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UBC Publications

UBC Reports Feb 6, 1997

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Volume 43, Number 3
February 6,1997
Charles Ker photo
Up In Smoke
Physics students Elana Brief (right) and Irene Vavasour have some fun
with liquid nitrogen during the Physics Magic Show recently staged at
the Hebb Theatre during Science Week. The Beyond First Year exhibition
provided valuable information in the SUB ballroom to hundreds of
attendees about options open to them in all faculties after first year.
Science students also got a chance to quiz Dean Barry McBride during a
bag lunch information session in the Chemistry building.
Scholar urges schools
fix on child's 'greatness'
by Connie Bagshaw
Staff writer
Can't balance your chequebook? You
could be the next Agatha Christie.
Christie, like many creative, successful
people, including Leonardo da Vinci and
Albert Einstein, had a learning disability.
In the famous mystery writer's case, it was
difficulty with adding numbers. Both da
Vinci and Einstein were dyslexic.
"Agatha Christie couldn't spell, had terrible handwriting and was incapable of
balancing her chequebook," said Linda
Siegel, holder of UBC's Dorothy Lam Chair
in Special Education. "But people with
learning disabilities often have strengths
and talents that shouldn't be overlooked."
Siegel said that individuals who have
difficulty learning arithmetic often are
creative, possess good oral skills and
have an aptitude for the dramatic arts.
People with dyslexia may display artistic
talents and mechanical skills, and excel
at music and sports, particularly swimming, skiing and tennis.
'The learning disabled are neither lazy
nor stupid. We must realize this, pay
attention to their problems and make it
an important issue for the educational
system. Our schools need to ensure that
the greatness in each child can flourish.
A significant step has been to shift the
question 'how smart is this child' to 'how
is this child smart.'"
Siegel believes that a major problem facing the learning disabled is the way in which
learning difficulties are defined, usually according to a rigorous measurement of the
discrepancy between an IQ test score and the
individual's achievement levels.
"If someone scores low on an IQ test but
can't read very well, they may be considered slow but not learning disabled," Siegel
explained. 'Their problem is neglected,
they get left behind and, as studies indicate, that increases their risk for developing emotional and social difficulties."
Her own research findings indicate
that learning disabilities may play a role
in adolescent suicides and the emergence of street youth.
Although frustration, a lack of self-
esteem and emotional disturbances are
common in people with learning disabilites,
Siegel said the difference between who
becomes a productive member of society
Doctors' training to
take real life turn
by Gavin Wilson
Staff writer
The Faculty of Medicine has won approval for the most sweeping changes to
its undergraduate curriculum since the
medical school opened its doors in 1950.
When members of the Class of 2001
enter UBC this August their courses will
have a new emphasis on ethics, social
issues, critical thinking and computer
and communications skills.
Courses will use a problem-based
learning approach that integrates basic
sciences and clinical studies to resemble
real life situations more closely.
The new curriculum, which will also be
taught to first- and second-year dentistry
students, is a response to changes within
the medical profession and in society as a
whole, said Dr. Andrew Chalmers, associate dean of undergraduate curriculum.
'The old curriculum served us well, but
dramatic changes in scientific knowledge,
rising expectations in an era of decreasing
resources and advances in our understanding of how adults learn have impelled us to make changes." he said.
As well as a firm grounding in the
basic sciences, students can expect some
of these innovations:
• breast cancer survivors will help teach
students how to break bad news to
• multiple sclerosis sufferers will invite
students into their homes to learn what
it is like to live with a chronic illness
• aboriginal health issues will receive
special attention, and alternative and
complementary medicine will be examined in their cultural context
• a new course called Doctor, Patient and
Society will deal with issues of population health, health care systems, ethics
and the doctor-patient relationship
The new curriculum is the culmination of a process that began in 1992 with
external reviews and surveys of students,
graduates and faculty members,
Chalmers said.
A key aspect is its case-based course
work, which is an approach to learning
already adopted at most North American
medical schools.
Until now, UBC has taken a traditional
approach that focused for the first two
years on basic sciences such as anatomy
and biochemistry taught independently
by different academic departments.
"The amount of basic science taught
was significant and not focused on clinical issues. Once learned, students sometimes forgot how to apply it in the clinic.
Our new approach is a student-centred
curriculum rather than a faculty-centred one," Chalmers said.
Working in small groups, students will
See DOCTORS Page 2
Ecologist, rock physicist,
garner research prizes
A leading researcher on small mammals and a rock physicist are winners of
UBC's top research prizes for 1996.
Ecologist Charles Krebs, a professor
in the Dept. of Zoology, is the recipient of
the Jacob Biely Research Prize and Assoc.
Prof. Rosemary Knight, with the Dept. of
Earth and Ocean Sciences, has won the
Charles A. McDowell Award for Excellence in Research. Knight is also among
10 recipients of UBC Killam Research
Krebs has worked for 30 years in B.C.
and the Canadian North studying the
curious phenomenon of population cycles in, among other animals, lemmings
and snowshoe hares.
It has been Krebs' belief that an understanding of what underlies the dramatic population cycles ofthe North will
yield clues to more complex systems in
other parts ofthe world. He is currently
writing up results from an intensive 10-
year study of snowshoe hares in the
Yukon (see story, page 8).
In terms of advancing international
science and education, Krebs has been
at the front of the debate on how behavioural, physiological and genetic attributes of animals affect populations
and eventually determine the size of the
population. The $1,500 Biely prize is
awarded annually for outstanding research in any field of study.
Knight's research in rock physics is
aimed at gaining an understanding ofthe
properties of rocks and fluids in the
subsurface of the earth and the interactions between them. Apart from her in-
See AWARDS Page 2
Crime Stoppers
Safety features: A volunteer program aims to take the bite out of crime
Spruce Up 3
Replanted spruce are starving says botanist Herbert Kronzucker
Agile Aging 5^
Conference looks at physical fitness issues facing an aging population
Hares Apparent 8
What is killing the snowshoe hares of the Arctic? 2 UBC Reports • February 6, 1997
Continued from Page 1
learn the fundamentals as they
apply to particular cases. They will
be encouraged to define what they
need to know and go to experts, the
library and the Internet to find and
appraise the information.
"If students learn the basic
science in the context of a clinical setting, they will be much
more likely to understand and
retain that knowledge,"
Chalmers said, adding that there
Continued from Page 1
novative theoretical and laboratory studies, Knight is recognized
for investigating the use of field
techniques such as ground-penetrating radar to look at
groundwater flow and contaminants in the near surface.
Knight was named the Canadian Geophysical Union's Distinguished Lecturer for 1995 and is
a consulting professor of geophysics at Stanford University. The
McDowell award is given each
year to a faculty member who has
demonstrated excellence in the
pure or applied sciences.
The university has also announced recipients ofthe Milam
Research Prizes and another 13
faculty members who have won
Killam fellowships.
The $ 10,000 UBC Killam Prizes
are awarded annually to top campus researchers. The prizes, established in 1986, are equally divided
between the arts and sciences.
Recipients for 1996 are:
Anthony Barrett, Classical, Near
Eastern and Religious Studies;
Jess Brewer, Physics and Astronomy; Melvin Comisarow,
Chemistry; Michael Devereux,
Economics; David Dolphin,
Chemistry; George Hoberg, Political Science; Terry McGee, Geography; William Rees, Community and Regional Planning; and
Stephen Withers, Chemistry.
Isaac Walton Killam Memorial Faculty Research Fellowships top up faculty salaries
while they are on sabbatical leave
by up to $15,000. Scholars also
receive a $3,000 grant for research and travel expenses.
Fellowship winners for 1996are:
Craig Boutilier, Computer Science;
Gillian Creese, Anthropology and
Sociology; Michael Devereux, Economics; David Edgington, Geography; Peter Englezos, Chemical Engineering; S.G. Hatziklriakos,
ChemicalEngineering; Peter Seixas,
Curriculum Studies; Jack
Snoeyink, Computer Science; and
KayTeschke, Health Care and Epidemiology.
Continued from Page 1
and who may commit suicide is
the amount of attention and help
they receive from parents and the
education system.
