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UBC Reports Oct 22, 1975

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 SPECIAL 001 "-I-'™?
UBC    REPORTS    CAMPUS    EDITION
Planting
begins
tomorrow
UBC will begin tomorrow (Oct. 23) to plant a
grove of 38 trees to replace 19 Lombardy poplars
that have been cut down to make way for the new
indoor swimming pool on the UBC campus.
The first of the trees will go into the ground at
2:00 p.m. tomorrow. More than S1,200 has already
been received in gifts and pledges to create the new
grove on the north side of the War Memorial
Gymnasium.
Dr. Erich Vogt, UBC's vice-president for Faculty
and Student Affairs, said that the 15 Lombardy
poplars remaining on the pool site were cut down on
Saturday, Oct. 18, one week before,the trees were
scheduled iu be removed.
"Thi'. w.r. tin unfortunate incident," Dr. Vogt said.
"Originally, the trees were scheduled to be cut down
on Oct. 18, but the contractor who was hired to
remove the trees was not informed that this date had
been shifted forward by one week. An investigation
has been carried out and it now seems that confusion
arose because of the rescheduling of the date."
Four of the poplars on the pool site were removed
early in August, but work was halted because the
pool project had not yet been formally approved. The
removal of the trees was scheduled for a Saturday for
safety reasons — there are fewer people around the
campus on that day.
The 19 poplars that have been removed are part of
a grove of 47 trees that was plantec during the 1930s.
Only 27 poplars will remain to the west of the pool
site, however. One poplar in the remaining grove was
blown down in the high winds that struck the Lower
Mainland on the weekend of October 4-5. An
examination of the windfall showed that the tree had
been the victim of disease and was partly rotten.
Funds to purchase trees in the new grove are being
raised by a group of volunteers recruited by Mr.
Alfred Adams, director of the UBC Resources
Council, and Mr. Jake van der Kamp, president of the
Alma Mater Society.
The new grove will be made up of poplars and
other trees, including some species not now growing
on the UBC campus. The object is to make the grove
attractive in an educational and esthetic sense. The
first planting this Thursday will consist of 22 English
oak and beech trees, each 12 to 14 !eet in height.
Persons interested in contributing to the fund for
the grove should send contributions to Mr. Adams,
c/o the UBC Resources Council, Cecil Green Park,
UBC, 2075 Wesbrook Place, Vancouver V6T 1W5.
Cheques should be made payable to the UBC Pool
Grove Fund.
Tenders for construction of the new indoor pool
have been called. It will be built in stages at a total
estimated cost of $4.7 million. Stage 1 of the project
will cost about $2.7 million.
Financing for the first stage of the pool is now
firm. The University and the AMS will each
contribute $925,000, a contribution of $333,333 will
be made by the provincial government's Community
Recreational Facilities Fund, and a public fund drive
beginning early in 1976 is expected to raise more
than the balance necessary to complete Stage 1.
While Stage 1 is underway the fund drive will
continue, additional contributions will be sought
from the federal and provincial governments, and the
University expects to be able to make a further
contribution.
Committee will review
faculty women's salaries
The salary of every full-time woman member of
the UBC faculty is to be reviewed for possible
inequities by a committee established by President
Douglas T. Kenny.
The President's Ad Hoc Committee on Salary
Differentials for Faculty Men and Women has been
given the task of looking into individual cases of
faculty women's salaries and recommending
adjustments to President Kenny where salary
discrepancies occur.
The president has set aside $100,000 in the
1975-76 budget to raise individual women's salaries if
inequities are discovered.
The committee, which has met several times since
being struck last month, consists of three men and
three   women:   Dr.   Margaret   Prang,   head   of   the
Department of History, and Dr. Jim Richards,
Department of Food Science, who are co-chairing the
committee; Prof. Alan Cairns, head of the
Department of Political Science; Prof. Penny
Gouldstone, Faculty of Education; Prof. Julia Levy,
Department of Microbiology; and Prof. Donald
Whitelaw, Department of Medicine.
