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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Reports Feb 6, 1969

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Aids Board
The Board of Governors of the University of B.C.
has established a special nominating committee to
assist it in its search for a new president,
k The 21-member committee was established by the
feoard of Governors at its meeting Feb. 3. As promised earlier by Board Chairman Dr. Walter Koerner,
the committee will be broadly representative of all
components of the University community. It will
consist of:
Three members of the Board of Governors;
Three members of the university Senate;
Four members of the faculty;
Three deans;
Four students;
Three members of the Alumni Association;
One member of the non-academic Administration.
The three Board representatives on the committee
will be the Chancellor, Mr. John Buchanan, who will
chair the committee; the chairman of the Board of
Governors,   Dr.   Koerner;  and the chairman of the
^Board's staff committee, Mr. Donovan F. Miller.
The Administration member will be the University
Bursar, Mr. William White.
The three Senate members of the committee will
be elected by Senate.
The four faculty members will be chosen by the
Joint Faculties.
The three deans will be chosen by the Committee
of Academic Deans.
Of the four students, one will be the president of
the Alma Mater Society; two will be undergraduates
chosen by the Students' Council; and one will be a
graduate student chosen by the Graduate Students'
One of the three Alumni members will be the
president of the Alumni Association.
The committee's terms of reference as established
by the Board are:
"1. To recommend criteria to guide the Board in
the selection of a president; and
"2. To make recommendations to the Board of
The committee is expected to begin meeting as
soon as all its members are selected. This is likely to
take a few weeks.
Under the Universities Act, the Board of Governors has sole responsibility for the appointment of a
new president to replace Dr. Kenneth Hare, who resigned as of Jan. 31, but the Board has decided to
seek the advice of all segments of the University com-
munity through this large and broadly based
The last presidential search committee consisted of
four members of the Board of Governors. This group
was assisted by a four-man faculty advisory committee, and received advice and suggestions from various
groups in the University.
In its eight-month search the committee considered 111 potential candidates in Canada, Britain and
the United States before deciding on Dr. Hare.
Dr. John  Young is UBC's new dean of arts. For details see page four.
Operating Gap Eliminated
The University of B.C. and the provincial government have reached a compromise agreement on financing the operating costs of the UBC Health Sciences
Centre psychiatric unit.
Opening of the unit has been delayed since Nov.
18, 1968 because of lack of an adequate formula for
covering the costs of many of the services to be provided by the new unit.
Until last week, negotiations with the government
seemed to have reached an impasse.
The B.C. Hospital Insurance Service had set a rate
for the 60-bed unit of $55 per patient-day, equal to
about $1.2 million annually. UBC contended that although this was adequate payment for the treatment
of in-patients, it would not cover the wide range of
out-patient services incorporated in the unit's
program, nor would it cover the cost of clinical teaching salaries.
The University had asked for a no-fat budget of
$1.7 million a year. The two parties were therefore
$500,000 apart.
The Board of Governors resolved that unless the
impasse was broken by Feb. 6, it would have no alternative but to give notice to 40 staff members and
close the unit as of March 6.
A series of hard negotiating sessions late last week
broke the deadlock.
The management committee of the Health
Sciences Centre agreed to reduce the budget by
$208,000, even though this meant making substantial
cuts in the hospital's community-services program.
That was as far as the budget could be cut without
seriously interfering with the unit's effectiveness as a
treatment, teaching and research facility.
At almost the last minute—4:50 p.m. Monday,
with the Board of Governors scheduled to meet at
5:00 p.m.—the B.C. Hospital Insurance Service informed Dr. J.F. McCreary, UBC's Dean of Medicine,
that it had accepted one of the University's major
This was that out-patient services be paid for
separately, rather than being considered simply a part
of the $55 per-diem rate. This added almost
$100,000 to the unit's revenue, and narrowed the gap
to $200,000.
This last sum represents clinical faculty salaries—
the cost of administering and supervising patient-care
and teaching programs.
And on this point, Dean McCreary received more
good news. He and his negotiating team—including
Dr. J.S. Tyhurst, director of the psychiatric unit and
Mr. William White, the University Bursar-were authorized to seek the missing $200,000 from other
government agencies such as the Mental Health Services, the B.C. Medical Plan and the Department of
Dean McCreary said he now has real hope that the
funds will be found and that the unit will be able to
admit its first patients very soon.
