writing
workshops also available.
www.writingcentre.ubc.ca/ur
604-822-9564
BE] Continuing Studies
VJ  Writing Centre
Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies
Major Thematic Grant
Project Letter of Intent Deadline - March 1,2008
The Peter Wall Institute Major Thematic Grant Program awards $300,000
to $500,000 total for a three to five year project to interdisciplinary core
groups of UBC researchers working on important and exciting thematic
topics in areas offering significant advances in knowledge. The project is
expected to include excellent UBC researchers who will work with and
bring to UBC outstanding external experts. The proposal should be
broadly interdisciplinary, involve basic research, be innovative, and hold
the potential to make UBC a centre for research on the theme. The Letter
of Intent deadline for the next competition is March 1,2008.
For more information, please visit our website at
www.pwias.ubc. ca or call us at (604) 822-4782.
S.IC
UBC
St. John's College
UBC Guest
Accommodation
St. John's College extends an
invitation to visitors to UBC to stay
in our quiet, comfortable, and
well-appointed guest rooms.
Available year-round, guest rooms
are furnished with a double or
queen bed, private washroom,
telephone, television, coffee
maker, bar fridge and internet
connection.
Dining with College residents in our
spacious Dining Hall is an integral part
of the life of the College, and meals
are included in the guest room fees.
For further information or to make a reservation, contact us by
phone at 604-822-6522, or by e-mail: sjc.reception@ubc.ca
www.stjohns.ubc.ca
That Elder's work in Rwanda
continues a year after her
internship speaks to the impact
these experiences have on
participants, says IRES' Terre
Satterfield, faculty supervisor of
the internship program.
"For most students, the
internships are life-changing
experiences," Satterfield says. "It
gives participants the opportunity
to put their research and learning
into practice, but also transforms
their lens on the world."
Since it was created in 1998,
the program has placed 51 young
professionals in paid international
work experiences in environmental
sustainability, resources
management and sustainable
community development.
Open to Canadians under
the age of 30 with at least a
bachelor's degree, the program
is made possible with funding
from the Canadian International
Development Agency (CIDA) and
the Canadian Water Network.
This year, 10 interns will travel
to New Zealand, Tanzania,
Kenya, South Africa, Uruguay
and Nicaragua. Placements are
made possible through UBC
international research links.
For her internship, Elder
traveled around Rwanda,
monitoring and evaluating two
UN World Food Programs (WFP).
One program that gave families
cooking oil in exchange for the
attendance of young girls at school
was "an overwhelming success,"
Elder says.
"I was skeptical at first, but for
many girls it was the difference
between getting an education or
being kept at home. Some of the
girls I talked to said the program
saved them from having to raise
money for school supplies through
prostitution."
Less successful was a WFP
program that gave families
affected by HIV/AIDS food in
exchange for their attendance at
NGO-sponsored training on crop
planting techniques.
"The program had its heart in
the right place, but the desired
effect was to make these families
more self-sufficient - and for
several reasons that just wasn't
happening."
Former Student Draws Prof to Africa
Judy Mclean is head of nutrition for a village of 600 Rwandan
widows and orphans.
BY BASIL WAUGH
During her internship, Sara Elder successfully coaxed UBC
nutrition expert Judy McLean to Rwanda, a move that is helping to
improve the country's nutrition levels.
"After the genocide, I don't think there was a single Rwandan
with a PhD in nutrition," says McLean, an adjunct professor in
UBC's Faculty of Land and Food Systems. "They were either among
the 800,000 killed or they fled in the diaspora."
Eldler contacted her former professor during a four-month
internship at Rwanda's University of Agriculture, Technology and
Education of Kibungo (UNATEK), where she was responsible for
marketing and fundraising.
"One day, Sara called looking for nutritionists," says McLean.
"Next thing I knew, I was in Rwanda teaching a class. In a way, the
tables were turned. Here was a former student calling me up, giving
me the opportunity of a lifetime."
McLean's course addressed common forms of malnutrition in
Central Africa, including deficiencies in energy, protein, fat iron,
and vitamin A. Many of these problems can be addressed through
education and minor changes in diet, she says.
"The common Rwandan staple of green bananas, cassava flour
and beans does not supply enough of the nine essential amino acids
needed for human health," says McLean. "By simply switching
from cassava to maize or sorgum flour, both widely available, you
get all the amino acids you need for growth."
