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UBC Reports Sep 25, 1986

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Volume 32 Number 15 Sept. 25, 1986
Engineer awarded medal
i
f
Prof. Vinod Modi of UBC's Mechanical Engineering
Department has been awarded a 1986 B.C. Science
and Engineering Gold Medal from the Science Council
of British Columbia.
Three medals are awarded each year to recognize
outstanding achievements by B.C. scientists and
engineers in the fields of the health sciences, natural
sciences, industrial innovation and applied science.
Prof. Modi, who joined the UBC faculty in 1961,
was honored for his research in fields as diverse as
aerospace engineering, alternative energy sources, the
"three—body problem" of planetary motion and
biomechanics.
His research in aerospace engineering centres on
the use of natural forces, such as the pressure of
sunlight, to maintain the orbital stability of artificial
satellites. In the field of biomechanics Prof. Modi has
recieved international acclaim for his work on
artificial valves designed for implantation in the
* human heart.
■'*
Policy change on royalties
will aid UBC Faculties
A change in UBC's policy on royalty distribution
will mean more money for Faculties.
Previously, net royalties from patents and licences
were split equally between inventors or inventors and
the University.
Under the new policy, inventors will still keep
their half share of net proceeds. But the University
will provide a part of the proceeds to the dean of
the Faculty where the research work was carried out.
The new distribution formula will be one—half to
the inventor, one—third to the University and one-
sixth to the Faculty.
Dr. Peter Larkin. Vice-President Research, said
, that the cumulative total the University had received
in royalties from patents and licences up until a few
years ago was only about $100,000. Last year alone,
royalties were $300,000 and this year should reach
$600,000.
"It takes a few years for royalties to grow," Dr.
Larkin said. "Products that went on the market four
of five years ago are now beginning to pay off."
About 90 per cent of UBC royalties are accounted
for by two Faculty of Science deparments — Physics
and Computer Science.
But Dr. Larkin says he anticipates an increased
flow of royalties in the next two to three years from
many other departments including Physiology (Faculty
of Medicine), Microbiology (Faculty of Science), Food
Science (Faculty of Agricultural Sciences), and
Chemical Engineering and Mechanical Engineering
k(Faculty of Applied Science).
Two UBC foresters honored
* for research contributions
Two UBC forestry professors, Drs. J.P. "Hamishh
Kimmins and Peter Dooling, have been honored for
outstanding contributions to the field of forestry.
Prof.    Kimmins    has    received    the    1986    Scientific
. Achievement Award of the International Union of
Forestry  Research  Organizations  (IUFRO)   and  Prof.
► Dooling is the recipient of the National Parks
Centennial Service Award presented by Parks Canada.
Prof. Kimmins travels to Yugoslavia this month to
receive the Scientific Achievement Award, which is
presented   every   five   years   at    the   IUFRO    World
Please turn to Page Seven
See FORESTERS
THE BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH CENTRE
Vancouver, British Columbia
Four   building   projects underway
The vision that prompted Terry Fox's run across
Canada came a step closer to reality when shovels
were symbolically plunged into the foundation of a
Biomedical Research Centre, now under construction
on campus, west of the Health Sciences Centre
Hospital.
Sod turning ceremonies Aug. 7 drew officials from
a large number of government departments, private
foundations, research and health agencies, private
industry, the hospital and university.
Four years in the planning, the $16 million facility
is a joint venture of the Terry Fox Medical Research
Foundation and the Wellcome Foundation, a British-
based pharmaceutical company.
The centre will focus on the discovery, development and clinical testing of new biologically—active
substances. Some of the new compounds, such as
interferon, may eventually be used to treat cancer.
So far interferon has been approved in Canada for
the  treatment  of only  one  type  of cancer,  hairy  cell
leukemia. The clinical trials were carried out by
UBC medical researchers at the Cancer Control
Agency of B.C.
Taking advantage of architectural features of some
other successful medical research facilities, the centre
will be physically linked to the Health Sciences
Centre Hospital at UBC, placing basic laboratory
scientists as close as possible to the clinical
investigators responsible for patient treatment.
The hospital already provides internationally
renowned medical imaging experts and world—class
imaging research facilities. Sophisticated positron
emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance
imaging (MRI) scanning machines allow researchers to
investigate the structure and chemical changes occurring in the living body. The PET scanner uses
radioisotopes produced at the TRIUMF cyclotron on
UBC's south campus.
Please turn to Page Seven
See TERRY FOX
Retirement judgment appealed
A UBC professor and an administrative officer
have appealed a judgment, handed down earlier this
year in the Supreme Court of B.C., which ruled that
UBC's mandatory retirement policy at age 65 is valid
and does not contravene the federal Charter of
Rights and Freedoms.
The B.C. Court of Appeal will be asked to
consider an appeal from a judgment by Mr. Justice
Martin Taylor of the B.C. Supreme Court in a case
brought by Dr. Robert C Harrison of the Department of Surgery and John Connell, an administrative
officer in the Registrar's Office.
Dr. Harrison and Mr. Connell sought a ruling in
the B.C. Supreme Court that UBC's application of
the mandatory age—65 retirement policy amounts to
"age—based discrimination" in violation of the
"equality rights" guaranteed under Section 15 of the
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
Justice Taylor ruled that:
* The federal charter applies only to the federal
parliament, legislatures and governments. UBC, he
said in his judgment, "is neither engaged in the
exercise of governmental authority nor does it provide
a government service, nor in determining its employment policies does it perform a function of
government."
* He also ruled that Section 15 of the charter
applies to laws and the application of laws. UBC's
mandatory retirement policy, however, is private
contract and is not mandated by law, nor is it the
application of law.
In discussing the question of whether mandatory
retirement amounts to discrimination under section 15
of the  federal  charter,   Justice  Taylor  held  that  such
Please turn to Page Seven
See APPEAL 'vr: .»i.-i    ..■'-j'
IF YOU  ASK  ME	
An interview with David Suzuki
Both scientists and humanists at
UBC come under attack from Dr.
David Suzuki in this provocative interview with UBC Reports. The interview
is the first in a series of articles on
opinions of various members of the
UBC community.
Dr. Suzuki, Canada's foremost
science broadcaster and full—time
member (at one—third salary) of UBC's
zoology department, says scientists are
misrepresenting the relationship between
research and its application.
He believes that UBC scientists,
starved for research funds, are
succumbing to the allurements of
government and industry by claiming
their research will have immediate
commercial spin-offs.
On the other hand, he feels humanists, with a broader perspective that
scientists lack, should speak out on the
issue but remain silent. "The actions
of both are a threat to tenure."
Dr. Suzuki joined UBC in 1963 and
quickly established a reputation in
genetics research. He has received seven
honorary degrees and recently won this
year's $100,000 Royal Bank Award for
Canadian Achievement and the
Governor—General's Award and a
United Nations Gold Medal for "A
Planet for the Taking," a series
broadcast last fall on CBC television.
UBCR: With an established and
successful career as a science broadcaster, why do you remain a UBC
faculty member?
Dr. Suzuki: Fve seen a lot of
academics go into either politics or the
media. There are a number of Ph.Ds
now working in news and current
affairs on CBC television, for example.
But once they become part of another
group, they often have nothing but
contempt for the one they left. There
is no one more contemptuous of
lawyers than a former lawyer working
for the CBC.
I could feel myself drifting into that
feeling. But I value universities as a
vital institution to society — one I
am committed to and will defend.
That's why Pve tried to keep a toehold
here. I think it is important as much
to me as it may be to the University
for me to remain a member of this
community, to feel the pressures it
faces, to get angry at what government
is doing to it.
UBCR: You've spent at least hah
of the last 10 years or so in the media,
interviewing academics from other
universities. That's a unique overview.
How does UBC compare?
Dr. Suzuki:    As a broadcaster I feel
1 have a special insight to offer my
colleagues. A lot of the criticism we
academics now aim at government are
aimed the wrong way. They should be
aimed at ourselves.
The terrible financial position we are
in is the result of long years of total
neglect — indeed, arrogance — on
the part of faculty. We felt very
special, and believed it was obvious
why we mattered, and we didn't want
to soil ourselves with the vulgar activity of communicating with the masses.
It's still evident today, even thought
we know it is those people who pay
taxes, elect politicians and decide
whether their kids ought to go the
university.
UBCR: Do you feel UBC faculty
have an obligation to deal with the
public?
Dr. Suzuki: Of course, for very
selfish reasons — to maintain its
support. But     more     importantly,
universities are elite institutions. Society
confers on them a unique privilege —
tenure. Tenure has allowed me, for
example, to do what Fve done in the
media without fear of being turfed out.
We can explore radical, crazy ideas
without fear that Victoria or Ottawa
will come down on our heads. It isn't a
2 UBCREPORTS September25,1986
coincidence that a lot of revolutionary
movements in other countries start in
their universities.
Unfortunately, tenure has come to
mean a sinecure, distorted into a job
guarantee. Once we get tenure, we
think we can relax, when in fact we
assume an obligation to society. Our
obligation is to share our expertise with
the public whenever needed without
fear of reprisal. We don't do that often
enough.
David
Suzuki
A few years ago we did a Nature of
Things program for CBC television on
the tar sands in Alberta. Then the
only plant up there was Syncrude and
it was putting out 50 to 60 tons of
sulphur dioxide a day. That's a lot of
acid rain.
Because of the oil crisis then, the
federal govenment was projecting at
least 10 plants as big or bigger than
Syncrude within 10 years. We went to
ecologists at the Universities of Alberta
and Calgary to find out about the
possible environmental effects. Not one
would talk to us. They all had grants
from the oil industry and would not
jeopardize their grants.
Those people did not deserve tenure.
They were holding out on the public
because they had a different master. If
the universities say they're going to
take outside money and that's fan-
enough, it's been done in forestry and
other areas — you have to say that
those people should not have tenure.
Tenure is not to guarantee the jobs of
faculty. It's to free their tongues.