She will examine the known
causes of learning disabilities
and what can be done to address
the problem during her address,
Reconsidering Normal: Learning
Disabilities in the Classroom,
the second lecture in the Faculty
of Education's series on important educational issues.
The lecture takes place at 7
p.m., Feb. 25 in the Robson
Square Conference Centre. Respondents are Sandra Gebhardt,
Learning Disabilities Association
of B.C., and school psychologist
Lorna Bennett. For more information, call 822-6239.
will still be labs and lectures
where they are appropriate.
A system of regular evaluation will include weekly quizzes
on the Internet to give students
instant feedback on where their
strengths and weaknesses lie.
Further curriculum changes will
move the student clerkship to third
year, giving them exposure to all
areas of medicine before having to
choose in fourth year whether to
pursue family practice or a specialty.
The new curriculum will require some adjustments for faculty members as well. A Faculty
Development Program is training instructors on how to write
cases and act as tutors rather
than lecturers, and multi-disciplinary teams are working together to develop new courses.
"I'm astounded people have been
able to move so fast and so far,"
Chalmers said. "It has required a
lot of energy and both faculty and
students are to be congratulated
on the work they've done."
The new curriculum drew
praise from the newly appointed
Dean of Medicine John Cairns,
who is the former chair of Medicine at McMaster University.
"I have observed the strengths of
the small group, student-oriented
problem- and systems-based approach at McMaster for the past 20
years. The new UBC curriculum
takes many steps beyond this. It
will capitalize on UBC's recognized
strengths and will become the most
modem and forward-looking medical undergraduate curriculum in
Canada," he said.
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School of Family
and Nutritional Sciences
A search is underway within and outside the University for candidates
for the position of Director of the School of Family and Nutritional
Sciences. The School delivers four undergraduate programs (Dietetics,
Family Science, Home Economics, and Human Nutrition) and three
graduate programs (MA in Family Studies, MSc and PhD in Human
Nutrition). The School is an administrative unit in the Faculty of
Agricultural Sciences. It offers programs in the Faculty of Arts and the
Faculty of Science, and has linkages with the Faculty of Education.
Applicants should have a doctoral degree and an outstanding
academic record in one of the program areas taught in the School,
sufficient to sustain a tenured appointment at the rank of Professor;
have proven administrative experience in a multidisciplinary unit;
and have the ability to provide creative leadership for the School's
diverse research and teaching programs.
More information is available from J. F. Richards, Dean, Faculty of
Agricultural Sciences, #248-2357 Main Mall, Zone 4, to whom also
applications or nominations should be sent no later than February
15,1997. The University of British Columbia welcomes all qualified
applicants, especially women, aboriginal people, visible minorities
and persons with disabilities.
Berkowitz & Associates
Consulting Inc.
Statistical Consulting
research design * data analysis • sampling - forecasting
Jonathan Berkowitz, Ph.D
4160 Staulo Crescent, Vancouver, B.C., V6N 3S2
Office: (604) 263-1508 Fax: (604) 263-1708
Wax - it
Providing Plastic and Wax sections for the
research community
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Essay Contest
The Responsible Use of Freedom"
$1000 for the best original essay
Eligibility: Open to 3rd and 4th year undergraduate
and graduate UBC students
Deadline for submission: May 30,1997
Winner announced: August 31,1997
Application forms may be picked up Monday to Friday,
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the extreme northeast corner of the campus.
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UBC Reports is published twice monthly (monthly in
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Editor/Production: Janet Ansell (janet.ansell@ubc.ca)
Contributors: Connie Bagshaw (connie.bagshaw@ubc.ca),
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Charles Ker (charles.ker@ubc.ca),
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in part with UBC Reports ■ February 6,1997 3
Herbert Kronzucker photo
Botanist Herbert Kronzucker believes the key to healthy spruce forests
lies in their soil. In a paper published recently in Nature, Kronzucker
cites the loss of necessary ammonium after clearcutting as a possible
explanation for failures in reforestation efforts. Weed trees, such as
aspen, which thrive on nitrates, often edge out spruce seedlings in
replanted areas.
Safety features
Crime prevention program
Volunteers help
reduce campus crime
by Connie Bagshaw
Staff writer
Despite the common perception that assaults are the most frequently
occurring crime on campus, property offences remain the most reported
incidents at UBC.
In 1996, UBC's Dept. of Parking, Transportation and Campus Security
received 212 reports of property crimes compared to 13 reports of sexual
Computer theft accounts for most of the property loss sustained by
campus, last year totalling more than $100,000.
As part of its on-going efforts to curb theft, break and enter and property
damage at UBC, campus security is collaborating with the university detachment of the RCMP to introduce a prevention program based on the principle
of knowing your environment in order to create a defensible space and
optimize security.
Developed in the United States in 1969, the Crime Prevention Through
Environmental Design (CPTED) program is used at institutions and in private
households across North America.
"UBC's Campus Planning and Development is mindful of CPTED principles in designing new buildings, but there are a great majority of buildings
on campus which were not designed to prevent crime," said RCMP Staff Sgt.
Fred Barbour.
Building security and theft reduction begin with recognizing whether or
not you have provided an opportunity for the offender to be motivated to act,
he explained.
That's why volunteers among the faculty, staff and students are being
recruited to serve as security co-ordinators, responsible for conducting
building risk assessments in their areas using CPTED concepts.
"We encourage each building on campus to appoint a security coordinator," Barbour said. "Their main role is to create awareness within their
work environments by alerting people to anticipate and recognize potential
security risks. They also act as a liaison — someone that colleagues can
report problems or pass on suggestions to."
To achieve a successful building risk assessment, the CPTED program
advocates analysing who the potential victims and criminals are, what kind
of crime is possible and where and when it may occur.
This type of analysis helps define the problem, determine the necessary
level of intervention and identify what assistance is available, Barbour said.
CPTED principles recommend that both outside and inside risks to
buildings be assessed. Outside security measures may include trimming
trees and shrubs to improve sight lines and improving lighting. Inside
buildings, occupants may consider installing motion detection alarms in high
risk areas, upgrading locks on doors and windows and securing computers
and other valuable equipment with tie-downs or tamper-proof screws and
For more information on volunteering as a security co-ordinator for your
area, fax your request to the attention of Patrol Manager Rita Aitken at 822-
Botanist cites nitrogen
in reforestation failure
by Charles Ker
Staff writer
Hiking through Colorado's San Juan
Mountains almost 10years ago, botanist
Herbert Kronzucker was presented with
a picturesque puzzle: to his left arose a
mountainside of blue spruce; to the right,
a slope of trembling aspen.
A ranger mentioned that the aspen
side had been logged 15 years earlier and
replanted with young spruce seedlings.
But if the spruce thrived before, thought
Kronzucker, why were they being so totally out-competed by aspen?
After nearly a decade of research, the
UBC-based scientist thinks he's found
an answer, one which may have dramatic implications for B.C.'s efforts at
A paper of Kronzucker's, based on his
UBC PhD thesis, appeared in the Jan. 2
issue ofthe science journal, Nature. The
paper states that a different form of
nitrogen found in clearcut areas from
that found in mature forests, combined
with spruce's inability to make use of
that form of nitrogen, might be a very
important factor in determining the success of replanting conifers. The paper
also says that in B.C. alone, replanting
has failed on more than one-and-a-half-
million hectares.
Soil samples taken from under the
Colorado spruce and aspens were analysed and found to contain different types
of nitrogen, the most important of plant
nutrients. Ammonium was the chemical
variation of nitrogen found under the
spruce while nitrate predominated under the aspens.
Kronzucker, a visiting scientist in
UBC's Dept. of Botany, explains that
when a forest undergoes a clearcut, forest fire or landslide, the population of
micro-organisms in the soil changes.
Gone are the conifers which used to shed
their needles and leave behind a class of
acidic compounds known as phenolics.
This forest litter leaches into the soil over
time and has been shown to be highly
toxic to certain micro-organisms.
As the phenolics are washed away by
rain, new bacteria gain a foothold in the
clearcuts and convert nitrogen from its
previous form of ammonium to nitrate —
a form foreign to conifers.
"In the course of evolution somehow
these species (conifers) adapted to ammonium as their one source of food and
lost the ability to use nitrate," says
Kronzucker. "White spruce seedlings replanted in B.C. are being forced to try to
grow on the wrong food."