Although McLean has returned to Canada, she continues to do
outreach in Rwanda. In addition to leaving her course materials for
future teachers at UNATEK, she was recently appointed Director
of Nutrition for Ubuntu (translated as "humanity"), a village of
600 Rwandan widows and orphans on the outskirts of Kigali, the
country's capital.
"Science isn't worth anything if we don't apply it," says McLean,
who will return to Rwanda next summer. "Information needs to be
much more available, in schools, community clinics, hospitals, on
posters and in publications."
For more information on Judy McLean's projects, visit: http://www.
landfood. ubc.calresearchlfacuity jwebpageslmcleanl. 13
When Elder pointed out the
program's shortcomings in a
report, the UN hired her to stay in
Rwanda for another three months
to implement her recommendations.
Edler introduced a monthly
monitoring system that has
improved communication between
Research Blood Collection Suite
CFI funded initiative available to UBC faculty
Do you need human blood for your experiments?
We provide a trained phlebotomist/nurse and
materials.
|  You provide a donor, signed consent forms, and
current UBC ethics approval for the project.
$7.40 per blood draw (up to 6 tubes)
To book an appointment:
email reception@cbr.ubc.ca
phone 604-822-3999
www.cbr.ubc.ca/blood collection.htm
O nirr 1ol
B-h--  d Rrsrjich
Cinjdijn Biood Srnlcn
frSrl    r-ACUITT Of
ISS GRADUATE
W STUDIES
KiIIliiii lWuhvt(n;il
Research Fellowships
2008-2009
Killam
TruiU
n
Value
CAD $45000 pw y»r toa maanrumof hvojwrs, vrth a
$6000 ai twaiv* for iBseareh-reWed ewnsw $ueh as
irawi
Quilrflcatiom
Appdcaffls must complete a PhD at a recognized un rersny
priCK lo commencing Ihe feilowsrio and have no cuireni
affiliation w* the Untvereity of British Columbia
Application
Submit appicattons directly to UBC Vancouver
departments. Each department sets its own deadline. A
maximum of two nominees from each department are
submitted lo Graduate Slides in November
Gurdelinei ind applications: grad.ubc.cafawards
Rwanda's WFP offices and partner
NGO's and has helped to better
track successes and identify issues
with WFP programs.
"Having spoken with the
people impacted by these
programs, it was incredibly
rewarding to make changes that
I knew would improve their
lives," says Elder, who manages
IRES' International Internship
Program and is considering
graduate programs. "It was really
gratifying to be able to make
their voices heard at the decisionmaking level."
Given Elder's successful
international track record,
Nizeyimana and the students of
ASOLATE are looking forward to
her impending arrival.
"Now we have more than
150 orphaned street youth
at the training center," wrote
Nizeyimana in an interview by
email, "but I don't have adequate
funding to properly accommodate
them all. Because of Sara, that is
changing and giving the youth
hope. These youth are not just
'maibobo' [street children], they
are the future of Rwanda."
For more information on the
International Internship Program,
visit: http://www.ires.ubc.ca/
studentslgloballindex.html.
For more information on
ASOLATE, visit: http:/'/www.
asolate.org. 13 UBC    REPORTS     |     SEPTEMBER    6,    2007     |     7
Activist, Legal Reformer,
Law Professor
BY LORRAINE CHAN
In 2001, after his undergraduate degree in
international business studies at the University
of Calgary, Benjamin Perrin traveled to Phnom
Penh to work with children whose lives had
been shattered by trafficking.
Along with a team of volunteers, Perrin
helped implement a project to warn 10,000 at-
risk children about trafficking through a public
relations campaign with local airlines and travel
agents to deter would-be child sex tourists, as
well as rehabilitation programs for rescued
victims.
Through recovery centres, some of the
older girls had learned trades but needed
some pointers on how to make a living with
their newfound skills in cooking, sewing or
hairdressing in their communities.
Perrin created a hands-on small business
training program that helped them improve
their chances. Through a series of activities and
workshops, rescued trafficking victims were
taught how to manage their money, market their
products, and deal with customers.
"Their stories have never left me and never will. That's why I'm still working on this issue years later,"
says Perrin, who in 2004 was named by Maclean's magazine as one of the "Best and Brightest."
He says his earlier activism laid the groundwork for his current mission, to advance research on
fighting international crime.
In addition to his fieldwork in Asia, Perrin has also served as a law clerk at the Supreme Court of
Canada to the Honourable Madam Justice Marie Deschamps and completed an internship at the
International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague. During his graduate studies in
law at McGill University, Perrin was assistant director of the Special Court for Sierra Leone legal clinic
that assists the Trial and Appeals Chambers in war crimes prosecutions.
