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UBC Reports Mar 11, 1993

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Legal experts plan
war crimes tribunal
-    by Charles Ker
Staff writer
Top international policy-makers are
preparing to meet in Vancouver later this
month to discuss options for prosecuting
alleged war criminals in the former
"We don't know as yet whether a
permanent court or an ad hoc tribunal
will be established but clearly some action
must be taken quickly." said UBC Law
Prof. Peter Burns, a member of the United
Nations Committee against Torture and
Cruel and Inhuman Punishment.
The meeting, scheduled for March 22-
27, is being organized through the
Vancouver-based International Centre for
Criminal Law Reform and Criminal
Justice Policy. A joint initiative of UBC,
Simon Fraser University and the Society
for the Reform of Criminal Law, the two-
year-old centre works with the UN
Commission on Crime Prevention and
Criminal Justice.
Close to 50 leading experts from more
than 30 countries are scheduled to attend.
Participants are specialists in the
administration of domestic criminal law
and justice as well as public international
law and international criminal law.
The significance of the Vancouver
meeting is underscored by the April 13
deadline which the UN Security Council
has set for the presentation of a draft plan
creating an international tribunal.
Vincent Del Buono, president of the
International Centre, said a number of
UN member states have already submitted
their own draft proposals.
"The purpose of this meeting is to
examine these drafts and make
recommendations as to which of them
should be incorporated into a statute," he
Del Buono added that an 'ad hoc'
tribunal might not be a full-time entity,
rather one which could be struck
whenever situations warrant.
Aside from the court's structure and
composition, other issues to be dealt with
include courtjurisdiction, trial procedure,
collection of evidence, the transfer of
accused persons to the court, and
Since it was established late in 1992,
a UN Investigative Commission of Experts
has received several thousand pages
documenting alleged "grave breaches" of
the Geneva Conventions in the territory
ofthe former Yugoslavia since 1991.
These breaches include: wilful killing;
"ethnic cleansing" and mass killings;
torture; rape, pillage and destruction of
civilian property; destruction of cultural
and religious property, arbitrary arrests,
forcible deportation, deten* ion and abuse
during detention; discriminatory
dismissal from employment and
harassment; attacks on relief personnel
and vehicles; and attacks on journalists.
The commission noted that while
reports show breaches of international
humanitarian law have been committed,
tangible evidence on these violations must
be securedd in the form of testimonies,
written statements, identification of
victims, forensic reports, films,
photographs and maps locating alleged
Del Buono said the report of the
Vancouver meeting will go to the UN
Secretary General in early April; to the
UN Commission on Crime Prevention and
Criminal Justice in mid-April; and, to the
May meeting of the International Law
Commission in Geneva.
The centre is one of eight UN crime
prevention and criminal justice
See LAW. Page 2
Female MBAs earn less
by Abe Hefter
Staff writer
A study of MBA graduates from UBC
suggests that female managers have
made little or no progress over the last
20 years in bridging the
wage gap with their male
The results indicate
that women who
graduated with an MBA
from UBC earn, on
average, 77 per cent of
what their male
colleagues earn," said
Commerce and Business
Administration Assistant
Prof. Nancy Langton. who
surveyed almost 800
MBA graduates.
The average salary for
men currently working Langton
full-time is $70,468 and
the average  salary  for
women with full-time jobs is $54,189.
said Langton.
"Despite the perceived inroads that
have been made in the area of pay
equity, this survey would suggest that
sex discrimination is as prevalent today
as it was some 20 years ago," she said.
The survey, which had a 53 per cent
response rate split fairly evenly between
men and women, was sent out to
students who graduated between 1970
and 1991.
"When comparing the salary scales
among men and women
employed in similar
positions during that
period, the wage gap is
relatively stable," she
Langton said that in
understanding the wage
gap, it's important to
note that there are a
number of differences
between men and
women in this sample
that may contribute to
For   example,   the
questionnaire  revealed
that,  on average,  men
have been out of school
longer, which means they have had
more experience in the workforce than
women. Men work slightly more hours
on average and are more likely to have
additional educational experience than
See WAGE. Page 2
Nitobe Gardener
Charles Ker photo
Kitada Satoshi is one of three pruning experts from Japan working to
restore UBC's Nitobe Garden. The garden has been undergoing renovations
for five months and is scheduled to re-open April 1.
New clue to Parkinson's found
by Connie Filletti
Staff writer
UBC scientists have discovered that a
substance which protects nerve cells in
the brain is depleted in people suffering
from Parkinson's disease.
The absence of the substance, basic
fibroblast growth factor, may result in the
death of the nerve cells, which is the
cause of the disease, says Dr. Patrick
McGeer, a professor emeritus of
"In my 30 years of research on
Parkinson's disease, this is the first truly
solid lead I have seen that might eventually
yield an effective treatment," McGeer said.
Parkinson's disease is a chronic
nervous disorder caused by the
progressive death of nerve cells — called
substantia nigra neurons — located deep
in the brain stem, McGeer explained. The
cells also supply the neurotransmitter
dopamine to other neurons in the brain.
The researchers reported that basic
fibroblast growth factor, normally present
in high concentrations in these neurons,
was found in less than one-twentieth as
many neurons in Parkinson's patients as
in people without neurological disease.
'This depletion was far more drastic
than could be accounted for by the loss of
cells carrying dopamine." McGeer said.
See DISEASE, Page 2
Rhetoric Revisited
Offbeat: A socio-linguist takes politicians at their word
Unlearning Racism 5
Forum:  UBC can be a chilly place for minorities
Side-stepping Science 9
A study looks at why high school girls shun science
Martial Artist 12^
Profile:  Shouyu Liang speaks softly and carries a big sword 2 UBC Reports • March 11,1993
Disabled still
denied access
We, as a university, are
trying to establish ourselves as
a centre of excellence, with
accessibility for all. Why, then,
is the absolute minimum
building code standard being
used when it comes to
providing access for people
with disabilities?
Cases in point:
The David Lam Management
Research Centre, which
opened last April. The ramp
inside the building for the
forum area is too steep and
very narrow for wheelchairs; a
conference room has only
stairs; the elevator for the
split-level library does not go
to the second floor.
Green College residences. A
person in a wheelchair could
live only on the main floor
because there is no elevator to
the second floor.  An able-
bodied person living on the
second floor could not be
visited by a friend in a
wheelchair or, possibly, an
elderly relative.
These examples are in
addition to standards that fall
short in existing buildings
around the-campus, which
immediately require proper
wide ramps at a 20-to-1 ratio,
better signage and other
improvements to eliminate
barriers for people with
Neither the National
Building Code nor the B.C.
Building Code comes close to
barrier-free design. In most
cases, wheelchair ramps are
too steep and narrow for all
but very low-level paraplegics
who have good upper arm
How would an able-bodied
person feel if he or she had to
trust his or her personal safety
to total strangers on a daily
basis? This happens every
time a disabled person is
confronted with physical
barriers: a steep ramp, a
doorknob, a curb, or an
obstruction on the sidewalk.
Independence cannot exist if
we do not remove these
barriers. We are trying to
establish ourselves as a school
of excellence and an equal
opportunity employer, but
♦ plain 100% cotton,
canvas & muslin
♦ fabrics 36" to 120'' wide
♦ fabric dyes & paints
♦ custom t-shirt printing
♦ plain t-shirts
♦ garment dyeing
♦ one-day workshops
- learn to print textiles
Hours: Mon.- Fri. 9:30-5:00
Sat. 10:30-4:30
Sundays: Call ahead
- a super natural textile store -
1717 W. 4th Ave.
(just east of Burrard)
739-0266 •  739-0276
Parking in Rear
currently, this "equal"
opportunity exists only if you
do not have a mobility, visual
or hearing impairment.
If anyone wants more
information on barrier-free
design they can call the
Disability Resource Centre or
Canadian Barrier Free Design,
986-2636. This company has
worked on design problems for
McDonald's and Hongkong
Barb Bruce
Russia meeting
points to need
A symposium, Eastern
Europe and Russia:  a
perspective, which I coordinated for February 13 at
UBC, drew an interesting
group of people which made
for lively discussions.
I appreciated the support of
the chairman of the Slavic
Area Committee, Dr. Robert
North, of the Dept. of
Geography. The goal of the
symposium was to raise the
level of awareness of the need
for an Institute of Slavic
Studies which would act as an
umbrella organization, coordinating academic degree
programs for undergraduates
and graduates, as well as
responding to the needs of the
business community in this
very rapidly changing area.
This approach would
facilitate funding from the
three levels of government, as
well as private resources.
Plans are underway for next
year's symposium, which will
be held in February, and
which will focus on what has
happened in Eastern Europe
and Russia in 1993. Anyone
wishing to participate should
contact me at the Law Library
at 822-4238 or by fax at 822-
Jane Latter
Eastern Europe and Russia:
a perspective
Continued from Page 1
institutes working in Japan,
Costa Rica, Italy, Finland,
Uganda, Saudi Arabia and
Australia. It studies and
prepares proposals on all
aspects    of   international
criminal law and the
administration of criminal
justice and makes
recommendations for reform
in these areas.
Law Dean Lynn Smith, Profs.
Christine Boyle, Robert Diebolt
and Burns have all participated
in managing the centre.
The centre has undertaken
projects in domestic violence,
the future of corrections and
international curriculum
Continued from Page 1
He added that previous work
in animals by other research
teams has shown that basic
fibroblast growth factor rescues
neurons from the toxic effects of
MPTP, a street drug that has
caused Parkinson's disease in
young drug abusers.
RCMP cast
doubt on
sex assault
University RCMP are urging
women on campus to exercise
caution, especially at night, even
though a report of a sexual
assault near the Main Library
has been thrown into doubt.
A woman had earlier told
police she was sexually assaulted
on the evening of March 1 as she
walked alone from the Main
Library to the bus loop.
Two days after making a
public statement on the
alleged assault, RCMP issued
a news release saying they
had been "unable to
substantiate the event...(it)
would appear to be
Police said the alleged victim
had given them a false name,
address and telephone number.
They added that they could not
confirm she was a UBC student,
as she had claimed.
Evidence gathered during
the police investigation
revealed "significant
inconsistencies" that led them
to believe the reported incident
did not take place at the time
or place stated by the victim,
said S.Sgt. Bern Jansen.
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"Current drugs do not prevent
continuing death of neurons,"
McGeer said. "What we need to
do is find ways of protecting or
even stimulating these neurons.
We now have a hopeful line to
pursue in this area."