The self-imposed budget cuts represent a significant reduction in some aspects of the psychiatric
unit's program. They will, for instance, eliminate one
community-liaison social worker, a psychologist and a
technician assigned to out-patient services, and reduce
nursing services available to out-patients. This may
mean that day-care and night-care cannot be offered
on weekends.
In addition the cuts will wipe out a planned program of operational research relative to quality control of patient care.
But Dean McCreary said he is confident the unit
can still fulfill its basic functions in teaching, research
and exemplary patient care.
He added that he hoped some of the lost services
might be restored through special research grants.
_■ Reclamation Study Begins
A research study which could lead to a model reclamation project for strip-mined land has begun at
the University of B.C.
The project is being supported with an annual
$5,000 grant from Kaiser Coal Limited, which plans
to develop huge coal reserves in the east Kootenay
area of B.C. for shipment to Kaiser steel mills in the
United States and to Japanese mills.
Directing the research in UBC's faculty of forestry
is Prof. J.V. Thirgood, a British-born, former UBC
student, who joined the faculty this year. He has had
experience in forest and land reclamation in eleven
countries and has undertaken studies for British
government committees on industrial rehabilitation.
Associated with him is Mr. Jiri Seiner, a 38-year-
old Czechoslovakian who came to UBC last September to enrol in the faculty of graduate studies.
Mr. Seiner, a forest engineer, was formerly with
the rehabilitation section of the Czechoslovakian coal
mining directorate, which was responsible for the
exploitation and restoration of mined lands to both
forest and agriculture productjon. He will use the research project as the basis for his thesis leading to the
master of forestry degree.
Seiner is the first recipient of the $3,600 Kaiser
Fellowship, which will enable him to make a detailed
investigation of all the factors involved in restoring
the area to be mined in the east Kootenays.
Mr. Seiner will investigate the geological formations and soils in the area, survey the existing vegetation and assess growing conditions for trees and other
forms of vegetation with a view to coming up with
concrete recommendations for rehabilitation both of
the stripped land and the environs of Natal/Michel.
He will also map out a restoration program.
The investigation has to be seen against a backdrop
of public concern, expressed through television and
other news media, that the Kaiser development in
B.C. will simply be a repetition of previous strip
mining operations in the Appalachian area of the U.S.
Before legislation was introduced in some
American  states, strip mining operators simply des
troyed vegetation above ore and coal deposits and
laid waste the landscape in getting at the deposits.
When the ore deposit or the coal seam was exhausted, the land was left scarred and barren, subject
to erosion by wind and water, and useless for recreation or as a haven for wild life. In addition, waste
material from the mining operation was often
dumped indiscriminately into local streams and lakes,
polluting the water and killing marine life.
The Kaiser Coal Co., in public statements concerning its B.C. operation, has attempted to assure Canadians that the same thing won't happen here.
"We are going to change a situation that has been a
disgrace," says Mr. A.P. Heinger, vice-president for
public relations and traffic in the company. "We are
going to improve that community."
No figure has been set by the company for reclamation expenditures—this will presumably emerge
from the UBC study—but another company official
has said the figure will be "adequate to do the best
job in B.C."
The company's promises will be reinforced by
legislation promised by Premier W.A.C. Bennett
during the 1969 sitting of the B.C. Legislature which
opens Jan. 23.
Kaiser now holds mining rights to 65,000 acres of
land near the town of Sparwood, a new community
to replace the nearby twin towns of Natal and Michel,
grimy towns covered with decades of coal dust.
As Sparwood is occupied bulldozers move in to
level the ancient homes and outdoor privies of
Over the next 15 years the Kaiser Company plans
to mine 120 million tons of raw coal at the rate of
eight million tons a year and ship much of it to Japan
through the new Roberts Bank superport now being
constructed south of Vancouver.
Kaiser will use gigantic earth-moving equipment to
get at the coal seam which is 40 to 50 feet thick and
three-quarters of a mile wide and lies under overburden 480 feet thick.
The overburden will literally be "ploughed" in
much  the same way as a farmer prepares fields for
seeding. When coal-removal is complete, the spoil is
pushed back into the trench and is ready for reclamation.
Prof. Thirgood points out that Harmer Ridge, the
area to be mined, is hardly likely to be an eyesore to
the general public. It lies behind a high mountain
ridge and can't be seen from public roads.
He adds that although reclamation has never before been attempted in the west there are no significant technical barriers to restoring the mined-over
areas to a forest condition. The landscape will be
changed since the company will literally remove the
top of a mountain to a depth of almost 500 feet.