Perrin says international criminal law prosecutions are particularly complex and challenging because
they involve a "hybrid legal tradition at the confluence of public international law, international human
rights law and national criminal laws."
The enormous challenge of these cases is not only bringing accused war criminals to justice, but
proving relatively new international crimes. He says Canada needs to gain greater experience in
organizing such prosecutions, given the scope of international trials.
"They're much more complicated in terms of what the prosecutor has to prove. Often, the biggest
challenge is organizing the case in the midst of special rules for evidence and obtaining access to victims
in war-torn countries."
In recognition of his work in this field, Action Canada named Perrin this summer as one of its 17
Fellows. Action Canada is a national organization based in Vancouver that seeks to create a network of
informed, emerging leaders. 13
Benjamin Perrin travelled to Phnom Penh where
he helped organize a campaign to deter would-be
sex touriests.
HUMAN TRAFFICKING continued from page 1
housing, medical care and
temporary work visas, Canada
had no such measures in place.
Perrin explains that
Canada had made "generic
commitments" that never
got translated into specific
measures. In 2000, along with
117 countries, Canada signed
an international protocol
that supplemented a United
Nations Convention against
Transnational Organized Crime
"to prevent, suppress and
punish" human trafficking.
Other signatory countries put
resources and a legal framework
in place, and kept close track of
how their efforts were working,
says Perrin.
"The U.S. has done very
well. Their records show they
have prosecuted hundreds of
traffickers and helped many
victims. The reason is that
they have engaged civil society
organizations to work with them
and implement laws to protect
victims."
After publishing his research,
Perrin was asked by the federal
Minister of Citizenship and
Immigration to help improve
the situation. As a result, the
Canadian government agreed
to provide temporary residence
permits for victims, who are
entitled during that time to
receive basic medical care and
counseling.
The government has also
started to commit resources to
investigate and prosecute human
trafficking crimes, and allows
victims to obtain work permits
during their temporary residence
status.
"We're seeing signs of hope.
Canada is starting to turn the
corner now, but much work
remains to be done," says Perrin,
noting that Canada has yet to
successfully prosecute a single
person for human trafficking,
despite victims continuing to be
discovered. 13
WEST COAST SUITES
OPEN HOUSE
You are invited to view the newly renovated suites.
Thursday, September 13th, 1:00 - 4:00 pm
Everyone is welcome!
West Coast Suites
at The University of British Columbia
5961 Student Union Blvd
www.ubcconferences.com    reservations 604822 1000
W$m}    Congratulations to our Killam Postdoctoral Scholars
Th* Unly*™liy of BnU.h Colwibli't Milan PoaMoelOra Rwwrcii F4§4a*Mpt aftttl U4 bnohlrt
scrotals »om around the •01U aho have recently oompleled twr doctoral degrees at a tnversly osier Iran
UBC. EttaHshtd by Oomlhy tJtom in mrray «f h*r rujtarm, anMtot art nomimnd h, U6C
otfunhwnfe (or th» compttkon n the Ml. Tin Faculty of Graduta) Studtt it pood to horom ths y»ar s
■eoperte aid ten USC supervisors
New Killam Postdoctoral
Research Fellows
fto» Loricri Andrew. Botany
*#t Or boreri H. Rissabay
John Sulkxfc Poftcal Science
a* Or PsutQatir
SmJi Cable Linguistics
a* Or Lisa Mafthmrecn
TlmoHry Clark. Lard h Food Systems
w#ir> Aiftonyfdpvf
Stephanie Lynn hhulh. Forestry
»*0r fl»f*Arw»
Jelona Obrriovle HELP
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Ow*n Summnral*!, Chemstry
■AfrOr UVmlFryttik
David Watih. I.tcrobofcgy & Irnrrtjrcbgy
a#hfjr StevenHttam
_^   The University
oi British Columbia
—cocrj/ Canada's
HlatWfclTl .lT'l?.'.U!UU
Killam
Trusts
Continuing Killam Postdoctoral
Research Fellows
Michael Barrie, Lngustics
witftDr UartnaWiHschio
Michael Baurngsfiner. IAjx
rtiftDrs Vara MKzn& and Marir Hams
Aaron Glut. ArttiiDpabgy & Sombgy
wirM> SmaUSv
Nlall MscKenile. Engksf,
VHlftDr Ms* Vessey
Heather Maughan. Zoobgy
ttifftOr ftatWHfyl "WWtt
Daniel Ortii-Barriariloi Botarv,-
mV>Dr LwiH UtatbtfJ
Anja Slim, MatiemaMs
v»aftfV WHBtatXth
Timur Tadterfaid, Chemistry
*lr>J> RamenV hjnmf.