The project was a
collaboration between McGeer,
UBC co-investigators Dr. Edith
McGeer and Dr. Douglas Walker
and Japanese scientists at Shiga
University and Takeda
Pharmaceutical Co.
Results of the study were
published in the February issue
of the international journal.
Funding was provided by the
Japan Foundation for Aging and
Health, the Medical Research
Council, the Parkinson
Foundation of Canada and the
Alzheimer Society of B.C.
Continued from Page 1
"When we control for those
types of differences between men
and women, we find that women
earn 86 per cent of the wages
that men in this study earn,"
said Langton.
Langton said she thought the
survey would have shown that
the wage gap between men and
women would be closing,
especially considering the similar
skills that the graduates took
into the workforce and the similar
nature of the jobs they landed.
'The current wage gap, as
determined by the survey, exists
in similar jobs in the same
industry," said Langton. "In an
upcoming survey, I will attempt
to determine if a wage gap exists
between men and women at the
same firm doing similar jobs.
"What we may find, is that
men are working for higher-
paying firms."
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UBC Reports is published twice monthly (monthly in
December, June, July and August) for the entire
university community by the UBC Community
Relations Office, 207-6328 Memorial Rd., Vancouver
B.CV6T 1Z2.
Managing Editor: Steve Crombie
Editor: Paula Martin
Production: Stephen Forgoes
Contributors: Ron Burke, Connie Filletti, Abe Hefter,
Charles Ker, Gavin Wilson
Editorial and advertising enquiries: 822-3131 (phone)
822-2684 (fax).
UBC Reports welcomes the submission of letters and
opinion pieces. Opinions and advertising published in
UBC Reports do not necessarily reflect official
university policy.
Material may be reprinted in whole or in part with
appropriate credit to UBC Reports. UBC Reports ■ March 11,1993 3
Flying Fists
Thunderbirds quarterback
Vince Danielsen warms up
on the speed bag in the War
Memorial Gym weight room.
Weight room membership,
which currently stands at
1,849, is open to all faculty,
staff and students, as well as
the public.  The weight
room will likely be housed
in larger quarters in the
near future and campus
recreation co-ordinator
Sonya Lumholst-Smith says
when that happens, it will
be outfitted with a women's
strength and conditioning
circuit in an effort to attract
more female participants to
the program.
Abe Hefter photo
Parent participation key to
learning: report
by Charles Ker
Staff writer
Coyote, in Native folklore, is known as
the "trickster of learning."
The story goes that long ago, when
mountains were the size of salmon eggs.
Coyote lost his eyes while trying to impress
some 'human people' with a trick.
Taking pity on Coyote were Mouse and
Buffalo, each of whom gave Coyote one of
their eyes. Coyote, however, was no better
by staff writers
Assistant Prof. Bill McKellin was delighted to hear of Prime Minister Brian
Mulroney's plan to step aside.
A socio-linguist in the Dept. of Anthropology and Sociology, McKellin
is introducing a fourth-year anthropology course in January called Language
and Power. For him, a leadership race translates into fresh rhetorical fodder
for students to analyse.
"As speeches are the most common form of political action, my lectures are
going to be a lot easier because there's going to be so much more material,"
said McKellin, who will diligendy monitor his VCR to catch quips from
aspiring PMs.
McKellin's class will examine how politicians in many cultures use
metaphor and other rhetorical devices to persuade and shape public
perception. For example, he points out that 'the economy' is constantly put in
the context of a living being while 'the unemployed' are lumped together as an
inanimate noun.
And then there are the inevitable promises which, from politicians, come
laden with caveats.
Said McKellin: "Deficits are always larger than elected officials were told before
they came to power. It's a perennial favourite for abrogating a promise."
• • • •
Ever wonder what happened to Queen Caroline, estranged wife of King
George IV?
UBC's DeLloyd Guth explains the ins and outs of
this, one of Britain's more notorious 19th century trials,
and many other famous legal wranglings on CBC Radio's
Vicki Gabereau Show, starting in April.
Guth, who teaches comparative legal history in the
Faculty of Law, will join Gabereau for a weekly chat on some
high-profile trials of history including Thomas More, Galileo
and Joan of Arc.
As for Caroline, Guth said she was left banging on the
door of Westminster Abbey whilst George was inside being
"You don't have to be Dick Tracy to figure out the parallels to today's royal
dilemma," he said.
For those who miss his radio lectures, heard between 2 and 4 p.m., Guth
will also be teaching a course on famous trials, in June, through the Centre
for Continuing Studies.
• • • •
How does this GRAB you?
The Garbage Retrieval and Bottle Stick — or GRAB — was designed
by third-year Rehabilitation Sciences student Angela Baff for a class
assignment on assistive devices.
Baff got the idea for her invention when she noticed a man having difficulty
retrieving cans and bottles from one of the garbage dumpsters on campus.
"He complained of back pain when having to bend over to look inside the garbage
receptacles and when reaching for the cans and bottles," she explained.
Baff carved a groove down the length of a piece of wooden dowelling and
glued a thin aluminum tube inside the groove. A nylon line running through
the tube acts as a lasso to rope in bottles, while a metal hook screwed in at
the end of the dowel fits into can openings for easy lifting.
On a simulated run, GRAB did what it was designed to do Baff said, but
added that the true test will come when it is actually put to work.
"Only the client will be able to say whether it works significantly better
than the tree branch he uses now."
off with  the  optical  mismatch   and
continued stumbling along blindly.
How does this apply to the educational
history of First Nations children?
"I've  purposely  left  that  open  for
interpretation,"  said Verna Kirkness,
director of UBC's
First     Nations
House of
The Coyote
Eyes tale is
included in her
new book, First
Nations and
Triumphs and
Struggles, which
traces the history
of First Nations
education in
public, separate,
band and federal
day schools
across Canada.
Apart from
giving an historical
overview of First
Nations education,
the publication
presents findings of
a survey of 158 schools which Kirkness
conducted in 1991.
The illustrated 130-page book is the
first comprehensive report to look at First
Nations programs and courses and how
they have been developed over the last
Although progress has been made in
terms of increased academic achievement
and a heightened sense of cultural
awareness, Kirkness points out there is
Maintaining their identity is a struggle
for First Nations children.
still much to do.
"It is obvious that the missionaries
and both the federal and provincial
governments have failed in 300 years to
administer an effective educational
program for First Nations children," she
writes. 'The First
Nations student is
caught between
two cultures and is,
therefore, outside
of, and between,
Kirkness says
the effects of
integration have
alienated many
First Nations
children and left
them struggling
with their identity.
She blames these
feelings on a lack
of clearly
articulated goals,
qualified teachers
and, most
important, a lack
of parental and
involvement     in
Commissioned by the Canadian
Education Association, the report also
includes current educational initiatives
from each provincial education ministry
as well as the federal Department of
Indian and Northern Affairs.
Kirkness hopes the book will be used
as a tool by administrators, teachers and
politicians to develop and enhance Native
education in their own jurisdictions.
Centre will do research
on Parkinson's disease
by Connie Filletti
Staff writer
UBC neurologist Dr. Donald Calne has
been awarded $475,000 U.S. by the
Miami-based National Parkinson's
Foundation (NPF) to establish the first
NPF Parkinson's Disease Centre in
The centre, to be located at the UBC
site of University Hospital under Calne's
direction, will focus on research and
patient support. It is expected to be in
operation by April.
Currentestimates indicate that 80,000
Canadians have been diagnosed with
Parkinson's, a chronic, degenerative
movement disorder in which there is a
deficiency of dopamine—a brain chemical
which transmits messages between
Calne said that the university's PET
(Positron Emission Tomograph) program,
located at TRIUMF and directed by Dr. Tom
Ruth, will play an important role in the
centre's research. PET scanning provides
pictures of the human brain at work.
He expects that a cyclotron dedicated
to the centre will be added to the two
scanners currently in use in the PET
As part of the centre's activities,
Calne and research colleagues Dr.
Barry Snow, Dr. Joseph Tsui and Dr.
Chris Honey — all of UBC's Dept. of
Neurology — hope to develop a program
to study transplantation of tissue into
the brain. 4 UBC Reports • March 11,1993
Martin Dee photo
Making a point, Veronica Strong-Boag, left, director of the Centre for
Research in Women's Studies and Gender Relations, talks to federal cabinet
minister Mary Collins during a recent campus luncheon. Collins was here
to meet with representatives of university departments whose work relates
to her various cabinet portfolios.
Federal cabinet ministers,
MLAs, make campus visits
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
Federal cabinet ministers Mary Collins
and Barbara McDougall and a group of
provincial MLAs all paid separate visits to
UBC recently.
Collins heard presentations relating to
her cabinet duties as minister of western
economic diversification, minister of state
for the environment and minister
responsible for the status of women.
She met with representatives of
women's programs and services, including
the Women Students' Office, Women's
Studies program, Employment Equity and
First Nations House of Learning.
Olav Slaymaker, associate vice-
president. Research, told the minister of
UBC's leadership in environmental
research and education and Vancouver's
role as a world environmental centre.
Robert Miller, vice-president, Research,
related UBC's successes as a major
research institution and how the creation
of spin-off companies helps to diversify
the Lower Mainland's economy.
In another visit, Minister of External
Affairs Barbara McDougall was on campus
to hold a round table discussion on foreign
policy issues, the third such discussion
she has convened while holding the
External Affairs portfolio.
Chaired by Brian Job, director of UBC's
Institute of International Relations, the
discussion was designed to give the
minister direct feedback on topical issues
from informed representatives of the
community and the private sector as well
as faculty and graduate students.
The round table group discussed
issues related to Canada's roles in the
Pacific Rim and Europe, including
peacekeeping, economic development
and foreign aid.
In an earlier visit, several NDP members
of the legislative assembly, including
Minister of Advanced Education Tom Perry
and Minister of Tourism Darlene Marzari,
visited the campus Feb. 9 for a briefing on
UBC initiatives and programs. This was
the second such visit from government
caucus members since the 1991 election.
The day-long event included a major
presentation on the health sciences at
UBC, including such topics as education,
research, evaluation of patient care and
new technology.
The MLAs also attended briefings on
the Institute for Sustainable Development
and the Faculty of Forestry, a tour ofthe
First Nations Longhouse construction site
and a recital by UBC's woodwind quintet
at the School of Music.
UBC President David Strangway
welcomed the MLAs to campus and spoke
to them about education, training and
job creation at UBC.