The committee will follow procedures similar to
those adopted by a University of Toronto committee
established about two years ago, which investigated
possible discrepancies in faculty salary levels at that
university. UBC's committee is working out the
details of that approach now.
There are now about 280 full-time women
members of faculty at UBC. The committee plans to
submit its report to President Kenny as expeditiously
as possible.
FOURTH-YEAR ARTS student Penny Wilson, left,
gets a lesson in the use of the new Computer Output
Microfilm (COM) system, now in use throughout the
UBC Library system, from Ms. Joan Sandilands, head
of    the    Library's    Information   and   Orientation
Division. Two small, transparent microfiche cards
now contain all information on books in circulation,
available last year on 213 pages of computer printout.
For details, see story on Page Four. Picture by Jim
Banham.
Briefs asked for special
open Board meeting Jan.15
UBC's Board of Governors will hold a special open
meeting on Jan. 15, 1976, to receive the views of
interested members of the University community and
others.
The special open meeting will be held from 12:30
to 2:30 p.m. in the Board and Senate Room of the
campus Main Mall North Administration Building.
Plans are also being made for the first University
Open Forum, a public meeting to be held at a
downtown location early in December. The forum is
one of a series of meetings designed "to help inform
the University community and the public of the aims,
problems and aspirations of UBC."
Individuals and organizations wishing to submit
briefs for discussion at the Jan. 15 open Board
meeting should do so before Dec. 15, 1975. If
possible, 30 copies of each brief should be sent to
Mrs. Nina Robinson, clerk to the Board of Governors,
President's Office, Main Mall North Administration
Building.
Those intending to submit briefs are requested to
make   them   as   concise   as   possible.   Each   person
submitting a brief may speak to it for five minutes at
the Jan. 15 meeting.
The Board is also prepared to hear brief oral
submissions at the special open meeting, providing
advance written notice is given to Mrs. Robinson
before Dec. 15.
Persons planning to attend the special open
meeting are asked to apply for an admission ticket by
calling Mrs. Sheila Stevenson, President's Office,
228-2127. If ticket requests exceed the capacity of
the Board and Senate Room, the open meeting will
be changed to a larger room.
The first University Open Forum will take the
form of brief talks by members of the UBC
administration on topics concerning the University
and its relations with the community and issues of
concern to both the University and the community,
such as the maintenance of high standards in
education.
The talks will be 'followed by a discussion and
question period. Details of the time and location of
the first forum will be announced shortly. Words have familiar ring
The words have a familiar ring.
"When I took over as manager of the UBC
Bookstore in 1940, I had to deal with exactly the
same complaints that are made today — the books
cost too much and some of them don't arrive in
time for the start of classes in September."
The speaker is Jack Hunter, a familiar figure on
the UBC campus for more than 40 years and the
man who has served as manager of and consultant
to the UBC Bookstore for the past 35 years.
FROM ALBERTA
Jack Hunter joined the UBC staff on Sept. 3,
1935, as the storekeeper in the Department of
Chemistry, having been lured away from a similar
position at the University of Alberta in Edmonton
for a S10.00 increase that raised his salary from
$70.00 to $80.00 a month.
In 1940, the then manager of the Bookstore
retired and Mr. Hunter was called in and asked if
he'd like the job. He agreed to take it, but admits
that he was a bit anxious. He says the business
training he'd taken after high school in Edmonton
enabled him to get the hang of the job without too
many problems.
In those days the UBC Bookstore was housed in
a single room measuring about 20 by 30 feet in the
southeast corner of the main floor of the Old
Auditorium. There was no room for storage and
the entire stock of the Bookstore was out in the
open.
Jack Hunter ran the Bookstore with the help of
a full-time clerical assistant and a part-time
student, who was paid 50 cents an hour. Today,
the UBC Bookstore staff totals about 45 people.
NEW HOME
In 1945 the Bookstore got a new home to
enable it to cope withienrolments of up to 9,000
students, most of them Second World War
veterans. The store was housed in one of six old
army huts west of the Old Auditorium on the site
now occupied by the so-called Holiday-lnn-style
office buildings.