Sara Walton. Rdlbcal Sooiorj
trih Dr. Aim Jacobs
www.grad.ubc.ca/awards/
at Forest Sciences Centre
OPEN EVENINGS & WEEKENDS!
Starting September 4th, 2007
7:00am - 8:00pm M-F
8:00am - 2:00pm Weekends
Full Menu Selection: Sandwiches, Chili d[ Baked Goods
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Serving only Fair Trade Organic Shade Grown Coffee
at all UBC Food Services Locations
Campus dining is better than ever...
HOW CONYCttltft T
Your UBCcard can be...
Quicker than cash, easier than a credit card and
cheaper than using a debit card.
The Dining a la UBCcard Plan offers 5% Off
every food and beverage purchase* at UBC Food
Services locations on Campus.
* Visit www.food.ubc.ca for details
UBC Food Services Gift Card
It's easier than ever to give the gift of food.
Purchase a reloadable gift card.
Available at all UBC Food Services
locations.
A&W, Koya Japan, ManchuWok, Pizza Pizza and Subway
- Pacific Spirit Place
Arts 200 - Buchanan Lounge
Barn Coffee Shop - Main Mall
Caffe Perugia - Life Sciences Centre
Edibles - Lower Level Scarfe Building
IRC - Instructional Resources Centre Student Lounge
Pacific Spirit Place - SUB
Pond Cafe - Ponderosa Centre
Reboot-ICICS, Main Mall
Starbucks Coffee - Fred Kaiser and SUB
Steamies - UBC Bookstore
Totem Park and Vanier's Dining Rooms _
Tim Hortons - Trek Express and Forest Sciences
Trek Express, Pizza Pizza and 99 Chairs - Main Mall
Yum Yum's - Lower Level Old Auditorium
O
www.food.ubc.ca I     UBC    REPORTS     |     SEPTEMBER
Home and Away
Scholar explores why
Canadian intellectuals are
making the trek to their
ancestral European homelands
BYBUDMORTENSON
Novelist and literary scholar
LisaGrekul is about to become a
tourist in her own past.
The fourth-generation
Ukrainian Canadian "with
no ties to Ukraine" will visit
her ancestral homeland next
summer, recording the experience
through memoirs and on film.
In the process she hopes to gain
a deeper understanding of a
relatively new Canadian cultural
phenomenon: the contemporary
nomad.
Grekul has coined the term
"(Con)temporary nomads" to
describe Canadians of Eastern
European ancestry who, in
growing numbers since the
1980s, travel "home" to Europe
The second is a scholarly
book examining other stories
of return, the experiences of
homelessness and homecoming,
exile and migration - plus unique
perspectives from Ukrainian
scholars about the arrival in the
Ukraine of so many home-seekers
from abroad.
"I really want to hear how
Eastern European people
feel about these homecoming
Canadians," she says.
Her plan is that by late
2010, two books, a film and
website will be complete. "It's
an ambitious project, but it
can be done," Grekul says,
noting that she welcomes the
challenge of embarking on an
intimate personal narrative and
a critical analysis project at the
UBC Okanagan Critical Studies professor Lisa Grekul is examining first-hand the experience of Canadians who
return to their ancestral homelands in Europe in search of home.
when the two are thematically
related."
Grekul's 2003 first novel,
Kalyna's Song, is a semi-
autobiographical story of a third-
which became her second book,
Leaving Shadows: Literature in
English by Canada's Ukrainians,
published in 2005 by the
University of Alberta.
invaluable first-hand insight into
the unique challenges faced by
contemporary nomads," says
Grekul.
"The authors - contemporary
"I'll make a trip to Ukraine to understand what this sort of journey is about, and to
grapple with the implications of traveling home as, more than anything, a tourist."
for the first time, then return to
Canada and write about their
experiences.
An assistant professor with
UBC Okanagan's Department
of Critical Studies, Grekul has
received $50,847 from the
Social Sciences and Humanities
Research Council (SSHRC)
for a new research project,
(Contemporary Nomads:
Canadian Autobiography and the
Search for Home. It will include
travel, scholarly literature review,
writing, filmmaking and a lot of
personal reflection.