Pulp finds itself in tight squeeze
News Digest
by Abe Hefter
Staff writer
Talk about working under pressure.
It takes the force of more than five diesel
train locomotives on two massive rotating
discs to produce mechanical pulp.
And Guy Dumont, a professor in the
Dept. of Electrical Engineering, is trying
to control the process.
Dumont and his students have
designed a computer controller for pulp
refiners that break wood chips into fibres
between massive rotating discs. These
discs are at the heart of the mechanical
pulp-making process.
"Huge amounts of power are expended
in a gap of less than one millimetre
between these two plates to produce the
pulp," explained Dumont.
"If the millimetre of pulp between these
plates collapses, there's the potential for
serious damage."
As wood chips are broken into fibres,
and fibres are further broken down into
pulp, the computer controller helps
regulate what can be a very unstable
process, said Dumont.
Dumont's work is among the research
projects being conducted as part of the
Mechanical and Chemimechanical Pulps
Network located at the Pulp and Paper
Centre at UBC.
The network was created in 1990 as
part ofthe federal Networks of Excellence
program. It represents a major university -
based research effort to develop
technology that can help improve the
competitiveness of the Canadian pulp
and paper industry.
"Mechanical pulp is the basis of
Canada's economically vital newsprint
industry," said Richard Kerekes, director
of the Pulp and Paper Centre at UBC.
Canada produces about 30 per cent of
the mechanical pulp in the world, most of
which is exported in paper products,
mainly newsprint.
These exports face competition from
new low-cost sources of fibres, he added.
A critical view of health promotion research will be the focus of the second national
Conference on Health Promotion Research at the Westin Bayshore in Vancouver,
March 26-28.
Sponsored by UBC's Institute of Health Promotion Research, the conference will '
examine a broad spectrum of issues including chronic health conditions in B.C.'s
First Nations communities; nutrition and low-income families; community support
for breastfeeding; and health effects of affordable housing for single parent families.
For more information, call 688-5749.
• • • •
The UBC Alumni Association has won a bronze medal award at the 11 th CASE ,
(Council for Advancement and Support of Education) District VIII competition for its
video. Town and Gown.
The competition, open to colleges and universities from four western provinces
and Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Alaska, recognizes exemplary achievements in
The video was produced by Iris Communications for the association's diamond
jubilee. <
• • • •
Don't be an SOV (single occupant vehicle)!
That's the message that will be delivered on March 18 — alternative transportation
awareness day at UBC.
According to a November 1992 survey, 76 per cent of vehicles travelling to and from
UBC are SOVs. The focus of the day will be alternative forms of transportation,
including carpools, vanpools, buses, walking and cycling.
Vancouver Aid. Gordon Price will speak on alternative forms of transportation at
12:30 p.m. in the Student Union Building auditorium and a bicycle and vanpool rally
will take place at 1:30 p.m. in front of SUB and proceed      along University Boulevard.
Displays on transit, carpooling, vanpools, cycling and the environmental effects of
automobiles will be in the SUB concourse throughout the day.
• • • •
Students living in residence at UBC can get that long distance feeling, now that
telephone service is available in individual rooms.
As of March 10, all students in Place Vanier. Gage Complex and Totem Park will
have the option of enjoying all regular telephone services offered by B.C. Tel.
Individuals may buy or rent telephones, and customers will be billed directly by B.C.
Tel for services.
Installation of building wire, state-of-the-art fibre optic cable and equipment began
last September.
Successful development and completion ofthe project was the result of a unique
partnership between the university and B.C. Tel, said Jim Tom. director of
Telecommunications Services.
"Flexibility and willingness to examine new ideas from both parties has lead to this
innovative technological and business arrangement."
Martin Dee photo
Big wheels keep on turning, under the watchful eye of research engineer
Frank Lam (left) and Forestry Prof. Dave Barrett.
Wood products testing facility
ranks among best in world
There has been a lot of stress at
UBC's wood products laboratory.
Stress from 16,000 pounds of load,
in fact.
The lab houses a full-scale, computer-
operated testing facility that is designed
to simulate the action of a lift truck on
prototype flooring systems. The facility
is being used to generate up to 3,000
loading cycles daily.
The facility is the most advanced
testing system of its kind in the world,
according to Forestry Prof. Dave Barrett
and Research Engineer Frank Lam. It's
being used to test the strength of
TransDeck, an 11 -ply flooring product
developed by Ainsworth Lumber
Company Ltd.
TransDeck, made of B.C. lodgepole
pine  veneer,   was   developed   as  a
substitute for hardwood flooring in
trucks and trailers. It is lighter, more
plentiful and easier to maintain and
service than traditional hardwood
flooring. Lam says the only question
about the project has been whether or not
it can sustain payloads of up to 16,000
pounds from wheels of lift trucks.
Developing the testing facility and
structural analysis models has enabled
the UBC research team to come to grips
with that question by carrying out full-
scale testing under actual loading
conditions, while investigating the
mechanical behaviour ofthe wood product.
The program was jointly funded by
Forestry Canada. The Natural Sciences
and Engineering Research Council of
Canada, and Ainsworth Lumber
Company Ltd. UBC Reports ■ March 11,1993 5
Picture Perfect
Charles Ker photo
Fourth-year arts student Rob Scheib took advantage of recent spring-like
conditions to paint a water-colour of Buchanan Block D for a theatre design
- Student study disputes
grizzly hunting claim
by Abe Hefter
Staff writer
A UBC Forestry student has prepared
a study which shows that, contrary to
popular belief, the hunting of adult male
grizzly bears is doing nothing to enhance
the female and cub population.
PhD candidate Robert Wielgus says
the big-game hunting of adult male grizzly
bears is leading to "sexually motivated
murder" and a depletion of the grizzly
bear population.
Wielgus says many biologists believe
that the hunting of adult males increases
the production of young, because of
increased food supplies, while increasing
the survival of the young, because of
reduced numbers of cannibalistic males.
Wielgus suggests that the exact
opposite may be true: the hunting of
adult males may actually lead to an
increase in the number of murderous
males and a decrease in the amount of
food available to females and cubs.
"However, these murderous males
aren't killing for food, or, cannibalistic
purposes. Rather, they are doing so for
sexual purposes," Wielgus explained.
When Wielgus first ventured into the
woods of Kananaskis. Alberta, more than
a decade ago, he discovered that female
bears appeared to be hiding from male
bears and he wanted to find out why.
So, Wielgus, along with Forestry Professor
Fred Bunnell, analysed the population
dynamics and habitat use ofthe Kananaskis
grizzly bears from 1980-1984.
From 1980-1981. the hunting of bears
was prohibited in the area. That changed
in   1982 through   1984,  when  trophy
hunting of adult males was allowed.
Wielgus discovered that once Kananaskis
was opened up to trophy hunting, many
younger males from adjacent areas began
to move in.
"We found that sexually mature females
were avoiding immigrant males because those
males tried to kill the females' cubs, in order
to bring the females into heat," he said.
"Those females hid in poor quality
habitats where immigrant males were
rare and their production of cubs suffered
as a result. The population was declining."
Wielgus said the immigrant males wanted
the females to mother their own offspring.
"It's a case of sexually motivated
murder, and it occurs in other animals,
as well," he said.
Wielgus took the study a step further.
From 1985-1990 he analysed a grizzly
bear population in the Selkirk Mountains
of B.C. and Idaho, an area where big-
game hunting was not allowed.
Wielgus said there was no evidence of
immigrant males moving into the area,
because the older resident males kept
them away. The result: females did not
avoid the resident males who fathered their
cubs and used the same high-quality habitats
as the males. Their cub production was high
and the population grew.
"Big-game hunting has always centred
around the older, larger male," Wielgus said.
"Although grizzly bears are vulnerable or
threatened in Canada and the United States,
many biologistsjustified the practice of trophy
hunting, believing that it would lead to an
increase in the bear population.
"Up until now, no one ever tested this
paradigm, and it appears to be wrong, at
least in my study area."
Challenge to campus:
unlearn racist attitudes
by Jin-Sun Yoon
Jin-Sun Yoon is a graduate
student in Counselling Psychology.
Her contribution to Forum is based on
notes for a speech she recently gave
to university administrators, deans
and heads. March 21 has been
designated International Day for the
Elimination of Racial Discrimination
by the United Nations. A full-day
workshop sponsored by the
Multicultural Liaison Office entitled
Racism: Breaking the Silence wiR be
held March 19. Call 822-9583 for
more information.
UBC is the third largest university
in Canada and a city unto itself.  In
this light, I like to see UBC as a
representation of society at large,
albeit a rather elite one.
In fact, this is
why the issues of
racism and ^^^^^^^^"
must be taken even
more seriously
here. Among
UBC's many
graduates are the
future educators
and leaders of
Universities are not
only supposed to
be centres of higher
learning, but
places to develop
critical thought
and practice moral
Sadly, we have
enough evidence
that this is not the       	
case. With all too
evident racist graffiti, the spread of
hate literature, and overt racial
discrimination, UBC does not
provide a warm climate for people of
As students, we all rely on role
models and mentors.  Here at UBC,
an estimated 30 to 40 per cent of
our student body is of ethnic
minority.  But just look around
campus. Where are the role models?
I have looked at the Employment
Equity census from May 1991 and I
am glad to see the effort of the
university to correct its hiring
process.   However, the issue lies not
just in the hiring, but in making the
workplace and the campus more
I don't believe we are all equal.
By circumstance, some people have
much more privilege in life than
others. They in turn must be the
ones who are extra vigilant about
their social responsibility.
Because of their position, faculty
members bear greater responsibility
for helping out students who are
disadvantaged by nurturing
scholarship through encouragement
and support.   How many people of
colour are there who are brilliant but
are not reaching their potential
because of racial stereotypes? How
many drop out?
I have a strange loyalty to this
university.  I believe in it, but I want
to see things change.   UBC is at the
top of the great chain reaction.  UBC
educates the future educators, who
in turn educate the children and
parents.   If we do not dismantle
UBC has tremendous
potential to be a
place where cultural
diversity is nurtured
and appreciated and
where all students of
majority and
minority cultures
would be comfortable
and secure.  Every
element is here to
suggest that.
Jin-Sun Yoon
racism at this level, then graduates
leave with previously learned racist
ideas and attitudes intact.
We all learn racist attitudes; we
all must unlearn them.  It's not
enough to say that you're not racist.
Racism cannot be dismantled in a
two-hour workshop.  It is deeply
ingrained and must be
systematically and rigorously
challenged every day.