"Today's students really have no idea of the
endless lineups of the mid-1940s for registration
and books," says Mr. Hunter. "You rarely had a
complaint about lineups in those days, however.
The veterans had been lining up for everything
during their service careers and one more didn't
seem to bother them."
The Bookstore moved into its present building
on the Main Mall opposite the Chemistry Building
in 1955. "We thought then we had plenty of
room, but within a decade we had put four
extensions on the building," says Mr. Hunter.
Thirty-five years in the bookstore business has
taught Mr. Hunter one thing — you can't make any
money in a college bookstore by selling textbooks
alone.
Much of the reason for this lies in the peculiar
discount structure that is imposed on bookstores
by publishers, who feel that universities have a
captive market and that simple volume of sales will
enable a university bookstore to get by.
DISCOUNT VARIES
Here's how the discount system works. A
textbook ordered by a university from a publisher
is granted only a 20-percent discount, whereas the
same book ordered by a downtown Vancouver
bookseller gets a 40-percent discount.
It doesn't take a mathematical genius to figure
out that the downtown bookseller is going to
make a greater profit than the university
bookstore in reselling the item.
"We also have to pay transportation costs, and
when you add operating costs for the Bookstore
there isn't much left by way of profit," says Mr.
Hunter. "Another problem we face is estimating
the number of copies of each book that will be
needed. If we order 200 books and sell only 130,
and the publisher has a policy of allowing only a
10-percent return, we can be stuck with 50 unsold
copies of a book that may not be used the
following year.
"This is one of the reasons why we've had a
number of book sales in recent years."
The profit the UBC Bookstore makes is largely
the result of the sale of non-textbook items, such
as stationery, gym supplies, greeting cards,
calculators and books for general reading.
The changing curriculum of universities has
placed an additional burden on campus
bookstores.
MR. JACK HUNTER
"When I first started looking after the UBC
Bookstore," says Mr. Hunter, "a very limited
number of books were ordered and it was many
years before the text for a course was changed. If
you ordered 120 copies of the single textbook for,
say, the Canadian history course, you sold 120
copies.
"Today, a course in Canadian history may have
10 or 12 books listed as required reading and some
English courses have reading lists of 60 to 70 titles.
This not only involves us in a considerable
investment in stock, but we have no certain way of
determining how many will be purchased."
The present location of the Bookstore, in the
centre of the built-up academic core of the
campus, is just about the best site possible, says
Mr. Hunter. "Unfortunately," he adds, "there's
not much more that can be done with this
building. There's no place to expand and we can't
put a second storey on the existing building. The
most radical solution would be tear down the
existing structure and start building again."
And finally, says Jack Hunter, it really doesn't
seem like 40 years have passed since he first joined
the UBC staff. "I've really enjoyed every minute
of my association with UBC and I've always got
along very well with the administration and the
students and faculty members as individuals.
"Nor could I have managed without the help of
a loyal and dedicated staff, one of whom has been
with me for 27 years.
GRADS RETURN
"No matter where I go today — in the United
States or Eastern Canada — I always bump into
someone who was here at some time in the past,
and many graduates still come back regularly to
say hello and have a chat.
"And on the whole I've found that most of the
difficulties that arise between the Bookstore and
faculty members and students can be resolved in
face-to-face discussion and a willingness on the
part of others to understand some of the problems
we face in trying to help the University
community."
President
concern
Dr. Douglas T. Kenny, president of the University
of B.C., has expressed to the provincial government
his "deep concern" about a proposed luxury housing
development on the University Endowment Lands.
He has been assured by the government that the
proposal does not meet the government's
requirements, and that a new restriction is being
imposed to ensure that no existing housing on the
Endowment Lands is demolished without government
approval.
The proposed redevelopment plan was announced
in newspaper articles late last month. It called for
demolition of a number of small apartment buildings
and row houses in the area bounded by Allison,
Toronto, Dalhousie and Kings Roads, adjacent to the
UBC campus. These buildings, which are now said to
house 179 persons, would be replaced by "super
deluxe" residential units for'about 200 tenants.