UBCR: Do you feel UBC is making
unwarranted claims about the practicality of its expertise?
Dr. Suzuki: UBC is in the middle
of a crisis and it comes from within as
much as from without. Politicians are
emphasizing that research should be
devoted to pulling the country out of
its economic problems. Governments
want us to get into "hot" areas like
robotics, biotechnology, microelectronics
and they think it's simply a matter of
cranking money into those areas. But
it doesn't work that way. Getting into
a competitive position in biotechnology
or microelectronics is not like setting
up a shoe factory. First of all, you
have to believe in yourself, support
your best and let them do what they
want. But secondly, science doesn't
move linearly — having a nice logical
proposal that says, put money into this
project and you'll really find a cure for
hernia. A good lab may end up finding a useable idea from a completely
unexpected - source. The key is to
support good people and to give them
freedom.
Scientists across Canada, including
UBC, are selling a false model. They
are saying that if you put money into
a lab with a defined goal, it will pay
off directly. Our national investment in
research is the lowest in the
industrialized world. Canada does less
than four percent of all research in the
world. So the probability that one of
our scientists is going to make an
important discovery that can be applied
is less than four per cent.
I can understand politicians trying
to find short—term solutions to social
and economic problems. This is nothing
new.
But because of the short horizon of
governments — the next election ——
they demand quick pay offs. That's
why they like megaprojects where they
can pump a lot of money in and get
tangible results. You can't do that
with science. Science takes a long time
and the payoff isn't obvious.
Look at the history of genetic
engineering. Some of the important
tools came from studying digestive
enzymes in snail guts, toxic compounds
in snake venom and how bacteria resist
virus infection. No one could have
predicted that those projects would
have anything to do with biotechnology.
UBCR: What     research     should
scientists   be   doing   and   what   should
they say about it?
Dr. Suzuki: I'm not saying we
shouldn't be supporting science. As a
broadcaster, I know lay people are
amazed at the ability of scientists to
describe the world around us. People
are deeply moved by a scientific
description of the complexity of the
ecosystem, a black hole or a cell
structure. They feel uplifted and
spiritually enriched by those insights.
That's what scientists do best and
should do more of, not engage in a
unseemly rush to make products or
projects.
Five years ago the existence of
micro—plankton in the oceans was
unknown. They can only be seen with
an electron microscope and today it is
believed that they are so numerous
they may produce much of the oxygen
in the air. Yet five years ago we didn't
even know they existed!
What we have learned about the
AIDS virus in a mere five years is
absolutely amazing. But compared to
how much we have yet to learn about
the immune system, we've barely
started.
As scientists, we should be a lot
more humble. We are too anxious to
apply every new insight we have,
though the vast majority of those
insights will probably be wrong.
Scientists are in the business of disproving our current hot ideas. Most
theories will either be modified or
replaced. The only way we know which
ones will be kept is to wait — to
give them time to be verified. If
scientists and even engineers spent
more time in describing nature, this
unseemly rush to apply the little that
we know would slow down.
UBCR: But how do we become
international players in science?
Dr. Suzuki: I'm writing a book
called Breakthrough: Canadian Science
at the Forefront. It's about 14 TJana—
dian world—class scientists, including
Harold Copp, Neil Bartlett and Gobind
Khorana from UBC. Their experience
shows that what matters are
individuals. You don't become a world-
class presence by erecting a first—class
building with all the latest equipment
and then filling it with mediocre
people. What you must do is bring
together brilliant people who then fight
like hell to get enough money to see
their ideas through.
What we should do is support a
first rate scientific community who then
will be part of an elite international
group. They become our eyes and ears
to the scientific community. They will
go to meetings and talk to colleagues,
and bring back ideas that may be
applied.
UBCR: Do you perceive other
dangers in closer links with government
and the private sector?
Dr. Suzuki: Yes, for the reasons
I've already mentioned concerning
tenure.    When private industry or the
military has large investments in
universities, then free discourse can no
longer be sustained. It happened at
McGill a couple of years ago.
We    have    not    had    an    adequate
questioning    of    the    role    of    private
enterprise on campus and the relation—^
ship   between   the   academics   involved*
and the University and the public.
UBCR:    Where should that dialoque
come from? Scientists?
Dr. Suzuki:    People in the humanities    are    the    single   most    important
group    at    universities    today.    That's1
because   while   science   is   a   powerful,
influence in our lives, scientists are too
deeply embedded in what they're doing
to  see   the  wider  picture.     Humanists
can   provide   perspective.   They   should
be  telling  scientbts,   "Listen,   you  guys
are     extremely    knowledgeable     within J
your little sphere. But the consequences j
of your  work  extend far beyond your"
laboratories.  You need a broader view
and  we   can  provide  it.   Yours  is  one
way  of knowing  but  not  the  only  or
even the best one."
The   university   is   demonstrating   a
profound failure by the very absence of'
any  questioning.   We're  all  lying  down g
and    letting    people    run    roughshod
through the university in their rush to
get  cash and appear  to be relevant.  I
can understand why scientists are going
after  the  money.  They're  only human.
What    I    don't    understand    is    why t
historians, who know better and have a
broader    perspective,    aren't    screaming*
about what is going on in the Faculty
of  Science   and   other  applied   faculties.
Historians   should   be   telling   us   that
we've     learned     a     massive     amount,
relative to what we knew in the past.
But compared with what we have yet
to learn, we've barely begun.
Where are the philosophers who can''
tell us that there is a terrible flaw in*
science — that scientists can only
look at nature in bits and pieces? A
fragmented view of nature can never
provide a complete program to manage
it. Philosophers know that and should
say so. ,,
The fact that those in the humanities are saying nothing is a terrible*
indictment of the university. This
should be a community in constant
ferment — disagreements, arguments,
radically different opinions — that's
what a diverse community of scholars
exploring the enormous range of*
thought and creativity should be doing. »
UBCR:        What    should    UBC    be
telling government and the public?
Dr. Suzuki: Silicon Valley is where
it is because Stanford and Berkeley are
there. You don't get it by building a
Discovery Park. You do it by building *
a university full of world class scholars (
and everything will flow from that. But
it takes time, and faith.
Our greatest natural resource is our
young  people.   If politicians   are  really
concerned about the future direction of
the   economy,   they   should  be   putting^
massive amounts of money into univer— ""
sities     for     our     best     people.     Oursj
universities    in    B.C.    have    been    so
starved for money that we've developed
a bunker mentality and we aren't able
to   devote   the   time   and   attention   to
our   scholars   that   we   should.       We
should be selling the idea that this is a-*
vital place  for  the  best  of our young
people. *
Ed. Note: Dr. Suzuki was recently
awarded the 1986 Royal Bank Award
and gold medal. This annual Award is
intended to recognize "a Canadian
citizen, or person domiciled in Canada,
whose outstanding achievement is of'
such importance that it is contributing 1
to human welfare and the common
good." Previous recipients of the
award include Dr. Wilder Penfield, His
Eminence Paul—Emile Cardinal Leger,
Dr. H. Northrop Frye and Hugh
MacLennan. II
CELEBRATE  THE   TEAM
r-
^Top UBC research group  awarded $4m MRC grant
A team of UBC medical researchers
has received a grant of more than $4
million from the Medical Research
Council of Canada to do basic research
into chemical messengers that help
control body functions.
The previous discoveries of this
group have already won world acclaim
and stimulated intense commercial
interest.
The MRC research grant will run
for a six—year period, and is the first
MRC grant to support a group of
researchers at UBC.
Principal investigator is Dr. John
Brown of the physiology department in
UBC's Faculty of Medicine. Other
members of the team are Drs. Alison
MJ. Buchan, K. Yin Nam Kwok,
Christopher H.S. Mcintosh, and
Raymond A. Pederson.
The team are the principal UBC
researchers in the field of regulatory
peptides. Regulatory peptides include
hormones, those often mysterious
chemicals produced in ductless
endocrine glands. Hormones are part of
the body's communication system. They
travel through the blood to effect
subtle or profound changes in different
parts of the body.
Insulin, essential in the control of
carbohydrate metabolism, is a type of
regulatory peptide. It is normally
released by the pancreas. Failure to
release insulin can lead to diabetes.
The team are working to discover
how the organs of the gastro—intestinal
system are regulated. They have
already established an international
track record since their inception in
1972.
In 1973, they made their first major
breakthrough with the discovery of two
YSIOLOGY
Tiff regulatory peptide research team. Left to right: Drs. John Brown,  Christopher
Mcintosh, Alison Buchan, K.  Yin Nam Kwok and Raymond Pederson.
■   *
>
"k
OUTREACH
UBC attracts athletes   from abroad
UBC's Community Sports Program,
one of the largest and most successful
summer sports programs for children
and adults offered in North America, is
attracting participants from around the
globe.
This summer, 3,500 participants from
as far away as Japan, Germany,
Czechoslovakia, England and Mexico,
took part in the program, which offers
training for both elite and recreational
athletes. Offered    as    a    non-profit
community service, the program features instruction by highly trained
professionals in more than 20 sports,
including hockey, basketball, gymnastics, golf, tennis, volleyball, soccer
and even fencing.
"Our goal is to create an
atmosphere where individuals don't
judge their self worth by their athletic
performance," says program director
Brent Berry. "Too often parents enrol
children in recreational sports programs
and expect them to perform like
miniature professional athletes. The
pressure on the children can be
tremendous, and they become anxious
and less likely to take the risks
neccessary to develop their skills.
"Our focus is on effort, personal
development, and enjoyment of a sport,
rather than on winning.     In this  type
of environment athletes can reach their
full potential."
Hockey and soccer make up the two
largest components of the Community
Sports Program, and students typically
participate in one or two weeks of
training ending with a special wrap—up
event. Every week the soccer program
youngsters take part in a Mini World
Cup, complete with national flags, uniforms and banners. Other popular
programs are the Sports Camps, where
participants learn several different
sports, and the Computer Sports Camp,
designed to help sports—minded
youngsters develop computer skills.