Administrators, deans and heads
hold the real power. They are key to
instituting these kinds of changes.
UBC is examining the possibility
of creating a human rights office.
Some people oppose the human
rights document because they feel it
infringes on their freedom of speech.
I am shocked.  I can't say that I have
ever felt the freedom to speak as I
want. And I am absolutely sure that
I am not the only one.  We need to
offer a mechanism
through which
^^^^^^^"^"     grievances can be
readily registered
and reprimands
UBC has
potential to be a
place where
cultural diversity is
nurtured and
appreciated and
where all students
of majority and
minority cultures
are comfortable and
secure.  Every
element is here to
suggest that.
But how can we
make these things
First, I would
like to see more representation of
people of colour in higher levels of
Second, UBC cannot simply hire
people who have traditionally been
disadvantaged without ensuring that
the working environment is
welcoming and safe.
Third, education about racism
must be taken very seriously.
Unfortunately, we are still
adolescents when it comes to cross-
cultural awareness and anti-racism
Fourth, minority people cannot be
treated as second class citizens.
Canada has been multiracial since
its conception and can be viewed in
two ways.   Either we are all
immigrants and the only true
Canadians are the Aboriginal
peoples.   Or, we are all Canadians
and are entitled to all the privileges
of what Canada has to offer. We
need a period of time to allow
traditionally disadvantaged people to
catch up.
Fifth, we must view differences as
a necessary spice of life and respect
the spices for their unique and
individual flavours.  I was raised in a
very white environment and I
remember being terribly
embarrassed as a child because my
friends and neighbours would point
out that my family ate "smelly" and
"funny" food.  I find it interesting
that the same food is now treated as
"exotic" and "exciting."
Same food.   Different perception.
It gives me hope that our social
attitudes can, and will, change. 6 UBC Reports ■ March 11,1993
March 14 through March 27
Monday, March 15
International Forum
Perspectives From The South.
Alex Kwapong, vice-president.
Commonwealth of Learning,
formerly vice-chancellor, U. of
Ghana/vice-rector, The United
Nation U., Tokyo. IRC #4 from
12:30-l:30pm.  Call 822-4401.
Mechanical Engineering
The Mixing Behaviour Of
Turbulent Free Jets. Prof. C.
Richards, Washington State U.
Civil/Mechanical Engineering
1202 from 3:30-4:30pm.
Refreshments. Call 822-6200/
Astronomy Seminar
Model Atmospheres Of Brown
Dwarfs. France Allard, U. of
Montreal. Geophysics/
Astronomy 260 at 4pm. Coffee at
3:30pm.  Call 822-2696/2267.
Tuesday, March 16
Metabotropic Receptors And
Amino Acids. Dr. Ken Curry,
Physiology. University Hospital
G279 from 12-lpm. Call 822-
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Therapeutic Alternatives For
The Treatment Of Unstable
Angina. Ms. Angela Lo, grad
student, Clinical Pharmacy,
Pharmaceutical Sciences. IRC
#4 at 12:30pm.  Call 822-2061.
Botany Seminar
The Relationship Of Cells To
Organisms In Higher Plants: Are
Cells The Building Blocks Of Plant
Form? Dr. Donald Kaplan, Plant
Biology, U. of California, Berkeley.
BioSciences 2000 from 12:30-
1:30pm.  Call 822-2133.
Faculty Development
Instructional Objectives: How
To Organize Your Teaching And
Your Students' Learning. Mary
Ann Booth, Commerce; Sandy
Morton, Accounting/Commerce;
Paul G. Harrison, Botany. Angus
109 from 3-5pm. Call Lynne
Abbott at 822-9149 to register.
Oceanography Seminar
A 3-Dimensional Diagnostic
Model For The Tides And
Estuarine Flows In Georgia And
Juan De Fuca Straits. Mike
Foreman, Institute of Ocean
Sciences, Sidney, BC.
BioSciences 1465 at 3:30pm. Call
Occupational Hygiene
Programme Seminar
Mercury In The Gold Mining
Region OfThe Amazon. Marcello
Velga, visiting scholar. Mining/
Mineral Process Engineering.
University Hospital G226 at 4pm.
Call 822-9595.
Statistics Seminar
Statistical Evidence For Two
Glaucomas: A Case For
Serendipity. Dr. Michael
Schulzer, Statistics. Angus 426
at 4pm. Refreshments. Call 822-
Wednesday, March 17
Faculty Association
And Now For Something
Completely Different.. .Real Estate
Investment For The 90's. Peter
Clement, Clement Investment
Corporation. Hennings 201 from
12:30-1:20pm. Call Lynne Abbott
at 822-9149.
Microbiology Seminar
Molecular Paleontology And
Microbiology In The Okanagan
Valley. Dr. Jorg Overmann,
Microbiology. Wesbrook 201 from
12:30-l:30pm.  Call 822-3308.
Anatomy Seminar
Ca2+ And Contractility In Glial
Cells: Creative Tension Within
The Nervous System. Dr. Mark S.
Cooper, Zoology, U. ofWashington.
Seattle. Friedman 37 from 12:30-
1:30pm.   Call 822-9071.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
A New Hope For Patients With
Dementia. Ms. Elaine Kam, grad
student, Clinical Pharmacy.
Pharmaceutical Sciences. Family/
Nutritional Sciences 320 at
4:30pm. Call 669-6500, pager
Thursday, March 18
Pharmaceutical Sciences
The Biological Effects Of
Vanadium. Dean J.H. McNeill,
Pharmaceutical Sciences. Family/
Nutritional Sciences 60 at
11:30am.  Call 822-2692.
Whole Earth Seminar
Interactions. Dr.     George
Pemberton, U. of Alberta.
GeoSciences 330A at 12:30pm.
Pizza/discussion following. Call
Botany Seminar
The Ecology And Management
Of Old Growth Forest Landscapes
In The Pacific Northwest. Dr. Jerry
F. Franklin, College of Forest
Resources, U. of Washington.
BioSciences 2000 from 12:30-
1:30pm.  Call 822-2133.
Faculty Development
Lecturing For Learning. Gail
Riddell, Centre for Faculty
Services. Angus 33 from 3:30-
5pm. Call Lynne Abbott at 822-
9149 to register.
Statistics Seminar
Teaching Statistics - A Statistics
Canada Perspective. Gordon J.
Brackstone, asst. chief statistician,
Statistics Canada. Angus 426 at
4pm. Refreshments. Call 822
Friday, March 19
Creative Writing Seminar
Workshop For Poets. Prof.
Richard Kenney, English, U. of
Washington. Buchanan E474 from
10am-12pm. Call 822-4596/
Astronomy Seminar
Powerful Radio Sources And
Cosmology. Dr. Ruth A. Daly,
Princeton U. Geophysics/
Astronomy 260 at 2:30pm. Coffee
at 2pm.  Call 822-4134.
Chemical Engineering
Measurement Of Voidage And
Velocity Profiles In Spouted Beds
Using Fiber Optic Probes. Yan-
Long He, grad student,
ChemEngineering 206 at 3:30pm.
Call 822-3238.
Monday, March 22
Mechanical Engineering
A Study Of Heat Transfer With
Phase Change Material In Heat
Storage Systems. Dr. Chae Moon
Lee, visiting professor, Yuhan
Technical College, Korea.   Civil/
Mechanical Engineering 1202 from
3:30-4:30pm. Refreshments. Call
Biology Seminar
NMRStudies Of Protein: Protein
Interactions Involved In Blood
Coagulation. Dr. Feng Ni, NRC.
Biotechnology Research Institute.
Montreal. IRC #4 at 3:45pm. Call
Astronomy Seminar
Turning TRIUMF  Into A  Red
Giant.    John D'Auria, TRIUMF.
Geophysics/Astronomy   260   at
4pm. Coffee at 3:30pm." Call 822
Tuesday, March 23
Novel Ways Of Modulating Ca-
Channel Function In Central
Neurons. Dr. John Church,
Anatomy. University Hospital
G279 from 12-lpm. ' Call 822-
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Review Of The Mechanism Of
Valproic Arid-Induced
Hepatotoxicity. Ms. SashiGopaul,
BSc, grad student. Pharmaceutical
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
Sciences. IRC#4at 12:30pm. Call
Botany Seminar
Green Algae From Tropical
Rainforests To Ribosomal RNA
Gene Sequences. Dr. Russell
Chapman, Botany, Louisianna
State U. BioSciences 2000 from
12:30-l:30pm.  Call 822-2133.
Faculty Development
Not Just Another Overhead:
Creatuve Use Of AV Technology.
Denise Sketches, Bio-Medical
Communications. Scarfe 1326
from 3-5pm. Call Lynne Abbott at
822-9149 to register.
Oceanography Seminar
TBA. Ray     Anderson,
Oceanography. BioSciences 1465
Poetry Reading
On Friday, March 19, Prof. Richard Kenney, U. ofWashington,
one of the most distinguished of the American Neoformalists,
will give a public lecture and reading in Room 60 of the
Nutritional Sciences Building. He appears at the university
under the sponsorship of the Department of Creative Writing
and the Leon and Thea Koerner Foundation.
at 3:30pm.   Call 822-2828.
Occupational Hygiene
Programme Seminar
Biological Markers Of Exposure;
To Carcinogens. Dr. Bruce Dunn,
Occupational Oncology, BC Cancer
Agencv. University Hospital G226
at 4pm.   Call 822:9595.
Wednesday, March 24
Centre For Southeast Asian
Research Seminar
The Impact Of Industrial
Growth On Local Communities In
Central Java. Mr. Sudharto P.
Hadi, PhD candidate. Planning.
Asian Centre 604 at 12:30pm. Call
Microbiology Seminar
The Development Of An Outer
Membrane Protein. OprF. As A
Presentation Vector For A Foreign
Epitope. Rebecca    Wong,
Microbiology. Wesbrook 201 from
12:30-l:30pm.  Call 822-3308.
Pharmaceutical Sciences.
Family/Nutritional Sciences 60
from 1 1:30am-12:30pm. Call
Whole Earth Seminar
Peanut Butter Club.
GeoSciences 330A at 12:30pm.
Call 822-9258.
Renaissance Seminar
Sempiternity's Fingerprints:
Kairos, Aevum, And The
Humanist Architecture Of Time.
Giancarlo Maiorino, Comparative
Literature. Indiana U.
Buchanan B224 at 3:30pm. Call
Faculty Development
Teaching Large Classes - The
UBC Experience. Inge Williams,
Education: Neil Guppy,
Anthropology/Sociology; Bruce
Tiberiis, Biochemistry. Angus
33 from 3:30-5pm. Call Lynne
Abbott at 822-9149 to register.