Grekul's maternal and paternal
ancestors emigrated from
southwestern Ukraine in the late
1890s and early 1900s - leaving
behind the village of Szypentsi,
bound for Canada. Her research
will take her on the reverse
journey.
"I'll make a trip to Ukraine
to understand what this sort of
journey is about, and to grapple
with the implications of traveling
home as, more than anything, a
tourist," she says.
Her overarching interest is
the study of Canadian public
intellectuals, scholars, or
established writers who feel an
attachment to their ancestral
homelands — such as Janice
Kulyk Keefer, whose parents
emigrated from Ukraine (then
Poland) in the 1930s, and Myrna
Kostash, a third-generation
Ukrainian Canadian whose
grandparents came to Canada in
the early 1900s. "What do they
hope to accomplish through the
publicization of their stories?"
she asks.
Grekul will take along a
graduate student, video camera
in hand, to produce a film and
website about the month-
long Ukraine experience. She's
planning two major writing
projects. The first is a personal
account of her "journey home."
same time - it's something she's
done before. "I find I am most
productive when I'm working,
simultaneously, on a creative
and a critical project - especially
generation Ukrainian Canadian
girl who grows up in northeastern
Alberta and southern Africa.
Grekul completed the novel
while preparing her PhD thesis,
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"I believe my personal
experiences of both traveling
back to Ukraine - back, that is,
for the first time - and writing
about my travels will provide
nomads - ask us to rethink the
ways in which we experience and
define 'home,' and in sharing their
stories of homelessness, they invite
us to reconsider our own." 13
Faculty of Medicine
\^jF/ Through knowledge, creating health.
Assistant Dean, MD Undergraduate Program (MDUGP),
Student Affairs | Vancouver Fraser Medical Program (VFMP)
The Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, invites applications
and nominations for the position of Assistant Dean, MD Undergraduate Program,
Student Affairs for the Vancouver Fraser Medical Program. This part-time (.3 to
.4 FTE) position will be filled by an internal candidate and has an expected start
date of November 1, 2007. It is a three year renewable term appointment. The
successful candidate will be a faculty member with an MD, is familiar with the
MDUGP and possesses experience in teaching administration within the program.
Salary will be commensurate with experience.
As a co-administrator ofthe faculty's undergraduate MD education program in the
area of student affairs at the VFM site, the successful candidate will work closely
with the Associate Dean, Student Affairs, to ensure that all students have equitable
access to student services. With office space in the LSC on the UBC campus,
he/she will orient each new cohort of students to the services and special features
of the campus. Additional responsibilities include:  ensuring mechanisms are in
place to help integrate medical students into university life; working collaboratively
with the Assistant Deans of the Island and Northern Medical Programs as well as
the other Associate Dean(s) and the Associate Dean, Student Affairs to ensure that
all students have a common experience and that issues are resolved in a coordinated
fashion across all sites; work with the UBC Associate Dean, Equity to ensure that
all students have access to information and assistance in the area of equity and to
create an equitable environment for students from a variety of cultural backgrounds;
coordinate academic and personal counseling to all medical students; contribute to
career counseling programs; support designated student activities such as the Spring
Gala Concert and Career Night; assist with the recruitment of mentors for medical
students, and become a member of other appropriate internal committees. The
successful candidate will report to the Associate Dean, MDUGP Student Affairs
and will supervise office staff as required. Occasional travel to Victoria and Prince
George campuses may be expected. The successful candidate will also represent the
Student Affairs, MDUGP, at various national and international meetings.
MDUGP, Student Affairs | VFMP
www.med.ubc.ca/education/md_ugrad/
studentqffairs.ca	
Applications, accompanied by
a detailed curriculum vitae and
names of three references, should
be directed to: Gavin Stuart, MD,
FRCSC
Dean, Faculty of Medicine
317 - 2194 Health Sciences Mall
Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3
Attention: Darcie Prosser.
(email: searches@medd.med.ubc.
ca with subject line: VFMP)
Closing date: September 30, 2007
Faculty members, students, staff and
alumni in the Faculty of Medicine are
actively engaged in innovative, leading
edge research, education and community
service on university and hospital campuses
across the Province. Together we aim to
create knowledge and advance learning that
will make a vital contribution to the health
of individuals and communities, locally,
nationally, and internationally.
UBC
m
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
UBC hires on the basis of merit and is committed to employment equity. We
encourage all qualified applicants to apply; however, Canadians andpermanent
residents of Canada will be given priority.
www.ubc.ca & www.med.ubc.ca

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