At present Prof. Thirgood is reluctant to make an
estimate of the costs of reclamation. "This varies
from area to area," he says, "and one of the objects
of our research is to make an estimate of the costs in
the light of local conditions."
Of one thing he seems certain: "The Kaiser Company is serious about plans to reclaim the area and
there is no doubt in my mind that the Natal area can
be improved in appearance as the result of reclamation."
Prof. Thirgood says the overburden to be removed
is high elevation forest land, which, although logged
over, is not productive by B.C. coast standards.
"The operative factors in reclaiming the land are *
climate and elevation, and the only use that the land
can be put to is to bring it back to forest," he says.
Determination of the best kinds of trees to be
planted in the mined-over area is part of the research
study now underway, but Prof. Thirgood expects that
less demanding species, probably of a pioneer and soil
improving nature, will be best suited for the reclamation work. ^fe
Both Prof. Thirgood and Mr. Seiner bring a wealth
of experience to the project. Both point out that
reclamation projects carried out in the United States,
Europe and England are highly successful.
In Germany, reclaimed land is considered to be
more productive for agricultural purposes after
mining and the landscape of Europe is dotted with
examples of recreational areas which were once strip
mining operations.
Smiling Dr. William Powrie, head of UBC's new food science department, will take up his appointment on July 1 of this year
2/UBC Reports/February 6, 1969 Graduate student Jiri Seiner, pointing, and forestry professor Dr. J. V. Thirgood will develop model reclamation project in B.C. 's interior
tIBC Food Studies to Expand
The head of the University of B.C.'s new food
sciences department wants UBC to become a generator of ideas for the food industry of the province.
Dr. William D. Powrie, 42, who will take up his
appointment at UBC on July 1, said he will attempt
to develop basic concepts or ideas which could be
picked up by industrial firms in B.C. and used as the
basis for an export industry.
"This doesn't necessarily mean that we will actually develop new foods," says the Canadian-born food
scientist. "What we hope to do is engender new, basic
ideas which can be picked up and developed by industrial firms."
He said special emphasis would be placed on utilizing fish, plant and animal materials grown in B.C. that
could be used in new product development.
Another aim of the new department in the faculty
of agricultural sciences will be to train food scientists
to meet an ever-growing demand.
"The development of new food products depends
on the training of food scientists who are well-versed
in basic concepts and have a well-founded scientific
knowledge," Dr. Powrie says.
He adds: "The days of pot-and-pan research are
over. It's simply not possible any longer to mix a few
ingredients together, stir, taste, and put it on the market if it's palatable."
Dr. Powrie, who visited UBC recently to meet
food scientists in the agricultural sciences faculty,
said one of the basic ideas already under investigation
at UBC is cell culture.
"Cell culture," he says, "is the growing of large
masses of cells in a synthetic medium. It can be carried out with almost any type of plant cell—carrots
and lettuce, for instance—and this technique may be
of increasing importance to B.C., where land is becoming more and more scarce."
He said the technique of cell culture is not being
practiced on any large scale at the moment. "It's a
brand new area that the food scientist is just getting
into," he said, "but it shows great promise."
There are many difficulties to be overcome with
the new technique, he said, including palatability,
color, texture and cost.
Dr. Powrie's own interests will be concentrated in
the area of food chemistry, particularly the chemistry
of eggs, milk and meat.
"One of the main areas I will be investigating," he
said, "will be textural changes in meat—including fish,
fowl and red meat—during cold storage."
He said there are stores in the U.S. which now sell
nothing but frozen meats, and food scientists want to
know how long meat of all kinds can be held in frozen form without causing undesirable flavor and textural changes.
Dr. Powrie also plans to take a close look at the
lowly egg. "The housewife," he says, "uses eggs for a
variety of purposes, but no one really knows why.
We'd like to know more about the functional properties of eggs, and this may lead to new uses for eggs.
"B.C., of course, is recognized as a poultry area
and we have an excellent department here at UBC. So
our egg research could have widespread results for the
Dr. Powrie doesn't expect that the UBC department will undertake much work in the field of imita
tion foods, although he does admit that synthetic
food products hold out possibilities for overcoming
the world food shortage.
Most of the work on imitation food is being done
by the food industry itself, Dr. Powrie said, while
food science departments in universities are continuing to deal with natural foods.