The program's success can be
attributed both to the range and quality of instruction offered, and the
unique philosophy behind the program.
Instructors are screened carefully
each summer to make sure they have
the "right stuff" to create such an
environment. "We look for coaches
who are willing to take the time and
effort to get to know the participants
as individuals and make them feel
special," says Berry. "This is the first,
and sometimes the only, link to the
university for some people, particularly
for families from out of town, and we
want to leave them with a good feeling
about UBC."
Berry and his staff members spend
many of their non—working hours promoting this positive feeling. For
instance, instructors greet out—of—town
participants at the airport, often housing them in their own homes and
showing them the local sights while
they are in Vancouver.
Despite the long hours and minimal
salary, the program is so popular with
instructors that physical education
teachers from universities and schools
throughout B.C. and from countries as
far away as Europe and Asia apply to
teach each summer.
"Good coaching is a very unique
talent," says Berry. "Most children are
introduced to sports through participation on teams coached by a parent or
some other volunteer. These people
mean well, but they tend to imitate
coaching styles they see on television in
professional sports, and because our
society is so success—oriented, the focus
is often on winning at any cost instead
of enjoying the game and developing
skills. Consequently, participation in
sports can be threatening for some
youngsters, because they associate then-
self worth with their athletic achievements."
Berry notes that less than 7 per
cent of children participating in an
organized sport at the age of 12 are
still involved five or six years later. "In
our programs we use sports to develop
self—esteem and sportsmanship. People
enrol their children in sports programs
to develop character, but the sport itself is neutral. Its the way it is taught
that develops character."
About 80 per cent of participants
enrolled in this year's programs are
"repeat customers". One 13—year—old
boy, back for his third year of hockey
camp, says he comes to the UBC program because "the instructors make
you feel good about yourself. They
believe in you and it motivates you to
do your best."
Berry is hoping to expand the
offerings of the Community Sports
Program to regions outside the Lower
Mainland. "We'd like to set up two-
week camps in areas such as Squamish,
Sechelt, Hudson Hope, and other communities throughout B.C. UBC is a
provincial resource, and we're interested
in serving as wide a community as
possible."
hormones in the duodenum, the short
section of the small intestine leading
from the stomach. They called the
hormones "GIP" and "Motilin".
They later discovered that Motilin
controls contraction of the muscular
walls of the intestine and that GIP has
two functions. It slows down secretion
of acid into the stomach, helping to
end digestion. And it is the hormone
used by the intestine to trigger pancreatic secretion of insulin. It is the
most potent releaser of insulin from the
pancreas known to medicine.
In recognition of the team's
achievements, Dr. Brown has received
the Jacob Biely UBC Faculty Research
Prize, Ernst Oppenheimer Award of the
U.S. Endocrine Society, MacLaughlin
Medal of the Royal Society of Canada,
and a gold medal from the Science
Council of B.C.
"We're recognized as an international centre of excellence in our
area, proven by the fact that we were
asked to host the sixth International
Symposium on Gastro—Intestinal
Hormones in Vancouver this summer,"
Dr. Brown said.
Dr. Brown explained the origins of
peptides. "Peptides can come from a
variety of sources," he said. "For
example, only a few years ago peptides
were discovered in the nerve fibres in
the gut.
"Naturally, this discovery led others
to look for them in the brain and
many of them have been found there.
More research revealed that the
regulatory peptides in the nerve fibres
of the brain have a profound influence
on communication between brain cells
and could well be involved in a variety
of brain diseases.
"All this is very new.
"What we want to do is find out
more about the way regulatory peptides
work in the gastro—intestinal system.
We need to know how the different
methods of regulation work, how they
interrelate with each other, and how
they behave in   health and in disease.
"In particular, we want to know
more about the cause of diabetes,
obesity, and reactions that occur
following intestinal surgery.
"To do this we will have to discover
the exact make—up of a variety of
peptides in the gut, and develop
specific monoclonal antibodies for use in
a number of different studies.
"Each member of the team is an
expert in specific areas of research. The
contribution of each is essential if we
are to succeed."
Commercial interest in the group's
work centres on a hormone called
somatostatin. Somatostatin inhibits the
release of growth hormone.
"The release of growth hormone can
be inhibited or stimulated. We've
created a monoclonal antibody that
blocks the action of somatostatin.
When inhibition is removed the release
of the hormone is stimulated and
you've got growth."
The group's monoclonal antibody has
been used in field trials with hogs
conducted by Salsbury Laboratories in
Charles City, Iowa. The result was a
major acceleration in the rate of weight
gain by the hogs.
"There is no doubt that the monoclonal antibody works but we still have
a lot of work to do before it becomes
commercially viable and even more
work before the technique can be used
to treat certain growth problems in
humans," Dr. Brown said.
UBCREPORTS September25,1986  3 A special report on the contemporary universil
A  unique,  broadly  based profile  of
the North American university student
is emerging from a mass of specialized
data collected by a UBC educational
psychologist.
Dr. David Whittaker, who collected
the data as a post—doctoral research
psychologist at the University of
California at Berkeley, says analyses
indicate some pitfalls to be avoided by
universities and areas of concern that
need to be monitored continuously.
"For one thing," he says, "a substantial proportion of any student body
is made up of people with a strong
practical bent. That's a warning to
universities that many students are
quite unable to profit by a curriculum
heavily weighted in the direction of the
speculative or theoretical."
Only about 20 per cent of the
students can handle the truly abstract
and are the stuff that graduate
students and future university teachers
are made of. Thus, Dr. Whittaker adds,
a well balanced curriculum is a
necessity.
Another area of concern for universities should be the 7 per cent of
students who have significant problems
of a personal or academic nature and
who need counselling.
An analysis of data on university
seniors indicates that about 5 per cent
are not involved in social or cultural
activities, sports, or even studying.
- "These students are poorly adjusted
and have a low self—concept. They're
unhappy, shy and a bundle of anxieties.
"They will be very ineffective
individuals until they overcome then-
personal problems. They would have
profited by early identification and
referral to counselling."
Dr. Whittaker emphasises that the
socializing influence of the university is
one of its central functions.
"It's important that the university
provide the facilities that meet those
social needs, particularly in the case of
UBC as well as SFU and UVic, which
are geographically isolated from other
centres  of urban life.  At  present,  none
of these campuses can develop a truly
intellectually exciting, 'left-bank' subculture as is associated with some of
the world's leading universities."
Nevertheless, Dr. Whittaker rates
UBC highly in terms of avoiding many
pitfalls and providing facilities and
services that meet student needs. "We
have   a   broadly  based   curriculum   that
provides a wide range of intellectual
and practical challenges, excellent
counselling and medical services far
those student who take advantage of
them and an impressive range of clubs
as well as athletic and cultural activities that encourage social interaction.
"The   facilities   provided   on   campus
are   not   luxuries,"   he   says.   "They   a#e
necessities   in   terms   of   the   traditioiwd
view     that     universities     develop     all
aspects of an individual mind, body
and spirit."
What happens to students during
their undergraduate years at a university? Here are some of the majjpr
trends that emerge from Dr.
Whittaker's analyses. *■
* During four years as an under—j
graduate, a student will become a more)
complex and theoretical thinker, and
more independent in attitude towards
authority figures.
Student patients are uncomplaining
Today's UBC student smokes less
tobacco and marijuana than students in
the 60s, is more fit and more conscious
of nutrition, may have fewer sexual
partners and is more interested in
relationships, but is more likely to
suffer from depression and has returned
to alcohol.
That description of a statistical
rather than a real student should be
highly qualified, says Dr. Robin K.L.
Percival—Smith, director of UBC's
Student Health Service.
He describes student patients as
very    pleasant,    considerate,    educable,
Nose to the grindstone
All work and no play makes university life a dull affair. It compromises
both students and the University.
The president of the Alma Mater
Society says increased emphasis on
academic performance at UBC is having
a major impact on students now and
could have significant negative effects
on the University in the future.
Mr. Simon Seshadri said students
who spend most of their time chasing
marks are limiting their education and
are not participating in the life of the
University community. As future
alumni, they may be less enthusiastic
about supporting the University because
of their narrow experience here.
"In—coming freshmen students had a
struggle just to get into UBC," said
Mr. Seshadri. "They had to write the
provincial exams and took them very
seriously. They couldn't take for
granted that they would get in.
"Now they are in first year Arts or
Science. But the emphasis among
students now is on professional schools
because they're told that's where the
jobs will be when they graduate. If
they want to get into first year
Commerce say, they have to compete
against 1700 students for 350 places.
"So it's nose to the grindstone
throughout first year, and they say
they have no time for anything else
but study.
"But once they're in Commerce they
know they'll have to compete against
their classmates for the better jobs.
Again, it's study, study, study.
"The results are students with
better marks but who are also much
less rounded.
"Eighteen months after exams they
can only remember the fundamentals of
what they were taught in any course
because they emphasize rote memorization rather than thinking. It's literally
information in and out."
He said students are depriving
themselves of the essence of a univer
sity education, and are handicapping
themselves in the job market.
Employers, he said, want graduates
who have good marks but who have
participated in other activities as well.
By becoming more focused, students
are also becoming more narrow.
He is concerned about the future
attitude to UBC of students who are
now devoting so much of their time to
marks. Alumni who are the most
generous contributors to universities are
those who enriched their time on
campus by joining a club, fraternity or
participated in sports, he said.
"University is often regarded by
graduates as the best years of their
lives. But that is only true for those
who do something else besides get up
in the morning, go to class and return
home to study."
More academic competition among
students will mean greater stress and a
need for more student services, Mr.
Seshadri said. Personal counselling will
increase in importance, especially for
students who come from smaller
communities in the Interior.
Last spring AMS representatives
visited 85 B.C. high schools. Mr.
Seshadri visited 49 of the total. A
major concern of rural students was
the impact of attending a university as
large as UBC.