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Beta-Biockers For chf - a   Friday, March 26
Paradox? Ms. Rubina Sunderji,
grad student, Clinical Pharmacy,
Pharmaceutical Sciences. Family/
Nutritional Sciences 320 at
4:30pm. Call 669-6500, pager
Thursday, March 25
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Induction Of Ethoxyresorufin
O-Deethylase (EROD) Activity By
Dioxin In Domestic And Wild Birds.
Mr. Thomas Sanderson,
Chemical Engineering
Post-Refining Of Mechanical
Pulp. Lorrie Welch, grad student,
ChemEngineering 206 at
3:30pm.  Call 822-3238.
History Seminar
The Theory And History Of
International Grain Markets.
Richard W. Unger, professor,
History. Buchanan Tower 910 at
4pm.  Call 822-5938.
Monday, March 15
Applied Mathematics
Evolution Of A Phase Change
Boundary In A Time Varying
Pressure Field. Dr. Bruce Buffett,
Geophysics. Mathematics 203 at
3:45pm.   Call 822-4584.
Thursday, March 18
Psychology Colloquium
Problems With Emotion
Accounts Of Human Facial
Expression. Dr. AlanFridlund, U.
of California. Santa Barbara.
Kenny 2510 at 4pm. Call 822-
Physics Colloquium
Quantum Effects In The
Interference Of Light. Leonard
Mandel, Rochester U. Hennings
201 at 4pm.   Call 822-3853.
Monday, March 22
Counselling Psychology
A Three Factor Model Of
Addiction. Dr. Robert Tolsma.
Counselling Psychology 102 from
12-lpm.   Call 822-5259.
Wednesday, March 24      7:30Pm. call 822-4225/5122.
Thursday, March 25
Applied Mathematics
Robust Control Of Systems With
Elastic Appendages. Dr. Fakhri
Karray, Electrical Engineering.
Mathematics 203 at 3:45pm. Call
Interdisciplinary Nineteenth
Century Studies Colloquium
The Best Laid Plans:
Constructing Leisure In Victorian
London. Deborah Weiner,
Architecture; Jim Winter, History.
Faculty  Club  Music  Room  at
Physics Colloquium
Maxwell's Demon, Information
And Entropy. Wojciech Zurek,
Los Alamos National Laboratory/
Santa Fe Institute. Hennings
201 at 4pm.   Call 822-3853.
Friday, March 26
Psychology Colloquium
Memory, The Hippocampus,
And Natural Selection. Dr. David
Sherry. U. of Western Ontario.
Kenny 2510 at 4pm. Call 822-
Material for the Calendar must be submitted on
forms available from the UBC Community Relations
Office, 207-6328 Memorial Road, Vancouver, B.C. V6T
1Z2. Phone: 822-3131. Fax: 822-2684. Notices exceeding
35 words may be edited.
Deadline for the March25 issue of UBC Reports —
which covers the period March 28 to April 10 — is noon,
March 16. Calendar
UBC Reports ■ March 11,1993 7
March 14 through March 27
Monday, March 15
History As A
Battleground: Russian/
Ukrainian Relations And
Historical Consciousness In
Contemporary Ukraine. Dr.
Zenon E. Kohut, Canadian
Institute of Ukrainian
Studies. U. of Alberta.
Buchanan D114 from
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-
Tuesday, March 16
Lectures In Modern
Mechanism Of Chromium (VI)
Carcinogenicity: Reactive
Intermediates And DNA Damage.
Dr. Karen E. Wetterhahn,
Chemistry. Dartmouth College.
Hanover, New Hampshire.
Chemistry South Block B250 at
lpm. Refreshments at 12:50pm.
Call 822-3266.
Spencer Memorial Lecture
The Juvenile Hormone Of
Insects: Elixir, Nemesis And
Enigma. Professor G.R. Wyatt,
Biology, Queen's U. Family/
Nutritional Sciences 60 at
4:30pm.   Call 822-3682/6973.
Wednesday, March 17
Orthopaedics Grand
Report From The American
Academy Of Orthopaedic
Surgeons. Chair: Dr. Robert W.
McGraw. Eye Care Centre
Auditorium at 7am. Call 875-
Murrin Lecture Series
Issues In Interfaith Dialogue.
Dr. Donna Geernaert. SC, Murrin
Scholar in Residence. Buchanan
D239 at 12:30pm. Call 822-2932.
French Lecture
Les Avatars De Vendredi Ou
Les Limbes De LAutocensure.
Anne Scott. Buchanan Tower
799 at 2:30pm.  Call 822-4025.
Audiology/Speech Sciences
Meanings Of Hearing
Impairment: Social Ecology Of
Hearing Loss. Dr. William
McKellin, Anthropology/
Sociology. James Mather Annex
1 at 4:45pm.  Call 822-5798.
Thursday, March 18
Students For Forestry
Awareness Speaker Series
Sustainable Development
Strategy: What Process, What
Product. Robert Prescott-Allen,
chair, IUCN Working Group on
Strategies for Sustainability.
MacMillan 166 from 12:30
1:30pm.  Call 222-1882.
Friday, March 19
Grand Rounds
Obstetrical Case
Presentations. Dr. Stephen Kaye.
Dr. Jeff Somerville, Dr. Lynn
Schouls. University Hospital
Shaughnessy Site D308 at 8am.
Call 875-4261.
Creative Writing Lecture
Richard Kenney Reading From
His Poetry. Prof. Richard Kenney,
English, U. ofWashington. Family/
Nutritional Sciences 60 from 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-4596/2712.
Saturday, March 20
Vancouver Institute
Saturday Night Lecture
Canada's Stonehenges. Dr.
David Vogt. director. Science,
Science World. IRC #2 at 8:15pm.
Call 822-3131.
Tuesday, March 23
Lectures In Modern
Recent Advances In The
Chemistry Of
Buckminsterfullerene. Dr. Fred
Wudl. Chemistry, U. of California,
Santa Barbara. Chemistry South
BlockB250at lpm. Refreshments
at 12:50pm.  Call 822-3266.
Wednesday, March 24
Orthopaedics Grand Rounds
Trauma Service. Distraction
Osteogenesis: An Update. Chair: Dr.
Paul Blahut. Eye Care Centre
Auditorium at 7am. Call 875-4646.
Thursday, March 25
Public Lecture
Neo-Tropical Migrant Bird
Declines: What Is The Story? Dr.
Karl Miller, assistant research
scientist. Forest Resources, U. of
Georgia, Athens. MacMillan 166
at 1:30pm.   Call 822-6316.
Garnett Sedgewick Memorial
Of Irony, Especially In
Shakespeare. Prof. William
Blissett, U. College, U. of Toronto.
Law Main Auditorium at 7:30pm.
Call 822-4095.
Friday, March 26
Grand Rounds
Rounds Cancelled.    Call 875-
Paediatrics Grand Rounds
Adolescent    Health: An
International Perspective. Dr. D.
Bennett, head. Adolescent Medical
Unit, Children's Hospital,
Camperdown,  Australia.     G.F.
Strong Auditorium at 9am.
Call 875-2118.
Saturday, March 27
Vancouver Institute
Saturday Night Lecture
The Pornography Of Everyday
Life. Prof. Ann Scales, Law; Prof.
Jane Caputi, American Studies.
U. New Mexico. IRC #2 at 8:15pm.
Call 822-3131.
Gavin Wilson photo
Twenty teams participated in UBC's Intramurals centipede run last week.  The next
major Intramurals event is Storm the Wall which takes place from March 21 to 26.
Tuesday, March 16
Hearing Health Promotion
Hearing Testing Van and
Information Service. Hearing Van
at East Mall, behind Main Library;
Hearing Information at Disability
Resource Centre from 9:30am-
3:30pm through to March 18. Call
Wednesday, March 17
1993 Scientific Equipment
Trade Show
View the latest scientific/
laboratory equipment/supplies.
Door prizes. SUB Ballroom/
Partyroom/Room 205 from 10am-
4pm uhrough to March 18. Call
MOST Workshop
Quality Awareness Training.
Find out about quality
management/UBC initiatives in
this field. Angus 109 from l-4pm.
Call 822-9644 to register.
St. Patrick's Day Celebration
An evening of entertainment,
refreshments and fun times. Please
wear green. International House
Gate 4 Lounge from 7- 12pm. Call
UBC Senate Meeting
The Senate. UBC's academic
Parliament, meets at 8pm in Room
102 ofthe Curtis (Law) Building,
1822 East Mall.
Thursday, March 18
Orientation Session
New/existing staff come find
out about policies affecting you at
work, meet key people across
campus and win prizes.     Cecil
Green Park Yorkeen Room from
9am-12pm.  Call 822-9644.
Kaspar Naegele Memorial
Experienced Bodies As
Contested Sites (Evidence For
Universals In The Way Humans
Engage And Conceptualize The
World). Prof. Roger M. Keesing,
Anthropology, McGill U.
Anthropology/Sociology 207/209
at 12:30pm.  Call 822-4387.
Rebecca Belmore
Objibway artist who works in
performance and installation talks
about her work. Lasserre 102 at
12:30pm.  Call 822-2759.
Alternative Transportation
Awareness Day
Event to promote alternatives
to use of single occupant vehicles
by commuters. Vancouver
Alderman Gordon Price. SUB
Auditorium at 12:30pm. Bike/
van pool rally at 1:30pm. Call
Friday, March 19
Mini Conference
Racism: EJreaking The Silence.
Sponsored by the Multicultural
Liaison Office. Cecil Green Park
Yorkeen Room from 8:30am-
4:30pm.  Call 822-9583.
Pediatrics Resident Case
CPC. Dr. J. Hukin/Dr. Karen
Bamber. residents; Dr. Margaret
Normal, pathologist. G.F. Strong
Rehab Centre Auditorium at 9am.
Call 875-2118.
Leon/Thea Koerner
Writing Poetry: Formal, Metered
Poetry. Prof. Richard Kenney,
English,   U.   of  Washington.
Buchanan E474 at 10am.
Kaspar Naegele Memorial
Radical Cultural Difference:
Anthropology's Myth (The Cultural
Construction Of Time). Prof. Roger
M. Keesing, Anthropology, McGill
U. Anthropology/Sociology 207 at
12:30pm.   Call 822-4387.
Leon/Thea Koerner
Poetry Reading. Prof. Richard
Kenney, English, U. ofWashington.