Kronzucker says his nitrogen hypothesis holds true in soil samples taken
from forests in Sweden, Norway and his
home country, Germany.
Kronzucker proved his theory in a
UBC botany lab where he grew white
spruce seedlings hydroponically. He then
fed the seedling roots cocktails of ammonium and nitrate with a radioactive tracer
produced by the TRIUMF cyclotron. The
tracer allowed Kronzucker and colleagues
to measure exactly how the roots transported and stored ammonium and nitrate. They found white spruce seedlings
consumed up to 20 times more ammonium than nitrate.
Botany Prof. Tony Glass, in whose lab
Kronzucker undertook his PhD studies,
says Forest Renewal B.C. is funding further comparative studies looking at aspen,
white spruce, Douglas fir and lodgepole
pine. Results, so far, indicate that aspen
seedlings prefer nitrate and the others,
ammonium. Future plans in the UBC lab
entail changing the genetic code of spruce
seedlings using genes from species whose
roots take up nitrates more readily.
Kronzucker suggests, short of a profound change to current forest practices
away from large-scale clearcutting, a wheat
or barley mulch may be an answer to the
problem. Tissues in these mulches contain the phenolics which would prohibit
nitrate production and help regenerate
ammonium in severely disturbed areas.
The appearance of Kronzucker's paper in Nature touched off a fire-storm of
media interest from no less than 17
major daily newspapers in Europe as
well as the Christian Science Monitor.
Campus saddened by
loss of long-time friend
by Connie Bagshaw
Staff writer
Helen Belkin, a long-time friend and
patron of UBC, has died at the age of 77.
"Helen Belkin's work and presence
in a quiet, sincere way
enhanced the image of
UBC, British Columbia
and Canada," said UBC
President David
Strangway. 'Those who
knew Helen and her late
husband Morris will tell
you that they practiced a
dedicated partnership in
all their works."
Belkin's association
with the university
spanned more than half
a century. A UBC
alumna, she earned a
Bachelor of Arts degree
in English and History
in 1940.
She also served as
secretary to UBC President Norman
MacKenzie for seven years and later to
UBC's Board of Governors. Between
1983 and 1987, she was a member of
the UBC Senate.
Belkin's generosity and commitment
were admired throughout the community and the university. She was involved in numerous charitable organizations including the United Way and
the Volunteer Bureau of Greater Vancouver, as a supporter ofthe Vancouver Symphony and as a member of
TRIUMF's board of management.
Belkin's lifelong support of her alma
mater included a gift to build an art
gallery to provide
young local talent with
a venue for their first
major showings. On
June 17, 1995, the
Morris and Helen
Belkin Art Gallery
opened its doors to the
At the official opening, Belkin said that
the new gallery celebrated the vision
which her late husband and MacKenzie
shared of one day having a fine arts precinct
at the north end ofthe
In addition to her support for the gallery, Belkin was also responsible for the establishment of the
Morris and Helen Belkin Art Gallery Operating Endowment which sponsors curatorial activities as well as lectures and
Her tireless devotion to her community and enduring affection for the
university were recognized with an
honorary degree awarded in 1990.
Helen Belkin 4 UBC Reports • February 6,1997
February 9 through February 22
Monday, Feb. 10
Engineering and
Architecture Continuing
Education Workshop
Building Code And Certified Professional Course. Point Grey Golf
and Country Club, 9:30am-
5:30pm. Continues Mondays to
April 21. $1850. Call 822-3347.
Keith Clifford Memorial
Athens And Jerusalem: The New
Relationship Between Theologians And Their Churches. Prof.
Tom Faulkner, Dalhousie U.
Buchanan D-244, 12:30pm. Call
Mechanical Engineering
Friction Welding Of Incompatible And Ceramic Materials.
Farrokh Sassani, Mechanical
Engineering. CEME 1204, 3:30-
4:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-
Modern European Studies
Colloquium Series
Three Tales, Four Cities: Conrad,
Dickens, Dostoyevsky. Andrzej
Busza. English. Buchanan penthouse, 3:30-5pm. Call822-5969.
Astronomy Seminar
Cataclysmic Variables. Tim
Davidge, Dominion Astrophysical
Observatory. Hennings 318,
4pm. Refreshments at 3:30pm.
Call 822-2802.
Physiology Seminar
High Performance Ventilation.
Don McKenzie, Sports Medicine.
BioSciences 2449, 4:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-3372.
Resident Speaker Series
Small Rocks, Big Problems: The
Spratly Islands Conflict In Southeast Asia. Xavier Furtado, Political Science. Green College,
5:30pm. Call 822-6067.
Green College Science and
Society Lecture
If This Be Error: Probing Experiment With Error. Giora Hon,
Philosophy, U of Haifa. Green
College, 8pm. Call 822-6067.
Tuesday, Feb. 11
Humanist's Society Lecture
Humanism And Sociobiology. Pat
Duffy Hutcheon, formerly of
Health and Welfare Canada.
Buchanan D-205, 12:30pm. Call
Botany Seminar
A Computer Simulation Of Two
Algal Species In The High Inter-
tidal. Nickolas Grabovac, MSc
candidate. BioSciences 2000,
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Lecture in Modern
The Continuing Saga Of
Dinitrogen Activation. Prof. Mike
Fryzuk. Chemistry B-250 south
wing, lpm. Refreshments from
12:40pm. Call 822-3266.
Centre for Educational
Technology Multimedia
Watershed Management CD-ROM
And WebCT On-Line Support For
Biology Course. Hans Schreier,
Institute for Resources and Environment and Shona Ellis, Botany.
Telecentre, University Services,
1 -2pm. Call 822-1851 / 822-3062.
Oceanography Seminar
Dynamical Response Of The Atmosphere To Desert Dust Aerosols And Its Implications For Climate Change. Ron Miller, Co
lumbia U. BioSciences 1465,
3:30pm. Call 822-1814.
Statistics Seminar
When Is A Probability Measure
Determined By Infinitely Many
Projections? Claude Belisle, Laval
U. CSCI 301, 4-5:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-0570.
Green College Speaker Series
Sport, Gender And The Construction Of Difference, Or "Why Boys
Will Be Boys And Girls Will Not:"
An Analysis From Women's Ice
Hockey. Prof. Nancy Theberge,
Sociology, U of Waterloo. Green
College, 5:30pm. Reception in
Graham House 4:45-5:30pm. Call
Centre for Faculty
Development Seminar
Promotion And Tenure At UBC.
Joanne Emerman. Bill Webber.
Gloria Joachim and Rosanne Hood.
Great Hall, First Nations House of
Learning, 5:30-7:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-0831.
Engineering and
Architecture Continuing
Education Seminar
Anatomy Of A House (In Cantonese). CEME 1202, 6:30-9:30pm.
Continues Tues. and Thurs. to
March 11. $520. Call 822-3347.
UBC Pacific Rim Club Club
Annual Wine and Cheese
Vancouver: At The Forefront Of
The Pacific Age. Michael Harcourt,
Sustainable Development. Tom
Crowe, BC Film Commission. Hyatt
Regency Hotel, 6:30-8:30pm. $18
non-members, $ 15 members. Call
Wednesday, Feb. 12
Your UBC Forum
The Purpose Of A University Education: Does UBC Meet Your Expectations. Maria KJawe. VP. Student and Academic Services. SUB
Conversation Pit, 12:30-2pm. Call
Noon Hour Concert
Lawrence Cherney, oboe. Henry
Bok, clarinet. Music Recital Hall.
12:30pm. $3 at the door. Call 822-
Faculty Financial Planning
Lecture Series
RSPs, LIFs, RIFs And You. Jim
Rogers, The Rogers Group. Angus
104, 12:30-1:20pm. Call 822-1433.
Comparative Literature,
Vancouver Writers and
Programme for European
Meeting OfThe Mafias: Aesthetic
Responses To Organized Crime In
American, French, And Italian Cinema. Mark Harris, Comparative
Literature. Green College, 3pm.
Call 822-6067.
Ecology & Centre for
Biodiversity Research
How Ants Decide And Colonies Act.
Deborah Gordon, Stanford U. Family/Nutritional Sciences 60.4:30pm.