"UBC is a self—contained city, larger
in population than most B.C.
communities. Many Interior students
are terrified of coming here. That was
the over—riding message we received."
He cites the experience of one of his
friends as an example. Mr. Seshadri left
Williams Lake for Vancouver to complete his last three years of high
school. A friend from Williams Lake
completed high school in that
community then registered in first year
at UBC.
"He was back home within a week.
He was a good student. For whatever
non—academic reasons, he couldn't
handle it."
straightforward,   gracious   and   uncomplaining.
"Perhaps they should complain
more," Dr. Percival—Smith said. "They
seem more passive than their predecessors in the 60s, though it may be
that it is we, the older generation, who
have changed.
"Their relationship with then-
parents seems much healthier than the
60s generation of students. The 60s
parents were more dependent on their
children, more concerned that then-
children do what they wanted them to
do. Today's parents seem more inclined
to discuss their children's goals with
them."
Psychology
"The greatest single increase in the
past five years is the number of
students we are diagnosing as
depressed. It's doubled. But it isn't
rampant. The increase is from five
cases per thousand students to nine.
UBC's Student Health Service sees
approximately 40 per cent of all UBC
students each year. Students make
appointments for an annual examination
or for individual health problems.
"They are very considerate of our
time. They don't come in with one
minor problem but save them up until
they have a list."
A health profile of today's student
from Dr. Percival-Smith:
"We're not sure if it's because we
are diagnosing depression more
accurately or whether the increase is
real. It's probably real, since the
incidence of sleeping problems often
associated with depression has increased
at the same rate. Also, the incidence of
anxiety — the hyper feeling that
you're always about to have an examination or give a musical performance
— has remained the same.
"We tend to treat depression
aggressively with anti-depressants
followed by psycho—therapy. Depression
is extremely important because it can
reduce the academic performance of a
brilliant student.
"Depression occurs when people are
doing what they don't want to do.
This is speculation, but the increase in
depression may be because the students
don't want to be here and it may have
to do with financial problems. A
student may not have been able to
earn as much as they wanted during
the summer and the burden of
additional loans depresses them. Or the
student may be here because they lost
a job that they would prefer to be at.
Sexually Transmitted Infections
"The incidence of all sexually transmitted diseases amongst students is
about the same as one would see in
general practice off the campus, if not
a bit lower.
"Syphilis and gonorrhea are almost
unheard of but chlamydia is now t£e
most important infection on campus in
terms of its potential effect. It's caused
by a bacteria that grows within cells,
which is a bit unusual. Viruses usually!
grow within cells and most bacteria
grow outside of them. The disease Is
probably one of the major causes of
silent fallopian tube damage that cth
result in infertility later in life. ^
"Seven per cent of women who
attend the clinic have chlamydia. Men
and women can have chlamydia without knowing it. It is picked up during
the student's annual physical examination.
"Young men and women are more
monogamous now than we think t&py
are. They may practice serial
monogamy — a series of partners with
whom they have monogamous]
relationships. Students today want al
partner, a relationship. Syphilis and
gonorrhea are more likely to be.
features of multiple sexual partne
Multiple partners are not common
campus, particularly among women. ^
Eating Disorders
"We see fewer obese students now.
If anything the problem is the reverse.
We do have a few anorexia nervosa;
patients who see themselves as fat
when in fact they are extremely thjra.
These patients use a variety of
methods to try to become thinner,
including starving themselves or inducing vomiting after eating. The condition
can be life—threatening.
Drugs
"Smoking is much less prevalent but
we are back to alcohol abuse. we,
have been asked by Student Housingftto
run information programs in residences
on what a poisonous level of alcohol is.
"Alcohol doesn't interfere with,
memory as much as marijuana. We
don't see the heavy marijuana use wej
used to. Students who use marijuana
high school probably don't get
university because they never make*
academically. I think marijuana is aj
destructive drug in the potentially]
bright student.
"The number of bulemic cases has
increased. In this disease the person
can genuinely be overweight and tfiey'
want to lose weight to meet •> a
socially—accepted image of what they
should be. They indulge in binge eating
and then induce vomiting. The condition is more common among women.
Lifestyle ^
"Our students now exercise more
and are very conscious of nutrition and
diet. They place a high value
personal health, both physical
psychological. The majority of
students are healthy and happy."
4   UBCREPORTS September25,1986 y. student
_m. *  Some  20 per  cent,  however,  will
Become     less     intellectually     inclined,
Which  may   not   necessarily  be   a  bad
thing,  Dr.   Whittaker is  quick  to point
out.   "It's   entirely   possible   that   some
freshmen enter the university on Cloud
i   9  with   an  entirely   unrealistic   view   of
themselves and the world. A shift in a
. practical   direction   would   make   them
{Better equipped to cope with life."
^^   *  Most     students will become  more
i   outspoken   and   self—confident   and   will
leave the university with a clearer idea
of who  they  are   and what   they  want
and,     equally     important,     what     they
don't want to do in life.
* On the whole, students tend to
i Secome less narrowly focused, showing
i an increasing interest in broader topics
I and  acquiring   a  larger,   more   complex
world view.
|        "And     that's     precisely     what     a
j  university   education   should   do,"    Dr.
Whittaker comments.
I""
Analysis of data on seniors reveals
that most fit into one of six well-
defined student sub—cultures that range
from the studious type —about 15 per
cent — to those whose university life
really   centres   on   sports   and   physical
attainments • again   about    15    per
cent.
In many ways, the group of seniors
who exhibit the best 'personal adjustment' from a psychological point of
view are those whose lives centre on
physical fitness, formal athletics,
informal sports or even spectator
interest.
"I find members of this group are
interesting to teach," Dr. Whittaker
comments. "In the classroom they'll
challenge what you say and at times I
enjoy playing the devil's advocate just
to get their reaction. A lot of learning
takes place because this group generates discussion and the determinedly
passive student hears a wider exchange
of ideas."
The largest single group of seniors is
made up of individuals who are
basically interested in self-fulfilment
and altruism. They have cultural
interests, are autonomous, attracted to
complexity and show various individual
degrees of creative potential.
Among the smaller groups of seniors
 5  per  cent  of the  total is  an
impressively intellectual elite who are
fond of and seek out novel situations,
are the most independent in their
thinking and are primarily interested in
social change.
"This group has the lowest anxiety
level of any group," Dr. Whittaker
says, "and have fewer personal
problems, apparently."
"The various classic types of
students are easily recognizable at UBC
and elsewhere," Dr. Whittaker says.
"Inte»-campus comparisons indicate
there are more similarities than differences between universities in terms of
student populations."
^"ew Charter may have impact on rights
* Lynn Smith, an associate professor
in UBC's Faculty of Law, says the new
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms could have a significant impact
on student rights at universities and
colleges, if the Charter is held to apply
jp the context of higher education.
Speaking this summer at- a UBC
meeting of Canadian university and
college administrators of student aid,
admissions, counselling and other
student services, Prof. Smith said that
ijlecisions made by courts in the U.S.
indicate that "students don't leave
their     constitutional     rights     at     the
choolhouse door."
"Several cases in the U.S. have
involved student groups who were
denied recognition as official campus
organizations," says Prof. Smith. "The
U.S. Supreme Court has tended to rule
in their favor, citing the students' right
to freedom of assembly and association.
"In another U.S. Supreme Court
case, a male student brought action
against the Mississippi School of
Nursing after being denied admission to
the all—female institution. The judge
agreed that the student's equality
rights had been violated and he was
admitted to the school."
Itudents better qualified
Brighter. Better prepared academically. But likely to graduate with
larger debts.
That thumbnail sketch summarizes
students entering first year at UBC
compared with their predecessors in
recent years.
Mr.   Byron   Hender,   director  of  the
■ Awards and  Financial  Aid  Office,  said
the quality of students graduating from
:.C. high  schools  varies from year  to
ar.
-> "But judging from the scholarship
applications we have received this year,
I think the students are better qualified
academically than students in many
previous years," he said.
4-   "Their    grades    indicate    they    are
i   brighter   and   better   prepared   to   deal
*ith what they'll face here.
"We have received more applications
this   year   from   well   qualified   students
from the interior of the province. They
are   as   well   prepared   academically   as
those from Vancouver and Victoria."
jb" ^Students  in  all  years  are  also  in  a
■fetter  financial   position   this  year,   he
^^Hid.
I        "They   seem   to   have   been   able   to
j    earn      more      money.      We      received
applications'  for    about    2,200    Canada
Student Loans before the July 1 dead—
fne this year, about  200 less than last
ear.
~ "If my impression is accurate, more
student were able to work this summer.
They may not have earned much, but
they had an opportunity to work,
which many didn't last year. They
should be better off financially as a
ilsult."
t But he said there will be a continuing   demand   for   financial   assistance.
)ebts owed by graduating students
Lave increased since the provincial
government     replaced     bursaries     with
sans   three   years   ago.   Students   who
graduated in  1985  owed an average  of
about $10,000.
"We're very concerned about the
increasing debt load. Students who
graduated last year carried a maximum
of two years of provincial government
loans. Students entering first year this
year have a potential for at least four
years of debt before they graduate. We
suspect that the total amount of debt
will eventually rise and level off at
between $14,000 and $17,000."
He said the provincial government
may discover that substituting loans for
bursaries as part of its restraint program was a financial mistake. It has
resulted in an "alarming" increase in
the number defaults among holders of
provincial loans, primarily because they
don't have jobs to pay the loans off.
"Ten years ago, when the economy
was better, the default rate was five or
six per cent. Although the current
default figure is not public, my guess is
that it is about 20 per cent."
Mr. Hender said the government has
successfully addressed another economic
problem facing some B.C. students. In
recent years there has been an exodus
of top B.C. students to universities in
other provinces. This was because top
students from outside of Vancouver and
Victoria faced comparable costs whether
they attended a university in B.C. or
in another province.