Family/Nutritional Sciences 60 at
12:30pm.  Call 822-4596.
International Relations Panel
Pacific Security Issues.
Buchanan Penthouse from 3-5pm.
Call 822-6875.
Tuesday, March 23
MOST Workshop
Assertiveness.     Ann   Rice,
Women's Resources Centre.
Angus 109 from 9am-12pm.
Additional sessions offered.
Call 822-9644 to register.
Thursday, March 25
Board Of Governors'
UBC's Board of Governors
meets in the Board Room, second
floor of the Old Administration
Building, 6328 Memorial Rd. The
open session starts at 9am.
Friday, March 26
Pacific Northwest
Renaissance Conference
The Reader, The Subject And
The Self In Early Modern Europe,
1300-1700. Prof. Brian Stock/
Prof. EvaKushner, U. of Toronto;
Prof. David Harris Sacks, Reed
College, Oregon. Graduate
Student Centre/Museum of
Anthropology, 8am-5pm through
to March 27. Call 822-4095 to
Wednesday, March 17
Wednesday Noon Hour
Concert Series
Eugene Skovorodnikov, piano.
Music Recital Hall at 12:30pm.
Admission $2.   Call 822-5574.
Tuesday, March 23
Nisga'a Cultural Dancers
Elementary school from
Greenville, BC performing
traditional Nisga'a songs/
dances as well as contemporary
works   by   composer  Chester
Moore. Museum       of
Anthropology  Great   Hall   at
12:30pm.   Call 822-5206.
Wednesday, March 24
Wednesday Noon Hour
Concert Series
Eric Pritchard, violin. Music
Recital Hall at 12:30pm.
Admission $2.  Call 822-5574.
Nisga'a Cultural Dancers
Second performance at the
First Nations House of Learning
Longhouseat 12:30pm. Call822-
5206. 8 UBC Reports • March 11,1993
Campus Tours
School and College Liaison
Office Friday morning tours for
prospective UBC students.
Reserve one week in advance.
Call 822-4319.
UBC Speakers Bureau
Would your group like to
know more about topics ranging
from dolphins to computers of
the future? Choose from more
than 400 topics. Call 822-6167
(24 hr. ans. machine).
Theatre Performance
Dombey And Son. Charles
Dickens, Errol Durbach, John
Wright. Frederic Wood Theatre
now through March 20 at 8pm.
Adults $10, students/seniors
$7, Wednesday previews 2 for
$10. Call 822-2678.
Opera Theatre/Symphony
Iolanthe by Gilbert and
Sullivan. French Tickner,
director; Jesse Read, conductor.
Old Auditorium at 8pm March
23,24,26,27. Adults $10,
students/seniors $6. Call 822-
Executive Programmes
Two-day Business Seminars.
March 15-27: Speed Reading,
$695; Implementing Self-
Managing Work Teams, $795;
Real Estate Investment Analysis,
$695; Designing a Performance
Appraisal System, $750. Call
ESL Evening Classes
Conversation Skills; Basic
Writing/Grammar; Listening
Skills; Advanced Discussion;
Advanced Composition;
Academic Writing Workshops;
TOEFL Preparation. Beginning
April 26/27, twice a week, 7-
9pm. Call 222-5208.
Downtown Evening Course
Non-native speakers of
English develop and refine your
business communication and
writing skills. Starting April 26,
Mondays/Wednesdays 4:45-
6:45pm.  Call 222-5208.
Introduction To
Non-native speakers of
English with no prior experience
with personal computers become
familiar with the computer,
technical vocabulary and
WordPerfect 5.1. Beginning May
4 from 7-9:30pm. Call 222-
Professional Engineering
Practice Tutorials/Lecture
Series designed to assist
applicants in writing APEGBC's
Professional Practice Exam.
Wednesdays 6:30-9:30pm now
through April 17. Registration
required, fees vary. Call 822-
Reachout Program
Student volunteers write
letters to students intending to
attend UBC, explaining life at
UBC and in Canada, to ease the
apprehension of international
students. For information go to
International House or call 822-
Women Students' Office
Taking registration for career
planning, assertiveness, self-
esteem, making peace with food,
bicultural women/mature
women   students   support.
Advocacy/personal  couselling
j services available. Call 822-2415.
Skills Centre
Develop your writing skills for
interest and possibly profit. Travel
Writing/The Artful Business of
Freelance Writing start in March.
Call 222-5245.
Chinese Law Conference
Chinese     Law: A     Re-
Examination OfThe Field. Various
Chinese law specialists from
Canada/USA/Hong Kong. Curtis
176, March 22-23 from 9am-5pm.
Call 822-4780.
AMS Art Gallery Display
The Audience Is Watching.
Recent paintings/sculptures by
Jey Homing/Victor Wagner. SUB
Art Gallery, Monday-Friday, 10am-
4pm, March 15-19. Claudia
Freire's recent works Monday-
Friday, 10am-4pm, March 22-26.
Call 822-2361.
Fine Arts Gallery
Tues.-Fri. from 10am-5pm.
Saturdays     12-5pm. Free
admission. Main Library. Call
Sexual Harassment Office
Advisors are available to discuss
questions or concerns and are
prepared to help any member of \
the UBC community who is being
sexually harassed find a
satisfactory resolution. Call
Margaretha Hoek at 822-6353.
Statistical Consulting/
Research Laboratory
SCARL is operated by the j
Department of Statistics to provide
statistical advice to faculty/
graduate students working on
research problems. Free
consulting for graduate students
with supervisor's approval
available this semester. Call 822-
4037or e-mail scarl® stat.ubc.ca.
Surplus Equipment
Recycling Facility (SERF)
Disposal of all surplus items.
Every Wednesday, 12-5pm. Task
Force Bldg., 2352 Health Sciences
Mall. Call Vince at 822-2582/
Rich at 822-2813.
Institute Of Pacific Relations
A review of Canadian
participation in the Institute of
Pacific Relations (IPR, 1925-61) is
being prepared at the Institute of
International Relations. Anyone
with information on the IPR please
call Lawrence Woods at 822-6875.
Clinical Research Support
Faculty of Medicine data
analysts supporting clinical
research. To    arrange    a
consultation, call Laura Slaney
Professional Fitness
Administered by Physical
Education and Recreation through
the John M. Buchanan Fitness
and Research Centre. Students
$40, others $50.  Call 822-4356.
Child Studies Research
Is your baby between 2 and 22
months? Join UBC's Child Studies
Research Team for lots of fun. Call
Dr. Baldwin at 822-8231.
Psychiatry Research Studies
Psychiatric Study Involving Eye
Test. Volunteers are needed as
control group. Study involves one
eye test at Vancouver General
Hospital and one interview at
UBC—total time 1 1/2 hours.
Stipend $15. Call Arvinder
Grewal at 822-7321.
Medication Treatment For
People With Depression. Call
Annie Kuan/Dr. R. A. Remick
at 822-7321.
Behaviour Study
Do you check or clean too
much? Psychology is looking
for people who repeatedly check
(e.g. locks, stoves) or clean
excessively to participate in a
study.  Call 822-7154/9028.
Self-Concept/Body Image
Seeking women volunteers
ages 35-65 who either have not
had any surgery on their breasts
or had undergone surgery for
breast cancer 2-5 years ago,
without recurrence or further
surgery on their breasts.
Participation involves a
questionnaire about body
image/self-concept which takes
about 15 minutes to complete.
Call 224-0313.
High Blood Pressure Clinic
Adult volunteers needed to
participate in drug treatment
studies. Call Dr. J. Wright in
Medicine at 822-7134 or RN
Marion Barker at 822-7192.
Drug Research Study
Male and female volunteers
required for Genital Herpes
Treatment Study. Sponsoring
physician: Dr. Stephen Sacks,
Medicine/Infectious Diseases.
Call 822-7565.
Heart/Lung Response
At rest and during exercise.
Volunteers aged 35 years and
more and of all fitness levels
required. No maximal testing;
scheduled at your convenience.
Call Marijke Dallimore, School
of Rehab. Medicine, 822-7708.
Sexual Response Study
Psychology department
requires sexually functional/
dysfunctional women to
participate in research on sexual
arousal. Honorarium. Call 822-
2998 Monday-Thursday from 4-
Late Afternoon Curling
Space available at
Thunderbird Winter Sports
Centre from 5-7:15pm.
Beginners and experienced
curlers welcome. Call Alex at
738-7698 or Paul (evenings) at
Pacific Spirit Regional
Park Programs
Autumn program brochures
are now available for all-ages as
well as children's recreational/
nature-study outings. Pick up
from the Park Centre at 16th.
west of Blanca or the GVRD
main office in Burnaby. Call
Botanical Garden
Open daily from 10am-6pm.
Free winter admission in effect.
Call 822-4208.
Nitobe Memorial Garden
The Nitobe Garden is being
restored to its original character
through Mar. 31/93. During
this period, the garden will be
closed to the public. Call 822-
Chinese law conference
draws Pacific Rim scholars
The Centre for Asian Legal
Studies at the UBC Faculty of Law
will host an international
conference, "Theories and
Methodologies in the Study of
Chinese Law", March 22 and 23.
Scholars from Canada, theU.S..
and Hong Kong will present papers
and lead panel discussions on a
variety of topics, including the legal
history and comparative and
international  perspectives  of
Chinese legal studies.
The conference is the first in
the two-part series, Chinese Law:
A Re-Examination of the Field,
organized by UBC and the
University of Washington.
The event is funded in part by
the UBC Centre for Chinese
Research and the Social Sciences
and Humanities Research
Council of Canada. For more
information, call 822-4780.
Canadians give
their universities,
Four out of five Canadians
believe that universities are doing
a good or very good job, according
to a recent Angus Reid poll.
Two-thirds of those polled said
that universities are performing
better than primary and
secondary schools.
Respondents also supported the
idea of students paying tuition fees
high grades to
survey shows
and agreed that universities are
underfunded by governments.
Fewer than one in 10
mentioned research as one of
the roles of universities.
The survey of 2,000
Canadians from across the
country was commissioned by
the Association of Universities
and Colleges of Canada.
Sports Digest
Colour Turlough O'Hare gold.
O'Hare came home with four gold medals from last month's 1993
Winternationals in Saint John, New Brunswick.
The 23-year-old Richmond native swept the distance freestyle
events over 200, 400, 800 and 1,500-metres and his performance
in the 800-metres set a new Canadian short course record.