Refreshments. Call 822-3957.
Respiratory Research
Seminar Series
Proteoglycans In Lung Inflammation And Remodelling. Dr. Clive
Roberts. Respiratory Division. Vancouver Hospital/HSC, 2775
Heather St., 3rd floor conference
room, 5-6pm. Call 875-5653.
Cultural and Media Studies
Interdisciplinary Group
Genderlessness. Masking And The
Inuit. Karla Jessen Williamson. U
of Saskatchewan. Green College.
5:30pm. Call 822-6067.
Thursday, Feb. 13
Science First! Lecture Series
A Triumph Of Modern Mathematics: Fermat's Last Theorem. Rajiv
Gupta, Mathematics. IRC#6.
12:30-1:30pm. Discussion to follow. Call 822-5552.
Botany Department Seminar
ATaxonomic Study OfThe Marine
Macroalgae Of North Sulawesi.
Indonesia. TaniaThenu, MSc candidate. BioSciences 2000, 12:30-
1:30pm. Call 822-2133.
Food Science Seminar
High Pressure Bioscience And Its
Application To Food Science. Prof.
Yoshihiro Taniguchi. Chemistry.
Ritsumeikan U. Food Science 37,
12:30-l:30pm. Call 822-6182/
Earth & Ocean Sciences
Dine Bikeyah 101: Geoscience
Education In A Navajo Cultural
Context. Steve Semken, Navajo
Community College, New Mexico.
GeoSciences 330A, 12:30pm. Call
Joan Carlisle-Irving Lecture
Genderlessness And Inuit Mask
Making. Karla Jessen Williamson,
U of Saskatchewan. Lasserre 102,
12:30pm. Call 822-2757.
Anthropology and Sociology
Colloquium Series
The Anthropology Of Apprenticeship. Denise Nuttall. ANSO 207/
209, 12:30-l:30pm. Call 822-
Instrumental Collegium Musicum.
John Sawyer, director. Music Recital Hall. 12:30 and Spm. Call
Anatomy Lecture
Mechanisms Of Muscle Injury And
Repair: Deflazacort And NMR
Spectroscopy In Muscular Dystrophy. Dr. Judy Anderson, U of Manitoba. Friedman lecture hall,
2:30pm. Call 822-2578.
Environmental Engineering
Upgrades To Vancouver Drinking
Water Treatment System. Mark
Ferguson. GVRD. CEME 1215.
3:30-4:30pm. Refreshments. Call
CICSR Distinguished Lecture
Implicit Numerical Integrators For
Differential Algebraic Equations Of
Mechanical System Dynamics.
Prof. Edward Haug, U of Iowa.
CICSR/CS 208, 4-5:30pm. Refreshments. Call 822-6894.
Genetics Graduate Program
Expression And Characterization
Of A Recombinant Human Factor
X/Protein C Chimeric Protein.
Leisa Stenberg, PhD candidate.
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Wesbrook 201, 4:30pm. Refreshments at 4:15pm. Call 822-
Continuing Studies Lecture
Continent Of Dreams: A History
Of The Imagination. Leonard
George. Continues Thursdays to
April 3 (no class March 20). Carr
Hall conference room, 7:30-
9:30pm. $135 (seniors, $115). Call
Poetic Persuasions
Readings Of Original, Creative
Works Followed By An Open Forum. Green College. Reception
Room, Graham House. 8pm. Everyone welcome to listen or read.
Call 822-6067.
! Friday, Feb. 14
Pediatrics Grand Rounds
[ Developing And Implementing A
j Clinical Pathway. Dr. Paul Korn,
General Pediatrics. Dr. Judith Hall,
Pediatrics and Dewey Evans, Utilization Management/Quality Assurance. GF Strong auditorium.
9am. Call 875-2307.
Health Care & Epidemiology
East/West Life Expectancy Gap In
Europe. Dr. Clyde Hertzman.
Mather 253, 9-10am. Call 822-
Occupational Hygiene
Program Seminar Series
Employment In Environmental
Management: ISO 14,000. John
Sproul. Research Institute/Fisheries Centre. Vancouver Hospital/
HSC. Koerner Pavilion G-279.
12:30-1:30pm. Call 822-9595.
UBC Contemporary Players.
Stephen Chatman/Eric Wilson,
directors. Music Recital Hall.
12:30pm. Call 822-31 13.
Chemical Engineering
Weekly Seminar
High Temperature Biological
Wastewater Treatment. Judy Tai,
MSc candidate. Chemical Engineering. Chemical Engineering
206. 3:30pm. Call 822-3238.
Theoretical Chemistry
| Phospholipid Bilayers In Aqueous
Solution: What Determines Vesicle Shape And Shape Transitions?
M. Wortis, Physics, SFU. Chemistry D-402 centre block. 4pm. Call
Saturday, Feb. 15
Vancouver Institute Lecture
Brains, Genes And Society. Dr.
Max Cynader, Ophthalmology. IRC
#2, 8:15pm. Call 822-4636
Sunday, Feb. 16
Spirit of Tibet Days
Tibetan Food, Dancers, And Arts
And Crafts. MOA, 12-4pm. Call
Monday, Feb. 17
Asian Street Foods Festival
The Carpark InThe CKChoi Building Introducing Asian Street Foods.
Gisele Yasmeen, Geography, and
Donna Yeung, SCARP. CK Choi
lounge, llam-2pm. Continues to
Feb. 21. Street foods will be sold at
lunch time. Slide presentation and
lecture on Asian Street foods from
l-2pm. Call 822-2629.
Resident Speaker Series
Who's Afraid Of Michel Foucault?
Theory As Political Action. Mark
Salter, Political Science. Green
College, 5:30pm. Call 822-6067.
Tuesday, Feb. 18
Continuing Education
Art of Career Search
Workshop. Various speakers.
Continues to Feb. 21. 220-800
W. Pender, 9am-noon. $250 (for
full-time students), $500 (others). Cost includes personal assessment, course notes and certificate of attendance. To register
call 822-1884, fax 822-0688.
Tibetan Film Screenings
Tibetan Book OfThe Dead, Part
1. MOA. 7-9pm. Call 822-5087.
Wednesday, Feb. 19
Respiratory Research
Seminar Series
Can There Be Life With LIF? Dr.
Darryl Knight, Pulmonary Research Laboratory. Vancouver
Hospital/HSC, 2775 Heather St..
3rd floor conference room, 5-
6pm. Call 875-5653.
The Sixth Regular Meeting Of
Senate, UBC's Academic Parliament. Curtis 102,8pm. Call 822-
Thursday, Feb. 20
Distinguished Industrial
A Ball Grid Array Package For
High-Speed Digital Applications.
Arthur Murphy, DuPont Co.
CICSR/CS 208, 3:30-4:30pm.
Refreshments at 4:30pm. Call
Genetics Graduate Program
Molecular Biology Of Rubella
Virus Structural Proteins. Dr.
Shirley Gillam, Pathology.
Wesbrook 201,4:30pm. Refreshments at 4:15pm. Call 822-8764.
Distinguished Industrial
Research In Japan. Arthur
Murphy, DuPont Co. CICSR/CS
208, 5-6pm. Refreshments at
4:30pm. Call 822-6291.
Critical Issues in Global
Development Speaker
The Modernism Of Underdevelopment: The City Of Mexico In
The Age Of Diaz. Michael Johns,
Geography, U of California-
Berkeley. Green College, 8-
9:30pm. Call 822-1954.
The UBC Reports Calendar lists university-related or
university-sponsored events on campus and off campus within the Lower Mainland.
Calendar items must be submitted on forms available from the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil
Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1. Phone:
822-3131. Fax: 822-2684. An electronic form is available
on the UBC Reports Web page at http://www.ubc.ca under
'News.' Please limit to 35 words. Submissions for the
Calendar's Notices section may be limited due to space.
Deadline for the February 20 issue of UBC Reports—
which covers the period February 23 to March 8 — is
noon, February 11. Calendar
UBC Reports • February 6,1997 5
Friday, Feb. 21
Health Care and
Epidemiology Rounds
Attitudes Of Canadian Physicians Towards Physician-Assisted Suicide For Persons With
HIV/AIDS. Dr. Robert Hogg, HIV/
AIDS Treatment Program:
Katherine Heath, BC Centre for
Excellence in HIV/AIDS. Mather
253, 9-10am. Call 822-2772.