Synthetic foods such as imitation bacon and milk
are now on the market, but the question of whether
or not the public will accept them on a scale large
enough to be economical is still in doubt, he said.
Synthetic foods, he said, have obvious advantages
such as low cost, convenience and storability.
On the other hand, many synthetic foods are
simply not very palatable and it will be a long time
before they displace natural foods. This applies even
in underdeveloped countries, said Dr. Powrie, where
people are still interested in something that tastes
Dr. Powrie is a native of Toronto and a graduate of
the University of Toronto, where he received his
master of arts degree in food chemistry, and the University of Massachusetts, where he was awarded his
He headed the food products laboratory of the
Canadian government in 1955-56 and then joined the
faculty of Michigan State University. He has been
with the University of Wisconsin since 1959.
"I'm coming back to Canada," Dr. Powrie said,
"because I'm optimistic about the creative abilities of
Canadian food scientists. I think this department can
be one of the best on the continent, not in terms of
numbers, but in terms of quality. Certainly we have
the basis of an excellent faculty right now."
UBC Reports/February 6, 1969/3 200  NAMES CONSIDERED
Dr. John Young Named Dean of Arts
Professor John H. Young has been appointed dean
of the faculty of arts by the Board of Governors of
the University of B.C.
Prof. Young, 46, has been acting dean of UBC's
arts faculty since July 1, 1968. He succeeds Prof.
Dennis M. Healy, who resigned last year to become
vice-president of York University in Toronto.
The recommendation that Prof. Young be appointed dean of arts was made to Acting President Walter
H. Gage by a nine-man committee chaired by Prof.
M.W. Steinberg of the UBC English department.
The committee held a total of 22 meetings since
last May and considered the names of more than 200
persons who were suggested to the committee or who
responded to advertisements placed in newspapers
and journals in Canada, the United States and Great
Dr. Steinberg said letters were sent to all members
of the UBC faculty, the Board of Governors and Senate, the UBC Students' Council and the Alumni Association executive asking for the names of candidates.
13 Lectures Planned
A five-day series of lectures on "The idea of the
university" will be held at UBC    February 10—14.
Officially called "Arts Week," the lecture series
has been planned by a sub-committee of the arts
faculty's committee on student life. A total of 13
lectures will be given during the five-day period.
The bulk of the lectures have been scheduled
during class hours to allow instructors to involve
all students, "committed, neutral and apathetic,"
the organizers said.
The bulk of the lectures will take place from
10:30 to 11:30 a.m. and 2:30 to 3:30 p.m. in the
ballroom of the new Student Union Building. Three
noon-hour lectures in the same location are also
A full list of the week's topics and lectures
COLUMBIA, Dr. John Chapman, geography: "The
options open to UBC for unilateral action are limited. Yet, because an overall plan for higher education is lacking, unilateral action is an unfortunate
botham. University of Victoria Student Council,
Students for a Democratic University, B.C. Students Movement: "Feeling threatened, non-activist
students respond like the administration, but more
Nicholls, Religious Studies: "The University must
be a critic of society but one informed with an
understanding of the religious past as well as the
religious present."
LATIN AMERICA, Jean-Louis De Lannoy, Sociology: "The style of student political action in
Latin America is entering North American universities. It argues, correctly, that because students
have certain interests which are finally decided on
a political basis, they should share in determining
that basis, whether in the university, province or
SUBSIDY FOR HIGHER EDUCATION?, A. Milton Moore, Economics: "As with all expenditures
of public funds, the substantial sums now being
spent on higher education in Canada can only be
justified by a demonstration that the benefits that
accrue to the general public over and above those
received by the primary beneficiaries, the students,
are 'worth their cost.' To the extent that the benefits to taxpayers, who do not attend university,
fall short of the subsidy, students are recipients of
unrequired income transfers from persons whose
life-time incomes will be less than theirs. "
Elder, Architecture: "No answers are relevant
without knowing the right questions. "
James A. Corry, Visiting Professor of Law, McGill;
Former Principal and Vice-Chancellor, Queens.