Immediately after this announcement, President
Kenny wrote to Hon. Robert Williams, Minister of
Lands, Forests and Water Resources, the minister
responsible for the Endowment Lands.
In his letter the president expressed his concern
about the possible displacement of the occupants of
the existing buildings, many of whom are students or
members of the faculty and non-academic staff at
UBC.
He said that any development that worsened the
present shortage of low-cost housing was to be
deplored, and that any developer would have a moral
obligation to provide replacement housing, at rents
they could afford, for displaced tenants.
In addition, President Kenny stated his view that
there should be a greater range of choice of housing
types in order to attract members of both the
University community and the off-campus
community, and to foster increased contact between
the two groups.
In his reply to President Kenny, Deputy Lands
Minister Norman Pearson said, "There is considerable.,
sympathy for the comments in your letter. The
proposed development does not fit the land use code,
and further we are amending the code to prevent
demolition without a permit, which would provide
scope for a full review of any situation."
President Kenny said he was very pleased by the
government's response, and that he expected the
exchange of correspondence would lead to
discussions about improvement of the housing
situation for students and others in the vicinity of the
campus.
Planning starts
for Open House
A student committee to oversee UBC's triennial
Open House is being formed.
Third-year Pharmaceutical Sciences student Robin
Ensom, who is chairing the committee, told UBC
Reports the tentative dates for the 1976 Open House
are Friday, Saturday and Sunday, March 5, 6, and 7.
Mr. Ensom says one of the first orders of business
to be discussed by the committee will be whether
Open House is to be a three day event. In the past,
Open House has been a two-day event on a Friday
and Saturday.
Undergraduate societies in UBC faculties and
schools will be asked to name representatives to sit on
the Open House Committee, which should be
organized by Nov. 1, Mr. Ensom said.
Each faculty, school and department will also be
asked to appoint a faculty member who will
co-ordinate displays and activities in co-operation
with student representatives.
Mr. Ensom said he hoped to encourage an
expanded number of displays reflecting the
non-academic life of UBC students, including displays
by teams representing various UBC sports activities.
He said the Open House committee is also anxious
to hear from graduates and other members of the
University community if they have ideas for displays
and activities. Letters to Mr. Ensom should be sent to
Box 314, in the Walter H. Gage Residence, or to the
Alma Mater Society business office in the Student
Union Building. Exam motion to be debated IMov.12
At the Oct. .V meeting of Senate. Prof. John
Dennison. of the Faculty of Education, gave the
following notice of motion: "That Senate request
the admissions committee to examine the
desirability and feasibility oj University entrance
examinations. " The motion will be debated at the
Nor. 12 meeting of Senate. UBC Reports
interviewed Prof Dennison following the Oct. S
Senate meeting and what follows is an edited
version of his remarks.
My reason for requesting Senate to consider
this motion goes back to what I consider to be the
purpose of a university. There's general agreement
that the major purpose of a university is to provide
an opportunity to pursue study at a higher
intellectual and theoretical level than that which is
available at the secondary-school level.
This assumes that students who enter the
university possess the intellectual skills to pursue
study at this level. If they don't, then the
university has to adjust to the intellectual level of
the student. I believe that universities in North
America, particularly over the last decade, have
had to make such extreme adjustments that they
have violated the main purpose of a university
EXPEND ENERGY
In other words, they have had to expend so
much energy on various kinds of remedial
education that they have a hard time meeting their
responsibilities in the area of higher intellectual
development
Our own English department has had to test
students at the beginning of each academic year to
determine whether they can comprehend and
write grammatically correct sentences in idiomatic
English Those who fail must now enrol for a
remrdi.il course.
I In Ioi mer Academic Board of B.C., which was
supiyiseded by the new Universities Council, put its
finger right on the problem in its final statement
issued in April of this year.