Pediatrics Grand Rounds
Eating Disorders In Children And
Adolescents: The Present And
Future Trends At BC's Childrens
Hospital. Dr. Jorge Pinzon,
Pediatrics: Ronald Manley Eating Disorders Program. GF
Strong auditorium, 9am. Call
Saturday, Feb. 22
Christian in the
Marketplace Annual
The Paradox Of Success. Art
DeFehr, Palliser Furniture Ltd.; Soo-
Ann Lee, Regent College board
member: Skip Li. Eilis, Li and
McKinsky: Rikk Watts, Regent College: Paul Stevens. Applied Theology. Regent College Chapel, 8am-
4pm. $55 individual. $90 couple.
$30 full-time students and seniors.
Call 224-3245.
Vancouver Institute
From The Ground Up: Designing
And Building A New City In China.
Bing Thom, Bing Thom Architects.
IRC#2, 8:15pm. Call 822-4636.
Faculty, staff and grad student
volleyball group. Every Monday
and Wednesday. Osborne Centre,
Gym A, 12:30-1:30pm. No fees.
Drop-ins and regular attendees
welcome for friendly competitive
games. Call 822-4479 or e-mail:
Fun and Fitness
UBC Community Sport Services
offers adult ballet, gymnastics and
ice hockey classes for beginners.
No experience is necessary. Call
Morris and Helen Belkin
Art Gallery Exhibition
Exhibition by Vancouver artist Mina
Totino, Jan. 10-March 1, 1997.
Gallery hours Tuesday - Friday,
10am-5pm; Saturday, 12-5pm.
1825 Main Mall. Call 822-2759.
Surplus Equipment
Recycling Facility
Weekly sales of furniture, computers, scientific etc. held every
Wednesday, noon-5pm. SERF,
Task Force Building, 2352 Health
Sciences Mall. Call 822-2582.
Faculty Development
Would you like to talk with an
experienced faculty member, one
on one, about your teaching concerns? Call the Centre for Faculty Development and Instructional Services at 822-0828 and
ask for the Teaching Support
Psoriasis Laser Study
Volunteers needed. The UBC Division of Dermatology is seeking
volunteers with psoriasis. We are
testing a potential new laser
therapy for psoriasis. Volunteers
who complete the treatments and
follow-up visits will receive a stipend. Call 875-5254.
Garden Hours
Botanical Garden and the Shop-in-
the-Garden, 10am-5pm daily. Call
822-9666 (gardens), 822-4529
(shop). Nitobe Memorial Garden
open 10am-2:30pmweekdaysonly.
Parents with Babies
Have you ever wondered how babies
learn to talk? Help us find out! We are
looking for parents with babies between one and 24 months of age to
participate in language development
studies. Ifyou are interested in bringing your baby for a one-hour visit,
please call Dr. Janet Werker's Infant
Studies Centre, Dept. of Psychology,
822-6408 (ask for Dawn).
Diabetes 1997 Conference
The Young Diabetic. Interprofessional continuing education
conference will take place Friday,
April 4 and Saturday, April 5,
1997 in Vancouver for all health
professionals interested and involved in diabetic care.Call 822-
Parent Care Project
Daughters/daughters-in-law who
are caring for a parent in a care
facility are needed for a counselling
psychology study on the challenges
women face in parent care. Involves
individual interviews/questionnaire. Call Allison at 822-9199.
Feeling Stressed at Work?
Lower Mainland Clerical Workers:
Explore your Coping Skills! Psychologists at UBC are seeking female volunteers to participate in a
research study on clerical workers' stress. The aim of this project
is to understand how female clerical workers respond to work-related stress, from day to day over
the course of three months. The
information from the questionnaires will be kept confidential
and anonymous. A summary of
the group results will be provided
at the completion of the study. If
you would be willing to participate
in this study, or if you have any
questions, please call Kamaljit
Sidhu or Marlene Barber at 822-
9199 (Stress Lab).
UBC Food Services
Celebrate Chinese New Year at
Yum Yum's and other Food Service locations. Watch for
"Cookiegrams" foryourValentines
in February. Last day to place your
order is Feb. 12. Call 822-3663.
Continuing Education in the
Health Sciences Conference
Breast Cancer: Myths and Realities. March 7 and 8. 1987. Waterfront Centre Hotel. Vancouver. BC.
Registration 7:30am. Presentation
8:30am. Registration before Feb.
17, S150. After Feb. 17, $175. One
day registration available. For
further information call (604)822-
2626. Fax: (604)822-4835.
Do You Suffer From PMS?
Recruiting volunteers for study.
Must be 18-35yrs., marked PMS,
otherwise in good health, no sleep
problems, no shift workers, no
medications, non-smokers. Involves two overnight sleep studies in your home. Honararium
$100. Call Carolyn at Sleep Disorders Program, 822-7927.
Future Use: Child Study
Centre Building
UBC Child Care Services is preparing a proposal regarding the
future use of the Child Study
Centre Building. Our intention
is to provide a variety of part-
time programs such as kindergarten, preschool, and/or toddler daycare beginning September 1997. To help us develop our
proposal, we are seeking comments on which services might
provide the maximum benefit to
the university community, and
how those services might be offered most effectively. Please
submit your suggestions to the
Child Care office before Febru-
ary21. 1997. For more information, call Darcelle Cottons at
822-6238, fax 822-9195. Campus Mail. Zone 3.
Calendar deadline:
noon, Feb. 11
Keeping fit while aging
focus for int'l conference
North America's top authorities on fitness and aging will
gather at UBC Feb. 2vl-23 for
the Strength and Conditioning
International Conference.
Entitled Changing Aging and
Training the Master's Athlete,
the conference will address a
broad range of issues associated with physical health, fitness, training and the aging
population. Conference speakers range from doctors and
medical researchers to coaches
and fitness trainers.
"Fitness professionals and
the public are becoming increasingly aware of the importance of exercise in the aging
process." said conference organizer Sonya Lumholst-
Smith, co-ordinator of Campus Recreation and Fitness at
UBC. "Programs aimed at helping people remain fit as they
age are springing up across
North America. This conference
reflects the importance of this
movement, beyond just trend
status, and UBC's commitment
to staying at the forefront of
Dr. Walter Bortz, past president of the American Geriatrics Society and co-chair ofthe
American Medical Association
Task Force on Aging, will open
the conference as the first of
three keynote speakers. Bortz
is a specialist in internal medicine and clinical associate professor of medicine at Stanford
University and author of Dare
To Be 100. He is also a marathon runner with 22 marathons
behind him.
Ken Kambis, an exercise
physiologist and director ofthe
Borgenicht Program for Aging
Studies and Exercise Science
at Virginia's College of William
and Mary, will give a keynote
talk entitled Living Proof— Regaining Strength, Flexibility
and Endurance. Kambis holds
several other academic appointments and also works as
a consultant specializing in
exercise equipment and training facilities for retirement
The third keynote speaker
is Judy Glenney, an athlete
and coach recognized for her
contribution to and knowledge
of the sport of weightlifting. A
pioneer in women's weightlifting, Glenney has won four U.S.
national championships and
continues to compete as a
master's athlete. She is the
commissioner forthe 1998 Nike
World  Master's Games to be
held in the U.S.
Other speakers include
power training and fitness expert Bill Pearl, author of Getting Stronger, Canadian adventurer Don Starkell of Winnipeg
who canoed from Winnipeg to
the mouth ofthe Amazon River
and also completed a solo journey by canoe from Churchill,
Man., toTuktoyaktuk, N.W.T.;
and Prof. Ben Hurley, one of
North America's leading researchers on health aspects
and risk factors associated with
strength training and older
Prof. Mike Houston, director of UBC's School of Human
Kinetics, will also speak at the
conference. Houston has a specific interest in the role of training and nutrition in promoting
fitness and how this role
changes through all stages of
life. He has coached and trained
many top athletes and teams
at the university level. He has
also trained professional teams
including the Montreal
Canadiens and NewYork Rangers.