EDUCATION, Bert Binning, Fine Arts: "The centre of a university education should be the creative
arts. " James Forsyth, Chemical Engineering: "The
best centre for a university education is the perimeter. "
Parekh, Political Science: "The university is not a
state, factory, or family. It should be a special
kind of parliament, with equal representation from
each segment of the university. " Robert Rowan,
Philosophy: "The university is a school and a
school is not a democracy. "
Louis Feldhammer, Instructor, PSA Department,
S.F.U.: "The university's role is to be a revolutionary agent, a focal centre, which will shape a
revolutionary outlook and support movements to
overthrow bourgeois society." Allan Cunningham,
Professor, History Department, S.F.U.; Former
Dean of Arts, Former Head of History: "The independence which for a long time has allowed the
university to be a revolutionary organization is
now threatened with destruction because of the
tactics of the activists."
ENGLISH LANGUAGE, Geoffrey Durrant,
English: "The language of the reformists is dull
and trite-bad poetry." Peter Taylor, English:
"Student reformers are mis-using language, and
acting upon false analogies." Ron Silvers, Sociology: "Reason cannot create a community of
politically-aware students, and may create apathy.
Serious political action stems from a sub-rational
level, which cannot be expressed in the rational
language to which the university is accustomed."
DISCIPLINES, Gerald McGuigan, Arts II: "Bringing various disciplines together allows each to see
analogues otherwise imperceptible." Douglas
Kenny, Richard Tees, Psychology: "Disciplines
versus non-disciplines is a straw-man issue. "
McGregor, Classics: "The ideal university is non-
democratic. Students should not participate officially because they do not know enough. " Paul
Tennant, Political Science: "When a department-
teachers and students-is working well, votes are
seldom needed. What is necessary is to determine
what the real interests of the department are. "
Dr. Steinberg said the committee also kept students informed of its deliberations through consultations with the executive of the Arts Undergraduate
Society and with David Zirnhelt, president of the
Alma Mater Society.
"The committee," Prof. Steinberg said, "was
unanimous in its decision to recommend Prof. Young
for the deanship. The committee felt that he possessed the qualities which best met the needs of the
faculty at the present time."
Dean Young is a native of Victoria, B.C. He served
with the Royal Canadian Air Force during World War
II and was a student at Victoria College for one year
before enrolling at Queen's University, where he received his bachelor and master of arts degrees in economics.
He then went to Cambridge University, where he
was awarded his doctor of philosophy degree in 1955.
Dean Young was a member of the staff of Yale University from 1953 to 1960, when he joined the UBC
faculty as head of the department of economics. He
resigned the headship in 1965 but remained on the
UBC faculty as a full professor.
Dean Young heads UBC's largest faculty, which
enrols more than 6,000 students and is staffed by
more than 400 faculty members.
He said that since his appointment as dean his two
major concerns have been the improvement of conditions within the faculty for students in the first and
second years, where the heaviest enrolment occurs,
and the planning of additional building space to.
accommodate growing numbers of students. '
He said he plans to continue efforts in these directions in the future.
Research Award
Prof. Biely
An annual research prize of $1,000 has been established at the University of B.C. to honour Prof. Jacob .
Biely, former head of UBC's department of poultry'
The award has been made possible through the
generosity of Mr. and Mrs. George Biely. Mr. Biely is
president of Biely Construction Co. Ltd. and the brother of Prof. Biely.
"The Professor Jacob Biely Faculty Research
Prize" will be awarded annually for distinguished research accomplished, and the results published, in the
three years prior to the award. To be eligible, faculty
members must have been with UBC for three years
and hold the rank of assistant professor or above.
Nominations for the award are to be signed by two
colleagues and accompanied by an external reference.
In addition, the nomination must be accompanied by
a biographical statement, a copy of the research
material on which the nomination is based and a brief
comment setting the research contribution in
An inter-faculty committee will be established to
decide on the recipient of the prize. Correspondence
should be sent to UBC's dean of graduate studies. Dr.
Ian McTaggart Cowan.
Although he retired as head of the poultry science
department last year. Prof. Biely has continued to
carry out full-time teaching and research duties in
UBC's faculty of agricultural sciences.
■ ■■ft A  Volume    15,   No. 4-February   6,
I l^^| l|  1969. Authorized  as second class
I I Wm I       nail   by   the  Post  Office   Depart-
II J J II ment, Ottawa, and for payment of
^0 ^Aw ^0 postage   in   cash.   Postage  paid  at
Vancouver B.C. Published by the
University of British Columbia and
distributed free. J.A. Banham, Editor; Barbara Clag-
horn. Production Supervisor. Letters to the Editor
should be addressed to the Information Office, UBC,
Vancouver 8, B.C.
4/UBC Reports/February 6, 1969


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