(The Board's final statement, reproduced in the
April Mi. /vo, edition of I'm." Reports, expressed
concern "at the apparent increasing lack of
uniformity in academic standards and curricula " in
B.C. and with "an apparent decrease in the
standards of some university programs. "
(The phasing out of province-wide high-school
examinations, the statement said, lias resulted m a
situation where high-school grades are no longer an
adequate measure for evaluation by universities,
colleges or employers. "Of particular concern is
the decreased requirement for students to
demonstrate a minimum ability in written English
and in mathematics. " the statement said. I
One of the points I want to make is that in B.C.
in the 1970s there is no need for the universities to
get into the field of remedial education. There is a
very sound community-college system network
that is designed and equipped with the staff, the
facilities, and the desire to do exactly this. They
have a faculty trained to do it, they have
study-skills  centres that are able to equip both
PROF. JOHN DENNISON
high-school   graduates and  mature students with
writing skills.
THREE OPTIONS
Given the problem I've stated, it seems to me
we have three options.
One is that we can continue to be a
remedial-education institution. I believe this would
be destructive to the aims of the University and I
don't think we'd get much support for this action.
The second is to go back to province-wide
government examinations. Here, the University
can pressure the government to reinstitute such
exams, but we have no direct jurisdiction or
responsibility.
In any case, I don't believe government exams
are the route to go. One problem is the huge
numbers of students involved, and they were also
content-oriented exams. Because the exams asked
questions about specific pieces of poetry, for
example, they forced the high schools to teach
directly to that content.
The  third  possibility  is a  University entrance
exam. There's probably, on this campus, a
tremendous range of opinion about such exams,
from those who feel they're discriminatory and
designed to preserve the elite image of the
University, to those who think they're long
overdue and the one sure way to ensure the
intellectual competence of our students. Most
people probably take a position between these
extremes.
The key thing about a university entrance exam
is this: it must have predictive validity, it must
measure those competencies that are basic to
acquiring a university education, for example,
basic communication skills in English and, for
those students entering science, skills in basic
mathematics.
FOLLOW PROGRESS
Initially, it would be necessary to administer an
entrance exam and then follow the progress of
those students who wrote it through the
University to determine whether the exam had
predictive ability. Such tests, incidentally, have
been developed and administered in various parts
of Canada on an experimental basis and may be
instituted on a compulsory basis in Ontario in
1976.
The question of whether entrance exams are
desirable can be answered from a philosophical or
a political position.
What would the University lose by instituting
entrance exams? Would they simply reinforce the
image that the University is an elitist institution?
Another important question centres on whether
such exams are feasible. How much will they cost?
Are they practical from an administrative point of
view?
Then you get down to the practical problems of
what form the tests should take. How many of
them should there be? Is it likely that other
disciplines within the University besides English
and mathematics, say sociology or Canadian
studies, would want a special exam for students
who want to specialize in those areas? You could
open a Pandora's box of problems.
I don't believe that entrance exams are a
panacea. But I think the time has come to take a
serious look at the problem and see if there is any
way of getting around it. To date, all we've done is
complain and indulge in band-aid solutions such as
the English department's remedial program.
Senate may decide that it's not worth it
politically, financially or in any other way to
institute entrance exams. The Senate admissions
committee has the expertise and people who have
been looking at the problems for years and will be
able to put before Senate all the ramifications of
the entrance-exam problem.
Expert on TV violence to speak twice
A leading researcher on the effects of television
violence on children will be among the Cecil H. and
Ida Green Visiting Professors at UBC this fall.
Dr. Albert Bandura, from Stanford University,
who testified before the U.S. Senate committee
investigating televised violence as a cause of aggressive
behavior, will visit the campus during the first part of
November to deliver two public lectures.
Dr. Norman MacKenzie returns for the month of
November to give a series of lectures on Fabianism.
This will be his second visit to UBC this year as a
Cecil H. and Ida Green Visiting Professor. He is one
of the U.K.'s most provocative academics as well as
an author and broadcaster.
Dr. Ruth Hodgkinson, a professor of the History
of Medicine and Allied Sciences at Queen's
University, Kingston, Ont., will give a public lecture
on progress in medicine during her visit.
The two other scheduled visiting professors are Dr.
Esther Lucile Brown, an expert on the psychosocial
aspects of patient care and new developments in
health care services, and Dr. Rene Girard, an
international figure in the field of comparative
literature.