Lumholst-Smith said the
conference will be of particular
interest to professionals in fitness and training, and to doctors, medical researchers,
health care workers and others with an interest in fitness
and aging. For further information call the conference
hotline at 224-0227.
Street food comes
to CK Choi lobby
Juicy Hainan chicken rice,
spicy rendang and sizzling satay.
These are some of the culinary
delights offered during a series of
monthly festivals of Asian street
foods and cultural events at the
Institute of Asian Research (IAR).
The week-long festivals start
this month and mark the one-
year anniversary ofthe institute's
move to the CK Choi building.
Plans are to convert the Choi
building lobby into a modern
version of "The Carpark." a Singapore tourist attraction in the
late 1960s and early 1970s.
"It was a parking lot during
the day and a food festival at
night,"  IAR's  Eleanor Laquian
explains. "At around 6 p.m. the
food vendors would arrive with
their carts, and set up kitchens
all over the place and tourists
would come and eat."
As part of its community
outreach program this year, the
IAR will revive the street food tradition Monday to Friday on the following dates: Feb. 17-21, March
17-21 and April 14-18. Festivals
take place from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m.
with cooking demonstrations and
information about street food.
Ethnic community associations and local Asian restaurants will cater lunches offered
at $6 per meal. That includes
taxes and all the tea in China.
Campus tops
United Way goal
Organizers of UBC's United
Way campaign are all smiles
following the latest report on
contributions which shows a
total of $301,543, surpassing
the campaign goal of $290,265.
The campaign ended officially
Nov. 30, but contributions have
continued to come in.
"Every year, people at UBC
show their generous spirit," said
campaign co-chair Margaret
Sayer of University Computing
Services. "And we're number one
again in Leaders of the Way."
Leaders of the Way are donors who contribute $ 1,000 or
more. The university has continued its traditional top ranking among Lower Mainland
organizations, with 63 leadership donors this year. UBC also
has the largest employee campaign in the Lower Mainland.
Sayer shared chairing duties with Prof. Ray Hall of Theatre, Film and Creative Writing.
The campus campaign was organized by faculty, staff and
student volunteers. 6 UBC Reports • February 6, 1997
News Digest
The name ofthe Dept. of Electrical Engineering in the Faculty of
Applied Science will be changed to the Dept. of Electrical and
Computer Engineering. Senate approved the change Jan. 16.
Department Head Robert Donaldson said the change was made
to delineate more clearly the department's role and activities,
especially in computer engineering. During the past several years,
more than half of the 400 undergraduate students enrolled in the
Electrical Engineering Dept. opted for the computer engineering
Research in computer engineering ranges from very detailed
device design to high levels of abstraction in electronic hardware,
software and systems design and analysis. A substantial number of
graduate students are involved in aspects of computer engineering
Five full-time equivalent engineering faculty members work
directly in computer engineering and several others work in closely
related areas. A search for additional computer engineering faculty
members continues.
UBC, in partnership with Queen's University, the University of
Toronto and the University of Western Ontario, is offering a first in
cooperative international education: the Canadian University Study
Abroad Program (CUSAP).
Based at the International Study Centre at Herstmonceaux
Castle in East Sussex, England, the program marks a new direction
in undergraduate student education in Canada.
This program is unique in that it provides an opportunity for
UBC students to study in Europe for one or two semesters, with the
assurance that the courses taken can all be applied toward a UBC
degree," said Sidney Mindess, associate vice-president. Academic.
In addition to courses designed primarily for third- and fourth-
year students in humanities, social sciences, law or business, an
English as a Second Language program will run concurrently
during the academic year and a first-year option will also be
available, featuring small seminar classes and an internationally
focused curriculum.
UBC and its founding partners will be responsible for program
development, student recruitment and staffing.
Discussions are currently underway with univerisites in Quebec
and the Maritimes to expand national membership in the program.
Students are being invited to apply to CUSAP for the 1997/98
academic year. For more information, call Thevi Pather, UBC's
student exchange program coordinator at 822-9613.
Alan Donald, Ph.D.
Biostatistical Consultant
Medicine, dentistry, biosciences, aquaculture
101-5805 Balsam Street, Vancouver, V6M 4B9
264 -9918 donald@portal.ca
The classified advertising rate is $16.50 for 35 words or less. Each additional word
is 50 cents. Rate includes GST. Ads must be submitted in writing 10 days before
publication date to the UBC Public Affairs Office, 310 - 6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver B.C., V6T 1Z1, accompanied by payment in cash .cheque (made out to UBC
Reports) or internal requisition. Advertising enquiries: 822-3131.
The deadline for the February 20, 1997 issue of UBC Reports is noon, February 11.
perfect spot to reserve
accommodation for guest
lecturers or other university
members who visit throughout
the year. Close to UBC and other
Vancouver attractions, a tasteful
representation of our city and of
UBC. 4103 W. 10th Ave.,
Vancouver. BC. V6R 2H2. Phone
or fax (604)222-4104.	
accom. in Pt, Grey area. Minutes
to UBC. On main bus routes. Close
to shops and restaurants. Inc. TV,
tea and coffee making, private
phone/fridge. Weekly rates
available. Tel: 222-3461. Fax:222-
9279.      _
Five suites available for
academic visitors to UBC only.
Guests dine with residents and
enjoy college life. Daily rate $50,
plus $ 13/day for meals Sun.-Thurs.
Call 822-8660 for more
information and availability.
BROWN'S      BY      UBC      B&B.
Comfortable and relaxing
accommodation close to UBC in
quiet area. Quality breakfasts,
queen-sized beds, private bath
available. Satisfaction is assured
for your friends or professional
guests. Reasonable rates. 222-
The University of British Columbia
Vancouver, Canada
February 21-23,1997
THE Godfather of Body Building
THE Eminent Exercise Specialist
THE Commissioner for the 1993
World Master's Games
THE USA's Leading Geriatrics Expert
THE Extreme Adventurer & Author
THE Authority on
Strength & Health in Older Adults
To Receive your Detailed Conference Brochure
FAX Your Name and Address to
FAX (604) 822-6086
Housing Wanted
6th, Heritage House, antiques,
wood floors, original stained
glass. Ten minutes UBC and
downtown. Two blocks from
restaurants, buses. Scrumptious
full breakfasts. Entertaining cats.
Views. Phones in rooms. Call
(604)739-9002. E -
nanny unit. Fully furnished.
Available for approximately 18
months lease. $3600/m + utilities
(no pets, no smoking). Tel. 738-
8717 orfax 738-0810.	
above-ground basement, semi-
furnished, separate entrance,
available immediately. Eleventh
Avenue, nearCrown. N/S, no furry
pets. $625/month, utilities
included. 224-424L
TOWNHOUSE. Unfurnished. 1 1/2
bathrooms. 4 appliances incl.
washer/dryer. Gas fireplace.
Sundeck/small yard. 15 min. by
car from UBC. Avail. March 1 or
April 1. $1,475 a month, Prefer
non-smoker. No children. No pets.
References required. Call days
660-1308 or evenings 733-7084.
in house. Large closets. Gas
fireplace. Cable, laundry, utilities,
included. $500 dnd $450. On
Angus Drive, south Granville. Non-
smoker. No pets. Available
immediately. This is a must-see.
luxury condo on Blueberry, view
of ski-runs. 2 bedrooms, hide-abed, 2 bath. Beside x-country
skiing on valley trails. Five mins. to
Blackcomb gondola. Special
rates for mid-week or week-
occupancy. Available mid-term
break. NS/NP. Phone 263-5180.
WOMAN, 40's, UBC grad,
returning to Vancouver to work
wishes to house/apt./condo sit
- preferably West Side or D/T
while seeking permanent
accommodation. Dates
flexible - March 15 to Sept. 1 or
can consider one year. Please
fax Janis Connolly in Taiwan at
886-2-741 -3898 or phone at 886-
need independent assistance in
selecting the most appropriate
UBC Faculty pension or
retirement options call Don
Proteau, RFP or Doug Hodgins,
RFP at 687-7526 for more
information. Independent
financial advice for faculty
members since 1982.
you know anybody who is serious
about losing weight I have the
best weight loss program that
works! All natural. Call Kay or
Kazuko at 325-3554.	