Early this summer the provincial
government announced new scholarships
to assist interior students and to cover
travel and living costs associated with
attending a B.C. university.
"The scholarships should mean that
more of our top students will come to
UBC rather than Queen's, McGill or
Toronto," he said. "It's healthy for
some students to study out of province
but it's unhealthy when our best
students vote with their feet and
leave."
She adds that there are several
rights in the Canadian Charter that
could affect students' academic and
social activities on campus, such as the
rights to freedom of expression,
thought, opinion, assembly and religion,
as well as the equality rights."
Prof. Smith notes that decisions on
student rights made in the U.S. may or
may not influence Canadian courts.
"Whether these rights do have an
impact depends largely on what the
courts say about the application of the
Charter to institutions such as universities, which are not directly governmental. There has been one decision
of the B.C. Supreme Court that the
Charter does not apply in the context
of the university's mandatory retirement policy, but it is possible that
higher courts will reach the opposite
conclusion, or that the decision would
be otherwise in a different context,
such as freedom of expression.
"The ultimate decision will be made
by the Supreme Court of Canada,
probably not for several years."
Prof. Smith says the statement of
equality rights in Section 15 raises
some interesting issues with respect to
the potential application of the Charter.
"If all individuals are protected against
discrimination based on sex, age, race,
color, religion and physical and mental
disability, then what is a university's
obligation to provide resources for
students with various disabilities? Or
to reschedule examinations that take
place on Saturday, the Sabbath for
some    religions? Or    to    refuse    to
administer scholarships and bursaries
awarded to a particular age group, sex
or nationality?"
Other Charter rights may affect
students as well. "For example, protection against unreasonable search and
seizure may apply to dormitory
searches for alchohol or drugs by
campus security," says Prof. Smith. "Or
a student's right to enhanced privacy
of his or her academic records could be
asserted through the 'life, liberty and
security of the person' guarantee found
in Section 7 of the Charter."
In any event, Prof. Smith believes
the Charter should be seen in a positive light by universities and colleges.
"The Charter sets out fundamental
values that we as Canadians have
identified as important to our society.
Presumably we are already living up to
these values. If not, our institutions
have an obligation to initiate reforms."
Shad Valley
program brings
best to UBC
Entrepreneurs of the future? You'll
find them among students of the Shad
Valley summer program for gifted
Canadian high school students. That's
the view of David Vogt, director of the
UBC's first Shad Valley experience.
This summer, 50 carefully chosen
grade 11 and 12 students from all
parts of Canada visited UBC from June
22 to July 19 to participate in the
program.
Sponsored by Canadian companies,
Shad Valley also provides the students
with a six—week, paid work term in a
high—tech environment.
This has paid off. Even though Shad
Valley was started only five years ago
by the Canadian Centre for Creative
Technology in Waterloo, Ont., three of
today's sponsoring companies were
begun and are headed by former
"shadlings," as those who are chosen
for the program like to call themselves.
The program runs at five Canadian
universities — New Brunswick,
Waterloo, Calgary, Manitoba and B.C.
The 250 students chosen annually
for the program are high academic
achievers who have indicated their
creative approach to problems, and
demonstrated initiative and drive.
In the mornings, three—hour
seminars gave students intensive,
hands—on exposure to significant
research and new technologies on such
topics as computing took, biotechnology, robotics, marketing, genetic
engineering and astronomical imaging.
Students attended lectures and
computer sessions in the afternoon.
Twice a week special guests, including
UBC's president, Dr. David Strangway,
gave evening talks to share their
experiences, successes and ideas with
the students.
In addition, students participated in
one of nine special projects. These
included: making a short promotional
videotape aimed at potential Shad
Valley sponsors; organization of a
drama, music and comedy night;
development of a portable speech
synthesizer for use at Sunnyhill
Hospital for disabled children; and setting up an electronic mailing and conferencing system that will enable the
UBC shadlings to keep in touch with
one another in future.
The most popular special project,
construction of a working, scale—model
hovercraft, attracted 16 of the Shad
Valley students, who were divided into
three groups to compete against each
other.
"One of the models worked beautifully and another was a complete failure," Mr. Vogt said. "But the failure
was an educational experience in itself,
because the students went out on an
engineering limb that was sawed off
behind them."
Readers might care to make a note
of the name Douglas Dale—Johnson of
Delta, B.C. In a stock exchange simulation game devised by one project
group, Dale—Johnson parlayed a
$10,000 stake into a $44,000 profit in
less than a month!
Was UBC's first venture into the
Shad Valley experience a success? "All
the students were told that this was a
once—only experience," Mr. Vogt said,
"but more than 20 of them came to
me before the end of the program and
begged to be involved next year. And
the amount of electronic mail I get
every day," he said, glancing at the
computer display terminal in his office,
"certainly indicates that it was a
memorable experience."
UBCREPORTS September 25, 1986  5 PEOPLE
Prizewinner hopes to set up Asian Centre fund
Dr. Shotaro Eda of the Department
of Religious Studies says he will give
$20,000 of a prise awarded to him by
the Japan Foundation to establish a
general activities fund associated with
the campus Asian Centre.
Dr. Dda will be in Japan on Oct. 1
to receive the special prise of three
million yen (about $28,000 Canadian)
for his role in establishing the Asian
Centre and other activities associated
with Asian studies at UBC.
It was Dr. Dda who suggested to
the Sanyo Corporation that it donate
to UBC the steel girders that support
the unique, pyramidal roof of the
building following Expo 70 in Osaka,
Japan.
He has also played a key role in the
acquisition of the tea house and a
number of stone lanterns in the Nitobe
Garden as well as the bell tower in
front of the Asian Centre.
Dr. Eda says his initial donation to
the Asian Centre Activities Funds is
seed money to encourage other donations. He sees the funds as being
available to entertain prominent Asian
visitors, among other things.
SENATE
Dr.     Thelma     S.     Cook,     of     the
Department of Social and Educational
Studies in the Faculty of Education,
has been elected chairman of the B.C.
Health Association.
Library crisis averted
UBC's administration has averted
what could have been "a serious crisis"
in book and serial buying by increasing
the Library's acquisitions budget by
$562,000, UBC's Senate was told at its
September meeting.
Dr. Jon Wisenthal, who chairs the
Senate Library Committee, reported
that plans for extensive cancellation of
serials   in   1987—88   could   now   be   set
aside as  the result  of the budget  increase.
The sources of the increase were the
provincial Fund for Excellence in
Education ($339,000) and savings in
salaries within the Library system
($223,000), which had been reallocated
for acquisitions.
Despite the increase for the 1986-87
fiscal year, Dr. Wisenthal said, it had
been necessary for the Library to
cancel subscriptions to about 900 serial
tjtles, which had resulted in savings of
$163,000.
Part of the money saved was to be
designated for the purchase of new
serials. The Library Committee was
proposing that $50,000 be available for
the purchase of new serials in future,
he said.
The Senate also discussed the outline for several UBC initiatives aimed
at improving liaison with secondary
schools and community colleges in B.C.
President Strangway said that UBC
was planning to invite the heads of
B.C. community colleges to the campus
sometime in November to "review
issues of common concern."
He also announced that terms of
reference had been drawn up for a
President's Task Force on Liaison,
Recruiting and Admissions and that
academic vice—president Prof. Daniel
Birch was in the process of forming the
group. Recommendations that affect
Senate would be brought forward for
debate, he said.
Prof. Birch told Senate that the
University was also in the process of
forming an Office of School and College
Liaison "to ensure we have a more
coordinated approach and an appropriate policy framework for the participation of students, faculty, alumni and
staff in liaison with colleges and
schools."
6   UBCREPORTS September25,1986
He said UBC graduate Mary Stott
had been named coordinator of the
office and had prepared a report
recommending a structure and a set of
procedures for carrying out the mandate of the office. A report on "a
coherent program for school and college
liaison" would be available soon, Prof.
Birch said.
Prof. John Dennison, who chairs a
Senate committee on liaison with other
post—secondary institutions, outlined for
Senate matters of concern that had
been raised by B.C. community colleges
in response to an invitation from the
committee.
He said most of the concerns
centred on two areas, admissions and
credit transfer.
In a written report before Senate,
seven college concerns were outlined.
These included: block transfer of credit,
rather than course— by—course credit;
the amount of information required in
negotiating courses for transfer credit;
limitation of part—time study opportunities at UBC; and the problem of
admission to UBC of foreign students
who have earned credit in colleges.
The committee, Prof. Dennison said,
had either requested additional information from the colleges or referred the
concerns to appropriate UBC deans or
task forces.
President Strangway also told the
Senate he had asked academic vice-
president Prof. Daniel Birch to form a
small committee to recommend terms of
reference and style of appointment for
the post of senior fellow at UBC.
Dr. Strangway's move came as a
result of the controversy that arose
during the summer following the
appointment as a senior fellow by the
UBC Board of Governors of Dr.
Nprman Spector, who at the time was
deputy minister to B.C.'s former
premier, Bill Bennett.
Dr. Spector subsequently informed
UBC that he would be unable to take
up the post in 1986 because of his
appointment to a federal deputy
minister's post. President Strangway
said the invitation to Dr. Spector has
not been withdrawn and there is a
possibility that he will take up the
post in September, 1987.
The association, which incHtdes in its
membership 160 institutions and more
than 2,000 hospital trustees, provides
representation, liaison and- negotiations
on behalf of its members with governments, allied associations and other
groups.
UBC's Vice—President for Research,
Dr. Peter A. Larkin, has received the
outstanding achievement award for an
individual from the American Institute
of Fishery Research Biologists.
Dr. Larkin has published more than
130 research papers, mostly on resource
management, science policy and
mathematical modelling of the dynamics
of fish populations.
Four members of UBC's Chemistry
Department have been named the
recipients of major teaching and
research awards administered by the
Chemical Institute of Canada.