The public lectures are as follows:
Dr. Ruth Hodgkinson will speak on "Progress in
Medicine - A Social History," on Oct. 25 at 8:15
p.m. in the Woodward Instructional Resources
Centre, Lecture Hall 2. The talk will be sponsored by
the Vancouver Institute.
Dr. Norman MacKenzie will give a series of four
lectures entitled "Fabianism in British Political
Thought, 1880-1914," on Wednesday, Nov. 5;
Friday, Nov. 7; Wednesday, Nov. 12; and Thursday,
Nov. 13. All these lectures will be held at 12:30 p.m.
IIHII Vol. 21, No. 11 - Oct. 22,
IIMI 1975-    Published    by   the
II Bill University of British
^^ ^^ ^^ Columbia and distributed
REPORTS free ijbc Reports appears on
Wednesdays during the University's Winter
Session. J.A. Banham, Editor. Bruce Baker and
Anne Shorter, Production Supervisors. Letters
to the Editor should be sent to Information
Services, Main Mall North Administration
Building, UBC, 2075 Wesbrook Place,
Vancouver, B.C.  V6T  1W5.
in Room 106 of the Buchanan Building. On Saturday,
Nov. 15, he will give a Vancouver Institute lecture on
"The New Woman - Dilemmas of Beatrice Webb."
This lecture will begin at 8:15 p.m. in Lecture Hall 2
of the Woodward Instructional Resources Centre.
Dr. Albert Bandura will give a Vancouver Institute
lecture on "New Perspectives on Violence" on
Saturday, Nov. 1, at 8:15 p.m. in Lecture Hall 2 of
the Woodward Instructional Resources Centre. On
Thursday, Nov. 6, his topic will be "The Ethics and
Social Purposes of Behavior Modification." He will
speak at 12:30 p.m. in Lecture Hall 2 of the
Woodward Instructional Resources Centre.
Dr. Esther Lucile Brown will give a lecture on
"Psychological Factors that Retard Development of
Health-Care Services" on Thursday, Nov. 13 at 12:30
p.m. in Lecture Hall 2 of the Woodward Instructional
Resources Centre.
Dr. Rene Girard will give two lectures: the first,
"More than Fancy's Images: A Reading of 'A
Midsummer Night's Dream'," will be delivered
Monday, Nov. 24, and the second, "Curses Against
the Pharisees (Matthew XXIII)," Wednesday, Nov.
26. Both lectures will be at 12:30 p.m. in Room 106
of the Buchanan Building. Paper eliminated by
Library COM system
The Library, that keeper of the printed page on
the UBC campus, has introduced an information
system which avoids the use of paper altogether.
The Computer Output Microfilm (COM) system,
which came into effect in the Library in August,
replaces the reams of paper which previously
contained the lists of daily book circulation, serial
holdings, books on order, books recommended for
specific courses — 15 lists in all, which are used
regularly for such things as tracking down books not
on the shelves, or checking on the list of
recommended readings for courses.
This move to the computer is due mainly to the
price of paper, according to the man behind COM,
Bob MacDonald, who is the coordinator of technical
processes and systems at the Library. "The price of
paper started skyrocketing last year. We just couldn't
afford to continue with the same methods."
With COM, a system developed at least five years
ago and becoming a predominant means of
distributing information in industry, information
stored on magnetic tapes is translated directly to
microfiche without ever being put on paper.
IMAGE   REDUCED
Microfiche is a single piece of microfilm on which
images have been reduced by about 42 times. Each
piece of microfiche measuring 4" by 5%" can contain
the information listed on 213 pages of computer
printout paper used previously. Where the daily
circulation list was printed on a stack of paper often
six to seven inches thick, all of the same information
can now be contained on two transparent cards.
COM reduces significantly the cost of publishing
the Library's information lists and improves the
availability of those lists. With the previous system of
computer-printed paper lists, only five copies of each
list could be obtained, yet in many cases each branch
of the Library should have been supplied with a list.