Experienced editor and ghost
writer for hire. Ph.D in Literature.
Services range from proof-reading
and editing finished manuscripts
to restructuring, rewriting and
ghostwriting. Structure my
specialty. Reasonable rates.
Memory Productions Ltd., tel/fax
Next ad deadline:
noon, Feb. 11
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■ Develop great interview skills
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Be proactive today and call Monica at 734-7221
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Point Grey Electrical
from design to completion
master electrician Brian Cook (license number 26232)
20 years experience
• lighting consultation & design • new services
• home repairs and installations • city requests
• indoor and outdoor lighting • electrical heating
• appliance repair
Call for a free estimate: 733-3171 UBC Reports ■ February 6, 1997 7
Bench Mark
Gavin Wilson photo
Commemorative cedar benches similar to those found in
Stanley Park can now be donated to the university. "This
new program provides donors with an opportunity to
remember loved ones and a way to contribute to the
betterment ofthe campus landscape," says Michael Howell,
an urban designer with Campus Planning and Development.
Howell is seen here with a bench donated by family
members to the memory of Fine Arts Prof. Emeritus Roy
Kiyooka, who died in 1994. The plaque on the bench, which
is located next to the Frederic Wood Theatre, is inscribed
with one of his poems. Another commemorative bench was
donated by Johan de Rooy, a lecturer of Commerce and
Business Administration, in memory of his parents.
the arts
ArtsFest '97, a celebration
of student theatre, film, music, visual art and literary
events, begins today and runs
until Saturday, Feb. 8.
ArtsFest is an initiative of
the creative and performing
arts departments of the Faculty of Arts, who join forces
each year to showcase the talents of their students.
Theatrical highlights include The Marriage Proposal
by Anton Chekhov, On Tidy
Endings by Harvey Fierstein
and Treated with Tango by
Valerie Methot.
In a musical vein, offerings
include performances by virtuoso Indo-Canadian drummer Trichy Sankaran, the
UBC Symphonic Wind Ensemble directed by Martin
Berinbaum and big band contemporary jazz featuring the
Afro-Cuban rhythms of the
UBC Jazz Ensemble directed
by Fred Strike.
Also featured during
ArtsFest are screenings of recent videos by UBC film students, staged readings of new
plays written by creative writing students, readings by up-
and-coming poets, site-specific
arts works by fine arts students and the English Dept.
book sale.
Most ArtsFest events are
free of charge, although some
charge an admission fee. For
details about performance
times and ticket information,
pick up a copy of the ArtsFest
brochure available at various
locations on campus.
Nursing faculty receive nat'l
teaching, research honours
The School of Nursing will
honour five of its faculty members for the national awards they
received in 1996 at a campus
reception Feb. 7.
Assoc. Prof. Joan Bottorff
received the National Health Research Scholar Award from
Health Canada/National Health
Research Development Project.
The award is intended to allow
investigators with proven research ability to pursue health
research on a full-time basis for
a period of up to five years.
Bottorff s research has focused
on health communication. During the next five years she will
investigate strategies to
strengthen communication as
an intervention to support and
enhance health, with a focus on
women's health issues — stopping smoking and breast cancer.
Assoc. Prof. Elaine Carty received the Canadian Nursing
Research Group's Award for Promotion of Research-Based Practice. Her research in the areas of
post-partum care for new families and on childbearing and
parenting issues for women with
disabilities and chronic illnesses
were the basis for this award.
Assoc. Prof. Ann Hilton received the Canadian Nursing
Research Group's Nurse Researcher Award. Cited for her
contributions to nursing research and education, Hilton
has focused on individuals and
families coping with life-threatening and chronic illness. She
is credited with actively promoting students' appreciation of research and their ability to assess its potential. She is associate editor for the Canadian Oncology Nursing Journal.
Asst. Prof. Joy Johnson was
awarded the Canadian Nursing
Research Group's Outstanding
New Investigator Award. This
award is given to a new researcher in the field of nursing
who has completed his or her
doctoral work within the past
three years and has demonstrated outstanding scholarly
Johnson, who graduated with
a PhD from the University of
Alberta in 1993, has focused on
developing and testing ways to
support individuals in making
positive health changes, such
as stopping smoking, and breast
self examination.
Assoc. Prof. Clarissa Green
received a 3-M Fellowship from
3-M Canada and The Society for
Reaching and Learning in Higher
Education. The 3-M Fellowship
is awarded annually to 10 university teachers who demonstrate outstanding performance
in their teaching and in fostering excellence in teaching and
in faculty members on their campus and elsewhere.
Prior to the reception Annette
O'Connor, a prominent nursing
researcher and associate professor at the University of Ottawa, will give a talk entitled
Yes, No, Maybe So — New Approaches to Assessing Clients'
Decisional Conflict and Providing Decision Support. During
the past decade, O'Connor has
developed a research program
to understand and support the
decision making of those facing
choices related to screening for
breast cancer and genetic disor-
ders, preventive hormone
therapy after menopause, and
treatments for cardiac and respiratory diseases, and cancer.
O'Connor's presentation
takes place 2:30 to 4 p.m. in the
Vancouver Hospital and Health
Sciences Centre, Koerner Pavilion G-279, 2211 Wesbrook Mall.
by staff writers
Dr. Martin McLoughlin, a professor of surgery, has been
named as one of the winners of the 1997 Aboriginal
Achievement Awards.
Now in its third year, the awards honour aboriginal people
who have made outstanding contributions to society and who
serve as role models for aboriginal youth.
McLoughlin, who obtained his MD from UBC in 1968, has
been on faculty at the university since 1977 in the urology
division ofthe Dept. of Surgery. He served as chair ofthe division
for 10 years.
He is now working toward the establishment of a First
Nations hospital in the Lower Mainland.
McLoughlin will receive his award from Gov. Gen. Romeo
LeBlanc at a gala ceremony Feb. 7 in Calgary. The ceremony will
be broadcast Feb. 13 on CBC-TV.
Sharon Manson Singer, assistant professor in the
School of Social Work, is the province's new deputy
minister of Human Resources.
Manson Singer received her MSW from UBC, specializing in
socio-economic policy, before completing her PhD in social
welfare economics at Brandeis University.
A member ofthe faculty since 1988, her research interests
include health and social policy, income security, AIDS and
health promotion.
Active in community service, she has served on the Social
Planning and Research Council of B.C., the Canadian Council
on Social Development, the National Forum on Family Security, the Women's Economist Network and the Canadian
Association of HIV/AIDS Research.
Most recently she chaired the B.C. Minister of Social
Services Income Assistance Advisory Council, the Premier's
Forum on New Opportunities for Working and Living and the
premier's Summit on the New Economy of B.C.
UBC's world debate team returned from the World
Debating Championships in South Africa last month
just one point short of advancing to the final round.
This is only UBC's second appearance in the international
competition which attracts teams from Oxford, Cambridge,
Yale and Harvard.
World team members Christopher Moreno, a master's
student in Applied Ethics and Western Canada's top-ranked
debater, and third-year law student Justine Wiltshire, a
semi-finalist at Oxford's Debater of the Year competition,
competed in nine rounds. Debate topics included international law. South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission, human rights, the European Union and its trade
agreements, and legalizing same sex adoption.
Combined, Moreno and Wiltshire have 11 years of debating experience and are the current Western Canada debating
Moreno made the semi-final round of public speaking at
this year's world competition, also a first for UBC.
Richard Splane. professor emeritus in the School of
Social Work, has received the 1996 Distinguished
Service Award of the International Council on Social
Welfare (ICSW). The award was conferred at the council's
27th conference held recently in Hong Kong.
Splane was recognized for his contributions to international social development, including his work promoting the
collaboration of ICSW and the kindred organizations representing the social work profession and education in the field.
Splane and his wife, Verna, were inducted into the Order
of Canada last year and were jointly awarded honorary
doctorates at UBC's 1996 Spring Congregation. Last year also
saw the launch of Splane's book, 75 Years of Community
Service to Canada: The Canadian Council on Social Development 1920 1995.
President's Service Award for Excellence
Call for Nominations
To recognize excellence in personal achievements and
outstanding contributions to the University.
Eligibility: All University employees, including staff, faculty,
senior academic and administrative personnel.