The winners and their awards are:
Prof. Ross Stewart, a 31—year
member of the department, winner of
the Syntex Award in Physical Organic
Chemistry, which carries with it an
honorarium of $1,000;
Prof. Michael Gerry, winner of the
Union Carbide Award for Chemical
Education and an honorarium of $750;
Dr. Ray Andersen, who holds a
joint appointment in Chemistry and
Oceanography, winner of the Merck
Sharpe and Dohme Lecture Award for
1987 and a $2,000 honorarium; and
Dr. Michael Blades, the first winner
of the Chemical Society of Canada's
McBryde Medal, which honors a Canadian scientist under 40 who has made
a notable contribution to the field of
analytical chemistry.
Each of the winners will give a
lecture at the 70th Canadian Chemical
Conference in Quebec City in June,
1987.
Dr. Juhn Wada of UBC's neurological sciences division, Faculty of
Medicine, has received an honorary
degree from his Alma Mater, Hokkaido
University in Japan.
Dr. Wada has an international
reputation for research into epilepsy,
the neurological disorder that affects
close to 50,000 British Columbians,
most of them children and adolescents.
It is second only to strokes as the
most common neurological disease in
Canada.
About 20 per cent of epileptics
cannot be successfully treated with
drugs. Some of them are candidates for
surgical removal of those areas of the
brain where their seizures occur. But
surgery must be done in such a way
that it does not impair functions
controlled by the brain.
While still in Japan, Dr. Wada
developed a test to determine exactly
where a patient's speech centre is
located in the brain. The test involved
injecting a fast-acting barbituate,
sodium amytal, into arteries leading
into each of the two brain hemispheres.
By testing the patient's memory and
ability to speak immediately after
injection, scientists can both determine
in which hemisphere speech is located,
and also evaluate memory function. .
UBC chemists (left to right) Ray
Andersen, Michael Gerry and Ross
Stewart are the recipients of major
awards for teaching and research.
Victoria funds new aid programs
Four new awards programs for
college and university students, involving allocations totalling $1,250,000 from
the provincial Fund for Excellence in
Education, were announced during the
summer by the Hon. Russ Fraser,
B.C.'s post—secondary education
minister.
* The largest single allocation of $1
million provides for Grade 12 Scholarship Supplement Awards.
An estimated 500 grade 12 students
who won $1,000 provincial scholarships
and who must relocate more than 50
kilometres to attend a B.C. post-
secondary institution on a full—time
basis will get a one—time award of
$1,500. An estimated 250 students who
graduated from grade 12 in June and
who ranked just below the scholarship
level in provincial exams will get a
one—time $500 grant if they have to
relocate.
* The College Transfer Scholarship
Program of $75,000 will provide a $500
one—time award to B.C. college
students who have completed a
minimum of one—year's full—time study
in the university transfer or technology
program and who have transferred to
another post—secondary institution in
the province.
* The student societies of the
universities, colleges and institutes have
been asked to make submissions to the
ministry for shares of a $100,000 special      *-
fund   that   will   aid   students   suffering
financial hardship.  The government will
match   the   funds   raised   by   student
societies on a 1—to—1 basis.
An   official    in    the   post—secondary
ministry  said  he  expected   UBC  would       *
receive    $25,000    or   more    under    this       #
scheme. The funds, he added, would be
administered    by     the     UBC     Awards
Office.
*   Fifteen   of   B.C.'s   top   grade   12
students who combined scholastic ability   and   community   service   will   each    _,
receive     $5,000     Premier's     Excellence
Awards   if   they   enrol   full—time   in   a      >4
B.C. post-secondary institution. A total       *
of  $75,000  has  been  allocated  for  this
fund  so   that   one   award  can  be made
in     each     of    the    province's     college
districts.
UBC   will   also   receive   more   than      ~¥
$1.5     million    for    graduate     student       m
assistantships       under       a      revamped
provincial  JobTrac  program  that   consolidates a number of existing aid programs   and   adds   some   new   ones.   The
Universities     Council     of    B.C.     made
recommendations   to   the   ministry   on       (
the split of the $2.4 million fund.
UBC's    allocation    for    work—study      *
programs   has   also   been   substantially
increased   to   more   than   $800,000.   A        I
total  of  $96,000  has  been  allocated  to |
UBC   for   job  placements   through  the j
Cooperative Education Program. Psychiatrist heads mental health task force
UBC psychiatrist Dr. Morton Beiser will head a
12—member task force to study mental health
problems encountered by some immigrants and
refugees.
The two-year, $200,000 study, initiated and
financed by the federal departments of Multiculturalism and Health and Welfare, will be administered by the Canadian Mental Health Association.
Multi—culturalism Minister Otto Jelinek said the
stress to some immigrants and refugees of adapting to
a new homeland with its cultural and linguistic
differences is a monumental task that sometimes leads
to mental health problems.
"This largely hidden problem needs to be examined
and the issues dealt with so that new immigrants to
Canada can reach their potential," Mr. Jelinek said.
Dr. Beiser, who has a track record in multicultural psychiatry and the problems of new
immigrants, said the task force held its first meeting
in Toronto in May and will meet again in Vancouver
in September.
"Our first step will be to review research that has
been done on the subject," Dr. Beiser said.
"Then we will invite written submissions from
health services and immigrant and refugee groups who
will also attend a series of national hearings.
"From this we will determine what needs exist and
what services there are to meet them.
"We will also study the training of people who
provide the services.
"The final result will be a report and
recommendations for future government policies."
The task force is being helped in its work by
research assistant Dr. Merry Wood who took her
PhD from UBC in anthropology and sociology with a
specialty in health services.
Health and Welfare Canada in 1984 named Dr.
Beiser a national health research scientist, its most
prestigious award, with a prize of $122,000 over two
years.
»
t
4
TERRY FOX
Continued from Page One
UBC President Dr. David Strangway
said, "UBC's strength in biotechnology,
the presence on campus of the
TRIUMF nuclear research facility and a
collaborative research relationship with
the teaching hospitals affiliated with
the University make UBC a desirable
location for the centre."
"Further recognition of our abilities
came recently from the provincial
government. Under    its    centre    of
excellence program, the government will
provide $5 million over the next three
years for research into biotechnology at
UBC."
A second structure, the
Bioprocessing Centre, will be constructed in the UBC Discovery Park on
the south campus. It will be a cell
culture "fermentation" plant that will
use modern biotechnological methods to
produce cell products for further study
in the Biomedical Research Centre.
The two structures will cost $16
million each to build and equip. An
additional $8 million will be used to
further equip and operate the Bioprocessing Centre.
Both structures will be owned by
the Fox Foundation. The Fox and
Wellcome Foundations will jointly
operate the Biomedical Research
Centre.
Revenues from the sale of biomedical
products will be re—invested in further
research. This will eliminate the need
to seek ongoing funding from governments and other granting agencies.
The products will be marketed
through Pacific Pharmaceuticals, a
wholly—owned subsidiary of the Fox
Foundation. An agreement already
exists between Pacific Pharmaceuticals
and the Wellcome Foundation to
produce and sell Wellferon, the trade
name for alfa interferon.
As part of the centre's agreement
with UBC, the University's considerable
scientific community interested in
biotechnology will have access to all
equipment     and    laboratories. UBC
faculty will also be involved in cooperative      research      programs      with
Centre staff.
The centre, with about 50 scientists
and technologists, will be directed by
Dr. John Schrader, formerly head of
the immunoregulation laboratory at the
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of
Medical Research in Melborne,
Australia.
Three other major projects with a
total value of more than $11.3 million
are also under construction on the
campus.
* A family housing development that
will cost a total of $10,222,900 is being
built on a six—acre site in Acadia
Camp. UBC has arranged to borrow
funds to build the 164 townhouse units
that make up the development and will
repay the loan out of future housing
revenues.
Gauvin Construction has been
awarded a $8,079,873 contract to build
the development, which is scheduled for
completion in June, 1987.
* Construction has begun on a 12—
bedroom addition to the Faculty Club
that will cost a total of $758,000. Club
mejnbers have authorized the board of
directors to borrow the funds, which
will be repaid out of rents charged to
users. Pax Construction has been
awarded a contract valued at almost
$600,000 to build the addition, to be
completed in January, 1987.
* Currently in the design stage is a
new facility for the storage of
dangerous chemicals and the cleaning
and storage of solvent containers. A
total of $753,000 has been allocated for
the project, scheduled for completion in
March, 1987. Funds for the project will
come from the provincially funded
Public Works and Renovations budget.
FORESTERS
Continued from Page One
Congress. IUFRO was established more
than 100 years ago and is the oldest
union of scientific research organizations
in the world. Scientists from 25
countries were nominated for this year's
award.
Prof. Kimmins received the award in
recognition of his outstanding work on
computer modelling of forest management practises. The UBC forester has
developed an ecological computer model
that is being used in forestry education
and research in many parts of Canada
and in 12 other countries around the
world.
Called FORCYTE (FORest nutrient
Cycling and Yield Trend Evaluator),
the model can be used to identify
managment   systems   that   are   likely   to
result in optimum growth of forests,
taking into account a variety of factors,
such as growing conditions, availability
of water, wildfires, thinning, damage by
insects, fertilization and slash burning.
Prof. Kimmins, who joined UBC's
Faculty of Forestry in 1969, is also
developing a major research project at
UBC on problems associated with vegetation management, an area of
increasing concern to Canadian forest
managers.
Prof. Dooling was honored by Parks
Canada for his involvement in the
organization of Heritage for Tomorrow,
the Canadian Assembly on National
Parks and Protected Areas, held in
Banff last year to celebrate the
National Parks centennial.
The assembly developed from a 1984
symposium organized by Prof. Dooling
which focused on the future of national
parks and protected areas. This symposium also led to the creation of
provincial committees to review the
future of protected lands in each
province. Prof. Dooling chaired the
B.C. Caucus.
A UBC faculty member since 1968,
Prof. Dooling has conducted numerous
studies on landscape preservation and
park and recreational resources in B.C.