There is no limit on copies, with COM.
Introduction of the new system required the
purchase of 85 microfiche readers at a cost of just
over $200 each. The readers have been installed in all
campus libraries and are for public use.
So far there have been no difficulties with COM
aside from the small problem of teaching people how
to operate the microfiche readers. Some changes
which couldn't have been accommodated on paper
have been introduced with the riew system. More
information can be written out using microfiche
because each item takes less space than it would if
written  out on  paper.  The  books-on-order  list, for
example, has become more readable to the general
public because the codes used previously are now
spelled out in full, says Mr. MacDonald.
The Library is currently investigating alternatives
to the card catalogs and the COM system shows
potential for being adapted to that use. The present
catalogs are too expensive to maintain because of the
costs of labor and duplicate files.
SPACE PROBLEM
But a more important factor is the space taken up
by the card catalog in the Main Library. "Probably
the most significant problem in the Library today is
the space problem," Mr. MacDonald says. "There's
only about two years of space left in the main
concourse of the Library before we're out in the
hall." The Library expands its holdings by about
50,000 titles per year, which means an additional 240
drawers of cards per year. There are about 6,000
drawers containing about six million cards in the
main concourse now.
The Registrar's Office at UBC shifted to the COM
system to maintain its student records about a year
ago and more and more libraries in the United States
are acquiring COM for keeping current information
lists. The University of Victoria is planning to
introduce the system in the near future.
However, the majority of university libraries in
Canada are not using COM and only a few are really
considering it, according to Mr. MacDonald. "Before
you can introduce COM you have to acquire a
number of microfiche readers and you have to be
using a computer-based information system. It's a
medium that really isn't common in universities yet."
DIFFERENT   APPROACH
Mr. MacDonald admits that people may feel less
inclined to use machines to get the same information
which was previously available on paper. "But with
the cost of paper, we have to look at a different
approach. Sooner or later that's the kind of change
that's going to take place."
There were only two alternatives facing the
Library, he says. The Library could convert from
printing information on paper to printing it on
microfiche, as it has done, or it could have reduced
the amount of information it puts out for public use.
And the consequence of that would have been a
much lower level of service to Library users.
Landscaping will extend
exhibit space outdoors
While work continues on the interior of the new
Museum of Anthropology at the University of B.C.,
plans are going ahead to dress up the outside of the
$4.3 million building, scheduled to open in the spring
of 1976.
The federal government, through the National
Museums of Canada, has given a grant to the museum
of $300,000 to extend the exhibit area to the
grounds surrounding the new museum. The plans for
this landscaping, drawn up by Arthu' Erickson
Architects, have been rece ved by the Department of
Physical Plant at the University.
Grading on the museum location on Northwest
Marine Drive is now underway and the landscaping
contract should be going out to tender shortly, with
work commencing next month.
The concept behind the landscaping, according to
Arthur Erickson Architects, is to make the outside of
the museum as much of an exhibit area as the inside
will be. The West Coast Indian way of life, a major
part of the museum collection, will continue as a
theme for the outdoor exhibits.
Plants which would be found in the villages of the
Coast Indian tribes and sometimes used as a food
source — wild carrots, wild grasses, broom, and low
bushes such as Labrador tea and kinnikinnick — will
be planted on the roof o~ the building as well as in
the area surrounding it. The roof landscaping, which
is intended to blend the building into the natural
environment, will also include a reflecting pond.
On the side of the museum facing the" Strait of
Georgia   there  will   be  a  dry lake bed covered with
4/UBC REPORTS/OCT. 22. 1975
gravel which will resemble the Capilano River in the
summer. It will be bordered with a crushed shell
beach corresponding to the environment of the
Northwest Coast tribes who lived on the edge of the
sea.
The public will be encouraged to walk through the
museum grounds, which will eventually be the site of
the two Haida longhouses now located in Totem Pole
Park, and possibly Salish and Kwagiutl houses, and
totem poles corresponding to the three tribes. Two of
the totem poles are now mounted on the site,
courtesy of the B.C. government, which borrowed
them for its exhibit at Spokane Expo earlier last year.