Award: A gold medal and S5,()0() for each recipient.
Deadline for nominations: Feb 28
For information, call Ceremonies at 822-2t8*i. 8 UBC Reports • February 6, 1997
Arctic stakeout yields
hare-raising results
by Charles Ker
Staff writer
UBC zoologist Charles Krebs has just
completed the most ambitious ecological
stakeout ever.
The life and death cycle of snowshoe
hares in Canada's North has been observed for more than 300 years but remains one of nature's enduring mysteries. In regular nine to 10-year intervals,
hares from Alaska to Labrador increase
and then die in startling numbers.
Populations can plummet from 300 animals per square kilometre to one.
From 1986 until last September, Krebs
and his colleagues have been monitoring
virtually all hare movement in sections of
Yukon spruce forest. The dogged team of
technicians and researchers compiled an
exhaustive, daily chronicle of hare interactions including what they eat, how they
forage, defecate, mate and, most especially, how they interact with predators.
There is no doubt that predation
causes mass paranoia among these hares
who are constantly looking over their
shoulders during the declining phase of
each cycle," says Krebs.
Chronic stress caused by predation is
the subject of one of the more than 103
publications and theses produced by the
multimillion-dollar project funded by the
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC).
The team tested theories about the hare
population cycle by sectioning off two.
square-kilometre blocks of wilderness with
electrical fencing to keep out lynx, coyotes
and other mammal predators. The idea
was to observe the effects on hares of
reduced predation and additional food,
both by themselves and in combination.
Fertilizer was also spread around two large
blocks of forest to see what effect added
plant growth had on hare populations.
To collect their data, researchers trapped
and attached radio collars to more than
1,000 hares, red squirrels, and predators
like lynx and coyotes and monitored their
whereabouts each day. Results from the
project showed that while both food and
predation play a role in generating hare
cycles, they alone are not the root causes.
The combined treatment of predator reduction and additional food supplies de
layed the decline but did not prevent it.
"If both food and predation are together
sufficient to explain population cycles in
snowshoe hares, why were we not able to
prevent the decline entirely in the combined treatment area?" Krebs asks.
Owls and other raptors are part ofthe
reason since they cause 40 per cent of
predation and the enclosures failed to
eliminate them. Attempts to string up
nets and fishing line to ward off birds of
prey were ineffective due to snow buildup.
The study also refutes a previously held
theory that food shortage followed by predation gives rise to the cycle. Krebs asserts the
phenomenon results from a complex, three-
level interaction among herbivores (hares),
their food plants, and their predators.
The team found that almost all snow-
shoe hares in the study area died from
predator attack. From 1989 to 1993, predation accounted for 83 per cent of deaths
among radio-collared hares and only 9 per
cent were attributed to starvation.
The electrical fencing and additional
food supplies did produce a dramatic
effect in the experimental enclosures.
Averaged over both the peak (1989-90)
and decline (1990-93) phases, predator
exclusion approximately doubled the
density of hares, food addition tripled
density and the combined treatment increased density eleven-fold.
Krebs' team, including Tony Sinclair,
Jamie Smith, RoyTurkington, and Kathy
Martin from UBC, and three others drawn
from the universities of Alberta and Toronto, worked from a research campsite
operated by the Arctic Institute on the
boundary of Kluane National Park.
Situated 150 kilometres west of
Whitehorse in the midst of virgin spruce
forest, Krebs says the project was as
much a test of human dynamics as those
of the animals they were observing.
"It is a great achievement for those
involved to have sustained that level of
data collection over such a prolonged
period in such a remote location," says
Krebs. "It's certainly a benchmark for
future large-scale research projects."
Krebs is presently using a Killam Research Fellowship to write up the results
of the research in a publication tentatively titled. Vertebrate Community Dynamics in the Yukon Boreal Forest.
Committee invites
input on Faculty Club
The Advisory Committee on the Faculty Club continues to examine the
feasibility of re-opening the former Faculty Club as a financially viable university gathering place.
The committee met seven times in
January and with the help of outside
experts has been studying various operating options. The committee agrees
the facility would not be viable as it was
operated in the past and that a sound
financial plan must include new weekend and evening business to generate
new revenue.
Jacquie Rice, chair of the committee, will be presenting an interim report to the university Board of Governors on Feb. 6. The committee has
been asked to prepare a final report for
the March 20 board meeting.
The committee was originally formed
by the university administration in response to a Board of Governor's directive dated Dec. 12, 1996 which stated
"The board requests the administra
tion to prepare a development program
and cost estimates to determine
whether the Faculty Club building can
be re-opened as a financially viable
university gathering place with respect
to both its operating and capital
The committee would like to gather
more information and input from across
the campus community and is planning to conduct a survey. In addition,
new members have been added to the
committee: Tony Fogarassy, legal adviser; Ruth Smith, secretary to the dean
of Medicine; Asst. Prof. Linda Stanley,
Education; and Prof. David Walker,
If the Board of Governors approves
re-establishing the facility as a university gathering place, a full consultation
process will take place before use ofthe
building is finalized. Ifyou are interested in contributing your views to the
committee and would like a copy ofthe
survey, please contact Lyn Manning at
822-2455 or via e-mail at
lyn@finance. ubc.ca.
Give Someone a Second Chance.
Discuss organ donation with your family and sign a donor card today.
The Kidney Foundation of Canada
Steve Bosch photo
Prof. Charles Krebs' career has been devoted to unravelling the mysterious rise
and fall in populations of northern mammals such as the lenirning pictured above.
Centre aids campus
research innovations
by Stephen Forgacs
Staff writer
An Innovation Centre created by the
National Research Council (NRC) of
Canada on the UBC campus will enhance
the B.C. research community's ability to
maintain strong research programs in
several key areas, said Bernard Bressler,
UBC's Vice-president, Research, following the centre's opening Jan. 27.
"It's important to realize that the Innovation Centre is very much a provincial
centre." said Bressler. "It will provide
opportunities for UBC researchers, and
researchers from across the province, to
collaborate with the NRC and gain access
to the centre's resources."
The centre, located off 16th Ave. at East
Mall, was established following more than
a year of NRC consultation with the provincial government, industry and other
provincial research centres. The NRC decided to focus initial efforts on four areas
it considers provincial research strong
points. These include the forest industry,
aquaculture and marine biosciences, the
development of an infrastructure for
biopharmaceuticals, and information and
telecommunications technologies.
NRC President Arthur Carty said the
centre will improve access to NRC resources including its Canada Institute for
Scientific and Technical Information (CISTI)
and Industrial Research Program (IRAP).
CISTI responds to more than 500.000
requests for information each year. CISTI
has a collection of more than 50,000 journals, and more than a million books,
technical reports and conference proceedings. Services include literature and patent searches and document delivery from
the CISTI collection and other sources.
IRAP draws from a team of 260 indus
trial technology advisers in 190 locations
across Canada. Through the program,
researchers can gain access to people
and financial resources that can facilitate research, development and technology adaptation projects.
Bressler said UBC's relationship with
the NRC Innovation Centre will be similar
to the university's relationship with the
Pulp and Paper Research Institute of
Canada with considerable crossover of
expertise, joint initiatives and research
"NRC is one of the federal government's key assets for innovation," Jon
Gerrard, Secretary of State for Science,
Research and Development, said at the
centre opening. "By making NRC's scope,
depth, infrastructure and linkages more
easily accessible on a provincial level,
NRC is encouraging B.C. to tap into its
potential as a wellspring of science, technology and industrial innovation."
Several B.C. companies associated with
UBC researchers have benefited from NRC
assistance. Northwest Mettech Corp., a
UBC spin-off company, received assistance from NRC and UBC's Industry Liaison Office in the development of a commercial product — a plasma torch —
which is used to spray wear-resistant,
protective coatings on jet engines and
other manufactured metal items. Former
UBC graduate students Doug Ross and
Alan Burgess founded Northwest Mettech
Corp. to commercialize the system.
'The benefit we got from our relationship with IRAP was much more than
monetary. The industrial technology adviser kept us on a track that would lead to
a commercial product," said Ross, now
Northwest Mettech vice-president. "Without that, we wouldn't have had the structure we needed to succeed."


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