APPEAL
Continued from Page One
discrimination must be shown to be
unreasonable, unjustified or unfair.
"We live in a society that puts
much importance on the age of 65,"
Justice Taylor said. "This is the age at
which Canada Pension Plan and old-
age pension benefits become available,
income tax and property tax reductions
are granted, various 'senior citizen'
concessions...become available.
"The complainants in these proceedings...start at 65 to draw
pensions....This is also the age at which
their term of employment comes to an
end and their jobs normally become
available to others, thereby...creating
employment opportunities for those
previously unemployed."
UBC, Justice Taylor continued, has
recently been experiencing difficult
times as the result of annual funding
cuts, resulting in a salary freeze and
dismissal of some employees and
professors.
"In  times   such  as   these  mandatory
retirement reduces the need for layoffs
of less senior personnel as well as
making it possible to provide employment opportunities which would not
otherwise exist."
Justice Taylor said he had concluded
that the distinction based on age had
not been shown to be unreasonable or
'unfair' within the meaning of Section
15 of the federal Charter.
"I have reached this conclusion
because the retirement scheme has
always been well—understood as a term
of the contracts of these complainants,
because it is combined with reasonable
pension arrangements under a plan to
which employee and employer contribute, because it is effective at an age
when other extensive benefits become
available, because it serves reasonable
employment objectives of the employer,
and...because its abolition must
ultimately have a potentially more
severe impact on other people less
fortunately situated and whose interests
must be balanced with those of the
complainants in assessing        the
'reasonableness' of the scheme."
The plaintiffs also argued that the
provincial Human Rights Act was in
conflict with the federal charter. They
sought to have declared invalid a
clause in the provincial act prohibiting
employment discrimination in the 45—
65 age bracket.
This clause, by inference, authorized
age discrimination before 45 and after
65, it was argued. Elimination of the
clause would prohibit discrimination in
employment on the grounds of age
generally.
Justice Taylor rejected this argument on the grounds that the B.C.
Human Rights Act does not directly
deal with mandatory early retirement.
If it were accepted by inference that it
did, prohibition of mandatory retirement would mean that the courts
would be initiating major social and
economic property, something it ought
not to do.
The judgment also said that the
federal charter provides for "affirmative
action" that might be regarded as discrimination. Protection of those in the
45—65 bracket, Justice Taylor maintained, is affirmative action because it
protects those whose employment is in
jeopardy but who have not yet reached
the age where pensions become payable.
UBC Calendar
-•*•
*
THE VANCOUVER INSTITUTE
Saturday, Sept.
27
Life Under Communism:
Soviet Union and China.
Prof. Eugene Kamenka,
History of Ideas, Australian
National University, and
Prof. Alice Erh-Soon Tay,
Jurisprudence, University
of Sydney.
Saturday, Oct. 4
Enlightenment in the Mass
Media Age. Lister Sinclair,
Canadian broadcaster,
writer and critic.
Lecture Hall 2, Woodward Instructional Resources
Centre. Free. 8:15 p.m.
MONDAY, SEPT. 29
Medical Lecture.
The Biomedical and Molecular Genetic Heterogeneity of
ALL. Dr. Erwin Gelfand, McLaughlin Travelling
Professor, College of Physicians and Surgeons of
Canada and Pediatrics, Universityof Toronto. Taylor
Fidler Lecture Theatre, Laurel Street Pavilion, VGH. 9
a.m.
Medical Lecture.
Pathogenesis and the Treatment of Immunodeficiency.
Dr. Erwin Gelfand, Toronto, McLauglin Travelling
Professor. Hurlburt Conference Room, St. Paul's
Hospital. 12 noon.
Germanic Studies Lecture.
Die Literatur und die Freundschaft. Arnold Zweig and
Lion Feuchtwanger in Exile (in English). Dr.Geoffrey V.
Davis, Rheinisch-WestfaelischeTechnische
Hochschule Aachen, Federal Republic of Germany.
Buchanan Penthouse. 12:30 p.m.
Astronomy Seminar.
Ap Stars. Dr. Nickolai Piskenov, Astronomical Council,
Soviet Academy of Sciences, Moscow. Room 260,
Geophysics and Astronomy Reading Room. 4 p.m.
Immunology Seminar.
Cytosolic Calcium as a Regulator of T Cell Proliferation.
Prof. E. Gelfand, Immunology, Hospital for Sick
Children, Toronto. Salon B, Faculty Club. 8 p.m.
TUESDAY, SEPT. 30
Bookstore Event.
Canadian author Alice Munro will visit the campus
Bookstore to sign copies of her new book of short
stories, entitled The Progress of Love. Bookstore.
12:30- 1 p.m.
Chemistry Seminar.
The Halogenation of Acetone: What Really Happens.
Prof. J. Peter Guthrie, Chemistry, University of Western
Ontario. Room 250, Chemistry Building. 1 p.m.
Medical Lecture.
Immunological Aspects of Bone Marrow
Transplantation. Dr. Erwin Gelfand, Toronto, McLauglin
Travelling Professor. Room 3336, 3rd floor, Laurel
Pavilion, VGH. 1:30 p.m.
Chemical Engineering Seminar.
Modelling of Coal Liquefaction and Pyrolysis Kinetics.
Dr. John Agnew, Chemical Engineering, Universityof
Adelaide, Australia. Room 224, Chemical Engineering
Building. 2:30 p.m.
Continued on Page Eight
UBCREPORTS September25,1986  7 UBC Calendar
Continued from Page Seven
Tuesday, Sept. 30
Oceanography Seminar.
Bottom Stress Estimates from Vertical Dissipation
Profiles. R. Dewey, Oceanography, UBC. Room 1485,
Biological Sciences Building. 3:30 p.m.
Comparative Literature
Colloquium.
From Skutschno to Prawda - The Destruction of the
Germans and Jaws in Eastern Europe in the Mirror of
Literature. Prof. Peter Stenberg, Germanic Studies,
UBC. Room B330, Buchanan Building. 3:30 p.m.
UBC/Community Concert Band.
First of ten Tuesday night band sessions that continue
until Dec. 8 under the direction of Martin Berinbaum,
School of Music. Fees: students-$30; UBC faculty and
staff-$50; community member-$70. Enquiries—
222-S254. Old Auditorium. 7-9:30 p.m.
Medical Lecture.
New Indications for the Use of Intravenous Gamma
Globulin for Autoimmune Disorders and Replacement
Therapy. Dr. Erwin Gelfand, Toronto, McLauglin
Travelling Professor. Lecture Theatre, Cancer Research
Centre, 601 West 10th Ave. 7 p.m.
WEDNESDAY, OCT. 1
Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Seminar.
Current Understanding of Glutamate Actions on
Neurons. Dr. E. Puil, Pharmacology and Therapeutics,
UBC. Room 317, Basic Medical Sciences Building,
Block C. 12 noon.
Classical Music Nights.
The Graduate Student Society sponsors jazz and
classical music nights every Wednesday evening in the
Graduate Student Centre Lounge. 8:30- 11:30 p.m.
THURSDAY, OCT. 2
Psychiatry Lecture.
Collective Fantasy: A Way of Reaching the
Unconscious. Dr. Emilio Romero, Psychiatry, University
of Texas. Room 2NA/B, Psychiatric Pavilion, Health
Sciences Centre Hospital. 9 a.m.
Archaeology Lecture.
The Tombs of the Emerging State of Qin, 6th Century
B.C. Lecture, slides, video presentation by Jiao Nan-
Feng, Shaanxi Provincial Archaeological Research
Institute, China. Room 207-209, Anthropology-
Sociology Building. 12:30 p.m.
Condensed Matter Seminar.
Some New Liquid Crystal Devices. Dr. Satyendra
Kumar, Tektronix. Room 318, Hennings Building. 2:30
p.m.
Environmetrics Seminar.
Slicing Regression: A Link-Free Regression Method.
Dr. Naihua Duan, Rand Corporation, Los Angeles.
Room 102, Ponderosa AnnexC. 3:30 p.m.
Psychology Colloquium.
Forms of Memory: Perspectives from Research
Involving Normal Subjects, Aging Individuals and
Amnesic Patients. Dr. Peter Graf, Psychology,
University of Toronto. Peter Suedfeld Lounge, Kenny
Building. 4 p.m.
Preventive Medicine and Health
Promotion Lecture.
The Canadian Fitness Summit: A Progress Report. Dr.
Peter Grantham, Family Practice, UBC. For more
information, call 228-2258. Room 253, James Mather
Building. 4p.m.
Archaeology Lecture.
Bronze Age Greece and the SE Mediterranean. Prof. A.
Leonard, Classics, University of Arizona. Theatre
Gallery, Museum of Anthropology. 8 p.m.
TUESDAY. OCT. 7
Chemistry Seminar.
Gout: A Biophysical Investigation. Prof. F. Herring,
Chemistry, UBC. Room 250, Chemistry Building. 1
p.m.
Oceanography Seminar.
Sulphur and Iodine Enrichment in Marine Sedimentary
HumicSubstances. R. Francois, Oceanography, UBC.
Room 1465, Biological Sciences Building. 3:30 p.m.
Statistics Seminar.
Estimation of a Functional of a Multivariate Density.
Room 102, Ponderosa AnnexC. 3:30 p.m.
Canadian Association for
Information Science Seminar.
The Evolving Role of Satellite Communications. Ake
Sewerinson, Microtel Pacific Research. Conference
Room, Sedgewick Library. 7:30 p.m.
Botanical Garden Illustrated
Lecture.
Clematis From Around the World. Raymond Evison,
managing director of the famous English nursery
Treasures of Ten bury, Ltd. Sponsored by the UBC
Friends of the Garden. Tickets are $5 and are available
bycalling228-4186oratthe door. Faculty Club. 8p.m.
FRIDAY, OCT. 10
Germanic Studies Lecture.
In Praise of Censorship. Karh-Heinz Jakobs, German
writer. Buchanan Penthouse. 12:30 p.m.