The fourth-year Arts student was named most outstanding male
swimmer ofthe meet and has clearly established himself as perhaps
the best distance freestyle swimmer in the country.
• • • •
A total of five T-Birds have been named to the Canada West
volleyball allstar team.
Heading the list of women T-Birds named to the conference first
allstar team are 23-year old Golden, B.C. native Sonya Wachowski,
a fifth-year Education student, and 22-year-old North Vancouver
Jenny Rauh, a fourth-year Arts student.
Fourth-year Arts student Pat Voracek of Surrey, 22, was named
a second team allstar.
Ross Ballard, 20, from Squamish, and 22-year-old Conrad
Leinemann of Kelowna were named to the men's first allstar team.
Both Ballard and Leinemann are third-year Physical Education
• • • •
For the second straight year, Thunderbird guard Lisa Nickle is a
unanimous selection to the Canada West women's basketball team.
The 22-year-old Abbotsford native and fourth-year Physical
Education student was third in conference scoring this year,
averaging 18.5 points per game. Her 39-point performance against
the Saskatchewan Huskies February 12 broke UBC's single game
scoring record.
On the men's side, forward Derek Christiansen shares Canada
West player ofthe year honours with Dean Wiebe of Saskatchewan.
Christiansen, a fourth-year Physical Education student, led all
Canada West scorers this season with an average of 21.2 points per
game. The 22-year-old North Vancouver native was also a unanimous
selection to the conference first allstar team.
Lisa Nickle ofthe Lady T-Birds has come away with unanimous
Canada West allstar honours for the second straight season.
JitL. UBC Reports ■ March 11,1993 9
Geering Up
Tiemo Brand photo
UBC Engineering students designed and built this scaled-down Formula
race car that earned them rookie of the year honours in a continent-wide
competition last year. This May, they will race against teams from 65 other
universities in a competition held at the Chrysler proving grounds in
Detroit, Michigan. The car can reach speeds of 175 kra/h and accelerate
from 0 to 100 in 5.5 seconds. The team is seeking sponsors to help finance
their entry.
Study explains attitudes
Girls needlessly avoid
"tough" science courses
by Charles Ker
Staff writer
Many B.C. girls taking Grade 12
physics think it's an irrelevant subject,
but sign up anyway, just to keep their
options open.
Among Grade 12 students interviewed
who aren't taking physics, more girls
than boys describe the topic as "useless."
These observations are plucked from a
recent B.C. study looking into the low
participation rates of girls in senior-level
math and science.
The 1990 British Columbia
Mathematics Assessment: Gender Issues
in Student Choice in Mathematics and
Science makes 35 recommendations
aimed at attracting more girls to math
and physical science courses.
"Most principals, teachers and
counsellors we talked to wanted to
downplay the gender issues because they
believed that to highlight them would
only reinforce stereotypes," said UBC
Science Education Professor Jim Gaskell,
one of four co-investigators of the study
to be released this month.
"However, our research suggests this
gender-neutral approach only
perpetuates biases which contribute to
fewer girls than boys enrolling in these
Twelve girls and six boys from a dozen
schools around the province were
interviewed individually for the study
during the school year. Participants were
chosen from schools with higher than
average and lower than average female
participation in math and science.
While boys expressed fascination at
the mechanical applications of math and
science courses and expected to use them
in careers, many girls considered the
topics boring and without human
An analysis of enrolment data found
only four per cent jf Grade 12 girls in
physics while 23 per cent signed up for
biology. For Grade 12 boys. 14 per cent
took physics and 18 per cent biology.
These figures were reflected in the
study interviews as most girls enrolled in
math and science claimed to enjoy
calculus, algebra, biology and chemistry.
but expressed a dislike of physics.
Gaskell said while previous studies
have noted disparities in participation
rates, few have talked to girls about what
their views of math and science are, what
they would like to learn in these areas
and why they do or do not enrol in them.
The reputation of math and science
courses as 'hard' was cited as a major
factor in influencing a student's decision
to side-step these subjects. Many didn't
want to jeopardize their grade point
average for the sake of a few courses
which were perceived to be of no practical
While some girls enjoy and do well in
physical sciences, others described
sciences as frightening or "just for smart
people." Many also felt math and science
teachers were only interested in "smart"
students which often meant the smart
Said Gaskell: "There's nothing inherent
in physics or math that makes them
difficult, it's how they're treated in schools
that makes them appear that way."
The study recommends that schools
develop a variety of "gender-sensitive"
strategies to make math and science more
attractive to girls. These include:
- helping math and science teachers,
through professional development
programs, develop ways of incorporating
gender issues into class without causing
a backlash among boys;
- encouraging curricula revisions which
take into account the particular interests
of girls:
- hiring more women to teach senior
math and physical science courses;
- having schools communicate with
parents about the significance of math,
science and gender;
- re-writing course descriptions of maUi
and science in school calendars to avoid
over-emphasizing the difficulty and
sophistication of these topics.
The study also suggests that schools
or school districts consider creating a
position, to be filled by a woman if possible,
to help develop and monitor these
Most students interviewed had been
taught math and science by men but did
not spontaneously mention teachers'
gender as an issue which might influence
their experiences in class.
Other co-investigators in the gender
study include: Antoinette Oberg,
University of Victoria; Linda Eyre,
University of New Brunswick and
Arlene McLaren from Simon Fraser
Erola wins laurels for promotion
of university-industry partnership
by Connie Filletti
Staff writer
Former federal cabinet minister Judy
Erola was on campus Feb. 19 to attend a
luncheon held in recognition of her
continuing efforts to promote research
activities among universities and the
pharmaceutical industry in Canada.
Erola, who has served as president ofthe
Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association
of Canada (PMAC) since 1987, was hailed as
a "true friend ofthe scientific community" by
Bernard Bressler, UBC's associate vice-
president, research, health sciences.
"Since assuming her position as
president of PMAC, Mrs. Erola has worked
tirelessly to promote a partnership
between scientists in universities and
those working in the pharmaceutical
industry," Bressler said.
UBC and its affiliated teaching
hospitals have attracted $8 million in
research funds from the pharmaceutical
industry since 1991.
Bressler expects that recent
parliamentary approval of Bill C-91 will
also stimulate an increased flow of
research funds to universities from the
nation's drug companies.
The legislation restores full patent
protection for new drugs to 20 years,
ending Canada's compulsory drug
licencing policy which allowed cheaper,
generic copies of brand-name drugs to be
sold before the brand names' patent
protection expired.
Passage of Bill C-91 has secured a $15
million pledge announced by Merck Frosst
Canada Inc. last September to establish
a Centre for Molecular Medicine and
Therapeutics at UBC.
by staff writers
ichard Ericson has been appointed principal of
Green College. UBC's new residential graduate
Ericson, currendy director ofthe Centre of
Criminology at the University of Toronto, is a fellow of
the Royal Society of Canada.  He received an
undergraduate degree in Social Sciences from the
University of Guelph in 1969 and a PhD from the
Institute of Criminology at Cambridge in 1974. He
began teaching criminology and sociology at the
University of Toronto the same year.
In addition to his role at Green College, he will be
cross-appointed to the Faculty of Law and the Dept. of
Anthropology and Sociology, in the Faculty of Arts.
His five-year term begins July 1.
Green College, which will open in the fall, is funded by a donation from
Cecil Green and a matching grant from the Government of British Columbia.
It will house 85 graduate students, 15 post-doctoral scholars and visiting
faculty and five short-term visitors.
University archivist Christopher Hives has been elected to a two-year
term as chair of the board of directors of the Canadian Council of
Archives (CCA).
The CCA was established in 1985 to provide an administrative framework
to develop a national archival system.
Hives obtained his MA in Canadian history from the University of Western
Ontario in 1981 and Master of Archival Studies from UBC in 1985.   He is
active in a number of archival organizations and has served on the board of
the CCA since 1990.
• • • •
The Canadian Standards Association (CSA) has awarded certificates of
merit to Forestry Professor David Barrett and Civil Engineering
Professor Richardo Foschi.
The awards were presented for outstanding contribution to the CSA in
further standardization of engineering design in wood.
ir. Harold Copp, professor emeritus of Physiology,
'has been named a Patron of Science World
British Columbia.
A member of the board of directors of Science World
between 1987 and 1992, Copp received the honor in
recognition of his service and for his important
contributions to science.
In 1961 Copp discovered calcitonin, a hormone
widely used throughout Europe and Japan for the
treatment of osteoporosis and other painful bone
Science World is dedicated to promoting a greater
appreciation of science and technology through
exhibitions and demonstrations, informal educational
activities and province-wide outreach programs.
• • • •
The Vancouver section of the Canadian Institute of Forestry has elected
Associate Forestry Prof. Chris Chanway and Donna Goss, the coordinator of Student Services for the Faculty of Forestry, to its 1993
Goss has been elected treasurer while Chanway is responsible for
The Canadian Institute of Forestry has provided recommendations to the
parliamentary committee on the role of federal forestry, with 16 working
groups dealing with current forestry issues.
The institute also publishes the Forestry Chronicle, a professional
journal. 1 0 UBC Reports • March 11,1993
Unique brain injury program
provides research opportunity
by Connie Filletti
Staff writer
The opportunity to gain
valuable experience in a
pioneering area of brain injury
research may be on the horizon
for UBC students and faculty in
the health sciences.
The Skeleem Village Brain
Injury Program, operated by the
Cedar Lodge Society, provides
behaviour rehabilitation for
individuals who are difficult to
manage because of acquired
head injuries.
Started late last year, the
program is the only one of its
kind in Canada.
"Brain injury is a universe
that we are just beginning to
make very early inroads into
understanding," said Charles
Christiansen, director of UBC's
School of Rehabilitation Sciences
and a board member ofthe Cedar
Lodge Society.
"Skeleem Village will provide
an excellent opportunity for
students and faculty to conduct
research programs that may
eventually contribute to the
knowledge of head injury
Located near Duncan on
Vancouver Island, the village is
composed of three houses and
was originally acquired in the
1970s by philanthropist and
longtime benefactor of the
university, Walter Koerner.
A patron of the Cedar Lodge
Society, Koerner donated the
facility to UBC with the
understanding that it be used as
a centre to provide treatment,
care, teaching and research for
individuals with neurological
disorders, brain damage or who
are otherwise mentally
One house with
accommodation for eight clients
is currendy being used in the
program. The average stay at
Skeleem Village ranges from six
to nine months at a cost of $335
aday. Most ofthe individuals in the
program are funded by the Workers'
Compensation Board, the provincial
Ministry of Health or the Insurance
Corporation of B.C.