It is expected that the landscaping will be an
on-going program with new exhibits added as they are
acquired and more vegetation gathered on field trips
by UBC departments interested in the area of
ethnobotany.
Vdiunteer Service
can be rewarding
"Our society is in its present state largely
because too many people put their own interests
in front of everyone else's," says the director of
volunteers for UBC's Health Sciences Centre
Hospital.
Sherry Kendall feels it may be time to be
"seriously concerned about our whole outlook on
life" and to take another look at the rewards of
volunteer service.
Ms. Kendall told the Faculty Women's Club at
its first meeting of the term Oct. 7 that.'dthe.
National Organization of Women (NOW} M *f«?
United States rejects the concept of ^tm^H.
working for free, except where their vpl^^et
power is used, in an effort to change policies
detrimental to the interests of women. NOVS^s
Task Force on Women and Volunteerism regards
volunteer work as discriminatory. The volunteer
"may get' prestige in her community, say the
feminists - but she has no power," Ms. Kendal!
said.
"NOW's basic reasoning seems to be women
Miouid put their own interests in front of everyone
else's."
. Ms. Kendall, who is in charge of about 300
volunteers at the Health Sciences Centre Hospital,
feels that one of the more important concerns of
the women's movement should he "encouraging
women to develop their skills and talents to their
full, potential and to share these skills and talents
as 3 volunteer in the community."
.At the hospital, a psychiatric treatment unit,
hart of the volunteers are'University students.
Most of these students are male. "Both the staff
and the patients find it is really refreshing to h$ve
a non-professional person come in and take part
because they want to - not because they are paid
to," she said.
When the new 30Q-t>ed extended care hospital,
ftim under construction west of the Htsafth
fences Centre Hospital, opens next year, fftetre
w.it£,be. an. urgent need for more- volunteers* JjJSs:.
R^ajl hopes to begin a lecture and information
seHes/yon. extended cans, fof those.-interesftg^jn
vaiuM^rtmi iifyfeysf owatttrts before the hospital
otferis.   •" '* ;  "•* - ."*-"'     " • ' ■" •
Were number one
UBC ranks number one among Canada's major
universities in percentage of funds allocated for
academic purposes, UBC's Board of Governors was
told at its October meeting.
Statistics on percentage allocations of
expenditures by 23 Canadian universities with
enrolments of 6,000 or more were compiled from
data supplied to the Canadian Association of
University Business Officers. The figures cover the
fiscal year that ended in 1974.
The table prepared by the association also shows
that UBC ranks 23rd, or last, in the percentage of
funds allocated for administration, plant maintenance
and general expenditures.
In the fiscal year ended in 1974 UBC allocated
85.2 per cent of its budget for academic purposes,
which included library and computing costs as well as
services to students and sponsored and assisted
research.
Computing costs included those for both academic
and administrative purposes in the case of all 23
universities, and services to students included
scholarships, prizes and bursaries awarded.
UBC allocated only 3.2 per cent of its budget for
administration and general purposes in the fiscal year
ending in 1974. The percentage of the budget
allocated for physical plant at UBC in the same
period was 11.6.
UBC has maintained the positions outlined above
for each of the three years that the statistics have
been compiled, the Board was told.
Nov. 14 set as nomination deadline
UBC's Master Teacher Award committee has set
Nov. 14 as the deadline for nominations for the
1975-76 awards.
Nominees for the awards will be screened by a
committee now being formed and cha red by Dr.
Ruth White, of UBC's Department of French.
The Master Teacher Award was established in
1969 by Dr. Walter Koerner, a former chairman of
UBC's Board of Governors, in honor of his brother,
the late Dr.  Leon Koerner. The awards are intended
to recognize outstanding teachers of UBC
undergraduates.
The committee annually names two Master
Teachers, who share a 55,000 cash prize donated by
Dr. Koerner. Several other nominees are awarded
certificates of merit, each of which carries a cash
award of $500.
Nominations for the award should be sent to Dr.
White, c/o the French department, Buchanan Tcwer,
Campus.

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