Germanic Studies Lecture.
Widows I Have Known. Jurgen Hesse, Vancouver writer
and producer reads from his work-in-progress. Co-
sponsored by Department of English. Buchanan
Penthouse. 3:30 p.m.
Germanic Studies Lecture.
The Writer and Ideology: Three Views. Around-table
discussion with Karl-Heinz Jakobs, Jurgen Hesse and
Michael Mercer. Goethe Institute, 944 West 8th.
Avenue. 8 p.m.
SATURDAY, OCT. 11
Diplomatic Service Seminar.
Howto get into Canada's diplomatic service. Asix-hour
seminar of practical advice and strategies to improve
performance on the foreign service exam (scheduled for
Oct. 25), essay and interviews. Fees: $85 for students,
$115 for non-students. Room 212, Student Union
Building. 10:30 a.m.
Applied Mathematics Seminar.
On Uniqueness of Axisymmetric Deformations of Elastic
Plates and Shells. Dr, H. J. Weinitschke, Institute of
Applied Mathematics, Universityof Erlangen-Nurnberg,
West Germany. Room 229, Mathematics Building. 3:45
p.m.
Animal Resource Ecology
Seminar.
The Influence of Natural Predation on the Population
Dynamics of Pacific Salmon. Michael Jones, I.A.R.E.
and Zoology, UBC. Room 2449, Biological Sciences
Building. 4:30 p.m.
Thunderbird Hockey.
UBC Thunderbirds will play the Vancouver Canucks in
an intersquad scrimmage. Proceeds from the game go
towards the Father Bauer Hockey Scholarship Fund.
Tickets: Adults $3, students $1.50. Thunderbird Arena.
6 p.m.	
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Theatresports.
The Graduate Student Society sponsors Theatresports
featuring the Vancouver Theatresports League every
Thursday evening. Graduate Student admission is $3.
Regular admission is $4. Bar service available.
Graduate Student Centre Ballroom. 6 p.m.- 10 p.m.
FRIDAY, OCT 3
History Seminar.
National Socialism and the German Universities. Prof.
Robert P. Eriksen, Olympia State College. Room A104,
Buchanan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Pharmaceutical Sciences Seminar.
Primary Cultures of Human Hepatocytes - a Model for
Predicting Toxicity? Dr. G. Hawksworth,
Pharmacology, University of Aberdeen.  IRC 3. 12:30
p.m.
History Seminar.
Researching the Records of Nazism in the German
Universities. Prof. Hans-Joachim Dahms, Gottingen.
Buchanan Penthouse. 3:30 p.m.
Music of India Series.
Recital of Bharatanatyam dance by Hema Rajagopalan,
accompanied by four musicians, including Akhila
Krishnan, vocalist. Enquiries: 228-4686. Auditorium,
Asian Centre. 8 p.m.
SATURDAY. OCT. 4
Continuing Education Workshop.
Voice care for singers and professional voice users. Dr.
Murray D. Morrison and Linda Rammage, UBC/VGH
Voice Clinic and Rod Menzies, Theatre, UBC. Fees:
general public-$65; National Association of Teachers of
Singing members-$44; voice students of NATS-S33.
Enquiries— 224-5254. Lecture Hall 4, Woodward IRC.
9 a.m.-4:30 p.m.
Football.
UBC Thunderbirds vs Universityof Manitoba Bisons.
Thunderbird Stadium. 7:30 p.m.
MONDAY, OCT. 6
Germanic Studies Lecture.
Die Entwicklung der Literatur in der DDR. Karl-Heinz
Jakobs, German writer. Buchanan Penthouse. 12:30
p.m.
Cecil H. and Ida Green Visiting
Professorships.
First of three lectures on Concept of Needs: Poignant;
Belittled; Indispensable. What*s at Stake with the
Concept of Needs? Prof. David Braybrooke,
Philosophy and Political Science, Dalhousie University.
Room A106, Buchanan Building. 12:30 p.m.
English Lecture.
Drama in Northern Ireland. Dr. Conor O'Malley, Dublin.
Room B314, Buchanan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Germanic Studies Reading.
German writer Karl-Heinz Jakobs reads from his work in
German. Buchanan Penthouse. 3:30 p.m.
WEDNESDAY, OCT. 8
Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Seminar.
Tolerance to Anticonvulsants: Effects of Behavioural
Manipulations. Dr. J. Pinel, Psychology, UBC. Room
317, Basic Medical Sciences-Building, Block C. 12
noon.
Forestry Seminar.
Invermere and Fraser Canyon Fires - Experiences of a
Front Line Fire Fighter. Mr. Jack Carradice, District
Manager, Chilliwack District Of f ice, Ministry of Forests.
Room 166, McMillan Building. 12:30 p.m.
Cecil H. and Ida Green Visiting
Professorships.
Second of three lectures on Concept of Needs:
Poignant; Belittled; Indispensable. The Charges Against
the Concept of Needs and the Confusion Surrounding
It. Prof. David Braybrooke, Philosophyand Political
Science, Dalhousie University. Room A106, Buchanan
Building. 12:30 p.m.
Germanic Studies Lecture.
Poet im Pott (in German). Karl-Heinz Jakobs, German
writer. Goethe Institute, 944 West 8th. Avenue. 3:30
p.m.
THURSDAY, OCT. 9
Psychiatric Lecture.
Biological Theories and Pharmacological Treatment of
Depression. Dr. Gary Tollefson, Psychiatry, University
of Minnesota. Room 2NA/B, Psychiatric Pavilion,
Health Sciences Centre Hospital. 9 a.m.
Germanic Studies Lecture.
Mein Neues Deutschland (in German). Karl-Heinz
Jakobs, German writer. Buchanan Penthouse. 12:30
p.m.
Office for Women Students
Workshop.
Career Decisions For An Uncertain Future. Preparation
of a flexible career plan to meet technological and
economic changes effecting women. To be repeated on
Nov. 6. Enquiries: 228-2415. Free. Room 223, Brock
Hall. 12:30 p.m.
Gerontology Lecture.
Geriatric Care in the UK: Lessons for Canada? Dr.
James Williamson, Geriatric Medicine, University of
Edinburgh. IRC #3. 1p.m.
Psychology Colloquium.
Crying Infants and Their Mothers: Between a Rock and
a Hard Place. Dr. Elinor Ames, Psychology, SFU. Room
2510, Peter Suedfeld Lounge, Kenny Building. 4 p.m.
Cosmogony Seminar.
Modem Cosmogony and Creation. Dr. Owen Gingerich,
Astronomy and History of Science, Harvard, and
astrophysicist, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory.
Jointly sponsored by Regent College, Inter-Varsity
Christian Fellowship and the Canadian Scientific and
Christian Affiliation. Room 100, Scarfe (Education)
Building. 4:30 p.m.
NOTICES
Agricurl.
Curling will commence Tuesday, Oct. 14 at 5 p.m. in the
Thunderbird Curling Rink. For both experienced and
beginning curlers. Fees (Oct. through March) and the
closing banquet are $65.00. More information may be
obtained from A. Finlayson, 228-4707, P, Willing,
228-3240 and J. Shelford 228-6578.
Badminton Club.
Faculty and Staff Badminton Club meets Tuesdays 8:30
- 10:30 p.m. and Fridays 7:30-9:30 p.m.(except Oct. 3
and 10) in Gym A of the Robert Osborne Sports Centre.
Fees $15.00 per year. New members welcome. For
more information, call Bernie, 228-4025.
SOFA and CPR Courses.
St. John Ambulance will offer its Safety-Oriented First
Aid Course (SOFA) and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Course (CPR) to UBC students on Saturdays in October
and November. These courses are strongly endorsed by
the Health Sciences'faculties and schools and have
been given excellent ratings by students who have
taken the courses in previous years. The SOFA course
requires 8 hours to complete. Upon completion an
Emergency First Aid Certificate will be issued, valid for
three years. The CPR course requires 4-1/2 hours to
complete. Each course costs $20, payable at
registration on Sept. 23 and 25 from 10:30 a.m. to 2:30
p.m. in the centre mall of the Woodward Instructional
Resources Centre.
Pipers and Drummers.
Any pipers and drummers among faculty, students and
staff interested in practicing and playing on campus are
asked to contact Dr. Edward Mornin, Germanic Studies,
228-5140.
Wilderness Skills.
The UBC Centre for Continuing Education is offering a
co m bination lecture and five-day wilderness skills
course in cooperation with the Outward Bound program
in Keremeos, Monday to Sunday, Oct. 6 to 12 and
Saturday and Sunday, Nov. 8 and 9. The course,
Changing Your Life Through Creative Risk Taking, is
instructed and supervised by psychologist Arthur
Ridgeway. A reasonable degree of fitness and a medical
certificate are needed to participate. $815. Orientation,
Oct. 6,7-9 p.m. Room 2N A&B, Psychiatric Unit, Health
Sciences Centre Hospital. For information, call
222-5238.
Language Programs.
Non-credit conversational programs in French, Spanish,
Japanese and Chinese begin the week of September 22.
A Saturday morning class in teaching Languages to
Adults is available. For more information, contact
Language Programs and Services, Centre for Continuing
Education, 222-S227.
International Forestry Conference.
UBC and the Forest History Society are sponsoring an
international conference entitled Forests and the 49th
Parallel Oct. 8-11. Speaker at an Oct 9 luncheon is
William Ruckelhaus, former administrator of the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency. Registration $55;
luncheon only $25. Further information: Graeme Wynn,
Geography, 228-6226. The conference will be held in
the York Room and Regal Ballroom of the Hotel
Georgia.
Calendar Deadlines.
For events tn the period Oct. 12 to Oct. 25, notices must be submitted on proper Calendar forms no
later than 4 p.m. on Thursday, Oct. 2 to the Community Relations Office, 6S28 Memorial Road, Room
207, Old Administration Building.   For more information, call 228-8191.

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