A team of health care
consultants complements the 18
counsellors who work at the
village full-time.
"Our approach is to teach and
encourage new ways of
behaving," explained Penny
Offer, executive director of the
Cedar Lodge Society. "We want
our clients to develop skills, have
successes and feel good about
Offer said this is achieved
through repetition and structure
in a therapeutic environment.
"There are clear expectations
of what the day consists of and
what is expected of them."
Clients are taught basic social
and life skills and are provided
opportunities to practice skills
In community, recreational and
vocational settings.
The amount of supervision
and cueing they receive depends
on their physical abilities,
memory retention and
Another important
component of the program is
confidence building, achieved
through motivational talks, one-
to-one interaction with staff and
continual feedback of a positive
nature. Offer said.
"The re-learning approach we
use is non-punitive and
encourages appropriate
The Skeleem Village Brain Injury
Program is open for referrals from
witfiin and outside the province
and can be made by health
professionals, families, friends or
care givers. For more information,
contact Offer at 228-1555.
Manual will help families
caring for head-injured
Before clients can take full
advantage of the unique
behaviour rehabilitation
program at Skeleem Village,
many must undergo acute
physical rehabilitation.
But the scarcity of
professionals who have the
necessary expertise and training
— particularly in smaller
communities — to
cope with the
number of head
injury survivors
often means that
much of their care
must be provided
at home.
Now, thanks to
the efforts of an
professor in UBC's
School of Nursing,
help is on the way
for families who
provide home care
for a head-injured person.
A project team headed by
Sonia Acorn developed the
country's first manual to serve
as a guide for any community
wishing to start a support group
for family caregivers of head-
injured survivors.
Designed in 10 modules, the
manual provides information on
the impact on the family system,
impact on the caregiver,
community resources and legal
and financial issues.
"As well as education and
support, sharing is the other
essential component of the
program presented in the
manual," Acorn said.
"There is great
~~ potential       for
exhaustion and
social isolation for
families who
provide head
injury survivors
with care at home.
They need to
feelings and
The B.C.
Ministry of Health
estimates that
approximately 6,000 people
suffer head injuries serious
enough for hospitalization each
Production ofthe manual was
funded by the B.C. Health
Research Foundation. To obtain
a complementary copy, contact
Acorn at 822-7457.
UBC Multicultural Liaison Office
Spring mini-conferences co-sponsored with
the UBC English Language Institute, the
Centre for Faculty Development and
Instructional Services, UBC Human
Resources, the International Student Centre
and the Women's Resources Centre of UBC.
Mini-conferences are free of charge.
Racism: Breakingthe Silence*
To mark the International Day for the Elimination of Racial
Discrimination this mini-conference will provide different perspectives
on racism at the educational institution and develop anti-racist
Date: Friday, March 19, 1993
Time: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.
Place: Yorkeen Room, Cecil Green Park, UBC
Limited spaces available. Please register with the Multicultural
Liaison Office at 822-9583. Wheelchair accessible.
Workshopon Research in Ethnic Relations
and Cultural Diversity*
This workshop is designed for researchers in the areas of
multiculturalism & ethnic relations.
Date: Wednesday, March 31 & Thursday, April 1, 1993
Time: 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.
Place: Yorkeen Room, Cecil Green Park, UBC
Limited spaces available.   Please register with Olav Slaymaker,
Associate Vice President, Research, Humanities, Interdisciplinary
Initiatives, and Social Sciences at 822-5159.Wheelchair accessible.
* Sign language interpreters will be available on request. Please
contact the Multicultural Liaison Office no later than one week prior
to the workshops at 822-9583 to book.
Watch forfurther workshops in April.
The classified advertising rate is $ 15 for 35 words or
less. Each additional word is 50 cents. Rate includes
GST. Ads must be submitted in writing 10 days before
publication date to the UBC Community Relations
Office, 207-6328 Memorial Road, Vancouver, B.C.,
V6T 1Z2, accompanied by payment in cash, cheque
(made out to UBC Reports) or internal requisition.
Advertising enquiries: 822-3131.
The deadline for the March 25.
Reports is noon, March 16.
1993 issue of UBC
DO IT RIGHT! Statistical and
methodological consultation;
data analysis; data base
management; sampling
techniques; questionnaire
design, development, and
administration. Over 15 years of
research and consulting
experience in the social sciences
and related fields. 433-7807.
professionals and others
interested in science or natural
history are meeting through a
North America-wide network. For
info write: Science Connection,
P.O. Box 389, Port Dover, Ontario
NOA 1 NO or call 1-800-667-5179,
editing, copy editing, rewriting,
Dissertations, reports, books. I
would be delighted to look at
your manuscript, show you how I
could improve it, and tell you
what I would charge. Please call
me for more information. Timothy
King, 263-6058.
high rates when a handyman
can do the job?" CEE BEE
Handyman Services. 734-4900.
For Rent
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Tel (604) 873-4228   Fax (604) 873-5500 UBC Reports ■ March 11,1993 11
by Abe Hefter - Staff writer
Master of (Martial) Arts
very weekday, Maria and Helen Liang wake up to the sound of concrete
blocks being smashed by hand in the basement of their Vancouver home.
These are the sounds of morning in
the Liang household.
For Maria, a first-year Science
student, and Helen, a second-year Arts
student, they signal the start of
another school day at UBC.  For their
father, Shouyu, it's part of the daily
warmup routine for the man who has
been called Canada's pre-eminent
instructor in Chinese martial arts, or
Since 1984, Shouyu Liang has been
the linchpin of the largest and most
successful university martial arts
program in Canada through Campus
Recreation UBC.
Holder of a non-academic endowed
chair in martial arts in UBC's School of
Physical Education and Recreation,
Liang teaches five martial arts courses
which are open to the campus and
public through Campus Recreation
UBC and also coaches the UBC-based
Canadian national wushu team.
It is difficult to picture this soft-
spoken, 50-year-old father of two as
160 pounds of concrete-smashing
power.  "I'm a little heavy now," he says
somewhat sheepishly while
straightening the folds in his cardigan.
However, once he slips his five-foot-
five-inch frame into his martial arts
costume, it becomes obvious, certainly
to his students, that this is a man who
means business.
Liang was a youngster in China
when he discovered that his
grandfather meant business, too.
"I was six years old when my
grandfather forced me to take up
martial arts.  It was a tradition in my
family for several generations.
"I had to practice four or five hours a
day and did not like it.   I would always
cry before practice, but I had no
Liang says it was several years
before he began to appreciate his
grandfather's teachings.
He was introduced to several martial
arts systems as a youth, including E
Mei boxing, which originated in the E
Mei mountains of Sichuan province.
By his own admission, Liang was an
average martial arts student as a young
boy.  It wasn't until he entered
Southwest National University in China
that his competitive abilities and
leadership qualities emerged.
As a 17-year-old, he began to
consistently finish in the top three in
the Sichuan provincial championships
and became the coach of the school's
traditional martial arts team.
In 1966, armed with a biology
degree, Liang travelled throughout
China to learn the more than 150
forms of wushu, which employs
broadswords, knives, chains and bare
hands among its many systems.
Although it became obvious to him
that his skills were improving. Liang
says competition during the period of
the Chinese Cultural Revolution, up
until 1975, was not encouraged by the
"I was taught by many famous
masters and learned many different
forms and styles, using different
weapons.  I compared myself to other
competitors during training and could
see that I was improving," he says.
His last taste of championship
competition in China came in 1981,
when he won five gold medals.
It was as a martial arts instructor,
both at the university level while still
a student, and subseqently as a
high-school teacher, that he gained
prominence throughout China.
After being named outstanding
Martin Dee photo
and many return after graduation to
continue martial arts classes under his
Helen and Maria Liang are among
his advanced students.
'The expression on my father's face
is enough to get results in his martial
arts class," says Maria, who, at 18, has
been studying martial arts for seven
"I am very serious when I
teach competitive class.
My students respect and
fear me."
- Shouyu Liang
wushu coach in
Sichuan province
and one of the
premier wushu
coaches in China,
Liang accepted a
position as a
martial arts
instructor at the
University of
Seattle in
Washington in 1981.  He joined UBC in
1984. at a time when the martial arts
program on campus consisted of only a
handful of courses, according to Sonya
Lumholst-Smith. co-ordinator of
Campus Recreation UBC.
"I can't begin to tell you how much
Liang has meant to the program here,"
says Lumholst-Smith.  'Today there are
a total of 20 martial arts courses and
clubs at UBC. and that number is
Lumholst-Smith describes Liang as
a tireless worker, and incredibly
"His students think the world of him
"He doesn't
have to say a
word.  Although I
enjoy being
taught by my
father, he is quite
strict and has a
very strong
presence in
  Liang agrees.
"I am very
serious when I teach competitive class.
My students respect and fear me."
Unlike her sister, who began
studying martial arts in China as a
four-year-old. Maria took up classical
dance while living in China and turned
to ballet at the age of 11, after arriving
in Vancouver.
"Much to my father's credit, he never
forced me to study martial arts.  It was
after I began watching him teach
wushu at UBC that I became interested
in it."
Maria and Helen are now showing
the leadership qualities exhibited by
their father during his university days.
Shouyu Liang:
"I was six years
old when my
grandfather forced
me to take up
martial arts.  It
was a tradition in
my family for
I had to practice
four or five hours a
day and did not
like it.   I would
always cry before
practice, but I had
no choice."
by helping him instruct the beginners
at his UBC classes.
If the day comes when he becomes a
grandfather, Liang said he would
expect his grandchildren to take up
martial arts, as well.
"Maybe I'll teach them, like my
grandfather taught me.  I would
probably be much easier on them than
my grandfather was on me."
Despite his many accomplishments
over the years, Liang has shown
few signs of slowing down.
During the summer months, he
teaches martial arts at two U.S.
universities and travels the world as a
guest lecturer.  The author of four
books on the martial arts, he plans to
write more in his continuing quest to
educate the world on the physical and
mental benefits of wushu.
Despite his busy schedule. Liang's
personal and professional demeanour
remain akin to one of the most popular,
and ultimately, most powerful wushu
systems:  Tai Chi.
Tai Chi enhances relaxation of the
body and mind.  As a martial art, it
teaches economy of force, using the
supple to defeat the strong.
It is meditation in motion, improving
concentration while developing
flexibility and strength, explained
'Those who study it may not look
very muscular, but they are extremely
powerful individuals." 12 UBC Reports • March 11,1993
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